Newspaper Page Text
f ESTABLISHED 1850. )
\ J. H. E6TILL, Editor and Proprietor, j
POWERS OF POSTMASTERS
MR. OBERLY DEFINES THE CIVIL
A Difference in Political Beliefs and
Affiliations Does Not Legally Endan
ger the Heads of Minor Incumbents
in the Cincinnati Post Office— The
Law Thoroughly Reviewed.
Washington, Sept. B. —Acting President
Oberly, of the United States Civil Service
Commission, has written the following im
portant letter to Charles W. Rowland,
Chairman of the Civil Service Board of
Examiners for the Cincinnati post office,
constructing certain sections of the civil
service law and the rules relating to the
power of appointing officers to make re
Dear Sir— Yours of the 29th ult. has been re
ceived. You say: "I have read your report on
the Philadelphia post office case, and have noted
ynur conclusions thereon. In conversation with
the Postmaster to-day as to the power of re
moval of carriers our attention is called to
page 21, where you name the limita
tions upon the power of removal. Are
we to understand that a postmaster
may, without question, remove carriers
save for the causes enumerated by you? The
postmaster informs me that he has an opinion
of the Assistant United States District Attorney
here to the effect that he can remove carriers
and clerks as well, except for the. causes named
in the civil service law as quoted by you on page
21 of the Philadelphia report."
MAY BE REMOVED FOR CAUSE.
That every carrier and clerk in the Cincinnati
postoffice might lte legally removed for cause is
a proposition on which you need no informa
tion. It is therefore concluded that you wish to
know whether, in the opinion of the commis
sion, efficient carriers and clerks of good
character may lie legally removed for partisan
reasons, because they do not agree in politics
withthe Postmaster. The commission has here
tofore stated, and now repeats, that power of
removal is unrestricted, except that removal
may not he legally made for either one of the
(D Because the person in service has refused
to contribute to a political fund or for a politi
2 Because the person has refused to render
3. Because the person has refused to permit
an appointing officer, or any other person in the
civil service to coerce his jxditical action.
For any other cause any person in the civil
service may be removed legally, and a person
illegally removed for any of the causes named,
cannot, under any provision of the civil service
act demand restoration.
If then an appointing officer were to remove
one of his subordinates for any one of the rea
sons mentioned among the inhibitions of re
moval, what penalty could be inflicted upon
him ? Civil service rule 24 provides that every'
violation of any of sections of
the civil service act relating to political
assessments shall be good cause rorthe removal
of the officer guilty of the violation: and sec
tion fifteen of that act provides that "any per -
son who shall be guilty of violating any pro
vision of the four foregoing sections shall, on
conviction thereof, be punished by a fine not
exceeding $5,000, or by imprisonment for a term
not exceeding three years, or by such fine and
If (he words “four foregoing sections” refer
to the four sections next prece ling the fifteenth
section an appointing officer might be punished
by both fine and imprisonment for removing a
subordinate because he had refused tocontriliute
money to a political fund or a political purpose.
But no penalty is prescribed by the act for
violation of either the second or third inhibition
upon removals; and an appointing officer might,
therefore, without fear of either fine or im
prisonment, violate the law by dismissing subor
dinates because they- have refused to render
political service or because they have refused to
permit an appointing officer or other person in
the civil service to coerce their political action.
HOW IT WOULD BE REMEDIED.
It is to be presumed, however, that no ap
pointing officer would willingly violate any pro
vision or the law, but if because he could not
be punished criminally for violation an appoint
ing officer were to violate the removal inhibiting
provisions in question, it may be safe to con
•dude that he would hot lie permitted
ito remain in office. No officer
should be continued in the enforcement
of a law, any of the provisions of which he him
self may have wilfully violated. In this view it
becomes important to determine whether a re
moval made for partisan reasons falls under the
inhibitions that a person in the public service
shall not be removed. First, because he has re
fused to render political service, or, second,
because he has refused to bo coerced
in his political action one of the eight funda
mental provisions of the civil service rules
as proscribed by the civil service act is
that no person in the public service is for tiiat
reason under any obligation to render any politi
cal service, and that be will not be removed or
otherwise prejudiced for refusing to do so.
Rule S provides that no question in any exam
ination or proceeding by or under the commis
sion or examiners, snail call for an expression
or disclosure of any political opinion or affilia
tion. and if such opinion or affiliation tie known,
no discrimination shall bo made by reason
thereof by the examiners, commission or ap
From these provisions of the law and rules it
1. That it is unlawful to ask an applicant
for appointment, under the civil service law, to
divulge bis political opinions or affiliations.
2 That if an appointing effleer a/certain in
any way what are the political opinions or affil
iatious of 'any applicant for appointment,
it is unlawful In him to therefore either
discriminate in the applicant's favor or against
him; tiiat it is unlawful In an appointing officer
to appoint an eligible for the reason that he is
or is not a Democrat, or to refuse to appoint an
eligible for the reason that he is or is not a Re
publican. and vice versa.
3. That, it is unlawful to remove any person
from the public service for refusing to render
MERIT TIIE TEST.
The law fairly construed is that entrance to
the classified civil service shail be upon the
merit of tin, applicant, without regard to his
Political opinions or affiliations, and that con
tinuance in service shall be ui>on the employe's
merit, without record to his political opinions
or affiliations. Therefore an appointing officer
who appoints or refuses to appoint an appli
cant liecause the applicant does or does not en
tertain certain political opinions, violates ihe
law, and au apiioinliiig officer who removes an
employe because the employe refuses to render
Political service in accordance with the wishes
of the appointing officer because lie Ib not a
Political partisan of the appointing officer
also violates the law. Rntertuinlng these views
Jue eommUslon replies to your question by say
mg that. in the opinion of the commission the
/ out master at Cincinnati cannot lawfully re
move spy carrier or clerk for the reason that
the carrier or clerk belongs to a political party
to which the Postmaster Is opposed, and that
ne can lawfully remove no person from the
classified pwta'l service at Cincinnati, except
tor i.nme other cause than the employe's pollti
cal opinions or affiliations.
AN EX-SLAVE’S BIGAMY.
A Woman with Whom Ho Lived Be
fore Emancipation Pursues Him.
Washington, Kept. B.—A peoular case
charging bigamy came up in the Police
tnurt to-day. Benjamin Anderson, a cul
“i wl man, was married about a year ago.
b/'iore the war he lived with a colored
w°man, nit hough not legally married to
~“ r The statute pnsse/1 in ISSfi declares
i uit all colored persons in the district who,
j'“vious to their actual emancipation,
, together us man and
ue shall be deemed to bo
'"isl and and wife, the same as if they were
inly married according to law. Under this
. 1 !| ite it is sought, to convict Anderson of
ugsiay in having remarried, the woman
Witn whom be ruliubitol and by whom he
*'*’ cveriil children lining still alive The
'.'.‘w sent to tho grand jwv and Wd ftved at
The Agreement With China Practically
Washington, Sept. 8. —Wharton Barker,
of Philadelphia, went home to-day with a
copy of the decree of the Emperor granting
his syndicate telephone privileges in China
in his pocket. The Chinese Minister had
pronounced it atrue and correct copy of the
decree as it was transmitted to
him by the Chinese govern
ment. The concessions are described
by one of the syndicate as consisting prin
cipally of an exclusive privilege for 1 ifty
years, of introducing the telephone into ali
the parts of China now open, or which
may be opened, that come under the
provisions of any treaty. The
privilege of establishing a large banking
system has also been granted. The
bank will be much on the same
principal as the Bank of England. It will
have the right to ugin money, and also to
place any government loans necessary to
carry on railroad and mining operations.
The syndicate is authorized to engage in
railroad and mining operations. All that
the Chinese Minister had to do was
to satisfy himself of the financial
ability of the members of the
syndicate, and then compare their copy of
the decree with the official one sent to him.
Our government lias nothing to do with it
at all. The matter is now practically con
cluded, according to the members of the
syndicate, and in a way entirely satisfactory
OFFICERS OF THE UNION.
The Next Convention Will be Held at
Washington, Sept. B.—The Catholic
Benevolent Union to-day elected the follow
President—Michael Glennon, of Norfolk,
First Vice President—J. J. Behan, of
Second Vice President—Rev. Father Wil
liam Walsh, of Memphis, Tenn.
Secretary—Martin J. J. Griffin, of Phila
Treasurer—Rev. James Henry, of St.
Executive Committee —Walter Walsh, of
St. Louis; William H. Kelly, of Columbus,
Ohio; M. B. Harlow, of Alexander, Va.
Resolutions were adopted expressing sym
pathy with the cause of Irish home rule
and gratitude toward the leaders of the
Irish party in Parliament, as well as scorn
for the system of landlordism in Ireland,
denouncing it as “worthy of a government
which, in the light of to day, is so blind as
to endeavor to govern the Irish people by
coercion.” The work of Mr. Gladstone in
the cause of home rule was recognized and
applauded, and also the efforts to promote
the study and preservation of the Irish lan
guage in this country.
The next convention will be held at Co
POWER OF THE BOSTON.
Tha Cruisgr Does Better Than the
Washington, Sept. B.— The official re
port of the officers in charge of the new
cruiser Boston upon her recent trial trip up
Iking Island Sound has been received at the
Navy Department. The trial lasted six
hours, and resulted in the development of
more horse-power than the 3,500 required
by the contract. The maximum collective
horse power developed by the machinery
during the trial was 4,248.5 while the mean
power during the trial war, 3,779.82. The
furnaces consumed 3,543 pounds of coal per
square foot of grate surface, indicating
12J£ horse power for every foot of grate,
which is believed to be the highest indicated
horse power yet developed by a marine en
gine continuously at sea in the United
The President Apparently In no Hurry
to See Him.
Washington, Sept. 8. —Representative
Randall was not rewarded for waiting until
to-day by seeing the President. The Presi
dent did not come in until late in the after
noon, and then only to receive a delegation of
the Hibernians, nor was Mr. Randall
invited out to Oak View. Consequently, or
inconsequently, Mr. Randall has one of his
periodical attacks to-night. He may not bo
able to return home for a day or two.
At the White House.
Washington, Sept. B.—Prasident Cleve
land came in to the White House from Oak
View this afternoon and received Bishop
Ireland and Rev. James A. Steven, of the
Roman Catholic Missions School. Indian
affairs was the subject of the interview.
Liter in the day, bv appointment, the mem
bers of the Irish Catholic Beneficial Asso
ciation to the number of 125, now in session
in this city, called at the White House and
were presented to the President.
A Tobacconist Assigns.
Richmond, Sept. B.—Four deeds of as
signment were tiled to-day in the Chancery
Court of the city by Thomas S. Flournoy,
Jr., tobacconist, for the benefit of his cred
itors. The amount due preferred creditors
is $'28,00(1. The liabilities are estimated at
over $50,000. The assets are about $35,000.
Flournoy has been doing business in this
city, Danville, Va., and Louisville, Ky., and
is said to hold a large lot of tobacco which,
if not thrown on the market, will pay the
claims of preferred creditors.
B. and O.’s Tumble.
Baltimore, Sept. B.—President King, of
the Erie road, is in this city and was for
several hours in consultation with Vice
President Spencer, of the Baltimore and
Ohio road, to-day.
Nothing can yet be obtained of the result
of the conference.
At the stock hoard to-day Baltimore
and Ohio sold at the opening, twenty
five shares at 125, later, twenty-five shares
at 124, and before the close twenty-five
shares at 122%.
Pinkerton a Conspirator.
Montreal, Sept. 8. —In the Court of
Queen’s Bench, this afternoon, the grand
inrv found a true bill against William J.
leilarigle Wiliam Allan Pinkerton, and
Miehuel Hickey, for conspiring against
James Baxter, of Montreal, by having his
photograph placed in the rogue’s gallery of
tho Central police station in Chicago.
Two Steamers Sold at Auction
New York, Sept B.—The steamships
City of Columbia and City of Atlanta were
sold at auction to-day under a judgment of
foreclosure to Charles M. F.nglis, the Ilrst
nmned for $150,000 and the latter for SBO,-
000. The steamers will probably run be
tween this city and Charleston during the
Not Flat On It# Back.
Saco, Mr... Hpt. m.—The bank examiner
investigating the affairs of the Biddeford
Havings Institution, which was robbed by
young McNeilljr, state* (hat he will make an
official statement of the bank’s condition by
Hunt. IT. He considers that the bank will
1 have a surplus of $500,0(X).
SAVANNAH, GA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1887.
THE WORK OF THE PAST YEAR
AND WHAT IS NEEDED.
Lieut. Barlow Submits His Annual Re
port to the War Department—s3o,-
000 Wanted for the Tennessee River
Above Chattanooga Opening the Ca
nals Around the Shoals.
Washington, D. C., Sept. B.—Lieut. Col.
J. W. Barlow of the Corps of Engineers, has
submitted to the War Department his
annual report on the river and harbor
improvements in Tennessee and neighboring
On the Tennessee River above Chatta
nooga, the only work done during the
fiscal year was the repair of two of the
locks at Upper Half Moon Island, so as to
increase the depth of water over the shoals.
The estimate for improving the upper river
during the next year is $510,000, which will
he expended in the repair and extension of
the dams already built, continuing channel
excavations, building dams, etc.
On the lower river below Chattanoogn
the principal work done during the year
consisted in placing in position iron gates of
locks in the shoal creek aqueduct, and per
manent dams of rubble masonry at Second
creek, Bluewater creek, Helltown and Four-
Mile creek. It is expected that five dgop
gates will lie completed, and the entire lock
age of this section finished by January next.
An effort will be made to open the Rock
river shoals canal before the close of 1887 to
the extent of making it available for use of
the United States in the transportation of
MUSSEL SHOALS CANAL.
In view of the early completion of the
Mussel shoals canal, it is deemed important
that immediate provision lie made for tho
removal of tho major obstructions above
and below the canal, the principal one of
which is Colbert shoals.
An apnropriation of $500,000 is requested
for the i®Xt fiscal year, to be expended in
the improvement of Colbert shoals, Little
Mussel shoals, the sand bare at Bridgeport
and Gnntersville, completing dams at Tus
cumbia shoals, removing surface obstruc
tions in the lower river, and making an in
strumental survey of the river.
On the Cumberland river, below Nash
ville, beyond the removal of snags little
work was done during the past fiscal year,
but work in the channel is now satisfactorily
progressing, with a force of about fifty men.
An instrumental survey of the river lielow
Nashville is said to be very desirable to ob
tain data in view of the possible extension
of the lock and dam system. For the next
year an appropriation of $40,000 is
requested to clear the shoals, improve the
channel and make the survey.
CESSJON OF LAND.
Above Nashville, in addition to the appli
cation to the State legislature for eesßion
of lands on which to erect locks, dams, etc.,
work was done in the channel at Fourbush
and Smith shoals, reducing the current and
giving additional security to the passage of
coal boats. The amount of the estimate
for the next year is $600,000.
On the Cumberland river, aliove the
mouth of Jellico, Ky., it appears to lie im
practicable to do any work until eleven
obstructive mill dams are bought, either by
voluntary agreement or by condemnation.
Should Congress desire to continue this
improvement an appropriation of $40,000
will be necessary
The work on the Haiawassee river, Ten
nessee, consisted in the improvement of the
channel and the removal of overhanging
trees, and the repair of dams at Magill’s
Island. An appropriation of $25,000 is re
quested for a continuation of the work.
FRENCH BROAD RIVER.
The appropriation for French Broad
river, Tennessee, came too late for use in
channel work until near the close of the
fiscal year, but some rejiair work was begun
in June. Thirty thousand dollars is asked
for a continuation of this work.
The same state of affairs prevails as re
gards Clinch river, Tennessee, for the im
provement of which $24,000 is asked for the
next fiscal year
On the Caney Fork river a force is now
at work removing snags, building dams,
etc., with good success. Ten thousand dol
lars is asked for a continuation of the work.
Work was begun on the south fork of the
Cumberland river, Kentuky, in October
last which was only suspended during the
winter months and is now progressing at
Sloan’s shoals. An appropriation of $15,-
000 is asked to continue the work lielow
Devil’s Jumpfremoving reefs and building
. wing dams.
An appropriation of $lO,OOO in each ease
is also suggested for the improvement of
Duck river nnd the Little Tennessee river,
WIRE COMPANIES COLLAPSE.
The Failure in New Haven Forced
Them to the Wall.
Chicago, Sept. B.—A Joliet, 111., special
announces the failure yesterday of
Krafft, Goss & Cos., and the Illinois
Wire Fenco Company. Both con
cerns are operated by the same pro
prietors. The failure is traceable to that
of Sherman & Marsh, who owed the firm
of E. S. Wheeler & Cos. and tho New Haven
Wire Company $75,0H). This was a severe
blow to the trade, and especially to the lat
ter firms, which were exchanging \ aper
with Krofft, Goss & Cos. and the Illinois
Wire Fence Company. The latter firms
held considerable paper of the former when
they failed. Judgments for $56,932
in favor of Alexander Goss, the principal
backer of lioth concerns, have been entered.
Krafft, Goss & Cos., is an established firm,
with a [>aid up cash capital of $100,(XX), and
has always stood high in commercial re
ports. The Illinois Wire Fenco Cos. is a
younger concern and had paid
up capital of only $lO,OOO. Mr.
Krafft, the manager, said
last night that the New Haven failures
threw $60,000 worth of notes upon the
Joliet Company, which in justice to other
creditors they could not meet. All the
members of Krafft, Goss & Cos., are sound
financially, though it will wi|ie out their
present corpora) ion. It is said they will re
sume after the settlement.
Local Option in Missouri.
St. Louis, Sept. B.—Elections on the
question of local option were held in nine
counties of this State yesterday, seven of
which voted in favor of it. This makes
thirty prohibition count!** in the State, and
eighteen others will vote on local option
Got the Drop on Him.
Columbia, S. C., Sept. B.— .lames Saddler
was killed by Joseph Wert*, in Newb-rry
county, tliisi morning. Saddler had threat
ened to kill Wert* on sight, hut the latter
got the drop on his antagonist and shot him
dead in the road.
Still In Suspense.
Ottawa, 111.. Sent. S.- The Supreme
Court, met at 9 o’clock thi* morning. Jus
tice Scott having arrived last night, the full
bench wae present Nothing was done with
the Anarchist ease* to-day.
The Investigation Continued—Other
State Capital Topics.
Atlanta, Ga., Sept. B. —The Governor
and Attorney General resumed the hearing
of the case of the convict lessees this morn
ing in the Supreme Court room. An hour
or more was consumed in argument as to
the scope of the investigation, the respond
ents raisiug the objection that the charges
and si>eciflcations covered the whole period
of the lease; matters coming
up during former administrations
and acted upon. They insisted
that the prosecution should be held to the
executive order summoning the lessees to
answer touching the Bingham ramp. The
objection was overruled, ( no Governor hold
ing that the investigation should lhi broad
and full, except that the counsel were re
quested not to go into matters res adjudi
catei by former executives.
THE CONVICT WITNESSES.
The first witnesses were William Slaugh
ter and Anderson Blocker, the two negro
convicts from the Bingham camp who were
present the first day or the case. Slaughter
is in the penitentiary for attempted rape on
a white woman In Carrol county, and
Blocker for voluntary manslaughter, from
Burke county. They were among the con
victs cruelly whipped at Bingham’s camp
and testified that they were held over bar
rels and whipped by Bingham until raw, as
already published in the News.
DR. WESTMORELAND CALLED.
Dr. Westmoreland, the principal physi
cian of the penitentiary, was culled, and
testified to the condition of the Bondurant
& Joplin camp, near Augusta., nnd the cruel
whipping of the Bingham camp convicts.
His reports of the two have already ap
peared in the News. His annual reports for
the years 18851. 1884, 1885 and 1886 were
submitted by the States’ counsel as part of
the evidence. The cross-examination of
Dr. Westmoreland was deferred till to
Dr. Houk, camp physician at Old Town
during the latter part of 1885 and most of
1888, was the next witness. His testimony
was substantially as given before the peni
tentiary invest igating committee, published
in the News. The hearing was then ad
journed to 9:510 o’clock to-morrow morning.
A WILD CAT SCHEME.
Mechanics Assembly, Knights of T,abor,
of Columbus, have exposed the Workmen’s
Mutual Aid (society, a wild cat insurance
company, swindling factory operatives
there, and has had George Zagenburg, the
manager, arrested on a warrant for cheat
ing and swindling. The Comptroller Gen
eral has wired the Solicitor General to
present the case t*f the Muscogee grand
jury and have Zagenburg and any others
connected witli the company indicted, as
they have no license to do business in the
The Comptroller General has estimated
the income of the State for the year from
all sources at $2,0ft},222,m0de up as follows:
Property tax, 81,490.222; railroads, 802,000;
special taxes, 8100,000; inspection of fertil
isers, $80,000; Western and Atlantic rentals,
Mr. Russell, of Chatham county, enter
tained the General Judiciary Committee of
the House at his rooms last night. He dis
pensed a liberal and enjoyable hospitality,
and the committee was for once, at least,
JUDGE SIMMONS SWORN IN.
This morning the resignation of Thomas
J. Simmons, os Judge of the Macon circuit
was received by the Governor and accepted.
At 1 o’clock, in the office of the chief execu
tive, Judge Simmons was sworn in as As
sociate Justice of the Supreme Court. The
Governor administered the oath.
It is understood that Mr. Jackson, chair
man of the Senate Educational Committee,
will to-morrow report Mr. Glenn’s bill by a
substitute which emliodies the whole of
what is known as the Calvin resolution.
The sutwtitute provides that no teacher in
any school of the State where there is co
education of the races shall lie entitled to
any of the benefits of the public school fund,
and in addition provides that no jierson
educated at such school shall be eligible to
the jiosition of teacher in any common
school of this State.
It is stated on good authority that Mr.
Brady will revive his fertilizer bill at au
early day. He purposes to introduce a now
bill, eliminating from it ninny of the
objectionable portions of the bill killed by
the Senate a few days ago. Expressions of
a desire that he may not do this are heard
on all sides, as a good deal of valuable time
has already been lost over this measure.
Charles Beerman proprietor of the Kim
ball House, gave the members of the Gen
eral Assembly a banquet and hop to-night,
which was largely attended, and which
proved a most enjoyable affair.
A Tree 3,000 Lemons on It—
Searching for a Trunk Thief.
Welaka, Fla., Sept. B.— People are get
ting in shape for fall and winter gardens,
cabbage and Irish potatoes being the main
There is a lemon tree here with no less
than 51,000 fine lemons upon it. This tree
was not much hurt by the cold weather two
years ago. lemons pay well Oranges are
getting to be of a good size nnd but tew are
splitting. There are not so many rusting as
usual. If we hnvo an average winter the
citrus trec6 will bo back to where they were
when the cold of two years ago struck them.
All trees having good caro are looking very
A deputy sheriff was here a few days ago
in search of thieves accused of robbing a
trunk containing WOO or #7OO belonging to a
man living up the Ocklnwalia river.
J. Cselute, formerly of Savannah, is
now living here and will engage in the mat
tress making business. This is a fine field
for such a busineas, any amount of moss be
ing easily got.
The new saw mill of Dollon & Russell is
now in working order, and is a much needed
enterprise. Simas the other mill burned, a
year ago, we have had to get lumber else
Key West, Fla., Sept. An interview
to-day with a representative of t.be Cuban
expedition interests tends to the belief that
fumls are being furnished the cause by the
home rule party of Cuba, who, finding their
own policy hojieless on account of the bitter
opposition of the Spanish Conservatives,
are now willing to aid any movement cal
culated to cripple the government at Mad
rid and their representatives in Havana.
Santa Rosa’s Life Savers.
Pensacola, Sept. B.—The life-saving
corps at Santa Rosa Island station had its
regular practice drill to-day. The com
mand, under Cant. Sutherland, is very
efficient in its work, and tho hundred of
rxcuivionists who witnessed the exhibition
express themselves as highly pleased with
the methods adopted by the United States
to save life and property.
Jacksonville, Fla., Sept. B.—Freight
rates from New York via th* Ocean,
Clyde and Mallory steamship lines
have I yen reduced to Jacksonville about 50
per cant on nearly all classes of freights.
The change will take place of Sept 10.
INOCULATION FOR FEVER
THE MEDICAL. CONGRESS URGES A
Dr. Freire, of Brazil, Reads a Paper On
His Discovery The Next Congress to
Be Held at Berlin and the Subsequent
One at St. Petersburg.
Washington, Sept. B.—The lobby at Al
baugh’s Opera House was crowded this
morning by doctors, formed into line to
await their turn at the box office window,
where new tickets of admission to this
evening's banquet were being delivered.
The audience for this reason was rather thin
when President Davis, at 10 o’clock, called
the Congress to order. The Secretary Gen
eral announced the committee selected by
President Davis, in compliance with the
resolution adopted yesterday, to determine
the place of meeting of the tenth
International Medical Congress. The com
mittee is as follows: Austria-Hungary, Dr.
Faskas, of Buda-Posth; Belgium, Dr. Ser
vais, of Antwerp; Brazil, Dr. Freire, of
Rio; China, Dr. Boone, of .Shanghai; France,
Dr. l.andolt, of Paris; Germany, Dr. Mar
tin, of Berlin; Great Britain, Dr. Pauy, of
London; Italy, Dr. Zemmola, of Naples;
Japan, Dr. Saiga, of the lmj>erial Navy;
Mexico, Dr. Albonmdo, of Mexico; Russia,
Dr. Reyser, of St. Petersburg; Spain, Dr.
Lalletreda, of Seville; Sweden and Norway,
Dr. Tillman, of Holmstadt; Switzerland,
Dr. Cordes, of Geneva; Turkey, Dr. Post,
of Beirut; Egypt, Dr. Grant, Bey of Cairo;
United States, Medical Director Gihon,
United States Navy. It was announced
that the committee would meet at J o’clock
this afternoon at the Riggs House.
INOCULATION FOR YELLOW' FEVER.
Dr. Atkinson, of Philadelphia, one of the
secretaries of the congress, read the follow
ing abstract from the proceedings of the
section of Public and International Hy
“After the reading by Dr. Domingo
Freire, of Rio Janeiro, representative in
the congress of the Brazilian government,
of a paper entitled: ‘Vaccination with At
tenuated Culture of the Microbe of Yellow
Fever,’ with demonstration of the microbe
under the microscope, the following pream
ble and resolutions were adopted by the sec
Whereas, In oceulation agulnst yellow fever,
if It prove successful after further examination,
is calculated to benellt the human race through
out the world; and
Whereas, The facts presented by the experi
ments of lr. Oomiugo Freire afford a reason
able assurance of its protecting influence in Rio
de Janeiro; therefore
Revolved, That this section recommends co
operative investigation of the results obtained
by yellow fever inoculations as protective
against that disease, and that adequate appro
priations by the governments represented in
this congress Is; made for that purpose.
Resolved That this action Is* communicated
forth with for consideration in the general ses
sion of the congress.
Dr. A. Y. P. Garnett, of this city, offered
the folowing resolution:
Whereas, It is proposed to hold at the city of
Washington, in IHWs!. an International celebra
tion in honor of the Iwo hundredth anniversary
of the discovery of America by Christopher
Columbus, and an exposition of the history, arts
and industries of all nations:
Resolved, That the International Medical
Congress favors this patriotic movement, and
commend it to the nations of the world.
Surgeon Hamilton, of the Marine Hos
pital Service, seconded the motion.
Dr. Zemmola. in liehalf of the country of
the dii-ooverer’s birth, supported the resolu
tion briefly, but eloquently, and it was
TO NEXT MEET AT BERLIN.
The committee appointed to report upon
the place for the next meeting of the Inter
national Medical Congress decided to report
in favor of Berlin, Germany. The meeting
will occur in 1890. The day and month are
to be hereafter determined. The report
will lie presented to the congress to-morrow
for adoption. Berlin was selected in accord
nnce with an understanding reached
at Copenhagen when Washington was
selected as the place of holding
the present meeting, at that time America
and Germany were the chief competitors
for the honor, and it was decided to hold the
preson|congress in America and the follow
ing one in Germany. The other places
mentioned at the meeting of the committee
to-day, were St. Petersburg, Paris and
Rome. As the congress had heretofore been
held in the two last named cities
an understanding was affected by which
Russia will he honored next after (lermany.
FIRED BY TRAMPS.
Rusbville Property Owners Out From
$76,000 to $lOO,OOO.
Chicago, Ills., Sept. B.—A special to the
Times from Rushville, Ind., says: “Two
destructive fires oecurrod here yesterday,
burning two dwellings entirely, damaging
others and destroying several barns and tho
old woolen mills, containing machinery to
the value of about #40,000. There was no
insurance on anything. The wind was
blowing a high gale and at one time it was
thought the city would Is* destroyed, hut
the flames were finally sulxlued. The fire
started in a stable belonging to William
Hausens. It is supposed to have been
started by a tramp with a view to burglary,
as several of them were arrested while rob
bing houses during the progress of the fire.
The total loss is estimated at from $75,000 to
A Reception to an Agitator Broken Up
By a Mob.
Rotterdam, Sept. B. Ninwanhaus, tho
Socialist agitator, was tendered a reception
last night by the Socialists of this city.
A crowd stoned the building in which the
reception was held and tore
down and burned the Socialist
flag. Several men forced an
entrance into tho house and smashed the
Socialist emblems, and mode a general
wreck of tho furniture. The Socialists fled
through a back door. Tho polico charged
the mob and succeeded in dispersing it.
Quiet was not restored until midnight.
English Labor’s Demands.
London, Sept. B.—The Trades Union Con
gress has |lussei 1 a resolution pledging the
various Unionists to liegin an agitation
in favor of decreasing the hours of lals). to
eight per day, and to make every Saturday
a full holiday. It was contended by the
delegates that 700,0)0 men now out of work
would 1m able to get employment if this
rule were put into force.
Malta's Cholera Record.
lain don, Sept. B.—At Malta during the
(lost, twenty-f<mr hours there wero ten new
cases of cholera and four deaths.
Rome, Sept. 8. —There were eighteen new
eases of cholera and ten deaths in Catania
during the past, twenty-four hours.
Ayoub Khan's Flight.
Simla, Sept. B.—Ayoub Khan ha* fled to
ward Fhaf, Persia, fifty miles to tba west
ward of the Afghanistan frontier.
OIL INSPECTION PEES.
Tho House Passes the Committee's
Atlanta, Oa., Sept. B.—The morning
session of tho Senate was to a considerable
extent devoted to tho reading of House bills
for tho first time.
A message was received from the Gover
nor announcing that tho resignation of
Thomas J. Simmons, as Judge of the
Superior Court of the Macon circuit, had
lieon received and accepted.
The Senate then took up and concurred
in the House resolution providing for the
election of a successor to Judge Simmons.
Tli<) following bills were then read for tho
third time and passed:
To amend the prohibition laws of Wilkin
Creating a board of trustees to sell and
reinvest the proceeds of certain lands in tho
town of Franklin, in Hoard county.
To incorporate the Chattanooga and East
To prevent the running at large of stock
in certain districts of Stewart county.
To incorporate the Darien and Iloboy
To incorporate tho Coosawatteo Steam
To amend section '1(125 of tho Code of
In the House.
In the House to-day the special order be
ing the bill by Mr. Atkinson, of Coweta, to
provide for the payment of fees from the
Inspection of oils into the State Treasury,
The Committee on Finance reported a
substitute for the original bill providing for
the amending of the laws of the State in
reference fo the inspection of illuminating
oils by providing for inspectors, prescribing
the manner and amount of their eoin(iensa
tion. revising the schedule of fees now
proscribed by law for the inspection of "tls,
providing for the disposition of said few
and for other purposes.
Mr. Atkinson, of Coweta, argued at length
in favor of his bill.
Mr. Mathews, of Houston, spoke in favor
of tho substitute as reported ny the Finance
Mr. Arnheim,of Dougherty, thought Mr.
Atkinson’s bill a mere skeleton. The Fi
nance Committee had taken his hill and per
fected it. Formerly inspectors received the
fees, but now this bill as reported demanded
that the public schools of the State receive
a portion of them. The fees now charged
in Georgia were by far higher than those of
any other Htate.
Mr. Schofield, of Bibb, said the Standard
Oil Company had a monopoly in Georgia.
This company could put its oils in Georgia
at one-half cent pier gallon less than any
A MESSAGE FROM THE GOVERNOR.
At, this juncture, Secretary Harrison com
municated a scaled communication in writ
ing from his excellency, the Governor.
Mr. Hchotleld said the bill as reported by
the Finance Committee was thoroughly con
sidered, and he hoped it would pass.
Mr. Atkinson thought that, liecause this
substitute was reported by the Finance
Committee it was no reason that the House
should pass it. He said the bill, as reported
by the Finance Committee, fostered mo
nopolies. It would make the Standard Oil
Company master of the situation, as they
would have thingß their own way. The bill
provided that inspectors should keep one
third of the fees. This would be a severe
temptation to them. He said the fees re
ceived for 188(1 were $12,596, and for 1885
$10,70(1, making a total of $38,362.
Mr. Harrison, of Quitman, said tho ser
vice was efficient as it now was. If tho pub
lic school system was to lie improved let it
Is) done by taxation and not by inspection
Mr. (Jordon, of Clmthain, said there was
about $12,000 raised by inspections. This
was too much, and a portion should go into
the Treasury for other purposes. It was
the idea of the Finance Committee that
some of this money should lie applied to ed
ucation. It was the idea of tho committee
that the rate of He. per gallon
should be uniform on oil regardless "f the
quantity. The committee wanted the in
spectors of oils to be separate from those of
PASSAGE OF THE BILL.
Mr. Atkinson's substitute was voted down.
The sulwtitute us reported by the Finance
Committee was adopted. The bill was then
passed by a vote of 92 yeas to 18 nays.
Mr. Felton, of Bibb, moved that the Gov
ernor's communication be taken up. This
was carried. ,
The message called attention to the resig
nation of Hon. T. J. Simmons as Judge of
the Macon Circuit, tie having been elected
Justice of the Supreme Court.
Mr. Felton, of Bibb, offered a resolution,
which was adopted, that the House and
Senate meet in joint session Friday, Sept. 9,
at 12 o’clock, to select a Judge for the Ma
The following new bills were introduced:
By Mr. Gordon, of Chatham—To em
power tho County Commissioners to sell the
present court house of Chatham county.
By Mr. Gordon, of Chatham —To author
ize the building of a court house by Chat
ham county on tho old cemetery property
lying in Savannah, all bodies having boon
removed from said property.
By Mr. Johnson, of Echols —To amend
the charter of the Okeflnokee and St.
Mary’s Canal Company.
By Mr. Calvin, of Richmond —To pro
hibit the sale of liquor within throe miles of
Hephzibab church, in Richmond county.
By Mr. Bailey, of Spalding—Regulating
the taxes of Griffin.
By Mr. Franklin, of Fannin—lncorpora
ting the town of Blue Ridge in Fannin
The bill ro|>orto<l back from the Senate
appropriating $9,000 to tbeacadeiny for the
blind, and providing that no money lie
s|s*nt until an outline of the plans is made,
was Liken up and the amcneincnt was con
TAXING WINE ROOMH.
The bill to tax wine rooms SIO,OOO per
annum, by Mr. Felton, of Bartow county,
was taken up for the purpose of i-nnsideriug
the amendments of tbs Senate. The amend
ments were all agreed to.
The bill Introduced by Mr. Belt, of Burke,
to levy a tax of one-tenth of 1 [>er cent, for
educational purposes was taken up.
Mr. Harrell, of Welmter, offered as a sub
stitute that 137 schools, one for each county,
he established, to be branches of the State
Mr Tate, of Pickens, raised the point that
Mr. Harrell's sulwtitute was not gurinano to
the original bill.
The Speaker sustained tho |>oint.
Pending a motion to commit tho entire
matter to tho Finance Committee, the
A Saw Mill Explosion.
Jacksonville, Fla., Sept. B.— This af
ternoon at 5 O’clock the city
was startled by a loud report.
Ah Investigation showed that the
trailer of C. V. Cashen's saw mill had ex
ploded, completely wrecking the mill and
fatally scalding the negro fireman, named
Samuel Fryer. The accident was caused
through the accumulation of salt in the
trailer. Other employe* in the mill had a
miraculous cscejie, as none were seriously
injured. Mr. Cashen estimates the damage
at $8,060. Ha will rebuild the mill mime
j PRICE Rift A YEAR. )
1 ft CE.XTS A COPY.
THE GRAND OLD MAN GREATLY
PLEASED BY IT.
He Would Attend the Constitution
Celebration if it Were Possible to Do
So—He Declares That the Residue of
Hie Activity la Devoted to Ireland.
London, Sept. 8. —The letter containing
the invitation to Mr. Gladstone to attend
the centennial celebration of ths adoption
of the American constitution, at Philadel
phia, was dated Juno 24, and was signed by
Messrs. ICusson, Little, Carson and Coch
rane for the committee. Mr. Gladstone
was invited as a guest of the com
mittee, and ho was informed by
the gentlemen who conveyed to
him the invitation that it was the only one
sent to any person not an American citizen
or an accredited diplomat, the exception in
hi* ca*o being intended as an express recog
nition of the historical ties which bound
Great Britain and America before the dec
laration of independence. He was also
assured that he would lie allowed to make
whatever arrangements he pleased, and
would bentertained in America as no man
lias been since the visit of Gen. Lafayette.
Mr. Gladstone, on July 20, made reply to
the letter anil assured the committee of the
great honor he felt in receiving an invita
tion to the celebration of the centenary of
the American constitution. His letter con
Attraction* of the invitation are enhanced to
me by the circumstance that I have always re
garded that conHtitut.nn as the most remarka
ble work known to mndprn times, to hav e been
produced by human intellect, at a single stroke,
solo speak, in its application to |wliti.al af
fairs. The invitation is acconi|>anled by every
accessory that even American hospitality could
devise Had 1 real option in the case I could
not but accept, but the limitation of rny strength
anil time and the incessant pressure of engage
ment* make me too well aware that I have none.
DEDICATED TO IRELAND.
So far ns I can rcc the whole small residue of
activity at rny command will be dedicated to tha
great work at home. I regard the Irish ques
tion as the most urgent and most full of prom
ise of beneficial results to my country that I
have ever been engaged in f ought, perhaps,
lo arti! that, viewing the jealousies prevalent
in England it is doubtful whether they might
not be stimulated were I to accept the distinc
tion you offer nre, which is not less signal than
undeserved. The first of these reasons, how
ever, connsds me to decline the most flattering
proposal I have ever received.
I shall watch with profound interest the pro
ceedings of your celebration, when you will
look back upon a century of national advance
ment that Is without parallel in history, and
look forward to Its probable continuance
upon a still larger scale. That you
and your children may be enabled
by the help of the Almighty to worthily meet
lno accumulation of high duties and responsi
bilities proportioned to evergrowing power
will Ire, lam confident, the prayer of your kins
men here who hope, nay believe, that the moral
relations between the several portions of one
race are wisely destined to acquire moreaaiug
irarmony and closeness. Your obliged ana
faithful servant, W. E. Gladstone.
SHERIDAN WILL COMMAND.
Philadelphia, Sept. B.—Gen. Sheridan
to-day assumed command of tire troops that
are to participate in the military display
Kept. 17, in honor of tho centennial of tha
promulgation of the constitution.
The House of Commons to Convene
Monday on tho Irijb Question.
London, Sept. 8. —The Parnellite whips
have issued an urgent summons for a full
attendance in the House of Commons Mon
day, when the debate begins on the govern
ment’s action in proclaiming F.nnis andf
other meetings. The Conservative mem
bers have ulso been recalled to take part in
A COMMERCIAL MATTER.
Dublin, Kept. B.—Archbishop Walsh, in
a letter published to-day, says the Irish
land question is a commercial, not a politi
cal matter. He declares Lord Ashburne’s
purchase scheme to be the most suitable one
that has yet been passed.
Gen. Buller has resigned his post in Ire
land and will return to the war office in
October. He insists that the government
appoint his successor without delay.
A s|ecial meeting of the Irish Privy
Council was held in Dublin Castle to-day.
There were present: The Lord I.ieutenant-
Baron Asblraurne, Justice Fitzgibbon, an*
tho Earl of Meath. It is reported that tha
council has decided to have editor William
O’Brien arrested if he does not appear
before the court at Mitohellstowu
to-morrow in answer to the summons served
u|>on him, and also to institute action*
against the leaders of the recent meeting at
Ennis. Messrs. Tgibourhere, Dillon and
other members of Parliament will proceed
to Mitchellstown to-morrow.
William O’Brien delivered a lecture this
evening on “The lrast Opportunitiee of
Irish Landlords.” Archbishop Walsh pre
sided. Mr. O’Brien said that the bills intro
duced by Mr. Gladstone and rejected by tha
landlords, offered the most splendid avenue
to jioweir and honor ever opened to a
dethroned and fallen oligarchy. But tha
answer, of tho landlords was to smite the
hand that extended to them tbesa
benefits. The landlords left the people no
alternative but to become Democrats, and
they might congratulate themselves upon
tho fact that the spread of Democracy had
been free from bloodshed and class hatred.
If to-morrow the Irish gentry should pro
jraso frankly to draw a wet sponge over tha
jiast they would be welcomed and honored
by the people.
She Is Bound to Obtain a Footing Is
Bulgaria by Fair Means or Foul.
St. Petersburg, Sept. B.—lt is stated
semi-oftifially that the Russian government,
not obtaining the assent of the powers to
the proposed mission of Gen. Ernroth, will
endeavor to gain the ndbesion of the
European powers to other plans for a settle
ment of the Bulgarian qu‘-*tion. The abdi
cation of Prince Ferdinand will be a neces
sary result of the adoption of the Russian
SOFIA’S state of siege.
Sofia, Sept. B.—The state of siege has
Counani Not to be a Republic.
Paris, Sept. B.—The Brazilian Minister
had an interview to-day with M. Flourens,
the French Foreign Minister, with reference
to tho movement to found a republic in
Counani. Asa result an official note waa
sent to ha Temps warning intending c*lo
nuits that both France and Brazil havo
jurisdiction In Counani. It is reported that
3,000 colonists were alraut to start for that
Sham Fights In France.
Paris, Kept. B.—Seventeen corps have be
gun a series of manoeuvre* around Conca
anon*. There were several sham fights to
day. Military experts uraiae the evolutions
of the troops