THE MACON CEOKClA TELEfiRAPH.
House of JtErRESE.VTATjvEe, June 11.
’The f blowing communication from the President of the
United States was read t
To the Home of Repre'cntativ'i of the U. State a ••
The treaty negotiated by the executive with the republic
of Texai. without a departure from any form of proceeding
cQsiotnarity observed in the negotiation of treaties, for the
annexation of that republic to the United States, having
beers rejected hv the Senate, and the aob ect having excited
on the part of the people no ordinary degree of interest. I
feel it to be ray doty to communicate, for your consideration,
the rejected treaty, together with all the correspondence
and documents which have heretofore been submitted to
the Senate in ita executive sessions. The papers commu
nicated embrace not only the aeries already made public by
orders of the Senate, but others from which the veil of se
crecy has not been removed by that_body, but which I deem
to be essential to a just appreciation of the entire question.
While the treaty was pending before the Senate, I did not
consider it compatible with the just rights of that body, or
consistent with the respect entertained for it, to bring this
Important anbjert before you. The powe-of Congress is,
however, folly competent,”™ some other form of proceeding,
to accomplish every thin; that a formal ratification of the
treaty could have accomplished ,• and I therefore feel that I
should but imnerl'ertlv discharge my duty to yourselves or
the country, if I failed to lay before you every thing in the
possession of tile executive which would enable you t« act
with full light on the subject, if you deem it proper to take
anv action upon it. *
I regard the question involved in these proceedings as
one of vast magnitude, and as addressing itself to interests
• of an elevated and enduring character. A republic coter
minous in territory with our ow.i—of immense resources,
which require only to be brought under the .nfluence of our
confederate and free system in order to be fully developed
—promising, at no distant dsv. through the fertlitv of its soil,
nearly if uni entirely to duplicate the exports or the country,
thereby making an addition to the carrying trade to an u-
mnuiit almost incalculable, and giving a new impulse of im
mense importance to the enmme*eial, manufacturing, ngri
cultural, and shipping interests of the Union, and at the
same t:*ne affiirdin? protection to an exposed frontier, and
placing the whole coumiy in a condition of security and re-
S nse—a territory settled mostly by emigrants from the U.
tales, who will bring hack with them, in the srt of recip
rocation. nn uncnuqurahle Jove of freedom, and an ardent
attachment U our free institutions. Such a question enuld
not fail to interest most deeply in its success those who. un
der the constitution, have become responsible for the faith
ful administration of public affairs. I have regarded it as
not a little fortunate that the question involved was no way
aecional or local, but addiessed itself to the interests of ev
ery part of tho country, and made its appeal to the glory cf
the American name.
It is due to the occasion to say that I have carefully re
considered the objections which have been urged to in me.
diato action upon the subject without in any degree having
been struck with their force. It has been objected that the
measure of annexation should be preceded by the consent
ot Mexico. To preserve the most friendly relations with
Mexico; to concede to her. not grudgingly but freely, all
her rights; to negotiate fairly and frankly with her as to the
question of boundary ; to render her. in a word, the fullest
und most ample recompense for any loss she might ern
vince us she had sustained—fully accords with the feelings
•ud views the executive has always entertained.
Bui negotiations in advance of Annexation would prove
not only abortive, but might be regarded as offensive to
Meaicn, and insulting to Texas. Mexico would not, I am
persuaded, give ear For a moment to an attempt at negotia
tion in advance, except for the whole territory of Texas.
While all the world besides regards Texas as an independ
ent power, Mexico chooses to Took upon her as a revolted
province. Nor could we negotiate with Mexico for Texas,
without admitting that our recognition of her independence
was fiaudulent, delusive, or void. It is only after acqui
ring Texas, that the question of bounJary can arise between
the United States ami Mexico, a question purposely left
open fir negotiation with Mexico, as affording the best op
portunity fur the most friendly aud pacific arrangements.
The executive has dealt with Texas as a power independ
ent of all others, both de facto and de jure. She was an
independent State of the confederation of Mexican Hepub-
lies. When, by violent revolution. Mexico declared the
confederation at an end, Texas owed her no longer allegi-
auce, but claimed, and has maintained, the right for eight
years to a separate and distinct position. During thst peri
od no army has invaded her wuh a vie-v to re-conquest;
and if she naa not yet established her right to be treated as
n uation independent de facto and dejure, it would be dif
ficult to aay at what period the will attain to that condition.
Korean we, by any fair or any legitimate interference be
accused of violating any treaty stipulations with Mexico.
The treaties with Mexico give no guarantee of any sort, and
are co-existent with a aimilar treaty with Texas. So have
we treaties with most of die nations of the eartb which are
equally as much violated by the Annexation of Texas to
the United Slates, as would be oar treaty with Mexico.
The treaty is merely commercial, and intended as the in
strument for more accurately defining the rights and secu
ring the interest* of the cittxensof each country. What
ban faith can be implied or charged upon the Government
oi iui uiiimui-miciiv. i'miij — b - :.L
dependent power upon any subject not violating the slips
lauons of such treaty, 1 confess my ii
From the Ketc Orleans Bulletin. MB inst.
A very curious correspondence has taken place, and ha
From theHunttvillcDemocrat. | EATONTON, M
Compromise of Henry Clay with J. Q. Adams. To the Hon. George M. Troup: _
In former numbers we have shown. 1. Thot Henry Clay Dear Sir—We, the undersigned, having always enter- been published by authority of the Texan Government, be
was a personal and political enemy of J. Q.- Adams—and a. taiued the highest respect for your past political life, and tween Gnpt. Elliott, the British Charge d’Affaires in Texas
That Henry Cl.iv was personally and politically friendly to tolly aware of the distinguished services rendered by you and Hon. Ar.suu Jones, the Texan Secretary of State. The
Gen. Andrew Jackson—during the vear lIM, and until the to the Slate while acting as commander-in chief, assume the concluding letter of this correaponce, which is all that is tie
* ' ' ' ' “ - ...... .... : _ cessaty to an understanding ut the w hide, is inserted in a-
I _ V . . uotber
JacksontoMr. Adams, end that her Legislature requested the centre. .
Mr Clay to vote fog Gen. Jackson. 4. That Mr. Clay knew Will it be politic and expedient, or rather just, on the
that Mr. Adams would, and that Gen. Jackson would not, part of the Government of the United States, cot si tering
appoint him Secretary of State. The foregi ing distinct and j its existing relations .to Mexico, and iuee..v,aphira! position
substantive propositions have been proven by the dearest
and most irrefutable testimony. Were more needed, we
might fill an entire piper and then not publish half the cor
roborating testimony which can be adduced. We shall
now examine our last proposition, and indulge in some con
5. That Mr. Clay did elect Mr. Adams President and
that Mr. Adams did appoint Mr. Clay Secretary of State,
nme will deny. The Presidential election in the year
IBM, in the Electoral Colleges, terminated as follows: For
Gen. Jackson 99—For Mr. Adjms 8-1—For Mr. Crawford
41—Foi Mr. Clay 37. No candidate having received a
majority ol all the vote* cast, the election devolved on the
House of Representatives. Mr. Clay not bei: g one of the
three higbist was excluded from the c meat. Mr. f lay
was then a member, aud, indeed. Speaker of the House of
Hepreseniatries; and, as he remarked, was transformed
fr m a candidate to on elector. In the House of Hepresen-
tatives each State is entitled to but one vole, for President;
so that F.hode Island and New York there have equal
we'ght Hence in that election the majority of the Renre-
aentat'ves of a State cast the vote of their State. In 1824
tl.ere were bat 24 States in the Union, and henre but 24
vi te* cast for President in ilie House of Representatives.
In that election had Mr. Adams lost bkt a single State,
of those whose votes were ci r. for him, he could not have
been elected. Lei us see how many Mr. Clay procured
for him. We have seen how be effected the hind wishe*
of bis friends in Kentucky towards himself and gave that
8:ate to Mr. Adams. In Illinois the popular, as well as
Elect iral vote, was largely in favor of Gen. Jackson: yet
Henry Clay prevailed on Daniel Cook, one of ber Repre
sentatives. to vote for Mr. Adams, and thereby secured the
vote of that Slate for the ••apostate Federalist"—as Ad-
ams had been denounced by Mr Clay himself.
In Missouri, where Adams received scarcely any vote,
Mr. Clay prevailed on hit friend John Scott to vote for the
"Enemy of the West"—as Henry Clay himself had called
him—and thereby cave him that State.
So, too. in Ohio and Maryland, where Gen. Jackson hid
beaten Adams by large majorities, Mr. Clay's appeals to
his friends secured the votes of those Stales for the man
whom he charged with "giving our (the people of the
West) icires and children for fsh, and bartering the
blood of our citizens for money.'’
Nor was Mr. Clay unmindlul of the kindness of hu
friends- Mr, Scott was driven from the Halls of Congress
by the outraged people of Missouri: but he was made ex
aminer of Land Offices, and paid 66.00 per day. Mr. Cook
was discarded by Illinois: but Mr. Clay sent him. as secret
agent tc. Cubs, and paid him for about one month's service,
it is said, some 65.030. Without the treachery of both of
them, Adams would have been defeated ; and, hence, they
received the guerdon of traitors.
How Mr. Adams rewarded the chief of the traitor*. Hen
ry Clay, need not be told. It i* recorded in black and in
delible letters on the psge of history, aud will descend to the
Now. this is proven beyond the contradiction or cavil of
anv reasonable, conscientious and unprejudiced mind:
That Henry Clay voted against his personal and polit
ical friend, (Itn. Andrew.tackton, and for his personal
and political enemy, John Q- Adams, in violation of the
wishes of the West and South, especially Kentucky, in
consideration of bring mode Secretary of State. He
voted for him whom he charged with baying, at Ghent, in
1815, attempted to barter the free navigation of the Missis
sippi to the British, for a mess of codfish; against him
who had perilled his life, his fortune and his honor, to de
fend that river from British aggression.
He voted for him who opposed the annexation of Loui
siana to the United States; against him who pledged him
self to die in tire last ditch in its defence, and who set ored
it from the clutches of cunning diplomacy and desperate at
wives and children for fish :” against
the “beauty and booty” of New'Orleans
He voted for him whom lie had charged with an "unfeel
ing policy, which would crimson our fresh fields with the
blood of our border brethren, and light the midnight forests
with the flames of their dwelling*;” against him who
conquered our savage and civilixeJ murderers and saved
the entire West and its emporium from their brutal and
He voted for him whom be censured for giving Texas to
Spain; against him who saved Louisiana.
He voted for him whom he had taught Kentucky and
the West and the South to hate ; against him whom be
was called on, almost by acclamation, to support.
He voted far him who was reposing on downy beds, in
icy or princes arm far from danger, and decrying bis
i voted for him whom he charged, with "giving our
• and children for fishagainst him who had saved
to that of Texas, to incorporate immediately the latter Gov.
eminent into the Union, with'outlhe formal acknowledgment
on the part or Mexico I It is laid down as a rule ofhuman
conduct by a distinguished moralist; that in any undertak
ing, if the good preponderates over tbe evil, to follow it;
but if the evil, to reject it In asking your opinion nn the
above subject, we are not actuated by an idle curiosity
merely to know the opinions of the great, but from the full
conviction that your great experience, and thorough knowl
edge of the pa«t, give you a greater insight into the intricate
operations of Government, than ourselves. We wish to
know your advice as to tbe present and ultimate effects of
suck measure upon our country, considering out present
treaty stipulations with Mexico. It was customary wi-li
the great men of Rome, after they retired f-om public life,
to impatt to their younger citizens all the advice which they
were masters of, for the good of the commonwealth. Appi-
us. though old and blind, caused himself to be brought into
the Senate, to dissuade his countrymen from striking a dis
graceful peace with Pyrrhus. The elder Cato, though far
advanced in years, did not considei it below his dignity lu
g.ve his opinion and advice to his younger citizens, on such
measures as redounded to the glory and advancement of
tbe Republic. And we, though possessing in a measure all
the experience of the past, together with the advantages
which modern science and civilization have imparted to the
art of governing, are still, in matters of an iulricate nature,
compelled to resort to our great men for their opinion and
advice—as. indeed, we look upon them as the living pandits
from whom we may dtaw our political wisdom; -and form a
rule of conduct for the advancement and perpetuity of our
Republic. It is true, all Have their particular oracles of re
sort ; and it is not amiss in us, owing no doubt to past asso
ciations, and present partiality for the distinguished states
man we now address, to consult and know his views upon a
subject all absorbing in its nature, and mouientaus in its
W iih sentiments of the highest consideration, we have
the honor to be.
J. D. DIOMATART.
Valdosta, Laurens, June 3. 1844.
Gentlemen—The slavery question lias reached its cris
is. The abolitionists must side w ith England, and go for
universal emancipation, or fulfil their obligations under tbe
Constitution of the United States. In the fitst alternative,
they are our Enemy, in the last, our Friend, as they ought
The very best men in tbe country, who are sound patriots,
and who look to its interests as a whole, may have been
puzzled and perplexed by the various aspects in which an
nexation has been press nted, and the more easily perplexed
by a laudable regard to the sacredness ol the public faith ;
and of this, I would say, that should any man entertain the
least doubt of the compromiual of that faith, he ought not to
he the advocate of annexation. It is because I have not the
least doubt, that I advise you. without hesitation, to give all
youg efforts to the support of that measure, not merely as
one of expediency and sound policy, hut as vital, in every
sense of the word ; without the accomplishment of which
the Southern and VV estero country are in imminent peril
If Texas were aa independent of Mexico, as she is of all
other countries, you will readily perceive how one great ob
stacle to Annexation w, uld be removed. There would be
no scruples touching the public faith—and yet ihi* makes
no difference. 4
If Texas had the acknowledged sovereignty and junsdte-
t on and rights of property—absolved from all connection
Mexico, and were to presume to do, in relation to
. , . ,,-r • country as "feeble and penurious;” against j..— whn en-
_ . ,re * t .y* J confess my inability to discern. dured the pitiless pcJtinga of the winter's rain and the rag-
The objections which have been taken to the enlargement j ng heat of the summer s sun, who made the earth his bed
of oar territory were urged with ranch zeal against ih“ ac
quisition of Louisiana.; and yet the futility of aoch has long
since been fully demonstrated. Since that period a new
power has been introduced into the affairs of the world,
which has, for all practical purposes, brought Texas tnnch
nearer to tbe seat of Government tbsn Louisiana was at the
time of its Annexation. Distant regions are, by the appli
cation of the steam engine, brought within a close proximity
- With the view* which I entertain on the subject I should
prove faithless to the high trust which the Constitution has
devolved upon me, if 1 neglected to invite the attention of
the Representatives of the people to it, at die earliest mo
nienllhala due respect for the Senate would allow mean
to do. I should find, iu the urgency of the matter, a suffi
cient apology, if one was wanting, since Annexation is to
ehcoomer a great, if not certain, hazard of final defeat, if
something he not now done to prevent it. Upon this point,
T cannot too impressively invite your attention r> my Mes
sage of the lGth Msy, and to the documents which accom
pany it. whirls have not heretofore been made public. If it
be objected that tbe names of die writers of some of the pri
vate letters are withheld, all that lean say is,that it is done
for reasons regarded as altogether adequate, and that the
writera are persons of the first respectability and citizens of
Texas, and have such means of obtaining information at to
entitle their sentiments to full -credit. Nor has any thing
occurred to weaken, hot. on the contrary, much to confirm,
my confidence in The atatemema of Gen. Jackson, and my
own statement made at the dose of that Message, in the be
lief, amounting almost to Certainty, “that instructions hive
already been given bv the Texian Government, to propose
to the Government of Great Britain, forthwith, on tbe fail
ure, (nf the treaty.) to enter into a treaty of cemmerce, and
an alliance, offensive, and defensive.”
I also particularly invite your attention to the letter from
Mr. Everett, our Envoy at London, containing an account
of a conversation in the*House of Lords, which lately oc
curred between Lard Brougham and Lord Aberdeen, in
relation to the question of Annexation. Nor can 1 do so
without the expression of tome surprise at the language the
Minister of Foreign Affairs employed upon the occasion.
Tint a kingdom which it made what it now is, by repeated
nets of Annexation, beginning from the time of the Hep
tarchy, and rooi'ludingwith the annexation of the kingdoms
of Ireland and Scotland, should perroive any principln ei
ther novel nr serions m the late proceedings of the Ameri
can executive in regard to Texas, is weH calculated to ex
cite surprise. If it be pretended tbit, because ol cummer-
cia* and political relations which may exist between two
countries, neither has a right to part with its sovereign'v,
and that no third power can change those relations by a vol
untary treaty nf union or annexation, then it would seem to
follow that an annexation to be achieved by force of arms
in the prosecution of a just and necessary war, could in no
way he justified ; and vet it is to be fires timed that Orest
Britain would be tbe fast nation in the world to maintain
any such doctrine. The commercial and puli teal relations
of many of the countries of Etlrcpe have undergone repeat
ed changes hy voluntary treaties, by conquest, and by parti
tion* ol their territories, without any question as tu the
right, under the public law. The question, in this view of
it.'ran It? considered as neither serious or novel.
I will not permit myMlf to believe that the British Min
ister des'gued to bring himself to any such conclusion; but
it it impossible for Os to be blind id the fact, that the state
ments contained in Mr. Everett's despatch are well worthy
of aerio'ia consideration. The Governmeri and people of
the United States have never evinced, nor do they feel, any
desire to interfere in public questions not affecting the rela
tions existing between the States of the Americas conti
Wo leave the European powers exclusive control over
matters affecting their continent and the relations of their
The United States claim a aimilar exemption from any
aucb interference on their part. Tho treaty with Texas
nnt negatitted from considerations of a high public policy
influencing the conduct of the two Republics. We have
treated with Texas as an independent power, solely with a
view of bettering the condition of the two ennntries. If
Annexation in any firm occur, t will ari;e from the free
qnd unfettered action of the people of the two countries;
end it seems ahogethet becoming rn me to aay that the honor
cf the country, the dignity of the American name, and the
■permanent interests of the United States, w told forbid ac-
quiescence in any sucli interft-reiice. No or.e can more
highly appreciate the valne of peace to limit Great Britain
and the United Slate-, and the capacity of each to do injury
to tile other, than ravsclf; but peace can be:t be preserved
by maintaining firmly the tightl which bcicng to us as an
So much I luvo eons id area it proper for me to snv, and it
-becomes ine only to add. that while I have regarded the
Annexation to be accomplished by treaty as the most suita
ble form in which it enuld be effected, should Congress
deem it proper to resort to any Ollier exurdirnt cr.mpstible
•with the Constituti.in, and likely to accomplish the object, I
stand prepared to yield, my mast prompt and nctive co-eper
The great question !„ not as to the manner in winch it
shall be li-'nc. but whether it shall he accomplished or not.
The responsibility of deciding this question is now de*
volved upon you. JOHN TYI Ell.
Washington, June to, 1844.
A jolly j»ck-l«r. r.diing along Commercial street, in Bus
in enquired what the Democratic nomination was. “Polk
nd UalUs," savs a by-slander. 'Pork and Dollars J"
ays he, -that’s the ticket; something to eat and money
and the canopy of Heaven his covering, who fed upon the
acorns of the rarest, who bared his bosom to the leaden
death nf a treacherous foe. who pledged hi* private foitune
to support the army which bis personal influence bad raised,
who offered at his country's altar every thing that the most
chivalrous courage and devoted patriotism could command,
who signalized his march with victories, who drove the In -
dian from hi* fastnesses and tbe Britun from the open field,
who finished the war of independence and covered bis
country with glory, while he filled ber proud heart with
joy and the world*with admiration I
He voted for the man whom he had denounced aa an a-
postate Federalist, a dangerous politician, vindictive man
and enemy to bis country : against bun whom he acknowl
edged to be a republican and patriot
lie voted for one of the cabinet and promoted that stic-
ceasion which be and his friends were pledged to break ;
against one who filled an office wh-clt the people bad con
ferred and who was their choice for the Presidency.
He voted for John Quincy Adams against Andrew
Jackson / .'
We know nnt wliat the freemen of tbe United States tnay
think of this in 1844. but we know what was thought and
■aid and done about it in 1825-’26 and '32. We know It
was not then the charge nf a party, nr a Sts e, or section of
the Union, but of the NATION I Yea. the nation ar
raigned him and his accesaoriesand pronounced them guilty.
We know that the betrayed and injured States of Ohio,
Illinois. Missouri, Louisiana, Maryland, and Kruturky. no-
bly vindicated their rights and avenged their wrongs in
1828. by hurling Adams and Clay from the offices theircoa-
lilion had compassed, and by placing upon them their teal
of condemnation. In Kentucky, where Henry Clay exerted
all his eloquence and canvassed the Stale for Adam*, in '26.
Gen. Jackson defeated him by a majority of near eight
thousand votes ! In 1632, when Henry Clay, hnnaelf, en
tcred the lists, we know that Gen. Jackson distanced him
We know that John Bell, and Willoughby Newton, and
George Badger, and Ilrverdy Jobnaon.w'boare now quoted
as high Whig authorities, anu a host of such, denounced the
conlition as base and unprincipled. We know that Amos
Kendall, in 1828, challenged Henry Clay to suffer his cor
respondence with F. P. Blair, in the winter o r 1824-5, to
he publhlird, end pledged himself, if Henry Clay accepted
the challenge, to convict him nut ofhta own m<ratb. of n
corrupt bargain. We know that Lynn Boyd, of Kentucky
has. lately, on the fl.iorof Congress, repeated that challenge
We knnwtbat Henry Clay lisa never dared to permit
those letters to be made public, but bat for 15 or 20 years
shrunk, like conscious guilt, from public investigation. We
believe, if he were innocent of the charge, he would court
the exposure of his correspondence and defy his opponents
to a trial before lri* country.
We know that F. P. Blair, when called as a witness be
fore the Kentucky Legislature in 1828, to testily about the
coalition, refused ro be sworn and declared Ire would sooner
go to jail—saying that his knowledge was acquired from
private letters written by distinguished members of Con
gress—and he was excused. We know that the ••adjourned
question of veracity” respecting tbe conduct of tbe Coramis-
sinners at Ghent, was postponed sine die by the parlies liti-
S ant when diey embraced eaoh other in March ’25—at d
rat the mouths of both the President-maker and Secretary-
maker have been to this day hermetically sealed as to that
subject. We know of no recent developments which tend
to exculpate Henry Clay from the charge of this corrupt
bargain. We have braid nothing in his defence, save the
protestations of innocence made by the accused, themselves.
Henry Clav and J. Q. Adams—who had previous to their
allisnre discredited each other—and tbe recantations of
some who once professed to believe them euilty—neither of
which is admissible testimony. We have heard nothing to
bteak the chain of prouf by which the accusation has been
established—proof far stronger than is necessary to cwjrirt
*f murder or larceny In our courts of common law.—The
accusation has been frequently denounced as an "exploded
calumny,” but when or where, or how exploded, we have
yet to learn.
We do not suppose there was any written pledge made
by the parlies: or. indeed, that they met and shook hands
over any oral promises. We do not presume that it is in
dispensable to show, that there was an immediate and di
rect agreement on paper or ore feasts between them to this
effect: “Mr. Adams I will make you President, If you will
make me Secretary ;" or “Mr. Clay I will make you Secre
tary and pul yon in the road of succession, if you will make
me President.” No—such was not probably, the ease;
and hence, each may swear they made no bargain. But
that there was an explicit understanding effected through
the mediation of their friends, calculated and intended to
produce the same result, without either party committing
himself to the other in written or spoken pledge* is, we be
lieve, most irrefutably and conclusively established. And
that they are a* culpable in the moral, if not the legal forum,
as if their bonds were mutually delivered in exchange, can
not be questioned by those who admit tlist it is intention
that qualities the net of men.
dLCESTIHS.—Wliat is tbe state and condition of tbe Whig
party at tbe present time J
AnsIVER—They are inn quandary, puzzled to know
bow h happens lha’t Henry Clay, who lins been so often run
down wlm was pushed aside HI 18-10 because be »u oh- Itirxpintrl I itlui iiiiiliolt.
nnxiou* lo the Whig.-, fand who will be defeated again— The other day. while a monitor was bearing
should now be for tbe third or fourth lime forced upon them Iris lesion, the follow-ins pa»s ise n. furred:—• Tl
as their Presidential candidate. . ot sin is death. The monitor, wishing to get " ico
O.DFST10N Why do the Whig* bosst and swagger so by deduction, asked—
much in anticipation of victory 7 ! “ Whal does your father get on Saturday night I
Answer.—To keep up their courage, as boys .whistle j The boy answered—
when they go through a burying-ground in a dark night. J “ He gets drunk!”
with Mexico, and were to presume
slavery, what England would persuade her to do. and what
Mexico would force her lo do—the entire of the Southern
States, (if one community ) whould have a right, by the law
of nations, ar a measure of safety, to protest against any
such doing, and to follow up that protest by acts of war and
reprisal*—having justifiable cause of Wkr in self defence,
say, admitting Texas to be among the most independent
nations, and having supreme control over her slave popula
tion, Texas would still be subject to the same limitation and
restriction in her use and control of that population, as all
State* and individuals would be by tbe law of nature am)
nations ; riz: SO to control and use that population as not
to interfere with the rights of her neighlwirs—especially the
rights which appertain to the tame description of popula
tion. If Tezas, following the example of Mexico, were Ic
pass an art nf emancipation, well-knowing that the same
population would simultaneously cross the line to poison
and corrupt and incite their own color to cut the threats o f
the women and children on this aide, no doubt could be eii
trrtained by the strictest casuists, of the right of the South
ern States.* (the Federal Government refusing its aid.)
protect ihemaelvea by all the means in their power, as
case of imminent peril, and one not admitting of delay.
If Texas, being independent, and for reasons seeming
good aad sufficient tn herself, should, by such a course of
policy, so far involve the safety of this portion of the United
States as to give justifiable <-au*e of war. is tho Cate at all
altered, because not being independent in the opinion of
every body. Texas happens to be stimulated by England, or
any other foreign power, to adopt thi* same policy 7 If. in
deed. from urgent interest or superior force. Texas should
be thus constrained. Texas might be pitied, but couid nor
hope to escape the retribution which must inevitably follow
a measure so replete with mischief and disaster to a neigh
It Texas he not. to all intents and purposes, independent
of Mexico but subject, contingently, to occupation and do
minion in due course of way, ati l the Southern Slate* have
a right in aay, and. if they are not defended by the United
States, they are in duty bound to say, that Mcxirn shall not
conquer Texas. The Southern State* know, that if Mexico
should conquer Texas, the same results would follow, as if
Texas alone—or Texas with England—or Tesas with Eng
land and Mexico, were to resolve and carry into effect, tbe
cbnlttidn of slavery in Texas.
If Texas, therefore, pressed by the war bf Mexito. fefu
sea to lend herself to the injury or ruin of the 8 •uthe'rn
ami Western States—if pressed by the policy and influence
and power of England, she holds steadfastly to the pros
pective alliance of her otftt blond and kindred—if pressed
bv waited resources and imperious want*, iu ber day ot
tribulation—and beset by crafty and covert friends, as well
as a public enemy—she gives her people, her country am)
all-, to those who most naturally seek, and who best deserve
them—who and what are they pf the United Slates—wlm
and wbat are they of the Southern and Western States
who will take part with England; and Mexico, and the abo-
lititioiiiali of all countries, against Texas t
I repeat, tbit it insuers not what our stipulations of treaty
may hare been with Mexico, provided We did tioi stipulate
expressly—1st. Thst in no event should the United State*
enter into treaty with Texas; 2d. [Thst Mexico or Texas
■night at any time abolish slavery within their limit*, with
out complaint or molestation from the United Stale*. If we
have tirade mi such specific treaty stipulations, then, with
out relerencC to what may be the relative condition of Mex
ico and Tekas. at any time, it is permitted neither to the
one, nor to the other.nor to both, to abolish slavery in such
a manner aa to endanger the safety of her ueigbbor States,
of which those States are the exclusive judge'*.
You may observe, gentlemen, that 1 have not Considered
the power of Texas to make, and the right of, the United
Slates to receive, a title tn that country. If Texas be actu
ally independent, no body disputes her power; and wheth
er she be independent nr not, may be left lo the higher ju
lists to decide; but having ourselves acknowledged her in
dependence— having acknowledged it mainly on the ground
that she had won it, and would mainta : n it—I would not
now deny her that independence, especially when such de
nial rejects the Treaty, and would compel us. in selfde
fenre, to occupy tbe country without the treaty.
England has made what is tantamount to a declaration of
war against the Southern and Western States: Mexico does
tbe same, by ber continued or intermitted ‘efiuru to force
emancipation upon Texas. Mexico has no right to plead
treaty stipulations in justification of an aggression which
would-warrant the United States in declaring war against
her. War authorises the destruction of life and property :
tbe consequences of abolition are the same; and whenever
Mexico or England shall raise tbe standard of abolition on
the borders of the United States; a great inoral respousibil
ity will devolve nn the well meaning opponents to Annexa
tion, who could not bring themselves lo believe that the
Texas which they bad acknowledged to be independent,
was independent enough to make a treaty with the United
The treaty of alliance and guaranty between France and
tbe United States, was never considered null and void, be
cause the United States-might eventually have hern subju-
t ated by England. It was sufficient that France had ac-
ncwledged the independence of the United States, wheth
er war did or did nnt follow. When the United Sutra ac
knowledged the independence of Texas Mexico knew that
such acknowledgment would qualify Texas to make a treaty
of cesshm.er any other treaty, and site did not then choose
to make it a cause nf war with the United Sutes.
Tire substance of these very hasty and undigested re
marks, gentlemen, in answer to your letter, amounts to this:
that it it belter, everything considered, to take the treaty of
cession a* a pood and valid treaty. than To run the hazard
of occupying Texas bv force (whether a Territory of Mexi
co or Texas) as a measure of sell-preservation apainst the
threatened aggression of England, or Mexico, o.- Texas, or
all of them I would not anticipate the failure of the United
States to fulfil their duty of protection and guaranty, under
the Crmstitation—such failure being virtually an alliance
with England in her crusade against us; nor will I despair
of Mexico consulting her true interest in so for recognising
the treaty ns to agree to new boundaries with the United
States, as indizpensable to the future peace end security of
Very respectfully, gentleintn,
G. M. TROUP.
Messrs. J. D. Diomatarj,
This letter shows:
1st. The extreme anxiety of the British Government with
legard to the negotiati .us pending between the U. States
and Texas, and its desire to thwart them.
2d. Thai the influence (or authority) of the British Gov
ernment is exerci .ed in Mexico to prevent a seiileinen' of
difficulties between Mexico and Texas, except on the cott-
ditiuti that the latter will "give assurances” not to consent
to be aunexed to the United State*.
3d. That every possible inducement will be held out to
Texas, and every possible obstacle thrown in her way . to
prevent the incorporation of Texas into the Federal Union,
and especially that a reconciliation will speedily be pro
duced between Mexico and Texas, on a basis conformable
to British pcllcy, if Texas can be persuaded to relinquish
the project of Annexation.
4th. That the question of Annexation is essentially and
entirely a question between the United States and Great
Britain and whether American or English politics shall
prevail on this continent.
We said above that the concluding letter, which we pub
Jish is all that is necessary lor n full understanding of lit"
whole correspondence. There is. however, one point be
trayed in tbe first letter of CapL Elliott, which we were not
before acquainted with, and which is remarkable. The
reader will recollect that tbe United States, on the solicits-
uon of Texus, proposed to the Euglish and French Govern
metits, that tbe three powers should interpose jnindy. to pro
cure a treaty of peace anu recognition of independence be
tween Mexico and Texas, and that England declined the
proposition but immediately ”put herself forward." to pro
cure a settlement on her own terms. It appears now, from
Capt. Elliott’s letter to Mr. Jones, that after this refusal to
unite with France and the United-States. England made
her proposals to the belligerent Slates between which she
wns interposing, pul her plans, as wa3 supposed, in a proper
train, and lAen effected a junction with and the co-operation
of France, without reference to the United States.
We aay nothing of the discourtesy implied iu this extra
ordinary procedure. More serious considerations grow out
of it. It indicates a forgone determination on the part of
1st. To supplant the influence of the American Govern
ment in the State* of Mexico and Texas
To effect a settlement of the difficulties between those
8utes on a basis that it an known the United States could
not concur in.
3d. To estop, if possible, by a combination of European
powers the further progress of American institutions and
4th. To introduce into this continent the European sys
tern of officious interference and intermeddling, to the det
riment of this Government, and contrary to its true jrolicy
Letter to the Texan Secretary of Statefrom the British
Galveston, April 3, 1844.
To the Hon. Anson Jones, <$-c. ^-c. Washington t
Tbe undersigned. Her Britannic Majesty’s Charge d’Af-
faires to tbe Republic ol Texas, has had the honor tu receive
Rlr. Joue’s note of the 25th ult., in reply to hi* own of the
22d idem ; nnd he offers his acknowledgment for this state
ineui of the situation of circumstances, which shall be trans
mitted to her Majesty’s Government without delay.
In the mean time, however, he considers it right to re
mark that he does uot beiiere her Majesty's Government
have formed the same opinion of this Government upon the
disposition o f Mexico, to anv amicable settlement with Tex
as, upon reasonable and aJmitsible term'. Indeed he is
disposed to tbiuk that Her Majesty’s Government had be-
romo more sanguine that a different state of feeling was
growing up in that quarter, and he ascribes any recent ap
pearances lo the contrary, to the indisposition of Mexico, to
the Annexation of Texas to the United States. Thus im
press* d. be believes that Mexico would have consented
terms of armistice more acceptable to this Government, if
it had not been thought prudent to avoid a truce of conven
ient duration for the conduct of negotiations at another
point, having in view a combination, naturally so ill-liked at
Mexico as the Annexation of Texaa to tbe United States.
DEIIOCR A (Vv
TUKSPAV MOKSINO, JU.YK 4J, ,q ff
Correspondence of the charleston Transcript.
WASHINGTON, June 14.
In the Senate, the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation
Bill was passed, with sundry amendments, and returned to
the House. „ , . .
The resolution of Mr. Walker, relative to the circular!
said lo have been issued by the British Government to ttieir
consul* in ibis country, caine up, and was laid on the table.
Mr. Benton introduced a joint resolution, fixing a day tor
the casting of votes for the election of President, Alter de
bate. it was also laid on the table. ,
The Navnl Aporepriation Bill was next considered and
passed, with sundry amendments.
The bill making appropriation for horses lost in 'he Flor
ida war. was also passed.
The House Bill, supplementary to the Navy Appropria
tion Bill, was iiext taken up and passed.
After the disposal bf some unimportant business, the sen
ate went iilto Executive Session.
In the House, there was a most exritius scone growing
out of a resolution to appropriate about 640.000 to supply"
members with certain books, such as the back volumes of
Registers of Debates, etc. . , I FOR PRESIDENT,
•There was a most lunous opposition, and several unsuc- | Wlx tvs* « ™
rrssful alte.mpts to take the vote by yeas and nays, so that A Yj_T j j); bjk (7*\ Tf
the names might go to the country. Finally, amidst one of | m
the greatest uproars I ever heard, the resolution was adopt
ed by acclamation.
Those who opposed the resolution, take the ground, that,
for members thus to pocket 6200 each, in the shape of ex
tras, while they have been cutting and slashing at the com
pensation of almost every petty officer of Government, not
excepting the private soldier, is a most glaring inconsisten
cy, and the adaption of one rule for themselves and another
for the people
The Senate Bill, providing for the sett’ement of land
claims in Louisiana, Missouri, and Arkansas, was debated
nnd passed, with some amendments. This bill has been be
fore Congress for more than thirty years. It will afford a I as( j c meeting of the Democratic Associaiinn j*.
rich harvest to those who have purchased the claims for a j . “Mail
teuth part of their value. * cdy* assembled at the Court-House, lo respond
run k* * l * ie nominations made bv (he late Convem^ n °
Tn the Senate this morning. Ml*. McDuffie was. at Ins re- * ‘“1*00at
quest permiUtd to make a speech, in reply to the remarks of Baltimore—Col. CAMPBELL, the President o^/fi
Mr. Bfentor., a few days ago, when he introduced his for the Association, in the Chair. ' ^
Annexation or Texas. |
After some pre iminary remark.*, Mr. McDo*He attacked. After the oiganizaiion, Col. John Lamar on r
Of Mr! B n ‘ 0St biline ’ arcasm, ,he arsumenU aod posilio "* Uur representatives in the Convention, came f„nj
Among other matters, he noticed one particular inennsis- at the repeated Calls of liie meeting, and nans' it
tency. He called attention to the fact, that while Mr. Ben r..ti— ,t,„ 1 „ j T> ' ™r
ton, in his speech, sei forth, that it would be a gross viola- - * i 1 £ ^ body. He defend^
tion of the laws of nations to take Texas without the consent i he character of the Con veniion, and presented '
of Mexico, in one section ofhis bill he provided that, if Con-I „ l- t , , t.» __ui„ - . ' ln
gress could not get the consent of Mexico, it should deter- *• . ? ' _ manner m which 115 men
mine wbat steps should be taken to get Texas without that hers sacrificed their opinions, for the success find
Mr Benton rejoined with much bitterness, and talked a- t , *"°l ia P a *' lon Democratic principles, by Srriviar
boat na'ltfication and a variety of other matters He de- j at so united and harmonious a result. s „„ i
dared he would meet Mr. McDuffie, and his friends at ,.■ , i . .. . rtl *
* Philtippi.” ou this question, anti resist them to the utmnsi. t ‘ 1R meelinff, itini but one feeling pervaded the Del-
A regular^broadside having baen exchanged, the subject egates from different sections of the Union, at she
Mr. .Morehead made a long report from the Committee on c l° se °f lh e Convention. He Spoke of the great Jc-
Retrenrirmert. .... Cessions to the Democratic Party, in various nan.
After an unavailing opposition, the motion to print was a- - . , , , I 51 *
greed to r of the country, and urged the importance of union
In the House, Mr. Ellis called up some resolutions, re- concert, and harmonv, as the only meins t,,.'
chieve a splendid victory, under the flag of Po’t
and Dallas. His report of the deliberations of ih e
Convention, was unanimously responded to bv the
Of JPessnsytrania. 1
Kibb Ratification fleeting,
Pursurant to a public call, a large and enthusi
ported some time ago, seuiug forth, that the establishment
of a National Bank would be doing violence to the spirit of
our institutions, and inflict incalculable evil on the country.
Mr White contended the resolutions were not in order.
Thu Speaker decided otherwise.
Mr. White appealed, and after a tedious debate of an
Co I. Powers then submitted the following fleso.
(Ulions—abd supported them at length, in a forcible
I and eloquent manner—they were unanimously a*
He will merely further remark of the truce agreed upon
between the Commissioners ol Texas and Mexico, that if it
had conformed with the policy of this Government to avail
themselves of that opening, he entertains the opinion that
it might have been improved into a convenient form and
Of the detention of the Texan prisoners in Mexico, which
has been noticed by Mr. Jones as another proof of the in
disposition of the Government of Mexico to amicable settle
metit. the undersigned will freely admit (speaking for him
self)that he thinka tie Government nf Mexico ought to
have released those prisoners. But he is bound to confess
with equal frankness that he has reason lo think tit" Mexi
can Government will be able to adduce motives for their
conduct in this particular, which msy account for it. without
retorting to a general indisposition to adjust with Texas up
on peaceful and honorable terms aa the ground of tbe con
tinued detention <tf these unhappy men.
The temporary interruption of the official 'nterenurse be
tween Her Majesty’* Charge d'Aflaires at Mexico and that
Government, is noticed by Mr. Jones aa another event of t
discouraging character. The undersigned can only aay op
on that point he it sure -Her Majesty's Government would
not have delayed to communicute their apprehensions to
the same effect to the Government bf Texas, if they had
participated in them foi a montent.
Weighing all the circumstances nf the ease as Carefully
as he cun, the undersigned will take the liberty here m ex
tress the belief that at uo period of the interposition of
iler Majesty's Government for the settlement of tbedispute
between Texus and Mexico, could it ever hare appeared to
them that there were better founded hopes of an early and
honorable adjustment than at the moment, when as Mr.
Jones observes, the door to annexation to the United States
was unexpectedly opened to the people of this country.
The approach in that sense was must probably unexpected
in Mexico too, for it caine when there was a state of known
truce between the parties when Texan Connnissim.ers (re
spectfully received) were actually in the Mexican Territo
ry, and whilst negotiations, first tor an armstice, and then
for a peace, were known to be in contemplation, aud in poiut
of firct. in progress.
The intimation of aoch a proposal to the Government of
Texas, by the Government of the United States, would of
course become known to the Government of Mexico ab'ut
the same time, and made under the state of circumstances
then existing, it can linrdly be a source of surprise that it
produced the disturbing effect whicti has followed.
The undersigned thinks he could not discharge his duty,
if omitted to express the earnest hope that tire Government
aud people of Texas will uol make the incalculably heavy
sacrifice of their separate national existence, under the itti
pression that the prospect of amicable settlement with Mex i
eo has passed away. He believes that there is ho good
ground for such an impression; and he is also of the opin
ion that’t is still in the power oT the Government of Texas,
to renew the (legntiatinhs with Mexico upon a hopeful basis.
by re-assuring that Government upon a point which it is
justly entitled 10 except complete re-as»uratice, before
friendly negotiations with Texas are set on foot.
The undersigned cannot refrain from observingtltat there
isnnwantof evidence in the press of the United States,
that very eminent nnd practiced statesmen in that country,
are firmly opposed to ihe Annexwion of Texas tn thst Un-
inn, either at all, nr at least under any other condition than
the consent of Mexico, peacefully obtained. Neither does
it seem to be doubt'ul, judging from the same sources, that
these opinion* ate shared by a large part of the people of
that confederacy. The undersigned trusts that his own
sincere desire for tbe iadependrnre and pr.*neritv of Tex
as, will be (lie excuse for alluding tn these considerations,
on which, however, lie has no intention to dwell.
He will close tliia note with tire renewed declaration of
the desire of Her Majesty's Government, to be helpful in
the adjustment ol this dispute upon terms nf honor, justice,
and advantage, both tn Texas and Mexico, and with the
expression of the opinion of Her Majesty's Government
thst the preservation of their independence is the best secu
rity of the people of Texas, for their ultimate prosperity,
both political and ertnimeteia’.
The health of the undersigned is still in a very broken
condition, (so much so that he writes with difficulty.) But
he will wait at New Orleans, or in its immediate neighbor
hood, as long *a he safely can, and will be hnppy to receive
any communications which the Government of Texas may
do him tbe honor to forward to him, through tbe channel he
has already indicated tn Mr Jones.
lie avails himself of this occasion tn convey to Mr. Jones
renewed assurances of the regard nnd distinguished consid
eration with which he has the honor to remain,
His most obedient and faithful servant.
(Signed) CHARLES ELLIOT:
The Senate, on the 14th inst., rejec-ed the bill fixing au-
niform day throughout the United States, fi r the election of
President and Vice President, by a vote 01 20 to 25—ail the
Whig Senators, except Tallmadge and Henderson, voting
The Senate, on the same day. cnnfiuue'J the following
Executive nominations, viz: Lemuel Williams. Collector
Bosun; Win. L. Brent, Charge at Buenos Ayres; Al
fred Huger, P'>st-Master at Charleston. S. C.; Lory Odell,
Collector of Poitsmouili. N. II.; Robert Wicklil'e. Jr.,
Charge d’Affaires to Sardinia ; and rejected the following,
viz: Hon. C. G. Ferris. Collector of New York; Win
ter Collector of Gloucester. Mass ; Harvy Shepherd. Post-
Master at Northampton, Mass.; — Pike, Post Master at
Augusta, Maine ; and Mr. Hayden. OolleclorofN. Orleans-
hour, the decision of the Speaker was affirmed.
Tbe resolutions were then adapted, yeas 108, n*ys 63.
A motion was then made to re-conaider the vote, by which
the bill 10 settle land claims io Louisiana, Mississippi, and
Arkansas,bad been passed.
Mt. White contended that the motion could not be now j .
The Speaker decided that it could, and so thought the J Resolved. That the Democratic Party of the coccit of
House, for they affirmed his decision. Bibb, are pleased with the nominations made by tbe k>
edfo-ye as 91 ? nay a ft*** 8 * ™ 1 re ' CtDSlder ' Baltimore Convention, of the Hon JAMES K. POLK.cf
The bill having been sent for from the Senate, was re- [ Tennessee, as our candidate for the Presidency, and GEO.
committed to the Committee on private land claims. M. DALLAS, of Pennsylvania, as our candidate fo* tie
The Senate amendments to the Navy Appropriation bill j Vice-Presidency,
were then considered, and additional amendments made I ' , ‘ , ' , ,, , ......
thereto. Resolved. That these distinguished individuals haw it*.
The Senate bill to establish a Naval Depot at Memphis, dered. at various times, valuable services to obr cousin—
Tennessee, wss next taken up. ... ... that they are men of talents, pare and blameless*, both jj
Mr. Haminet spoke on the bill, and, in the course of his '
remarks, attacked Mr. Cave Johnson, on account of his np
position to almost every measure introduced.
Mr. Johnson made a spirited reply. Among other mat
ters, he alluded to the book resolution passed yesterday.—
He said that resolution gave each member 6500 extra.—.
There was another secret about this matter. It was this:
Many member*, on receiving their 6500 worth of books,
were io tbe habit of selling them to stationers of this city f»r I evident distressthey have exoerienced. upon the anraiasti-ti
half the amount. Srt that the very same books were sold I _e.i.- , , .
over and over again at full price trt Congress every year. above mtnt * nned g em,rmen : and havp “
Finally, the bill was read a third litue aud passed, by a « e,f P interest they express for Cass, Johnson, and Van Be-
rote of 119 to 48. j ren, is vefy sincere
Mr. Doncan moved a sospension of the role.^ in order to j Resolved, That we oppose, by every means in our pav
er. the election of Henry Clay, tbe Dictator, to the Ires..
Objection was made, on the ground, that, under the rules. I dency nf the United States, on the following grounds:
ladies are not •• privileged persons,” and cannot be admit | 1st. Because he was the friend and supporter nf the lit*
United Stales Bank, to the very last, well knowiag.sswebe
lieve, he did, that it was rotten and corrupt—that it did brie
some members of Congress, and attempted to Suite ntben-
tbat a considerable portion of the Stock-holder* were Bril-
their private and public life, and sound to the core, onertrj
j subject of political interest to the American people: i-i
that we will, therefore, give them our hearty and cntninioo
support for the offices to which they have been respectively
Resolved, That we sympathize with the IVfcij-'. in the
ish subjects. enemies to th^United Sta .e* and to all Re'u’y
2d. Because he is now in favor of establishing a strife
institution—which, in onr opinion, is unconstitutional, is:: 1
Finally, after considerable uproar, the motion was with
The Cumberland Road bill was then taken up, and deba
ted in Committee at great length.
A Committee of Conference has been appointed, to con.
aider the amendments to the General Appropriation litll.-
It wilt probably pass to-night.
P. S —The Senate has been sotne hours in Executive ses
The nomination’s of Merer*. Walworth and King, to fill
the vacancies in ibr* Supreme Court, were laid on the table. I pedieht, dangerous to the liberties of the people, and * tot-
The nomination of Lemuel Williams, Collector of Boston. I rupt and corrupting establishment.
^ r v, -vi, 3d. Because he it the friend of the Tariff of lEC-i*
lliatol Mr. Ferris, as Collector of New York, was re- , . ... „ ... . ... .
jected I °hj* ct anu design of which, is to administer to tas ov( '
Mr. Wii-kliffe was confirmed as Charge to Sardinia. grown wealth of one section of our common enoatry, *t ’J<
Mr. B. Green, of New Jet sey. was nominated for Secrets- expense of the others and iniquitnusly to ipproprii’.e. tj
rejected. underJtood lhat he hs *j ust l,ee,, legislative chicanery, the labor and earning* ofthe spu*
SATURDAY NIGHT. 12 o'clock, ? tnral, mercantile, and other classes of citizens, to the nut
June 15. S facturing interest.
George M. Bibb, of Kentncky, has jhst been confirmed ax Became he was the friend and supporter of the to
Secretary of the Treasury. 1 he vote was unanimous. „ , r ... ' * , „ •„
A great numbbr nftmuor nomination* were rejected. Bankrupt Law—a measure which good men. of si!
Tho report of the Committee of Conference on the Army I must regret and deeply deplore, as a foul slain on ti*
Appropriation bill, was concurred in. and (he bill finally I tegrity of American legislation
passed. ,, _ ....
The Navy and General Appropriation bill* were also fi
5tlr. Becanse he is in favor of distributing the prttt'Jtd
the sale of the Public Lands among tbe £>iatra, although the
General Government is in debt; tbe effect of which will b*»
to create a necessity of increasing the Tariff—tbe [toll d
the Government being wasted and squandered by distribc-
tion among the States.
6th Because he has been an enemy to the Suteof Geer-
Correspondence of the Baltimore American.
Washington. June i3,1344.
United Stale* Senate—Trxns nnd Ifac President,
Mr. Benton, ar an early bour, moved to postpone the pre
vious order*, and to take up the Bill introduced by him o»i . _
Monday, providing for the conditional AnnCXStionof Texas. g‘*. in all her Indian treaties and difficulties with foe G ,s ’
The motion prevailed, and Mr. Benton addressed the er.tl Government, and has often denounced ber pstrious*- 1
Senate lor nearly two hours, in a speech of great force and I s[aIe « mp
power. It appeared that Mr. Benton's remaiks were call- ' n ’ , ^
ed forth by the message from the President to the House of ,l ”' Because he has recently passed through a .» r C re
Representatives, asking Congress to do what the Senate had j lion of the country, electioneering and canvassing far ™ (:, i
derimed to do. and annex Texas by legislative enactment. and maklng an illter e 5 t in his behalf, inconsistent wW>>B
This act. under the circumstances vVas set forth as an insult .* , ? . , j
to the Senate nod as one that merited impeachment. The ch 2 ml >’ °j lhe scaUon 10 heaspires; and more * a-
President had violated every principle of international neu- he disclaimed an intention to solicit votes and 10 elccW» c *
lC #li, ‘ V A nd ,he . law n [ nations. He had sought to bring the when his acts and speeches spoke the reverse
United Mates into collision wuh the Government of Mexico. Annan
He and bit coadjutor* had endeavored to excite the people 8,h * Bemuse he u opposed to the immediate
egaiust Mexico, by an example unparalleled, except in the °f Texas to the United States ; and furthermore, be 15 'ic
attempt to tnak£ tear upon General Washington by a por- sed to it. so Ion? as a respectable portion of the ,2
non of the people.
James S. Green, of New Jersey, was. on the 14th instant,
nominated lothe Senate by the Presiden:, Tor the office -of
Secretary of the Treatury.
N. Y. rtrisc
The Wrshington spectator of last Tuesday says:—We
nderstnnd n messenger reached the city this afternoon with
despatches from Mexico. The rumor is prevalent that
Mexico has serened to the 'nriexation of Texas; but, after
the hostile demonstrations nf our own prominent politicians,
wh’cb were known at Mexico, we think it altogether im
Mr. tienton said that the cry raised against Gen. Jackson,
an assumption of power, wit factitious—hut the com
plaint here was real and well founded. The whole Texas
scheme, as recently developed, was u fraud up'-n the peo-
ple-~n base, miserable, and wicked effort nt Presidential
intrigue, originating in tbe most vicious purpose, and co far
prosecuted for the most knavish conclusions- He sertrned
and loathed the effort here made to accomplish such a pur
pose. Those on whom God had pronounced a benediction
ihe Executive here had cursed. Those who would have
made peace between two hostile hations, >frerc irfet with the
cry of walr.
Mr- Henton used the strongest language in denouncing
this nefarious plot to bring Texas into the Uhion.
When he had finished, Mr. McDuffie rose lo continue the
Mr. E vans, in consideration of the public business, beg
ged him to postpone bis remarks. Mr. McDnftie consented;
and, tin motion of Mr. Evans, Mr. Benton's Bill was laid
Upon the table—yeas 34. nays 20.
WASHINGTON. Jone 18.
The two Houres of Congress closed their sittings by ad
journment snnn after the noob ol'yesterdny.
Among the bills passed yesterday morning was a bill to
extend for five years the pensions to the surviving widows
of Revolutionary soldiers.
in the Senate, yesteeday. it is understosu that the nomi
nation nf Caleb Cushing, to be Envoy RxTraordinitty and
Minister Plenipotentiary to China'nol before acted upon,
was taken up ami confirmed.
The nomination of John C. Clemson. (son in-law to Mr.
Calhoun) of Philadelphia, to be Chartre d’Affaires to Bel«i.
Uin, was confirmed.—Rational Intelligencer. r
We understand that the seat on the Iienohof the Supreme
Court, vacated bv the den'hof judge Baldwin, was tender
ed to the H»n. James Buchanan, bat was respectfully de
clined. The selection was highly honorable to the Execu
tive; and we vegret that Mr. B. felt himself called upon to
decline an office which he is so eminently qualified to fill.
A'itli honor to himself nnd advamase to the country.—Globe.
Appointments by the Prraiileni,
By and with, the advice and consent of the Senate.
James I). Hallvhurton. bf Virginia, to be Judge of the
Eastern District of Virginia.
John Brunch, of North Carolina, to he Governor of the
Teri itory of Florida, from 11th August. 1844, vice 11. K.
Call, whose commission will then have expired.
Nathaniel F. Tallmadge. of New York, tn be Governor
ofthe Territory of Wisconsin, from the 13tb September
next, vice J G. Doty. whn*e commission will then expire.
Edward Hardin, to he Collector of the Customs for the
District of Savannalt, Georgia
people shall refuse their assent—which amounts to * ,
and entire opposition: for Mr. Clay is awsre, that s cc -
class, called Abolitionists, respectable as to numbt.i »-
wealth, will never yield up their opposition. t
Resolved, Thau in order to concentrate the strefel*.
to create 1 annony of action among the Democratic ?’• ■’
is expedient to call a Mass Convention, to assetnh.e o..
August next, at some suitable point In this
Resolved, Thst the City of Macon is the mort *hp»
J , te 4 p*
place to hold said Convention, being nearly cen'.'S 1 ' 1 - ^
ing cveiy facility to receive and entertain the co»c"“ .
-nay assemble; and that we call on Democratic hC-- 3 -
Associations to aid us in getting up said Cenveouoi.
Oit motion of Jnities S. Smith, .
Rcstlved, That this nreeiing concur *o ^
with our Democratic friends of Monroe ‘f*
ofthe propriety of holding a Texas Ma«
lion, at the Indian Spring, on the 25ih day*
next; find that the Chairman of. this niw lfl £ (
point twenty-five Delegates to the sains-
The fit Bowing gentlemen were opp 0 *® 1
A. P. POWERS.
J. M. GREEN,
W. D. MIMS,
T. E GORMAN,
JAMES S. SMITH,
S. M. STRONG.
J. G. COLEMAN.
G. M. LOGAN,
E. B. COOK,
J. H. POWERS,
C. E. BLAKE.
W. G. SMITH,
W. F. CLABK,
B. J. KAY.
S. WOOD' vaRD ’
j.'j. BBNNS’ rT ’
T. R. BLOOM,
o. II. PRIN C ®>
The next object being tbe selection o: ^
to attend the Convention at Tbomaston,
Monday in July, fer die purpose of
Congressional nml Electoral Ticket for tn-» ^
On motion of Dr. James M. Green. 1 e ^ eSS *
appointed a Committee of five, who j )fi (-
James Dean, James Smith, Wm- Gun ■