Journal £ Passenger.
J. KNOWLBB and S. ROSE,
EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
Correspondent of the < liarlestou
Richmond, Ya., July 6, 1861.
There is an old Mokish law that when a
man is caught in a lie, his forehead shall be
branded with a hot iron. Wet! such retri
butive justice exercised here just now, the
countenance of every other individual in the
community would be disfigured beyond re
demption. Not that there is a intentional
perversion of facts, or a desire to mislead the
public mind, but rather a diseased condition
of the public cerebellum which magnifies
uncertauties a thousand times beyond their
proper proportions. We have proofs of this
daily. Let the mere skeleton of a rumor
arrive in town, no matter from what source,
and instantly men, women and children put
on the seven league boots of imagination,
and a historical monstrosity is created in
half an hour worthy of an Arabian story
teller. Before the day has expired.it will
have become as contagious as the measles,
and by night the telegraph wires will be
flashing the epidemic to every hamlet in the
South. r To give you an instance of this
excited feeling, we had the other night a
celestial exhibition in the shape of a Comet.
Iu common with others, I was indulging in
private view, when a clever looking gentle
man near by opened something like the fol
Stranger, what do you take that to be ?
That—why that’s a Comet, sir.
“The devil,” said he. “Who ever heard
of a comet 90 loir dinrn f If that’s a comet,
I’m an elephant.”
“What is it then ?” said I.
“A balloon , sir! That’s a balloon as sure’s
“Then its more than seventeen millions of
miles away,” I remarked. (It was only a
rough guess, for my memory was a little
“Seventeen million of miles V* he retor
ted. “Stranger, if that ain’t a balloon
within a irile and a half of terra firma } and
a man ain’t reeonnoitering up there with a
Drummond light, I’ll treat. I’\e studied a
good deal about astronomy, but in all the
books I ever read I never beard of a comet
wagging its tail in that style.”
1 told him “l could’nt see the tail wag.”
“Just you wait,” said he. “The aeronaut
will throw his light around in a minute,
and you’ll see it move.”
I did wait, and wait, and wait, but my
faith was not shaken in the least. I tried
to impress upon the understanding of my
friend that a man at that distance would
either blow up or freeze to death ; but as for
converting him from his absurd notion, one
might as well attempt to illuminate an
Egyptian pyramid with the rear end of a
lightening bug. What made the matter
worse he did’nt “treat.”
The above incident was cited merely a9
an illustration of the plastic state of the
public mind, by which it is so readily en
abled to receive and retain impressions.
Now to the correction of serious misappre
hension, of which lam in part guilty. On
Friday, a gentleman arrived in town from
Winchester, bringing the starling informa
tion that Johnston had encountered Patter
son, repulsed him three times, cut off his
retreat, and given notice to the women and
children of Martinsburg to leave within a
limited time, as he intends to shell the town
—the enemy being there located. The
gentlemen claimed to have come direct from
Gen. Johnston’s camp, with despatches to
President Davis : and his refusal to reveal
further particulars, together with the fact
that his story was coroborated by several
others who came on the cars, induced a
general belief in the statement. It was
accordingly telegraphed throughout the
country aud published in all the reliable pa
pers here. It now appears that the people
of Winchester have heard of nothing of the
kind, and that we have all been most com
pletely “honey fugled.”
D<‘|lorall<* Affair at Fairfax
A most utf .rtuuate affair occurred, on
Wednesday niiht last, in the neighbor
hood of Fall’s f’hurch, Fairfax county. It
is the subject of universal regret with our
troops at and arouud Fairfax Court House,
and we hope will serve as a warning to oth
ers. The particulars are given thus:
A considerable force of infantry and cav
alry, with two pieces of artillery were senti
nels. The various companies having taken
their position ; Col. Montfort, of the Virgin
ia Cavalry, despatches three men upon an
errand of observation of some kind. It is
said they started off in a walk, when he call
ed to them to proceed in a gallop. They
obeyed the order, but had not proceeded
more than three hundred j-ards before they
came upon a party of Confederate Infantry,
concealed in the bushes. Supposing tehm
to belong to the enemy, the infantry fired
upon them, killing corporal Madison Tyler
and private Samuel Gordon, both of War
renton, and belonging to the Virginia Black
Horse Cavalry, and wounding Smith,
of the same company. Mr. Tyler, son of
Judge Tylor, was not one of the detachment,
but was with bis company 300 paces distaut,
when a stray ball struck him, from which he
died soon afterwards.
It is said that the infantry attempted to
halt the dragoons, but it is supposed the lat
ter did not hear the order, owing to the clat
ter of their horses’ hoofs and the rattling of
The command to proceed at a gallop, if
given, was an unforuuate, if not a singular
order, umW the circumstances. After the
discharge of the first two or three pieces,
Smith cried out not to sboot, as they were
friends ; but the.confusion and noise doubt
less prevented the party in ambush from
hearing him. Thinking his own safety was
in flight, he made his escape as fast as he
could, but not without receiving a ball in
his elbow and several through his clothing
and cap. His horse was killed, and Col.
Montfort’s was wounded by a stray ball like
that which killed poor Tyler.
Col. I rf.mont.—The return of thi9 adventurer
from France, is hailed by the Republicans as an
important accession to theiracaiity stock of General
ship. He have never heard that Col. Fremont had
any special merit as a military leader. His repu
tition as a man of science will not add much to liis
efficiency in the field. Nevertheless, being a na
tive of Virginia, he wjil'Mo all that he can to es
tablish hiutepdf o Gfe confidence of Lincoln by
making w.ifto the bitter end against the land that
gave him birth. Born in the State, and the bus
band of a Virginia woman, he will have to be
zealous and active to commend himself to his pres
ent masters.— Dispatch.
Antidote for Inti rmittent Fiver— Substi,
tcte for Qrjjn.SK. —Dr. U. If. Philips, late ot the
United States Navy, now of the Confederate Na
“ Kaw corn meal unsifted and freshly ground,
administered in doses of a large table spoonful six
or eight times a day, or a tea made of fodder, is
an admirable, remedy in intermittent fever. The
yellow corn is a better variety, and a drink made
of a table spoonful of the meal stirred in a glass
of water aud taken frequently, is not only a good
remedy, but a pleasant and refreshing beverage,
which may be taken in all stages of the disease
without the slightest evil effects. ’*
Dooly County Grand Jury Present
We, the Grand Jurors sworu, chosen and select
ed for the April adjourned term, 1861, of Dooly
Superior Court, beg leave to make the following
general presentments :
As business of more importance requires our at
teution, the confidence we have in the ability and
fidelity ot the Clerks of the Superior, Inferior and
Court of Ordinary, does away with the necessity
of an examination of the records of their respect
ive offices, being fully satisfied that they are neatly
and correctly kept. Being satisfied that in this
unjust war that is waged against our country, our
rights, property and houor, that it is oue common
cause, upon and in which tbe rights, iuterest and
honor of all are equal and mutual, that it is equal
ly the duty of all to assist, in proportion to the
value of their property, in paying the expenses of
defending our homes, honors and property—know
ing it to be our duty as well as pleasure to clethe
our gallant volunteers from this county, that are
uo w or may hereafter go into the service of the
Confederate States, during the time they may
serve in the war, believing that all should have the
honor and gratification of contributing equally in
this grateful duty. We, therefore, recommend the
luferior Court to assess such a per cent, upon the
State tax as will raise, beyond doubt, the sum of
three thousand dollars, exclusive of all insolvent
lists and expenses, Ac. We, also, recommend the
Inferior Court to instruct the Tax Collector, upon
the refusal or failure to pay said tax, by any oi
the citizens of the county, that he shall issue his
execution and proceed to collect the sum by law.
We hereby appoint Col. Ebeuezer Both well as
Treasurer to receive this fund from the Tax Col
lector and receipt him for the same, whose receipt
shall be a voucher to the Collector. It shall be
the duty of said Treasurer to pay out said fund to
the order of the Ladies Soldiers’ Relief Society
of Dooly county, to be formed at Vienna, and take
their receipt for the same. We would recommend
to the ladies of the county, who have been so pa
triotic as to tender their services to their country
in making clothes for the volunteers ot the coun
try, to form one general head association for this
purpose at Vienna, to entitle them to draw this
fund and have as many auxiliary associations in
the county as they may think advisable.
We recommend the Inferior Court to assess for
ty per cent, upon the State tax for a pauper fund.
And we would recommend to the Inferior Court,
specially, to see that the families of the volun
teers that are now or may hereafter go into the
service of the Confederate States, shall receive in
proportion to their necessities, the benefit of this
Believing, that under the peculiarly embarrassing
condition of the country, at this time, that the
amoutit received from the State for the education
of the poor of the county, will be amply sufficient
to educate such of the poor as may avail them
selves of it.
We find that the bridges on llog Crawl creek,
on the line between this and Macon counties, are
needing repairs, and, perhaps, rebuilding; we
would, specially and particularly, call the attention
of the Inferior Courts of Dooly and Macon comi
ties to the necessity of having the same attended
to at once. We would also recommend the Infe
rior Court of this county, to have a bridge built
across Lime-Stone creek on the River road.
Our jail having been destroyed by fire, wc are
gratified to believe that the necessities of the
county do not require the rebuilding of the same
this year, Wc, therefore, recommend the Infe
rior Court not to have any jail built until circum
stances should make it necessary, which we hope
will never be.
We find upon examination of the Treasurer’s
books that there is a surplus or considerable fund
in his hands, belonging to the county, undisposed
of, we would recommend the Inferior Court to
advance to Col. Ebenezer Bothwell such a propor
tion ot this surplus as he may demand, to be re
funded by him to the county on receipt of the
three thousand dollars directed to be raised to
clothe the voluuteers of the county. Whatever
amount so advanced, to be, as heretofore directed,
subject to the order of the Ladies’ Soldiers’ Relief
Society of the county, for the purpose of buying
material to clothe the volunteers.
We tender our acknowledgments to HU Honor,
Henry G. Lamar, for his efficient discharge of duty,
and for his urbanity and courtesy to this body ;
and trust he may long continue in the enjoyment
of health, to aid his country, in her day of trial,
with his patriotic counsels and timely suggestions.
To Sol’r. Gen’l. Montfort, our thanks are also due
for hU promptness and efficiency in the discharge
of his official duties, and for hU unremitted atten
tion to this body.
ELIJAH BUTTS, Foreman.
B. T. Smith, Wiley F. Tinsley,
W. B. Smith, W. G. Hamilton,
J. D. Waters, John Webb,
Fielden Runnels, W. Fudge,
A. B. Carroll, John Rhodes,
J. M. Sego, Alfred Wilson,
Martin Roberta, L. Mashburn,
Jos. Scarborough, John Hammond,
J. H. Swearingen, 8. P. Jones,
Wm. Lewis, H. H. Ross.
We request the above presentments to be pub
lished in the Macon Weekly Telegraph and Jour
nal k Messenger.
Upon motion of the Sol’r. Gen’l., it is ordered
that the above presentments be published in ac*
cordance with the request of the Jury.
True extract from the minutes, this, July 10th,
1861. ROB’T. B. DAVIES, Cl’k.
Da(h of Col. Dreux.
One of the in oat lamentable casualties of the
many skirmishes with the enemy since the war,
was the death of Colonel Charles D. Dreux, of the
Louisiana Cadets, in an encounter with a body of
Federalists near Newport News. The event was
a sad one for bis comrades, and the whole army
of the peninsular sympathised with them. Col.
Dreux was not thirty years old; but had become
distinguished at home for his genius and attain*
ments, and was warmly esteemed for the admira
ble qualities of his heart. By profession a lawyer,
he abandoned the bar and enlisted in the cause of
the South at an early period of the struggle. He
was elected Captain of the Cadets, and with them
retired to Pensacola, where they remained two
or three months. After being joined by several
other companies, the Cadets were ordered to Vir
ginia. Captain Dreux being the senior Captain,
was made Lieutenant Colonel. After sojourning
awhile in Richmond, the Cadets were ordered to
Yorktown, where they had been enly a few weeks
previous to the death of the Colonel.
Col. Dreux was a member of one of the oldest
Creole families io New Orleans. Asa lawyer he
had acquired a distinguished position at the New
Orleans bar, so noted for its ability. He was one
of the finest popular orators of the famous French
school of Louisiana. He was a graduate of
Georgetown College, and had been a prominent
member of the Louisiana Legislature. A man of
brilliant genius, he had a bright future before him;
but his untimely death deprives him of it and all
the rich rewards of that heroism iu his country’s
service which be would have displayed, and of
which his bravery in the action in which he met
death was an example. He had not reached his
thirtieth year, and leaves a young wife and one
child. — Richmond Whig.
English Opinions. —The following extract from
a letter written by a gentleman who left the United
States to return to his English home in the latter
part of May, is copied from the Baltimore Ex
For some time past English Journals have had
no information from the South very direct. All
the war news they receive is through the Northern
press, which is necessarily ex varte and clouded
by prejudice. This has had au influence on the
English mind; for while thus deprived of aDj save
a modified view of the merits and conduct of the
contest, people here are disposed to look leniently
upon the Southern cause. I hear it said frequentlv,
“We cannot judge of the merits of either side,
having but one to look at.” When you know that
no voice has yet publicly vindicated the cause of
the South, especially upon its constitutional merits,
nor attacked the Administration upon its alleged
unconstitutional acts, you will not wonder that
apathy obtains among a people like this, which
cares little whether the Uuited States are all Iree
or all slave States. Say what you will, Englishmen
are slow to judge, and must hear both sides.—
With this political indifference, the cry is for cot
ton, and, take my word for it, cotton they will
Tiir Prisoners.— The prisoners taken from the
schooners Fanny, Bassede and Three Brothers, of
New Orleans, and Olive Branch, of Mobile, which
were captured off Cedar Keys on the 3d inst.,
and which consists of Lieut. Selden and nineteen
seamen, were brought to this city ou Saturday
morning, and (excepting the Lieutenant,) confiucd
in the city jail, where they now are. These vessels
are four of the five captured from the South by
the Federal steamer Massachusetts some time since
off New Orleans. The fifth made its escape. It
was loaded with flour. Those captured were
loaded, one with railroad iron, one with brick, one
with turpentine, and one with turpentine and salt.
The Lieutenant was put upon his parole of hon
or, and is allowed his liberty in the city. They
will all dobUesa be sent to Richmond in a few
daya.— TallahatM* Sentinel.
Mr. Stephens in Augusta.
The Chronicle has the following sketch of the
speech on the Confederate Loan made in that city
ou Thursday, by Hon. A. 11. Stephens:
After a full review of the causes whjch have ill
dueed the people of fbe United States to deny the
people of the Southern Stales their equal rights in
the Union, and now to make war upon us, over
turning their own liberties in the attempt, and
leaving these Confederate States the only hope of
free government on this continent, Mr. Stephens
then directed his attention to the more immediate
subject matter upon which he appeared before the
people—the Confederate loan. He explained the
whole business fully to his hearers, bo that none
could be ignorant of the design and scope of the
loan, and the probabilities of the value of the
Confederate bonds, and the uses to which they
could be applied. The Government needed money,
and must have it, but it proposed to get it iu a
manner which would fall lightest on the people
It asked now for fifty millions—perhaps in six
weeks it might ask for a hundred millions, for it
was determined that we should not be subjugated
uutil the last mau and last dollar was had.
lie had been asked if the bonds would be good,
and his reply was that the) were good if we suc
ceeded, but not worth a dime if we failed. But if
we failed, (and some people seemed never thus to
consider the matter,) then the bonds—perfectly
worthless—would be just as good as anything else
we had, for, in that event, all values would topple
into one common ruin. He had been asked if the
bonds would answer in the place of money, and
replied that they were not designed to circulate as
currency, and were not fitted for that purpose in
every day transactions. He believed that they
would auswer to pay dt bis, and especially to money
lenders, who in Georgia have some ten or twenty
millions loaned to individuals at 7 per cent. lie
thought they would be the best government stocks
iu the world, and iu a year or two, should the war
close, would probably bring 20 per cent, premium,
as only a few years ago U. S. sixes were worth
116 to 117. His remarks to the money lenders
were such as they all ought to have heard. Many
of them no doubt think that the note of their
neighbor, whose property, in land and negroes
aud houses, they can appreciate, is better than
Government bonds, never once thinking that no
man's note in the Confederate States will be worth
the paper on which it is written, when this Gov
ernment fails, and its bonds become worthless.
Mr. Stephens had been asked how long the war
would continue. He could not. say, but it would
coulinue until the enemy were whipped and driven
out of the land. lie did not think we ought to
expect a short war, but that thorough preparation
should be made, and the better we were prepared
the shorter the war would be. The reason why no
calculation could be made of the continuance of
the war, was that our enemies are acting contrary
to their own interests, contrary to reason, fighting
in violation of the very principles on which we
had fought the revolutionary war, engaged in a
wicked, unnatural, suioidal./auaftYnZ warfare, and
therefore no standard of reason and common sense
could be applied in judging the case. We must
rely on ourselves, and must end the war in the
only way left us, by whipping the fight and driving
out the invader.
After paring a deserved compliment to the pa
triotic ardor, the zeal, the devotion, the impulse
judgment, and therefore the right judgment, of the
women, and urging the men to subscribe as much
as their wives told them, Mr. Stephens closed his
capital address amid the loud applause of all pres
ent. No subscriptions were taken up at the time,
but a committee was appointed to see all the cot
ton planters and receive what they felt willing and
able to spare for the good cause. Richmond does
not produce cotton largely, but she will do her
whole duty—having already sent ten companies to
the war, with two or three more nearly ready to
leave, while her ladies hare been in the foremost
ranks to provide for the comfort of the soldier.
TlirToomlx Independent ICeglnient.
This splendid Regiment of soldiers is now ren
dezvoused at Griffin, and will be off in a few days
to Virginia. They are composed of the following
companies. We also give the names of the officers
in each company. It is also proper to remark
that the number of men iu each, is as they were
mustered into service. Many more will join them
in the few days that elapse before they leave. We
also annex the result of the election for officers.
Evans Guards—Troup County.
Captain—James A. Long.
First Lieutenant—D. A. Kidd.
Second “ J. D. Ilill.
Third “ Charles M. Heard.
Rank and file—Bs.
Early Guards—Early County.
Captain—J. T. Crawford.
First Lieutenant—B. H. Robinson.
Second “ V. T. Nunnelee.
Third “ R. T. Bowie.
Rank aud file—72.
Meriwether Volunteers—Meriwether County.
First Lieutenant—Allen W. Pierce.
Second “ James A. Adair.
Third “ J. T. Ilorsely.
Rank and file—B7.
Upson Volunteers—Upson County.
Captain—T. S. Sharman.
First Lieutenant—T. B. Hancock.
Second “ B. W. Sparks.
Third “ W. W. llartficld.
Rank and file—7s.
Randolph Volunteers—Randolph County.
Captain—Wm. A. Clarke.
First Lieutenant— B. F. Brooks.
Second “ S. A. Thornton.
Third “ Win. 11. Redding.
Rank and file—Bo.
Confederate Guards—Pike County.
Captain—John 11. Baker.
First Lieutenant—John 11. Mitchell.
Second “ Edw’d L. Connally.
Third “ James C. Steger.
Rank and file—lo 6.
Eayette Rangers—Fayette County.
First Lieutenant —S. W. Jones.
Second “ T. J. Edmondson.
Third “ Wright Martin.
Rank and file—77.
Ringgold Rangers—Spalding County.
Captain—Johu L. Moore.
First Lieutenant —W. 11. McKey.
Second “ T. M. Breed.
Third “ J. B. Breed.
Rank and file —71.
Panola Rifes —Terrel County.
Captain—R. T. Spearman.
First Lieutenant —R. Maltbie.
Second “ E. S. Bass.
Third “ T. H. Tuylor.
Rank and file—7s.
Starke Volunteers—Spalding County.
Captain—E. W. Robinson.
First Lieutenant—Fred. Dismuke.
Second “ John D. Stewart.
Third “ S. C. Mitchell.
Rank and file about 95.
The following is the result of the election for
field officers :
Capt. WALTON ECTOR—of the Meriwether Vol
unteers, (no opposition) 848
for lieutenant colonel.
MARCELLU3 DOUGLAS—of the Randolph Vol
Capt. J. M. SMITH—of the Upson Volunteers, 785
Capt. J. J. Slade. —From the New Orleans Pi
cayune, we learn that a splendid company of sev
enty five men, under command of Capt. Jere o.
Slade, formerly of this city, arrived there on the
3d inst., from Carroll Parish, en route for “ the
seat of war.” They are called the “ Delhi South
erners.” The numerous friends of Capt. Slade in
Columbus, will hear with pleasure, of his interest
in the sacred cause of our country, aud tender him
best wishes for the brilliant success of the “ Delhi
Southerners” should they come in conflict with
the enemy. — Sun.
Southern Express Company. —At a meeting of
the corporators of the Southern Express Company,
the charter was accepted and the following gentle
men chosen as Directors of the Company :
E. Sebring, Charleston.
D. 11. Baldwin, Savannah.
Geo. T. Jackson, Augusta.
11. B. Plant, Augusta.
H. B. Plant, Esq., of Augusta, was chosen Presi
dent. It is believed that all the gentlemen above
named will accept the position in the Company
tendered by the stockholders.— Chas. Courier.
NEW RATEB OF POSTAGE
As many of our readers may not be fully ac
quainted with all the items of this act we publish
a synopsis of it agaiu, from the Montgomery Ad
vertiser ; this we consider as the official interpre
tation—as that paper has its location wiihin the
shadow of the General Post Office Department:
RATES OF POSTAGE BETWEEN PLACES WITHIN THE
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA.
Single letters not exceeding a half ounce in
For any distance under 500 miles, 5 cents.
For auy distance over 500 miles 10 cents.
An additional single rate for each additional
half ounce or less.
Drop letters 2 cents each.
In the foregoing cases, the postage to be prepaid
by stamps or stamped envelopes.
Advertised letters 2 cents each.
Containing other than printed or written matter
—money packages are ineludedd in this class :
To be rated hv weight as letters are rated and
to be charged double the rates of postage on let
For any distance under 500 miles, 10 cts., for
each half ounce or less.
For any distance over 500 miles 20 cents for
each half ounce or less.
In all cases to be prepaid by stamps or stamped
Sent to regular and bona-Jide subscribers from
the offices in weight:
Within the Stale where Published.
Weekly paper, 6J cents per quarter.
Semi Weekly paper, 13 cents per quarter.
7’p*-Weekly paper, 194 cents per quarter.
Daily paper, 39 cents per quarter.
In all cases, the postage to be paid quarterly in
advance at the offices of the subscribers.
Without the Slate where Published.
Weekly paper, 13 cents per quarter.
<SY//ri-Weekly paper, 2fl cents per quarter.
lri- Weekly paper, 39 cents per quarter.
Daily paper, 78 cents per quarter.
In all cases, the postage to be paid quarterly in
advance at the office of the subscribers.
Sent to regular and bona fide subscribers from
the office of publication and not exceeding 1)
ounces in weight.
Within the State where Published.
Monthly, 3 cents per quarter or one cent for
Semi- Monthly, 9 cents per quarter or! cent
for each number.
One additional cent each number for every addi
tional ounce, or less beyond the first 14 ounces.
Bi Monthly or Quarterly, 1 cent an ounce.
In all cases, the postage to be paid quarterly in
advance at the offices ot subscribers. t
Without the state where Published.
Not exceding 14 ounces iu weight.
Monthly 5 cents per quarter or 2 cents for each
Two cents additional for every additional ounce
or less beyond the first 14 ounces.
Bi-Monthly or Quarterly, 2 ceuts on oz.
In all cases, the postage to be paid quarterly in
advance at the office of the subscribers
ON TRANSIENT PRINTED MATTER.
Every other newspaper, pamphlet, periodical
and magazine, each circular not sealed, handbill
and engraviug, not exceeding 3 ounces in weight,
2 cents for auy distance ; 2 cents additional lot
each additional ounce or less beyond the first three
In all cases, the postage to be prepaid by stamps
or stamped envelopes.
“ The publishers of Newspapers or periodicals
within the Confederate Slates may send and receive,
to and from each other from their respective offices
of pulication, one copy of each publication free of
The following persons only are entitled to the
franking privilege and in all cases strictly con
fined to “ OFFICIAL BUSINESS:”
Post Mas!or General.
His Chief Clerk.
Auditor of the Treasury, for the Tost Office De
Deputy Post Masters.
Capture of a Sloop anti Five .lien by the
The sloop Slote, of Apalachicola, in attempting
to run the blockade on her return from St. Marks
to the former place, about daylight on the morning
of the sth inst., was fired across, which not being
heeded, the Mohawk gave chase for some time,
when getting into shoal water, she lowered her
Long Boat and kept up the chase, and succeeded
in capturing her. There were on board five men
and the family of Adjutant-General Holland, con
sisting of Mrs. 11. and chidren, with servants. The
men were taken prisoners, and Mrs. 11., children
and servants, were seDt to Fort Williams. The
Semi-Weekly News, speaking of the heroic conduct
of Mrs. 11., says :
We learn that when’the Slote was captured, and
the men from the Mohawk went to take down the
Confederate flag, Mrs. Col. D. P. Holland, rushed
to and seizing it, wrapped it around her and dared
them to touch it, protesting that she herself would
die before it should be furled. Having presence
of mind to burn the sloop’s papers, when Mrs. 11.
w-as asked tor them she pointed to the stove. As
she passed Fort Williams with the flag given to
the hreeze, a salute of one was fired. Long may
she live to see the people of the South enjoy all
the blessings of civil and religious liberty under
the ample folds of the Stars and Bars.— Tallahassee
Sewell’s Point, Va., July 6, 1861.
At a meeting of the Floyd Rifles, held June 22d,
1861, the following resolutions were unanimously
Resolved, That our thanks are due and are here
by tendered to Messrs. J. B. Ross and B. F. Ross,
for a pair of Ready made pantaloons furnished by
them to each member of this company.
Resolved, That such manifestations of good will,
in connection with previous acts of kindness from
the same parties, will ever command our gratitude
and strengthen the assurance that, though men
aced by enemies, we are warmly remembered by
true hearted friends.
Resolved, That the Secretary send the above
resolutions to the Macon papers for publication.
MARK A. WINGFIELD,
Secretary Floyd Rifles.
CAMP OF MACON VOLUNTEERS, )
Sewell’s Point, 4th July, 1801. )
At a meeting of the Macon Volunteers, this day
held, it was
Resolved, That the warmest thank? of the corps
be returned to Hon. John B. Lamar, of Bibb, for
his most acceptable and serviceable present of a
uniform presented to each member of the corps.
Resolved, That the Secretary of the M. V.’s be
directed to furnish a copy of the foregoing resolu
tiou to the city papers of Macon, for publication.
ALEX. M. SPEER,
Secretary pro. tern. M. V.’s.
“Unlucky Day.”—Under this head we find the
following admission of the enemy in an editorial
in “ The Pennsylvania Fifth,” published in Alex
andria by the soldiers of the Lincoln army, upon
the press stolen from the Sentinel and the type
from the Gazette office :
It is very singular in this unlucky war, every
prominent movement has taken place on that most
unlucky day—Friday. The bombardment of Sum
ter was commenced on Friday ; the troubles in
Baltimore took place on Friday; the first and
bloodiest riot in St. Louis occurred on Friday;
the attack on Sewell’s Point was made on Friday ;
the attack on Alexandria was made on Friday,
and Ellsworth was shot on Friday. It has been
all “a Friday” business.
Brutal Mitroer.—Mrs. Holland, of Chattooga
county, was brutally murdered a few evenings
since by her negro woman, and thrown in the well.
The negro has confessed the crime, and is now in
the Summerville jail. Mrs. H. was about seventy
years of age. Her friends arrived here on Satur
day with her remains, on their way to some point
down the country — Rome Courier, B th.
Ladies Take Notice. —ln putting up cooked
provisions for the soldiers, be sure to let every
thing become thoroughly cool before it is boxed
up. When put lip warm it will spoil in a few hours,
so that it cannot be eaten. Much that lias been
sent to the Forts and Camps have already been
lost on this account. — Portsmouth ( l r a.) Trans
Southern Manufactures —A few days since
the hoot and shoe factory of this place sold one
bill to a gentleman of Macon, Ga., amounting to
about oue thousand dollars. This is but the be
ginning, a simple earnest of what will be done in
future. The yankees will soon learn that we car.
live without them. The question is whether they
can live without us.— Staunton Spectator.
Wednesday, July 17, 1861.
The Ueorifia Journal & Messenger.
In order to meet the wants of those who are not
favored with a daily mail, and who wish a reliable
weekly epitome of the News, we*proposo to send
the Journal and Messenger to six months subscrib
ers, or until Jauuary next, for One Dollar, in ad
vance. Let our friends make up lists and forward
Receipts in June, 1860 19S bates.
“ “ IS6I 55 “ Decrease, 143
Total receipts to July 1, ’6O . 99,028 “
** • “ “ 1,’61.. 70,645 “ Decrease, 28,383
Stock on hand, July!, ‘60.. 3,991 “
• “ “ 1,’61.. 1,%1 “ Decrease, 2,010
Macon, July 1,1861.
At the close of the regular services at ihe
Methodist Chursh on Sunday last, Col. A. M. Spear,
of Major Hardeman’s Battalion, who had just re
turned from Virginia, made a very interesting
statement of the moral and physical condition of
that gallant command. Whilst the soldiery had
been remarkably exempt from disease, in morals
they were equally healthtul.
The last number of the Field & Fireside
commences the publication of an interesting prize
story, entitled “ Helen Howard,” by Miss Clara
V. Doroan. Also, the “ Historic Landmarks of
DEATH OF W. A. ROSS.
We briefly announced the death of this gentle
man in our last issue. He died at Daily’s Springs,
Ala., whither he had gone for his health. IDs
remains leached this city on last Wednesday eve
ning, and with appropriate funeral obsequies were
deposited in Rose Hill Cemetery on Thursday
morning. In token of the esteem in which he was
held in this community as a merchant and citizen,
the stores were generally closed.
Mr. Ross was not only an enterprising, public
spirited and patriotic citizen, but had for many
long years been an active and useful official mem
ber of the Methodist Church. Ilis hospitable doors
were alwavs open to its ministers and his hand
ever ready to assist all its varied interests. We
never knew William Ross to refuse aid to any
good cause. His death is a public loss. To his
worthy and interesting family it is irreparable.
They have the sincere condolence of this comtnu
It will not surprise his numerous friends to learn
that Mr. Ross died peacefully and resignedly in
the faith in which he lived, and wherein he was
able trustingly to stand.
We observe that the names of Hon. E. A. Nis
bet, of this city, and Hon. M. J. Crawford, of Co
lumbus, are suggested for the Gubernatorial office.
Wherefore V They are now in honorable and re
sponsible positions, there let them remain. We
are assured, on the best authority, that Judge Nis
bet does not desire the office.
PR f PARE FOR THE WORST.
We may have peace in six months. We may
not have it in six years. The whole tone of the
Lincoln Administration and the action of the Lin
coln Congress, is in favor of subjugation. Wo
should, therefore, in every possible icay, prepare for
the worst. Planters and farmers would do well to
look after their stock—to raise hogs, cattle, sheep,
poultry, and all the crops which subsist man and
beast, to the largest possible extent. Their wives
and daughters should set the spinning-wheels and
looms and knitting-needles in rapid motion. All
should go to work and quickly.
We have been waiting to see if our frieuds in
the Second District could not unite upon Cols.
Chambers, Furlow, Redding or some other good
man, before we run up our ticket; which, of
course, will be elected. The preferences of the
people are so much divided in that quarter, as to
discourage all hopes of united action upon either
of those gentlemen, whom we could very heartily
support. Pretty much the same cheerless aspect
is presented by other sections of the State. Asa
partial solution of the difficulties which seem to
perplex our contemporaries, we would, in the most
respectful and diffident manner, suggest the names
of Hon. E. G. Cabaniss, of Monroe, for Governor.
Hon. E. A. Nisbkt, of Ribb, for Congress, lion.
E. J. MlGkiiee, of Houston, for Elector. Elect
ors for the State at large, Hon. Wm. Law, of Chat
ham, Hon. Asblry Hull, of Clark. These wor
thy gentlemen represent the three parties in
the last canvass, and would form a happy combi
nation to kill off the least and last remains of old
A correspondent of the Charleston Courier pro
poses a Mass Convention of the merchants, bank
ers, railroad presidents, and others of the Confed
erate States, to assemble at some central point
within the Confederacy, (Macon or Atlanta, 0a.,)
about the middle of August, for the purpose of
devising some plan by which a system of credit
may be established between the Confederate States
and European countries, which may be used by
all who desire it, on the most Javoraole terms, at
the same time to make known to the world our
wants and our resources, and materially aid our
The suggestion i3 a good one. It would be well
for the business men of the country to meet and
interchange views upon financial and commercial
topics, and Macon will cordially welcome such a
WESLEYAN FEMALE COLLLEGE.
The Exercises at this institution on Tuesday and
Wednesday of last week (Commencement days,)
were well attended and highly interesting and sat
isfactory. The compositions of the graduating
class, were invariably good and very distinctly and
gracefully uttered. Many of them exhibited a high
order of intellectual vigor and culture. The part
ing counsels of the esteemed and worthy President,
were eminently sound and practical. We should
be glad to see them in print.
The following are the names of the Young La
dies of the graduating class :
Miss Catherine E. Cater, Vineville, Ga.
“ Frances S. Love, Talbot county, Ga.
“ Caroline M. Taylor, Pulaski county, Ga.
“ Martha Huge, Macon, Ga.
“ Eunice A. Rylandkr, Sumter county, Ga.
“ Martha S. Robertson, Greenville, Ga.
“ M. Lusanna Burge, Newton county, Ga.
“ Amanda J. Barnett, Milledgeville, Ga.
“ Luiiy M. Paine, Aberdeen, Miss.
“ Mary B. Johnson, Macon, Ga.
“ Sarah E. Hudson, Jefferson county, Ga.
“ Emm ala S. Bellamy, Moutieelio, Fla.
“ Josephine E. Rumph, Houston county, Ga.
“ Meta M. Harbaum, Macon, Ga.
“ Anna M. Williamson, Vineville, Ga.
“ Ophelia C. Tucker, Laurens county, Ga.
“ Ella Florins Stevens, Walthourville, Ga.
Our friends in the interior will bear in mind that
we huve no peaches in this section this year. A
fair quantity sent here in good older would find
ready sale, daily, at about $2 per bushel. — Angus
Just before we read the above, we had regaled
ourselves upon some choice specimens of the Tilit
on peach, from the fruitery of Mr. Springer, of
this city, and regret that friend Barnes could not
have been present to share the luxury. Will not
someone look after the wants of our Augusta
friends ? They are a clever generation and should
not be without peaches aud milk. >
THE GUBERNATORIAL QUESTION.
Some of our contemporaries seem to be a good
deal exercised in regard to who shall be our next
Governor? A nominating State Convention ap>
pears to be abandoned by the press, with the ex
ception of the Telegraph and one or two more
papers, we believe. Our neighbor, however, urges
the holding of a Convention at Mdledgeville in
September next, to nominate a candidate. To this
we object. First, because the present condition
of the country is uufavorable to a full and fair
representation of the sentiment and feeling of the
masses ; and the recommendation of a partial rep
resentation of the people would not be respected.
2ndlv, because such political machinery is unsuited
to the new order of things, and we hope wtll here
after be forever repudiated by the people. The
people of Georgia, by popular ballot or through
their well accredited legislative agents, are entirely
competent to select a chief magistrate, without
the intervention ol officious and irresponsible po
litical wire-workers. If a Governor is not chosen
by the popular voice, we much prefer the selection
should be made by the legislature, which is from
the people, and responsible to them for all its acts.
We have no fears that one of the two candidates,
having the largest number of votes, even in a
“scrub race,” will be entirely acceptable to the
people and quite as competent as one nominated
by a packed Convention. For once give the peo
ple a fair showing.
THE WAR NEWS,
For the week, has been immense in sensation
bulk, but sifted down, is easily compressed into
few lines. That the Confederate forces in South
ern Missouri have met with success, is beyond
question, we think. We think it 13 equally certain
that they have met with reverses in north-western
A letter to the Dispatch, dated Laurel Hill, July
9th, after referring to the continued fight, says
that the gallani Georgians, under Col. Ramsey >
were again engaged early Monday morning, until
a late hour in the day, keeping up a continuous
fire and holding their ground without having a man
killed or wounded.
There has no doubt been much hard fighting in
Missouri and Virginia, ere this, but it will be some
days before we hare authentic information of the
result. Os course, much anxiety will be felt until
we have farther tidings. In the meantime, let all
rumors be received with great caution.
TENTS FOR THE SICK-
We understand that two elegant and spacious
tents, fitted up with bedding and everything neces
sary to the comfort of the sick and wounded, have
been sent to the Oglethorpe Infantry, now in West
ern Virginia. Os course the donors were ladies ;
gentlemen would never have thought of such
things till about the time the soldiers returned
home. One generous and patriotic lady of this
city contribute‘l*tjplOO.OO, almost the entire cost of
manufacturing and furnishing these valuable tents.
We begin to think that Mr. Stephens was right—
we could not carry on this war if it were not for
the ladies. They are all engaged heart and soul
in the contest.
We copy the above from the Augusta Sentinel.
We cannot concede that all the ladies are doing
their whole duty to the brave soldiers who are
fighting their battles. There are women as well as
men in this and other counties who are able to
give their hundreds and thousands of dollars, who
have yet contributed but little to carry on this
war. Let such read the appeal of the Rev. Mr.
Dabney in our paper to-(l iv. That man (or that
woman) is no patriot, who, in an hour like this,
will hug his money-bags and cotton bales to his
heart and leave the soldier unaided and uncared
for, to fight bis battles. Let the wealthy planters
of the country—men and women—come up gen
erously to this work at once. Some have already
done so. There are a dozen ladies in Macon and
Vincville, who could give a hospital tent atid fur
nish it, and not feel the poorer.
There is another matter which ought to be
looked after. The sick and disabled must not on
ly have shelter, but nurses. Macon could well
spare a score or two of idle negroes, male and fe
male, free and bond, for this purpose.
MORE OF THE LINCOLN DESPOTISM AT KEY
The schr. Dudley arrived at Tampa on the 2d
instant, with a volunteer crew, members of the
Methodist Church at Key West, and Mr. Win. Da
vies, the Methodist Preacher stationed there, and
his wife. It seems that Mr. Davies, ou Sunday
night, 23d u!t., made his usual prayer for the Con
fenderate States. This did not exactly suit the
ideas of the powers that be ; accordingly on Mon
day afternoon, while iu the church leading a Class
Meeting, a file of soldiers—a sergeant and ten men
—entered and arrested him by order of Major
French. He was taken to the Fort, where he de
manded of the officer of the day to have the charges
brought against him. This was refused, and he
i was confined in a cell (about 4 by 6,) and kept
i there until 9or 10 o’clock the next morning, w hen
he was released on condition that he would imme
diately leave the Island, which he did on Friday,
The crew of the Dudley had orders not to have
any communications with the citizens of Tampa,
and not to carry letters or papers from Tampa to
the citizens of Key West.
The Lincoln authorities on the Island are tight
ening the reins—military despotism has full sway,
and it is thought that others of the obstinate re
bels, who will not take the oath, will have to leave
• or be imprisoned. So we go.
We extract the above from the Tallahassee Flo
< ridian. Mr. Davies was formerly from Milledge
[ ville, and once attached to this office.
A somewhat similar outrage was recently perpe
trated at Alexandria, by order of our old, and, we
thought, gallant friend, Col. lleintzleman, who
served in Florida dnriDg the Indian War. Mr.
Leftwieh, pastor of the 2nd Presbyterian church
in that city, was arrested for praying for the suc
cess of the Southern cause. lie declared that he
should continue to do so. He was finally released.
The I.incolnites seem to dread confederate prayers
as much as masked batteries.
EDUCATIONAL REPOSITORY AND FAMILY
We are sorry to see auvthing good give way
before the pressure of the times ; but with more
than ordinary regret do we receive the announce’
tneut of the suspension of the above mined
Monthly. Able and dignified from the first, every
number has contained articles of rare merit; and
we hoped for it a long, prosperous and useful ca
reer. We are grieved to part with it—not so
much for ourself, but for the sake of the educa
tional interest of the South. Wc wish it an early
resuscitation.— South. Chr. Adoocate.
The above is in harmony with the general testi
mony and sentiment of the religious and secular
press. And yet an enterprise so necessary to the
inception and perfection of an efficient homoge
neous educational system, is famished for want of
I* ii fur lunate Rencountre.
The Macon Telegpaph of the 13th inet., says: —
“We learn that a letter has been received in
this city which states that a difference having arisen
between Theoderick L. Moutfort, Esq., and Dr. J.
E. Bartlett, of Oglelliorpe, they met in that place
on Thursday and both being armed with double
barreled shot guns, a recontre took place in which
Bartlett was supposed to he mot tally, and Montfort
We learn that the origin of the difficulty was in
reference to a Volunteer company, but have not
heard any particulars. It is much to be regretted
that two such respectable and clever gentlemen
should waste their blood, when their services are
needed in a better cause.
The Chronicled: Sentinel of Wednesday
announces, on the authority of a gentleman of
Augusta just from Po:tsmouth, Va., that Cant.
Blodgett who had been put under arrest by Col.
Wright, had been tried by a Court-martial at the
latter place, and had been honorably acquitted.
The Athens Banner, of Wednesday last, says:
“ Our community has been saddened by the unex
pected death ot Mrs. I’. 11. Mell, on Saturday.—
She was a most estimable lady, and was carried to
her last resting place mourned by all who knew
The following we find in the Mobile Tribune of
Wednesday. It will suit any and every latitude
We have inaugurated anew Government, let;,
see to it that men of pure morals and unselfi .h
patriotism, shape and control its destiny. jj ie
Let us have a change. We have anew South
ern Confederation; and we want to see a
regime adopted in our elections, candidates
Ist. We want men as candidates who are fly
and not against us.
2d. Let us select men who have an interest in
3d. Let us elect men who have brains.
4th. Put the debauchee and the man who dailv
lives in open violation of the laws of God and
man in your midst, to open shame, when he shnll
presume to ask an office at the hands of the peo
oth. Put conscientious men in office, who will
not extort from the people. [Here is a crying ?j n
which must be remedied.]
COL. A. W- REDDING FOR GOVERNOR
Dear JSntjuirer : As our Gubernatorial election
is close at hand, it is time we were casting about
in our minds for a successor to the present Chief
Magistrate, should he not again be before the
Former political lines being erased, all th
wish is, a man who is “capable, honest” and prac
tical, and who is as far removed as possible from
all political wire workings and triekstering.
Allow me, therefore, to suggest the name of
Col. Anderson W. Redding, as being just the man
for (lie times. He lias occupied positions of dis
tinction in the State with great credit to himself
and profit to the people, and is a gentleman of an
eminently practical mind. His character is also
above suspicion, and no man, I am persuaden
could be more acceptable to the mars of the
people. L. M. 8.,
One of a Thousand.
Muscogee, July 8, 1861.
In publishing the above we take pleasure in
saving that no man in Georgia would snake a more
efficient Governor than Col. Redding. Such sound,
prudent, practical men .as Cabiness, Chambers and
Redding are the men for the times.
Correspeiulence of Hie ivies-enger.
CAMP JACKSON, j
4th Rec.iwknt Georgia Volunteers,
Near Portsmouth, Va., July 12, 1861. )
Messrs. Editors : —Rumors and events relative
to “the wars” are so various and mutable, that t
person can give no accurate detail concerning the
same, and as an occular vision of the transaction
of things is most reliable, 1 will only state things
that I have seen and things that are, without the
remotest possibility of a doubt, true. Our camp
has been and now is remarkably quiet on the war
sens.itiou. Notwithstanding we have had several
false alarms at night, and as a matter of course
when the weather was the most inclement. The
health in our camps is very good comparatively
speaking. The soldiers of the 4th Georgia Regi
ment are becoming somewhat discouraged on ac
count of not having had an opportunity of meeting
in mortal combat the insolent invaders who now
, corrupt the soil of Virginia by their unhallowed
I tread. Being in full view of them every day, and
seeing their filthy crafts disturbing the tranquil
waters of Virginia, leaving upon their tarnished
decks abolition hordes who are there to satiate a
tyranical thirst and ambition ; an example of which
could not be found in the annals of Pandemonium.
A daily view of such unsightly objects as these
only tend to vex and perplex us. Even the placid
waters of James River becomes troubled and
groans to bear upon its bosom such a ponderous
weight of monsters. We received into camp a
day or two since Mr. Lincoln’s “something” which
lie submitted to that assembly of—l know not
what kind of an appellation to give them, but a
congregated body of more corrupt and hellish de
signers has never been known since the assemblage
of Milton’s fallen angels. This has only served to
infuse a stronger determination into our souls to
never submit to the rule of a being devoid of con
science, humanity and honor. lie says that “those
who can carry an election can put down a rebel
lion.” This may be true where both sides partici
pate in the election, but we, as freemen, not being
willing to weigh our suffrages aud liberties in scales
with an inferior race, did not even, let alone par
ticipating, dignify his election with a notice, and
furthermore this proposition has failed in one or
two instances, by referring to the affair at Bethel,
it seems that his crowd of marauding vandals had
it been left to vote could and would have certainly
carried the victory by a considerable majority, but
that engagement is only a prelude to the inevitable
doom of the detested tyrant. We are anxious,
ready and eager to pounce upon the tyrant, and
you need not fear if ever an opportunity presents
itself but what the 4th Georgia Regiment will do
honor to themselves and the noble State they rep
“They are true to the last of their blood and their breach,
And will, like reapers, descend to the harvest of death,”
And never will we return from the battle field un
til the last foot-print of the demon-like invader
shall be erased from the fertile soil of the “sunny
South.” No, never, never !
“Until the tyrant’s bark goes down
Beneath freedom’s sous avengiDg frown.”
ML C. V.
Socks for the Volunteers.—We see it sug
gested that it would be well for housewives and
others to knit socks and forward to the volunteers.
It will not he long until cool weather, w hen woolen
socks will he in trreat demand. In fact, unless
the supply is larger than usual, our brave soldiers
will suffer. This should not he. Then iet moths
ers, wives, sisters and sweethearts knit socks for
those in service. They will do it gratuitously anti
£§J“Tke drift of the speeches of Lincoln and
Seward on the 4th of July, on the occasion of the
grand review, was that sufficient time had elapsed
for the South to see the temper ami disposition of
the country, and that demonstrations would not
longer be confined to the defensive. It is said
that Gen. Scott, by manner and gesture, seemed
to endorse the idea.
From the partial returns hitherto made of the
election on the 2d, we were beginning to think
that the new Constitution had been rtftified, though
by a very small vote—uot more than one-tenth
the full vote ; but the accouuts Irom North-east
Georgia, which we find in the Southern Watchman
of the 10th inst, put a different face on the matter.
The vote stood—
Rat’n. No Rat’n.
Clarke 60 285
Jackson 44 79"’
Oglethorpe 16 122
The Watchman has reports, but not the figures,
from Walton, Madison, Franklin, &0., in which
the vote against ratification was nearly unanimous.
The vote in his immediate bailiwick is quite &
feather in the cap of our cotemporary of Athens,
as he has strenuously opposed the new Constitu
tion from the beginning.
Dreadful Affray.—The Jacksonville (Ala.)
Republican of the 4th, learns that on Tuesday
previous, an affray occurred near the steam saw
mill, in that county, between four persons named
Steadman, father and three sons, on one side, arm
Green Skelton, bailiff, Mayfield, and one or two
others, whom he had summoned to his aid in ar
resting the Steadmans, in which John Steadman
was shot dead, one of his brothers morta. ?
wounded, and Skelton shot in the knee and aim.
There had been some fighting before between the
Steadmans and a Mr. White, and the affray occur
red in resisting the arrest of the Steadmans. It
is said that during the contest, about 30 shots
The Wilmington, N. C., Journal eays that L.iut.
Crosson, of the North Carolina Navy, made another
fine capture on Friday or raturday. He ga’ llC ”
of another sugar vessel and carried her into