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Rome courier. (Rome, Ga.) 1849-18??, December 12, 1850, Image 2

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Icier (ran: Hon. .1. n. I’oitixcU Bellow-Citizens: My object in addressing to« in this crisis ol our affairs, will scarcely be misunderstood. I am a Carolinian hy birth and principle, and nil I own in the world is vested in lands nnd negroes. 1 have ■ common interest then in the question bor fcre thfc country, and n right to express- my Ttetfs and opinions. 1 should not, lien over, hare departed from my detcrminmicm to abstain from tnkirg par m politics, if I liad ■ot lately enjoyed unusual opportunities oft ly blamed by both .iNi be conduct'and cliarncterot the riTci\ s ended much tr •haarving the — opposition msue at the North to dor institu tions j and if I bad not perceived from the tenor of the speeches ami writings published in the Slate, that tho subject is hot fully un derstood in-South CtwoVma. These speeches and writings have tended to irritate the feel ings ol some, and to alarm the fears of others, il Texas voluntarily chooses to compound n doubtlul title utid to accept tho oiler made her, surely there is- no cuuso for calling her hard nuinfs and applying to .such n people utitisive epitbeis. The next subject 'complained of- Js the abolition of'tho slave trade in‘the District of Columbia, and this measure is characterized ns advancing abolition. For inv own part, i think the scones we have so olteu witness ed in Washington, mid so often heard severe- “ 11 *-■ ftlicrn nnd Southorn .. arc to advance aboli-. Won than the passfigo-oflhii^lnw." "f It if,-certainly tube lumonled that the halunC'E'ol' power between (lie slavo nnd free .Status cot/lii not have been maintained in life Senate, We have struggled for it in vain, it is iviih Stales as with individuals—equitl- jfv of strcngili or of fortmio cannot he main- THIS COURIER, among our fellow-citizens of lho North.— j mined by either; lliit this is no legitimate Many, however, among thorn, have regarded j cause of strife or - 1 evolution, And yet we these outbursts of passion without resent ment, and have assembled together in recent meeting! to testify their devotion to the Un ion, ana their Arm determination to main tain the laws of the Country. On niio ill these occasions oil luy passage through i’liil- adelphia, I tvoasolicited to be pro.- out, that J might witness their proceedings, and hear taatimbuy to you that nor folJRv-jcilizcns of Pennaylvnnia were animated with the kindheat feelings towards os, and determine to tee the laws aflecting our property within their State. I resisted the importunities of my numer ous friends there, beenuse 1 did not desire to take part in the proceedings ofnnotlior State. A» a Carolinian, I darned to speak to toy fellow-citizens of Corolinn from my own home among them I did not niali to up- pear to (ebukc the winds and waves of our agitated sea from n distant shore, but icserv- ed my efforts to calm them until my return among you. Burin justice to tho great and good men who assembled at New York, Philadelphia and Boston, to vindicate tho laws and to declaro their Arm determination to maintain them, I feel bound to say, that they wero animated by the purost mid no blest motives, and hnvethroughmu, evinced the'most praise worthy zeal and patriotism. 1 am personally and Intimately acquainted with many of them, and believe that they will maintain to the utmost the sentiments they expressed on thoso occasions. Tho great error, it appears to me, that wo liuve committed, is that we have given ton much eonsequeace to the wicked and designing inon who strivo to produce discord among us •ad to destroy the peace nnd prosperity of the country, that thoy may reveal in the spoils, or elevate themselves to pow er, by pandering to the passion and prejudice of the vilest factions. Depend upon it tlieso men •re moral lepers, despised by the masses ns well os by the enlightened portions of tlio community everywhere. They me power ful for evil 1 know, becauso they arc organi sed and unscrupulous; mid from the period of lh(> first French revolution, when a .small or ganised fa:tion deluged Frnace in blood to the present day, wo all know tlio power ox- ercised by a well organised mid unscrupulous faction of the people, however insignificant in .numbers and character. The admission of California into the Un- -iou as a State, is hono-lly believed mid rep resented to bo the most prominent of our . wrongs, and the adoption of tlml elnui-0 of her Constitution excluding slavery, tlio great est outrage committed upon our rights. 1 .say. nothing of tlio irregularity of .the admis sion ol CuTtfornin, becauso V firmly believe that if tho clausa above alluded to hnd been omitted, the complnint of the constitution be ing violated in the fnct of her admission would havo proceeded from the North rntber than from the South. But I think (Imre is an er ror in tlio enusos assigned for (lie adoption of that clause. Tho exclusion of slavery in Cal ifornia is generally attributed, in tlio South, to tho improper interference of Government, whereas it arose from tlio spon'aneous fcol- ings of the people there. Tlio missisou of Mr. Butlor King, whatever were the instruc tions ho bore, w ns of no qse whatever. There, ns everywhere in this country, tlio people would nave revolted at the uncalled for in terference of the General Government. 1 have seen nnd conversed with returned •migrants from that State—sonio successful boyond their most sanguine expectations, whilo others wero disappointed and poor—- na poor, i me told that tlio remedy of (heat evils is to lie sougnt for in revolution ; for what is so cession bn revolution ? U the right of se cession to be found in tho Constitution ?. It existed, I grant under tlio old Confederacy, lor that was a l.o.iguo ; but the Constitution was limned and mlopied, lifer solemn delib eration, to tbi'in a more ported union of the Siolt-s. Tho lirst timo wo over beard of tlio right of secession was during tlio proceedings of tbe Hartford Convention, and at that peri od no people roccivcd tlio doctrine with iiioro indignation and contempt than our- selves. Intact if any .Slate possessed the power to secede from tl.o Union whenever il thought proper I'd do m, our Constitution would boa moikory, nnd unr boastedslicngth as a great and powerful nation, would be dos- pised by Rroign powers. It is true if Vir ginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Florida, Mississippi nnd Toxns, wero to form a Confederacy uiid agree to secede, there might lie no opposition for u time. But muiiy of those Stales form but tlio en trance and portico to tlio great edifice roared in the West. How long would tlio inhabi tants of tlio mighty structure ciiduto the privations they must sutler, if their ingress wero in tlio lianas of foreigners ? Would they permit Louisiana to bo ilia ally of some maratime power, that might occupy New Orleans, und hart ass tl.c internal c mime ce of the Mississippi valley ? 1 think nut. No lino can bo drawn that will not involve questions uf humidiiry mid right, only to lie so’tllcd'by the iSSf appeal ; and this country would soon exhibit the miserable aspect of tlio Spanish American Stales Besides, such a Confederacy would picscut no burner against the attack- of the Abolitionists of nil tiic . world. Tim sympathies of civilized Europe me against our institutions, and if tliov be not protected by the Constitution uud tlio much despised Union, our slaves would not be worth ten yc irs |U: chase. In such a Confederacy, how many causes of discontent would occur? How would we, with our habits of eternal agitation, bo satis lied with our station in it f Our relutive importance in tlio Sonlliern Confederacy would diminish every year unloss wo could change our habits altogether, nnd instead of devotingull our energies to political a 0 t.atio as w e have done for tlio last twenty years, turi) our minds to tlio promotion ol commerce, munuliicttires and easy communications by land and water from the interior to the Const. But, under the lend of .South Car olina such a Confederacy will never be form ed. Wo me unfortunately not renow ned lor our wisdom or prudence, nnd our taunts will 1)0 nliltu in vain to drivo our sister States in to measures of violence for the pust. What the future may bring tortli, time will show. But I warn the Northern men, who love their c’otmfry, and dcsiro to preserve (lie Union, that they most restrain their own ngitatois ; men, w hom my nivn sclf-rcspct prevents mo from characterising ns they deserve; mini, who are not families but political demagogues of the worst description, Using their money and abusing their talents to deceive nnd so- duco tlio people, nnd who would not liosi- inlo to ol ovale lliomselvcs to powor overllio rocking ruins of their country. The apposi tion commenced under my own eyes, to the iitftmous machinations of these men must be THURSDAY MORNING, DEO. 12,1850. ,l Should Congress at an// time exhibit its purpose to war upon our property,, or withhold our just constitutional rights, we standready to vindicate thosorighls, in the Union as.iong as possible, and out oft he Union when wt-sre left np other altern/iiivc." lion. Joel It. I’oins'vU. ’ “ We publish to-ooy on lntcrastltig letter from this gentleman to tho peoplu of South Carolina* "Wo for it an attentive perusal,.became we have neither heard or read any thing upon the slavery question since the agitation cointtlehoea which pieuses us better. He takes tv fair view of the whole question; gives each fact its due weight, nnd arives at just.conclusions, evi dencing neither malice towards the North nor an im proper leaning towards the South and Southern insti tutions No unprejudiced mind can attribute to him any but the purest and most patriotic motives; he has no ambition to gratify—no lust for office—nothing to prompt him in this matter but the love of country. Already he has served his country^ home nnd abroad; in tho Cabinet, as a Foreign Minister, with credit to himself and honor to his country; ho has largt* expert* enne in public affairs, and if there is any man whose opinions nrc worth knowing, and whose warning voice ought to bo heeded In theae times of excitement, that man is Joel R. Poinsett. >Ve trust that hia na tive State, South Carolina, will yet listenIo Ida warn ing, and not involve herself! n difficulties, the end of which no man can see, nnd which may result In calculable evil to heiself and other Southern States. So it ill Carolina. . The Legislature of this State ianow In session, and ach member is striving to show himself more South ern than tho South itself. Various propositions have been submitted,—some are in favor of the ofLpiing of the Nashville accouchment, a Southern Congress— some for secession—some for non-intercourse, and one fallow is for not being represented in Congress atoll. VVImt they will do is very uncertain. Front what they have done, one thing may be very clearly infer red, ” tho fools iro not all dead yet.” Gen.’ Quttlc- hum is there ami is quite a conspicuous member. Every day’* mail brings us additional Intelligence concerning the division In the public mind of the free States upon the adjustment measures of the late Con gress. Upon one side are to be found the friends of the Union, the law abiding and ‘constitution loving portion ol the people They are assembling in large inhssesin the principal cities nnd townjfao give ex pression to their devotion to the Union, and their dis approbation 'of the conduct of fhc abolitionists and fan atics generally. On the other side oro to be found a gang of political demagogues, bankrupt in princi le, destitute of political integrity or moral worth, and whose only hopo of notoriety is to be found in the depths of infamy to which they may be able to preci pitate themselves. Thus ore they arrayed against each other, and of such aw-the parties 1 com- continued by tho united efforts of the good and true ol all parties ; nnd tlio Constitution Gooey’s Lady’s Book for \Vo have receiv ed the January No. of this prince of Magnarnva.— " UNnquAT.LKD” is its motto',and ififie prift-isn suffi cient criterion fo* the future, wo feel confident that the motto is a correct one• ‘ift contains many original nr- tides, prose and poetry , which are alike highly credi table to the giited authors nnd' published. The embellishments arc a little superior, both in design nnd execution to any thut have met our eyefnnd whcn wo consider that ‘they are the* work of Americanty ii civntus a pride that makes us love to commend the en- teiprisuig Publisher to'the patronage of hi* country men. To tho Indies, especially, this Mng zinc is in- v tillable. Now is the time to subscribe'for 1851. L. A, l»odey, Publisher, Philadelphia.. We neglected last week to call tKfr atten tion of our renders to tho advertisliutsnl of Leonard Scott & Co., 79 Fultpn’-st., New York, who still continue the re-publication of four of the leuding Biiti»h Quarterly Re views, nnd Bluckwood’s Magazine. They have also commenced the publication of an Agricultural work entitled the “Farmer’s Guide to Scientific nnd Practical Agricul ture.” • \ It is useless for us to say one word in vor of the above works, ns- they have attain-' ed to n character in the literary world, which is sufficient commend uiotv. They ore the exponents of thediflerent pnrtios in England, nnd are indispensable to those who would keep pace with the political history of that country. Tho literature is of a higher and purer order than is generrully found in any other periodicals. The Farmers Guide will he a valuable' publication*, and persons en gaged in Agricultural pursuits, would, we think, be benefited- by subscribing for it.— For terms, &c., see advertisement in another column. In view or Oils-tttaitiKm of Un people fn the fre • States, it beeonU't the duty of gooit men nv tk^Bouih to be cautious porty they aid by their conduct To excite and ngit. te th» Southern mind by violent appeals to'Sceriofied JSWRidices, and array the nuts of a mob fn Boston or any whe e else as nn evidence that the whole Northern mind is unsound upon the ques tions t.ow before the country, is not only unfair, but unwi-e. Tt is unfair, because it is not tiue. It is un wise, because, in the language ofn dittingu shed states man of South Carolina, " it gives too much conse quence to the wicked and designing men, who strive to produce discord among u», nnd to destroy the peace and prosperity ofthe country, that they may re vel on thu spoils or elevate themselves to power by pandering to the passions anti prejudices of the vilest faction*.” With th.:nta great nnd paramount object is \tr be considered nnd spoken of by us ns the truk ex ponents of Northern opinion, and every Southern tn rn nnd press, that by nn untrue .-taiement of facts, lielj s to keep up this delusion, ts g.viog aid and comfort to our enemies, unwillingly itmny be, but none the less effectually. If on the other h md we would speak of them, nnd regard them as they are, a lawless band of desperadoes, vagabonds and fee negroes, " moral lepers, despised by the masses, as well n< by the cn lightened portions of ih' community every where,” they would soon dwindle into cotnpnrathq^insi 4 nifi- esnee, and the contempt they so richly in rit from good men ol all parties every where, would be tneeted out to them. Lot uh look the facts then fairly in the face, and deceive neither our. ehes nor others Lei u- not be frightened out of our wit* because in Boston where there are hundreds of th'im&ods of people a mob of a w hundred attempt to ob.i ruct the enforcement of a law* It is the extremity of folly to he *o bndly scared fion* so small a c >use. And if indeed, we under nt** the str ngtli nnd importance of his gang, there fa still greater reason why weshou'd be careful lest we err n this matter. If we take part in the contest at all, nnd if our conduct can b* con-trued favorably to cither side, fat it be for th it side which is mo t favorably in clined toward us Let us not tell our friend- that ih y are powerless for good—that they are in tho minority, and are doomed to defeat and overthrow l»u> let us accurate them, nnd commend io th • favor of thu peo- uch men os have recently met in New Yo k. Phiindel, hbt, Boston nnd elsewhere to oppose the spirit of fanaticism nnd disobedience to the laws.— There is no wi-doin in eneourtging our enemies, nor is there any chivalry in making a man of straw just to knock him over. Our Devil says that the disunion pa> pers have been continually saying }ha{ the Fugitive Slave Law was no go, but ho guess es they will conclude that they, themselves, are no go now.—Atlanta Republican. Yes, they are 0one in the Salt River,Pack et. We are not able to answer the inquiry of friend Bennett, of the Standards but hope his imagination will supply our defi ciency. CBRRESPOiNDENCE OF TH COURIER. Madison, Ga., Doc. fi, 1850. I arrived at this place last evening, after n fatiguing nnd in some respects, annoying ride of a few horns upon Rill Roads of various kinds and qualities. 1 first stepped into whnt -ome ten years ago would have been culled a Rati Road Cot, near R in *, whh*h was qu u e crowded, nnd in due time, strange tosny, anived at King ton without accident. The dhectors of this rondhatc exhibited good tnate i*. the eduction of their og nts nnd conductor,Who are gentlemen tint seem to take | leasu c ; n trying to render the traveller cotn- fortnble. But how enti thev do this with th • present equipment 1 We kn nv that the stockholders have the ability to furnish a more tasteful and creditable out fit; we trust th y will >oon have the will, nnd thus render the route to the impel ill city, on.* of the most safe nnd delightful in the State But bad and mong.c ns are the accommodations on the Rome road, they arc far better thnn those on the Statu road, lien* we f .uad but n solitary fitpefonn- nted passenger car, its senta in sonic inmutc -s without cosh fins or bucks; n poithm ol tin com pelled to K.t or. trunks, nnd box *, so ne on nothing, and the rest crammed into tho baggage cur with itc- gr es, &c I do. not desire, Mr. Editor, to be harsh oi c. nsorioas, 1ml l must be permitted to repent whnt nluiost every traveller asserts, thet the p *v»out wretch ed outfit on this great thoroughfare is a repro ich to thu >'tntc. Portion- of the truck, also, are evidently in u decayed and utts tfe condition. Bull did not sit down to write n pltilipic against rail toads, hut principally to speak ofthe improve ments o th s vc y tlniity nnd beaut.iul vHlntre. M idi-. son, within a lew ye. trs It ta r.ipfTTIy ino.ens k *d in ;.o- I ul -tion tmd advanced in • wealth. Its enterprising citizens h ,ve now in process of completion » steam cotton factory of very creditable dimensions, which wilLoon be in eucc -ssful op rnii m, uud f course, gently enli noe tho buslness.oi'tue place Two Fe- utnl: C’ollegcs n.e nl*o • stahlfalted at 'this-placet, one unth*. the auspices of tho Biptlls, the otlte.r unde - tllofo of the Metbotilst Cbu ch. 'i'lte College buii.i- ing of the form r is ju-t •commenced, that ofthe Int- I r neatly completed, ft is c ghty feel long, nnd three stories high, uml will be, I doubt not, bath nn orna ment md n bles-ing to tit ? place. By n Cnttlogtte before me, I observe that liter • were in attendance upon this Institn.ton Inst y nr, 128 student*. This for th • lirst year ofi s existence, is certainly do ng well. The Hit j list College I nut also happy t<» hear, fa inn nourishing condition These hvo li.stit.t lions w II add g ently to the cliiirrcict nod pro fie.ity of this port! .n of tin? Mate. W hen shall oar own nnd p >pulous county be able to pout to sint.Inr exhibitions of public nterprisc nttd lib -.slity f Coming Right.—The Aemonstr-..™^ public sentiment on the side ofthe Uuioh, _ overwhelming. From every quarter, North, South, East nnd West, there is one general spontaneous outburst of loyally; and attach ment to tho institutions of the country ; and if the intelligence and patriotism of the North will be able to suppress the attempts of the fanatics to agitato the public mind ‘andUo’ keep it in a state of foment, peaco^and qui lude may soon bo restored: 'We ill want an armistice ol this kind—the'gooit -of the couo-- try requires it; the interests, cdmlort and piness of the people demand’ ll'. It is full timo then that this perturbation and dis- ' quietude should bo quelled—that we should tiring our minds to dwell upon more conge nial and proAtablo subjects; and to discard from our edritomplatiun lh „ 'And gloom which overshadow a disastrous future.- That futuro can be made’bright and sun- '■liiue, if all good, true, uiid • lijj-nl citizens- • ill unite to frown down fill nlitnipts to sub vert tlio'institutions 61 tlio'country. Will, the past wo have now' nothing to do ; oliV sores liuvo been lieaiod—past grievances re-' dresied. Wo have made''a compromise, nnd it now behooves us io staiid by-'it faithfully ■md truly. We irisirif ihalHir Northern brethren shall carry out, in good faith, nil the- covenants nnd obligations, that they have entered into, on their port, and we must do' tliesniuo on our part. If the compact shall bo honestly observed, there js no further dilliculty to apprehend; nnd this temporary interruption — J '' ' •sifsafy to show the inappreciable liood. With, us ■O ii|)prc!Icn y to apprehend; nnd (histemporary Hion of domestic harmony will serve' ' <>'0 lolly of family ..broils, DndUfp^^ ciablo value of a^itnite4^h». “^Lita^uB^thoro is no danger ouuu ironriii|) F|)jrjt of disaffection Tilt Amriiiilu Mtciusic—We have intruded some lime pant to cnlt the Attention of our render, to tide illterrsling pnpor, devoted to the ‘ mere ts oflh’ worlttng mnn. It i. publ shed nt Aihens.Cn , by nn A-sorint on of Mechnuh.’., nud edited with spirit, hy ~ S.’ten, one of rinrure'. nobi -ini fj; Ii i. wor thy the pstroljsiie ofthe labouring men of our Suite ■nd country,nnd we hope it may receiver sn, . port. Nothing of Interest hn.i traueplretl in Tongrese • Some change, hove been tmidc in the standing Coin. Quinces. CO-We are planned to notico thnt M. snrn. CnatsTV, Ke.'^isa & Bi iikk, of Athena, tin., Imvo cetnbli hed n Puhlfijhing House in tliut place, tngeiber wilh a Tvie Fomairy. Thin will be quite n convenience to prin ters l’h this eeciion of country.—Thais the sort of retj- tutio.ts to establish Southern intltjiendrnce. A TRAVELLER. They nil, both rich ana poor, concurred tho opinion, that tlio exclusion of shivery lrom Onlifirriin was owing to the unwilling- ■nen of the white man to work side- by side with the negroes—n feeling so universal nl ,,he North, that I have nevor seen negroes employed in their great work shops, nnd up on asking the reason was informed by tlio proprietors tlinl if they attempted to intro duce negro laborers into their works the whites would leave them This feeling gov erned the vote on this question in California, it is n great mistake to suppose that nt the period of the adoption of the Constitution that tprrilory consisted only of squatters lin'd ofthe simple nnd ignorant conquered people. California was peopled with unexttmplSd rapidity, and the emigrants were from among our most industrious nnd enterprising citizens. They were neither few in number nor dis qualified in character to frame u Constitution . for themselves; ihdeed, their atderly.conduct, while abandoned hy their legitimate govern ment, wns dwelt upon with pride by us, nnd excited the admiration of the civilized world We mVy complain w ilh some justice of the admission of California wilh the exclusion of slavery, hut if wo had depopulated South Carolina of our negroes and taken them to California, I firmly believe that they would have been expelled from the State ut tin; '’ - first meeting of its Legislature, fi t I know full well that tho pe >p!e there w ere dolcruiin-1 1$ appointment of Senator may be conic ,, j ,i' on soiub one whose heart uiid hand, nnd voice, ed not to admit ll.e.u. I nre t( , (he ( i llil)n of ,|, 0 .States, at nil bi’.zurds, nnd to tlio .support of tho compro mises of tl.c Constitution and the execution ed not to admit them. | The next great outrage complained of, is j ♦he adjustment of the boundary oi Texas. I j will not prolong this paper and occupy your j will ho snfo and the Union preserved. Ii there are nny nmong ns so wild ns to think of seperato Stutc action, to them 1 would sny, thnt they mistake violence for strength. Let them cxnmine the map and cousult tho census, nnd they will see our re lative weakness, and understand with what oaso South Corolinn might be prevented trom indicting nny injury except upon herself. But 1 will not parsuo this humilict'ng theme —it is improbable that such u measure will lie-resorted to. It would be ns absurd ns for one to throw himself from a precipico in. the expectation of injuring his enemy hy the fall. Fcllow-cittzens, my task is dono. I felt impelled to address you as a friend and brother, by the interests I liavo nt stake in Ibis question ; by my zeal for tlio honor and wolluro of my native State ; by tho Fong ex perience I have had of the fearful consequen ces of revolution, uud by niv devotion oi the Union, to which, under Heaven, 1 heliove we owo our unexampled prosperity ns n na tion. J. H. POINSETT. Charleston, Dec. 4, 1850. Leetteu ekom Com.Stockton.—In a brief hut emphatic letter, Com. S. declares ho will not consent to hen candidate for tho U. S. Senate from New Jersey. Me fervidly Wo art) happy .to info/tn our .Corres pondent, who complains of the meagre h® coindntions on tho Rome Railroad, that tho enterprising President, Wm. R. SsttTit, Esq. contemplates placing n new Car on the Road ere long. Thnt it should he many way “strange” to our correspsndent to arrive ot Kingston w 'ab out accident, is a little strange to us, ns wo lenrn that there has been hut one or two ac cidents on the Road since it has been in op eration), and no serious injury watt done then If, how’ever, there should be any lack of ac commodutions at present, we feel nssured from our knowledge of the intention of the President nnd the Company, to make every one comfortable who passes over the Rond thnt such a state of things wujl riot be allow ed to exist long. And while on this subject we would take occasion to say, that we know of no road where there is' so much promptness in the transportation of freight as on the Rome Road. “Still permit n>o to express tho hope, that ‘‘ . * 'felted ..... prolong this paper to hy arguing the question of tho validity “the boundary claimed hy Texas; hut cr.ii’ 1 If w'ithslating my that il Mr. had been captured by the Biitixi) ' and, under terror of hi.- life, ty ceding the then Torritn- i're.:?; and we, the people, d that Great Bri.aia ha , La title to that portion of at of ofleiing ten what it lias been vii war, olh- course of heffljsush- of the laws unfaltering fidelity “Survive who may, perish who will, the Union must ho pro.-cr'-ed To this sontiment, lor one, f so! my Impd nud. heart, and on its inauitonance, I rirft ririiv nnd cvw have been,’ ready to pledge my life, my (t/riunq, and my honor. The people of New Jersey have at the lute election, adopted and made it theirs, uud every citizen c ’o.y v. t;c- u, wiro loves his country nt.d Iris race, ’..’ill re-pond to it with enthusiasm.’’ iDliuiiiicjll.'i.S edict ol tlio it Turin, by which the XT An Pope tins a Pope Inis ex(’,o<ivnui>ioa!r 1 d Irani [hollo* Northern A Sonlliern Sl. rrhaiit* There seems to be a very general opinion in the country. ihntSouthern merchnnts ought not to trmle with any Northern merchant who do not give unequi vocal cvidenco, that they neither cttrecily nor indirect. ly, countenance nKncke.inude upon, the inetitution of nlnvery. We ore not ofilhoeo who blame a thing be. cauee it is Northern orpralso it because It ts Southern, •till, seirpreservation in the first low if nature, ntid if Nortlrem meti will make war upon our insdluilorin, arid meddle with thing! Which do- not .concern them, it in i. ut just flint we should refnliste” in thu .moat ef fectnal waypind ifthere isany.more effectual way to attack on tndivhluel Yankee .05 a pridya.pMfa.11 krea, thnn to_kcepyour parse in your entry yaAfeV, wyVe not nwritc whai it ii. - "We d^mffirieaiJ-byeihis tW they would take'•itharyopi^pBnq'qr’j'UcgnVenu.lrq^ yon diritonentiy, but if in »"f»h coarse of .trade arid; for a vriluitiic cori»ideratiori t ’i >r lawyers say, they cmld sell yon fevenly five cenlo worth of goods fora dollars worth of money, they would no, loose mofe than seven nights sleep in the Week ( pn n troubled conscience. We do not pretend to » hot would be unequivocal mercbnlirfe .ituii.f upriir i. We And in the Atlanta Republican the fol lowing communication, which we would com mend to our renders for calm consideration: Atlanta, Nov. 30, 1850. Mb. Editor—If South Carolina should persist in Iter revolutionary Course, wlmt will be the eAect upon her currency ? Will not her bills, which are now in circulation, by the million, west of her own holders, be a dead loss to the holders ? These ore questions thnt thousands of tho labor ng classes are interested in. Now to convince every nffip. that there is danger of suclt 11 result, f will simply refer them to the lute proceedings of the South Carolina Legislature, under the particular di rection ol his Highness, Emperor Cheves.— To convince nny one of the revolutionary priaciples of that man, who lordk it over the South Carolina Legislature, it is only neiSm- ry to read hit speech delivered in the Southern Conventional Nashville,Nov.14. Wouldihtu every man in the Uniou sltould read it, ai.d reflect upon the consequences that must fol low. Or. page25lh of his speech, (in pam phlet furmj in speaking ofthe dissolution ol o r present Union, he snys: "We want but Union among ourselves, and the enemy nreours. Then this wnr will he nt nn end. VVhntwill he the result ? This Union will be, thank God, forever at nn end.” On tlie same page lie says: "In such a, should it take place, shall the South not sufler? Undoubtedly it will .suffer some of the casnnltier of war ft would he a fraud on the people to hold n different language . ” unking it then for granted, that “it would he a fraud on the people to li.dd 11 different lan guage,” and believing that “some of the cas ualties of war,” is tho depreciation of a wide ly circulating paper currency, I would there fore, advise every man to refuse the hills of tlio South Carolina bunks. It is tiuthing-JiLn justice to ourselves uud our families. Mure “non. Georgia. Recent movements in South Carolina makes the difficulty.alluded to above, look very . suspicious. Let traitors to Southern Rights, (us our Carolina neighbors seen, to lorlii.nll^who.cherish any good feeling to- wneds our glorious Union,) mid all others who ure inclined to be tender about the/tocA- et nerve, be on the alert V From the dividends declared b ing institutions in Georgia, il suT they nre iiiniimred Wit* " ‘ —- iyfTu.Enasrii.LB, D-C. 9, 850. To-mtnrow, yqa know, the grv .t Convention ns- nemtil.’S til tlliB place. Already q.iite a number of member., lutve nnived, nnd the Cnpiiol nl'tieni’gm will B.Hin b • cruwded with vi-iturs. Themimlier of oHiee neck. r» ofc.mirse will be small, ns-the t'onreutiun him but lew otlicea inbestuw. Several gentlemen nrc nam 'd, an suitnldc nersutmtu preside over iisd-’liberntions, Mr. SliuLDl.vo, .it .Metmoah w tl be the oldest mein- of th ■ body, and if liin etr npih ■ vill permit, will donlilles l>chos -n. na president From ntl that l ran nee nll-J tl.-or, the Convellt'oll will hold u short nnd Itnrinonioii.- nei.nion. I trust its detihernt.otin will give sa'tlsfnotioii to tho {treat mnns of the people of UeorJn. The PfenidenVs Mesruge hna had the efiecl to increase in some degree, 1 doubt not, by im enlin but dignified tone, the confidence of the friends of the Union! But I mint clone tills epi-tlc, written in great hnste. In my next I will endeavor tu give your renders a more satisfactory account of mat ters and things in genernl. A TRAVELLER. thnt may, in spots, he at times exhibiting itself. What we occasionally see, is merely an oxhnlutioii of surolmrgcd..volnlilo spirit, which us soon ns it finds vent immediately dissolves into thin ntr—it is merely wind andl nothing more. The recent demonstration in» this ciiy,nl the two opposition meetings, has>- had tho good effect of bringing our citizens* to it showing: we know now who are ferr and who agajnst the compromise j .who area lor prueei'ving the Union in its integrity, 'andtl who for secession. Wo presume no one, will havo tlio hui’dihood to gainsay the fact,, that the former class largely preponderates,, hut tho Union men, so colled, constituted as- hoy arc of both political parties, comprise- eight-tenths ofthe population of our city—in a word, thnt New Orleans ts eminently en-q tilled to tho glorious appellation of tliei Union City.—W. O. Bulletin. Savannah Manui'actl'iius.—Almost cv ery week wo tiro cnljetl upon to imtico si'tnu new article of putt cslio tnamifne- lute, mill we never pen 11 puTtigriTpli thnt gives its more sniisliietiiiii Yesletilav wo were invited In limit nt an iron, chest Hindu lot Rlossts. E astern & E<'ktiiun, by David t\lWlns. nn ingciiniul tni-.elnmic who has ruoet'llN ilixed lijk iilifidci iffiPritg tin. Tins chest is 4 loot A tfiHlltfj Ingii. 3 feet (5 incit es wide, nud 2 li cl 0 inches deep. It is Hindi: entirely ol wrought it’ ill the must poib cl ihui.ihm', and nil the vvmk. iiifllutliilg n irontplirutrd mid very vriliinble iiick.lliis id It tl.”t|i’ b> Mr, Mi.i ps M. Inis fniiveil imo a new simp, nnd is trow tea tiy n> receive nrdhis lor nny kind 61 work .11 itis Inti’.—mi). Rep A Bio Clun,—Wo| clip the following lrom one of Ken,lull’s letters lrom Pal is to the N. O I’lttiiJ’iiih’ . Bv the latest news horn I111I111. it woultl seem that ill''gieiti gnu nl Bei gupoie— once a liiinoiis AI ilirutin pity, but now tie set ted—is tilmiii to lie brought to England ns 11 tioplic. It bents (Join. iStoi’klon's lug' gtiti nil hollow. Thu length ill' the picm is loUftecn !ept. the eirc.mnlorctiee five? ntitl the weight of'ilte hitlhlcnt| poinids; Thp, lJicjx-W^*Bd?r •■■■ onnimt onciL-trtirrfiit: tllftivpl tml only sny 1h.1l Hie Tmuinl of the ri'poit ulni'iiK'd the inlin httiitits for two iiimdii d nfilcs urnuml, but tlmi )no bull fit still flying 1 It should lip hteped that it pnty 1 nn until’) mi. way. Tliiee thoustpid pounds of iron. Iiotimlirig nml ricIloAhi’liiig uloiig through tile country, wmyd be apt to hin t somebody. “When DocTonk Differ, &c,”- Montgomery Allas, denouncing Presidon* Fillmoi'e in reference to the Fugitive' Slava Law, says : “His Mntshnjs are, l,ke n set oi rotten h artid abolitionists Tlie u North Star" fh paper edited by tl famous darkio, Fed Dougins) seems to 3 quite ns much displeased with Pr<* U Fillmore as Is tho Atlas. The sa “It may proporly he asked would-fl Dovildow ell to rent outHell and tr the United States, nnd rival, ifposstbM dent Fillmore, und his political f " If he enn bent them nt'tlie gama^L clmngo will ho weljrj Would no Angels make wise itnd humane a compared with Cass, Clay and W The fugitive slave might have rejoie thc.-e men the experience of a lost f Fillmore the soul of Satun. Fillmore’s heartless position, ind character and the Want'of a virtue liavo rendered him despicable in tt tlie good, and contempt! bad. Between the Star aud the Atlas Fillmore is likely to suffer some.- CoUNTERFEtT GOLD CotN.—Wei the public on their guard against* gold coin, without cioso examinatkt gieatest precaution,Lowever, on any one not critically conversant would not avnil, to prevent thej some ten dollar pieces sltownj which were sent to the south-"— road Bunk, where they were deter pieces are of 1848, with the iettl the englo, to indicate the New 0] The only thing we can describe^ from the geriuino piece before 1 impressions of tho die are a lit s.V, and tho rim and milling There is also n slight tinge o| on tho rint,'whhn held to^ general similitude, howe und being ofthe sanj ho'lieve that many f -North,Carolina . and thc North.—A Wj h u s been introduced,into tlie Legislature North Carolina, laying a tux upon nil ar- ^iijles tnaiiufiuMur^ui the North and brought inti* ifitit Stjitt for aule. Tlto luw is to re/ n | , (Ui^^iuroli ill iiiam in force until the fuaitivo-lnw Js fiiijjf- rried into effect thifougl] Se<, rind until iillyhc fotes iifj)/' Tub Union lie, is plainer than thnt t stituiion oi these States* serving, if they nre at ] hamtfnl of malcontents j Massachueils. If therej ol tho country an abidi| union—a patriotic in —n generous nnd ing dominions, ilthesesentj t(>oufiib/i of the | a built