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The morning news. (Savannah, Ga.) 1887-1900, June 30, 1887, Image 1

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t ESTABLISHED ISftO. i IJ. II E6TII.L Editor and Proprietor, f CONVICTED IN A JIFFY. SHARP’S JURY OUT OP THE ROOM ONLY THIRTEEN MINUTES. Mr. Stiokney’B Last Vain Plea for the Defendant Col. Fellows’ Sarcasm Compels Even the Presiding Judge to Smile-The Prisoner Manifests No Excitement on Hearing the Result. New York, June 29.—The thirty-fourth and last day of the Sharp trial dawned bright and clear. The aged defendant shuf fled into court at one door as Judge Barrett came in at another. He appeared much more feeble than usual, walking with great difficulty to his place. A delay of ten min utes was occasioned at the request of Mr. Stickney before he commenced to sum up. After thanking the jury for its indulgence of yesterday in allowing him until to-day to prepare his address, he stated that hitherto his practice has been with cases involving property, and that this is his first criminal case. Ho would not attempt to deliver an eloquent address, but to make a clear, sensi ble argument that will appeal to reasoning men. • STICKNEY’S ADDRESS. Mr. Stickney, in his address, said the charge against Sharp was one of bribery, not conspiracy. This, he held, had not been proven by the evidence. The jury were asked to send Sharp to prison and im liose practically a sentence of death upon him, because somebody corrupted the Board of Aldermen, but there is not a particle of evidence of the payment of money to the Aldermen. The Board of Aldermen of 1884 he conceded to be a crowd of corrupt strikers demanding blackmail of everybody. Of their guilt, he said, there could he no doubt, but he asserted that there was nothing to connect Sharp with them. Mr. Stickney concluded by saying Sharp did not fear the result. “He has been hounded by the whole press without”as much as one single sheet suggesting that he was entitled to a fair trial. If he was not confident, he had ample time to flee. I de mand of youhat. you protect him and see that he receives at your hands the verdict of acquittal to which he is entitled.” THE PROSECUTION’S CLOSE. The court room was crowded to suffoca tion when Jofcn R. Fellows. Chief Assistant District Attorney, arose to make the closing -rguinent for the prosecution. He reviewed ,ae testimony as presented to the court, rarely referring to his notes, in a masterly manner, taking it up point by point and pressing it upon the attention of the jury. Turning his attention to the action's of Sharp upon the day the franchise was granted, he recited at length Sharp’s action in having the resolutions preparer! before the meeting was over. He said the board took their orders to pass the resolutions just as Alderman Pearson had the day before, when Sharp directed him to .sign the call for the meeting. Richmond, to whom the resolutions were sent, recog nized the danger of connecting himself with their passage, and burst out in the im petuous manner which characterizes him and said: “What the did Sharp send them to me for, where everybody can see me; take them to Maloney.” Mr. Fellows then said Messenger Dawling gave them to Moloney and without any other considera-. tion, save that whicli they received, after weighing themselves like so much pork at McLaughlin’s house to “see how much each was worth,” the Aldermen passed the reso lutions. OVER-RIDING OF THE VETO. He next reviewed the veto of the Mayor and the contemptuous reception by Jaehne and his associates. He continued: “Let us see now where Sharp comes in. The $500,- 000 is up in the hands of Moloney, but tiie Mayor has vetoed the resolution and cannot be reached. Three-fourths of the Aldermen must be secured. When Powell, who was greatly interested, heard of the veto of the Mayor he hastened to Sharp. He met him in the Fifth Avenue Hotel." ‘What will you do now ?’ he asks Sharp. ‘The Board of Aldermen is fist'd, ’ says Sharp, and they aro really waiting im patiently to pass the resolutions for him. What do words imply ? Fixed how ? The board was sitting eager to pass the measure over, the Mayor’s veto. This creature Jaehne, unworthy to breathe the same air as the Mayor, tosses back the papers from the Mayor with insult. The Aldermen stood eager, like hounds in the leash, to veto the mes sage. Then came the Lyddy Injunction. I have been trying in vain for months to coin words to compass the case of Lyddy. For months the Aldermen had foregone the com forts of home life in secret meetings, and there was $500,000 in Keenan’s pocket. There floated between them sweet visions if watering places, when there stepped be iween them and t heir spoils Lyddy, un in significant little obstruction with his iujunc ;ien.” THE LITTLE WHIFFET. At this juncture when Col. Fellows spoke >f Lyddy “tho little whiffet,” and described he awful consternation of the “twenty-two ;ood and trud Aldermen’ when Lyddy aised between them and their promised laradise obstructions higher than the Alps, he speaker’s sarcasm made even Judge tarrett laugh quietly to himself and every >ody in tho court room burst into nierri neht which the court otileers had to quiet vith loud rappings. “That impediment of .yddy’s must be removed,” said Fellows, ‘and again we see the fine hand of the de endant.” “Tho Aldermen are fixed,” says Sharp, 'hen, although J udge Bartlett sat in the idioining room all day and it would have ftken but a few minutes, Attorney Bright vent under cover of the darkness to Judge lartlett and had it nmioved. Lyddy re vived $12,500 for It, but the oi ler to remove was secured at light, so that no other citizen, io matter how just his cause, could get out in Injunction to secure his rights. Then ilolonry, who had no more right to do so hnn the womun who sweeps out this room, ailed the Board of Aldermen together to (insider the passage of the resolutions over he Mayor’s veto. He knew what they were ailed for, but many of the board themselves lid not know.” THE WAVE OF THE HAND. 0)1. Fellows then described that secret neeting when the Aldermen met at Sharp’s all and held a session with closed doors, 'hen Moloney went down and waved his land as n signal that the deal had been onsummnted. The Aldermen had kept tin ir nith and Moloney gave the triumphant's ipial. Moloney, the fleet footed, the man if superlative im]iudeii' , tyif lamb-like heat ki ll-like repose nnd trust, waved his hand mt. he will not wave his hand nloi-e —nary a mve [laughter.] Mr. Parsons (interrupting)—You seem to *\e known Moloney. ('of. ’Fellows—.Not to know Moloney was ole yourself unknown Yes, 1 knew Mo •ney, and that you did not know him >r*ves your inesnuoity to try this case. Did U ejM Judge Nelson have on green glasses vhen you were at Allmuy that you did not eo Moloney present) lam rsiiitndod, ns 1 limit my thought* toward Moloney, of the voids <if Tupp*i’. that ahseiwe WF/ie uiich strengthens friendship. Yes. Ih/ ve wen Moloney, ,innd i am clad of Sljf JHofttinjj WrtoC it, would that I could see him here, and un ,'fearer friend, Tom Byrnes, could lay ms clutches on him. [Laughter.] When uoi. bellows had done with Moloney he turned his attention to Disbeckor, another jigure m the great scheme, whom he scorn tuny denominated as a man who was a trafficker in men’s honesty. He laid stress checker’s receiving $70,000. Belding **,ooo, and Phelps $50,000, and pointedly asked the jury why Sharp should pay so much mourn-. CHARGING THE JURY. After a short recess Judge Barrett began hts charge to the jury. He read the Taw on bribery and went onto say that the only direct evidence that money had been given was that one DeLacy had given money. It is not, necessary that the person charged gave money with his own hand or made a corrupt agreement in person, or, in other words made an agreement in accordance with the laws of contract, but if there was an understanding that one was to give and the other was to receive a bribe, tnen guilt ts established. DeLacy is the fountain head and all who are proven to lie connected near to or far away from the fountain head are guilty. If DeLacy received money from Richmond and Richmond again from Sharp, then Sharp is guilty. If Sharp had guilty knowledge of the scheme, and assisted or abetted in anyway he is guilty of the crime charged. The defendant asked for trial sep arately and if the jury finds that he is con nected with bribery by either of the ways specified they must find him guilty of the crime charged. Justice Barrett believed that it had been clearly shown that Fullgraff was bribed, who bribed him ? WHO BRIBED DELACY? If the jury believed DeLacy bribed him with SIO,OOO, then, of course, the jury must ask immediately who bribed DeLacy? For no one can suppose that DeLacy bribed him on his own account, for he derived no ben efit from the passage of the franchise. Any person who was behind DeLacy, who aided or a 1 letted in bribing Fullgraff was as guilty as DeLacy. If you find that Fullgraff was bribed, and that $500,000 was raised by Kerr and Fosliav, and you come, to the con clusion that that sum was not raised for the purposes which appear on the books of the road, and that that sum really went to the corruption of the Board of Aldermen; if you find this to be so. aud you have abund ant direct and circumstantial evidence that point, and you believe that Kerr and Foshay did this, and concealed it from Sharp—if you find they did this, because of their own interest and notwith standing the far greater benefits which Sharp was reap from it and Sharp was ignorant, then you must acquit him. You are the exclusive judges of the evidence and if my Statement of the evidence has seemed to impart my opinions on it to you, I trust you will discard and disregard it. This is a case of the utmost importance to the people and indeed a matter of life and death to the defendant. I am not conscious of having ruled out a part of evidence to which the defendant was entitled. You will not be influenced by public clamor. sharp’s agedness. The defendant is an old, feeble, infirm man, as has been said by his counsel. You will, however, not permit that to waive you in the discharge of your duty. It is harder for old age to suffer, v(fi we all know that our greatest sufferings" are frequently at the end of our lives. It must be so; it is the rule of the infinite, and so now all senti ment, passion aud sympathy should be cast outside the temple "of justice. Here only reason should rule. Mr. Parsons, of the counsel for the de fense, entered several objections, but his honor overruled him, and said the jury was already tired out. The jury then went out. RETURN OF THE JURY. Ten minutes later there was a rush again for the court room. Judge Barrett resumed his seat on the bench Sharp and his counsel took their seats. Two minutes later the jury filed into their seats and were asked if they had agreed upon a verdict. “We have,” was the answer. “Guilty or not guilty?” “Not guilty—l mean guilty, your honor, guilty.” “Jacob Sharp,” said the court, “how old are you?” “Seventy years next month.” “Where do you live?” “No. 334 West Twenty-third street.” The jurors here consulted a moment and recommended the, prisoner to mercy. Sharp heard the verdict with ho apparent trepidation. He sat quietly in his seat with an air of disinterestedness until Sheriff Grant let the court know that he was ready to care for the convict. The lawyers for the defense evinced more chagrin at the re sult than the convicted one. HOW SHARP TOOK IT. ■When the Sheriff notified Sharp to join him the prisoner arose coolly and shook hands with his counsel all around. Reach ing the hallway it was only with great dif ficulty that the crowd could be forced back" enough to give an exit. The prisoner was finally helped into a carriage and he was driven to Ludlow street jail. There was another groat crowd and there was again trouble in making a way to the door. Sharp showed no more signs of ill ness than usual. Only members or his fami ly were permitted to converse with him. The court adjourned until July 13, when sentence will lie passed upon the prisoner. Anew trial will he moved for. THE SyORY OF THE VERDICT. The story of the verdict, as toid bv Juror Owen O. Sehimmel, is as follows: When the jury loft the court room at 8:52 o’clock they went directly to the special term court room to take their ballot. No juryman know then what any other juryman would vote. Foreman Canfield made out twenty-four ballots Twelve of the ballots were markeik“guilty” and twelve “not guilty.” Foreman Canfield gave each juror two bal lots one marked “guilty” and the other “not guilty.” He then passed around a hat and each juror deposited his ballot therein. There was lmtone ballot taken, and the re sult was a verdict of guilty on the first bal lot, there being no dissenting vote. Maine’s Liquor Law. Augusta, Me., June 29.—Gov. Bodwell has sent communications to the Attorney General of the State and to every t-ounty Attorney in the State, calling their atten tion to the fact tlmt conspiracy exists to evade the prohibition liquor law by an un justifiable interpretation of the United States revenue regulations regarding the sale of liquor in imported packages and call ing upon them to enfor.-e the law to the fullest extent. Death of Manager Talmage. Peru. Ind., June 29.—A. A. Talmage, Vice Presi'lont amt Geiusnl Manager of too Wabash Kail wav Company, died In thm city last night He hail been ill of Brights disease and dysentery, and was on his way, in his private car, to Toledo for a sail on he lakes His family was with him. He worse, mid his car was sidetracked iicre, and he died in the car. Gold for New York. LONDON, June 'y.l-Thebidlicn withdrawn from the Bank or England Uvday, £50,000, was for shipment to New York. Two New Cases and a Death. West Fla., June 2.*. —There have been two new case, of fevsr inoe yesterday end olio death. SAVANNAH, GA., THURSDAY. JUNE 30, 1887. ERIN ANI) THE VATICAN. CARDINAL MANNING DENIES BE ING A SEPARATIST. Exceptions Taken to an Article In London’s Times -The Cardinal Gladly Unites Himself With Archbishop Walsh—The Times Stands Firm— Drouth-Stricken Bantry Refuses a Man-of-War’s Offers. London, June 29. —Cardinal Manning writes to the Times protesting against its circulation of the statement from Rome that “the Irish mission of Mgr. Portico and Mgr. Gualdi had been revoked at- the instance of Cardinal Manning and Archbishop Walsh, of Dublin, and branding the latter two as active promoters of Separatist intrigues.” The Cardinal says: “I gladly unite myself with Archbishop Walsh. He is but slightly known in England, except in the descrip tions of those who are fanning the flames of animosity between England and Ireland. I am known in England both to the ministers of the crown and to the leaders of the oppo sition, and I will leave it to them who well know my mind to answer for me, and I, who know the mmd of Archbishop Walsh,. will answer for him. We are neither intriguers nor Separatists.” In conclusion the Cardinal says: “If, sir, I have written with unusual warmth I con fess that I hold that resentment is some times a duty, and this is such a time when your words touch our highest responsibility and inflame more and more the heated con tentions between two peoples whom justice and truth would still bind in peace and unity. I ask you sir, as an aof of justice, to give this as prominent a place in the Times as you have unwarily given to ([he unhappy imputations.” THE TIMES STANDS FIRM. The Times in an editorial excuses the first charge which Cardinal Manning complains of by saying that, it had simply reproduced the Reuter Telegram Company's dispatch from Rome. It assures the Cardinal that it has no desire to meet the other charge by either gloss or evasion. It would judge Archbishop Walsh by his own written and spoken words. He was, in a very strict sense of the word, a Separatist. It was sorry if it had wrongly been led to believe that Cardinal Manning was a warm sup porter of Mr. Gladstone’s Separatist policy, but if the facte were so no peculiar inter pretation of language could alter them. A DROUGHT AT BANTRY. Dublin, June 29. —The town of Bantry is suffering from drought, and the inhabitants have great difficulty in procuring water. Capt. Blackburne. of her majesty’s ship Shannon, which is stationed in Bantry Bay, offered to furnish forty tons of condensed water to relieve the town’s wants, but the board of poor law guardians met and re solved to decline to accept any favor from the Shannon’s Captain in consequence of an insult ho had offered the inhabitants in seiz ing Murpliv’s yacht for flying a green flag on jubilee day. Three orders for the ejectment of tenants on the Marquis of Lansdowne’s Luggaeurran estate were obtained to-day. Lord Lans downe’s counsel said the tenants in question would not be evicted if they paid their rente. William Murphy, member of Parliament, has brought suit against Capt. Blackburn, of the royal navy, for trespass in hauling down and taking possession of the green flag, which was raised on Mr. Murphy’s yacht in Bantry Bay on jubilee day. DUBLIN’S VISITING PRINCES. Prince Albert Victor of Wales, has thanked the people of Dublin for the loyal addresses presented to him on the occasion of the visit of himself and his brother, Prince George, to this city. He says he is pleased with the reception accorded liim and his brother, and is glad of the efforts to materially advance Ireland, which ho hopes will meet, with complete success. Prince Albert. Victor to-day laid the foun dation stone of tile new wing of the hospi tal for incurables at Donnybrook. He was fairly well received, but a few hostile cheers greeted him. It is stated that Mr. Holmes, Attorney General for Ireland, is about to be raised to the Irish bench as Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, that Mr. Gibson, now Soli citor General for Ireland, will succeed him as Attorney General, and that Sergt. Peter O'Brien will become Solicitor General. WHAT TURKEY WANTS. The First Public Intimation of the Demands of the Porte. Constantinople, June 29.—The threats of France, in connection with the Anglo- Turkish convention, have had the effect of exasperating the Porte, and it is believed that the Sultan will finally sign the conven tion. The Porte has declined to grant a sion for the construction of an Asiatic rail way to a syndicate comj>osed of Frenchmen. WHAT TURKEY WANTS. Constantinople, June 29.—Sir Henry Drummond Wolff, the British envoy for the settlement of Egyptian affairs, spent three horn's to-day with the Ottoman commission in discussing the modifications proposed by the Porte in the Egyptian convention. The commission will hold another conference Thursday. It is stated that England will not accede to Turkey’s demands that Eng land shall only have' the right to reoccupy Egypt in case' of Turkey being unable to send her own troops and applies for Eng land's assistance. A Gain for French Students. Paris, June 29.—The f\Cham her of Deputies, by a vote of 2775 tdgtU), has agreed to the clause of the army pllKwhich pro vides that students of the n ‘yifcnl school may be drilled at the sch<> V that the time thus si>ent shall be cdt flPnßd equiva lent to military service. . Tjy Victoria’s Gardei?’<Jfrty. Lonpon, June 29.—The Queen's garden party at Buckingham i>alace this afternoon was a great social event. Seven thousand invitations were issued. All the royal visi tors who came to attend the jubilee, and a cumber of promiucut Americans were pres ent. French Radicals Offended. Paris, June 29.—The Radicals are offended at the conduct of Mgr. Kotelli, the new Papal Nunco at Paris, in appearing as the principal guest *t the recent Royalist soiree, and intend to question the govern ment In the Chamber of Deputies about it. Berv.a’e King and Queen. Vienna, June 29. —King Milau of Servia has instructed Premier Kistics to take measure to prevent the rotuni of Queen Natalie to Servia. A Cabinet crisis is ex- Ss'ted if the Premier refuses to obey the ing. Church and Btate. Paiiis, June 29—The majority of the Chamber of Deputies appointed to study the question of the separation of church and Btate approve M. Boyaset's project for the abrogation of the Concords. BOULANGER’SJPOPULARITY. The Chamber of Deputies Rejects Gen. Ferron’s Proposals. Paris, June 29. —The commission of the Chamber of Deputies appointed to examine and report upon the proposals relative to the army submitted by Gen. Ferron, the new Minister of War, rejected them to-day. The rejection of the proposals has caused a sensation. Nows)wipers assert that Gen. Boulanger was unaware of the government’s in tention to appoint him to command of tiie Thirteenth army corps un til lie saw the announcement of the actual appointment in the press. The statement, is reiterated that the Appointment was made for the express purpose of getting Gen. Boulanger away from Paris during the national fetes and review in July, and thus preventing him from, bv his presence, tempting the people into demonstration in his favor and against Germany. The police have confiscated the entire issue of a picture representing Gi. Boulanger as the savior of France, prepared for distribution during the fetes. TIIE STATEMENT PREMATURE. Paris, June SO, 2 a h.— The statement that Gen. Ferron’s propasals had been re jected by the committee to which they were referred appears to have been errone ous. It is now stated that the committee will come to no decision iff the matter until Saturday next. RUSSIA’S NIHILISTS. Twenty-one Persona Tried at St. Pe tersburg in Nine Days. St. Petersburg, June 29.—The official messenger announces that twenty-one per sons were tried at St. PHersburg between J une 7 and 10, on the ch rge of being active members of the secret ft ciety called “The Will of the People,” and of complicity in several murders, including that of t he Chief of Police. Three of the prisoners were ac quitted, two others were sentenced by the court td terms of imprisonment at hard labor, and one to imprisonment without labor. Fifteen, including two women, were sentenced to death. The death sentences were, however, commuted in the cases of two of these to exile in Siberia, and In those of the others to imprisonment at hard labor. MANY BUILDINGS BURNED. Fire Almost Sweeps Away the Busi ness Part of a Town. Louisville, Ky., June 29.—A special from Elizabethtown says: A lamp ex ploded in the drug store of E. F. Elliott & Cos. at 11:30 last night, and started a con flagration that has swept a.vay nearly all of the business portion of the town, and defied all efforts to arrest its course. An alarm was givon in a short time, but. by the time the citizens got out the fire was" spreading. Charles Lott’s confectioner'.’ was destroyed after the drug store, and tjfer Bernier's sad dlery shop. The latter adjoined the bank of Elizabethtown, a building in which the Messenger office was located, and it took but a short time to wrap that structure in flames. To the west the fire cross'd an alley from the drug store and devoured the double front store of J. W. Slack, and the store of Virgil Churchill. Next to the bank and Messenger building was Charles Ijott’s residence, with law offices and the post office, whicli were de stroyed. Thence the flames swept away Higgins' furniture store and another build ing occupied as offices. Shortly after 11 o'clock the authorities at Louisville were telegraphed to send firemen and an engine. At 1 o'clock an engine left that, city by special train. At 1:15 o’clock this morning tiie fire was got under control. The loss will amount to $1,000,000, with insurance footing half that sum. THE LOSSES AT MARSHFIELD. Milwaukee, June 29.—A special from Marshfield says: The insurance adjusters have arrived here, but matters are so badly confused that individual losses and insur ances cannot yet be obtained. The total loss will foot up $120,000, with an insurance of about one-fourth. Aid in the shape of money, food and clothing is pouring into the stricken city on ever}’ train. R. & P.'S DIVIDEND. ' The Road Claims That it is Not Made Out of Net Earnings. New York, June 29.—Powers & Cos., of Lansingburg, N. Y., hare applied for an injunction to restrain the Richmond and Danville Railroad Conqiany from paying the dividend of 3 per cent, ordered by the Board of Directors. They hold $56,000 of debenture bonds of the company, interest being in arrears four years. Before Judge Lawrence in the Supreme Court to-day it was contended that the contemplated jmyment was in violation of the provisions of the bonds; that no dividends should be paid I to stockholders until all arrearages of inter - | est were fully paid. For the directors, the counsel responded that the court would not interfere with the payment of t#ie dividend from proceeds to which bondholders were not entitled, being the proceeds of sales of certain stocks ana 1 Kinds and not net earn ings. The decision was reserved. GUAYAQUIL SHAKEN. The Earthquake More Severe than Any Since 1858. Guayaquil, Mex., June 29.—The most violent earthquake experienced here since 1858 occurred at 6:20 o’clock this morning, causing great alarm among the population. The shock lasted two minutes and t wenty seconds, and the direction of the movement was from northeast to southwest. All the clocks in the city were stopped. Several buildings were demolished and others were badly omnagod. Ho far a* reported no per son was injured. It is feared that the shock must have caused much damage in cities in the interior Virginia University's Commencement. Virginia Midland Junction, Va., June 29.—The exercises of graduation day at the University of Virginia were interesting and successful. Two university scholarships wore conferred, one upon K. 8. Radford, of Virginia, and tne other uoon F. H. Levy, of Texrs. The competitive scholarships named after their founders, Mr. Miller and Mr. Isaac Cary, wore won by Joseph L. Jarman and J. H. C. Bagby, of Virginia. The au nual meeting of the Alumni Bociety was addressed by Representative Herbert, of Alabama. ______________ Buying Up Pine Lands. Montgomery, Ala., Juno 29.—Northern capitalists are rapidly acquiring all the pine lands in Southern Alabama that are still owned by the government, and tliat can be iiad for $1 25 an acre. Elihu and William Jackson, of Maryland, haro just purchased 40,000 acres of finely timbered land in one tract in Covington county, and 20,000 acres were bought by another party about a month ago. Cleveland s Next Outing. Washington, June 29.—The President’* next outing will be on July 13 unlcm he goes to Clinton, N. Y., to visit Hamilton College, his father's alma mater, for a day or two GEORGIA’S CAPITAL CITY. SEMI-ANNUAL STATEMENT OF THE RAILROAD COMMISSION. Great Inequality in the Proportions of Freight—A Marvellous Increase in the Naval Stores Industry Points Out of the Commissions' Jurisdic tion—The Session of the Editors. Atlanta, GA.,June 29.—The Railroad Commission submitted its fifteenth semi annual statement to the Governor to-day. The report covers generally the business transacted during the last six months and presents the following leading features: It had appeared to the commission that there was great inequality in the proportions of freights received by railroads on business coming from without to points in the State and the rates fixed by the commission on the same class for the same distance between points within the State. On investigation this was not sustained. On request of ship pers a reduction of 25 per oent. was granted on rosin. The commission notes a marvelous increase in the naval stores industry, now ranking as the second largest in the State. NO JURISDICTION. On the complaints made of the charges of the Augusta and Summerville railroad for transferring cars in Augusta, the commis sion held that it had no jurisdiction. The report embodied the complaints and charges that the Brunswick and Western Railroad is in bad condition, is utterly un safe, its rails worn and its rolling stock for passengers and freight insufficient and inadequate to meet the demands or for the accommodation of the public. The commission says it, has no supervision over the physical condition of roads, but it urges the Governor to take the necessary stops to correct the evil. The report, discusses the interstate com merce law, and holds that it will not affect the State commission, confined as it is to interstate commerce. The creation of the commission induced the State commission to reissue the standard tariff and classification, which had not lieen done since it was created, in 1879. . THE PRINTING Ft'ND. Tiie report sal’s the publication of the revised tariff exhausted the printing fund and left a deficit of $1,415 due newspapers, and recommended a legislative appropria tion to pay up. The report, contains a statement of the comparative gross earnings of railroads for the last six months, showing a decided increase in most of them. The Commission is unable to state the miles of track laid or road graded in the last six months, because the railroad companies have not reported. The commission opposes semi annual re ?orts, and thinks animal all that is necessary. he report concludes: “We desire to ex jiress our grattWrit.ion at the continued harmonious relations existing between the railroad companies and their patrons. All parties have adjusted themselves to the statutes and rules and tariffs of the com mission. The law is working well and smoothly, and we know of no dissatisfaction in any quarter as to the manner in which it is being administered.” ATLANTA’S SOLICITOR. The Governor decided to-day upon the ap pointment oi Frank M. O’Brien as Solicitor of the City Court of Atlanta, considered the best paying office in Ills gift. The appoint ment was warmly contested by some of the strongest and most popular young men iu Atlanta. Mr. O'Bryan is a native of South Carolina, and came here from Allendale four years ago. He figured prominently in the last camjiaign as n supporter of Gov. Gor don. He is very popular, and his appoint ment is well received. The term of BoUeitor Howell C. Glenn, the incumbent, expires Feb. 23 next The Treasurer to-day finished making out and mailing checks for the payment of the semi-annual interest on the registered tionds, amounting to $14,985. The largest, holders of these Isinds are the estate of Villalonga, of Savannah, and Capt. W. D. Grant, of Atlanta. THE SOUTHERN PRESS. The Southern Press Association held the largest meeting in its history at the Kimball House in this city to-day, twenty-ffve news papers being represented. The association organized jrermanantly under a charter and re-elecled its former officers. The meeting was harmonious and important. Business concerning improvement in the news service and the relation of the members to the Asso ciated Proas was transacted. The meeting adjourned to meet at Now Orleans next April. COLUMBUS CHAPTERS. A Train Derailed But Nobody Hurt— Tbo Free Delivery. Columbus, Ga., June 29.—The through freight train from Montgomery to Macon ran off the track near Butler on the South western railroad at 6:30 o'clock this morn ing and nine cars were totally wrecked. The train was three hours late and the sec tion boss did not know it. He had taken up one rail to repair the track. The train rushed into the place being worked on be fore it could lie stopped. No one was hurt. President Alexander and General Mana ger Belknap, of the Georgia Central, are in the city. The free delivery system will go into effect Friday. The letter boxes were put up to-day. Wedded at Jacksonville. Jacksonville, Fla., June 29.—A fash ionable wedding took place this evening at 6 o’clock at the Christian church. .The con tracting parties wero F. O. Harrell, of Bainhridge, Ga., a .Savannah, Florida and Western railway telegraph operator at Jacksonville, and Miss Josie Smith, daugh ter of C. B. Smith, of the wholesale grocery firm of Tyson & Smith. The wedding pres ents were numerous and costly. All the elite of the city were present. The couple left on the 9 o’clock train for Bainhridge. Fatalities at Augusta. Augusta. Oa., June 29.—Joseph Mc- Arthur, a W-year-old white lad, while climb ing a |lendi tree overhanging the waste race of the Pendleton foundry, today, fell Into the water and was drowned. Kdnu Dumont was thrown from a horse near the cemetery this afternoon, and since has not regained consciousness. It is thought she cannot recover. Colquitt and the President. Washington, June 29 —.Senator Colquitt had another talk with the President to-day, but nothing was said about the Supreme Court vacancy or the Dejiartiiient of the ' Interior. Mr. Colquitt goes on to New York ; to-morrow, stopping hero on his way homo next week Millon Win* tb* Badge. Millen, Oa., June 29.—1n the contesi for the interstate badge of the National Gun Association here to-day Millen the badge. The sow** were: Millon, 42: (.hat ham*, of Savannah, ;I9; Forest Citys, of Savannah. 07; Augusta, 87. SiiAty was tho invisible soar*. HOOVER SOCIETIES. The Organization Spreading in South Carolina. Charleston, June 29. —Reports from the interior of the State are to the effect that the organization of what arc known as “Hoo ver" societies is spreading rapidly, which is not surprising, in view of the advertisement Hoover received in Georgia, and this State. The scare in Laurens seems to nave passed away. There does not appear to have been any reasonable cause for it, according to the statements of a number of prominent Laurens people, but. it has had tin' effect of bringing the Hoover movement into noto riety , and as a result, new . icietieg are re ported in every direction. The latest news is that the laborers in Pickens and Greenville counties, in both of which the whites are largely in the majority have organized societies which embrace both whites and negroes. If this be true it will not lie long before the Hoover movement, which at first seems to have been harmless enough, will begin to develop into a political movement, a result for which the whites can blame nobody but. themselves. A prominent citizen of Greenville writes to a friend here that there is real danger of that, kind now, “There could," he says, “have been no objection to the negro farm hands organising secret societies. Such societies would have been ahso lutely harmless and would have probably kept the negroes out of greater mischief. The negro in this Btato can hardly’ bo called a farm laborer, for the reason that, fully three-fourths of the race are either renters or work on shares, so that tlier*' is not much to regulate in the wav of wages. Besides this, the laws of the Stale are so framed that the land owner is fully protected? Why, then,-make all this fuss about a secret society among the negroes? it was a great mistake, and I fear it will in the future lend to trouble." CINCINNATI’S WRECKED BANK. The Principle on Which the Comp troller Will Base Hia Course. Cincinnati, June 29. —David Armstrong has had his bond as receiver of the Fidelity National Bank accepted, and he is now in charge of the affairs of the defunct inst itu tion. Comptroller ol’ the Currency Tren holm and Solicitor of the Treasury Mo- Cue went to Washington tonight.. Mr. Trenholin said that he would deal with this bank upon the principle that National Blinks hold a fiduciary relation to the pub lic, and that the profits upon stock are in part consideration for the proper dis charge of the trust by the officers chosen by the stockholders, and when, ns in the rase of tli' Fidelity Bank, this trust was be trayed by the officers, it is the duty of the government to award exemplary punish ment. not only to the men active in wrong-doing, but also to those who, being in position to protect the interests of depos iters neglected or omitted to diseiiarge that duty. Comptroller Trenholm will declare a dividend ns soon as the necessary data can [>e collected. Joseph F. Larkin, President of the Cincinnati National Bank, today re signed, und Franklin Alter was chosen in his place. Rumors having arisen that, this ac tion was demanded by Comptroller Tren holm, that officer stated that there was no foundation whatever for the story, that the bank had not been under susiiensiou, and that the change was purely a voluntary one. A STRIKE NOW IMPROBABLE. The Iron Workers Modify the De tnands on Their Employers. Pittsburg, June 29.—The modified wale of the iron workers was submitted to the manufacturers’ committee this afternoon. Nearly all the extras which were tacked on the scale were stricken off, leaving simply the demand for an increase of 10 per cent, to puddlers and finishers. The manufac turers ask for the same classification for sheet mills as last year. They also ask to have the twelve-inch mill scale and the roll turners schedule stricken off. With these modifications (hey say they will sign the scale. All the indiea tions now point to an amicable adjustment of the difficulties and that the threatened strike will lie averted. Everything was in readiness to shut, down to-morrow, lmt it, is now believed that work will go straight ahead until hot weather forces a suspen sion. TRADES COUNCILS. The National Federation Adopts a Preamble. Chicago, June 20. —The National Federa tion of Trades Councils went into executive session this momiDg to consider the Consti tution Committee’s report,. The* following preamble was adopted: This organisation shall be known as the National Building, Trades Council of the United States, and shall lie com posed of delegates of such building trades, federations and organizations as rec ognize its jurisdiction and subscribe to its constitution. The objects of this council are to assist in the organization of journey men workers of the building trades, the fed eration of such trade organizations into a building trades council and central forties in each locality of the United States, to create a bond of union lietween wage-working builders anti to aid by counsel and support all legitimate modes for the betterment of the condition of members of the building trades. Rochester's Strike Ended, Rochester, N. Y., June 29.—The strike Is virtually over. No disturbance of any magnitude was reported at police headquar ters to-day. On the contrary the rioters are looking for employment, hut as long as they retain their membership in the union they will not tie taken tiack. Non-union men are being received by the contractor*. Strikers Evicted. Pittsburg, June 29.—Ybe families of fif teen strikers at the Pennsylvania Salt Works, at Natrona, Pa., were evicted by the Sheriff and his deputies to-day. The Sheriff was jeered by the strikers, but no resistance was offered. The Amalgamated Wage Scale. Pittsburg, June 29.—The wage scale of the Amalgamated Association, as amended at the instance of the manufacturers, was not signed to-day, but proixibly will be at a meeting arranged for that purpose to-mor row morning. Forced Into a Partnership. Chicago, June 29,—The creditors of C. J. Kershaw K Cos,, secured an order from court to-day making Charles B. Eggleston a general partner and thereby making him responsible for the debts of tne firm. The next step of the attorneys for the creditors was to secure their interests by tying up the property Involved. An order was issued by Judge Garnett restraining Mr. Eggleston ooi dis|K*ing of his real estate pending a settlement of the qui-stious at lnb re-t. A wo ;'i* “■* surer Muwnug- U ikjNsocKs. , - ..,,0 29.— W. J. Williams, Treasurer of Jerauld county, is reported missing. HU accounts are short S-B.UOO. lie ha* been gone a week. i PRICE ftlOA YEAR, t 1 ft CENTS A COPY.j MERCER COMMENCEMENT CELEBRATING ITS FORTY-NINTH ANNIVERSARY. ■ ■ The Orationa Delivered According to Class-Standing- List of the Essayist* —Conferring the Degree The Alumni Elect the Old Officere—Crowds at the Lucy Cobb Institute. Macon, Ga., June 29.—The forty-ninth anniversary of Mercer University was cele brated in the commencement exercises to day. Masonic Hall was {lacked. On the stage, in addition to the faculty and tru** tees, were several distinguished gentlemen. After the invocation, by Dr. F. M. Ellis, of Baltimore, seven members of the Senior class, selected according to class standing, delivered orations as follows: . “Latin Salutation” (second honor)— James R. Cain, of Hancock county. "Are We Progressing?” (second honor)— Brantley W. Hclvenston, of Florida. “The Man of 1887”—James B. Fitzgerald, of Htewart county. “Nil Adinirari.” Joseph W. Palmer, of Bibb county. Music. “What is Success,” William A. Hogan, of Lincoln county. “What the Colleges of the RoUth are Doing,” launder Kennedy, of Tattnall coun- If “ Valedictory" (first honor) Robert K Ryals, of Bibb county. tJif. essayists. The essayists of the class were Joseph E. Bivens, of Marion county; Joseph E. Brown, of Cherokee county; Thomas M. Callaway, of Troup county; Charles G. Dilwortb, of Florida; Roland 8. Ellis, of Bibb county; Houston R. Harjier, of Floyd county; Donald Harper, of Floyd county; Eugene E. Hinkle, Af Sumter county; Howard H. Mc- Call, of Bps Ming county, and Joseph W. Smith, of Bibb county. Their essays were not read, but wore deposited in the archives of the university. Following the above an nouncements were the graduating exercised proper. CONFERRING THE DEGREE. The degree of A. B. was conferred on the members of the senior class as follows: A. L. llarron A. J. Battle, Jr., J. E. Bivens, W. J. Blalock, J. E. Brown, Jr., J. J. Brown. J. R. Cain, T. M. Callaway, C. E. Coke, C. G. Dilworth, R. 8. Ellis, G. C. Evans, J. B. Fitzgerald, E. W. Freeman,M. B. Greer, George Hamburger, Donald Harper, H. R. Harper R. G. Harhfleld, R. C. Hazelhunrt, W. E. Hawkins, B. W. Hel venston, E. E. Hinkle. W. A. Hogan, W. R. Jennings, L. Kennedy, M. M. Kilpatrick, M. R. Little. H. H. McCall, J. W. Palmer, R. L. Ryals, F. C. Schofield, and 1. W. Smith. PRIZES DELIVERED. After the conferring of the degrees and awarding of the diplomas, Dr. A. J. Battle delivered the baccalaureate address, followed by the delivery of the sophomore anil junior priz* for declamation aud English composition by Hon. Lloyd Cleveland, of Griffin. The first sophomore prize was awarded to Monroe G. Ogden, of Macon, and the second to Curran R. Ellis, of Macon. The junior medal was given to Carl Steed, of Macon. The exercises of the college were then ad journed to Sept. 28. Next year living the fiftieth anniversary of the college, the trus tees have decided to celebrate it in some uiv usual manner. BRAIN AND BRAWN. Dr. Ellis remained over and delivered hi* Eoat lecture, “Brain and Brawn," to • rge audience in Masonic Hall to-night. At the annual meeting of the Altimnl Association yesterday the old officer*, all efficient arid popular members, were re elected, as follows: President, Dr. J. G. Ryals; Vice President, Rev. G. R. McCall; Secretary, Prof. J. E. Willet; Treasurer. Clem P. Stead. Clem Stead was eloctea Alumni orutor for next year and John P. Ross, alternate. LUCY COBB INSTITUTE. The Session Closed With an Elocution* ary Exhibition. Athens, Ga., June 29.—'The commence ment exercises of the Lucy Cobb Institute closed to-night at 12 o'clock and tha sweet girl graduate of 1887 is numbered with the things of the past. Sixteen as pretty young ladies as ever went forth from tha classic wallsosth Luoy Cobh enter to-night u|*in young womanhood, and they carry with them from Athens the memory of some of the happiest, moments of their life. The clncutimuiiy contest thU morning was one of tbe most interesting exerrises-of ths whole commencement,. THE SHAKY GALLERY The house was packed to it utmost, and notwithstanding the feeble condition or the gallery, many [>eople, taking their lives in their hands, went there in order to find heat*. Among the eighteen competitors the rendition of '‘The First Settler’s Story,” by Miss Haidce Routzalin, of Waynesboro, ‘A Convict’s Soliloquy," by Miss Rlanch Lips comb, of Athens, and ‘‘The Creed of tha Beil*,’ by Miss Annie Smith, of Albany, deserve special mention. Tiiese young ladies, by tlieir clear enunciation, ease anil grocc of manner completely won the hearts of the audience. After the contest Miaa Florrio Carr, of Athen*, delivered a very enjoyable address before the alumni of tha institute. THE CLOSING EXERCISES. This afternoon, long before dark, peoph from all direction* were seen flocking toward the Lucy Cobh, and before the doors of tha chapel were opened the whole yard and sidewalk wa* crowded with people who had come to witness the closing exercises. At II o’clock the curtain rose disclosing to the au dience the graduating class of 1887. Tha ineiTils rs of the class were the following: Miss Helen Boyd, poet graduate class, of Xenia, O.; Miss Janie .Stephens, excused, Washington, Ga.; Miss Lula Cant lei *>rry, Dbwmmville, Ga.: Miss Blanche Lipscomb, Atheus; Miss Katie Rutherford, At hens; Mi* Lillie Barnett. Raytown; Mias Haygood, Oxford; Miss Cornelia Walking, Crawford. Mina May Beeks Johnson, Atlanta; Mi* Mary Siblev, Augusta; Mias Janie Timber lake Augusta; Miss Lillie Goldsmith, At lanta; Mis* Law Mcßride, Atlanta; Mi Ruth I Inn woody, Marietta; Miss Annie Wii. hams Smith, AH any. Miss Carrie Wllliami Smith, of Albany, delivered the valedictory address. Miss Mattie Haygood took tfo first honor. The delivery of the diplomas was made by Maj. Lamar Cobb, of Athens. A Savannah Student’s Honor. Virginia Midland Junction, Va., Juni 29.—At tlie celebrntiou of the Washmgtoi Literary Swiety of the University of vir ginia tue medalists were J. B. fibson, o! Mississippi and T. E. Ryals, of Georgia. At the Jefferson Literary Society celebratiot the medalist* wore W. W. Muir, of Louis ville, and M. S. Mason, of New Orleans *s tfo* Magazine medal. .uUCOud sew National Bank. Washington, June 28,—The Comptrollet of Currency to-dav authorueed the Mer chants' National Bank of Maoun. Oh , u begin busm with a capit'.l of #106.600.