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\ ESTABLISHED 1850. I
IJ. If. EBTILL Editor and Proprietor, f
A DAY OF PATRIOTISM.
WIDESPREAD OBSERVANCE OF
THE NATIONAL HOLIDAY.
Gov. Lee and Sunset Cox Make
Speeches at the Tammany Society’s
Celebration-An Old-Fashioned Ob
servance at Philadelphia - Florida’s
Thriving Cities Full of Fun and
New York, July 4. —The Fourth was op
pressively hot, the thermometer dancing up
among the nineties. Business, except that
of fireworks manufactories, was entirely
suspended. The seaside resorts were thronged
with visitors, and almost every person who
had a chance left the hot city for cooler
breathing spots. Matiuees were given in
several of the theatres, but these were not
well patronized, owing to the oppressive
heat. Old Trinity chimes rang out a series
of patriotic airs in honor of the day.
All the braves, sachems and chiefs of Tam
many Hall filled the large wigwam to-day
to celebrate the birth of American inde
pendence. Cappa’s Seventh Regiment Band
discoursed patriotic airs. Grand Sachem
FJaek called .the meeting to order, and in a
short speech bade all welcome to the halls of
the Tammany Society. After several an
thems were sung by the Union Glee Club
the Decimation of Independence was read
by Eugene 8. Ives. Gov. Lee was intro
duced at the conclusion of the singing of the
“Sword of Bunker Hill.’’ He was received
with great enthusiasm.
CHEERS FOR VIRGINIA.
He spoke in a full, strong voice, and his
reference to his residence in “Old Virginia”
was the signal for three cheers for the
“mother of presidents.” He told of the
9nnital custom of the remnant of the Pa
munky tribe of Indians to render tribute to
the Governor of Virginia, and said that now
the custom is reversed. Instead of the In
dians going to the Governor, the representa
tive of the commonwealth has gone to the
Indian, and came in a great ship laden with
Virginia tobacco that all might smoke the
pipe of peace. He came to join with the
braves of Tammany Hall to renew upon
these altars the fires of the first revolution.
Virginia today clasped hands with New
York in celebration of this event, as our
fathers did about this great metropolis in
the days of the revolution.
Gov. Leesuid: “I regret that the grand
sachem of Tammany Hall, John Kelly, is
not here to-day, that his eyes might look
upon this scene and see the two sections of
the country coming closer and closer together
in fraternal greeting. The Old Dominion
was the first to declare her righ ts as an in
dependent State, and in May, 1770, George
Mason drew up her bill of rights.”
VIRGINIA’S FIGHT FOR LIBERTY.
The orator dwelt upon the part that Vir
ginia had taken in the struggle for lilierty,
and the acts of Richard Henry Lee before
the Continental Congress; Patrick Henry,
with his “If this lie treason, make the most
of it;” Thomas Jefferson, when he framed
the charter of American Liberty; and
George Washington, when he organized the
militia of the colony. Continuing, Gov.
Lee remarked: “If our forefathers were
derelict in anything, it was in that they did
not fully particularize and fully set forth
the rights of the States. At tiie time of
that session there was a young man, John
Randolph, who said he saw poison under the
eagle’s wing wnich would bring pestilenco
over the whole land.
THE GREAT STRUGGLE.
“That poison was there, my friends, and
you know when the pestilenco came, we of
the South insisted that wo had the right to
withdraw from the Union if we were dis
satisfied. You of New York thought other
wise. Ido not refer to this dead- past to
raise up sectional feeling. No, but I want
you to believe that we of the South fought
for what we believed to be our rights as
honestly as did you of the North. Wo did
not figlit for rations when we had to eat
persimmons to fit our stomachs to the ra
tions; not for clothing; not for Confederate
money, for it was not worth ten cents a
yard; but for a right.
DECIDED BY THE SWORD.
“But that is past. It was submitted to
the sword and was decided against us. Now
the white-winged angel of peace covers the
land and Virginia’s star shine as brightly
ki that Union of the biuo and stars and
stripes as does New York, and if those stars
and stripes moan anything they mean that
Virginia and New York stand on equal
terms. There is no contention now, all is
peat* and the Union is indeed one and in
separable, and the South recognizes that
A VOICE FROM THE TOMB.
“Methinks I hear the voice of the great
soldier who sleeps in Riverside Park saying
from his deathbed that he feels that a great
era of peace is approaching. Virginia is
not sulking in a corner. The liars on her
mountain side are down and trains laden
with the products she is sending to the sea.
She isprosperous and joins with the other
States, North and South, in saying: ‘ The
Union, one and indivisible.’ ”
Gov. Lew’s remarks were received with
tumultous applause, and as he sat down the
band broke out with “The Bonnie Blue
COX ON POLITICS.
After brief speeches by William O. May
6ury, of Michigan, and lion. Barnes Comp
ton, of Maryland, “Sunset" Cox made an
address, in which he said that our fathers
did not fight for liberty, they struck Ur in
d pondeuce—they had never lost their
liberties, and then he devoted his
attention to discussion of the politi
cal situation. He asked. “What
is the shibboleth of the Republican party!
Why, there was a little incident concerning
the battlcflags the other day. The flags
were mouldering in the attic of tho War
Department at Washington. It was pro
posed to continue this" era of good feeling
between tho North and South, but the Presi
dent found that It was unlawful and the
order was countermanded.
NEVER SUCH A HOWL BEFORE.
There never was such noise raised before
as our Republican friends raised over this
matter. Gov. Foraker, of Ohio, sent on to
Washington to have the government en
joined from performing this act of good
fellowship. Had he lived in the days when
a baba vas Imi:m in Bethlehem h
have sent on to Jerusalem for an order en
joining tho heavenly host from singing
“Rea-* on earth, good-will toward men,
and a mandamus compelling them to sing
the opposite—“ Hate on earth, ill-will to
This concluded the list or speakers, and
the "Star Spangled Banner” was sung by
all present. The sachems, bravos and their
friend* retired to the basement alter the
exercises in the hall and partook of the good
‘hings with which the tables were laden.
The following letter from President Cleve
land was read:
ExsctTiv* Mansion, 1
Washington, June W. f
to .Tame* a. Flark, Eo., U. am) Hm hr.n:
Mv Dzar Sir -1 Lave received your Invitation
loin with the Society of Tummsny in Its
Uuetv ninth celebration of the but}Uv of the
She JMofnintt ffetosS.
republic. While there has heen the greatest
propriety in the annual celebration so long con
tinued, of this day by a society founded upon
patriotic principles and devoted to a creed most
in consonance with the perpetuation and pro
tection of American institutions, it seems to me
that at this time, when t he party with which this
society is affiliated is so largely
charged with the responsibility of guiding the
course of government, the contemplated cele
bration of the ensuing Fourth of July should,
in the language of your invitation, revive "with
more than usual fervor the memories which
give significance to the day." a quickened sense
ofjresponxihility to the people who have trusted
us. and a renewal of our vows to political duty,
cannot fail to result from a contemplation of
the principles to which we are pledged and
from a sober reflection upon the sacri
fices and trials which accompanied and
followed the courageous announcement of an
independent government by and for the people.
Nor should the occasion pass without strength
ening our faitn in the sufficiency of the doc
trines upon which our government iH based to
meet the wants of our country's growth and
progress as fully as they protected our Infancy
and weakness. Thus with reconsecration of politi
cal effort to the maintenance of the constitution
in its integrit.v'and wit It an enlivened zeal in the
defense and care of the precious legacy of a
free government transmitted by the fat hers of
the Republic. The day will be celebrated, and
the Tammany Society will maintain its patriotic
traditions. I regret that I shall not be able to
attend the celebration, but I hope it will be
most enjoyable and improving to all who are
permitted to be present. Yours very truly,
OTHER LETTERS OF REGRET.
Very many other lettters were received,
mainly expressing regret at being unable to
be present. These were from Gen. Sher
man, Gov. Hill, Senator Voorheesand Gov.
Gray, of Indiana, Secretaries Garland and
Kndicott, Speaker Carlisle, Senators Col
quitt, Reagan and Blackburn and several
Governors, Congressmen and others. Sec
retary Fairchild writes:
Now more than ever should good citizens and
all who wish well to our country study anew
the doctrines and purposes of the great men
ivho.se achievements your society is about to
celebrate. They founded the government,
firmly based upon liberty, justice and
equality of rights, and designed to protect
every man in the enjoyment of the same. Rev
erent contemplation of their work cannot fail
to teach the lesson that we have from them an
heritage which gives to all an opportunity to
pursue and attain happiness with ample protec
tion to person, to property and to the rights of
manhood. It is for the interest of every citi
zen. as well as his duty, to do his part for the
maintenance of tluit heritage in all of its integ
rity and dignity.
SECRETARY BAYARD’S LETTER.
From Secretary Bayard the following
It affords deep satisfaction to those who
cherish traditions of American liberty to witness
the patriotic constancy with which your ancient
and honorable society commemorates its anni
Randolph Tucker writes:
I congratulate the country and your noble
order upon the auspices for a continuance of
Democratic policy in the administration of the
government. Lot our watchword be the restora
tion of the constitution of our fathers in 1787 in
all its original integrity and peace, prosperity
and progress for all the people will be the re
MR. CALDWELL’S SENTIMENTS.
Congressman Caldwell, of Tennessee,
No party should succeed in this country whose
aims are hot national and which seeks to regain
power by exciting suspicion and discord be
tween brethren in a restored Union. I wish you
Congressman Goode, of Virginia, writes:
The war abolished slavery and destroyed
forever the doctrine of secession, but it did
not change the essential character of our gov
ernment. It did not convert a government of
well defined and limited powers into a grand
consolidated empire. It decided that the Union
is indissoluble, but it is an indissoluble union of
free and indestructible States. The safety of
the Union is the safety of the States. Let us
guard with ceaseless vigilance the right of local
self government, and oppose with all our might
all the centralizing tendencies of the times in
which we live. Let us resolve that we will do
all in our power to strengthen the bonds of the
EX-MAYOR VAUX’S VIEWS.
Ex-Mayor Richard Vaux, of Philadelphia,
Professing and acting as a Democrat of the
school of Jeffersonian and Jacksonian princi
ples. I rejoice that Tammany gives expression
of its faith in the fathers of Democracy. In
these latter days that faith is rare. When the
Federal Supreme Court is once again composed
of lawyers, when corporate power once again is
made to submit to Jacksonian principles, when
the rights of States are supreme over the cabal
of Congressmen claiming to be a Parliament,
when demagogues are relegated to a perpetual
minority then the country will again enjoy the
blessings of that constitutional government the
fathers founded. j and then Tammany may cel
ebrate the Fourth of July in the spirit of 1776.
Congressman Barnes, of Georgia, writes:
I feel that there would be no more opportune
occasion for Southern Democrats to unite with
their Northern brethren in burying the animosi
ties of tin 1 past and renewing with them pledge*
of devotion to a common country and main
tenance of the principles of true Jeffersonian
Philadelphia has an Old Fashioned
Philadelphia, July 4. —lt has been ten
years since Philadelphia has celebrated the
Fourth of July in an old fashioned way, hut
at the suggestion of a prominent morning
newspaper, made some time ago, a con
siderable sum of money was raised by
popular subscription, and to-day was cele
brated ns an “old fashioned Fourth” with
the exception of fireworks, which were for
bidden by the authorities.
OPENED WITH A PARADE.
At 9 o'clock this morning a grand parade
of the military took place, and at its con
clusion an immense throng of people went
to Independence square to witness the exer
cises of the day. Ex-Congressman Wise, of
Virginia, delivered a stirring oration. The
Declaration of Independ:*n<*e was read, and
a chorus of 500 voices sang several patriotic
airs. At the conclusion of these exercises
nearly everybody went to Fuiruiount park,
where they listened t 1,200 children sing in
Memorial Hall. Prof. Wise, with a balloon,
run ic a successful ascension at :15 o’clock,
with a party of three persons in the oat,
among them an expert in aerial photo
STILL AMONG THE CLOUDS.
The balloon was this evening still among
the clouds, having sailed in an almost north
erly direction. It is called the Independence
and was constructed e.qiecially for this trip.
One of the most, noteworthy features of the
day wns the boat races on the Schuylkill
river, there being six different races. The
entries were so numerous that trial and Him!
heals wore necessary, uud these practically
lasted all day. Altogether the day was an
enjoyable one and proved to Is- just what it
was called, “a people'* old-fashioned
Fourth of Lily
No Public Celebration, but Business
Richmond, Va, July 4. —There was no
public celebration of the Fourth in this
city. The day, however, was olmorved as a
general holiday, business living almost
totally suspended. All the Federal, State
and municipal offices and Kinks wore closed
and the national flag floated over many
private and ull public building*. Excur
sions mid picnics from and into the city
wore the order of the day. The weather
<luiing the morning was delightful, but
about 2 o'clock clouds gathered and n light
ruin fell for several hour* during the after
SAVANNAH, GA., TUESDAY, JULY 5, 1887.
The Procession Fully Three-Quarters
of a Mile Long.
Jacksonville, Fla., July 4.—Jackson
ville’s celebration was in every way a grand
success, exceeding ail expectations. Over
lot) floats and carriages were in the proces
sion and it was three-quarters of a mile
long. The business floats of various kinds
were very well gotten up anil some were
exceptionally unique. Two printing offices,
the Times- ('nion ami Dacosta’s were repre
sented by men setting type, running a job
Fully 10,000 people witnessed the parade.
The addresses by Senators Mallory and
Mann, Col. Win. Mac Williams, Hon.
Joseph E. Lee and Principal Axtrell were
all loudly cheered and they were exceed
ingly interesting and wide-awake orations.
Mr. Mallory expatiated on the great differ
ence between the French and American
ideas of liberty and equal rights as exempli
fied in their old republic, showing that the
American idea was “of the people, for the
people and by the people.” All
old issues were forgotten and
nowall were united in celebrating one birth
day. Two thousand people surrounded the
Everett House piazza and applauded the pa
triotic utterances, to the echoes.
Thousands went to Pablo Beach in the
afternoon, despite the heavy rain storm
which set in at 3:30 o’clock, and enjoyed
themselves in dancing and other indoor
amusements. The day was extremely warm
in the forenoon, but a heavy rain and wind
storm prevailed-all the afternoon.
SPORT AT SANFORD.
Result of tho Different Contests in the
Sanford, Fla., July 4. —Tho shooting
tournament here to-day resulted as follows:
J. Cameron first money and F. J-. Parra
more second, Cameron making 12 out of a
possible 18 and Purrarnore 11.
The ball game resulted 7 to tl in favor of
Sanford. Thirteen innings were played.
During the game Umpire Vanduser, of Kis
simmee, wax badly injured in the check by
a ball slipping off the bat.
The sail lioat race had four starters. Two
finished. It was won by A. Schleimau’s
The boxing match between Schleiman
and Davis was won by Schleiman by a score
of 26 to 25.
The swimming match was won by J. W.
Nichols, of Enterprise.
The three-legged race of two men tied to
gether, was won by Schlieman and Davis.
The running match for W. J. Hill’s cup,
valued at sls, was won by N. J. Goddard,
with Gee Davis second.
The sack race was won by Roy Way.
The greasy pig was caught by a colored
man with bis teeth, on tho hind leg.
The saloons were open but there was no
disturbances. Fully 8,000 people were here.
A display of fireworks, a dramatic enter
tainment and a dance at the Opera House,
closed the tiny.
A Parade and Two Picnic* in Honor
of the Holiday.
Pensacola, Fla., July 4. —The Fourth of
July was observed here with all tho honors
due to the occasion. At 9 o’clock this morn
ing the national salute was fired from the
canons in Seville square. Bands of music
and a procession of the Knights of
Labor paraded the streets. The
white Knights of Labor gave a
picnic at Magnolia, at which
there were several thousand. The quiet
anil orderly manner in which everything
was conducted, notwithstanding the vast
assemblage, reflects credit upon the several
committees to whom was entrusted the
management. The negro Knights gave a
picnic at Kupfrian Park, which was also
attended by n large number of persons. All
the business houses were closed in honor of
the day, and business was generally
FREE TRADE SPEECH.
Senator Morgan Denies That Alabama
Needs Any Tariff Aid.
Montgomery, Ala., July 4. —The Fourth
of July was observed more generally in
Montgomery to-day than for ten years past.
At Riverside, tho now manufacturing sul>
urb, a barbecue was given and in the af
ternoon the corner-stone of a nwnu
■ ment to industry was laid with
Masonic ceremonies. It was all
in celebration of the founding of Montgom
ery's first iron furnace, which is to be built
in the agricultural district. An address
was made by United States Senator JohnT.
Morgan, who made an elaborate argument
against tariff for protection. He contended
that the iron furnaces of Alabama need no
tariff, and he “would rather no brick should
ever be laid on vender furnace than that
it should be upheld by Preitectionists.” He
closed by stating that arrangements were
already perfected by which ttie Nicaragua
canal will be built, and this, he considered,
means more tliun protectimi for the iron in
terests of Alabama. His low tariff speech
on tho occasion of the founding of the fur
nace gathers interest from the fact that he
comes before the Legislature next year for
re-election, and his speech to-day was vir
tually the opening of bis campaign for re
election in opposition to protection, which
is gaining a strong and aggressive footing
in the mineral region. Tho speech was well
QUIET AT \ .GTON.
Tho Day Given Up to Pleasure but
Not Formally Celebrated.
Washington, July ’4.—There was no
formal celebration of the Fourth in Wash
ington, arid the day passed very quietly.
Business was generally suspended. All the
government departments were closed, and a
large part of the populate in went into the
country and to various suburban resort*.
The heat in the city wn* intense, but it was
tempered by a strong southerly breeze.
There were various local celebrations in and
about Washington by the “Oldest Inhabi
tant** Association,” various labor organiza
tions and civic societies.”
The President spent the Fourth of July
very quietly, riding in from Oakview in
tho morning ns usual aud rejoining Mrs.
Cleveland at Oakview in the afternoon.
BOSTON’S 810 VARIETY.
All Sorts of Amusements Provided for
Boston, July 4. —The programme provid
ed by the eity fathers in celebration of the
Fourth of July was diversified in its charac
ter and sufficiently varied to suit all classes.
There were hunting, lacrosse and ball games,
bicycle, rowing and sailing races, entertain
ments for children, and u regular oration
and literary exercises in the Boston theatre
for the older folks. The heat was intense
hut this did not prevent a large Influx of
[icople from tiie rural districts. The fire
men were ke.pt busy running to Incipient
blazes caused by fire crackers but no serious
lire losses resulted. The formal observa
tions of the day concluded with a display of
fireworks on trie common, which was ‘wit
nessed by thousands of people.
THE BOYS IN BLUE ANDGRAY KEEP
UP THEIR FRATERNIZATION.
Mrs. Pickett Given an Ovation by the
Heroes of Both Sides The Confeder
ates Drawn up in Line as JThey Were
When They Made the Famous
OKTrYSBURG, Pa., July 4.—Just as the
clock in the tonver of the county court
house last night sounded the first stroke of
12, the midnight stillness was broken by the
strains from a bugle of “Way Down Upon
the Suwanee River.” Scarcely had its
notes died away when the members of the
Philadelphia brigade and Pickett’s division
l>egnn the celebration of the glorious Fourth.
With the booming of cannon on East Ceme
tery Hill, and the roar of fireworks in town,
pandemonium reigned for an hour and a
half. No such noise has disturbed this little
village since the three memorable days of
A PRESENT FOR MRS. PICKETT.
This morning at 7 o'clock the members of
Pickett's Division proceeded to tho court
house and were called to order by Colonel
Aylett. Someone proposed that every
member of the Division present should give
25 cents toward paying the expense which
Mrs. Pickett incurred on this visit. The
proposition was accepted with cheers and
the way money rattled on the secretary’s
desk was sufficient proof of the esteem in
which Mrs. Pickett is held by the Division.
RESOLUTIONS OF THANKS.
Resolutions were then adopted thanking
the Philadelphia brigade for the hospitable
manner in which they had treated them,
the town authorities for the way they had
received them, their own officials for the
trouble and time they had given to bring
ing about this reunion, and ail soldiers for
their fraternal greeting. The meeting then
adjourned, and outside the building they
joined in procession with the Philadelphia
brigade, with each Pickett man linking
arms with a Philadelphian. Tiie line pro
ceeded to the Eagle Hotel, where the party
took carriages and startl'd over the battle
field. Fully 100 carriages were in the line.
MRS. PICKETT’S RECEPTION.
Mrs. Pickett held a reception on the very
ground over which her husband's command
charged and within a few yards of the
woods under whose cover ho, twenty years
before, had formed his division. Pickett’s
men were first formed in line and one by
one ad vanced and were introduced to the
wife of their old commander by Col. Clop
ton, of Richmond, Va., by name, stating
their regiment and rank. She had a word
for all and all had a word for her. The
Philadelphia Brignde was next presented.
Her son, George Pickett, stood at her side,
and when she dropped a hand it was at once
grasped by him.
FORMING THE OLD LINE.
The people then moved to the highest
ground, and Col. Baclield r formed the sur
vivors of Kemper's, Garnett’s and Armi
stead’s brigade of Pickett’s division in the
order they had been when the charge began
and asked the commander of each regiment
to step forward to point tho posiflon his
command occupied. Mrs. Pickett was
the centre of attraction on
the field. She had gathered
some daisies and clover heads. A member
of the brigade asked her for a few. She
gave them to him with a smile, and one by
one they were given away to be treasured as
mementoes. Herautograph was also eagerly
sought for, and she refused no one.
ALL MORE THAN PLEASED.
To say that Pickett’s men are
pleased would be putting it lightly.
They are delighted with every
thing and everybody. In the words
of a Confederate soldier: “We are pleased
all to pieces, but Cowan this time bus cap
tured body and 50u1..”
Among the incidents of the reunion which
recall the battle is a coincidence by which
the Hibernia Rifles, the handsome escort of
the Philadelphia brigade, have worn the
title of the “Baud Box” soldiers. For the
past two days tiie Hibernians have found
the spacious steps of the College church so
delightfully cool and shady that they have
sjient most of their time sitting there.
TWENTY-FOUR YEARS AGO.
Just before the battle, twenty-four years
ago, a company of young students from
Pennsylvania (Village had themselves mus
tered in as home guards and went forth
valiantly to repel the bold invader. Some
of Early's dusty aud ragged veterans
scooped m the whole command, marched the
unhappy recruits to the same steps, kept
them sitting there all day, continually dc
riding them with remarks something like
the following: “Don’t they look pretty in
their nice new uniforms!” “Guess they must
have been raised in a liand-box!” etc.
CHEERS FOR “YANKEE DOODLE."
While the band was playing a medley of
Confederate and Union war songs as the
veterans were starting on their ride over
the field it struck up “Yankee Doodle.” In
stantly the Rebel yell and Union cheers
showed t hat the war song of their fathers,
above all others, hail touched a sympathetic
chord in the breasts of both.
This evening religious terries was held
In the absence of the chaplain, Rev. J. K.
Demurest was asked to speak before tho
gathering, of Pickett’s men mainly, in the
court house. He spoke to them on tho sub
ject of the day, and how ihucii tho liberty
and brotherly feeling characteristic of our
laud should endear it to all its citizens. '
MRS. PICKETT'S FAREWELL.
This evening Mi's. Pickett held a reception
at Pickett’s division headquarters, and for
an hour shook the hand of every one pre
sented to her. Lumollately after the recep
tion she was serenaded hv the Grand Army
of the Republic Band. Tiie Pickett men then
adjourned to the garden of the house where
the Sixty-ninth Pennsylvania men were
holding north, Bpeech making and to—<
offering was then the order until late in fbe |
night. Cowan's Battery anri[lho Wheeler
Rifles departed at SI o'clock this evening,
and some of the Philadelphia brigade also
left for their homes. Pickett’s division will
leave at 4 o'clock in the morning, and the
remaining Philadelphia— will leave about
0 o’clock in the morning.
Grand Army Mon Entertained by R.
E. Leo Post of Ex-Confederates.
Richmond, Va., July 4.— R. E. Lee Post
of Confederate Veteran* is entertaining
Gen. Lauder* Post No. 5, G. A. R.,of Lynn,
Mass. The special train bearing the Massa
chusetts vim tore arrived here at 10:15
o'clock to-night viu the Newport News and
Mississippi Valley road from Gettysburg.
They were met at tho depot and taken in
charge by the First Virginia Regiment, tlm
Richmond Light Infantry Blure, the
Richmond Howitzer*, Stewart Horse Guard,
If. E. Leo Camp Of Confederate Veterans
(who recently visited Boston), and Philadel
phia Kearney Post No. 18, O. A. JR. There
was an immenw eonoiurse of people pres
ent, and when the stranger* landed they
were greeted with yell after yell of the old
full or enthusiasm.
The reception abounded in enthusiasm.
and all along the lino of march, from the
depot to the ball of the regiment's armory,
the noisy and hearty demonstration was
continuous. The route was brilliantly
illuminated with colored fire and fireworks,
despite the inclement weather, it
having rained nearly tho whole eve
liWig, and tho lateness of the hour.
The streets were filled with people
who greeted the visitors in a most cordial
manner. When the visitors reached Sevent h
street, on which is situated the armory, the
mass of human linings was so great that it
was with great difficulty that a way could
be made through.
THE ADDRESS OF WELCOME.
Upon reaching thft Armory a line was
formed in front of the building with the
visitors in the centre, and from the steps of
the main entrance, Hon. J. Taylor, in
the absence, duo to illness, of the Mayor,
delivered a brief address of welcome, wnich
was responded to in fitting terms by Com
mander David Walker, or Lauder Post. The
Lynn men were then invited into
the Armory, where refreshments
were served and courtesies in
terchanged for some time. They were
then escorted to their headquarters at Ford’s
Hotel. To-morrow the visitors will be
taken in vehicles to various points of inter
est, including the Confederate Veterans’
Home. At night they will be banquetted.
NEGROES CAPTURE ATLANTA.
Tho Excursion Influx the Chief Feature
at the Capital.
Atlanta, Ga., July 4. —The different
railroads filled the streets to-day with coun
try negroes, who always celebrate the
Fourth in Atlanta. The local colored mili
tary turned out in their honor. Aside from
this there was no oliservance of the day, ex
cept tiie annual parade of tho Governor’s
Horse Guard and the firing of the national
salute of thirty-eight guns at Grant Park
by the Atlanta Artillery. One returning
negro excursion train on the West Point
road went out this evening with fifteen
The biggest feature of the day, however,
was the thousands of country negroes who
came to Atlanta to eat watermelons, stand
about the Union depot and blockade the
streets. No crimes are reported. There
were several fisticuffs hetwoen drunken
men. Only ten drunks were booked and
only twenty-nine cases of all kinds were
made. There are no felonies. It was a
very quiet Fourth.
AT THE LEGATION.
A Distinguished Company Participates
in the Ceremonies.
London, July 4. —The Independence day
reception at the American legation in Lon
don to-day was the largest ever held there.
Among the guests were James Russell
Isiwell, Mr. and Mrs. James G. Blaine and
Miss Blaine W. 11. Childers, Mrs. James
Brown Potter, Mme. Hunk, Sir Lyon Play
fair, Gen. Palfrey, of Boston, and Col. W.
The day was appropriately observed by
Americans in all the leading cities of Eli
A reception in honor of the day wns
held in Grosvenor Gallery. Among the
guests wore Mr. Blaine, Consul General
Waller, Minister Phelps, Col. Cody, Mrs.
Brown Potter, Henry Irving, Miss
Terry, anil Messrs. Woodall,
Flower, Read, Patrick O'Brien
Justin McCarthy and Justin H. McCarthy,
members of Parliament. Mr. Phelps pro
posed “The fourth —no country to nil
American like home.” This was*responded
to by Mr. Blaine, who said: “The United
States is the only country with a
known birthday. All the rest began
they knew not when and grew
into power they know not how. If there
had been no Fourth of July America com
bined would not lie so great as it actually
is. There is no Republican, no Democrat
bn lay, all are Americans.” Great enthu
siasm was manifested.
Baltimore Takes It Easy.
Baltimore. Md., July 4. —There was no
public celebration of the Fourth in this city,
and the day was one of the quietest ever
known. A few small fires resulted from
the careless use of fireworks, and about the
usual number of arrests for drunkenness
were made. There was a general
exodus from the city, many spending
the day in Gettysburg, und thousands
taking advantage of tho excursions down
the bay. The Francis Scott Key Memorial
Association held un open air meeting at
Patterson Park, ut which speeches were
made and “The Star Swingled Banner”
sung by a large chorus.
Negroes Parade at Charleston.
Charleston, S. C., July 4.—The Fourth
was celebrated hero to-day by a total sus
pension of business, a parade of the colored
troops, picnics, excursions and a general
display of (lags. Hundreds of visitors were
in from the country. The patriotic ardor of
tiie Isolde was somewhat dainpened by a
heavy' shower this afternoon. The weather
No Reception at Paris.
Paris, July 4. —The reception usually
held at the United Stutes Legation on the
Fourth of July did not occur this evening,
owing to the ill health of Mrs. McLaue, wife
of the Minister.
The Prince of Wales and Other Mem
bors of the Nobility Present.
London, July 4.—The Queen laid the
foundation stone of the ini|>erial institute
building to-day. She was accompanied by
the Prince and Princes of Wales, the Duke
of Tcok, the Duke of Hesse, Prince Henry
of Buttenburg and the Duke and Duchess of
of Connaught. Many other notable persons
attended the ceremonies. The streets and
houses were gaily decorated with flags and
hunting. Twenty thousand persons were
present and much enthusiasm was mani
tested. The Queen replied to an address of
thanks in a firm and audible tone. The sun
shone brightly and the weather was very
* Priests In War Times.
Paris, July 4. —The Chamber of Depu
ties, by a vote of ill 7 to all, has rejected
the proposal that priests permitted to
serve in hospital ambulance* instead of do
ing active army service.
Martial Law in Valencia.
Madrid. Julv 4 —Martial law bos been
proclaimed in Valencia. Twenty-one per
sons have been arrested for complicity in
the rioting against the collectors or the
octri tax yesterday.
England’s Drought Broken.
London. July 4.—The drought which has
prevailed for a month in tbe midland and
northern counties, was terminated to-night
by copious falls of rain. The heat is now
Dr. McGlynn's Excommunication.
Rome July 4.-Order* have been sent to
the Archbishop of New York to* excommu
nicate K*v. Dr. MeOlynn and to publish a
decree of excommunication in the journals.
A 41ooow Editor Dying.
London. July 4 —M. Katkoff, of Moscow,
u famous editor, is dying.
He Blamea This Country for Ireland’s
London, July 4.—John Bright has written
a letter in whjah he says that Ireland is not
neglected, but that the good measures in
relation to that country passed since 1880
have been obstructed by conspiracy, deriv
ing its funds and inspiration from American
euernies of England. But for conspiracy,
he says, the great land bill of 1881 would
have made Ireland tranquil.
The Post's article on the result of the
Spalding election directly ad vooates aTory-
Unionist coalition. Referring to the rumors
of a nlan to substitute a Unionist ministry
for the present government, the Post says:
"The Unionist iwirty needs strengthening.
It will not do to obtain support from the
opposition ranks merely in the lobby. A
national patriotic phalanx must be obtained
which can rely upon the support of the
electorate. This can only lie effected by a
free and full adoption or any and all do
mands of modern progress. This require
ment touches most keenly constitutional
The Irish land hill was read the first time
in the House of Commons hast night and the
second reading was fixed for July 11.
PRIORITY FOB OOVERNMENff BILLS.
In the House of Commons to-day W. 11.
Smith, First, Lord of the Treasury, moved
that government bills he given priority dur
ing the remainder of the session. He also
informed the House that owing to the pres
sure of business it would be impossible to
appoint a committee on public grants as
had been promised. The measures which it
was necessary to press forward, Mr. Smith
said, were the crimes hill, the Irish land
hill, tlit* bill transferring certain cases from
the Irish juries to judges of the court in
which causes are heard, and also the bills
relating to tithe rent charges, providing for
1 tetter regulation of mines, reform of church
patronage, merchandise marks or brands
and land transfer. The government,
Mr. Smith continued, had announced
its intention to promoto a large
measure of local government. The opposi
tion received this statement with roars of
laughter, while the Pariiellltes kept up the
cry of ‘‘Home rule,” but was prevented
from carrying out its intention by the pres
sure of other business. In order, however,
to facilitate consideration of the bill already
drawn the government would ask the
House to Is* invested with the powers nec
essary for the appointment of a boundary
commission to determine the local areas
under the bill.
GLADSTONE ON THE SITUATION.
Mr. Gladstone suid that ho had deliberate
ly abstain!*! from bringing forward various
matters of greatest interest to the House
and of importance to the country because
he felt that the House had been placed in a
position in regard to progress of business
which was absolutely deplorable. The
country would have to consider this
matter. [Cheers and counter cheers.] The
business of legislating, excepting
measures coming from the government bad
been absolutely nil.' Tho privilege of im
pugning the proceedings of the government
nna been quite extinguished. Ho (Glad
stone, admitted that public business was in
a condition which rendered it necessary for
the government to ask for further time,
but he protested against these inroads upon
the freedom of Parliament. These govern
ment motions, lie maintained, were intended
to save the time of the house. However, he
would confine himself to protesting. Ho
would not press his motion to a division.
THE GRIMES BILL.
Mr. Binitli replied to Mr. Gladstone, and
in the course of his speech lie said that,
Thursduy next lie would bike up for third
reading the crimes bill. It was the intention
of the government, he said, to press ener
fetieally upon the House the Irish land bill,
tegardmg that meusure of vital impor
tance, the government hail determined to
pass it through the Commons, Mr. Smith
made a defense of the government’s method
of conducting the business of the session.
The country would judge whether the gov
ernment’s way was right or wrong.
John Morley followed. Mr. Smith. He said
that he would hold the opposition to reme
dial measures. Mr. Gladstone, ho said, far
exceeded the Liberal party in opposition to
the crimes bill. His opposition was more
embittered and loss open to compromise.
The Literals would have abandoned their
principles and would have neglected their
duty if they refrained from fighting coercion
until overpowered by sheer force of the ma
Mr. Dillon (Parnellite) said ho wished
that the Unionist Liberals,who had promised
Ireland the same justice from on English
Parliament as from a Dublin Parliament,
would bear in mind that a measure of im
portance to the Irish people had been thrust
aside and their representatives were sent
back empty handed, excepting this coercion
bill before the House, passed this motion
nufde by Mr. Hmith, it ought to lie placed
in possession of the latmt edition of tne laud
bill, so that it might know whether it was
to be amid for the benefit or for the op
pression of the people. [“Hear,” “hear.”]
Mr. Stewart hereupon asked that proper
opportunity be given for discussion of the
T. P. O’Connor urged that the government
concede a day for discussion of tho present
Mr. Hmith said that he admitted the im
portance of the question brought up by Mr.
O'Connor, and promised, if the condition of
public business would warrant, to give all
possible facilities for its full discussion.
On division the motion of Mr. Hmith was
carried by Bf> to tie. •
Dublin, July 4.—At a meeting of the
Nationalist members of the Dublin corpora
tion to-day Mr. Sexton was unanimously
nominatoi for Lord Mayor.
FRANCE’S UNCROWNED KINO.
The Crown Prince of Prussia Warns
Paris, July 4. —The Figaro asserts that
the heir of a great kingdom (meaning the
Crown Prinoe Frederick William of Prus
sia) lias visited tho Count of Paris at Sheen
House for the purpose of warning him that
the Flouquet Boulanger Ministry mean to
Inaugurate war lie tween France and Ger
many within a month after taking office,
and that the policy adopted by tho inonar- J
cliial party will bo based on that warning.
A VISIT OF HOMAGE.
London. July 4.—Five hundred Oriean
ists, including many titled persons, paid a
visit of homage to the Count of Paris on
the Island of Jersey to-day. The Count
deprecated the demonstration, and when a
number of the visitors crowded around him
and shouted “Vive le Roi” he ordered them
Concessions in Afghanistan.
London, July 4.—England and Runda
have made mutual concessions regarding
the Afghan boundary question, which it is
expected, will result in an early agree
meat between the two nations.
( PRICE 910 A YEAR. I
] 6 CENTS A COPY, f
PERIL OF THE REPUBLIC.
A NOTEWORTHY SPEECH BY HOht
JOHN D. LONG.
The First Century of tho Nation One ol
Military and Political Growth Moral
and Scientific Progress the Charac
teristic of To-Day Duty Calls tha
Loading Classes Into Politics.
Woodstock, July 4.—There was tha
usual amount of speech making at Rose
land Park at this place to-day. Mr. Bowen
had gathered his orators together and therq
was a big talk. The most noteworthy
speech, probably, was that of Hon. John D.
Long, of Massachusetts. In the course of
his remarks Mr. Long said:
“Danger anil peril enough indeed! Need
everywhere for safeguards and forethought!
But tho world is a failure and man is a lie if
there lie not in him the capacity to rise to
his own might and to keep pace with his own
growth. Are education, science, is this God
like mind, are the soul and the moral nature
to count for nothing but their own disasterl
Is there no future manhood to meet, the fu
turo crisis? Is there no God i As the dead
past buries its dead, so the unborn future
will solve its own needs. Ours it is to da
the duty of the present hour.
THE FIRST CENTURY.
“And to that high duty with what a
trumpet-call are we summoned! The first
century was a century of military and
political growth. This is a century of
moral and scientific growth. At its outset
should tie also our Declaration of Independ
ence—independence from ignorance and
prejudice and false restraint; from the
ruthless machinery of war, so
that we may have the beneficence
of peace; from the clumsiness
of any lingering superstition, so that we
may have the full freedom of a Christian
civilization; from the crimes that infest and
retard society; from false gods and intem
perance and the tyranny of the grog shopj
from low views of public trust. No declara
tion of the fathers could surpass a declara
tion of the high moral purposes that beckon
us to a loftier national fife. The field is un
limited; the opportunity for growth inoj#
DUTY OF THE LEADERS.
“Only let us realize the alisolute duty of
impressing on the leading classes as we call
them, on the educated and religious classes,
the necessity of their projecting themselves
out of the ranks which need no physician,
into the ranks which do. I do not mean
the nonsense of class distinctions. I mcHq
that whoever is a foremost man in any
sphere, whoever lends in politics, iq
church, in society, in laoor, must
feel that on his shoulders alone rest*
the public safety. There must he
the sense of personal obligation on every
man. Virtue, public and private, will be
come easy and jsijiular when it is the badge
and inspiration or the leaders, (food infbo
cnee from the top will |,erm<-ato through the
whole body politic, as rain filters through
the earth unn freshens it with verdure and
beauty and fertility. I would emphasize
the duty of the enlightened clusses to threw
all their energies into the popular arena.
GO TO THE POLLS.
“Why should the ingenuous youth, fresb
from college, dream of Pericles, swaying
with consummate address and eloquence,
the petty democracy of Athens, and him
self shun the town house, where in a
golden age lieside which the age of Periclea
is brass, Is molded the destiny of his owq
magnificent republic? Why kindle witlj
the invective of Cicero or the wit of Aria,
tophanee, and himself be too dainty to
lift voice or finger to banish Catiline ariq
Cleon—a New York Alderman or a Boston
boss- -from manipulating the honor, tha
Integrity, the ocfilevement of the city hot
queathed to him in sacred trust by bis own
THE SCHOLARS NOT ALL FAILURES.
“Little sympathy is to be felt with tha
spirit that stands aloof and rails at tha
clumsy work of a government by the peo
ple, who, on their part, invariably welcome
the approach of a man of culture, and wall
give him place if only he will not convey
the idea that he despises it. It is useless til
deny that the scholars have failed often
times -levs of late—to imnrove the opportu
nity; and if ever the republic goes to the bad,
it will not be becauau the Illiterate have seized
and depraved it, but because tho instructed
and trained have neglected it.
AN IMPORTANT EPOCH.
“Here we are at tho threshold of these
I great economic que f ions of labor, of capi
tal, of currency. They affect the very
tables and hearthstones and muscles of M
all. We have yet to solve the question jjij |
so distributing tho excess of the grain of tnq
world that no man shall lie unable to ex
change his latior for his share of itj
of so distributing the excess of wealth that
no man shall Is- de-titute who is willing
to work. There lies before us a field grand
as thut which lay liofore our fathers. It
should make glad the heart of every true
man who foresees the amelioration of the
masses. It is God's earth, and he made it
for his children. There can lie no failure of
the republic among an intelligent people,
with schools for the young, with good ex
empli* in the past, with Christian ideals for
LET US HAVE PEACE.
“It has already surmounted its most stu
pendous risks and assaults. The late civil
war only cements it. On the battle-fields of
V’irginia. so swift is time’s erasure, where,
twenty years ago, the land was rough wit h
the entrenchments of the camp, now the
woods have grown, and the foliage and the
turf and the fruitful farms bear no mark
of war but wave with lines of
lieauty and of harvest. Ho, too. in the
nation at The war is over. The great
angels of peace and union are going From
door to door, and weaving together this day
the ancient memorise of independence with
the later memories of the common sacrifice
and the common glory of a Union in which
all men are free and equal before the law."
SHOWING ; p . '"(N’AEBELE.
Klein Makes Damaging Admissions
Concerning the Frenchman.
Berlin, July 4. —The trial of Klein and
his comrades, who are implicated in the
Bchnaebele affair, was opened at Leipsic
to-day. Klein admitted that he acted as a
French spy under the orders of Bchnaebele
in return for a monthly allowance of 200
marks, and that he sent plans and designs
of fortresses at Strasbourg and Mayence to
the French Ministry of War. Grebert and
Erhardt pleaded not guilty. As docu
mentary evidence the prosecution will pro
duce three letters from Schnnebele to Klein.
Turkey Still Holding Off.
London, July 4.-- Sir James Ferguson,
parliamentary seoi'etary of tue foreign
office, annulment in the House of Commons
to-day that the Anglo-Turkish convention
in retotion to Egypt had not yet lieen rati
fied by the Porte. He stated that England
would grant no postponement of the signing
Of the convention by Turkey beyond to-day.