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< ESTABLISHED I*M>. i
j J. H. EfeTULL, Editor aud Proprietor. )
ONLY FOB Til HANG.
The Governor Saves Fieldeu I
LINGO KILLS HIMSELF.
A Fulminating: Cap Fut in His Mouth
and Touched Off with a Candle—His
Head Horribly Mutilated by the Ex
plosion The Greatest Excitement
Throughout the Country—The Last
Chicago, Nov. lo.—Lingg, one of the
seven condemned Anarchists in the Chicago
jail, killed himself early this morning,
lie ended his life by means of a
fuhttinating cap. He had the cap in his
mouth and lit it with a candle which was
burning in his cell. The explosion was the
Hist warning that the jail people had, a
guard seeing him with the candle in his
hand supposing that he was lighting a cigar.
From the effects of the explosion half his
head was torn away.
How he secured the weapon with which the
deed was committed is a mystery, as his
cell.and clothing was again thoroughly
searched yesterday, ami to all appearances
the guards that sit in front of his cell have
watched him evefy minute. Lingg has al
ways been regarded as the most desperate
Anarchist of the lot. It was he who manu
factured the bombs for the Haymarket riot,
and in whose cell bombs were found last
Immediately after the explosion Deputy
O'Neill rushed into Lingg’s cell, which was
completely enveloped in smoke. There he
found tho young Anarchist lying on his
back with great holes in his head, from
which the blood was rushing iu torrents.
He was at once carried into the jail office
and placed on a table. He was still breath
ing faintly, and while Dr. Gray was exam
ining hint lie coughed slightly, and blood
poured forth again from his terrible wounds
and from his mouth and nose. The physi
cian saw that the man could only live a few
IT WAS DYNAMITE.
After a while Jailor Folz made an exami
nation of the cell. On the floor he found the
shell of the fulminating cap. The Sheriff
said there had undoubtedly been dynamite
in it. The supposition that the man put the
shell in his mouth and deliberately applied
the candle flame, is undoubtedly correct.
The explosion was terrific. It startled the
officials, who thought it was a bomb, the
noise was so great. The shell was so small
as to ha ve allowed the smuggling of it into
the jail without trouble. At 10:15 o’clock
T)r. Gray made a further examination and
found that the tissues of the throat, nock
and the front of the jaw, had been torn
away. He administered stimulants, but
t hey failed to rouse the man.
It is generally believed that there is a
traitor among the death watch who gave
I.ingg the dynamite and cap. This is the
t.heorv at the Sheriff's office.
A GHASTLY SCENE.
The scene in the cell after the explosion
was ghastly. Teeth, bits of jawbone, shreds
of flesh anil blood were scattered all over
the narrow compartment.. A little trail of
blood marked the '.vav over the stone flag
ging to the room where Lingg was carried.
Within fifteen minutes after the explosion
Fischer, Parsons and Engel were taken from
their cells and searched in the jailer’s private
office. All their clothing was taken from
them and new suits made by the Sheriff’s
orders were given them. Sheriff Matson
says Lingg was stripped and carefully
searched yesterday and the day before.
At. I o'clock this afternoon Lingg’s condi
t ion was ip .. nnged. He was still conscious
and presented a most horrible sight, with
the lower part of his jaw completely torn
off and his thick auburn hair still matted
with blood. His cheeks were torn out and
hung down in jagged pieces on his neck.
His teeth were knocked out, gums torn
away and but. a small stump of tongue ap
peared protruding from the mangled throat.
In the upper part of the throat, immedi
ately under the lower part of the jawbone,
a terrible gap had been torn out from the
Turnkey O’Neill discovered the little agent
which had served Lingg to accomplish his
terrible work. It was a small fulminating
■ ap, a little over an inch long. It had been
filled with fulminate of mercury, and the
small fuse which is usually attached to these
instruments of death had been touched off
by l.ingg at, the time the reporter thought
jin was lighting a cigar. When Lingg com
mitted the deed he was lying on his cot.
After the affair, when his cell
was searched, another candle was found.
At the top of it, barely concealed by the
ends of the wick, a second fulminating cap
was found, so it is supposed that Lingg’s
attempted suicide was committed with one
similarly hidden. The candles were fur
nished Viy the jail,so that the cap must have
boon put in by Lingg himself.
All day yesterday it was thought that
Lingg acted differently from usual. Tues
day night he gave out, his “farewell ad
dress," which was written for the Alarm,
I'arsons’ old paper. In it he recited ut
length his grievances, and closed as follows:
Now with a last, and earnest farewell to all
friends and comrades, end with final wishes for
I heir prosperity, ] close, in view of the cer
tainty tuut I sb.-ill never have :i chance of Boeing
you again, my beloved comrades w ith an ear
nest and hearty wish for your future success
in life. Your comrade, Doth Dir Anarchie.
Yesterday, when one of the guards told
him that the papers had published his letter
to D. D. Luw, a young lionib manufacturer,
he expressed a desire to “read it in English.”
Jailer Folz consented, land Lingg slowly
plodded through the translation. Engle
hart. speaks German, and when appealed to
gave Lingg the meaning of the English
words in German.
READ A STARTLING LINE.
The doomed man said the letter was an
exact translation of the original.- Turning
to another page of the paper his eve caught,
the line, “Lingg will surely hang.” Calling
Englehart, he asked: “What is the meaning
of this word s-h-u-r-e-l-y in German*” Kn
glehart, told him, and Lingg laughingly ob
served: “So, so- I will g-n-u-r-e-l-y hang.”
His manner was such that Englehart joined
in the laugh. “Say." the blonde-haired
young Anarchist called to a reporter, “did
you see my maenschen (maiden)He was
told that Eda Mueller liad not been seen.
His next, qurry was: “Has my schatz
(sweetheart) gone to Springfield;’’
This question was answered in the affirma
tive. He seemed pleased, and remarked
that if he could have seen her he would
have told tier to stay at home.
O'Neill, one of the two guards who re
mained on duty before Liugg’s cell through
out the day, declared that Lingg was the
coolest man in the Cook county jail. He
was very pale, but his appetite was good,
and he slept well.
HOW THE OTHER ANARCHISTS TOOK IT.
The explosion created a decided sensation
in the jail. All tho prisoners, over 200,
heard the report. Jailer Folz was the one
who carried the news to the other
Anarchists. The jailer approached Parsons’
cell, “Lingg has killed lumself,” said Mr.
Folz. “Great God is that so?” exclaimed
“Yes, its a fact,” was the reply.
“Well, my God,” exclaimed Parsons, “I
wish I had some dynamite, 1 would kill
myself only too quick.”
August .Spies WBS then informed of the
tragedy. “I expected nothing else,” said
Spies quietly. “Ever since the finding of
the Itombs iii his cell last Sunday I was
satisfied that if it was possible he would
make awaj r with himself. For my own
and my comrades salces I am glad he is out
of the way.” According to Jailor Folz all
the remaining Anarchists are completely
broken down. They look on the suicide of
Lingg as placing him in the category of
extreme Anarchists, which places they do
not wish to occupy themsalves.
Schwab became deeply depressed. He
walked up and down his cell with his head
on his breast. Engel and Fischer refused
to talk to their keeper, but were evidently
almost overwhelmed by the tragedy.
While it is generally thought arountl the
jail now’ that Lingg had all along deter
mined on ending ills own life in some tragic
manner, it is also believed that for some
reason or other lie committed the act sooner
than he first intended. Tuesday when Capt.
Black was leaving the jail on his way to
Springfield. Lingg called him to the grating
opposite his eel , and in broken English,
asked him to see tiiat he hod some clean
linen sent him, and he was also very par
ticular that it should be arranged that the
messenger who brought him his clean
clothes should take away his soiled things.
“All right, I’ll attend to it,” Said Capt.
Black, “What shall I do for you at Spring
Lingg shook his head and said: “Do not
forget the clothes.”
LIKE FRIGHTENED BEASTS.
When the explosion occurred ail the An
archist prisoners were on their feet in an in
stant, and every one of them looked stupid
and frightened.* Jailer Folz at once gave
orders to have every one of tho other cells
searched, and Parsons’ was the first one a
descent was made upon The deputies en
tered his cell, took him by the wrists and
shoulders and led hiui to Jailer Folz's
private office. There he was de
tained until his cell was searched, and
nothing was found. The ex-editor of tho
Alarm shivered with excitement, fear and
curiosity. His face was white, and his eyes
looked ready to start from their sockets.
He was in his shirt and trousers, and a wide
felt hat shaded his face. It is believed by
some of the reporters that something was
found on Parsons, although the jail officials
deny this. Parsons was given anew
suit of clothes to put. on and was taken
to another cell, where he now is, with
two deputies standing guard over him.
One of them stands back of the cell and the
other at the door. The other men and their
cells were also searched, but nothing was
found. When Engel was being searched
he completely broke down and cried like a
LINGG HID IT IN HIS HAIR.
.Tailer Folz was asked this evening to ex
plain the way in which l.ingg had kept his
dynamite from the eyes of the keepers. He
said: “You know that Lingg had a very
bushy head of hair. It is not without
the bounds of possibility that he placed the
cap in his locks and kept it there
while we searched him last Sunday. At
that time he was stripped completely. My
deputies searched all his clothing and could
find nothing of a suspicious character.”
Jailer Folz thus explains the manner in
which Lingg took his life: He said: “Lingg
in some way became possessed of a dyna
mite cap. This cap is between one and one
and one-half inches long. It is made of
copper, and the outer end is plugged up with
a, piece of load. The copper for at least
half an inch was filled with dynamite, then
a small portion is filled with fulminating
powder. Into this powder runs a fuse made
of braided cloth. In my opinion Lingg,
while lying in bed reached out his hand,
took from his table the lighted candle, then
placed the explosive in his mouth with the
fuse outward, this he placed to the candle
and his mortal wound followed. As soon
as the surgeon arrived he ordered Lingg
taken to another room. The one selected
was the bath room of the jail. The dying
man was carried to this apart ment and
placed on a hastily improvised table.
WORK OF THE DOCTORS.
By this time three other physicians had
arrived One dressed the torn flesh, and
another gave attention to the tongue of the
mortally wounded man. A portion of the
tongue was left, and was attached to the
palate. This fell back into the throat, stop
ping l.inggs breathing. The physicians
pulled this back, and a string was attached,
which was held by a deputy', thus allowing
respiration. While this was going on an
other surgeon operated a. deodorizer. An
other had a syringe in his hands, and fre
quently injected portions of brandy and
again doses of salt. Morphine injections
were also given, but Lingg died at 2:50
o’clock this afternoon.
IN KEEPING WITH HIM LIFE.
Lingg’s net to-day was in keeping with
his past life. In 18*8 he was forced to leave
his native town in Germany. After a good
deal of wandering about Germany he tinaily
landed in Switzerland, There he continued
to light the “blue,” as the social Democrats
are called by the red followers of
Herr Most. It was then that the
Sozial JJemokrat, the official organ of
the German Socialists, published a notice
declaring Lingg to lie an informer and spy
of the German government. In 1885 ho
came to America. In New York he stayed
onlya few days, and then proceeded farther
West to Ch icago. Here lie joined the North
Side group of Internationals', and soon
became a manufacturer of bombs, one
of which was used at the Haymarket.
TRIED TO KILL AN OFFICER.
When two policemen went, to arrest him
the next dRy one of them entered his room
while the other strived outside the house.
The latter scs>n heard shouts for help, and,
running into Lingg> room, found that the
Anarchist had thrown his partner on the
floor, and was only prevented from shooting
him by the policeman, who hail a
grip on the revolver, which Lingg was en
deavoring to use. The second officer
after a desperate struggle succeeded in
placing handcuffs on liis wrists. Placing a
pistol to his head, the policeman ordered him
to come on, but Lingg refused to move, and
said: “Shoot me, shoot me.”
"It’s a pity I didn't accommodate him,”
said the officer, who was at the jail this
morning, as he stood looking at Liimg, “it
might have saved ail this trouble.”
NO WRIT FOR PARSONS.
Attorney Solomon appeaiVl before Judge
TiiUey at 3 o’clock this afternoon and made
his application for a writ of habea. corpus
in behalf of A. R. Parsons. After a long
argument the writ was refused.
SAVANNAH, GA., FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 11. 1887.
Capt. Black returned from Springfield
this morning greatly encouraged. He was
confident that tho sentences of at least three,
and probably all of the meu, would lie com
muted. Mr" Hunt, attorney for Lingg, who
had been trying to have the young Anarch
ist declared insane, was at. Judge Baker's
house this morning at 8 o'clock und asked
the Judge to hear the petition aud grant a
writ for an inquire into Lingg's sanity.
The Judge told Mr. 1111111 that the petition
must not be presented to him but to the
court, and that his court had adjourned
until 10 o’clock this morning. Thereupon
Mr. Hunt departed, saying he would appear
in court and make application regardless of
Lingg's attempt at suicide. Mr. Hunt ap
peared before Judge Baker at 10 o’clock and
made a formal application for a writ in
Lingg's case, and it was refused.
At the officeof 'the Arbeiter Zeitung to
day things were quiet, and an air of secrecy
seemed to prevail. The noon issue of the
paper contained a short account of Lingg’s
attempted suicide, which read: “They have
urged our courageous friend to death. This
morning be committed suicide.”- The ac
count goes on to say that his friends’ decia
ration that lie was insane yesterday drove
him to suicide.
A PLOT TO BLOW UP A HOUSE.
The police have discovered what they lie
lie ve to be a plot on the part of An
archists to take the lifo of James Brayton,
one of the jury in the Anarchist ease, by
blowing up his house on State street. The
Captain or Police lias ordered a detachment
of men to guard Mr. Brayton’s residence.
About 8 o’clock to-night a bomb was found
by Thomas Maloney in the rear of tile rosi
dence of Mr. Brayton. The bomb consisted
of a piece of gas pipe 12 inches long aud
about 2 inches in diameter, filled with pieces
of iron and a substance supposed to be dyn
THE SECOND REGIMENT IN READINESS.
The entire Second regiment is held in
readiness to move at a moment’s notice to
night, and in all orobability will remain in
the armory until after the execution has
taken place. A short time after noon to
day Col. Wheeler sent word to bis company
commanders to have their men in the
armory by midnight, where they were to
await any ordoi'S that emanate from brigade
headquarters. Col. Wheeler said the men
would be held in readiness, but would not
be sent upon the street unless exigencies
should demand it.
“THE GUILTY MAN IS IN NEW YORK.”
The following dispatch was received by
Capt. Black to-night:
New York, Nov. to, 1887.
To Capt. Black , Chicago: Ihokl proofs show
ing the sentence,! Anarchists to be Innocent.
The guilty man is in New York. T have tele
graphed to Gov. Oglesby. The proof is under
oath. How shall 1 communicate it. •
Auovst P. Wagner,
59 Third avenue, eounsellor-at-law.
Capt. Black left at 0 o’clock to-night for
Springfield, after wiring the New York
lawyer to leave there at once.
Sheriff Matson contemplated sending
Schwab and Fielden to Joliet prison to
night, but after looking over the situation
has concluded that he would not beau
tborized to send Fielden and Schwab to the
penitentiary on a telegram. The Governor’s
messenger will arrive from Springfield early
to-morrow morning, bringing the official
copy of the order of commutation. After
that a mittimus will issue and the men may
go down to-morrow or Saturday.
The Secretary of the United Labor party
said to-day that be did not believe there
would bo any trouble to-morrow. His in
formation was to the effect that the execu
tive of the union had simply advised the
members of the union to abstain from work
on the day of the execution, probably as a
mark of respect, and that the Arbeitn-
Zcitung had emphasized this counsel by
asking the men to stay at home, and not to
go on the street at all.
GUARDING THE JAIL.
Chief Ebersold said to-night that a line of
police armed with rifles, thrown around the
block immediately surrounding tho jail,
wauld prevent the approach of crowds. Ten
companies of twenty-six men each, all bear
ing rifles, will lie posted about
the jail and the streets in
the vicinity, all under command of
Cant. George Hubbard, of the Central de
tail. Squads from the companies will do
guard duty at the entrances to the jail and
Criminal Court building. At the Ontral
Station, Harrison street. West Twelfth
street, Desnlaines street, West Chicago ave
nue and East Chicago avenue companies
will be held in reserve, while one company
will lie left at each of the fifteen sub
TOLD OF THE INKVITABLE-
Sheriff Matson went to the jail to-night.
He wanted to give personal notice to Spies.
Engel. Fischer and Parsons that they would
have to suffer the extreme penalty of the
law. He also wanted to see his deputies
were so placod that all unauthorized
people should be kept from the vicinity.
The Sheriff woula only say that
none of the condemned men showed any
signs of breaking down. Rev. Dr. Bolton,
of th<- First Methodist church, called on
Parsons. His visit lasted about three
minutes, and his efforts to gef, Parsons to
consider spiritual matters were of no avail.
Shortly after 10 o’clock to-night Deputy
Sheriff Curren, who tiad been guarding
Fischer, came into tho jail office from the
cell room. He reported that all the men
were awake, and talking on general sub
jects to their guards.
ERECTING THE GALLOWS.
The erection of the scaffold began at 10:15
o’clock to-night. The gallows was put in
the northeast corridor of the jail, where for
many years all the Cook county hangings
have taken place. Tho scaffold is the same
used in the banging of the three Italian
murderers, but it has been lengthened for
the purpose of swinging off the four
Anarchists at once. It is painted a dead
FISCHER WRITES TO HERR MOST.
NkwJYokk. Nov. 10. The Frciheit to-day
published a farewell letter from Adolph
Fischer, dated Cook County Jail, Ills., Nov.
... to Anarchist John Most. He glories iu
their cause, and says “we must show our
enemies that Anarchists are ready and will
ing to die for their cause. I have indorsed
and praised onr true principles and am
ready to go to the scaffold for them.”
Washington, Nov. 10.— Gen. Terry has
informed the War Department that the
troops belonging to the Sixth infantry, now
Stationed at Highwood. near Chicago, will
be available to protect public; property dur
ing the excitement incident to the execution
of the condemned Anarchists to-morrow.
GOV. OGLE3BY’B DECISION.
The Grounds on Which He Bases His
Action in the Case.
Springfield, 111., Nov. 10.—Gov. Ogles
by has received the following letter, writ
ten by August Spies:
Chicago, 111., Nov. 6, 1887.
' Sib—The /ad that some of us have appealed
to vou for just ice (under pardoning prerogative)
while others have not, should not enter into con
sideration in the decision of onr case. Homo of
my friends have asked you for absolute pardon.
They feel the Injustice done them 80 intensely
that they cannot reconcile tho Idea of commu
tation of sentence with consciousness of inno
cence. others, among (hero myself, while
possessed of the same feeling of indignation,
can perhaps more calmly and dispassionately
took noon the matter as u stands. They do not
regard the fact that though a systematic course
of lying, distorting, inventing and slandering,
the press has succeeded in creating a sentiment
of bitterness ami hated among a great: portion
of the populace, so that one man no matter
how powerful, how courageous, how just, he lie,
cannot possibly overcome it . They hold l bat to
overcome that sentiment, or Influence thereof
would almost be an impossibility. Not wishing
therefor to place your excellency iu a still more
embarrassing position, between the blind fanati
cism of a misinformed public on throne hand
and justice on the other, they concluded to sub
mit the case to you unconditionally. 1 implore
you not to let this difference of action have any
weight with you In determining our fate.
During our trial the desire of the Prosecutor to
slaughter me and let my co-defendants off
with milder punishment was quite apparent and
manifest It seemed to me and a great many
others that the prosecution would he satisfied
with one life. States Attorney Urinnell in his
argument intimated this very plainly I care
not to protest my innocence of any crime and
the one of which 1 am accused in
particular. I have done that and
leave the rest to the judgment of
history. But to you 1 wish to address nivsclf
now as the alleged arch conspirator (Iraviugthe
fact that I never have belonged to any kiud of
conspiracy out of the question altogether). If
sacrifices of life there must be, will not my life
suffice - The State's Attorney of t'ook county
aaked for no more. Take t his. then -take my life.
I offer it to you; that you may satisfy the fury
of a semi-barbaric mob, aud save those of my
comrades. I know that, every one of my com
rades is as willing to die and perhaps more so
than I am. It is not for their sake that I make
this proffer, hut, in the name of humanity and
progress. In the interest of the peaceable,
if possible, development of the sociul forces
that are destined to lift our race upon a higher
and better plane of civilization: lti the name of
the traditions of our country. I beg you topre
vent a seven-fold murder of men whose ouly
crime is that they are idealists; t hat they long
fer a lietter future for ail. If legal murder there
must be, let mine suffice. A. Spins.
GOV. OGLESBY’S DECISION IN FULL.
Following is the Governor’s decision in
full in the Anarchist case:
Executive Officf., I
Springfield, Nov. 10, 1887.)
On the 20th day of August, 1880, in the Cook
County Criminal Court, August Spies, Albert
Parsons, Samuel Fielden, Michael Schwab,
Adolph Fischer, George Engel and Louis Lingg
were found guilty by the verdict of a jury and
afterward sentenced to tie hanged for the mur
der of M j. Degan. An appeal was taken from
such finding and sentence to the Supreme Court
of the State That court upon final hearing
and after mature deliberation unanimously
affirmed the judgment of the court below The
case now comes before me by th" petition of
the defeudents for consideration as Governor of
the State. If the letter of Parsons, Adolph
Fischer. George Engel and Louis I.ingg de
manding "unconditional release," or, as they
express it, "liberty or death.” and protesting
in the strongest language against mercy or com
mutation of the sentence pronounced against
them can be [considered petitions, pardon,
could it lie granted, which might
Imply any guilt whatever upon the
part of either of them, would not
t>e such a vindicaiton as they demand. Execu
tive intervention upon the grounds insisted upon
by the four a bore named persons could in no
proper sense be deemed an exercise of the eon
utional power to grant reprieves, committa
ls and pardons, unless based upon a belief
my part of their entire innocence of the
crime or which they stand convicted. Parefu!
consideration of the evidence in the records
of the trials of Parsons and others,
as well as of all alleged and claimed
for them outside of the record, lias failed to
make any impression tending to impeach the
verdict ot the jury or the judgment of the trial
court or Supreme Court affirming the guilt,of all
these parties. Satisfied, 1 herefore, as 1 am of
their guilt, 1 am precluded from considering
the question of commutation of the sentences of
Albert R. Parsons. Adolph Fischer, George
Engel and Louis Linng to imprison
ment in the penitentiary, as they em
phatically declare that they will not ac
cept such commutation. Samuel Fielden,
Michael Schwab and August Spies unite in a
petition of “Executive clemency.” Fielden and
Schwab, ill addition, present separate and sup
plementary petitions for commutation of their
sentences. While, as said above, I aui satisfied
of the guilt of all the parties as found by the
verdict of the jury, which was * sus
tained by the judgment, of the courts,
most careful consideration of the whole
subject leads me to the conclusion that
the sentence of the law as to Samuel Fielden
and Michael Schwab may he modified as to each
of them, in the interest of humanity and with
out doing violence to public justice, and as to
said Samuel Filden and Michael Schwab sen
tence is cummuled to imprisonment in the
penitentiary for life. As to all the other above
named defendants, I do not feel justified in
interfering with the sentence of the court.
While I would gladly have come
to a different con'-lusion in re
gard to tho sentence of the defendants
August Spies, Adolph Fielden, George Engel,
Albert R. Parsons and Louis Lingg. 1 regret to
sav that under a solemn sense of my obligations
of office I have been unable to do so.
Richard J. Oiilesbv, Governor.
THE DECISION APPROVED.
The announcement of the Governor’s de
cision spread like wildfire (his pvening, and
the greatest excitement naturally prevailed.
His action meets with general approval. He
is evidently giving no heed, whatever, to
the great volume of threatening letters he
has received, as lights are shining brightly
from the windows of the executive
mansion, and everything has its wonted np
pearance. Four policemen are, however,
keeping a close lookout around the mansion,
and will doubtless continue to do so nightly
until some time after the execution of the
It is learned at, a late hour to-night that
Capt. Black has wired Mr. Schilling to re
main in Springfield, as he (Black) will ar
rive here in the morning at 6:20 o’clock to
appear before the Governor and urge a stay’
in the execution of Parsons on the ground
that the latter is insane, and has been for
many months, and is not responsible for his
acts. He will also make n plea for Spies,
and in fact for all the condemns! men.
The Female Relatives ot the Prisoners
Bid Them Good-By.
Chicago, Nov. 10.—When the news of
the commutation of the sentence of Fiolden
and Schwab was received at the jail there
w. s an extraordinary scene of activi ,y.
The news was sent to the relatives of all the
condemned men and in a short tune they
began to arrive at the jail. The first of the
women to come was Mrs. Schwab.
Soon after Schwab was brought
from bis cell to the main office. His w ife
quickly advanced to him, and throwing her
arms about his neck, burst into tears.
Schwab returned the embrace in a calm
manner. Soon the two were chatting qui
etly together. After this Spies and Fischer
were brought from their cells and taken to
the jail library. Engel was brought hr the
private office of Mr. Folz. This was done
for the purpose of allowing the relatives to
take their last interviews.
FATHER AND DAUGHTER.
The first one of the women to arrive after
Mrs. Schwab was Miss Engel, daughter of
the condemned Anarchist,. When the two
met in the private office there was an out
burst of grief which it is impossible
to describe. Father and daughter
clung to each other and
sobbed convulsively. Their <-onversation
was In German and was listened to only by
Deputy Oleson. Then came Mrs. Spies,
mother of August. She had been waiting
outside for over an hour and a half. Her
sotis could be heard through the corridors
of the building. She did not stay long in
the library wirh her son, and on her exit
from the jail Mrs. Fischer was admitted.
She went into the library and her lamenta
tions were heard above the tramp of the
deputies who swarmed about the place.
NINA VAN ZANDT’B INTERVIEW.
The crowning seen sof all was the visit of
Nina Van Zandt, the proxy wife of Spies.
She was oonductod to the library by Deputy
Oleson. As she walked through the
main office she betrayed no emo
tion. The moment she saw Au
gust, however, her demeanor completely
changed. There was a look, then a gasp,
ami in a trice the lovers were iu each other s
anus. A number of curious reporters and
officers crowded up the door of tho library,
but it was quickly shut by the deputy. The
interview between the prisoner and his
faithful devotee lasted nearly half an hour.
MBS. PARSONS FAINTS.
Mrs. Lucy Parsons created a scene in the
Criminal Court building about 10 o’clock
to-night. Approaching the door which
leads to the jail yards she demanded t*or
mission to proceed. Tins was denied. "But
I must go in to set* my husband,” exclaimed
Mrs. Parsons. “’You cannot,” was the re
ply. Then the dusky wife of the Anarchist
threw up her hands and fell to the floor in a
dead faint. It took over twenty minutes to
bring her to consciousness, but when this
was done she was escorted from tho build
ing. Parsons was not informed of the epi
HOW THE NIGHT WAS PASSED.
All Quiet in the City- Engel Scoffing
Chicago, Nov. 10.—Up to 11:45 o’clock
to-night everything is quiet throughout, the
city. No indications of disturbances have
been reported from any quarter. The fact
that the authorities have taken every pre
caution to prevent trouble, and are fully
prepared for any emergency', is almost a
guarantee that everything will pass off
At 11:30 o'clock to-nigbt the condemned
men were still awake and talking to their
guards. The grim terrors of the rapidly
passing hours seem to have no effect on
Engel. In the course of a conversation
just had he sneered at the cowardice ex
hibited bv several of his doomed
fellows. He said: “There are a
good many loud talkers among us,
aud the ones that talked the loudest
were the first to weaken when it came to
On being asked as to his own views of his
breaking down, he threw up his hands and
with a shrug of his shoulders, said, “You
see me.” There is hi tally a doubt that, he
will march upon the fatal platform and step
out into eternity with the reckless courage
of a brute.
At 11:30 o’clock Parsons was stilljawake
and pacing his cell with a restless step. Oc
casionally his sharp face shows up in tho
glare of the lantern iu front of his door,
and the light iu his eyres shows brighter than
in the early evening. Fischer and Spies sit
on their beds, well back from their cell
doors, and say but little.
Deputy Sheriff Adolph Muller had a talk
with Fischer and Engel during the evening.
Muller said they' discussed Lingg’s suicide
freely. Both of them declared that they
wished they had a chance to follow Lingg's
example. They would infinitely prefer to
take their own lives than to suffer
the shameful death allotted to them.
Engel also discussed his own attempt at
suicide, which he made Saturday night by
taking laudanum und morphine pills. He
went so far as to assert, that his own wife
gave him the bottle about a year ago, and
he added that he wished he had used the
poison before It lost its strength.
Shortly afttr midnight a messenger ar
rived at the jail with a telegram for Spies,
It, was front his brother, and bade him to
meet his fate with firmness.
A PARADE TO PROTEST.
3.000 Men March With Draped Flags
in New York.
New York, Nov. 10.—There was a large,
peaceable procession of sympathizers with
Socialism in this city to-night to protest
against the hanging of the Anarchists in
Chicago to-morrow. The paraders wore all
orderly and no sign of disturbances oc
curred. It might have been different lmd
Johann Most and other Anarchist speakers
harangued the crowd at, Union Square as
was at first contemplated, but subsequent,
arrangements did away' with all chance of
a conflict between the Socialists and the
authorities. It was after It o’clock when
tiie solemn march of protest liegan
down Broadway. Ivttrge numbers of per
sons witnessed the parade, despite the in
clement weather, and the scene wus im
pressive as the long line of men, 3,000
strong, passed down the street with red and
black flags, all heavily draped in
crape, bands playing the dead
march from Saul and the Marseilles.
There were many transparencies, too,
bearing the words: “Beware of Insurrec
tion," "Gallows Contra Liberty,” “Ye Sons
of Toil Awake to Glory,” and “Allon En
fauts de la Patri.” There were no police in
the parade, but large forces were massed in
the side streets, and the police patrol box
near Fifteenth street, in Broadway, was
open ready to send out an alarm
for reinforcements, but there was no
occasion for using it. YVhen the procession
was well on its way down Broadway tho
police divided into three divisions. One
vient down University place and two others
a short distance down Broadway after the
Anarchists. When the parade reached the
post office it turned into Park Row where
it disbanded. The police were still out of
SAID HE THREW THE BOMB.
A Convict in Sing Sing Says a Man
Confessed to Him.
New York, Nov. 11, 2a. m. — Attorney
N. P. Wagoner, of No. 89 Second avenue,
sent a telegram to Capt. Black, in Chicago,
yesterday to the effect that he bad an affi
davit stating positively that the man who
threw the bomb at the Haymarket
riot was in New York city.
The affidavit is that of Fraz Mayhoit,
a convict now r in Sing Sing prison, whode
dared that a man named Kliniunn Schmitz
confessed to him that he (Schmitz) was at
the Haymarket meeting in Chicago, and
threw the bomb which killed and wounded
so many policemen. He gave full details of
the occurrence and described how he made
Cincinnati Sympatbizsrs Dispersed.
Cincinnati, 0., Nov. 10. —An announce
ment tiiat there would lie a meeting to-night
in Court, street, market space, to express
sympathy with the condemned Chicago
Anarchists brought nearly 1,000 person*
together. There was no speaking and no
motion was made to open the meeting, but
the crowd kept increasing until 9 o’clock,
when about fOO police appearod and dis
peisred it, and then stood guard on the
streets arid prevented crowds from assem
bling. No arrests were made.
Grinned Not Shot.
Chicago, Nov. 11, 2a. M.—lt has been
ascertained that there is no foundation for
the rumor of the shoot ing of States Attor
ney Grinuell. He is safe at home in bed.
Secretary Lamar’s Judgeship.
Washington, Nov. 10. —There is no
longer any doubt that during the first, few
days of .the coming session of Congress the
President will nominate Secretary Lamar
to fill the vacancy on the Supreme Bench
caused by the death of Justice Woods, and
at the same time Postmaster General Vilas
will be nominated to succeed Mr. Lamar as
Secretary of the Interior.
A CANCER IN HIS THROAT.
The Truth Regarding the Crown Prince
Made Public at Lest.
Berlin, Nov. 10. —A dispatch from San
Romo to the Xew Free /Voss says that Dr.
Mackenzie admits that the growth in the
Crown Prince's throat is a cancer, and
deprecates an operation, which he declares
will lie both useless and dangerous. The
Crown Princess also opposes au operation.
This dispatch also says the Crown Prince
will return to Berlin forthwith.
Borrow and excitement prevails among all
classes. The one question on everybody’s
lips is: “What will the next few hours
Prince William to-day sent a telegram to
the Emperor, saying: “Father looks very
The latest report from Ban Remo is to the
effect that the Crown Prince is composed
and personally writes telegrams to the Em
peror. hut that he has not spoken since Sat
urday, except in cases of absolute necessity.
It is st alcm 1 on authority that all the doc
tors agree that the Crown Prince is afflicted
with cancer, but that a further examination
is needed to decide whether it will be noces
sary to excise the whole larynx or only a
part of it. The Crown Prince w ill give his
decision to-morrow whether or not he will
submit to an operation.
A later Ban Remo dispatch says: “At a
consultation to-day measures were decided
upon with a view to reduce the swelling in
the Prince’s throat. There is no difference
of opinion among tho physicians. Tlte
Prince is somewhat better.”
All court festivals have been stopped.
A hunting party fixed for Saturday has
San Remo, Nov. TO.—Prof. Herring, of
Warsaw, who was summoned for consulta
tion, has arrivod here. Prof. Durante, of
Rome, is expected here to-morrow.
London, Nov. 10.—The Stock Exchange
was seriously disturbed to-day by the re
ports concerning the Crown Prince of Ger
many and warlike riimors from Russia.
Foreign securities declined generally.
DEPRESSION ON THE BOURSE.
Paris, Nov. 10. —There w f as a general
collape oil the Bourse to-day. Besides the
political crisis, large selling orders from
Berlin helped to deepen the depression.
Three per cent rentes fell 80c., Italian securi
ties 60c,, Credit Fonder 14 francs, and Suez
He Expresses Regret for His Allusion
Columbus, 0., Nov. 10.—Judge Thurman
last, evening furnished tho following to tho
I have seen ill the dispatches of yesterday
evening the card of (lari. Henry K. Jackson in
relation to some remarks of mine in my brief
and off-hand address to tbe Thurman .Club last
Saturday night. lam glad to learn by the
General's card that the report to which I
alluded in repect to his recall from the mission
to Mexico was unfounded in fact. I am In
capable of wilfully doing any man
injustice, and had I known what I
now learn from Gen. Jackson's
card I should not have alluded however re
motely to 1 lie iv.jmrt to which 1 referred. What
I said about Ihe doctrine of secession was ail
expression of opinion. It is still my opinion
that w hoever preaches the doctrine of secession
as a living issue is not only an enemy to tbe
Democratic parly but of the whole coun
try, and smarting under the injury done
to the Democratic party of Ohio by Gen Jack
son’s Macon speech, w hich the result, of the elec
tinn has made apparent; to every one, it is not
perhaps surprising that I used language that
may seem harsh and even hitter, yet feeling as
I do. hardly any language too strong could lie
used in condemnation of the sectional speeches
recently made in the North and of this one In
the South. Respectfully,
A. (1. Thcbman.
COTTON BEARS CRUSHED.
Several Houses Balcl to be Short Over
100,000 Bales Each.
New York, Nov. 10. —There is a bear
panic on the C'ottor. Exchange, and reports
of trouble are current. Different futures
have ad\iineod sixty points since noon, on
tbe publication of the crop reports confirm
ing the estimates of a short crop and placing
this year's crop at, 6,300,000 bales. November
advanced from 11.08 to 10.59, December from
9.0!) to 10.56, January from 10.00 to 10.03,
February from 10 16 to 10.76, March from
10.31 to 10.87, May from 10.38 to
10.95, and June from 10.48 to 11. Several
houses are said to be short over 100,000
bales each, and one house is reported to
have had to provide $300,000 additional
New York Getting Ready to Celebrate
the Centennial Anniversary.
New York, Nov. 10. — A number of well
known citizens met at the Fifth Avenue
Hotel to night and made preliminary ar
rangements for a celebration hereon April
30, 1889, of the centennial anniversary of
the first inauguration of Washington as
President. Committees have been ap
pointed by the Historical Society and
Chamber of < lommerce. The Governors of
all the States and Territories have lieen
asked to be present, and Congress will be
requested to provide for participation in the
celebration by the national government.
Tennessee’s Temperance Alliance.
Nashville, Nov. 10.— The State Conven
tion of the Tennessee Temperance Alliance
was organized yesterday by electing ex-
Congressman G. G Dibrell President and
(4. W. Armlstead, of the Acme, Secretary.
A large number of resolutions were read
and referred without action to the Commit
tee on Platform. Tlv convention is called
to bike action deemed appropriate in view
of the result of the recent election on the
prohibition amendment. Six hundred dele
gates are in attendance.
Lovering to bo Made Marshal.
Washington, Nov. 10.—Henry Bacon
Lovering. Democratic candidate for Gover
nor of Massachusetts, will lie appointed
United Stales Marshal for Massachusetts
upon the expiration of the term of Gen. N.
If. Banks next mouth.
Store Keeperß and Gaugers.
Washington, Nov. 10.—The Acting Sec
retary of the Treasury to-day npjiointed the
following store keepers and gaugers:
Thomas Horne, at Farmington, N. C., and
James A. Norris, at Stanley’s Creek, N. C.
Gov. Gordon’s Son Resigns.
Washington, Nov. 10. —Frank Gordon,
of Georgia, Examiner of Public Lands in
the General I ami Office, has resigned. He
is a son of Gen. Gordon.
Washington, Nov. 10.—To-day’s races
of the Nutional Jockey Club were postponed
until to-morrow on account of rain.
Shot and Killed.
Memphis, Tenn., Nov. 10.—A difficulty
occured at, noon yesterday at Horn Lake,
Miss., between Alex Wood aud Henry
Douglas, which resulted in the former being
shot ami killed.
I PRICE (MO A YEAR 1
j 6 CE.VTS A COPY, r
TRYING TO OUST GREW.
THE CHAMBER TO INQUIRE INTO
THE WILSON SCANDAL.
Parisian Newspapers Declare it Im
possible that He Should be Allowed
to Escape—He Removes His Papers
from the Elysees-A Meeting of the
Paris, Nov. 10.— The revelations in the
Caffarel trial yesterday in relation to M.
Wilson have caused a sensation. The news
papers now declare it impossible that he
should lie allowed to escape.
Prime Minister Rouvier held a conference
with President Grevy to-day in reference to
the debates to take place in the Chamber of
The production at the trial j’esterdayof a
number of letters of M. Wilson was the
chief topic of conversation to-day, and be
fore the opening of the Chamber of Depu
ties animated groups stood in the lobby dis
cussing the Incident. In the Chamber
Count De Daville Maillefau before other
business bad been begun, moved
for leave to interpellate the gov
ernment with reference to M. Wilson,
declaring it to be inqiossihle, after the dis
closure made yesterday, there should be anr
delay in reassuring the public mind, which
had received a severe shock. It being de
cided by the Ctiarnliei- to discuss the motion,
Count De Daville Maillefau asked the gov.
eminent for information about the actions
of M. Wilson.
THE GOVERNMENT DENIES RESPONSIBILITY.
M. Mazean, Minister of Justice, replied
that be government declined to accent any
responsibility for the doings of M. Wilson.
M. Piou moved t hat the government order
an immediate inquiry into the allegations
against M. Wilson. Au adjournment of
the inquiry until the close of the Caffarel
trial, he said, would not suffice. The Cham
ber must insist upon an immediate inquiry
into the whole of the facts disclosed at the
Prime Minister Rouvier said that tn tbe
deplorable matters which had been made
public tho government had done its duty
from the outset, and was new
prepared to direct the opening
of anew inquiry in order to
ascertain the truth or the disclosures made
at the Caffarel trial and assure respect of
tbe law from all persons without distinc
tion. The government, he said, accepted
M. Bum's motion and he trusted nobody
would misapprehend the feelings which
actuated it in so doing.
M. Jolibois thought that, acceptance of
M. Fioti’s motion should signify that, the
government would direct a suspension
of the present trial in order to obtain com
plete information during its own inquiry.
M. Piou declared that if the government
did not consent to suspend judgment in the
Caffarel case, be wonld withdraw his mo
M. Rouvier replied that in view of tha
opinion manifested by the Chamber of
Deputies, M. Mazen hod just directed the
procurator to introduce a judical inquiry.
Ilis declaration had lieen spontaneous.
[This declaration was greeted with ap
M. Rouvier then announced that tbe Cab
inet had decided to call a meeting and on it*
own responsibility, and asked the Chamber
to vote the order of the day. The Chamber
approved the suggestion.
THE TRIAL adjourned.
At the Caffarel trial to-day the Public
Prosecutor announced that an inquiry
would be instituted regarding the Wilson
letters. The defense thereupon demanded
that the case be adjourned. The court con -
sen ted to an adjournment of the trial of
Gen. Caffarel, but continues the trials of
Gen. D'Andlawand Mme. Ra.azz .
M. Wilson yesterday removed a l his pa
pers from tbe Ely see* Palace to hi* own rcsi ■
donor. It Is reported that Prime Minister
Rouvier has threatened to resign unlee* M.
Wilson leaves tbe Palace of the Ely*ee*, the
residence of the President, immediately.
M. Rouvier visited President Grevy to-day
and informed him of the decision of the
Chamber of Deputies. The Premier sum
moned an immediate council of the Minis
M. Rouvier, iti a semi-official note, dis
claims having ever handled documents in
conneofion with th" decorations scandal.
M. Gragnon publishes a note, refuting the
statement that t he substitution of a u totaled
letters occurred while the original docu
ments wore in the care of tbe police. This
has protiahlv some connection with the re
port of M. (iragrons dismissal.
WONT C ART WITH WILSON*.
London, Nov. 10.—A Pari* dispatch to
the Times says: “There an? rumors that a
violent scene occurred at the Cahinet coun
cil Uwiay when, to the entreaties of hi*
Ministers, President Grevy repbed obti
nuU'ly that he would not part with M.
Wilson.” The dismissal of 31. Gragnou u*
LORD MAYOR SULLIVAN.
The Government’s Appeal, of Coura®,
Dublin, Nov. 10.—The government'* ap
ical from the decision of Magistrate O’Pow
nell in dismissing the case of Lord Mayor
Sullivan, who was charged with publishing
in his paper. The Nation, reports of meet
ings of suppressed branches of the national
league, was decided to-day. The court or
dered the case to be referred back and re
Closing Trafalgar Square.
London, Nov. 10. —Committees of leading
workingmens’ radical clubs held exciteA
meetings to-day and decided to organize the
fullest force to oppose the police edict clos
ing Trafalgar Square on Sunday.
Robert Graham. Member of Parliament
for tin- Northwest division of Lanarkshire,
an advanced Liberal, will attempt to speak
in Trafalgar Square, on Sunday next in
order to test the legality of the polio*order
Princeton's President Resigns.
Princeton, N. J , Nov. 10 —The fall
meeting of tho Board of Trustees of Prince
ton College was heid to-day. President.
MoCosb tendered his resignation in a speech
of some length, congratulating the trustees
up: n the prosperous condition of the col
lege. The only reasons he has .for retiring
are his years and hi* unselfish desire to see
the college in the hands of a younger man.
He will probably retain the chair of Philos
ophy, If not in an active capacity then as
an emeritus professor.
Cardinal Gibbons at Richmond.
Richmond, Va., Nov. 10.— Cardinal Gib
bons arrived here tills morning from the
Kouth. He whs received quietly, and will
leave for Baltimore to-morrow morning.
This is liis first visit to Richmond since his ■
elevation to the Curdiualate
Not a Single'lndictment.
Montoomkry. Ala., Nov. 10. — The grand
jury of the United States Court for tho
Middle District of Alabama, which has
been in session here for several day*, ad
journed to-day without finding a single is