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HOW CATHEDRALS ARE BUILT.
New Conditions and Purposes to be
Met by the Proposed Monument.
From the .Veto York Herald.
Bishop Potter's recent letter proposing a
Protestant cathedral that shall cost £ 10,000,-
000 stands out unique among all the ca
thedral building projects that have euriehed
and glorified the world. It is evident that
before the announcement the scheme was
far advanced. In view of the farts the
story is probably true to w hich the Church
Hum gave publicity concerning the late
Miss Wolfe’s intention to give $1,000,000
toward an Episcopal cathedral and
the failure of her dying had to respond to
this intention. Bishop Potter hardly would
have hazarded a project that concerns not
only his own church, but the city. State and
nation, without some definite' chances of
success befoie him. The immediate and
liberal responses of Mr. D. Willis James
and Mr. Henry Marquand confirms this
Cathedrals in every age have been the
most legible records left to us of the times
in which they were reared. That the pro
posed new cathedral will represent our
times as clearly there is little doubt since
revelations of this sort are unconscious.
The broad distinction tietwocn ourselves
and the past the proposition and those
to whom it appeals. In the age which gave
birth to cathedrals a cathedral meant a
church built by and for the people, as dis
tinct from churches springing more directly
out of the great ecclesiastical organization.
It was always born out ol' some great popu
lar movement, either of religion, affection,
gratitude or local pride. It "implied the re
lation of the church to the masses. In those
days the church wns the great and only
protector of the poor. It stood, a wall of
defense, between serf and noble. It was
the refuge in times of trouble. It was re
membered with gifts iu times of joy.
THE CHURCH SOW WORKS FOR THE PEOPLE.
The relation of the church to civilization
is now entirely changed. Not that it holds
a loss place. On the contrary, its work is
greater, more enduring. Cathedrals sprang
from the people. The people worked for the
church. The church now works for the
people. Its tendency is not to unite in one,
but to throw off spurs that shall form
centres of righteousness aud civilization in
dark places. So manifest and well recog
nized is this tendency that it is the common
remark that the age of cathedrals is past.
The religious element that once took form
in the cathedral now belongs to the parish
church. It is not Notre Dame, but Saint
Roch that attracts the fashion of Paris, it
is not St Paul, but St. George, Hanover
■square, that draws the elite of London.
What is true of these classes is true of all
other classes. Tbeir religious homes are
The proposition to build a cathedral in
this city, then, must appeal on another side
and to another class, and must be built un
der different conditions.
The Roman Catholic organization necessi
tates cathedrals. But no one can compare
the building of the cathedral on Fifth ave
nue to the building of the cathedrals of the
Middle Ages, or see any parallel in either tho
building or the place trie cathedral occupies.
In the first place, there is the mere matter
of a site. The new cathedral will probably
be built in some part of the island that will
relate ruther to the future of this city than
toitspresent limits. Theavailable locations
certainly lack tho hallowod association of a
martyr's blood or of the rallying place of
persecuted Christians crowned at last in
triumph by a majestic cathedral. But this
again is one of the signs of the new era. We
have no marty rs.
ASSTHETICIBM RATHER THAN SPIRITUALITY.
The inspiring motive for a cathedral must
be found in some new direction. One has
been put forth. It should be a common pro
test against the materialism of the age.
But against this it is urged that the ten
dency of religious expression, even among
those churches that are the outgrowth of
Puritanism, is toward outward observances,
and such a tendency is in its essence ma
terial rather than spiritual. A cathedral,
with its lofty vaults, recessed aisles, myste
rious lights, the gorgeous pageant
of its service and echoing har
monies in this day tends toward aestheticism
rather than spirituality, and aestheticism
prtains peculiarly to the gratification of
the senses. This makes such a project ap
jieal directly and with great foree to men of
wealth, accustomed to luxurious surround
ings, and to natrons of the arts. From
such Bishop Potter will find instant re
But it is advisable to make appeal more
widely. It is impossible to make it a popu
lar movement and to carry it on in that
fervor of enthusiasm which built the cathe
drals of the past. But it is possible to make
it a comparatively widespread movement.
This is bv rearing a building that will be to
the country in general not so much a cathe
dral, but what Westminster Abbey is to
England, a great national monument, in
which the good and great of the land may
To be satisfied that some such powerful
motive is required it is only necessary to
look for a moment at the great sacred edi
fices of the world and see how they were
conceived mid in what spirit they wore car
vied forth. Ten millions of dollars is a vast
sum. It would build twenty such radiating
missions as Old Trinity has set up in differ
ent. parts of the town in order to carry on
her church and civilizing work among the
ST. MARK’S RESTING PLACE.
Bt. Mark whs the patron saint of Venice.
Cast upon the isle where the early city stood,
so the legend goes, au angel appeared and
warned rum that there should bis final rest
ing place be. When tho young city began
to stretch her vigorous arms out, it was de
termined to bring back the body of St.
Mark, then buried at Alexandria, and to
build a cathedral which should be his tomb.
The rescue of the body was achieved t hrough
strategy, and its story shines in one of the
glorious mosaics of the church. The edifice
was begun iu 906, and was dedicated in Iff. 14.
In the twelfth century it approached com
pletion. Its ground plan is a Greek cross,
with the eastern arm raised, to give
place to a crypt, where the body of
81. Mark was placed. No church of
Europe appeals to the imagination, nor can
anyone who has ever read it forget the im
passioned description of Ht. Mark by Mr.
Ruskin. The interior is a vast treasure
house. The wealth of the East was ravished
to enrich it. There are 500 marble pillars
from Constantinople; the floor advances
and recedes in billows of mosaic. The ex
terior was of bi iek and is overlaid with
murble. No people have so transformed
architecture through color. Above the [ku -
tals are the bronze horses ravished from
< onstantinople, taken there from Rome, and
the envy of Napoleon 1., who liore them to
Baris, from whence they were restored.
The architecture is neither Byzantine nor
Romanesque, but it is fused into a glorious
form of its own out of each.
Thus far 500 years San Marco grew. The
Campanile sprung into being and the
winged lion mounted its pedestal,all record
ing uot only Venice's pride and glory, but
, WHAT GIOTTO BUILT.
The Puomo of Florence, St. Mary of the
Lily, waa begun in 1295 on the site of the
"arly Christian church of the Riparnfca.
Like that of Venice It sprung from the heart
of a vigorous young republic. A poll tax
"as paired upon the people, unit no design
was to I*- accepted “except it correspond to
the heart of greatest nature, the citizens be
ing eoncoi-ilant.” Tho edict wan issnod by
’ihe four consuls, chosen from tho guilds of
commerce, in winch was allowed no cava
lier. In 1381 the matter was
placed in tho hands of the
“Art of Wool,” one of tiic chief guilds,
and Giotto was mado “mastero" the works."
Giotto's bell tower and Brunelleschi'a dome
are the glories of the catlio Irak The struc
ture is Tuscan Gothie. The exterior was
designed to be overlaid with marbles. This
was partly completed in Oiotto’s tune, 1331.
Victor ICaunauuel laid the fouirlatiou of the
facade in 18U0 and it was finished in lt®*4,
after 500 years. Bnitielluochi'x dome
i* m aebiavemont greater even than
that of Michad Angelo, since it was only by
patient study of the ruins of Rome that he
wrested the secrets from the pagans who
spanned the Pantheon. The dome of the
Pantheon is 148 feet, that of St Sophia 104
feet, St. Peter's 110 feet and St. Paul ISS
MICHAEL ANGELO'S MASTERPIECE.
St. Peter's at Rome is briefly described as
tho dome of the Pantheon set upon the baths
of the Caracolla, so great is its mass. Yet
its form is the most simple of all the great
cathedrals. It consists of a body and a
dome. Tho transepts are merely a swell.
The roof is fiat. There is but one gable and
that the pediment of the portico. Nothing
could be more opposed to the Gothic iuflu
euce which dominated Western and North
ern Europe. The perfection of its propor
tion is realized in the difficulty of acquiring
a sense of its massiveness. Unlike other
cathedrals, St. Peter’s is finished within. It
is a great body lined, a lining as distinct as
its interior—a lining of precious marbles,
rich mosaics, magnificent sculptures, world
The greatest, it is also the oldest of cathe
drals—old iu the sense of continuity. It
stands on the site of an oratory built in A.
D. 90, to commemorate the spot where St.
Peter suffered martyrdom in the circus of
Nero. In 300 Constantine built hero a
basilica In 1450 this was enlarged In
1500 Pope Julius 11. undertook tho present
work, am) Michael Angelo succedeod to a
train of architects. It was ho who returned
to the form of the Greek cross, raised the
Punthecn in the air and designed the Corin
The diameter of the dome is 3 feet less
than that of the Pantheon, and consists of
two domes, between which the ascent to the
balustrade is made, Here an idea of the
immense mass is gained, as the roof spreads
out below, on which is built a small village.
CATHEPRALS OF FRANCE.
Notre Dame of Paris marks an epoch be
tween the Romanesque cathedral of Ipires
and the dewrated Gothic of the Cathedral
of Coiogue. It was begun in the twelfth
century on the island in the Boine where
stood tho Lutitia of the Romans. It is one
oi the most perfect Gothic structures of
Europe, but its architecture is no more im
pressive than its temporal history through
fire and flood. It ts a singular circumstance
that through these its three beautiful rose
windows of stained glass alone remains
from foundation. The most beautiful
part of Notre Dame is the western facade,
with its three portals. Here the receding
arches are filled with sculptures and grotes
querie as interesting as a hook of mediasval
Khe.ms is the birthplace of Catholicism in
France. Hero Clovis was baptized in the
third century by St. Fabian, sent as a mis
sionary to the Gauls. It ft also the cathe
dral of French monarchy. Here Charles
\ 11. was crowned with Jeanne d’Arc by his
side, and here, with the exception of Henrv
11., Napoleon 1.. Louis XVIII., Louis Phil
lippe, aud Napoleon 111., all the kings of
Fiance since 1173 have been crowned. To
this end were gathered here all the precious
vessels and stuffs of the kingdom, of w hich
alone remains he Goblet of St. Reme.
Rheims is one of the most beautiful exam
ples of early Gothic. It is rich with orna
mentation, but its majestic vaults, vast nave
and splendid windows are dignified and full
of grandeur. The western entrance is a
marvel of beauty with its sculptured lace,
slender needles and statues of prophets and
The Rouen cathedral is a monument of
the magnificent Gothic of the thirteenth
century, when its principal portions were
built. The elaborate facade belongs to the
sixteenth century. The two towers are of
different and the taller, the Tour de
Beurre, is so called because it was built
from indulgencies to eat butter in Lent.
STRASBOURG AND COLOGNE.
Notre Dome, of Strasbourg, in its spire is
said to dispute with the pyramid of Cheops.
The general form of the cathedral, in con
nection with the spire, is pyramidal. But,
all elegance and grace, the pyramid pierces
the sky. The nave of Amiens, the choir of
Beauvais, the western entrance of Rheims
aud the spires of Chartres and Strasbourg
would combine into a perfect cathedral.
The nave of Strasbourg is barren and
non-impressive. But its windows are
marvels of the beauty of form and color
of thirteenth century glass. The site is said
to have been that of an ancient temple con
secrated to Hercules. Here since the fourth
century the altarsof Christian worship have
been raised. In 1015 the present building
was begun. The architect was Erwin, and
it was Sabina, his daughter, who enriched
the poi-tals with her sculptures and carved
the statues of the wonderful "Pillar of the
The cathedral of Colonge is one of the
several homes of the bones of the three
Magi, which St. Helena brought back from
Jerusalem. The present building was begun
in 1241. It was finished in 1880. The archi
tect, according to the popular legend, sold
himself to the devil, who in turn furnished
him his ability to design the great work. In
spirit the cathedral at Cologne is the out
come of the French Gothic. Its flying but
tresses, its pinnacles ami needles were born
in France, out in Germany and here they
received their apotheosis.
The Milan cathedral is the largest Gothic
structure in Europe, but in height it lacks
the majesty of Cologne. It was begun In
1386 and was nearly finished in the fifteenth
century. Renewed impetus was given in
1805 by Napoleon I. It consists ot a nave
and double aisles, with transept. The cu
riosity of the cathedral is its roof, with its
numerous turrets, and the 4,500 statues that
adorn its exterior, four of which are by
Catiova. In the interior is the remarkable
statue of Bt. Bartholomew, as flayed alive,
which would do honor to this age of real
ism. The general effect of the cathedral is
bewildering, from its multitude of pinna
cles. It lacks, however, the charm of form
The cathedrals of Spain are French rather
than Spanish Seville, however, which is,
next to St. Peter’s, the largest cathedral in
Euro]*, shows Moorish influence in the
horseshoe arches of the portal-'. “Let us
build a church so vast that those who see it
will account us fools.” This was in 1401.
The site was that of an old mosque, and by
building here Christianity celebrated its
triumph. The interior is Gothic, with its
tine aisle nave carried so high that tho large
pillars seem slender.
glories op England. <
The cathedrals of England retain the tra
ditions of their origin. These are only less
interesting than their architecture.
Ht Paul's stands on the site of the ancient
church built by King Ethelbert. The pres
ent cathedral was undertaken by Christo
phrr Wren after the grout fire in Condon in
lOoi In 1710 the last stone was laid on the
top of the lantern, it is remarked of St.
Paul's that it contains r.o detail worth ob
serving. But the impression of tho w hole is
dignified and very fine. In its totnl* it
rivals Westminster Abbey; but for the
greater part they are in bad taste. I)r.
Johnson and Howard, hair naked, like ath
letes, are supposed by tourists to bo St. Pe
ter and St. Paul. St. Paul's cost £744,954
eg. M. Paid by a tax on every chaldron of
coal brought into port.
Canterbury Cathedral is the earliest mon
ument of the union of church and state. It
stands on the site of the church bestowed on
St Augustine by Kthelbert, Tho church
was restored by Canute and rebuilt by ban
frane after the Conquest, and his successor
built “Conrad's glorious choir. ' Here in
1170 Tlioinns Berket was murdered. Tho
crypt is Norman and remarkably fine.
York Minster was established by h-rtwin,
first Christian King of Northumbria, who
was baptized Muster, *WV. The cathedral
has suffeml greatly in all times. In HM it
was robuilt and finished In 1472. Ik is par
ticularly rich in old stained glass.
“THE GOODLIEST MONUMENT IN THE KING
Peterborough Cathedral was originally a
Benedictine abbey, hut its present lofty
beauty is consecrated to (Jueeu Kath
erine of Aragon, who lies buried there, of
whom her spou.-c, Heury VIII.. said, Hue
shall have the goodliest, monument in the
kingdom.” It-" facade is of the purest early
Ungli*b, und the portals are under lofty and
THE MORNING NEWS: WEDNESDAY, JUNE 15, 1887.
imposing arches. The nave is Norman and
it stiff retains the Norman roof.
Durham Cathedral Is the monument of
St. Cuthbert, with whose body tho Bishop
fled from the Danas in 875. The present
cathedral was built by those great masons
and builders, the Normans. It was begun in
1093, and finished in 1180. The position of
the cathedra!, on the banks of the Wear, is
magnificent. The eastern transept, called
the "Nine Altars.” is a perfect specimen of
thirteenth century English.
Lincoln Cathedral was first built by
Remigius, the first Norman bishop, in
1078. Iff; growth continued until 1450. The
“Galilee” porch and the angel choir date
from 1383. In the central tower hangs
Great Tom of Lincolu, cast iu 1610 aud
weighing 11,096 lbs.
Ely cathedral was a monastery founded
by Ethelberta. The present cathedral was
built after the conquest, between 1083 and
1349. It records ail periods of Gothic archi
tecture and contains some of the best
decorated work in England. It is the longest
Gothic church in Europe and has the only
A SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE.
The great beauty of Winchester cathedral
is in its interior. It is called a school of
architecture, showing the progress of the
Litchfield Cathedral dates from the
eleventh century and is built on the site of
the martyrdom of St. Amnhibalns by Dio
clesian. It is a magnificent example of
decorate! work with a beautiful central
Salisbury is one of the noblest of English
cathedrals. It was lx'gtin in 1220 and
finished, with the exception of the spire, in
fifty years. It is said, in its perfect uni
formity, to be to English architecture what
the Parthenon was to the Greek. The spire,
built a century later, is the highest in
Gloucester Cathedral was a nunnery in
681. The present cathedral was begun by
Canute, hut it owes its richness to the gifts
of the pilgrims to the shrine of Edward IT.,
which the church encloses. The tower is
unsurpassed and the great east window
rivals that of York Minster.
Carlisle Cathedral belongs to the thir
teenth century. It nave is Norman, but the
flamboyant style distinguishes the structure.
The matchless tracery of the cast window
gives it the reputation of being the most
beautiful window in- the w orld.
In our own country there is the Cathedral
of Quebec, founded by Bishop Laval in 1666,
and raised to the rank of a basilica by Pius
IX. It was destroyed by Wolf's batteries
in 1759. The interior is heavy, but not
unpleasing. Most of the paintings were
bought in France in 1193, when churches
and convents had been pillaged. Here are
buried Bishops Laval and Plessls. and Cham
plain, the heroic founder, explorer and first
Governor of Quebec.
The Montreal Cathedral of Bt. Peter is
now- building. It is 300 feet long. 225 feet
wide, with a dome 250 feet high. There are
to be surrounding this four smaller domes.
The portico is to resemble that of Bt. Peter's
at Rome, surmounted by colossal statues of
the Apostles The vestibule is 300 feet lone.
There will be twenty minor chapels. The
exterior walls are massive, rough and very
plain. The design is by Bishop Bourget.
The architects wont to Rome and studied the
Vatican Basilica before the work was begun.
THE BIGNESS OF THEM.
The comparative length, breadth and
height of the principal cathedrals of Europe
are as follows:
Length. Breadth. Height.
Feet. Feet. Feet.
St. Peter's 618 450 430
St. Paul’s 500 248 401
Duomo 560 240 *75
Notre Dame ... 416 153 298
Cologne 444 282
Toledo 395 178
Rheims 48) 163 117
Rouen 400 146 465
Chartres 430 150 378
Antw-erp 334 171 402
Htrasburg 525 10.5 46.5
Milan 477 185 38)
Canterbury 580 154 235
York 524 201
Winchester 554 208 . .
Durham 411 170 214
E1y..... 517 178
Salisbury 473 229 379
A remarkable and almost incredible ad
venture is reported by a Ross shire corre
spondent of the London press.
While Christina M'lvor, a middle aged
woman belonging to the parish of Loch
broom, was on her way to Kinloehewe a
few days ago, she accidentally stumbled and
fell over one of the many precipices that
skirt the margin of Loch Maree. A tree
growing from a cleft in the rock miracu
lously interested her fall and prevented
her plunging into the deep waters beneath.
To this tree the woman clung with the grip
of despair until she had partially recovered
from the stunning effects of her dreadful
fall. Beneath her was a sheer rock washed
by the dark waters of the lake; above a
rock impossible to climb; and to add to the
misery of the poor woman’s situation, she
became painfully sensible of the fact that
her right leg was broken below the knee.
The place was miles away from the near
est house. 111 this painful extremity she
noticed a protecting ledge close by the tree,
and by efforts which can Ik) more easily
imagined than described she managed to
crawl or drag bei-self to this place ot com
parative safety. The pain in the fractured
limb, intensified by her efforts, was fright
ful, and she lay quite exhausted and ox
jKXied to the elements, having lost her .shawl
111 the fall. 111 this perilous and exposed
condition she remained from the Saturday
until tho following Monday afternoon—
three days aud two nights—without food or
shelter of any kind, slaking her feverish
thirst by water which trickled from the
rocks overhead, and which she caught in
On Monday she noticed a boat passing,
and using her little remaining strength, she
managed to attract the attention of its occu
pants to her dangerous position. By skil
ful manoeuvring on the part of the fisher
men. the ioor woman was lowered into the
boat, taken to Poolewe, and thence sent to
U 1 In pool, where she now lies under the care
of the parish doctor.
nre a hitter or had taste In moutfr pain
hack,side- nr joints, often mistaken for
Hint ism; sour st mi.u'.i, l-*ss of ni ,*• -tite.
ttitenistely costive and lax. bead,:cb - : loss ™
memory, with a painful sensation of having
failed to do- something which ought to have
been done: debility, low spirits, a thick yellow
appearance of the skin and eyes; a dry cough
often mistaken for ConsuintiUoii.
Sometimes many of these symptoms attend
the disease, at others very fow: but the Liver,
the largest organ in the body. Is generally the
seat of the diiease, and if not regulated in time
great suffering, wretchedness und death will
The Baltimore Episcopal Methodist:
“Simmons Liver Regulator Is ac
knowledged to have no equal as a
Liver Medicine, containing those
Southern roots and berbe which an
ail w ise Providence has placed in
tr-iintrios where Liver Diseases pre
fy Buyers should look for the red / Trade
mark mid signature of J. 11. ZEILIN ft 00.,
EDUCATION A L.
UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA.
SUMMER LAW LECTURE.--(nine weekly) be
gin 14tb July. IStT.andoud l lth September.
For circular apply tP. O. University of Va.) to
JOHN 8. MINOR, I’rof. Com. and blot. Uw.
ON E CENT A WORD.
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CTKOIALNOTICE -PHOTOGRAPHY Prices
n reduced Petite* $1 50, Cards $2, Cabinet
$3 per dozen, and larger work in the same pro
J. N. WILSON.
21 Bull street.
M X riCELLA NKOUM.
SOLID GOLD Masonic, Knights of Pythias,
Odd Fellows, Past Men and K. of L. Emblem
Pins at SCHWARZBAUM'S. 147Oongrersstreet.
N OTICE. That Red snapper Chowder, etc.,
to day. Call early, o; you will be left. Fish
question at DAN QITNAX'S, 3 Bull street.
TIT ATERBURY WATCHES, latest series,only
tl two dollars and fifty cents, at SCHSVARZ
BAUM'B. 147 Congress street.
HEADQUARTERS for Seersucker Suits at
BASCH'S, 17< Congress street. Bargains in
/GREAT BARGAINS. Boys' and Children's
> t Suits to bo sold at any price. GAZAN'S,
Fun : trough ton.
c. • MANILLA IIATS. nil styles, at $1 .V) each,
at BAHCH'S, 177 Congress street.
/ ' EVT.s bring in your winter suite and have
"8 them cieimed before packing away, to pre
vent moths. SAVANNAH STEAM DYE
WORKS. 131 State street.
\\T ANTED, more customers to buy furniture.
tY stoves, tinware and borne furnishing
goods. FREEMAN & OLIVER. 192 Broughton
117EAK, undeveloped i>rts of the hod
ti large! and strengthened. Koll pio-iiculars
sent (sealed! free. KIUE MEDICAL CO., Uufta
l<, N. T
IAC'K CURTAINS cleaned at Savuimah Sleam
j |>y.. Works, 1.11 State street.
DHO.VT fail to call ands; our ('hildren's ('nr
riages. Our goods are Isiught direct
from factories and It enables us to sell them
lower than you can bov at any public sale. Wo
also carry a complete lino or house furr.lshhtg
goods at NATHAN HHOS.. !•>> C'ongr.-., stivet,
Kit-<-trfo Bell Free.
rpo INTRODUCE It and obtain Agents wo will
1 for tile nexk sixty days give away, free of
cliargh, In each cannty lu the L’nltod Slates a
limited u umber of our German ElectroOidvunlc
Hui*aaory Bolts—price, 9S. A iKi-.itlvc and uii
failing cure for Nervous Debility, Varicocele,
Emissions, luipotency, Etc. reward pud
if every Bolt we ir.anufa.-l,urn does not generate
n gcnuhm ,-loe.rlu current. Address at ones
ELECTRIC BELT AOKNCV, P. O. Bo* ITS,
Brooklyn, y. \
Bacon, Johnson & Cos.
Have a fine stock of
Oak, Pine, Lightwood and Kindling,
i orner Liberty and EM* Broad streets
LUDDEX Ar BATES S. M. H.
PIANOS A ' sso “-
PIANOS *'*7s Each.
PIANOS At $l5O Each.
PIANOS At $2lO Each.
GROANS At *24 Each.
ORGANS At $35 Each.
ORGANS At $55 Each.
ORGANS At $75 Each.
Thi* hißtrmmmt* above sjwJVd nr* lwvon<!
nil quwMon ( i enume lt.irvainM, awl
must be si*t*ji t> in* appiiviateJ. our Waiv
roUTW are tilled to repletion, and, although
busy aa l)e?K in tilling orders from all parts of
the South, and our own For*t City as well, we
have enough to go round, and theroforo waul
your order to complete our happiness.
Ludden & Sales
Southern Music House,
Ollirmti, Packing or Unpacking liy expo
k ’ rienced New York lMmi <> Movers. Work
done safely, quickly and without damage to
premises or instruments and at low prices.
PI ANOS TU NED.
E) Y the year or single tunings, nnd when wo
J take charge of instruments by I lie year wo
make no additional charge for strings or slight
regulation of actions. There 1h economy in em
ploying good 1 ulna's Mr. 11. N. MOORE sell
looks after this branch of our business.
Xj.&ojb. s_ :mi- bc
l-l KNTsulm; GOODS.
JUST WHAT YOU NEED.
Gentlemen’s Fine Night Shirts For $1
Fine Jeans Drawers at 50c. per pair.
Gauze Undershirts, tong or short sleeves, 50c.
White Lawn Bowk. $1 per dozen.
White Ties at 15c. per dozen; 91 00 per gross.
Fancy Percale Scarfs. 500. I ter dozen,
‘tin-hand Ties, wash goods. $1 |ier dozen.
White Duck Vests, from $1 to 50.
British Hall’ Hose, seamless. 25c.
White Duck Helmets, Hummocks, White
Flannel Shirts and Hats for Yachting-
FINE BUMMER CLOTHING AND DRESS
SHIRTS MADE TO ORDER. Wo guarantee a
fit in every ease.
Sole agents for Dunlap's Fine Hats and Nasei
mento's Comfortable Self Conforming Hats, so
comfortable to the head in hot weather. Beau
tiful Pearl Hats, and the now HTIKF-BRIJI
Sun Umbrellas, Gloria Cloth Umbrellas, never
cut like the silk will.
Buck-Horn Handle Walking Canes, Fancy Un
derwear, and anything needed by men for Sum
mer wear at
LaFar’s New Store,
2) Bull street, Hamilton's Old Stand.
The undurHitfiMHl offers For sale nt par ex July
Coupon ssoiuk> of tin* MAKIKTI’A ANI)
NORTH GKOIvUIA RAILWAY (’O.WBANYS
HIiST MOKTUAUE 0 I'KH CENT. FIFTY
YEAR BONDS, in multiples of SI,OOO to suit
r pHESE bonds mlx safely taken by lnv*
1 tors as a reliaU'* l> per uent. security, which
will, in nil probability, advance to 15 points
above par within the next thr *e or four years,
as thi* road will traverse a country unMurpasscd
for mineral wealth, for climate, for scenery, for
agricultural purjK>scs, ami for attractiveness to
The company has inortgaged its franchise and
entire line of railroad, built and to be built, and
all its other property, to the Boston Safe Deposit
and Trust Company to se*ure its Issue of s<>year
<5 percent, bonus. These bond* will be issued at
the rate of about per mile, on a line ex
tending from Atlanta. Ha., to Knoxville. Tenn.
A sinking fund is provided for their redemption.
It will lie one of the Itest tiaying roads in tli •
Houtti. ft will lo of standard gauge and will
develop a region of country extending from
Middle Georgia, through North Carolina to
Knoxville, Tenn., where it will connect with
lines leading to Cincinnati, Louisville, Ht. Izouis
The road is now completed to Murphy, N. (\,
and is to be pushod on to Knoxville an fast as
the nature <*r the country will permit. The high
financial Manding and energy of the men prin
cipally inr*rt -iieo iifit ntifflc i uitly guaran tees its
early i om; Jrtion.
Furtiier information will le* Furnished upon
application to A. L. IIAItTRIDfiF., Havannab.
fia . nr to UOODY, Mt BELLAN £ CO., 57
Broadway, New York.
HOTEL SITE FOR SALE.
r pHK hil*' known n<- the T’nlted State Bar
I racks. Harannn.li. CM.. purcha* I for bot#l
purpoMjH, isolf'T*' 1 for Kile. conditio no* I on ilie
erection of a modern hob 1 of itot 1 than
rooms •% i*hin two year* from delivery of title*!.
Tie? jfo|r*rt.v is cmitrally located, nioftMtirvK
by ■><• feet. witii street# on ull Kides, one of
which to th** promenade of the city. And fat***
KOtifb on a Ixautltui pur! . savannah has ynn,
ole■ *tt '.■ io - ht.-;, river and artesian water works,
street o firoa is, j#tiid fltv de/-n;tfueiit.. splendid
police force, etc. It is the Ije.'idrnutrter* of two
exbnsive railroad r.ysUnn*. and the southern
terminus of four MctfmniiJp linn*. It is nn
H4*tiv4 eoinnieivlul centre, as weJJ as dim of the
handsomest and healthiest cities in the I’nlon.
This is the best opening to-day In the Houtb for
a first-doa* lintel. For forth or imrti'-ular* ad
i\r<wV.. S.WKILor Kl>. F. NEUFVILLK, Ha
wm ah. CM.
IKON WORK ft.
McDoiii & Baliaaiyiß,
Machinists Boiler Makers and Blacksmiths,
—masi'kai Ti nrnH or -
BTATIOVAKY uml l-ORTABLE ENGINES,
VERTICAL UKDER HUNKER and
TOT KUNNKK COltW MILLS.
CUGAK MILLS sue! I’AN'R on tuind and for
O pale. ull of lli Uit material an.l lovront
price. .Vho A/.iitM tor the Chicago Tire ami
Spring 'V.irkn, und the Improved Kbbenuan
AJI mi torn promptly attended to.
TANARUS" •" !
Whi u> Bluff Itoad.
r.ANTB. BOUQUETS, DESIGNS. CUT
FLOWERS furnished lo order Leave or
der* at P AVIS BROS.'. i ornr Buil aral York
sir cut; Tekiulioiio call MO.
leva vvlyl ••*~9" -* - ■ * V-' * * w* •
CITY MARSHAL’S SALE
City Mahshai/h Okfick. t
Savannah. June 7. 188'. *
.'Di r AND MY VIRTUE of a sj>ecini tax
w . placed in my hands by C S.
M AKDKI. City Treasure!'. 1 have levied on. an<)
s, . ‘ hi accordance with lav, on the FIRST
II I.SDAS IN JULY, ;-iS7. itetweeuthe legal
hour* of side. I>efore the Court House door, in
the city or Savannah, Chatham county, (icor
gin. the following property, to-wit.:
< 'no Pool I abl<\ Cues and Balls, levied on ua
the property of J. L. MURPHY,
Puivnaatrs paying for titles.
ROBERT J. WADE,
(KOr N1) RENT'S.
ARREARS FOR GROUND RENT
City Tkeasi urn's (imeK, l
Savannah, Oa , June Ist, ik*<7.
r pHE following lots an* in nriv ii-s to the city
a for ground rents, of which leasee**arc hereby
Izot No. 13, 2 qr*.; east one-half lot No. 21, 2
qrs.; lot No. 56, 2 qrs.
IzOt Nt*. (>, 8 qrs., lot No. 111, J qrs.; lot No. 21,
( ItARI,TON WARD.
Lot No. i, 2 c.rs.: lot No. is. v? qrs : northwest
one eighth lot 23. 2 qrs.; northwest one-quarter
lot 21, 2 qrs.; north ouo-luilf lot No :i\ 2 qr*.;
lot No. 2. 2 qrs.; soutli ow* half L>t No 11, 21
<irs.; lot No. lU, 2 qrs,; aouth one half lot No.
'J4 qrs.: lot No. 32. 2 qrs.; lot No. HO, 4 qrs.
East one-third lot No, 12, 2qr#.; lot No 17. 6
<p : east nun hint lor No. 25, 2 qr*.; lot No. 32,
2 qrs.; one third lot No. .*l7, qrs., west one-half
lot No. 15. 3 qrs.; lot No. 21, 2 qr*.; west one-half
lot No. 20, 2qrs.; two-sixths !it .No. 33, 2qrs.
Lot No. 10. I qrs.; south on half lot No. 22. 2
qrs.; lot No. 30, 2 qrs.; oast part lot No. 30, 2
West one half lot 3, 2 ni-s.: north one half Id!
No. 21. 2qrs.; l**i No. :t?j. tf qrs.; lot No. 35. 3
qrs.; lot No. 0, 14 qrs.: lot No. 2b. 2 qr*.; lot No.
34, 2 qrs.; cost one-half lot No. 71,2 qrs.
CRAWFORD WARP, BAHT.
One half southwest part lot No. 1, 2 qrs.; por
tion lot No. 15, 10 qrs.
Lot No. 8, 2 qrs.: lot No. 27, 2 qrs.: lot No. 7,
20 qrs.; lot No. 10, 2 qrs.; east two thirds lot No.
34, 2 qrs.
Lot No. 1. 3qrs.; lot No. IH, 2qrs.; aouth one
hall* lot No. 17, 2 qrs; lot No. 21, 2 qrs.; lot No. 2,
2 qrs.; north one half iot 17, 2 qrs.; lot No. 20, 2
qrs.; lot No. 2 qrs.
Lot No. 23, 2qr.; west one half lot No. 30, i
NPur FRANKLIN WARD-
East one half lot No. 1.2 qrs.: lot, No 8, 2 qrs.;
lot No. 17. 2 on*.: north part lot No. 7,2 qra.; lot
west one half No. 14, 2 qrs.
2 ors.; three fourths lot No. 13, 2 qrs : went- ope
half lot No 18. 2 ors.; north one half lot No. 22,
2 qrs,; south one half lot No. K 2 qra
West one half lot No, 7. 2qrs.; north one half
lot No. 21. 2 qrs,: lot No. 36, s qrs ; east one-half
lot No. 41.2 qrs.; west one-halt lot No. 40, 2 qn*.;
lot No. 46, 8 qrs.
IzOt No. 40, 2 qrs.; lot No. 47, 2 qrs.
West nm- third lot No. 44, 2qrs.; east one-half
lot No. L 2, 34 qrs.; lot No. 52, 2 qrs.; north lwirt
lot No. 58, 4 qrs.
East one half lot No. 1, 2 qrs ; west one half
lot No. 43, 2 (jrs.; east two-thirds lot No. 40, 2
qrs.; lot No. 14, (3 qrs.
Lot No. 1, 2 qrs : lot No. 8, 2 qrs.: lot No 10, 2
qrs.; lot No. 12, 2 qrs ; east oue-half lot No. 26, 2
(jr* ; lot No. 4. 2qrs.;lot No. t. 2 qrs.; lot No. 11,
2 qrs.; southeast part lot No. 24, 2 qrs.
East one-half lot No. 2, 2 qrs.; lot, No. 4.2
qrs.; west one fifth lot 11 and oast one fifth lot
12, 2 qrs.
IzOt No. 6, 2 qrs.; lot No. 0, 2 qrs.; lot No. 6, 2
Northeast part lot No. 5, 2 urn.: west part, lot
25, 4qi*H.; southeast part lot N0.5, 2qrs.; lot No.
17, 2 qrs.; west one-hulf iot No. 14, 10 qrs.
IzOt No. 2, 2 nrs.; east one-half lot No. 15, 2
qrs.; lot No. 3, 2 qrs.
Mouth one half lot No. 4, 2qr*.; west, one half
lot No. 7, 2 qrs.: lot No. 8. 2 qrs.: northwest, one
fourth lot No. 1!>, 6 qm.; west one-half lot No 35,
2 qrs.: lot No. 5. 2 nr*.; south two-thirds lot No.
li, 2 urn.; east part lot No. IH, 2 qrs.; west oue
half lot No. &>, 3 qrs.; east one half lot No. 35, 2
Middle one third lot No 8, 2qrs.; lot No. 15, 8
qrs.; wewt one-half lot No. 5, 2 qrs.
• Sf'RINOFIELD WARD.
Jzot No. 1, 2 qrs.; lot No. 3, 2 qrs.; lot No. 5, 2
qrs.; lot No. 52, 2 qiu; lot No. 3L 2 qrs.; lot. No.
44, 2(jrs.: lot No. .V>, J qrs.; lot No. 2, 2 qrs.; lot
No. 4. 2 qrs., lot No. t‘*. 2 qrs.; lot, No. 83, 2 qrs.:
lot No. 42. 2 qnr; lot No. 4li, 2 qn*/; lot No. 56, 4
All persons having interest in the above lot*
are hereby notified that if the amount* now
due ure not paid to the City Treasurer on or
before tin* 21st iiwtant , I will on the morning of
the Uiid inst. proceed to re-enter according to
law. HUBEIIT J. WADE,
/ lEORGIA. Chatham Coixty Whereas,
" I NANCY 1,. THOMAS has applied to Court
of Ordinary for l/'ttereof Adiiiiulstratloii on the
estate of John >I. THOMAS and MARY 11.
Three are, therefore, to rite nnd admonish all
whom It may eoneeni to lie and apjK-ar before
raid court, to iiiukn ohjeetion (If any Miry huvei
on or t.*foiv th,- FIRST MONDAY IN .JULY
NEXT, otherwise sold Intern will tie granted.
Witness the Honorable Hamitoh L. Frtt/UU..
Ordinary for Chatham county, this the 31st day
of May, ltW.
PHILIP M. RUSSELL, Jr .
Clerk c. o. c r
Z ' EoKGIA. Chatham Coi sTT. Whereas.
(T AARON H. CHAMPION has applied to
(Inurt of Ordinary for letters Dlsmlssory as
Oosrdian on fbeestateaof HAI.I4ECHAMPION,
HENRY CMAMIT*IN ami WILLIAM D. CHAM
PIoN, n inors.
The*' ar-. t lie ref ore. to rite and admonish all
all whom it limy concern to he and ap
tz".ir lief ore said court to make objection tlf any
they have i on or before the FIRST MONDAY IN
Jl't.Y NEXT, otherwise said letters will be
Witness the Honorable llamptom 1,. Frnnirx,
Ordinary for Chatham county, this the 31st day
of May, IBW7.
PHILIP M P.USSELL, Ja.,
Clerk C. 0., (O.
(I KfIRIIIA, Chatham Cocstv. Whereas,
f HENRY .1. THOM ANSON has applied to
Court of (irdinsry tor Lcttersof AdinlnUuatiou
oti thcestst fM. LiKIJ HARRISON, det’eaw'd.
Tliene. are. tlveiefore. todte and nnuaiish all
whom it rimy concern to Is. and appear before
raid court, to make oojeetiou (if any they bavci
on or I,of re th ITRNT MONDAV IN JULY
NEXT, otherwise aald letters will be granted.
Witness, tlie Honorable Hampton L. KkubiUs
Ordi.t.try for Chatham county, ttils Ur’ 3lat day
of May, ISH7.
PHILIP M RUSSELL. Jr ,
Clrk C. Q„ C. C.
mu/OS AND MEDIC INFs.
\ VERS' CHERRY PF.ITORAU Jaynes Ex
f \ fss tornnt, Male's Honey and Tar, ftowhee's
German Syrup, Bull Cough byntp, Piso s Cunt,
BULL AND CONGRESS STREETS.
SAVANNAH MORNING NEWS.
The iitidaisigned Is prepared to deliver the
Mobsiko News (payable in udvancej at the fol
Oit* Year $lO no
She Months ..' 5 00
Three Months . ■ .V)
One Month 100
W IJLT.iIAM. ESTILL.
C. H. DORMKTT’S COLUMN.
I have for sale the
two new two-story
residences just being
near the White Bluff
These houses con
tain four bedrooms,
and kitchen and have
a large yard.
They are well built
and finished, and are
being offered very
The location is very
desirable and is im
C irl EAP.
I have some very good
lots left inthesub-division
of that high and well
located land, on the corner
of West Broad and G win
nett streets. Terms: One
third cash, one-third in one
year and one-third in two
years, with interest at
seven percent, per annum.
C. H. Dorsett,
REAL ESTATE DEALER.
Comrakioners' Sale for Partition
C. B. DORSETT, Auctioneer.
l'n#W anrl By virtu* of an nrd*r granted hjr t.h*
Honoratilo Huporior Court of Chatham county,
In tho riso of SAKA II A. WALTON venom
HKTTY K. WHALKY null the MKRCHANTri
AND MKt’HANK S' LOAN ASSi K'IATION,
petit iUon for partitiou, W" will nelt, before the
, 'oun Hoitr.-do<jr In Savamiuh, during lha
legal hours of sale, on TUESDAY, .IULY 5,
All of that certain portion of land aud the
tenrments thereon, known a* mib-divtaiona No*.
I and aof lot Number is! Truatee* Garden, hav
ing a frout on Reynolds street of seventy-seven
fe-i and nix inebea, with a depthGof eighty two
fn-t for MuD-divlsion No, 1, auil of slxty flve feet
for No. 2. Terms cash.
C. H. DORSET!
.1 U. WHATLEY,