OFFICE IW MoINTOSH-BTREET
Third door from the North-West corner of
p * ,e * LAND by Administrators, Ex#cutor# or Gua
oinno, nr# required, by law, to be held on the first Tues
day In tlio month, betwoen the hours of WnJn the fore
noon mid three In the afternoon, at the Court House
in which the property is situate. Notice of these sales
"“list bo trivon inn public Gazette SIXTY DAYS pre
▼ Jous to the day of saie.
dales of NCKUOLd must be at Public Auction, on the
lust Tuesday of the month, between the usual hours of
sale at the p.aco of public sales iu the couuty where the
I.ettors i . .-.tainealary, or Administration or Guardian
ship, may have been grunted, first (jiving SIXTY
H 1 \ S’notice thereof, in one of the public Gazettes of
this State, and at the door of the Court House where
such sale are to be held.
Notice for the soles of Personal Property must be given
in like manner FORTY DAYS previous to day of sale
Notice toihe Debtors and Creditors of an Estate must be
published for FORTY DAYS.
Notice that application will lie made to the Court of Or
dinary for leave to sell LAND, must be published for
Notice for leave to sell NF.OROEB, must be published
FOUR MONTHS, before any order absolute can be
given by the Court.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
One square, 12 lines, 75 cents the first insertion, aud
50 cents afterwards.
eriff's Levies, 31 days!)? 50 per levy ; f>o days, $5,
Executors, Administrators and Guardians Sale# Real
Estate, (pen-ouare, 12 lines) $4 75
Do. do. Porsonnl Estate 3 25
Citation for Letters of Administration 2 75
“ A “ Dismission 450
Nolice to Debtors and Creditors 3 25
Four Months Notices 4 00
Rules Nisi, (monthly) $1 per square, each insertion
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ut CHARLES MACKAT.
Old Tubal Cain was a man of mi. lit,
In the days when earth was young.
By the lierru red light of his furnace lire,
I’ho strokes of liis iiammer rung.
Ami he lifted his brawny hand
On the iron glowing clear,
Till the sparks rushed out in scarlet showers,
As he fashioned th sword and spear.
And he sang, “ Iluirah for my handiwork !
Hurrah for the spear and sword !
Hurrah for the hand that wields them well,
For he shall be king and lord !”
To Tubal Cain came man}- a one,
As he wrought by his roaring fire,
And each one prayed for a strong steel blade,
As the crown of his desire.
And he made them weapons sharp and strong,
Till the' shouted loud for glee,
And gave him gifts of pearl and gold,
An I spoils of the forest tree.
And they sang “ Hurrah for Tubal Cain 1
Who has given us strength anew!
11 urrn'i for the smith, and hurrah for the fire,
And hurrah for the metal true !”
But a sudden change came o’er his heart,
F.re the setting of the sun,
And Tubal Cain was iitled with pain,
For the evil he had done.
Ho saw that men with rage and hate,
Ma le war upon their kind—
That i!:o land was fed with the blood they shed,
Ano their lust lor carnage blind ;
And he said,” Alas! that ever I had made,
i Or that skill of trine should plan,
The spear a sword for man whose joy
Is to slay their fellow man !”
And for many a day old Tubal Cain
Hat brooding o’er hi 3 wo—
And his hand forbode to smite the ore,
And his furnace smouldered low ;
Hut he rose at last with a cheerful lace,
And a bright courageous eye.
Ami bat ed his strong arm for the work,
While the (ptick flames mounted high.
And lie said, •• Hurrah for n»y Handiwork 1”
Aiid the fire sparks lit the air; [made!”
•• Not alone lor the blade iva* the bright steel
And he fashioned the first ploughshare.
An 1 men. taught wisdom from the past,
In friendship joined their hands, [wall.
Hung the sword in the hall and the spear on the
And plowed the wilting lands ;
And sang, •' Hurrah for Tubal Caiu’.
Our staunch good friend is he ;
And fur the ploughshaic and the plough,
To him our prize shall be.
But while oppression lifts its hand,
Or a tyrant would ho lord.
Though we may thank him for the plough.
We’ll not forget the sword!”
BATPBPAY nOBNIHft COT- 6
The Decline of Taylorism.
In a recent number of ilie Washington Union,
is an article on “the elections of 1849,”
accompanied with the tables of votes which
shows a remarkable decline of Taylorism in
this country. It is the best practical commen
tary that can be furnished of the estimate the
people have put upon their acquisition of n
“ no party" President, who “katas, loathes pro
scription," and all that sort of thing.
The following are the introductory remarks
of the Union:
“ The Election of 1849.—1 n order to show
the judgment of the people everywhere, North,
West, and South, as far as they have spoken
through that honeßt interpreter, the ballot-box,
condemnatory of the present administration
and its practices, we have collated from au
thentic sources, and lay before our readers in
a connected form, the result of the elections
which have taken place since the installation
of the “ powers that be,” compared with those
of last November. “Figures never lie,” and
it needs not the vision of a seer to read herein
the unavoidable doom of thia administration ;
pillar after pillar has fal'en from the temple of
its power, and State after State has abandoned
it as a guilty thing. He who cannot see it, is a
fool; he who will not acknowledge it, is a bi
got; and ho who (like the organ) dares not
publish it, is a stranger to the behests of truth,
and wears willingly the manacles of a slave.”
Next follow returns of full elections in the
States of Rhode Island, Connecticut, Tennes
see, Indiana and lowa, showing the following
k Rhode Island. 913
Hr Making in those a gain of 17,790
the following States, partial elections have
etaken place with the following results :
Virginia 11 contested districts 3,873
North Carolina 5 “ “ 4,713
Kentucky 5 “ “ 8,509
Alabama 5 “ “ 5,077
The following is the recapitulation:
Demooratic gain in live States, complete
since last November 17,890
Democratic gain in contested portions
of four other States 22,172
Total Democratic gain 40,062
This being the result in these States, where
mould Taylorism be in the November election
of 1852, with corresponding gain 3 throughout
Since the article of the Union was penned,
the elections in Maine and Vermont have ta
ken place, and show a loss to the Whig candi
date for Governor, compared to that of Gen.
Taylor in 1848 in the former, of about 6,000
votes. In Vermont, tho hot-bed of abolition
ism, the most thoroughly abolition State per
haps in the union, the homo of the abolition
ist, Jacob CoUamer, the Whig candidate for
Governor, ha 9 received about 3,000 votes more
than Gen. Taylor did last year. This shows
that the administration has pleased the abolition
ists. Had they known that it- would have
shown such decided lreo-soil tendencies, Gen.
Taylor would have got a larger vote last year.
It will bo noted on the other hand, that the
largest falling off has been in the slave States,
which shows the estimation in which the South
holds the course and tendencies of Taylorism.
In a few days we will be able to give the ver
dict of Georgia on this point.
G. H. Hill, the celebrated comedian and
delineator of Yankee eharaoter, died at the
Adelphl Hotel, Saratoga, on the 3*th ult.
Georgia Weekly Constitutionalist.
BY JAMES GARDNER, Jr
The President’s Tour. —The New York
Tiibunesays it has authority tor saying that
the President will not find it possible to re
sumo and complete the northern tour which
was so suddenly interrupted by his illness at
Erie, llis health is not yet fully restored, and
the pressure of public business will render it
difficult for him to leave W ashineton this fall.
Alabama. —The Cahawba Gazette (Dallas
county) says that there is considerable sickness
prevailing on tho plantations along the Ca
hawba river. The cotton crop in that neigh
borhood is in a deplorable condition. Some
of the planters, it says, will not make mor
than two-fifths of a crop; others not more
than one-half, and the most sanguine do not
calculate on more than two-thirds of an or
dinary yield. Lite loiters from Clarke coun
ty say that the caterpillar has made its appear
ance there in the cotton on the Bigby. On
the lower part of the Alabama river it is mak
ing sad havoc among the crops.
The Hamburg Republican of the 3d inst.
says—“We have been gratified to witness the
zeal manifested by our friends of Edgefield
village in the Plaftk ltoad cause. But we
have been still more gratified to know that
our citizens have not been wanting in zeal on
this important subject. Several of our enter
prising fellow citizens who have travelled on
Plank Roads in other States, being highly im
pressed with their utility, aud peculiar adap
tation to our section of country, have raised
funds, aud actually laid a plauk structure on
the Edgefield road of about one hundred yards
in length, so as to exemplify, practically, for
the information of the people, how the thing
works. They intend also to place a section of
Plank work on the Martintown road within
a few days, so as to give persons coming in on
either of our main roads an opportunity of
witnessing tho inestimablo benefits that will
reshit to them from the general adoption of
the system. Wo have, for some time past,
been devoting attention to this description of
public improvement. All our information
goe3 to convince our minds that it is the cheap
est and best system of Roads that has yet
been, or that probably can be introduced into
our country lor the general welfare. \V e trust
the people of the country will reflect and in
vestigate so as to satisfy themselves, amd when
by undoubted information they are convinced
of the good they must derive from Piank Roads,
step forward and aid in the cause both by
word and deed.
What can be done on onbAork of ground.
—Tho editor of the Maine Cultivator, publish
ed, a few years ago, his management ot one
acre of ground, from which ho gathered the
following results: one third of an acre in corn
usually produced thirty bushels of sound corn
for grinding, besides seme refuse. This quan
tity was sufficient for family use, an t for fat
tening one large or two small hogs. From
tho same ground ho obtained two or three
hundred pumpkins, and his family supply of
dry beans. From a bed of six rods square, he
usually obtained sixty bushols of onions; these
ho sold at $1 per bushel, and the amount pur
chased his flour. Thus from one third of an
aero and an onion bed, ho obtained his bread
stuff-. Tho rest of the ground was appropri- j
ted to all sorts of vegetables, for summer and j
winter use ; potatoes, beets, parsnips, cabbage,
green corn, peas, beans, cucumbers, melons, j
squashes, fte , with fi.ty or sixty bushels of j
beet and carrots for the winter fond of a cow.
Then he had also a flower garden ; raspberries,
currants, and gooseberries in great variety,
and a few choice apple, pour, plum, cherry,
pencil and quince trees.
Some reader may call the above a “Yankee
trick;” so it is, and our object iu publishing it
is to have it repeated all over Yankee land,
and everywhere else. It a family can bo sup
ported from one acre of ground in Maine, the
same can be done in every State and County
in the Union.
A great thotting match. —Best three out
of five, mile heats, for $750, for which was
entered the three famous horses, Black Hawk,
Cassius M. Clay, and St Lawrence, came off
onTuesdav, at the Union Course, L. 1., the
last named animal being drawn. Cassius M.
Clay was under saddle, and Black Hawk driv
ing to a9O lb- sulky. The latter won easily,
making first heat in 2.41, second in 2.38, and
trotted the third alone in 2.41.
Tub California Gold Region. —ln the last
number of Silliman’s American Journal of
Science and the Arts, the editors mention that
they have lately inspected specimens of
platinum, found among the gold sands of Cali
fornia. They also announce upon reliable
authority (Rev. Mr. Lyman) that tlio diamond
is also found at some of the placers. 110 had
seen one abont the size of a small pea, of a
straw yellow color, and having the usual con
Southern Telegraph Line. j
Ever since its establishment, (says the Co-
lumbia South Carolinian,) this line has been j
a source of annoyance to the press and to the
public. Its management towards the North
ern terminus rendered it latterly a perfect
nuisance to those who had business with it,
from tho detention and irreguler transmission
of messages ; arvd wore it not for the benodt of
the public, we have no doubt the papers from
Washington to New Orleans would have long
since abandoned it. We have had lately some
indications of an improvement in its manage
ment from tho election of a thorough business
and energetic gentleman to the prosidencyj;
but just as wo promised ourselves and our
readers a reasonable regularity in obtaining
the latest news, the cup has been dashed from
our lips, and the improved facilities which,
we hopefully anticipated, have in a manner
been rendered totally inaccessible to the in
The sapient directors,in the plenitude of their
wisdom, have just decided that messages shall
be charged full rates to newspapers. It is
well known—and, we suppose, too well
known to the stockholders —that the stock in j
this company has been utterly worthless as an |
investment heretofore; and now that the di- j
rectory have imposed a prohibitory tariff upon j
its chief aouroe of revenue, it is fair to con- !
cludo that it will bo rendered more valueless i
if possible. It would be well for stockholders
to inquire into the subject, unless they have
made up their minds to balance their invest
ment by debiting it to profit and loss. Many
have done this already, and many mo e will
be compelled to wind it up in the same un
satisfactory manner. .j
But it is not the press who will suffer by the
imposition of these high rites. Tho object is
evidently to compel individuals to use this
means of communication, by taking away the
fi.cilities granted to the press. We regret the
change for their sakes; for our own convic
tions for some time past have lei us frequent
ly to wish for its speedy and complete aboli
tion as a mode of communication. Its im
perfect and disjointed reports, its unnecessary
delays, and its rigorous exactions, rendered it
odious. We hope and trust that the press
from Washington to New Orleans will give
tho directory such a response as will cause
them to Jeel the full force o f this unrighteous
attempt to eoerce the public to use tho wires
of such an unscrupulous monopoly.
We write feelingly upon the subject; for
when we add to our frequent disappointments,
in the use of this mode of communication,
some fifteen or twenty dollars per week, our
average expense at the present rates, the sum
total of our grievances can be appreciated ;
and our readers will not be surprised at our
tone when the attempt is made in treble this
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA', WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 10, 1819.
already too costly source of intelligence. Bet
ter, far batter for the press and for the public,
that they should all determine to go back to
the old, but more satisfactory, mode ot re
ceiving news—the mail. NVe will watt future
Overflow of Rbd River. —The Alexandria
Republican states that the losses through tho
inundation wili be immense. In that parish
alone, if the crop of cotton be estimated at
25,000 bales, and of sugar at 10,000 hogehcatW,
with the usual quantity of .nolasses, the loss
will be |(l,700,000; and should the injuries
done to the corn crop and property generally
be taken into consideration it will run up to
$3,000,000. The Red River valley, instead of
giving 130,000 bales of cotton, will not yield
this year more than 30,000. Here is a loss of
Serious disaster and loss of lipb. —Tho
N. O. Picayune of the 20th ult. says—“We
learn front the clerk of the steamer Genera!
Worth, arrived this morning, that during tho
evening of the 27th inst., the river bank at
Morganza, in the parish of Point Coupee, cav
ed in, carrying away about two acres of ground.
We regret to add that Mr. Bissett, the propri
etor of the hotel at that place, a Mr. Boyd,anti
two negro men belonging to the estate of Mr.
Charles Morgan, lost their lives by being en
gulphed in the fall. Persons were yesterday
engaged in searching for the bodies of the
Amp.rican Manufactures. —The Philadel
phia Ledger says that American manufactures
are finding their way into England moro ex
tensively than would be imagined. Cumber
land cut nails have been exported to England
from Philadelphia. They havß been found
better for several purposes than those of En
glish manufacture. A large quantity of fur
niture made in Philadelphia, to the order ot
an English gentleman, was forwarded in a
vessel which sailed on the 15th ult.
In a Bad Wat. —The editor of the Abbe
ville Independent, published in Vermillion
parish, in Louisiana, says ho has been on tho
borders of starvation ever since he has been
there. Corn cannot be had at any price, there
not being a sufficiency raised in the parish for
breadstuff*. lie longs to eat a corn dodger
with Isutcer smeared over it.
Lead Orb. —The Van Buren (Ark.) Intel
ligencer of tho 15th ult., says that the speci
men of lead ore recently found in Washington
county in that State, which was sent to New
Orleans for the purpose of being assayed, is
found to bo pure galena, and containing from
70 to 80 per cent, good metal. There has as
yet, been but a partial examination of the re
gion in. which it was found .
The Cane Cr ip. —The St. Martinsville Cre
ole, of the 22d ult., says that the cane has suf
fered for want of rain, but that the prospects
of the planters in that section are more prom
ising than those in any other part of the State.
The trial of tho notorious J. M. Barrett
takes place at Spartanburg this week, Judge
To tha Tax-Payers of Georgia.
When I first addressed you through the
medium of this paper last April, on the injus
tice of our existing Tax Laws, I then frankly
confessed, that I had no certain data, as regard:;
the value of property owned in Georgia. At
that time I gave you my own, in connection
jwith the opinions of gentlemen whom I con
sidered entitled to respect, on this subject. I
also gave you the estimate of the Commission
er of Patents for 1817. His estimate (320,-
000,000) I believed at that time, was too large.
It was made on that we had a
population of eight hundred thousand, and
that each citizen was worth four hundred dol
lars, which is below the average amount of
property owned by the citizens of other
holding States, where assessments have been
made, viz : Maryland, Virginia and Kentucky.
In 1847, the average value of property owned
by a free person in Maryland, was $531. In
Virginia the estimated average value 'of the
property of a free white person was $7-58. Ac
cording to her tax assessment for 1848, the
value of property in Kentucky amounted to
$272,847,096. Her free population in 1840
was 597,570, which gives an average to every
free white citizenof $156. From there facts,
as regards the States above mentioned, four
hundred dollars would appear to be a low esti
mate for the average amount owned by the
citizens of Georgia.
Since last April, I have ejected from vari
ous sources, the materials of the following ta
ble, showing the aggregate value of the pro
perty of Georgia subject to taxation, under an
advaiorem tax law.
i Ido not claim any more for this table, "than
! an approximation to the true value of the pro
| perty, &c., estimated. It has been collected
j principally from the Tax Digests, and the Cen
j sus of 1840.
351,000 Slaves at S3OO each, is $105,300,000
1527 professional men, average
income SSOO each, ... 763,500
Value of town property, - - 67,112,176
“ “ Stock in trade, - - 5,117,137
Money at interest, - - - - 9,306,613
8,676 carriages, average at
S2OO each, 1,735,000
Capital of Banks, &c., of other
States, used in discount, and
purchasing exchange, - - 392,363
Capital invested in Bank Stook, 5,690,900
<* “ Manufactures, 3,000,000
61,683 sq. miles, or 39,477,120
acres land, (Morse’s Geog.) at
$2 por acre, ..... 78,954,240
160,000 horses and mules, SSO
each, ....... 8,300,000
885,000 neat cattffi, $3 each, i--2,655,000
270,000 Sheep, $1 each, - - 270,000
1,500,000 Swine, $1 each, - - 1.500,000
Capital invested in Rail Roads, 6,000,000
Aggregate, - - - $286,156,334
| of one per cent on this ain't is $357,692 54
1-9 “ •• 44 44 44 44 44 317,952 03
1-10 44 44 44 44 4 4 44 44 2 8 6,15 48 3
Notes and accounts, saw, grist, and flouring
mills, furniture, clocks, watches, jewelry and
plate, steam-boats and other vessels, pedlars,
billiard tables, and polls, not included in the
You will perceive that I have estimated the
slave population at 351,000 in round numbers.
The slave population in 1840 was 281,000.
According to the census of 1845, it was 316,-
000, giving an increase of 35,000 from 1840 to
1845. It is reasonable to suppose that the in
crease since 1845 is equal to the increase from
1840 to 1845.
I have estimated the income of Professional
men, as that is the only fairway in which they
could be taxed, if it is fair to tax them at all,
for their prqfetiioni.
Whatever errors there may be in the esti
mate of each spo lies of taxable property includ
ed in the tabic, will be more than made up by
the articles not included. Indeed I feel con
fident that they will swell the aggregate to
three hundred millionb, or over it.
Now, follow citizens, what is the duty of
those who desiro an equalization of the tax
laws? How can we most effectually induce
the Legislature to carry out our wishes by pas
sing an advalorem tax law at the approaching
session? Let the citizens of every county in
the State, call meetings, and pass resolutions
expressive of their wishes. This should be
done by, or before the first Tuesday is No-
vetnber. You see from the estimate I have
submitted, that a vory small rate per cent,
will yieid an ample revenue. One-tenth of
one per cent, or one dollar, on every thousand
dollars worth of property, will produce reve
nue sufficient to meet all the demands on the
But it may so happen, that the wants of
the State may require a tax of one-eighth of
one per cent., or one dollar and a quarter on
every thousand must be collected. You can
east!} - make tho calculation, and see how it
will effect you—whether you will have to pay
more or less tax, under the advalorc-m system
than under the present tax laws.
I have purposely omitted to mention in my
estimate, the inco ne to the Treasury, that may
be reasonably expected from our Western and
Atlantic Rail Road, when it shall have beer,
completed. It will, at too very distant day,
pour a stream into the Treasury that will be
felt and appreciated by every tax payer in
Georgia. “Whatsovor is just, whatsover is
right, think on these things .”
Appointment ey thh Govhrnoh. —Colonel
Dennis F. Hammond, of Heard Co., Solicitor
General of the Coweta Circuit, vice Augustus
C. Ferrell, resigned.
Royal Visit to Ireland.—Although seven
hundred years have nearly elapsed since Hen
ry 11, added to the dignity of the British
Crown the proud title of “Lord of Ireland ,”
and during that period no less than thirty
one kings have sat on thj British throne,
yet the visits of royalty to Ireland have been
both “ few and far between,” not exceeding
six in number, or about one in every hun
dred years. The only British sovereign*,
indeed, that have visited Ireland, in peace
or war, were Henry 11, John, Richatd 11,
James 11, William 111, and George IV, in
August, 1821. Queen Vietoria is the first Bri
tish Queen that has visited that Country.
For Liverpool. —The Br.tsteamer “Hiber
nia” left her wharf at Jersey City on the 28th
ult. at 12 o’clock. She takes 19 passengors,
and $970 in specie.
From the New York Sun —A Taylor paper.]
More of the Fruits.
I', seem? to us that the present authorities
at Washington are doing their best to satis! y
at least the city of New York, of their utter
incompetency to manage our foreign relations,
except upon a system which pays no respect
to the interests of this great community, so
closely bound up with foreign commerce.—
The virtual seizure of the steamship United
States, the first anti-liberal demonstration of
the Cabinet, was in itself a blow upon this
season’s ship building business, from which it
will take our artizans, manufacturers and mer
chants no little time to recover. The agents
of both the belligerents in this case, were at
the time in the New York ship building mar
ket, making preparations for the construction
of four or more war steamers of the largest
class. When the Government at Washing
ton, by demanding the security exacted of the
owners of the United States, made it known
that the builders of New York should not sell
ships of war to foreigners who might be en
gaged in hostilities—(that being the plain
meaning of the action of the United States'
District Attorney in that case) —’he prelimi
nary contracts lor the hulls ot these vessels
were, of course, abandoned, and the agents ot
the foreign governments, of necessity, imme
diately gave the work to the English, which
they preferred should have been executed by
the mechanics ol New York. To s-iy that the
builders, riggt rs, engine makers, Sic., of this J
city were injured to the extent of two milieu j
dollars by the course pursued by the Govti’..-
ment in this matter of the steamship United
States, is not an over estit«Bfc^^\.’ ft ,page.
gi’ 0( j a
1" picdi«ji<".n;.>,i ot
1 I'll injin> Ol our iitiJH
ligiitl, t ■ Or ; d 'rtlfß
think twin: In-ton- il^dt
from the mouths of
[Telegraphed for the ¥*)S. e 5 B .Vc St<«.]
St. Louis, Sept. 29 — P. M.
Important from Santa Fe.
Alarming Indian Depredations—Americans mur
dered- Fort Bent Burnt The Command Sup
posed Massacred —Great Political Excitement,
Mr. James Brown, the Government freight
agent, arrived here last from Santa Fe. He
was 20 days on the way. He reports trade at
Santa Fe generally dull, and particularly in dry
goods, though groceries were in good demand.
Two Americans were murdered by the
Apache Indians at Los Vegos, on the 6th
September. The Indians stole 200 Govern
ment horses at the same time.
When about 200 miles this side of Santa
Fe, Mr. Brown was attacked by a party of 40
Arrapahoes, who robbed him of every thing.
The next day they gave him back some mules
and left him to pursue his journey.
On the way, Mr. B, met a party of Califor
nia emigrants, who supplied him with provi
sions and* other necessary articles.
Col. Alexander was in command at Santa
Fe when Mr. B. left.
Col. Washington, r.t, the head of all the
available force, had gone in pursuit of ?. large
body of hostile Indians.
Major; Beal still coutir.ued stationed at Taos.
Major Stein recently had a skirmish with
the Indians, and was wounded in the shoulder.
A band of Cheyenne Indians, a short time
since, surrounded and burnt Bent's fort. Wm,
Bent and several men who were in charge of
the Fort are supposed to have been massacred
by the Indians, as nothing has been since heard
Mr. B. passed several California trains,which
had suffered morg or less from tho depreda
tions of the Indians.
At Walnut Creek lie met Col. Monroe in
command of 250 dragoons aud infantry, en
route fo.r Santa Fe.
The were every where evincing
hostile demonstrations, and becoming q<Bte
Grasaf was pleut y on the plains, and the
trains ap beared to be getting along well.
Considerable excitement prevailed at Santa
Fe, in consequence of an attempt being made
to get up a convention to form a Stato Govern
New Yohk, Sept. 30.
D estuuctive Finns—Exre.xsivn Failurb. —
On Saturday evening a fire brake out in the
s'able of Messrs. Ferine, Patterson & Stack,
ship builders, on Water street, Williamburg,
on the east river. The stables were entirely
consumed, together with three horses. The
flames spread with great rapidity, communica
ting with the houses of Mr. Lake, and to the
lumber yard of Messrs. Keith & Lockwood. —
Two of Lake’s houses, and the timber in Keith
& Lockwood’s yard was estimated at sl-10,000,
most of which was consumed. There was an
insurance on it for $40,000.
A curious circumstance occurred during !
this fire. Mr. Lake had an Aviary of 800 canary I
birds. These being let loose hovered over the j
fire during the whole night, and many of them |
peiished in the flames.
Another fire occurred on Friday night. It
broke out in Johnson’s extensive cow stables,
on 15th street. They were totally destroyed.
Two human beings, two hundred cows and
fifteen horses, perished in the flames.
It is reported that Robert Eider, President j
of the Butcher’s Association, has failed to the j
amount of $35,000, by which several butchers
have become bankrupt,
A Very I) anourous Counterfeit. — NVe
were shown on Thursday morning a counter
feit hail eagle, so skilfully made as to render
it necessary for fll to be on their guard. It
was taken at one of our banks, where it es
caped detection, and was paid out, Subse- j
quently it was received at the Custom House,
and was only detected by its trial upon the 1
delicate scales in use there. Tho coin is on j
the surface of pure gold, and the impressions
are in every respect perfect imitations of the
genuine. Upon breaking it open, however, it
was ascertained that the gold was only about
the thickness of ordinary writing paper, the
inner part being of aino, lead or some other
base metal. The difference in the weight of
this and the genuine half-eagle is scarcely ap
preciable upon ordinary scales, and the exter
nal appearance is so exactly like those issued
from the mint as to prevent the detection of
the counterfeit by an ocular examination. Let
all be on their guard against it.— Phila. Bulletin.
Frost. —We had a,slight frost on last Mon
day and Tuesday morning’s in thi* neighbor
hood, which did no injury to the orops. The
cotton and pea crops, however, have been cut
very short by the dry weather, which hss
lasted nearly two months.— Pendleton Messen
ger, 28<A ult.
Bij magnetic <£elcgrapl).
Reported for the Constitutionalist.
Seven Days Later From Eurojie.
ARRIVAL OF THE
cotton market steady.
BRE'IdsT VF FS IM j» HOVI X <•’.
Potato Kot Increasing.
COtfORN STILL HOLDS OUT
RESIGNATION OF DUTCH MINISTRY.
Magyars Still Hold Out.
A dispatch front our correspondent, dated
Baltimore, Oct. 3rd, states that the steamer
Canada arrived at Halifax tire day previous.
The advices brought by her are not very im
portant, but still interesting.
The Cotton market it will be seen, was dull,
in consequence of manufacturers Lolling off,
but there had been no change in prices.
Breadstuff* generally had improved.
The Potato Rot was increasing.
Money was abundant in England.
The Cholera was decreasing all over Eu
The weather was very wet in England, and
picking very disastrous.
Comorn. st the latest advices, still held out.
The Magyars, it is said, had also decided to
The new Ministers were assembling at Ma
drid. No notice ha t been taken, thus far, of
The Dutth Ministry have resigned, aud the
King ha# accepted their resignations, and given
directions tor another Cabinet Council to bo
The French Metropolitan Council had com
menced its sittings at Paris.
The Pope wa? at Naples.
The Turkish Government have come to the
resolution not to surrender the Hungarian
Refugees to either the Russians or tho Aus
Cotton Market, &c.
Cotton. —The Cotton Market has been dull,
but prices aro the same as per last steamer.
The Committee reports the same figures as
current qu<jfations. The sales o» the week
reach 28,000 bales.
The accodbts from the Manufacturing dis
tricts are rather unsatisfactory.
WestemTiiour is quoted at 19 a 23s ; and
Philadelphia and Baltimore at 23 a 245.
White Indian Corn is quoted at 28, arid
Yellow at 2.i a 27s per bushel.
Wheat Taper bushel.
Provisions were in moderate demand, and
Breadstuffs,generally, were improving.
We a de-patch from our correspon
dent, iltimore, Oct. 3J, which states
that the D*vf'.oeratic Ticket in Baltimore, for
Congress at-ii! the Legislature, had been elec
majority. Full returns h£<l.,ou
but if was ceiUvu-Tonal de 1
Baltimoicl, Oct. 4.
City the entire Democratic
ticket has te£h elected. For Congress, Mc-
Lane has 990 majority. The Delegate ticket
has succeeirtfi by a*iftajority of 2,131 votes.
In tho Third Congressional i't-triot, th e
Democratic candidate for CShgress has been
elected, as also the Legislative ticket by 9 ma
jority. In the other districts the vote is a
very close one.
The Whig presses of the Soutti declare that
the Northern Democracy are united with the
Abolitionists. Per contra, wo invite the at
tention of our readers to the following points
made by old .Father Kitchie :
[From the Washington Union, Sept. 29.1
But;with what sort of grace or propriety does
the whig press, and particularly tho recreant
and traitor whig press of the South, presume
to charge updn the democracy a coalition with
abolitionism? The following summary of a
disputed and indisputable facts will give the
Ist. The whig party of the free States, in
cluding its leaders, its presses, and its votes,
are freesoilers aud aboli'ionists, almost to a
2. In the legislature of every free State in ,
tho Union where the Whigs have had a majori
ty, and in nearly every popular whig conven
tion in the free States, resolutions hostile to
slavery’.in favor of the Wilm-'it Proviso have i
been paopjji. This fact is susceptible of tho
clearest yroof. ,
3. From the earliest periods of party history i
in this country the federal partv, whose ;
descendants now compose tho body and soul
of tho modern whig party, clamored against ,
slavery and the southern States, as the whigs | ,
of the North now do. (
4. It was the infamous and traitorous Hart
ford convention which first proposed, by ;
solemn resolution, tho abolition of that com- :
promise Tirtne constitution relating to slave ,
representation; which movement has been fol- j
lowed up by tho whig legislature of Massa- !
chusetts from that day until it received its
quietus by the report of a select committco of |
the House of Representatives, at the hoad of
which was John Quincy Adams, who pre- j
seated the resolutions of the State of Mas- j
Bachusetts, and who made a report in fayor of
abolishing the clause in question.
а. The united whig party of the free States ;
constantly voted against the well-known 21st j
rule, adopted by the House of Representatives |
to prevent agitation and excitement growing
out of the presentation of abolition petitions. !
б. »|he unanimous vote of the northern j
whining 4a f)y the votes of a few recreant :
r9g- | from the South, which !
7. Thehjjted whig party of the North, voted j
j against tifJadinission of Texas in the Union, i
8. Comiiil? down to the late presidential elec- i
| tion, the whig party put forward a candidate j
| for the presidency who was represented at the
| North with sis own consent, ss favorable to the
! Wilmot He was voted for by the
j whigs of the North, because they believe he
would not veto a bill containing that Proviso.
And */ be were now to say that he would veto it, he
would be deserted by the whig party in every free
9. The entire whig party of the Union, both
in the free and slave holding States, voted for
j Millard Fillmore, an open and avowed aboli-
I tionist, who is not only opposed to the exten
j sion of slavery, but is in favor of its abolition
in the Disjiict of Columbia, and also of the
abolition of tho inter-State slave trade.
10. The present cabinet is also composed of
a majority of abolitionists, or Wilmot Pro
visnigts; besides, it is now settled, that Qen. Toy
lor himself is a free- :o Her, having, in substance, \
admitted, id bis lata tour in Pennsylvania, that j
| he will not veto it.
11. On* of Gen. Taylor’s cabinet (Jacob
| Coliamer'’is an abolitionist and freorsoiler,
1 and has repeatedly voted for the Wilmot
Proviso, iho abolition of slavery in the District
of Columbia, and for permitting free negroes
and slave' to vote in this District on the ques
i tion of tha abolition of slavery; thus insulting
the South in the most pointed manner,
f j 12. ThJ principal confi lential manager and
- ' intnguertrf the present cabinet, Truman Smith,
also an atyhtumist, and has voted for the same
I vile projections in relation to slavery for
f which Mr- Collamer has voted,
t 13. Both of the leading whigs of New York,
. Millard fillmore and William H. Seward—one
tho Vice President of the United States, and
- the other a leading administration senator —
- are open snd avowed abolitionists, as is the whole
* whig patty in tne State of New York, with
t very few exception, if there sre any,
» 14. Erny whig senator and representative in
- Congress from the free States is in favor of the
Wilmt Proviso, and will vote /or it,
[VOL. XXVIII.—NEW SERIES.—VOL. IV—NO. 35.
I But this is no' nil. It appears from the fol
lowing telegraphic despatch, which we copy
from the New Y'ork Tribune of the 24th inst.,
that the whig party of Michigan has entered
into a coalition with the free-soilors and abli
tionists of that State, by adopting the free
soil candidate for governor:
MICHIGAN—WHIG NO VI INATIONS.
[J>V T- Ugcaph exclusively to trie Tribune. J
Jackson, (Mich.,) Satuiday, Sept, 22.
The Whig State Convention have nominated
Hon. Fiaviu* J. Littlejohn, of Allegan, as their
candidate for Governor. He was nominated
on the 4;h ballot, receiving 42 out of 72
Mr. Littlejohn had previously been nominat
ed by the free sailors for the same office.
It is well known that coalition betweon
the whigs and free-soi’ers was formed in New
Hampshire, by which John P. Hale wa* elect
ed to the Senate of the United States, and
James Wilson and Amos Tuck, free-soilers,
abolitionists, and whigs, were elected to the
House of Representatives. The Whigs,through
the agency of that shameless party hack and
panderer to the administration, Truman
Smith, attempted to bring about a coalition
between the whigs and abolitionists of Maine,
in which they were partially successful, and
by which they succeeded in defeating the de
mocratic senator in several district*. «
We might, in addition to this array of proof
showing that the whig party is the abolition par
ty, cite tho resolutions adopted by every whig
legislature in every free State in the Union;
also those passed by every whig convention
in every free State. But wo will content our
selves with one sample of the resolutions
adopted by the last whig State convention as
sembled at Harrisburg, Pa :
Resolved, That, in toe language of Governor
William F. Johnston, we view slavery as an
infraction of human rights—opposed to the
enlightened spirit of power in the gcuoral
government by enlarging, where it exists, the
constitutional representation—possessing an
influence against northern and western policy
and interests, by promoting a system of laws
destructive of domestic industry, and vitally
nffbc'ing free labor—retarding the national
growth of population and improvement by the
approbation of large tracts of land for the hene
of the few to the injury of the many—as in
open defiance of the spirit of the age the march
of rational truth, and tho enlightened policy
of mankind—and while in good faith we would
maintain the comprises of the constitution,
the further extension of the system should be
steadily and firmly resisted.
Y'et, in view of this overwhelming array of
facts, which cannot he disproved or truthfully
denied, the wretched and treacherous whig
press of the South have the brazen assurance
to charge upon the great democratic party of
Union a coalition with the abolitionists and
free-soilers. They do this when they know
they are playing a game false and fatal to the
South, which must result in serious conse
quences dangerous to the peace and tranquility
both of the South and the Union. They do
this in view of the fact, which they well know,
that the great national democratic party has
constantly, and does now, repudiate and re
ject from its platform all connexion with aboli
tionism, and insists upon the sound safe prin
ciple of non-intervention. And they arc also
unprincipled enough to charge us with ad
vocating and approving a coalition with aboli
tionists, when they know that we stand upon
the same sound and safe foundation.
[From the Charleston Courier, 4lh inst.]
Arrival of the Mew Steamship Republic-
Yesterday forenoon, the noble Ocean Steam
er Republic, Capt. George Hobbs, from Balti
more. entered our port, and her arrival was
hailed with gratifies'ion, as the first step
through tiie medium of sen steamer*, of open
in* an immediate communication with our
friends of the Monumental City, likely to
prove mutually advantageous to both cities.
The d jtention of the Republic was caused
by various circumstances, beyond the control
of her officers. It must be retailiccted that her
engine is on an entire new plan, and therefore
| the trip must bo considered an expciimental
\ one, and that many little occurrences may
shave arisen that would retard her progress—
ivtiSsf-, if existing, wui ot course tie rometlied.
I A ST,»n, She encountered strong head winds,
balmust amounting to a gale—and this gave an
Opportunity to test her qualifications us a sea
boat, which h»3 resulted very satisfactorily.
And then, her firemen, almost the whole of
whom were inexperienced at sea, became sea
sick, and there were times, us we are inform
ed, when not more than half an inch of steam
could be raised. Under these unfavorable
circumstances, it is by no means extraordina
ry that she should have made a long passage.
Wc have conversed with one of tho firm
who constructed the engines of the Republic,
who expresses the utmost confidence in her
ability to make short passages, and his opin
ion is confirmed by others, and wc feel assur
ed that her future performances will prove the
correctness of the opinion.
In another column we have given a length
ened and particular account of this fine vessel,
copied from the Baltimore Sun, to which we
reier our readers, i cing much more explicit
and satisfactory than any thing we could pen.
By reference to the advertisement in another
column, it will be seen that the Republic has
deferred her day of sailing to Saturday, at 9
o’clock A. M. Tho period of departure on
this her first voyage is unavoidable; but with
a vie w of harmonizing with the sea steamers
destined to improve the intercouse with our
Northern cities, we are authorized to say that
the regular days of sailing hereafter will be so
selected as not to interfere with those
already appropriated. We are pleased to be
advised ol this fact, as by it an arrangement
may be so made as to give us a day sea steam
er from Charleston.
A visit to tnis vessel immediately on her ar
rival, and consequently when no opportunity
was afforded to put her in holy-trim, has sa
tisfied us that her interior arrangements are
more elegant and gorgeous than have yet been
exhibited to the admiring gaze of our citizens,
and we trust that a day may bo set apart for
a general visitation by the fair of our city,
whose a'tendanee will,we arc sure.gi e pleasure
to all interested in the vessel. The judgment
of the ladies, in all matters of taste, must be
consulted, and we feel confident that they
will give an approbatory opinion, as to the su
perior elegance and tastefuiness with which
the cabins of the Ropubiic have been fitted
[From the Washington Vnwn-\
Tho Mortifying 1 Truth-
We have repeatedly asserted that General
Taylor hud devolved the functions of his high
office upon the cabinet, and that th at conclave,
the members of which are vyhqlly irresponsible
to tV,e people, is the President. This assertion
has been indignantly denied by the whig press,
and wo have been grossly and rudely charged
with misrepresenting and slandering General
\ Taylor, We are, however, right. And we
'row proclaim to the American people the fact, J
■ that the duties of the presidential office, except
the mere signing of papers, and other unira
: portant acts, have beta delegated to the cabinet
! and urc cxi.euted bg that body. We have here
i tofore cited many facts conclusively proving
! our assertion, and among then* the declara
: tions of Gen. Taylor to that effect. And we
1 now say that, recently, in conversation, not
I only with democrats, but with hi* own polui
cal friends who have remonstrated with him
in relation to the conduct of the cabinet, he
substantially avowed that he had nothing to do
with their action —that he did not interfere with
it, but that he hold them responsible Jor their man
ngetyerU of the government.
This is the 6oleinu truh, as everybody in
this city knows, who has any knowledge of
the manner in wl-ich »'ne affairs of the gov
ernment are managed. General Taylor has
very little to do with the government. So far
as he is concerned, his ofitce is a sinecure, he
receiving the salary, while his cabinet regency
execute the duties of his office. And we hes
itate not to affirm, that the Cuba proclamation
which tho two organs of the administration in
this city sought to make the people believe
was written by General Taylor at Hr.rrisburg,
I was not, in fact, written by him. The oabinet
| executes his official duties, and he sanctions
j the acts ot the cabinet. When Mr. Clayton
' sava, in his correspond enco, that ‘-‘the Presi
! dent has instructed me” to say or do a thing,
i it means that he, Mr. Clayton, has resolved
upon it, and done it, General Taylor yielding
his submissive consent. He can do no other
way. If he has a letter to be written for the
public eye, he cannot write it himself, but
must get another to do it. If ho has a speed-,
to mt'ke, he cannot get up a decent one him
j self, fit to he heard or read, but must have
some one else to do it. Now, buw v is it possi
ble for such a man to execute the great and
responsible duties of the presidency, which
require talents of the first order, a good edu
cation, knowledge of statesmanship,’ and ac
quaintance with public men t
These aro facta with regnrd to his capacities
as President. He ia, therefore, not responsi
ble for the acts of his administration, further
than his want of judgment in consenting to
i he put into sueh a position by his political
i friends, and in permitting the gross fraud to
\>s praatissd in his name, by which his party
attained power. Urn tile acts and policy ot tills
administration are no niore. Gen. Taylor’s acts
and policy than they me ! hose the humblest
clerk in the government. They are the acts of
Messrs. Clayton, Ewing, and their compeers
in the cabinet regency, and they should '»•
he’d responsible to the country. And so it
will be with any cabinet that may succeed the
present one. Gen. Taylor will bo obliged to
devolve everything upon his advisers, whoev
er . hey racy bo. Under any circumstances,
durug the next three years and six months
the cabinet will ho the President, and General
Taylor the mote locum tenons, residing in the
White House, and regularly drawing the sala
ry of President, while its duties are perform
ed by others,
(Telegraphed for the Charleston
Baltimore, Out. 4—6 P. M.
Bowie, Whig, has been elected to Congress
from the first District. Hamilton, Democrat,
from the second, by about 60 majority. There
has been a Democratic gain in the third Dis
trict, Hammond having been elected bv some
2000 majority. McLane, Democrat, has car
ried the fourth District by a majority of 950
votes. Evans, Whig, has been elected by a
large majority in the fifth District. From the
sixth District, Kaver, Whig, elected. Seven
counties have elected 13 Whigs and 20 De
mocrats to the Legislature.
The Whigs probably have a majority. A U.
S. Senator is to be elected at the next session.
New York Market. —The Now York Cot
ton market was unsettled on Tuesday; prices,
however, are unchanged, but rather drooping.
Flour is held higher. Corn 62 to 64. Rice
[Correspondence of the Savannah Georgian J
Tallaiiassbe, Sept. 27, IS 19.
The “talk” with Bow Legs, appointed to
“ come off” on the 18th insc., has turned out
just about ns I expected. The wily Chief
would not moot Gen. Twiggs, but sent him
word that he would meet him, and hold a talk
with him, on the 19th of next month ! Its the
old game. They played it most successfully
in the last war, and are now trying it again
Will they succeed ? We shall see. If we bad
the management of their removal, the coun
try would soon know whether tho treacher
ous miscreants could fool us. Still wc have
every confidence in Gen. Twiggs. He has
had experience enough to appreciate their
proposals for “ talks,” and other professions of
good will. Wo are assured that he places no
reliance upon their good intentions. It is
time, however, that something was done.—
Upwards of two months have now elapsed
since tho first murders were committed by
the Indians, and yet nothing lias been done
towards bringing them to account, excepting
the ordering of companies of Artillery here,
with now and then one of Infantry. If the
Government expects to talk tho enemy into a
consent to emigrate, it has yet a lesson to learn
as to the charae er of the Florida Indians.—
They never will leave Florida unless forced to
do so at the point of tho bayonet, and it is ri
diculous folly in Mr. Secretary Crawford
(nothing uncommon with him, however,) to
bs wasting lime and money in seeking inter
views with them, and demanding to know
their intentions, as though they had not already
sufficiently declared them in the murders per
petrated on our citizens ! Who believes what
they say, that wero unauthor
ised? Is it not well known (and who should
know it better than the Government of the
United States ?) that no confidence is to be
placed on anything they may say or promise r
Is there a more lying, treacherous baud of cut
throat savages the wide world over? It there j
is, t.heir history has never yet been written.—
Why does not tho Government strike then.
Why keep 2000 men idle in camp, with a Ma
jor General in command, waiting to ta k with
the leader of u gang of outlaws, numbering
less than two hundred! Our State is becom
ing impatient at these delays. Our frontier |
is dese' ted of its population—fields left un- j
harvested —c migration turning away from our I
fertile soil and genial clime—while a band ol
ludims keep undisturbed possession of a fair !
portion of our Statejthe O .moral Government J
ptwokimn on or occasionally
sending to inquire/when Bdly Bowlegs will
• consent to an interview and a talk !
1 The information, contained on the first part
of this letter, as to the failure of Gen. Twiggs
to see Bowlegs, was brought to St. -Marks iv.uii
Tampa, by a vessel which arrived yesterday.
It may be relied on. Later advices ate hour
ly expected irom the Commanding General,
but is the mail will close soon, I cannot wait
until they arrive. Should any thing of impor
tance bo rece.veJ, I will endeavor to advise
you of it.
Our Election takes place on Monday next.
It is principally for County and Militia offi
cers. Tnere are, however, a few Senators to
elect, to fill vacancies. In this county (Leon,)
the struggle will be close for Senator. Both
parties appear to be sanguine, but I incline to
the opinion that the chances are in favor of
the Democrats. Should they succeed, it will
be a gain.
The health of Florida, and especially ot thin
city, is remarkably good for this season of the
year. Indued Florida is becoming one among
the healthiest States of tho Union.
The Poussin Correspondence.
The Washington Union says : •• We lay be
fore our readers the following extract of an
article from the Philadelphia Bulletin, which
has generally but not idolatriously been dis
posed to support General Taylor and his mea
sures. In these views the “ Bulletin” speaks
with some superfluous severity of M. Poussin.
Wo were at some loss to understand what the
editor meant by “personal slights,’’ until,
looking into the next column of his paper, we
found a Washington letter from the New
York Herald, which states that a member of
M. Poussin’s family had been designedly omit
ted in a diplomatic dinner at tire White House.
We know not what the fact was, nor the effcl
which it is said to have had upon tho minister.
(From the Philadelphia Bulletin.)
The Poussin ConaiisToNnENßK.—That our
remarks on the subject of tho difficulty be
tween the United States government and the !
French minister have met with tiro unanimous j
approval of the more intelligent of our citizens, j
has been made evident to us by tho numer- !
ous complimentary communications we have
received from the most flattering sources.—■ j
To find room for even the half of theao cpis- 1
ties would be impossible.
* * * * * «
The more that we ascertain respecting the |
true cause of this difficulty, tho less ground
there is to fear way with France. In its origin j
the quarrel appears to havo been of an entire
ly peuonal character. A social difficulty be
tween M. Poussin and the best society in
Washington first exasperated that gentleman’s
feelings, and afterwards, by a very natural,
though not an excusable sequence, led him
to be less courteous in his official correspon
dence than be ought to have been. Wo re
gard M. Poussin’s conduct as extremely cen
surable. He appears to have been unfit, on
more than one account, tor his late office ; and,
therefore, we have no sympathy for him in his
disgrace. A man so ignorant of the civilities
required in diplomacy, a man who could all w
hia personal slights to affect his public con
duct, is neither worthy to bo representative of
a great nation, nor proper to be received by a
great government. In a word, M. Poussin
may be a very clover man and an honest re
publican, but he is a good for nothing minis
But while M. Poussin deserves no mercy,
Mr. Clayton, we regret to say, is not faultless.
In fact, there is more truth than politeness in
M. De Tocqucvilie's remark that tho ascerbity
and harshness of the oortespondenoo •* was not
alone applicable to the letters written by the
minister of France.” We are forced, unwill
ingly indeed, to admit that XI. De Tocquoville
speaks but the sentiment of every impartial
mind, in saying that Mr. Clayton’s letter to
M. Poussin, summoning the la:ter to Wash
ington, if “ estimated with a certain degree of
susceptibility, might have seemed to be rather
, an imperious summons than a diplomatic invi
[ tatlon.” A note written in a tone ao peremp
tory and btusque, was, to aay the least, highly
impolitic, considering the half angry relations
existing between the two gentlemen. For tko
credit of our nation, we wish the letter ha i
been couched in gentler terms. Its tone is
that ot a superior to an inferior, not of an equal.
It is just the kind of au epistlo at which a
Frenchman, or the French people might be
expected to take offence.
Again. In the letter from Mr. Clayton to
Mr. Hush, there is no explicit request for the
recall of M. Poussin. There is much dissatis
faction expressed at the oonduot of the envoy ;
but the desired recall is left to ba inferred ;
and M. de Tocqueville, without being very
stupid either, may have thought he was do
ing sufficiently censuring M. Poussin, as he
doea in his reply. If M- da TeequeyiUs had
stopped hero ho would have been wise, but in
nrcceeding to divide the censure between Mr.
Clayton and M. Poussin, he has committed an
oifcncc against diplomatic civility. We have
already fia ; d that there is some truth in his
remark, but it would have been far more po
lite, if not politic, not to have asserted this;
for in censuring Mr. Clayton he impliedly
censured our government, whereas the Presi
dent’s complaint against Mr. Poussin was
against a mere envoy, and did not involve tne
French nation. Wc see a great difference be
tween the two things.
Nor can we praise the courtesy of Mr. Clay
ton’s reply to M. il • T equeville, especially
that pot lion of it which informs the latter
tartly, •* that he was not invito i to decide as
an arbiter upon tho mode in which the Ameri
can government conducted that correspon
dence. which was not only courteous and res
pectful in terms, but entirely unexceptionable
m spirit.” So sharp a paragraph will natural
ly produce a shap reply from M. de Tocque
ville, unless lie exhibits more forbearance and
wisdom that either Mr. Ciaytonor M, Poussin
has shown. It really seems to us after ma
king every effort to bo entirely impartial, that
blunders have been committed on both sides ;
more on the pai tof M. Pen-sin indeed than
on that of Mr. Clayton, but still more or less
on both sides.
Nevertheless, if a w?r should grow out of
this correspondence—about *s probable a re
sult, we think, as tint the sun should rise to
morrow—ve shall be prepared to stand by
mv country, and no^enabiethose who, though
now crying tin hostilitoss so loudly, denounoed
the government in 1843, for a war, certainly
ns iutes-.ay ns a.iv that could possibly spiing
from tho dismissal ot M. Poussin.
The Secret of Colot ing
,4 New and Improved Method of Coloring, lot rig
discovered in London.
The quantity of dye-stuffs given below, fa
calculated for two pounds of g >ods, except
the pink, which is intended for ribbons and
Yellow. —Boil watar sufficient to cover tha
goods, then put in u half pound of circumia,
one ounce of tho cream oftar'ar, and throe
tables spoonfuls of the muriate of tin; then
boil in the goods five minutes, and done.
Orange ten minutes.
Green. —Use the yellow dye; rinse out tha
yellow goods, put back tho rinsing water into
the dye kettle, then add one half pound of
fustic and three ounces of alum. Boil thirty
minutes, then put in three table-spoonfuls of
chemic blue, then putin the goods to be color
ed green. Let them boil five minutes. Bottla
green, ten minutes.
Scarlet lied.— Boil water sufficient to cover
the goods, put in five ounces of lac dye, twa
ounces oferoam of tartar, and six table spoon
fuls of muriate of tin, then boil in tho goods
from live to twenty-five minutes, until tha
color suits your fancy. Brass or tin kettle#
should be used.
Blue Black. —To color silks, fine woolen
goods, &c., but not cotton.—Boil water suffi
cient to cover the goods—put in half an ounce
of nut galls, pulverized; then put in the goods
and boil ten minutes. Take them out and
wring, put in tour ounces ot the extract of log*
weed, two ounces of the sulphate of iron, two
thirds of an ounce of verdigris, pulverized;
then boil in the goods from fifteen to thirty
minutes, and done.
To coi r Cotton Black. -Put cloar and oold
water in the tub, sufficient to cover the goods,
then put into it two and a half ounces of
chloride of lime, then put in the goods half
an hour—take out and wring, then fill a tub
a second time with clear water, put into it two
ounces ot iron, put in the goods ten minutes,
then take out and wring, then put in the sul
phate of iron water into your dye kettle, and
as much clean water as will cover the goods;
then put in four ounces of the extract ot log
wood, ond ane half ounce of the sulphate of
copper, then boil in tire goods from fifteen to
Notb.—Alter coloring dip the cotton goods
two or three times in ttie chloride of lime water,
then wash weii in hot strong soap suds and
ImUgo B'lie. —Pulverize two ounces of indi
go, put in eight ou .ces of sulphuric, acid in a
pitcher; put the i uiig > into the acid a little at
a time an i keep it stirring with a stick
until all the indigo is in the acid. Let
this mixture st ind eight hours before you
color, then boil water sufficient to cover tba
goods. Put in the mixture of indigo and auid,
then your goods immediately—and afterwards
let them hail live minutes. —This is designed
for woolen or silks.
Pink or light Silks, Boil water sufficient
to cover the goods, then put in a tea-spoonful
of cochineal, pulverized; one tea-spoonful of
cream of tartar, and a tea-spoontul of muriate
of tin, then bad in the goon* from one to ten
minutes, until the color suit-, you. 10. r.-a or
tin kettles t,*v 11 ho u-m.
Crimson lied. — Bull water to cover the goods,
put in six ounces of alum, put in the goods
and boil shisiy mlnute3—talco out and wring, \
wash the kettle and put clean water to
the goods, and then add half a pound of Brazil
wood—boil ten minutes.
London Browt. —Boil water to cover tho
goods, and then put in one pound of cam wood
and two ounces ot fustic; bod thirty minutes,
take thorn out and air them, then add to the
dye ono teaspooni'ui ofsutphric acid—return
the goods ten minutes, taice out and put in
half an ounce of extract or logwood; put in tha
goods five or ten miniros, then takeout tho
goods and put in one quarter ounce of sulphate
of iron, then put in tae goods five minutes,
Notes.—To make tho muriate of tin: Put
one pound of nturhui j and half a pound of
nitric a> id in a ciear glass bottle. Melt seven
ounces of block tin as you would melt lead,
then pour it sinwi) into a pm of cold water,
which gives so no the appearance of a honey
comb—hen set your botties on the hearth till
the acids get somewhat warm, then put in the
tin little by little, so as to keep it boiling;
when it is all added let it cool lor use.
To make chemicblue: Pulverise one ounce
of indigo, then put eight ounces of sulphuric
acid into a pitcher, put the indigo into tha
acid slowly, and mix well by stirring with a
stick—let it stand two days, then put it into a
bottle ready for use.
The goods that you wish to color yellow,
green and blue, should bo first boiled thirty
minutes in a strong alum water, soy three
ounces of a um to every pound of goods, and
after being colored and washed should be dip
ped iu strong alum wuter and dried in tha
f Telegraphed for the Charleston Courier,}
Baltimorb, Oct. 3.
The transactions in Cotton yesterday in tha
New York market reached 1000 bales, at an J
to fe. advanoe. Fair Upland is quoted ai Ilf;
and Fair Orleans 12c.
Rica had slightly declined in value.
In Bread Stuffs there was no change.
The Captain and crew of the schr. Naoniie,
from Savannah, were picked up by Captain
Clarke,* of Charleston, off Cape Hatteras, and
takeii into Philadelphia. Tho Naomie was
subsequently fallen in with dismasted and
taken into port.
The United St ites sloop of war John Adama
is reported as being at Rio ou tho 21st August.
NhwOulbans, Oct. 2, 8 A M.
Tho men lately assembled at Round Island
have dispersed, the purpose for which they
organised being defeated or prostponod. Most
of the men have returned to the oity.
Cotton. —1250 bales Cotton were sold yes
terday, mostly for the North. Factors ara
more willing sellers at last week’s prices. Mid
dling 9J to 10c.; Good middling 108 a 10io.
Freights.—One or two ships which \vec«
laid on tho berth for Liverpool, found engage
ments at 7-10 or Cotton.
From Havana.—lntelligence to the 27 th
ult., has been received here. The news of tha
difficulty with the French Minister and this
Government, had occasioned the most ex
traordinary rumors, some of which are detail
ed in the Faro.
Sugar cane was exciting much attention
among the Cuban planters.
The U. S. sloop-of-war Germantown ar
rived at Havana on the 16th ult.
Tha Spanish squadron sailed from Havana
about tho u I lie u last month to guard tho
Southern count of Cuba. The standing army
of the Island is to bo incre i- .1. Six thou
sand troops were daily expected from Spain.
Nf.w Otit.eans, Oct. 2—2.15, P. M.
Cotton.—There was an ac tive demand for
Cotton yesterday, and sales reached 1800
bales, a portion of which was for the North.—
The prices wore regular at no material change.
Among the lots sold were 739 bales Middling,
now crop, at 10J. Twelve hundred bales had
been shipped to Hivreut J cent.
From Kingston, Jamaica.—Nows from this
Island to the 13th ult. was rec ivad ivora
yesterday. The recent elections had resulted
in favor of tho opposition party, who we.era
turned by larger majorities than before. In
an Address to the Government the House
! maintained the right to appropriate tho rova
| nue in whatever way they might conceive con
ducive to the public welfare. The opposition
had determined to carry out a rigorous system
i of retrenchment.
Advioes from Port au Prince, received at
Jamaica, mention that President Soloquo had
liberated most of tho political prisoners, and
given hopes of a general amnesty to refugees
' in Jamaica and ela -where.
(Telegraphed fo>- the Baltimore Sun )
Louisville, Oot. I.
Kentucky Refosm Convention.—The Btate
Convent on for .modeling the Constitution
cf thcStttui of Kentucky, organized to-day by
electing Mr. James Guthrie, (dam.,) of this
city, Prenident. Tho vote on his election
stood —Guthrie 00, Nixon 43. Mr. Tho*. J,
Helia was shostn B««ret*ry.