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ATHENS, GEORGIA, TUESDAY", DECEMBER 7, 1875.
OLD SERIES, YOL 55.
A CO.\ Si AN I' BE A OKU.
bt nmrn xu.
The overworked acribe of the “ Mndville Gautte"
Sat wondering—monevlcta wight—
If his office would ever be-cleared of its debt,
With the times so deplorably tight—
When the tramp of old leather was heard on the at
And a stranger stepped into the room,
Who salted, with the “don’t let me bother yon ” ai
; WhichUm boro toaoapt to anoint—
“How are yet” Tbe editor rose with a smile ‘
And plesssntly yielded his chair—
Placed the visitor’s sadly unbcauiiful tile
(Which exhibited symptoms of a ear)
On the top of the dealt, s-ongside of his own
(A shocking old ping, by the way),
And then asked in a rutucr obsequ.ous tone,
“ Can we do any thing for you to-day <”
“ No—I jest called to see yo the visitor said;
“ I’m. ihend to the newspaperman.” ... . .
litre btras a red haixlUrriiSi' oxer his head,
And ncoaptod the editor’a fan—
“1 bey ruad ad the
^ Ana tuuj are
yon’ve writ for your sheet,
it to the pint, 1 comas —
[Business and ProfessionalCards.
COBB, ERWIN A COBB,
attorneys at law,
Office in the Dcopreo Building.
attorney at Z,an>,
J. k DORTCH,
Attorney ai Z,aw,
.4. o. McCURRY,
attor.ye it «ar l,i rr,
j\Y ILL give atrict personal attention to all business en-
gtruileil to his care. Aug. 4 40—ly.
I Asa M. Jackson. L. W. Tiiomas.
JACKSON A THOMAS,
A ttorneys at Law,
i >. A. Lochsajci. John Millsi>os.
LOCHRANE A- MILL EDGE,
Attorneys at Law.
(ifflee So. !; • Pryor street, opp. Kimball Houto.
June 2,187.1. SI—6m.
JOHN W. OWEN,
Attorney at Law.
TOCOOA CTTT, GA.
Will practico in all the counties of the Western Cir
cuit, Hsrt and Madison of the Northern Circuit. Will
k vu r[H*cial altemon to till claims entrusted to his care.
P. G. THOMPSON,
Attorney at Law,
f Special attention paid to criminal praotioc. For refer-
Ifnou sppTto Ex. Gov. T. H. Watts and Hon. David
|Ooptou, Montgomery Ala. Office over Buny’a Store,
| Alliens, Ga. Feb. 3—tf.
JOHN T OSBORN,
Attorney at Law.
[ Will practice in the counties of the Northern Circuit,
|Kai.k», Krunkliu and llabcraham ot the Western
I Circuit; will #ive special attention to all claims entrust-
|f-ti to 1» cure. Jan. 10, 1874—ly.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
I Wii; pranioe in the counties of White, Union, Lum
pkin, Tonus, and Fanning, und the Supreme Court at
I AiUdu. Will give special attention to all claims en-
1 hosted to his cure. Ang. 11 1875—41—tt
COTTON B UYER,
TOCCCA CUT, OA.
Highest Cash Price paid for Cotton. Agent for Win
E. A. WILLIAMSON,
Watchmaker and jeweller,
I M, Dr - f 1 ?* s ^ ,ru K Store, Broad Street, Athens, Ga.
i ah work done in a superior mannar and warranted to
s satisfactlen. Jan. 8—tf.
MISS C. POTTS,
(Over University Bank.)
Broad Street, -, - - Athens.
inform the Ladies and hsr Irienda
i o."!?. ■ of A th * n * * nd v trinity, that ahe is now pre-
[ I >-ed to do Drew making in the Neatest and most
N -jh her experience in tho business, aha feels sure of
rnuTMtafscHon. May 14.1S75—28-tf.
Tuat ur asp you giu Ksyaar waaaantnly i
You’re au oniymeut, «r, to the press
But you praise ui. too highly, by tar—
By tne wuy, I’ve a melon und up lor a treat,
I’ve been keeping ii nestled iu ice,
It’s a beauty, air, tit for un angel to cat—
Now, peruaps, you will rel.i»h a olios I”
Then the stranger robed up half a dozen or mure
Of tue cuuicet t excuni-gea uT ail—
Helped liiinnclf to the iruit, threw the rmds on the flour,
Or flung them at fl.eo on the wail.
He bsoureu his new friend that his pieces were wrote
In u manner oucomiuonly ablo n —
As he wiped his red bauds over the editor's coat,
That bung at tne aide of tue table.
“ ty. wa >’i I’ve neglected to ask you your name,**
Suid the scribe as the stranger arose ;
That’s a luvu” ho replied; ‘‘I’iu Abiinalech Buine,
iou have iitur» o tuat name, i supjM;»e i
I roa-bvin’ out here ou the Fiddletu*n Creek
\\ here 1 uwu a good house and u lot;
l'be Gazette gets mound to me once every week—
I’m the cohstautest reader you’ve got I”
44 Abimalech Ba e,” mused tbe editor, 44 B-a-m-e ”—
(Here bis guest begged a chew of bis twist)
* Vf 31 6orr J lo **2 ^ our me lhfluou» name
Doesn’t itanpen to honor my list!”
44 *Sposc not,” was tbe answer— 44 no reason it should,
x or you see 1 jiue lots with Bill X'hiu—
iie'a a reg’Iur subscriber and pa>s in wood,
Aud 1 borry your |>aper o’ him J”
[Bric*a-Brac, fecribner .o December.
. EDGAR ALLAN POE.
1 THE BYRON OF AMERICA.
The fiml Southern Pocl—” ketch ol his Life.
[From the New York Herald, 18th ult.]
Edgar Allan Poo was bom in. Baltimore,
in 1813. His parents belonged to the stage;
but, both dying; when he" was young, :a
kind-hearted niercQmt ixf Richmond, Air.
John Allan, adopted the orphan boy. and
did much for him. He took him to Engi
land and put him to school there at Stoke
Newington. On returning to America, Poe
entered the Un vendty of, Virginia. It is
not true, as most df life biographers' assert,
with the exception of . r. R. A. Stoddard,
whose memoir of the poet is correct and
painstaking that Poe, after leaving the
University, starred on a, visionary mission
to Europe to help the G.ceks to win their
freedom; but he had a brother who did,
William Henry Leonard Poe. Edgai, goodbye for a temporary separation, was
thirsting for military : .glpry,. was sent to bring cold in death in a Baltimore 'ijspital,
TUE OLD PAPfcKHILL.
BY UBS. 8. 1. HEOAIIOEE.
Thev may sing yon lays of all that is bright
In tbe blushing inurn und tba star-lit night:
They may tell of wondent beyond the sea,
Of fragrant flowers they may whisper to thee ;
But I’ll sing you a song with right good will.
One you’vo ne’er heard—of tbe old paper mill.
It is there you will see the garments old,
Of tbe gentle maiden and soldier bold;
Tbe fragments of linen tho rich man wore,
And the coartor rags that poverty bore,
Together heaped up, like some mammoth bill,
Wlthin the walls oi tbe old paper mill.
Aud there they are washed, until white as snow,
In the cleansiug waters tlie^e old nurs grow;
When next thev appear they’re a pulpv mass,
Which is spread on rollers of steel or bras* ;
Then soon it will be when snowy sheets fill
The large press room of the old paper mill.
And thus yon will find, in this dreary life’s spau,
Heaped up together, the actions of man;
Some are dyed deeply with guilt’s darkest hue,
t Hhcrs are pure, but alas ! they are few;
Together they mingle, this enrth to fill,
Seeming like rags in the old paper mill.
Bat ere man can reach his bright home above,
His soul must be filled w ith sorrow and love «
Fr°ni aught that can stain each thought must be freci
And he become pure, in word and in deed,
Aa sparkling waters fYom gurgling rill,
Or snowy sheets in the old paper mill.
[From the Sunny South.]
As the green maize upward springs
From tho warmth which Summer brings,
Springs my Jove fro the—m'aimee !
As the swallows southward fly.
When tho Winter’s chill is nigh,
Flies my heart to thee—m'alnue !
Like an oak with vines caressed,
With their fragrant blossom* blest,
Is my life with thee—m'aimee!
And aa with strong vines entwined,
Oaks are safer from the wind ?
So my soul with thee—m'tumte!
life would be but one long sorrow,
Like a night without a morrow.
Parted still from thee— niaimee!
And aa dleiui heart that’s broken,
Slowly, without word or token.
Dies ray ho-irt from thee—m'aimce!
thrilling particulars of his death in yester
day’s Herald Poe was buried in the cem
etery at Westminster church, Baltimore,
aud t ere, twenty-six years after the end
of his strange, excited life, a monument was
yesterday erected over his grave.
THE RIO GRANDE.
Cattle Stealing by the Mexicans.
[Extract from Correspondent New York Herald.]
The crossings are made at any time from
midnight to daylight. The following is the
modus ojierandi : At a certain village, no
tice is given that at such a time will be
given a “ bailie,” or fandango. The only;
thing that will keep a Mexican away from
one is death; that is, he must be dead him
self. Word is then passed around at the
dance that a crossing will be made at a cer
tain time and place, and men ate detailed
to accompany the cattle and others to cover
the return. The cattle thieves go armed
to the teeth and well mounted. If forced
a lo so, they can make an hundred miles
ay. They make a descent on the broad
pasture lands of a raqche, and, being among
the most accomplished herders in the
world, the desired number of stock is soon
his wife consisted in a sweet face, a’ collected, and they start upon a sharp trot
tor the river. The outside runner is started
A. A. WINN,
GROOVER, STUBBS & CO.,
General Commission Merchants,
* nd oth,r Mtpp'ie* fhrnUhed.
*??“•» «i*i*nmenu for
Liverpool or NortLero porta.
l 1VEKY and sale stable
mr i"get, Buggies and Horses for Hire.
Washington, Wilks, Co., Ga.
^U^olidtaUooof many of my former patrons, I
^actico of Medicine
ri** «f pay especial attention to tha <
1,1 ' " nd Children, and the Chronio Diaei
J-.* u WM. KING, M. D
'Mt, 5—S3-i y>
and General Jobbers,
JP 1 *’oironiZ'riheir aervkaa to the oitixene of Athens
s Loeetlon, two doom east of
CoJtr-r ^h, * * * -
Mr. L. J. Lampkin’e
March Id. 1875—ly.
^ T. A. SALE,
*3 r%g own w M
AL U> ‘S?Wo'S? > 7s*? 1 wnnud to give aatiefao-
Hinge Roane—Nome Account of llcr/Lire.
Richmond, Va., November 13.—The prop
er name of the unfortunate girl who com
mitted suicide at No. 180 Filth avenue,
New York, was Minnie Roane. Site was a
native of King William county, in this State,
and belonged to one of the most noted F.
F. V-.’s; Her parents were related closely
to the tamily of H«n William Roane, a
former Governor of Virginia, and her grand
undo tvas a Judge of the Suite Court of
Appeals, and at one time a United States
Senator. Her mother died while herself
and a sister named Belle were yet quite
young, to which may probably be attribu
ted the cause of their misfortunes and terri
ble fat s. About six years ago these two
girls, Minnie and Belle, ran away from
their home in King William county, with
the avowed purpose of beginning a life of
shame and misery. They were pursued,
however, and witli the aid of some distant
relatives, living in this city, were captured
and returned to their home, where for a
time they wer- kept under the strictest
surveillance. As soon as this was relaxed
they escaped again, and bent upon lead ng
a life of sin they entered houses of ill fame
in this city. Minnie left here nearly three
years ago and went to St. Louis and from
thence to New York, where her history
since is well known; her sister went to
Baltimore and threw herself from the win
dow of a hospital in that city and was in
stantly killed. A brother tvho was em
ployed in a drug store in this city took
chloroform, from the effects of which he
died. The family history is replete with
terrible catastrophes and misfortunes.
The Island of Perim~-«IIoir John Bull Flank*
ed Monsicar t’rapeau.
An English correspondent relates how
Great Britian obtained the important station
of Peri in, at the eutrance to the Red Sea.
About twenty years ago, one morning, four
French men-of-war arrived at Aden. At
that time the British Governor had no in
structions to guide him, a d there was no
telegraph between Aden and India, or Eng*
land. He was convinced that the French
were not on a pleasure cruise, tu d ha invited
the officers to dinner. Meantime l<s order< d
a British dispatch boat in the harbor _ to
keep under steam all night After the wine
had passed freely, the French officers drop
ped some remarks which led the Governor to
D, lieve that they had beeh seiit out to seise
the island df Perira as a French station. He
sent orders privately to the dispatch boat to
make steam at once for Periui, and lake
P'wsession of it in the name of the Que**n.
While the English boat was on its mission
the French officers caroused until daylight
In the morning they started for Perim, to be
greeted by the union jack and a British aen-
A Co What does an honest grocer do with bis
' si-tf. ■’ goods? He gives them -way (a weigh).
there as at the University, and was only a
member of the Cadet corps for six months
when iie was court-martialed and dis
charged. Mr. Allan, who adopt.d him,
li re many of his eccent rie and extravagant
habits with extreme patience, until finally
be was driven to give him up. Alter that,
Poe was lost sight of for a time, until he
appeared in Baltimore writing fugitive
nieces for the magazines. From the djy
lie embraced a li entry life in Baltimore un
til he died there, some twenty years later,
his struggles and misfortunes make the
most pitiable and harrowing history in the
literary annals of America. Of undo bted
genius, and with a wonderful fertility of
production, lie could at least have lived a
life of competence, and even luxury, by his
pen ab.nc, but be had some fatal flaw that
frequently attends on genius, and all the
glory of bis achievements w as darkened in
the gloomy misery of the man.
AS . N EDITOR.
Poe was an indifferent editor. He lacked
catholicity of taste and sweetness of temper.
He was dogmatic, impracticable. Daring
bis residence in Richmond he married his
cousin, Virginia Clernin, who was as poor
as himself, and whose chief qualifications for
gentle temper and unlimited love for him.
'Die yonng couple flitted from Richmond to
Baltimore, and soon after to Philadelphia
and New York. Tbe longest of his fictions,
‘■The Narrative of Arthur Gordon'Pyin, of
Nantucket,” was published in 1838. After
this, Poe aud his wile went back to Phila
delphia f om New York. There he took
the editorship of The Gentleman's Maga
zine, which was started by Burton, the
actor. During his connection with this
publication one of his finest stories, “ The
Fall of the House of Usher,” appeared
Ik was in 1841 he became acquainted
with Dr. Rufus Wilmot Griswold, who was
afterward to become his remorseless execu
tor and biographer Dr Griswold succeed
ed him as the editor of Graham's Maga
zine. Gr swold wrote of Poe iu after years,
“ Ilis manner, except during his fits of in
toxication, was very quiet and gentlemanly.
He was usually dressed with simplicity and
* elegance, and when once he sent for ine to
visit him during a period of illness, caused
bv protracted aud anxious watching at the
side of his sick wife, I was impressed by
the singular neatness and the air of refin •-
! ment in bis home. It was a small house in
one of the pleasant and silent neighborhoods
far from the centre of the town, and though
slightly and cheaply furnished, everything
in it was so tasteiul and so fitly.disposed
that it seemed altogether suitable for a man
of genius. For this and lor most of the
comforts lie enjoyed, in liis brightest as in
his darkest ydhrsplie ifais chiefly indented
to bis motlier-in-law, who loved him with
more than maternal devotiun and eonstaucy.”
WHEN “THE RAVES” APCKARKD.
Poe c me back to New York in tbe au
tumn of 1814. Since liis previous residence
here, bis reputation imd largely increased.
He became assistant editor to N. P. Willis
in *hc conduct of the Mirror, and rema ned
with that periodical for some lime. Subse
quently, he connected himself with the
Jiroudtcag Journal, which was commenced
in 1845, and edited by Mr. Henry C.
Watson, a young journalist from Phila el-
phia, and Mr. Charles F. Briggs, author of
“Harry France” and other stories Imme
diately prior to this event, the most cele
brated of Poe’s coimiositions, “The Raven,”
appeared in the Felvuary number of the
American litvieic. The sensation it crea
ted was great, and, though his name was
net attached to it, those skilled iu literary
matters detected him as the author. For
this unique poem, he received the sura of
810! At a later period, Poe, in a paper
entitled “The 1 hilosophy of Composition,”
explained how it was written, and seemed
disposed to destroy the strange fascination
that haunted the public inind in regard to
the author. He explained in effect that it
was a mere mechanical work, and owed
nothing to inspiration or feeling. But no
one ever accepted the explanation.
where “tii* raven” was av it kn.
The house where Poe wrote “ Th Raven”
stands on a rocky and commanding emi
nence a few hundred feet from the intersec
tion of Eighty-fourth street and the St.
Nicholas Boulevard, formerly the Bloom-
ingdalc road. It is a plain, old-fashioned
double frame dwelling, two stories high,
with eigtit windows on each side and one
at either gable. It lias a pointed roof,
flanked by two tall brick chimneys. Old
aud weather beaten, it arrests the attention
of the passer-by in a neighborhood where
most of the houses arc of modem construc
tion and of clean appearance. No date can
be found for the erection of this remarkable
dwel ing, which almost a hundred years
back, gave shelter to Washington and his
officers. Mrs. Mary Brennan, who lived
there for forty-seven years, knew it as bav
in a icputation for antiquity when she
first w. lit into it. It was to this lady that
Poe, in the early part of the spring of 18,14,
applied for lodgings during the season. At
that -time the houses were few and ihr.be-
tweeu, while the primeval forest covered
much of the laud around, and the beauty of
the scenery was uumarred by rock-blasting
CLOSING YEARS OF BIS LIFE
In Jnmary, 184t>, the Broadway Journal
ceased to existi Poo devoted himself to
writing' n series of articles ftr the Lady's
Book, ,a. Philadelphia magazine. One of
them, “The Murders of the Rue Morgue,”
was in Poii’s most sensational vein. His
wife, Virginia, died in Ja mary; 1848, and
her remains were interred in ;• cemetery at
Fordhatn. Iu the same year, he brought
out a work called “Eureka: aProsePoem.”
He also r sinned his connection with the
Southern Literary Messenger. In 1849,
When he first sent it to the editor k con
sisted of only eighteen linear a few'inoatha
later he famished another etsfy, altered
and enlarged, and finally he sent tho poem
as it is. now printed. Tbe stanzas, “Fo.-
Anne” and “Annabel Lee,” were afterward
published in the • Messenger.. Gang to
Richmond in the summer of this year, he
fell in with some boon companions, and hi
health suffered much. Finally, he Reached
Richmond, renewed acquaintance ’.with a
lady he had known in uis youth, and be
came engaged tocher. He had two things
to do before they were married. Cine was
to go to Philadelphia and write s preface
for a volume of poetry; the other was to
go to Fordham ’ and .fetch Mrs. Citium to
the wedding. He started from Richmond
October 3. 1849, reached Baltimore safely,
but there he relapsed into his eld habi.s m
the course of a, very brief stay, and less
than a week after he had bid his intended
ahead to notity the covering party of the
amount and probable time of arrival. When
within a few miles, the inside runner is
started, who gives precise news, and then
they repair to tlte spot, and in a few min
utes after, Texas is minus a herd of cattle
of from 500 to 1,000 head. They speak of
a herd here as a “ bunch”—:s, for instance,
4 a small bunch of fifty steers.”
The “ raiders” are generally good fight
ers. An ex-Confederatc told me that he
t ad fought the best soldiers avc had in the
last war and lmd fought the raiders, and he
Avould rather have tbe odds against him in
Americans As he expressed it, “They
are fatalists. They will stand up to the
rack and take it, and when they fall, they
die without the quiver of a muscle; and
when a man does that, it is all we can ex
pect of him.”
■ - ' T1IK STATE TROOPS.
Captain McNally is here at present in
command of the State tro ps With dark
hair an., complexion, a peculiarly fine blue
eye, slim and active, he is the beau ideal of
a ranger. With six of his men, he recently
killed thirteen of these thieves, and hopes
to kill more. He is worth about 8100,000,
and receives Texas “ promises to pay” at
the rate of 8100 per mouth, and cx[>ends in
the prosecution of tbe thieves about $200
per month, in coin, out of his own pockets,
all for the love of the State. His officers
are all nten of position and generally
wealthy. The navy has a hard task before
it and a long one. Four hundred miles of
a very crooked rii er affords many opportu
nities of evasion. The lew companies of
cavalry on the frontier are insufficient to
operate with any degree of certainty. We
arc surrounded by spies, who report every
movement, and the only gnarantee we
could have of information paid for, would
be lo hold the informer subject to,.forfeit
ure of life if incorrect
The raider thinks little cf tbe life of a
horse He rides it to death and gets a
fresh one. The cavalry cannot do this.
The officer who returned from a scout with
half his men dismounted, woi Id probably
bo interviewed officially.
EXTENT OF THE INSPECTION.
Our inspection was continued as far as
Edinburgh, 170 miles from Brownsville.
Launch No. 2 is on her way up to lling-
Cortinai is. expected back here. It is
said that President L*-rdo desires tlie bene
fit of his influence in Tnmaulipas and por
tions of Nueva Leon during the forthcoming
election, and that the redoubtable bandit »
therefore likely to be set at liberty.
Tbe feeling of indignation ainong the
Americans on the frontier is intense, and
one of those days will express itself in ac
tion. Murder, robbery aud kindred crimes
are among their grievances, and it wall be
very li tie better as long as the river con
stitutes tbe boundary here. The way the
score is reckoned now, it stands about 200
Americans killed, many women outraged,
countless thousands of cattle stolen, many
ranches deserted. Per contra, thirteen
REVOLUTION IN TRADE. ■
’ ! ’ .
THE EXPORT OF AMERICAN FABRICS.
‘ ’ Interviewing the “Package” Houses. It
[Extract* from New York Timee.]
The wholesale dry goods trade is just
now in a ferment of excitement over tbe
discovery of a probable means of relief from
its long stagnation. Before the war, Amer
ican dealers enjoyed a large export trade
in cotton goods, sheetings rnd prints with
India, Africa; China, and South America,
where, the apparel of the natives consists
mainly of this class of material. The rise
in gold, the increase in the price of labor
and of cotton, the abundance of money in
■ he bands of the people, and other causes
consequent upon the civil strife, made it
unprofitable to compete with the manufac
turers of England, and this export business
fell off to almost nothing. Tne home dry
goods .trade, however, continued to be ex
ceedingly profitable. Capital- flow ed into
the channel solhat it is estimated that the
number of cotton spindles has increased
thirty-three per cent, in the last five years,
while the population has not increased more
ban twelve per cent, in the same period.
Then came tbe panic, followed by the bard
times, which occasioned a decrease of con
sumption far greater than the increase of
the population. The home markets became
glutted, prices fell steadily downward until
at the present time many grades of cotton
manufacture sell for less in currency than
they did in gold in 1861; to say nothing of
forward dating, longer credits, the guaran
tee system, and other modern innovations.
In other words, manufacturers here have
begun to experience similar disasters to
those of the cotton manufacturers of France
from 1827 to 1832.
WIIAT TOE EXPORTERS SAT.
Wright, Bliss & Fabyan, of No. 71
Thomas street, were found to be very en
thusiastic in regard to the future of the new
export business. They have shipped 4,500
cases to Liverpool, and have orders on hand
that wi 1 keep two large mills going until
December 10th. Mr. Bliss said that the
subject was engaging tbe attention of deal
ers in all directions, and that it bad already
had a very beneficial effect upon the market.
He had uo doubt that America would ulti
mately secure through it the export busi
ness she had lost by the war, and that thus
there would be an era of prosperity conse
quent upon steady employment to mill op
eratives and large sales by manufacturers.
He thought that goods can continue to be
exported even at an advance upon the
present prices, which, he confessed, do not
pay the manufacturers. In regard to tlie
surplus on hand at present, he said that the
general notion of its extent is greatly exag
gerated. The recent strikes and stoppage
of mills rnd the new expoit business nave
reduced it to a comparatively small quantity.
He undoubtedly looked for a considerable
stiffening in prices, but considered that it
would not be such as would throw a damp
er upon the export movement. He made
a strong point of the relative superiority of
American goods and was confident that
once they should obtain a foothold abroad
they would remain in such demand, even
at a good advance on present rates, as
would continue to insure a profit to the
sit pper. Then he looked for a reduction
in tne price of labor, arising out of tbe in
creased value of greenbacks, a decrease in
the price of living, and more continuons
employment, that ivould enable manufactu
rers to work more cheaply. With tbe in
troduction of improved facilities in the
South for tbe cultivation of cotton, larger
crops can be produced at much lower prices.
Skilled labor is not dearer here titan in Eng
land. Our raw material is on the spotand of
No North and .South In the Episcopal Chnreh.
To the Editor of the Tribune—Sib: A
striking instance of the extent to which
among sensible people the late war is fors
gotten, and the essential unity that has
come to the country is recognized, is shown
in two recent incidents of no political con
nection, and in themselves u ; noticeable to
politicians, and yet possessing much meau-
k James Church, Chicago, remarkable
among the Episcopal churches in the North
west for tlie intensity of union sentiment of
its parishioners, and in whose vestibule
stands a costly and beautiful monument of
the young men of the parish who foil fight
ing for the Union, has just taken as its
rector the Rev. Dr. Harris, frora New Or
leans, during the war an officer in the Con
federate service, who just after the war
t<>ok orders in the Episcopal Church'; and
dard price for the commencement of the next
year’s business, to which they would be bound
But the most sanguinejof all those with
whom the writer conversed was Francis
Baker, of No. 81 Thomas street. He predict
ed that inside of fiv- years Americans will
furnish the markets of the world/ Labor
must constantly grow “dearer in England
and cheaper here, and. With the probable
increase in the production of cotton in this
country, our manufacturers will be enabled
to produce at such rates that no other
country can compete with them. ,'
A number of other firms were also con
versed with, but their views were simply a
repetition of those given above. The sen-
timentsof the majority were favorable to
the future success of the new export move
ment. The long interval that has elosped
since the dry goods merchanis did business
abroad has rendered them ignorant of the
details of that branch of trade, and they
are therefore somewhat timid about engag
ing iu new ventures where success may be
problematical. A great, if not g eat-
est, point in ita favor appeared to he over
looked by all with whom the writer convers
ed, and that is this: .The b ilk o’ the ship
ment, so tar have gone to England, where,
with freightage and other expenses added,
they have successfully competed with Eng
lish-made goods right on the spot of their
manufacture. But the object of the move
ment is not to compete with English goods
in England. It is to wrest from them the
markets of .China, India, South America,
:md Africa,’where, if exportations were
direct, the contest would be iu re equally
handicapped and chances of success render
ed proportionately greater. A profit in
England means a much larger one in India,
for example, whither English manufacturers
are compelled to pay freightage as well as
American. The movement, however, is
yet in its iutancy, and within the next few
weeks, should matters continue to be as
encouraging as they now appear, a dispo
sition exists to make the most of it. The
feeling in Boston is as strong as it is here.
Last week one sale was made of2,500 bales
of Continental C and D fo export to Man
chester, and an order by cable for 1,000
bales more was refused. The steamship
Siberia, which left that port on Saturday,
took out a large invoice of choice brands.
Reminiscence— Heorjr Clay aud Governor
A relative of Gov. Metcalfe has furnished
us with following in.ident, which will illus
trate the habit “ Old Stone-hammer” had
of playing practical jokes. Some time be
fore the introduction of railroads, Gov.
Metcalfe represented in Congress a district
of which Nicholas county was a part. Mr.
Clay was Secretary of State under President
Quincy Adams. It was the custom to
make the trip to the national capital in
] trivate conveyance. It was in the days ot
Hr. Clay’s greatest popularity that the two
distinguished politicians agreed to travel
to Washington in Gov. Metcalfe’s carriage;
and, all the arrangeine. ts perfected, they
started together from the latter’s “ Forest
Retreat” home, in this county. While
passing through tbe State of Pennsylvania,
Mr. _ Clajr told Gov. Metcalfe that he had
received intimations that in a certain town
they were approaching, he would be hon
ored with au ovation by the citizens (they,
like thousands of his fellow-countrymen,
loved him, but had never seen him). Just
before coming to town, Gov. Metcaifc, who
had all along been driving suggested to
Mr. Clay that he take the lines and drive,
as he himself was tired. Mr. C. readily
consented, whereupon the Governor took
the hack seat in tho carriage. The hon
ored statesman drove the team successfully
lding an exquisite
memorial of the Bishop-General, has just
invited to its rectorship (he has not signi-
fi -d his acceptance) the Rev. Dr. Thomp
son, of this city, who, during the war, was
one of the most outspoken Union men
among the Episcopal clergy in the North
west. In neither case, I believe, has there
bee. any ignorance of the past on the part
of those concerned. It is a pity the State
_ cannot take a lesson firqiq the Church in
that wonderful piece of verbal melody, “The i “ letting na have peace.” Churchman.
Bells,'’:-appeared in Sartain's Magazine.' NewYork,Not. 12,1876.
superior quality. Even should the price of
labor continue to remain as it is, a manu
facturer u.:n afford to pay higher wages
than, for instance, before tlie war, at the
same time that he rcc -ives less for his pro
duct. This is for three reasons. Tne first
is, that great improvements have been
made in machinery, whereby, though labor
may not be dispensed to any great extent,
it can he modi better utilized than former
ly,. Tite second is, that a continual saving
is being made from year to year, by at'
tending to a score of miRor economies in
the mill. The wastage, as compared with
English mills, is still marvelous, and for the
next ten years one of the great elements
of success iu the cotton mills will consist in
a careful saving iu thia regard. The third
reason is, that employees wn;k much hard
er than before the war. In our print cloth
mills the same class of weaver that tended
four looms before the war, now tends six
or seven. The machinery is run at mate
rially greater speed, and altogether the
work ot a weaver to-day is a very different
thing from what it was fifteen years ago.
Then, should the outward traffic assume
the dimensions it surely will, some wide
looms may ho taken off the manufacture of
print cloths and applied to the production
of brown shirtings and sheetings.
In conclusion, Mr. Bliss said that H. B.
Claffin & Co. had been exporting laigely,
and that they would be able to give some in
formation. Mr. Robinson, the head of the
English department of that firm, was dispos
ed to speak slightly of the movement It
was true that he bad forwarded , a number
of lots to Manchester recently, hot not mnch
more than usual. The firm had been in the
habit ofexporting small quantities right along.
At present prices it was profitable to do so,
but they could not last, and then the move
ment would cease. Mr. Robinson also look
ed tea speedy and a large decline in the
price of gold, and that of itselt would put
an immediate stop to export. With tbe
present high price of gold and the low rates
prevalent In the dry-goods market, cotton
manufactures can be purchased more cheap
ly than ever before in the history of the trade;
but a change most come as soon as the over
production is worked off, as manufacturers
can not afford to ran their mills at the pres*
ent prices. Tbe movement is only tempora
ry, said Mr. Robinson, and is of no conse
quence. Other dfalere assert that it is Mr.
Claffin’8 interest to have as much surplusage
as possible come into bis hands for disposal.
Lawrence & Co., of No: 109 Worth street,
have been mostly interested in the German
branch 7 of the new movement. The agent
sent out from ti at country came accredited
to than, and they express great hopes fo
the ultimate success of his mission. One
of tlie members of the firnl informed the
writer that seme ventures from this city to
England had returned a profit of eight cents
per yard over all expenses. He thought a
food profit could be made even at ea advance
uu present rates; and mid that most manu*
facturers would prefer to export their surplus
at a loss than to sell it here at the regular
prices. For instance, if goods are quoted
here at ten cents, they prefer to sdl them
abroad at nine cento than to take tea cents
here, because,!]* latter sale would fix a stan-
in‘ o the town, and they were met by a
large concourse of people. Gov. Metcalfe
alighted from the carriage, and being asked
whether he was Mr. Clay, answered yes,
that he was glad to meet them, etc.; and
at this the crowd fairly hoisted him npon
their shoulders and triumphantly started
with him to the place ot reception. Look
ing back at Mr. Clay, who still sat in the
carriage sqmewhat nonplussed, the Gov
ernor cried: “ Driver, take those hones
to the stable and feed them.” Tho merri
ment of the crowd when the joke was dis
covered can better be imagined than de
scribed, Mr Clay him elf as heartily enter
ing into it as tho rest. Frequently after
wards he would refer to it, and said it was
one of the best practical jokes he had ever
heard played off on a fellow.—Carlists
Au Ingenious Clock.
An ingeneous piece of mechanism has
been constructed by a gentleman residing
at the southeast corner of Eighth and Arch
streets, where the article is on exhibition.
It is a clock in the shape of a pyramidal
windmill tower, thirty inches high, having
the dial plate on one of its faces and the
works hidden at the base. A variety of
curious and laughable operations can, by
one winding up, be made to continue for
twenty-four hours. On the platform, at
tho foot of the tower, a band of rotund
Liliputian peasants, clad in Continental
costumes, are earning their bread by the
sweat of their brows; one, with a formida
ble buck-saw fo a match-stick frame is mak
ing hopeless headway through an unpaint-
ed pen-holder,and an assistant wood-butcher,
with rapidly succeeding blows from an axe, is
savagely cleaving a block just sawn from
the log. A buxom kitchen lass is filling a
water-pail at the pump, from the spoilt of
whioh protrudes a round, corrugated bit of
glass, made to revolvo rapidly, thus caus
ing the illusion of flowing water. A sturdy
chap with impatient grimace is hoisting a
hogshead to the top of the tower by means
of a rope and pully arrangement, while
close by an an nous daddy is spanking a
venturesome youttgster for standing in dan-
S :r from the falling weight. Now and
en a door fo the upper story slowly
opens, and a cautions old granny peers out,
looks down suspicion ly at things below,
and, seemingly displeased, quieuy slams
the door and disappears. Her jolly-featur
ed “old roan” goes through a similar per
formance on the other ride «f tbe house,
leaning far oat over the window-sill, huge
ly enjoying the contortions cf the wood
cutters below, and then springing hack to
ask the efift lady how things go qn her ride
ot the Ijousc. No mean amount, of skill was
required to make these cqhiical clowns’
movements so life-like and regular. A
large wind-wheel is continually revolving,
and tbe weather-vane at the summit veers
around and twitches with' natural irregular-
fty. Tlie inventor is not a Yankee.—J’Aifii-
detphio Times. , , , . / .,; u
Seth Green says that editors can never
be successful fishermen. They get discour
aged alter a few minutes, and throw down
the rod to write aa abusive article oh the
finny tribes , cr q j
- CANNIBALS; AND GORILLAS
UL PP „
How hewu Beselgedhjr the Dusky !Ffo Backs.
[From the New Ytek^Herald^ ■
•. v JUi8t evening the Great Hall of the Coop
er Institute was filled to overflowing ^by an-
audience of earnest truth seekers to listen to
M. du Chaillu lecture on his explorations in
Africa and experience in gorilla hunting.
The stage was oooupied by. many distinguish
ed ladies and gentleman, and back jof it were
displayed,illustrations of African life, ani
mals, etc. At eight'o’clock M. da Chailln
was introduced by Dr! Hayes, tile Arctic
explorer. ” - ' - J - • • -
The lecturer said he went into Afxican'4xs
ploratiou because when he lost his father
aqd mother he wanted to. get into some wild
part of the'world, and he succeeded pretty,
well. He commenced his voyages on tne
West Coastof Africa and encountered mfiny
strange adventures. He was fitet taken for
a slaver, but whet) it was discovered that he
neither wanted to buy people or gold dust,
the natives of the village took him -for * a
spirit. He described the shape asd size of
the houses in the country and the rude idols,
humorously giving the audience a description
of an interview with a lung, dressed only fo a
swallow-tail coat, and whose Prime Minister
was in possession of a shirt otAjs' M. dtr
Chaillu, after exacting promises from the
King that he should not be molested^ landed
his beads, colored doth, etc., and proceeded
to continue his animal killing and bird col
lecting in the interior. His explorations
continued from two or three degrees north of
the Equator to two or three degrees south of
the Equator, where he saw trees 300 or 400
feet in height, imd amid jungles frightful to
contemplate. He walked in the paths of ele
phants. Starvation and hunger were contin
ually before him. There were cannibals
feeding on their fellow-men and always fight
ing among themselves. When a great war
rior dies the cannibals kill five or ten men/
when a poor man dies they kill two men;
but wheu a woman dies they kill nobody.
Polygamy is a common institution, and tne
older the men get the more they
want to get married; the King had 300
wives. Property principally consists of slaves.
The King said bis property was at M. dtt
Chaillu’s service, also his wives, which latter
proposition did not seem to delight the en
When one of 853 girls of one village want
ed to marry him the explorer hesitated; he
told the King if he should marry one of the
girls the other 852 would be jealous. After
a great parley of the King with his counsel
lors it was decided that he should marry them
In describing the man eaters the lecturer
said : A cannibal is tall, yellow, with a sin
gle cue of hair; his teeth are filed sharp; he
carries a shield of elephant’s hide and a sharp
poisoned spear. Upon the explorer looking
at him the cannibal took him for a spirit ana
threw away his arms and fled.
Then followed a description of gorilla hunt
ing, which was graphic and interesting, but
which has been published before. The lec
turer gave a story of his entrance into a can
nibal village. This was a marvellous history,
and seemed almost like a traveler’s story or
one of the romances of Huronn al-Rascbid.
After th9 lecture woe concluded M. du
Chaillu illustrated it by many interesting
Paul Morphy’s Sad Story.
Paul Morphy, the famous chess player,
is in a New Orleans asylum, hopelessly in- .
sane. He was born in that city fo 1840, of
wealthy Creole parentage, and his adoption
of the game of cness as a business not Only
offended his relatives, hut occupied -the
years in which he might have achieved
success fo : some other career.' He .return
ed to his home just before the., rebellion,
suddenly and thoroughly disgusted with
chess—so prejudiced against it that he has
since never played. He has suhtequedtiy
led an idle, morose life. “His daily routine
of existence,” says the New Orleans Pica
yune, “involved a walk on. . Canal street
every morofog, where his dapper little fig
ure—always scrupulously well dressed—
became as- well known and as regularly
looked for as the noonday, bell, After his
daily promenade he retired from public
gaze until evening, when he appeared fo his
box at the' opera, where, it is said, he never
missed a night It is farther related that
during these years he permitted no friend
ly acquaintance; he was never knowa to
associate with anybody hat his* mother, and
persistently repelled advances from those
who, having been friends of his early yenth,
desired to redew their associatfons. He -
lived a strange, moody, and peculiarly
mournful man.” /bout a year ago ho
began to iose his mental control, ana Sev
eral months ago was put fo a private asylum.
Some of his friends hold tho theory that
his malady had its start fo the strain upon
his m nd in playing many and difficult
games of chess. - • * ;
Apropos of the announcement of the con
signment of Paul Morphy, the once famous
chess player, to an asylum in New Orleans
as a hopeless maniac, an interesting sketch
of his remarkable career as a chess player
has appeared. For some time he has shown
a taint of insanity, and of late years he has
had anatteost morbid aversion to theiMBO
in which he had snch world-wide triumphs.
When a mere child he ehowed extraordinary
powers in games of skill, and especially fo
chess. He was trained to the law, receding
a careful education, his family beiqg fo
affluent circumstances, but, though he gave
gave no prominence to his chess studies, it
was soon apparent that no player in this
country could contest his superiority at tbe
game. Id 1858 he visited Europe and easi
ly conquered the ablest players fo England .
and on the continent. His remarkable
powers fo playjng from memory blindfold
created great astonishment. At Paris he
played blindfolded simnltaneonsly with eight
of the ablest players of Europe, won six of
the games, the seventh being a draw, and
losing qoly the eighth. His quiet style of
playing, refined -courtesy of manner an4' SB- ‘
awamfog mrideitjr wader hte frimfipr aliiti" *
made a most fimwabb fo>pteariao v fo £firov
pean circles. On bis return to this conntjy j
he was naturally a good deal of a hero, but
modestly declining to be lionized, he return
ed to New Orleans, his native city, to enter
updn the practic, of his profession add tbe
rea) work of life,which be did not consider
chess to be, The wealth of the Morphy
family was destroyed by the rebellion, ana
since then Paul has been thrown upon his
professional earnings for his support. 'His
success has not been great as a lawyer, - find ,
doubtless his foilure to retrieve, his broken
fortunes has had an unfavorable effect upon
his already cloudedjnind._ ' . _ ..
“The American girls,” says Von Bufow,
“ put more soul into their playing than the
English girls do.^ He earvs thst, in Ambries,