BY M. BARTLETT.
MACON, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1832.
Vol. YiX...New Series..'..Number 12.
AT MACON, GA.
Printing Office on Mulberry Street—opposite the
• B'ick Range.
TERMS.—Three Dollars a yenr, if paid in
advance, or Poor Dollars, if not paid before the
end of the year. Subscribers liviug at a distance
will be Required in nil cases to pay in advance.
SEMI-WEEKLY PAPER.—Three Dollars
per nuDum, in advance, or Four Dollars at tho
end of tho year.
Por cent, cheaper than ever I
ffS Inst opening a very extensive and splendid nt
B iortmrn' of GOODS. which hits been selected in
TUB NEW YORK MARKET,
bv himself, from the Intest importations, which are
|i.srtirularly calculated for this market, and which will
be di»|aiied of fully . «
TWBWTTir-riVB IBP. C21NT.
cheaper linn ever. These goods Bre ol the latest style
and most fashionable patterns, and are offered to bis
Pricndf? end the Public
with confidence fully assured, that not only the style
but prices will fully meet their approbation. Theii
attention is requeued *o the same—a few of the arti
cles are mentioned, viz:
jj(K) pieces Calicoes and Prints, some very rich.
Extra fine Furniture Calicoes and Comtndn. 1
6(1 pieces line Parish Muslins mid Binghams, plain
ilhd striped, figured and striped Mandarines, Saragos
sa* 111 act, and purple Grmicsxxiss mid Ilalian Silks
Watered (ii^ideeap, black and brown colored do
IJernani (iauzes. Orleans Robes', 11 painted I’nlmurinc
and Crape Deleon, Mack and colored Silk. Camblel
and Prinyeltas. fine French Bombazines, Blond Gauze
Veils (coine extra sizes). Sutfo'SSlruxvi, Scans Fancy
)|andk<-rcuiefs and Shawl:, very rich, sett Cap and
Jt.-lt Ribbons new patterns. Thread Lares and Insert,
ings. also Edgings and Poolings, checked and striped
M'l'lins. Jackonet, Swiss and Cambric do,, one case
gr»«* blenched Irish 'Linens assorted, l.ong Limns*
Ijaen Cambrics nl:d Cambric Handkerchiefs. Super.
VVi'ings, plaid and plain Drillings and fine Frenali
J.ineus. Pongees and Pmige liaudkercliiels, Baudan
ba and Flags, Gloves and Mitts assorted.
£>t) dozen Silk, Cotton, ltaudon Hose and halt
100 Parasols and Umbrellas, very neat and rich.
I ml pieces Mosipiilo Netting.. ,
, Rend R.igs and Purses. Shell Tuck and Side Combs.
fTernbric and Fnr-.ilor ? Demil,irs and Colton Fringes,
fi, 7, H, !>. Kb II and 12 byDamiisk Table Cloths.
Table Covers, Dunstable «hd. Slraw RoiineU, Palm
l.eal ll.its Illnck and Dhib Reiver Hats, lutest fash
ions, Travelling Caps' and Trunks.
10 nales Sheetings, Sllirtiiigs and Plaids.
5(1.1 lbs spun Cotton, Tickings, Osuaburgs, Cot
ton Cards. Ac.
Al«n.nn extensive assortment-of Perfumery, Soaps
O Is Powder. Powder Hoiezaud Puffs, Krnsive Dalis,
Cologne, lloiiey anil Rosa Waters, Otto of Roses,
Jkc. ,Vc. Als r."
!WU0 pair Slides and Pumps njsnrted;and
100 p..ir Mororco and Calf Boots, ioms very
neat and fine. .*
And a very, large supply of
Saddles, IL’idlos. IxiTartinarcxIiB,
eSAUDLL AND TRAVELLING BAGS,
die. & c Ac. ‘
Together with a genrral assortment nf
Hardware Sf Cutlery •••
Mull binds that is wanted ill 'his market | also CAR
I'f.’NTE R’S 'IHJ1JL8 of all kinds. BLACKSMITH
TOOLS, Cross cut and Mill ^nwi. Guns. Rifles, ffc.
AI*o a supply of Crockery, China i nd Glass Ware
Also II) dozen superior Calf Skins, Gining and
Rinding '■kins; Sole Leather. Gin Hand Lumber. &c.
• And* supply of (iROCEUIES, FAMILY MEDI
CJNKS. Ac. ‘ • -
Macon, April 20 ".189 • , v
H AS on hand the following articles, all new
and just opened, which he oilers
low for Cash:
15 hhds prime Sugars
50 bags prime Collets
50 pieces prime beiup Bagging
50 coils best bale Rope
2000 bushels Salt
30 bids best Portland Rum
3 hhds do do
50 bids best rye Gin
50 bbls best ryo Whiskey
2 pipes Holland Gin
2 do Cognac Brandy
2 do Jamaica Rum
50 bills primb Black oriel No. 2 Si 3
20 bbls bc&t Canal Flour
20 do do country do
1000 pr negro rihbes .
200 pr Gentlemen's best calf do
100 pr Ladies’ morocco do
50 pr prunella •’ do 1
150 pr cliildtcits’do assorted qualities
1C cases fur Ilats assorted qualities
6 do wnol do do do
6 boxes Cotton Cards
-. 3 do wool . tic
30 hags live geese Feathers,
A>'D,A GENERAL STOCK Or
Dry Goods, Saddlery, &c.
Cutlery, Iron, Steel, fyc.
Dec. 12 11
. f; C. A. Higgins
A YFFEIIS at the lowest prices, at tho Brick
Store, Mulberry Street, the following arti
cles, which will bo kept constantly ou hand:
Sugar, in hhds and bbls, N. O. and St. Croix
Molasses in hhds.
Whiskey in hhds and bbls, Mouortgabala (a ye
fy-superior article) and common high proof.
Run in bbls, N. E. and pure.
Cin in,bbls, high proof.
Wine in quarter casks, very superior Malaga
Candles, 20 boxes Sperm.
Mackerel, Nos. 2 and 3.
■iAIso, 10 bbls. Plaster of Paris for hard walls
and Stucco tv ark.
25 bills Family Flour.
Tho above will be sold in quantities to suit pur
ohasers. 17 Nov. 27.
Cabinet leaking and burning
THE subscriber has commenced
and intends carrying on the above bit
sincss in all its various branches, at
tho house formerly occupied by C. A
Higgins as an auction room, on Fourth
street a few doors below Smith’s cou
fectionary. Those wishing to purchase furniture,
or have turning done, trill do well to give him
call. JIENRY SAULSBURY.
N. B. WANTED—A quantity of Walrut and
Birch plank suitable For Tables, for which a like-
rot prlre writ tie given. H. S.
Nov 28, 1832. 9 wtf
SSr'.'VvP. lYSu^ic, (Sic,
ELLIS, HUOTWKLL & CO.
A RF. now receiving .nud opening at their
BOOK STORE, ft tmmhornf
of a rich description,'rmd a variety of other Mu
sical Instruments,'isvith' Instruction Books a,nd
.Music adapted to the same*. A. largo collection ol
2*Jew ZVIasic for the Piano*
embracing nil the Music of the celebrated Cinde
rella Opera, mi l a variety of Engravings, Carica
tures, d’rinrs, Ac.—also, . <t
A large assorttnenl of Books,
consisting of fflttn hundred volumes: a cata
logue embracing a considerable portion of which,
is published in the Christian Repertory.
A great variety of STATIONARY and Mis
A largo assortment of PAPER HAXGIXGS,
Rordcring, Fire- Prints, Sic. &c.
They respectfully invito the--attention of the
public to the nbove, and request them to call and
examine. Juno li 24
At his old sldhd, corner of Cherry and Secondsts.
I S now rccciviilg front New York and Bostou.
•p fresti -supply of Goods, which, in addition
to those on hand, will make His stock very large
and complete, which lie oilers on as' reasonable
terms as they can be had in this maeket. His
goods comprise.a general
Assortment of Groceries,
Viz—150 hugs Coflcc; •
45 hhds St Croix, Porto Rico and N
21 bbls Loaf and Lump do
: 12 qr chests Tea
20,000 lbs Iron
10 hhds Molasses
1500 bushels Salt " ■
100 pieces Hemp and Tow Bagging,
40 kegs NaLte
Cognac Brandy ■ ’ , 11
Northern Gin, Northern Rum
Apple Brandy, Wine,
Powder, Shot, See. Sic.
Dry Goods, hardware, Cutlery,
Crockery, Boots, Shoes,
FIATS, BLANKETS, SADDLES,
See. &c. Sec.
NEW BOOKS, »
1*07 Sale by Xlllis, Shot well 6i Co
3 VREAMS nud Reveries nf ■ Quiet Man. 2 vnls.
D xiniiitinfiil the Little Genius and other Essays,
by -me ol the editors of the Ken Yoik Mirror.
T'voyems and » half in the Navy, by E. C. Wines.
Reimotks on the r-tnti-tii:s and Political Institution;
of tile United Slates. With some Observation* on tlie
Eccletiit.iic <1 System of America; her sources of Re-
Venue—by Wen. G- Onseley. Esq , attached to his
*M-sty’. Legation at WHsliington
The Lives of ceb'lunled Travellers, by J. A. St.
J ho, consisting of Rcvclati'in by 8huttlewnrtll.
Yeates on Itholera, with advice to '.be Planters o
the Sou'll, for die medical treatment of their Slaves.
Hr Tissnt's Treatise,
liickerslith's \t orks.
Percy Anecdotes in one vnlnme oetnvo.
Tales of Early Ages, by Horace Smith.
November 2. 1832 10
Sugar, Brandy, Wine, die.
”g fh HMDS N. Q. Sugar,
J- ww 15 bids N. O. and St. Croix do.
1 pipe Cognac Brandy
1 do domestic do
5 casks Malaga Wino
20 bbls Northern Gin
20 do Northern Ram
5 do Mint Cordial
10 bags Spico
5 ton Iron
10 casks wrought f?pikei
Steel. Wagon Boxes, Trace Chains
Smiths’ Bellows, Weeding IIoos
5 boxes Beaver Ilats
1000 busheli Liverpool Ground Salt, &c. &>c.
On consignment, and for aalo on nccominoda-
ung terms by WAl. P. ROWLAND.
.^uv 27 17
A "7 Garden Seeds*
I'RESII supply, just received and for sale
by ELL18, bliOTWELL &CO.
"Pnl 14 194
Sugar, C-oiFoc, &c.
; GRAVES Si SON have just receive
» the following r.itk’les:
12 lihds St.'Croix andN. O. Sugars
10 bills Loaf do
50 hnirs Coffee
40 bbls Rum
£0 bhls N. Gin
20 bbls WhiAtev
10 hhds Molasses
20 bbls Potatoes ;' »
2 pipes Cog. Branny
2 pipes Holland Gin
2 iihd* Jam. Rum
25 bbls Wino
20 bbls Cordial
Boxes Sc'np, Candles
Pepper, Pimento, Ginger
Tobacco, Pearlash, Copperas
' Boxes Hysou and Black Tea
50,000 lbs Iron and Steel
2000 lbs IIoop Iron
Castings, &c. See.
AH of which will be sold very low.
April 111 21 . . . '
WATCHES, JEWELRY, &c.
Adjoining the Post Office.
THE Subscriber is now open-
iugn general a=sorlment of goods
inhii llne, consisting of
Gold jiRtent Lever Watches,
Silver do do
Lepi ne andcnmmnn do
Ladies nerk Ch«ins
do wntch Chains, Seats aud
Gent, link and curb Chains,
Seals »r»d Keys
F.ar Rings, finger Ring*. Brrusl Pins, Shirt Studs,
Silver Spoons, (a £o"d assortment)
Fine plated Castors, Candlesticks, Snuffers and
Rnisnrs. pocket, pen and dirk KniveSl
Dirks. Pistols, (a fine nrtiele,) ■
Spectacles, Coral Beads, &c. &c:
All of which aro offered at very low prices .for
cash RUFUS & SMITH.
Nov. 14 13
N. B. Particular attention paid to the REPAIRING
of WATCHES of every description and warranted.
WM. H. BURDSALh,
Has just received a new cud extensive assortmen iof
Dry Goods. Clothing*
Hats, Shoes, 8pc.
H IS stock will be foa'nd inferior to none, and
purchasers, by favoring him with a call, will
be oUVrcd Goods at the most reduced prices,
au STUCK C059I3TS, IN eAltT, OP THU roLLOWINOt
Super Saxony’. Blue. Black and Colored Broad
Blue, Clack, Mixt and Fancy Colored Sattinets
Striped Sattinets, English Merinoes
Duffie Point and Rose Blankets
Red, White, Green and Yellow Flannels
Canton nud Saxony White Gauze do
Bird’s Kve. Scotch, and Russia do
Blue, Black and Colored Bombazetts
do do do Circassians
Negro Clothing, Linseys
Brown and Bleached Shillings
do do Sheetings
do do Drillings
Cotton Oznaburg.. Fustian*
Black Italian Ls|trin|
Black Gross de Stviss, Black Grcss c: Naples
do do Berlin
Black Siuchewsand Sarsancts
Col- Gross de Naples
Black and Col. Florences
do do Italian Crapes
Scarlet and Black Merino Long Shawls
Scarlet Square Shawls
Cashmere, Valentin, Thibet Wool
Silk, Damask and Cassimero Shawls
IIcriiHtii, Paris Muslin Crape
Gauze, Gros dc Naples end Mandarine Dress
Ladies’ and Misses' Belgian, Italian, Straw, Leg
horn. Braid and Fancy Bonnets.
Satin and Gauze Garnitures
English Moleskins, Bed Ticks
Apron Checks. Furniture do
Domestic Plnidsaud Stripes
Flooe Cloth Baize, Green Fuze Cloth
Furniture Dimity. Hair cord do
Russia Sheeting, Blench Dowlsss
Burlaps, Bangup Cords
Irish Linens. Lawns
Blue and Scarlet UaRinet
Cotton Cassimeres 1 -
Black ami Col. plain Ribbons
Dark and light Col. Prints and Ginghami
Luce and Gauze Veils
Figured and plaiu Bobbinet Lacs
Cambric, Jaconet, Swiss, Mull, Natisook and
) Book Muslins
Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, Pongee do
India Flag and Bandana do
Ladies' andiGentlemens’ Gloves.
Cotton. Worsted and Lamb's Wool Ilose
Black and Col. Cambrics
Men’s and Boys’ Fur, Cloth and Seal Caps
Chinchilla do !
READY MADE CLOTHING.
Fallow-Citizens of the Senate.
and of the House of Representatives:
It given :ie pleasure to*congratulate you upon
your return to the seat cf Government, for the
purpose of discharging yoUr..iluRej to the people
of the Udited States,- Although tho~pestilence,
which bad traversed the OJd World, Las entered
our limits, aud extended its ravages cVer much of
our land, it has pleased Almighty God to mitigate
its severity, and lessen the number of its victims
compared with those who have fallen in most
other countries over which it has spread its ter
rors. Notwithstanding this .visitation, our coun
try presents oh every side, marks of prosperity
aud happiness, uncqualled perhaps, in any other
portion of the world. If we fully .appreciate our
comparative coudition, existing causes of discon-
teat will appear unworthy of attention, and with
hearts of thaukfulness to that Divino Being who
has filled our cup of prosperity, we shall feel our
resolution strengthened to preserve aud hand
dowu to posterity that,liberty add' that' union
which xvo have received from our father:!, aud
which constitute the sources nud the shield of uJJ
By the report of the
mtmieated to vou on
• -.*aiLj ■’ ’.ai-jr ur-.’ raw i
secretary of btnte,*com-j ulsir government, capable of maintaining the a-
the 25th Juue last, yen' sun! relations.with foreign nations, blit if, as it
Superfine blue, black, green, adelgid, olive and
brown Cloth Dress Coats
" Blue, blnck. green, biown and steel
mixt Cloth ■Frock Coats
“ Blue, brown, olive, green and mixt
blue, steel mixt and fancy colored Sattinet Coat-
ees and Frock Coat*
Superfine blue, black, brown, olive, green and
steel inixt cloth Pantaloons
Drab, lavender and striped Cassimero do
Blue, steel mixt and fancy colored Sattinet do
English .Moleskin, uncut Cord and Bangup do
Youths’Cloth and Sattinet Coatees aud Fnnta
Black, bloc and drab Cassimere Vests
Black and colored Velvet do
Dark and light figured Valentia, white and col
ored Marseilles, Swfansdotvn, Toilinct
and Sattinet Vests
Cnmblet and Plaid Cloaks
Velvet, Bombazine, Silk, Valentia and Leather
Fine Linen Shirts, Collars. Bosoms, Jcc. &c.
Men's aud Youths' Fur and IFool Hats,
Fine Boots and Shoes*
Ii'BGItO SHOES. dkC, &C. diO.
Oct. 24 4
roa BAtC XT THIS OFFIOB
HE Subscribers still continue the bitsiueJs
at the old stand, corner of Walnut, and
Fourth Streets, svhere svork wiil be doneaccord-
g to order. Having a l.ti-ge assortment of arri
ves ordored from tho North which will arrive in
tLjj course of the slimmer, consisting of Gigs, Bu
sies, Barouches and Carriages, they feel con
fident of pleasing customers both in articlos and
The have now on hand an assortment which
will ho sold low for cash, such as Sulkeys, Gigs,
and Barouches; besides several splendid sets of
Harness, with Laces, Carpeting, Morocco,
Springs of diflbrent kinds, Joiuts, Bands, Loops
and Bows of all sizes. Orders for Carriages
punctually attended to, and svairanted to please
or no sale. BENTON Si BACON.
Wanted as an Apprentice.
A lad about-fourteen or fifteen years of age, of
steady moral habits. ... B. &B.
May 4 138 , ■ .
T HE subscribers have this day purchased the
entire slock of goods belonging to IFi/cy,
Baxter fy Fort in this place, and w ill continue the
business at the same store on the corner of Sec
ond Street an 1 Cotton Avenue, opposite Wash
ington Hall, under the firm of
BAXTER; FORT & WILEY.
They have on hand a general assortment of
fresh goods.well adapted to the town and country
trade, which will be sold at low prices and on li
beral terms, by the yard,'piece or package.—
They solicit a continuation of the patronage of
former customers and the public generally.
THOMAS W. BAXTJ
ROBERT UK FO RT.
* LAIRD H WILEY.
Macon, Jnlyl, 1332. . 161 -•
our blessings. -. - ,. ,.■ • . - ••••-•
Tiio relations cf our country continue to f~3-
sent x.v tame picture, of amicable iutercoursa
that 1 had the satisfaction tt> hold up to your
view at tho opening of the last session. The
same friendly professions, iboaame desire to par
ticipate in our flourishing commerce, the same
disposition to refrain from injuries unintention
ally offered, ’are, with fow exceptions, evinced
by all nations wifh whom we have any inter
course. This desirable slate of things may be
mainly ascribed to our imdeviating practice of
the rule which has long guided cur national pel
icy, to require no exclusive privileges - in com
morce, and to grant none. It is daily producin'
its beueficial effect in the respect shown to our
flag, the protection of our citizens and their pro
perty abroad, and in the increase of our naviga
non, and tho extension of our mercantile opera
tions. The returns tvbicb havo been made out
since we Inst met, xvill shoxv an increase duriug
the last preceding year, of more than 80,000 tons
in our shipping, and of near forty millions of dol
lars in the aggregate of our imports and exports.
Nor have we loss reason to felicitate ourselves
on the position of our political than of our com
mercial concerns. They remain in the state in
which they were when I last addressed you—a
state of prosperity and peace, ibe effect of a .vise
attention to the parting advice of the revered Fa
ther Of bis country, tin this subject, condensed in
to a maxim for the use cf posterity, by one of his
most distinguished successors, to cultivate free
comuierco and honest friendship with all nations,
but to make entangling alliances xvith none. A
strict adherence to this policy has kept ns aloof
from the perplexing questions that now agitate
the European world, and havo more than'onco
deluged those countrios with blood. Should
thoso scenes unfortunately recur, tho parties to
tho contest may count on a faithful performance
of-tho duties incumbent on us as a neutral nation,
and our own citizens may equally rely on the
firm assertion of their neutral rights.
“ With the nation that was our earliest friend
chd ally in the infancy of our political existence
the most friendly relations have subsisted through
.the lata revolutions of its Gororhmcat; aud,
from the eveuts of the last, promise a permanent
duration. It bn* made an approximation
some of its political institutions to our own, and
raised a nionarck v t<J tho throne who preserves, it
iss'aicT, afrienciiy recollection of the period during
which, he acquired among^our-citizcns the high
considofation thatcould then have been produced
by hisporsonal qualifications alono.
Gur. commerce with that nation Is gradually
aiaumutg’ a mutually beneficial character, and
tho adjustment of the claims of our citizens has
removed the onlyobstacio there was to an inter
course not only lucrative but productive of litera
ry aiid scientific improvement.
From Great Britaih.t'have tho satisfaction to
inform you that I continue to rccoive assurances
of the most amicable disposition, which have, on
my part, on all proper occasions, bceb promptly
and sincerely reciprocated. The attention of that
Government has latterly been so much engrossed
by matters of a deeply interesting domestic char-
were informed of the conditional reduction ob
tained by the minister of the United States, at
-Madrid, of the duties on tonnage levied on Amer
ican shipping iu rue ports of Spain. Tho condi
tion of that reduction having been complied with
on our part, by the act passed on the I3iii of Ju
ly last, 1 have the satisfaction to inform you that
our ships now pay no higher, nor other duties, iu
tho cotitipcbtiai ports of Spain, thau aro levied
on their national vessels.
The demands against Portugal fer illegal cap
tures iu tlid blockade of Torceira, have been al- J per to ob
lo wed to tho full amount of the nc -ouuts present
ee! by tho claimants, aud payment was promised
to he made iu three instalments. The first of
these has been paid, tho second, although due,
had not, at the date of our last advices, been re
ceived, owing, it was alleged, to embarrassments
In tho fiuauces, consequent ou the civil war in
which tho nation is engaged.
The payments stipulated by the convention
with Denmark, havo been punctually m ule, and
the amount is ready for distribution among the
claimants as soon as the L-eard how sitting, shall
have'performed their functions.. '
I regret that, by the last advices from our
Charge d’Affaires' at Naples, that government liad
still delayed the satisfaction due to our citizeus;
but at that date, tho effect of the last iustructious
was uot known. Dtsflntcbcs fiuin tbali'co are
houily expected, and the tesult will be commu
nicated to yon without delay.
With the rest of Europe! our relations, politi
cal and commercial, remain unchanged. Nego-
ciations are going on, to put on a permanent ba
sis’, the liberal system of commerce now carried on
between us aud the Empire of Russia. The trea
ty concluded with Austria i= executed by his Im
perial Majesty, with the most perfect good faith:
and, as wo have no diplomatic agent at his court,
ho personally iuquired into, and corrected a pro
ceeding of some of his subaltern officers, to the
injury of our cousul in one of his ports.
Our treaty xvith the Sublimo Porte is produc
ing its expected effects ou our commerce. Nexv
markets are opening for our commodities, aud a
more extensive range for the employment cf our
ships. A slight augmentation of the duties on
our commorce, inconsistent xvith the spirit of the
treaty, had been imposed, bdt,' on the representa
tion of our Charge d’Affaircs, it has been prompt
ly xx’ithdroxvn, aud xve noxv enjoy the trade and
n*virminn nf thft Ithif-l* and of all the nortk
was supposed, aud. as they proved to be, they
xvere.d band of lawless pirates, to inflict such a
chastisement ns would deter (hem and others from
like aggresdeiis. 3 his last was done, and the ef
fect has been au increased respect for our flag iu
those clutaut sens, aud additional security to aur
In the view I have given of our connexion
with foreign powers, allusions havo been made
to their domestic disturbances or foreign wars; to
their revolutions or dissensions^ It may bo pro-
rve, that this is done solely in cases
where thoso events .afi'est our political’ relations
with them, or to show tbeiroperation on our com
merce. Further than this, it is neither our poli
cy nor our /light to interfere. Our bcst xvi-d.ee,
on all occasions, our good offices when required,
will be afforded to promote tho.domestic tranquil
ity and’foreign pcacc.of ail nations with whom
we havo auy intercourse. "• Any" intervention in
their affairs further than this, ex-cn bv tho ex
pression of any official opinion, is contrary to c-ur
principles of international policy, and xvilf always
Tlie report which the Secretary of the Treasu
ry xvill, in due time, lay before you, will exhibit
the national finances iu a highly prosperous state.
Owing to the continued success cf our commer
cial enterprise, which has enabled the merchants
to fulfil their engagements xvith the Government',
the receipts from customs daring the year xvill
exceed the estimate presented at tho l.-isi”session •
aud, with the other means of the Treasury, x\i!I
prove fully adequate, not only to meet the in
creased'expenditure, resulting from the forge ap
propriations made hy Oopgress, but to provide
for the payment of all the public debt u liich is
nt present redeemable. It is uoxv estimated
that tho customs xvill yield to the Treasury, cu
ring the present year, upwards of txvcuiy-ciVht
miHimi* nf flollars. Tf If* ntllilm Inn J.. L n ...
for Sale Cheap*
B Y the auhscribers, a two hone standing top
BARGUCH and Harness, nearly new,
RusseJl, Dickinson & Co*
dee 9 .?
r < Bfoticoa
T IIE •nWribers being very anxlons to col
lect immediately, all that is due to them,
ono of them will constantly remain at their late
storo or havo some one there to nitend to those
who BSV call for the purpose of settling.
A- SHOT WELL & J. S.SMITIL
Dmt 9 8k 31
acter. that xvo could not press upon it thtvCtnew-
al of negotiations which had beon unfortunately
broken off by tlie unexpected recal of our minis
ter, who had commenced them xvith some hopes'
of success. My groat object xvas the settlement
ofqnestions which though now dormant, might
hereaftor be revived under circumstances that
xvould endanger tho good understanding which
it is the interest of both parties to preserve invio
late, cemented as it is by a community of lan
guage, manners and social habits, aud by the high
obligations xve oxve to our British ancestors for
many of our most valuable institutions, ana for
that system of rcpressntatix’o.Government which
has enabled us to preserve' aud improve them. ,
Tho question of our north-oiistern boundary
still remains ucpettled. Iti my last annual mes
sage, 1 explained to you the situation iff which 1
found that business on my coming into'office, aiid
tho measures I thought it my duty to pursue for
assertiug tho rights of the United States, before
the sox’ereign xvhd had been chosen by my pre
decessor to determine the question; and also
the manner iu xvhich ho had disposed of it. A
special message to the Senate, in their executive
capacity, afterwards brought before them the
question, xvheiher they would advise a submis
sion to the opinion of the sovereign arbiter.—
That body having considered the. award as not
obligatory, acd advised mo to open a further ne
gotiation tho proposition was immediately made
totheBritish Goveium.^t; but the circumstan
ces to xvhich I have alluded Davo bithartn pre
vented an ansxver being given to the overture.—
Early attention, however, has been promised to
the subject, and overv effort, on my part, will be
made for a satisfactory settlement.of this ques
tion, interesting to the Union generally, and par
ticularly so to one of its members.
The claims of odr citizens on Spain are not
yet acknowledged, ' On ft closer investigation of
them than appears to have heretofore taken piace,
it was discovered that some of these demands,
however strong they might be upon the equity of
that Government, were not such ns could be made 1
the subject of national interference
navigation of the Black Sea, and of all the ports
belonging to the. Turkish Empire and Asia, on
the'most porfect equality xvith all foreign na
I xvish earnestly that, in announcing to.you the
continuance of frieudsuip, and the increase of
a profitable commercial'intercourse with Mexico,
xvith Central America} and the States of the
South, I coqld-accompany'it xvith the assurance
that they all are blessed xvith that internal trau-
quility, aud foreigu peace, xvhich their heroic de
votion to. the cause of their independence merits.
In Mexico a sanguinary struggle is noxv carried
on, xvhich has caused some embarrassment to our
commerce; but botii parties profess the most
friendly disposition toxvartls us. To the termina
tion of this contest, xve look for the establishment
of that secure intercourse, so necessary to nations
xvhose territories are contiguous. How impor
tant itixvill be to U3, xve may calculate from tlie
fact, that, ex-en iu this unfavorable state df things,
our maratime commerce has increased, and an
internal trade, by caravans, from Si. Louis to
Santa Fo, under 1 the protection of escorts furnish
ed by the Government, is carried on to a groat ad
vantage and is daily increasing. The ageuts pro
vided for by the treaty xvith this power, to desig
nate tho boundaries xvhich it' established, have
been named on our part; hut one of the evils of
the civil xvar noxv raging there, has been, that tho
appointment of thoso xvith xvhorn- they xVero to
co-operhto has not yet been announced to us.
■ The Government of Central America has ex
pelled from this territory the party which, some
time since disturbed its peace. Desirous of fos
tering a favorable disposition toxvards us, which
has, on more than ono occasion been enticed by
this interesting country, I made a second attempt
in this year, to establish a’ diplomatic ibtefeburse
xvith tht;m; but the death of tho distinguished cit
izen Whom I had appointed for that purpose, has
retarded the 6x00011011 of measures from which 1
hoped much advantage to our commerce. The
union of tho three States which formed tlie Re
public of Colombia has been dissolved ; but they
all, it is beliex’ed, consider themselves as sepa
rately bound by the treaty xvhich xvas made in
their federal capacity. The minister accredited
to tho federation, continues in that character near
the Government of New Grenada; and hopes
were entertained that a; new union xvould be
formed betxvceu the separate States,' at least for
the purposo of foreign intercourse. Our minister
has been instructed to use his good offices, xvlien-
ex’er they shall be desired, to produce the reunion
so much to be wished for tho domestic tranquility
of the parties, and tho security aud facility of for
Sonio agitations, naturally attended on an in
fant reign, have prevailed'in the empire of Bra-
millions of dollars. The public lands, However
have proved less productivc.than was anticipated;
and according to present informafion, will not
much exceed ixx-o millions. Tho expenditures
for all objects other than the public debt, are es
timated to amount, during the year, to about J6
millions andahalf, xvliilo a largersum, viz. eigh
teen millions of dollars, xvill have been applied :o
tho principal interest of the public debt.
It is expected, however, that, in consequence
of the reduced rules of duty, which will take effect
after the 3d of March next, there will be a consid
erable falling off in the revenue from customs in
the year ISS3. It xvill, nevertheless! be amply
sufficient to provide for all the tvnnrs of tho public
service, CEtimated even upon a libera! scale, and
for the redemption and purchase of the remainder
ofthe public debt. '.Or the first of January next
the entire public debt ofthe U. S. funded anti un
funded will be reduced to within a fraction of se
ven millions of dollars: of which $2,227,3G3 aro
nor of right redeemable until the 1st of Jan. 1334,
and 4,735,296 not until the 2(1 of Jan. 1335.
The 'commissioners ofthe sinking fund, however,
being invested xvith full authority to purchase the
•lebt at the market price, and the means of the
1 reasurv being ample,' it may be hoped that the
whole xvill be extinguished within the year 1333.
I cannot too cordially congratulate congress and
my fellow citizens on the near approach of that
memorable and happy event, the extinction ofthe
public debt ofihis great and free nation. Faith
ful to tlie wise and patriotic policy marked out by
the legislation .of thq country, ibr this object, tho
present administration has devoted to it all tho
means xvhich a flourishing commerce lias supplied,
and a prudent economy preserved, for the public
Treasury. -Within the four years for xvhich tho
people have confided the -executive power to my
charge, fifty eight millions of dollars will have
been applied to the payment of the public debt —
That tins lias becn;accbmplished without stinting
the expenditures for all’other proper objects, xvill
bo seen by referring to the liberal provision made
during tho same period for tbo support and in
crease of our means of maratime and military de
fence, for internal improvements of a national
character, for the removal and preservation ofthe
Indians, and lastly, for tho gallant veterans of tho
Tho final removal of this great burthen from
our resources affords the means of further provis
ion f?r al! tho objects of general welfare and pub
lic defence which iho constitution authorizes, and
presents tho occasion for such further reduction
in the'revenue as may.not be required for them.
From the report ofthe Sccretajyofthe Treasury,
it xvill be seen that, after the present year, such 2
reduction may bo made to a considerable extent;
and the subject is efirncstly recommended to the
consideration of congress, in the hope that the com
bined wisdom of the representatives of the people
xvill dex'Le such means of effecting that salutary
object, as may remove tho«e burthens xvhich shall
bo found to fall unequally upon an}’, and us may
promote all tho great interests of the community.
Long and patient reflection has strengthened
the opinions I hax’e heretoforo expressed to con
gress on this subject; and 1 deem it my duty, on
tho pieseut occasion, again .0 urgo them upon tho
muwo.fc.,, ua.u *..» • of the Legislature. The soundest maxims
zrl,-xvhich have had the usual effect upon com- l pub.:c policy, nud the principles upon xv'itth,
mercial opera'ious; aud while they suspended
tho cousiiieratiou of claims created ou similar oc
casions, they have given rise to nexv complaints
on the part of our citizens. A proper consider
ation for calamities and.difficulties of this nature,
lias made us less urgent and .peremptory iu our
demands for justice man duty to our fellow-citi
zens xvould, uuder other circumstances, havo re
quired. But the claims are not Neglected, and
xvill, on all proper occasions, be urged, and it is
hoped, with effect. ■’/
, I refrain from making any comnium'Viou on
tffe subject or our afTan o >vixh Buenos Ayres, be
cause the negociatiou communicated to you in
my last annual message, xvas, at the date of our
last advices, still pending, and iu a 6tato that
our republican institutions tiro founded, recom
mend a proper adaptation of tho revenue to the
expenditure, and they ;<Igo require that the ex
penditures shall be linmed to xviiat, by ni: econo
mical administration, shall ho consistent xvith tho
simplicity of tho Government, and necessary to an
efficient public service. Ju effecting this ndjnst-
mcr.t, it is due, itijustico, to tho iiucrcsis of differ-,
ent states, and even jto ‘he preservation of tho
Union itself, mat the prate- tion afforded by exist
ing laxvs to Hny branches of tiie national iudustry t
should not exceed what may be necessary to ctntiL
teract the regulations of foreign nations, nr.d to
secure r supply of those articlas of manufacture,
essential to the uational independence and Safety
in titnn of war. If, upon investigation, it eha.I
would reuder publication of tho details inoxpedi- 1 bo found, as it is believed it will be, that tho legis-.
cut. " | jativ'o.protectiongranttid to any particular iut i csi
A treaty of amity and commerce has boeu is[ greater than is indispensably requisite for the;e
formed with the Republic of Chili, xvhich, if ap
proved by the Senato will be laid beforo.you.—
That government seems to bo established, and at
to the principle of asking nothing but xvhat was
* " iT'
clearly right, additional Instructions havo been
sent to modify our demands, so, as to embrace
tho*e on! you which, according to tho laxvs of na-
itious, we had a strict right to insist. An inovlta*
ble delay iu procuring the documents necessary
for this review of the merits of these claims, re
tarded this operation, until an unfortttaato malady
which has afflicted bisGutholic Mnjesty, prevent
ed an exatrim ttion of thorn. Doing now, for the
first tint •, presented in an unexceptionable form,
it is coutidcutly hoped tho application will bo suc
I h ive tho satisfactlftn to inform you that tho
application 1 directed to be made for the delivery
ul'apartof tho archives of Florida, which had
beeu carried to the Havana, has produced a roy-
I al order for their delivery, and thatmooswes hard
Tbkfoa token to preoure tie exeontrow
peace xvith its ucighbors; aud its ports being the
resort of our ship;, which are employed in the
And faithful highly important trade of the fisheries, this com
mercial convention canuot but hoof great advan
tage to our fellow-citizens engaged in that peril
ous bat profitabio business.
Our coatmerco with the neighboring State of
Peru, owing to the onerous duties levied on our
principal articles of export, has boon on the de
cline, and all endeavors to procure an alteration
havo hitherto proved fruitless. With Bolivia,
we have yet no diplomatic intercourse; and tho
continual contests carried on between it nnd Pe
ru havo made mo delLr, until a more favorable
period, the appointment of any agent for that pur
An act of atrocious piracy having been com
mitted on one of our trading ships, by lie inhab
itants of a settlement on the xves; co i-,t ot e’tiina-
tra, a frigate was despatched v;ih orders to de
mand satisfaction for the injury, If dioao who
hWamiStWd ft should bo firntM mewkW of a reg-
objects, I recommend that it bo gradually ditniu-
ished, and that, ae far r.s may be cousi-itcut with
these objects, the whole scheme of duties be re
duced to tho revenue otandard es soon r.s c just
regard to the faith of the government, and to tho
preservation of the large capital invested in uktolw
lishments of domestic indostiy, will permit.
That manufactures adequate to th«' supply of
our domestic consumption xvould, in tho abstract,
bo beneficial to^oin country, there is no reason id
doubt; and toeffect their establishment, there Is,
perhaps, no America* citizen who woeid not, fo»
awhile, be willing to pay a higher price For therns
fiat for this purpose ft is praamed rinet « fnriffof
Tho most they harp anticipated fo a temporary*
and generally, incidental protection, xvhich (key
maintain has the effect to red tree (he price by do
mestic competition below that of the foret&a arti
cle. Experience, however ottr bMtgts&ean thfo
as on other subjects, makes It ffirabtftt? '#tietfaet
tho advantages of this system are no* omurterbaK
Raced by many evil*. atxLwhdfherftcfara no* te»«i
wfcbgun ef a feige pertfoa ritY?