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Macon Georgia telegraph. (Macon, Ga.) 1836-1844, July 28, 1836, Image 2

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V % ; * x MACON GEORGIA TIIEGRAPI TEXAS. BRITISH DEBATES mi REGARD 10 MEXICO, IN J3C:. Sir Hubert Wilsou ia reply to Sir Robert Peel, made the following stutemeut. “The Mexican Government was harassed by new difficulties. It had not only to provide means to repel the attacks of Spain—it was exposed to auother dan ger. which these threatened attacks augmented. He was far from saying that the government of the United States encouraged any seditious proceedings; he be lieved that it desired no change; it had no wish to throw impediments in the way of the .Mexican government, but it was not perhaps, quite able to control its [own subject. It had not eucouraged any attack on the pro vince of Texas, but there were five thousaud six hun dred of the subjects who had become squatters in that province, and who resisted the Mexican government. They had taken possession without any right, and they held it without any justice. The government of Mex ico could not allow two hundred aud fifty leagues of •ea-ceakt to be taken away, and one of the fiuest pro vinces of the whole contiurnt of America. These peo ple resisted the government of Mexico, and resisted itin a point which should recommend that government to the philanthropists of England. The Mexican gov ernment had issued n decree to abolish slavery through out its dominions, but the American squatters, who carried slaves along with them, had declared that they would not obey the Mexican law—they regarded them selves as independent in fact, and declared that if the Mexican government sought to enforce it they would call on the government of the U. States to protect them. credulity of the people, even when they appear iear I We I ith- • with the imposing form of statistical tables knowth u memoirs arc sometimes drawn up with out reference to documents lit all, hut merely for certain objects, stick as to produce an effect at home or abroad, as the caso may ho; aud we feur that soinesucb have been adopted aud intro duced into works iu every other respect correctly and well written, but which nro erroneous wheu- ever reliance has been placed on official state ments. Iu this singular state paper Scuor Ala- man says,— ‘•The Americans commesce by introducing them selves into die territory which they covet, on pretence of commercial negotiations, or of die establishment of colonics, with or without the assent of the government to which it belongs. These colonics grow, multiply, become the predominant part of die population; and ns soon asasupport is found in this manner, they be gin to set lip rights which it is impossible to sustain in a scriona discussion, and to briug forward ridiculous pretensions, founded on historical facts which are ad mitted by nobody, such ns Ln«allc's voyages now kuowu to be a falsehood, but which opinions are, for the first time, presented to the world by unknown wri ters; and the labor which is employed by others in of fering proofs and reasonings, is spent by them in repe titions and multiplied allegations, for the purpose of drawing the attention of their fellow-citizens, not upon tilt, justice of the propositions, but upon the advanta- t.VDIA.V WARS. and find six or eight wounded, nineteen killed. AmoDg The Indians the killed I re . gret to state, there were three women aud one child. Twenty prisoners, all women and chil- i dren. MOM Tin: ARMY. On Saturday Inst, the Regiment of drafted Iu fan try, commanded by Col. Hardeman, was ilis- j I am not able to state who commanded, but charged from service, and have returned to their I suppose it to he Col. lllair of Lowndes. You friends aud families. There was something in must excuse the shortness of iny letter, as it is the conduct of this regiment, which commanded j written on a temporary table, and iu great haste the respect of all ; the gentlemanly deportraeut Very respectfully, ges and interests to be obtained and subserved by their admission. Their inaebiuations in the country they wish toar- This added to the difficulties of Mexico. She was ob-quire are then brought to light by the appearauce of liged to keep a large force amounting to four thousand ! explorers some of whom settle on the soil, alleging that men in this province, to protect it and to protect its j their presence does not affect the qneston of the right own subjects. Nor wns it perhaps possihle to keep this province from becoming part of North America, the sqitatters, whether encouraged or not, were sprea ding themselves over it, and would unite it to die Uni ted States. This state of things could not be allowed to continue with any advantage to this country. It gave encouragement to the United States to interfere with these new states of America. It encouraged dis order in Texas, uml destroyed that balance of power among the American states, which was as necessary in America as in Europe. It was of great consequence to this cou'.try, that the Uuiled States were slowly ac quiring the coasts on both sides of the Gulf of Mexico; b» and by our ships would he unable to enter,the Gulf, without passing under the guns of the Uuited States. The balance of power there would be destroyed, und after extending themselves on one side, the United States would extend themselves on the other, and go beyond the River St. Lnwreuce.” Nothing enu be more untrue than that the five thousand six bundled Americans, granting this number to he correct, who have settled in .Mexico arc squatters who have taken possession without . any right, and hold it without any justice. They eruerod that roc..try invited hy the authorities of tho States of Coaltuiia ui.d Texas, aud hold pos session of the lands they have settled, uniter grants made hy that state in conformity with the gcuernl nnd stato laws of Mexico. It is not true that they have resisted the laws in a point which should recommend that government to the pro tection of the philanthropists of England. They were permitted and iuvjird to briug their slaves into Texas, and when General Guerrero, then President of the United Mexican States—in tho plenitude of tho extraordinary powers vested in him by the Mexican Government, in order to command the means of repelling the Spanish in vasion—thought proper to issue n decree eman cipating the negroes throughout Mexico, in direct violation of the constitution of that oouutry, and of the rights of property of its subjects, the state govornmeut of Texas would uot promulgate nor execute it: m:d after tiie revolution which dis placed Guerrero, the government that succeeded him, sensible of the injustice and impolicy of the Ian, suspended its execution iu Texas, the only part of Mexico where slaves existed in auy num bers. As to the Mexicans being compelled by the conduct of these lawless squatters to keep up in Texas a force of four thousaud men, it is mi idle assertion. Mexico cannot protect herself against the Indian tribes that wander over that portion of her dominions. The Mexican towns and villages pay a tribute to save themselves from their depredations, aud the legislature of Cohuila and Texas have encouraged the settle inont of our couutrymeu as a safe-guard against this, to them, dreaded enemy. With respect to Texas—which we are accused iu this debate of coveting, aud, on tbe faith of •jewspnper reports, of having outered into uego tiations to obtain—the course of tho United States has been so fair and disinterested, that it ought to have shielded thorn from such attacks, and even from the suspicion of any intention to eu- eroach upoutho territory of Mexico. In the cor respondence between .Messrs, l’inckney and Mon- roc, the plenipotentiaries of the Uuited States at Madrid in 1SU5. and Bon Pedro Ceuallos, tho claim of our government to all tho territory uorth of the Rio Bravo was advaeced. and the argu ment succecssfully naintaned. This right was subsequently abandoned from various considera tions; and among others, the opinion of Mr. Monroe that it was uot the intereit of these Uni ted States to extend their territory south of the tributary waters of the Mississippi, had great weight; an opinion whirl) he holds in common with some of the soundest statesmen in this coun try. The claim,just as it seemed, was abaudon ed in the treaty concluded between Mr. Adams and Dou Lewis Onis, in 18l9, and a treaty has been subsequently concluded and ratified between the United States and Mexjco, which established tho same boundaries as those proposed aud a greed to in tbe treaty of Washington. This trea ty has uot been carried iuto effect, because the ratifications were not exchanged within tbe pe riod specified in that instrument, owiug altogether to the neglect of tbe Mexican government. I f the Uuited States had beeu inclined to take ad vantage of the weakness of Mexico, as has becu gratuitously supposed in this debate, they mittht have persisted iti the claim set up by their plen ipotentiary at Madrid, and which there is uo doubt that they could have successfully contended for and triumphantly established. Tho United States generously forcbore to press this claim for tbe reasons assigned, as well as from a due re gard to the situation of their sister republic. Neither havo they ever entered into auy nego tiations to acquire that territory, nor proposed loans, nor encouraged their citizens to settle un lawfully in Texas. On the contrary, the Amer ican government on the occasion ofu revolution ary movement in that country, took the most prompt and energetic measures to prevent any of its citizens from engaging in it; nnd has in re poated insiaucrs. given the most convincing proofs of its fair dealing towards Mexico, audits desire to maintain the most friendly relation with her. Nothing however, our government can do, will vnnquish either tho suspicious of the Mex ican people, or the inclination to impugn our mo tives, and calumniateottr character nod conduct, entertained by some distinguished men iu Eng land. Tho latter is manifested throughout the debate befoie us, and tho former have beeu em bodied in a secret memoir presented to tho Mex ican congress by Bou Lucas Afaman. Of this gentleman's talents and acquirements tve enter tain a high opinion, and regret that he should have been led by vulgar rumors to form opinions which are not boron out by a single fact, and to entertain so lively a belief in tho imaginary dan gers which threaten the state of Texas, as to deem it his duty to bring the subject before tbe Alexi- ‘ cau congress. We have heard aad read tho ra vings of Eadro Micron this subject, but never suspected that Bon Lucas Alaninn would have fieen so misled as to reassert them in au official memoir. This state paper which, although pre sented under the seal of Secrecy is in tbe bauds many,' contains the broadest assertions of the am bitions desigus of the United States, and we doubt not formed the grouudwork of Mr. lluskission’s remarks. British statesmen appear to havo yet to leant that official documents presented by ministers to the legislature ol their couutry, may be, froA beginning to end, impositions upon the of sovereignty or possession to the land. These pio neers excite by degrees, movements which disturb the political state of the country in dispute; and thexi fol low discontents and dissatisfaction, calculated to fatigue the patience of the legitimate owner, and to diminish the usefulness of the administrationand of the exeicise of authority. When thines have come to this pass, which is precisely the present state of things in Texas the diplomatic management commences. The inquie tude they have excited in the territory in dispute, the interests of the colonists therein established, the insur rections of adventurers and savages instigated by them and the pertinacity with which the opiuiuti is setup as to their right of possession, become the subjects of uo les full of expressions of justice and moderation, until, with the aid ofothcr incidents, which are never wanting in the course of diplomatic relations, the desired end is attained, of concluding an arrangement, as onerous forone party as it is advantageous to the other. Some times more direct means are resorted to, and taking advantage of the enfeebled state or domestic difficul ties of the possessor of the soil, they proceed upon the most extraordinary pretexts to make themselves mas ter of the country, os was the ease in theFloridas leaving the question to be decided after wards as to the legality of the possession, which force alone could take from them. “It h is been said further, that when the United States of the North have succeeded in giviug the pre dominance to the colonists introduced into the coun tries they had in view, they set up rights and bring for ward pretensions founded upon disputed historical facts, availing themselves generally, for the purpose of some critics! conjucture to which they suppose tliat the attention of government must be directed. This policy which has produced good results to them, they have commenced carrying into effect with respect to Texas. The public prints in those states, iucluding those which are more immediately under the influence of their government, are engaged in discussing the right they imagine they have to the country os far ns the RioBravo. Handbills are printed on the somesub- ject. and thrown into general circulation, whose object is to persuade and convince the people of the utility and expediency of the meditated project. Some of them have said that Providence had marked out the Ric Bravo, as the natural boundary of those States, which has induced an English writer to reproach them with an attempt to make Providence the author of their usurpations. Butwhatis most remarkable, is tliatthey have commenced that discussion precisely at the time when they saw us engaged in repelling the Spanish invasion, believing that our attention would fora long time, be withdrawn from other things. The govern ment. besides, is informed from a source worthy of confidence, that the subject of Texas is going tube taken up at Washington—that if the President has omitted to mention it in his message, it was in order that it might originate in congress under a more pop ular aspect, and that with the same view a fifty-gun frigate, the Brandywine, will soon sail for our coasts, with a few others, tube Sited out by [he cabinet of Wash ington ” We give this extract, because we shrewdly sus pect that this secret document fusnished the texi for some of the speeches before us, and we do not hesitate to say. that it presents a tissue of false hoods and absurdities from begiuniug to ctjd.— American Quarterly Review. of its officers, aud the willinguess with which the meu cugaged, in whatsoever service their country required, was surpassed hy none oftbeir comrades iu aims. Every danger that pfeseuted itself, they met with apparent delight, and had the fortuue of war flung them iuto the deadly breach, we hazard nothing in saying, they would have been found as troublesome customers as auy in the crowd. We wish them, as every other inau ought, a safe return to their homes. Tbe Regiment of Cavalry, commanded by Col. Beall, has been ordered up from below, aud are now encamped near this place. We arq not in formed when thisportiou of the Army will be dis charged, probably no*, until their term of service expires. The command of Cel. B. has been en- Your ob’t. serv’t. MARK WILCOX. P. S.—The persons killed, are Penny well Fol som, Mr. Sharks, ami Mr. Parris. Since the above was received, the following letter reached tho Governor by express, ou Suu- day evening last, containing a detailed account of the affair, which reflec ts the highest credit u- pou the gallantry aud good conduct ofourcitizeu soldiers of Thomas and Lowndes. /Jgft Thomasville, 16th July 1836. ^ His Excellency Gov. Schley .—I have to in form your Excellency, that on the night of the 11th iust. authentic information reached Thom- asville. that a party of Indians, about fifteen in number, were seen iu tne upper part of Thomas Florida.. By company of Willey informs us that the Indians had shot and killed a Mr. BiiHman* about 4 miles from Whit- esville, and stabbed him with a knife iu 4 or 5 places—his wife aud children made their esoape to < Gary’s ferry. Col. Hallow’s negro fellow, who escaped on board the Essayons, reported that a large body of Indians were on their way down the east and west side of the St. John’s River, and expres sed theirilitention of destroying all the settlements on the river. The buildipgs on Lt. L’Eugle’s plantation bad beep destroyed. Tbe loss of valuable property, furniture, &c. in the various buildings burnt, is said to have been very great. Capt. Curry ofthe Florida militia, had been sent from Maudrin to Gary’s Ferry, to escort a train of baggage wagons, containing provisions and supplies for the troops, from thence to Fort tfrr.ae. On this expedition he found that the In dians kept in his immediate vicinity, frequently encamping within 3 miles of his troops. On his return to Gary’s Ferry, he discovered a number of Iudiaii trails, from which he ascertained that they were proceeding towards Jacksonville. Capt. O. informs there were 140 of the troops sick at Fort Drane—among themJJi'e out of 7 of the officersH^|B|lf|lfiiBMil|M|M|HH|B| mercial business for the year of lious of dollars. igher powers, however, always aud over these, we have neither influence or au thority. The Independent Batiallinu. under Major Al ford is yet below upou the river, at, arouud, and about Fort McCreary. Whilst they remain on that statiou, there is but little danger that the Indians will escape towards Florida, or commit depredations further on this side of the river with impunity. If ihere is to be auy more fight ing, we should like this battalion to take a baud. Their blows would be apt to couut, wherever they fall. On day before yesterday, Maj. Hoxey’s Batta lion, consisting of the Volunteer companies of this place, returned from their expedition to Ba ker. The way they looked healthy, and black, and ragged, and smoked was a caution. Tbe boys ihat used, in the piping times of peace, to appear like the gentle wiuds had never yisited them too roughly, seemed upon their return, the J very personification of sunburnt aud weather beaten veterans, their faces, their clothes, their costumes, in short, their whole external para- pharnnlia. bespoke the arduous service in which <u they were engaged. We are aware that these men. together with tbejr immediate felloiv-citi- zeus, have beeu promiscuously charged with cowardice, by a portion of tbe world, who have never seen the dangers that threatened the fron tier, and what is worse than all, never came to meet and repel that danger, but we feel assured, that their conduct throughout the whole campaign will redeem them at (east from an imputation so foul nnd false. No portion of tho army has per formed more duty, or bore it with more soldier like fortitude than this Battalion. They have went where they were sent, whether in the wild woods of Alabama, or the dark swamp of Cola- wabce. every where and at all times, going ns far as those that went farthest, in post of danger aud the field of glory. Nor would we here pass over in silence, Yo- h.olo ctomc Tuskenuggee Harjo, (Mansfield Tor rance, Esq. who. at theliead of a fine looking company of friendly Indians, nia>-ched iu with tbe Battallion. These ludistu were actively en gaged in the expedition below, and are entitled command Ififty-ltvo persons lir.d died at Black Creek, in 40 of Capt. James A. Newman, was despatched in | days, troiu measles,pud diarrhtn. pursuit of them. Oil Thursday thereafter, this, 1 Tbe inhabitants of Jacksonville were in a state coiupnut was joined by a company of about for- j ° r great aiarm, and were embarking, with their, ty men, frpnt Lowudts county, under the com- j effects, on board the schr. motion, Capt. Willey,- mand of Captain Pike, when die companies ek e ed Michael Youug to lase command of the bat talion. Scouting parties being despatched, the In linn, fifteen iu number were discovered in the fork of the Big Warrior Creek aud J.ittlo River. The Battalion immediately proceeded across theKiver, aud scoured a very thick, muddy swamp, about two miles wide and three long, without making auy discovery. A company of thirty one meu from Thomas county, under the cotnmaud of Capt. 'i ucker, and a company of fifteen meu, from Lowndes county commanded by Captaiu Sharp, then joined the Battalion.— The uext morning Captaiu (sharp was sent up the cast side of the river, to ascertaiu whether or not, the Italians iiad crossed the river aud left the swamp. Having found their trail, he des patched a messenger to the Battalioit and pro ceeded to follow after the Indians. After pm su- lliem about three miles, he came up with 'hem bohiiti fm- St.‘ Marys. GREAT WESTERN RAIL ROAD. (about sixty warriors aud their families) aud a battle eusued, iu which he lost one killed (Mr. P. Folsou) and oue wounded, when he was for ced to retreat. Tho Battaliou hastened to his assistance, and in about three miles came up j t j* atcd raU road C ommunica;iou.’’-Marked with them again, posted in a very advuutageous jj o r j position on a pine ridge, their rear prelected by a j Q fa .. R rt upon the advantage and facili- cypress pond, and in their front a wide, open, | tjes possesset f by (j^rgia for rail road c.mmaui- rgiar.. July : KNOXVILLE CONVENTION. Knoxville, 10th July, 1836. To the Hon. the Mayor of the city of Savannah : Sir :—1 send herewith copies of the various deeumeuts submitted by tho delegation of some of the citizeus of Georgia to the convention at its late session iu this place. As they embody a variety of statistical and other matter, necessa ry to be considered with a view to tbe future ac tion of our State upon the subject of Internal im provement ; I have deemed the early possession of their contents among our citizens, highly im portant. A portion of them, as also of those sub mitted to the convention by the Delegates from other States, are to be priuted, but as they will constitute a voluminous pamphlet, some time must elapse before their publication. The documents enclosed, are copies of a “ Re port of the commercial advantages presented by Georgia to the West, in couuectiou with a con- boggy meadow. A general engagement com menced about 0 o’clock A. M. aud after a severe light for two hours,the Indiaus were completely routed, with a loss of twenty two Indians aud two negroes killed, that were seeu; many woun ded, aud eighteen of the women aud children * uiu is ,a ^ eu prisoners. The battle was fought over a seeking’the distance of three miles, tborugh several cypress ” pouds cud bays, aud a very thick hurricaue— The loss ou the part of the whiles were tivo kil led, (Benton Ferrell of Thomas couuty and Ed ward -hanks of Lowndes) and uiue wounded. Several horses were killed ; several ran off du ring the engagement and have not since been heard of. The prisoners have been confined in to the favorable c.-msideratioi of the whites. { county jail under a guard, for their safety. They are. and will be, if properly treated, of iufi- Your Excellency will please direct what d.s- niie service in huntiug out the bidden enemy. Let them then be encouraged, whilst they act as they have done, for without them, hut little ran he done against a foe that slips lrom his hiding place, docs mischief and slips hack again, so se cret as to be almost unperceivcd. Latest from Texas. New-Orleans, July 18. By the schr. Julius Cesar, which arrived yes terday from Texas, we have information that renders it very doubtful whether the’Mexicau ar my will really prosecute further operations for the preseut at least against Texas. From Texiau spies scut for the purpose of re- connoitering the enemy, it is ascertained that the Mexican armyjbas not advanced, and thatitsnuin- bers are continually diminishing by desertion. The Texiaus areiu “fine spirits,” and have no lack of arms, ammunition aud provisions,* and with force sufficient to repulse the invaders with j overtake it unavailin great slaughter. Santa Ana had solicited by let ter the amicable inter position of Gen. Jackson, and had conveyed to the Mexicati Government his opinion, that the conquest of Texas was im possible. and that tho independence of Texas should be recognised. The achr. Brutus, Capt. Hurd, was at Matagor da. blockaded by the Mexican brig of war Ven- cerioi del Alamo, but would soon be relieved by the schr. Invincible, Union, and other vessels, that had proceeded there in tow of the steam boat Ocean, (or the purpose ofcapturing the brig. The steam boat was lauened with volunteers, and for ber protection there was raised a breast work of cotton bales. Tbe Mexican brig will in all probability fall a capture to the Texian3. It seeitls that the Venccdor had been despatch ed from Vera Cruz, in order to protect the schoo ners Cumauchee, Fuuny Butlci and Watchman, which were stored with provisions for the Mex icans. Finding that the Texiaus has already in tercepted the said vessels, nud appropriated their cargoes to their o.vn use. she very wisely procee ded to take ifpossible.'whatTexian vessels might ] fall in her way. It may not however prove a judicious stop. From all the information nccivcd, nud which we believe to bo substantially correct, we are firmly of tho opinion that tile Mexicans will sus pend active hostilities against the Te>iaus for the summer, and we shall not prove very bad pro phets if it shonld not turn out, that their troons will heentiroly withdrawn from the limits of Tex as, aud tbe iudependenco of this Republic fully secured.—Bulletin. From the Columbus Sentinel, July 22. Fort Gaines, 18th July, 1836. 1 wish yon to announce tbe death of John M. Hardison, who was killed at the battle of Chicka- sabatchie. in Baker, on tho 2d inst. He was 26 years old. beloved and tetpectcd by all who knew him. Some Indians hare been seeu in Baker since tbe troops were dismissed from there. The mail rider just arrived from Baker, states that thirty Indiaus were seeu there ou Thursday last, all mounted, on a creek called Hurricaue Creek, about teu miles above the battle ground. , JOHN DILL. HEAD QUARTERS, 1st Army Corps, ) Columbus,Geo. July 20, 1836. £ Sir: Ou tho 16th iustaut. Col. Beall returned to this place from Chickasahatcbce, after having encountered <ind routed, ou the 2diust. the fugi tive hand of hostile Indians ho was ordered to pursue on the 25th ult. The hope had beeu in dulged that be would havo succeeded in engag ing that party a second time, but its precipitnio aud continued (light! has rendered all] efforts to Rut, although it has thus Burning of Cotton Fessels.—We have" today to record another of these niisfui times. They havo become so frequent as to be matter of serious consideration with umlerivrters. and go to coun teractjtbe good opiniou they have been accustomed to eutettain of Cotton, in reference to geueral average. Several cargoes ’ have beeu burned ivithiu the last year or two, to the great hazard of life as well as property, the fire generally orig inating mysteriously, and supposed to be sponta neous. Two or three ships have ignited shortly after leaving port. The subject ought to attract tbe most watchful attention of those who have the charge of putting up cotton in the bales, or stow ing it on shipboard. It is ivell settled, that either water or oil mixed with cotton will produce combustion, and to one of these causes, we pre sume. most of tbe disasters of this sort are to be referred. Even the small quautity of grease put ou the screws w hich arc used in compressing cot ton may bo sufficient to produce a fire which shall destroy a tvholo cargo, aud even the lives of all uu board. Soap answers every purpose as well asgrease, aud ccrtaiuly with so important inter ests at stake, tho latter ought .never to be used. effected its escapo, I aui fully impressed that no censure can be attached to the conduct of that galiaut officer, or his equally gallaut commaud When, iudeed. it is considered that the euemy had already, previous to the affair of the 2d inst. encompassed himself iu a dense and seemingly almost impenetrable swamp of many tuiles iu extent, covered with every species of under growth favorable to his concealment aud retreat, it is less a matter of surprise that ho should have accomplished his purpose, tliau that the pursuit, under circumstances so adverse, had not beeu abaudoued much earlier. No satisfactory information has been commu nicated respecting the direction of his retreat. Admonished of their impending fate, by the de feat and discoinfituro already .experienced, they have probably divided into small parties, which has enabled them to retire without leaving auy vestige that might lead to the discovery of their biding place, aud tbits still remain concealed in tbe coverts of the swamp; which, I am informed is more than twenty miles in length, and upwards of five miles in width. With the view of ousting them from this situation, reinforcements of troops under officers of great merit, have becu, at differ ent times, despatched to the assistance of Col. Beall; ami. although they may uot have accom plished that purpose, yet tlioir conduct through out the expedition, bespeaks for them a praise not less deserved than that earned upon the bat tle field ; in eucouuteriug for a number of days, with spirit and alacrity, difficulties and dangers scarcely less formidable. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, Your most obedient servant, J- W. A. SANDFGRD. Major General. Major General Thomas Jesup, Com'diug Army of the South, Tuskegee, Ala. From the Standard of Union Extra July 20 th. Good News. The following letter from General Wilcox to tho Governor, contains the cheering intelligence of a brilliant and decisive battle betweeu a corps of Volunteers from the county of Lowndes, and a party of hostile Indians, supposed to be the same which lately passed through Baker. The Georgia boys have done houor to them selves their 8tate, aud relioved a large poriiou of their feilow-citizeus from the predatory in roads of this band of outlaws. TELFAIR County, July 16, 1836. Governor Schley. Dear Sir—I havo this moment learned by ex press from one of the posts on the bead waters of the Suwanne, that they had an engagement yes terday, with a party of Indians, in which our friends succeeded in killing and * capturing the whole. We lost in the engagement, three Killed Your Excellency will please position to make of them. The expenses of the detachment will be furnished you as soou as the Quarter Master cau make out his ac count. Yours Respectfully. THOMAS E. BLACKSHEAR, Col. Com. 69th Reg- G. M. FROM FLORIDA. Tallahassee, July 16. The summer Campaign.—Arrangements are in progress for an expedition to the Wiililacoorhee. 'so soon as the requisite force can be assembled. It will be commanded by General Call. The object is to destroy tbe growing crops of tiie In dians.—One thousand mounted men from Ten nessee, are expected ’o arrive here by the 25th instant: who will he joined by the regulars, and tho miiiiia. and volunteers of Florida. A geueral Order has been issued at Washipgtou requiring all olfieers attached to the army of Flo rida to repair to their posts.—Three additional companies have been ordered from the northern posts to Florida. Colonel Warren, of Duval County, lately sur prized a party of Seminoles, and killed seven and wounded one ot their number.—Floridian. tions with the West,” Marked No. 2. Of the “ Resolutions offered by Air. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, aud adopted by the Convention.” Marked No. 3. Document No. 2, is accompanied by exhibits, A. being the “ Report of J. Edgar Thompson, Engineer upon the facility of runuing a rail road through the Rabuu Gap. and also by McNair’s in Murray county.” By exhibit B, being details of a route fora rail road,” submitted by Gen.New- uau t„ the Georgia Delegation. By exhibit C. being the “ Route of a road submitted by Jacob M. Seudder,” Judge Wayne, Mr. I’arkman, and Col. Jackson. My co-delegates wbo left this place on the 18th inst. for Savanuab, will, ou their arrival, furnish yoH with a statement in relation to the proceed ings of ike Convention. 1 am, verv respectfully, your ob’t servant, m. h. McAllister. One of the delegates of the City of Savanuah to the late Kuoxville Convention. P. S.—CopF-s of the Charters aod Report of the South Caroliua Couimissiouers, are also transmitted. er n| ne mjj. The transportation of cotton and m , on the Oconee and Ockmulgee rive^ rcbaDd «e at present eight steam boats aud fif,l ’ em plot 8 and pole boats. „ * to w boatj From Macon to Savannah, r Road of Georgia, is about being coast'n ^ *«* From Macon to Columbus on tbe cbeo river, the preseut commuuicatiot,- Mo dally lines of daily post coaches, but b 7'*o doubt require a rail road. Macon i 9 ably tbe second, aud Columbus tbe tkiiT* l,01 <* commercial importance iu tfa e Clt 7 ia Southern States. Though of recent ° f 1,18 have already outstripped their elder co° ,ll,e J and are growing with a rapidity on]» n ' petit °r>. by the most flourishing of the North anrtw* 11 * 1 * The quantity of cotton made iu Ge • 1 " L last season, and exported by way of P®' 3 aud the Chattahoochiq, and Flint riv* licola, exceeded 40,000 bales, and ,* u 1,10 Ap a . two milliou of dollars; employins I 8 . 0 * 0V8r boats ou the Flint, and twelve steam b,” 0 Sle3n * Chattabuochie river. Iu tins section IV* a large portion of the best cotton iaud*"* yet brought into cultivation, and the D IT* “ 0| is yearly increasing in a great ratio. Proou< - t ‘°o IVc have stated that a rail road ecte 1 northern boundary of Georgia at an, p "" 6 ! hft tweeu .South Caroliua aud Alabam ° ’ “®* communicate,-by tbe Georgia rail read Athens to Augusta, and from that point r ° Ush command the trada of l, 0 th Charleston^Js'* 1 vanuah, thus giving a choice of the two m • ' pertain markets of tho Southern Ailami. ln# ' '1'lie City of Savanuah i u IS30, conmiJ?** 1 ' pulatiou of 7,900, inhal Hants, fly derived from the local authorities, the n,^ is stated at 11,000. ’ P"P««Wt Tho exports of cotton from Savannah of a crop made in 1835, will be about 250000 b i which at the average value of 55 dollar „„l7 will amount to 13,750,000 dollars. ** b| ® The export of Rice of the crop of1835 l about 24,000 casks, aud will amount in 450,000 dollars. alue ,0 Tbe exports of lumber and all other anirl may atnoupt to 750,000 dollars making an M gregato of nearly fifteen millions of dollars in »’ lue exported of the produce of the country Savannah the present year. '’ The imports into Savannah from all qua . ters the preseut year will exceed twelve ml nn . of dollars, pait of which is sold ia Savaunah and part forwarded in Jhe original packages to Augusta, Macou, and other places in the inus. rior. Charleston, July 23. Latest from Florida. FURTHER INDIAN MASSACRES' The schooner Georgia ff Mary, Capt. Willey, arrived at this port yesteiday morning, in the re markably short ruti of 24 hours from Jacksonville, E. F. We are indebted to Capt. Willey, for a detail of some further depredations committed by ihe Seminole Indians, iu Florida, upon the lifo and property of the defenceless inhabitants of that ill- fated territory, calculated to harrow up tho fee- liugs, and excite the indiguaiion of every citizen, and to make us feel still more powerfully,if pos sible, the absolute necessity of taking the most prompt aud energetic measures, to extirpate these ruthless savages from every part of our territory, occupied by civilized inhabitants. We could al most say ihat mercy to them, is equivalent to tbe murder of our owu citizens. Capt. Willey copied from the log book of the U. 8. Steam boat Essayons. the following par ticulars: * On the morning of the 16th inst., while on »he way down Black Creek, discovered an Indian Inx hammock, on the bank, who did not fire on the boat. At 3 o’clock, iu St. John’s Riv er, suw a bont coming from Col. Hallow’s plan tation. having Col. Hallow and Dr. Simmou, and a few negrees on board. It.appeared that* the Indians had fired upou the former gentleman, while in his room in conversation with Dr. Sim mons. and wounoed him in the head, causing him to feint and fall. Dr. Simmons, with the ns- sisranceof some negroes, picked him up, carried him to the boat, at the landing, aud shoved off.—, Tho Indians pursued iheiu aud fired upon the' boat, but fortunately injured no one. In a few minutes after wards, the dwelling of Col. Hallow was fired, and iu a short time Dr. Simmou s’,house was also burned. The Essayons ran over to George aad Lewis Flemming’s plantation, took off their families and negroes, and then procee ded to Picolata, and reported the above occur rences to the cnmmaudiiig officer at that post who despatched 2l) men up Six Mile Creek for the purpose of intercepting the Indians, »n their return. At 5 P. M. the Essayon returned to Hallow’s plantation, nud found Mr. Colt’s dwel ling, (which was noar ■ th»t of Col. IF) i n fire. While off thq landing, one of Col. IIdllptv’& ne groes made bis appearance, and gave-a kignnl, evincing hi- wish to get ou board, upon which the small boat was sent for him. lie stated that the Indians were 30 strong, and were back of tho negro houses—they had now come down upon the whites for the purpose or spilling their blood, aod that the way he had been enabled to escape was that they sent him to the landing to see if Any troops were coming. He said they were whoop ing aud dauciug in front of Col. Hallow’s house, while it wns burning. Tho uegro' was sent back to t lie landing,'and succeeded in getting all the negroes belonging to Col. Hallow, (with one ex ception only, who was taken prisouer by the In dians) on board. In addition to the above particulars, Capt., No. I. The underv gned Committee beg leave to sub mit the following report :— The advantages which a Rail Road communi cation with Georgia presents to the inhabitants ofthe West, in a commercial point of view, con sists in the extent of couutry opened to their trade, producing Rice aud Cott-m, and consum ing articles the produce aud manufacture ofthe North Western States; and in forming direct and convenient communications with all the gieat commercial cities of the South, through which the necessary supplies ofthe West, may be most conveniently obtained, and cheaply trans ported to the West, A rail road entering Georgia at any point of her uorlheru boundary betweeu South Carolina aud Alabama, will communicate by the Georgia rail road with Athens and Augusta; and from Augusta, by the rail road with Charleston, and by steam boats with Savannah. From a point above Athens, a direct commu nication may be had with Forsyth, there, meet ing the rail road to Macon; and from one of thesaplnces a rail road communication will soon be opened to Columbus ou the Chattahoochee, from whence, steam boats now run through Flo rida to the Gulphof Mexico. A glance ou the map at the lines here designat ed, will show that the cities and country thus opened to tha trade ofthe West, will include the city of Charlestou. aud all the Rice-growing country of South Carolina ; thecity of Savannah, and every important point in the Siate of Geor gia. touching' at Columbus, the boundary ofsoutb Alabama, and passing through Florida. To show thq importance of these communica tions more iu detail, we slate—- The gross-receipts of the Georgin rail road, uow beiug constructed for transportation, are es timated upon specific data, to be 400,000 dollars, per annum. This amount is estimated upon the assumption that the road will terminate at A- thens. Augusta, the largest interior commercial city of the South, is the next poiut. The present population of Augusta is estimat ed at between seven nnd eight thousand inhabi tants. and immediately adjoining, connected by two bridges, is the important town of Ham burg iu South Caroliua.. Of the Crop of cotton made in 1835, tbe re ceipts at Aogastn will bo 140,000 bales, 'and at Hanihnrgh 35.000. making au aggregate of 175,000 I ales, which, at $50 per bale, makes au amount tit’ 750*000. The sale of merchandize may be safely estimat ed to exceed 7,000,000 dollars, thus making au aggregate commercial business of the year ex ceeding fifteen millions of dollars. Bagging, flour and bacou, are leading articles of importation for interior consumption. The commercial business of Augusta is carried on by the rail road with Charleston, aud by steam boats with Ssvauuah, through which ci ties all her. exports and imports are made. The business on the Savannah river alone employs 20 steam boats and about 50 tow-boats. ,'JThe freight oti the imports of Augusta from Sa vannah, though carried at very low rates, exceed $200,000 per aunum _ . Diverging from the Georgin rail road Hue, at a poiut above Athens to the South, the commu nication it opened by Forsyth with Macou aud nil South-Western Georgia. The Receipts of cotton at Macon the past sea son amounted to 80,000 bales, of the average weight of 350 pounds, which at the market value produced over four millions of dollars, The re ceipts at other places above Darien, amounted to 20,000 bales, and-in value to one million of The intercourse between Savannah and New York, alone, employs fifteen regular packed many of them large ships, besides transient res’ sels. But the largest business from Savannah, is direct to Liverpool. Iu eight and abalf mouths from October 1, to 1835, to June 16,1836, there were shipped from Savannah, direct for Liver pool, 125,807 bales of cotton, which at the value of 55 dollars per bale, amounted to 6,919,385 dollais- Krom Savannah, steam boats run to Augnstt, to Charleston, to Darien, to Macon, to tbe St. Johns river in East Florida, and to all the inter mediate places on the coast aud rivers. By a statement published iu the Savannah Geotgian, ou the 17th of June, 1836. it appears that the merchants of Savannah were theu own ers of 37 ships aud brigs, besides smaller vessels and steam boats. That i f these eighteen were ships of the largest class, averaging over 50(1 tons each. From Savannah, ihe Central- Rail Road trill lead directly iuio tbe lie art of Georgia, and ar- rangements are being made, :o c ianeet there with lilies of s earn packets, runuing to Norfolk and New Vork. Having pointed out the important commer cial poiats placed iu direct communication with the west, by a rail road coming from thence and entering the northern boundary of Georgia: iVe uow state, the entire country embraced iu this sketch is almost exclusively a country producing col'im nnd rice, and consuming largely tbe pro ducts, mauufactuies aud stock of the west. The receipts of Cotton at Savannah are stated at i?59,000 bales Exported from Darien to plates other than Savannah, 10,000 do. Exported by way of Apalachicola. 40,000 do. Making a total of 300,000baln To pack this quantity of cotton, 1,500,000 yards of bagging is required, all of which is now imported front Great Britain, but which may he supplied from the wes'. In addition to this, a large section of tbe finest cotton lands in Georgia, lying betweeu the Flint and Chatlahoochie rivers, are but partially set tled, and will, in three or four years, increase ihe gro wth of cotton in Georgia, to at least 400,000 bales—making n still further demand upon (ho West for its produce, manufactures aod stock. We have thus in the short time allowed vs, sketched a very brief and imperfect outline of some of tho commercial advantages which Geor gia presents to her friends in the West and North Western States, and which maybe commanded by a rail road eutering any poiut of her northern boundary between South Caroliua and Alabama- (Signed) S. B. PAR KM AN, T.G. CASEY, WM. HEARING, JAMES R. BUTTS, ROBT. CAMPBELL. No. 3. Resolutions offered by Mr. Wickliffe, of hen* tuiky, and adopted by ihe Convention. Whereas, it has been resolved by this Conven tion, that it is important that a branch of t* Cincinnati, Louisville and Charleston rail raid should bo exteudod from some point in Tennee* see iuto the State of Georgia u pot) feciproca terms with those enjoyed by the States of Ken tucky, Tenueesce, North Carolina ard £ ou . Carolina—And, whereas, an opportunity shou be afforded to the State of Georgiuand ,ls ^ zens to become participators in the c-ustrucuo a ud benefits of said road. Be it the fore rtsolved, Tha; applinnj 10 ”* should be made to the Legislatures of the 8 [a of Kentucky. Teunessee, North Carolina, two Carolina nnd Georgia-for an amendment 01 charters granted by those States to to _ State of Georgia and- its citizens to ticipants iu the construction and benefits 8 .^ road upon terms of perfect equality wiut 3 that are to be enjoyed by the States of Ken u > Tennessee, North Caroliua aud South La aud their respective citizens, and that 8 u ^ amendment should be - provided, giy |D 5 l8 . ^ State of Georgia in the geueral direction company three directors, residents . p,. e i- aud a local board as are provided for M isting charters for the States of Kentucky, uessee, North Carolina and South Garoli • , Be it further resolved, That e f ur,ne r r[ers of meat should be made iu the existing cn ^ said company providing ihat the , 1 anC mn) , D to road to be extended iuto Georgia shall c ® uta t Knoxville, or at the nearest point 1 ,. n i< D oi- if the road of the company shall not stn . { viffe, to be constructed theuce to sU . L , " t [jat as the Sate of Georgia may elect, an ^ purpose, that the capital of said company ■creased dollars. , „harier* And he it further resolved, That Ae £ gtt . iu w,uuu uiucs. uiiu ui vuiuo .U oue million Ol of the company ought to be amontiCti1 ^ ^ dollars. The sales of merchandize at Macon, thorize and require that the boardo ^ sy0te for the year, may be estimated at three millions i rection, whenever it shall lie the uo g p. - * - ‘ ' ' ’ * * r of the directors of a State to that ^eae-i.^ jy admit ib® five hundred thousand dollars, and at the other places on the river, at seven t6 eight hundred thousand dollarg—piaking an aggregate of com ply the amoupt subscribed by » ~ t ; 0 P citizens in the first pia.ee to the cons .