13Y s. BOSE &OO
W * T TR ‘ IS ; 7:«U M
■ ***lu»Bt* •• ..... .. A M
***« * ' Uc °° might tbain. p M
I U4vt X* COD .. 6:80 P M
I irr;r* .1
7:9* A M
LrtTe ** fc'BPls
I I** *» p *
Ar, ‘"“ \lUng Branch-Mail Train.
I u»r, •; . .4:84 Plf
t •~ • ;;; » ; o» a m
Gh-bobW. Abbms, Sup’t.
U ~..7:88 4 M
L .* T , H.con -. 1:24 P M
4 -t rt Bt EBtoatoß • •••* 8:011 A M
le*rt !***!*’’.!*.... 1:88 p M
% : r l :‘i«!*c MBCO» o'nMon«l.y.. WeineUaj, »rl
iijt, |U return T««od»ya, Thur»dßy» A Saturdays.
(MACON AND BRUNSWICK RAILROAD.
„ 8-9 P M
L'»»* Naton 5.4 ft p ii
» -r« Bt Junction **’..6:BOAM
U»*« Junction A M
• ait rent Macon
ATLANTA AND WEST POINT RAII.ROAD
Grata* G. Ecu., Bup’t.
S A . r „ Wwt Point 1 U
U ‘ Vf W i r Attaata .*.*.*.*.*.*.*.*.*.*.".*.*.".8:85 P M
I Arrt»«at AUanta.... ••
-***<• Atlanta P M
Arrive at Auru*‘» ’ *. Woo A M I
»*- •• - 8:00 pm
arrive at Atlanta.
WESTERN AND ATLANTIC RAILROAD.
A daily freight and passenger train commenced running
t Chattahoochee River on the 7th of Jane.
>•’» Atlanta g-OO p y
Arr.fc at Atlanta o w r "
LaaveCatan*- M.Y.lu P. M
m.UHI'RS DEPARTMENT OF GEORGIA,)
Orrua or the Provost Marshal Genbkal, >
Augusta, Ga., September 1,1865. J
*1 ilirthiii GrntraTt Order*, N*>. 3.}
.rf.inr.ation having been received at tliese Head
.■ cr*. that Large numbers of Confederate and U. S.
arms are distributed over the State in the hands
1 - joir g persons; and it appearing that the pea#;
... State, the lives of the citizens and the security
. "riperty, is hereby greatly endangered, it is or.
J«ted: • _ * r '
That within thirty day* next hereafter, all such
. of every description, together with all aoomuni
. j kod a»n- —•*.»£ war whatever, now in the hands
• rate persons, m nn» m«c, »*» •«"«« u '» *•- •*
naamU Provoat Marshal,
ii hat after the expiration of said thirty days, all
. ~nt l’rorost Marshals within this Department
are directed to qeiza all auoh fire Arms and munitions
md in tue hands ot any one within their re*
..%e districts, and all persons found with such
_• . s will be arrested and forwarded with the arms to
Assistant Provost Marshals are hereby authorized
grant |<erruitß to such persous as in their judgment
S'* entitled to them, to retain private arms for sporU
_ . •;»i««i, using their utiuosf exertion to prevent
• viper persons from enjoying this privilege.
Ui command of Major Oeueral Stecdmau.
C. U. GROSVENOR,
• t Brev’t Brig. Gen. and I’rov. Marshul Gen.
HEADQUA.KTKB3 DEPARTMENT OF QA., |
OrfiCl OF THB P«OTO»t M ARSHA.L GbKEEAL, >
Augusts, Ga., August 2d, 1365. )
1: Tost Marshal General’s (
Orders No. 1. j
Telegraph Operators, Express Agents, Post Masters,
• 'warding Merchants, Common Carriers and Rail*
road Agents, are notified that they will not forward
. r dearer messages, goods, wares, merchandise, or
».i matter to any persona whomsoever, within the
•’*>-*< ment of Georgia, who have not taken the oath
■escr bed m President's Proclamation of Amnes
ty, Mar 25th, 1865. j
Any violation of this order will be punished by a
rfrture of ail rights to transact business within
" * Department by the offending party, and by fine
By command of Major Geo. Steed man.
C. 0. GRO3VENOB,
Brevet Brig. Gen. and Provoat Marshal Gen.
HEADQUARTERS Ist SUB DIVISION, 1
District or Columbu*. V
Macon, September 7th, 1865. J
The above order will hereafter be strictly enforced.
Bv command of Col. Andrew R. Z. Dawson.
E. F. MALIN,
aepStf Lieut, and A- A. A. G.
HKADQ IIS DISTRICT OF COLUMBUS, )
Second Division, Drp. or Gsoaoia, >
Macon, Ga., Sept. 7, 1865. )
Qtneral Order Afc.tt.]
Permits to carry arms provided for in Paragraph
:d, Provoat Marshal General Orders No. 8, Headquar
ters Department, will not be granted to any authority
interior to that of a Sob-District Commander.
Bv command ol Brig. Gen. Croxton.
W. A. SUTHERLAND,
»epU*-6t Major and A. A. G.
HEADQRS FIRST SUB-DISTRICT, 1
District or Columbus, 5
Macon, Ga., September 8, 1865. )
L'j/'hita J. K. Guthrie, Provost Marshal:
Sis—The Colonel Commanding directs me to say,
that you will m once proceed to carry the above orders
Your obedient servant,
E. F. MALIN,
aepty-8t Lieut, and A. A. A. G.
HEADQ RS IST SUB. DISTRICT, 1
District or Columbus. V
Macon, Ga., September Bth, 1865.)
Sp+ctal Order No. 7.]
Ali restrictions upon the prioe of marketing in the
city of Macon are hereby removed.
Bt command of Col. Andrew R. Z. Dawson.
E. F. MALIN,
sep9-M Lieut, and A. A. A. G.
Wanted to Bent.
\ Ky one having a House containing three or foot
rooms, can find a good tenant by applying at this
FIRE AND MARINE.
•: ■ ,
fjpHE undersigned hsvibg added to the list of his
The old abd Reliable
JEfNA INSURANCE COMPANY,
OF HARTFORD, CONN.
The Strongest Company on the
NET ASSETS*. !!. $4,000,000.
OF HARTFORD, CONN.
ASSETS..!. V.’ :7. $1,000,000.
On any one RISE, and all in first da*s Companies. I
Persons wishing to secure tbemuilves against loss by
Fire or River risk, would do well to call and Insure
before it if top late. •
Should yftu. fail to Insure, don’t complain .if you
loose by the delay, and say no agent advised-you to
Insure your property, for the Companies art better
able to stand the losathan you are. „
All losses will be promptly adjusted.
E. C GRANNISS, Auknt,
■cpl-lOt, ,* Macon, Qa.
HARTFORD FIRE IKSLRAKGE CO.*
Oldest and one of the moaf reliable j
Companies in the United State*, j
ASSETS, JUNE, 1865, $1,600,000.
-- ~ _ s
AGENCY IN MACON 35 YEARS.
All losses promptly adjusted.
E. J. JOHNBTGN Sc CO.,
Agents, (under Masonic Hall;
- Cotton Avenue.
W** l * INSURANCE COMPANY, OP BROOKLYN, N. Y.
INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE COMPANY, OP NEW YORX.
• Capital $1,000,000.
Manhattan insurance company, op new york.
NEW YOBK LIFE INSURANUB COMPANY.
J. MONROE OGDEN, Agent.
Office st Mitchel A Smiths Store, Brd Street.
New Wholesale and Retail
Dry Goods and Clothing
*WE, the subscribers, bog leave* to inform our nu
merous friends and the public generally, that we have
received the most extensive and select stork of Dry
Goods, Clothing and Furnishing Goods in this market,
and are prepared to accommodate wholesale and retail
customers with ail articles in our,line st the lowest cash
prices. We are receiving Goods daily, and have now
on hand ‘
20 Cases of American Prints,
75 Pieces of Irish Linens. -
Table Cloth*. Towellings,
A large lot of linen, silk and cotton Handkerchiefs.
‘ A one sod large assortment of Jaconets, Swiss Mus
libs, Lawns, Cambrics, Brilliants, Paper Cambrics,
Hollands, Gontoa Flannels, Jeans, Sheetings and Shirt
ings of all descriptions, Alspscss, Bombazine, Meri
no*, Delaines, Bareges, Crapes, Ac.
Ladiet’ Cloaks, mads in the latest style; Shawls.
iA large gtock of Ladies’ Hose, Gloves, Gauntlets,
Its and Ribbons. ; ‘ .
*■ A large assortment of ladies’ misses and children’s
Shoes, Gaiters, Balmodels, Slippers and Booties.
Hoopskirts of aP aorta and prices. •, < •
Ladt**’ Collars, Edgings and Inserting*, Trimmings,
Perfumery, Scissors, Thimbles, Knives and Forks,
Pocket Knives, Purses, Pocket Books and the like.
In the clothing line we oflfer fine Cossimere Suits,
Silk, Satin and Marseilles Tests, fine Broadcloath
Coats, Black Doeskin Pants; in short, Clothing of all
Sizes and prices.
A large slock of Hats, mens’and boys Shoes and
Shirts, and Collars,. Under Shirts, Drawers, Socks,
Handkerchiels, Gloves, Gauntlets, Suspenders, Ac.
A fine lot of Watches and Jewelry.
A libera) discount will be made to country merchants,
who wilt honor us withs call.
A. SCHEUKRMAN A BRO.,
Mulberry at., next to Boardman’a Book Store,
> aug23-3m .Macon, Ga.
THE OLDEST PAPER IN TENNESSEE!
1 BELL, JONES, A CO.,
, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE.
fpHE character of the Gaxette is -bo well known
*JL throughout the country, that the Proprietors are
willing the paper should rest upon its merits. Hav
ing a very large daily ftnd Weekly circulation, it is an
invaluable advertising medium.
Address: BELL, JONES A CO.,
SAMUEL D. KILLEN,
Attorney at Law,
O ENDS greeting tohih friends sod former patrons,
' O aad hereby announces bis safe return from the war.
Having recovered my wonted health and secured my
right to citixenship, I tender my professional services
to all whs may be so unfortunate as to need legal ad
( vice, astfwrifl be found in my old office in Fielder’s
F Roi Ming, or at my residence.
| jßEfigi—ss mj ft—ssrsprnl.
MACON, Gr-A. , WHI)2SrESr>4-Y. SEPTEMBER 13,1=65
T 0 0 WME ft SOF COT TON :
WE find that ihe large quaptitv of CdTTON which
we own and control in Southwestern Georgia,
and the unsettled condition of the country will require
us to establish a
HOUSE AT APALACHICOLA, FLA ,
for the purpose of receiving aDd forwarding all Cotton
to our Houses at Liverpool and New Yoik.
We will be assisted at that point with the most emi
nent business men of the couutry, who will Receive,
Store, Compress and Forward all Consignments, pav
Taxes, Charge and mate advances upon shipments to
WATTS, CRANE A CO , New York, or W. C. WATTS
A CO., Liveipool, or GIVEN, WATTS A CO., New
Orleans, or will forward Cotton on the
•v **• v
JUOST II E*lS OilVf nJL E It JUS,
where owners prefer to consign to other Houses. Bag
ging and Rope supplied.
Shippers can rely upon prompt attention. General
patronage solicited. Address
E. M. BRUCE. MORGAN A CO.,
sep3-lm . Apalachicola, Fia
CHAPPELI, BRUCE & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND J.OBBERS OF
N0.141 West Fourth Street,
(between ItICE AND ELM.)
c ijr c ijrjr •* ti , omo.
EVERY DESCRIPTION OF
DIR Y GOODS,
AND EVERY ARTICLE
Necessary to Make a Complete Oiitfll
CITY OR COUNTRY STORE,
CAN BE OBTAINED AT
WE will duplicate prices of any bill purchased in
New York. We determined to make it to the in
terest of the Southern States to purchase their stock
of pa this fall. One of our partners resides in New
York and consequently has great advantages, which
we propose to extend to our customers. We can sup
ply every article kept in a country Dry Goods store :
CHAPPEL, U RUCE & CO.
To Owners of Ootton.
In Answer r o Nhikitous Inquiries from
w« would say ibat we are Pre
TO TAK E CHARGE OF,
PUT IN ORDER AND SHIP,
I" LO T oV C&TTOJV
In the States of Oeorgia, South Carolina or Alabama,
as we have local Agents at nearly every town, utid a
corps of most efficient men, selected for integrity, capa
city, and experience, to take charge of every lot.
s H e will also pay all Taxes and Charges
. of every Description,
And make liberal advances on the Cotton.
Ii) short, we will take charge of the Cotton on receipts
or orders, and give the
OWNERS NO TROUBLE WHATEVER
from the time we receive it until sold and returns made
by our houses.
WATTS, CRANE A CO.,
■ > New York, or
W. C. WATTS & CO.,
We invite the 1 especial attention of lon-ndidents
!E. M. BRUCE & CO.,
Augusta, Aug. 23, 1865. aug27-lmd
Savaunah, Atlanta, Macon, Montgomery, Mobile,
Selma, Athens, LaG«ango, Nashville, Chattanooga,
Charleston, Columbia, Lynchburg, and Richmond,
Va., papers oopy one month and send bill with copy
qontaiaing card to E. AL BRUCE & CO.
C. M BRUCE.. * TUOMAS S MOROAN
E. M. BRUCE & CO,
288 BROAD STREET, AUGUSTA, GA.,
Bankers and Cotton if actors.
dealers exclusively in
Foreign & Domestic Exchange,
Coin, TJiacurrent Money and Cotton.
I HAVE this dav taken into partnership,
THOMAS S. MORGAN. Ido this in recogni
tion and appreciation nt his unimpeachable integ*
rity, and high capacity as a busihers man. and his
long satisfactory and auecetsiul management ol
my commercial and financial afiairs. and his fidel
ity to my interests, (having been with me almost
without intermission for more than fifteen.years.)
I do therefore conimend him with confidence to
public. E. M. BRUCE.
Augusta, Ga., Aug. Ist, 1865.
aaglO-Imd. . _
DR. JAMES MERCER GREEN,
HAS resumed the practice of his Profession. Offict
on SecoLi Street, i*p stairs, immediately above th«
■tore Os J. B. Habersham A Cos. Residence on Pophu
a haft squaxea above the City Hali.
DAILY JOURNAL AND MESSENBUt
OFFICE CORNER THIRD AND CHERRY STS.,
(UP STAIRS,) KNTRMSCB ON CItRBBY STREET..
TER IVIS: ~
BUBSCai PTION RATES.
One Month $ 1,00
Three Mont is 2,50
Six Month* Gt ..• 5,00
One Year 10,00
MACON,WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPT. 18, 1B«5.
Correspondence Journal and Messenger.
MACON TO AUGUSTA.
At four o’clock we Vere on our journey
Southward. The marks of war continued
to meet the eye on either hand. Decatur,
Covington, and Social Circle; all stand rs
monuments of the destructive influence . x>l
maddening strife. Scattered along at differ
ent pqjnts, can be seen “the machinery and
rolling stock of the Na«hvffe and Chatta
nooga, and the East Tennissee and Geor
gia Railroads, having.hem located here
for safety during the wai Business, in
most of the villages throigh which we
passed, seemed languid aid lifeless, the
general impression is that l would not be
wisdom to purchase anything like heavy
sto. ks, at this fevered condition of the
market, as prices would b» compelled to
decline. Sombre looking for a commer
cial crash, foreshadowed, as they think, by
the recent panic of WulJ Street.
The crops, so far as 1 could learn, were
moderate, y«t a sufficiency will be
gathered for home consumption. The
negroes were rej resented as “obstrepe
rous,” and great difficulties are experienced
in obtaining laborers. Quite one fourth of
the fodder crop was lost for want of help*
Even those negroes who professed to labor
only worked about three or four hours
per day. The planters are endeavoring to
procure white laborers to till their ground,
satisfied that the nogro in his present po
sition will not do to depend upon for a
I htive improved every occasion during
my journey to converse wi h gentlemen
from every community througe which I
have passed, about the state of feelings in
their respective neighborhoods, in refer
ence to reconstruction. The universal
T’T'*" 5 "— —the people were accepting
ill gwA *L_ r U.g- - .
ment, and were with marvelous unanimity
conungup to the supportof the President’s
policy, and conforming to the new order ©f
things. Notwithstanding the efforts of a
certain class of politicians and editors, this
work of restoration is going on. From
every quarter of the South we hear of this
good work progressing. Although the
nigger-worshipers, both North and South,
are endeavoring to make another “bleeding
Kansas” out of the South, the true yeoman-'
ry of the country are comiag up manfully
to the work of restoration. It is needless
to add, that their voice will be heard.
Our car was crowded, resembling Con
federate times. Amid the motley mass
theie were some rare specimens of human
nature. I had always believed that in the
South, woman was held in high esteem,
and man would make any sacrifice for her
comfort. But that dream was dissipated,
as I saw lady after lady entering the car,
and compelled to stand while at least
twenty men were sitting in comfortable
seats. For the benefit of my lady readers,
for be it understood I appreciate them, I
will give the outlines of a costume of one
of my traveling companions. The lady
would w r eigh about one hundred and fifty
avoirdupois, and measure in height five
and a half feet. Her dress was made of
alpacca, I mean the skirt—the waist, or
that part above the waist, was of that
fabric known as white homespun, and
trimmed with heavy black, frilled and flut
ed. Her belt, some three inches wide,
was made of nankeen, copperas colored
homespun, and served as well for a corsett,
(hickory splits.) Around her neck was
hung a gutta-percha beads. Her
palmetto was trimmed with very broad
white ribbon, edged with black. Her face
resembling a large duU;h cheese, was hid
behind a dark brown veil. A charming
At seven o’clock, fifteen mortal hours
out, found us safe at Augusta. After a
good night’s rest at the Planters’ Hotel, I
started forth to learn somewhat of this
ancient city. Augusta is decidedly a
beautiful place. Not only so, but a busi
ness place. One of the first points I
visited was the spacious office of E. M.
Bruce & Cos., where I was kindly received,
and felt at ease at once, for no one coming
in contact with the senior of this firm but
what feels that he is in the presence of a
gentleman. And by the way, he knows
the virtue of printer’s ink, and is using it.
Perhaps there is not a more liberal patron
of the press ub the South than this firm,
the consequence of which is, they are doing
the most extensivo business. The next
I went to was to chat with the
“ brethren of the quill.” I found them all
,jn excellent spirits, lor all seemed to be
doing well. The Constitutionalist has
been much enlarged to meet the wants of
its numerous patrons. The Chronicle and
Sentinel expects soon to follow suit. The
Transcript is doing well, but I did not
learn of its intention to increase its dimen
sions. Business is not quite so brisk as it
has been for a month or two past, still
there is quite an extensive retail trade.
The cotton market is flat.
Ihe gossip of the day is the trial of
three young men for the murder of a Fed
eral Cuptain,Jwhich is progressing before a
Military Commission. Many silly things
are said in reference to it, but as the whole
matter will soon be made public, I forbear
any remarks. Some evil-disposed persons
have been addressing some very silly and
insulting anonymous letters to Gen. Steed
man. I cannot think that they csme from
the fine.ids of the young men on trial, (to
whom they are attributed) for certainly no
sane mao, knowing the stern and decided
character of Gen.'Steedman, would for a
moment dreaip.that he could be deterred
by such a contemptible course. He is
madp of sterner material, and all such
threats drop harmless at his feet. These
missives doubtless emanate from some
malignant soul, who would gladly keep up
a *johtinual strife, and put at variance the
people and the military. We hepe the
authors can be ferretted out, and be com
pelled to suffer commensurate with their
The citizens are calling out som-j of
their best men to represent them in the
coming State Convention. Those with
whom I conversed speak hopefully of the
future, and believe that there is in store for
Georgia a more brilliant destiny than her
most sanguine supporters hitherto antici
pated. It is true, there are some here
who look upon the dark side, and think
that it will be a long time before peace
and quiet reigns and civil law restored.
Ands imo, so I am informed, would not
have civil authority reinstated if it was in
their power. More anon. -
x>. ZiA UUTJi.
After a fatiguing journey of several
days, 1 found rest at Athens. At first
view, there is nothing prepossessing in the
appearance of the town, but after passing
up the street, we discover many neat and
comfortable dwellings nestled among the
hills. And in the centre of the town, hid
away among the trees, may be found the
State TJniversity, with its capacious build
ings. Here, too, is the residence once oc
cupied by one of Georgia’s noblest sons—
Hon. T. R. R. Cobb. And here still re
side others of Whom Georgia may
well be proud—Hon. Howell Cobb, Hon.
Judge Lumpkin, one of the ablest jurists
of his day, and Hr. A. A. Lipscomb, the
highly esteemed and popular Chancellor'
of the State University, than whom, it is
said, there exists not on the continent a
more thorough scholar or accomplished
Christian gentleman. Add to this a high
toned, intelligent and relined society, and
you have the principal attractions of
Business, as yet, is not very brisk; still,
an increase is anticipated, in consequence
of which every business house is engaged
for the coming year, at almost doable the
usual rates of rent. A considerable amount
of cotton escaped the ravages of war, and
ife finding its way into this market. Quite
dn amount of produce is purchased here
for other markets. It is evident, from the
interest manifested, that Athens will be
come quite a market, as it is the inlet to
the great mining regions of upper Georgia,
and the only outlet for the gold, copper
and iron of that vast mountain country.—
It is through Athens all the supplies will
have to pass, as it is the nearest railroad
point. In fact, small quantities of gold in
the crude state are offering every day upon
the street. A number of gentlemen, rep
resenting a large amount of capital, are
now making investigations in Cherokee.—
If the prospect is sufficient to warrant, a
large number of hands will at once be
placed at work. The mining regions of
Georgia, rich beyond calculation, are des
tined to draw hither capital and enterprise.
In every direction I go, I take occasion
to feel the public pulse upon the subject of
reconstruction. Here I find, as well as
elsewhere, the same spirit manifested—a
general acquiescence in the circumstances
which surround us, a hearty support of
President Johnson, a longing desire to be
relieved from military rule and placed un
der civil law once more. It is true that
there are a few who think otherwise, nnd
would rather be governed a9 a conquered
province, ns’ they desire not to have any
part in legislation.
The State University will be opened in
regular order about the first of January
next. The efficient President is now ar
ranging classes, and putting in repair the
buildings for the coming session. Young
men who desire to enter school can be ar
ranged in classes now, and can proceed in
their studies just as if the College was in
its regular session. All the professors ive
here, and hear recitations privately with as
rhueharegularity as if the University was
in operation. Every preparation is being
made for a large attendance. .
J I juilipkiu tins A pHValt oVtirio f» \iivvli
he is instructing in the difficulties and mys
teries of the law, and should any young
man desire to enter this profession, he could
not place himself under a more competent
instructor than this able jurist.
The weather is exceedingly hot for this
season of the year and for this locality.—
Some few cases of sickness, but as a gen
eral thing the health ol the town is very
good. More anon.
D. La Rove.
How to Avoid the Epidemic.
The Philadelphia Press devotes some
five columns to an able article on the chol
era. From it we copy the following as
the best manner by which the epidemic
can be avoided. It says:
To avoid the cholera and other kindred
diseases, proper attention should be paid
to diet, cleanliness, exercise, pure air, reg
ular sleep, and due regulation of the pas
sions. A proper quality of food is fur
nished by the farinaceous graing, when of
sound and plump berry, perfectly clean,
coarsely and recently ground, and rightly
made into bread.
This, with wholesome ft nits, such as ap
ples, pears, grapes, berries, etc., when per
fectly ripe and sound, and pure soft water,
furnish the very best dietetic material of
which man can avail himself, for his own
health, coinfort, and safety from disease.—
These articles should be received twice or
thrice a day, at regular intervals, and thor
ough mastication should be eflecte J. To
these might bo safely added a mo/’jrale
use of sweet cream, or recently made but
ter thinly spread on good bread, but never
.re »Tiiviuf>ojiie vegetables wnen plainly pre
pared. If all food consisting of animal
tissues be entirely and forever abandoned,
a proper farinaceous and fruit diet will
soon be found far more conducive of our
individual health, comfort and pleasure,
and to ail the social enjoyments of life.—
The strongestand most enduring structures
in the animal kingdom are formed directly
from the vegetable kingdom. Vegetable
nutriment furnishes far firmer and better
organized elementary globules to the arte
rial blood than that derived from animal
Man is constitutionally adapted to a
fruit and farinaceous diet, as is evident
from the structure of his prehensile and
aimentary organs. But if a man will use
animal food, it should be only the muscular
or lean part of healthy, clean, animals, re
cently killed, and this used but once a day,
with good bread and vegetables, plainly
prepared. Twice or thrice a day is as
often as any well person ought to eat, and
too often when one is sick. “The more you
nourish a diseased body the worse you
make it,” is the truthful saying of some
one. The nibrc labor you put to disorder
machinery the more danger there is of
complete ruin. A diseased organism re
quires more vitality in its issues rather
than increase of material. All the tissues,
unless held under the direct, constant,
and powerful control of vitality, tend fast
to dissolution. Exercise should be such
as to give full and free aotioa to the vascu
It should be regular and in the open air,
where the two great respiratory surfaces
may come in contact with the pure element
for. producing and diffusing animal heat
throughout the system. Clothing should
be loosely worn to admit this free contact
of the air with the pores of the skin. To
keep this surface perfectly clean, and thus
in a fit condition for a discharge of its
respiratory functions, a sponge, or shower
bath, should be daily used, or at least,
twice or thrice a week, and directly after
each a coarse towel should be freely used
over the surface This not only promotes
healthful cutaneous action; but also that of
subjacent tissues, and thus largely con
tributes to the general health, and is, con
sequently, a protection against all kinds of
epidemics. The air in contact with the
internal and external surface should be
kept pure Sitting-rooms and dormitories
should be weft ventilated. In perfectly
sound sleep there is a large increase of
vitality in the tissues; hence, regular sleep
is a great preventive of disease.
The nervous tissue is the most delicate
of the animal structures. It forms the brain
and spinal marrow, with their numerous
■cords and branches, dispersed through the
/organism, and the nerves of organic life,
to the vessels and viscera of
the,system. In its close texture with all
the other tissues, it forms a direct coin
mumcation between all parts of the vital
republic. Consequently, sudden and vio
lent mental emotions tend greatly to de
tracts Vitality from internal organs, and
heacettatltnaaomthctf functional power.—
Vol. Lxm —No. 137
Hence it is no unusnal thing for one hi a
fit of sudden anger or rage to beoome very
pale in his features. The reason »s that
the great and rapid expenditure of vitality
through the brain has detracted eo much
from the tissues of the liver and otW*r in
ternal organs, that their functions are bat
feebly carried on, and hence blood is not
thoroughly renovated. Hence, abo, it is
that great fear or anxiety of mind tends
strongly to undermine the general health,
and thus expose one more directly to epi
demic diseases. Indeed, if the internal
organs were already considerably weaken
ed and oppressed, one might readily in
duce the cholera by being constantly atann
ed about it.
And with still greater facility might
tfiis happen wheQ there is combined with
this constant worriment of mind attend
ance upon those sick with it. Breathing
close air in a sick room, in such a case,
would be very likely to induce it. Chloridn
of lime, or other disinfecting agents,
should be used in suah rooms, and good
ventilation secured; and there should be
a suitable change of attendants, so that
no one may become greatly over-wearied.
All violent passions of the mind—on ac
count of the rapid exhaustion of vital
power they cause from the nervous tiasue,
and through this of the internal organs—
should be avoided as a preventive to the
Sudden and excessive drinking of ice
water should be strictly avoided, as this
affects almost directly the liver, and tends
to paralyze its action. A case has recent
ly been reported to mo of a laboring man,
apparently in good health, and wheu there
was no cholera about, by drinking exces
uiv«ly of ioo-nnld water, was immediately
taken with cramps, vomiting and purging,
assumed a livid color, and in about two
hours died, thus exhibiting the usual path
ological phenomena of the cholera. In
this case, as is common with lal*>rers, the
liver and kidneys were probably already
considerably oppressed by full and im
proper diet, and then his sudden drinking
of the ice-water, when the system waa
overheated, completely paralyzed the action
of the liver and kidneys, and, an a natural
result, the man had the cholera, or wbat ia
called the cholera when generally preva
The habitual use of intoxicating drinks,
of tobacco (either by chewing, smoking, or
snuffing,) and of strong tea or coffee, all
forcibly tend to greatly weaken and event
ually break down the functional power of
the liver and kidney, these,
that of other vital organs, and hence to
make'fit subjects of the cholera and
kindred disease*- l>rinsing hard of irn
pui-o u'fltor fpnitj ol»o ffrvatly to similar
effects. .The disease called the “gravel”is
frequently produced by the habitual use erf
water holding mineral sulwrfancc* in solu
tion. These mineral qualities, being strain
ed <ut or secreted from the blood by the
action of the liver arid kidneys, aid tlx>d
ed off to the bladder, form harl concre
tions not voidable with the urine, and
these cause inflammation* and ol en much
pain in the parts with which they come in
contact. Pure soft water is the bnly kind
that should ever bo dietically* used.
Whenever holding mineral or vegetable
matter in solution, it is injurious just in
proportion to such adulteration.
Bnt when soft and pure, it is a perfec*!v
neutral substance, and is as well adapted
to supply the requisite moisture to the
tissues, as is the pure juice of fruits.
Another similar case, though not fatal,
was related to me. A farmer had worked
hard through the day at harvesting At
sup|ier he n'o heartily of meat.
During the night he was P’lddeniy taken
with violent vomiting, purging, cramps, etc.
His skin became deadly cold and livid. ari.*j
he exhibited all the symptoms of Asiatic
cholera; and so the attending phywcnm
called it; yeb there was no other of
cholera that season. In all such cases it
may be well to call in a well educat'd
physician, provided ho will bnn K aW
with him common sense, and leave his pill
bags at home. • Medicine, in cholere casus
is often like the last grain of sand which
broke the camel's back
Men. —lt is a notable fact ia criminal
statistics, that no fat man was ever sonneted
of the crime of murder. -
Stout persons are not revengeful; nor «•
a general thing, arc they agitated by gu»U
of passion. Few murderers weigh more
than teu stone. a
There are, however, exceptions wtieh jus
tify usin assuming eleven as the utmost
limit, of the sliding scale, but beyond that
there is no impulse toward bomi ide. Sel
dom has such a phenomenon as a tat house—
breaker been paraded at a criminal bar. It
is your lean, wiry fellow, who works with
the skeleton keys, forces himself through
closet windows which seemingly would mum
suffice for the entrance of a cat, steal* with
noiseless steps along the lobby and up the
stairs, glides into the chamber sacrod for
more than half a century to the •hast* re
pose of the gentle Tabiiha, and with a
husky voice, and the exhibition of an enor
mous carving-knife, cc tnmands silence on
pain of instant death, and delivery of her
cash and jewels.
It is your attenuated thief who insinaateo
himself under beds, behind counters, dives
into tills, or makes prey of articles of
commerce arrived at shop doors for tempta
tion of the credu.ous pa-senger. A corps
lent burglar is much out of pl*e i, and ae
little to be feared, as was FaUtaff at Gad.ilt
and what policeman ever yet gave eheee
to a depredator as a bullock ? Corpulence,
we maintain, is the outward sign aot only
| constitution, bat of inward teeto-