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Morning News Building, Savannah, Ga.
MONDAY. SEPTEMBER 12, 1887.
R*gisiei'ed at the Post Office in Savannah.
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INDEX TO NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Meetings—PeKalb Lodge No. !), I. O. 0. F.;
Southern Mutual Loan Association: Calanthe
Ixxlge No. 28. K. P.: St. Patrick s T. A. B. So
ciety: German Friendly Society.
Special Notices —Oysters, Chas. F. Graham:
Bananas, Potatoes. Etc . .1. S. Collins .t Cos.: As
to Crews of Spanish Steamship Buenaventura
and British Steamship Wimbledon.
SteamshipSchedules—Ocean Steamship Cos.;
Baltimore Steamship Cos.; General Transatlan
Cheap Column Advertisements -HelpWanled
Railroad Schedules —Savannah and Tybee
Railway: Savannah, Florida and Western Rail
Apction Sale— Furniture. Etc., by I. P.
Furniture. Etc —A. J. Miller & Cos.
Hebrew New Year Cards, Etc.—L. &B. S.
It is reported at Washington that Mr.
Randall and his followers have determined
to prevent the election of Mr. Carlisle as
speaker, unless they are given a guarantee
of the committee places they want. It is
safe to say Mr. Carlisle does not want the
office on such terms.
The lat -st suggestion in New York of
names for the Republican Presidential tick, t
is Lincoln and Grant. The nomination of
these men would be an open confession that
the Republican party has ended its mission,
and can now only appeal to the recollection
of its past deeds. It would tie an appeal to
the sentiment and not to the intelligence of
It is said Jay Gould virtually acknowl
edges that the Western Union is about to
absorb the Baltimore and Ohio telegraph
lines. Even,- transaction of this lort will
Strengthen the detnand for a government,
instead of a private, monopoly of the tele
graph business, and when the government
buys Gould out it will hardly pay for the
water in his stock.
Sheriff Grant, of New York, who is one
of the Tammany sachems, denies that the
society has made any “arrangement” with
President Cleveland, or that, to his knowl
edge, it is more friendly to him than in
1884. Tammany will support him, how
ever. Its members are good Democrats,
and, like other men, would rather be on the
The Socialists are showing that they are
conscious of one of the weakest points of
their political position—their foreign origin.
At their meeting in New York a few days
since the chairman refused to allow a
tweaker to use the Gorman language, saying
that English was what was wanted in this
country. But Socialism in English is as un-
American as in any other language.
The Civil Service Commission is revising
its rule*, and will probably extend the limit
of age at which apiiointnieuts tnav be made.
The rule requiring that all appointments in
the classified service shall be ma le of per
sons under the age of 45 lias heretofore im
posed a disability on most men who served
in the Confederate army, so that though an
ex-Confederate could legally lie elected
President he could not be appointed to a
S6OO clerkship in one of the departments.
Mrs. Frank Leslie was one of the City of
Romo’s many passengers, and she had hard
ly got ashore before she began to tell the re
jiorters about her love passages with Prince
This and Count That. Mrs. Leslie won
great deal of admiration by the business
talent she displayed in rescuing the estate of
her late husliand from bankruptcy, but she
seems to have effectually gotten rid of her
womanly modesty in the process. She is
paying a high price for the advertisement
sh e is getting.
Mr. Blaine is reported to have said to one
of his entertainers at Frankfort who had in
troduced him to the company as the noxt
President of the United states, “I have no
idea of allowing my name to be used. lam
not seeking-the Presidency, nor would I ac
cept it as a gift.” Perhaps the result of the
Homburg consultations was the conclusion
that Mr. Blaine could not get the Presi
dency if he tried, and he prefers that some
one else should be sacrificed in the useless
attempt to beat Cleveland. He knows the
bitterness of defeat.
A Washington correspondent,in discussing
the expected elevation of ex-Gov. Pattison,of
Pennsylvania, to a place in the Cabinet to
succeed Secretary Lunar, sneaks of him as
the luckiiost Democrat, next to Cleveland,
in the United States, and refers to the fact
that, though a Democrat in a Republican
city and State, he has served ten years as
Comptroller and Governor, at a Ralary of
110,000 per annum. To ascribe Mr. Patti
son’s success to luck is hardly fair. His
career is only another exemplification of a
fact often illustrated in our politics, us it is
every day in private life, that high charac
ter is worth more than brilliant talent.
And in the people’* appreciation of this fact
lies the safety of our institutions.
It is Baid many of Mr. Carlisle's friends
are warning him that if he does not promise
that in his appointments Mr. Randall shall
bo relegated to the foot of unimportant
committees they will not support him for
the Speakership. It is charged that Mr.
Randall,when Speaker, adopted this course
toward Cox and Morrison, with much lees
reason. This remedy for Randall’s opposi
tion to the policy of his party niav bo con
sidered too radical by many Democrat*,
who remember bis Horvioes in his better
diy, but be should not be permitted to
bring the purty into contempt by paral.va
in* it* (tower to deal with the greatent
governmental problem which it, 1* it* duty
8o solve—the Inurmue of taxation.
Enlarging the Sta f e Supreme Court.
The Judiciary Committee of the House
has agreed to report favorably a bill in
creasing the number of Supreme Court
Judges from three to five. The action of
j the committee was wise, and the
j bill should be promptly passed,
j The Judges of the Supreme
I Court of Georgia have long had more to do
■ than they could do well. A year or two
i ago a statistical comparison was printed,
giving the number of cases appealed to the
courts of review of the different States, and
though in Georgia the number did not equal
those in the more populous and richer
States, yet, on account of the small number
of judges, the amount of work allotted to
each of them was greater than that of a
member of any other court of like charac
ter in the country.
This state of affairs should not be allowed
ti continue. The evils which have resulted
from it are well known to those so unfortu
nate os to have been involved in litigation.
Delay in the final decision of cases has been
a long recognized hardship. The fact that
Gie decisions cf the Supreme Court of this
State do not rank high in the literature of
the legal profession is, perhaps, due to the
fact that the court does not have the time to
weigh its decisions as it ought to.
Judges, like men of other professions, can
not do their best work when they are under
a constant pressure.
If the bill increasing the number of
judges shall become a law, the next move
ment toward giving the court the standing
it ought to have in public opinion will be
toward increasing the salaries to a sunt
which will draw the best legal talent of the
State to tho bench. It is not to Georgia’s
credit nor interest that the judges of her
highest court shall be overworked and un
Dr. Freire’s Inoculation Theory.
The paper of Dr. Domingo Freire, of Rio
Janeiro, on “vaccination with attenuated
culture of the microbe of yellow fever,”
read at the Medical Congress in Washing
ton, appears to have commanded very con
siderable attention from that body. Dr.
Freire has maintained for several years that
inoculation offered protection against yel -
low fever, and he has advocated it so earn
estly that he has made many converts.
The Medical Congress evidently thought
that there was something in the inoculation
theory, and the resolutions it adopted
showed that it thought the theory should
be thoroughly tested.
There was a bill before the last Congress,
making an appropriation for a commission
to visit Rio Janeiro, an 1 report upon the
results of Dr. Freire’s experiments. The
bill seemed to meet with much favor, but
for some unexplained reason it failed to
become a law. Probably it was not pressed
vigorously enough, and failed for want of
time to consider it, as thousands of others
Dr. Freire is a physician of high stand
ing in Rio Janeiro, and there is no doubt
that he believes that ho has made a very
important discovery. Hu published a state
meat a few mouths ago in which it was
shown that not more than one in a hundred
of those treated by him, and subsequently
exposed to yellow fever, was attacked by
the disease, and it was the belief of those
who watched the experiments that those
who were attacked had not been properly
The recommendation of the Medical Con
gress should be acted upon at the earliest
possible moment. Yellow fever is more
dreaded in the southern part of this country
than cholera Anything, therefore, which
promises to rob it of its terrors ought to be
carefully inquired into.
Statisticim Dodge's Chance for No
It begins to look as if Statistician Dodge,
of the Agricultural Department, would
come out ahead of the Kentuckians after
all. It will be remembered that a commit
tee of them went to the Agricultural De
partment and bulldozed him and the Com
missioner of Agriculture into publishing a
statement that the department’s estimates of
the tobacco crop were altogether too high.
Mr. Dodge didn’t want to admit that his es
timates were wrong, but ho was pressed so
hard and the facts appeared to be so much
against him that he finally signed a com
munication to the public that made the
Louisville tobacco dealers happy.
Since Mr. Dodge published-bis explana
tion there have been much needed rains in
the tobncco growing regiou. and the reports
which have been received concerning the
prospects of the crop within the last few
days ht the office of the Commissioner of
Internal Revenue are to the effect that the
yield will surpass the estimates in Mr.
Dodge's original report.
The thing for Mr. Dodge to do now is to
require the committee of Louisville dealers
to announce that he was right. If Mr.
Dodge doesn’t insist upon something of the
kind he will not do justice to himself. There
is no doubt, if the latest rejjorts are correct,
that his original estimates were not far out
of the way. They were made before the
drought came. The Louisville dealers, in
making their estimates, tools into considera
tion the drought, but the rains have re
paired much of the damage which it caused:
McOarigle, the convicted Chicago boodler
yrho so cleverly deceived tho Sheriff and es
caped to Canada, is not lieing jiermitted to
enjoy the rewards of his rascality in peace.
He has been indicted by the grand jury at
Montreal for conspiracy to damage the rep
utation of James Baxter. The acts com
plained of were performed about seven yeurs
ago, when Mcliarigle was chief of police of
Chicago. It is understood that the Illinois
authorities have instigated the Montreal
prosecution in the hope of compelling tho
fugitive to return across the line. The law
officers have exhibited a praiseworthy zeal
and activity in bringing to punishment all
tho official thieves who have plundered Cook
county, and it is hoped their efforts in this
case may not prove fruitless.
In tho Catholic University at Washing
ton, tocost eventually $8,000,000, the Catho
liccburoh is establishing an institution which
will in time doubtless rival Harvard, Yale
and Princeton. It will, perha[)s, bo more
distinctly sectarian than they, but. perhaps,
not less useful for thnt reason. With such
a largo and rapidly growing constituency
to support it, it cannot fail, when once fully
under way, to be a great power in assisting
to mold the character and broaden tho cul
ture of the men of the country.
The City of Rome arrived at New York
Friday from Liverpool with nearly a thous
and cabin passengers on lioard, after a very
rough voyage, Some of those days a
thousand or two of the gay butterflim thai
flutter over to ICurope every summer will
get a ducking in the Atlantic, and tiien, per
haps, those who are left will bo<pn to look
up the beautiful places of their own iwustsrr.
TIIE MORNING NEWS: .MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1887.
Powderly Pleading for Peace.
It is reported front New York that Gen
eral Master Workman Powderly, recog
nizing the danger in which he stands, is
strenuously endeavoring to placate his ene
mies before the meeting of the Minneaoolis
convention. If he does not succeed there is
danger that contending factions may wreck
the great order over which he presides, and
justify the gloomy views expressed by John
Swinton in an article reprinted a few days
since in the Morning News.
The idea on which Mr. Powderlv's order
was founded was one which stirre l the im
agination. The promise that each indi
vidual worker, however humble, should
have at immediate call the aid of millions
of brethren in defense of his smallest right
was a fascinating appeal to that lust for
power inherent in all men, and to the re
sentment felt for real oppression.
The history of the order, however, has
made plainer l month after month, that its
founders undertook more than they could
accomplish. Strike after strike has failed,
and attempts to coerce rival labor organi
zations have proved useless. Trade unions,
based on narrower, but more practical
ideas, are proving themselves stronger, and
unless a great change is made in tho man
agement of the Kuights of Labor the rapid
loss of membership will continue.
A movement is announced from Phila
delphia among tho railroad men which
threatens to make great inroads upon the
order. The employes of the Pennsylvania
railroad, now Knights of Lalxir, have or
ganized, anil will lie speedily followed by
those of other lines, to form a trades assem
bly, which shall have complete control of
their own affairs. They may continue for
a time to be known as Knights of Labor,
but they can be so only nominally when the
officers of that order have no authority over
This is but further evidence, added to
much that has been given before, that the
interests of each trade can be best attended
to by men belonging to it.
Public Schools in England.
The figures presented in the House of
Commons by the head of the education de
partment of England, in submitting its an
nual estimates for the common school sys
tem, disclose some interesting facts. The
law establishing the system was only
adopted in 1870, and in that year places for
1,878,584 scholars were provided; now the
number is 5,200,1)85, showing a wonderful
increase in accommodations. In fnct, the
number of places provided is in excess of
needs, as the number of names on the school
registers is only 4,553,751, and the average
Attendance upon the schools by children
between certain ages is to a degree compul
sorv, the duty of compelling attendance
resting on boards of guardians. These
guardians have met their principal difficulty
in the indifference to the advantages of the
schools manifested by the poorer classes—
those classes for whose benefit, principally,
the schools were established. It may be that
much of this indifference springs from the
very meagre education which the schools
attempt to bestow—the mere rudiments of
knowledge. In only 370 schools, of the
19,000 and more, was history taught. The
prize to lie gained is not great enough to
In spite of this drawback, the develop
ment of the system has been surprisingly
rapid, and now that the principle is admit
ted that it is the State’s duty, in its own in
terest, to provide for the education of its
children, the efficiency of the schools will
be increased and their sco, e enlarged in pro
portion as the classes to be benefited grow
in political power. This growth has been
rapid of late years, and the near future
promises a yet greater expansion.
Even now an important addition to the
course of study is contemplated, and in fact
has been recommended by the education
department—technical instruction. This
subject has been pressed upon public atten
tion liy the accumulating evidence that the
long conceded superiority of the British
mechanic is challenged by the increasing
skill of workmen of other countries, espe
cially of Germany where technological
schools of high grade have demonstrated
their worth. The schools could not, per
haps, be developed in a more useful direc
The people of this country will watch with
no little interest the advance of those of tho
mother country along a path in which they
themselves have made considerable progress,
and which they know leads in the right di
The Sub-Tropical Exposition at Jackson
ville, commencing in January and con
tinuing several months, will doubtless
attract many thousand visitors, and con
vince all who attend it that Florida’s
resources have hut begun to bo appreciated
and developed. The State occupies a posi
tion peculiar to itself. The resources upon
which it prides itself, and upon the develop
ment of which it depends for prosperity and
wealth, belong to it almost alone, and are
not, as is the case with those of most other
States, common in some degree to all.
This fact is recognized in the
title of the Jacksonville exposi
tion, and its existence is the
strength of Florida’s position. The people
of many States can, by the display of the
proper energy, develop mines of coal and
iron, build cottou mills, etc., hut when they
want to grow tropical fruits and early vege
tables. or escape entirely the rigors of
winter —well, they have to go to Florida.
These facts the Sub-Tropical Exposition
will emphasize, and in the hands of the
energetic and public-spirited men who have
it in charge it ought to prove a powerful
force in bringing forward the high degree
of prosperity which must eventually come.
But this exposition at Jacksonvillle is not
the only one which will this winter illus
trate Florida’s peculiar greatness. During
January the South Florida Ex)>osition will
be held at Sanford, and the largo premi
ums offered will doubtless cause a rivalry
between exhibitors, which will lead to very
fine displays. There is no rivalry, however,
between the expositions, as they have u
a common object.
The Republican journals which have been
so exercised in their minds about the im
propriety of Mr. Carlisle being elected
Speaker while his right to a sqat is being
contested, should have familiarized them
selves with Congressional history before
saying so much on the subject. Had they
done so they would have discovered thnt
a precedent exists for such action by tho
Democrats, Mr. Jones, of Virginia, hav
ing been elected Speaker of the Twenty
eighth Congress while a contest over bis
seat, was pending. On that occasion the
Kle •t ious Committee was selected by tho
House, at tho Hpeaker’s request. What
makes tho precedent more valuable is that
it wws •*.- blg-Lsd bv Alimorata
Luck Spelt With a P.
From the Philadelphia Time* (bid.)
There are multiplying evidences that C eve
land’s luck is to lie spelt with a big P.
A Good Exponent of Jeffersonlaniasm.
From the New York Graphic I Drill. )
Look over the record of President Cleveland's
administration. Has it not been remarkably
free from mistakes? Is it not public opinion
that the President is an honest, conscientious,
straightforward man and as good an exponent
of Jeffersomanlsm as any man since Jefferson?
It is impossible to please everybody. Has not
President Cleveland come as near to that result
as any President could ?
Cleveland’s Growth as a Statesman.
From the Sew York World (Dem.)
Three years, however, have borne their legiti
mate fruit and naught their lesson. Mr. Cleve
land shows bis si/a- as a statesman in his readi
ness to accept the hints which time has
whispered. He has that kind of wisdom which
is willing to learn, and that kind of moral
courage which lavs aside a cherished notion
when it ceases to work well and adopts another
which will work more satisfactorily all around.
New York’s Labor Parties.
From the Philadelphia Times (/ad.)
It is not probable that either of the parties
will aid the cause of progressive or united labor
to any appreciable extent, for the simple reason
that there seem to be so many labor parties
t hat none of them will have votes enough to
make a respectable showing But this is a free
country, and the right to get up anew political
party every day In the year cannot be denied.
From the New York Sun (Dem.)
Altogether the prospect of the New Crusade
does not seem encouraging. If they succeed
notwithstanding nil these untoward facts, in
bringing to tho polls a respectable number of
voters. Mr. George's party will be more impor
tant than ever in view ot next year’s Presiden
tial election and of its possible power in that
great contest: but if it come up with only a
meagre array of votes, it will no longer be’ re
spected or feared by either Republicans or Dem
When you come to think of it, young man.
isn't the mafrigo ceremony miss leading?— Yon
The world may owe every man a living, hut.
like bringing to time a bad debtor, it requires
considerable hustling on a man's part to collect
tiie bill.— Boston Budget.
One Youngster-We have a nice canopy top
to cover our carriage.
Other Youngster That's nothin’. We have a
chattel mortgage on ours that more than covers
it, pa says.— Tid-Bitn.
It is not necessary to have a pneumatic tube
to Europe through which people can be shot at
the rate of a thousand miles an hour. All that is
le-eded is a pneumatic tube connection with
Canada.— Chicago Journal.
Little Tommy ( who has never been out of the
city before. Oh 1 oh: oh !
Kind Lady—What’s the matter, Tommv’
Little Tommy- Why, what a big sky they’ve
got here, miss.— Harper s Youna People.
“And were you robbed, too?’’ asked a passen
ger of the Pullman car porter after some high
waymen had cleaned out the train.
“Was I robbed, boss?" replied Sambo, turning
almost white with indignation.
"Deed I was Pey only guv me fo’ bits
apiece.”— New York Sun.
“Yes. dear children, ' said the school teacher,
"Gen. Washington died a comparatively poor
man, although be might have amassed great
wealth if he had been a different sort of person.
Tommy Waffles may tell us why Gen. Washing
ton died comparatively poor.”
“Because he couldn’t tell lies," responded
Tommy, who has a bright business career be
fore him.—. Yen; York Sun.
A Kansas man was viiiting a friend in Lin
coln, and the latter presented him, yesterday,
with a handsome field-glass, snying:
“Just take this as a keepsake, old man.”
“I’m very much obliged, Charlie, very; but
"How in thunder do you open it when you
want a drink ?”—Lincoln Journal.
T.O vert wore a crimson scarf
Coining through the rye;
There was Farmer Brown's young bull
Standing idly by. i*-
Reader, you have’guessed the rested ov'l
Drop a silent tear. no ?:!
“Dead, by gosh,” said Farmer Brown**
"That makes three this year.” L r , ,
A young man wrote thus to the object! of his
affections: “I love you not for your fortune—
it is a consideration that could never influence
me in choosing a wife.” Being unfamiliar with
the rules of punctuation, he awkwardly inserted
a full stop after the words “f love you not,” and
the young lady in her grief, desDa r and out
raged feeling, entered a convent, while her
lover, after v a’ting in vain for a reply to his
letter, became the driver of a soda pop wagon.
Chicago Tr im ne.
One Henry George Vote Lost— Omaha Man
—Hello, Fred, what brings you here?
Eastern Actor—l have been to California and
am going liack East.
“Do you intend to resume your Henry George
lectures against land monopoly?”
"No, I got full of those notions when I lived
in New York city. I’m bravely over it now.
Land? There’s no land monopoly. There's no
end of land, too much land, humireds and hun
dreds of miles too much."
“You ore on the other extreme now. What
has changed your ideas so completely*
"I joined a snap theatrical company last
spring, went as far as Cn’ifomia, and am walk
ing back.’’— Omaha World.
The Empress Eugenie has gone to Scotland to
remain until October.
Princess Beatrice is a Spiritualist, and she
soys sue doesn’t care who knows it.
The friends of M. Emile Zola unite in saving
his latest work, “Land,” is a disgrace to the
literature of any age.
Senator Hiscock is one of the best swimmers
at Watch Hill, and he keeps up the exercise
whether the weather is hot or cool.
Cot.. John A. Cockkrill vigorously denies
that he has been offered the managing editor
ship of the New York Herald, or that there has
been any rupture of bis friendly relations with
the proprietor of the World.
Capt. Jack Crawford, the poet scout, pro
poses to go on the stage in anew historical play
called “Daniel Boone," with real Indians, living
bears, elks, mustangs, wolves and all the other
accessories of the wild Western drama.
Newport society has split, into factions over
the question of Mrs. Clew s refusal to invite the
Duke of Marlborough to a musics le Mrs.
Paran Stevens requested that, the Duke should
be invited, but was told that “ the list was com
Baron de Worms, the President of the British
Board of Trade, has written a strong letter to
the English railway companies demanding car
riages exclusively for women, so as to prevent
in tuture the occurrence of outrages such as
that to which Miss Scragg was subjected near
The man who will write up America for the
London Timex more fully than it has ever been
done before is said to tie no other than Joel
Cook, the regular American correspondent of
the journal in question Mr. Cook receives $5,000
a year salary from the Timex, but will be paid
extra for this special work.
Archibald Forbes has written a very sad let
ter ty the papers denying the current rumor to
the effect that he was about to leave for a lec
ture tour in America, and that in the spring he
would be ready to go.to the wars. Forbes says
that his health is still uus itisfuctory, that his
experiences as a war correspondent are over,
and that the lecture-room wlil know him no
A STATUS of the late Alfred Kmpp is to be
erected in the market place of Essen by the
Municipal Council of the town, at a cost of
£•‘1.000. Herr Krupp lias left £26,000 to lie used
for the benefit of the inhabitants of Essen, and
he desired hia son and successor to set aside
£60,000 for a charitable fund in aid of the work
men of the establishment, to be managed by a
committee selected from the workmen and
His Impihiai, Highness Prince Chun, father
of the Emperor of China. Lord High Admiral of
China, and the holder of many other exalted
positions, last year took a short sea journey in
u Chinese mun of-vtar to several ports in North
China The eve nt was regarded as of great po
litical importance, for It was the first time that
a Mancbu Prince bad gone to sea The incident
called forth the Prince's unisc. ami he luts com
memorated it in u number < if poems.
Judge “Ton” Hughes passed through New
York lust week on his way to visit the English
colony at lingliy. Tcun lie is fairly contented
with the succisss of his colonization scheme, but
still lulls** tr bigger tilings Before returning
to England. Judge Hughes will go to Kansas to
visit a son who lives there, uml will also utay a
few days Id Now York His health is excellent,
and lie is the sar.i • genial man that he has
sR ay* been. If ht Is grow lug old no one woUV
; FOILED IN AN ATTEMPT TO ESCAPE.
! The Partner of Boodler McGarigle
Caught at the Jail Door.
A telegram from Chicago says for a good
many days mysterious rumors have been float
ing around the stone walls of the county jail
concerning an affair, the knowledge of which
has until now been confined toa few individuals
"Ed'' .McDonald, the partner of McG&rigle, who
was sentenced along with him, made a daring
break for his liberty about two weeks ago. One
evening u friend of the prisoner, a woman, was
admitted to sea him. She had a long coil of
rope concealed, which she left in the possession
of McDonald. The apartment in which he was
confined is on the third floor.aud a ventilator runs
from the cell lo the roof. Through this aperture
McDonald managed to climb till he reached the
roof. He then fastened one end of the rope to a
projection on the root and let the other end
down. Once in the yard he went stealthily to
the stairs,where visitors pass down into the jail.
As he came up to the turn of the stairway he
ran against one of the guards, but the latter
supposing him to be a visitor did not challenge
him. Half way between the stair and the en
trance is another hall leading to another en
trance. Through this hall McDonald was walk
ing. the street entrance in view, when he wus
confronted by t bree men. These were a lawyer,
a detective and a deputy sheriff. This was the
critical moment for McDonald. Had he quietly
passed along, the probability is that no notice
would have clean taken of liim by any one of the
party. But he was taken with a timid
fit and dr w back into the shadow,
a movement that at once ex
cited the suspicion of the detective, who
promptly sensed him by the arm and drew him
forward into the light. McDonald, in sheer
desperation, struck the detective a powerful
blow on the head with his fist which sent the
latter reeling to the Door, and then made a
break for the door. At this moment the deputy
sheriff recognized the prisoner, and with the
help of the lawyer succeeded in overpowering
him after a fierce resistance. Then an alarm
was given, and the would-be fugitive was
secured, hilt not until he had uttered a shrill
whistle which could be heard for a considerable
distance, and which was evidently a nrecon
certed signal, for a carriage which was standing
near the jail suddenly dashed down the street.
Moonaiu was taken to a common cell where he
could be under more careful surveillance. Since
then he has been subjected to the full rigor of
the discipline of the Jail.
JEFFERSON DAVIS ON LIQUOR.
A Prominent Southerner’s Ideas on
Prohibition and Local Option.
In response to a letter of inquiry Mr. Wal
lace Williams, editor of the Booneville (Mo.)
Advertiser, received the following letter from
Jefferson Davis: ’
Beauvoir, Miss., Sept. 1, 1887.
Dear Sir— l have received your letter of the
27th ult. requesting me to settle the question in
regard to my opinion as to local option being a
proper method to secure temperance. Many of
the controversies of men are rather in relation
to terms than things. If local option means the
right of a local community to decide whether
t icy will hare barrooms and saloons licensed to
sell intoxicants, tnen I should say, if thus lim
ited, I mould be in favor of the exercise of the
power. It should he commended for two rea
sons. First, the adoption of the rule would de
pend on the Consent of the Governor,
Second, the rule being supported by public
opinion could he peacefully and efficiently exe
cuted. The measure would be merely withhold
ing the license to do that which one has not an
inalienable right to perform, would take no one's
property without just compensation and would
not invade the rights of any man’s neighbor.
You will not fai 1 to perceive that my position is
very far short of what is demanded by the Pro
hibitionists, to use the recognized designation of
an existing party. Respectfully,
His First Taste of Champagne.
From the Milwaukee Sentinel.
“Have you any champagne?”
The questioner was an awkward looking fel
low, apparently from the country, the place a
well kno r n Grand avenue restaurant, and the
time early Saturday evening. Upon being ans
wered in the affirmative, he asked:
“Do you sell it by the glass?”
“No, sir, by the bottle,” replied the waiter.
“All right. Piease give me a 1 Kittle."
The young man took a seat and the wine was
brought and uncorked in his presence. Filling
his glass after the manner of a man emptying a
bottle of beer, he hesitatingly raised it to his
lips; then, after a moment's consideration, blew
the froth from it and swallowed the contents
with one gulp. It was so good that he repented
the dose until the bottle was empty. The dofcu
pants of adjacent chairs had meanwhile become
interested and wore watchinq the vigorous wine
drinker with the keenest interest. Apparently
sat sfieil with himself he called fora !oe. cigar
and puffed away contentedly. When he got
ready to go he handed the waiter a quarter.
T.ie Teutonic beer slinger gazed at the piece of
silver and then at the countryman in undisguised
“ Haven’t you forgotten the champagne?’,
“ Certainly not. Take it out of the quarter,"
glibly answered the young man. The waiter
attempted to explain that champagne was not
a five-eent drink, but the innocent granger
would have none of it. Then the proprietor ap
peared on the scene and in terms that stirred
up the stagnant waters of the river demanded
the reason of the man's conduct. The em
barrassed would-be blood pleaded ignorance of
the rules of high society, paid his bill and re
tired to hide his confusion from the amused
crowd. The proprietor then paralyzed every
body by setting up the drinks all around.
The First Gray Hair.
From the Omaha World.
And thou hast come at last.
Thou baleful issue of the buried years—
Sad fruitage of the past,
Root, nurtured in a loam or hopes and fears
I hail thee, but I hate thee, lurking there,
Thou first gray hair!
Thou soft and silken coil,
Thou milk-white blossom in a midnight tress:
Out from the alien so l
I'll plqck thee in thine infant tenderness,
As the rude husbandman uproots the taro,
Thou first gray hair:
Of all the fleecy flock
Thou art the one to loathe and to despise!
The cheat within the shock,
The mould t hat on the early harvest lies,
The mildew on the blossoms of the pear—
The first gray hair!
And thou the Judas art,
The tattler of Old Time, who doth betray
The weary, worn-out heart,
F.re yet we dare to dream of its decay;
Thou art a hint of wreck beyond repair,
Thou first gray hair!
A Ventrlloquial Genius.
From the Boston Budr/et.
A little Boston boy who was taken to the en
tertainment of a ventriloqist some time ago, and
who was a close observer of the performer's
modus operand!, accompanied bis parents lnat
week to his father's native town, and among
the places visited during their rural sojourn was
the country cemetery, where sleep the progeni
tors of his paternal parent, The latter pointed
out to the child a certain mound, saying:
“There, dear, is the grave of your grandfather."
The little fellow gazed curiously at the place of
sepulture for a moment, and then seized by
a sudden idea, stooped down and rapping on the
tombstone, said: “Grandpa, are you down
there?” following it up with a self supplied
“Yes” in as deep and gutteral a tone as his lit
tle throat could make vocal. “Does you want
to come up?” he resumed in his natural pitch of
voice, and again dropping to the lower tone an
swered his own query with a bass and hollow
“No.” The parents, greatly shocked, cut short
further ventriloquinl efforts on the part of the
too precocious child.
How He Got His Durham Cow.
The Bandera (Tex.) Bugle reports the expe
rience of it* editor in a dime savings bank of
We now sport a nice milk cow. How did we
get bery Bought her. Paid S4O for her, the
whole amount being 10c. per day saved since
March 0,188 ti. On that day a friend of ours in
sisted on treating us to a smoko, us it was our
birthday, hut we refused the kindness, inform
ing him courteously that we had Lever smoked
u cigar, to which he replied that he averaged
from one to three per day, at a cost of Sc. to sv.
each day, and that he never missed the small
change. We told him than that from that
(lay on we would lay away 10c. per day as long
as were able to do so, and see how much it
would amount to each year We have kepi it
up to date, and as a consequence we have a fine
Durham cow and calf bought with 400 lu-ccut
Beer Assists Nature.
From the. Scranton Truth.
“1 regard the use of beer as the true temper
ance principle When I work ail day and am
exhausted uothing helps me like a glass of l>eer
It assists nature, you understand," said Kemson
“It mukcH a fool of me,” Henson replied.
“Just so,” exclaimed Kemsou. ‘That's what
I say; it assists nature.”
brown s (linger, the genuine article, with
hot water and sugar, causes the strength to
be sustained, makes the nkin act well, and does
n< harm. Try a. froderiok iirowu. PbUadel
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
The new laboratory at Yale, cost ng $75,000, is
Miss Lavra M inkle r, a blind woman, is
preaching effective temperance sermons in
Four hundred cahuier pigeons were pro
vided for the mobilization of the French
A few days ago two inches of snow fell and
the thermometer registered 34 degrees above
zero at Louisiana. Mo.
SrNCE Memphis was made a taxing district, in
1880, it has paid off nearly $4,000,000 of its debt.
About $3,01X1,000 is yet to be paid,
An aerolite is said to have fallen in the street
at Spokane Falls. Ore., Tuesday evening, which
struck an electric light wire and burst into a
The wearing of false hair was introduced into
England from France in 1572. The practice was
introduced into the latter country from Italy,
where it originated.
A Maine judge has declared Jamaica ginger
an intoxicant. When a man has the colic down
in Maine he must make a dead rush for New
Hampshire or Massachusetts.
The slide trombone, the most perfect of brass
musical instruments, is the sackbut of the an
cients and was revived about 1790. after a model
found among the rains of Pompeii.
The independent militia companies in the Dis
trict of Columbia have been organized into a
district national guard, after considerable oppo
sition, and form a command of 2,300 troops un
der Gen. Ordway.
A cherry tree of the white oxheart variety
on the premises of John Capura, of Orovilie,
Cal., bore this season 2,800 pounds of fruit. It
is eigethen years old, is sixty feet high, and is
six feet in circumference.
The church formerly occupied by Dr. Edward
Everett Hale, in Boston, was dedicated as a
Jewish synagogue on Sunday. The congrega
tion that is to occupy it had the only synagogue
in Boston forty years ago. Now there are seven
in that city.
Abraham Burbank, of Pittsfield, Mass., aged
85 years, fell about thirty feet from a scaffold
on one of his buildings, striking on his head and
shoulders. He was considerably jarred, but the
next morning was at work, apparently none the
worse for his big drop.
The schoolmaster is not abroad in California
as much as he ought to be, judging from the
following paragraph printed in the Shasta
Courier: “A man who spells God with a ‘j’ and
county and Califo nia with a ‘k’ is not fit for
postmaster, but there is one such in this
English sporting words are rapidly becom
ing common property on both sides of the chan
nel. “Match’ is already imported into France,
“jockey,” “starter,” “ring” and ‘‘handicap”
bear it company. And, so far from entering
the Gallic newspapers in italics as strangers,
they appear in ordinary type.
Thebe are 400 Mormon bishops in Utah, 2,423
priests, 2,947 teachers and 6,854 d< a -ons. Salt
i ,ake City is divic e 1 into wards of eight or nine
blocks each aiul a bishop is put in chnrgeof each
ward. Under him there are two teachers, whose
business is to learn the employment and income
of every resident of the ward and report the
same to the bishop. Then the bishop collects
the tenth of each man's income and turns it into
the church authorities.
A PAitTY was arrested for stealing and haul
ing to Pine Bluff, Ark., three Wagon loads of
watermelons from a neighboring patch. The de
fendant was acquitted: firstly, because he proved
an alibi by sixteen darkies; secondly, the court
thought it doubtful, if not a dangerous prece
dent to set, to convict a man of stealing water
melons. especially when it was proved that the
prosecutor hail a patch of seventeen acres—some
rotting for want of attention.
The fetes in celebration of the establish
ment of the independence of Belgium have been
brought to a close. At Brusselsone of the most
interesting events was the competition of
anglers. Thirty-two societies (twenty-seven
Belgian, four French and one Dutch), muster
ing altogether 584 anglers, took part in it. It
was curious to see them at wort during three
hours at the Canal de Charleroi, the places for
all the men, who sat close to one another,
A curious button was made about a century
ago and worn by the English dandies of the
period. It consisted of polished brass and was
ruled with lines so fine as to be almost micro
scopic. The roughness of the surface thus ob
tained broke the reflection of the light falling
on it and gave it prismatic colo:s. The lteauty
of mother of pearl and 1 s iridescent brilliancy
are believed to be produced by three plates
nverlaping each other unevenly, and thus they
disperse the light as they reflect it.
The Probate Judge of Smith county, Kansas,
is insane. He ought to be removed and another
appointed. Put the Governor finds himself in a
dilemma. He cannot appoint a Probate Judge
until a vacancy occurs, and no vacancy can be
declared until the incumbent is adjudged in
sane. In order to effect this the lunatic must
be tried by a jury and declared by the Probate
Judge to oe insane. No otlier person in the
county has this power. This is the first case of
the kind which has ever arisen in Kansas.
A lady in London stole a piece of Valen
ciennes lace while examining some. She was
detected, but permitted to leave the shop,
whence a letter to this effect was soon sent:
“Madam--—I am afraid that the fifteen yards of
lace which you selected in my shop will not be
sufficient to trim your dress; I therefore take
the liberty of sending you a second piece of the
same pattern. I beg to be informed whether
you accept.” The signature was that of the
proprietor. It was accepted and paid for.
Mrs. Mary A. More, a widow of Yolo county,
Cal., aged 89, and worth $500,000, determined to
marry James A. Black, the foreman of her
ranch, a good-looking fellow, aged 30. The
license was procured, but the relatives of Mrs.
More, who wanted to keep the money in the
family, served an injunction restraining her
from marrying until her mental condition could
be inquired iuto, and had Black arrested, accus
ing him of “stealing the body of the woman.”
The Supreme Court is now wrestling with the
The pop weed is a Dakota curiosity. Its stalk
is like that of a cabbage, with a large, round
top, the size and color of a Hubbard squash.
The “northwesters” in the fall blow the pop
halls off the stalks and roll them for miles over
the prairies till they reach uneven country,
where they pile up like snowbanks and serve
buffalo herds as a shelter from the winter bliz
zards. A pop ball which meets any hard object
explodes with a tremendous report and seDds
about thousands of fine, needle-like seeds in
The other day an enormous flock of sea gulls
appeared between the baths and the railroad
wharf at Santa Cruz, Cal., and It was soon mani
fest that the cause of their presence was an
enomimis school of sardines, which were crowd
ing each other in the water along the beach.
Several thrifty fishermen were soon on handund
dragged their nets for an abundant harvest.
One haul brought out ten boxes of fish, or 1,000
pounds. The sands were covered with fish
stranded by the breakers, and several young
sters xvere amusing themselves by pelting eacii
other with sardines.
In the Cologne cathedral there are 7 niches
for the reception of statues at all the chief doors
and at the side entrances. The height of the
vestibule is 7 times 8 feet; 7 pediments for
figures stand in the same; 7 chapels surround
the choir, the width of which, like that of the
inner area of the church is 7 times !.'H feet, while
the height of the choir is 7 times sSI feet; (he
height of the aisles are 7 times 10 feet. and twice
7 pillars adorn the jhoir. In the aisles are 7
times 8 pillars, and 4 times 7 shafts rise along
the walls. The western portal is 7 times :s:i feet
wide, the length of the vast building is 7 times
70 feet, and the height to the summit of the
prmci]>al towers was also fixed at 7 times 7ti
feet. The three transverse aisles are 7 tiroes 1.4
feet wide. Not only does the number 7 enter so
largely into the general architectural arrange
ments, but also Into the smallest details as the
parts of decorative work.
The London correspondent of the Paris
Tempt, in an account of a visit to Killaruey, re
lates a conversation with a peasant named
MacMahon. who got into con versation with him
on the road, invited him to his cabin, offered
him some "mountain dew," made his wife sell
the visitor some lace, and would fain have sold
him a shillalah. MacMahon told him that
ls>rd Kemnare did not receive a tenth of bis
rents, and for seven or eight years had been un
ableto reside there, on pain of Mug fired ut
I-ady Kemnare, with her children, lived there'
guarded bv the police. "Yet Lord Kentnare is
not a bad landlordy" sahljthe eorresponsent to
MacMuhon. "No," was the reply, "far from It
His tenants number IffflO, and there are not
three evictions a year on the estate j myself
know twenty of his tenants who owe him tour
years'rent, and are not molested Hut lie has
taken his stand against the league. and that is
enough. Besides. In the eyes of the jsstaauts do
ISP gs .H” J* ttm, iMuliorq > gyod far noth
PU R E
Used by the United States Government. En
dorsed by the beads of the Great Universities as
the Strongest. Purest and most Healthful Dr
Price's the only Baking Powder that does not
contain Ammonia, Lime or Alum. Sold only iu
PRICE BAKING POWDER CO.
• NEW YORK. CHICAGO. ST. LOUIS.
DRY GOODS, ETC.
toll & tow’s,
B. P. McKenna & Cos.,
137 BROUGHTON STREET.
FIGURED BATISTE CLOTHS.
TTT E will close out the remainder of our stock
V of these flue (roods, formerly sold at 18c.
a yard, now reduced to 12^e.
25 pieces Figured Lawns, 33 inches wide, regu
lar price a yard; now BJ4c.
75 pieces Figured Lawns, choice styles, atSl<Jc.
50 pieces Wide Width Lawns, regular price
10c. a yard; now Gtfcc. f
One lot Crinkled Seersuckers, regula rice
15c. and 17c. a yard; now 12J^e.
One lot of Dress Ginghams, choice styles,
regular price a yard; now 10c. *
36 Imported Marseilles Quilts, slightly soiled,
formerly sold at $3. We will close the lot out
at $1 85 each.
Hosiery obi! Underwear.
100 dozen Unbleached Black and Colored Hose,
regular price 12J^c.; now 9c. a pair.
A mixed lot of Misses' Fine English Hose.
Ribbed. Plain and Silk Clocked, regular price of
these goods from 25c. to 50c. We will close the
lot out at 17c. a pair.
50 dozen ladles' Gauze Undervests, regular
prices 25c. and 35c.; now 19c. each.
85 dozen Ladies’ extra fine quality Gauze Un
dervests, regular prices 50c., 65c., 75c. and 85c.
We will offer the lot at the extraordinary low
price of 47c. each.
Onr $1 UnlauDdried Shirts Reduced to 90a
75 dozen Gentlemen’s Unlaun&ried Shirts, re
inforced back and bosoms, the best $1 Shirt
manufactured. In order to reduce our large
stock we will offer them at 90c. each.
ORPHAN & DOONER.
FOR THE TEETH
/’ "uift'frmn yew Material*, contain* no Adds,
tiara Grig or injurious matter
It is Peas, Ukfined, Pzbfzct.
Nothin® Like It Eveb Known.
From Senator Coctreahall,-"ltake pleas
ure In recommending Zouweltis oa account of ill
efflracy and purity.”
T°in Hire. (Jen. T.onan’s Dentist, Dr.
K. S. C arroll, Washington. I). C.— 'T have had
Zonwelaa analyzed. It is the most perfect dcntl-
Tries 1 have ever s^en.’*
From lion. ( hits. P. Johnson, Ex. Lf.
mot. of Mo.—“Zonwelss rleanses the teeth thor
oughly, is delicate, eonvenlcn*. very plentsnnt, end
Irsvea no after taste. Bonn dy a Li. decugists.
Prloc, 35 ceuta.
Johnson & Johnson, 2S Cedar St., N. T.
r-"—-; xr-w acrwippr-
For sale by LIPPMAN BROS., Llppinan’s
The merchant planning business schemes;
The preachor struggling through his tbeinea;
The statesman in assembly halls;
The broker wild with "puts and calls.”
R 1 safest find.
CURE ’tuSc DEAF
|>KCK'B PATENT IMPROVED CUSHIONED
1 KAK OKTTMH purfnctly ivntorv tha hearing
•Jgl ixu-form the work of the natural drum. In*
▼uilbto, colufortal)!* and alway min position. All
con versation and cvtui wbi’tp'irt b*MU*d
illustrated book with u*timoni*U
W v : [ i *ll uo V. UU*COX **