BY T. L. GANTT.
THE OGLETHORPE ECHO
EVERY FRIDAY JIORNIXtii,
I*Y Y. L. GANTT,
Editor and Proprietor.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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where the journal is published, in which in
stance no postage is charged.
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BE DEVIATED FROM IN ANY CASE.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Tar Square (1 inch) first insertion lit I 00
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Liberal contracts made with.regular adver
tisers, and for a longer period than 3 months.
Local notices, 20c. per line first insertion,
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BUSIN ES S CARDS.
T. R. & W. CHILDERS,
Carpenters and Builders,
WOULD RESPECTFULLY ANNOUNCE
T V to the citizens of Oglethorpe county that
they are prepared to do all manner of Wood
Work. Estimates on Buildings carefully
made and lowest figures given. Satisfaction
guaranteed. A portion of the public patron
age solicited. nov27-12m
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puu jo -rijuioods oqbui oy\
•apvjn jouacin* ui anscl
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6 *Uf) fi SUOI[IV
LONGS & BILLUPS,
Dye-Stuffs, Glass, Etc.
KALVARINSKI & LIEBLER,
Under Newton House, Athens, Ga.,
Ami Wholesale nml Retail Dealers in
Tobacco, Pipes, Snuff, &c.,
Dealers would do well to price our goods
before purchasing elsewhere. Our brands of
Cigars are known everywhere, and sell more
readily than any other. octoO-tf
J. M. NORTON,
Contractor and Biiiiaer
GA., IS PREPARED TO
V 7 furnish all kinds of Building Material,
such as rough and dressed LumU>r, Shingles,
Sash, Blinds, and Doors; also, laiths, I.nue,
ami Plastering Material. Estimates given of
all classes of Carpenter work, Plastering,
Brick work, and Painting. oct3o-3m
oa„ is sow I‘iiKr.uiEii
( / make, at sh<*rt notice the r *
BOOTS and SHOES. 1 use only the best
material and warrant my work to give entire
satisfaction, both as to finish and wear.
REPAIRING AND t OAKSE WORK also
attented to. octS-ly
PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER 4 JEWELER
AT DR. KING’S DREG STORE,
BrMd Street, - - - Athens, <a.
All W ork done in a superior manner
*ud warranted tr give l*erfect satisfaction.
®l)c ©gktljorfie Cell)#.
Good friend, don’t squeeze so very tight,
There’s room enough for two;
Keep in your mind I have a right
To live as well as you.
A ou’re rich and strong, I poor and weak,
Rut think you I presume,
AN hen only this poor boon I ask—
A little elbow room?
’Tis such as you—the rich and strong,
If you but had the will,
Could give the weak a lift along
And help him up the hill.
But no—you jostle, crowd and drive;
You storm and fret and fame;
Are you the only mail alive
In want of elbow room ?
But thus it is on life’s round path,
Self seems the God of all.
The strong will crush the weak to death,
The big devour the smell.
Ear better be a rich man’s hound—
A valet, serf or groom—
The struggles of the mass around,
When we’ve no elbow* room.
Up heart, my boy ! don’t mind the shock,
Up heart, and push along!
Your skin will soon be rough with knocks,
Your limbs with labor strong.
Then there’s a hand unseen to aid;
A star to light the gloom;
Up heart, my boy! nor be afraid—
Strike out for elliow room !
And when you see, amid the throng,
A fellow-toiler slip,
Just give him, as you pass along,
A brave and kindly’grip.
Let noble deeds, though poor you be,
Your path in life illume;
And with true Christian charity,
Give others elbow room.
Recently it occurred to Mr. Smiley,
of Darby, that it would be a good thing
to go out to see if he could not shoot a
rabbit or two. He alw*ays kept his gun
loaded and ready in the corner of the
room, so he merely shouldered it and
went out. After awhile be saw a rabbit,
and taking aim he pulled the trigger.
The gun failed to go off. Then he pulled
the other trigger, and the cap snapped;
again, and then, taking a pin,'he”pieked
the nipples of the gun, primed them
with a little powder, and then started
again. Presently he saw another rabbit,
but both caps snapped again. The rab
bit did not see Smiley, so he put on more
caps, and then they snapped too. Then
Smiley cleaned out the nipples again,
primed them, and fired the gun off at a
fence. Then the caps snapped again.
Smiley became furious, and in his rage
he expended forty-seven caps in an effort
to make the gun go off. When the for
ty-seventh missed also, Smiley thought
there might he something the matter
with the inside of the gun, so he tried
the barrels with his ramrod. To his utter
dismay he discovered that both barrels
were empty. Mrs. Smiley who is ner
vous about firearms, had drawn the loads
without telling Smiley, for fear of mak
ing him angry. If there had been a welkin
anywhere about it would probably have
been made to ring with Mr. Smiley’s excit
denunciations of Mrs. Smiley. Finally,
however, he became cooler, and loading
both barrels, he started again after rab
bits. He saw one in a few moments,
and was about to fire, when he notieed
that there were no caps on his gun. He
felt for one, and to his dismay found
that he had snapped the last one off.
Then he ground his teeth and walked
home. On his way there he saw at least
six hundred rabbits, lie has been out
hunting every day since, however, with
his gun in first-rates order, and he has
never laid his eyes on a solitary rabbit.
Smiley is beginning to thing something
is wrong in the universe.
A Child with Two Heads.—A Eu
faula, Ala., paper says a most remarka
ble freak of nature occurred iu llarber
county a few days ago. A child was
born to Mr. James Hays, living near
King’s post office, with two distinct
heads and necks, of natural size, hut one
of them a little smaller than the other.
Both heads had perfectly developed ears,
mouth, nose and other features, as natu
ral as if the child had been born with
hut one head. The body was that of a
fully and perfectly developed infant,
and was partially born alive. The at
tending physician thinks that if it
could have been born without destroying
the life of the mother the child would
have lived, and with proper care might
have been raised.
A Navajo Indian, ou taking leave
of the President yesterday, presented him
with a “rich and variegated blanket,”
and left his application for the position
of Secretary of Navy to his kindly con
sideration. It may be mentioned, in
this connection, that the King of the
Sandwich Islands was presented to the
President not long since.
CRAWFORD, GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1875.
New Year’s Laughterisma.
Bustles are an empty show,
For man’s illusion given ;
They’re filled with bran or stuffed with tow,
They stick out ’bout a foot or so,
And look first-rate, by heaven !
A thorough washer-woman—Sal
Cure or headache—Join the
A mother-in-law in the house is
a well-spring of jawy.
AVater reddens the rose, whiskey
the nose, and tight boots the toes.
How to pronounce a Polish
name—sneeze three times and say ski.
Winter says experience tells him
that tall aches from little toe-corns
The most direct method of deter
mining horse power—stand behind and
tickle his hind legs with a briar.
They do say that the entire crop
of mustard this year wouldn’t make the
Kentucky Lottery draw when it agreed
Next to an umbrella the most
difficult things for some people to keep
is—their nose out of other people’s_busi
—— There is a lady in Lexington so
ticklish that her dress-maker can never
measure her for a dress without first ad
I When she eagerly described a
woman who sat in front of her at fhe
theatre as having “ four soltaire diamonds
in her ring,” he laughed.
to make an ordinary Elbert county gar
ter. In some parts of the county it is
considered cheaper to buy a horse collar.
Lucy Stone said : “ There is cot
ton in the ears of men and hope in the
bosom of women.” Lucy made a mis
take, and got the cotton in the wrong
A California woman has started
six clot lies-washing and repairing estab
lishments in various parts of the State,
and married six Chinamen to attend
A Greene county man, who felt
called upon to make his mother-in-law a
Christmas present, purchased her an um
brella, with a lightning-conductor attach
ed to it.
A Yankee editor throws up the
sponge with the remark that “it don’t
pay to run a paper in a town where busi
ness men read almanacs and pick their
teeth with the tail of a herring.”
Young ladies who really like
pickles shouldn’t be dissuaded from in
dulging in them hv the silly superstition
that they are bad for the complexion. A
colored lady in Athens certifies that she
has eaten them all her life without expe
riencing the least injury.
Rev. Glcndenning’s defence is
that the woman ran after him and show
ed him too much partiality. This ten
dency on the part of the woman to show
partiality for the pastor, is one of the
reasons why we have always steadfastly
declined becoming a preacher.
“Yes,” said an old Wisconsin
deacon, “ Job was faithful under many
trials, and suffered a great deal; but lie
never had his horse runaway and kill his
wife just at the beginning of winter, and
leave him to sleep cold o’nights, and get
up and build fires for the hired girl in
Bill Smoot, of Pike county, Ga.,
says : “ I hereby announce myself as a
candidate for Kurrener in your county.
I do it because I believe the Sivil Rites
Bill will pass Congress, and the offis will
he worth something. People nas laffed
at it heretofore, hut its going to be wurth
something this time.”
Scarcely a week passes without
the record of some wonderful surgical
operation. Sally Brown was recently
taken in hand, had a broken knee and
dislocated rib taken out and new ones
put in, and is now as good as ever. It
may not injure the story much to add
that Sally is a Savannah river cotton
A wagon crossed the Missouri,
coming South, the other day, with
myriads of grasshoppers painted on the
cover, and hearing the inscription :
I bid you adieu!
I may emigrate to hell,
But never hack to you!
Airs. Jane Swisshelm, in a recent
lecture in Chicago on woman’s dress,
told her hearers that she wears an un
bleached cotton chemise, which she
washes in hot water without soap, and
folds up without ironing. Good heav
ens! Why just think of it! Positively
wouldn’t sleep with a woman with
such clothes on for a thousand dollars a
night in gold.
Reply to “Citizen.”—How the Echo is Wel
comed—The Removal of the Court House
Advocated as Early as Practicable—The
County Unable to Meet Its Obligations—
Hard Lick at Some One.
Rose Hill, Dec. 26, 1874.
Editor Oglethorpe Echo:
In the issue of the 25th inst. of your
journal, which is so welcome around the
hearth-stone of so many—for there is
always a scramble on Friday evening
among the children, when the mail
comes, as to who shall read the Echo
first. Just at this time up steps the old
lady and decides that the old folks are
entitled to the first reading, and so ap
propriates it herself. But I think, Air.
Editor, that is wrong—l always did
think children should eat at the first
table, and the old folks wait, for they
have more patience than the youug. I
would suggest that we take several num
bers of the Echo in every family ; hut
as you know, I am opposed to accumu
lating unnecessary expenses, I will “go
fat and plump last.” But I have wan
dered from my theme. As I was saying,
I see in your paper of the 25th a corres
pondence headed Antioch and signed
“ Citizen.” I fully endorse every word
that Mr. “ Citizen” says in reference to
the county advertisements, and hope
that your paper will be a perfect success.
I don’t know, Mr. Editor, who “ Citizen”
is, nor who his informant was when lie
says that the question of repairs to the
Court House was proposed when the
Grand Jury first met, and not disposed
of until about the close of tlieir duties ;
that there was but one juryman op
posed to the recommendation, and that
it was unanimously carried.
Now that is not a true statement of
the facts. The question of repairs was
sprung on Wednesday of court, and the
Grand Jury was dismissed on Thursday,
and as to there being but one of the jury
opposed to the repairs, I pronounce a
If Mr. “ Citizen” or his informant were
jurors they must have been asleep Wed
nesday or Thursday of court, as there
were jurors opposed to the removal of
the court-room up stairs, who voted
“Nay” every time, and who never did
give their consent.
Again he stated that but one juror ob
jected ; that lie was interested at Craw
ford, but would not urge his objection,
and permitted the recommendation of
the Grand Jury to be made unanimously.
I wonder where “ Citizen ” or his infor
mant were during court, and if either of
them were on the Grand Jury. I have
heard it always said that “ They Say ”
is a knowing fellow. Now, Air. “They
Say ” must have been “ Citizen.” There
was one of the jury who stated that he
was personally interested in Crawford,
hut he did urge his objections all the
time to the removal of the court-room up
stairs, but stated that he would not advo
cate the moving of the Court House at
that time, as he thought it would be do
ing the citizens of Lexington injustice.
But now, I think, under the present cir
cumstances, he would favor and advo
cate the removal of the Court House to
Air. Editor, I wish I was at liberty to
reveal some of the facts that transpired
in that jury-room among some of the
jury, but you know our obligation. You
know that you will always find milk-and
cider men just so long as there is good
fat cows and plenty of apples.
This question of repairs to the Court
House, while it may be a matter of small
consequence to some, is a serious busi
ness to the tax-payers of Oglethorpe
county. Out of them the money must
come to pay for the work. Let us glance
around us for a moment at the actual
financial condition of the tax-payers of
the county, and ask ourselves seriously
and soberly the question, Are we ready
to go into extensive and expensive re
pairs, or anything else that requires an
outlay of money this winter? We will
find, I think, that a majority of the tax
payers of this county are unable to-day
to meet their own individual obligations.
They will he “ put to their trumps ” to
make buckle and tongue meet this
Christinas. Many of them hardly know
where next year’s rations are to come
from. Many of them now have tlieir
property under the Sheriff’s hammer.
Under this view are we prepared for
spending large sums of money on the
Court House? These are serious ques
tions to the tax-payers, and will be still
more serious next fall, when the tax
gatherer makes his next yearly rounds.
It has been said that “ gold in its last
analysis was hut the sweat of the poor;”
and I tell you now, that if we rashly
j and without due forethought in times
I like these, burden the county with cost
j lv building schemes, the money to pay
j for it will have to he wrung out of the 1
hard earnings of an impoverished peo
A gentleman informed us that he was
in the office of the County Treasurer a
few days ago, when a creditor of the
county walked in and presented liis de
mand. The Treasurer glanced at it and
handed it back with the remark that
there was over SI,OOO in ahead of it, and
nothing in the Treasury to pay with.
At that very moment, Mr. Editor, the
workmen were busily engaged in the
court-yard on the lumber for the so
called improvement to the Court House.
Is this honest ? To have the obligations
of the county dishonored at the door of
the County Treasury when costly repairs
were going on to county buildings.
There are some men who don’t care a
figyvliether they pay their own debts or
not, and when they get control of coun
ty matters they don’t care whether the
county is honest to its creditors or not.
From all such, and their works and jm
provements, Good Lord deliver us.
A Grand Juror.
An Old Lady. —The Dalton Citizen
says : In our issue of the Bth inst., we
published a short sketch of Mrs. Rachel
Headrick, of Tennessee. Since that
time we have been furnished with the
following sketch of another “old Rachel,”
who resides in this State; her name is
Rachel Groves; her maiden name was
Fergus, and she was born on the 20th
of July, 1786, in York District, S. C.
AY hen she was about seven years old her
father moved to Elbert county, Ga. In
1808 she was married to Samuel Groves,
and they settled in the neighborhood of
New Hope church, in the fork of Broad
river, which was soon after cut off from
Elbert and made the county of Aladison'.
She is now residing with one of her
daughters within one mile of the old
homestead. The husband, Colonel
Samuel Groves, was a man extensively
known throughout the country, both in
Church and State, having served two
campaigns in the war, one in 1812, and
the other in 1815, when lie was promoted
to Colonel, served eighteen sessions in
the Legislature of Georgia, and was for
many years an elder of the Presbyterian
church. Airs. Groves had eight children
—three sons and four daughters, four
ot which are dead—one son and three
daughters; two died at the age of fifty
years and two at about sixty, The
youngest is about fifty-two years of age.
She has fifty-eight grandchildren and
forty-seven great grandchildren. She
furnished for the Southern lost cause
two sons and nine grandsons. Three of
them lost their lives, one an arm, and
three others were seriously and slightly
wounded. Two of them served as majors
and one as surgeon in the Confederate
A Alax his Own Grandfather.—l
married a widow who had a grown
•daughter. Aly father visited our house
very often, fell in love with my step
daughter and married her. So my fath
er became my son-in-law, and my step
daughter my mother, because she was
my father’s wife. Some time afterward
my wife had a son. He was my father’s
brother-in-law, and my uncle, for he was
the brother of my step-mother.
Aly father’s wile, i. e., mv step-daugh
ter, had also a son. He was, of course,
my brother, and in the meantime my
grandchild, for he was the son of my
My wife was my grandmother, because
she was my mother’s mother. I was my
wife’s husband and grandchild at the same
time. And as the husband of a person’s
grandmother is his grandfather, I am my
OWN GRANDFATHER !
Controlling Runaway Horses.—A
correspondent of the New York Herald
suggests a “simple method of controlling
runaway horses.” A running noose,
made with a small strong cord, is to be
put over the horse’s neck, the controlling
end of the string passing into the car
riage. AVhen the horse attempts to run
away or to do anything else which he
ought not to do, the driver has simply
to pull the cord, choke the horse “for a
minute or two,” and he will necessarily
stop for want of breath. The author of
this device says “the philosophy of the
operation is very obvious.” It is not i
only obvious but old. The same p’niios- \
ophv years ago, recommended an infal- !
lihle method of preventing a dog from
going mad, viz : The cutting off the end :
of his tail—close up to his ears. Nay, j
the operation itself is now in use in some j
AVestern States, for preventing men from !
running away with other people’s horses. \
a gallon in some of the Eastern cities.
If rightly used it would lay out twenty- j
one hired girls, which is less than half a ,
cent a girl. v *
VOL. J--NO. 14
How the Cable Talks.
An operator sits at a table in a room
darkened by a curtain. On his left hand
stands a little instrument named the
“reflecting galvanometer,” the invention
of Sir AVillium Thompson, without whieh
Atlantic telegraphy would be slow pro
cess, not exceeding two or three words
per minute, instead or twenty—the pre
This delicate instrument consists of a
tiny magnet, and a small mirror swing
ing on a silk thread, the two together
weighing but a few grains. The electric
current passing along the wire from
Valencia deflect the magnet to and fro.
The mirror reflect a spot of light on a
scale in a box placed at the operator’s
right hand, where, by its oscillation, the
spot of light indicates the slight move
ments of the magnet, which are too
slight to be directly seen.
This little swinging magnet follows
every change in the received current ;
and every change, great or small, pro
duces a corresponding oscillation of the
spot of lighten on the scale. A eode of
signals is so arranged by which the move
ment of light is made to indicate the
letters of the alphabet.
A\ f hen receiving a letter from Valen
cia, the operator watches the movement
of the little speck, which keeps dancing
about over the scale on his right. To
his practiced eye, each movement of the
spot represents a letter of the alphabet,
and its seemingly fantastic motions arc
spelling out the intelligence which the
pulsing of the electric current are trans
mitting between the two hemispheres. It
is truly marvellous to note how rapidly
the experienced operator disentangles
the irregular oscillations of the little
speck or light into the letters and words
which they represent.
Snakes. —Think of a man shoveling
snakes out of his house. Air. Edward
Asher lives in Union Grove, Alinnesota.
His dwelling was an old one. The first
night he slept in it he made an unplea
sant discovery. It is said that snakes
sleep at night. His snakes did not.
They crawled by dozens across the floor.
In the morning Mr. Aslicr used to get
up, shake the reptiles out of his clothes,
grasp a pitchfork, and pitch the slimy
snakes out of doors. It was no
uncommon tiling to slaughter half a doz
en in the morning. The second and
third days were worse than the first. At
breakfast one morning, Air. Asher felt
something crawling up his leg, and
glancing downward found a beautiful
little striped fellow working his way up
in the world. Another time lie found
a three feet fellow* in his overcoat pocket.
The nuisance became intolerable. The
house ivas old, and the mortar had given
way i<i many places, and in the evening
no sooner was the lamp lighted, than a
serenade of hisses would begin, and near
ly every one of the holes would be orna
mented with a snake’s head. At the
end of the fourth day, Air. Asher grasp
ed his shovel and went to the banking of
the house, a mass of straw and dirt that
had not been moved for several years,
and here were their snakeships in all
tlieir glory. It was a perfect massacre,
for in that banking he found and killed
an even hundred garter snakes. Thirty
were found in one nest. >
All About a New ' .-.re is
a superstition that the presentation of a
knife without any equivalent whatever
will cut friendship. There is a fact late
ly come to light in a small town where
i there is a great deal ot primitive sim
plicity, that the presentation of a shirt
by a woman to the man she wants to
marry will cut the heart out of love. One
young girl tried it, and made her lover
a glistening shirt with her own pretty
hands. He retired to his hoarding house,
put it on, and went straightway to see
and make love to another girl. Clad in
a clean shirt lie felt above the seamstress
who had made it, and she lost his cove
ted company. She did not sit down and
whine over the linen that had gone
astray, but took a pistol in her delicate
hands and tripped her way to the hoard
ing-house aforesaid. She met the un
suspecting rover, and presenting the pis
tokl him to take off that shirt. He
hesitated and was lost. He saw desper
ation in those eyes and death in the pis
tol. He peeled and handed the girl the
soiled garment, which she took on the
point of her pistol and poked into the
stove. And the flame died out, and her
love went up the chimney with tin*
smoke. He sought the seereev of his
chamber to mourn over the depletion ot
his w ardrobe, and she, cocked and prim
ed, went off for another lover.—.V. ijon',*
The Ticliborne clatiiHF b,* em
ployed as a tailor, and iri "*' 4 ’ G
sentence at Darimoor. Ik