©BORGIA IOURSAL & ME88EXGER.
CL13BT, JONES A REESE, Pbopbuctobs.
Thi Pa milt Jousn u.- Niw»-PoLi-rioa— Litiratub*—Ihicultsii—Don ■axis
GEORGIA TELEGRAPH BUILDING
MACOIN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 6, 1880.
Augusta, Georgia, December 28.—
The city council last night unanimously
Adopted a resolution inviting General
Grant and party to stop here on his way
to Florida, and extending to them the hos
pitalities of the city.
The following lias been received in r
spouse to the invitation tendering General
Grar/the hospitalities of this city:
“ Washington, December 28.—To Wil-
HrforceDa.ta, «n»: Thuta for
the invitation from the citizens of Augus
ta. I will not probably be able to stop
longer than the train may be detained in
[Signed.] U. S. Grant.”
Fairfield, Maine, December 28.—
; was held here last night
is alleged in the case of Searsport, ted and, upon motion, was taken up in
or because the article specified in the aections.
Constitution in article 4, part 1, section The balance of the evening was con-
5, was not made up in the presence of the sumed in hearing reports of other com-
Selectman, and in open town meeting, as mittees, which were of an uninteresting
alleged in the cases of Webster, Lisbon or nature. An effort was made to reconsider
other towns; especially of a written mem- the motion expelling Mr. Light, but it
orandum of the persons voted for, with failed.
8? n "™^ er . ofvote 1 s for each person against 'Havana, December 28.-Sugar.-Qw-
r,^.c?ni^ e ’^?*L na c e i ^ in ?! A"® to the holidays, the market has con-
presence of the Selectman, and in open tiuued quiet and nominal, rendering it
£° u * h not P}} 1 "P° n g* Impossible to'give the quotations. Siles
mcord book of the town until after the haSbeeneffected at thi last hour, of500
meeting adjourned ; or because one of the baes #f centrifugals, No. 10, testing 04*
A large meeting was held here last nig
to ratify the action of Governor Garcelon
und council; but more especially to give
Conncillor'Brown chance to defend him
self before liis townsmen, as at the indig
nation meeting held last week, a resolu
tion was passed personally condemning
him for his action as Councillor, disfran
chising liis own towx, and requesting so
ciety to ostracize him.
Mr. Brown was called on and made a
short speech defending the action of the
Governor and Council.
A number of resolutions were adopted,
including the following: •
Resolved, That we, as citizens of the
town of Fairfield, believe the Governor
and Council have canvassed the election
returns in strict accordance with the con
stitution and laws of the State, and that
they are entitled to onr respect and es
teem for so faitlifully performing their du
ties; and they shall have our support and
services in whatever capacity they may
be needed, so long as they pursue a course
in harmony with the laws and constitu
Denver, Colorado, December 28.—
A special to the Denver Tribune from
Los l'inos, dated 25th instant, represents
that the situation is very senous there.
General Hatch was to have started from
Los Pinos yesterday and spend the night
at Cline’s Ranch on the Cimorroa. On
the 30th he will start from there for Ala
mosa, which is the last railroad station.
General Hatch lias given up all hope of
securing the Indians, and as his departure
is tantamount to a declaration of war,
much anxiety is felt as to his fate.
There are several hundred braves near
Los Finos, and the whites, all told, do not
number over twenty-five. The Indians
have the whites completely trapped.
Those in the bowl are General Hatch,
Colonel Valois and W. F. Saunders of
Virginia, the Denver Tribune correspon
dent, fifteen soldiers and the agency em
ployees. General-Adams Is in Denver.
It is believed that the troop of cavalry
under Colonel McKenzie, stationed at
Fort Garland, has been ordered to make
a forced march to Los Pinos at once, but
they cannot get there before the Indians
, snake an attack iwhaa Ouray succeeds In
' keeping them quiet a little longer.
Ouray, Animas City, Silverton and oth
er settlements are greatly exposed. The
White River Utes have consumed all the
stores taken from the White River agency
and are eager to make attack on the Los
If Hatch has left without the Indian
murderers, it is considered that the war
will open at once. The Indians wHl
strike the first blow, as they have every
thing their own way, at present, owing to
the removal of the troops to distant points
at the demand of Ouray.
New York, December 28.—The follow
ing explanatory card from Governor
Garcelon is published here:
Augusta, Maine, December 27.—The
difficulty grows out of the fact that the
Governor and council confined themselves
to constitutional and legal provisions in
tabulating and counting the votes as re
turned by the municipal officers. The
Constitution makes certain things to be
done by them imperative. The law sup
plements others, and our Supreme Court
have given an official opinion as to what
Is to be done under certain circumstan
Every year there has been defective re
turns rejected—that is, not counted—for
non-compliance with constitution or legal
provisions. But this year, in addition to
the usual occurrences in this direction, a
sort of mildew or epidemic seems to have
infected several of our large cities. These
returns are fatally defective, not only as
would appear to an ordinary mind, but as
decided by the rules laid down by our
highest judical tribunal.
It is alleged, however, that by a law
passed in 1877, the Governor and Council
have authority to make alterations or
amendments of returns; hut, unfortun
ately for their claim, that law, even if
constitutional as applicable to Senators
and Representatives, confines the only
correction of returns to the record made
in open town meetings, and incases where
the attempt has been made for the cor
rection of the record, if any existing was
found to agree with the returns. Th«
simple and only question, therefore, is
shall the Governor and Council follow the
mandates of the constitution, law and ju
dicial decisions explanatory thereof, or,
ia obedience to popular clamor violate
their oatiis of office—trample the consti
tution under their feet, and forfeit not
only all self-respect, but that which they
have a right to claim both from friends
and foes, so long as they adhere to their
line of duty. ’ Alonzo Garcelon.
Augusta, Maine, December 28.—
Hon. Lot M. Morrill yesterday replied to
Governor Gareelon’s letter relating to
points to be submitted to the judgment of
the court, and suggested the following
questions: First, is it the duty of the
Governor and Council, in canvassing re
turns for Senators and Representatives to
the Legislature, to allow corrections
therein by record, under the constitution
and laws of the State, and to what cases
can such corrections extend ? If not their
duty, have they then a right or power to
allow such corrections at their option ?
Second, is a return signed by less than
majority of the aldermen of the city so
defective that it cannot be counted as it
stands ? If so defective, can a dnly at
tested copy of tlie record he substituted
for it ami bo legally cotinted? The cases
of Lewiston, Bath, Rockland and Saco
are referred to.
3d. Is a return which places a number
of votes opposite the word “scattering”
so defective that it cannot be counted
when the whole number of votes so placed
added to any minority candidate’s, woald
still leave a clear plurality to another can
didate’s, and, if so defective on its face,
can it be corrected by record ? The case
referred to is that of the city of Portland.
4th. If a return has not the signature
of the town clerk, as in the case of Leb
anon and Albion, can a duly attested copy
of the record be substituted therefor, aud
the vote be legally counted ?
5th. Have the Governor and Council
any rigid, to reject a return bearing the
signature of the clerk and a majority of
the municipal officers, because from evi
dence aliunde they are satisfied it was not
signed or sealed in open town meeting, or
Was .igned by the Selectmen in blank at
the meeting, and, after adjournment, filled
in by the clerk, or because one of the Se
lectmen signed returns in blank filling in
the name of the town and county before
the town meeting, the other two signing
and sealing in open town meeting, as al
leged in the eases of Joy, Stoneham, Lis
bon and. other towns which are referred
to; or because the return was sent to the
Secretary of State’s office unsealed, as
beingregular in all. respects; or be- ing 94 at pj reals,"and OOOba^ofcen-
canse de facto officers who sign returns tnfugals at Cardena, Nos. 9 to 10, testing
from any eBose were not legally ch^en or 90 degrees at 10 reals, with heavy cash
merely disqualified from holding office, or advance. Stock in the warehouse at Ha-
because the return is attested byaderk vana an d Matanzas—20,300 boxes, 9,500
pro temas in- the case or Vance- bag3 and 5,200 hogsheads. Receipts for
“JJ- a . deputy clerkyas in the the week, 228 boxes, 1,250 hags, 1,200
case of Scarboro; or because the second hogsheads. Exports during the week, 2,000
returnw sent to.the Secretary,, differing bags, 640 hogslieads-alT to the United
k the numbers of votes re- States. 'SpanSli gold, 235* to 230. Ex-
various candidates? Un- c ii an ge flat on United States for sixty
der the facts of the Greenfield case have days."
the Governor and Council any right to re- | Boston, December 29.—A fire, which
ceive evidence on either of the above broke out in the rear of the paper ware-
po i“, ts >t s0 ’ °? -' I house of Rice, Kendall & Co., on Federal
btli.Is it competent for the Governor ' street last night and spread to a number
and Council, when the return states the ‘ ot other buildings, is at this' hour (3 a.
names of persons voted for and the num- ! m.j, completely under control. The de-
per of votes for cadi, and each signature tails of the Are show that the loss is mudi
is genuine, to admit evidence aliunde as jess than was giveuby previous estimates,
to any neglect in the town officers, before l On buildings it will probably be $400,000,
or at a town meeting, to comply with any j a jffi stock nearly that figure,
of the various requirements of the consti- The following firms are losers: On
tution and laws ? Federal street, Rice, Kendall & Co.’s
i tli. Is it the duty oftlie Governor and , building, No. 91, which was completely
Council, or have they the right to reject gutted from cellar to attic; the Franklin
the return, because the whole number of j Wool Company, No. 93, is in the same
the ballots is not stated therein, as in J condition. The carriage and saddlery
Otisfield aud other towns, or because the manufactory of Corbin & Page, No. 93, of
whole number of ballots stated differs . the same street, and William & Codman’s
from, the sum of votes returned from the * wool manufactory, were badly damaged
several candidates, as in the case of in the rear and on the roof. The fire in
Farmington and in other towns? Sts southern course was checked at this
London, December 2S.—The Viceroy ! point. On Franklin street the losers were
of India, undi r date of 27th instant, an
nounces that telegrams from General
Roberts, report the defeat and dispersion
of the enemy around Cabul on the 23d
instant, before the ^arrival of General
A dispatch from General Roberts, dated
the 23d, confirms the above, and gives the
details as follows: Desultory attacks were
kept np all of yesterday. During the day
information was received that a general
attack would be made at daybreak.
To-day, large numbers of the enemy
were seen occupying distant villages and
approaching nearer as it became dark.
At six o’clock this morning a fire was
lighted on Asoni heights, we had been
apprised that this would be the enemy’s
signal for attack, and immediately after-
W. T. Lawrence & Co., hankers, No. 63.
No. 67. Rand, Avery *k Co.; Boston Credit
Bureau; George D. Drake & Co., wool;
office of New England Glass Works; W.
J. Libby; John Carter, paper. No. 69,
Fletcher Manufacturing Company, Sam
uel C. Trippe, agent. No. 73, C. J. Pe
ters & Sons, stereotypes; S. H. Sanborn,
book binders; T. F. Collins, blank book
manufactory; L. B. Wilber & Co., prin
ters. No. 75, B. H. B. manufactory, and
L. B. Wilder & Co., printers. No. 75, B.
S. Thayer & Co., paper manufactory, con
siderably damaged by water and doubt
less rears and roofs of these numbers bad
ly burned. On Franklin street, No. Ill,
occupied by Claftan & Brown, Charles E.
Perry, paper cutting, and JohnDilling-
ham. No. 113, W. T. Brown & Co.;
wards an attack was commenced; Wewere Houghton, Osgood & Co.; S. D. Warren &
prepared for it. In the south and west, • Co. No. 117, Rand, Avery & Co. No.
the enemy did not show much determina- l lip, G. S. Sclicnick, paper; Dillingham
tion, but on the northeast comer of Beh- I Paper Company, James S. Morrial, paper
inaroo heights some thousands collected J manufacturing company agent; Geoige P.
and evidently contemnlated an. ascauli. Gose & Co., auctioneers and commission
merchants—Chicago. No. . 123, John
and evidently contemnlated- aa -
Genera: Hugh Gough, ably assisted by
Colonel Jenkins, commanded here. As
soon as the enemy’s intentions were fully
developed, I determined on a counter at
tack with cavalry and artillery. These is
sued by the gorge between Behmaroo
heights and opened fire on the enemy’s
flank and speedily dislodged them. The
cavalry pursued and sabered numbers of
the enemy, who retired from all points
and hastily retreated to the city.
We have now occupied some advanced
villages—particularly those on the Balkak
Gen. Chas. Gough’s camp is visible six
miles to the east.
A dispatch from Gen. Roberts, dated
Cabul the 24th, is as follows: Our success
yesterday was complete. The enemy’s
less was severe. Our losses were five
killed, including Captain Dundas and
Lieutenant Nugent, of the Engineers,
by a premature explosion when blowing
up the towers of the neighboring village,
and thirty-three wounded—the majority
of whom arc doing well. Those of the
enemy living in Cabul went straight to
their houses after the defeat. The Kohis-
tavis and Lagaris remained in Cabul a
few hours, hut all fled during the night.
Two of the enemy’s leaders, Mushki
Alim, a priest, and Mohamed Jae fled
early in the day, another prominent lead
er is reported to have fled with Gakoob
Khan’s eldest son toward Warkak. The
cavalry have gone in pursuit.
Bala Hissar and the citv will be taken
possession of this afternoon. The former
will be occupied if it appears certain that
there is no danger from hidden mines of
Yakoob Khan’s wife and mother and a
daughter of the late Akbar Khan, who
are reported to contemplate and who have
done all in their power to incite the Af
ghans, will be brought to Shlmur to-day.
I have telegraphed General Bright to
push forward detachments from Jagdul-
luk to Lclibak and Latahband. I send, a
force to occupy Btilkak to-morrow. Com
munication with India will be thus rap
General Charles Gough’s brigade ar
rived this morning. A slight snow fell
last night. All well.
Akbar Khan, referred to by General
Roberts, was the principal opponent of
the British in 1811, and his daughter is
reported to have distributed twenty thou
sand pounds among the Afghans to incite
them to the present rising.
Rome, December 29.—The funeral of
General Avezzanawas a very imposing
one. The police, amid a tumultuous
scene, seized the Italia Irrenta flag in the
procession, hut their attempt to seize the
Republican flag was evaded.
The Favfidla says, in reference to the
report of an assault made by a crowd on
Tuesday last on tlie gendearmes, who ac
companied King Humbert on a hunting
expedition, that there were only four per
sons concerned in tlio affair—probably
poachers—who fled after discharging their
guns. One of them was subsequently
Carnes & Co., paper. These firms are
all losers on Devonshire street.
The following are completely burned
out, losing almost everything. North
National Bank, comer Franklin street;
Claiflin & Brown, twine and hags. No.
210, McGrath Bros., hoots and shoes. No-
218, Seliotype, Houghton, Osgood & Co.,
publishers; S. D. Warren & Co;, paper
stock, Powers express, Union express of
fice and Edward A. Taft, general express.
The following firms occupying numbers
from 222 to 240: Spaulding & Tewksbury,
paper; Moore, Smith & Co., cutlery, etc.;
George Foster & Moses E. Osgood, all
damaged, either by fire, smoke or water,
and it is impossible at this writing to as
certain to what extent.
The fronts of the buildings from Nos.
222 to 240 are not injured, tlie damage be
ing confined to the rear where the block
touched Rice & Kendall’s building.
There is a probability that one or two
of the firms given above are not damaged
to any great extent, it being extremely
difficult to ascertain just now what firms
out of the large number in the burned dis
trict that the fire did reach are tlie heaviest
losers. The losers are Bice, Kendall &
Co., $150,000; Houghton, Osgood & Co.,
$150,000; and Rand, Avery & Co., who
had a large amount of stock in process of
manufacture badly damaged by smoke
and water, their loss may reach $100,000.
San Francisco, December 29.—Ad
vices from Camp Rucker are to the effect
that Gerononio, the Apache Chief, with
half of the Indians which surrendered to
the military authorities will be sent to San
Carlos. This is the band which has been
depredating for some months along the
border, and did much oftlie wqrk credited
to Ricotoria’s band. This virtually wipes
out all renegade Indians in Arizona and
on the border.
London, December 29.—The manager
oftlie North British Railway, telegraph
ing from Lencliars at 4 o’clock this morn
Several large girders along with the
lost train from Edinburgh were precipitat
ed in the river last night with nearly 309
passengers, besides the company’s serv
ants all of whom are believed to have
perished. A dispatch from Edinburgh
dated at 4 o’clock, says the portion of the
bridge which fell consisted of several large
superincumbent girders over the navigable
portions of the river, which averages from
forty to forty-five feet in depth. The train
would fall about eighty-eight feet before
reaching the water. Sometime elapsed
before the nature of the disaster was un
derstood. Tlie damage to the wires on
the bridge and the badness of tlie weath
er interfered with the transmission of news
and it' is unknown whether tlie girders
were blown down before the train entered
the bridge or were carried away with it;
and will probably never be ascertained as
there are no survivors. The bridge was
only opened for traffic in May, 1S78. _ It
was considered a triumph of engineering
skill. It is about two miles long and liaa
eighty-five spans. The widest was two
hundred and forty-five feet. At tlie high
est point it was one hundred and thirty
Wilmington, N. C., December 29.—
The schooner Cherubim, Captain M. E.
Lang, from Misigoma, Hayti, for New
York, pu. in at Smitbville yesterday in
distress. Captain Lang and mate, Lem
Lank, both died of yellow fever on the
passage, and were buried at sea. Tlie
vessel is now at the quarantine statiou,
and one mau has been sent to the hospi
tal. The schooner was built in Baltimore,
and was owned by the captain and mate.
The captain hailed from a seaport of Del
J^The brig Silas H. Martin, which as re
ported ashore near the bar, at the mouth
of the Cape Fear river, has been floated,
and is now on her way up to this city.
Augusta, Maine, December 29.—It is
the general opinion that Governor Garce
lon will not submit to the Supreme Court
the questions propounded by ^Ir. Morrill.
Tlie Republicans will be prepared for
this, aud will present questions through a
majority of the members of the last Sen
ate, as it is thought such proceedings
would conform to law. There is a dis-
] >osition to exhaust every legal means bc-
i ore others are tried.
Mayor Nash, of this city, will to-day
address a letter to Governor Gareewu,urg
ing him not to call out the militia Cm as
sembling the Legislature,' as that would,
provoke the bringing of a force from the
other side. He will state that the extra
police providod by tlie city is amply able
to preserve the public peace.
New York, December 29.—A Pitts
burg special says that yesterday the roof
of a large building occupied by Edgar A.
Thompson, as an iron and steel workshop,
foil in witli a great crash, buryii’g be
neath its ruins a number of men. .-/They
were extricated as soon as possible, when
it was found that but nine of them were
soriously injured and two fatally.
At a meeting of the Board of D. rectors
of the Western Union Telegraph Com
pany, J. B. Van Every, auditor of the
company, was made vice president- Van
Every’s successor has not been selected..
CiNCiNNTTr, December 29.—A special
dispatch from Chicago to the Tim s says
that Bight Rev. John F. A. Fi'Uiani,
Bishop of Nashville, has been appointed
to succed Bishop Foley, of Chicago.
New Orleans, December 20—The
Times says Dink Grove was not wounded
by the Moonshiners near Monroe, as re
ported to Commissioner Raum. It ap
pears that DmkGrove was returning from
the arrest of Quick, when the mule at
tached to the mugon ran away, throwing
Dink Grove frokt his seat, causing an ac
cidental discharge of his pistol by which
he was wounded.
August Joluis, aged thirteen, was killed
to-day by the premature discharge of a toy
pistol which he had loaded with powder
and wadding. The charge entered his
stomach, from the effects of which he died
in a few hours after the acciden*.
The Cotton Exchange decided by a rote
of 109 to 78 to inaugurate futuib call,?.
Montgomert, Ala., De^iiW 29.—
Money to meet tho interest due January-1
on Alabama bonds is on deposit with
the Importers and Traders National Bank
of New York. Funds are also at various
places designated for the payment of in
terest in this State.
> Calcutta, December 29.—General
Roberts telegraphs under date of the 26th
instant, as follows:
Butkak has been re-occupied. A force
will start for Kohistan to-morrow to pun
ish those who participated in the recent
movement there. General Roberts’ total
loss up to date is 77 killed, 220 wounded.
A later telegram from General Roberts,
dated 20th instant, says a heavy snow fell
on the 25th, preventing a pursuit of the
enemy. The country about Cabul and
the line of communications is now clear.
The Bala Hissar magazine has been emp
tied. There were several explosions in
Bala Hissar during its occupation by in
surgents, and one explosion, it is stated,
killed one thousand persons. The tele
graph line was, for the great part, destroy
ed, but is being rapidly repaired.
Boston, December 29.—General B. F.
Butler lias stated to a reporter his views
of the situation in Maine. He contradicts
the statement that lie has given Governor
Garcelon and Counci legal advice on the
course they had taken. He had never
been asked to advise about the matter. He
does not see how the Governor and Coun
cil could have acted otherwise than they
have done and strictly followed the Con
stitution and law. The Governor is not a
judge. General Butler is reported as hav
ing said: “Nor are the Governor and
Council the returning board, but simply a
canvassing board. They are to ascertain
who appear to be elected from the returns
certified by them under provisions of the
Constitution and laws. Whether the der
fects discovered are amendable or un-
amendable under the laws, I don’t know.
Most of them would seem to be amenda-
London December 28.—The Chilian I
Legation at Paris announces that it lias : feet above high water,
received a telegram stating that the Fresi- The train left Edinburgh at 4:15 in the
dent of Peru lias arrived at Panama, en afternoon. It consisted of four third
route to the United St ites aud Europe. I c i ass ca rs, one first class, one second class
Paris, December 28.—The Temps as- ! an g a brakeman’s raw. At the last sta-
serts that M. Gambetta had a long t j on before the bridge tickets were taken,
and cordial conference with President j an q the train was then crowded. Vast
Grevy to-day. A new ministry has been ' quantities of wreckage, such as doors and
constituted, as follows :M. de Freyei net, roofeof cars, pieces of bridge and articles
President of Council and Minister of For-; 0 f wearing apparel are coming ashore,
oign affairs; M. Lepere, Minister of Inle- , The entire thirteen girders of the long
rior and of Worship; M. Casot, Keeper of ■ central spans of the bridge are gone. The
the Seals; M. Maguin, Minister of Fi | night was bright moonlight,but the wind
nance; General Ferre, Minister of War; blowing a hurricane.
Admiral Jaureguiberry, Minister of Ma- | London, December 29.—The weather
rine;M. Jules Ferry, Minister of Public is milder here and at Paris it is thawing,
Instruction; M. Varroy, Minister of Works; a fter thirteen days of frost, during which
M. Tirard, Minister of Commerce; M. ! t he thermometer touehed 8 below zero.
Codiery, Minister of Posts and Telegraphs, j This is the coldest weather on record
Pittsburgh, Pa., December28.—Yes- • there,
tenlay morning and afternoon were taken The owners of the Arragon, for whose
up by the. Socialistic Convention Com- safety some fear is entertained in conse-
rnlttee meetings, from which members of quence of a rumor, have heard nothing
the press were excluded. In the evening from that steamer since she sailed from
the public were admitted, and reports of Bristol on tlie 19th for New York,
the committees heard. j London, December 29.—Rumors were
The Committee to which was referred current in Bristol yesterday that the
the report of the Executive Committee,' steamer Arragon from New Nprk.Noven -
recommend that the Social Democracy her 20th for Bristol, had hindered at sea
nut candidates in the field for President and all on hoard lost. Thei owners at
u opposition to the candidates of the Re- present know nothing of any disaster,
nub 11 can. and Democratic parties, and | German ship Leda, froin 3Sew York for
urtred the passage of a resolution to that Bremen, is ashore on/Goodwin Sands,
effect ; gbe will probably become a wreck. Her
The report of the Committee dwelt at crew landed at Deal. r. _ ■
some length with tlie question of military | Steamer William Birjset, Captain Free-
^Lmi/ations w hich were thought to he man from Savannah for Peval, grounded
a violation of the Constitution, and should near Malnro. She is still water-tight, but
not be tolerated. The report was accep- is laboring heavily.
ble by the final judge, the Legislature.”
General Butler thinks the only way for
the Republicans to meet the situation is
by a legal constitutional means. In re
sponse to the question as to whether the
Maine Legislature can choose seven Presi
dential electors next year, General Butler
said: “Certainly; that is provided for by
the Constitution of* the Uuited States,
which says that * Electors are to be cho
sen in any way the legislature may ap
point. ’ ”
General Butler does not believe there
will be 'any fighting in Maine. He thinks
there is too much common sense. He sees
no parallel between the Louisiana return
ing board in 1876 and tlie present condi
tion of affairs in Maine. The difference is
very observable. InLouisianathe return
ing hoard claimed and exercised the pow
er of counting votes not thrown out, which
they they said ought to have been thrown
out; whereas, in Maine,’the Governor only
decides he has no power to judge between
the electors and the elected, except upon
legal evidence brought before him, and
then his act is not judicial hut simply min
London, December 29.—A dispatch
from Dundee to the Press Association as
serts that tlie number of lives lost by the
Tay bridge disaster does not exceed nine
ty. This is probably an under estimate.
The bodies of six of the victims have been
The railway authorities now estimate
the total number of lives lost at seventy-
A telegram from Dundee states that
only fifty-six passenger tickets were taken
up at the last stopping piace, hut these do
not account for the number of young chil
dren requiring no tickets, nor for the num
ber of railway employees,. nor for the
number of passengers for Broughty ferry,
whose tickets were not taken up. If this
statement is correct it is evident that the
loss of life has been greatly overestimated.
London, December 29.—A dispatch to
the Times from Berlin says correspon
dence lias been discovered, proving an al
liance between the German Socialists and
the Russian Nihilists.
A Berlin correspondent of the Morning
Post says he is authorized to contradict
the rumor that a revival of the alliance
between the three Emperors is contempla
ted. The correspondent also denies that
any alterations are at present intended in
the protective tariff. He says it is under
stood that the' Imperial Government In
tend bringing in a hill restricting the right
of Tree settlement, with ai view to check
ing the spread of Socialism.
London, December 29.—The St. Pe
tersburg correspondent of the Daily Mews
say he believes that the first step towards
a rapprochiment between England and
Russia has been taken in an unusual aud
significant manner;'' He also says' that it
is known that the greatest satisfaction will
be experienced in the highest official
quarters if the arrangement can be ef
Constantinople, December 27. —
Ahmed Moukhtar has issued a proclama
tion to the inhabitants of Guysinge and
Flada stating that those districts now be
long to Montenegro,and he also telegraphed
to the Forte yesterday that a- conciliatory
disposition prevails, justifying the hope of
a,peaceful settlement of the difficulties
arising from the territorial cession.
Paris, December 29.—A boiler in the
factory in the St. Louis quarter of this city
has exploded, killing six persons aqd
Madrid, December 29.—The commit
tee of the Chamber of Deputies, to whom
was referred the bill for the abolition of
slavery in Cuba, which has passed the-
Senate, will to-day commence ah exami
nation of the Cuban Deputies, who are
desirous to propose amendments to the
bill on the reassembling of the Cortes oh
Januaiy 10th. - It is expected that the
members of the Chamber of Deputies of
the minority, who recently absented them
selves, will participate in the debates on
the abolition bilh ’*
New York, December 29.—The
Charge D'Affairs of Peru denies the re
port which is said to have emanated from
the Chilian legation at Paris, annouhciiig
the arrival at Panama of the President of
Peru, en route to the United States and
Europe, published on the 29th instant.
Telegraphic advices to the 20th of Decem
ber have been received here from Callao,
at which date perfect order prevailed in
Lima .and there had been no change in
the government. Like most all reports
relating to Peruvian affaire recently given
to the world and purporting to come from
the Chilian legation in France, this was
undoubtedly published to affect the price
of nitrate of silver or for other stock-job
bing purposes in the London market.
Chicago, December 29.—Tlie packing
and provision company wbich hitherto has
been regarded as friendly to the Union,
this morning posted a notice that the firm
inteiyled to run its own -business and em
ploy whoever came, regardless of the
Jnion. During the day some sixty of
their beef slaughterers struck on account
of tliis notice. The company engaged one
hundred non-union men in their places.
Slaughtering at Armou’s, at tlie Anglo-
American and at Fawbers Bro.’s has pro-
resssd well with exclusively non-unlon-
its. Armour expects three hundred non-
unionists from outside. The Unionholds
meetings daily and is firm and determined.
They claim to have received $7,000 from
The receipts of liogs were much larger
to-day and the appearance of matters at
the stockyards is livliertbis morning than
for two weeks past.
Judge Tiley, in the Circuit Court to
day, decided to appoint a receiver for
Stettauer Bro.s upon tlie petition of H.
B. Claflin & Co., New York, but requir
ing that, before his appointment, the le
gality of the firm’s assignment to Roscn-
feldt be tested.
Boston, December 27.—The total loss
by last night fire is now figured at about
ene million dollars. The principal losses
are Price, Kennell & Co., one hundred
and fifty thousand dollars, on which there
is an insurance of one hundred and eighty
thousand dollars. On the Cathedral
building, occupied by them, the loss
is from one hundred to one hun
dred and twenty-five thousand dol
lars^—insurance two hundred and fifty
thousand dollare. Houghton, Osgood
& Co., one hundred thousand dollare; and
fifty thousand dollare on lieleotypcs—in
surance seventy-five thousand dollare.
Rand, Avery Vis Co., printers, about seven
ty-five thousand dollars, and are fully in
Messrs. Scribner, G. P. Putnam & Sons,
and other New York publishers lose con
siderable amount on sheets printed by this
concern; S. D. Warren & Co., paper deal
ers, in the Cathedral building, lose fifty
thousand dollars in stock, insured; Chap
lin & Bro., paper, seventy-five thousand
dollars, insured; Bigelaw & Tate, seven
ty-five thousand dollars. The vaults of
the North Bank were opened this morning
aud the contents found uninjured. -
H. H. Hunnewell, the owner of the
building occupied by Pierce & Hardy and
others, has an insurance of about seventy
thousand, which covers his loss. T. G.
Crowell, book-binder, forty thousand;
insured for thirty thousand; S. K. Abbott,
hinder, twenty thousand; iusured for
Portland, December 29. — Gaptain
Lynch, of; the Montgomery Guards, has
notified his men to be ready to march at
an instant’s notice, from whicli it is in
ferred that the company, with light infan
try, will be called to Augusta, if the exi
gencies of the case require It.
Augusta, . December 29. — Governor
Garcelon went to Belfast to-day to attend
a meeting called to sustain the course of
the Governor and Council. A similar
meeting was held in Rockland this even
The Governor sent for the Mayor this
afternoon to consult with him in regard
to the proper police force for preserving
order on the re-assembling of the Legisla
ture. The Mayor had just finished writ
ing a communication to his Excellency on
this subject, and conveyed it in person.
Mayor Nash was courteously- received,
and assured the Governor that all needed
preparations had been made for keeping
the peace. Two hundred extra police
men had been already appointed, and
this number would be increased.
He. said we were able to keep order,
and begged the Governor not to bring
troops to the capital, or make preparations
for arming them. He thought the citizens
of Augusta would bear him out in thess
assurances. Tho Governor talked quite
freely, and informed the Mayor that he
had great dislike of the idea of bringing
troops here, and should not doit if peace
could be maintained in any. other way.
It would be his duty to preserve order
and prevent interference with the mem
bers of the Legislature. The interview
closed here, and the Mayor passed the
Governor the following communication:
To His Excellency Alonzo Garcelon
Governor of Maine—Sir: The excited
condition of the public inind concerning
the Legislature that is soon to assemble,
induces me to address your excellency
upon a matter of grave; public moment.
The people of Augusta are loyal to legal
ly constituted authorities of the Staite in the
exercise of every lawful act and duty' and
would feel great pain and mortification at
auy lawless act or lack of decorum on.the.
part of an excited populace in connection
with the organization of the Legislature,
aud I am warranted in hereby tendering
to the State the service of hundreds of
sworn policemen should a force
unhappily be needed for the keeping of
the peace of tlie city of . Augusta
in the eapital district or elsewhere mthe
city. Our city has increased its police to
200 good men of different political parties
and these and any necessary number ad
ditional are at the State’s disposal to carry
out any request which the State authorities
will communicate to me touching the
maintenance of order 'aud the complete
preservation of the public peace. I cannot
refrain from expressing hope that your
Excellency will feel justified in relying
upon the services our citizens,- thus freely
tendered and by so doing will see no ne
cessity for calling out troops to
perform the same duty. Your Excellency
will pardon me for suggesting that the oc
cupation of tlie. State House with armed
men or placing of war material therein,
will tend to disturb the public mind. The
approaching Legislature is the fiftieth
that has assembled in that building in as
many consecutive years, and never before,
even in'the excitement of civil war, with
thousands of troops encamped near by,
has it required the services of a single po
liceman to preserve order iu its halls. Its
doors have always been open to ingress
and egress of all well behaved citizens and
I trust your Excellency will see that the
character: of tho building in that regard
will be sacredly maintained.
The great aversion of the people to any
other course is suggestively witnessed by
the recent resistance in Bangor to the re
moval of the war material, supposed to be
destined for tlie State House. That inci
dent, iu connection with many suggestions
in the public prints, has induced me to
address this letter to your Excellency.
You,will perceive that if one party-to the
controversy shall arm, tlie other will do
the same, and with both parties armed a
conflict might ensue, -which all would
deeply deplore. I feel confident that if no
troops are called out by the State authori
ties, no bodies of armed men will come to
the Capitol on.thg. assembling of the Leg
islature, land the civil police of our city
will.be amply competent to deal with all
cases of individual riot or disorder that
[Signed] Charles E. Nash,
• 9i Mayor.
The Governor remarked that he would
take the matter into consideration.
SOUTHWESTERN RAILROAD TAX
In the case of the Southwestern Rail
road vs. the Comptroller General of the
State of Georgia, and the Sheriff of Bibb
county, application for injunction to re
strain the levying of executions for taxes,
alleged to be due the State for the years
1876 and 1&I7, Judge Simmons issued an
order granting the injunction applied for.
This case was argued before Judge Sim
mons last week, who held up his decision
till yesterday. He then announced his
decision, and enjoined'the executions
issued by the Comptroller General against
the railroad. The two executions which
had been levied on the railroad by the
sheriff of Bibb county amounted in the
aggregate to about $220,000, including the
penalties. Judge Simmons gave no writ
ten opinion, but announced it verbally.
We learn that the ground he based his de
cision on was that the act of 1877 requiring
the Comptroller General, whenever a cor
poration makes a return, to carefully scru
tinize said return, and if, in his opinion
the return is not correct in any
particular, he shall re-asses3 the property
in sixty days from thejime the return
is received by him, and ^shall give notice
to the corporation of said re-assessment
and the corporation shall have the right
within twenty days, to have the matter
submitted to arbitrators. The Comptrol
ler General, it appears, failed to follow
this law, bnt waited about seventeen
months after the return of 1876, and
seven months after the return of 1877,
when in December 1S77, he re-assessed
the property, giving no notice to the rail
The returns for both years had been re
ceived by the Comproller General without
protest or complaint, and he had given re
ceipts in full for the taxes for both years.
On this state of facts, Judge Simmons held
that the State was estopped from collect
ing the taxes for those two years. He ex
pressed no opinion as to whether the
branch roads were liable to taxation or
not, but intimated that if the Comptroller
General had followed the' act of 1877, that
some of the brandies of the road would
have been liable to an ad valorem tax.
The case will be carried to the Supreme
> Aurora' Chosen.
The following are the names of those
chosen as grand and pet't jurors for the
adjourned term in January:
Robert'L. Homy, Geoige Bunch, John
S, Cargill, George P. Cornell, J. Lawrence
Saulsbuiy, M. J. Baer, Josiali J. Am-
ason, Isaac 1 H. Johnson, Henry B.
Davis, John Marks, W. A. Cherry, ‘Wil
liam C. Jones, David Clay. M. J. Clancy,
Henry G. Cutter, Eil P. Taylor, William
M. Key, W. D. Palmer, Louhdes A. Jor
don, David D. Houglitou, Joseph K. John
son, George Burdick, Walter T. Johnston,
J. Wingfield Nisbet, Charles A. Nutting,
D. S. Wright, David D. Craig, W, C.
Wilson, W. R. Kent, James V. Grier.
The names of the traverse jurors also
chosen for the third Monday in January,
are as follows:
A. J. English, James J. Evans, Leonard
S.Hill, James, Moats, Thomas O’Neal,
Nathan L; Thomas, Green Tucker, Jesse
P. Simpson, Fort W. McAfee, P. Avera,
John H. Minton, Asa Clarke, W. D. H.
Johnson, Armstead Biyant, colored. Geo.
M. Fuss, Henry E. Reese, W. H. Dorman,
Robert R. Gilbert, Charles M. Walker, W.
L. Hughes, Charles F. Shepard, W. J.
Dickson, Arch McKinney, Erastus Wil
liams, Wesley Christian, Madison John
son, William Delacy, Francis Day, Henry
Welch, James A. Hains, Arthur Hardy,
Edmund Edwards,. Thomas Q. Bonner,
Eiias Witkowsld, W. R. Aultman.
The traverse jurors for the fourth Mon
day in January, are Orrin E. Massey, J.
M. Durden, William Flowers, H. H.
Ketchins, Walter Wimbish, Daniel How
ards John W. Hemm, James E. Gates,
Julius H.Bazemore, W. J. Parker, J, W.
Sliinholser, Middletoa Johnson, L. P.
Askew, Thieq. W. Ellis, Charles- Bone,
James F. Garrett, A. W. Gibson, Henry.
E. Gibson, James M. Blum, William H.
Whitehead, John W. Ward, A. W.
Vaughn, G. D. nodgkins, B. A. Full, W.
H.; O’Neal, Charles F. Collier, ^W. H- An
drews, R. C. Chapman, Samuel A. Towns-
ley, A. Y. Adamson, John P. Davis, Rich
ard H. • Brown, W. A. Pigman, Thom-a
Brown, G. WV. Sherwood, W. M.
vly: Psiatal Accident.
Yesterday au aged lady, while walking
along the high railroad embankment on
the Macon and Western Railroad, near
St. Paul’s ■ Church, lost her footing and
fell, dislocating one of her shoulders.
She was taken to the City Hall. She sta
ted tliat her name was Guliins, and that
she was on her way to take the Atlanta
train when the accident occurred. She
also stated that her age was about eighty
six. She was subsequently e&rried to the
J City Hospital, where she will be cared for
* until removed by friends, or she recovers.
'Escaped. :'*:J cr.-
Yesterday morning two prisoners, James
Brooks and Thomas. Mulvey,escaped,from
the Bibb county jail. Yesterday morning
when Mr. Foster, the jailer, went to feed
the prisoners the cell of these two men
was found vacant.
Brooks is the man convicted of picking
the pockets of Mr. Goodwin, of Marahall-
ville, at the State Fair and was sentenced
to ten years in the penitentiary. Mulvey
was under a charge of. larceny from the
house .with clear evidence against him.
At the weekly meeting of Anchor
Council last night, an election was held
for officers to serve for the ensuing year,
with the following result:
M. J. Baer—Regent.
E. H. Link—Vice Regent,
W. H. Mansfield—Orator.
J. W. Blacksher—Secretary.
C- J. Strohurg—Collector.
Henry E. Rees—Treasurer.
T. B. Artope—Warden.
W. A. Wylie—Sentry.
S. M. Subers becomes Sitting Past Re
gent. . .
Trustees—D. Abraham, John C.
Cord, T. L. MassaRburg. Representa
tive to Grand Lodge—S. M. Subers, Al
Knlghta or Honor.
In Emmett Lodge, No. 250, the last
election for officeis ^resulted in the choice
of the following named members, to serve
for the ensuing term:
Robert Coleman, Dictator.
W. F. Adams, Vice Dictator.
T. B. Artope, Assistant Dictator.
J. W. Blackshear, Reporter.
C. J. Stroberg, Financial Reporter.
J. D. Hudgins, Treasurer..
J. W. Burke, Chaplain.
W. H. Wylie, Guide.
G. W. Wright, Guardian.
M. Lowenthal, Sentinel.
Charles H. Holmes becomes sitting
Robert Coleman, W. H. Mansfield, M.
Abraham were elected Trustees.
Representatives to the Grand Lodge,
Charles H. Holmes; C. J. Stroberg, Al
The Ameirlcua Meeting.
At a meeting of the citizens of Ameri
cas, held on the 27th instant, delegates
were chosen to the railroad convention,
which takes place to-day. The meeting
also passed a series of resolutions. The
names of the delegates have been already
published. We take pleasure in laying the
resolutions before our readers this morn
ing, as follows:
Whereas, Americus has long felt and
still feels the greaj necessity of additlona
railroad facilities to this point; and,
Whereas, The people are alive to any
tangible project tending to afford relief to
our people and section, aud will lend
hearty sympathy and material aid to the
Resolved, That the people of Americas
and citizens of the surrounding country
pledge their hearty support and co-opera
tion to any company purchasing or leas
ing the Macon and Brunswick road who
will agree to build an extension or con
necting branch to Americus.
Resolved further, That the delegates to
attend the Convention to be held in Ma
con on the 30th inst., and representing the
interests of this section, and make known
the feelings of our people regarding the
lease of the Macon and Brunswick Rail
road, and take such steps as will throw
the influence of this section to those par
ties leasing who will give the strongest as
surances of relief to us.
Dodge County Delegates.
At a meeting of the citizens of Dodge
county held at the courthouse in Eastman,
on the 23d of December, the following
delegates were elected to attend the Rail
road Convention to be held in Macon on
the 30th instant: C. R. Armstrong, Wm.
Pitt Eastman, James M. Buchan,. Harris
Fisher, David M. Roberts, L. M. Burch,
Hiram Sapp, John A. Harrell, Levi M.
Peacock, William K. Bussey.
Mr. B. Macaoley as “Uncle Banl.”
A fine audience greeted Mr. Macauley
at Ralston Hall last evening, to witness
tlie presentation of “UncleDan’l, ora
Messenger from Jarvis section.” To say
that the audience was delighted would
hardly express the true state of facts from
the first rise of the curtain to the final go
ing down of the same.
We have never seen a more thoroughly
pleased assembly in Ralston Hall. The
house fairly rang with applause, and the
verdict of all wa3 that it was the best per
formance of the season.
Mr. Macauley’s reception last night was
the most enthusiastic we have seen in a
long while, and was a genuine compli
ment to him and his troupe. He came an
entire stranger into the city; but will leave
with a multitude of friends.
The play itself is open to vciy little
criticism,and as a literary production,ranks
high. The humor is very engaging, gen
uine and good.
In the leading role, Mr. Macauley led
1ns audience through the play. He was
called before the curtain several times by
the most vociferous applause. The char
acter is one of those great artis
tic creations, truly American, and
in it the actor : stands unrivalled at
JolinE. Owens is the only Solon Shiagle.
In fact, Mr. Macauley’s acting calls viv
idly to mind Mr. Owen’s choicest humor
ous points, the former having the advan
tage in a more commanding stage pres
ence. We do not see any points of im
provements in Mr. Macauley’s conception.
The honors ol the evening were fairly
shared by Miss Minnie Maddem, as “Clip,
of Kepplers,” who is the brightest, spright-
liest, most fascinating little artist that has
appeared in a long time in Macon. She
took the audience by storm. Many traced
iu her acting the admirable' character
istics of Lotta’s brilliant impersonations.
The rest of the support was good
The Carolina Phosphates.
Professor Charles N. Shepard. Jr., has
recently delivered a lecture before the Ag
ricultural Society of South Carolina
which, for scientific knowledge, depth of
research and practical information de
duced from prolonged and laborious per
sonal investigations of the subject under
discussionjias seldom been equalled. Im.
deed,bis paper on the Carolina phosphates
is by far the most complete and satis*
factory account of those wouderfuljleposita
ever given to the'public. '.‘.'‘.'V.
The Professor starts with a description
of the phosphate bearing area of country.
This he describes to bo confined in Caro
lina, to a low, fiat district extending about
fifty miles from the coast, and intersected
and permeated by numerous sluggish
streams which take their rise In deep,
wooded swamps in the Interior. The
tide ebbs and flows almost to the sources
of these dark and tnrgid watercourses .
winch are more or less brackish, j^ll the
circumjacent lauds are almost a dead"
level, very few elevations reaching the ®
blight of twenty feet. The soil is a deep
aud ricli alluvial very imperfectly drained.
At a greater or less depth—but usually
within a few feet, and cropping sometimes
even to the'surface, the phosphatic nodules
are to be found. These also abound in the
beds of rivers, either lying on the bottom or
hid by a light covering of mud, shells or
marl. They are raised by wading and
working, at low water, Or the use of tongs.
■\Then the depth of water is too great
dredging is resorted to with success.
Where the deposits underlie the soil,
which often occurs in tracts embracing
many hundred acres in extent, it is mined
A trench is dug across or on the side of
the tract to be mined, the natural drain
age of the field being kept in view. This
is carried below the odular stratum and a
serves as the starting point of opera
tions. The superincumbent soil and earth
is thrown behind the laborers, the rock-
beariug seam iu front on the undisturbed
soil, whence it is put in cars or earts to be
dragged by steam or mules, usually over
an iron road to the “washers.” The man
ual labor is performed by blacks under"
the supervision of whites; and if at times
unreliable, is with proper management
quite satisfactory. The blacks are usually
employed on “task” work, and under or
dinary circumstances produce half a ton
of rock to the man per aiem.
The larger pieces of rock, after being
crushed but not pulverized, are then thor
oughly cleansed from adhering mud or
debris by means of a long “washer,” made
of wood and iron, within whose axis re
volves a shaft armed with projecting steel '
teeth, which slowly move the nodules up
the inclined bed of the trough, and against / a
a oopious stream of water. Other clean
ing expedients are also employed.
Subsequently, the rock, after all shells,
stones and fragments of marl have beau
picked out,, is subjected to a drying process ■
in sheds, through the agency of hot air
pipes, around which it is heaped. These
pipes are supplied with heated air driven
from an oven by a fan. A few days suf
fice to expel all the moisture, and the
rock is then ready to be ground and treat
ed with acids, or to be exported.
Lovers or Fink Stock.—An attemp
has recently been made to steal General
Grant’s fine span of Arabian horses from
General Beale’s' farm near Washington.
The rogues only secured a lot of turkies
j and chickens, and have since been ar
The usual thickness of the phosphate
stratum varies from only five inches to
thirty inches, which is the extreme limit.
Ordinarily it extends from six to fifteen
inches, with an average depth of about, v
eight. • : , t t V. u i 1
The yield per acre of the dry rock or
commerce is from three to twelve hun- --
dreil tons. The average yield of land
beds Is from seven to eight hundred tons
to the acre. Prof. Shepard estimates the;
area now in Carolina of
ACCESSIBLE PHOSPHATE DEPOSITS -
at 10,000 acres. Blit the rock is known
to exist in more or less quantities on the --
whole Southern coast from North Caroli
na to Florida. It has been found when
boring for Artesian wells in Charleston
and vicinity, at a depth of300 feetboneath.
the surface, and in the form of pebbles,
even much deeper. These -lower deposits
arc too thin to admit of successful work
Contrary to general opinion, the mining-
of phosphates has not usually proved re
munerative, and much money has been
sunk by these embarking in the enter
prise. The price of late years has aver
aged ^ut. $6 per ton. The State, how
ever, by her royalty of one. dollar per ton,
has covered into the treasury not less than
The total production to date of Carolina
phosphates is put down at 1,500,000 tons,
worth, at present prices, $9,000,000. Some
parties have made money at the business. 1-.
The annual yield is about 200,000 tons.
Of late a statute has been discovered levy- _
ing a tax upon each ton of phospate, both
past and present, and it is asserted that
if the attempt is made to enl'ore this law,
it will greatly curtail production and well
nigh ruin the business. We trust no such
suicidal policy will be pursued. The roy
alty alone, in all conscience, is tax enough.
While there has been a falling off in
the export of phosphates, at home the de
mand and consumption is rapidly increas
ing not only in the Southern, but Middle
and Eastern States. „ . . q . ^-, 0 - .t. - j
We regard the discovery and practical
utilizing of the phosphates of Carolina as
one of the greatest boons to the country.
Through their agency, judiclous'y applied,
all of our old fields and desert places can
be made to “bloom aud blossom like tha
rose.” Already have they been the means,
of reclaiming a vast area of wornout land,
and the gradual increase northward of the,
cotton growing district is due to tha
stimulating effect of the compounds ot
which they form tlie chief ingredient.
Under their influence the weed will ma
ture full three weeks sooner than former
The paper of Professor Shephard in
deeply interesting, and we regret that
lack of space does not enable us to review
it at greater length,
Parents wiil get rest and the Baby will
be relieved from pain by using Dr. BuUfc.
Baby Syrup, a harmless but reliable rem-'
edy. Price 25 cents.