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OX A WAR FOOTING,
GERMANY READY FOR A STRUGGLE
The Solid Strength and Perfect War
Preparations of the German Empire—
A Country of Fighting Men and
Working Women-Confidence in the
Mr. Frank R. Richardson, of Baltimore,
who is one of the best known newspaper
writers in the South, writes as follows to
the Baltimore Sun. from Berlin: Ger
many is on -a war footing. France is
on a war footing. Russia is oh a
war footing. Such era the sentences
which frequently meet the eye of the
readei-s of European news in the United
States, but the meaning of which is but
dimly comprehended, It needs to see with
one’s own eyes not. the dead print which con
veys such intelligence, but the living,
moving evidences of European preparation
for hostilities, to comprehend and appreci
ate what the temi “war footing’’ means.
Every country in cont inental Europe, great
and small is on a war footing. Belgium and
Holland, with populations not much in ex
cess of that of the State of New York,
have standing armies larger by thou
sands than the entire army of the United
States. And these two countries have en
rolled ou their reserve list fully one fifth of
their whole population, which reserves can
Ik- put in the field in less than thirty days.
The Netherlands are so situated that they'
are in less danger from the eupiditv of their
neighbors than any of the other small States,
but this does not make them less sensible of
the force of the maxim, “In time of peace
prepare for war.” They do not know what
may turn up, and therefore believe in the
fullest measure of preparation. Belgium is,
perhaps, in the most critical condition of
any of the lesser kingdoms, for the impres
sion is that a general European war would
inevitably result in a permanent infringe
ment upon its territory by the successful
war is inevitable.
War is coming, not this year in ali proba
bility. perhaps not next year or the year af
ter, but that it is coming is the universal
sentiment all over the continent, aud when
cannot be foretold. There is not a man in
this city who does not accept it as cetain
that Germany and France are to meet
again in the clash of arms, and the feeling
is not less deep that this time the struggle
must be one to the death, with no hope left
to the vanquished of a revival. Such a con
test as is' anticipated cannot end, it is
thought, without all Europe t>eing drawn
in before its conclusion, even to Great Brit
ain, although it is quite sure that England
will let the others draw its chestnuts from
the fire so long as it can. “War footing”
means, in Germany and France, half a
million of men for each country, fully
armed and equipped, drilled to perfection,
and ready to grapple to the death at a min
ute’s notice. Behind them are the re
serves, including in tho various classes
every male from 17 to (50 years of age, all of
whom can be put into the field in a few
weeks. It means the most extensive system
of frontier defense that was ever devised:
the fortification of all strategic points in
the two countries to the very last extent
that skill, science and money can go. The
Prussians claim that they' have drawn such
a line of earthworks about Alsace and Lor
raine, and so fortified and garrisoned the
important towns of the two provinces as to
baffle any attempts at recapture by the
French under the most favorable circum
stances for an invading force. But they do
not concede the m ■*. remote probability' of
French success, and the war party in Berlin
say they will be satisfied with nothing less
than the destruction of French nationalty.
The Rhine, along which I sailed for 150
miles, is fortified at every accessible point:
every town is heavily garrisoned, several of
the more important places having a much
larger force of defenders than Lieut. Gen.
FIGHTING JIEN AND WORKING WOMEN.
American tourists are so often struck at
the sight of women engaged in every kind
of manual labor. In all continental Europe
there is no species of unskilled labor that
women do not perform. This seems shock
ing to American tastes and instincts, al
though among the peasantry the female
almost invariably seems equal in muscle
ana endurance to the male. Civilization
and Christianity, it would seem, ought nat
urally by this time to have wrought a
change in the customs and ideas of the feu
dal period. But it looks to me as if the
emancipation of the women of the humbler
classes in Europo from the thraldom of serf
dom is yet very distant. It suits kings and
potentates that women shall saw wood, shall
till the ground, shall follow the plow or pull
it—shall in truth be veritable beasts
of burden for this enables
them to draw upon the entire
able bodied male population in furtherance
of their schemes and purposes. What
strengthens the custom is also the willing
obedience of the women, for they have never
known anything else, and the tacit satisfac
tion of their husband, fathers and brothers.
In war or in peace there is always a certain
glamour about the uniform, a sword or a
musket. Tho peasant of Europe is very
much like the North American Indian. If
he is a soldier he thinks it beneath his dig
nity to work, and if the women of his house
hold can do everything while he is away to
the war, lie thinks they can do it equally as
well when ho is at home This accounts
very much for tho spectacle so constantly
witnessed, and over which American ladies
never tiro of venting their indignation of
(lie men lolling around smoking pipes and
sleeping in the shade while the women are
toiling under the burning sun of the harvest
THE GERMAN WAR PARTY.
The war party in Germany is certainly
V'.ry influential and very numerous, and if
there is any peace party it keeps very quiet.
This party is tiring of waiting for France to
begin the contest. Wince the treaty of Paris,
France has not taken one step in the way of
armament, fortification, military or naval
preparation that Germany has not followed
with u similar one. That the two nations
have a corps of open eyed spies in the heart
of each other’s territory is well understood,
and in the seventeen years there has been no
improvement in light or heavy ordnance
adopted by one that the other lias not been
almost instantly informed of it, and sought
at once to effect still further improvements.
It is asserted here that Germany has far
outstripped Fiance in all successive
movements, and this is the reason
why FWlice lias not taken the initiate e.
France is uwaiting to begin the attack
until she shall be in better condition; this,
it is declared, shall never come to pass, ami
popular clamor is that Germany shall not
bide the time of France, but shall itself
bring on the contest. A German military
officer who participated in every battle of
the IK7O war told me the repeating rifle with
which the soldiers of the empire are now
armed is the most effective weapon the
world has evei known, and infinitely su
perlor to anything the French have. This
officer said there was a feeling that tho last
days of the Emperor should Is* as free from
euro and disquietude as possible, and but for
this feeling lie thought France would have
lieen forced to fight liefore this. When the
Emperor dies, however, that moment would
be the signal for war, if it should not come
KPIRIT or THE COVENTRY■
The higher military officers of Germany
sre all imbued with the idea that the destiny
of the empire is to become the greabet na
tionality of the world. They insist that
llieir tnsips are oompnoMl of better lighting
inuferial ami are better armed than any
other*. This may not lie so. hut if the AO,-
Will 1 have seen are to lie regarded a* a sain ■
pie of tlui whole the German army ie cer
tainly a splendid body of men ami In
Kploiidbf condition. lie most important
exuential of military movement*, the
iiiMsuy acd quart*mMittei s department.
Smu Ki IwHwit fully provided pa , aim
nothing 1 bateau be done in this respect has,
it is said, been ieft undone. The German offi
cers say that net once in the IS7O war did a
German soldier ever go hungry, while the
French frequently marched aud fought with
empty bellies. They admit this gave them
great advantage and allege that the
French, not profiting by experience,
have their commissary still in a
most disorganized and ineffective condi
tion. It is interesting to hear how some of
their officers talk. Tb6v take it for granted
they are to overrun France, and the limits
which they set to the anticipated new ad
justment of boundaries are absolutely start
ling. In all talk of war Russia is alluded
to as tho national ally of France, but the
feeling agoiDst that country' is not to be
compared with the intensity of animosity
against the latter. Germany reallv calcul
ates upon making such short work of France
that Russia will not bavo time to take a
hand. But when hostilities once begin in
Europe experience has often proved how
different it is to forecast results, and if Ger
man calculations should be set at uaught
there would be nothing very extraordinary
about it. But that Germany was never
better prepared for war thau now is evi
dent; for added to the immense balance
which has been stowed away in its treasury',
the perfect equipment aud discipline of its
soldiery, is the enthusiastic eagerness of the
nation for the contest and the abiding con
fidence in the result.
To show the remarkable vigilance of the
government in its exactions of military ser
vice from its subjects, it is said that Ger
many never loses sight of any of them ; that
the subject in all his wanderings is still kept
on the list, with his last place of residence.
When war comes lie is immediately sum
moned home, and should he fail to obey is
branded as a deserter and punished as soon
as hands can be laid upon hitn. Germany, as
well as the other powers claims and exercises
the right- to take possession without a mo
ment’s notice of tho entire railway system
within its territory, and conduct it under
military surveillance exclusively. The Gov
ernment now has a record of every car be
longing to every railroad within its borders.
These cars are all numbered in plain letters.
Every regiment in the service is assigned to
a certain number of cars specifically desig
nated, and in the event of a rapid move
ment, the commanding officer of a regiment
Knows without any inquiry into what oars
he is to pack his men. This is the perfec
tion of preparation. Railroads here do not
run over the vast stretches of territory t hey
do in the United States, and consequently
rolliiij* stock is not, as with us, scattered
hundreds of miles apart. There is probably
not a railroad in all Germany whose entire
equipment could not be concentrated in one
CAUGHT AFTER ELEVEN YEARS.
The Remarkable Story of the Dual
Life of Henry S. Volkmar.
From the Philadelphia Times.
When the Chicago express came into the
Broad street station Monday night, two
travel-stained men in light suits jumped off
the front car. One was Detective Weil, of
this city. The other was3s-year-old Alfred
H. Lewis, of Millbank, Dak., who, as Henry
P. Volkmar, fled from Philadelphia in tho
centennial year, while under heavy bail on
the charge of arson. After eleven years he
was brought back to answer for his' alleged
SY olkmar was a printer in the Star build
ing, 7th and Jayne streets. On May 1, 1875,
a fire broke out in Volkmar’s office, and ho
collected the insurance ou the place. On the
night of January 1, 187(5, another fire was
discovered in Volkmar’s printing office by In
spector Hank, of the gas office. It was soon
extinguished, and on the floor was found a
fuse filled with powder and waste paper.
The fuse ran from a closet to the center of
, the floor. There was SIO,OOO insurance on
the establishment, and Volkmar was ar
rested by Fire Marshal Thompson on tba
charge of arson. Volkmar was released on
$5,(X10 bail, liis father-in-law being the
bondsman. When the case was called for
trial Volkmar had fled.
1880 three men appeared in a lonely part
of Grant county. Dakotah, and started a
settlement. The fates favored them,and the
place prospered them. It was called Mill
hank, anil now boasts of bustling popula
tion, three banks, an opera house and two
newspapers. One of the founders was the
bright-faced young man known as Alfred H.
Lewis. He became the owner and editor of
an influential paper. The Grant County Fie
ri ew; was postmaster of the town for over
four years, and last June was appointed a
member of tlie staff of Gov. Church, of
Dakota. In the early part of last week a
stranger came to Miilbauk. He had been
in the town two days when he placed Editor
Lewis under arrest. The stranger was De
tective Weil, and he said Lewis was wanted
in Philadelphia for arson.
The news of the arrest, of Millbank’s most
prominent citizen fell like a bomb among
the people, and there was the greatest ex
citement. His wife, a lovely young woman,
was overcome with grief. Volkmar, under
his assumed name, had lived a blameless life
in Dakota, aud his energy aud intelligence
had made him the idol of the people of Grant
county. Asa Democratic politician ho had
tlie county seat of Grant county removed to
Millbank, and he had the brightest pros
jreefs before him when the detective from
tho east appeared. Volkmar said he was
willing to come back without a requisition,
and when Detective Weil and liis prisoner
left Millbank the w hole town accompanied
them to tlie station and gave spontaneous
expressions of sympathy for their towns
mail. It was only since Fire Marshal
Thompson!, resumed his old office that he
learned where Volkmar was located, anil
sent the detective on his errand to tlie West.
No Place for Young Men.
Kansas City Letter to the Louisville Cowier-
Kansas City is overrun with clerks and
other commercial young men in search of
something to do. The city is likewise full
of business, and many merchants accumu
late large fortunes in a few years, but the
proprietors, like their brethren in the older
cities, see no reason why they should divide
the profits with their employes, and as they
can obtain plenty of the latter, they are
never afraid of a strike. The cost of living
is very high in Kansas City, and clerk hire
is correspondingly low. Add the two
together and you obtain the total produced
by the same process in the Eastern towns.
The result benefits Kansas City, because
the clerk, when he goes away, as ho usually
does, he never takes any money with hnn,
but leaves it behind in the pockets of his
employer or boarding-house keepor.
••I workod iu that wholesale dry goods
store four years for 840 a month,” said a
young man, pointing to a five-story build
ing iu front of which tho sidewalk was lit
tered with Ixixes of goods, “and I labored
like a galley slave, too, but I could never
get any more salary. I came out West to
make my fortune in the commercial busi
ness, und I was then tfl yearn old. I went
to Omaha, Denver, Atchison, Tojieka and
everywhere else, and the only thing I could
get was that place over there. Every town
in the West was crowded with young men
in search of profitable employment, but
willing to take anything tliut would keep
them alive. I was considered very fortu
nate when I secured my clerkship, and as
compared with the others I was. 1 could
liuve gone to my home, a pleasant iittlo
Pennsylvania village of -JO, (KM) inhabitants,
and taken a much easier place at 875 a
month, but I was too proud to do it. 1 hail
conic West to make my fortune, aud I
would not change my intention,”
“Do you retain that ideal’’
"I clung to it for four years, hut at lost I
have come to my senses. I resigned three
days ago and sin going iwck borne. My
iieople always wauUst me to stay there, and
they will kill the fatted <-aif for me, 1 can
obtain employment there os is as I wont
to for a mJarv double that I receive here,
with tb work much lighter and the cost of
living not half so great. No more Kansas
City for me I Itavn had enough. Thee*-
livrleuce of four year* has taught me that
1 ,m, make a f.u urn- Just as ea*Dy iu Puua
•yhaid:< as .ut West,
THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1887.
A BURGLAR MINSTREL.
A Musical Crook Prefers Stealing- to
Earning an Honest Living.
From the Syracuse Journal.
Syracuse was one of the first places that
Thatcher, Primrose & West’s minstrels
struck at the opening c-f their season in the
fall of 1884. They gave a good show, and
not the least attractive feature of the per
formance was the “musical moke” act of
Wood, Beasley, and Weston Brothers. They
made music on everything from a hairpin
to a hand organ, anil filled the hearts of the
big audience with delight. But next after
noon the same peoplq who had listened
entranced to the music were reading in the
Jo urn al an account of the arrest of Sam
uel G. Beasley, one of tire team, for
burglary. The.ro had been several attempts
made during the preceding day or two to
enter houses in t lie city. Among them were
the residences of Bruce 8. Aldrich, in South
Salina street; Geo. O. Campbell, in Warren
street, and the Rev. Norman Seaver, in West
Genesee street. -All members of the police
force were instructed by Chief W right to
keep their eyes peeled, qjid they did it. The
night of the minstrel show Special Officer
Foster was patrolling Warren street, just
above Fayette. As he passed 54, a big
boarding house just opposite the Crouse
building, he heard a woman sereum “Shoot
him! shoot him!” A fellow came running
out of the yard and fell plump into the
officer’s arms. Breaking away, he started
to run: but a levelled revolver and an order
to throw up his hands brought him to n full
stop. He said:
“This is all right, officer; it is only a girl
racket. Let me go. Take my gold watch
aud let me go.”
Foster wouldn’t have it, and escorted his
prisoner to police headquarters. It was
Beasley, the minstrel man, and he had been
trying to get iuto a bedroom window of the
boarding house. The proprietor, Edward
Cameron, and llis wife occupied the room.
They had been awakened by the noise Beas
ley made in opening the blinds. Cameron
drew a revolver from under the pillow.
Beasley hurried away, and Mrs. Cameron
cried -'snoot him.” When arrested Beasley
had an elegant watch, but only a few cents
of change in his pockets. His claim was
that he had met on the street a girl named
Mary Lnwlor, who worked in the house. He
urged her to smoke a cigarette, but they
had no matches. She told him there were
matches on the bedroom window sill, and
he climbed up to get them.
This yarn would hardly wash, as Beasley
had matches of half a dozeu different sorts
in his pockets. He set up a defense which
was very flimsy aud which he changed in
some particular every b:mr. The girl, of
course,denied the truth of his story entirely.
The company went away and left him,
which was presumptive evidence that they
knew him for a crook. Beasley’s matter
went beforp the grand jury, but they didn't
indict. He stayed hero for a while making
music at Cal Wagner’s theatre. He was a
well dressed follow with a fearfully hard
face which was smooth shaven. It ill
comported with the lamblike innocence lie
professed. He was a skillful musician,
having fair mastery of almost all instru
ments. His English birth and breeding
wero evident from his speech. Finally he
disappeared from tlie town.
Now he turns up again in Cedar Rapids,
la., and this time ho won't get away, for
the evidence is all clear against him. A
paper published there gives the following
facts concerning the affair: On the night
of Saturday, Aug. 15. Haverly's Minstrels,
of which .Beasley, was a member, played in
Cedar Rapids. About 8 oV-lodk in the morn
ing Beasley was found by an officer in the
suburbs, and when arrested pretended to be
intoxicated and was looking for his hotel.
The officer directed him there, and nothing
more was thought of tlie matter until next
day, when the discovery was made that a
house had been burglarized fully half a mile
from the place where Beasley was found
The burglar hart been discovered by the
owner of the house, who saw him plainly
and described him well. The officers con
cluded the minstrel was the man wonted.
Two watches which had been taken from
the house before tho burglar was discovered
were found in the grass on the spot where
the officer had met Beasley, half an hour
after the burglary.
On Sunday afternoon the authorities were
unable to find him, but about 2 o'clock
Monday morning be was fouud in the street
and in the immediate vicinity of four at
tempted burglaries. Upon arrest he was
inspected by the mac and woman in whose
house the burglary of Saturday night or
Sunday morning had occurred. They
positively mdentified him as the man they
saw in their room. It is considered impossible
for Beasley to escape conviction. The
authorities'll! Cedar Rapids have received
advices from H. Koster of 100 Hudson
street. Hoboken, N. J., saying that while
be was on the Pacific coast on business,
some actors arrived in Hoboken. Beasley
was among them and boarded at Roster’s
house. He won the confidence of Koster’s
pretty daughter, aged 17, and married her.
When the father came back and found
Beasley quartered at his house he didn’t like
it.. Beasley left and went West with the
The musical crook is still in custody at
Cedar Rapids, and from all appearances is
likely to remain so.
A Smuggler's Museum.
fr'ian the St. James Qazette.
At Scotland Yard, there is an almost un
known museum full of the significant and
sometimes ghastly objects which have
aided in tho commission of great crime.
Probably the police ot most great capitals
have made similar collections. At the
custom house there is lielieved to be a room
iu which are kept a selection of the most
curious aids to smuggling—hollow cheeses,
boxes with false bottoms, and tho like—
which have been seized in tho possession of
person* of undoubted ingenuity but of slinky
honesty. In Paris there is a similar but
probably much more interesting museum
since the existence of the octroi duties which
are levied upon a great variety of articles
induce* a goal many people who,
in othor regards are probably
honost enough, to endeavor to de
fraud the revenue. Here are kept some
score* ot the most clever devices of profes
sional or amateur smugglers which have
from time to time been seized at the barrier*
of the city or at tho custom houses through
out the country. Most of them are exceed
ingly ingenious, and some are indeed of a
nature to suggest that in France even
smugglers posse is esprit.
What appears at a casual glance to be a
block of Carrara marble is really a painted
sheet iron box. It arrived at the frontier
in a train from Italy, along with five
similar ones. A curious depression upon
one of these blocks aroused the suspicion of
a aouanier, and upon examination the trick
was discovered. The boxes were filled with
ballast to make them heavy, and at the
bottom of each lay Jt'l.OfK) worth of Vene,
tian lace. A pile of innocent-loosing logs of
firewood, such as are burned in Paris, were
found to be hoiiow metal tulies, covered
with the bark of trees and filled with duti
able liquors. Probably only an officer who
possessed long familiarity wliii the ways of
smugglers would *us]>ect a pile of four
dozen ordinary soup plates, llere is such
a pile. There is nothing in the least sus
picious about the top and bottom dozens,
but the twenty-lour plate* in the middle
form one deep vessel with two dozen pro
jecting rims and when the adroit little ar
rangement was seized this vessel was full
of is uitraband brandy. A coffin dispatched
from Marseilles und hearing a railway label
lias a curious history. During the epidemic
of cholera at Marseilles, two or three years
ago, coffins were constantly passing the
liarrinr* of tiiai city anil the officer* respect
fully uncovered ns another coffined victim
of the pestilence was solemnly wheeled |t*t
on a handcart. The fear of infection lulled
their suspii-ion* perhaps, tail when the
cholera was stamped <>ut and still tie* coffins
did not dinituUh in number, it was resolved
to pluck out the heart of the mystery. The
next coffin that arrived woe opened, and
was found to lie crammed with chon si
TviUapa the most daO-K w helm ter
cheating the Parisian city chest, of which
the museum contains evidence, was elabor
ated by a gentleman who was in the habit
of driving his elegant victoria every even
ing past the barrier at tho entrance to the
Bois de Boulogne. Ho was always aecotn-
] allied by a smart groom who slumbered
peacefully upon the nox while his master
drove. Shortly afterwards —sufficiently
long to allow the gentleman to make the
regulation “tour du lac”—the carriage
would return; and the official became so
accustomed to its passage that they ceased
to examine it, and the owner drove back
into Paris at a smart trot, courteously re
turning their salutations with his whip.
That smart trot was his undoing. One
evening the victoria ran into a heavy
wagon and master and groom were thrown
out. Monsieur was picked up insensible,
while from a deep wound in the head of tlie
groom slowly trickled a stream of
champagne. ‘The interesting menial was
composed of zinc dexterously fashioned and
j sun ted; and he has found a resting place in
liis smugglers’ museum. The carriage was
found to contain a zinc “well,” which was
likewise full of champagne. India rubber
dress improvers, arranged to conceal
articles of contraband, have often been
seized, while not the least curious exhibit is
an india rubber baby capable of containing
18 pints of untaxed liquor.
From Wide Awake for September.
As an example of bird-language, the or
dinary domestic fowl presents the most in
teresting and perfect range, so common
that it is rarely considered or reflected upon;
not a few will be astonished at. the vocal
possibilities of the hen if they will give the
subject a little investigation.
Knowing that tho hen has a voice, we
assume that its office is to afford communi
cation between individuals. Half an hour
in a farmyard will beyond question demon
strate this, and that certain sounds arc the
equivalents of words. Tlie crow of the
cock is assuredly a challenge, the moment
another bird is noticed, and is kept up either
in advance or retreat. It is sounded in the
morning in answer to others, anil is com
parable to the challenge'or war cry of many
savage tribes, or even the answering shouts
of college hoys or men, that are unexplain
able on other grounds than a challenge of
closely our rooster, accompa
nied by his family, we notice that the hens
pav no attention to tho challenge; but let
him find some delicacy, he utters a suc
cession of short notes, “Tuck, tuck, tuck,
tuck!” upon which the others rush about
him eager to share. Again, if _a hawk
(lies overhead, the cock, guardian of the
flock, raises his head and utters a pro
longed note, as different from the for
mer as possible; “Ka-r-r-r-e,” he seems to
say, which, translated iuto English, means
“look out for the hawk! run!” and imme
diately hens and chickens duck their heads
and rush for cover. Now let a dog dart af
ter ilie head of this family, and listen to the
clucks and other sounds coming fast
ami furious—protests in every intonation.
The hen cannot crow, hut she has in other
respects as perfect control of language as her
master. Indeed, she can sing; purely a
self-congratulatory performance expressive
of deep contentment aud complete satisfac
tion, hoard when hens are let out and they
are running for food, and upon warm days
in spring it is a “kerr, kerr, kerr,” differing
in its modulation and intonation in individ
uals. How differeut is this from the sharp
• cluck, cluck” of the mother-hen. The lat
ter is a general warning to everybody, and
plainly says: “I have a young family, and
must he let alone.” If a grain is found how
suddenly this is changed to tho
quick call, “Tuck, tuck, tuck!”
upon hoering which the little
ones come rushing pell-mell; and they' un
derstand it the moment they leave the shell.
Indeed the different notes, or “l>aby talk,”
of a hen are of great variety. No one
would think of saying that the “cut, cut,
ca-da-cut” was a call. It says as plain as
words can tell, “I have laid an egg,” and
the bright little egg-hunter who hears im
mediately starts for tlie liny loft, as a favor
ite bound of mine was in a liahit of doing.
She understood hen language, and fed upon
freshly-laid eggs for some time before I dis
covered that she was such a linguist. The
moment “cut, cut, ca do-eut” was heard
she trotted to the beu coop.
When the little chicks are nestled under
the mother another sound is heard, a pro
longed hoarse “c-r-a-w-z-z-e, c-r-a w-z-z-e,”
which I copy from a happy mother in my
possession without the aid of a phonograph.
Enter a chicken coop at night, and a soft
whistling noise is made, a gentle chirping
by the birds, sounding something like
“w-h-o-o-i-e,” rapidly repeated, that speaks
plainly of apprehension. If a chicken is
seized by the leg the “c-r-a-i-a-i-o-u, c-r-a-i
--n-i-o-u” that follows could never lie con
strued into anything but a wail of anguish.
So if we commence a dictionary of the do
mestic fowl language wo might have the
following as a basis:
Ur-kadodle-do-o-o. Challenge of male.
Tuck. tuck. hick. Food call of male.
K-arrr. Announcing presence of bawl?.
Cut. cut, cadacut. Announcement of egg
Cluck, chick, cluck, (’all of young.
Kerr. kerr. kerr Song of contentment of hon.
C i ■a-ni :-:-e. Quieting young chicks.
tr/i-n-o ,<- (whistle). Expression of appre
hension ill olglil.
C-r a-L-a-i-o u. Terror and protest at cap
These sounds of course vary in indivi
duals; that is, in the intonation, as, like per
sons, no two birds cau utter the same
Tho Toad and Its Prey.
The accuracy of aim in the young toad is
similar to the accuracy with which the
young quail or chicken picks up a grain. A
young chicken, having only Us head out of
the shell, picked up a fly that lighted near
it..’ And said Mr. Caithrop, when you con
sider the nice co-operation of nervous and
muscular movements necessary to this feat,
you will perceive that the chicken must
imvo l>eeii practicing fly catching in the
person of its ancestry for thousand* or mil
lion!! of years. But I once had curious
proof that the toad is capable of improve
ment by practice.
Under a beehive I observed for several
successive summers a toad watching for
overloaded trees who tailed to reach the
threshold of the hive. No sooner did they
fall on the ground thau hesnnpped them up.
But one day 1 saw he bad lost by some acci
dent his right eye, and when he struck at a
tree he lost his aim, and picked up dirt from
one side of the liee. He wiped his mouth
with his forepaw and tried again ami again.
The bee generally managed to climb to the
top of some little prominence on the ground
and fly away ireioro tlie toad succeeded.
The poor fellow was half starved and grew
thin, but I oliserved Irefore the summer was
ended he had learned to aim as correctly
witii one eye as he used to with two, and
had again recovered his plumpness.
If a Dyspeptic will Take Sim
mons Liver Regulator.
“Up to a few weeks ago I considered my
self the champion Dyspeptic of America.
During the years that I have been afflicted
1 have tried almost everything claimed to
be a specific for Dyspepaia in the hope of
finding something that would afford per
manent relief. I had a I out made up my
mind to altaudon all medicines when I
noticed un indorsement of Huiimon* Liver
Regulator by a prominent Georgian, a
jurist whom 1 knew , and concluded to try
its effects in my case. I have ums) hut two
tmttles. and am satisfied that 1 have struck
file right thing at last. 1 felt its Is-neflcial
effects almost immediately. Unlike all
other preparations of a similar kind, no
special Instructions are required as to what
one shaJl-or shah not eat. Tin* fact alone
ought to commend it to all troubled with
Dysjmjwia."—l. N. Hoi,mbs Vin. imit V .1
Marks of genune-iUM*: The lied “X" Trade
Mark on front of Wrapper, the seal Mid
-gowbiie lu red of J. 11. Zeihu <*. Uo., ou
aid*. Taka do otUor.
E (' k S TWIN'S!
Our stock of Fine Imported Robes, Dress Fabrics, Velvets
and Novelties for Combinations represent the very latest
ideas, both in designs and colors, from the largest European
manufacturers, and are exceptionally attractive. Also, a full
line of American manufactured Silks, Velvets, Velveteen and
Jackets and Wraps.
I.MDKR DOWN FLANNELS, in solid cloth shades and delicate tints.
1/ Fancy Stripes and Novel Designs in EIDER DOWN and JERSEY FLANNEL 1 ).
Fine All Wool Ladies' ('loth, Trteots, Serges ami Arnmres, yards wide, in all shades, 65c.,
75c., She., §l.
aJT-inoli Fancy and Plain Colored Dress Goods at, 10c., 12Lj<v, 15c.
Double Width American Cashmeres, in all colors and black, at 25c.
All Wool Cashmeres, Serges and Armures, choice colors, 40c., 50c., 65c. yard.
Some entirely now makes in Wool Dress Fabrics, such as Fedora, Carmelite, Armure, Nubian
Cloth, Figaro, Jet Black Cashmere, Cheviots. Blue Black Cash more. Serges, India Cashmere,
Camel's Hair. Nuns' Veiling, Silk Warp Henrietta Cloths, Kigoletta, Lihian Cloths.
Scotch Plaul Dress Goods, so much 111 demand this season, from 10c. yard up to* the finest
All Wool grades
Just oiened, a large and stock of Mourning Dress Goods, including a line of fine
Nuns' Veils and Veiling, English Crape?
KID GLC>VEB. Just opened a full line. We lead off with a genuine Real Kid t-Buttou Glove,
in all dolors, at 75c. pair.
Zephyr Shawls, hong Wool Shawls and Fancy Theatre Shawls from 75c. tip.
If prices will do it we shall sell all the Blankets and Flannels that will be sold in Savannah
this winter. We are offering Scarlet Medicated Twill Flannels at 85c.; worth 56c. 10 i Wool
Blankets at $3 50; worth $5. White ami Unbleached Canton Flannel at (Kjc.; worth 10c.
New Goods and Special Bargains in all dt*t>artmeiits.
EC Iv STE 1 N*S.
UNTIE VAT FIRM.
MEUKEN & ABRAHAMS,
158 BROUGHTON STREET,
HAVE NOW A COMPLETE STOCK OF
Men’s Fine Clothing,
Youths’ Fine Clothing,
Boys’ Fine Clothing,
Hat Sand Furnishing Goods,
LATEST STYLES AND BEST QUALITY.
In onr CUSTOM MADE DEPARTMENT Suits made to order on short notice.
PARTIES IN THE COUNTRY sending orders can have same expressed C. O. D., free of
charge, with privilege of returning if not suited.
MENKEN & ABRAHAMS,
ir.B lIROUGHTON STREET.
NEW YORK OFFICE, (150 BROADWAY.
Wg M il Oirs Mot I
FALL AND WINTER.
The Leader of Fashion.
We ore now opening the Latest. Novelties in Early Fall
and Winter Millinery, consisting of die largest assortment
this side of New York. We have just opened and have on
display on our front tables 200 different shapes in Black
and Colored Straws, consisting of all the very latest shapes,
such as the Volunteer, Westminster. Sterling, Monopole,
Larchmont, St. Germaine, Just Out, Zingare, etc.
In Birds and Wings we have all kinds, from the Canary
to the Eagle, or all die Birds of Paradise, in all new shades
and combinations. Tips the same.
In Velvets and Plushes we are leaders in prices and
shades, as we always have been, and shall continue. In
Novelty Stripes, etc., we have the largest assortment; also,
In Ribbons we have the latest novelties, just as they are
imported, and prices lower than the lowest.
School Hats ! School Hats !
K ROUS K O F* F 9
LITHOG KAl'li Y.
THE LARGEST LITHOGRAPHIC ESTABLISHMENT IN THE SOUTH.
Morning News Steam Printing House
THIS WELL KNOWN ESTABLISHMENT HAS A
Lithographing and Engraving Department
which Is complete within Itself, and the largest concern of
the kind In the South. It Is thoroughly equipped, having
five presses, and all the latest mechanical appliances In
the art, the best of artists and the most skillful lithog
raphers, all under the management of an experienced
It also has the advantage of being a part of a well
equipped printing and binding house, provided with every
thing necessary to handle orders promptly, carefully and
Corporations, manufacturers, banks and bankers, mer
chants and other business men who are about placing
orders, are solicited to give this house an opportunity to
figure on their work, when orders are of sufflclont mag
nitude to warrant It, a special agent will be sent to make
J. H. ESTILL
The Savannah Academy
Will open its Nineteenth Annual Session on
MONDAY, the 3d of October.
Instruction given in Ancient and Modern
languages, Mathematics ami English.
Catalogues at all of the book stores.
Office hours from 8 a. m. to 5 p. m., commeno
Ipj the 3Hth.
JOHN TALIAFERRO, Principal.
CHARLES W, BAIN, Upiv.Va., First Assistant.
University of Georgia.
P. 11. MELL, D. D., LL. D., Chancellor.
r pilE 87th session of the Departments at Ath-
Inn will begin Wednesday, October 5, 1887.
TUITION FREE, except in Law Department.
Secretary Board of Trustees.
THE FIFTIETH ANNUAL SESSION BEGINS
OCT. 5, 1887.
Location beautiful. Life home-like. Educa
tion thorough. Health, Manners and Morals
The best instruction in Literature. Music, Sci
ence and Art. Twenty experi*need officers and
teachers. Low rates. Apply lor Catalogue to
W. C. BASS, President,
or c. W SMITH Secretary.
’ NOTRE DAME OF MARYLAND.
f 10LLF.GIATE INSTITUTE for Young Todies
V ! and Preparatory School for Little Girls,
Emilia I'. 0., three miles from Baltimore, Md.
Conducted by tbo Sisters of Notre Dame. Send.
southerThome school for girls.
!115 and 917 N. C carles Street, Baltimore.
Mns. W. M. Cary, i Established 1813 French tha
Miss Cary. ( language of the School.
SCHOOL Ft >R BOYS, Oglethorpe Barracks.
l ’ Second smMion lieglns Oct. 8. Careful and
thorough preparation of boys and young men
for College, University or .business. For cata
logues, address the Principal, JOHN A. CROW
THKR, Savannah, Ga.
$ rbv EH ANI) FURNACES.
House Furnisliinff Goods.
y COMPLETE assortment in KITCHEN
WARE, STOVES and RANGES, WOODEN
WARE, BROOMS, DUSTERS, etc., always on
hand and for sale cheap.
LOVELL & LfITTIMORE,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers,
SAVANNAH, GA. _
FURNACES AND HEATERS,
The Best Made.
If you are thinking of putting in a I'umaoa
call and get our prices and references.
CORNWELL & CHIPMAN.
Odd Fellows Building.
Glt AIN AND IIAY .
Rust Proof Seed Oats
Keystone Mixed Feed.
HAY and GRAIN,
173 HAY STREET.
fflcDdil k Ballaiiynfi’
Machinists, Boiler Makers and Blacksmiths,
MANt FAITI REHH O T
STATIONARY and PORTABLE ENGINE*
VERTICAL and TOP RUNNING CORN
MILLS, SUGAR MILLS and PANS.
\ GENTS for Alert and Union Injector*. Wui
simplest und most effective on the market;
flullett Light Draft Magnolia Cotton Gia, tha
best in the market.
AU order* promptly attended to. Send foe
1 111 '.—..1 ■■..■a
Buist’s Reliable Cabbage and Turnip
JUST RECEIVED FRESH AT
Office Hk.ai.th Orrtcxß, I
Savannah, Ga., Aug. Hi, 1887. f
From and after this ilate, the city ordinance
which specifies the Quarantine requirement* to
l* observed at the port of Kavanuab, Gs., will
be most rigidly enforced.
Merchant* and all other parties interested
will be supplied with printed copies of the Quar
antine < irdmauce upon application to office of
Health Officer, and are requested to keep copy
of this publication. ,
From awl otter this date and antil further uo
tice all steamships and vessels from or having
touched at South America. Central America,
Mexico, toe West Indies. Itaiy.Sicilv.Malta. Mar
scilles awl the Guinea coast of Africa, direct, or
via American ports, will be subj-ctedto Quaran
tine detention and be treuted us from infected
or suspected ports or localities, vU. : Section 9,
Quarantine Keffutationn. captains of such
vessels will bare to remain at the Quarantine
Station until their vessels are relieved.
All steamers and vessels from foreign porta
not included above, direct or via Aniericau
ports, whether seeking, chartered or otherwise,
will !• required to remain in quarantine until
boarded and passed by the Quarantine Officer.
Neither the. nri/doi/w nor anyone on hoard of
KWii Venn In will be olbnneet to come to the city
or taint until the vemtli are innpected and
panned by the Quarantine Officer.
As tsirts or localities not liereln enumerated
are reis.rted unhealthy to the Sanitary Author!-
ties. Quarantine restrictions against some •til
be enforced sit bout furtiier puolicauon. '
The quarantine leguiaiioii t squiring the fly Oat
of the Quarantine tbit/ oit t'ennein nutljfctrit to
detention or inspection ici l In- riaidtu tnftneni.
Notie., is hereby given that the Quarautlna
Officer is Instructed not to deliver Mien to ves
sels which are tvjt subjected to Quarantine de
tent ton. unless lint name at con signet*, and st-iUe
meut that the vessel is ordered u> some otbef
port at gear. u|s<u the Carte of tbs envelop.*,
! This order U uuete nestsssory la souasquMaus of
Iter rssirtimiis bulk of drumming letter* soot 'a
the stall no tor vessel*. whs h are hi arrivs
Khi|. chandler* are im .rue and that twovlsi*SM
,i . - unmet tm r*. saved at tha
Uusisutiun UtMiiiMi. unlsws lor vessels > olstv 4
from una **n. men 11 aoM mbe —e 4e*
ut lie- US boat sA lbs lm when ••• in <4
tonsd to sms J. i McJTARL A NIC, H ih,