The times. (Savannah, Ga.) 1823-182?, July 16, 1823, Image 1

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NUMBER 5. Cije Crated, . A Commercial, Miscellaneous, & Literary Journal. PUBLISHED WKEKLT BT M. J KAPPF.L, 1* the city of Savannah, Georgia Office on the Bay. TERMS. The Times, shall be neatly printed, and issued twice a week during six montns, say from Nov. to Map, and once a week only the othei calender month*. 75 numbers will be fymished in the now'Se of one year. The Subscription to'the paper will be jss fact annum, payable in advance, and if not paid with in six months, g 5. null be charged. Advertisements, not exceeding 15 lines, will be inserted three times for twenty-five cents for each eubsequeht insertion, and in the same propor tion for more squares. jp r T-— ~ PETTY C GREENE, - flifyin •“ * •. Bbls prime Pork, City Inspection 50 do Phelps Rye Gin 20 do Whiskey 50 do best St. Croix Sugar -• 10 bags Coffee 20 kegs Tobacco 20 bbls No. 1 and 2 Mackerel 1200 bushels Liverpool Salt 100 qr. boxes Spanish Segars 10 qr. casks Malaga Wine 20 boxes Sperm Candles 20 boxes Soap 5 casks London Brown Stoat 25 mats Cassia 50 Demijohns. Rura, Gin, Brandy and Wines, by the Demijohn Teas and Loaf Sugar Axes and Plantation Hoes Powder, Shot, Sweet Oil and Mustard, Bcfc. &c. At Wholesale or Retail. _ jnne 25 h 2 Prime Eastern Hay , 240 bundles prime Hay 30 hhds prime retailing Molasses • 20 bbls No. 2 Mackerel For sale by J. W. LONG, june 18 1 Mackerel , Lime , 80 bbls Nos. 1,2 & 3 Mackerel 50 evsks Tbomastown Lime 75 kega fresh Gun Puvrtier 5o cases assorted Glassware 50 boxes Window Glass 200 reams Cap, Letter & Wrapping Paper x 10 bales Domestics, assorted For sale by ROBERT S. GOFF. june 18 1 The Undersigned HAVING associated in business Mr. James M. Jokes, the business in future will be con ducted by him, under the firm of D. B. Nichols Cos. At their new stand in Young’s fire proof build ings, corner of Bryan street and Market square, where their assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver , Milita ry, Fancy and Staple Wares, Is very complete, and to which, additions will be constantly received at prices corresponding to the times. Repairing will be strictly attended to, accom panied to their guarantee. (Ej* During my absence, Mr. J. M. Jones will ■act as my Attorney. D. B. NICHOLS, ‘june 18 c 1 WM PATTERSON. ; HAS on hand, general assortment of Staple and Fancy DRY GOODS, suitable for the season, which he will sell at reduced prices— payable in Job T. Holies, Esqr’s. Change Bills— if specie is not more convenient, julv 2 i 3 Ketchup , f|HE best Walnut, JVtushroon and Tomattus X Ketchup, prepared and sold by S. M. MORDECAI. june 18 1 Notice. DURING the absence of the subscribers, Messrs. J. B. Herbert & Cos are their Agents. THOMPSON & BONNEY. june 25 m 2 Boarding , THREE or four Gentlemen can be accommo dated with Board during the summer Apply at this Office. june 25 Notice. DURING my absence, Mrs. Goldsmith will act as my attorney. july 2 3* SAML. GOLDSMITH To Pent , • Several STORES in the Market- Square and its vicinity—they are consid ered as good stands for the retail or cotton bu siness. ALSO—s two-story DWELLING HOUSE, in Franklin Ward, situated on the Bay, and oppo. site Telfair's Garden. This house has recently undergone considerable repair, and has bad a spacious yard anneied thereto, with ground sufficient fur a family Garden Apply to iun# 25 o 2 WM. C. MILLS. THE TIMES, A Commercial.....Miscellaneous.,...and Literary Journal.. sMfttoncau Extract fr&m Las Cases’ Journal. “ Mr. Balcombe's little garden, in which we so often walked, was superintended by an old negro. The first time we saw hint, the Emperor, according tb his usual cus tom, desired me to put some questions- to him respecting his history; and his answers strongly excited our interest. lie was a Malay Indian, and had been forced from his home by the crew of an English vessel, and sold at Saint Helena, where he had contin ued ever since in slavery —-His story bore every mark of truth. His countenance had a frank and benevotent expression; his eyes were animated and sparkling. In short, his appearance was by no means ab ject; but, on the contrary, truly preposses sing. “*********o ur meetings with To by were always followed by novel, spirit ed, and characteristic reflections on the part of the Emperor . Poor Toby,” said he one day, “has been torn from his family, from his native land, and sold to slavery; could any thing be more miserable to himself, or more criminal in others! If the crime be the art of the English Cap tain alone, he is doubtless one of the vilest of men; but if it be that of the whole of the crew, it may have been committed by men, perhaps, not so base as might be ima gined ; for vice is always individual, and scarcely ever collective. Joseph's breth ren could not bring themselves to’ slay him; while Judas, cool, hypcritical,calcu lating villain, betrayed his master. A phi losopher has affirmed that men born are wicked; it would be both difficult and idle to attempt to discover whether the asser tion be true. This, at least, is certain,Jhat the great mass of society is not wicked; for if the majority were determined to be drimi nal, & to violate the law’s, who would have power to restrain or prevent them ? This n TTieifTOh. hhp py result springs from its bosom, and ari ses out of its nature. Sentiments are for the most part extraordinary; we feel them because they were felt by those who prece ded us; thus we may look to the develope ment of human reason and faculties for the only key to social order, the only secret of (he legislator. Only those who wish to de ceive the people and rule them for their own personal advantage, would desire to keep them in ignorance; for the more they are enlightened, the more they feel con vinced of the utility of laws, and of the ne cessity of defending them; end the more steady, happy, and prosperous will society become, if, however, knowledge should ever be dangerous in the multitude, it can only be when the government, in opposi tion to the interests of the people, drives them into an unnatural situation, or dooms the lower classes to perish for want. In such a case, knowledge would inspire them with spirit to defend themselves, or to be come criminal. “ My code alone, from its simplicity, has been more beneficial to France than the whole mass of laws which preceded it.— My schools and my system ot mutual in struction, are preparing generations yet unknown. Thus, during my reign, crimes were rapidly diminishing; while, on the contrary, with our neighbors in England, they have been increasing to a frightful degree. This alone is sufficient to enable any one to form a decisive judgement of the respective governments. Look at the United States, where, with out any apparent force or effort, every thing goes on prosperously; every one is happy and contented ; and this is because the public wishes and interests are in fact the ruling power. Place the same govern ment at variance with the will and inter ests of its inhabitants, and you would soon see whut disturbance, trouble, and confu sion, and above all, what an increase of crimes would ensue. “ When I acquired the supreme direc tion of affairs, it was wished that I might become a Washington. Words cost no thing; and no doubt those who were so ready to express the wish, did so without any knowledge of times, places, persons, or things. Had I been in America, I would willingly h|ve been a Washington, and 1 •honld have had little merit in so being; for I do not see how 1 could reasonsbly have acted otherwise. But had Washington been in France, exposed to discord within, and invasion from without, 1 would have defied him to have been what he was in A* SAVANNAH, WEDNESDAY, JULY 16, 1823. merica; at least, h# would have been a fool to attempt it, and would have prolonged the existence of For my own part 1 could only have been a crowned Washing ton. It was only in a Congtess of Kings, in the piidfct of Kings yielding or subdued, that JL sould become so. Then and thpre aloni r could successfully display Wh* ingtorp moderation, disinterestedness and wisdoih. I could nbt reasonably attain to this twi t by means of the universal dicta torship. To thip J aspired; oan that-fee thoughts crime? CJan-it be believed, that to resigh this authority would ha vp beerrbe yond tad power of human nature ? Sylla, ’glutted with crimes, dared to abdicate, pur sued by public execration ! What motive could “Ha ve checked me, who would have been followed only by blessings? But it remained lor, me to conquer at Moscow! How njlany wifi hereafter regret my disas ters & >my fall ! But to require premature ly of me that sacrifice, for which the time had not arrived, was a vulgar absurdity ; and foi tne to have proclaimed or promised it, would have been taken for hypocrisy and quicker? i that was not my way. 1 repeat. jt remained for me to conquer at Moscow!- ‘* Literature and Scientific Intelligence. Baron Liodenan has recently published some observations respecting the diminu tion of the solar mass. It will be found, he says that the sun may have been impercep tibly subject to successive diminution since the science of Astronomy has been cultiva ted. The Baron supposes the sun's diam eter to be 800,000 miles—4,ooo,ooo feet, or nearly 2000 seconds. We have not he observes, hitherto possessed any instrument for measuring the diameter ot heavenly bodies to a second.—-The sun may therefore diminish 12,000 miles of its diameter, or 2,162,000 feet without the possibility of its being perceived- Supposing the sun to di minish Cailv IMP feet, it would require liCv o **■s•# so render tjrc ttfttdfitnion of S second of its diametar visible. Sir Everard Home, in an introductory lecture, lately delivered in Londrn, ex plained an important discovery, which he had made on the component parts of the blood. His new theory is, that carbonic acid gas forms a large proportion of the blood, and that, this fluid is of a tubular structure. The immortal Harvey, the dis coverer of the circulation, and Hewson iff Hunter, who have most studied the compo sition of the vital fluid, failed to make this important discovery ; and should time,the only test of truth, prove the justness of this new theory, Sir Everard will be ranked among the first phydoligists of the day He asserts that carbonic acid gas exists in the blood in the large proportion of twu cubic inches to an ounce, and that it is giv en oat in large quantities from the blood of a person after a full meal, and very little from the blood of a feverish person. The fact of the appearance of the tubes passing through every particle of the blood he was led to discover by observing the growth of a grain of wheat daily through a microscope ; he first saw a blob, and then a tube passing from it; the blob was the juice ofthe plant, and the tube w.vs formed by the extrication cf carbonic acid gas. Reasoning from analogy, he exclaimed a globule of blood, and found it composed of similar tubes, which he was enabled to in ject under the exhausted receiver of an air pump. U. S. Gazette. IRON CHURCH. The following is extracted from the Christian Observer for April, 1063. We had not before known that such large portions of Churohea had been built of iron. “ St George’s Church is an object of con siderable architectural interest for its taste, and as having been nearly the first cast iron church erected in the kingdom. The whole of the frame work of the win dows, doors, pillars, groins, roof, and pul pit, and ornamental enrichments,are of cast iron. The length of the church is 119 feet; the breadth 47. It ia ornamented with a splendid cast window of stained glass.— The tower, raised to the height of 96 feet, and standing on a hill, the site of an ancient sea beacon, is elevated 345 feet above high water mark, and commands one of the fin est views in the kingdom, comprehending the town and shipping of Liverpool, the estuary of the Mersey, the level surface of Lancashire, is fsr at the eye can trace the prospect, with the craggy hills of Wiles towards the west, and towards the north- ieat the distant mountains of Cumberland and Westmoreland. The contemplative Christian, viewing so many of our church es to us characteristically situated, will be inclined to see in them an apt emblem of what the ministers of Christ themselves Should ever be, “guidek and way-marks in the path to bliss;” or in still more authori *et hii * From the ktter of a geiHfomea, who recent* (y pßcd several wtoks at Washington city.. \ ~ ••Secretary ADAMS, is a man of short pale, oiit pleasing countenance plaiA and remarkably mild manners ami soft voice. Some think him aukuard. I don't think myself, that he is ; but he car tiinly has nothing of the courtier, in hia no pearance or manners. Others say, he is of ; oolil phlegmatic disposition— he (s nof— look at his writing; eery thought breathes . and every word burns. He is grave and reserved, from habit, notfrom/eeltn^—no man has a warmer heart. Sometimes, when in the society of his friends, his re serve wears off*, his eye kindles and he en ters fret I? and with animation into conver sation. Those who have seen him in those moments say, he ia the most charming and eloquent mao they ever listened to. Alt agree in considering him the most profound scholar, able diplomatist, snd accomplish ed statesman that the country possesses, “Mr. THOMPSON, Secretary ofthe Na vy, is a tolerable good looking personage, and of pleasing, easy and careless manners. He looks more happy amd good humored, than any -of ihe Secretaries.—The reason may be, that he has not the misfortune, like them, to be a candidate for the Presi dency. In point cf talent# and character, he is very respectable. Tie was formerly chief Justice of his native state New York —which office he filled with dignity and ability, . imagan how much l am de lighted with Mr. CALHOUN, fie is the most brilliant and fascinating man,in man ners and conversation, that I ever met with, lie is slim, rather talj, with an animated countenance, and black flashing eyes. Hit talents are of the first order—He made % distinguished figurff when in Congress, both as a speaker and thinker. He ia now but 42 years of age, and has filled his pres ent office six years with unrivaled ability. The present prospect is, that Mr. Calhoun, though he cannot be the immediate suc cessor of Mr. Monroe, will, at some future time be our President. But I have lived long enough to find out that talents and worth are not the only prssports to high places. It will not surprise me. if both he and Adams should be set aside, and tlie ex alted station for which they are so eminent ly qualified, be given to humble mediocrity, or base intrigue. • Mr. CRAWFORD is a man of gigan~ tic stature, < ather coarse appearance, and ordinary but modest deportment. I waa not much interested in him. My opinion as to his capacity as a statesman, has long been in a state of vacillation ; and it is by no means settled yet. lie may have mer its, and be doubtless, has his faults; but ho is conspicuous for neither. In a word I take him to be an ordinary man,—His ad mirers, however, are many and ardent, and [they think] his chance to succeed Monroa in the Presidency is as good as that of any ofthe candidates. “From the Treasury Office we drove to the President’s house ; and were shewn into a room where we found Mr. Monroe sitting up to his ears in papers. It waa bis business room, here he commonly is found, and which I believe he never leaves to receive members or casual visitors. ’The conversation whioh took place was alto gether common-place topics. We remain ed only fifteen or twenty minutes, which is the space allotted to a call of tblnibrt —many were waiting in an anti-chamber, tor our departure, that they might have their audience; only one individual or one distinct party is admitted at a time. At taking leave, Mr. Monroe observed that he “should always be happy to see roe"— which means, if it means any thing, that your company will be acceptable at tbe levees —to which no invitation ia necessa ry—every body goes to them that has a mind to. Mr. Monroe begins to show bia age. He is much altered for the worse since I saw Him five or six years ago. Ho ia a good old soul, as every body and has made as a good President, Volume i.