Newspaper Page Text
t EST ABLISH It IV ISSO I
■| •. H. ESTILI., Editor .;B<t Pr,.t<-or. (
an opinion that they can be
OWNED BY AMERICANS ONLY.
The Act Recently Passed by
Held to Apply to Mines—Aliens Can
Hold Stock in an American Corpora
tion, but Cannot Acquire Real Es
Washington, July 22.—Following is the
text ot the Attorney General's opinion with
regard to the act to restrict the ownership
oi real estate in the Territories to American
Department of Justice, \
Washington, D. C., May 20, 1887. f
To the President: .
Sir \ reply to your inquiries must lie derived
from an interpretation of the aet of March 3,
entitled an act to restrict the ownership of
real'estate in the Territories to American citi
The inquiries are: _ _
First. Was the act intended to apply, and
does it apply to mines?
Second. Can aliens lawfully acquire, own
arid hold shares or stock issued by an American
corporation, which is the owner of mineral
lands in the Territories.
Third Would the advancement of money by
aliens for the purpose of developing mining
properties be lawful under the act?
Fourth, Tan aliens lawfully contract with
American owners for working mines or making
my proper use of mineral lands for a term of
PROVISIONS OF TFIE ACT.
The first section of the act forbids aliens who
have not declared their intention to become citi
zens of the United States and alien corporations
to hereafter acquire, hold or own real estate
bo hereafter acquired, or any interest therein in
the Territories of the United States or in the
District of Columbia, except in cases enumer
ated in the exception andproviso to this section.
The second section forbids the operating, hold
ing, or owning of such real estate hereafter, ac
quired by any corporation or association in
which more than twenty per cent, of the stock
Is. or may owned by persons, corporations or
associations not citizens of the United States.
The third section forbids corporations, other
than railway, canal or turnpike companies, to
hereafter acquire, hold or own more than 5,000
acres of land hereafter acquired, and limits
railway, canal and turnpike companies in their
inquisition to such land as may be necessary to
the proper operation of their roads, canals and
turnpikes. , , ,
The fourth section provides for the forfeiture
of pr< -perty for violations of the provisions of
WHAT IS RULED OUT.
The property forbidden to be acquired, held,
or owned in the first section is: ‘‘Real estate or
any interest therein." The term real estate is
very comprehensive. It includes lands and
every estate that may be inherited which is
annexed to, arises out of. or is exercisable
therein. This term embraces agricultural,
mineral, desert and timber lands, and town
sites alike. The phrase "any interest
therein" is somewhat ambiguous. It might
bear the construction that a lease for years is
an interest in land, and land is real estate.
Therefore a lease for years is an interest in real
estate. It admits of another construction, viz:
That the words “any interest therein" must
refer to an interest in real estate; that
a least* for years or any estate less
than freehold in land is not real estate, but
chattel real, and is so known in the law; that
the word “therein" refers to what in law is
known as real estate, and as a lease for years is
not so known does not include a lease.
WHAT IT SIGNIFIES.
In this view of the act the term would signify
any proportionate part, or interest in what] is
known in law as real property, which ns such
would at the dcatn of the ancestor to the
heir, and not to the administrator or executor.
It was not the purpose of the law to change the
whole policy of the government to such an ex
tent as to exclude emigration, and forbid to an
alien eveu lawful temporary residence in the
Territories of the government and District of
Columbia, yet. the first construction suggested
would effect that result. Under it an owner of
property in the District of Columbia could not
lawfully lease, even for a month, a dwelling to
one not a citizen. The alien emigrant to the
TeiTitories, who had hoped and intended, as a
citizen in the future, to make his
home there in the future, could not
lawfully obtain a building in which to
shelter his family. Such considerations as
these enforce the view that the latter construc
itruction is in accordance with the intent of the
legislation, and that bona fide leases are not in
tended to come within the inhibition of the act.
The exception to the first section relieves from
its provisions such real estate, or interest
therein, as may lie acquired in the ordinary
course ..f justice, in the collection of debts con
tracted before the passage of th** act, but those
pro i d<>ns attach with full force to debts con
tracted sinceit* passage.
Tli** expression in the second section, "No cor
poratiou shall hereafter acquire or hold or own
any re/d estate hereafter acquired," relates to
ail future o|orations of any corporation in real
estate in the territories or District of Columbia.
It does not divest any rights now exist
ing. nor preclude any American
corporations fn m holding real estate now owned
by them, even although more than 20 per cent,
rf their e*tock may be owned by other tnan citi
zviis. but in case more than 20 percent, of this
stock now is or at any future time should be
hold and owned by others not citizens or Ameri
can cor|x>rations while such jier cent, of
stock is so held and owned no
further acquisition can he made of real estate
by any such corporation. The aet does not deny
tuc right of American owners to borrow* money
truru aliens nor to secure such loans on real es
ate, but in the event of a sale on a future loan
in alien creditor could not at such sale become
I therefore reply to the inquiries submitted as
First. As mines are real estate, or Inheritable
Interests in real estate, the act does apply to
Sf *7 nd. Asa stock incorporation is nor<malty,
•J* alien can lawfully have, ow n and hold shares
ht,, ek issued by an American corporation
'' inch is now owner of mineral lands in the
U mpires, but if the holding by an alien ex
***** Ist cent., such corporation can neither
itquire, hold, own nor hereafter acuuire real
Jstntc while more than 20 |>er cent, of its stock
•held and owned by aliens.
Inird. Under the act advancement of money
nm*a!r.r by aliens for the purpose of develop
jfig nuuing property is lawful, but no interest in
r ' *d estate can In* acquired by such advanco
• nor would an alien have the right to pur
n!s** real estate nor any interest therein on
nans made since the passage of the act, even
sold *, n his own security or lien,
fourth. An alien may lawfully contract with
American owners to work mines by personal
tracts for hire or by bona fide leases for a
ST. LOUIB AND THE PRESIDENT.
r he Delegation to Present the Invita
tion *n Monday.
" abhixosom, July 22. l'lio Star to-
J *ftbt says: “The May tr of Mr. Louis has
Mi-graphed to the l'r< Jdcnt a-klng if he
* uu ‘d receive tlio delegation frem Ht. Louis,
*ho would come to Wanning*.-.: on Monday
to him a., invitati in to visit that
;it y in the fa't. ufu r the Oravl Army men
J ive gone. A reply wotout that the Presi
-' iit, wonUl ho in Washington on Monday.
President, of course, has knowu for some
“'i"‘of the detoi'B .nu‘:on to urge him to
ai y a Western tour, totwiths auding his
itlon of tk invitation to liiMd Uio
‘"'ind Army > amp. and he hr.® tr.. coaaid
te'K the question, tv* ha* sot yet decided
' or net ho .ill go. It is -,uitr j.rob
*.r, ‘hough, tiiut he will visit ft, uouia
‘ -n.c other V'-ekrn cities aft-r bis
trin iw fall ”
J*■ President will .oil the I.'f.souri o<*-
E- 1 ,-toti which . *., cull os. him Monday,
] r ’ , **''jJ* t--j v. Vlsl: Mt. U U.s this fall, tliot.
y "*- jir-Hiobly 'o thorn on October 4.
, '’[iff t-laa to vuiti -a many Western and
."'Him n clt* os possible between that
* n ‘° iod UctoLw 15, when ho e-.iects to be
| * ■'TV^
Garrett very busy.
Nature of the Two suits Br.oght
Agaluet Him by Ives.
Nfw York, July 33. —All the members
of the Ives party suite that they have de
cided to make no statement of their side of
the Baltimore and Ohio matter. The only
new developments to-day is the story that
the Baltimore and Ohio railroad has sold its
interest in the Pittsburg and Western to the
Pennsylvania Company. If that is so the
Baltimore and Ohio road is cut off from
Cleveland, as the Pittsburg and Western
formed its connection to that point.
The Tribune to-morrow will say: “Mr.
Garrett spent a busy afternoon at the Vic
toria Hotel yesterday. He received a largo
pile of dispatches and letters, and kept four
secretaries and clerks hard at work. To a
Tribune reporter, who saw him for a few
minutes, he said: ‘I shall certainly go to
Europe to-morrow. I have nothing
further to say about the Baltimore and Ohio
deal.’ There is little doubt that the actions,
are first to recover the securities which Mr.
Ives and his partner gave Mr. Garrett in
the deal. They claim that since he repudi
ated the deal he should give back the secur
ities. He claims that he is entitled to them.
The second action is for an injunction to
prevent him from disposing of any of his
property until the first suit is settled, so that,
if his opponents will, they may, if needful,
attach his property in settlement.”
KILLED BY LIGHTNING.
Two of a Rowboats’ Occupants Suc
cumb to a Flash.
New York, July 23.—A bolt of light
ning struck a small rowboat in Prince’s Bay,
Staten Island, during a squall this after
noon and instantly killed Michael J. Dixon
and John R. Ryan, ot this city. The
two men had gone fishing in com
pany with Isaac Smith, both house
keeper at Prince’s Bay. Smith was
knocked unconscious and remained so half
an hour. On recovering his senses he saw
Ryan’s dead body hanging over the boat’s
side. The body was absolutely nude. The
body of Dixon has not yet been recovered.
Dixon was a well known ice cream manu
facturer and Ryan was proprietor of an ice
FLASHES AT RICHMOND.
Richmond, July 33. —The most severe
electric storm experienced hero in years, ac
companied by heavy rains, prevailed this
afternoon between (5 and 7 o’clock. The
thunder and lightning were almost continu
ous. Lightning struck in several places in
the city, but no serious damage was done.
Cellars in the lower part of the city were
flooded, and merchandise stored in them is
considerably damaged. The temperature
fell about I.V.
RESISTING THE LEVY.
The United States Marshal Boycotted
in Taylor County.
Louisville, July 33. —United States
Marshal Gross and his large force of depu
ties, who left Tuesday to levy upon the
property of the residents of Taylor county
for their refusal to pay taxes on railroad
1 Kinds, has been boycotted by the hotels of
Campbellsville, which refused to entertain
him. He, with his force, enearnixxl in the
open air, and is not making much progress
in levying on property. All the stores are
closed up, and most of the personal property
has been removed and the live stock has
been taken out of the country. Several
houses were levied upon in the
absence of something better. A large crowd
of people accompanies the officers, but no
attempts at interference or disturbance
were made. Suit was brought against tiie
Marshal to-day for SI,OOO for unlawfully
camping in the court house yard by the
county jailer. The people seem determined
not to pay the taxes, and a general boycott
of the officers seems imminent, as neighbor
ing towns have said they would not take
care of any stock levied upon in Taylor
A TRAIN WRECKER HANGED.
The Fact that an Engineer was Killed
Added Murder to the Crime.
Nebraska City, Neb., July 22.—David
Hoffman was hanged here to-flay for wreck
ing a Missouri Pacific passenger train on
the night of Jan. 11 last, at Dunbar, a small
station on the Missouri Pacific railway, ten
miles west of this place, when Engineer
Dewitt was instantly killed and a number
of passengers seriously injured. The
trap was sprung at 10:21 o’clock, and he
was strangled to death in eight minutes.
His body was cut down and turned over to
the County Coroner. His confederate in
train wrecking is serving a ten years’ sen
tence in the penitentiary, having turned
States’ evidence. The militia company was
called out to keep order, hut everything
passed off quietly.
FROM JAIL TO GIBBET.
A Convict’s Term Expires Only to
Bring Him to a Worst Fate.
St. Louis, July 22.—John N. Shea, after
serving a term of four years in the peniten
tiary, was brought back to this city last
week to receive sentence for the murder of
a police officer in this city while making his
escape from jail, and was this morning again
sentenced to lie hanged, the execution being
ordered for Sept. 7. A motion for a stay of
proceedings wus granted to enable Shea’s
attorney to carry the ease to the Supreme
New York, July 22.—The argument to
make permanent the stay of proceedings in
the case of Jacob Sharp, which was to nave
tx>en heard by Judge Potter in the Sunreme
Court Chambers, has lieen adjourned until
Tuesday next. Burke Cochran has been re
turned by Sharp to make the argument, and
it was to give him time to make himself fa
miliar with the case and prepare his briefs
that the adjournment was granted.
Drunkon Train Hands.
St Thomas, Ont., July 22.—At the in
quest in connection with the late railway
disaster witnesses swore that the engineer
was under the influence of liquor and unfit
to control the train, and also that the con
ductor had been drinking, though he was
not Intoxicated. The iuquest is still pro
Ottawa a3 Bad as London.
Ottawa, Ont., July 32.—Chief McVeity,
of the Ottawa police force, Is authority for
the statement that a r endition of affairs
similar to that exposed in Jxiudoa by the
j' t ,H M„il (!nz< tte two yea-s ago now exists
in Ottawa, professional men, civil servants,
trades)non and all sorts of men being im
Gold from Europe.
:*EW Yon-. July 22.—Tho steamship
Alter, Which arrived to-lay, brought £lOl,-
500 in gold. No notice of this gold was
iniule prior to its arrival.
Acquitted of Murder.
Charleston, July 22. -John D. Sheehan,
tried at Lauren* for the killing of Bishop
lat July, has been acquitted.
SAVANNAH, GA., SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1887.
WALL STREETS MISTAKE.
THE DREAM IT PURSUED FOR
MONTHS FADES AWAY.
Many Railroad Properties May Be
Overclouded with Uncertainty for
Months by the Litigation Which is
to Ensue—Wheat Lower than It Has
Been in Yoars.
New York, July 22.—R. G. Dun& Co’s.,
review of trade for the week ending Satur
day says: With business progressing well
throughout the country, crop prospects ex
cellent, iron production larger than at any
previous period and money in abundant
supply, Wall street is disturbed because tho
dream it has been chasing for months sud
denly fades away and Mr. Garrett an
nounces the failure of Mr. Ives to buy the
Baltimore and Ohio. The incident illustrates
tho weakness of Wall street as a barometer.
For four months the street has been dis
counting the beneficent results of this ex
pected “settlement” and all sorts of purch
ases, loans, commitments and calculations
have been based thereon. Bui for these,
the retention of the Baltimore and Ohio by
its old owners would disturb nobody. But
now litigation involving the value of many
properties, directly and indirectly, has been
commenced, and may overcloud them with
uncertainty for some time and meanwhile
no one wants to buy a share in a lawsuit.
Wheat at 81 %c. for No. 2 red winter in
July is lower than it has been before in
that month for more than forty years and
close up to tiie lowest price for that period
in any month. This is tho direct result of
speculation, which drew many million
bushels from farmer’s hands where the cost
of carrying was nothing, into th*: hands of
dealers, who are anxious to unload before
new wheat comes. Twenty million bushels
in a few elevators are heavier than 50,000,-
000 bushels would be in fanners’ bins.
Small purchases from farmers for some
time to come are probable, and the conse
quent delay in the demand for money to
use in crop moving may possibly be helpful.
Prices generally are low, in spite of many
COTTON GOING- DOWN.
Cotton is tending downward, with liqui
dation following several important failures,
but goods are comparatively scarce and
prices well maintained.
Woolens are, as usual, unsatisfactopy. for
eign competition at low prices combining
with a slack demand for goods to discourage
producers. But some kinds of iron and steel
look stronger, though the market for steel
rails seems less firm. The sale of 35,000 tons
of Bessemer iron at above S3O is reported,
and at tbe same time a large salo of
rails for Pacific delivery at prices
beiow current quotations. The official
bulletin of the Iron and Steel Association
makes the production for the half year 33,-
051,699 tons, and reports, contrary to expec
tation, a slight increase in the stocks of un
sold iron, making tho consumption 12,000
tons loss than the production and import®.
Reports from all parts of the country are
uniformly favorable a® to the state of trade
for the season, and collections are reported
good or fair at all points save two. The
crop prospects are also pronounced more
favorable, though tho extent of the. damage
done by drought and insect cannot bo ex
The exports improve, for three weeks
having exceeded last year’s by 6 per cent.,
against an increase of 15.6 j>er cent for im
ports. Foreign exchange tends upward,
however, and some salts of securities on
foreign account are reported. The course
of stocks has indicated hesitation and weak
ness, and the narrow bank reserves for the
season affect with timidity most specu
The business failures oceuring through
out the country during last week number
for the United State® 147, and Canada 35, a
total of 173, against 179 last week and 154
the week previous.
The Telegram Sent by the Congo Free
Brussels, July 32.—Gov. Janssen, of the
Congo Free State, on July 20 telegraphed
Gen. Sti uch, Administrator General of the
Interior Department of tho State’s Central
Government here, as follows: “Send ine
six hundred pieces of stud'.
Stanley started fin July 2
to Wadela.” This dispatch was sent from
St. Thomas, and Gen. Straucli says he con
siders that the tenor of the message shows
that Gen. Jaussen, in ordering tiie
pieces, relied on the expedition making
The news of Stanley’s arrival at Ara
wimi was dispatched by an English officer,
whom Stanley left in charge of tiie camp
there, and this news was taken by steamer
to Leopoldville and thence by an express
messenger to Bourn, a route more easily and
rapidly marie than tho one to Matadi.
Salisbury Grows Fierce at the Men
tion of Competition.
London, July 22.—The Marquis of Salis
bury, replying to a deputation which called
to urge the government, to take some action
to protect British trade from the effects of
foreign competition assisted by iiountie®, said
it was impossible to srieak too strongly of
the injustice which the foreign Ixmnty
systems inflicted on British workmen. A
European conference, he said, would soon
consider the matter, and in the meantime
lie could only say that there were two ways
for Englishmen to deal with tlndr assailants
in this contest. If reasoning failed, English
men might return blows.
German Officers Dissappear.
Berlin, July 22.—A party of Gorman
officers from Met,/, visited Nancy, in Mufti,
during the National Fete last week and
have not been heard from since. It is pre
sumed they were arrested while watching
the review of troops or for having imeoine
embroiled in a quarrel. Their disnjijmar
arif has caused somo excitement in the
Cholera Spreading in Sicily.
London, July 23. —Advices from Sicily
say that fugitives from Catania are spread
ing cholera throughout the island. Business
is at a standstill everywhere. Several com
munes liavo lieen cordoned and un
der quarantine restrictions. The hoat is
exclusive, the thermometer to-day recording
95* in the shade.
A Frontlor Station Removed.
Berlin, July 22. —Under an edict of tho
Czai the frontier station on the Warsaw
mid Thom railway, whore Russian goods
have hitherto boon unloaded for transfer to
the Prussian line, lias been pulled down end
the roils, platform and sheds and bridges
over the Thervinta liavo lieen removed.'
Boating a Bicycle Record.
Ixindon, July 23. —Woodside, of Phila
delphia, to-day liout the English bicycle
record for ten miles, covering tho distance
in 28 minuted and 34 seconds.
MILLIONS LOST BY A STRIKE.
Figures Which Show the Folly of tho
Coko Region Hands.
Pittsburg, July 32.—Tho coke strike,
which has just ended, was one of tho most
stubbornly contested battles ever fought be
tween capital and labor. For eleven weeks
and four days tho fight went on, and now
that it is over the feeling between the men
and the operators is, if anything, more cor
dial than it ever was before. The amount
of money lost by the long idleness cannot be
accurately calculated, but it runs up into
the millions. When tho strike began four
fifths of tho 11,000 men in the region had
money of their own.
But very few of them have enough money
now to take them out of the district if they
wanted to leave. For the first six weeks
all of tho 11,000 were striking. The average
wages paid, including mine I *>ys at 75c. a
day and coal miners at from $3 50 to $5 a
day, is $2 05. Counting at tiiut rate good
men lost during the first five weeks $558,509
iu wages. Then A. Carnegie gave an ad
vance, and 3,000 men went to work. For
the six weeks remaining 6,000 have been
carrying on a strike, and have lost $443,800,
making a total loss in wages of $996,300.
If a sliding scale equal to ViU, per cent, ad
vance is arranged for them it will take a
year and nine months steady work to make
up for the time they lost.
LOSSES OF THE OPERATORS.
The operators have also beeu heavy losers.
The pumps have been kept running, all the
pits, yarn and pit bosses, superintendents,
and clerks have been drawing salaries, and
mules and horses have been getting fat on
oats and hay that they did not earn. At
West Leisenring, where tho Pinkerton men
have been stationed, the expense has been
over SI,OOO a day since tiie strike began.
Besides this the ovens have become eold and
badly out of repair. Fully a third of them
all over tho region will have to be over
hauled before coal can be put into them.
Then too, the coke trade has fallen off and
it will take time and money to build it up
again. It is estimated that the actual ex
pense to the operators has been from $7,000
to SIO,OOO a day, while tlioir loss entire will
foot up to over u million of dollars.
Specials from tho coko regions report that
a large number of strikers resumed work
to-day, but now complications have arisen
which may prevent a settlement of the
strike. At many of the ovens the strikers
reported for duty this morning, but would
not go to work unless tho non-union men
were discharged. The operators refused to
concede this demand uud the men returned
to their homes.
Knights Who Love to Drink.
Wilmington, Del., July 32. —Germania
Assembly No. 7598, Knights of Ijibor, of
this city, disbanded last evening because of
the order prohibiting the use of intoxicat
ing leverages at picnics and entertainments.
The assembly numbered at one time ninety
one members, but since the issuance of
thrt order has fallen off twenty-throe. Its
charter Will t>o returned.
CEDAR KEY’S BOOM.
A New Line of River Steamers and
an Ice Factory on the Tapis.
Cedar Key, Fla., July 33.—The sponge
trade is now attracting considerable atten
tion, from the fact that almost tho entire
catch of sponge, which is now sold in, and
shipped from Key West, is caught in the
near neighborhood of Cedar Key.
A stock company is being formed here for
the purpose of operating a line of steamers
ou tne lamed Suwanee river. It is proposed
to put on three new iron steamers and to
run a daily line from this plnee to Luraviile,
touching at Branford and ail intermediate
points. I is intended to have this lino in
operation to meet the winter trade and
The Cedar Key Board of Trade at a meet
ing held yesterday appointed Messrs. W. I).
Finlayson, J. K. Richards and F. E. Hale as
a delegation to attend the immigration con
vention to be held at the Board of Trade
rooms in Jacksonville on Aug 3.
A Harrisburg (Fa.) company contemplate
erecting; an ice factory here at an early
date. No better paying locality for such an
industry exists in tiie Btate. The absence
of fresh water caused tbe failure of the last,
factory put up here. This company, how
ever, will use, sea water entirely, and will
also niuuufacture salt.
Two Girls Drowned.
Pensacola, Fla., July 33.—Two little
girls while, bathing in bayou Texar, one of
the tributaries of Pensacola Bay, were
drowned. The girls were Miss Boseie Cor
win and Corinne Spencer. The former was
a daughter of Mr. Thomas Corwin, a com
positor on the Pensacola Daily Cmnmercial.
These two young girls were in the habit of
taking a bath daily in the bayou. To-day
they went beyond their depth and were
drowned. One of tho bodies has lieen re
Nine New Fover Cases.
Key West, July 32.—Nine new cases of
yellow have developed since yester
day, but no deaths have occurred. As in
tiie previous reports during last week, these
new cases were mostly children, of whom
nearly 100 are and have been under treat
ment without any fatal results. Two strange
mechanics are among the new cases to-day,
both of whom are very dissipated men.
Florida’s Fat Offices.
Tallahassee, Fla., July 32.—Gov. Per
ry has appointed John A. Campbell Judge
of Walton countv.
Col. Chandler 11. Smith and other promi
nent gentlemen of Madison county are hero
in the interest of H. J. McCall, who is an
applicant, for State's Attorney in the Third
Senator Pasco’s Mother Dying.
Jacksonville, Fla., July 22. This
afternoon Unit/si States Senator Pasco ar
rived here from Monticello, on route to Bos
ton, where his mother is dying. .
Fire at St. Paul.
St. Paul, Minn., July 33.—At 11:30
o’clock to-night fire broke out in the fifth
storv of tiie wholesale clothing house of H.
C. Hnrbank, on Third street, adjoining P.
H. Kelly’s wholesale grocery house. The
entire department watt called out and suc
ceeded in confining the fire to the Burbank's
building, though the Minnesota Spies' Com
pany's stock won somewhat damaged by
smoke. Mr. Burbank's loss is $160,000.
The property is insured for two-thirds of
A Merger at Sheffield.
Sheffield, Ai.a., July 32. —A combina
tion of interest.' at Sheffield was effected to
day. The Alabama and Tennessee Coal
Company, Sheffield and Birmingham rail
read and Alabama Improvement Company
united into one corporation, making one of
tho largest companies ever organic <1 in the
South. The directors will meet at Mon
tcvuio on July 30 to complete a now organi
A Royal Pair Reconciled.
Vienna, July 33—The Toyhintt states
that King Milan of Hervia and Queen
Natalie, his wife, have iwcome reconciled.
FIZZLE OF THE WAR SHIP.
A NAVAL BOARD TO FIND OUT
HER WEAK POINTS.
Captain Ramsay, of tho New York
Navy Yard, Made Senior Member
and Given His Instructions by Sec
retary Whitney—The Vessel to Bo
Sent to Sea to be Tested as if in
Washington, July 22. —Tiie following
letter was to-day sent to Capt. L. M. Ram
sey at the Now York Navy Yard, by Secre
tary Whitney: “You are appointed Senior
member of the Board which will convene on
board the Atlanta at Newport on July
25, for examining and reporting on
that vessel, her commanding officer hav
ing reported that tho late target
practice with his guns has resulted in injury
to their carriages and to the ship itself. Tho
department is desirous of having tho guns
and carriages thoroughly tested by using
them as nearly as possible in the manner and
with the rapidity which would lie necessary
in battle. For this purpose the commanding
officer will lie directed to place the ship at
your service, and you will take her
to sea and have a general exercise of the
great guns, noting carefully the result of
the firing on the guns, gun carriages and hull
and fittings of the ship herself. The Navy
-Department and navy is without practical
experience in the use of high power guns in
ships of modern construction, and for the
purpose of obtaining information for use
in the construction and arming
of ship® now building and to lie built in the
future, the Department is desirous that your
board shall make the fist in this ease as
full und complete as possible, carrying it to
the extent of obtaining all practicable infor
mation, but not to the extent of doing unnee
essary damage to either the guns or carriages
ortotheship itself. Your notes should be
full and complete, showing what and where
the deficiencies exist, whether in the gun
itself, in its carriages, or the hull nnd fittings
of the ship; whether the ship is lacking in
strength or in proper fittings, and it so,
where, how and to what extent. The
strength of the dock and its supports where
the guns are mounted should lie carefully
noted, the manner of pivoting tho cur
riages and checking the recoil nnd
in tact, the whole question of the strength
and ability to use the guns continuously
without danger of disabling them and thus
rendering the success of the ship in action
doubtful, is to he carefully examined and
fully reported upon. In this ease much
must in- left to the discretion of the board,
but the Department expects the examina
tion to be thorough and complete
and that the report will clearly
show just what deficiencies exist and the
manner of correcting them. Com. C. F.
Goodrich, Lieut. A. R. Condon, Naval Con
structor Phillip Hiehborn and Assistant
Constructor Lewis Nixon will lie associated
with you ns member., of the board, and you
will remain at sea or on board the Atlanta
as long as the lioord may think useful or
udvisable for the purpose of this examina
FOSTERING A MONOPOLY.
An Ohio Dealer In Oils Complains of
Washington, July 22.—George Rice, of
Marietta, 0., an oil manufacturer nnd
dealer, has filed with the Interstate Corn -
merce Commission a formidable series of
complaints against various railroads, charg
ing imposition of rates, which are unjust
and unreasonable in themselves; imposition
of rates upon his productions greater than
those put on the production of the Standard
Oil Comjmny’s productions, and discrimina
tion in favor of the Standard Oil Company
in hauling its ears and charging for iess
than actual weight, while t he complainant’s
ears are always charged at full actual
weights, ami discrimination in favor of tiie
Standard Oil Company in furnishing oil
cars when the same are refused complainant.
All tho averments are substantiated by ex
plicit statements of fact giving the rates,
time and place. These alleged diserlmina
t.ions, the complainant declares, have Imd
anil were designed to have the effect to give
the Standard Oil Company an almost mo
nopoly of the traffic in oils.
Following are the roads complained of:
Louisville and Nashville, Illinois Central,
Mobile and Ohio, Newport News mul Mis
sissippi Valley, and Louisville and New Or
leans nnd Texas, Texas Pacific, Alabama
Great Southern, Mississippi and Tennessee
East Tennessee, Virginia and tleorgia, anil
St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern.
All Right But $5.
Washington, July 23. —Tho count of
cash iu the Treasury, made necessary by
tiie transfer from Ex Treasurer Jordan to
Treasurer Hyatt, has been completed. A
shortage of ono piece in a sack <>f quarter
eagles filled many years ago whs discovered.
The sack bore a tag giving tho name of the
clerk win: filled it, and, as he is still in the
Treasury, he promptly made the shortage
good. When this money was passed to
Treasurer Jordan it was weighed, but not
counted. This time the pieces were counted
and the error was discovered. With this
exception, the cash was all right.
Government Cash Accounts.
Washington, July 22. —The receipts of
the United States sineij July 1 have been
$23,525,388 and tho expenditures $33,795,441,
being a net gain to date of $720,947.
Given the Freedom of Ireland.
Dublin, July 23. —The eorjioration of
Dublin to day conferred the freedom <>f the
city on William O’Brien, editor of United
Ireland , and Patrick A. Collins, of Boston,
Muss., who is now visiting Ireland.
Mr. Balfour, Chief Secretary for Ireland,
has arriveil here. All the division ntagis
trates and leading county officials have been
summoned t'< attend a conference on tiie
condition of Ireland.
France’s Deputies Adjourn.
Paris, July 32.- Imfhe Chamber of Dep
uties to-day Premier Heavier promised,
during the jiarliaiiientiiry recess, to con
sider the projMnied for a inetrofKili
tun railway. M. Flouquet road tho decree
closing tic session, ami the house then rose.
Two Killed on a Hand Car.
Leesburg, Fla., July 23. A freight,
train on tho Floridu Railway and Naviga
tion Company’s road ran into a hand car
near hero today, killing one man and in
juring another. Both were section em
St. Petersburg, July 22.— The protocol
regarding the Afghan frontier has been
signed, anil Colridgo Way, the British eoin
mibsioner, is about to return to England.
A Ship I,m t In a Cyclone.
Glasgow, July 32. —The ship Firth, of
Olna, has been lust in a cyclone in Java
waters. Her entire crew, numbering twen
Cuba’s Now Captain General.
Madrid, July 32.—Gen. Halamanea has
been appointed Captain General of Cuba.
JACKSON HAD IT EASY.
Money Makes Life Endurable Even in
a Convict Camp.
Atlanta, Ga., July 22.—At a short ses
sion of the i>iutentiary investigating com
niitteo to-night J. H. Williams, superintend
ent and whipping boss at. Old Town, was
examined. After going over the rules and
regulations of the camp, which he claimed
he strictly enforced, he was asked concern
ing the treatment of Maj. George Jackson.
Ho admitted that ho was not worked,
was under no surveillance, came and
went about the camp when he pleased, went
fishing unattended, anj hail quarters, hours
of meals and sleep to suit himself. Ho
stated that the I list month Jackson paid
him $25, which ho gave to Capt. James, but
ho took no more money until after Jackson
left. Jackson then sent a check for $1(12 50,
which lie si nt to Capt. James in Atlanta.
Capt. Janies, who was present, then made
a statement. He admitted that lie reeei\ ed
the check, hut returned it to Jackson. He
made no reference to receiving the $25 nor
what disposition was made of it. On a
former occasion tie testified that money was
tendered by Juekson, hut never accepted.
A TAX COLLECTOR SHORT.
E. A. Pollock, Tax Collector of Pulaski
county, is reported to the Comptroller as
short in his accounts with the county on
tax collections $1,600 for 1885 and 1886. He
has since paid S4OO and the Pulaski County
Commissioners are trying to make up the
balance. It is understood that the sureties
on Pollock's comity bond will ask the Gov
ernor to tie relieved of further liability.
The Comptroller to-day reported to the
Commissioner the amount of the school
fund to be apjiortionod for 1887 at $804,-
Executive rewards have been offered for
Frank Coleman, a wife murderer of Thomas
county, and Joseph White, murderer of
Charles Phillips, in Campbell county. The
rewards are SIOO each.
A reward is offered for the arrest of an
unknown negro who nttenipsed the rape of
Mrs. Ophelia Watson, of McDuffie county,
last Saturday night, of S2OO.
The War Department notifies the Gov
ernor that it Ims honored a requisition
for arms for the Sylvania Rifles, and four
thousand rifle ball cartridges for the Savan
nah Guards, and that the first iiiul been
shipped to Sylvania and tho latter to Lieut.
The General Judiciary Committee, this
afternoon, decided to report favorably the
bill to make the Stone Mountain judicial
For a number of years M. J. Wheeler lias
been operating a registered distillery in
Cherokee county. June 1 he suspended,
having ill bond in his warehouse 081 gallons
of whisky uim which tho tax was not paid.
July 1 he reported to Collector Crenshaw
that Ids warehouse had been destroyed by
fire and the whisky lost. Mr. Crenshaw
sent a deputy collector to Cherokee county
severul days ago, who yesterday found on
Wheeler’s premises two packages of the
whisky, which was identified. Wheeler
said he was retired when the whisky was
burned. YVhoeler has mude a fortune out
of his distillery. He will have to pay up
the tax, amounting to nearly S9OO, beside
suffering criminal prosecution.
THE AMULTERY CASE.
In the City Court to-day Mary Ella Hunt,
a likely mulatto girl, was convicted of
adultery with Dr. G. 11. Gardner. Dr.
Gardner, who once lived in Savannah, took
the girl into his family several years ago as
his adopted daughter, and she hiis since re
sided with him and his wife as a member of
the family. Sentence was reserved until
Dr. Gardner shall lie tried next week. The
evidence developed the fact that Dr.
Gardner has been using this
girl in certain blackmailing schemes.
Her bond was raised by Judge Van Epps
from $l6O to SSOO, and thut of Dr. Gardner
from SIOO to SI,OOO. During the trial
Lewis Thomas, the girl’s lawyer, got into a
quarrel with George T. Fry, who appeared
for the prosecution. Mr. Fry gave Mr.
Thomas the lie, when the latter threw an ink
bottle at Fry, missing him, but spilling the
Ink on his clothes. Mr. Fry gratified a spit
toon to Idt. Mr. Thomas, when tho Hlieriif
put a stop to the row.
At the reunion of the Forty second Geor
?in regiment, held at Grant’s Park to-day,
kiv. Gordon made a feeling speech. The
veterans nurnliered 150 and the crowd 2,000
people. Col. Yorick P. Thomas, tho old
Colonel of the regiment, was on hand, and
made a few remarks. All tho old officers
The State Convention of Phonograpliers
will meet in Atlanta July 27 and 28. The
session will close with a banquet at tho
Kimball House on tho evening of the 28th.
Two Men of Calhoun Steal Meat and
Wine and Are Arrested.
Calhoun, Ga., July 22.—Tuesday night
O. H. Davis’ smoke-house, near Hugor Val
ley, was broken into and all the meat and
wine he had was stolen. Next morning,
upon examination, tracks could lie seen,
there being rain during the fore part of the
night. These tracks led to where two men,
Mr. Carroll and Mr. Harrell, lived, about,
one mile from Mr. Davis’. A search warrant
was procured and the searching parties
found tlie meat and wine. Both Can-oil
and Harrell were arrested. While four
f-uards were bringing them to jail Carroll
iroke away and made Ids escape. Harrell
wus jailed. Tho men are brothers in law.
The guards say they tried to shoot Carroll,
but tlipir guns fulled to fire. After Carroll’s
escape one of the guards accidentally shot
himself in the fisit, but not dangerously.
i larroll has a family and Harrell is uiunar
ried. Sheriff MeOlnniss and others are
looking for Carroll.
FIRE AT ATHENB.
Flames Start In an Out house and Leap
to a Dwelling.
Athene, Oa., July 22.—This morning be
tween one 1 and 2 o’clock, an out-house on
the promises of Mrs. W. B. Hemphill’s was
found to lie in flames. The fire department
responded promptly to the alarm, hut owing
to tlie light pn-aure of the water works \ the
fire could not be controlled, imd the kitchen
soon succumbed to the (lames. The dwell
ing was completely gutted, hut not before
tlie roof fell til. The fire was finally extin
guished leaving only the piazza of the
dwelling remaining. The loss will not ex
ceed SI,OOO. There is no insurance. The
two negro fire companies got into u dispute
about the pissession of a fire plug, anil
greatly delayed getting water on the fire,
Mrs. Hemphill is an estimable lady of Ath
ens and mother of Hon. W. A. Hemphill of
All Quiet In Oglothorpe.
Athene, Ga., July 22.—Aspcciiil to-night
from Crawford in regard to the negro in
surrection in (igtethorpe county reports
everything quiet at Lexington. No demon
stration was made lust uigut by tlie negroes,
and but few white men assembled at the
court house in defense of the town. The
names of the two negro politicians from
Athens cannot be ascertained. No further
trouble iB anticipated from the negroes and
everything is us orderly as could be ex
I I’ll If K *IO A YEAR. I
1 a CENTS A COPY, f
SOMiOW IN THE SENATE,
TRIBUTES PAID TO THE MEMORY
OF THE DEAD MEMBERS.
The Parents of Mr. Word Attend the*
Exorcises Several Senators Maka
Eulogistic Speeches, and an Acl
journment Taken till Monday A
Flood of New Bills in the House.
Atlanta, G A., July 22.—1n the Senate
to-day before taking up the special orders,
several standing i-ommittees made reports.
The general Judiciary Committee report
ed unfavorably the bill providing for Uw
appointment of a Hoard of Election Mane
gers for each militia district. Also the bill
to limit the length of adjourned sessions oi
The Commiitoe on Railroads reported fa
vorably tlie hill to incorporate tho YVaycrosi
and Air Line railroad.
The special order was tho memorial exer
cises on tlie death of tho late Senators E. .M.
Word, of the Thirty-fourth, and Dr. Smith,
of tho Twenty-first district. The member!
of tlie families of the deceased were invited
to seats on the floor, but only Dr. and Mrs.
E. C. Word, the parents of Senator Word,
were present, the latter being in deep
mourning. The memorial, which was an
eloquent and touching tribute to the de,
ceased Senators, and the accompanying
resolutions were present'd by Mr. Davidson
for the committee. Addresses w'oro inada
by Senators Hamilton, Jackson, Hawkea
and Powell, -after which the Senate ad
journed until Monday as a further tribuU
In the House.
The House devoted to-day to the introduc
tion of new bills with this result:
By Mr. Harrell, of Webster—To incorpo
rate the Planters Hank of Preston, Ga.
By Mr. Franklin, of Fannin—To inoorpo,
rate tho town of Carnesvilie, Franklin
By Mr. Atkinson—To repeal as to Coweta
county tlie act establishing county courts in
the several counties.
By Mr. Atkinson, of Coweta—To amend
an act entitled “an act to establish' a system
of public schools in the town of Nownan.”
By Mr. Nichols, of Towns—To repeal an
act to rogulate the width of roads in Town!
county; also a bill granting to Thomas M,
Nichols, of Towns county, tho right to ped
dle without a license.
By Mr. Reilly, of Chatham—To provide
for the appointment of a surgeon, with thfl
rank of First Lieutenant, for each battery
By Mr. Hmith. of Gwinnett—To incor
porate the North and South Short lans
Railroad Company, with a capita) of $1,000,,
000, to build a railroad from Augusta to the
By Mr. Henderson, of Irwin—To provide
for tlie registration of voters in the county
oi Irwin. Also, to prohibit hunting or fish
ing or fishing on the lands of another in
Irwin county without the consent of the
By Mr. Shumake, of Burke—To requirt
justices of the |-ace to certify a transcript
of ail fi. fas. issued by them and to provide
for receiving the same.
By Mr. Williams, of t Upson—For the re
lief of Dinkey Brown, of Upson, to be al
lowed to peddle.
By Mr. Denny, of Floyd—To amend the
act lncorjKirating the Rome and Northeast
ern Railroad Company, allowing a change
By Mr, Humphreys, of Clinch—To appro
priate $75 for supplying Madison M. Cars,
well, of Clinch county, witli an artificial
By Mr. Reagan, of Houston—To amend
an act to crento a board of commissioners
for the county of Houston.
By Mr. Evans, of Washington—To incor
porate tin* Bank of Sandcrsville.
By Mr. Russell, of Chatham—To cede to
the United (States jurisdiction over land in
(Savannah for the accommodation of the
United Suites postoffice; also, to provide for
the acquisition by the United (Statesof lands
in Savannah for a p- istoffkv.
By Mr. Johnson, of Scriven—To prohibit
itinerant peddlers from wiling or exposing
for snle any goods, etc., on the land of an
other without ids consent.
By Mr. Buchan, of Dodge—To alien
David Lovett to peddle without a license|
also to provide for a system of erecting
bridges and working pubuc roods in DodgS
By Mr. Black, of Gordon—To amend an
act misting to the manner of erecting publia
imi Mings and buililing bridges In Gordon
By Mr. Russell, Polk—To incori>orate tbs
Ore Holt Railroad Company, to build a road
from Cedartown to Cove (Spring. Also to
amend an act to incorporate the Van Wert
Mining Company, allowing it to do a flank
By Mr. Arnheim, of Dougherty—To in
corporate the Albany, Cuthbert, Binning
ham and Western Railroad Company.
Also to incorporate tlie Albany Street
By Mr. Rountree, of Emanuel—Tq
amend act* fixing tlie license for retailing
liquors in Emanuel county. It raises it to
By Mr. Taylor, of Randolph—To exempt
from city tax a lot of land in Cuthbert,
owned by Mrs. Hallie Westmoreland.
By Mr. McCord, of Richmond —To amend
section 2222 of the Code. Also to amend an
act to incorporate the Augusta, Gibson and
Bntidersville Railroad Company. Also to
incorporate the Augusia, Thomasvllle and
Florida Railroad Company.
A resolution wns uni pud deploring the
dentils of (Senators Word and Hmith, and
the House adjourned till to-morrow in re
spect to their memory.
EVENTS ON THE TURF.
Tho Day’s Results at Saratoga and
Haiiatooa, July 22.—T0-day’s racing
events here resulted ns follows:
First Mack l- ive furlongs, for three year-oId(
and upwards. Ft-nekm won, with Oieanor se<t
olid and ('alonwin third. Time 1:04.
Huroxn Rack Purse; one mile and a furlnna
Aurelia won. with (lelnote second and Biscull
third. Time 2:08.
Tumid Race Travers stairs; one mile and
three quarters; for three-yeawolds. Carry w on
with Oarsman second, and i’endemiis third-
Fourth Rack S-Ulng race; tbree-quarterf
of a mile. lJrambletou won, with Mivzsif
Mitchell second, and Strathspy third. Tiuw
A JUBILEE HANDICAP.
London, July 22.—The race for ths
jubilee handicap of 200 sovereigns at Run
down Park to-day was won by Humo
wo-IJ, with Harpenden second and Hour
head third. The distance was about a mill'
and a quarter, and was coverisl by tho win
nor in 2:12 2-5. Kevon horses started, and
Haiqienden was the favorite. The rai-e for
the r.* tlonaUiroodors’ produce stakes wot
won by Henanus, with Repeater second un-t
Lancashire I .ass third.
Rev. Mr. Tai.naok say* there will lie plar.oi
in heaven. It Is roared that the reverend geij
tli-uian. in one brief statement, has undone a!
the good lie has accomplished during the mam’
Sears lie has occupied the pulpit. We luuf
earl "sweet little angels" drum oh plane*'
this wo:Id.- Norristown IJtrald.