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i ESTABLISHED I SftO. 1
] J. 11. ESTILL, Editor aud Proprietor. (
OPENING THE PIEDMONT.
thousands throng the expo
The Chief Interest of the Day Centered
in the Speech of Hon. Samuel J.
Randall—A Glimpse at Some of the
Principal Exhibits Now in Place--Gov.
ATLANTA, Ga., Oct. 10. —To-day dawned
bright and clear, and the thousands
of visitors who have been expected to
honor the opening day of the Pied
mont Exposition are here without a
doubt. They have been coming in for days,
just to be here in time. Whether the city
will be able to accommodate the crowd, is
already a serious question. A great many
people have already taken the streets, hunt
ing for lodgings, and before the week is out
there will be tired crowds who will have
nowhere to go unless some special and lib
eral arrangement is made by the city and
those in charge of the exposition.
The city everywhere presents a lively ap
pearance. There is bunting without end,
streamers and Hying flags and brass bands.
The Opera House is going every night, a
select variety show has set up in Concordia
Hall, and shows ol' the circus variety are
scattered over the city.
The Piedmont Park is reached by street
car lines, 10c. fare, or by railroad 35c. the
round trip. The Richmond and Danville is
running trains every fifteen minutes from
the Whitehall crossing and is crowded to
its capacity. There are a plenty of hacks,
cabs, hansoms, guerneys and livery turn
outs. to supplement other ways and means.
The distance is not great, however, and
those who care to do so can walk, and the
pedestrian is in force.
AT THE GROUNDS.
At the grounds all the buildings are over
crowded, and, as is generally the case with
big shows, everything is behind. In .the
main building, on the first floor, there is a
great variety of exhibits. Augusta and
Columbus are rivals in the way’ of factory
displays, and there is nothing finer in the
building than the exhibits of these cities.
The Singer and Wheeler & Wilcox make
elaborate displays of sewing machines.
Thurber, of New York, and local dealers,
have splendid exhibits of fancy’ groceries.
A display that will make a splendid show
and attract attention, is that of Georgia
marble companies. North Carolina comes
in with a handsome exhibit of stone and
slate. The electric light companies and the
telephone company make a fine exhibit on
On the floor above is the art department,
of every character and description, in
cluding the celebrated Seney collection of
Near this building is the spacious hall set
apart f < agricultural, mineral and ma
chinery exhinits. Right, at the main en
trance is a large spare set ajairt for Florida.
The exhibit has been delayed getting here,
as in the case with others, and those in
charge are working to put it in shape. It
to be one of the most attractive
exhibits of the fair, and y’our correspondent
will give a full description of it later.
Further on is Alabama, and the immense
space assigned is being filled by’ Birming
ham, Anniston, Sheffield and Tuscaloosa,
with all kinds of ores and machinery. Go
ing further, is a very extensive exhibit of
minerals and woods made by the Richmond
and Danville company. In the space be
yond come the county exhibits, which will
be a notable feature of the exhibition.
getting in shape
The magnificent displays of Talbot, Sum
ter, Putnam, Floy’d, Bartow, Polk, and
other counties, are being rapidly put in
shape, and will probably to complete by
to-morrow. The machinery exhibit is too
extensive for this report. The poultry
building is being rapidly filled with fine and
fancy fowls from all sections of the
country. The display’ of tine stock cattle,
etc., is unusually large, and the extensive
stables have been found inadequate for the
h -rses, which necessitated to-uay the erec
tion of extra stables. The half-mile track
and the grand stand are nearest the main
entrance, and of course attract the crowd.
On the grounds every’ arrangement has
been made for the comfort and convenience
of visitors. The public comfort buildings
are numerous, and lunch and refreshment
stands abound. The curious visitors will
find ample opportunity over the grounds
for sampling and testing the rice beer and
nerve tonic for which prohibition Atlanta
is so justly celebrated.
Fifteen thousand people visited the
grounds and witnessed the opening cere
monies. The President and officers of the
association, Governor and staff, Sir. Ran
flnll and party, Senators Colquitt and
Brown, the Second Artillery band and mili
tary’escort, Means Cadets, Atlanta Rifles.
Bat. • City Guard, Governor's Horse Guard
mid Atlanta Artillery, arrived on the
grounds at 3 o’clock. The grand stand, oil
which the opening ceremonies were held,'
Ail anthem was sung by a chorus of 300
Rev. H. C. Morrison opened the exercises
An address was delivered by President
Collier, giving a history of the exposition.
The great interest of to-day was in the
reception of Samuel J. Randall, whose duty
it was to open the Exhibition. Gov. Gordon
introduced the si>caker in a highly compli
GOV. GORDON’S SPEECH.
Guv. Gordon said:
If I had the power to establish American cus
t ''ns 1 would ordain that on an occasion like the
) ii sent, our people should exchange congratu
‘l i .ns and tender thanks thnt we are citizens of
I . • nest country and joint managers of the tost
government in the world. It seems to me
hint our appreciation of this country
un 't its government should increase
"■"i .nil these multiplied evidences of its in
ci''ising prosperity, and of protection to prop
erty ai*l security to liberty. It was the costom
uf the greatest and) purest of the Roman pat
ii 'is to close his speeches in the Senate with the
Ii ration: "Carthago must lie destroyed.” I
'' uM have American patriots emphasize in
t - 1 1 * 11* public utterances far the nobler
R " v ment: "American liberty must be pro
lerved." Of n ]| ( ) lt . peculiarities of our
L iiisli kindred (and they, have many), one
wtiieli impressed me wan the immemorial cus
tom ef standing with uncovered heads in all
then public gatherings and with muted voices
than ting the national anthem, "(list Have the
i,been." Would that in all our great assem
'lag' s there should rise from the deep foutrtaln
n every American's heart nnd roll through the
land the mightier anthem, *‘Uod Save Our Re
Inspired by this thought to day, you wilt in
nnlge nie in some remarks not inappropriate, I
H ost, at the openiug of this splendid exposition
ami great gathering of citizens from this and dis
tant States. 1 could not, If 1 would, aud would
hot if j could, silence the utterances which are
■vnkea by the auspicious circumstance*around
ns. i*>t toe suppose that a circle is drawn
“round the spot on which we now stand
'Mth a radius of lifiO miles, and
u.ai on that outer rim there is erected on irti
"ssublp wall as high and stable as the moun
■“lus. That small area would embrace within
;- walls every natural res nice and capability
or a rich and powerful empire There Is
kareely n necessity or luxury of life that is not
[ml cannot, be produced within that limit.
l minerals, all metals, all needed products, all
* ‘endiy and varied climates are hare within that
®ie Jlofmng ffrtogl
circumference. On the North and Northwest
are giant young cities contending with Pitts
burg and with Birmingham, in England, for the
iron crown There Is not only coal enough for
all their blazing furnaces aud domestic uses,
but enough for a continent aud for coming cen
turies. On the South, Southwest aud Southeast
quarters of that boundary are semi-tropical
regions, salts and seaports, and limitless beds
of phosphates for the enrichment of the
whole. Within it marble of every shade
and variety, enough to build a palace on every
hill. There are slates enough (to cover all its
luibitations, and lead enough to defend them.
There is bread enough to feed many times its
population, cotton enough to clothe them,
water power enough for all manufacturing and
gold enough for currency, while, above it all.
benignant, Providence lends the balmiest of
skies, and with health giving breezes drives
from its howlers pestilential diseases. I have
singled out the scene immediately around this
beautiful city in order to flx your attention upon
the capabilities of a part, that you may more
readily calculate the possibilities of the whole.
MR. RANDALL’S SPEECH.
After introducing Mr. Randall that gen
Plato’s beautiful description of the far-famed
Atlanta may he aptly applied to the State of
Georgia, We behold the extent anil fertility of
the land, with its lofty mountains, its temperate
climate, its mineral wealth, its unmeasured
possibilities. Labor and the intelligence of the
sVti-smfmship of Georgia, it matters not for us
to inq lire why or wherefore, long slumbered in
the midst of this great wealth and knew it not.
But soon there came a time when the
people threw off this lethargy and,
instructed by the example and success
of others, impressed by iudustrial am
bition, started out upon a career which
has already cheered and gladdened this com
monwealth from one end of it to the other. The
mountains yield up their hidden treasures, the
fields furnish abundant harvests, the rivers no
longer run idly by but turn the wheels of busy
industry, and comfort and plenty, morality and
good order settle down upon this fair land
like a benediction. No wonder, then, that
we witness the erection of these splendid i 111 laces
of peace. Here are exhibited the latest triumphs
of labor-saving machines and the choicest
products of farm, mice and factory. They are
true and sure signs of the progress and pros-
Fieritv of the people. They are the outcome
rom the masses, and not the gift of a select
few, and the lesson they teach needs to to
learned in these happier days by those who
would keep abreast or modern prograss. They
are not only the occasion of innocent and lauda
ble festivity and rejoicing for what has already
toen accomplished, hut they serve to stimulate
the intelligence, capital ami labor of the com
munity’to greater advance and more effective
From this point Mr. Randall proceeded
to give a resume of the statistics of the past
nine months,showing wonderful progress,ex
emplified by the fact that while the increase
in values in the Union last year was -ill per
cent, that in the South was 120. After
dealing with these statistics for sometime,
ho arrived at the discovery, that while the
manufactured products necessary for the
general i|se of the people had decreased in
price, the wages of labor had largely in
creased. From this discovery he proceeded
to the conclusion following:
The search after truth has exposed the fal
lacies of science as well as falsehood jn history.
It has, for example, toen declared with dog
matic energy anil persistence that under certain
conditions of duties on imports the prices of
food and clothing would be higher, while the
wages of labor would be lower. Now it has
toeu demonstrated by the investigation
to which 1 have alluded that in the
years since 1860 the reverse has been actually
proven to be the fact, by whatever standard
tested, and the prices of food and clothing have
been reduced, the wages of labor increased, and
the profits of capital lessened; while, despite
those whose theories, predictions and selfish
interests have contemplated the failure and dis
comfiture of the people in developing their
individual resources, the people nevertheless
have risen superior to all adverse influences and
achieved a complete, aud, I believe, lasting vic
At 3:47 o’clock Mr. Randall concluded
speaking, touched a button, the signal was
given to Gen. Young, the batteries opened
to the music of booming cannon and the ma
chinery of the exposition started.
SOME OF THE SPORTS.
The bicycle race was won by Homer Reed,
The first horse race was a half mile dash
and occurred at 5 o’clock. There were five
entries. Red Jim, owned by J. A. Bland,
came out winner, with Lady Harpersecond
At 5:30 o’clock a balloon ascension oc
curred. Prof. Carl Myers, in a balloon 22
feet in diameter, carrying 1,000 cubic feet
of gas, shot upward from the grounds. The
balloon went up almost as straight as an
arrow for half a mile and then struck a
current of air, which bore it southward.
It continued to rise until it was a mile high,
and as it moved farther and frrtber away
it was lost to sight in the gathering dark
The balloon landed safely to-night about
six miles from the city.
Governor and Mrs. Gordon extended a
public reception to-night at the mansion in
honor of Mr. Randall and wife, and a large
number paid their respects. During the
evening there was a fine display of fire
works in front of the mansion.
AN EXPRESS SAFE ROBBED.
The Sum Stolen Estimated as Between
$30,000 and $60,000.
Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 10.—-A heavy
robbery of a Pacific Express safe sopiewhere
between Little Rock and Northern Texas,
on the Iron Mountain road, occurred several
days ago, but the facts only developed to
day. The robbed safe was one with
a combination known only to the
agents at the principal stations. A few days
on reaching Texarkana with his run
*he messenger in charge of this had his
waybills checked “O. K.” He said ho had
to go to Dallas and see the Siq>eriiitendeiit
about some claim. He went, returned, then
went to St. Louis, and thence over to
discovery of the robbery.
Down in Texas, a couple of days later, the
discovery was made of the robbery. The
amount is not exactly known, but it is es
timated from $30,000 to SOO,OOO. The agent
here could not tell, but the sum was large.
The name of the messenger whose absence
caused suspicion to rest upon him, is J. B.
Owens, one of the oldest and most trusted
messengers in the service, and who recently
delivered $150,000 safely. Since
the discovery of the robbery
detectives have been searching
for Owens, but thus far without success.
The theory is that if ho robbed the safe he
was in collusion with some agent or clerk
who knew the combination, which is care
fully kept front the messengers, and which
it is not believed ho could have obtained
Collapse of a Bank.
Denver, Oct. 10. -The banking house of
Martin E. Post & Cos., of Cheyenne, Wyo.,
has suspended. It publishes a statement
placing its assets at $IK)3,00(), and its liabili
ties at $404,000. The bank says that inabili
ty to collect outstanding loans compelled
A Bank Cashier in Canada.
Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 10. —A special to
the Evening Wisconsin from Green Bay
says: “Tllfc Merchants and Miners’Bank of
Iron Mountain, Mich., dosel Saturday. It
is understood that the cashier has skipped
to Canada with $ 15.0(H).’’
Baltimore and Ohio stock e old.
Baltimore, Oct. 10.—A few shares of the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad stocks were
sold on ’Change to-day at 120, a d<vlino from
125 at the close of last week. Robert Gar
rett, up to 1 o’clock this afternoon had not
auneat ed at the central office.
SAVANNAH, GA.,'TUESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1887.
CLEVELAND AT ST. PAUL.
A SMALL CROWD BIDS THEM GOD
SPEED AT MADISON.
Brief Stops at Portage and New Lisbon
and Twenty Minutes at LaCrosse—
The Welcome to St. Paul—Reviewing
a Big Parade Ladies Honor Mrs.
Madison, Wis., Oct. 10. —The President’s
special train left for St. Paul at 0 o’clock
this morning. There were a few hundred
people at the station to bid the city’s guests
God-speed, but there was no organized
demonstration of any kind. The skies were
bright, but the temperature was cold and
the steam heaters of the train were in full
on the road.
LaCrosse, Wis., Oct. 10.— The Presi
dent’s special train reached here at 1 o’clock
this afternoon, after a stop of five minutes
at Portage and four minutes at New Lis
bon. At each of these places great crowds
were assembled and everybody who could
do so shook hands with the President, who
stood with Mrs. Cleveland on the rear plat
form. At New Lisbon an artillery salute
was fired and the W. P. Mitchell Grand
Army Post, which was in attendance with
its flags flying, gave the President three
rousing cheers as the train pulled out.
twenty minutes at lacrosse.
On arriving at LaCrosse a salute of
twenty-one guns w’as fired as the train en
tered tit" station. A throng of people num
bering ti,ooo or 8,000 w-ere awaiting the ar
rival of the train, aud loudly cheered the
visitors as they alighted and crossed the
platform to their carriage. The steam
whistles of the saw mills and steamboats on
the Mississippi river screamed their loudest.
The station and principal buildings of the
city were tastefully decorated with bunting.
The party was escorted through the princi
pal streets bv the Governor’s Guards. The
Mayor and President of the Board of Trade
accompanied the President in his carriage.
The entire population, with a great number
from a distance, were on the streets. The
train stopped twenty minutes.
A SAFE ARRIVAL AT ST. PAUL.
St. Paul, Minn., Oct 10.—The special
train carrying President and Mrs. Cleve
land, the Postmaster General and his wife,
and the gentlemen composing the party
which left Washington with the President,
reached St. Paul exactly on time at 5:30
o’clock this evening, having left Madison,
Wis., at!) o’clock this morning. The ride
from Madison was perhaps the most enjoy
able day’s journey the party has experienced
since its departure from Washington. All
had been thoroughly rested during the stay
at Madison and were in the best of health
and spirits. The weather for the greater
part of the day was as fine
as if ordered on purpose, and the region
through which the travelers passed is one of
the pleasantest of the Northwest. The peo
ple along the lute anti at the small stations
were much more demonstrative than those
of the regions passed through earlier in the
trip. They gathered at many points in
little knots of from 50 to 300 or 400 on the
platforms, swung their hats and hand
kerchiefs, but with few exceptions made
no attempts at decoration, and seemed
intent only upon satisfying their desire to
see the President, in which purpose none
were disappointed. At LaCrosse, where
the train tarried twenty minutes, there was
a little gem of a demonstration which was
highly praised by its recipients. Though
there were 10,000 people at the station, with
twice as many more lining the streets of
the town, and though their enthusiasm was
of the liveliest kind, there was neither
crowding nor haste.
a carpeted pathway.
Rich carpets covered the platform for a
hundred feet between the train and the car
riage and a wide avenue into which none
but the receiving delegation penetrated was
left open for the visitors. The tolls of the
town rang merry peals, and the steam
whistles of mills and steamboats screeched
their wildest, but from the moment Mayor
Austin took the President’s hand and wel
comed him to that city, and when he ex
pressed a wish that he might have made a
longer stop the utmost order prevailed.
At Portage, New Lisbon, Sparta and
Lake City, where five minute steps were
made, handshaking took place of the non
familial’ character, yet with deference.
The look of excitement, almost as intense as
that of men in battle, was missing. The
people jostled and crowded, but they
laughed as they did so. The interview was
with them not so evidently of business as
of pleasure. Not a tenth of those who
gathered had a chance to shake the hand of
the President, but their cheers as the train
pulled away were none the less hearty. The
special schedule time of the train to-day
was considerably faster thun any hereto
how the day dawned..
Flying clouds and frosty air ushered in
the day for which St. Paul has been pre
paring with eager expectation for a mouth
past. Toward the middle of the afternoon
the sun came out and the weather moderated
somewhat, but it is still decidedly bracing.
The crowd is unparalleled in the city’s his
tory, and the oldest inhabitant recalls the
Villard expedition, Garfield obsequies and
winter carnivals in vain to remember its
With all the regular trains packed,
twenty specials and the contingent that
came yesterday a conservative estimate
placos the number of strangers in the city
at 50,000, which is added to the resident
population of thrice that number. Pedes
trianism was attended with difficulties. Ex
cellent police arrangements prevented any
delay of the President's movenc-nt*. A
large contingent gathered at the union
depot long before 5:30 o’clock, aud a few
minutes before that hour cairiages contain
ing the reception committee drove up.
Among them were Cos). Kerr, Aldermen Cul
len, Dowlan, Sanborn, Hamel aud Bryant,
and Congressmen Rice and Kelly. Passing
through the throng of people the reception
committee walked forward to the depot
platform, where a passage way was pre
served up the centre. The band of the
Tweuty-fifth Infantry was stationed on the
roof of the station arcade, and commenced
playing. As Mrs. Cleveland came out three
little gil ls stepped forward, and presented
her with three lovely bouquets of pink
roses. The President, Col. tomcat and Col.
Kerr got in the first carriage, Mrs. Cleve
land ami Congressman Iliee in the second,
and the committee and press representatives
in the remaining vehicles.
The President’s carriage was drawn by
four white horses. The First Battery, M.
N. G., stationed near by, togan the Presi
dential salute as the party emerged from
the station, and the cheering was almost
continuous. The procession mo veil up Third
to Jackson street. Here the streets were
literally jammed witu the multitude of
humanity which surged nfter the carriage
like great waves. Every window, every
balcony and even the tops of buildings
were thronged with people who caught up
the cheers from below as the procession
mo veil by. At Hotel Ryan a mass of peo
ple, curious to catch a glimpse of the Presi
dent, thronged the streets and as his car
riage moved up a shout went up that fairly
made the air ring. The President alighted.
and was escorted into the hotel and to the
handsomely decorated parlors of the hotel.
The President and his party were intro
duced to Mayor Smith, who delivered a
very brief speech of welcome, saying:
Less than thirty-four years ago a portion of
this queenly city, whose hospitalities we now
extend in behalf’of its citizens, was occupied by
the red men. it is now covered by churches,
schools, mansions of the wealt by. cot tages of
the poor, workshops, manufactories mid all the
evidences of modern civilization.
The President delivered his response in a
strong, clear voice as follows:
1 was reminded by tho invitation which I re
ceived to visit the State of Minnesota and city
of St. Paul that a distinguished statesman visit
mg here in 1860 spoke of the place as the centre of
the continent of North America, and stated his
belief that the ultimate law seat of the govern
ment of this groat continent would be found
somewhere not far from the spot on which he
stood, at the head of navigation on the
Mississippi river. At the time of Mr Seward’s
visit the population of your State was
172,000, and that of St. Paul, its capital city,
10,000. What shall I say, who, after twenty -
seven years have passed, find here a State con
taining nearly a million and a half of inhabi
tants, and its capital with a population nearly
as great as that of the State in 1800? And while
one Is considering this immense
growth he is actually amazed by
the fact that 60 per cent, or more of t lie popu
lation of the State lias been added within the
last five years, and that the population of St.
Paul has more than trebled within the same
time. Whether you are to have the seat of gov
ernment of this great continent or not, I do not
know. Those of us who are engaged in the
business of the government at Washington are
certainly not at present preparing to move here.
But the seat of those things which
control the government and make
it great is fast moving this wav.
The centre of the country's population is rapidly
moving westward, and the increase of wealth
and products of this wonderful region are more
than keeping pace with the movement in your
direction of the nation's population. The
marvelous city of St. Paul, scorning the ordi
nary steps by which cities reach a lead, and
springing almost at once to prominence and
greatness, her people establishing trade as if by
magic, immense in its volume and constantly
increasing, erecting without fear or hesitation
business blocks rivaling in expense and splendor
those of and oldest of our cities, ex
liibits possibilities and achievements in which
every American citizen can claim a share of
pride and satisfaction. All this has been accom
plished by our fellow-citizens upon American
soil, and under the impulse and encouragement
of American institutions and laws. Your State,
with all its energy and the enterprise of its in
habitants in the direction of business and the
development of its material resources,
has not overlooked those things which
create and foster valuable citizenship its ifom
mon schools and other institutions for the edu
cation of the people are numerous and abun
dantly sustained, witile the improvement of
neglected and dependent children is especi illy
provided for by law In the maintenance and
support of its charitable institutions, Minnesota
is quite abreast of the older States, and illus
trates the benevolence and care of the Ameri
can people for their poor and unfortunate. My
visit to you being a social one, and trusting
that we have a sort of friendly
feeling for each other, I want to
suggest to you the reason why I ant personally
interested in St. Paul and its people. Some
years ago a young girl dwelt among you and went
to school. She has grown up to be a woman
and is now my wife. If anyone'.thinks the
President ought not to mention things of this
Sort in public I hope ho or she does not live in
St, Paul, for I do not want to snoelc anybody
when I thank the good people of this city be
cause they neither married nor spoiled my
wife, [toughter and applause ]
“You may to sure that her pleasant recolli’C
tion of school days will be reinforced by a no
less pleasant memory of our present visit and
thus will our present interest in St. Paul and its
kind citizens be increased and perpetuated. ”
READY FOR THE NIGHT.
Although the Presidential party had din
ner on their car another dinner was waiting
for them in the private dining room, to
which they were now escorted. They were
then taken to their room to rest and prepare
for the events of the evening.
At 7:45 o’clock the Presidential party
again took their carriages and were driven
about the illuminated and crowded streets,
down Jackson to Third, where the toboggan
and snow shoe clubs were drawn up in line
on either side of tho street and backed up
by tho general crowd, and arched over by
the myriad spans of colored lights, made a
triumphal way, up which the carriages
passed amid cheering. The display
of bunting was profuse but beau
tiful. The vista of colored lights
obscured every other splendor. At Bridge
Square the President and his party mounted
the reviewing stand and the procession
passed before him. Tobtogganers to the
number of 1,50(1 wore yelling their club
calls. The most notable exhibit was made
by the Windsor Tobtoggan Club, the oldest
organization of the kind in the city, which
turned out some 200 strong, forty or fifty
lady members being borne on a beautiful
float in radiant Links of loveliness. The
scene from the reviewing stand
as the procession marched up
Third street and turned into
Wabash street was most inspiring. There
was a sea of faces and brilliant colored
costumes glowing in myriad lights, while
in front of the President was a huge arch
with the legend “Hail to the Chief” written
in electric linos of fire.
A PUBLIC RECEPTION.
Returning to the hotel, a general recep
tion to the public togan. President and
Mrs. Cleveland were surrounded by the re
ception committee and their wives, all in
full dress and wearing the badges of their
office. The introductions were made by
Col. Rockwell. The first comers were
tho members of the Windsor anil Nushma
tobboggan clubs, the two organizations
whose lady members were among the
paraders. These were followed by Gen.
Huger and staff in full uniform from Fort
Snelling, nnd these in turn by the members
of the military order of the Loyal Legion.
Gen. J. P. Rea, Comma nder-in-Ohief of the
Gi and Army of the Republic, was among
the callers. Gen. Rea, it Is understood, will
ride in the carriage with the President to
morrow. Then came the miscellaneous
public. They passed in review at
the rate of about 100 a minute
for two hours, having an op[>ortiinity to see
the President at close quarters, but no shak
ing of hands. To-morrow the party will be
taken for a drive around the city, and will
leave for Minneapolis in the afternoon.
VIRGINIA’S JAILED OFFICIALS.
The Plea for a Writ of Habeas Cerpus
to be Made To-day.
Richmond, Va.. Oct. 10.— The situation
in the case of Attorney General Ayres and
Commonwealth’s Attorney Scott, of Fau
quier county, confined in the city jail un
der order of Judge Bond, for contempt, re
mains uachangetf. Gen. Ayres was at the
United States court room in charge of a
deputy marshal, asvxti >g his counsel in the
preparation of the record and petition for a
writ of habeas corpus. In referring
to their decision to go to jail, tho
prisoners say they intended no reflection
whatever upon the Deputy Marshals who
had them in ciutody, nut that a principle
was at stake involving the sovereignty'of
the State and the personal liberty of two
officers of the State, whoso arrest by a
Federal Judge, they held in this instance, is
null, and therefore rather than bow to
the decision of Judge Bond.they preferred to
go to jail, so that an application for a writ of
habeas corpus could at once be made to the
United States Supreme Court, or one of the
Judges thereof. The papers in this esse
were completed this evening, ami were taken
to Washington on the 6:20 o’clock train by
C. V. Meredith, of the counsel for Gen.
Ayres, and he will to-morrow present the
petition to the full bench of the United
States Supreme Court,
TAMPA STILL IN DOUBT.
THE POSTMASTER SAYS THERE IS
NO YELLOW FEVER.
Railway Mail Service Clerks Ordered
to Run Into the City Dr. Wall Sticks
to His Declaration -One Death and
Eight New Cases the Record for the
Washington, Oct. 10.—The Marine Hos
pital Bureau is in receipt of a telegram
from Deputy Collector Spencer at Tampa,
Flu., stating that 1 death and 8 now cases
of fever have occurred at that place since
the last advices, and that funds and nurses
are urgently needed, the town treasury
being empty and the people being demoral
ized. Acting Surgeon General Stoner has
telegraphed to tho President of the Tampa
Board of Health asking if tho disease exist
ing there is yellow fever, and if so what
steps are being taken for its suppression. A
telegram has been received from the post
master at Tampa denying that yellow fever
exists there, but stating that dengue fever
MAIL CKRKS TO ENTER TAMPA.
General Siqierintondent Nash, of the Rail
way Mail Service, has received a telegram
from Postmaster Edge, at Tampa, Fla., in
which he says that the disease now pre
valent there is not yellow fever, but is
dengue fever, nnd that fumigating mails
would not prevent a spread of the disease.
On the strength of this information the pos
tal clerks have been ordered to run into
Tampa to make an exchange of local mails.
A BAD STATE OK AFFAIRS.
Tampa, Fla., Oct. 10. —Eight new cases
and one death is to-day’s record.
Dr. Wall claims the disease is unquestion
ably yollow fever in in an epidemic form.
Dr. L. W. Weedon, City Physician, says
that the disease now prevailing, if a single
disease, partakes of the nature of intermit
tent malarial fever and yellow fever. If
we have two distinct diseases, and I believe
we have, the epideinkris malarial, and w
have a few spasmodic cases of yellow fever,
but it is only reasonable that I cannot pro
nounce it yellow fever, but a hybrid disease
which will have but a very small mortality.
Of the few who nave died four
were bad alcoholic subjects. The great
majority of the cases are a mild form, and
all show a decided inclination to recovery.
Offers have been made to bring Dr. Gui
teros from Key West and Dr. Holt from
New Orleans, to investigate the prevalent
epidemic. Until some expert has pro
nouuced the disease yellow lever, Drs. Wall
and Weedon will work in the face of a gen
eral disbelief that yellow fever is in Tampa.
This feeling, coupled with an empty treas
ury and absent city officials, leaves Tampa
in bad shape to face any disease. Tne
Mayor, Clerk and one councilman are the
SENT ON NORTH.
Jacksonville, Fla., Oct. 10.—To give
an idea of how strictly Jacksonville is en
forcing quarantine law, to-day five passon
gers from Havana holding health certifi
cates arrived hero. Immediately they were
put under arrest and kept at the depot until
the first train left for the North anil
shipiied, notwithstanding their indignant
protests. They came through Tampa and
that was sufficient to run them out of town.
A telegram from Dr. Wall, President of
the Board of Health of Tampa, received
to-night, says: “The fever is still spreading.
Six new eases and one death is to-days
record. Several patients are in a critical
The professional opinion that the disease
is not yellow fever is not accepted by the
health officers anywhere. Evory precaution
is being taken, but there is no fear of infec
tion elsewhere. Astonishment is felt here
at the action of Supt. Nash in ordering
mail route agents to go into Tampa. They
will not to allowed to return, but will to
quarantined. The following is an official
statement in reference to tho local quaran
Upon authority of the Hillsborough Hoard of
Health and of physicians of Tampa, the Ihival
County Board is convinced that yellow fever
prevails in Tampa. If, therefore. General Su
|erintendent Nash persists in comiM.-llmg his
postal clerks to enter that city, and refuses to
order fumigation of the mails, this board will
not allow such infected mail matter to to re
ceived within its jurisdiction, and will quaran
tine his cierks on the borders of the county.
[Signed] Nkai, M itch km.. M- I).,
President Duval County Board of Health.
This was issued at 11 o’clock to-night.
MURDERERS APE MASONRY.
The Mississippi Negro Gang Held
New Orleans, Oct. 10. —A special to the
Picayune from Greenwood, Miss., says:
Prophet Kegur, Mike Brown, Robert
Brown, Major Mack, John Hinton, Robert
Owen, Wash Johnson and Wash Scott, the
negro Masons charged with, the killing of
Harry Taylor and his wife, after a hearing
before Justice Parks, huvo been, with tho
exception of the last namod, who gave
bond, committed to jail without the benefit
of bond to await the action of the grand
jury, and have been brought hero for safe
Keeping. Morton Ford, who is also in jail,
will havo* a preliminary examination to
day, and probably some others not arrested.
There is clear evidence against them, and
they will no doubt to convicted. During
the preliminary trial it was discovered that
a resolution to kill Mr. Kerney, a white
man who hail a fight with one of their
brothers, whose arm he broke, was passed
during one of their meetings, but the time
appointed for the deed hail not yet come.
Two days were consumed in taking testi
mony, and many other negroes have toen
implicated. There is no doubt that a col
ored man —a memtor of Dry Bayou lodge
of negro Masons —was killed by Harry Tuy
lor, and that both Taylor and his wife had
disapjieared, a body answering to Taylor’s
being found in the river with marks of vio
lence lipon it. The body had been weighted
HISTORY OF THE LODGES.
The lodges in this county were organized
by a negro named Stringer who claims to
be working under the authority of the
Grand Orient of France. Their lodge was
founded in 1883. (Several other lodges have
)>een founded in this section. The negro
Masons are not recognized by the white!
Masons at all and their order is not under
the authority of the old York Order of
Masonry. It is hard to say whether they
have an obligation that teaches them to
nvenge ; slay, etc., or whether they construe
the obligations they take to suit themselves.
The white people of the county are de
termined to break up their lodges and to
punish the guilty member* of this lodge.
The Circuit. Court, when it meets, will de
cide upon the matter.
Struck by an Engine.
Calhoun, Ga., Oct. 10. —A north bound
passenger train this evening struck Charles
Hibbards, who was sitting on the end of a
tie two miles North of Artairsville, knock
ing iiini off the track. Conductor Mayes
picked him up and brought him to Calhoun
where be soon afterward died. He is sup
posed to have n i drunk. The remains
are oeiug prepared tor burial.
A League Meeting Held at the Forks
of the Suir and Barrow.
London, Oct. 10. —An immense meeting
under tho auspices of the national league,
was held Sunday at the confluence of the
Suir and Barrow rivers, Ireland. The
water was covered with boats and barges
liearing participants in the meeting. Reso
lutions denouncing tho course ot the govern
ment in Ireland were adopted. The police
were completely outwitted, having no
knowledge whatever of the meeting.
LIBERAL LEADERS IN CONFERENCE.
Mr. Gladstone, Earl Spencer, Mr. Mor
ley and Lord Roseberry are at
Hawardin where they will hold a con
ference with other Liberal leaders to-mor
row. It is believed they will consider an
important pronounciatnento, which, it |is
said, will to made at the Nottihghain meet
ing next week, as well as a speech to be de
livered by Mr. Gladstone at that meeting.
The Liberal Unionists will hold a meeting
in London on Monday next, Lord Harting
ton presiding, when the govt rnment’s failure
in Ireland will to considered.
It is expected that a Cabinet Council will
be held at the end of next week. The con -
sensus of opinion is that a crisis will arise
before the end of the month which will
force a modification of tho Cabinet.
Messrs. Chamberlain and Codings de
parted from Birmingham to-day on their
Irish tour. A large number of their friends
and followers gathered at the station to see
them off and there was much handshaking
and applause. Both gentlemen made a
brief speech in which they referred to the
claims of the minority in Ireland.
THE MITCHELLSTOWN INQUEST.
Dublin, Oct. 10. —The Coroner’s inquest
in the Mitchellstown affair was continued
to-day. During the proceedings there was
a violent scene between Mr. Harrington
and Crown Counsel Murphy, and Mr. Con
don, monitor of Parliament, becoming ex
cited, jumped into the body of the court
threatening to chastise Mr. Murphy and
spat at him, the mob of spectators yelling
in approval. Finally the Coroner inter
fered and the tumult was quelled. After
ward, Mr. Condon being examined, declared
that the police at the meeting in the square
persisted in irritating the people iu order to
provoke a row. He saw them using their
batons before the riot togan.
An immense meeting was held in the
round room to-day to protest against the
prosecutions directed by the government
against the press. Thomas Sexton, Member
of Parliament, presided. Several English
journalists were present. After an address
by William O’Brien, resolutions were read
declaring that the struggle for the freedom
of the press must to continued. The reso
lutions were carried amid great enthusiasm.
The Honor of the French Army De
fended from Scandal.
Paris, Oct. 10. —Gen. Ferron, Minister
of War, opened the Lycee at Chartres, yes
terday. He delivered an address in which
he said that the manufacture of new rifles
for the army was being carried on with un
diminished vigor. Ho referrod to the C’af
farol affair and said:
You need not anttcipatate from me the slight
est weakness in dealing with faults against
honor and discipline. The higher the military
position of the guilty parties, tho more severely
shall 1 deal with them. The errors of one man
do not stain the honor of tho whole army.
Keep intact the consideration and esteem in
which you hold it.
Mine. Ratam has been arrested on a
charge of being implicated in the Caffarel
affair. It is semi-oftleially denied that M.
Wilson, President Grevy’s son-in-law, is in
volved in tho scandal.
COLLIDED IN A HARBOR.
A Steamer Goes to the Bottom With
Sixteen Goaded Freight Cars.
Chicago, Oct. 10.—A sjtecial from Cairo,
111., says: “A collision occurred in the har
bor here Inst night between the railroad
steamer W. Butler Duncan, of the Mobile
and Ohio Railroad Company, and the
steamer New South, running between here
and St. Louis, which resulted in disabling
the latter temporarily, and causing the
former to sink ten minutes later near the
Kentucky shore in twelve feet of water.
The engineer of the Duncan had a narrow
escape. He was thrown between the floors,
and had barely time to extricate himself
from the debris when the water rushed in
and flooded the deck. The Duncan was
carrying a train of sixteen freight cars
loaded with flour, moat and coal, which
were all partially submerged. Thirty feet
of the boat’s guard were crushed in, includ
ing the wheelhouse. Tho damage will to
about $3,000. The boat cost originally
$65,000 The loss is covered by insurance.
Preparations are already toing made for
Deaths at Louisville.
Louisville, Ga., Oct. 10.—Mrs. Mary E.
Partner, wife of J. F. Farmer, died Satur
day at 8 o’clock. She left an infant only a
few hours old.
Julian Warren, aged 7 years, son of Mr.
and Mrs. F. H. Warren, died Saturday and
was buried yesterday at 3 o’clock. His
funeral was over only a few hours when he
was followed by his brother, Albert, who
was only 15 months old. He was taken sick
Sunday morning, and also died of convul
sions. Two more are sick, but in a fair
way to recovor.
Egypt's Cotton Crop.
Alexandria, (Jet. 10. —The Produce As
sociation's report for September says that
the Egyptian cotton crop will probably
reach that of last season, namely 8,000,00(1
canters gross. The quality of the crop in
Upper Egypt has improved, but it is too
early to judge of the crop in tower Egypt,
The weather was hot auu favorable to cot
Sunk on Lake Constance.
Vienna, Oct. 10. —The Austrian steamer
Hapsburg yesterday collided with and sunk
a Bavarian steamer on Lake Constance.
Many passengers in the cabin were drowned.
Two Ismlics have been recovered. Divers
are working at the sceno of the disaster.
Dorn Pedro’s Mind Failing.
Baden Baden, Oct. 10. —It is stated that
the Emperor of Brasil has announced his
intention of alxlieating his throne owing to
his health toing impaired. Common minor
Jtas it that it is his mental health that has
Renewal of the Triple Alliance.
Berlin, Oct. 10.— The alliance of Italy,
Germany and Austria has lieen renewed for
five yekrs, Italy receiving the right to main
tain absolute neutrality in the event of a
Franco and German war.
.... ■ ~ ,——. „ i ... n, i. •
Twenty-two Passengers Drowned.
ToulOn, Oct. 10. — A steamer owned by
the Moroli Company was wrecked to-day
in the Bay of Biscay. and t, wen tv-two pa
sengers were d*
Religious oe; vices Suppressed.
Paris, Oct. 10.—Yesterday, for the first
time since 170:1, the religious ceremonies in
connection with the festival of tit. Denis
i PRICE 810 A YE AR I
\ 3 CENTS A COPY, f
HOW THE CROPS SHOW l’P
CORN’S CONDITION IMPROVE®
HALF OF ONE PER CENT.
The Indications Point to a Yield of
a Little Over Twenty Bushels Pep
Acre-Oats Slightly Below the Aver
age Tho Average of Cotton Falls Off
Washington, Oct. 10.—The statistical re
port of the Deportment of Agriculture
makes au increase of only half of 1 per cent
in the condition of corn. The past mouth haa
toon very generally favorable, but the
yield of a large part of the crop was fixed
at the date of the previous report. The
general average of condition is 72.8 instead
of 72.3. The average of tho seven surplus
States is 64.0 instead of 64.2 in September.
This is a lower condition than has ever been
reported, except in 1881, when the average
was nearly seven points lower and the
average yield 18.8 bushels. The in
dication is now for a yield of a
small fraction over twenty bushels per acre.
The exact area, exclusive of that cut for
fodder, as not worth harvesting, is nqt yet
determined. The slight uncertainty regard
ing it may cause variation in the Anal
record of 1 or 2 per cent, from 1,500,(MX),000
The test of threshing has not materially
decreased the average rate of the wheat
yield, which appears to be about 11.8 bush
els, or four-tenths of a bushel less than last
year. Tho increase of acreage, which is
targe in Dakota, will make partial compen
sation and bring the product nearly op
quite to 450,000,(MX) bushels. The rate of
yield is: In New York, 16.7 bushels; Pen
sylvauia, 15; Ohio, 12.4; Michigan, 13.3;
Indiana, 15.5; Illinois, 15.2; Wisconsin, 10.3;
Minnesota, 0.6; lowa, 10.7, Missouri, 17.0;
Kansas, 0.6; Nebraska, 10.7; Dakota, 10.5;
OATS SLIGHTLY REDUCED.
The yield of oat.s is slightly below an
average, about 25 bushels per acre. The
product is fully 600,000,000 bushels. Iu the
principal States of the Central Valley region
the State averages range from 25 to 30
Tho barley yield is nearly 20 per cent,
less than the medium yield, or about 20
bushels per acre. The averages are: New
York 20.3; Michigan 10.5; Wisconsin 18.5;
Minnesota IS); lowa 19; California 20.5.
The yield of rye is 11.5 bushels per acre,
and tho product is about 24,000,000 bushels.
There lias been a drop in the condition of
buckwheat from 8!) to nearly 77.
The condition of potatoes has declined
from 67.3 to 61.5, partly from the appear
ance of rot in the Atlantic State*
COTTON’S BIG DROP.
The condition of cotton has declined. Th
effect of the drought in reducing vitality
anti arresting growth is more apparent
than on Sept. 1 The general average has
I een reduced from 82.8 to 56.5. lit is still
several (mints higher than in 1883 and 1884,
and ten points higher than in 1881. The
average of conditions by States is as fol
North CarolinaJJ7B, JSouth Carolina 79,
Georgia 77, Florida 79, Alabama 76, Missis
sippi 77. Louisiana 78, Texas 75, Arkansas
75, Tennessee 74.
The condition of tobacco averages 75.5
against 70.8. The figures for the,States
producing shipping and cutting leaf are:
.Maryland 92, Virginia 90, North Carolina
91, Kentucky 62, Ohio 56, Indiana 45, Illi
nois 58, Missouri 50, Tennessee 57.
HiGH JUDGES ON THE BENCH.
The United Btates Supreme CourS
Meets ft,* the October Term.
Washington, Oct. 10.—The United
States Supremo Court convened to-day for
the October term of 1887. There was a full
tonch with the exception of the vacancy
left by the death of Justice Woods. With
out transacting any business other than
action upon motions for admissions to the
bar court adjourned until to-morrow, when
the regular call of the docket will begin.
An adjourned meeting of the bar of the
United States Supremo Court was held in
the court room this afternoon to take suita
ble action with reference to the death of
Justice Wood* The committee appointed
at the previous meeting in May Inst re
ported a series of resolutions, which were
adopted, and eulogies were pronounced by
Assistant Attorney General Maury and
others. The action of the members of the
bar and the resolutions adopted will proba
bly be reported to the court to-morrow.
The Secretary Accepts $ 10,000 Worth
Which Were Delayed.
Washington, Oct. 10.— The Secretary of
the Treasury to-day pui chased #IO, OOO worth
of 4}£ per cent, tonds under the terms of
the recent circular. The postmark on the
envelope containing the bonds showed that
they had been mailed to reach Washington
by Saturday, but had lieen delayed until to
day. The Secretary concluded that the
offer had been made in good faith and that
the delay was due to no fault of the sender.
This purchase will not materially affect the
total purchases as stated Saturday evening,
for the reason that the Secretary allowed
the withdrawal of one or two offers aggre
gating alMint the same amount, which it
was shown had been made without proper
Washington, Oct. 10.—President Angell
and W. L. Putnam spent most of to-day at
the State Department reading the document*
and citations of authorities prepared by
Secretary Bayard in support of the position
he has assumed in the fisheries question.
There is very little for hiH colleagnes to do
except to familiarize themselves with the*
case, as Secretary Bayard has prepared and
presented it. Mr. Chamberlain may bring
an entirely novel proposition with him, but
unless he does the negotiations will pro
ceed on precisely the same lines as the nego
tiations between Secretary Bayard and the
British Foreign Office.
Combining Against Chinese Laundries.
Washington, Oct. 10. —The Laundry
men’s National Association assembled here
this morning for a three days'session. About
2(M) delegates are present, and the meeting*
are private, but it is known that the enemy
against whom the laundrymen combine to
protect themselves is the Chinamen.
A Fight With the Crows Expected.
Billings, Mont., Oct. 10.—Special Agent
Howard is now investigating the trouble at
tho Crow Agency, and says that arrests
will to attempted next Saturday, unless the
government agent, now coming on from
Washington, objects. Sword Bwirer’s fol
lowing are increasing daily and a fight
oua Fountain Explodes.
Pittsburg, Oct. 10.—Louis Sorroco, an
Italian, was instantly killed this afternoon
by the explosion of a soda water fountain.
He was charging the fountain with ?aa
when the explosion occurred.