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AFTER TEN YEARS TWO MURDER
ERS ARE TRACKED.
Young: Stain Couldn’t Keep Quiet—He
Confesses to the Detectives How
His Father Slew Bank Treasurer
Barron—‘‘My Son" Good God!”
Piom the .Vet o York Herald.
Needham. Mass . Oct. 13.—After ten
/ears of waiting the secret of a great mur
der mystery has come to light, and to night
two gray-haired men are behind the liars in
station No. 2 because the conscience of a
young man away up in Augusta, Me.,
goaded him into a confession of his own
father's guilt. It is a dramatic and start
ling story, full of the old moral that innkder
It was about ten years ago that the Dexter
Bank, of Maine, was plundered and Treas
urer.!. W. Barron was found in the treasure
vault gagged, bound and dying. His head
was covered with ghastly wounds and his
garments were saturated with blood. Mr.
Barron died before he could tell the story of
the crime. The whole country was in a roar
of excitement instantly. Bank men shiv
ered at the thought that any one of them
might be the next victim.
But iu Dexter there were some deep
minded persons whose wagging tongues
spread broadcast a suspicion that the faith
ful treasurer had committed suicide in order
to cover up financial irregularities. Soon
the whole little community was in a
wrangle over the mystery. Those who
knew Mr. Barron declared that a frightful
murder had been perpetrated. Those who
did not know him shook their heads and
shrugged tlieir shoulders. The detectives
agreed that it was a murder. In time the
excitement died out, the town folks ceased
to quarrel over the case, and the Barron
murd >r was almost forgotten. But so deep
rooted was the suspicion against the dea l
man that his widow and children were
treated coldly by many.
HIS CONSCIENCE COULD NOT HOLD IT.
But the wheels of justice were moving al!
these years. A young man in Augusta be
gan to talk. He strug led to keep his lips
closed, but conscience was too much for
him. As the secrets of great crimes buret
from their hiding places in the hearts of great
cities, so the story of this cruel assassina
tion found utterance in Augusta. The
young man was uneasy in his bed at night.
His secret haunted him in the day time. It
dogged his steps and sat on the table when
he ate. At last he communicated with the
officers of the law, and to day the rope is
made that will strangle the Dexter mur
derers out of existence.
These two old men have for the past ten
years been leading a rather checkered career
which now lias come to a rather startling
climax. The detectives took them to Boston
from Needham at 7 o'clock to-night, and to
morrow morning t hey start without a requi
sition for Dexter, the scene of their alleged
crime, to meet the widow of the murdeaed
man ami Charles Francis Stain, who accuses
his father of murder. Oliver C. Smith,
alias Oliver Cromwell, is old and hoary
headed, with jutting, shaggy eyebrows,
knotty iron gray hair and a coarse, heavy
beard. He looks weak physically and men
tally, and the detectives believe that before
morning he wilt wilt and confess what he
knows about, tl., altar'. David L. Stain,
his fellow p, isouer, on the contrary is
sturdy and determined looking, and evi
dently knows how to keep Ins mouth shut.
Pi ecious little the officers have succeeded in
g“ttlg out of him. The correspondent has
followed every move made by the detectives
since tiny came into this State, and is now
able to give the readers an authentic ac
count of tin- story of the movements of the
detectives from the verv outset.
On Feb. 22, US7B, tile Dexter Savings
Bilik was robbed ami the body of Treasurer
B irron found bound and gagged in the
vault. Charles Francis Stain, of Augusta,
Me., now a man of about iJO years, comes
forward and confesses that Ins father and
Oliver Cromwell murdered Barron, and
that he heard them talk the whole matter
THE ASSASSINS ENTER THE BANK.
“While 1 waited with the team,at Bing
ham. and next day at Solon,”*he says,
“Cromwell and father went into Dexter
and made a reconnoissauce of the bank.
Andrews, Thompson and Keeiy had made
impressions of all the outside and inside
doors of the building, which contained both
the national and savings banks, several
private offices and a Masonic hall- in the
top story. During the day the building
was almost entirely deserted, and father
and tho rest of the gang, by means of their
skeleton keys, entered the building
and made a tour of inspection. During the
forenoon Biilv Scott entered the building
by means of a skeleton key ar.d toon a po
sitiou in the Masonic Hall in the top of the
building, where he could watch those who
came'in and out. of tli% building. While
Scott was on watch in the Masonic Hall
father and Cromwell were in an office
which Andrews had taken right opposite
the bank. He pretended to lie an agent for
a Connecticut firm. Scott remained on
watch all day in the Masonic Hall, and
father, Cromwell and Andrews kept close in
the latter’s office across the way. They
saw a mail go into the building. Ho was
an insurance agent who had an office there.
In a short time this insurance man came
out again and, as the\ supposed, everything
was clear, in some way, however. Treas
urer Barron had entered the building dur
ing the day unobserved.
“After the insurance agent left his office,
father and Cromwell came down from An
drews' bogus office across the street, let
themselves into the bank building by their
false keys and locked the door after them.
They proceeded up stall's. Father produced
a key, opened a door which led into the
bank, and when they had entered, locked
the door again. This was the outer room
of the bank, and father walked through it
to the door that enters the vault room.
A HORRIBLE SCENE.
“He put his hand to the kneb, opened the
door ami suddenly stood face to fare with
Treasurer Barron, who, at the same
moment, had his hand on the knob on the
other side, on his way hack from the coal
closet, carrying a hod of coal in one hand
and a fire shovel in the other. Instantly
and without a word father pulled a-lung
shot from his pocket and struck Mr. Barron
on the right side of the face. Barron stag
gered. und in another moment father struck
him another blow with the slungshot on the
top of the head and Barron fell to the floor.
He was not, however, unconscious, and
tried to rise, when father leaped forward
and struck him a third blow, again on tile
head. Cromwell then jumped forward,
grasjied him by the throat,
slung a noose around his neck
and pulled it tight, while father
forced a gag into the prostrate man’s mouth,
and knotted it at the back of his head. The v
then proceeded to handcuff his hands In
tend his back, and laid tile handcuif key on
the floor behind him. At this time lie was
unconscions. Father took Barron's kev
from his pocket and thrust them into his
own pocket. Then Cromwell and father to
gether lifted Barron, carried him into the
vault and laid him on the floor. The gre.r
iron door of one of the safes was open, but
neither father nor Cromwell dared to make
an examination of the contents of the vault.
They hastily closed the door. Father drew
Barron’s keys from his pocket and unlocked
the money drawer in the front room of the
bank. Ho gat he" 1 up what loose money
there was there, hiAOUluiny to a little less
than S2OO, and thrust a SSOO bond which
which wus lying in the drawer into his
“At this moment Scott, who had been on
watch In Masonic Hull above, hurried down
stairs and knocked on tho door of the bank.
Father and Cromwell bo .h together n-k<d,
‘What’s the matter Billy?’ He replied. ‘l'm
afraid somethin.' is wrong: we had better
g?t out of here.’ Father unlocked the door
and tpld Scott that they had surprised Bar
ron in the bank and had knocked him down
and gagged tern. Scott sa:d immediately,
‘My God! boys, we've got to get out of this,
and there’s no time to lose, either. His
friends or somebody will be around here be
fore long looking for him.’ Father and
Cromwell passed down the main staircase,
opened the front door with false keys, locked
it after them and walked unconcernedly
down the street. Scott let him
self out of the back window of
the building and joined the other two
farther down t e street. Andrews joined
the throe on tin street and secreted them
somewhere in Dexter until after sundown.
The three then came out of their hiding
place and got into a wagon that was wait
ing for them and were driven rapidly to
Solon, arriving there about midnight. I
didn’t arrive untill 4 o’clock with my team,
in accordance with the orders given me by
my father. Cromwell and Scott stayed at
Sehleii Thompson’s hotel, at Solon, that
night. I took father into my wagon at 4
o'clock and drove to North Anson. The
next morning Cromwell and Scott took the
early stage to North Anson and joined
father and myself. I drove the three to
Skowhegan. During the drive I heard the
full history of the attempted robbery and
“We did not know until we reached
Skowhegan that the assault on Treasurer
Barron had proved fatal. On arriving there
my father bought a copy of the Daily
lileyram, and there found the announce
ment of the murder. The only thing my
father said when he looked at tho paper
was, ‘For God’s sake.boys, what’s to be
done?' Scott and Cromwell seized the
paper, and a glance at the headlines showed
them w hat they had done. It was immedi
ately agreed that the gang should,Separate. I
drove the team to Gardiner, forty-two miles
away, and when I reached home on the cars
found the gang there.”
THE HERALD TRACES THE STORV.
Step by step the correspondent lias traced
the statements made by young Stain, ami
they are found to corroborate. For in
stance, he told where the teams had been
hired, and the correspondent found that the
stablemen confirmed his statement. Then
gain, he told where the keys to the vault
f the bank were hidden in a certain stone
wall in Franklin, in this State, and to-day
the correspondent leaned that they had
been fouud in the spot indicated, and
that they are now in the possession of the
FINDING THE BANK KEYS.
The man who actually found the keys in
the wall isaF' ii klin farmer named Nel
son. Nelson, in miking with the detectives
to-day, stated that on three or four occa
sions when he was at work tearing down
the wall Cromwell came about and would
casually ask if he had found anything.
“What do you expect I shall find here in
this old wall?” Nelson asked him.
“Well, Stain has lost some of tho keys of
his house, and I didn’t know but tiiat some
of them hod been dropped in here.”
Nelson says that when he did find the keys
he said nothing to Cromwell about it, but
of course never suspected anything wrong
in connection with the affair. So far the
Sheriff felt that young Stain's story was cor
roborated, and he therefore felt justified in
arresting the principals. Accordingly iu
the afternoon of yesterday warrants were
sworn out by him against Oliver Cromwell,
of Walpole, and David L. Stain, of Frank
lin, charging that on Feb. 22, 1878, they wil
fully murdered Treasurer J. W. Barron.
These warrants were Issued by Trial Justice
Emery Grover, and tin.; morning Cromwell
and Stain were arrested. Stain was taken
from the shop where he was at work. In
his coat pocket was found a bulidog revolv
er loaded, and several cartridges in his
pockets. Cromwell is altogether a different
sort of man. When he was corralled he be
came terribly frightened, and for a long
time lie could not articulate a syllable so
frightened was he.
MV SON I GOOD GOD!
Both men were taken before the trial
Justice this afternoon and arraigned. Be
fore called upon to plead they were told
their rights in the premises and informed
that they need not go to Maine without a
requisition from the Governor of Maine.
Stain was very brave and in talking with
his captors asked where they got for all this
information they seemed to have.
“Your son lias confessed it all,” said
“My sonf cried Stain. “Good God! I
haven’t heard from him in ten years! 1 sup
posed lie was dead.”
"It is my duty to tell you what you may
expect and have a right to expect as your
rights under the laws of Massachusetts,”
sai 1 the Justice.
“Stain says he will go to Maine without
a requisition,” said the Sheriff.
“Yes, 1 11 go,” reiterated Stain.
“Will the other prisoner go of his own
free will!” asked the Judge.
“I won’t go.” said Cromwell.
After a consultation with the detectives,
however, he rescinded his decision and
agreed to go hack to Dexter. That settled
it. and all the Jus: ire ha 1 to do was to make
out the papers, which the prisoners signed,
waiving all claims to their rights under the
laws of Massachusetts.
TWO TOUGH MEN.
The correspondent to-day made an exten
sive investigation into the character of the
two prisoners since they came into this
State to reside. They arc tough birds, and
have lieon frequently before the court in
Needham. Slain is what i known in po
lice parlance as a “fence.” Ho has on more
t han one occasion been arrested on a charge
of receiving stolen property, and if he had
lmd a trial to-ilhy the men who had stolen
the property would have been present to tes
tify that they had more than once in talking
with Stain aud Cromwell heard them say
that they had “done jobs” in Dexter. On
one occasion, when a quantity of jewelry
had been stolen from a young lady tele
graph operator in Needham, the property
was traced to Stain’s house and some of it
was found secreted in the leg of an old
fashioned shoemaker’s bench. He was held
for this offense in the sum of $l,OOO, and not
finding sureties he went to jail and served
his term of senteuce. At another time
Cromwell was arrested and served three
months’ sentence for the larceny of a quan -
tity of corn, tiie property of Maj. John H.
Gould, a member of the Republican State
So quietly was the arrest made in Wal
pole and jFranklin that no person there
ever dreamed that the two men were being
taken away to lie tried for their lives. At
!) o'clock to morrow morning the officers
and their prisoners start for Dexter.
Letter to New York Journal of Commerce.
1 went by carriage from Penzance to the
“jumping-off place” at Land’s End. It is a
drive of eleven miles, with nothing of par
ticular interest along tiio road, except ing
the “Merry Maidens,'’ the "Blind Fiddler”
and “Pipers.” These are the names popu
larly given to tall, upright slabs of stone,
the placing of which in the fields is attrib
uted to the Druids. Their purpose aud date
of their erection are matters of pure con
jecture. In the center of every large pas
turing tract may be seen a stone of smaller
size, which nobody calls “ Druidical,”
although in general appearance it would
pass for a genuine antique. It is
only a scratching-post humanely provided,
within the times of living men, for the en
joyment. of cows and sheep. Now suppose
that 500 yeaiss hence all this land should
cease to be pasturage and become tiie site of
towns, and that a few of these scratching
stones should survive the general trans
formation of things, and that the knowl
edge of their original function should lie
lost. It is entirely conceivable that in such
a case antiquaries might trace them to the
Druids, it some hair or wool were found
in crevices of such a stone —rubbed off by
the animal in hisecstacy of scratching —it
might lie claimed as sufficient pres if of the
sacrificial object of the slab, to which the
victim was tied up bv the Druids and
slaughtered there. All of which teaches us
to “go slow” iii interpreting the develop
ments of antiquarian research***.
THE MORNING NEWS: SATURDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1887.
Cool Weather Puts Life in the Flyers
at Jerome Park.
New York, Oct. 14. — Cold and uncom
fortable weather prevented the usual crowd
from attending Jerome Park races to-day.
The track was iti good shape, and the races
fast and interesting. Following is a sum
mary of the events:
First Race Three-quarters of a mile Ktuy
vesant von, with Mamie Hunt second and W il
fred third. Time 1:17.
second Rack Half a mile. Emperor of Nor
folk won, with LeoH. second and Cascade third.
Tune 0.49 W
Third Rack— Three-quarters of a mile. Theo
dosius won, with Ontario second aud Nita
third. Time 1:17G.
Fourth Race —Stile and one sixteenth. Rich
mond won. with Stockton second and Eoliun
third. Time 1:5134.
Fifth Race—Five furlongs. Howland won,
with Armstrong second and Skoblekoff third.
Sixth Race— Steeplechase over the short
course. Wellington won. with Harborough sec
ond and Hercules third. Time 3:15.
Sea Foam and Alex T. fell, but neither
horses nor jockeys were injured.
Cincinnati, 0., Oct. 14.—This was the
twelfth day of the Latonia Jockey Club’s
meeting. Following is a summary of the
First Race -Six furlongs. Galelir won, with
Harodsburg second and False Alarm third.
Second Race— Five furlougs. Irinia H. won,
with Julia Miller second aud Buckey third.
Third Race— Six turlongs. Liantlia won,
with Kermese second und Quotation third.
Time 1:17*4. Books paid 30 to I on Liantha.
Fourth Race —One mile. Alfred won, with
Gen. Hal! second and Governor third. Time
Fifth Race— Mile and half a furlong. Gleaner
won, wi: b Glen Fisher second and Alumo third.
Time 1:50*4 _
THE DILLIARD FORTUNE.
A Rich Windfall That Seems to be Hard
Asheville IN. C.) Special to Charleston News
Quite an agreeable sensation was produced
here some weeks ago )>y the announcement
in the local papers that the two children of
our fellow townsman, George IV. Dilliard,
has been left each a legacy amounting in
the aggregate to ovor $1,500,000. Mr. Dil
liard decided to remove tiis children from
Laurens, or Pickens. S. C., their present
residence, to this city.
As soon as this was determined upon two
wealthy and prominent gentlemen of this
city, after consultation with Mr. Dilliard,
filed applications for letters of guardianship.
Some incredulity existed in the minds of
many in regard to the legacies. But the
attorney for one of the applicants stated
that he had given the matter an investiga
tion and that there was no doubt about
sl,t>oo,ooo lieing left to the two children by
a rich uncle in California. Placerville was
the town at which he was alleged to have
lived and where he was reported to have
died, and his name was James MeCurry.
The Daily Citizen is in receipt of a letter
from an attorney by the name of W. A.
Curtis, of Rabun county, Georgia, where
MeCurry’s relatives now live, stating that
at the instance of these relatives he investi
gated the matter, writing to the Clerk of
the Court at Placerville, El Dorado county,
California. He enclosed to the editors of
the Citizen a copy of the letter received in
reply. The purport of this letter is that the
will of no such man has been presented for
probate; that the Clerk has not heard of
such person dying in his county, and that
so far as he knows no party of that name
lives there. The letter itself is not sent to
the Citizen, hut only a copy, as stated. So
that the whole matter, it seems, is yet in
volved in doubt.
A special dispatch in regard to this Me-
Curry estate and the Billiards has gone out
from Atlanta, purporting to give an ac
curate and full account of the Billiard
windfall, and stating, among other things,
that George W. Billiard is an old planter in
Rabun county, and that two of his sons re
cently passed through that city en route to
Placerville. Mr. Billiard is not old, not a
fanner, and does not live in Rabun county.
He has hut one son, who is only 14 years of
age. The whole special, frequently repub
lished in different Southern papers in the
last week or so, reads like a romance, and
is almost totally wanting ih truth in any of
AN ORANGEMAN’S SIDE OP IT.
Thomas Sinclair, of Belfast, Explains
Why Ulstermen Oppose Home Rule.
From the New York World.
Thomas Sinclair, of Belfast, Ireland, who
is Chairman of the Ulster Liberal Unionist
Committee, delivered an address last night
in the lecture room of Dr. John Hull’s
church, at Fifth avenue and Fifty-fifth
street, on Presbyterianism in Ireland. Mr.
Sinclair was introduced by Dr. Hall, who
said that during a sojourn in this country
in 181 U and 18*5;! he was an attendant at his
church, and therefore known to many of
Mr. Sinclair, after remarking in a pref
atory way that he had been induced to ad
dress the congregation only by the persua
sive eloquence of Dr. Hall, said that the
Irish Presbyterian church was not progress
ing in point of numbers or the increase of
m iteriul wealth, but in other respects was
never in a more healthy condition. The
missionary spirit was active and there was
growing up within its limits a class of young
men who promised to be earnest and power
ful exponents of the truth. Interest in for
eign missions had attained a pitch it had
never reached before and a great work was
doing in the support and education of poor
children who had lost one or both of their
parents. The Irish fondness for attending
funerals was taken advantage of by the
churches in the south and west of Ireland
to do evangelical work uinong the Catholics,
not in the controversialist spirit, but in the
way of presentation of doctrine.
Speaking Of the attitude of the Irish Pres
byterians toward home rule, he said that
the General Assembly of that, church, the
General Synod of the Protestant Episcopal
church, the Methodist Conference and vari
ous Unitarian bodies had all opposed it. It
hud lieon said that this opposition was liased
on the bigoted no-popery sentiment.
Speaking for the General Assembly of the
Irish Presbyteriau church, lie might say
that the vast majority of that body were
Liberals in politics, and being co lseiotis of
how Presbyterians, in common witli Catho
lics, had suffered under the penal laws, and
remembering their common struggles to
get rid ol the disabilities under which they
alike labored, it could not he said that Pres
byterians were actuated by any unworthy
hostility. They would feel, however, very
keenly the injustice of transferring their
allegiance from the British Parliament to a
Parliament in Dublin, -seing that for almost
.’MX) years they hud lived in Ireland, founded
their indusiries there and invested their
capital in the faith of the British crown, by
whom also they had been brought into the
They objected to the domination of a
Parliament the majority of which would
lie influenced by men familiar witii the
methods adopted by the national league.
The Presbyterians objected to home rule
because they believed that it would seriously
injure the prosperity of the country. For
example, he stutod tiiai in the interval be
tween the promulgation of homo rule by
Mr. Gladstone and the defeat of his bill, the
value of the shares of undertakings con
nected witli Belfast, and of railways run
ning into Belfast, fell almost .85.000,000.
From the moment the bill was defeated
these shares began to rise. The Presby
terians also feared that in a Parliament in
which Roman Catholics would be to Prot
estants as three to one, the example of Irish
politicians in New York and elsewhere
might lie followed and large sums raised by
taxation and applied indirectly to sectarian
purposes. And thus Ulster, as the richest
province, would have to bear the largest
share. They also believed that in any set
tlement yet proposed of the question no ele
ment of flnalitv had np[ieared, and that any
so-called settli neat would bo but the signal
lor liesh u::il,u,ion.
A QUEEN OF THE COWBOYS.
Thrilling Adventures of a Flaxen-
Prom the New York Times.
Augusta Loesner, a beautiful, buxom
blonde of 20 years, who came from Saxony
in 1884, was met and wooed and won almost
immediately by Xavier Gramer, a widower
with six children, and about fifteen years
her senior. He took her and a little child
she had brought with her from Saxony to
his modest home in the rear of 40 Bartlett
street, Brooklyn, and installed her as mis
tress of his household. The husband was a
hard-working painter, much of the time
away from home, and the wile was of a
very vivacious temperament. The young
men of the neighborhood were not long
in singling her out among the belles of their
social circle for more than ordinary atten
tions. One among them was tall and straight
and dark—her jierfect foil—and him she
soon selected as a favorite. The baby died
and she lost interest in her household du
ties. Her husband’s children were not con
genial companions, and he had already been
supplanted in her affections. When, there
fore, her lover came to her and told
her of his bright pros;iects and undying de
votion, and pleaded with her to leave all
and go with him to his new ranch in tho
West, where lie was to indulge in stock
raising, where all that she wished would he
provided for her, and she should bo queen
of his ranch and of Ids heart’s best affec
tions, she was willing to listen ami to yield.
The painter returned to his home one
night to find that his wife had gone. She
left no word, hut tlm departure of her lover
at the same time furnished a sufficient ex
planation of her flight, and the husband
gave her up as forever lost to him. Not so,
however. In about three months after her
flight the husband, on returning home from
work at night, found her lying abed with a
baby by - her side. She said that she had
been deserted by tier lover in Detroit, and,
protesting her innocence of any greater
wrong than flight - in his company, she
begged to be taken back. But the husband
was incredulous. He would not turn her
out in her predicament, but he told her she
would have to go as soon as she was able to
travel. The child lived only a few days,
aud within a little while the woman again
disappeared, this time alone and no one
A few months ago Gramer received from
his wife a letter dated at Walla Walla,
Washington Territory, reciting an almost
incredible story of adventure and nomadic
life that, while it was interesting, showed
Mr. Gramer a way to a permanent release
from the matrimonial bonds which still the
oretically bound them together. She wrote
that she had returned to Detroit and joined
interests with a party of emigrants bound
for Idaho, where they proposed to engage in
farming. On the way across the plains she
learned howto ride and how to shoot, as
became a pioneer woman. The emigrants
were disappointed about getting the laud
they had intended to settle upon as home
steaders, and so determined to go on further
and engage iu stock raising. Mrs. Gramer
went with them, assisting at the cooking
and camp work when they were in camp,
and at driving and herding while on the
One day the party learned that buffaloes
were in herd not far distant, and the men
were wild to get a shot at them. Mrs.
Gramer insisted upon going with them, and
although they tried to persuade her to re
main with tho wagons, she was obdurate,
an<l they concluded to take her along.
Mounted" on au ugly little mustang and
carrying a light rifle across her saddle, she
rode with the men untill the game came in
sight, when in the consequent excitement
and commotion she became separated from
the party and her mustang chancing to
stumble she was thrown and had her leg
broken. She lay helpless for several horn's
in a slight depression in the ground, suffer
ing excruciating pain, when a hand of
Snake Indians who had been hunting the
buffalo came along and discovered her.
They took her up tenderly and a half-breed
medicine man among them managed to set
the broken limb. Making a litter
for her of long poles and
wicker work, that was trailed along
the ground behind a pony, the Indians took
her with them on their journey toward the
Columbia river. During her convalescence
-he was the recipient of distinguished at
tentions from the chief of the band, wiio
proposed to install her as the head of his
household. But feigning greater weakness
and suffering than were real she threw the
Indians off their guard, and when opportu
nity presented itself she seized a mustang
and effected her escape to a party of cow
boys in the near neighborhood, by whom
she was given an enthusiastic welcome.
She was the only woman within many
miles, and was treated with the utmost gal
lantry by the semi-civilized stockraisers,
who handed over to her the charge of their
She writes that she is delighted with the
wild free life she is leading among the cow
boys, by whom she is treated like a queen
and whom she invests with a nobility aud
gallantry she did not find prevalent among
the denizens of Williamsburg. She said she
wi uid never return to civilized society
again. Mr. Gramer had begun an action
for a divorce absolute and tho summons by
publication having been returned properly
executed the case was set down for an early
GUNNiNG FOR PICTURES.
An Invention With Widespreading
Promises to Amateur Photographers.
Prom the New York Times.
Amateur photography has made another
long stride forward. Anew invention was
displayed at the meeting of the New York
Society at 123 West Thirty-sixth street last
evening, whose widespread results can
scarcely be conjectured. By means of it,
photographs will henceforth lie taken as
easily and accurately at night as in the
(laytime, and the photographer will, in the
blackest darkness, be able to literally take
an unerring shot at his subject with a pho
Hitherto the only means of photograph
ing at night have been by means of the
kerosene, calcium, or electric lights. Ail of
these demanded more or less paraphernalia
and were not portable to any available de
gree. Magne-ium wine, when burned, was
known to produce a light of strong actinic
quality, and a lamp had been devised with
which to burn it for photographic purposes.
It was not a satisfactory light., however, as
it was unsteady and liable to go out.
From magnesium, however, Dr. H. G, Pif
fard, a physician residing at 10 West
Thirty fil th street, has devised exactly the
tiling desired, and he last evening explained
It consists in powdered magnesium spread
upon guncotton. The ignition of the gun
cotton furnishes the heat necessary to set
lire to tlie magnesium, and the result is a
brilliant flash, powerful enough to expose
tho plate, and easily available under any
circumstances. The photograph is instan
taneous. Tlie doctor first discussed a Ger
man powder invented for tlie purpose,
stating tiiat while its light effects wore ex
cellent its very explosive quality made it a
dangerous article eiiiier to handle or have
about. He next discussed and exhibited a
mixture of four parts of gunpowder and
one part of magnesium, which, when
(lashed, answered tne purpose desired. It
was neither as convenient nor effective,
however, as the guncotton combination.
After burning samples of these aud shoe
ing their effects, he fired a car
tridge of magnesium and gunpowder from
an ordinary revolver, showing that the
flash wus quite sufficient for uti instantan
eous photograph. He then proceeded to
darken the room aud to photograph Mr.
Robert Roosevelt. The camera was ad
justed, and ire the cap was removed the
doctor touched a match to it siuull piece of
powdered cotton. The light flashed in the
darkness, and when some minutes later the
developed plate appeared an excellent
negative of Mr. Roosevelt was the result.
Several portraits, taken the night before,
were exhibited, and the practical value of
the invention was indisputably established.
The result win beta ,t the amateur oho-
tograpber will henceforth go a gunning in
the darkness and lay out ou a plate every
thing he may choose to shoot at. The
camera will be fitted to a pistol barrel or
the pistol barrel to the camera, and cocking
the weapon will expose the plate. As soon
as the weapon is aimed the flash from the
muzzle will instantly serve to photograph
the object, and the game will be securely
bagged in a moment. The fleeing thief, the
expression of the man who treads upon the
unforeseen carpet tack, as well as that of
the husband out late who is trying to as
sume an expression of indifferent sobriety
before he lights the domestic gas, will
now adorn the albums, where they have
hitherto been unknown. The invention is
valuable commercially, one photographer
stating that he had concluded to make use
of it in his gallery as soon as the winter sun
light b gan to weaken early in the after
noon. It will also greatly widen the fleld of
amusement and experiment which have
attracted so many thousands to amateur
The evening was generally interesting.
President Walker announced that all the
societies of the leading Eastern cities were
preparing to interchange with one another
sets of 1(X) lantern slides for exhibition pur
poses. These are to be ready by Nov. 1.
A number of slides were exhibited, which
had tieen developed with hydrochinon, a
hydrocarbon salt, which produces wonder
fully delicate effects. They were perhaps
the most beautiful results in art photography
that have yet been produced. Dr. Higgins
read a clear and practical dissertation on
the “Finder,” an instrument which is placed
on top of the portable camera, and enables
the operator to adjust the lenses for a given
subject by simply gazing into the top of the
machine and turning screws. Dr. Valen
tine Maggs, a London amatedr, made a
brief address, and an exhibition of film
plates destined to supersede the much heavier
giass articles followed.
FINDING A STORE OF SILVER.
The Curious Discovery Made by Two
Women in New Mexico.
From the Ims Vegas (A*, it.) Optic.
An Optic reporter this afternoon called on
Mrs. George H. Miles, the lady who, In
company with Mrs. A. R. Rumble, found
the buried money at Santa Fe on last
Wednesday. These two ladies had been to
visit old Fort Marcy, and were returning
by a shorter and more precipitous route
than the one usually followed by pedestri
ans. When about half way between the
plain and the fort at the base of a large
stone lying beside the path, Mrs. Miles de
scried a quarter, or what seemed such,
lying upou the ground. Mrs. Rumble picked
it up, and both ladies instantly another.
Putting down Mi's. Rumble's babe, whom
Mrs. Miles was carrying, the ladies began to
rake the ground with a stone, and the more
they raked the more other coin came to
ligh t. From about 1 o’clock till 0 they labored,
and in that time they recovered 800 pounds
of coin of various denominations and ages.
The oldest was of the date of 1424, before
America was discovered, and evidently
brought to this 'country by the earliest
Spanish immigrants. This piece was bought
by .I.Gold,of Santa Fe, for S2O, not a moiety
of its value. Two pieces coined under the
administration of Gov. Vargas were pre
sented to the New Mexico Historical
Society. The remainder of the SOU pounds
was equally divided between Mrs. Miles and
Mrs. Rumble. The most of the coins were
of the eighteenth century, though the latest
was as modern as 1826. The probability is
that the money was buried at the time
when Santa Fe was captured by the Ameri
cans. Simply as bullion silver, the find will
amount to nearly $10,01X1; but in view of
the age of much of the coin, the real value
will be greater. Half of it goes to Denver,
and the other half comes to lias Vegas.
A Few Facts.
Allcock’s are the only genuine porous
plasters. They act quickly and w ith cer
tainty, and can be worn for weeks without
causing pain or inconvenience. They are
invaluable in cases of spinal weakness, kid
ney and pulmonary difficulties, malaria,
ague cake, liver complaint, dyspepsia,
strains, rheumatism, sciatica and nervous
debility. Other plasters blister and inflame
the skin so that the pores are closed and
often cause serious injury. You risk health
and waste time and money by buying in
ferior plasters made to sell on the reputation
Notice to Advertisers.
Contract advertisers who desire their ad
vertisements changed for the Sunday issue
of the Morning News, must have their
copy in not later than five o’clock Satur
P. P P MANUF ACT UR INO CO.
The weather to-day will be fair, with
slight changes in temperature.
A Plague for 25 Years, But
Cured by the Use of
Prickly ash, Poke root, Potassium
Dear Sir— ln 1861 I broke out with an
attack of I’oison Oak. Whether or not it
came back on me during the next three
or four years I do not remember, but
from about 1865 to 1885 I suffered most
severely from repeated attacks of this
eruption. The use of some external
remedies pave a relief—twas only tem
porary—till in ISril I found that lodide
of Potassium and Syrup of Sarsaparilla
benefited me not a lit tie-. However, even
then I was not cured, for from 1882 to
1885 the attacks were more severe, pro
longed and frequent than ever, coming
upon me as many as four, and even five
times during the year. In the spring of
188.) I took a course of P. P. P., and
from t at time I have t>een free from
eruptions of this poison. Only once,
early in this month, a few bumps ap
peared on my wrists, but dried up in a
day or two. living the dying throes, a,- it
were, of this horrid and loathsome uis
ease. After being plagued for about
twenty-live years with Poison Oak 1 con
sider myself cured, and by the use of
about one bottle of P. P. P.
D. WATSON WINN.
Rev. Mr. Winn is rector of Grace
Church, Waycross, Ga., and adds his
indorsement to the curative powers of
P. P. P.
Take P. P. P. and gain flesh and
strength rapidly. It gives in
creased appetite, aids digestion
and restores perfect health. It
is sold in 2 sizes, $1 and $1 75,
and is the cheapest as well as the
best Blood Remedy made.
ForSaie by All Medicine Dealers
mmw pm l fit
A FIXE CONFECTION IMPORTED FROM
Try a Small Box, at
A. M. & ('■ IV. WESTS.
lAA AAA HEART PINK R. R. TIES,
l Vu.VfUu hewed or sawed on four sides,
7xß and BJ4 feet long, delivered on vessel's rail
in Savannah or Brunswick. Apple to
• I 0. ■ ■ NAUGH’rdN & CO.,
228 Dock Stieet, Philadelphia.
I'niunumiu. Oct. 5, it#?.
Advertisements inserted under “Special
Mot ices" will be charged $1 00 a Square each
NOTICE OF REMOVAL.
DR. U. B. HARRIS
Has removed his residence and office to
152 LIBERTY STREET,
One door west of the Masonic Temple.
THE BRL'MtI ELECTRIC LIGHT AND
The SECOND INSTALLMENT of 50 PER
CENT, upon the stock of this Company will lie
due and payable at the office of the Company,
on or before the 25th INST.
Stockholders will return their receipts for
first installment. By outer of the Board of
Directors. SAMUEL P. HAMILTON,
President and Treasurer.
All bills against the British steamship JOHN
DIXON must be presented at our office by 12
o'clock noon THIS DAY', or payment will be de
barred. WILDER & CO., Agents.
THE LADIES, Mlf-Es AM) MASTERS
Are respectfully invited to visit the reopening of
SHERWOOD’S DANCING ACADEMY, THIS
(Saturday) AFTERNOON, at Masonic Temple.
Office op Commissioners )
AND EX-OFFICIO JI'DOES CHATHAM CO., Ga., >
Savannah, Ga., Sept. 1, 1887.)
Ordered, that the Tax Collector C. C. be, and
he is hereby directed and authorized to assess
and levy, for county purposes for the year 1887,
the following percentage of the State General
Tax for said year, to wit:
For Superior Court 26Vjg $ 16,858 13
For Education 8655,027 48
For Jail and Chain Gang. 30 19,1)84 67
For County Officers 12 7,033 87
For City Court.. 8 5,089 25
For general purposes— 33 2-13 21,091 00
Total 196 2-13 $121,784 40
WILLIAM S LAWTON, C. C. C.,
C. C. CASEY', C. C. C.,
J. 11. ESTILL.C. C. C.,
C. H. DORSETT. C. C. C.
Attest: John T. Ron an, Actiug Clerk C. C. C.
1)K. HENRY 8 FOLDING.
Office corner Jones and Drayton streets.
NOTICE TO TAX PAYERS.
CITY TREASURER’S OFFICE, I
Savannah, Ga. , Oct. 1, 1887. f
The following taxes arc now due:
REAL ESTATE, Third Quarter, 1887.
STOCK IN TRADE, Third Quarter, 1887
FURNITURE, ETC.. Third Quarter, 1887.
MONEY. SOLVENT DEBTS, ETC., Third
Also GROUND RENTS in arrears for two or
A discount of TEN PER CENT, will be al
lowed upon all of the above (except Ground
Rents) if paid within fifteen dags after Oct. 1.
C. S. HARDEE. City Treasurer.
CITY' OF SAVANNAH, I
Office Clerk of Council. October 13, 1887. (
The following ordinance is published for the
information of all concerned, and the members
of the Police Force are hereoy directed to
strictly enforce the ordinance and arrest all
persons found violating the same.
By order of the Mayor pro tern.
FRANK E. REBARF.R,
Clerk of Council.
An Ordinance prohibiting smoking on the
wharves, in railroad depots and other places,
and on loaded vessels at the wnarves within the
city of Savannah, where cotton, naval stores,
hay, oil or other inflammable merchandise is
stored, or where it is being loaded or unloaded,
prohibiting smoking or use of matches in holds
or on deck of vessels, loading or unloading cot
ton, naval stores, hay, oil or other inflammable
merchandise, and providing for the erection
of sign boards and prescribing penalties for
violating the same.
Section 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Aldermen of the city of Savannah in Council
assembled, and it is hereby ordained by the au
thority of the same. That from and after the
passage of this ordinance it shall be unlawful
ror any person to smoke any pipe, cigar, cigar
ette or tobacco ignited in any way by tire, upon
any of the wharves in said city, where any ves
sel”or vessels are loading or unloading cotton,
naval stores, hay, oil or other inilammaole mer
chandise. or where cotton, naval stores, hay, oil
or other inflammable merchandise is stored, or
in any of the railroads, depots or yards in said
city where cotton, naval stores, hay, oil or other
inflammable merchandise is stored temporarily
Sec. 2. Be it further ordained by the authority
aforesaid, anil it is hereby ordained by the au
thority of tho same. That it shall be unlawful
for any person to make or to use matches in
any way in the holds of vessels of any descrip
tion, or on the decks of the same during the
time the said vessels may betaking in or un
loading cargoes of cotton, naval stores, hay, oil
or other inflammable merchandise.
Sec. 8. Be it further ordained by the authority
aforesaid, and it is hereby ordained by the au
thority aforesaid. That there may lie pre
pared and put up inconspicuous places upm
the wharves or oilier places used for loading or
unloading or storing cotton, naval stores, hay,
oil or other inflammable merchandise, sign
boards or notices to the effect that no smoking
allowed under penalty of the law, and it shall
be unlawful for any person except the owner,
lessee or agent of the building or wharf upon
which said sign is placed to remove or take away
any such sign or notice so erected.
Snr. 4. Re it further ordained by the authority
aforesaid, anil it is hereby ordained by the au
thority of the same, That any person violating
any of the provisions ot this ordinance shall, on
conviction thereof in the Police Court of .Savan
nah, be lined ia a sum not greater than one
hundred dollars, or imprisoned not longer than
thirty days, either or both in the discretion of
the officer presiding in said court.
Ordinance passed in Council .March 11, 1885.
RUFUS E. LESTER. Mayor.
Attest: Frank E. Reraker,
Clerk of Council.
ULMER’S LIVER CORRECTOR.
This vegetable preparation is invaluable for
the restoration of tone and strength to the sys
tem. For Dyspepsia, Coustlpation and other
ills, caused by a disordered liver, It cannot be
excelled. Highest prizes awarded, and in
dorsed by eminent medical men. Ask for Ul
mer's Liver Corrector and take no other. Jfl 00
a bottle. Freight paid to any address.
B. F. ULMER, M. D„
Pharmacist. Savannah, Ga.
Mutual Co-Operative Association,
UNDER ODD FELLOWS' HALL,
—IS HEADQUARTERS FOR—
Cross & Blackwell’s Preserves,
—AND ANYTHING IN—
Staple and Fancy Groceries.
John R. Withington, Agt.
A. S_ BAC ON,
Planing Mill, Lumber and Wood Yard,
Liberty and East Broad sts., Savannah, Ga.
A Planing Mill work correctiv and prompt
IX ly done. Good stock Dress ■ 1 and Rough
Lumber HUB WOOD, Oak, Pine, Lightwood
and Lumber Kindlings.
weTre pleased to an nou nce
is now complete and we will be
pleased to show our friends and the
public the prevailing and correct
CLOTHING, FURNISHINGS & HATS
For the season, whether they call to
supply themselves or only to see
“what is to be worn.”
I. FALK 4 IS,
Men’s, Boys’ and Children’s Outlitlers.
Our Fall and Winter Catalogue is
now in the hands of the printer and
wil I be ready for distribution about
At the Head of the Heap!
\ND only our second fall season. Being very
busy since Sept. Ist with onr Custom De
partment. we have neglected to inform our
friends and the public at large that we have on
hand and ready for inspection one of tne most
complete lines of
For all shape men, boys and youths ever ex
hibited in our Forest City.
Our style of doing business STRICTLY' ONE
PRICE TO ALL. with each and every article
MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES (which has met
with so much favor since we commenced busi
ness) is sufficient to guarantee satisfaction in
YVe have every department complete,
Hats, Trunks, Valises,
Gent’s Furnishing Goods,
to which we call particular attention to styles,
assortment and prices. Our specials this season
are as follows:
Special Custom Department—Armenian Natu
ral Wool Sanitary Underwear (recommended by
all physicians), Screven's Patent Elastic Seam
Drawers [to seatm> them is to buy them], Karl
A’ Wilson's Collars and Cuffs, Ward's Reversible
Linen Covered Paper Collars, Chocolate Color
Imitation Camel Hair Underwear, Miller's New
York Fine Stiff and Silk Hats.
Our buyer is at present in New York, where
he wdl b * tor the next ten days, and the public
can depend on anything new or novel m our
line which has come out since the season
Remember the number. IG3 CONGRESS
STREET, opposite the market.
ONE PRICE CLOTHIERS,
HATTERS AND GENT'S FURNISHERS.
AN AI.VWOOL SUIT WITH
EXTRA PANTS ACAP TO
MATCH FOR BOYS FROM 4
TO 14 YEARS FOR
101 CONGRESS ST.,
B. H. LEVY & BRO.
Clrleia and Sari®
Commencing SUNDAY, MAY 15th. this Com
pany will sell round trip tickets to
By following Tralnsand at following Rates:
By train leaving Sundays only, at 6:15 a. >t.; re
turning, leave Charleston at 3:35 p. m., same,
day $1 00
By train leaving Sunday only at 6:45 A. m.: re
turning, leave Charleston Monday morn
By train leaving Saturday at 8:23 p. M.: return
ing, leave Charleston Monday morning.. -Vi 50
By train leaving Saturday at 12:28 p. m.; return
ing, leavo Charleston Monday morning.. $3 00
Tickets for sale at WM. BREN'S, Bull street,
and at Depot. E. P. MrSWINEY,
Gen. Pass. Agent,,
PRINTER AND BOOKBINDER.
THE OLD RELIABLE!
GEO. N. NICHOLS,
Printing and Binding,
New Machinery! New Materials!
Best Papers! Best Work!
No TiraQ. No Blunter. JXn HumbuQ.
' P. J. FALLON,
BUILDER AM) CONTRACTOR
22 DRAYTON STREET, SAVANNAH.
TT'STIM.VTES promptly furnished for buildk*
X j of any class ,