H> H. CARLTON & CO
Alness tnd fctifesdoiialCfcrte.
COBB, ERWIN & COBB,
attorneys at law,
ATHENS, GA. . -
Office in the Deupree BoJlta*.
H. H. CARLTON & CO., Proprietors,
IF. R. LITTLE,
Attorney at Law,
J. 8. DORTCH,
A. O. McCtMRW ^
aTTOB^Iir 4T £4
WILL *ive .trite penonol attention to all botiiMM ea-
trx.tcJ to hi* oere. Auf. 4-40—ly.
A,. M. Jackson. .. X W. Thomas.
JACKSON d THOMAS,
Attorneys at Law.
O. A. Locciukx. Joux Millsuez.
LOCERANE & MILLEDOE,
Attorneys at Law,
- Atlanta, Georgia.
Oifice No. S)£ rijor street, opp. Kimball House.
Jane 2, 1875. . SI—4m.
JOHN W. OWEN,
^ Attorney at Law,
100004 CUT, 04.
Will practice in ell the counties of the Western Cir
cuit, Hart end Madison of the Northern Circuit. Will
itivt .pedal ettenion to eH claims entrusted to his care
P. G. THOMPSON,
Attorney at Law,
lipecisl attention paid to criminal practice. For refer
ence apply to Ex. Got. T. H. Watts and Hon. David
I Clopton, Montgomery Ala. Office over Barry’s Store,
[ Ailiini,(ia Feu. 3—tf.
JOHN T. OSBORN,
Attorney at Law.
Will practice in the counties of the Northern Circuit,
Banks, Franklin and Habersham ot the Western
Circuit; will give special attention to all claims entrust
ed to his care. Jan. 10, 1874—ly,
The War tii'Ros^a-
The Fearful Struggle between the Turks u I
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Citation of Administration or Guardianship $4 40
AppUeaUoasorlU—Ilea Ait iamn talar or Guardian 500
application for Loaro to Sell Lands 4 00
fFrom the Manchester Guridian.]
At Svniar I was heartily received by the
cure, M. Edward Jalotueh, who, however,
s s oo | not having been long in his present post,
s 78 and ill most of the time, was not able to
1B oo ! tel me much. But, per contra, there was
j a stalwart, burly priest from a neighboring
village who was a native of Bosnia, where
he had been in charge of a- parish, but . - . . • -. —
obliged to flee for his life. His story throw TffjW.fP. an ”, “
much light on the savage nature ol the life ^lh lor^y nir and^ee ^
led in Bosnia, both byMoslems and Cl
Salas Perishable ihopeny, 10 days, per eq.—
Sheri if Sale., per square
Tax Collector s Sales, per square.
Foreclosure Mortgage, per square, each time.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will practice in the counties of White, Union, I.um-
pkin, Towns, and Fanning, and the Supreme Court at
Atlanta. Will give special attention to ell claim, en
trusted to his can. Aug. 111875—41—if.
COTTON B UYER,
Agent for Win
TOC cos CITT, 04.
Highest Cash Price paid Sir Cotton.
•hip’s Gina and Press. .
E. A. WILLIAMSON, ~
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELLER,
At Dr. King’s Drug Stom, Broad Street, Athens, Ga.
All work done in a superior manner and warranted to
give satisfaction. Jan. S— tf.
THE SONG (IF THE CAMP,
BT BATAKD TATLOK.
This poem is founded on a well known incident in the
“ G ive us a song 1” the soldiers cried,
The outer trenched guarding.
When the heated gnus ot the camp allied
Grew weary of bombarding.
The dark Redan, in silent scoff,
Lay grim and threatening, under;
And the tawny month of tho Malakuff
No longer belched ita thunder.
There was a pause. The Guardsmen said,
“We storm the forts to-morrow;
Sing while we may, another day
Will bring enough of sorrow’.”
Thay lay along the battery's aide.
Below the smoking cannon—
Brave hearts from Severn and from Clyde,
And from the banks of Shannon.
They sang of love and not of fame—
Forgot was Britain's glory;
Each heart recoiled a different name.
But all anng “ Annie Laurie.”
Voice after voice caught up the song,
Until its tender passion
Rose like an anthem rich and strong—
Their battle eve confession.
Dear girl; her name lie dared not speak;
Yet, as the aoug grew louder, •
Something upon the soldier’s cheek
Washed off tne stains of powder.
Bevond the darkening ocean burned
The bloody sunset’s embers,
While the Crimean v. llcys learned
How English love remembers.
And once again the fire of hell
Rained on the Russian quarters,
Witli stream of shot and burst of shell
And bellowing of the mortars.
An Irish Nora’s eyes arc dim,
For a singer dumb and gory;
Anil Englpu Mary mourns lor him
Who sang of “ Annie Laurie."
Ah! soldiers to vour honored rest,
Your truth ana honor bearing;
The bravest are the tenderest—
Tho loving are the daring!
MISS C. POTTS,
(Orer University Bank.)
Broad Street, - - - Athens.
Would reapaetlUly ’inform tha Ladle* and her triends
generally, of Athens and vicinity, that abe is now pre
pared to do Diene making in the Neatest and moat
With her experience in the business, she feels sure of
giving satisfaction. May 14, 1875—28-tf.
A. A. WINN,
UROOVER, STUBBS .&
General Commission Merchants,
BAGGING AND TIES,
7 5 Cents a Bi
R. L. BLOOMFIELD, Agent
LIVERY AND SALE STABLE
Carriages, Buggies and Horser for Hire.
K. M. WHITEHEAD, Washington, Wilks, Co., Ga.
At the solicitation of many of my former patrons, I
taupe the f e, -jap jva
Practice of Medicine
from this date. I will pay especial attention to tha dis
ease of Infknts and Children, and tha Cbreolo Diseases
WM. KING, M. D
Jure 14, 1875-SS-ly.
BLACK <fc GARDNER,
Carpenters and General Jobbers,
ReapactfrUly offer their services to tha citizen. of Athena
end turroonding country. Location, two doors east of
»ka Episcopal Church, opposite Mr. L. J. Lampkin’s
Store. Contracte ter -All -1A J
March Sd. 1876—ly.
AN EAS1KKN STORY.
A traveler came to a city gate,
Weary and worn, for tlie hour was late.
He smiled as lie slackened his tired steed,
And promised him shelter and plenteous feed;
For well they hail distanced the Bedouin fleet
O’er the desert sand, in the scorching heat;
And lie took no thon
But to share them bo
But the gate, shut fast on the robber hordes,
Was dead ;o bis blows and deaf to hia words.
So he lighted hie lantern, the way to see,
And tethered his liorse to a sheltering tree.
And saying, “ My Father does what is good.”
He laid' him down in the dusky wood.
Short sleep he had when the lurid glare
Of the forked lightning filled the air;
And madden’d by frigh/, bis fiery horse
Plunged through the wooJs in his headlong course.
While the friendly gleam of hia tiny light.
Went out, to add to Ids woeful plight.
Yet again as he laid on the earth his head,
“What my Father doeth is fjooJ,” he said.
When at morn he woke the tnn looked down
On the lifeless streets of a ruined town,
All swept by the ruthless robber hands,
And carried away to their desert lands.
tians. One day daring the harvest,
he was employing some twenty men to get
it in, and lie was just about to have his
dinner, a Moslem appeared in the yar^,
armed to the teeth, and asked for one ot
the workmen. The cunt inquired whaTlje
wanted him for. ‘•To shoot him,” wasvthe
reply; “lie has sto cn an apple and enrsed
my house ” The cure tola him to be off
and seek his remedy in a law conrt. There
upon the Moslem quietly cocked his gtin
and tired at the cure, who only escaped by
a quick movement behind the window, took
down his gun in turn ami shot the aggres
sor dead. So far so good. But now tfje
cure’s blood was tip, and calling his nien
i together, he bade them make a bonfire.
Then, stripping the Moslem, he rubbed
him all over with lard—the greatest possi
ble indignity for a Moslem—and pitched
the body into the fire. Of course he had
to fly for liis life, and the parish was oblig
ed to pay a fine f 15,000 ducats to the
man’s family. As may easily be supposed,
this cure is one of the most energetic
supporters of the rebellion now, and
should not be surprise ’ to hear that he has
become one of the leaders. This st ry was
told me by the cure of the next village.
He says that when he first heard it from
the lips of the hero himself he conceived a
great repugnance to hint, but since then he
himself has seen and heard so much of the
c uelty anil ferocity of the Bosnian Mos
lems, that he believes he would have done
tlie same. Many incidents were related to
me by this clerical hero that even roused
my hardened soul; but, although I believe
in them myself, I will not recount them, as
credence might be refused to a man of such
AN* INSURGENT’S REVENGE.
In the early gray of morning the insur
gents who had descended from the chief
range towards the Save were joined by sev
enty-five men. from the Austrian side, and
all set off together to fall upon the Turkish
block-houses alo g the Save and Wrbas,
and all the Turkish houses and posts in the
i astern angle formed by those two rivers.
The Turks were surprised, nearly all massa
cred, and their block-houses and dwellings
burned. The insurgents had one man kill
ed and seven wounded; the Turks twenty-
seven killed, some burnt in the houses, and*
many wounded—how many they could not
tell me. I expressed surprise that so many
Turks should be killed and so few insur
gents. Thereupon one of the insurgents
got up, fetched a bag, and out of it took a
ghastly head and laid it on the table.
“There,” he said, “andtwenty-six more are
on the other side* To-morrow we shall
haven bonfire!’’ This was a starting way
of verifying an assertion; and I must cou-
fess that I had to seek refuge in a cUp of
coffee till I had regained my equanimity.
Meanwhile the head g ared at me, and
seemed to protest against the company.
“ But,” I said, “do you think that this fo
.“SSL **§• 5
[From the Detroit Free Pr«a.] Of
There were.three of them, (hiefwaa a refer qro^ff
bride, the other a groom with -red earsaadl Su ~ -
Trunk Depot yosteratt morning to tike .
the train west. The young mu daM as Xk^WW i
his young Gift’s flit hand, rolled ui hi* eye*, SQt*Mi)pA%
and theyaeemed happy, while the mother- Carlyle says thetevflugcoba A courage
tffiffeich torfrhe tj»|t ■klPflm»fe|feT T”* »
rell satis- when, tbt fence t» between .yq&jnd the
rot .out, dog.,«(, Linow ,WilSn rnkiaiA »
five popv w#lMiiiiimfi ai^ %ift kgn liil Uffia t
My Arretted for using her frumeylo buy this
old first wife a tombstone uritb poetry atuit.
Aii ctS UlSy H
T. A. SALE,
K LL operations on Teeth warranted to fiva
foo, in Work and Prices. Terms, Vary Low For
Room, over Singer S. M. Offico, Clayton
PH Y SIC IAN.
i by A Co.,
FITS CURED FREE!
-A ffy Pw»on suffering from the above
Trial reqaorird to addreea Dm. Fbks, and a
“"“.of uedlcisawtU bofamtriedby Espreu.
which, ovriof to
FITS OR EPILEPSY
toyttiii aafl ha will warrant a care by
“ ts MDd ^ “
' WILL CURE YOU,
FREE TRIAL BOTTLE.
•otiSTaS&iX’.&r gg •nsma.M
“Had I gained my will and paeaed tbe c»te,
I hod .hared to tlie worst their faspleu fata;
“ Had tho .town not qnenchod my lantern’, rays
It had lighted tlie thieves to my resting place;
“ While tho whinnying cry of my reellees .teed
Would hsve proved a mark to tucir cruel greed.’,
Better than Nothing.
A good old Methodist lady, very particu
lar and very pious, once kept a boarding
house in Boston. Staunch to her principles,
she would take no one to board who did not
hold to the eternal punishment of a large
portion of the race. But the people were
more intent on carnal comforts than spiritual
health, so that in time her house became
empty, much t. her grief and alarm.
After some time a bluff old si a capitin
knocked at the door, and the old lady ans
wered the call.
“Servant, ma’am. Can you give me board
for two or three days? Got my ship here
and shall be off soon as I load.”
“Wa-al, I don’t know,”said the only lady.
“Oh, house full, eh?”
*,No, but ” T #■. j
“But what, ma’am?”
“I don’t take unclean or carual people in
my house. What do you believe?”
’’Why, do you believe that any one will be
“Oh, thunder I yes.”
“Do you.’ aiid tbe good woman, brighten-
iigHp. “Well, how many souls do you
think will be in the fire eternally ?”
“Don’t know, ma’am, really—never calcu
•'Can’t yon guess?*
“Can’t say—perhaps fifty thousand.”
“Wa’al hem!” mused the the good woman;
*'I guess I’ll take von; fifty thousand is bet
ter than nothing.”
Col. R H. Hardaway, of Thomas county,
writes: “It gives me pleasure to promptly
answer your question as to tbe cost per
pound to raise cotton. I give you the cost
for seven yhars, to-wit: 1866, 14:50; 1867,
12:50; 1868. 12:25; I860, 10:90; 1870, 8.-60;
1871,13:61; 1872, 10:77. The average is
11:88. This includes interest on value of
land, repairs, interest on team, taxes, fertil
isers, laborofcultiyaiing, picking.and pack
ing, but notbnig added for personal super
vision. The latter J would be hard to esti
mate. This year’s crop has not been to mar
ket, bat will not exceed ten cents. I keep
' of my crop annually, and it simply
the copying, as the calculation was
already made and entered oo my memoran-
rociiy will gain you any more sympathy ?”
“Quite tbe contrary We are are not ac
enstomed to wage war like that, or mutilate
the dead.” “No,” cried one of the men,
suddenly, crimson with passion: “No, you
English do uot wage war like that against
a civilized nation. But you, too, have bad
your blood roused like ours—more than
we have, perhaps—and you shat er your
prisoners to pieces before the cannon’s
mouth. When your wives and children
were tortured and massacred you had no
pity for ihe Sepoys. You must remember
that this is a personal war. There is not
one of us who has not suffered worse from
the Turks than ever you did from the Se
poys, and that os long as we remember.
My mother was burnt to death in 1862
My wife was impaled eight \veeks j ago, and
ray two children, one six months old and
the other two years, bayonetted and thrown
to the pigs. How. dare you reproach ns
with lerocity ? How can you reproach a
wild beast for ferocity ? “Say!” “But,”
I replied, wiih something sticking in iny
throat, for I did not half like the turn mat
ters were taking, “but you are not beasts.
“We are!” thundered my opponent. “We
arc beasts, and you and the rest of Europe
have made us so. You handed us over to
infidels, to Turks, and what t ey left us was
devoured by the Jews. You were either
fools or rascals. You jumbled Turks and
Arabs together; you tbonght the Alham
bra was bui.t by Turki, and that rab
science was Turkish ; but you did know
that the Turks are an accursed race—Cain’s
cursed progeny—and that where they once
set foot the grass will never grow again.
Or knowing all this, you still supported
them. No sum too large to procure them
the filth they revel in; no concession too
small for us. Would you like to have your
daughter sent for by a Bey, stripped, ex
amined, and sent back to you with an or
der to keep her another six months—to fat
ten her into a beast for a pasha’s lust.
That happened last year to that man
there. Was it for that you lent tha
Turks #200,000,000? Say, are you not
fools or rascals ? Still we thank you. Tlie
Turks have fattened on us; you have fatten
ed on them. They have ruined us; you
have ruined them, and now that they are
sucked dry and bankrupt, you have sudden
ly discovered that you sympathise w th us.
Sympathy! We want more than sympathy;
we want justice. You and the Turki are
the sorcerers who have changed us into wehr-
wolves. Release us. Give us back our
souls; give us back our human form. Till
then we mqet obey our instincts. And thus;
thou infernal atom, go join the body that is
seething in bell.” So saying, be seised the
head, dashed it into the corner, and stalked
out of the room. For some moments
there was complete silence, and the aspect of
the faces around me was something fearful.
I could say nothing, I felt asif I was gi “
of all this, and could only smoke in silence*
At last one of them broke tbe spdl, and beg
ged me to excuse, what hatl been said and
make no mention of it. Bbt it was true, be
said; and never had they heen so badly treat*
ed as since the Crimean war.
K i. •
fled. Pretty soon tho groom
and when he returned he thre
corn balls and a big stick of
“*~ *-**-“ *— — A ’•and
raised her spectacles, and thus addressed
the young man with red ears: Jjjji”
“ Why, of course.”
“ And I have a right to feel an interest in
you?” •; • . ; V K
. “Ofcourse.” \
“ And we are on your bridal tower ain’t
“Well, now, you’ve been squandering
money all along, Peter. Yon took a hack,
vou bought oysters, you bought a jack
knife and you’ve just thrown money away.
I feel hat it is my uuty to tell you to hold
up before you make a fool of yourself!”
“ Whose money is this ?” he asked, grow
ing very red in the face.
“It is vours, and what is rours is Sabin-
tha’s, and it is mv duty a* her mother to
speak l nt when I see you fooling your
money away ”
“I guess" I can take care of my money!”
“Perhaps you can, Peter White, but
there are those in your family who can’t.”
He strrggied with his feelings as the
bride shook tier head at him, and then
“ Did I marry you ?”
“No, sir, yon didn't, you little bow-legged
apology for a man, but I have a right to
speak for my daughter.”
“ You can speak all yon want to, but I
want you to understand "that I can manage
my own affairs, and that I don’t care for
“ Peter White,” she slowly responded,
waving the peanut-candy close to his nose,
“ I see we’ve got to have a fuss, and we
might as well have it now.”
“Ma! ma!” whispered the bride, pulling
at the old lady’s shawl.
■‘You needn’t ma me, Sabintha! This
Peter White has deceived us both about
his temper, and I’m going to tell him just
what I think of him 1 He commenced this
fuss, and we’ll see who’ll end it 1”
“You mind your business and I’ll attend
to tnind 1” growled Peter.
“ Oh 1 you liump-hackcd hypocrite 1” she
hissed, jabbing at his eye with the peanut
bar. “ Only a month ago yon called me
* Mother Hull,’ and was going to give *ne
the best room in the new house 1”
“You’ll never have a room in a house of
mine 1” he exclaimed.
“ And I don’t want one, you red-cared
hypocrite!”' * 4
“ Don’t, Peter—don’t ma 1” robbed the
It’s my duty, Sab'.ulha; it’s your moth
er’s 1” -
“Don’t cry, Sabby,” he interrupted;
lon’t mind what she says!”
“Try to set my daughter up agin me,
will you ?” hissed the old laay, as she
brought the peanut-bar down on bis nose.
“Oh! ma!” yelled tlie bride.
“You old wretch 1” hissed Peter, as he
clawed at her.
“ None of the Whites will ever run over
me!” exclaimed the mother-'n-law, as she
got hold of his^shirt-collar and hauled him
around. - t •
“I’d knock your old 1”
“ You can’t knock nothing!” she inter
rupted, backing him against the table.
“Ma! Oh-h-h! ma!” howled Sabintha.
The dozen other passengers in the ro< in,
who had been interested and amused l.sten-
ere, here interrupted, ami Peter waq re
leased rom the old lady’s grasp; his collar
having been torn off and bis cheekficratched.
“ I expected this, and prepared for it 1”
panted the mother-in-law as she leaned
against the wall. “This doesn’t end it by
any means! Tnis bridal tour trill come to
a stop to-morrow, and then u e’Baee whether
I’ve got any business to speak up for Sabia-
tha or not 1”
As the train moved away, the old lady
wore a grim smile. Sabintha was weep ng,
and Peter was struggling with ano.her pa
per collar. -
Reminiscences of Senator John
’#*. dum book.”
Critic*! question of*o old ladj who
shown * picture of Jacob kisainc Rachel.
“Whst lysthoy wrs«tliog about.”
Upland Rice.—The Columbus Enquirer
iys: Farmers generally, throughout this
section of Georgia and in Alabama have
raised more rice this season than ever before
in their history, and it comM in guod time.
In Lee county there have already been tbiastr
ed out by oue machine 1,51)0 .bushels. Tbe
Georgia counties, south of this, in the ag
gregate, have produced good yields. We
tear that Mr. U. L. Jones, of Troy, alone
has 2,500 bushels, and other person near
him 800. Rice will go a good ways towards
supplying tbe lack- of corn in bonsehoMa,
and plenty of “sweetening” will aid the cause
cf subsistence. Then there are sweet pota
toes, tnruips, etc. The country will hardly
The Memphis Avalanche says Capt. Jeffer
son D. Howell, the commander of the last
steamship, was a native of Natchez, Mias.,
lived in New Orleans several years, and serv
ed as infclthhroai nndro the Coafednraflr
with Aannra) Seamsa. For ten years
he had been employed on merchant vessels
■ailing oaffiof Sub Franny. *nd some moofhs
since wan promoted** ths somssnnl. at the
steamship Pacific, for galantry displayed in
rososring shipwrecked people during a vio
lent storm. Captain Howell wan hardy
thirty yearsdd wl
9rod,^inirrk8d1 :< '“ _
au.Liaiii> Jiiv 7<jiiaar»!
girls in' Greenland make a practice
of wearing pantaloons, and they srent pUI-
till they are married, either, as the custom
Shakespeare said: “There is a tide in
the affaire of men,” bat it appears to be
pretty mnch all tied-back- in tne affairs of
A Western paper in speaking of the re
cent sale of some Chinese women, in San
Francisco, at 10 cents a head, says: “Cheap
China-ware, bat warranted to wash.”
The Brooklyn girl who was caught steal
ing a pair of shoes to wear to the Sunday
School, says she will never try to be good
A goat followed a Louisville girl two
miles the other day, and she was finally
obliged to rush into a bouse to e cape the
wrath of the infuriated animal The girl’s
striped stockings caused the trouble.
Two opinions—La Rochefoucauld says:
“ The heU of woman is old age.” “ Holmes
says: “ A good and true woman is said to
resemble a Cremona fiddle—age but in
creases its worth and sweetens its tone.”
A London Custom-House officer says that
his experience convinces him that women,
os a rule, would rather smuggle their gloves
and other knick-knacks than receive the
same as a present free of -ost.
“All the world is full of babies,
Sobbing, sighing, everywhere;
Looking out with eyes of terror,
Beating, at the empty air.
Do they see the strife before them,
That they sob and tremble ro?
Oh, the helpless, frightened babies—
Still they come, and still they go.
Irish builder, to laborer aloft—“How
many of yez is up there?”
Laborers (in rooms)—“Three.”
Irish builder—“ Sure, that’s too many;
half of yez can come down.”
A wearied young lady lately hastened
the departure of a tedious caller by remark
ing, as she looked out of the window, “ I
think we are going to have a beautiful sun
“ John Henry.” said his wife with stony
severity, “I saw you coming out of a sa
loon this afternoon.” “ Well madam,” re
plied the obdurate John, “yonwouldn’t
have me stay in there, would you?”—
Child—" Does tl e Lord take the papers?”
Mother—" No, my child; why do you ask?”
Child—“ Oh, I thought he didn’t, it takes
oar minister ro long to tell Him about
things!”—Nets Haven Register.
Another accidental great discovery:
Limburger cheese frightened off a devasta-
t ng army of potato-bugs that hsd invaded
the county of Seneca, N. Y. Even a bug
has to be to the manner born to face lim
burger the first tihie.
The poetic sentiment given below, will
find thousands of indorsers among unsuc
Be not triumphant little flower, ,
When on her hanghty heart you lie,
But modestly enjoy your hour;
She’ll weary ot you by and by,
“I.expect,” said a worthy Quaker, “to
pass through th ia world but once If, there:
fore, there be any kindness I can show, or
anything -1 can do for my fellow-men, let
me do it n w. Let roe not neglect or de
fer it, for I shall not pass this way again. 1 '
A Louisville girl was shot in the foot a
day or two ago, and the doctors are now eD
gaged in Aiiniug for the ball One of them
has worked his passage into the foot for so
great a distance that they are obliged to let
his provisions down to him by a rope.
“ Madame;* skid a trance-medium " your
buaband’s spirit wishes to communicate with
you." “No matter,” said the widow; “ if
mi got lio more spirit hi the other world
than he had id this, itV fttft worth bothering
Who would believe that the fashion ot a
lady’s dress, 850 B.' c., was very much the
same as it is now, a. d. 1875? But here is
the evidence from Hesiod (Works and Days,
Part L) In his his counsels on marriage
“Let ho fair woman tempt thy sliding mind
With .gar rments gathered in a knot behind.”
“ Madam,” exclaimed a cross-grained
if women were ad
mitted to Paradise their tongues would
make it * purgatory.” “ And some physi
cians, if allowed to practice there,” replied
the lady, “would soon make ita desert.”
Sleep is * thing that bells have no more
burineuatp intexfifre with than with prayers
aad sermons. God is rocreatiqg us. We
ate ao ansen isiakfl as wn weewbefore we
wore born; aad while he holds as there,
feeding anew' the springs of life, and infus
ing fresh fire into our brains, and preparing
ns for the worh-of another day, the pillow
is as sacred as the sanctuary.—Dr. F. G.
Hia Great Strength and Indomitable Pluck as
h • Boj4-HIs Fiatie Encounters —Mak-
■ t IngaCostli Present to Commo*
dfre Vanderbilt. , -err
[From tha fineinnatti Commercial.]
John Morrissey’s career shows conclusive
ly what indomitable pluck, energy, and fair
dealing will do for a man, even when handi
capped with such fearful weights as obscure
birth, defective education, poverty, and a
degrading profession. Born of poor peasant
parrots in Ireland, he was brought by them
to this country when a mere child. His
father. "Tim” Morrissey, located in Troy,
Ham York, and daroed * • precarious i living
won, he being a mu of tne commonest jsd*
uaction and without 1 a trade. Morrissey's
mother was also deficient in education and
appreciation of its advantages, and conse
nt "Dooic larnin" wnen a uoy, >vuen out a-
stripping he attracted the attention of a dog
fighter named Patsey McCormick; who took
him under a sort of patronage, and, thodgh* hofi it portraya him out and out.
he was not-faicssed with an over supply of lie, he won’t steal, aadt Mr nrti
»l,!n n.f.JJ’n lire nAren fnnnrl TnnOnu nf Koolr ren a frinnrl nr O fr\A Tc AVIV
When Vanderbilt took' possession of the
New York Central, it beoim»dariyshle to ;et
an idea of his policy before xpl ptlbqc, and
at the same time have the public believe that
the information was obtained inctfienUy and
not made known with a purpose. )Vith that
object in viqw, a reporter of a jqurnal whoee
editor w*s >n the secret was detailed to inter
view Morrissey, and exftarf, K if ^biHBIs the
news from him. The scribe was elated over
his comaiwsiro, affid Mecaa^fehejaffid hia
wpdeat hopes. When tho,-interview was
about at an end, he said to nis companion:
“Mr. Morrissey, what is thdsetMiof your
success in life? It can’t bo becausevou were
prizefighter, for better pugilists than you
have dioxin thq poo^guy*;^,
M^rnssey ^canned his interrogator closely,
“Iff answer you will not pnblnbdt now ?”
: .“Cestaudy Mt,” was (he reHtooPP
bond. I’never refuse to help any ‘one" who
asks for aid, if it is in my powfirlTI find
a man disposed to be my friend Y'tie him
ttStL-Krerelraarwl-iF T find « mnn nnlnir nnt.
y her son obtained but;a scanty amount witb hooks and if I find a man going out (
Tbe Churchman tel ls the story of a
but without giving her name, who became
tired of Utlfa mainly employed in eattag—d. jhm
dittoing, and resolved to devote herself .mil
her money tq A nobler purpose. At the
close of the rebellion she went to a sandy
island off the Atlantic coast, where about
t*oHundred persons were living in povar^r
and ignorance, and eaublished her home
then with the intention of benefiting the
inhabitants. 8be begsn' with teaching, by
exampiei bow tocairivato tbs land tncrativley,
and was soon imitated. Next she estab
lished a school for tbe children, and After
ward a church. Now tbe island is a
ing rdBbn, with ap industrious and
(be change being the wo&;4f
A Mniriaftr ^ M<ffi% , 'ls^y, freak from
howdiag-adfiNf^ eame to her fitther^ break
fast table, instead at speaking English and
USyhSg “ SssisMArokfrsipsitoFVeaeh,
and said “Biff JAtMA
bone’s yours, if you say so,” responded the
practical old gentleman, as he handed her
. “Yen." he said dreamily, “we are always
over tbe verge of the infinite, longing to
its mysteries, and lost in the prnfuiu
immentitv.” “Yes.” she replied,
fully, “but, John, would you mind my
g brown .patch oo the neat of those
pants or yours?” , ■
This is tbe kind of weather that makee the
iovested it in * pmr ot winter drawers.
this world’s goods, he often found means of
assisting the future statesman when assistance
was valuable indeed.
The eld inhabitants of Troy tell *ome very
queer stories about the hardships of Morris
sey’s early life, aud it certainly was strewn
with more hard knocks than roses. The
principal industry of Troy is iron manu
facturing, and the men employed in its
works have long been celebrated for the per
fection of their physique and their prowers.
Though as well behaved as the generality of
men rf their class, they are fund of the man
ly art, and the younger portion of them nre
adepts in its mysteries. This was especially
the case when tbe subject of our sketch was
a boy, and he wasone of thesort that “didn’t
take water for no one.” Many is the turn-up
he has had with them just to set at rest the
vexed question, “who was the best man.”
It is related that he was never a quick fighter,
though he was a stayer for all that was out.
There were dozens of the lads in his days
who could make his face look like a raw
beefsteak in ten minutes, but just about the
time that he ought to have cried enough, he
would turn upon bis antangonist with such
furry that he would soon be compelled to
acknowledge himself a shipped man. An
old competitor of his once remarked: “John
didn’t never seem to know when he was lick
ed, and just as you got tired thumping him,
he kind o’ got his second wind, an’ then you
might as well tackle the devil himself as try
to made any headway against him.” Of the
iron industries of Troy, stove moulding is
the most important, and in the days of Mor
rissey’s boyhood every moulder had his help
er, or “Berkshire,” as he was called ; and
when he was about nineteen years old he
became a Berkshire in the Clinton Stove
Works, the largest at that time in the world;
He soon became a valuable man in the shop,
* is great strength enabling him to do a great
leal of what is called “jack ass” work with
ease. Among other incidents of his shop
life, it ia related that he would often, for a
small wager stand barefooted and lift a ladle
of moulten iron at arm’s length breast high,
an achievement never before or since accom
After the Steinway Hall tragedy, Mor
rissey settled down somewhat, and won the
affections of Miss Sally Smith of Troy,
daughter of a prominent steamboat captain,
and the belle of her native city. This was
the most fortunate step of his life, for he now
began to think of making money. With
this object in view, he started a barroom iu
Troy. Selling whisky was not profitable
enough, however, and he borrowed 8500 of
Johnny Franklin of this city, and embarked
in tbe faro banking business.' While thus
engaged, he found time to patronize other
forms of sport, and he developed qnite a pas
sion for cock fighting. One night, while at
tending a fight, he got into a quarrel with a
man nam»l Heenan and liis son Tim,
which resulted in his whipping the pair.
Heenan had a son in California who had ac
quired the soubriquet of the Benicia Boy, and
considerable' reputation as a prize fighter.
When the Benicia Boy learned of the insult
to his kiu, he determined to return home
and thrash the man who had struck his father.
When he reached New York he soon found
friends to pit him against Morrissey, and the
wife of the latter, having given her consent,
match was made for the cham
pionship of America. The battle was fought
n Canada, and was one of the most terrible
in the annals of the ring. In the first round
Heenan broke Morrissey’s nose with a blow
that would have taken the fight out half the
sluggers in the country; but Morrissey bided
his time, and on Heenan’s smashing his hand
against a stake in.the fifth round, he sailed
in and put the “boy” to sleep with ease.
This ended Morrissey’s career in the ring.
About the time he learned that Commo
dore Vanderbilt had his eye upon a fast
horse in New York but that he hated to pay
the amount asked for him. Morrissey
bought the annimal and presented it to the
Commodore. Vanderbilt accepted the gift,
and took Morrissey (into his confidence, ad
vising him to go into tho “street” and specu
late in stocks. John took the advice, and
from the points furnished by Vanderbilt, be
soon found himself on the way to a compe
tency. About this time be thought serious-,
ly of taking up his residence for good iu Troy,
aud with that object in view, he made over
tures for the purchase of a dwelling that
faces a private park in that city. The aris
tocratic denizens ot the neighborh <od became
alarmed at the threatened proximity of a
prize fighter, and combined together and pur
chased the residence before he completed his
arrangements. When Morrissey found this
out, he determined on revenge, and through
a friend he purchased a lot immediately id
the rear of tne most elegant part of the aris
tocratic locality, and on it he errected a
toudssmelling soap factory. The outraged
aristocrats applied to the the courts, but
Morrissey’s attorneys were clever, and avail
ed themselves ot every trick of the law to
procrastinate the case, and tbe result was tbe
soap factory was bought by the aristocrats at
a price that made them pay dearly, for their
exauaiyenctt. Morrissey then moved per-
raantly to New York city, and as his wealth
increased he became anxious for political
power and offic-. Possibly Ihe real, as it
was thoavowed motive for this desire, was
or mine d!rt; 1 8° for him
rotategottKflfohole.” Those who know
Morrissey best can best appreciate ibis creed,
‘ “ I ' ' ie won’t.
neafir tans bis
back on a friend or.a foe. Is any wonder that
he carried the masses with him in a square
fight against hypocrisy and deefet? There
will be many a Senator in Albany tbis win
ter that might well imitate his example.
sons recollection of his parent'that woui
embrace something more than the history of
M uocessful.prize fighter and. gambler. Be
object wh'atit may, his ambition was grat-
id, and he was elected to Congress, ant*, it
only fair to say that his career as a mem-
the National Legislature was marked
by bonesty and good sense, qualities not ak
together undesirable in this class of .public
The Theatre of the Turko-ChrisUan War.
Bosnia, the most north-westerly province
of European Turkey, forming an eyalet,
governed by a pasha, aud including, besides
Bosnia proper, the Turkish parts of Croatia
and Dalmatia, and the district of Herzego
vina (q. v.). It extends between lat. 42°
30’ and 45° 15’ N., and long. 17° 40' aud
21° E. It is bounded N. by tbe Save and
Unna; E. by tho Vriua, and tho mountain-
chain of Jublanik, and a branch of the Ar-
gentaric Alps; S. by the Scardagh Moun
tains ; and on the W. by the mountains of
Cosman, Timor, and Steriza. At a few
points ip the South it reaches to the Adri
atic sea. It has an extent estimated at
18,f00 square miles, with a population of
about a million. With tho exception of
the Northern tract, extending along the
Save, it is everywhere a mountainous coun
try, and is traversed by more or less ele
vated ranges of the Dinaric Alps, whose
highest peaks rise to a height of from 5,000
to 7,700 feet. hove the sea, and are covered
with snow from September to June. The
mountain slopes are, for the most part,
thickly covered with forests of oak, beech,
lime, chestnut, <fcc., of magnificent growth,
and only here and there exhibit meadows,
pastures, and cultivated spots. Tbe princi
pal river of the country is the Save, on the
Northern border, into which flows the
Unna, the Verbas, the Bosna and the Drin*
The Nacenta and the Boyana foil into the
Adriatic sea. The air is salubrious, the
climate temperate and mild. It i& only in
the plain that agriculture is carried bn to a
considerable extent; grain, maize, hemp,
vegetables, fruits, and grapes are produced
in great abundance; and their cultivation
would be much more extensively and
actively prosecuted, hut for the heavy inis
positions laid upon this branch of industry
by the Turkish government. Game and
fish abound, as well as wild animals, such
as bears, wolves, lynxes, dsq. Tho country
is celebrated for the breeding of sheep,
swine, goats, and poultry; and bees, both
wild and tame, are very numerous. The
gipsies and Morlacks dig for lead, quicksil
ver, coal aud iron; but beyond this, min
ing, owing to repressive government, is en
tirely* neglected, although tho country is
rich in metalic ores. Commerce and man
ufactures—chiefly limited to thefobricatiou
cf firearms, sabre-blades and knives—are
entirely confined to the towns. The posi
tion of B. gives it the transit trade between
Austria and Turkey. There are almost no
good roads in the country. The population
consists of Bosnians, Croats, Morlacks,
Montenegrincs, Turks, Germans, Illyrians,
Dalmatians, «fcc., the much greater part
being of the Salvonian race. The Bosnians
or Bosniaks, who form about a third of the
inhabitants, are partly Mohammedans and
partly of the Greek and Roman Catholic
Churches. They are brave, hardy, rapa
cious, and cruel; rude and repulsive to
wards strangers, yet, among themselves,
they are pea; e‘ul and honest; they are also
industrious, simple in their habits, and tem
perate. The Moslem women in B are less
secluded than in the other Turkish pro
vinces, and have long enjoyed the liberty
of appearing in public more or less veiled.
The Croats, who form about a sixth of the
population, belong partly to the Greek and
partly to the Roman Catholic Church; only
a few are Mahommedims. They are prin
cipally engaged in agriculture, the feeding
of cattle, and the barter trade. Tbe Mor
lacks, who number about 150,000, dwell
mostly in the districts of Herzegovina, are
courteous, clever in bnsiness, and extremely
ready in adapting themselves to anything.
They are inveterate enemies of the Turks.
Three-fourths of them are Greek Christians,
and the rest Roman Catholics. The Turks
form more than a fourth of the inhabitants,
tbe number of Greeks and Jews is between
20,000 and 30,000. B., being a frontier
province, is imjiortant as a line of defence,
and has consequently a great number of
fortifications. B., in ancient times, was in
cluded in Pannonia; and previous to the
7th e., was governed by princes of its own,
called Bans or Waiwoaes, who became de
pendent on Hungary. Being conquered by
the Turks, it was finally annexed to the
Ottoman empire, in 15211 by Solyman the
Magnificent. Since the introduction of re
forms, the dennding.hereditary chiefs of the
highest prerogatives, and a great part of
their revenues, B. has been the seat of al
most perpetual disturbance, and several
campaigns have bad to he undertaken
against it by the Turkish government. A
most dangerous rebellion broke out in 1851,
which was not quelled by Omar Pasha un
til (ho' bad inflicted Several defeats on tbe
rebels, and stormed some of tbdr fortresses.
Since that time the country has been more
quiets— Chambers's Encydopcedia.
The New York Tribune tells the follow
ing: "What are you going to.do for a mor
al qestion to fight the Presidential campaign
on?” said,a gentleman a day or two since to
a politician high in tbe counsels of the Ad
ministration leaders. “Do?” said he.
“That’s easy enough. "We’ll revive Know-
Nothingism with the anti-foreigner feature
left out, and the fight against the Catholics,
and for the maintenance of the school mtem.
On that we’ll take all tbe religious sentiments
cf New England, and gather in all tbe Ger
mans of the .West and Northwest who be>
w lieve in Bismarck arid hate the Pope.”