Newspaper Page Text
GEN. JACKSON'S SPEECH.
IT IS ATTRACTING ATTENTION
THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY.
The Part Criticised l.xplained—What
Was Meant in the Reference to Da
vis and Lincoln.
The speech which Gen. Henry R. Jacksou
delivered at Macon last Wednesday has al
ready excited a great deal of comment
throughout the country. A part of it—that
referring to Lincoln and Davi*—is being
misconstrued by the Republican press for
partisan purposes. Gen. Jackson has ex
plained that part of it in an interview in the
Atlanta Constitution. No political capital
can be made out of what he m ‘ant, but the
Republican iwipers will not take tlie trouble
to explain what Gen. Jackson meant They
will quote what he said and put their own
construction upon it. The elections are
close at hand, and the Republicans will
take care to make all the capital they can
out of it. An authorized version of the
speech will be found below, and also the in
terview. They are published by request:
Confederate Veterans—To illustrate the
public virtue of the Homans, which exalted a
town i.itoa nation, and a nation to the rule of
the Pagan universe, Napoleon HI. made men
tion among others of the fact that instantly
upon the close of civil war. amnesty, unquali
fied. was proclaimed for all: no triumph was de
creed to tne victor leader in such a strife, but all
Rome went into mourning for the gallant dead
of both sides. Ever, hereafter, with patriotic
delight, may invoke the scenes of tins day to
illustrate the irartling truth that there is in
American life an imperial power more effective
for practical ends than the lofty virtue of the
Roman people in the grandest epoch of Homan
history. Where else upon earth to-day are sim
ilar scenes pod iblo? Not in Hungary,
where Koss.ith lives' Not in Poland, where
Kosciusko fell: Not in Ireland, though the em
pyrean ring with the mighty music of (dad
stone's eloquence not in the tearful land wh‘itj
Emmett suffered ! For, to-day there st inds up
on the soil of Georgiathe distinguished Missis
sippian who. within the life of the present gen
eration, was a prisoner in irons the so-called
“traitor" leader of a so-called "‘lost" cause.
dVe. Confederate veterans, relict of the armies
which fought for that cause, are here to meet
him: to move before him in the pride and pomp
of no Roman triumph, it is true, but bending
our necks to no Roman yoke of subjugation.
By invitation of the State of Georgia, speaking
through her duly empowered officials, all have
come. Beheld majestic truth revealing herseli
State sovereignty is not dead. Georgia is a
sovereign still, and calls upon her people to glo
ry with her to-day. Her glory is in her history;
tier history is in the memory of her dead: and
this day is consecrate to her Confederate
dead. They were guilty of no
treason to her. To whom, then, could
they lie traitors'* Where shall we seek their
higher sovereign? Shall we find him in the
Federal constitution? Theu here was a sovereign
smitten to earth by traitor hands, trampled in
the dust by traitor feet; but the hands and the
feet were not theirs. I)o we hold J hat the men
who fought against them were traitors? Not at
all: not at all' They, too, were loyal to their
sovereigns. The constitution was but u t reaty
uiost solemn, by-oath-npon-conscience-stamped
compact, it is true: and yet at last but a treaty
between high contracting sovereign parties,
without one atom of sovereignty in itself.
Hence, with impunity, through long years of
painful agitation. ‘ was it broken; broken
by the sovereign parties of the North,
(‘ailed oftentimes ‘ f a compact with hell."
they enacted into crime the mere attempt
of Federal power to enforce it within their do
minions. And because, after decades of
endurance, as patient as it was delusive, the
sovereign parties of tbe South declined to ac
cept their reeolutionar> will in permanent place
of the constitution, the compact-breaking
sovereigns of the North, with numbers over
whelming and "material' unbounded, made ag
gressive war upon them to force them to accept
it. Simple record this; yet forever fixed in (he
firmament of truth. Falsehood abroad, reck
lessor malignant; dallying with the false at
home, ill-judged, cowardly or venal, cannot
unfix it. As well attempt, standing upon a
btool, to pluck a fixed star from heaven.
The world has been told that, the people of the
South made the war to perpetuate African
slavery*. This is false! They did not create
that institution, nor do they now wish to restore
it. Not that shame (*a.u attach to its memory
Fnlo. indeed. mu*a be the historic muse t<* her
clearest duty,if.all things lM*ing fairly considered
—the parties, surroundings, and results—she fail
to band it down to future, times as the gentlest,
and by far the most civilizing and humanizing
relationship ever borne by labor to capital.
The people of tbe South flew to arms, not to
perpetuate, but to imperil their p *< uliar institu
tion; not to save, but to sacrifice property in dp- ,
fense of honor: nav. t<> sacrifice life itself rather
than tamely submit to insolent wrong For the
right to govern themselves, bequeathed to them
bv their fathers,thev were prepared to immolate
all The principle for which they fought—the
only principle of government expansive enough
to meet the requirements of advancing civiliza
tion, made of late by Gladstone's eloquence so
familiar to Kurnpemi thought—was American
born. Sun of the modern as compared with the
ancient civilization: "homerule" as contrasted
with Roman centralization, it rose in the West,
and now mounts the Western firmament, red
with the blood of Confederate heroes, moist
with the tears of Confederate widows and
o-phans Eastward shall it continue to roll,
carrying with it the blessed light of the Chris
tian civilization ail round the globe. And, so
surely as it moves it shall bring the day of a final
triumph, to tie decreed by the mind and con
science of man to time tested truth. In that
triumphal procession Abraham Lincoln shall not
move as the rightful President, but Jefferson
Itavis. the so-called "traitor’' leader of a so
called “lost cause.” The memory of those
chains will thrill along that,awful fine with a
power never given to mortal eloquence. In that
silent but majestic march will move “the Con
federate States of America," each wearing her
truth-studded crown of sovereignty untarnished;
Georgia bearing in her proud arms her Bartow,
her Cobb, her Walker, her blood-stained
heroes unnumbered, who fell with a sense of
tbe coming glory uueclipsed in their souls.
If this lie the coming of "the new South,"
name which occupies tbe air at times, then we,
Confederate veterans, cry. new South, all hail!
Do we not. my brothers? All hail I renovated
union of sovereign States us planned by the
common fatbei-s. who "worked more wisely
than they knew " All hail, grand American re
public of wheels within a wheel; resplendent il
luminator of the modern world: we, we, too.
Confederates, can echo from our heart* and re
echo from our heart of hearts, the patriot cry
of Webster the great: "Thanks lie to God that
I, I too, am an American citizen.”
But, if.the so called new South be a base sur
render of the old. a false confession meanly
false— of shame in our pest, shame in our sires,
shame in our dead, w hich (no ie but the silliest
fool can honestly feel, then, with all the power
? liven to us by the God of truth, we cry: Avaunt I
also South, avaunt I Kottan trunk upon a
cursed root, thy fruit must turn to ashes ou the
Before printing the conversation with
Gen. Jackson which follows, a few words as
to bis invitation to Macon and his personal
relations with Mr. Davis would not be out
of place. From the Mexican war, in which
both Mr Davis and Gen. Jackson served
with distinction, there was estrangement
between these two illustrious men. This
estrangement deepened during our civil
war. Both were proud and determined men,
aud their estrangement, while regretted by
the friends of both, appeared to lie beyond
discussion or interference. Neither" said
much about it, preferring to carry it in
silenee. Gen. Jackson was invited by the
committee to be present at Macon and to
deliver this address. It is testimony to his
nobility of character that; he lost in the
sight of the aged invalid, by whose side lie
was placed in the common love of this peo
ple, all sense of hostility, and that his words
of praise were so cordial and so strong.
Gen. Jackson was surprised at the wide
discussion his speech promised to provoko,
but found no occasion in this to revise or
review anything he had said. Mr. Jackson
“When I was invited to Macon to make
the a dress on tho occasion of Mr. Davis’
last appearance before his jieople, I felt it
would be proper for me to express tlioreund
in that presence the convictions I have held
ail my life, and I did so.”
“W hat about the sentence quoted above
as the Lmcoln-Davis sentence?”
“That sentence with ita context should
explain itself; but as it may be subject to
misconstruction, which misconstruction
may do injury beyond my per on 1 rela
tions, 1 will give you the precise line of
thought that led up to it. You will find at
once in this a statement and an argument
from which no man who believes as I be
lieve can iissent.
“It has been my conviction all my life
that the model government would be reached
on this earth through local sovereignty,
as opposed to the centralization of power.
I reached this conviction when 1 was n
young man, and my obs- i vntion and .-tu ty
have but deepened it. We find illustrations
of its truth on nil sides, ill France. 35,000
men in Baris, the most irrespimsible and
worthless element of its population if you
please, can precipitate a revolution that will
involve the w hole country. Mr. Gladstone,
seeing the danger of the centralization of
-power, is giving til last anil best years ut
Miis life to an appeal for home rule, and an
argument against lodging in London the
local rights that should be lodged in Dublin.
In this country, where the plan of State
sovereignty still lives, New York may
engage to-morrow in a war with her unem
ployed laborers. Blood may ruu in the
streets of her principal cities, and Georgia,
and perhaps no other State, would be in
volved except so far as they voluntarily
operated to the protection of Now York.
"It is my conviction, therefore, as it has
always been, that when the solution of the
problem of human government is found, it
will be found in a lodgment of local sov
ereignties, in local commonwealths. It was
the triumph of this principle of which 1
spoke in my address. It was for this prin
ciple that Mr. Davis fought, and against
this principle that Mr. Lincoln fought. Mr.
Davis represented Htato sovereignty. Mr.
Lincoln stood for a centralized nation.
When my prediction comes true, if it
should feme true, that the true principle of
successful government is local rights lodged
in local sovereignties, in that triumph Mr.
Div's would take precedence by virtue of
the triumph of the principle of government
for which he fought. This principle and
its discussion is not local to America. It is
as wide as human civilization and is being
fought out to-day in England as it has been
fought in America for more than a cen
“You insisted in your speech that tho
South did not fight to protect slavery?”
“I did, and this is concurrent with what I
have just said. It was for the principle of
State sovereignty that the South fought.
She imperiled slavery when she began the
war. She could easily have perpetuated
slavery if she had been willing to sacrifice
the principle of State sovereignty. She put
both to the gauge of battle, knowing per
fectly that whatever the issue of the
war may have been, slavery would have
suffered. Suppose we had conquered. We
would have simplv moved the Canada line
to the borders of the Southern Confederacy,
and would nave changed the line of
lakes to the Ohio river. It is not too
much to say that wise men in the South be
lieved tiiat, even if the South was success
ful, that tho institution of slavery would be
put in eminent peril thereby. It is due to
the honor of the South and the truth of
history that it should lie declared now and
forevermore, that the South did not fight
because of slavery, but that it fought in
spite of slavery, and to the peril of slavery.
To support a governmental principle, the
wisdom of which will be demonstrated in
England, and the Jack of which has many
times plunged France into causeless and
irresponsible revolution, the South deliber
ately put in jeopardy an institution involv
ing its entire labor system, and over
$400,000,000 of property, it was, to make
this fact clear, that much of my speech was
“Will you pardon me,” Gen. Jackson con
tinued, "since you deem this subject of
enough importance to seek tins interview,
for repeating briefly my position? 1 at
tempted to make plain two tilings in ray
speech. First, that tho South did not fight
for slavery, but that she fought for a gov
ernmental principle in spite of slavery and
to the peril of slavery. Second, that this
governmental principle, which is not local
to this country, but which is world wide, is
the principle upon which successful human
government must finally be built; and iuci
dentallv, and purely incidentally, that Mr.
Davis naving represented this principle
of State sovereignty, which I believe to lie
the true one, and of the ultimate tri
umph of which over this world I am
sure, would when that triumph came to the
world take precedence of Mr. Lincoln, who
fought for the opposite, and as 1 believe un
wise and pernicious principle of centralized
power. You may understand how inci
dental this personal allusion was when I
toll you that 1 yield to few men in my ad
miration for Mr. Lincoln as a man. From
the day that he and Mr. Seward, with their
carpet bags In hand, came to tiie Fortress
Monroe conference, earnest to meet the
Confederate authorities, I realized that he
was a patriot of great proportion and a
statesman of practical sense and of absolute
devotion to his convictions.
“I spoke for a principle to which all per
sonal allusions, or even all American allu
sions. were subordinate. The conflict over
that principle and the victory in its final
struggle is world-wide.”
HOW JOCKEYS TRAIN.
Getting Rid of Nina Pounds of Flesh
in a Single Day.
From Ihe Pittxbu g Dispatch.
New York, Oct. 15. —When Jo -key Mc-
Laughlin jumped from his horse tiie other
day at Jerome Park, after one of his hard
finishes, it was noticed that he was very
weak. He had sweated off nearly five
pounds of flesh that morning to get the
mount, and in getting down his w eight he
reduced Ins strength proportionately. Mc-
Laughlin’s riding weight, this summer has
been around 110. which is about as far from
his normal weight of 185 as he dare go, now
that, he is getting up in years. It lias b>en
only by the strictest sort of dieting and fre
quent Turkish baths that he has been able
to keep himself to that figure, and two or
three pounds liave had to come off every
week. This he does by wrapping himself in
flannels, and taking a ton-mile spin out into
McLaughlin is not going to ride this win
ter, but will get strength for next summer’s
work by going back to his natural weight
of 135 or 14(1 pounds. In this respect Garri
son, who is going to ride all winter in Cali
fornia for the Haggin stables, has an
advantage over his rivals, as the “Snapper”
is several years younger aud weighs ten or
twelve pounds less. Garrison rides easily at
110, ana has no difficulty iu keeping off the
surplus flesh by looking after his diet and
taking hot baths.
Getting rid of the surplus flesh that keeps
him from riding is not the pleasant est tusk
for a jockey, especially if he has been in the
saddle several years, like Fitzpatrick, who is
the heavy-weight among the riders in the
East. It is not only difficult, but extremely
dangerous, and it is the more so when it is
done over night to get down to the minimum
weight for a next day mount. Twoor three
years ago McLaughlin reduced his flesh nine
pounds in one day in order to ride Fordham
in his great match race. That was whonhe
was young, though, and willing to make
any "sacrifice to win such an event. He
could not stand such physical exhaustiou
Bobby Swim who was the greatest jockey
on the American turf ten or a dozen years
ago, reduced his weight eleven pounds in
one night when ho was riding on the Mobile,
Ala., course. Swim was riding for Prince
McGrath, who was known as the Irish
Prince from the fact tiiat ho always ap
peared at the Lexington track on opening
day in a suit of green broadcloth. Swim
became dissipated, and when tho great race
between Maj. Thomas’ Himyar and Cainmie
F. was run. Swim was refused the mount on
Himyar. He thereupon went to the owners
ef Cammie F. and offered to ride that horse
for nothing if lie lost and SSOO if ho won. This
was tlic day before the race, and the jockey
would have to reduce his weight eleven
pounds to ride Cammie F., but nothing
daunted the “jock” set aliout the work, his
offer being gladly accepted. That night
Swim was rolled in three heavy blankets,
after having taken previously a Turkish
bat'n. Then he was laid nut for the greater
part of the night before a blazing wood fire,
and sweated until the blankets had to tie
changed. In the morning he was given an
other Turkish bath. When he entered the
paddock lie was so weak he had to be sup
ported to the saddle. He won on Caminio
F., finishing a length before Himyar, who
had been a heavy favorite. That was
Swim's last great race, for he went to the
dogs shortly alter through drink.
THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1887.
NE'ER-DO-WELL JOSEPH SMITH
AND HIS DIVINING ROD.
His Story of Finding tho Gold Tablets—
Sidney Rigdon's Advent—The Won
derful Giggles -Harris’ Visit to the
From the Springfield Republican.
In 1839 and 'MU I was a stripling in a dry
goods store iu the village of Palmyra,
Wayne county, N. Y., in tho outskirts of
which miniature city Joseph Smith, Jr.,
familiarly and universally called Joe,
resided at the time, as he had done for a
considerable period previously. Joe was
one of those “ne'er do weel” persons, with
out any regular occupation, that are so
often found hanging about such towns;
doing odd jobs occasionally, when driven to
it by sheer necessity to keep from starving.
His principal occupation seemed to be
digging for gold at night and lying in bed
during the day, till he would be driven to
make some effort in employments of less
doubtful result than money digging to
maintain an existence. Joe in iiis excursions
after gold carried a divining rod to tell him
where there was hidden treasure, and left
many holes in the ground about tiiat region,
which testified that lie could work if the
spirit moved. He had all the superstitions
of the money diggers of that day, one of
which was that t7;e digging must be done
by night and not a. word must lie spoken,
for at the first utterance the gold would fly
away to some other locality; in fact, Joe
claimed that bs had more than once been
upon tho point of reaching some great
treasure, when, iu his eagerness some un
lucky exclamation would escape him, and
presto; the treasure would vanish from
under his feet.
This, as I was informed, had been Joe’s
manner or life and occupation for some
years prior to the time I knew him. Finally,
however, he claimed to have found a
veritable bonanza in the shape of heavy
gold plates beautilully engraved in some
ancient language or characters. Hepretend
to have found these on the top of a singular
hill in the town of Manchester. Ontario
county, N. Y., directly by the side of the
road leaditiing from Canandaigua to Pal
myra, and which from that time was always
called Gold Hill. I call tho hill singular
from its shape and relation to the surround
ing country, for it was entirely isolated,
rising from a substantially level plain in an
almost ellipse, some eighty feet high and
about 300 yards long by fifty wide, while
its slopes were as regular, neatly rounded,
and symmetrical as if constructed by tho
most accomplished civil engineer. How
much the peculiar features of the hill had
to do with its selection by Joe as tho loca
tion for his find it would bo difficult to
decide; but he had dug it over pretty well
in search for treasure, und he might easily
iiave imagined that it had bean constructed
by the hand of man in some remote ago,
anil hence an inviting field to a seeker after
hidden gold; while I have often thought
that the peculiarities of the location where
Joe pretended to have found the plates had
its effect in securing some of the early
proselytes who were accquaintod with the
spot. The plates Joe described as being
about five by eight inches in size, and vc ry
thick; but how thick he never stated. At
first he did not claim that these plates were
any new revelation or that they had any
religious significance, but simply that he
had found a valuable treasure iti the shape
of a record of some itncieufc peoples which
had been inscribed on imperishable gold for
preservation. The pretended gold plates
were never allowed to be seen, though I
have heard Joe’s mother say that she hail
lifted them when covered with a cloth, and
they were very heavy, so heavy, in fact,
that she could scarcely raise them, though
she was a very robust woman. What Joe
at that time expected to accomplish seems
difficult to understand, but he soon began fo
exhibit what he claimed to be copies of the
characters engruved on the plates, though
the irreverent were disposed to think that
he was more indebted to the characters
found on China tea-chests than to any plates
he had dug up in Manchester. Before long,
however, anew party appeared on thesoene
in tho person of one Sidney Rigdon, and
thenceforward anew aspect was put upon
the whole matter.
Rig ion was one of those keen, sharp
follows, who, had he lived iu our day, would
have been a broker dealing with the lambs
on margins, or as a confidence man, hanging
around in our principal cities and looking
out for victims. lie is the man who at a
later day, it is said, directed the Mountain
Meadow massacre. Very soon
alter his advent it was given out
that the plates were anew
revelation, and were a part of the original
Bible, while Joe Smith was a true prophet
of (lie Lord, to whom it was given fo pub
lish it among men. Rigdon, who, from nis
first appearance was regarded as the
“brains*' of the movement, seemed satisfied
to lie the power behind the throne* Not
only were pretended copies of the engraved
plates exhibited, but whole chapters of
what were called translations were shown;
meetings were hold which were addressed
by .Smitii and Rigdon, and an active can
vass for converts was inaugurated. Strange
as it may appear from t ie absurdity of the
claims put forth, and tiie well-known
character of Joe Smith, these efforts wei e
to quite a degree successful, particularly
among the farmers of the vicinity, quite a
number of whom that were regarded as
equal in intelligence to the average rural
Imputation lieeame enthusiastic proselytes
to the new faitn.
One feature of the claim iu relation to the
translation from the plates was quite m
character with other claims that have been
from time to time set up by the Mormon
church down to the present day. Joe Smith
wus of course ail illiterate man, and some
way must lie provided for the translation
of the record. Rut Joe (or Rigdon) was
equal to the emergency for ho claimed to
i have found with it the gold “Bible” (as
they then always called il) a wonderful pair
of spectacles, which he described as having
very largo round glasses, larger than a
silver dollar, and he asserted that by placing
the plates in the bottom of a lmt or other
deep receptacle like a wooden grain measure,
I lie could put on those spectacles, and, look-
I ing down upon the plates, the engraved
i characters were all translated into good,
plain English, and lie had only to read it off'
and have it recorded by a copyist.
This claim, with all its absurdity, was not
more alwurd than one that was made to me
personally by one Martin Harris, who was
one of the early and most faithful prose
lytes. Hairis was a farmer of good prop
erty, residing alaiut a mile from the village,
with whom I was well accquaintod ns a cu -
tomer of a firm where l was employed. Ou
one occasion 1 hud been sent out on horse
back on a collecting trip, and returning
just in tho early evening, as I passed the
house of Air. Harris he came out, and
joining mo we rode on together toward the
village. It was a beautiful evening in
OctoP'ir. and as wo wore on elevated ground
sloping eastward toward the village, and
as we were riding in an easterly direction,
tho full moon, which was just rising, made
everything before us look most charming.
As 1 made some remark upon the beauty of
the moon, he replied to the effect, that if 1
could only see it as he had done I might well
call it beautiful. Boylike, I was anxious to
know in what way ho had eu joyed suen ex
ceptional facilities for observing the
beauties of tiie moon, and plied him with
questions; but beyond the assertion that
he hail Mutually visited the moon in his own
proper person and seen its glories face to
face, he was not disposed to be communica
tive, remarking tiiat it was only “the faith
ful” that were permitted to visit the
celestial regions, and with that turned the
conversation in less ethereal channels.
Smith and Rigdon labored diligently to
secure converts, and before long it was
announced that the “Gold Bible" was to lie
published iu book form. Aivali Strong,
then proprietor o" tho Wayne Sentinel, a 1 1
afterward of the Rochester Democrat , took
the contract to print and bind 5,000 copies
for ss,ooo—Martin Harris, before mention
ed, mortgaging Ins farm for that amount to
raise the funds for the work; and business
soon began in earnest. Joe, with his
lieutenant, Rigdon, had a board shanty
eie t and in a remote field, which no human
living was allowed to eater except these two
worthies, and from this primitive study all
the manuscript for the publication of tin?
Gold Bible was brought to the printing
office. As the office was in the third story
of the same block, and directly over the
store where I was employed. 1 was allowed
to come up stairs and read fron tho proofs
as much as I chose; though in fact I never
became very greatly interested in the work.
The publication was pushed with spirit,
but until it was completed not a copy was
allowed to leave the office, but every volume
was packed in an upper room, and the pile
they made struck me at the time and has
since been vividly iu my miml as comparing
in size and shape with a cord of wood, and
I called it a cord of Mormkii Bibles. Not
long after the publication was completed
they liegau their preparations for a removal,
and ere long the parties, with their converts,
packed up all their belongings and left lor
Kirtland, Ohio. This removal was not “on
compulsion’’ from any complaints of their
neighbors, like those they were subsequently
compelled to make from Kirtland and
Nauvoo, but all seemed to enter, into it
readily and with the utmost cheerfulness,
though many abandoned homes of great
comfort and‘comparative wealth. In the
exodus there were farmers who were cus
tomers of the firm where I was employed
that soid their farms to the amount of
about $45,000, all of which was committed
to the care and tender mercy of Joe Smith,
and the votaries committed themselves to
his care and guidance.
Of tho doings of the fraternity after they
left Wayne county I have no knowledge
beyond published reports, to which others
h ive had equal access, but there is one
ciicumstance which may have escaped
attention. After they settled in Kirtland
they established a bank. Those were called
“wild cat” days, and the banks grew' up like
mushrooms all over the West. The moneyed
institution they started was “The Kirtland
Safety Society Bank,” but as it turned out,
ail the safety was on the side of the
Mormons, for it was always taking in but
never paying out, except in their promises
to pay. which they never redeemed. They
had their !>ank notes engraved in the
highest style of the art by Underwood,
Bald & Spencer of Philadelphia, who were
the leading engravers of that day, and in
various ways they made quite a show of
banking, and managed to get their bills
into circulation to a considerable extent.
Some years afterward, when they were
driven out of Nauvoo, a quantity of these
bills came in the hands of the receiver of
their effects who resided at Quincy, (111.,)
and he gave me some SSO or $75 of that
currency, in order, as he said, that 1 might
never be out of money, I gave most of it
away to friends, but 1 have still a $lO note
dated Feb. 10, 1837, signed by “S. Rigdon,
President,” and “J. Smith, Jr., Cashier,”
which I retain iu order to fulfill the inten
tion of the gentleman who gave it to me.
This “J. Jniitli, Jr., Cashier,” was the
original Joe, and Rigdon was his mentor at
This is in brief a history of the first
beginnings of what has grown into tho
powerful hierarchy of the present day,
which seems to bid defiance to tho United
States Government. That such a man as
Joe Smith with his antecedents couid
inaugurate such a movement seems almost
incredible, yet this is a true unvarnished
b istory of the rise of this remarkable sect,
if there is anything saintly in the “Church
of the Latter Day Saints,” as they now
assume to style themselves, they must be
an improvement on the original founder.
Reasons for Thinking it is on the
New York, Oct. 29.—Mr. Abbey’s com
pany appeared in “Caste” at Wallack's
Monday night, and the performance was in
every way successful. The “Mouse Trap”
was shelved forever. The full strength of
the now troupe is apparent in Robertson's
famous play, and the many opportunities
which the comedy affords for character
acting were eagerly embraced. Undoubt
edly the most refreshing and taking hit was
made by young Tom Robertson, the son
of the famous English playwright
and the stage manager of Wallack's.
He ployed Sam Gerridge with extraor
dinary humor and fun. Miss Coghlan and
Mrs. Abbey are properly cast in this play
and the results are eminently satisfactory.
The former is unrivalled in human and
womanly roles and she plays the character
of the wife with touching pathos at times.
In sharp relief to it is Mrs. Abbey’s come Iv,
which is frolicsome and unaffected through
out. No other theatre in the country boasts
two such leading women as Miss Coghlan
and Mrs. Vbliey. They are wonderfully
effective when well cast, as they are in this
In “Rudolph" Mr. George Knight has
jumped from farcical comedy, or, more
properly speaking,, nonsensical horse play
into pathos and sentiment. From '‘Over
the Garden Wall” to “Rudolph” is a tre
mendous distance. Knight’s success in the
new venture is indisputable. It is the result
of patience, tinkering, toil and great indus
try, coupled with unquestionable ability on
the part of tin* star. Bronson Howard wrote
the pice David Belasco immmeredinto suc
cessful shape after it had made a distinct
failure, and Charles Frohinan managed it.
A great trio this. All of them worked like
beavers for months, and they have reached
their goal. The honors are all taken by
lCuight, though he has in his support two
men who formerly starred—diaries Bowser
and Newton Gotthold.
Starring is not so common as it was. The
expense are too large and the chances too
siuaii. Mrs. Potter is the lion of the hour
theatrically, and when she goes starring
something will have to give way. The
phalanx of stage managers, business man
agers, personal managers, agents, directors
ami attendants are loaded for boar. The
Potter l>oom will be conveyed over the face
of the United States in a fashion that will
put the memory of the Langtry tours in the
And the Langtry? Well, it begins to
look as though her star is on the wane. Her
name is no longer the pet morsel of every
mouth, and the papers that formerly jumped
at. the chance of exploiting her on any of
her belongings have grown indifferent and
chill. 1- Langtry growing a bit wearisome
to tho public? It would seem so. Her face
is not as youthful as it was, while Mrs. Pot
ter looks like a 19-year-old girl. The public
likes its goddesses young. Thousands of
pxiple studied tho famous women ou Tues
day at the theatre through their opera
glasses. Mrs. Langtry was on the stage and
Mrs. Potter was in a stage oox. The former
looked big, heavy, handsome, mature
and sturdy; the latter lithe, pretty,
refined and endowed by that pe
culiar charm which women call
“interesting” and men “fascinating.” Mrs.
Potter has a high-bred and aristocratic look
that is wanting in women of the robust
type like Langtry, Rose Coghlan and Agnes
Booth. It is a great season for tho women
of the stage. Everybody is talking about
them. Anew beauty known us Genevieve
Lvtton has come up. .She has a Greek head
It is beautiful, and it was supposed to be
top-weighted with genius, talent and other
things that were once supi>os@d to lie useful
if not necessary to dramatic success. Miss
Lytton appeared in anew play the other
day, and it straightway became apparent
that she was not weighted by any of the
above mentioned things. But slfe is still
beaut if*til. That goes for a good deal at this
tune of year, theatrically speaking.
Lord Lyon’s Successor.
London, Oct. HO.—lt is officially an
nounc'd that, the Earl ol Lytton has been
appointed to succeed Lord Lyons as British
Embassador at Paris. The Queen will be
stow an earldom oil Gird Lyons on his re
tirement from u. 1 e.. ie life.
Engineers of Locomotives.
Chicago. Oct. 30.—The convention of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers con
cluded the election of officers by choosing
Nicholas Long, of Chattanooga, Tenn.,
Grand Chaplain. The Grand Chaplain and
a committee of ten were appointed to attend
the funeral to-day at Indianapolis, Ind., of
Past Grand Chaplain George W. Tyer.
T,ie convention also considered the life
insurance organization connected with the
Brotherhood and made some slight amend
ments to the constitution and by-laws.
The Southern League.
Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 30.- A meeting
of the Southern League will be held to
morrow 10 decide on the programme for
next year. There is every probability that
the league will be reorganized and put in
St. Louis Beats Chicago.
St. Louis, Oct. 30.—T0-day’s base ball
game resulted as follows: St. Louis 14,
Chicago 0. Both clubs loft for the South
A Big Crop of Weddings.
Reliable rumor predicts a greater than usual
number of weddings during the fall and winter
season, an indication of prosperity surely. Wo
are in proper trim lor .lust such occasions, and
would ask personal inspection of the multitudi
nous articles, ornamental and decorative, with
which our storerooms are crowded. Wo point
with pleasure to our immense array of Solid
Silver aiia Plated Ware suitable for wedding
presents, rare Vases, elegant Clocks, handsome
Statuary, and bric-a-brac generally'. Our line
of bronze ornaments is brilliant in itself, and
throughout may be found a thousand ialuable
novelties suitable and appropriate as souvenirs
and keepsakes. In Diamonds, Jewelry and
Watches, it is impossible in limited space to
speak intelligibly. Suffice it to say' that not
even the famous ''Tiffany's" can outrival us in
beauty and careful select ion of our stock. Prices
have been made to suit the times, and we offer
our representative stock on its merits, and stake
our reputation on the result. Our engraving
department is carefully conducted, and all work
in this line is artistically executed We are
always pleased to stiow visitors through our
stock, even though they- may not bo ready to
buy. ns we feel that our establishment is one of
the ‘'sights" of the city, and it is always “exhi
bition day" to the public. Respectfully,
M. Sternbehu, 157 Broughton street.
LAMPS AND CHINA
At Crockery House of Jas. S. Silva &
Gas is good, and electricity is good, but
for reading and sewing t here is no light so
pleasant to the eye as that from a good oil
lamp. We have now in store a complete
line of Lamps of every description; our
Parlor Hanging and Stand Lamps are un
usually pretty, at reasonable prices.
CHINA AND HOUSEKEEPING GOODS.
Dinner, Breakfast and Tea Sets, small,
large, and also in separate pieces. The
decorated ware is very low priced this sea
son. Granite Iron Pots, Pans and Kettles,
Shovel and Tongs. Coal Hods and Vases,
Fenders and Fire Dogs. Come and see us.
Jas. S. Silva & Son.
Oak, Pine and Lightwood,
For sale by R. B. Cassels, comer Taylor and
East Broad streets. Telephone No. 77.
People Wonder How We Do It!
But we do sell a Knee Suit for $3 50,
Knee Pants for 25c., and a Boys’ Hat, or
Polo Cap, for 25c.; a boy’s outfit, with extra
Pants, for SB. The “Famous,” manufactur
ing all the Clothing they sell, are always
able to give lower prices, or if the prices
being equal, better quality for the money
than our competitors. Having removed on
September Ist to the northeast corner of
Congress Whitaker streets (store for
merly kept by Mr. Birnbaum), we have re
duced our prices in order to make our re
moval public. We sell equally low our
stock of Hats, Caps, Trunks, Shirts, Under
wear, from the cheapest to the very best.
Umbrellas from $1 up to s•> 50.
A Cold Wave Coming.
Overcoats will be in demand. The
“Famous,” 144 Congress, corner Whitaker
streets, has received from the Factory a line
assortment of Overcoats and Winter Suits
for Men, Youths and Boys, which are sell
ing at Factory prices. To dispel any doubt
about our saving you from $3 50 to $5 on an
Overcoat or Suit, go look at the prices our
competitors give you, then come to us and
be convinced. We still have Boys’ Knee
Pants, Blue Hats and Polo Caps at 35c.;
I*. P.~ P. "
The weather to-dav will be slightly
cooler, followed by fair and warmer.
For Sale by All Medicine Dealers.
DR. WHITEHEAD can be consulted daily at
the office of the Company, Odd Fellows’Hall
Building, without Prescriptions and
examination free. Ail inquiries by mail will
also receive Ids personal attention.
VX.~v.-v 'v'V.'V 'v-V-W. V'-'V.’VZ
FO LI SAL 10,
A Good Newspaper in a Live and
Prosperous Georgia Town.
VNYONE desiring to purchase a daily and
weekly paper fu one of the most prosper
ous towns in i Georgia eau do so now' if applica
tion is made at Give. Reason for selling pro
prietor lias been in ill health and has too much
other business to engage his attention. Outfit
Li nearly new and paper doing u good business,
ami now, in the height of the business season, is
flic time to purchase. Address for particulars
(G S,, care Savannah News, Savannah, <ia
NICHOLS job hunting.
NICHOLS —BINI )ING.
NICHOLS— BLANK BOOKS.
NICHOLS— GOOD WORK.
NICHOLS —FINE PAPER.
NICHOLS —LOW PRICES.
NICHOLS—y.'G ray street.
BUCKNER.—The friends and acquaintance
of Marion S. Bcck.ner, and of the family, are
invited to attend his funeral, from his late resi
dence, 154 Hull street, at 8:30 o'clock THIS
DeKALBLODGE, NO. I. O. O. F.
A regular meeting will be held THIS (Monday)
EVENING at 8 o'clock.
The First Degree will be conferred.
Members of otber Lodges and visiting brothers
are cordially invited to attend.
By order of H. W. RALL, N. G.
John Kilby, Secretary.
MEETING OF THE STOCKHOLDERS OF
THE CITIZENS’ MITTAL LOAN COM
There will he a meeting of the stockholders
of the CITIZENS' MUTUAL LOAN COMPANY
at the Metropolitan Hall, on WEDNESDAY,
Nov. 2, 1887. at 8 o'clock p. M., to take into con
sideration the merger of said company into the
Citizens' Bank of Savannah, and such other
business as may lie brought before the meeting.
By order of the Board of Directors.
GEORGE C. FREEMAN. Treasurer.
OGLETHORPE REAL ESTATE COM
Savannah, Ga., Oct. 22, 1887.
A meeting of the Stockholders of this Com
pany will be held at Metropolitan Hall on TUES
DAY EVENING, Nov. 1. 1887, at 8 o’clock, for
the purpose of considering resolutions for the
alieuation of the property of this Compauy.
E. A. WEIL, President.
Ed. F. Nkufvii.i.e, Secretary.
Advertisements inserted under "Special
Notices" will f>e charged Si 00 a Square each
All bills against the British steamship ABE
ON A must be presented at our office by 12
o'clock noon, THIS DAY, or payment will be
WILDER CO., Agent*
SPECIAL NOTICE TO SHIPPERS.
Commencing MONDAY, OCTOBER 31st, the
Steamer ST. NICHOLAS will leave her wharf,
foot of Lincoln street, for Darien, Doboy,
Brunswick and Femandina at 4 p. in. (city time),
instead of 11 p. m., as heretofore.
C. WILLIAMS, Agent.
DIVIDEND NO. 8.
Office of Mutual Gas Light Cos.. I
Savannah, Ga., Oct. 17, 1887’. f
A dividend of one and one-half (1)4) percen
tum has THIS DAY been declared from earnings
of last quarter, payable at this office on arid
after November 15th next to Stockholders of
record this day. LEWIS C. LILLIE,
OR. HENRY S COLDINU,
Office corner Jones and Drayton streets.
THE MORNING NEWS
STEAM PRINTING HOUSE,
3 Whitaker Street.
The Job Department of the Morning News,
JOB AND BOOK PRINTING,
LITHOGRAPHING AND ENGRAVING,
BOOK BINDING AND ACCOUNT BOOK
is the most complete in the South. It is thorough
ly equipped with the most improved machinery,
employs a large force of competent workmen
and carries a full stock of papers of all
These facilities enable the establishment to
execute orders for anything in the above lines
at the shortest notice and the lowest prices con
sistent with good work. Corporations, mer
chants, manufacturers, mechanics and business
men generally, societies and committees, are
requested to get estimates from the MORNING
NEWS STEAM PRINTING HOUSE before send
ing their orders abroad. J. H. ESTILL.
ULMER’S Lit ER CORRECTOR.
This vegetable preparation is invaluable for
the restoration of tone and strength to the sys
tem. For Dyspepsia, Constipation and other
ills, caused by a disordered liver, it cannot be
excelled. Highest prizes awarded, and in
dorsed by eminent medical men. Ask for Ul
mer's Liver Corrector and take no other. Si 00
a bottle. Freight paid to any address.
B. F. ULMER, M. D.,
Pharmacist, Savannah. Ga.
So many dazzling promises are held out that the
would lie buyer is now puzzled as to which
IS the liest place to provide himself
with Winter Clothing. We oiler
no inducements beyond a
chance to select from the
And rest our reputation on these claims. The
public doesn't expect nor claim more.
HATS, NECKWEAR, FURNISHINGS FOR
GENTS, YOUTHS, BOYS AND CHILDREN.
Como and see us, and if we can't treat you as
well or better than any other house, try else
B. H. LEVY & BRO.
CIRCULAR NO. 94.
RAILROAD COMMISSION OF GEORGIA.
Atlanta, Ga., October 25, 1887.
L. N. Trammel:., '-Commissioners
Alkx. s. Erwin, )
A. C. Briscoe. Secretary.
CHANGE IN CLASSIFICATION.
ON AND AFTER NOVEMBER THE TENTH,
1887. the following change* in the Commis
sioners' classification will lake effect:
1. All articles of iron and steel and articles
manufactured of iron or steel, (except iron
hoop), embraced in Circular No 82. and classi
fied as sixth class, two thirds of sixth class.
2. Iron, hoop. Class A.
3. Hair, cattle, for plastering, pressed in balas
By order of the Board.
CAMPBELL WALLACE, Chairman.
A. t . Briscoe, Secretary.
CIRCULAR NO. 96.
RAILHOAI) COMMISSION OF CiEORfiTA.
Atlanta. Ga., October 25, 1887.
C ampbellWallaok, Chairman, i
L. N. Trammell, -Commissioners.
Alex. S. Erwin, (
A. C. Bjusooe, Secretary.
AMENDING CIRCULAR NO. 98.
piRCULARNo. 92. which prescribes a tariff
V of rates to be charged by the Oeurjfta Msl
lund and (Julf Railroad Compajr./, 18 hereby
amended by adding the following words:
** To classes C. D and F add i*ercentages in ac
cordance with Note B of Circular No. 82."
By order of the Board.
. _. CAMPBELL WALLACE. Chairman.
.AO Biuacoc. Secretary.
BOYS’ CLOTHING, CARPETS, ETC
\\ e will place on sale on
MONDAY MORNING 500 as
handsome Boys’ Suhg as can
be found south of Nev York.
Prices of tailor-made and per
fect-fitting suits are for better
grades $0 50, $7 50, §8 50
$9 and $9 50.
Also a large variety, fully
500, just as durable, but not
as fine, at. the following prices:
$1 75, $2 25, $2 50, s3'
$3 50, $4, $4 50, and $5.
Tapestry anil Ingrain
DURING THE ENSUING WEEK.
One lot Tapestry Carpets
at 05c. per yard.
One lot 3-Ply All Wool Car
pets at 85c. per yard.
One lot All Wool Extra-
Supers at 60c. per yard.
One lot Ingrain Carpets at
55c. per yard.
One lot Ingrain Carpets at
50c. per yard.
One lot Ingrain Carpets at
40c. per yard.
One lot Ingrain Carpets at
22 -lc. per yard.
500 Smyrna Rugs
RANGING PRICE FROM
85c. Each to $lO.
100 rolls fresh' Canton Mat
ting, ranging in price from
20c. to 50c. per yard.
Will also be found in the fob
lowing goods during this
week: Silks, Satins, Dress
Goods, Cloaks, Shawls, Lace
Curtains and Curtain Goods,
Flannels, Blankets, Bed Com
forts, Underwear, Hosiery,
Gloves, Corsets, Ladies’ and
Gents’ Silk Umbrellas, etc., etc.
NEW HOTEL TOGNI,
(Formerly St. Mark's.)
Newnan Street, near Bay, Jacksonville, Fla.
WINTER. AND SUMMER.
r T'HE MOST central House In the city. Near
1 Post Office, Street Cars and all Ferries.
New and Elegant Furniture. Electric Beils.
Batlis, Etc. .V) to per day.
JOHN B. TOON!, Proprietor.^
DUB’S SUREVEN HOUSE.
rpillS POPULAR Hotel Is now provided with
1 a l*aBs‘U£or Elovator (the only one in tuo
city) anti ha* been remodeled and newly fur
niahed. The proprietor, who by recent purenaaj
in also the owner of the eHtublishnient. spares
neither puina nor expense in the entertainiue ~c
of bin guests. The patronage of Florida ™s*
ora is earnestly invited. The table or toe
Screven House is supplied with every
that the markets at home or abroad can arrtuxn
Highland Brand Condensed Milk.
A Pure Milk condensed to a syrupy consistency.
AT STRONG'S DRUG STORE.
Corner Bull and Perry street lana.