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i ESTABLISHED I*so.
\ J. 11. ESTILL, Editor and Proprietor.
boom for commutation.
those who demanded hanging
CHANGE THEIR TUNE.
Fears That Execution Will Throw a
Halo of Martyrdom Around ’the Ac
cused Pleaded by Prominent Signers
of the Petitions for Clemency—Three
of the Band Write a Letter.
Chicago, Nov. s. —Day after day long
lists of names of citizens who have hitherto
lioen emphatic in their demand for the in
fliction of the extreme penalty of the law
on the condemned Anarchists appear
attached to petitions for commutation.
\mong these the names of prominent mem
bers of the bar and bench attract most at
tention. A reporter requested several of
the legal lights to give their reason for
signing the petition. W. C. Goudy said
• Those men are guilty, there is no doubt of
that. They arc guilty of murder, but it
must be remembered that this is not ordi
nary physical assassination. The question
is whether they should be punished to the
full extent of the law. This is the first time
t hat the question has come up since the jury
decided it. Judge Gary might have passed
upon it in denying anew trial, but did not. ”
WHAT THE COURTS DECLARED.
“The Supreme Court of the State simply
declared that there was no legal error in the
record of that trial, and the Supreme Court
of the United States declared that there was
no legal ground upon which they could take
np and review the trial. It comes now for
the Governor to decide whether or not the
eitreffie penalty should tie meted out to these
mon. It may be urged in their favor that
they had often before talked more violently
than they did at the Haymarket meeting.
The Mayer of the city, its highest officer,
was appointed to suppress their talk and
stop their paper, but he refused, insisting
that they had the right to talk and write
t hat w ay. This gave them a kind of license
for their talk on the night of the murder.
It is a question of public policy, and I am
certain the execution of those men is not
the way to suppress anar
chistic ideas or socialistic tendencies
among the masses. My idea is that they
should be sent to Joliet for life, put into
strip sand treated simply as common fel
ons. These men are honest in their decla
ration. They would rather be hung than
sent to prison for life. The point is that
they will be robbed of all romance, senti
mentality and the exaltation of martyr
MR. TRUMBULL’S OBJECTIONS.
Ex-Senator Trumbull said: “I am not
taking an active part in this matter, but I
signed tho petition because I thought it was
best. I was not altogether satisfied with
the manner in which the trial of the An
archists was conducted. It took place at a
time of great public excitement when it
was almost impossible that they should have
a fair and impartial trial. A terrible crime
had been committed which was at
tributed to the Anarchists, and in
some respects the trial had the appear- !
a nee of the trial of an organization j
known as Anarchists, rather than of per
sons indicted for the murder of Degan.
Several of the condemned were not at the
meeting where the bomb was thrown, and
none of them, as I understand, was directly
connected with its throwing. 'The con
demned claim, however, erroneously, to be
advocates of a principle, and to execute
them would, in my judgment, be bad policy.
It will be claimed for them that they were
executed as martyrs to a cause, while if put
in prison they will soon be forgotten.”
WILL BECOME MARTYRS.
Judge Moran said his reasons for signing
the petition were similar to those of ex-
Senator Trumbull. “It is not simply a j
question of public policy,” he said, “whether
or not those men should be hanged. It is
not customary in this country to liang n fel
low for talking. The sentiment is to let
him talk and that the people will be all right
anyhow. &-*' 1 will it pay to allow
those men to become martyrs' Among the
laboring and middle classes will it not give
rise to a belief, unfounded though it be,
t hat a man of wealth can say what he
pleases, but if a laborer or labor’s mouth
piece talks he will be hanged. Many acts
as well as statements are misconstrued and
developed into far-reaching consequences.”
The reasons given by the gentlemen seem
to voice the sentiment of the majority of
Judge Frank Baker, who Is now sitting in
the Criminal Court, signed the petition for
commutation this morning
•State's Attorney Orinnell gave instruc
tions this morning to the clerks of criminal
courts to prepare no calendars for next
week. This means thut there are to be no
courts in anticipation of the execution.
MISS VAN ZANDT AGAIN BOBS UP.
Late last night Miss Nina Van Zandt and
her mother trailed on Cap... Schaack and
the officers at the Chicago avenue
nation. Miss Van Zandt presented a peti
tion addressed to Gov. Oglesby asking for a
commutation of the sentence of the An
archists, and requested the Captain to sign
’t. She pleaded with him for over
twenty minutes, but the police offi
cial declined to attach his signature. The
girl asked and obtained permission to solicit
] he officers in the station for their names,
hut failed to seciu'e a singlo one. Before
h aving she distributed a number of Trum
hull’s pamphlets, “Was It a Fair Trial!”
and left a lot more of them on the Ser
geant’s desk, by whom, at Capt. Sehaack’s
command, they were promptly consigned
to the waste basket as soon as she had left
the building. ,
HOW THE POLICE KEEL.
how that there seems to be a stairqiede in
Ihe direction of a commutation of sentence,
b may be well to mention wliut the effect of
h has already been in a very important see
tmn of the community—tho police force.
Already a feeling akin to dismay has arisen
among the blue coats. A veteran officer
voiced tho general sentiment of the force
this morning when he said:
“If these men are allowed to triumph
oVf, r the law through tho meddlesome in
'ervention of people, to save whoso lives
and property we risked our own on that
awful night of May 4, you will find that
the police force of Chicago will never fight
another battle with the Chicago Anarchists.
Jt is all very well to say it
J s a terrible thing to take seven
human lives. but I say it is
t ot more terrible than the way in which
1 hey took the lives of seven of our boys and
maimed dozens of them that March eveu
-I;ig. 1 suppose the life of a police officer is
as nothing when weighed against that of an
Anarchist. I suppose it is our duty to be
butchered in defense of the community
and receive no protection from
that community. I say no protection
lor the only protection we can receive is
biting punishment of those offenders whom
We have brought to bay. It is ail right for
""dges to say that these men will preach
their doctrines more eloquently dead than
a ive; but I tell you if they escape the gal
loWs the doctrines of anarchy will be
preached so eloquently that those who took
1 art in obtaining commutation will live to
J lie the day they did so. For our port, the
tolice of Chicago will lie more cautious in
’ sking their lives and facing Anarchist
bombs than they were a year ago last May.’’
fpjj t Junius Ifrto#.
AGGRESSIVE VIOLENCE REPUDIATED.
An extraordinary communication, signed
by Spies l Schwab and Fielden, disavowing
“aggressive force,” and deploring the loss
of life at the Haymarket, was given out to
night for publication. It is addressed to
Gov. Oglesby, and is to be forwarded to
him with a formal petition
for clemency. The guarded word
ing of the document is as
notable as its matter, particularly
as this is the first expression of the kind any
of the condemned Anarchists have made.
Parsons, it is understood, acquiesces in its
contents, and will address a separate letter
of his own to the Governor embodying the
same idea. Lingg, Engel and Fisher stead
fastly refused to go on record with any such
declaration. Following is the letter in full:
Chicago. Nov. 3 1887.
To Cfov. Riehard Oglesby, Springfield, 111-:
Sib—ln order that the truth may be kuown by
you and the public you represent, we desire to
state that we never advocated tlv \- - ~i lorve
except in case of self tefoitte. To accuse us of
bavin? .p. to overthrow the law anil gov
ernment on May 4,188 G, or at any other time, is
as false as it is absurd. Whatever we said or
did was said or done publicly. We have never
conspired or plotted to commit an unlawful
act. while we attacked the present social
arrangements in writing and in speech, and
exposed their iniquities, we have never con
sciously broken any laws. So far from having
planned the killing of anybody at the Haymar
ket or anywhere else, the very object of the
meeting was to protest against the commission
of murder. We believe ii our duty as friends of
labor and liberty to oppose any other use of
force than ia the necessary defense of sacred
rights against unlawful attacks. All our efforts
have been in the direction of ele
vating mankind and to remove as much
as possible the cause of crime in society.
Our labor was unselfish; no motives of per
sonal gain or ambition prompted us. Thou
sands and thousands will bear testimony to this.
We may have erred at times in our judgment
Yes, we have “loved ntftnkiud not wisely but too
well.” If. in the excitement of propagating
our views, we were led into expressions which
caused workingmen to think that aggressive
force was a proper instrument of reform, we
regret it. We deplore the loss of life at the
HaymarKet, as at McCormick's, at East St.
Louis and at the Chicago stock yards. Very
respectfully, A. Spies.
GOV. OGLESBY BESIEGED.
Springfield, 111., Nov. 5. —A small ar
my of newspaper correspondents besieged
the executive office to-day, and whenever
the Governor made his appearance he was
greeted with such a multitude of queries,
that he for the fii-st time adopted the inflex
ible policy of saying nothing. “I have re
solved” said he, “to say-nothing about the
matter. If I talked to tile press at all I
might say something unguardedly that I
did not mean, or I might be misunderstood
by you enterprising gentlemen. Hence with
fairness to all, I must refuse to reply to any
question regarding Anarchist matters-”
KIDNAPED BY OY3TERMEN.
Two Men Seized at Baltimore and
Kept Prisoners on a Sloop.
Washington, Nov. s.—Edward S. Cur
ran, who was at one time employed at the
New York Produce Exchange as a telegraph
operator, and John H. Scrivener, a young
friend of his from Atlanta, Ga., applied at
the station house here this evening
for lodging. They tell a pitiful story
of brutal outrage and inhuman treatment to
which they have been subjected on board
an oyster dredging sloop for a month past,
and from which they* have just escaped by
swimming ashore while the crew was too
drunk to interfere. They reached shore
at Hungo river and walked to this
city, where they arrived shoeless, hatless
and in rags. Ttie remarkable part of the
story- Is that they were kidnaped in Balti
more and put upon fche sloop, which was
manned by Capt. William F. Phillips, mate
L. A. Adams and others.
CHOPPED TO DEATH.
A Man Kills His Father-in-Law as the
Latter Was Attacking Him.
Chicago, Nov. 5.—A Chattanooga, Tenn.,
special to the Daily News says: “Isaac Ar
nold killed Tom Newsom at Gray’s Chapel,
four miles from Tullahoma, Tenn., last
night. Arnold was a son-in-law of New
som, and bad married the latter’s daughter
last May against her father's wishes. New
som went to a distillery and drank freely of
whisky. He then proceeded to Arnold's
house and began whipping Mrs. Arnold.
Her husband interfered and was dealt a
blow on the head w-itlx a poker in the hands
of Newsom. Arnold retreated to a wood
pile, seized an axe and dealt Newsom three
blows on the back, cutting his spinal column
in two and killing him almost instantly.
Arnold gave himself up, saying that he
acted only in self-defense.”
KILLED BY A TYPHOON.
Between 100 and 200 Lives Lost on
the Islands Off China.
San Francisco, Nov. .'>. — Mail advices
per the steamer City of New York, which
arrived last night from Hong Kong, state
that a typhoon which raged on the night of
Sept. 17, struck the island of Hoi Ling with
its full force. The total number of lives
sacrificed it is difficult to ascertain, but the
general opinion is that 100 or “Oil persons
were drowned. On the Islands at Chick
Lung, some ten miles distant from Ye Yung
Kong, thirty-two lives were lost, and three
passage boats sunk. The island of Hoi Ling
contains some 30,000 inhabitants.
Burned to Death.
Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 5.—A special
from Chattanooga, Tenn., to the American
says: “Miss Annie Headrick, great-grand
daughter of James W. Headrick !gte Chief
Justice of Tennessee, was burned to death
yesterday afternoon at Jonesboro, Tenn.
Her father was burning leaves olf a lot
near his house when her clothes caught fire
and were entirely burned from her body.
Bbe suffered excruciating pain for three
hours, when death relieved her of her ter
New Orleans’ Health.
New Orleans, Nov. 5.—A conference
meeting of the New Orleans Medical and
Surgical Association, anti the Orleans
Parish Medical Society took place here to
day-. The object of the meeting was to dis
cuss the causes of contagion and the spread
of diptheria in the city. The meeting in
dorsed the action of the Board of Health,
and advised that a law be passed prohibit
ing public funerals.
A Cracker Factory Burned.
Kansas City, Nov. s.—The Hughins
Cracker and Confectionary Company’s es
tablishment on St. Louis avenue, near the
i unction of Union avenue, was burned late
a t night. The loss is between #75,000 and
#IOOO,OOO. The property is well insured.
Refunding in France.
Paris, Nov. s.—Tho committee of the
Senate to which the rentes conversion bill
was referred has recommended that the
Senate adopt the bill. The debate on the
question wifi begin on Monday-.
The Pacific Railroad Commission.
Washington. Nov. s.—The Pacific Rail
road Commission saw the President to-day
and talked over their report with him. It
will be brief and to the point.
SAVANNAH, GA., SUNDAY, NOVEMBER (1, 1887.
EUROPE’S HOSTILE GIANT
THE OUTSPOKEN GRAND DUKE TO
DeGiers Apologizes to the German
Government for the Utterances Still
Some Doubt Whether Emperor Wil
liam and the Czar Will Meet—France
[Copirright 1887 by the to York Associated
Berlin, Nov. s. —The date of the Czar's
departure from Copenhagen is still in ob
scurity-. Nov. 17 and 20 are mentioned.
German uniforms have been sent to Copen
hagen, and a rumor is current in Berlin to
night that the t.jar and Emperor William
have arranged a meeting for Nov. 17. At
the same time there is a vague rumor that
the arrangements have been broken off.
Nothing definite can be learned, but
a meeting is counted upon on all
sides. A failure to meet now would be
looked upon as an extremely bad sign for
the relations of the two empires. In the
mean time Emperor William’s health is
making good progress, though tho doctors
state that great care is still necessary, and
that his recovery- depends largely upon the
weather. It is confidently expected, how
ever, that, he will be restored sufficiently to
meet the Czar.
Crown Prince Frederick William looked
extremely well ou arriving at San Remo.
He was in good spirits and jumped briskly
from the railway carriage and aided his
wife and daughters to alight. The irrita
bility- in his throat has almost entirely dis
Tlie coming session of the Reichstag w-ill
be neither so long nor so momentous as the
last one. Party relations are still as favor
able to tho government as when the army
bill was passed.
A RUSSIAN APOLOGY.
M. de Giers, the Russian Foreign Minis
ter, has sent official apologies to the author
ities at Berlin for the bellicose speech of the
Grand Duke Nicholas. It is riunored that
the Czar, on his return, will administer a
severe reprimand to the Grand Duke. This
would indicate that the Russian govern
ment is making a trial for a
more friendly attitude toward Ger
many, due possibly to the fact that
Germany, in conjunction with other pow
ers. has adopted a tolerant policy toward
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria, believing it
to be best for Europe that his position
should lie made secure, and that any at
tempt at violent interference in Bulgarian
affairs will be strongly resented by Prince
The Prussian budget will show a deficit of
40,000,000 marks. It is hoped to cover the
deficit by increased returns from the State
railways and a share of the Prussian brandy
tax from October, 1887, to April, 1888.
Count Von Munster, the German .Ambas
sador to France, who has just returned to
Paris, has informed M. Flourens, the French
Minister of Foreign Affairs, that he satis
fied himself while here of the ‘favorable
state of the relations between Germany and
France. It is believed that the German
government has instructed the frontier au
thorities to prevent a recurrence of re
The Deputies Discuss the Report of
the Caffarel Committee.
Paris, Nov. 5. —The report of the com
mittee appointed to inquire into the Caf
farel scandal was discussed in the Chamber
of Deputies to-day. Baudry D’Asson de
clared that it was not a demand for an in
quiry but for prosecution of M. Wilson,
which should be submitted to the Chamber,
abuses in connection with seals and stamps
l?ing punishable by from six months to
three years imprisonment. He asked M.
Rouvier, Prime Minister, to explain the
case of M. Wilson.
M. Rouvier said that all the documents
had been placed in the hands of the Minis
ter of Justice.
The discussion was general and ceased
amid great excitement.
M. Calfovru moved that the inquiry be
general and it extend back as far as May,
1877, so as to include the time of the advent
of the Deßroglie ministry.
grevy’s name dragged in.
M. Rouvier, answering M. de Ornano, de
nied that politicians had leveled the seand
ais against President Grevy-. [Applause
from the Centre and murmurs from the
Extreme heft.] Nobodv thought of accus
ing the Cabinet of interfering with the free
dom of judicial power. The magistracy
was above suspicion. He was not possessed
of tlie details regarding the sale of decora
tions. The other facts were unde
niable, but they did not prove
the necessity for an inquiry. [Com
motion.] The President's acts were
always indorsed by the ministers, therefore
the ministers were responsible for all such
matters. Interrogations could be ad
dressed to them about matters for which
they- were responsible, but questions beyond
the province of Parliament came within the
jurisdiction of the judicial power. On
these grounds he was opposed to an inquiry.
He admitted the justice of the feeling
which inspired the Chamber, but thought it
was better to let matters take their natural
A great uproar.
A great uproar followed the conclusion of
When order had been restored, Cal
fovru’s motion was carried by a vote of
204 to 357.
M. Jaliboisa explained that the Right,
though in favor of an inquiry, opposed Col
fovrus’ motion because they considered that
it was directed against the accusets rather
than against tho guilty. Ho moved to give
the commission the widest powers.
M. Calfovru spoke in opposition. The
motion was finally carried, by a vote of 315
to 84. The committee's report was then
adopted by a vote of 445 to 84.
The Relief Expedition Exhausted and
Traveling Very Slowly.
London, Nov. 5. Advices from St. Paul
d'Loanda state that news has been received
there from Henry M. Stanley- under date of
Sept. 8, to the effect that the expedition has
left the camp that he established about
eight days journey from tho Mabod! coun
try, and was advancing toward the western
shore of Albert Nyanzi. The men were
greatly fatigued ' and struggled with
difficulty over a distance of sev
eral kilometres. The most, important chiefs
of the country through which the expedi
tion had traveled readily complied with
Stanley’s request for food. IS tan ley baited
for four days to reorganise the expedition,
and than leaving thirty men to guard this
new camp, proceeded toward Albert Nyanzi.
Stanley boned to be able to communicate
with Emin Bey by Sept. 15.
Gould at Queenstown.
London, Nov. s.— Jay Gould and party
arrived at Queenstown to-day. They had a
stormy and rough voyage.
Mayor Hewitt Writes a Letter to Presi
New York, Nov. s. —Mayor Hewitt lias
become aroused by the aartval at this port
of steamships from the cholera-infected dis
tricts of Italy. He Ims stirred up the
Health Board about the matter, and now
has written a letter to Health Officer
Smith, who hAs charge of the quarantine
management of this port, and to President
Cleveland. The letter to the President is as
New York. Nnv 4 l ee
To the President:
Sir—t feel It : he my duly to rail your atten
to trie fact that there is considerable immi
gration from Italy, where cholera at present
prevails, to this country, ami that ships bring
ing emigrants are destined, as a rule, to the
port of New York. Already two ships iir.v- ar
rived upon which cases of cholera have beau
found to exist. The care of these passengers
and the resp risibility for the ships is
committed by law to the Quarantine Com
mission, who are not under the jurisdiction
of the United States or of the city of New York.
They are State officer 4. There Is a feeling in
tbe community t bat greater care and eiiieienoy
are necessary in order to protect this city, and
the eonntry :lt large, from the consequences of
the landing of passengers who may have germs
of the disease which may be developed at a
later date. Under the eireumslances
it has been suggested that further immigra
tion at this time from Italy should Vie
prohibited. lam perfectly well aware that no
such power exists, and even if it should he con
ferred by Congress, its exercise would he an ex
treme measure, but it lias occurred to me that
friendly representation made to the lialian gov
ernment. might secure greater precaution in the
clearance of vessels from cholera regions, until
the disease has disappeared therefrom. The ob
ject of this letter i- to commend the matter to
your attention, in the hope that it may lead to
Such official action as it may Is- in your power to
take for the protection of the country from the
dangers and disasters of an invasion of cholera.
Abram S. Hewitt, Mayor.
In his letter to Health Officer Smith,
Mayor Hewitt calls Mr. Smith’s attention to
the criticisms made by the Committee
of the College of Physicians, of Philadel
phia. on the management and arrangements
of the quarantine station here, and suggests
that the defects lie remedies. The Mayor
savs that if lnek of money stands in the
wav of making the needed changes and im
provements, lie will undertake, by an ap
peal to his fellow citizens, to raise any
reasonable sum by voluntary contributions
for the purpose of protecting the city from
the dangers of an invasion by cholera.
WAR NOT IMMINENT.
Chief Buahyhead and the Citizens
Make a Protest.
St. Louis, Nov. 5. —The following mes
sage explains itself:
Tahi.eoi ah, Hhkrokee Nation. I TANARUS., I
Nov. 5. 1. |
To the Editor of the filohe Democrat. St. Louis:
The dispatch 'published that war was immi
nent here, and "that half of the inhabitants of
Tniilequah hail left tlieir homes in consequence,
is a falsehood. Peace reigus and is expected to
continue. Such false reports are designed to
injure the nation and place. We therefore, in
behalf of our town and county, sign our names
in emphatic contradiction, and sk you to pub
lish this mcasage.
Henry W. Bushyhead
Henry Chambers, Treasurer.
CLC. Life. Clerk National Council.
Jr. P. Bocdonot, Secretary,
w. P. Adair.
R P. Ross.
Thomas J. Adair,
John L. Adair,
R. L. FRENCH,
Committee on Behalf of Citizens of Tahlequab.
MORMON CHURCH PROPERTY.
The Supreme Court Decides to Ap
point a Receiver.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. s.—The
Supreme Court to-night by a unanimous
decision decided to appoint a receiver for
the Mormon church property in excess of
the limit fixed by Congress in 1802, Judge
y.ane writing the decision. A review is
made of the Territorial act incorporating
the church and the power of Congress to
annual it is affirmed. The court concluded;
“It sufficiently appears tltat the corporation
has In its possession retil property in value
exceeding $50,000, tho limit fixed by the art
of 1862, and that a portion of it is
not building or grounds appurtenant
thereto, held for the purpose of worship of
Cod, or parsonages connected therewith, or
burial grounds, and that title to a large por
tion of some property was acquired subse
quent to the time the act of 1*62 took effect .”
GIFTS TO THE CARDINAL.
Citizens of New Orleans Show Their
Loyalty to the Church.
New Orleans, Nov. 6.—A public recep
tion was given to Cardinal Gibbons to-night
at Grunewall Hail by citizens of New Or
leans. It was attended by about 6,0ti0 per
sons, among whom were many Protestants
and Hebrews. At the conclusion of
tlie reception the Cardinal was presented,
by a eommitteo of Catholic gentlemen,
of which Thomas Grapier was chairman,
with a magnificent pectoral cross, gold
chain and splendid ring, all set with emer
alds and diamonds The presentation speech
was made by Hon. Thomas J. He mines and
was briefly responded to by Cardinal Gib
MOLTEN STEEL EXPLODES.
A Score of Men Reported Severely
Scalded at Springfield.
Sprtnokield, 111., Nov. 5.—A terrific
explosion of molten steel occurred early this
morning at tile works of the Springfield
Iron Company, a few miles north of this
city. The ei.tire city was shaken by the
force of the concussion, and windows were
rattled as though by an earthquake. Four
tons of liquid metal were allowed to flow
through some mishap Into a wet receptacle
and the frightful explosion ensued.
It is reported that twenty men were
burned. The officers in charge are reticent
and desire the matter suppressed, but it is
learned that three men were severely
scalded. _ _
Double Murder and Suicide.
Ckntrbvillk, Tens’., Nov. 5. John K.
Alexander, a respectable and well-to-do
farmer living in the western part of this
county, yesterday morning shot Jackson
Blackwell and his sou with a rifle
and then killed himself. All wore
neighbors. Neither of tho Blackwells
is expected to live. 111-feeling has existed
some time between the parties. Blackwell
was hauling com out of uis field and had to
pass Alexander’s corn crib where Alexander
had secreted himself.
Ruger and the Renegades.
Washington, Nov. 5. —Secretary Lamar
to-day received the following telegram from
Indian Inspector Armstrong, dated Crow
Agency, Mont., Nov. fi: “Gen. Roger and
troops are here. The Indians are camped
below the agency. A demand has been
1 made for the surrender of the Indians en
gaged in the trouble of Sept. 80. If resist
ance is made the Indians must take tbe con
sequences. When arrested they should be
A SPEECH BY CARLISLE.
ATLANTA’S TARIFF REFORMERS
WANT HIM TO COME THERE.
Georgia Congressmen Express Them
selves as Heartily in Accord With the
Movement--The New Military Ad
visory Board—The State Board of
Pharmaceutical Examinors Just Ap
Atlanta, G\ . Nov. an d demou
rtraiiuii was made here to-day in the
interest and furtherance of tariff reform
by an invitation to Mr. Carlisle, pro
posed at a public meeting, to visit Atlanta
and make a tariff address. Among the
prominent mon present were: Gov. Gordon,
Hr. H. V. M. Miller, Congressman Stewart,
Senator Colquitt, Milton A. Candler, Pope
Barrow, })r. Spalding, J. H. Porter, J. J.
Spalding, Hoke Smith, H. H. Cabauiss, L.
C. Rosser, W. H. Rhett, Burton Smith and
Col. John H. Martin. Mr. Miller was called
to the chair. The following letters were
Macon, Ga.. Nov. 2, 1887.
Mr. Hoke Smith. AfUmta:
Hear Sir— Your letter of October 31st, ult.,
reached me this morning. The purpose indtoa
ted therein of inviting Mr. Carlisle to address
the people of Atlanta upon the subject of tariff
reform gives ike very great pleasure. He is in
my judgment ijie most able advocate in the
United States.tel am sure his strong logic, and
easy, graceful presentation of thought will ena
Ide him to meet the highest expectations of the
most intelligent audience. Business engage
ments will prevent my being in Atlanta next
Saturday. This consideration I would ignore,
however, were the matter not in the bands of
such gentlemen as yourself arid those associated
with you. Yours very truly,
James 11. Blount.
FROM MR. TURNER.
Quitman, Nov. 3, 1887.
Hoke Smith, Esq.. Atlanta, da.:
Bear Sir 1 have your letter of Nov. Ist. T
concur heartily in the propriety of tlie proposed
invitation to Mr. Carlisle He is most admirably
equipped for the discussion of our tariff system
nnd is withal one of the most accomplished
statesmen in the public service. I think the
people of our section ought to know him better.
But I regret that I cannot possibly attend the
meeting on Saturday of those who intend to
consider the matter. With kind regards, 1 am
very truly yours. H. G. Turner.
MR. CARLTON S APPROVAL.
Athens, Ga., Nov. 4,1887.
Hon. Hoke Smith. Atlanta, (ia.:
My Bear Sir —Yours of Oct. 31 is just to hand.
1 am very sorry indeed that previous business
engagements will keep me from your meeting
of to-morrow. Most heartily do I approve your
movement to induce Mr. Carlisle to visit Atlanta,
that he may address the people of Georgia on
the tariff question. Not only do the im
mediate friends of Mr. Carlisle approve
of your movement, lint unquestionably the
popular sentiment of Georgia will lie with
you. For myself rod the people of this section
of tiie State I desire to unite most cordially and
earnestly with you and your meeting of to-mor
row in extending to .Mr. Carlisle a most pressing
and urgent appal I o come to Atlanta, where he
will surely meet, a larger percentage of our
people, and to present them with his views of
the tariff, and with which views I am convinced
our people in an overwhelming manner earn
estly concur. Bhouid Mr. Carlisle accept your
invitation ) will try and lie wi'h you on the
happy occasion. Yours, most truly,
H. If. Carlton.
Gov. Gordon moved that Mr. Carlisle bo
formally invited to come to Atlanta and
deliver an address on the tariff, and a com
mittee of fifteen was appointed to communi
cate the invitation to Mr. Carlisle. Consid
erable enthusiasm was manifested at the
meeting. It is believed that Mr. Carlisle
will accept, and indicate au early date for
THE “CHRISTIAN index."
It was stated some days ago that Dr. 11.
H. Tucker had resigned the editorship of
the Christian Inde.r for business reasons.
It vvas a limited resignation caused by Mr.
Tucker’s recent article criticising the Sun
day prohibition meeting, held in tlie Opera
House by Atlanta ministers, but this was
denied at the time. Mr. Tucker published
a card this afternoon, in which he says:
I did not resign nor do I feel as much re
signed as perhaps I ought. The severance of
my connection with the paper was not my seek
ing. It was wholly unexpected. Not the least
bint vvas ever given mo that such event would
ot ei#* and not tlie least dissatisfaction w ar, ever
expressed with my editorial services 1 greatly
regret the event and have borne few of my dis
appointments with less resignation.
THE MILITARY ADVISORY BOARD.
The Governor to-day appointed the fol
lowing as the new Military Advisory Board,
to take effect Nov. 13, when the present
board will retire: Col. George A. Mercer,
First Volunteer regiment; Lieut. Col. Wil
liam Garrard, Third Georgia battalion;
Lieut. Col. J. J. Ball, Sixth Georgia bat
talion ; Mn j. N. M. Hoagkiss, Second Geor
gia battalion; Capt, W. W. Caines, of the
Macon Volunteers; Capt. John C. Hart, of
tho Green Rifles: Col. John MiUedge, of
the Governor’s Horse Guard; Lieut. Col.
W. Daniel, of the Governor’s staff; Quarter
master General Olmstoad, and Adjt. Gen.
Kell, ex-officio President, complete the
The Governor has designated the follow
ing as the State Board of Pharmaceutical
Examiners: S. C. Durham, of Augusta;
Tlieo. Schuman, of Atlanta; Osceola But
ler, of Savannah; H. R. Slack, Jr., of
LnGrange; J. W. Goodwin of Macon.
The following railroads paid taxes into
the Treasury to-day: Macon and Coving
ton, #800: Amerieus, Preston and Lumpkin,
The following Supreme Court decisions
were handed down to-day:
Bostic vs* Palmer & Deppish; from Wash
National Exchange Bank of Augusta vs.
W. E. Walker; from Richmond. Reversed.
The Governor states that lie will render
his decision in the convict lease case Mon
day morning. It Is not thought that he will
disturb the lease.
A Hanging at Union Springe-Arrest
of a Murderer.
Columbus, Ga., Nov. s.—Henry Robin
son (colored) was hanged at Union Springs,
Ala., yesterday for the murder of Adam
Alexander Haynes, of Greevvillo, Ga., who
was accidentally shot yesterday, had his
right arm amputated to-day and is now
Deputy Sheriff Bishop, of Russell county,
Alabama, to-day arrested Bragg Osborne
(colored) and William Kelly, a white man,
charged with the murder of Nathan Davis,
near Seale, a few days ago. Osborne was
first arrested. He confessed the killing and
The cose of the three negroes Harry
Wright, Paul Brannon and Dan Edmunds,
charged with an attempt to wreck a train
on the Mobile and Girard railroad, was
railed iu court at Seale today, and was set
for trial on Nov. 15.
Flames at Thomasvllle.
Thomasville, Ga., Nov. 6.—The dwell
ing house of Frank Cochran, on Warren
street, was totally destroyed by fire about
3 o’clock this morning. The insurance is
Dublin, Nov. s.— The Tullamore prison
authorities have ordered that William
O’Brien shall wear the uniform prescribed
by the regulations for convict*.
The Sale of the F. R. & N. Company’S
Jacksonville, Fla., Nov. s. —The sale
of the Florida Railway and Navigation sys
tem of roads, which was ordered to take
place Monday, Nov. 7, 1887, by a decree
from the United States Court, has been post
poned by Special Master Darke- Until the
first Monday i" F in miry, Ipso.
United States Marshal Bird returned here
to-dav from a trip to West Florida, in Cal
houn and Liberty counties. While there he
arrested the postmasters of WaysviHe, West,
Wynton, Blountstown, Bristol and other
places and arraigned them before L. I*.
Ball, United States Commissioner at Talla
hassee. The warrants charged that they—
Did on or about Aug. 30. 1896, and at various
other times in the years 1885, 1886, sell or dis
pose of to various persons, postage stamps,
stamped envelopes, etc., for the purpose of the
payment of debts and in the purchase of mer
chandise and other valuable articles, and con
trary to law. ■
lent returns to the Audiotr for the purpose of
fraudulently increasing the compensations of
They are all prominent men in their sec
tion, and gave bail for their appearance at
the next term <>f the United States Court at
Tallahassee. They are all merchants, and
it seems that they bought goods and paid
for them in stamps, etc., thereby increasing
their salaries greatly.
The Florida Railway and Navigation
Company’s ticket office here has on exhibi
tion a section of what, was probably the
largest orange tree in the State. The tree
was located in Starke, and was a prolific
bearer. In 1885 it was killed. The section
of the butt hero is squared off, aud meas
ures across the face the longer way 40
inches, and 80 inches the shorter.
L. Bucki & Sons, a lumber firm, on the
Florida Railway and Navigation Company’s
road, lias just placed a contract with Blaine
Bros., of (iroen Cove Springs, for twenty
live new oars.
Freight Agent Barker, of tlio Jaekson
ville,•Tampa and Key West railway, reports
freight business as increasing, and says
extra trains are being put on to accommo
date the business.
President Coleman, of the Jacksonville,
Tampa and Key West railway, has his pri
vate car at. the Way cross depot. It is said
by railroad men to be the finest private car
that comes here.
Staudan 1 time is gaining ground hero. The
horse cars are now run by it, and its op
ponents are growing beautifully fewer all
No Frost to Do Anv Damage Oranges
in Good Condition.
Starke, Fla., Nov. s. —There have been
no frost at Starke sufficient to damage any
thing as yet. Many citizens are eating snap
beans, tomatoes, etc.
Cotton is coming in now lively. One
merchant shipped yesterday to W. W. Gor
don, of Savannah, fifty-two bales soa island.
I The orange crop of Bradford county is
the largest ever known, aud will average
bl ighter than at first supposed.
A gentleman of Starke paid 13,500 for a
gmve of 450 trees about six years ago, and
has sold the crop at, SI,OOO for the last three
years. Yet he does not expend over S3OO
yearly for cultivation, fertilizing, etc.,
making a profit of SBOO on eight acres in
Oi .inge trees.
There is an attendance at the two public
schools of this place of 300 pupils. In addi
tion, there is a colored school numbering
The city fathers have passed an ordinance
establishing a general market, and rented a
large brick building for the purpose.
Real estate men are selling property
almost daily, %nd many new families are
coining in, as are also invalids for the
The oldest firm in the county, Richard &
Pace, have sold out their entire business to
Truby, Sternburg & Cos., general dealers.
There wifi lie more syrun and sugar made
in this county this year than ever before,
and both will be excellent in auality, owing
to the extremely dry fall. There has been
no rain to thoroughly wet the ground for
over two months.
Death of a Pea Captain- A Thief Shot
While Trying to Escape.
Pensacola. Fla., Nov. s.— Capt. A. P.
Grand, of Rockland, Me., died here this
morning. Capt. Grand was master of the
American schooner Sarah I’. Bird, which
was wrecked during the late storm near
A special to the Commercial from Bald
win county, Alabama, dated Nov. 4, near
Ray Ferry, on the river, says: “A man by
the name of James McDonald, who was ac
cused of being concerned in th late rob
bery committed in this vicinity, was shot
and instantly killed while attempting to
escape from a deputy sheriff’s posse yester
day. The people are much excited and
intend to get rid of the thieves.”
Excursion rates have been put on here at
the old fare for the round trio to the Ship
ping League Convention which convenes at
Birmingham, Ala., Nov. 10.
Tampa. Fla., Nov. s.— John Cookson,
aged fi4. is the only new fevr patient to
day. There have been four deaths, Miss
Mari Cuscaden, D. D. Anderson, Mr*. J. 8.
Pence and J. H. Salvage. The latter lived
six miles in country. Previous to his illness
and during the epidemic he was an occas
ional visitor to Tampa. Three of the sick
are in critical condition. There are fourteen
patients in the hospital. The city authorities
still have a largo force cleaning up the
Punta Gorda’a Deep Water.
Palatka, Fla., Nov. s.— The steamer
Hutchinson sailed up to the wharves of the
Florida Southern railroad at Punta Gorda
on Charlotte Harbor to-day, demonstrating
that vessels drawing twelve feet can sail up
to these wharves at extreme low tide.
Punta Gorda is ninety miles nearer Cuba
than Tampa is.
A Sheriff Convicted of Murder.
Galveston, Tex., Nov. s.—Sheriff
Thum, of Medina county, who has t>een on
trial at Boone, Kendall county, the past
week for the murder of J. W. Hildebrand,
was found guilty to day and sentenced to
twenty-five years imprisonment in the pen
End of Charleston’s Carnival.
Charleston, S. C., Nov. 5. —The Charles
ton Carnival came to a close to-night.
Many visitor* will remain over till Monday.
The feature of the day was the base ball
game ef St. Ixiuls and Chicago, which re
sulted: St. Louis, 6; Chicago, 5. The same
clubs play to-morrow. To-mgbt the city is
brilliantly illuminated. The streets are
thronged with people.
Illinois Miners Compromise.
Bt. Louis, Nov. s— Tho trouble between
the coal miners of Southern Illinois and the
mine operators has been satisfactorily set
tled by a compromise, the latter agreeing to
pay the miners a little over one-half of the
advance demanded by the former.
( PRICEA YEAR (
( a CENTS A COPY, f
A SHORT CROP OF COTTON
THE OUTCOME OF THE SEASON IS
Drought and Worms Each Play a Par*
In Bringing Abou*- ♦ Result—Th
'n Georgia Declared Spotted-
Figures Which Show the Average by
New Orleans, Nov. s. —The crop report
of tho Colton World published to-day is as
follows: The outcome of the season is dis
appointing in comparison with September
expectations, and a crop even smaller than
that of last season is reported in the
returns. In Arkansas, Texas and Tennes
see drought cut short the yield greatly. The
contrast in many portions of the first
named State is greater by reason of tha
good yield of last season. In Texas tha
crops war* spotted. Contrasted with thesa
the Atlantic seaboard States fared better,
and while not reaching expectation* of tha
late summer, will get more cotton than in
The Georgia crop is very much spotted,
and a careful review by counties does not
justify some of the general opinions of the
product of the State received from mer
chants at large centres. On the other hand,
the Carolinas will come up to the lata
general estimates, or exceed them. Alabama
has not turned out anything like what was
very recently estimated, a larger yield in
some sections being more than offset by the
decrease in others. In tho Lower Mississippi
valley the yield, while so much below the
primuses of the early fruiting season, is yet
above last season, but the gain has been all
THE PICKING SEASON.
The picking season lias proved very fa
vorable on the w hole, and the crop has been
gathered unusually early. Nearly all over
the belt from two-thirds to seven-eighths of
the crop was reported as picked at the date
of our replies. As foreshadowed, however, in
our last report, the top crop lias proved a
failure nearly every where, and little was
made in October. Worms cut short the
prospects in many sections, adding to the
damage by drought. Light frosts in all the
Htates, and killing frosts over a very con
siderable part of the belt have been reported
during the past, month.
ESTIMATES BY STATES.
Below we give our estimate of produo
Acreage Yield per Produe-
Cotton Acre 100s tlon
Planted, of a Bale. Bales.
Virginia,Mo., etc. 115,700 81 35,807
North Carolina t,045,800 37U 800,308
South Carolina . 1,560,400 S6W 563,64.5
Georgia 2,960,000 30 15 890,000
Florida 247.900 25 61.6*10
Alabama 2,765,800 SOM 808,997
Tennessee 832,600 31*0 263.656
Mississippi 2.358,800 39 919 932
Arkansas 1,825,700 88M 613.708
Louisiana 1,085,300 4M,* 464,802
Texas. 3,774,800 34 % 1,811,743
Totals. 17,991,501)1 34 8 5 6,885,358
STRIKE OF THE SUJAR HANDS.
Four Whites Reported Shot *by Some
of the Disaffected Men.
New Orleans, Nov. 5. —Reliable infor
mation was received here to-day that four
white men wore shot by strikers last night
while attending cane carriers near Berwick.
The Sheriff, on receipt of the information,
summoned a posse of about forty men from
the vicinity and left for the scene of the
shooting, iiiere-aing the posse along tb
route to aliout _,ght.y substantial citizens.
Capt. Cade’s company passed down to
Berivicr on a train at noon. Rumor* are
current that the laborers at. Irish Bend wiil
Advices from the upper part of the parish
and Bayou Cyprsinort, are that all is quiet
and that the laborers are all at work.
A dispatch from New Iberia to tha Pica
yune says: “Tnis evening a report was cur
rent here that several mn had been kil ed
at Pattersonville, and some color is given to
tho rumor by the fact that Capt. Pharr has
received orders from Gen. Parkerson to
move with artillery and all available men
at once to Houma, The Ranger*, under
command of Capt. Cade, left here by train
for Pattersonville this morning in com
pliance with orders. Capt. Cade this even
ing telegraphs from Pattersonville as fol
lows: ‘Six prisoners were apprehended at
Pattersonville to-day by the po-se of the
Sheriff from St. Mary's parish, and in at
tempting to escape, five of the six were
A special from]Pattorsonville to the Time a-
Democrat gives'the following, which differs
materially from previous accounts: “An
encounter took place to-day be
tween the Sheriffs posse, command
ed by Hon. Daniel Csffrny, and the
Attakapas Rangers, commanded by
Capt. Cade, on one side and a arowd of ne
gro strikers. Several of the striker* were
apprehended, and the others were or
dered to disiiersc, but instead of obey
ing they showed a disposition to
resist. "An engagement ensued
in which several of tlio negroes were killed.
Everything is now quiet, and the indica
tions point to no recurrence of the after
noon’s work. The military companies are
quartered on the steamer E. W. Cole, sub*
j'-ctto the orders of the BberifT and ready
to move at a moment’s notioe.”
BPURTS OF SPEED.
How the Events of the Fifth Day at Ivy
Washington, Nov. s.— This was the fifth
extra day of the National Jockey Club
races. The events were as follows:
First Race— For beaten horses: mile. Telia
Don won. with Barnum second and Bess third.
Second Rack -Also for beaten horses: mils
and a furlong Dunboyne and Lsllex only
started. Dunboyne won. Time 1:51%.
Third Race— Handicap sweepstakes for
tbree-year-olds and upward; six furlongs.
Patrooles won, with Joe Cotton second and
Orvid third. Time 1:16.
Fourth Race- Handicap sweepstakes; on#
mile and a sixteenth. Telle Doe won, with
Olenmound second and Banner Bearer third.
Firru Race—Selling race for horses beaten
in selling races at this meeting: six furlongs
Valiant won, with Bronzonearte second and
Frankie B. third. Time 1:161a,.
Origin of Some English Word*.
I'Yoni the Boston Journal of Education.
Mercy and commerce are from the same
root. Attach and attack are et vmologically
identical. Valet used to be written vaslet,
fram vassel, vassaliet. Pontifex probably
meant originally a pathmalcer. Skeptic
originally implied merely an observer,
thence an inquirer, doubter, unbeliever.
Idea, that which is seen; idol, a little image,
a little statue, a little “that which is seen.’’
Wiseacre, old Dutch wiss-segger, soothsayer,
German weissager, wisesayar, welsaagen.
wizagon. Pabulum is from the Aryan root
paTthrougU the Latin, and food is from the
same root through the Teutonic language.
Pasture and fodder are from the same rooi
through the two channels.