j ~ WEDNESDAY. MAY 31, 1813,
for president of the united states.
JOHN C. CALHOUN,
We marked the birth-day of our
Journal, by unfurling to the breeze
the broad banner of Democracy, and
inscribing upon its bright field the
stainless name of John C. Calhoun,
the American Aristides, as our First
Choice for President of the United
States-, and for the Tice Presidency,
the name of that wise, honest and able
Statesman and unswerving Patriot,
Levi Woodbury, of New Hampshire :
Subject, of course, to the decision of a Na
tional Democratic Convention:
The Delegates to be chosen directly
by the People —to convene at Balti
more, May, 1844, and there individu
ally express Faithfully, the will of
their Constituents. We ask but a fair
field and fair play —and then “ God
defend the Right.”
Mr. Webster’s Speech, delivered at the com
plimentary dinner given to that gentleman
in Baltimore on the 18th Inst.
We copy from that able and invaluable useful mir
ror of the times, the New York Herald, its report of
the speech, being as that journal stated, the only full,
accurate and authentic one yet published.
The Herald blazes away in its usual piquant and
knowing style, when treatingof such matters —we,
howe ver,omitting half a column of sparkling descrip
tion, take up the affair at the point when the toast,
“Our honored guest, Daniel Webster,” was given, to
which of course Mr. Webster responded. This ad
dress, occupied an hour and a half in delivery.
Deeming it a document eminently important in the
present unsettled stato of public opinion and public
alTairs, we insert it at full length, and ask for it an at
The speech may be considered as an exhibit of
the views and intentions now entertained by Mr.
Tyler and his cabinet, including the Magnus Apollo
of New England, as an expose of the commercial re
lations subsisting between this country and other na
tions, and the bearing of those relations, whether
injurious or beneficial, on the interests of the
American people —an assemblage of long contested
and firmly resisted truths, some of them illustrative
of the orator's own creed propounded in Tammany
Hall in 1324.
But the aspectof Mr. W’s programme, to us, the most
gratifying, is the brighteningprospectit presents of
repose & augmented prosperity to our own country,
and to those nations we arc most intimately connec
ted with, and the demonstrative evidence it alTords
that the mists of ignorance, prejudice and blinded,
reckless self-interest, which have so long shed blight
and mildew on the happiness of mankind, are grad
ually meltiqg away before the daily increasing force
of truth, intelligence and the good of necessity that
the progress of man is still onward—the step of the
great movement towards a purer, healthier, less arti
ficial, more elevating civilization, unfaltering as that
of time, anH aftor every collision with the adver
sary becoming firmer and more accelerated. Fi
nally, that after the relentless warfare which for
a hundred ages, wealth has waged against labor,
money against man, the scale is now it seems prepon
derating in favor of the latter.
The Baltimore address, is not disfigured by any
appearance of the oratory or rhetoric, of which Mr.
w. is so distinguished a master; it is in truth a long,
plain talk about matters and things, to which we shall
Mr. Calhoun’s Prospects in the Emp're State,
Are of the most flattering kind. There is a pro
found and enthusiastic admiration for the great
Southern Statesman, deep seated in the hearts of the
democratic citizens of this great commonwealth,
well named the Empire State. A deep seated and
sure conviction that he is, perhaps of all others, the
most proper representative of the principles of the
great Democratic party of the Union, of the party of
progress the party of human improvement the
liberal party of the world : And they justly regard
him as their most perfect exponent on the subject of
Free Trade, which both in this great State and in
the New England States is rapidly becoming a car
dinal doctrine, regarded by them as ono of their
most inestimable privileges, one of their most impor
tant and absolutely necessary rights —as indissolu
bly connected with their prosperity, as it is just and
proper. They are now convinced that our great
commercial Navy, which in its restless enterprise has
penetrated to the utmost limits of the navigable
waters of the globe, and in its mighty growth cast
its shadow over the whole earth, will shrink into its
primitive insignificance, and wither like the stunted
shrubs of the desert, under the blasting sirocco of
•protection, which now paralizes its energies.
They justly reverence him for the irresistable in
tellectual force, with which he has illustrated and
expounded our unequaled Constitution. For the
imperishable lustre which he ha3 shed aronnd this
venerated and sacred charter of our liberties, and
demonstrated it to be the most perfect and conserva
tive system of government ever conceived by the
mind, or framed by the hand of man. While Mr.
Webster and Mr. Clay have derived much of their
great reputations, the one from exerting all the
mighty energies of his mind to pervert and distort it,
and the other all the powers of his brilliant intellect,
ruthlessly to pluck from it one of its brightest jew
els, it is Mr. Calhoun’s greater reputation to have
met and triumphed over both these gigantic intel
lects, for the Constitution, untouched, inviolate, for
the Constitution as it is.
They respect him for the extended and compre
hensive character of his public policy, always in
tended for the benefit of the whole Union, never for
the advancement of sectional interests, or to procure
the dominance of his own party or the destruction
of any other party. They remember with gratitudei
that in 1840, he was the “Achilles that threw bis
shield and brandished his javelin before the broken
and disheartened democratic forces," restoring the
battle and converting it from a disastrous reverse into
a triumphant success. They remember that when
the Democratic party was in a minority of 145,000,
and “the Whigs were drunk with power,” that South
Carolina gallantly assuming the extreme right, the
post of honor and the post of danger, confronted
with unwavering firmness the whirlwind shock of
that memorable conflict, and that she gave her unan
imous vote to Mr. Van Buren, which his own State
refused by an overwhelming majority of 12,000.
In the great commercial metropolis, New York,
Calhoun and Woodbury as being the great represen
tatives of free trade principles, receive a decided
and vigorous support from the mercantile communi
ty, and we are informed that there is an organized
political association in the city amounting In number
to seven hundred, nearly all of whom are ardent ad
vocates of these great statesmen. Iu the enthusias
tic admiration of the young democracy, Mr. Calhoun
knows no rival. In the interior, his prospects are no
less flattering. From the Dutchess County “Anti-
Bank Democrat,” and a number of other democratic
prints, he receive* a support no less energetic than
able. Asa valuable indication of public sentiment
on this subject, we discover that Col. Samuel Young,
Secretary of State, at Albany, one of the most influ
ential democrats of the State, but opposed to the Al
bany Regency, is an energetic advocate of Mr. Cal
houn’s just claims to the highest office in the gift of
the people, and intends soon publicly to declare his
sentiments on this subject. In this connection we
may mention, that Calhoun and Woodbury have an
immense popularity in New Hampshire, Massachu
setts, and Connecticut, where their cause is advo
vocated by Isaac Hill, O. A. Brownson and others,
among the very pillars of the Democracy.
The Macon Lodge of Odd Fellows.
Every one who has lived long in this topsy-turvy
world, has a schedule of regrets, proportionably long
to mourn over, some of them sad enough, others
that the best would wish could be entirely forgotten,
even by themselves.
There are others, however of a gentler kind, on
the recollection of which, the suggestion, “I’m sorry
for it,” generally occurs. In this class we place the
temporary illness, that deprived us of the pleasure
we would have experienced in witnessing the pro
cession and the ceremonies, celebrating the forma
tion of the Franklin Lodge of Odd Fellows in this
city. The loss was partially made up, by the report
of some of our ow T n family who were present, and
spoke with warmth of the felicity the whole affair
came ofT with, and particularly, the good taste, good
feeling and appropriate delivery marking the address
of their orator, the Hon. Eugenius A. Nisbet. The
latter clause was not news to us. Mr. Nisbet has
been long favorably distinguished as a writer and in
the halls of justice, and on the floor of Congress,
and we had not forgotten Veritas as a successful
The association of good Samaritans, usually known
as the Macon Lodge of Odd Fellows, consists of the
elite of our community—banded together without
distinction of sect or party, in the holy cause of Vir
tue, Humanity and Benevolence.
The funds of the Lodge are in a secure and flour
ishing condition. It already numbers a hundred and
fifty members, to which doubtless large additions
will be made. The admission fee is but sir dollars
the weekly contribution only ten cents.
We think the success and permanence of the new
Lodge, so intimately associated with the important
interests and duties of our community, that we shall
endeavor in our next two or three numbers, to pub
lish the whole of the address, constitution and by
The following, from the close of Mr. Nisbet’s ad
dress, presents so full and attractive an exposition of
the objects and benefits of the institution, thet we
should be unjust to our readers, w ere it not placed
“ Stand free and fast,
And judge us by no more than that you know
Ingenuously, and by the right laid line
Ours is a system of organized benevolence, un
tainted by selfish aims. The sick among our breth
ren are not abandoned to the cold hand of public
charity. They are visited, and their wants provided
for, out of funds which they themselves have con
tributed to raise, and w hich in time of need they
can honorably claim.
The friendless and desolate receive from us, not
pecuniary relief alone, but personal and brotherly
attention; nor do our duties terminate with life it
self. We are pledged to perform, if necessary, the
last solemn services of humanity, snd to consign
the remains of a departed brother, with respectful
decency to our mother earth.
Nor do we exercise les3 fraternal solicitude for
the living; we are enjoined to watch over each other
even in the ordinaiy intercourse of society; warn
ing a brother who wanders from the path of honor or
rectitude, and exerting every effort to recall him.
By rigidly prohibiting religions or political contro
versy in our meetings, we also banish the most fruit
fulsubjects of disseulion, while we strongly insul
cate brotherly love and Christian toleration towards
In faith and hope the world will disagree,
But all mankind’s concern is charity;
All must be false that thwart this one great end,
And all of God, that bless mankind, or mend.
Such feelings, such conduct can only emanate
from the noblest, the most uncorrupted and steady
principles; from principles founded on the immuta
ble laws of virtue, the criterion of whose excellence
has been unerring experience.
As far as our own feelings toward those breth
ren of charity and benevolence are concerned, we
wish them the amplest success a good man could
desire, and that their Lodges may flourish as long
as there are human sufferings to be alleviated, af
flictions to be comforted, kind hearts to feel for them,
and generous hands to administer consolation.
Mr. Webster’s Speech.
After an attentive perusal of Mr. Webster’s Balti
more Address, we could not help asking ourselves,
“amid all these specious and alluring she wings, arc
these not false lights held out, some deep laid
scheme concealed for placing Federalism again in
the ascendant? For after all the delusions and mys
tifications of the year forty, the Whigs (though few of
them were aware of the fact,) were mere men in
buckram and kcndall green, the reai combatants in
the arena, were Democrats and Federalists. Undy
ing, unslumbering Federalism, has changed its name
and cognizance as often as Proteus, his form. The
most dangerous disguise it ever assumed was YVhig
gery; as that apparently identified it with the Whigs
and Whiggery of the Revolution subjects that can
never be thought of by any true American without
fondness and enthusiasm. We wish it here most
distinctly understood, that whenever we use, or have
used the terms Whigs and Whiggery, our remarks
were and are now confined to the leaders, the wire
pullers, the demagogues and corrupt intriguers of
the party, and not to the great body of our republi
can fellow citizens, who, of late years have been call
We are infinitely rejoiced to be certain from the
evidence of the last and present years elections,
that time, and the ruin and disgrace brought on the
country while those bad men presided over its des
tinies, have opened the eyes of the republican Whigs
to the measureless corruption, and ineffable sel
fishness of their leaders the republican Whigs are
returning in multitudes to their first love, doing
again their first works, and are again establishing
themselves in full fellowship in the Democratic
Church, founded by the illustrious Jefferson, against
which, the storms of Federalism and faction may
beat in vain, for it iu based on the Constitution, on
truth, justice, and human rights.
But to return —we confess that we cannot view
without suspicion, any movement in which such
men as John Tyler and Daniel Webster are promi
nent agents the latter has been under our observa
tion for more than thirty years, and such has been
his course, that though his extraordinary intellectual
endowments and social attractions have won much
of our admiration, we cannot (we say it with regret,)
Os Mr. Tyler, it would grieve us to speak disre
spectfully, he has done his country good service and
we are grateful to him his weakness and indecis
ion have, as a public man ruined him.
F'rom the explosive and emphatic manner Mr.
Webster has been mentioned in connection with the
great movement intimated in his Baltimore Address,
it might be supposed he was the originator of the
views there developed that would be a misappre
hension. They arc found in Smith's Wealth of Na
tions, in the works of Bcntham, in the Westminster
Review, in the writings and speeches of the Liberal
party in Great Britain, and ably expounded, and
conclusively established in that valuable publication,
the Democratic Review and U. S. Magazine.
The Macon Volcntekbs, Capt. Holmes, arrived
at home on Saturday last, from Savannah. They
were escorted from McCalls Mill into town, by the
Floyd Rifles, Capt. Ross. The Volunteers visited
Savannah to receive an appropriate and elegant
standard, wrought by two young ladies of that city,
and which was presented to them last Wednesday.
This flattering testimonial of the smiles of beauty,
cannot be too highly prized by the gallant corps so
handsomely complimented. To the soldier, the favor
and approval of the bright and beautiful of the land
is at all times an animating incentive, and among his
highest and most cherished rewards. May they, un
der this proud flag, continue to be animated with a
patriotic ardor, as pure and bright as the spirit of
Woman itself. The Volunteers speak in the kindest
mannerofour Savannah neighbor’s uniform attention
and courtesy to them during their late visit, and tell
us that she fully sustains her proverbial high reputa
tion for generous and noble hospitality.
James Smith, Esq., of this place, Was at the late
term of the Superior Court held for this County, ad
mitted to practice in the several Courts of Law in
[For the American Democrat. 1
The Presidential Nomination.
Mr. Van Buren, Col. Johnson, Gen. Cass, Mr.
Buchanan, and last but not least, Mr. Calhoun, are
all put forward by their respective friends, as candi
dates for a nomination by the Democratic National
Os their prospects and availability, generally, but
particularly in this State we propose to take the liber
ty of making a few desultory observations.
In the vitally important matter of selecting a can
didate, in whose hands to confide the fortunes of the
party, it is just and proper that his availability should
be taken into consideration (understand in the prop
er sense of the word, popularity and probability of
election,) as well as his other and nobler qualities.
It has been well remarked lately, I believe by the
veteran editor of the Constitutionalist, that we must
not nominate a candidate and expect to elect him
entirely upon the strength of the party, he must have
some popularity, some probabilities of success, inher
ent in himself, and we heartily concur in the same
sentiment both with respect to Presidential and Gub
Ist. With respect to Mr. Van Buren, this distin
guished and able statesman cannot, probably in the
Union, but particularly in this State, be considered
as an available candidate, upon the common every
day principle, that he has been beaten toooften, and
carries with him the prestige of defeat. Many of his
firmest and earliest friends decline jeopardizing their
principles, merely to gratify their personal attach
ments, and many of them admit that his nomination
even if successful in the Union, will prostrate the par
ty in this State probably for years.
Mr. Van Buren never was popular in this State ;
even when riding into the Presidential Chair on the
easy and unflatrging wings of General Jackson's over
whelming popularity, he was refused the vote of
Georgia by a large majority.
It is objected to him by many of the firmest demo
crats in the state, that he nas Deen run iur tne * ice
Presidency twice, and for the Presidency as often,
and thauerfezn years of candidacy for these high offi
ces, more than one fourth of a common life, is enough
for any member of a pany which is so rich and fertile
in able men as the Democratic party, upon the
common and well recognized principle of rotation in
office. This objection is a sound one. No one who
has paid any attention to the movements of partiesi
and is aware of these facts and of the formidable
popularity that Mr. Clay’s brilliant qualities have se
cured for him with his party in this State, can believe
for a moment that Mr. Van Buren will receive the
votes of the Electoral College in preference to him.
With regard to the other candidates, neither the
old war worn veteran, Richard M. Johnson, nor that
brilliant soldier and successful statesman, Gen. Cass,
nor that unswerving democrat, the distinguished
Senator from Pennsylvania, Mr. Buchannan, can be
considered as very available candidates in this section
of the Union. But we believe that either Col. John
son or Gen. Cass, could be more readily elected, and
secure the vote of this State with greater case than
Mr. Van Buren.
It needs but little knowledge of the signs of the
times to see that Mr. Calhoun is the choice of the
democracy of old Georgia, and that he is the only
o"e of the democratic candidates that can carry her
electoral vote, is equally evident. YVe may say but
one voice and one sentiment animates them upon
this subject, echoing from either bank of the broad
and beautiful Savannah, it meets with an equally
unanimous and enthusiastic response from the as
sembled democracy of the Chattahoochee, and is
heard rolling in long reverberations, among the
green clad mountain* and fertile valleys of the Cher
The democratic press is as enthusiastic in his sup
port as the people. That sterling and influential pa
per, the “Federal Union,” tells us that May, 1844,
will show Mr. Calhoun as the candidate of the party,
or it will be severed into factions. And that experi
enced politician, the Editor of the Constitutionalist,
that Mr. Calhoun is the only man that can concen
trate the entire party in the Union at this time, and
so with most of the others.
Give us Mr. Calhoun as our candidate, with the al
ready expressed opinions of the people in his favor
and our able democratic press to maintain them, and
we are certain of success in the approaching contest.
But wc contend for principles, successful or un
successful, sink or swim. Give us Free Trade ; Ixne
Dutiesi No Debt; Separatum from Banks; Retrench
ment; and a Strict Adherence to the Constitution. And
whomsoever a properly selected and honestly organ
ised National Convention, convened at Baltimore
in May, 1844, may select, will be our candidate,
“ Northern man or Southern man —we w;ll strike
for the cause our post the front of the battle —our
weapons truth and justice our war cry that of
old," “ Liberty, the Constitution, Union.”
From the Cleveland (O.) Plaindealer.
The Miseries of Millerism.
Mrs. Chase, the wife of Captain Chase,
of this city, once a very worthy amiable
and intelligent person, a fond mother and
an affectionate wife, is now a victim to
the Miller delusion —a raving maniac.
She had been attending the Second Ad
vent Meeting in this place for several
months, when the errors of that one idea,
the end of the world, took possession of
her mind, and reason forsook its throne,
perhaps forever. The first indication of
her aberration was in dressing tip her lit
tle ones, five in number, (the youngest
but three mouths old,) and setting 1 them
in a row side by side, telling them that
Christ would soon appear to take them
up to the skies. It was the last act ap
proaching kindness, which the little suf
ferers have received from their strange
but once kind mother. She has since
attempted to take their lives, and instead
of kisses and caresses, which they were
wont to share, they are obliged to flee
her fiendish grasp. The misery and suf
fering of this once happy family, can on
ly be appreciated by those who are com
pelled day and night to witness it.
Those who are pleased with good bargains and gen
tlemanly treatment, will do well 10 call at the store of Mr.
G L. Warrsn, on Mulberry Street, where they will meet
with both. He has a choice selection of rich and substantial
goods, which he sells at very low prices.
D3* As the times are said to be very hard, and we are
at all times inclined to speak a word for those who go upon
the principle of 44 live and let live," we would recommend to
our friends, generally, who wish to economize, the advantage
of a call upon our old friends, R. R. Graves, At Cos, who
keep a laige supply of all the necessaries of life, which are
sold as low as at any house in the city.
“ Keep Cool,” was the advice we once received from
a wag of a stage-driver, while awaiting his dilatory move
ments about a bar room at the North, in the winter of ’37.
Now we venture the same admonition to our friends, at this
time. Call on G. A. Kimberly, and purchase one of his
fine summer hats : they are charming helps to cool reflection.
COMUI RCIAL JOURNAL.
MACON, MAY 24th.
Cottom. There has been a small advance on our quota
tions last week. We now quote at 4a 6 cents
8A VANS AH IMPORTS , AM Y 26.
LIVERPOOL.—Ship Monmouth—9oo sacks Salt.
SA VANN AH EXPORTS , MA Y 26.
HAVRE.-—Brig Charles Joseph—964 bales UplQpd Cotton.
HAVANA.—Brig Poland—3l4 tierces Rice-
CHARLESTON —Steamer Gen. Clinch—l3o bales Upland
and 31 bales Sea Island Cotton.
CHARLESTON EXPORTS, MAY 24.
Liverpool.—Ship Cambridge—2oo2 bales Upland and 89
bales Sea Island Cotton
Havana Brig Han. Webster—322 tierces Riece—Schooner
Zephyr—l7o tierces Rice.
Savannah.—Schr. Diamond—B7 tierces Rice, dec.
Havre.—Ship Olympia—B23 bales Upland and 79 bales Sea
Island Cotton, and 80 uerces Rice.
SAVANNAH, May 26.
COTTON.—Arrived since the 18th iust. 2,990 bales Upland
and 51 bales Sea Island, and cleared in the same time 1,195
bales and 100 bales Sea Island ; leaving on hand, inclusive of
all on shipboard not cleared on the ‘26ih instant, a stock of
22,851 bales Upland, and 1,416 bales Sea Island Cotton, against
5001 bales Upland and 289 ba es Sea Island, at the same peri
od last year
The advices received per Caledonia from Liverpool to the
4th, and Havre to the Ist exhibit the Liverpool market with
out fluctuation from the value of transactions when the Hi
bernia sailed, but shippers who purchased at high rates, an
ticipating that the report of a late spring. Ax would be pro
fitable to them, are disappointed, as the redundancy of the
slock accumulated in Liverpool, and there being less activi
ty in the Manchester trade, have tended to mar their expec
The Havre market declined a shade from former quotations.
The business here has been so limited this week, that our
quotations are nearly nominal, and we give them rather as
the rates at which buyers would be willing to operate, than
from actual transactions. The apparent difference between
buyers and sellers may be estimated at about 1-2 CL but the
actual sales were efl'ected at a decline of 1-4 per lb. Sea Isl
ands have proportionably partaken of the dullness of Uplands,
and we think that present rates are about lc. less than the
The sales during the week, reach 866 bales Upland and 148
bales Sea Island, as follow : 9 bales Upland at 4 3-4, 6 at 5,
327 at 5 1-4, 168 at 5 3-4, 66 at 6, 28 at 6 1-8, 41 at 6 1 4, 26 at
6 1-2, 6 nankeen at 7 cents —8 bales Sea Island at 10 1-2, 23
at 11, 17 at 12 1-2, 5 at 13, 74 at 14 1-2, 9at 15, and 4 at 16
cents, 6 stained at 6 cents.
Inferior. 4 1-2 a 5 Fair 6 1-2 a—
Ordinary, 5 1-8 a 5 1-4 Fully Fair 6 3-4 a—
MlAUinf, o *•*«©©* ov.vvi ■*-».. *
Middling Fair b boh Prime none
Receipts of Cotton at the following places since the Ist of
Georgia, May 25, 26*406 199119
South Carolina, May 19, 324561 234075
Mobile, May 16t, 459065 315348
New Orleans. May 16, 1011744 708739
Florida, May 3, 143290 101633
North Carolina, May 1, 8266 9577
Virginia. May 1, 10000 17150
Tho following is a statement of the stock of Cotton on hand
at the respective places named
Savannah, May 25, 19*3, 23267 5290
South Carolina, May 12, 30246 19111
Mobile, May 16, 58145 42069
New Orleans, May 16, 101015 96568
Virginia, May 1, 900 1700
North Carolina, May 1, 1100 600
Augusta and Hamburg, May 1, 21534 25909
Macon, May 1, 4795 3047
Florida, May 3, 19583 16753
Philadelphia, May 13, 1025 1262
New York, *May 3, 25000 29000
Freights —To Liverpool, 5-16d for square bales ami 4 I2d
for round bales cotton dull. Coastwise New York, cot
ton, square and round, 75c. a 81 ; Rice 50 cents ; Philadelphia,
81 1-4 a 81 1-2 per bale ; Boston, 81 1-2 per bale for Cotton.
The exports per ship Rowland, for Liverpool. 1146 bales
Upland and 92 bales Sea Island Cotton, and per brig Charles
Joseph, for Havre, 964 bales Upland Coilon, are not included
in our statements, but will be inserted next week.
From the Baltimore American.
The Crops—T he Grain Market—-Breadstuff's.
The St. Louis papers contain the following circular in ref
erence to the growing wheat crop, issued by a gentleman of
that city who has given much attention to the subject.
On the prospect qf the present groxting JVheat Crop.
St. Louib, May 10,1813.
To my Correspondents : Production, consumption, ex
portation and importation, are, or should be fundamental
words, in a merchant’s vocabulary. To buy low, and sell
high, to a qualified extent is his business his legitimate call
ing; and to accomplish both these objects, he must look to sta
tistics of supply and demand in other words to production
and consumption the basis of all trade. Hence, Prices Cur
rent, with tables of imporis and exports, when reporting facts,
are valuable to the intelligent calculating merchant; and
sometimes conclusions drawn from such sources are a help to
increase his gams, or to shield him from the loss of those al
The Wheat crop in this country is second in importance on
ly to Cotton. 1 estimated its yield in 184*2 —in my annual
circular—at 110 millions of bushels, which, at GO cents a
bushel —a low average —is 66 millions of dollars; being prob
ably two-thirds the value of the whole Cotton crop of the Un
ion at the preecnt prices. The one, however, is comparative
ly an article of luxury the other, of dire necessity. An ex
tensive failure of yield in the latter, would cause great pecun
iary distress —a wide-spread failure in the yield of the former,
a train of physical evils, as well as pecuniary distress, which
would strike consternation to every inhabitant of the land.
Happily, we have no basis to anticipate such a result the pre
sent year; but, we are in possession of information, which, in
a mercantile point of view, deserves, I think, to be heeded.
The object of this circular is to give to my correspondents
information on the “prospect” of the present crop, and to this
end 1 sometime since addressed letters to judicious persons in
all the grain States of the Union, and to their several sections,
•asking information relative to the crop; and, with due allow
ance for the proneness of man to under estimate the produc
tions of God’s bounty, I proceed to draw my own conclusions
from this data, and from oral testimony, as to the yield of the
present crop. I unhesitatingly believe, from the information
I am possessed of, that the Wheat crop of this year will fall
short one fourth at least, of what it was in the year 194*2!
Let us sec then how we shall stand, if this estimate proves
correct, when the new crop comes to market , viz: in Septem
ber and October next. The soteings of the present year I es
timate ai 5 per cent on those of last year. 1 estimate the old
grain States at 2 per cent.
The increased sowings in loxca will be at least 20 per cent,
and in Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, and Missouri at least say,
for the Union, an average of 5 per cent. The crop of 1842. as
per my annual circular, is 110 millions. The consumption, at
4 1-2 bushels to the head, 83,250,000 bushels leaving a sur
plus of 26,750,0**) U) be disposed of from Ist October, 1H42, to
Ist October, 1843. Os this surplus at least 10,000,000 will be
taken to foreign markets— Canada and theother British Prov
inces, together with the West India Islands. (other than Brit
ish,) have already taken more than 4 millions, (a barrel of
flour 1 estimate at 5 bushels of wheat, although 1 know the
Eastern is not so much,) and South America and the Mexican
ports have taken upwards of 3 millions more. I compute the
year's export, 10 millions as above. I place the amount of
old Wheat unconsumed when last year’s crop came into mark
si, at 4 millions bushels.
I estimate the average East and West production of last year,
20 bushels to the acre; thus 110,000,000 of bushels will five
6,500.1X10 acres; to which add tor this year 5 per cent, addi
tional sowings will give 275,000 acres more, making an aggre
gate of 5,775,000 acre* which, at 1 1-2 bushels lo the acre
for seed, will consume 8,682,500 bushels of the yield of 194*.
I now proceed to recapitulate in figures:
prop of 1842, 110,000,000
And for surplua on hand of prior fear, 4,000,000
Making on Ist October, 1842, oo hand, 111,000,000
Consumption from let October,
1842, to 1313, 63,250,000
To be exported in Grain and Flour
during the year, 10,000,000
Seed for present Crop, 8,062,500
Leasing on hand Ist October, 1813, 12,087,500
Now let us apply these statistics to the crop of 1843:
Surplus on hand Ist October, 1843, 12.0R7.fi00
Add crop 0f1542, 110,000,000
Add for additional Sowings of 1843, 5,500,000
Consumption of 1843, allowing no increase
of population say as 1842, 82,250,000
Do. for increase in population, 3,000,000
Allowing export is no greater in 1843 than 1842, 10,000.000
Seed for next October sowings, 8,G62,500
Short crop of 1813, which 1 estimate, aa
before, at least one-founh of the whole
of 1542, and the planting of 1543, viz:
115,500,000 bushels —one-fourth is, 25,875,000
Deficiency on the Ist October, 1844, 6,200.000
1 have no reason to doubt the information I have relative to
the bad “prospects” of the present crep. 1 have no reason to
doubt the correctness of the above statistics. If both are true,
the fatmer, the miller, and the merchant, can draw his own
conclusions—l have already drawn mine.
GEORGE K RUDD,
Flour Factor and Commission Merchant.
WHOLESALE PRIC ES CURRENT
CORRECTED weekly for the democbat.
BAGGING Heavy Hemp, 44 inch, per yd 22 a24
“ 42 inch, ’• 22 a25
Tow, “ 18
COFFEE —Green prime Cuba &. Rio, lb. 94 a 10
Ordinary to Good lb. 9 a 10
Java, lb. 15 a 17
CANDLES—Spermacetti, lb. 25 a 30
Georgia, Tallow lb. 15
North rn, 44 lb. 13
CHEESE — scarce.
CORDAGE—Hemp, lb. 8a 12
Manilla, lb. 12 al4
FlSH—Mackerel, No. 1, bbl.
“ No. 2, “ sl4 00
“ No. 3, “ til 00
GLASS-Window, 8 by 10, box 3 a 3 25
“ 10 by 12, “ 3 50
FLOUR—Baltimore, bbl. 7a 74
Canal, “ 7 a 74
Country, lb. 3 a 4
IRON—Bar, common size, “ 5a 64
Hoop and Band, “ 10
Sheet, “ 10 a 124
Nail Rods, “ 10
MOLASSES—New Orleans, enll.
West India, ** 25 a3O
NAILS- lb. 5a 54
SOAP— “ 7 a 9
SHOT— bag *2 25
SUGAR—St. Croix, lb. 8 « 104
Muscovado and Porto Rico, “ 6a 84
Havana, (white,) “ 12 al4
“ (Brown) “ 6 a 7
New Orleans, “ 6a 74
Loaf “ I*4 a 15
Lump, “ 14 a
Crushed and Powdered, “ 15 «17
SALT—Liverpool (coarse) sack $2 a 24
“ bushel 624
TWlNE—Sewing, lb. 314 a 374
ROPE—Bale, “ 84 a 124
STEEL-Cast “ 25
German, “ 17
Blister, “ 10
OlLS—Linseed, gall. *1 50
Winter strained Lamp. " #1 25
common, do. “ #1 00
SPIRITS—Brandy ; Otard, Dupuy &. Cos. 3 50
“ A. Signet, “ 2 50
Holland Gin, “ 1 50
•• “ imiiation, “ 1 00
Rye Whiskey, “ 32 a35
Jenks* RveGin, “ 35 a4O
WHITE LEAD-No. 1, keg, »3 00
“ •• No. 2, “ 2 50
Putter, 20 a 25 cents, scarce.
Bacon—hog round, 74 cents.
i>ard—6 a 8 ccn s, and scarce.
Beef—fresh, 4 a 6 cents.
Corn—4o a 43 cents.
Corn Meal—4o a 45 cents.
Eggs—B a 10 cents per doz.
Flour—pound 3 to 4 cents
Fodder—hundre -. 62 a 75 cents.
Potaioea—37 a 50.
TTMIOM the stable in the rear of Thom-
M U , W* 1 ■ ' ns Harold’s store, on Monday last,
WjfZ ~o\ the 29ih., a Bay Horse about 7 years old,
.£_»—sLs.—very tall, of very large frame, and in low
order; has a very long head and lips ; paces well, and
has a camel-like walk.
Any person delivering said Horse to me in Macon,
or giving me any information so that 1 can get him,
shall bellbt-rally rewarded . „
Macon, May 31, 1843. 3
THE undersigned has the honor of informing the
Ladies and Gentlemen of Macon, that he has
erec rd, at his Confectionary Store, (next door to
11. Shot well’s Apothecary Shop, corner of Mulberry
and Third Streets.]
A SOD* FOUNTAIN.
Where Mineral Iced Waters of the most improved
formula can be obtained. Together wiih SYRUPS of
every description- Constant attention to visitors, trom
early in the morning, till ten in the evening.
Macon, May 31, 1843. 3 lm
IS SOLE AGENT FOR THE SALE OF MY PILLS
IN THE CITY OF MACON, GEO.
B. BRANDItETH, M. D.
Macon, May 31 3 ts
OF BOOK AND FANCY JOB PRINTING
Will be neatly executed at the Office or the
American Democrat, on Mulberry Street.
Our collection of Job Type is New
and comprises every vari
ety desirable, to
enable us to
our work in a superior manner.
NEW Sl’RI'G AND SUMMER
HAVING received this day, per Steamer J. God
dard. the balance of his Spring purchases, is now
prepared to offer to the citizens of Macon and vicinity,
a full and complete assortment of fashionable
SPRING AND SUMMER CLOTHING,
consisting of every variety and style of Coats, Pants,
add Vests, suited f >r the senson. together with a great
varetyof Summer Scarfs, Stocks, Gloves, Shirts, Col
lars, Bosoms, Suspenders. Ate., Ate.
Also a splendid assortment of Cloths, Cassimeres
Vestings, Dralt de Taes, Cambit-ts. Linen Drillings,
Ate., all of which will be sold or made up to order on
the very lowest t rms for Cash.
Feeling fully competent that I can make it for the
interest of gentlemen replenishing their wardrob-s to
purchase ol me, I respectfully solicit a call from all
at the Store, one door below J. A. & S S. Virgin’s
Jewelry Store, and directly opposite the north-west
front of the Washington flail, where unprecedented
bargains may always b« found.
Macon, May 24 2
03” Hat Store i«EJ
CONSISTING OF GENTLEMENS’ LEGHORN ,
PANAMA, MANILLA, AND PALM
All of which, will be sold as low as the lowest-
May 24. 2
NEW AND FASHIONABLE
rpilE Rubacriber would respectfully inform the cid.
■ Macon and vicintiy, diat he has just re
ceived a full assortment of Summer Dry Goods, among
winch are faah.onable French Bolzarine and other
Muslins, French Cambrics, rich seasonable Silks and
Satins, superior Black Nett Shawls, Black Lace Cardi
nals, fine white and colored Turlelon Muslin Mamie*
Silk and Barege Mamies, Silk Neck Ties, SdkThread
and Cotton Gloves and Mitts, black, colored and
while Kid Gloves, Silk nod Coton Hosiery, L>&
Thread Valence, and real Thread Lace, Edgings and
Insertions, Cambric and Muslin lnserrings, jaconet,
Pwiss, I arleton and Nansook Muslins,Bishop Law ns
superior Hemstitched and Revered Linen Cambric
Handkerchiefs, superior Irish Linen, Linen < tml-ric.
and very fine French Lawn, superior Linen, Damask
Tab e Cloths, Towelling Diaper, Bleached and Un
bleached Shirtings and Sheetings real Karlsion Ging
hams, a large assortment of Calicoes and Cambrics,
Ladies superior Corsets, Ladies’ and Misses’ Shoes
and Bonnets, Marking Canvass and Patterns, Wors
ted Cruels, &c., tec.
Also a general assortment of brown, fancy colored
and white Linen and Cotton Drillings, white and
colored Sateen, Georgia .Nankeen, a good assortment
of Gentlemen's Gloves, Hosiery, Handkercl iefs, Cra
vats and Slocks, and a general assortment of such
goods as are usually kept in Dry Good Stores, ad of
which will be sold as low as the same Goods can he
bought in this or anv other Southern City. The pub
lic are invited to calf nnd examine for themselves, at
his Store, one door above Geo. A. Kimberly’s Hat
N. B.— DRESS MAKING in the best manner,
and most fashionable style.
G. L. WARREN.
May 24, 2 lm.
NEW, CHEAP & DI SI It ABLE GO JDS.
SAMUEL J. RAY, & CO.
HAVE just received and are now opening a genera
assortment of seasonable STAPIE AND
FANCY DRY GOODS, which they will sell at very
reduced prices (or Cash, being anxious to reduce their
present large Stock, among which may be found
Superior Wool-dyed Black, Blue-Black, and Invisible
Cassimeres, woolen, velvet, Valentin, At satin Vestings.
Flannels, merinoes and printed Orleans Cloths.
French, English and American Prints.
Clialleys, Muslin de Lnines.F'rench Collar’ and Capes.
Black, Idue-black and rich light fancy colored Silks
Black, India Satins, Indian Coral Spitalfield,' Pongee,
Linen, Cambric and Grass Lin n Handler fiefs
Muslin de Laine and Satin Shawls, Neck 'Pits, and
Irish Linens, Linen Shirtings, Law-ns and Diapers.
Jaconet, Swiss, Nansook and Book Muslins.
Sdk, Cotton and Worsted Hosiery, Gloves, and Sus
Gent’s. Merino Shins and Pams, Stocks and Collars.
Bed Ticks,Brown At Bleached Shirtings and Sheetings.
Superior Bleached Long Cloths, Canton Flannels and
Kerseys. Linseys, sup Bed and Negro Blankets.
Shell and Buffalo Twist Side, and Riding Combe.
Spool Thread, Tapes, Pins, Buttons, &c.
With many oilier articles too tedious to mention.
P. S. Purchasers will find it to their interest to calL
S. J RAY At CO.
May 24, 2 te
BOOKS AND STATIONERY,
AT NEW TORS FBXCES.
T BARNES, offers to the
" . public ai his store on MuU
asHa berry street, an extensive slock
; of SCHOOL, LAW, MEDI
CAL and MISCELLANE-
B. OUS BOuKS together with
every article in the Stationery line.
Blank Books of every description, Conrt, Re
cord, and Docket Books, rnrions sizes.
J B, would respectfully invite teachers and others
who may want School Books, to call and examine his
stock ; which will be sold at the lowest possible prices,
For Cash —wholesale and retail.
Country Merchants can be supplied with paper by
the ream or case as low as it can be purchased in
Newr York, and in many cases much lower. All
orders from the country will be promptly attended to.
Blank Books mid Paper Ruled and Hound
to order, in the best manner. Book Biod
ing in general attended to,
Macon, May 17. 1
ASPANIER, respectfullr informs the Citizens of
• Macon, that he has taken the Store on Second-
Street, formerly occupied by C. Thomas, next door to
the Marine and Fire Insurance bank, where he is now
opening a splendid assortment of
FANCY DRY GOODS,
which for price, qualiiy and lateness of style, cannot
be surpassed by any house in the city.
Plaid Silks, • 621 cents,
trench Calicoes, - . 20 a25 “
“ Muslins, ... 25 ••
Sec. & c. Slc. Sec.
A. S. would respectfully’ invite Ladies and Gentle
men to call and examine his stuck.
Macon, May 17, 1813. 1 ts.
MACON EXCHANGE TABLE.
REGULATED BY A SPECIE STANDARD.
[Revised and corrected Weekly for the Democrat ]
Drafts on New York at sight, para 1 pm.
“ on Philadelphia, "
“ on Baltimore, “
“ 0 on Charleston at sight, “
“ on Savannah, 44 44
“ on Augusta, “ 1 prem.
30 days sight on New York, inst. off.
60 days sight. “ “
90 44 «
Charleston City Banks par.
Commercial Bank, Columbia, S. C. “
Bank of Hamburg, S. C. 44
All other South Carolina Banks, 44
All Augusta City Banks, 44
Savannah City Banks, 44
Central Rail Road Bank, 15 a 20 dis.
Commercial Bank, Macon, par.
Insurance Bank of Columbus, Macon, “
Branch Marine Sc Fire Insurance Bk., Macon, “
Georgia Rail Road Bank, 44
Bank ol Brunswick, Agency Augusta, 44
State Bank at Augusta, 44
Phoenix Bank, Columbus, uncertain
Bank of Milledgeville, par.
Bank of St. Marys, “
Branch State Bank, Washington, 44
Branch Slate Bank, Eatonton, 44
Branch State Bank, Milledgeville, 44
Branch State Bank, Macon, 44
Central Bank, Milledgeville, 2 a 253 dis.
Exchange Bank, Brunswick, no sale.
Hawkinsville Bank, par
“ “ new emission, at Macon 44
Bank of Columbus, 50 dis.
Planters' Sc Mechanics' B'k, Columbus, no sale.
Western Bank of Rome, Rome, 44
Chattahoochee R. R. Bank, Columbus, no sale.
Ruckersville Banking Company, 44
Bank of Ijarien and Branches, 70 dis.
Monroe R. R. Sc Banking Company, 80 90
Alabama Notes, 16 *« 20 44
BROKE Bank of Rome, Darien, Chattahoochee
Rail Road. Planters and Mechanics, and Bank of Cos
lumbus, Ocmulgee Bank, Macon.
CHANGE BILLS AT PAR-John G. Winters
Checks on the Bank of St. Marys, Scott Sc Carhart's
Change Bills, Georgia Railroad Change Bills, City
Council of Savannah Sc Augusta Change Bills, E. &
R. R. Graves.
Shot well's Bills, signed with black ink, par—red
ink, is paid in Central Bank.
City Council Bills, Macon, 90 • 60 dis