The government has forwarded 2,000
improved Springfield rifle* to the state
armory of Texas for militia purposes
and possible use on the Mexican border.
Aboct ona hundred and thirty bodies
have been recovered from the wreck of
the Schiller, including the Lconhardt
family of Augusta, Ga.
According to a recent report from
army headquarters, over 1,700 men
have deser ■>! within the last ten
months, b in a proportion of one in
Tub Knoxville and Charleston Railroad
has been finally disposed ef to Maj.
Thos. O’Connor ,V Cos., the difficulties
in the way of tho purchase having been
A. J. Alexander, ofJWoodburn Farm,
Ky., has sold to Mr. Fox, of England,
tho 24th Duke of Airdrie and the 20th
Duchess of Airdrie at #30,000 for the
Our national debt is #2,131,000,000;
the total of state debts, #390,000,000 ;
county debts, #180,000,(XXI; city and
town debts, #570,000,000 ; total, #3,271,-
The principal objectof Vice-President
Wilson’s trip to the south at this time
is said to be to visit the spot at Austin,
Texas, where his only son, an officer in i
the regular army, died.
The terrible fires which have been
sweeping who'e dislricts in Pennsylva
nia are attributed to the great drouth,
arising from the reckless felling of tim
her, which diminishes the rainfall and
opens an inviting field for ihe flames.
The Tnman line of steamships, which
for some yearn has been plying between
New York and Liverpool, intends to
transfer some of its ships to Baltimore, j
with the expectation of establishing a
line between that city and Liverpool.
Con. Robert M. and Stephen A.
Douolass, sons of the late Stephen A.
Douglass, receive an award for 1,457
bales of cottoD, or about #259,400, 1
seized in the state of Miaeissi| pi on the I
The luxury of calling a lawyer a shy
ster in St. Louis is ro cheap that no
newspaper need practice self denial or
ec momy iu this regard. The Republi
can has jut been assissed one cent
damages as the result of a protracted j
Kpain Ihs settled damages for the
slight put upon the Mecklenburg brig
Gustav. She managed to scrape up
$17,000 to fork over to the German
embassador at Madrid. The flag stands
well, and the Dcutsch goose hangs high
pretty much everywhere nowadays.
No woman can wake up at 2 o'clock
in the morning and listen to the cease
less crowing of a dozen neighboring
roosters without an emo ion of thank
fulness to a merciful and all wise Provi
dence for denying man both the genius
and the inclination to crow.
Merchants of New York city com
plain that their expenses hate be£n in
ortased by from SSOO to 6,000 in con
sequence of the double postagr en third
cl iss mail matter. The boaid of trade
have appointed a % committee to collect
the feeth and take measures to obtain a
repeal of the law by the next congress.
Now it is Queen Victoria who is again
threatened with assassination. O’Con
nor, who, some time since, made an
attempt to shoot her, was found stand
ing in tl e identical ipot, the other day,
where the former affair took place, ob
serving the queen. Of course he whs
packed off to the insane asylum.
Cait Lawson lm astonished Ihe
geographers by discovering a m untain
six miles high, on the island of New
G linea. This a mile higher thau
Mount Everest, of the Himalayan range,
hitherto believed t> be the highest
mountain in the world. It is rather
singular that such a protuberance has
not been seen before.
The girls of Warsaw, Ky., have nnan
imously resolved to pm chase no dry
goods costing more thau twenty-fire
ce-.ts per yard for the space of one year.
Here is a woman's reform movement
which, if carried into effect throughout
the entire south, would do more fo cure
the ills of 3hort crops and high rates
thau any plan we have yet seen sug
One of the most recent of the sick
ening S'. Louis sensations is that which
tells of the discovery of the putrefy
ing body of a small-pox patient in the
bottom of a well, from which a num
ber of families had been getting water
for some time. Strange to sav, the
people did not detect any peculiarity in
the taste of the beverage. They will
henceforth be proof against the small
A todho man left W alla-Walla several
weeks since for the pur pot e of making
a general four of Northern California.
B fore darting, he solemnly promised
his friends to write back all the p r
ticulars of the coantry. But one letter
hrs been itceived from him, containing
two lii es, which tajs : “ The girls are
all from B s on, and wbi-ky is twenty,
five c.nts a d.ink.”
Dio Lewis declares that he refuses to
lease a hotel <•* his “ (xnept ou condi
tion (hit wine and brandy are excluded
from the co.ki g." H-> is quite right
in this. We never see a parcel of men,
women and children g> reeling and
staggering from the dining-room of a
hotel where wine and brandy are used
in cookii g without shedding tears of
blood acd experiencing emotions of ihe
soul which c in be soothed and quelled
only by a B -tirbon cocktail or a glass
or two of beer. Exchange.
The surveying party sent out by the
Government, to locate the line of the
proposed ship canal across the Isthmus
lie J§mwef bille fafefte
of Panama, having completed the work,
have retnrned. The expedition was
subjected to numerous hardships and
daugers to health, but no loss of life
i among the officers or men. The earliest
eßtima'e, #50.000,000 for the comple
tion of the work, is not now regarded
as sufficient The Napipe Atratro route
is the shortest, but requires five and a
half miles tunneling.
The Cheyenne leader evidently lacks
confidence in the veracity of Red Clond.
It says ; “ Prof. Marsh may or may not
be as good a‘fossil sharp’ as he is a
judge of the veracity of au Indian, but
he is making himself ridiculous iu try
ing to impress upon those who will con
sent to be so bored by him that R<*l
Cloud is a truthful, reliable roan. We,
in Wyoming, know this distinguished
Ii dinn to be a treacherous murderer
and a treaty breaker, and a harborer of
Indian murderers and thieves.
LATE NEWS SUMMARY.
Terrible fires are sweeping through
tho mining regions of Pennsylvania, which
aro reported as of incendiary origin in many
ca*en. The miners are beiug burned out, and
much suffering will follow.
% President Jewett has been appointed
receiver for the Erie railroad on a suit brought
by the attorney general of the at ate on a gen
eral allegation of the insolvency of tho com
pany. Mr. Jewett ito Resume his duties as
soon as he shall have filed bonds of #500,000.
The order requires him at once to file an in
ventory of all the property of the road; to run
it as usual; to prosecute and defend suits at
law when the same shall be necessary ; to pay
salaries and wagos; to borrow money ; to re
deem pledged securities, and in line to do all
things necosrary for tho prosecution of the
business c f the road.
Gen. Custer is to lead anotner column
of & thousand men into the Black Hills and
beyond this summer, to make sure about the
gold, stir up the Indians, and drivo out the
Two vessels loaded with wheat, after
trying a week to find or force an entrance into
Buffalo harbor through the ice, have returned
to Chicago. It is said the ice is closely packed
ten miles out from the former pjrt, and it may
be June before any water craft can enter.
The musketH furnished to the Indians
in trade by the Hudson Bay company are of
tho old flint lock pattern, the barrels being so
thin that the owners are often seen straight
ening them across their knees Perhaps this
is one reason why the company which rules
the greater area of. British America lias no
trouble with its Indians.
The mayor of Pensacola, Florida,
niters a reward for the author of the statement
ihat two deaths from yellow fever had oc
curred in that city.
The planters of Alabama are in much
better spirits than they were at this time last
year. The corn and cotton prospeotß are very
good, and tho former crop is made superior to
the latter, which speaks well for the conntry.
A youog negro died from consumption
in Lebanon, Ky., last week after a somewhat
novel aonrse of treatment. Homo negro Galen
had assured his friends that the patient wonld
get well if fed on dog meat. The prescription
was faithfully followed, but, unfortunately for
medical science, proved ineffectual.
At a recent meetiigof the city council
of Little Itock, Ark., an ordinance was passed
levying a licens“Of slooon drummers. Against
this the commercial travelers protested, and
about a dozen of them met and resolved to
withdraw from tho city trade, rather thau pay
tho license. Representatives of Memphis,
New Orleans, Bt. Louis and Philadelphia
houses were at the meeting.
Should the worst apprehensions be
realized in regard to tho fruit crop in the
northern sections of the country, the prospects
still further south are said to be remarkably
good. The New Orleans Picayune says it is
estimated that the fruit yield this summer wil
be quadruple that of last year, and thelargest
ever known at the south, and that in this
abundance Louisiana is to offer the best fruit
crop she has ever produced.
The Riverside nail plate mill and new
nail factory at Wheeling, W. V., were totally
destroyed by fire last week. The loss will
probably reach $75,000, which is nearly, if not
entirely, covered by insurance. The greatest
loss is on machinery and stock of tho plate
mill. Having run continuously through the
nail-feeders’ strike, the mill was literally filled
with nail-plate. The old nail factory was
The diminution of the production of
whisky, owing to the seizure of so many dis
tilleries, is observable in the internal revenue
A series of terrible earthquake shocks
occurred at the beginning of May in the
Province of Borronaa, Asia Minor, in which
600 houses were destroyed. Accounts already
received Bhow that 160 lives were lost and 187
persons wore injured The total number of
kil ed is still unknown.
The secretary of the treasury has
directed the retirement of $9-7,700 from the
currency balar.ee of the treasury, the same
being 80 per cent or tho additional circulation
issued to banks during the present month.
Until further directions the amount of United
grates notes outstanding to be use and as circu
lating medium, shall not exceed $367,055.
The death of Gt-n. Breckinridge leaves
but four gentlemen living who have been
elected to the second highest office in the
United States. They are Hanoiba! Hamlin,
Andrew Johnson, Schuyler Colfax, and Henry
Wilson. The mortality among vice-presidents
dors not seem to be as great as that among
the presidents. Mr. Johnson is the only ex
president now living, and be was not elected
to that office by tho people.
An article has appeared in the Figaro
suggesting that the revet ge of France bo
postponed a hundred years, and canse a great
sensation. It is asserted by La Liberia that
ihe article has been made thosubject of a cab
•SUMMERVILLE, GEORGIA, JUNE 10, 1875.
JOHN JONES AND I.
BY CHARI. KH <4. AM KM.
>Ve had a tiff: “ John Jones,” said I,
“ You should’nt leave your cow at largo I”
“ You mend your fence!” was his reply ;
And so ran charge and counter-charge.
A trifling thing ; tho cow had cropped
Some blades of grass, some heads of grain ;
And yet for this a friend I droppod,
And wrought for both a lasting pain
I knew that I had played the fool,
Yet thrust uiv better thought aside,
Aud wbeu my blood had time to cool,
Became a greater fool through pride.
Upon two houses a shadow sate ;
Two cordial wives grew shy atnl cool;
Two broods of children learned to hate,
Two jrartiea grew iu church and school.
John Jones’s pew was next to mine ;
What pleasant greetings passed between !
As sacred an the bread aud wine
Had our communing i nembhip been.
Oft had our voices swelled the song ;
Oft bad we bowed iu silent prayer,
Aud shared the worship of the throng
Who sat iu heavenly places there.
But how shall souls in exile sing
The Lord’s sweet sons ? The holy notes
Of fellowship, ami .joy, ami yoaee,
Aud pardon, stuck in both our throat’).
'Some lessened relish for nil good,
Made life for both to doadcu down ;
And nature darkened to her mood,
And answered back our settled frown.
One summer eve I sat and smoked ;
Good Doctor Deane came riding by;
lie Maid, in voice a little choked,
“ John Jones in hurt, and like to die.”
A sudden Are shot through my brain,
And burned, like tow, the sophist lies;
And on my heart a sudden pain
Fell, like a tolt from hidden skieH.
I stumbled o’er the threshold where
My Hhadow had not passed for years;
I felt a shudder in the hand
A woman gave me through herjtears.
When ho no more the pulse could feel,
I saw’ the doctor turn away ;
Some mighty impulse made me kneel
Beside the bed as if to pray.
Yet not the Maker’s name I called ;
As one who plunges ’neath the wave,
A swimmer strong and unappalled,
Intent a drowning life to save ;
So all my soul’/up-gathered dowers,
In anguish of desire, intense,
Kent that depurtiug oue a cry
That leaped the abyss of broken sense.
Back to tho dim eye came a ray,
O’er the white lace a faint smile shone;
I felt, as \were a spirits touch,
Tue stiffened Augers press my own.
O, resurrection power of God,
Which wrought that miracle of pain!
From burled hearts tore Off the shroud,
Aud made dear friendship live iigain.
Beside one grave two households stood
Aud, weeping, beam the pastor say,
“ That out of death He bringeth life,
And out of darkness ooineth day.”.
Was I ohief mourner in the train ?
Ah, who could guess of all the throng,
The strange, sweet comfort iu the pain
Of one who mourns forgiven wrong?
WON BY CARDS.
“ For Christine.”
“For Christine!” the stranger re
peated, as lie took his place at the table,
while the old woman, with a ringing
laugh, shuffled the cards once more,
and again tne game went on.
It was a wild, wierd scene, which per
haps could not have been witnessed in
any other part of the globe.
A group of men, in every description
of dress, numbering no less than a
hnndred, stood looking on—some in
silence, tome nttering oaths and bandy
ing coarse jokes, as they watohed
Madame Dupray, the wickedest woman
in the colonies, fleece her last victim.
Two weeks before, she had announced
that she should set her daughter up to
be played for. If the man lost he was
to pay Madame one hundred ponnds; if
he won—Christine was to pass into his
hands, the Madame’s control ovor her
at an end !
This was Madame’s latest desperate
game, and in anticipation of this she
had kept her daughter in seclusion.
Only a few had ever looked upon her
face, and those few raved so about her
beauty that it inflamed the hearts of
their eomradi a.
To night she had stood before them.
Never had the ir eyes fallen on such
loveliness. Madame arrayed her in
costly robes ; but even though she had
been clad in rags, her rich, radiant,
dusky beauty would have bewildered
Her beauty infatuated the beholder,
and one by odo the men advanced, and
flung down tbeir one hundred pound
stake, and one by one they arose, de
feated, while Madame’s servant swept
the gold away.
Some risked, but th# game went on ;
others played game after game, until
their pockets were cleaned ont, before
they wro old give up.
Madame was exultant; she was reap
ing a rich harvest to-night. What a
lucky thought it had been.
Her skill in cards was something
almost infernal, as many poor fellows
could attest to their Borrow. Hardly a
miner, with his bag of gold, came
down from the mountains whom the
Madame did not lure into her deu ; aDd
once in the fascination would be so
strong that, when they went out, they
did so ruined. Some had retrieved
their fortunes ; others “had gone to
the dogs ” aud many a poor fellow had
filled a suicide’s grave.
To-night bnt few had intended to
play when they entered, but now the
last victim yvas sitting down. He kept
his hat slouched over his eyes ; no one
kDew him. He had dropped in to look
on ; he had no intention to have any
thing to do with this “hellish game,”
as he called it.
Madame played like one possessed,
but her good luck was leaving her. She
laid down no card her opponent could
not defeat; and, as the game progressed,
stillnesii reigned, every sound died out
—all were absorbed in seeing if, in
d ed, Christine Dupray was to be won
Otie card more 1 Madame threw the
pack on the floor in a rage, and the
stranger arose, saying :
“ Christine is mine !”
A wild, deafening ciy arose ; though
deflated themselves, the men were glad
that someone bad won her—Madame
could not play that game over.
The stranger advanced to Christine
he saw the wild look of affright in her
beautiful, dusky eyes, and his voice in
tuitively became softer, as be said :
“ Got your hat. This is no place for
you. You will bo safer with me than
here," glancing around upon the rough,
wild g oup.
As one in a dream she obeyed trim,
and the men parted to let them pass
out. Madame faid no word of adieu to
her daogater ; she only muttered curses
upon the fellow whoso skill was greater
than her own.
The stranger took tho girl to a hotel
ami early next morning he took her “ to
parts unknown” to those who had tried
to win her; but in reality, oniy to place
her in a good boarding sohool in one of
Ho paid for a year’s tuition in ad
vance. He gave them his address,
wished them to write twico a year and
inform him of her progress ; aud then,
bidding tho girl to keep to herself all
of her history, he took his departure.
■ Four years passed away, Christine’s
beauty had increased', not diminished.
She had not looked upon her gnardian’s
face (for as such she spoke of her own
er), hut he was ever in her mind, asso
ciated with that awful night. Even
now, all tho swarm of wild faces swam
before her vision nod made her sick at
heart. From the little, ignorant, four
teen-year old child, she had developed
into a glowing, educated, refined young
lady of eighteen, and now a lotter came
addressed to herself. It read :
“Ifr is four years t inoe I saw you.
Your school days are drawing to a close.
I am coming to ask yon to he my wife,
and go with me to a home of your own.”
There was uo word that she belonged
to him, nothing that indicated his own
ership of her, but she shrank baok from
the letter with affright. She could not
meet this man ! She Mare not meet
him ! What must Bhe do ?
She weut out into the open air. At a
little distance she could see a steamer at
the wharf, almost ready to leavo for the
Australian shore. A wild thought to
escape came into her mind. She had
been kept with money which she had
made hut little use oft Perhaps she
had enough now to takfufier far away.
She returned to the school, secured her
money aud jewelry, ami hastened to the
She had just time to write a note
before the plank was pulled in, and
amid the cheers and good-byes the
boat started on her journey. She
purchased a ticket, making au excuse
for coming so late that she had just
received a letter which summoned her
Two days Inter Mr. Hardeliffe made
his appearance at the school and asked
for his ward, Christine. The matron
handed him a sealed envelope. It con
tained the note she had scribbled on
the moment of her departure. She
“I cannot stay to meet yon. lam
now on board the Eagle, and before you
get this will bo far away. I am not
going out of ingratitude. I remember
what you have done for m>; you rescued
n e from degradation worse loan death,
and have given mu an edufl'ijf'ou which
hut few in this country received. And
now out of the goodness of your heart,
uot knowing how else to dispose of me,
you are willing to marry me rather than
allow me to he card, on the world friend
less. Such an act I cannot permit.
You shall not be. hound to Christine
Dupray, daughter of the ‘ wickedest
woman in the colonies.’ Tho blight
would he fatal to us both. I leave my
thanks, and Christine will pray for you
as long as the breath of life is in her
body. Farewell, forever.”
lie reread the note, and then turned
to the preceptress, who was standing
ntrvouslv awaiting him to speak.
“ My protege has gone to England,”
he said, quietly. “Bhe could not wait
to consult mo. I hope she lmd money
enough to defray her expenses,”
The woman breathed more freely.
Bhe had expected a scene—expected to
he upbraided for not keeping a stricter
watch over her pupil.
“I think she had,” she answered.
“You were very liberal in your allow
ance of spending money, and Miss
Christine was very careful ; she never
frittered it away as other girls do.”
“ Have you any hill against mo ?” he
“ None whatever.”
“ Then good day I” and he was gone.
Six years later.
Guy Hardeliffe had succeeded in the
mines beyond his wildest expectation.
Almost at the last moment, when his
courage was beginning to fail, he had
struck upon such a streak of gold, in
Golden Gulch, that his fortune was
made in a few days. Then word came
to him that his uncle was dead, and he
came into the Hardeliffe property aud
He sailed for England, and went to
his new home. Everything was strange
to him. Tho customs of his country,
the stillness of his new life—everything
was dull—and he gave up, amt went to
Paris, to see if he could there he
amused for a little while.
Mademoiselle Bantelli was advertised,
and many were flocking to see her. Bhe
was the new cantatrice ahont whom all
the men were going crazy. Her beauty
and tier voice were raved about, nutil
Guy Hardeliffe determined to go, and
see her for himself.
Once iu the building, lie was spell
bound. In tho beautiful
whose glowing loveliness infatuated al 1
who went to see or hear her, he recog
nized the girl won by a game of cards
—Christine Dupray 1
He wa'cbed, he listened, and in that
hour he felt his doom sealed. No
woman had ever thrilled him as this
woman did; no woman had ever seemed
He made no remarks, but asked his
fri* nd her history.
“She came from Australia,” his
friend said—an orphan, alone. Her
voic *, on shipboard attracted the atten
tion of old Mezzo, and he engaged her
to go to Italy and have her talents
educated. Bhe did so, and when he
introduced her into the public sho was
immediately successful. Men were
mad about her,” he continued, “wher
ever ehe went,” and M< zzo’s widowed
sister traveled with her, and took care
of her, and no one could say a word
derogatory to her.”
Hardeliffe listened like one iu a
“ Introduce me,” he said.
When brought in close contact with
her. he admired her even more deeply
than when she was on tho stage ; but to
him, as to the rest, she maintained the
coldest politeness. He knew that she
did not ree ; u)ZJ him, for he h and
changed his appearance, and his true
name she hail icver known.
Day by < y he haunted her, and
when she was. about to leave Paris be
suddenly became renzied, and told her
ho could uot live longer without her.
Bhe listened to his torrent of words
with trembling lips.
“Do not say more,” slio pleaded.
“You do not know what you isk, I
shall never marry.”
“ Why not ?”
“My past,” she said, quietly—“ I
onnnot reveal it, and it forbids such n
lie approached nearer.
“ Christine,” ho said softly—“ Chris
tine, I know it all, and there is nothing
iu it that should separate us.”
“ You—you ” —she faltered—“ were
“The man who won yon. Christine,
let me win you again.”
And he did. Ho never regretted hav
ing won Christino for his wife from
“ tho wickedest woman in tho colo
nies,” who confessed at the last
moment that sho was not her
own daughter, but only au adopted
THE PARIS MUTUELS.
Wliy They \V<rc tlaiiUhct! from the
At the recent Longchamps races, tho
gambleis were out in great force, but
there were no Paris mutuel machines,
as they have been abolished from the
course entirely for tho second time—
the first by order of the emperor aud
latterly by the republican prefect of
police. Cheating bad been detected by
the police in the working of these
machines, and the pablic had been
swindled most egregiously, hence their
banishment not only from the course,
but to the other side of the boundary
lines of France. Oneway of cheating,
it is Hftid, was by altering tho numbers
iu the machine on a particular horse at
tho moment of his winning so as to
make more tickets Bold on that particu
lar horse than had been indicated before
the start, while another way was by
getting in league with the trainers aud
jookeys, getting them to throw races,
and by purchasing all the tickets, or
nearly all, on the horse that had to win,
the public were not only robbed of all
the money they bet on the other horses
in the race, but, worse than all, the
owners of the race horses were sold and
beaten by rascally set of scamps who
bad thus bought up the jockeys and
trainers. Villuuies of this kind, it ia
reported here, were practiced by a cer
tain gambler in tho United States last
year, who was not a worker or owner of
the Paris mutuels, but a great better on
races. Ho bribed tho jockeys to throw
races, and by this fellow’s tricks many
a good liorso was beaten when he should
have won his races. I montiou this
fact, as many people over here seem to
know something of the manner in whioh
gambling is oondneted iu America. It
is said also by the police here that many
of the operators of the Paris mutuel
machines in France beeamo owners of
race horses themselves, or obtained
oontrol of them through bribery, and
were thus enabled to defraud the hackers
of horses opposed to those in the in
terest of the mutuel machines. When
this villainy was detected by tho polico
here, the hooks of the gamblers were
seized, as well as the cash in hand, and
they scattered tho villains from their
haunts, to find other instruments than
the Paris mutuels to do their swindling
with. But for these exposures the
Paris mutuels would be still in opera
The Suet Butter Manufacture.
Iu spite of the prejudice whioh exists
against suet butter, it is a fact that the
manufacture has of late made great pro
gress ; and the quantity of tho material
now cousnmed is certainly now larger
than ever before. There is a large fac
tory in Hamilton, Canada, from which
some 2,000 lbs. per week of imitation
butter are shipped to all parts of the
world. Another and still larger estab
lishment in Boston, Mass., turns out a
very great product. In many cases, it
is said, this bu ter finds its way directly
to the butter producing districts of New
York and New Jersey, and then is sent
to market as genuine spring butter. It
is certain that imraenso quantities of
the oleomargarin are sold by dealers as
true butter, and that tho profits of the
trade aro very large. Wo see it noted
in a daily contemporary that the suet
compound is in use in some of the prin
cipal hotel and rostanrants in this city,
and that the frequenters of these places
have as yet not discovered the fact. We
*do not pretend to the skill of the pro
fessional butter taster; but we have no
difficulty in instantly recognizing tho
artificial compound. We may add that,
not long ago, we discovered it on the
table of oue of our Now York hot Is ;
and after satisfying ourselves as to its
identity, wo taxed the proprietor with
its use. He strenuously denied the
charge ; but at a subsequent meal, we,
fouud the “ox butter” fas tho Harvard
students have named it) replaced by
We do not mean to say that the oleo
margarin is unsavory or unwholesome.
On the contrary, it is made with the
utmost nicety from the cleanest of ma
terials. Neither is it unpleasant in any
marked degree to the palate, nor to the
Btomaeh. It certainly is infinitely bet
ter than the abomination sold by grocers
und r the generic name of “cooking
butter.” Still most persons have a
prejudice against suet butter, aud that
feeling, so far from being weakened,
has been strengthened by the knowl
edge that the reprehensible practice of
selling the imitation as the genuine is
so widely jiractised. If the material
were advertised and sold uniformly for
what it is and ou its merits, wo
have po doubt but that the prejudice
■against it would in a great measure
subside. For shipping to hot climates,
it is, no doubt,Mpr better than the but
ter usually seht'Vi southern ports.—
A Williamstown boy became a man in
this way : While hoeing corn one after
noon he turned to his father, who was
working with him, and said : “ What
time is it, father?” “ Half-past two,"
replied the senior farmer. Throwing
down his hoe, the son graduated from
his farmer life with this remark :
“Twenty-one jeers ago, father, at lialf
pa-t two in the afternoon, I was born ;
you can and“ yonr own hoeing after this 1”
There are eight mill'ons of Qeraan
speaking people in ihe United Btates,
and tbev have three hundred newspapers
and periodicals in their own language.
Dampness will cause houey to become
thin and watery.
Live fish (pickerel or trout) will keep
a cistern free from worms and bugs.
Silver ware may bo kept bright and
clean by coating the articles (warmed)
with a solution of collodion diluted
Water containing about seven grains
of salt in each pint, is, wlion used con
tinuously, a poison to the weaker forms
To make groen gold, melt together
nineteen grains pure gold and five
grains pure silver. Tho metal thus
prepared has a beautiful green shade.®
Bandarac varnish is the best material
for mending plaster models. Saturate
tho broken surfaces thoroughly, press
them well together, and allow them to
Five parts of sifted whiting mixed
with a solution of one part glue, togeth
er with a little Venice turpentine to ob
viate the brittleness, makes a good
plastic material whioh may be kneaded
into figures or any desired shape. It
should bo kept warm while being work
ed. It becomes as hard as stone when
In some parts of tho country, there
have been largo numbers of tho orchard
or tent caterpillars which have left their
rings of eggs on the young twigs. If
these are now cut off with a dipping
pole, it will pievent iu every instanco a
large nest of caterpillars, and be much
more easily done tliau alter the latter
Unless the mouth is frequently and
carefully cleansed, it becomes infested
with vegetable and animal parasites.
These cause decay of the teeth. Soap
is the best materful for preventing the
development of the fungi and for neu
tralizing tho acid. Precipitated chalk
mixed with tho soap assists the cleans
The German washerwomen use a
mixture of ozs. tu pen tine and 1 oz.
spirits of ammonia well mixed together.
This is put into a bucket of warm
water, iu which I n>. soap has been dis
solved. The olothes are immersed for
twenty-four hours and then washed.
The cleansing is said to be greatly
quickened, and two or three rinsings in
cold water remove the turpentine smell.
Among some uneducated people thore
is a superstition that the ticking noise
made by n little insect popularly called I
the “death-watch” forebodes a death
in the house. This little creature is a
beetle of tho timber-boring species.
The tick is only a call one to another,
and if uot answered it is repeated. It
,ij produced by the beetle lifting itself
upon its hind legs and beating its head
against the place while it is standing.
Iu cld houses theso inseots may be
beard rappiDgall day long.
In using Paris green to exterminate
the potato hugs, the poison thould ho
mixed with tho cheapest grade of flour,
one pound of green to ten of flour. A
good way of applying it to the plants is
to tako an old two-quart tin fruit oan,
molt off the top, and put in a wooden
hoad in which insert a broom handle.
Bore a hole in the head, also, to pour
the powder in, and then punch tho bot
tom full of holes about the size of a No.
6 shot. Walk alongside the rows when
the vines are wet with dew or rain, and
make one Bboot at each bill.
To Remove a Ring prom the Finger.
—ln case a finger ring becomes too
tight to pass over the joint of the finger,
the linger should first be held in cold
water to re luce any swellii g or inflam
mation. Then wrap a rag soaked in
hot water around the ring to expand
the metal, aud lastly soap the finger.
A needle threaded with strong silk can
then lie passed between the ring and
finger, and a person holding the two
ends and pulling the silk, while sliding
it ar.unil the periphery of the ring,
will readily remove tho latter.
The alloy popularly known as oroide,
from which a large number of cheap
watobes, chains, and trinkets aro now
manufactured, is made of pure copper
100 parts, tin 17 partH, magnesia 16
parts, sal ammoniac } part, quicklime J
part, tartar of commerce 9 parts. The
copper is first melted, then tho magne
sia, sal ammoniac, lime, and tartar in
powder are added little by little and
briskly stirred for half an hour. The
tin is lastly mixed in in grains until all is
fused. The crucible is covered, and the
fusion maintained for 35 minutes, when
tlie dross is skimmed off and the alloy
is ready for use.
Caterpillars. —Tho tent caterpillar,
eggs of which encircle the small twigs
in rings of 400 to 500 each, is most
easily destroyed before it hatches, or
early in spring. Cut them off and burn
thorn. In an extensive plantation, we
caused an activo man to pass through
early iu spring and clear them out. He
destroyed about 3,000 nests in two days,
thus preventing the hatching of over a
million of eggs—more than all the
birds in the township would have done
after hatohin . In some parts of the
country they aro abundant this year,
and the sooner they are looked after the
Going to Bed, —We should never go
to bed with a hope to rest, sleep aud
perfect repose until “ all ready.” The
preliminaries for retirement arc all just
as important as are those for the day’s
duties. Wo must not go to bed with au
overloaded stomach, in au anxious or
troubled state of mind, with cold ex
tremities, or without anticipating and
responding to the calls of nature. Be
fore or in a stove-heated room is not
tho best, way to get warm for a night’s
sleep. We should take such vigorous
exercise as will give quick circulation
to tho blood, and uot depend on artifi
cial, but on natural hi at. Attention to
all these things should be followed by
such devotional exercises as will bring
all the feelings, emotions and senti
ments into accord with the Divine will,
subduing passion, removing hatred,
maeice, jealousy, revenge, and opening
the portals of heaven to all who seek
rest, peace acd sweet repose. It 'S a
happy custom with many to conclude
the evening’s proceedings by singing a
sweet, quiet lijmu—“ the day is past
and gone,” etc. whioh brings all present
into delightful union with each other
and with our Father which art in
FACTS AND FANCIES.
—Au Irish doctor lately sent in his
bill to a lady as follows'; “To curing
your husband till he died.”
—“ Hoaven’s Own” is the name ol a
new Nevada town where a railroad
passenger saw a woman pinning her
husband to the fenoe with a pitchfork.
—ln Germany there aro nearly one
million moro women than men, and
wives do not lift the hair of husbands
so readily as in oountries where the
supply of the sex is more limited.
—Rich uncle : “My nephew, I have
au income of oighty thousand francs, u
touch of liver complaint, and no chil
dren. For theso reasons Ido not doubt
that you will read this, my advico, with
—Lewis remarks that most any wo
man can sit down gracefully in a street
oar, but not one in a hundred oau de
scend from the back end of a buggy
when the horse is running away, with
out feeling that Bhe’s going to overdo
—lf properly gathered and preserved,
beans will retain vitality 2 years ; cab
bage, 4 ; carrot 3 ; sweet corn, 2 ; en
cumbers, 10; lettuce, 3; melon, 10;
onion, 1 ; parsnip, I ; poas, 2; radish,
3 ; squash, 10; tomato, 7; turnips, 4.
—When a woman is oare-laden and
heavy-hearted? nothing shakes the me
grims out of her qnioker than for a
couple of ladies to > top in front of tho
houso long enough for her to examine
tho trimmings on their bonnets.
—Weston is still walking. Tho an
nouncement calls up once more a feel
ing of grateful appreciation of the
Swinburnian assurance, “ That no life
livos forever; that dead men rise up
never; that oven the weariest river
winds somewhore safe to sea.”
—The newest seaside umbrellas are
intended to shelter an entire family, if
wo are to judge from the size, tfhey
are about the dimensions of a “side
show tent” belonging to a circus, and
have a polo ten feet high to stick in the
sand, and they form a canvas house.
—An Arkansas youth came to his
father aad said: “Dad, they ain’t
knives ennff to sot the table.” Dad—
“Whar’s big butch, little butch, the
case, cob handle, granny's knife, and
the one I handled yesterday? That’s
emiff to sot any gentleman’s table,
without you’ve lost ’em.”
—The English traveling public are
enraptured with the Pullman sleeping
cars. The Railway World correspondent
says that the next improvement in for
eign railway travel will be the intro
duction of our sixty-seat passenger cars
in plaoe of the sixty-Heat boxes now iu
use, and that when adopted they will be
as liigley oommended as nro the sleep
ers, which have been liberally patron
ized in America for over fifteen years.
—lt is now possibly by the aid of
hj draulio machinery to bend iron shafts
of twelve inches diameter to any re
quired shape. Incrodible as this state
meDt may seem to an inexpert, crank
shafts are now so made, instead of by
the slow, laborious, and expensive
method of forging. The bent shafts
are ah o much better than forged ones,
from the fact that the fibre of the metal
runs in one direction continually.
Whereas in forgi and ones it is often across
the line of strain.
—After reading Sherman’s book and
the violent comments upon it, one
might suppose that all military achieve
ments are mere matters of accident.,
and that no particular person is enti
tled to any great amount of credit for
winning a battle. Vou Moltke himself
is said to have been a little surprised at
the victories won by the Germans.
Who knows but llie good time is close
at hand when the military hero is to be
politely conducted lo tlie buck seat
reserved for him by au improved civili
—Tho people on the coast of Corn
wall, off which the Schiller was wreck
ed, have long had a bad reputation as
wreckers. When a ship was seen oil'
the rooks, on a Sunday, the minister
would give them a ho.iday. One of
tlioir principal men, several years ago,
was charged with having tied up the
leg of au ass, hung a lantern round its
neck, and driven it, by night along tho
cliffs, so that its halting motion would
imitate the plunging of a vest el under
sail, and thus tempt ships to run in
whore they would suppose was sea
room, aud drive them to destruction.
The inhabitants are as inhospitable as
—Yesterday afternoon a man who had
been beaten in a law suit stood at the
corner of Griswold street and Justice
alley, and cursed high and low. He
was spouting away in vehement tones,
when a lawyer asked : “ Are you swear
ing at anybody in p-.rtionlar ?,’ “No;
blast you, no!” ripped the man.
“ Well, it is too bad to have all that
wasted. I wish you would use a few of
the biggest and best oaths on Hannibal
HamliD, the man who raised the rates
on p'istago.” The man gave it to Ham
lin right and left for eleven minutes,
and then the police interfered.— Detroit.
—The cure for this sleepless condi
tion is simple, although tho treatment
must be radical. The first essential is
to abandon the particular class of brain
exeroise which has induced or attended
upon the difficulty. • The next thing is,
give up coffee, tea, tobacco, and all
stimulants. To use any form of alcohol
in such a case may do suicide. Finally,
live out of doors, exercise daily till you
are tired out, and tneu go to bed in a
quiot. well-aired, cool room. In a
month you will be well, aud may go on
in the old brain-wearing, destructive
way, if yon have not learned the lesson
of prudenoe by suffering.— Hall’s Jour
nal of Health,
—Steps are being taken by several of
the states and kingdoms of Europe to
effect an extensive substitution of gold
for silver in current use as a circulating
medium. There has been recently is
sued in Germany, 1,114,000 marks in
gold coin, and a still greater amount is
to be put in circulation. A mark is
equivalent to about twenty-four cents.
Belgium is putting out gold coin at the
rate of 50,000,000 francs annually. In
Holland #130.000,000 gold coin is
needed, and franco imported last year
431,064,900 francs’ worth of gold more
than she exported. Of course such
movements will materially affect the
relative market value of gold and silver
iu the markets of the world.
A New Indication of Death.— Is the
pa 1 ient really dead or not ? is at times
a very anxious question. A. medioal
practitioner of Cremona proposes a
simple method by which the question
may be answered with certainty. It is
to inject a drop of ammonia beneath
the skin, when, if death be present, ho
effect, or next to none, is produced;
but if there lie life, then a red spot
appears at the place of tho injeotion.
A test so easily applied os this should
remove all apprehension of being