.RICHMOND EVACUATED !
NEWS FROM DANVILLE.
Da.nvii.lk, April 4. —The evacuation of Rich
mond commenced on Sunday afternoon. Presi
dent Davis and Cabinet arrived here on Monday
' sry tew persons were able to leave the city
except Government officials, in consequence of
the suddenness of the movement.
The enemy broke through Lee’s lilies on Sat
urday night, near Petersburg, after several
days bard fighting, and made it necessary for
hint to withdraw so as to uncover the capital.
The position of our army is *ow unknown,
as there is" no telegraph beyond the junction
of the Richmond and L>anville and the South
The Richmond Arsenal has been removed;
the valuables of the banks in Richmond were
brought away, and the specie belonging lo the
The last, passengers report a great mob in
the city of Richmond ; the burning of all the
mills and warehouses and plundering *f stores.
This was done by foreigners and lew classes.
The rolling stock of the Richmond and Dan
ville Road was all saved. The enemy had not
occupied Richmond at la3t accounts.
The President will probably remain here for
All the Richmond newspapers were left in
Gov. Smith went towards Lynchburg. The
archives of the State Government were left
Sknatobia, March 27.—The Memphis live
ning Bulletin, of the 25tli, says:
A great panic continues in commercial circles
North owing to the fall of gold.
The Herald thinks Maximilian’s position very
precarious, and says he has broken off with the
French, and his quarrel with the Church parly
will drive him from Mexico.
The Times’ Paris correspondent says the ex
citement. about the relations between France
and the United States is on the increase,
Nassau advices say that thirty-six blookaders
are in port with nothing to do.
A Fortress Monroe dispatch says a rebel
force appeared in the vicinity of the White
House, manifesting great activity.
Latest gold quotation ISO.
Augbsta, April 4. —The lines are down be
tween Danville and Richmond, caused by a
Y ankee raid.
News from Savannah report that large quan
tities of goods are being shipped North for
want, of market.
Large numbers of our runaway negroes are
being shot daily by our scouts in the vicinity
of Savannah and Charleston. There is little
chance for any of them to get into Savannah.
The ci;y is garrisoned by 2,500 troops—two
The Yankees took from Mr. Lamar his Con
federate money and securities, and paid him
with it for his cottou.
The property of Hiram Roberts, President
of the Savings Bank, and George W. Ander
son, President of the Planters’ Bank, has been
confiscated on account of Northern liabilities.
The Yankees have erected a hew line within
our old line of fortifications. They ran them
through the Catholic Cemetery, and have not
permitted the removal of remains by relatives.
The commander at Charleston has issued or
ders requiring the schools, to be opened for tire
education of black and white children. Some
applications for opening private schools have
been granted, but they are to take the oath of
allegiance, and pledge they will not use any
books recognizing ihe existence ui the rebel
government: they are not to permit any ex
pression of disloyalty to the United States; all
rebel school b >oks are to be given up.
In an interview between the Charleston ladies
and the commander of the city, Ihe Indies were
informed that anew order of things had come
in vogue, anti aristocracy was done away with
forever; that a large majority of the so-called
first families of South Carolina had been re
duced to beggary already, and before the war
ended nil would be paupers, and that a higher
social order should be established, and an en
tirely different class of people rule. The gov
ernment could only recognize in dealing with
peonle one test, of loyalty, and, inasmuch as
the negroes, as a class, had been loyal, and
Umji whites disloyal, there would certainly be
nothing done by the government, officially, that
would discriminate against the negro.
General Johnston’s army is iu a thriving
All quiet along the lines.
Nothing of consequence occurring iu North
The New York Tribune, of the 20th, contains
Grant’s last official telegrams relative to the
fight near Petersburg, and reports the Yankee
THE ARMY & NAVY HERALD.
oss at s‘>o missing. He says that three corps
were engaged, and shat 1,853 Confederates were
Another dispatch from Grant says that he is
in receipt of Sherman's report of his operations
from the time he left Fayetteville to llie 28tli,
(Friday.) They show bard fighting, resulting
in vary heavy losses to the enemy iu killed and
Sherman claims to have over 2,000 prisoners
in his hands, and that 2,500 will cover his en
tire loss since he left Savannah, many »f' them
only slightly wounded.
Press telegrams and letters claim Yankee
victories at Bcntenville.
The junction of Sherman and Schofield’s
armies was effeeted on the 23d.
Four hundred houses are reported to have
been destroyed by fire at Port Aspinwall, on
Ihe 28th of February.
The rebel cruiser Owl left Havana on the
21st, bound for Galveston.
Gen. Kautse, commanding the cavalry of the
army of the James, has been suspended by
A RBI'BLSE NEAR RICUMONB.
Richmond, Marcs 30.—The following was
HEADqWARTr.US Armies-C. B. A.
lion. Secretary of War :
Gen. Grew reported that the eneitiy at 11
o'clock, P. M., yesterday, advanced against a
part of bis line, defended by Brig. Gen. Lewis,
but was repulsed.
The lire of the artillery aild mortars con
tinued for several hours with considerable ac
No damage on our lines reported.
[Signed] R. E. Lbk.
Other telegrams from Gen. Lee say there
was skirmishing yesterday near Diuwiddie,
Mr. Daniel, of the Richmond Examiner, died
this forenoon after a protracted illness.
The Petersburg Express, of this morning,
says that last, night about. 1,0 o’clock the enemy
opened on our lines on the Appomattox with a
fearful artillery fire, and simultaneously a
movement was made by a part of his infantry
Gen. Gordon repulsed the charges with cool
ness up to 12 o’clock. The fighting was con
tinued wi:li great vigor and fierceness, the ene
my making five separate assaults, all of which
The enemy’s loss must have been immense,
as tho enemy came in swarms, and was sup
posed to be several lines deep. The loss was
undoubtedly fearful, while >our loss was com
The gallantry of our troops was displayed in
the most gratifying manner, and their conduct
is the theme of universal praise.
During the entire fight, which lasted two
hours, not. a man was seen coming to the rear.
Officers from the front say the enemy came
up within four paces of our lines.
The cannonading was distinctly heard in
LATER FROM MOBILE.
Mobile, March 29.—Fighting continued all
day in and around Spanish Fort, with the ad
vantage decidedly in our favor. Tiie enemy’s
loss is severe. Our loss slight. One monitor
was sunk this morning by a shot from Spanish
The Yankee ficei too’: no part in the fight to
On the eastern shore the enemy’s gunboats
commenced shelling the western shore at teu
o'clock, but were driven tiff by Jobin's battery
and a section of a Missouri battery. Two men
of the 'Missouri battery, and a Mr. Frederick, a
citizen, were wounded.
Forty-seven vessels of all classes are in sight.
E very lhin g enco urag in g.
Sknatobia, March 28. —Orders have been
received at Paducah for transportation for ten
thousand prisoners who have been exchanged
at Eastpert, Miss., according to an agreement
made by'Gen. Thomas with the Confederate au
Capt. Beauregard, brother to Gen. Beaure
gard, recently passed through tb.e City of Mex
ico en route to Sonora.
Jere. Clemens/who Ims been living in Phila
delphia the past year, is about to return to bis
home at- Huntsville.
A Fortress Monroe telegram, of the 22d, says
Grant has contracted the lines as if preparing
Secretary Welles, Assistant Secretary Fox,
and Major General Ander. on, are going to visit
Charleston, sad to raise, thr old llag on Fort
The New York Comrforcial’s special, of the
24th, says the Washington Chronicle has
another peace article to-day, which is regarded
as significant, in view of Forney’s intimate re
lations with the President, and Lanier's clepsr
| ture for Grant's headquarters. It advocates a
liberal policy to rebel leaders, to prevent fur
The Memphis Argus, of the 28ih, contains
an important order from Washburnc, announc
ing that no mare raids would be made into the
country except to resist rebel forces, and for
bidding unauthorized foraging, and urging the
people to the re-establishment of t’n* courts of
justice, and informing farmers that they can
obtain laborers by applying to the Superinten
dent —also urging refugees to return home.
Montgemery, April 3.—The enemy reported
to be from seven to nine thousand strong, occu
pied Selma Sunday at (i o'clock, P. M. Our
forcss retired towards Demopolis.
N# movement from the direction of Polar .I.
[From the Army and Navy Messenger.]
Major Janies thus describes Marion's per
sonal appearance: ‘‘He was rather below the
middle statue, lean and swarthy. His body
was well set, but. his knees and ancles were
badly formed, and he still limped upon one ’eg.
He had a countenauoe remarkably steady : his
nose was aquiline, bis chin projecting; bis
forehead large and high, and his eyes black
andspiercing. He was then (1780) forty-eight
years of age, with a frame capable of enduring
fatigue and every privation, lie was dressed
in a close round-bodied crimson jacket., of a
coarse texture, and wore a leather cap, part of
the uniform of the Second regiment, wiih a sil
ver crescent in front, inscribed with the words
“ Biebrty or Death !”
Gates was defeated at Camden, August 16tli,
17<*0. On the 20th, Marion attacked a guard
of the C3d and Prince of Wales’ regiment with
a. ntmbcr of tovies, at the Great Savannah, near
Neßson’s Ferry, killed and took twenty-two
fories and re-captured one hundred and fifty
Continentals of the Maryland line: of these
but three consented to join Manumo -—u„
znc of them afterwards deserted. Theri plea
for net joining was, “ that they considered the
erase of the country hopeless.” Thus did the
Colonel, whose small leather cap had lately af r
forded diversion to Gates’ regulars, now res
cue to many es them from the clutches of the
While Marion was encamped on the East side
of the White Marsh, near the head of the Wac
c&raaw, a son of Major James, aged sixteen
dined with the celebrated Partizan, and he des
cribes the dinner, thus: “ The dinner was set
before the company by the General s servant,
gjscnr, partly on a pine log and partly on the !
ground. It, consisted of lean beef, without salt
and sweet, potatoes. Young James had left a
small pot of toiled hominy in his camp, and re
quested leave of his iiost to send for it. and the
proposal was gladly acquiesced in. The homi
ny had salt in it and proved, though eaten out
of the pot, a most acceptable repast. The Gen
eral said but little, and that was chiefly what a
sen would be most likely to be gratified by, in
the praise of his father. We had nothing to
drink but bad water; and all the company ap
peared to be very grave.”
Marion found a body of Tories posted at
Shepherd’s Ferry, or. the Black Mingo, a deep
navigable stream, the passage of which they
commanded. There was but one other approach
to them, .about a mile above their position,
through a boggy causeway and over a bridge
of planks. It was near midnight when Marion’s
troops reached this pass. While the horses
were crossing Die bridge, an alarm-gun was
heard from liie Tory camp, when Marion order
ed his men to follow him at full gallop. 'When
they reached ihe main road, about. three hun
dred yards from the enemy, the whole force,
with the exception of a small body acting as
Rivalry, dismounted. A body of picked men
under Capt. jWaties, was ordered down the road
to attack Bollard’s house, where the Tories had
been posted. Two companies under Col. Hugh
ITorry, were sent to the right and the cavalry
tp the left to support the attack; Marion him
self bringing up ihe reserve. The Tories how
ever, having taken the alarm and having with
drawn from the house, had chosen a strong po
sition in an old field near if. Here they encoun
tered Horry’s command or the advance with a
severe and unexpected fire. Horry’s troops fell
back in confusion, but were promptly rallied
and brought to the charge. The battle was ob
stinate and bloody, but the apperance of the
corps of W ities suddenly in the rear of the To
ries, soon brought it to a close. Finding them
selves between two cross fires, the enemy gave
way in all directions and fled for refuge to the
neighboring swamp of Black Mingo. The force
of the Tories was nearly double that of Marion's
brigade, yet they lost their commander and left
many of their number killed and wounded on
the ground. Marion’s loss was very con
siderable. After this affair, Marion adopted
l ihe precaution whenever about tocross abridge
by night, wiih an enemy near, to cover the
planks with t.he blankets of bin men. But he
generally preferred fords, where they could
possibly be found, to bridges.
Marion, himself, since taking command of his
brigade, slept without a b'anket. He had bui
one on taking the command, and this be bs
lost by accident. Sleeping after a torced mar
upon a bed of pine straw, it took fire, his blan
ket was destroyed and one half of the cap h*
wore was shrivelled up in the flames. His food
was hominy or potatoes ; his drink vinegar and
water. Ue had neither tea or coffee, andseldom
tasted wine or spirits. And yet be held a pow
er from Governor Rutledge to impress whatever
he thought neceSsery for bis purposes.
Tarltoiv having iu viin pursued Marion
through the swamps, at length gave up the pur
suit, exclaiming, “Come my boys! let. us go
back. We will soon find the Gome cock, (mean
ing Sumter) but as for this Swomp-fox, the de l
vil himself could not catch him.”
Tarleton, with feur hundred mounted men,
having attacked Sumpter-on the banks of Tyger
river, was defeated with the loss of ninety-two
killed and one hundred wounded, being nearly
one half of his force. The American loss was
three killed and as many wounded; but among
the latter was Sumpter, severely wounded in
the breast. He was wrapped in a bullock’s raw
hide, suspend, and between two horses, and so
conveyed >.o North Carolina, where lie lay some
time hors dc combat.
•Surma Fallen.'—We leafn that d-pitches
from Montgomery state that Selma was enter
ed last night about seven o’clock by the Yankee
forces. It seems from the best information \vq
can get on the subject, that the principal Yan
kee column flanked the main body of our troops
thus avoiding an engagement.
We can hardly think the enemy will be able
to hold Selma, but will destroy all they can and
then beat a retreat.
In consequence of the fall of Selma, appre
' *-•*»ail in Montgomery that that city
will be tbe next to feet mv „
quently quite a number of families are leaving,
&c. Considerable excitement prevails in Mont
gomery.— Columbus Sun.
Death of Dr. WiNctriEnn. —We learn that
Dr. A. C. Wingfield, died yesterday evening of
wounds received in the late rencountre with
Dr. E. A. Rossey. Dr. R. we understand was
imprisoned Saturday evening to await his pre
liminary trial to clay. —Columbus Sun, 4th inst.
The plan is now generally adopted in Grant's
army, when burying the dead, to place in the
grave with the body a sealed bottle, containing
a paper on which was written the name and
other particulars respecting the deceased.
A Kikd-Hearted Negro.— “ Pompey, are
you willing to be damned, if it should be the
Lord's will ?” inquired a- pious friend. “O,
yes, massa, and more too ; 1 am willing for you
to bo damned, too, massa!” replied Pompey.
To pronounce a man happy merely because
lie is rich, is just as absurd as to call a man
healthy because he has enough to eat.
“Marriage,” said an unfortunate husband,
“is the church-yard of love.” “And-you
men,” replied the wife, “are the grave-dig
“Mind whajt you are doing,” said a little
chap to another who had knocked his cap down
over his-eyes. “Do you think I wear a per
cussion cap ?”
No Mas can Serve Two Masters. —He who
thinks to -uve anythin;!by bis religion, beside-*
h s soul, will be a loser in the end.— Bishop
Children. —If. instructing a child, you are
vexed with it. for a want of adroitness, try, if
you have never tried before, to write with your
left hand, and remember that a child is oil left
A Test. —One of the best ways of ascer
taining tbe nature of things is to ask dying
sinners. They commonly speak clearly and
uniformly. Not one of them has ever pro.
nounced gold or earthly honor or carnal
pleasure'of real value to a dying man. Not
one of them has ever pronounced a life of
sin wise, or a death of sin desirable. Nor
do dying sinners testify to the value of th-iir
strong delusions, even when they hug them
fast. The utmost error can do in that aw
ful hour, is to make those embracing it sul
len or irritable. It never kindles up the
countenance with au unearthly smile: it
never gives songs in the night.- “The doc
trine of the cross is the only religion for
a dying sinner.” Nothing else bears the
soul above the world.