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, ESTABLISHED ISSO. i
■J J. 11. ESTILL, Edilor und Proprietor.!
THOUSANDS DO HONOR TO THE
Nature Smiles on the Occasion-Five
Thousand Men in Line and Twenty
Thousand Spectators Along the Curb
stones Programme of the Ceremo
nies at the Monument Mayor
Courtenay’s Address as Presiding
Officer -An Eloquent Oration by
Charleston. S. C., April ‘JO—More
glorious weather than marked Calhoun day
could not be imagined. There was not a
cloud in the sky, the dust was laid, and the
atmosphere was cooled by yesterday’s heavy
rains. At morning's early dawn the streets
were full of people, including a large num
b?r of strang-* Immense throngs gath
ered on the Battery to witness the formation
of the procession, one of the largest and
grandest ever seen in Charleston. The pro
cession moved from the Battery a little after
noon, proceeding directly up Meeting street
a mile and a half to Marion square, where
the Calhoun monument is situated, and
where a stage capable of holding 1,000
people had been erected for the orator and
specially invited guests.
The procession was formed as follows:
1. The military, escorting the Governor
iml his stair, and the chief marshal and his
2. The Mayors and City Councils of
Charleston and of other cities.
3. The presidents, professors and students
of the universities, colleges and schools of
•he State and city.
i. The various civic societies of the city.
5. The Odd Fellows, Free Masons, Knights
mil other kindred organizations.
<;. Distinguished gues ts and others.
7. Citizens generally.
The military display was magnificent, in
cluding many companies from the interior
of the State and numerous military bauds
from both the city and country.
The following was the order of the cere
monies at Marion square:
Opening prayer, by the Rev. Charles Cotes
worth Pinckney, D. D,
Unveiling of the monument by thirty-two
Artillery salute of nineteen guns on the bat
Ode—By Miss Cbeeseborough. Read by the
Rev. Charles A. Stakely.
Oration by the Hon. L. Q. C. Lamar.
Ode -By Jfrs. Margaret J. Preston. Read by
the Lev. W. F. Junkin, D. D.
Benediction by the Rev. John O. Wilson.
MAYOR COURTENAY’S REMARKS.
Mayor Courtenay,who presided, made a
brief address, in the course of which he
This is a memorable anniversary day! At this
hour thirty-seven years ago, the most solemn
and imposing public pageant ever seen in
Charleston had emerged from this spacious
square and contiguous streets. It wended its
way through the greatest length-If the city; it
embraced m its crowded ranks all the manhood
of this community, end the thousands who had
nocked in from beyond its boundaries, while
trom window and balcony, and every available
standing place, the fair daughters of our city
and State were sad and silent spectatore of these
public honors, given with one voice, and by a
c °nunon impulse to our illustrious dead.
This thirty seventh anniversary day com
memorates now as then the same devotion to
the memory of the illustrious dead. It is, how
ever. peculiarly touching, ns the day of success
till culmination of the work of the women of
Lnrnlina, in perpetuating the name and fame of
John C Calhoun.
V' 1 rr-'l'inug bronze that is uncovered here,
anil will here remain a witness to coming gen
en,lionB of honor and veneration, is the tribute
ot erolma slaughters, it j* sacred as their
thought, thoir sentiment, and their labor. All
liouor to tiimn in their work of patriotism and
, A“ Honor to them in their unfaltering
Mowing, am,,' dire trials and fateful struggles,
■ ms high purpose, and its final achievement,
* anv ' , To them be our gratitude for roaring
fo-lr' o'' prenou-in,!, that will forever keep be
him i' ls , , 1 " rl " 11:1,1 countenance of him whose
omul ruled so majestically in life.
A STATE EVENT.
The celebration was on event to which
peon,? o| the StaT■ have looked forward
1 r many yeai*s, and large niinihers came,
ctetore, from every part of the State to
wke pait mor to witness the proceedings,
‘lie entire population of the city also
lined out rn masse. the result being
pa raw- and an assemblage of sight-
JV U (' a m, ' s rarely witnessed in
‘ ‘I I9 , number of men in the
m the various military and civic as
•OTatioii* j* estimated at o.oikJ, The whole
tiroo,'’ P ro f ess i°n was lined with dense
,rn°V e ‘ w,, ° overflowed the side
1.1 1 , ” ' ln ’l fill**tl the doorways, windows and
of ™! hns-unent to the entrance
krs h " ,M,n ~ number of gpeeta
,,,,,] ' .""c 111 ' route was not leas than £O,OOO,
Si,™'";"';• tiwt gathered around tlm
io.nl-,v ' UI . ltt ' e ,ess - There was a lilmral
hunting everywhere, the United
tiiee,ii!,„ o, ' 1 ’ u l ) ying a eompiou ms plane in
ei\' Et 1 10 lm use:i and in the speuk
thP ' The statue was draped by IkC.li
ebhite and national colors, which were
tti'rtvm iy . '•>’ six Mttle children, while
iruund n* youi 'S ladies and misses stood
-munu as sjionsors.
A GALAXY OK ROSEHITDS.
ticssii' . Wf ‘re upi minted to bo
With vpn- f unv eding of the monument.
r ’’xeeptions they are relatives
H-arest' U , n 'i ' voof -lie young ladies are the
Fn '.Hs u'f- ,lv,s , of , age of Gen.
m 0,,. ‘ J ll j'm./'f the revolution, the di-
Cai-i linin',, ~! e ho two distinguished
ttrliizh , to Ji’? vn l °ii kindred spirits,
thp rervire’to departments of
follows- i-„, , t R ‘ !**• I'm names are as
Chai-w,, n <ll'-fGii, Miss Converse rickens;
Johnmn r uniio f b’loies, Camilla
Simonds, Lilly Carrere.
kiiin p. '• Mm-y Piokens, Eugenia Cal-
PnreW p' Bes l ß P. Ha vend, Virginia
j'dii i,, ma, Hcyston, Floridn CanUjy
hi-ki-uK ’ p nVi I '' Florido Calhoun
a, i 1 Miv \i; • Vl )ul^enu .V* CtuiMii'
Muriijii , "O'e \ a.ix; Aiken, Miss Videau
Kirk Berkeley, Misses Dora
k.it..' ( . UJU ' Hivem-1; UioHlond, Miss
K.nf.. m,, | Abliqville, Jtisses
S', i |.v jo , - I' hit.l y Perrin, Kate C. Park-
Ca 11,.. 1 ' Al-iribn Mitchell, Louise
"inn.,i •’••‘‘“Pfil.oim, Ha Die CUhoun;
Miss o .l Ml** izzio Braibm; K Igelii-ld,
M:s. , s illioun. Butler: Marion,
A 'l"T*rl m ''TC- G., Miss
U, ,\|| | . ' ood Miss N. K. Hill; Augus
™* lARV UWtiim
1 Hr sure?, "ovelli-r* I mile-1 the rope* under i
I'd.-s 1 'ii, 1 i', ,I,H attending young]
f" r " were JuJur Ca||.„un,
s liliiini i 1 o-'l’b-r i*f the sbit(uu*n;
■f tie- _■“ Is (jlli"Hii. gi it gran ls #n
fat f'lilnaui Calhoun. Jr., ;
’" " -T"/ , t m *, uU ' ’" ‘o *'*“*<"“ !
.-I* ; '-n J 111 ; Hadle All
IN kens and h m i<luV‘y!ut j
OIIl|u: |( wh|*i| #**•!! i
*** , ‘* < atUuiUoi, and tirqueel mi, I
plause. To-night everybody is keeping
open house in Charleston and rejoicing t hat
the event has passed off so successfully.
SECRETARY LAMAR’S ORATION.
The address of Secretary Lamar, who
was the orator of the occasion, was an elo
quent tribute to the memory of South Car
olina’s greatest son. The following' are a
lew of the points of the oration:
We are assembled to unveil the statue which
has been erected to commemorate the life and
services of John Caldwell Calhoun. It is an in
teresting fact that this statue is reared, not in
the centre of political power (the capital of the
nation), or in the emporiumt of American mate
rial civilization, but in his own native State,
where he lived all his life and was buried. This
circumstance is In harmony with the life and
character of the man. One of the most impres
sive traits of that life and character was the at
tachment between himself and the people of
When not in the actual discharge of his of
ficial duties he spent his time in retirement at
his private home at Fort Hill. lie was occupied
in agriculture, in which he took the deepest in
terest. Would that I had the power to portray
a Southern planters home! The sweet and
noble associations, the pure, refining, and ele
vating atmosphere of a household presided over
by a Southern matron; the abode of domestic
joys and duties) the peaceful yet active life of a
large land owner—occupation full of interest
and high moral responsibilities; the alliance be
tween man’s intellect and nature’s laws of pro
duction : the,hospitality, heartfelt, simple and
generous. The Southern planter was far from
being the self-indulgent, indolent, coarse and
overhokring person that he has sometimes been
pictured. He wao, in general, careful, patient,
provident, industrious, forbearing, and yet firm
MR. CALHOUN’S POLITICAL PRINCIPLES.
After giving a condensed statement of Mr.
Calhoun's early life and education, the orator
took him up at the time of his entrance into
Congress at the age of 88, on the eve of the war
of 1812. and described his political principles:
He rejected alike, said Mr. Lamar, the dogma
of the sovereignty of monarchies and aristocra
cies on the one hand, and on the other the shal
low fiction of the social contract as the founda
tion of government. He asserted boldly that
society and government both were of Divine
ordiuation; that the Supreme Creator and Ruler
of all had in his infinite wisdom assigned to
man the social and political state as the best
adapted to the development of the moral and
intellectual faculties and capacities
with which he had endowed him. The
fundamental principles of government—he
found in the wants and feelings and tendencies
of man, wrought there by the hand of God,
which, in their development, assumed the ut
tributes and functions of formal governments.
The external forms and organizations designed
to prevent the tendency of government to dis
order and injustice, called constitutions, are the
contrivances of men, who are left to perfect by
their reason aud free will the government that
the Infinite has ordained, just as He created
the material laws of the earth, and left muu to
impress it with his own personality. The right
to prescribe these constitutions and to coerce
society into submission to them is sovereignty.
That power in a nation which holds this su
preme authority in the last resort, from
which there is no appeal to a higher
power, is the sovereign power of that nation.
MR. CALHOUN’B EARLY PROMINENCE.
Mr. Clay has more than once declared that in
no Congress of which he had knowledge has
there been assembled such a galaxy of eminent
and able men as were in the House of Repre
sentatives of the Congress which declared war
against Englaud in 1812 and the one following it.
Mr. Calhoun was elected to that Congress at
the age of 27 years. He had been admitted to
the bar only two years before. Yet this un
known young man, this obscure attorney from
an obscure country village, a stranger to ele
gant accomplishments and graces of scholar
ship. before be had made a speech took his
place at the head of those distinguished
aud brilliant men, as their equal anil their
superior, aud maintained it with increasing
power and ever-widening fame to the end. In
the light of after events the cause of this extra
ordinary oireurustanee could be easily dlscerued.
In the presence of a groat impending crisis, full
of solemn import to men of sense and virtue,
whose extent the most far-sighted cannot fully
measure, and before whose dangers the most
resolute uaturally quail; when the voice of fao
tiou is hushed and rivalries aud animosities
cease; in such a crisis demanding immediate
action, mastery and leadership go of their own
accord to the master spirit, to the man of trans
cendent intellect, bravery of soul, promptness
of derision, energy of action, all strengthened,
sustained and vivified by an ardent and disin
DISUNION AND NULLIFICATION.
Mr. Lamar pointed out that Mr. Cal
houn’s speeches breathed the strongest senti
ment of devotion to the Union. In a speech
from which I have quoted, said Mr. Lamar:
He said that, in his opinion, the liberty and the
union of this country were inseparably united;
that, as the destruction of the latter would most
certainly Involve the former, so Its maintenance
will, with equal certainty, preserve it.
In explanation of Mr. Calhoun’s position
on Eolith Carolina’s nullification act Mr.
Lamar quoted from one of Mr. Calhoun’s
speeches as follows:
“Nullification leaves the members of tho asso
ciation or Union in the condition it found them
subject to all its burdens, and entitled to all
"its advantages, comprehending the member
“nullifying as well as the others—its object
"being not to destroy but to preserve, as has
“been stated * * * Secession, on the con
“trary, destroys, as far as the withdrawing
"member is concerned, the association or union.
“* * * Such are clearly the differences !**-
“tween them: differences so marked that, in
“stead of being identical, as supposed, they
“form a contrast in all the uspects in which
“they can lie regarded."
Whatever may be the objections to this doc
trine it must be admitted that it had not in it
one element of disunion. It might have proved
cumbrous and obstructive in the operations of
the government.; it might have impaired its
promptness and vigor and energy of action, and
probably would; but had it been recognized and
acted upon hy the Federal government it would
have ever prevented a resort to secession on the
one hand, or a resort to force on tin* other. But
the right was not recognized; it was denied and
inflexibly opposisl hy the general government,
which assumed to impose its own construction
of the constitution, against that of the States,
CALHOUN FIGHTING TIIE RATTLE OF HIS STATE
It was while tiie nullification excitement was
at its height that Mr. Calhoun resigned the
office of Vice President and took his scut in the
Senate In the place of Gen. Robert. Y. Hayne,
who had been chosen Governor of tiie State. A
few day:: after he took his seat President Jack
son stun a iuc.s..ago to Congress, transmitting
the ordinance of nuliillcation with his own proc
lamation, and recommending the passage of
measures which would enable him to compel, hy
the use of military force, the obedience and sub
mission of the Suites
It was ii|*m the occasion of this m.estage and
the force bill, which been me a law during that
sawtiou. that the great debate took place be
t ween Mr. Webster and Mr. Calhoun, memora
ble for the ability and eloquence displayed, the
eminent character ol the two great champions
of the hostile theories, and the magnitude of the
questions Involved. Unto the lime that Mr.
('ulhoun look hls Kittinl for what he deemed was
the cause of the Constitution anil the Union, ns
well m* the lllierty and I lie interest of the t*i >ple
of his on e State, national honors und dlstiiie
lions and fstpular applause seemed to have
sought him out und crowded bis |mth through
public file. He had up to that motiiciil Isvu
regarded as the most renew usd and alibiing
character among living American
statesmen, and next to Jackson,
Me most popular, lie won but one step from
tiie l’resluencv ami was regarded u< the heir*
apparent of President Jackson, who. It was tin
di-u.-t-ssl. would s-*rve but one term. To my
I# lll n 1 tlr-re is nothing -nmslisl with Mr Cal
lioun's life so fraught with touching iwitjos. so
cliursoiertsilc of tin* grand soul of tie* ms a a*
tje Isolation of hisjsmltion when he t<s>k Ids
pine 111 *lo I'nib-d Males Senate lie saw nil
the isipularit)- wtitcb marked the early |s#n of
lita oitaT i eiwltiig from lum lie saw a ms
joibv nt ail Ha old |N>liti>-aJ associates siel
in-nds 111 Ihe Semite nos 111 Uosllli* sirsj
against him. mot his "Id |-Illin4 •-leiules 111
iD'ift'ti •iiiH'uinfv sllii *i *iih Nul i/iif*
F!II*T In#it* ' liuit uf llu* l U*Mfc
li/ ;-wuth iu 11*1* AimiJ unortui lUmJi
|HU,*.** of i wUU Um* fVtciakUMjf *4
|. #. | u*t<l tH*f Prr j
111 tff HMMMMJJH* 1 41 tnr*r
hi* SUU** kl*U IrMVmihrfff •*• iu ti* wltH’U li|4
)iii4 until/*'p#*w A t*;*u M, U# itj a . 1
UI4 §4l H 0 b**tM*i*m Hut ili
SAYANNAII, GA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27, 1887.
not; strong in his own conviction of the justice
of bis cause; self-poised in the counsels of his
own mind, doing nothing rashly, and yet noth
ing timidly or doubtfully: ready to immolate
himself for (he right which ids' State had en
trusted to his defense, this noble, brave man, on
whose brow God had set the seal of truth; whose
eye beamed bright with the devotion that fired
his soul—courage, manliness, sincerity, truth in
every tore and look—greatness in every linea
ment of his countenance—stood alone and pre
vailed. Yes, prevailed! For the controversy,
when closed, was closed by the compromise act
which repealed the law that his State had nul
MR. CALHOUN AS A CIVIL SERVICE REFORMER.
On Feb. 5, 1885, he made a report on the ex
tent of government patronage which startled
the country by its revelations of the enormous
extent to which the abuses of the system had
grown, and the degenerating influences it was
exercising alike upon the government and the
character of the people. Animated aud acri
monious debates arose in the Senate upon the
facts stated in the report. Iu maintenance of
the positions assumed therein Mr. Calhoun
made a speech which is perhaps as applicable
to the present times as it was to those in which
it was delivered. After showing how alarm
ingly the system has grown he pro
cueued to demonstrate the causes which pro
duced it and gave to it its growth and its dan
gerous influences. At the head of these causes
he placed "the practice so greatly extended, if
not for the first time introduced, of removing
from office persons well qualified and who had
faithfully performed their duty, in order to till
the places with those who were recommended
on the ground that they belonged to the party in
power.” hi speaking of the extent of its growth
he stated that Washington in his eight years of
service had made but nine removals; Madison
but five, Mouroe but ten, and that he, whilst Sec
retary of War for more than seven years, re
moved but two, and that for cause.
He said: ‘‘So long as offices were considered
as public trusts, to he conferred on the honest,
the faithful and capable, for the Common good,
and not for the benefit or gain of the incumbent
or his party; and so long as it was the practice
of the g< ivernmeut to continue iu office those
who faithfully performed their duties, its pa
tronage, in point of fact,was limited to the mere
power of nominating to accidental vacancies or
to newly created offices, and could, of course,
exercise but a moderate influence either over
the body of the community or of the office
holders themselves; and when the practice was
reversed, when offices, instead of being consid
ered as public trusts, to be conferred on the de
serving, were regarded as the spoils of victory,
to be bestowed as rewards for partisan
services without respect to merit;
when it came to • be understood
that all who held office, held by the tenure of
partisan zeal and party service it is easy to see
that the certain, direct and inevitable tendency
of such a state of things is to convert the entire
body of those in office iuto corrupt and supple
instruments of power, and to raise up a host of
hungry, greedy and subservient partisans,ready
for any service, however base anil corrupt.
Were a premium offered for the best means of
extending to the utmost the power of patron
age; to destroy love of country; to encourage
vice and discourage virtue; and, in a word, to
prepare for the subversion of liberty and the
establishment of despotism; no scheme more
perfect could be de^vised; and such must be the
tendency o? the practice, with whatever inten
tion adopted to whatever extent pursued.”
PLEDGES OF PARTIES AND PUBLIC MEN.
Mr. Lamar quoted from one of Mr. Cal
houn's speeches, in reply to Senator Benton,
of Missouri, with reference to the pledges of
public men, as follows:
“I consider it," said Mr. Calhoun, “as an evi
dence of that deep degeneracy which precedes
the downfall of a republic, when those elevated
to power forget the promises on which they
were elevated; the certain effect of which is to
make an impression on the public tniud that all
is juggling and trickery in politics, and to create
an indifference to political struggles highly fa
vorable to the growth of despotic power.”
Continuing, Mr. Lamar said:
I am proud to say, fellow-citizens, that it
has been my good fortune to be associated with
one against whose administration the only
criticism which has been pronounced is his
sacred regard for similar promises, and the un
conquerable iutrepidity with which he stamls by
Mr. Lamar also paid a high compliment
to Senator Butler, of South Carolina, for
the ability, eloquence and firmness with
which he hod sustained these doctrines of
Calhoun, and also to South Carolina for her
recent resolutions on the subject of
civil service reform, mid her support of tho
President’s action on the subject.
Fellow-Citizens—The institution of slavery!
That question has been settled. Slavery is dead
—buried iu a grave that never gives up its dead.
Why reopen it to-day? Let it rest. Yet, if I re
main silent upon the subject it will be taken os
an admission that there is one part of Mr. Cal
houn’s life of which it. is prudent for his friends
to say nothing to the present general lon. Dis
simulation and evasion were so foreign to his
character that in his own case no one would
disapprove and even disdain such silence more
than he. I have this to say': That with refer
ence to the constitutional status of
slavery in the States, Mr. Calhoun
never entertained or expressed a senti
ment that was not entertained and expressed
by Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, Daniel
Webster, aud all the eminent statesmen of his
time. That slavery was an institution of
society in the States, sanctioned and upheld by
the constitution of the United States; that it
was an institution of property, recognized, pro
tected amt enforced, even upon the Slates where
slavery did not exist, by the fundamental law
of the Union: that it was an institution of
political power which, under the provisions of
tiie constitution, increased the representation of
the Southern States on the floor of Congress
and in the electoral college was admitted by
every public inun iu the country who had tho
slightest, title to position as a statesman.
The only difference between Mr. Calhoun on
the one hand. Webster and Clay and such
statesmen on the other, was that the measures
hostile to slavery which they sometimes counte
nanced, and at other times advocated, he saw
un i predicted where ill conflict with these guar
antees in the constitution, and that their direct
tendency and into liable effect, and, in many
cases, avowed motive, was the destruction of
slavery in the States. And whilst Mr. Webster
and Mr. Clay disclaimed any such motive and
denied any such probable effects, he declared to
Mr. Wetister iu debate that the sentiment would
grow and increase until, in spite of the consti
tution. emancipation would lie consummated,
unit that he (Mr. Webster) would himself lie
compelled to succumb to it or t* swept down
Mr. Lamar then went on to make quotations
from Calhoun's speeches to sh ja that these
predictions of his came true. JnMie oonrse of
his remarks on this subject Mr. lsouar stated
that if at this very day tiie North or (!:* Ameri
can Union were lo propose to re-establish the
institution the South could not aud would not
accept it as a boon.
A TRUE BON or SOUTH CAROLINA.
Mr. Ixunar closed as follows;
Mr. Calhoun was the true son of South Caro
lina. Ills just fame and gren! name were the
fruits of her social system, and it will be tier
glory when succeeding generations shall learn
and apprecinte the lessons of isilitlcal truth
taught l>.v him anil shall inhale Ms pure spirit of
patriotism, hi exalted conception of duty, and
become inupin’d by tin* honor, fidelity, courage
und purity of life which risited themselves in
the soul of the mim whose statue Mouth < 'arolina
women hale erected in commemoration of tiie
affectionate reverence With which they commend
him to til" liouor. lore, imitation and confidence
Measles at Madison.
Madison, Wts., April at}.—At least -Kit)
children urn said to lie down with iiiinulhm
in this city. Many ndults are nlllicUsl. Tho
public sclnsils have Isvti closed.
HAVAOKH IN qr Kilter.
fji KHio Anrll ’Jfi. --Advice* front tbs
valley of Hi. Maurice state Hint the dhstnw*
known us block lever, accompanied by
illphtls-na, is making terrible ravages .
union/ Lite issqile at Mount tartlet. Tin* |
isillily of u r'leucli ertt'ev iiniiu and AllLais*
\ saiifpsil* lias Is "il mured ilestioyod, o.ght
dj .it he ha\ nig token place. 'He re is no
l>r<*js*cl of on tuujy statsiiistit of the
M AuMitK/toN, April ‘Pi. I'lg First N*
train I liouk ‘ff Hi iteiviti*, Jf If, has been
autiUu i/ si i t i o uutmpni htMuuM* with a
COAMUiI (if |! SI.USi.
CLOTURE TO BE APPLIED
THE SPEAKER BOUND TO END THE
A Nationalist Enlivens the House by
Compelling W. H. Smith to Explain
the Stigma He Put Upon the League
—The Giadstonians Also Make Him
Face the Music—A Serious Row Nar
London, April 36. —When the motion was
made in the House of Commons this even
ing to go into committee on the coercion
bill Mr. Reid, Liberal member for Dum
fries, moved that the House decline to pro
ceed with any measure directed against ten
ants combining for relief until full measure
for their relief from excessive rents was
presented in Parliament.
Shaw Lefevre, Liberal member for Cen
tral Bradford, seconded Mr. Reid’s motion.
Mr. Balfour, Chief Secretary for Ireland,
said the government must oppose any
amendment. The bill was meant to put
down crime that no country in Europe
would tolerate, and tho government would
not tolerate it twent3 r -four hours after tho
passage of the measure.
THE CLASSIFICATION ASKED FOR.
Mr. Gladstone asked whether Mr. Balfour
would furnish a memorandum showing upon
what principle the police classified crime in
Mr. Balfour said he would furnish a mem
orandum giving the desired information.
Viscount Wolmer, in the course of a
Unionist speech, referred to the charges
against Parnell, and asked why a libel ac
tion had not been opened against the Times.
He said that Mr. Parnell, unless the charges
were proved to be true, could not only get
enormous damages from his calumniators,
hut at the same time could aim a deadly
blow at the Unionist cause. If an action
was not commenced the pebple could not be
blamed for drawing the worst conclusions
against the Paruellites.
Mr. Harrington deprecated the spirit that
had been imparted to the debate. He had
thought that the word of a man who had
never yet been proved guilty of falsehood
would have been taken anywhere. If it
suited the Conservatives to repeat their
offensive insinuations and continue the same
offensive methods, then their opponents
could hardly be held answerable for their
temper in meeting the charges. [Parnellite
cheers.] Similar insults and calumnies
had been, met in former times in a very
different if.'' 1 , ner from that adopted nowa
days. [Cthfirs.] Mr. Harrington then pro
ceeded to criticise the bill.
MR. SMITH CALLED ON TO EXPLAIN.
The debate in the House of Commons to
night was languid. The speakers repeated
the old arguments and the House was inat
tentive. An interesting incident occurred,
however, resulting from a question put by-
Joseph L. Carew, member for North Kil
dare, Nationalist, vho asked what W. H.
Brnith meant by associating the National
League with the “cowardly assassins who
were tyrannizing over peaceful peasants."
In reply to this inquiry Mr. Smith stated
that the phrase occurred in a letter written
by his soeretaiy. He himself had not seen
it, but he accepted the responsibility for the
The question was then asked: “What did
Mr. Smith mean by coupling the Glad
stonians with avowed enemies or England?”
Mr. Smith again admitted that this phrase
had been used by his secretary in a letter
which he himself had not seen. He declined
to be explicit as to the meaning of the ex
pression, but referred his questioners to the
columns of United Ireland.
Mr. Smith’s remarks gave rise to consid
erable excitement and disorder and a seri
ous row was imminent, but the Speaker in
terfered and succeeded in restoring pence.
The Liberals are dissatisfied, however, and
will insist upon a formal explanation by Mr.
Smith. The government has decided to ap
ply cloture on Thursday if the opposition
persists iu prolonging this debate.
Mi*ssrs. Mundelia and Dillon criticised the
crimes and land bills. Mr. Dillon said that
the Irish people were crowding the emigrant
shijis us fust as they could be borne away.
If instead of giving substantial relief the
government persisted in offering the deliber
ate and contemptible mockery found in the
land bill, some jioople in despair would seek
refuge in America, while others, courage
ous enough to remain at home, would
reek refuge in some sort of a combination,
if not openly then secretly.
THE 208 AMENDMENTS.
Of 203 amendments to the crimes bill
already noticed the Paruellites have con
tributed 88, tho Giadstonians 61), the Con
servatives ;iB, and the Unionists 8. None
have yet been made in the names of either
the Giadstonian or Parnellite leadei-s. Proba
bly 100 more amendments will lie added
before Thursday. The Unionists have still
to meet to decide their course of action in
the committee stage. Lord Hartington will
consult Lord Salisbury with regard to the
views of the Unionists. The Ulster Union
ists are dissatisfied with the distribution of
the benefits projiost il by the land bill, which
they regard as unfair, tied they are agitating
for a revision of tiie bill in that respect.
The government propones an alternative
to the bankruptcy clause* of the land bill,
giving county judges power in cases of ne
cessity to make aiiangemente between
tenants and creditors without recourse to
GLADSTONE AT A LABOR DINNER.
Mr. Gladstone mt tile Lalxir memtiers of
Parliament at a private dinner this evening.
He was l ulled upon for a speech and rr-
Knonfled briefly. His remarks were mainly
devoted to tiie question of reducing election
ex|M*nes and throwing the charges on rates.
Referring to the relations between the
Liberals und Paruellites, he said Dial he hail
received only one letter from Mr. Parnell
in his life.
Earl M|!inx*r, sjleaking at an anti-coer
cion demonstration iu South London to
night, reiterated libs disbelief that there was
any connection between the Paruellites and
outrages in Ireland. If tho Lils-rals were
to Is* denounced for thrir dealing* with the
Paruellites, how could Lord Camavon
who had sought Mr. Parnell’s
advice and assistance escape rein
sure? Ho denied thut the Glu/tstoiilaiis
ml v>sotted separation on trial to shield crim
inals. If the Unioniat*lsdlevHil the Parnell
ito* to Isi ruffians, why did they offer to In
trust them with any local government what
ever? He oil vised that nil endeavor he made
to reunite th<* Lila*ral. liuxwtriurion h* said
thut Ireland could only Iw rcremcllrel to
Great. Britain lv the wine triutiiient tliul
( 'aniclii ami Australia had rereitvul and
thut tiie Anmrc'nit colonies hud Iscti denied.
A Inter was rad from Mr Gladstone, In
which lie soi l "Tlx.* pesos* of Iroland ami
the honor of England urn alike involved in
Uiu defeat of the itiwuin’iisd resavbui bill,”
KX < OftHMIIKHATfcM MYtIFATMIMF
Ai oi sis, (jA., April ‘Pi -The Votffed
crate ait dtr *t their anoMi m**tlng ff
liigtst unMuijMoustjr mdinAmi tits following
Ste-nirert, ffaM Minsfamilto eowreWM Mfl
pmuAUtm te'b h Mri Id) TPmAUmmn ms • <
**<#■ mum its litrofMsof <i* hl.u
' sms awl was#* usi to tut
Ireland, and that we extend our sympathy and
support to Messrs, Gladstone and Parnell in their
eftorta to defeat it and obtain for Ireland tho
benefits of home rule.
GERMANY VERY SfLOW.
The French Report on the Incident
Paris, April 2(5.—A Cabinet council was
hold to-day to consider the Schnaebeles af
fair. M. Flourens, Minister of Foreign Af
fairs,read a long dispatch from M. Herbette,
the French Ambassador at Berlin, describ
ing nu interview he had had with Count
Herbert Bismarck, the German Foreign
Minister, in relation to the ar
rest of M. Schnaebeles. In view
of this interview the cabinet telegraphed
fresh orders to M. Herbette.
A dispatch from Berlin says that. M. Hor
hetto yesterday presented to Count Herbert
Bismarck a complete statement of the
French side of the -Schnaebeles case. Count
Herbert state! that tho German Foreign
Office had not yet received all the docu
ments bearing on the German side of the
ease. The dispatch also says that it is re
ported that Herr von Putkamor, Minister
of Justice for Alsace-Lorraine, has been in
structed to make an entirely fresh investiga
tion of the affair.
RUSSIA VERY CAREFUL.
St. Petersburg, April 26. —The govern
ment has prevented tho Russian admirers of
Gen. Boulanger, the French Minister of
War, from sending him a sword of honor
on the ground that such an act would
create .-in erroneous impression in regard to
Russia’s foreign policy. M. de Giers, For
eign Minister, will remain in cilice.
London, April 2(l.—Tho Foreign Office
has received advices from the British Em
bassy in Berlin saying that the German gov
ernment gives assurances that the Seiinae
boles incident is not likely to lead to pro
BELGIUM’S KING AS AN ARBITRATOR.
Vienna, April 26. —It is reported that the
French government will, if the French and
German accounts of the Schnaebeles affair
prove irreconcilable, propose to submit the
matter to the King of Belgium for arbitra
Italy and the Pope.
Rome, April 2(5. — It is stated that a
reconciliation between tho Vatican and the
Quirinal is imminent. The basis of tiie
agreement are said to be as follows: Catho
lics are to be admitted to elections; a
guarantee will be given that laws will
h<|tnorc effectively carried out, aud the
Pofio will be officially invited to re
sume his former splendid ceremonies at
St. Peter’s and to reside sometimes at Gan
dolfo. In short, Italy will claim the privi
lege of protecting the Holy See and the Pope
will support Italy’s foreign and colonial
policy. Many of the Cardinals, it is said,
oppose the scheme on the grouud that Italy
wants the Pope, who is able to do without
Gladstone’s Budget Speech.
London, April 26.—Mr. Gladstone was
incorrectly reported to have said in his
speech against Mr. Goscheu’s budget last
evening that he believed the country was
adding £100,000,000 per annum to her
wealth. What he said was that he believed
the country was becoming richer than ever,
and that she hail added £100,000,000 to her
wealth in recent years.
A Papal Allocution.
Rome, April 26. —A Papal allocution was
submitted to the Council of Cardinals yes
terday, and will lie pronounced at the
coming consistory. It refers to the peace
male with Prussia and the changes in the
hierarchy of India. It has been finally ar
ranged that Mgr. Ramsalla shall become
l’ajial Secretary of State.
Sofia, April 26.—A fresh Zankofflst or
pro-Russian conspiracy has been discovered
here. Several men who formerly were offi
cers in the Bulgarian army have been
arrested for actual participation in the new
Launching of tho Thistle.
London, April 26.—Mr. Bell’s racing cut
ter Thistle, which is to go to America to
compete for the America’s cup, was launched
this morning. The spectators were favor
ably impressed with her appearance.
Russia’s Credit Good.
St. Petersburg, April 26.—The sub
scrip* ions to the now Russian loan foot up
ten fines the amount of the loan.
The Company Refuses to Sell Through
Tickets Over Thirty-Two Roads.
Pittsburg, April 36.—The trouble be
tween the railroads of the Western Passen
ger Association and those of the Central
Traffic Association, regarding the sale of
through tickets owl the abolishing of com
missions, is assuming a more serious phase.
It is said that a number of roads that con
sented to tlu* proposed agreement with the
Eastern roads, including the Gould system,
have not fully complied with the
i imposed agreement. Asa result the
Pennsylvania Company has issued
another circular discontinuing the sulo
of tickets of the following roads:
Burlington and Missouri River; Chicago,
Burlington and Quincy; Chicago, Milwau
kee ana St. Paul; Green Bay, Winona and
Ht. Paul; Hannibal and St. Joseph; Kansas
City, St. Joseph and Council Bluffs; Mis
souri Pacific; Missouri, Kansas and Texas;
Mliwaukoe mid Northern; Rt 1 . I/iuis, Iron
Mountain and Southern: Ht. luis, Keokuk
and Northwestern, and Texas Pacific. This
makes a total of thirty-two railroads in the
We-t to which the Pennsylvania Company
has now refused to sell through tickets.
The general passenger agent* of the rail
roads in the Central Traffic Association
were to have held a mooting at Chicago to
day for tho purpose of adopting a uniform
jmlicy regarding the payment of commis
sions by Western roods. Only five lines had
representative* present. Action in the mut
ter was indefinitely postponed.
Recompensed for Hls Wounds.
Washington, April 36. Acting (decre
tory Thompson to-day appoint#*! James H.
Wheeler, of Virginia, n sutehman at tn
Treasury I>*|iartiuct>t. Mr. Wheeler 1* the
man who was so Isidly Injured ut Htoh
uiond, Va., last year by the premature dis
cliarge <>f a camion while firing a salute in
honor of tiie visit of President, Cleveland.
A Flood at Evansville.
Chicago, April 26 A dangerous flood
iieevatl* ut Kvnjisville, I ml. A large area of
iMitt/uu land* around the city 1* submerged
ami lb” olr lo Incieavtng. Mills, fn>doni
anil Itiinlwr yat'is have from one to four
feel of water in them The i/Nitsville,
Evansville and Hi. l/tii* railroad depot is lit
tiie middle of n vast lake.
CooK County’s Hotelisrs.
Chicago. Ap*d to Judge Toky tills
nesiilPK overrul'd m mote** lor S cJuuige of
venue front Cook county in the teerJler
•■mm sod the triads wifi therefore take
pis**# m Otto*
BOTH KNOCKED OUT.
Two Prominent Officials in Indiana
Nearly Kill Each Other.
St. Loi'lS, April 20. —A speciul from Jef
ferson City, Mo., says that ex-Supreme
Judge John W. Henry and Stata Auditor
Walker had an altercation on the street be
tween it and 10 o’clock this morning in
which Judge Henry was shot once in the
rigid anm and again in the breast, and
Walker was severely cut in the head by a
blow from Judge Henry’s cane. Both men
are now in charge of physicians.
The affair grew out of the late investiga
tion of Auditor Walker by the legislative
committee. Mr. Walker accused .Judge
i Henry of talking about him with a view to
injuring him, and took strong exception to
the Judge’s testimony before the com
mittee. Judge Henry replied that
he had told nothing hut the truth, where
upon Mr. Walker, in very profane and em
phatic language; called him a liar. Judge
Henry then struck Mr. Walker over the
head wit h his cane, and Mr. Walker whipped
out a pistol and fired at him. The halt en
tered the palm of the Judge’s left hand,
passed up nis arm just under the skin to
near the elbow, where it came out,
crossed his breast and lodged in the breast
bone. The wound is severe and may be a
dangerous one. Mr. Walker got a heavy
blow on the left temple, cutting a long gash,
and he is now suffering from nervous pros
tration, palpitation of the heart and numb
ness of his leftside, but the doctors say ho
will bo all right in a few days. Both are
old men and Judge Henry is quite feeble.
The Kansas Board of Railroad Asses
sors In an Accident.
Topeka, Kan., April 2#, —A special train
arrived on the Rock Island road at 3 o’clock
this afternoon, having on board a party of
injured men from Horton. They consisted
of Lieut. Gov. Riddle, Secretary of State
Allen and State Auditor McCarthy, of the
Kansas Board of Railroad Assessor's, who
have been making a tour of inspection over
the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska road.
They were accompanied by President Low
and General Manager Fischer, and wit h the
entire train crew were more or less bruised
and injured. The tender of the locomotive
jumped the truck, and the entire train was
dumped at the bottom of a twenty-live foot
embankment. Nobody was killed or dan
gerously hurt, but nobody on the train os
caned without some painful memento of the
LEAPING FROM FIRE.
Inmates of a Burning Building at Alle
gheny Have a Cloee Oall.
Pittsbt t h<}, April 36. —Fire broke out at
1 o’clock this morning in the grocery store
of Willis Bros., corner of Laeook and Carey
streets, Allegheny City. The upper part of
the building was occupied as a residence by
Mr. Willis’family and several of their em
ployes. With great difficulty the firemen
i escued seven of these people in partially
suffocated condition. Two men fell or
jumped from the upper stories and received
injuries probably fatal. Sophie Boles anil
Fred Schultz were found after the lire was
extinguished suffocated in their beds in the
fourth story. Six out of the seven rescued
were members of the Willis family. One
outsider was badly hurt in endeavoring to
break the fall of one of the men who fell
from a window.
EVICTIONS IN DAKOTA.
The Settlers Allowed Three Days in
Which to Depart.
Pierre, Dak., April 26.—The eviction of
settlers from the Crow reservation has com
menced at Big Bend, and a number have al
ready lieeu moved. The settlers have been
given throe days’ notice to go, and if still on
the ground at the expiration of that time
the military will take charge. A poor widow,
named Ryan, who had her all invested, was
ordered off, but having no means the sol
diere loaded her furniture into a wagon,
placed the old lady on top nnd carted her to
the nearest station. The soldiers will re
main throe weeks on the Crow Creek reser
vation and the government will fence in the
larger part of the land. Indignation runs
high, and efforts are being made to sup
press the cruel treatment marked out.
JONES HOLDS THE PORT.
Republican Senators Driven Out of the
Albany, N. Y., April 26.—When the
Senate adjourned to-day the Republicans
went into a room adjoining the chamber,
which is i>pulnrly designated the Lieuten
ant Governor’s room. The Senatorial cau
cuses of both parties have been held in
this room ever since the new
capital was opened. To-day, for the
first time, the Republicans were driven
out of it by Lieut. Gov. Jones,
who, as soon as the Senate adjourned, took
possession of it, buried his head in a news
paper and became fixed to the sjxrt.
When the Senators saw they were not to
have the room alone, as usual, they quietly
withdrew and took to the library.
Tho British Commissioners Arrive at
Washington, but Refuse to Talk.
Washington, April did.—Sir Edward
Thornton and Messrs. H. N. Braithwaite and
E. O. P. Bouverie, the committee on the
part of the foreign bondholders of Virginia
bonds to effect an arrangement of the debt
question with Virginia, arrived in this city
to-night, and are stopping at Wormley’s
Hotel. They will go to Richmond day utter
to-morrow and meet the commissioners on
tho i>art of the Htute. Sir Edwurd Thorn
ton snid to-night that he could sav nothing
in regal'd to what would lie done in the way
of a settlement of the matter until after he
had seen the Virginia Stnte Commissioners.
C. M. Depevv a Presidential Possibility.
Wash i noton, April Ex-Commis
sioner W. VV. Dudley, of Indiana, who
usually knows what Is going on In the Re
publican party, has .just returned from New
York, where he talked with a number of
leading Republican*. He says that it seemed
to be general! v understood by those he tallied
wil.ii that if Blaine was not nominated him
self in IMH ho would noniin#te (.huunooy
Montreal's Flood Hocodlog.
Montkkai., April The water is still
slowly ini'islhig. Considerable damage Ims
lieen done at Fort laiiltint, Ikmchcrville,
Varennes, Verchamw, Morel, Hire' Itivem,
Borthier and other places, Up to last even
Ing there had ls"'ii delivered to the relief
committee 7,fi7Mnu vhh of bread, J.Ll.lp minis
of tea, LVll |siuii'ls of sugar and .'l.'Jlti
|siiJii<iw of elieese. Nearly ail thi* lias Imhiii
Rich but Creaky.
Hai.timohm, April ‘id. A jury was soi
lie'ied to'lay by tin* Hiie:i(T to deii mu lie
Un* mental eondtUhM of i.jnlsa-t 1 iittnu*.
■Mw> of tig Wiallilewt men of this <'4jr. fils
ymurtr is stimeUsd at tiJW'
| PRICE S! A YEAR. I
t 5 CENTS A COPY.f
MAKERS OF RAIL RATES.
THE COMMISSION OBSERVES MB.
Delegations From Nearly Every Im-.
portant Southern City at Atlanta
Look After the Interests of Their
Respective Localities—The Cornmis.
slon Outlines Its Programme—Gen.
Alexander’s View of the Buslues*
Atlanta, April 26.—The Interstate Com
merce Commission arrived here this morn
ing and were escorted by the committee of
the Chamber of Commerce to the Kimball
House. U|K>n learning that Memorial Day
is a legal holiday in Georgia, the commis
sion decided to postiwne until 10 o'clock to
morrow morning the session which was tot
have been held to-day. Tbo Commissioners
were subsequently driven out to Oakland 1
cemetery to witness the memorial cere
The commission has adopted tho follo w
Kim,—The commission will not convert*
for business to-day, having inadvertentlyj
named for a day for its session a legal holt,
day. If it shall lx? found that persons havW
ismie from a distance expecting to he heard
on the first, day, and who will lx; ineonve
niem-ed by remaining,Jibe commission, oj(
the fact, Ix'ing made known, will assign ad
hour in the evening for hearing them.
Second—On Wednesday the commission
will convene at the City Council chamber an
10 o’clock in the morning and continue in
session until 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Tha
afternoon session will tiegiu at 4 o'clock*! I
continue so long as may he found necftitMML.
to f. ■*
onici the tv* | line i " .ijMkii ordetS
and c\|x'ibtious the niniiiiidn Mflßl
i" w '•
■I Lit I,'ict.s !o ->i,. tli' ;n to eptttlK
Mon- ; loin Lit. a; 'I ■; i ■ it>a*;,**d .tS
t hey • • x| ii'i tto lie, ol,i! t hell'
taking >t evidence. The </'UK
iuYxilowii a general ru'e t hat jdfaatd.COtttf
panics shall not charge nr >re for * tbor|f||
' ■ 1 ' ii
section of the country, have presented ; JBBP
tions for orders establishing certain except
tioiLs, and in order to avoid mischief pctnls
ing an investigation upon them, temporara
orders have been made. A defi
nite hearing upon these petitions iS
now to be entered upon, and the pe-j
titioners will be expected to make
out their cases. Their evidence will first b*
taken, but with it may lie given the evis
ilcnce or memorials ot boarils of trade or
other organizations, whether of a governs
mental or commercial nature, which sup.
port the same view. Afterward the com
mission will receive opposing evidence. All
evidence, except such as may be document
ary, will be taken on oath.
LISTS OK WITNESSES.
Third—Petitioning jMirties will be ex.
pected to present to the commission before
the morning meeting of Wednesday a list of
the witnesses they desire to have examines
arranged in pro)>er order for calling. They"
will lx? permitted to examine tiiem them
selves. hut the commission will pursue an,
examination at pleasure and will allow",
other parties to cross-examine. Before that
afternoon session opposing parties will be
expected to present their list for like ex
Fourth—When the evidence is all in the
commission will hear arguments iqx>n it and
any question of const ruction of 1h w that may
seem to bear uixjn the proper determination
to be made. For the purposes of such hear
ing a session will lx- held at the Council
room at 10 o’clock Thursday morning, and
the names of those desiring to lx; beam will
be expected to lie furnished to the
xkiii before that hour. Those
the ]X'titions will be allowed to open aflH,
close the discussion. 'SgH
MANY TOWNS REPRESENTED. M
This evening delegations have
from all the leading towns in Florida,
' Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, mt* M
bama und Georgia, as well as repp iMte
lives of large interests from Cincinnati
other cities at a distance. They are in
sion to night for t he purpose off
their grievances, so as to save the
tlie commission. The lumber interest is
of the strongest represented, while the iron
men will make a vigorous effort to iiave tha
order made permanent, suspending the
Among the railroad members here are
Col. John B. Peck, General Manager of the
Mouth Carolina railway; Gen. E. P. Alex
ander, of the Central; IT. M. Smith and M.
-Stahlman, of the i/niisville and Nashville)
Maj. Green, of the (teorgia railroad; Mr.
Thotnas, of the Nashville and Chattanooga
railway, and Alix'rt Fink, receiver of the
East Tennessee, Virginia und Georgia rail
GEN. ALEXANDER'S VIEWS.
Gen. E. I’. Alexander said to a report**
to-night: “My impression is that the rail
way representatives have no grievances to
lay before the Commissioners at this time.
They had an opportunity to present their
ease fully ut the meeting of the < ommissiou
in Washington. They aid so in so able a
manner that the commission a<-ceded to their
demands by sus|*-iidiiig the operation of tbo
obnoxious section four of tiie act. All that
the railways can now reasonably
require is thut the temi*>rry suspension to
unule permanent. This lam disposed to be
lieve will be done. There are many railway
men here, but so fares I am informed they
do not projstse making any organized move
ujKin the commission. Indeed the Commis
sioners have plainly said: ‘We do not
deal re to hear from the railways now for
we have given them a hearing. We want
to give the business men and people an
auiuettco.’ This means that the people,
merchants, mill men, etc.; will have the
first claim upon the commission.
The Convention Resolves to Memorial*
Charleston, April At a public
meeting of the Convention of the Shipping
I s-ague of t he Mouth Atlantic Utah's, held to
night, the following resolutions were
ffem/eerf, That l hi* convent lon should urge
upon the Congress of the United Slate* the
lutssagi- of hul is kiwwn as the "tonnage bill.'’
/.,si//i-d, That i!'" ■ ition further urge
upon Congress iaini--liut<* pirnUioiia for tle
fei so tor the great extent of coast of the United
UtMilreil. That the convention further urge
life>n Congress immediate provision for the ms.
ismvi meat of the river* and harts*** of the
South Allantic coast.
The meet lag was thinly attended, but the
discussion vres mummed Tim r- *>lutiim*
were adopted with only one disw-ntinK
VDOV The coll Volition adjourned W uItSM
in Wuslungtoii in ApHI ta xi
Drowning of it Soldier.
Ft Mokhoi, Va., April yd,~-IVlv*te
VV tiigfh-ld H, Miller o| llmury U, Fifth Ar
ttiler), wo* drowned last night white t*
timing from tile H-d-in**'flotnu Thcetre,
I Hi* lljf was ie-rev-ad