BY T. L. GANTT.
THE OGLETHORPE ECHO
EVERY FRIDAY JIOKYIYO,
T. L. GANTT,
Editor and Proprietor.
TERMS of subscription.
Where paid ttririly in advance..... $2 OO
Where payment delayed 6 months ii 50
Where payment delayed 12 months... 3 OO
Clob of sor less than 10, per c0py...... 1 75
Club of 10 or more, per c0py......... .... 1 50
Clubs must be accompanied by the ca*h, or
papers will be charged for at re;;ul;r rates.
J&t~ No attention will be paid to subscrip
tions trom other counties unless accompanied
Wy the money, with 2Up. per annum additional
t 0 pay pontage., as the law requires that after
January next postage must he prepaid bv th.*
publisher, except to subscribers in the county
where the journal is published, in which iu
atance no postage is charged.
Air THE ABOVE TERMS WILL NOT
BE DEVIATED FROM IN ANY CASE.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Per Square (l inch) first insertion $1 O©
Per Square each sulsequent insertion.. T 5
Liberal contracts made with regular adver
tisers, and for a longer period than 3 months.
Local notices, 20c. per line first insertion,
15c. per line each subsequent insertion.
___ B USINESS CARDS.
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LONGS & BILLUPS,
Dye-Stuffs, Glass, Etc.,
KALVARINSKI & LIEBLER,
Under Newton House, Athens, Ga.,
Ami Wholesale and lietail Dealers in
Tobacco, Pipes, Snuff, &c.
Dealers would do well to price our goods
before purchasiiiff elsewhere. Our brands of
Cigars are knoivti everywhere, and sell more
readily than any other. oet3o-tf
Coniractor and Builder
/HfeAWFOftD, GA., IS PREPARED TO
V furnish all kinds of -Pudding Material,
Bueh as rough and dressed I.un.her. Shingles,
Sash, Blinds, and Doors; also, Laths, Lime,
and Mastering Material. Estimates given of
all classes of Carpenter work, Plastering,
Brick work, and Painting. oct3o-3m
BOOTS AM) SHOES
CRAWFORD, GA., IS NOW PREPARED
to make, at short notice, the FINEST
BOOTS and SHOES. I use only the best
material, and warrant my work to give entire
satisfaction, both as to finish anti wear.
REPAIRING AND COARSE WORK also
attented to. oetß-ly
Tb. & w. CHILDERS,
Carpenters and Builders,
TIfOULD RESPECTFULLY ANNOUNCE
VV to the citizens of Oglethorpe county that
thev are prepared to do all manner of Wood
Work. Estimates on Buildings earefully
made and lowest figures given. Satisfaction
guaranteed. A portion of the public patron
age solicited. nov27-12m
PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER & JEWELER
AT dr. KING’S DRUG STORE,
■■road Street, - - - Athens, Ga.
AH work done in a superior manner,
and warranted to give perfect satisfaction,
®t|c #glftl)oi:pe Cd}o.
TALMADGE, HODGSON & GO.,
AUGUSTA A ATLANTA BILLS DUPLICATED.
Chips and Splinters from Oglethorpe. *
Seven more days to Christmas.
The rustle of the bustle is heard again
in the land.
About these days matrimony and sau
sages are popular.
The next man who leaves our office
door open will be shot on the spot.
Young man, times are hard. Throw
away that pipe and put up with cigars.
Mr. Thomas Howard says his boy,
only five moths old, drove his buggy nine
' miles last week.
Quite a crowd of youngsters turned
*ut Saturday night to see the train bear
ing Robinson’s Circus pass Crawford.
Why is it that nine out of every ten
ladies who wear kid gloves, will persist
in getting them with such short fingers ?
Why ought Witcher & Jarrell’s store
and the Echo office be used to store
away Bronn -Chloralum, lime, and the.
like in ?
When a boy scares up anew knife, all
the fences within a mile of home become
first-class certificates of his skill as an
If there are any feelings of gratitude
in inanimate objects, then the gate posts
in our village are thankful for the ap
proach of cold weather.
December, from the Latin decern, (ten)
is so called because it was the tenth
month of the old Roman calendar, which
began its year in March.
You can’t tell much about the girls
now-n-days, they are so like the Echo,
capi al y made up. To see a girl as she
really is, you must drop in on her unex
It is to be hoped that the greasers will
keep the axles of the cars on the Athens
branch well oiled. This thing of spin
ning along at the rate of seven miles an
hour produces friction.
Reading the great Spurgeon’s declar
ation that “ a cigar is a thing to thank
God for,” a C rawford boy bought a cigar.
He was afterward seen hanging over a
fence, but was not giving thanks.
Mr. Winter, of Wintervifle, has one
of the best cotton gins and corn mills in
the State, run by steam, in full operation
in his flourishing little town. It is engi
neered by our little friend, Bill Argo.
We do not know much about the thick
ness of corn shucks, but from the way a
Lexington boy held his sweetheart’s
shawl on with both arms, we incline to
the opinion this may be a hard winter
A CERTAIN chap in Crawford has been
struggling with his moustache for two
years, and yet it consists of but nine
hairs. He ought to know that a respec
table moustache ean’t be produced with
Peytox Moore, mail agent on this
branch, is certainly the right man in the
right place. If all of Uncle Sam’s ap
pointees were “ sieli like” the country
would not be accursed with thieving,
It is not right for a young couple to
do their kissing behind a window curtain
when the gas is turned on. Idleness on
the part of pedestrians should never be
encouraged. We publish this for the
benefit of a couple in Lexington.
The young man who went to call on a
Lexington belle, the other evening, and
held an animated interview with a bull
terrier, instead of his girl, now sits on the
“ ragged edge ” of a torn pair of trousers
and the softest cushion he can find.
Ye that have good* to sell, prepare to
sell them now. Where the advertiser is,
there will the customers be gathered to
gether. How shall it best be made
known that one man hath what another
wanteth, except he advertise ? “ I’d
rather be a toad, and live upon the va
pors of a dungeon, than keep a corner.”
or any other place, and have every body
wondering why I didn’t advertise.
CRAWFORD, GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 18, 1874.
A REIGN OF TERROR IN ITALY.
Horrible Murders Committed by the Bri
gands Who Buie the South of Italy.
The monster trial at Potenza, the
| capital of the largest province of the
I South, continues, and the enormities
which the evidence reveals are almost
incredible. Yet one year only has elaps
i sed since the chief criminal was arrested,
i As instances of the savage acts commit
ted in this beautiful land take the work
of a single day : “Captain” Aliano and
two only of his band started on the 2d of
July, 1870, to sequestrate a rich proprie
tor called Laracca, and having taken
him went off towards the mountains of
Niaggiano —one of those places, by the
by, where the musicians who have de
lighted the world are trained from early
youth. On the road they met two wo
men, whom they ordered to follow them.
One of them, resisting their brutalities,
(“Death rather,” were her words,) was
murdered on the spot; the other, an
older woman, overcome by threats of the
dagger and pistol, saved her life, as she
only could save it, and lived to give her
A day or two after the capture of .La
racca, twenty ducats and some articles
of food were sent by his wife as his ran
som ; but the chief being irritated by the
smallness of the sum, ordered his ear to
be cut off, and, supplying him with pen,
ink and paper, told him to write from
dictation. The letter, which is said to
have been stained with blood, may be
“My Dear Wife —You see that lam
in the hands of brigands. Send money
as soon as you can, that I may not be
murdered. If they would kill me out
right it would be well, for I am dying
little by little. Send three thousand five
hundred ducats. Asa present I send
you my ear; by the next journey I will
send you my nose.”
This letter awakened all the fears and
zeal of the family, and 6,000 lire were
collected and dispatched, but, as the
sum was far below that demanded, they
murdered the unfortunate man and fled,
as the troops were upon them. *
On the next day two other persons
were captured, and the father of one
came and tried to reduce the ransom.
His wife also presented herself and
begged permission to accompany her
husband, when*the savage Aliano cut off
his ear and threw it into her bosom. Not,
however, to multiply such facts, it is as
serted on evidence that in one week Al
iano and his companions committed tw r o
barbarous murders and one violent rape,
sequestrated five persons, extorted 15,000
lire, and cut off three ears and one head.
. Two men were almost alone in this
neighborhood in endeavoring to check
the excesses of brigandage—Luigi di
Noia and Vilo Tardugno, of Paterno—
and we shall hear how they suffered for
their courage and honesty. First, a
visit was paid to the house of Noia,
where only the wife was found, the sons
having escaped. The poor woman was
thrown on the ground and bayoneted
—pierced through and through repeated
ly ; the sister, too, rushing to her assis
tance, was murdered with a hatchet.
This was not vengeance enough, so in
October, 1870, Aliano returned to Pat
erno, broke open the doors of Tarduugo,
and found him seated with all of his
family. With a yell of joy the savages
rushed in, dagger in hand, and murder
ed first Tardungo, then his wife, who
was enciente, and had a child of three
years of age in her arms, that was also
murdered. Four other children, who had
been witnesses of these scenes, were
then attacked and left for dead. From
the house of Tardungo the brigands
passed to the house of Noia, where they
found and assassinated two of his sons,
scarcely ten years oid, and a girl, the last
of the family. Thus was com
pleted the savage vengeance of these
brutes on the families of two of the very
few who made an effort to thwart their
excesses. On the body of Tardungo was
found the following paper : “My uncle
has died for having betrayed his broth
ers, and I am the Signor Capitano Fred
erico Alia io.”
The wonder is that a government or a
people who had any respect for them
selves have not commenced a crusade
against brigandage. As regards the Ba
silicata, it is a large and mountainous
province, half peopled, with a widely
scattered population, exposed, therefore,
to any razzia which might be made upon
them. Again, from the want of roads
protection was out of the question, and
the brigand who was acquainted with
every mountain fastness was secure
from the pursuit of disciplined troops.
The choice of the inhabitants lay, there
fore, between accepting the position of a
manutengolo, sympathizing with and as
sisting the brigand, or of employing in
dividual efforts against savagery. The
government did not or could not protect
them; these wild bands could, and re
ceived their allegiance. Honest indi
viduals might resist and suffer, as did
Noia and Tardungo. The civilized world
will watch attentively the verdict of
juries in Ravenna and Potenza, and not
merely the verdicts, but the mode in
which they are executed, and not a little
curiosity will be awakened by the dis
cussions in the Italian Parliament on
ihe state of Sicily.
Number of Pounds Per Bushel.
Below we give the number of pounds of
various commodities to the bushel, as
established by law. Merchants and farm
ers would do well to preserve this table,
as it will be found very useful for refer
Unslacked line 80
Corn in the ear
Com shelled .'.4 56
Wheat . go
Irish potatoes 60
White beans 60
Sweet potatoes 55
Fine salt... 55
Cotton seed 28
Castor beans 46
Timothy seed 45
Hemp seed 44
Dried peaches 33
Dried apples ... 24
Blue grass seed 14
Hair (plastering) 8
Published by request.
To this thing I call your attention,
For I think it is a great invention—
Anew thing unheard of before:
A man who lives upon an Echo !
’Tis the greatest wonder of ’74—
All would like the secret to know,
For many suffer for something to eat;
Others to get it, defraud and cheat.
If he only will the secret reveal,
People will no more hunger and steal.
Many a poor man will cut up a caper,
And with his money buy a newspaper.
True, ’tis said the man is gaunt,
And some may look at him askant,
And wonder if the man is well
Who lives on Echoes and have to sell.
Why should he care if he does look lean,
So he is guilty of nothing mean.
I think it best that all should go
To his office and take the Echo.
G. M. L.
J. F. MUBPHY.
This gentleman, editor of our Lexing
ton department, has kindly consented to
act as general agent also. Parties hav
ing articles for publication, advertise
ments, or any news items, can hand them
to Mr. Murphy, who is fully authorized
to receipt for money, or attend to any
other business incident to the office.
Paper Building. —Many splendid
buildings—churches and other sorts —
have existed on paper heretofore, but
now we have to record a veritable build
ing—a church—of paper. Walls, roofs,
ceiling, Corinthian columns with their
appropriate ornamental capitals are all
of paper, rendered perfectly incombusti
ble by a chemical process. It is erected
at Bergen, Prussia, and is said to be of
capacity to seat 1,000 persons.
A popular clergyman says it is
interesting to observe how many people
go to circus “just to please the children,”
and very curious to notice that some
times it takes several able-bodied men
and motherly women to look after one
littie boy or girl on such an occasion.
Barnum will henceforth exhibit a
stuffed hippopotamus only, and the ele
phants which appear daily are not alive.
They ar< made of India rubber and blown
up for each performance. Men are in
side each leg and move the machine
along. Barnum will not permit a chance
for his menagerie to escape.
The little folks, God bless them, are
beginning their annual animated prattle
about good old Santa Claus. Do not
permit any of them to be disappointed in
The tunneling of the North (or Hud
son) river, between Jersey City and
New York, is fairly in progress now. It is
further designed to tunuel on beneath
the whole city (New York) and under
the East river, with a terminus near the
Navy Yard in Brooklyn.
Idiots’ brains are mostly quite small.
The Hebrew language is read back
Thunder travels a mile in four sec
It is said that kerosene will produce
The name of God is not mentioned in
the book of Esther.
The longest jump on record is twenty
three feet one inch by an amateur.
An Ashfield (Mass.) widower of 91
has just wedded a blushing widow of 71.
The 2,000 odd Utah polygamists
average three wives and nine children
A Chinese Young Men’s Christian
Association has just been organized in
The new'issue of postal cards are to
be nearly white, with a narrower border
and printed in black.
It w'ill cost England and France $4,-
000,000 to survey for that proposed tun
nel under Dover Straits.
Norman S. Woodworth, of Water
town, N. Y., has been relieved of a tape
worm thirty-one feet long.
We are told that “ Mr. Lotto, of In
diana, recently eloped with another
man’s wife, sister and daughter.”
Virginia hung Mr. Gibbs twelve
years ago for murder, and now it has
come to light that he was innocent.
A weak solution of tar and water is
recommended to us by bald-headed
men, to bring back the capillary glory.
A father, mother, son and daughter,
were recently before a Lawrence, Mass.,
police court to answer a charge of drunk
Artificial butter-making has never
proved a success. The difficulty lies in
putting ia the hairs so that they look
A little Rome rascal sets fir to the
dresses of passing ladies with matches.
The Sentinel “sees no reason for letting
such a boy grow up.”
The majority of the Louisiana colored
people believe that Governer Kellogg
wrote the Bible, and that he can make
it rain when he wants to.
Lager beer is strongly recommended
to consumptives by a St. Louis physi
cian. Patients are to abstain from water
altogether during treatment.
General Butler says he is going to
confine himself strictly to his profession.
The announcement is well calculated to
stimulate the safe manufacturing busi
The oldest man in North America,
George Le Barre, of Middle Smithfield,
near Strousburg, Monroe county, Pa.,
died at his residence last Saturday night,
at the extreme age of 112 years.
A steamboat captain on the James
River fell asleep after a hearty dinner,
and had a set of false teeth stolen out
of mouth. His mouth wasn’t deep enough
for the thief to steal his dinner.
In Queen Victoria’s crown there are
1,363 brilliant diamonds, 1,273 rose dia
monds, 1 large ruby, 17 sapphires, 11
emeralds, 4 small rubies and 277 pearls
—a total of 2,186 precious stones.
It is reported to the Cincinnati
Gazette that parties in Florida are now
engaged in claims for slaves ; in some
instances SIOO each having been paid.
Among others, ex-Senator Yulee is said
to be engaged in the business.
Now they speak of a “ boy” at Los
Angelos, Cal., with a tongue so large
that several inches had to be cut off to
enable “ him” to articulate. The tongue
may be, but the “boy”—no, gentle read
er, “he must have been a girl.
A LAW institution in London smelt
something wrong in its water supply,
the other day, and tasted something
“unpleasant.” Investigation disclosed
the remains of a burly plumber who had
drowned himself in a tank in the attic.
He would be hard to pi east; who
could not find agreeable society in that
New York building tenanted as follows :
First floor, liquor saloon ; second, ball
room; third, residence; and fourth, dis
secting room of an adjoining medical
VOL. I--NO. .11
To spell canine with one letter —
A friend indeed is one who is
not in need.
What is the best line to lead a
The man who was lost in slumber
found.his way out on a night mar -.
Why is a selfish friend like the let
ter P ? Because, though the first in pity,
he is the last in help.
Noah was a man of wonderful
foresight, for he took cats before he dis
A lazy man in Columbus, in ad
dressing notes to his wife, commences
his epistle w T ith “Dr yf.”
The boy who undertook to ride a
horse-radish, is now practicing on a sad
dle of mutton without stirrups.
Colorado started a college a few
weeks ago, and up to date its inmates
consists of one woman, three Indians, a
buffalo, calf and a professor of botany.
They talk about the reckless ex
travagance of the American people, and
yet a Bangor man worked all day to clean
a three-eent stamp so that he could use
A Paris gentleman bet that he
could smoke twelve cigars in one even
ing. He won the bet, but the same
night he abandoned the “weeds’ - forever
and his widow assumed them.
A minister who came into church
during a sudden shower, requested an
other to preach for him, as he was very
wet. “ No,” said the other, “preach
yourself; you will be dry enough in the
Correct copy of a note to Jeremy,
an undertaker in Hertfordshire : “Mis
ter Germery, mi wief is dede, and wantes
to be burid termorrer, at wonner cloke.
You kno ware to dig it by uther wief—
let it bee dip.”
An old farmer gives it as his can
did opinion, after many years of obser
vation and experience, that the arrival
of a circus will do more towards enforc
ing the Fourth Commandment than a
dozen Spnday schools.
A Ticonderogain didn’t know
whether the grease he put on his boots
was nitro glycerine or not; but thinks if
he could scrape together a small quantity
of that missing right foot, and dog that
he kicked, he could very soon tell.
The penal laws are sadly deficient
if they provide no remedy for an eating
house keeper against the fiend in human
form who evinces his enmity to his kind
by scraping the label off a tomato catsup
bottle, leaving it to read in its mutilated
form thus : “ Tom*** Cats**.”
A young man who left Brooklyn
over three years ago, to “go West and
grow up,” has just been heard from.
He writes home to his friends, from
Idaho, saying that the country is th;
most beautiful the sun ever shone upon,
and the inhabitants the most sociable he
ever met. Also that he expects to be
hanged in about four days lor stealing
A schoolmaster down at Mari
nette says : “I will spell eny man wo#un
or child in the hull State for a dickshun
ary or kash prize of one hundred dollars
a side, the munuy to be warded by a
kommittee of clergymen or skool direc
tors. There.ha:s been a darned site of
blowin about my spellin ; now 1 want
them to put up or sliet up. I won’t he
put down by a possel of ignoramnm-es
because I differ with noar Webster's
style of spellin.”
Two boys were standing before a
cigar store, when one asked the other:
“ Have you got three cents ?” “ Yes.”
“Well, I have got two cents; give me
your three cents, and I will buy a five
center.” “All right,” says No. 2, hand
ing out his money. No. 1 enters the
store, procures the cigar, lights it, aud
puffs with a good deal of satisfaction.
“Come, now, give us a pull,” says No.
2, “ I furnished more than half the mon
ey.” “I know that,” says the smoker,
“but then I’m the President, and you be
ing only a stockholder, you can spit.”
The Schoolday Magazine lias
the following collection of definitions
given by small persons, and faith
fully reported bv doting parents:
“Back-biter—a flea. Fan —a thing
to brush the warm off with. Fins
—a fish’s wings. Ice—water that
stayed out in the cold and went to sleep.
Nest-egg—the egg the old hens measure*
by to make new ones. Pig—a hog's kit
tle boy. Snoring—letting off <lee-
Hnow—rain all popped out white.
—the moon’s eggs. Trunk (of an
phant)—his front tail.
eyes all the time coming unbutton- and.