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THE SYNOD'S LAST DAY.
THE LUTHERAN CONVENTION FIN
ISHES ITS WORK.
Lively Debate Over the Richmond Mis
sion—The Board of Missions Threat
ens to Resign and the Virginia Syn
od to Withdraw from the Union-
Harmony Finally Prevails, and the
Synod Adjourns-The Next Conven
tion in Wilmington.
The morning session of the United Synod
yesterday was occupied in a lively debate,
which at one time threatened to cause seri
ous trouble. When the session opened
everything proceeded smoothly for a time,
nd the business was transacted wi.h com
mendable activity. The minutes of the
District Synods were submitted and consid
ered, but nothing of special importance
transpired. The committee, which had been
appointed to procure a seal for the synod,
reported that it had not done so, liocause the
ynod had no right to a seal, as it is not an
The report of the Board of Home and For
eign Missions was then submitted, and
right here the discussion began. In this re
port the financial aifairs of the Richmond
mission were brought before the synod in
the form of an appeal from the Virginia
Synod for help in paying a debt of SB,OOO re
maining on the church property. It appears
that Richmond mission was established
many years ago, that it has ever lieen a
burden on the synod, and that although it
has church property valued at $33,000, upon
which there is only an incumbrance of
SB,OOO, the whole property will be lost un-
Isas something is done immediately to re
lieve the people of Richmond from this
THE RICHMOND MISSION DEBT.
It was theroforc suggested that the mat
ter be referred to the Board of Missions of
the United Synod, with instructions to
concentrate its energies in the matter of
paying off the debt. This course was ob
jected to by many members, including the
members of the Board of Missions, who
refused to serve if any such resolution was
adopted. During the discussion that
followed, every member of the synod
made a speech, and many of them who were
evidently impressed with their oratorical
powers indulged in half a dozen speeches.
Those who favored continuing the course
pursued in the past and responding to the
appeal called attention to the fact that the
property was valuable, that the district was
an important one, that if the mission should
now fail it would have a discouraging effect
upon the people throughout the district, as
it would appear that the synod had acted
injudiciously in establishing the mission,
and had t hrough mismanagement permitted
it to become a failure.
Moreover, as the synod contemplates
establishing new missions, why not postpone
action in that direction until the debt upon
Richmond mission could be cleared awnv
and placed upon a self-sustaining footing?
The people of Richmond would pay $2,500
on the debt Jan. 1, provided tue United
Synod would pledge itself to assume the
remaining $5,500. In advocating this course
one member called attention to the noble
work performed at St. Paul’s Church, Wil
mington, N. C., which lie said illustrated
the necessity of sticking to a proj
ect when it is once begun. The church
property was heavily oncumtiered and the
congregation was poor at the breaking out
of the war. The Union forces invaded the
city, burned the hymn books and all other
property of the church, leaving nothing
nut the bare walls standing. The people
were not discouraged, however, but went to
work with a will, and they now have the
church paid for and their property is among
the most valuable in the syuod. Tho history
of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of the
Ascension of this city was referred to os
OUGHT TO TAKE CARE OF ITSEI.:\
The opposition, however, contended that
it was aoout time for Richmond to take care
of itself. It had been making a continual
cry for assistance ever since it was estab
lished, and it was feared that as long as the
synod listened to their appeals and re
sponded to them that they would be com
turned. It was certainly'a poor exhibition
for a church with property valued at s‘,’",ooo
to ask that its debt of SB,OOO be paid by
ether people. The Richmond mission wai
likened by Slaj. Meetzo to n bore who con
stantly recited his ills and misfortunes to
his friends. He has heard Richmond apjieol
for help for twenty-five years, add hud
gotten tired of it.
Dr. Bowman said that when he attended
his first MTtod he was a beardless youth of
19 years, and at that synod Richmond made
an appeal. He bad had the same experi
ence at every other synod, and he feared
that the constant call for help from Rich
mond had stunted his growth.
Half a dozen resolutions were offered and
amended and finally all of them were laid
on the table, anti one providing that the
Board of Missions take such steps as it
might deem necessary to secure the pernia
ne. t establishment of Richmond mission
was presented lor discussion. Before pre
senting tilis resolution Pr. Horn said that
he wished to make a statement. The Board
of Missions could not undertake a service
which it deemed Inadvisable, and if the reso
lution pending before the synod was to
lie coustrued a> instructing the board to
go ahead and endeavor to pay off t his debt
the members of the board would resign.
They bad determined to continue in oflice
only if they were to be permitted to use
their own judgment in such matters. They
did not consider themselves wiser or better
than their brethren, but they had been ham
pered enough in the past and had profited
by their experience.
LET THE BOARD RESIGN.
Rev. L. G. M. Miller, President of the
Southwestern Virginia Synod, advocated
accepting the resignations of the Board of
Missions—not that he had not the most im
plicit confidence in their ability and their
willingness to advance the interests of the
synod, for the work they had already pel •
formed proved conclusively that they were
peculiarly fitted for this work; but he
thought the synod should shape the course
of the Board of Missions rather than the
hoard dictate the policy of the synod. Ho
was sorry that the discussion hail reached
such an extreme joint, but as long ns it had
they might as well face it and disjiose of the
question. He intimated that unless some
thing was done, and done immediately,
to relieve the Richmond mission, that
they would have to go elsewhere for assist
ance, and that would entail a separation
from the United Synod. The threat of the
Board of Missions to resign and that of the
Virginia Synod to withdraw, followed up
by the announcement that its representa
tives had decided to withdraw the apjieal
for help from the United Synod, caused
considerable consternation, and it was de
cided to take a recess until 3:30 o'clock, and
in the meantime endeavor to patch up the
Those of the members wiio wore inclined
to assume the office of peacemakers had
plenty to do after the adjournment. The
stormy scenes of the morning session filled
them with fear, and they hoped that the
difficulty could tie settled before the after
noon session would be called to order, but
no such luck was in store for them. After
the members had enjoyed their dinners they
gathered in groujis in front of the church
and discussed the question which had wor
ried them all the morning, and many of
them became greatly interested in the sub
ject—so much so, in fact, that they made
impromptu addresses to those gathered
At 3:80 o’clock, the hour apjiointed for
reassembling, no settlement had been
agreed upon and the afternoon session was
not called to order for ten minutes or more.
When the members hod assembled it wus
noticed that some of the most earnest nd
vpcaU* of the cause of the Virginians w ere
absent. Before the discussion was renewed
Dr. Henkel presented a resolution of thanks
to Mr. Slaughter. General Railroad Com
missioner, T M. Emerson, Passenger Agent
of the Atlantic Coast Line, ana to Mr.
E. T. Charlton, of the Central railroad, and
Mr. W. P. Hardee, of the Savannah, Florida
and Western raiiwav, for the kindness and
courtesy shown this body in securing re
duced fares on different railroads and for
other courtesies. ,
THE SECRETARY EXPLAINS.
The Secretary received permission to
make an explanation. He said he felt it
necessary to say something which he did
not want to say. The Secretary of the Gen
eral Synod hail not performed his duty in
the matter of transcribing the minutes al
though he had lieen jiaid for the work, and
the speaker was not able to proceed with
the work of transcribing the minutes of the
United Syuod until this work had been com
The subject of the Richmond mission was
then brought before the synod by the intro
duction or this resolution to take the place
of all jiending resolutions on this subject:
In view of the information received concern
ing the Richmond mission we hereby refer the
interests of the church in that mission to our
Board of Missions, and recommend that they do
what they shall find to be advisable for its relief.
The effect of this resolution was wonder
ful. The Rev. W. E. Hubbert sprang to
his feet, saying it was an attempt on the
jiart of the* friends of the board to allow
that body to escape without doing anything
toward the relief of the mission. He
thought it would be fur more manly on
the jiart of the members of that board to
come out fairly and say what they intended
to do and what they were willing to do.
THE APPEAL RENEWED.
Dr. Horn said that the board preferred
the resolution just offered to those that had
already been considered. It met the ap
proval of the boat'd.
The Virginian members were asked
whether they persisted in their withdrawal
of the appeal for help, and they explained
that they had reconsidered their action, and
were now willing to ask for help from the
United Synod, as they had every reason to
believe the board would deal justly by
them, and as they had been informed it wus
in the power of the board to ussist them
materially. This, however, did not put a
stop to the discussion, and a war of words
followed, and the whole subject wus again
After considerable trouble, Dr. Horn suc
ceeding in putting the resolution to a vote,
and it was carried by a large majority,
greatly to the relief of'members.
THE COMMITTEE ON BY-LAWS.
Prof. W. E. Peschau, of Wilmington,
said he was happy that the discussion had
terminated so satisfactorily, and suggested
that a number of familiar expressions by
which the Richmond mission had been
termed during the controversy be omitted
from the reports of the proceedings.
The Treasurer of tne Board of Missions
was made Treasurer of the Richmond mis
The Rev. B. M. Schmucker was requested
to prepare a statement of the principles of
t;e Lutheran worship, and an historical
sketch of the service for publication.
Tile report of the Committee on By-Law
and Regulations was ordered received and
published, and action postponed until next
synod. Those by-laws in referring to the
requirements of pastors, teachers and pro
fessors jirovide that they shall promise not
to foster or encourage intercourse with non-
Lutheran or unionistic services or any
secret society of a doubtful or deific char
Resolutions of regret upon the death of
I!ev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., were adojited
by a rising vote.
The chair apjiointed these committees: To
solicit bids for the location of a seminary:
Rev. J. Shiivv, Rev. V. R. Stick lev, George
M. Beltzhoover, Col. P. N. Heilig, Rev.
Jacob Austin, George X. Nichols, Rev. S.
Henkel, I>. I)., Maj. H. A. Meetze, Rev. A.
J. Brown, D. I>., Rev. J. K. Haneher, Hon.
H. S. Trout, Rev. W. E. Hubbert, Itev. J.
H. Wilson, Maj. P. E. Wise, Rev. J. L.
The following Board of Missions and
Church Extension was anjxiiuted by the
chair: Rev. Edward T. Horn, J>. D., Rev.
W. 8. Bowman, D. D., Rev. L. K. Probst,
Rev. E. A. Wingard, John D. Cappelmanu,
Esq., Henry A. Meetze, Esq., C. M. Efrid,
The synod jiassed resolutions extending
their thanks to tho Rev. Dr. Bowman and
the people of tho Evangelical Lutheran
Church of the Ascension for courtesies ex
tended, and to the Rev. W. E. Peschau for
his consideration in looking out for the
members and caring for them.
Dr. Ilenkel was appointed visitor to the
General Council and Prof. Peschau delegate
to the General Kyflod.
The synod adjourned to meet at Wilming
ton, N. C.,on the third Thursday of Novem
AN HISTORICAL CUP.
A Communion Bc wl One Hundred and
Forty-five Years Old.
During the session of the synod much in
terest was displayed by the clergymen in a
communion cup which was displayed by
Rev. H. S. Wingard cf Bethel Lutheran
church, Hpringfield, Ga. It is an historical
relic, and bears this inscription on the
bowl: "Whoever comes to the tnble of the
Lord in penitence and faith will be strength
ened through tho blood of the Lamb in com
fort and salvation.” On the liaso is another
inscription which reads: “Such is tho
wish expressed for the Salzburgers at
Ebenezer every time they make use
of the Lords supper, by George
Matthais Kideilm, a young man 30 years
of age, in Norlingen. just before his death,
November, 1741.” Both of these inscrip
tions arc in German. The cup was manu
factured of gold and silver coin bequeathed
by the will of Kideilin for that purpose
and is about eight inches in height. The
diameter of the bowl is three inches, and
that of the base four inches. The cup was
brought to this country immediately after it
was finished, in 1742, by Dr. Muhleidierg and
presented to Martin Bilzius. of KiUngham
county, where the German Lutherans had
established a settlement. It has been con
stantly in use ever since, and is now in use
in Bethel Church at Springfield. It is con
sidered a valuable relic of the early Luther
ans, and is highly prized by its present
AT THE SENDER’S RISK.
Mall Matter That Will Probably Never
Reach Its Destination.
Some people are in the habit of leaving
first-class and other mail matter on the top
of the mail boxes, and especially at those
buildings in which boxes are placed for the
convenience of guests, travelers and for tho
All such matter is left in such condition at
the risk of the senders, and tho mail carriers
can in no way be held responsible for their
loss or non-delivery. It is just as easy, it
would appenr, to jilace a letter in a box with
an ojieuing in it as on the top of such box.
Packages that are too large for the ojiening,
the postofflee officials suggest ought to be
tent to the postoffice.
Michael P. Hennessy Dead.
The death of Mr. Michael P. Hennessy,
which occurred yesterday morning at St.
Joseph's Infirmary, was a great surprise to
those who knew him. A short time ago he
was hi splendid health. He contracted a
severe cold, however, which deveiojied into
typhoid pneumonia and resulted in his dent h.
Mr. Hennessy was liorn in County Tip
perary, Ireland, in 1856, and has resided in
•Savannah for seventeen yea ns. He was de
voted to the cause of his native land, ami
always sacredly cherished the ever-living
principle of Irish nationality. He was well j
known in this city ns a worthy man and !
good citizen. His numerous relatives and |
friends sincerely regret his death. A re- ;
3uiem mass will lie celebrated nt theC'nthe
ral at 10 o’clock this morning for t he repos**
of his soul. His remains will be interred in
the Catholic cemetery.
THE MORNING NEWS: WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 30. 1887.
HE WAS SATISFIED.
In All His Travels He Was Never So
A stranger, who is visiting Savannah for
his health, was passing along Broughton
street after supper last night and noticed,
as he caine in front of the I.udden & Bates
Music House, that all the employes were
busily engaged in decorating and beautify
ing the interior. The electric lights were
brightly burniug and everything inside the
building presented a scene of activity and
life. Going in to see why such extra pains
were being taken, he made a careful survey
and remarked: “This beats anything I
have ever come across, in my sight-seeing.
Will you tell me if to-morrow is a holiday
in Savannah? If so, what event do you in
tend celebrating?” And he looked around
as if be expected an answer. Just at
that time he heard a voice. It
came from a newsboy, who looked at the
stranger in blank astonishment He gave
a prolonged whistle and startled the old
gentleman with “Where are you from. Mis
ter? You certainly don't live anywhere in
this country. If you did you’d know that
to-morrer is the day that Ludden Bates
have their annual opening, and everybody
will be thar certain.”
MINSTRELSY MAKES A HIT.
Haverly’s Burnt Cork Comedians Be
fore a Packed. Houae.
Haverly's Minstrels played before a packed
house last night—parquet, dress circle,
balcony and the “loft” were jammed. It
was, with perhaps one exception, the biggest
house of the season. The fierformance was
a long one, and it kept the audience laugh
ing through it all. The "gallery gods”
nearly shook themselves to pieces. Like all
minstrel performances, there was a same
ness about it that was tiresome, and yet the
audience thought it funny and laughed
as though it had never seen anything
like it before. In spite of the sameness the
performance, like all of Haverly’s, was well
up to the standard. The singing was first
class and the dancing and specialty acts
were all of them good. “The great and
only Hilton's” contortionist feats were a
marvel, and the march of the “Hessian
Dragoons” was a splendid feat of military
mameuvring on a small scale. Lew Spen
cer and George Edwards in their songs and
comicalities, into which some new jokes
found their way, caught the house, and the
“hustling” act by Kayne, Norcross and
Reinhart was a roaring conclusion to a cap
ital performance. A special matinee will
be given this afternoon and a concluding
A CONSTABLE’S PLIGHT.
A Prisoner Throws Him Flat on His
Back and Upsets His Assistant.
A colored man named Henry Sutton
struck and maltreated a woman named
Mattie Smith in Smithville a few days ago,
and yesterday she swore out a warrant for
his arrest before Justice Waring Russell.
Constable White went out to arrest him,
and hearing that ho was a desperate charac
ter, he took Scott Thurman with him. They
caught the fellow in Smithville and started
in with him. He was quiet and peaceable
enough until they reached South Broad
street, when ho made a break to
get away. He was caught, how
ever, before he could start to run.
The constable and his assistant then caught
him by the waistband of his trousers, and
marched him along to the Justice’s office.
While they w ere crossing State street Sut
ton made another effort to gain his freedom.
He was walking quietly along one minute,
but the next he was running for dear life
down the street, while Thurman was bal
ancing himself on his head like a circus
actor, and Constable White was lying flat
of his back. The astonished officers recov
ered themselves, however, and gave chase,
and Anally succeeded in landing the obstreji
erous prisoner in jail.
SAVANNAH’S NEW BANK.
Subscribers to the Capital Stock Elect
a Board of Directors.
The subscribers to the capital stock of the
Citizens’ Bank of Savannah met last night
at Metropolitan Hall, and organized by
calling Geo. N. Nichols, Esq., to the chair
and electing Mr. Goo. C. Freeman, Secre
tary. A majority of the stock being repre
sented, a committee was appointed to sug
gest names for members of the Board of
Dilectors. The committee reported the
following gentlemen, who were unani
mously elected to serve until the annual
meeting in June.
F. M. Hull, Wm. Rogers,
J. H. Estill, Geo. N. Nichols,
C. H. Dorsett, David Wells,
H. C. Cunningham, F. W. Dasher,
John R. Young.
There was four vacancies in the Board,
which will lie filled at some future time.
The Board will meet in a few days to elect
officers. It is understood that Capt. F. M.
Hull is to be President, Hon. C. H. Dorsett,
Vice-President, and Mr. Geo. C. Freeman,
THE WORST YET TO COME.
The Coldest Weather to be Felt This
Morning—Another Cold Wave.
The cold wave inclined slightly toward
the northeast, and relieved this section of
the country to a certain extent. Yesterday
morning it seemed as if the cold spell had
broken, for the thermometer in the north
west rose to 25% but it soon began to de
cline, and last night it was below zero again,
indicating another cold wave. Last night
the temperature was below freezing
point in Pennsylvania, New York and
the New England States, but in
the remainder of the country, except
in the Northwest, where the new wave was
felt, it was more moderate. The signal ser
vice officer says that the coldest weather
will be felt here this morning. It is
probable that, the weather will then begin
to moderate unless the second cold wave is
a severe and lasting one.
The Board’s Action Approved.
The Savannah Cadets held a meeting last
night and passed a resolution approving the
action of the Board of Officers of the First
Regiment in determining to issue bonds to
pay for the work on the new armory. This
action of the board must be approved by
each of the companies, and Lieut. Broolts
took advantage or a drill night to call a
special meeting and pass a resolution of ap
Making Haste Slowly.
The Rural Resort railway is still progress
ing slowly, evidently waiting for something
to turn up. Possibly a good way to
secure the public the much desired
street railroad facilities to the
wharves would be for the new company
to transfer its rights to the old company,
and let the latter complete and operate tne
new line. It would save litigation and
probably pay as well to all concerned.
James Neill Dramatic Club.
The Janies Neill Dramatic Club will pro
duce the comedy-drama, “My Brother’s
Keeper,” at Yonge’s New Hall, Whitaker
and Duffy streets, to-night. The club is
composed of young men of considerable
dramatic talent, and the performances thev
have given have been very satisfactory.
Mr. H. W. Neill is business manager of the
club, and J. C. Tyson is stage manager.
Bouquet, Atkinson s new perfume. This
superb distillation sweetly recalls fragrant
Swiss flowers. Bright jewels in a setting of
Fun, v. it and humor without vulgarity,
SIFTINGS OF_ CITY NEWS.
LITTLE GOSSIP FROM THE STREET
Dashes Hero and There by the News
Reporters Yesterday's Happenings
Told in Brief Paragraphs—Pickings at
There were three arrests yesterday for
Golden Rule Lodge No. 12, I. O. O. F.,
meets this evening.
The City Council will meet to-night.
Mayor Lester is absent at Mclntosh Court
and Alderman Schwarz will preside.
The young ladies of Trinity Methodist
Sunday school will give an entertainment
at Metrojiolitan Hall Friday afternoon and
The St. Andrew’s Society will celebrate
its 137th anniversary to-night. The anni
versary dinner will take place at the Pu
Detective Wetherhorn arrested a colored
man named Richard Hook yesterday for
stealing a music box from Sir. Daniel li.
Kennedy. Hook sold the box to an old
woman, who lives near the cemetery. The
detective got on his track and arrested him
yesterday, and recovered the box. He
was committed to jail by Justice Waring
BLOODY STEPHNEY BAILEY.
Confesses While Dying that He Killed
His Three Wives.
An account of “Stephney Bailey’s inhu
man butchery and burning of his wife,and
of Bailey’s subsequent death in the
Berkeley county. South Carolina, jail from
the effects of wounds inflicted by himself in
an attempt to commit suicide, has already
been given in the Morning News. Before
he died Bailey made a confession to the
editor of the Berkeley Ornette, making
himself out to be thrice a murderer, and
a veritable Bluebeard. The Gazette says:
“The confession was made in the jirescnce
of Juiler Harris. At that time the mur
derer was perfectly rational, but possibly
felt the deathohiU anti concluded to un
bosom himself before it was forever too
late. The following is Bailey’s confession:
“ ‘My name is Stephney Bailey. lam
about 70 years old l have been married
three times. 1 killed my first wife with a
club. Her name was Catherine. 1 buried
her in the garden, aud after awhile it was
found out, and the people dug her up and
buried her in the graveyard. She had six
children for me. My second wife’s name
was Mary. 1 killed her with a brick by
hitting her in the head. I will not tell what
I did with her body. She had one child for
me, a boy. His name is Sabey. I don’t
know where he is. My third wife’s name
was Sallie. She was unfaithful to me for
a long time. I told the man to stop,
but he would not, and kept up his intimacy
with her. My wife and I had not been on
good terms for three or four weeks. That
day I laid in wait for her in a foot path, and
as she came along I hit her in the head with
an ax and killed her, and dragged her body
in the bushes until tbai night. Then I sent
my boy to the yard for a w heelbarrow, and
when he came t sent him back to the house.
Then I put the body in the wheelbarrow and
carried it about a mile, and put it in the
furnace. At sunrise I started tbe fire, and
about 8 or '.) o’clock it was found out. Sallie
had seven children for me.’
“It appears that those previous butcheries
of Bailey’s were known to those who
were in authority at the time, but that time
was during tho darkest days of South Caro
lina’s history, during the days of carpet-bag
rule, soon after tho war, and nothing was
ever done with the recently enfranchised
“In making his confession Bailey evinced
no repentance for his inhuman murders,
aud, so hardened had he become in crime,
that he had forgotten the details and dates
of his former butcheries.
“He was buried on tbe town commons on
Saturday evening, near tho graves of Scott,
the executed murderer, and Giaretti, the
RIVER AND HARBOR NOTES.
Happenings Among tbe Shipping and
Along the Wharves.
The British steamship Coningsby was
cleared yesterday by Messrs. Wilder & Cos.
for Reval with 4,669 bales of upland cotton,
weighing 2,290,808 pounds, valued at
Messrs. Wilder & Cos. cleared yesterday
the British steamship Fern Holme for
Liverpool with 0,931 bales of upland cotton,
weighing 3,299,380 pounds, valued at
$317,259, and 656 sacks of cotton seed, weigh
ing 42 tons, valued at SOBO, and bales
of damaged cotton, weighing 130,222
jiounds, valued at $10,009; total valuation
of cargo $327,958.
The tug Constitution returned last night
from Brunswick, where she towed the
schooner Charmer. On her way to Bruns
wick the Constitution jias-ed the dead body
of a negro in the new cut through Romney
mai-sh. On the return trip nothing was
seen of it. It is supposed to have been the
body of a deck hand who was drowned off
the steamer St. Nicholas some time since.
Dr. Charles Henry Brown, of New York,
is at the Pulaski.
Dr. and Mrs. .T. W. Johnston, of Scar
boro, are at the Pulaski.
Mr. and Mrs. Gouverneur Morris, of New
York, are at the Pulaski House.
Mrs. Ct. S. Haines returned on the Chat
tahoochee yesterday from New York.
Rt. Rev. Bishop Becker was a passenger
on the Tallahassee for New York yesterday.
Mrs. H. M. Branch and daughters, Misses
Meta and Lottie Branch, have returned
from New York.
Rt. Rev. Bishop Moore, of St. Augus
tine. Fla., was a passenger on the Chatta
hoocbe from New York yesterday.
Messrs. R. A. Weil and S. Herman have
returned from Atlanta, where they wore in
attendance on the meeting of the Board of
Trustees of the Bnai-Brith Orphan Asylum.
The Morning News hail a pleasant call
yesterday from Capt. Joe H. Morgan, of
Atlanta, who is on a business trip to his old
home. He always receives a warm welcome
when he conies to Savannah.
The Young Men's Christian Association
General Secretary's Conference of the South
will meet in Rome, Ga., to-morrow. General
Secretary Gordon, of the Savannah Asso
ciation, is down on the programme for a
paper on “How to Reach Different Classes,”
a paper intended to show how various
classes of young men in varied occupations
can be reached by the association.
Rev. Prof. Pescbau, of North Carolina,
requests the Morning News to announce
his position upon the proposition of an
organic union of the Lutheran and Episco
pal churches. He expressed himself os
rejoicing at the prospect of the union pro
posed by the Episcopal Bishops, and stated
that he was ready for such a move at any
time that the basis of the organic union
would be the Augsburg Confession. He is
not at all opposed to a proper move in this
Being entirely vegetable, no particular
care is required while usyig Dr. Pierce’s
“Pleasant Furgative Pellets.” They oper
ate without disturbance to the constitution,
diet or occupation. For sick headache, con
stipation, impure biood. dizziness, sour
eructations troin the stomach, bad taste in
mouth, bilious attacks, pain in region of
kidneys, internal fever, bloated leeling
about stoma h, rush of blood to bead, take
Dr. Pierce’s “Pellets.” By druggists.
1 will examine von on the outside, “Hig
gins," Theatre Friday.
The finest and most stylish Dress Silks
Woolen Dress Goods and Trimmings of all
kinds cun be bad at Weisbein’s at low prices.
THE CROP AND PRICE OP COTTON.
Some Comments on Current Estimates
The last issue of the New Orleans Cotton
World quotes an article from the Louisville
Courier-Journal, which speaks very dis
paragingly of the New York Chronicle and
its recent comments upon the current cot
ton crop estimates.
The Chronicle has been long enough
known in the world’s cotton trade to be
proof against the slurs of the Louisville
paper, or of such anew arrival as the Cot
The Chronicle said that while it did not
propose to make an estimate of the cotton
crop, it was satisfied the yield would not
fall below last year’s—the Cotton World, it
will Ij6 remembered, estimates the crop at
0,325,000 bales—fully 300,000 below last year.
There are a good many people who think
as the Chronicle, does in this matter, and it
may not be amiss to glance at some reasons
lor so doing
No one can deny that crop estimating is
a precarious business. The Chronicle states
that it retired after a disastrous termination
to a "brief and brilliant career.” We often
hear it remarked that "we have got down
to a much finer point now than ever before.”
But in what respect is that true? How can
we now judge tne yield of a crop of cotton
better than we could five years ago; Asa
matter of fact, it is bound to be to a consid
erable margin a case of indefinite guess
work. A recognized "authority” limy be
wonderfully correct for several years to
gether, and then make an ignominious
failure. A well known New Orleans house
gave a somewhat amusing illustration of
this fact, anil the Chronicle affords a more
illustrious example. The government statis
tician and the Cotton World now unite in
predicting and insisting upon a crop of
about 6,250.000; the question arises, Will
they, in case of failure, retire to a hack
seat with the modest promptitude of the
New Orleans man and the Chronicle'?
In the way of gathering crop information
the only improvement conceivable is a
better system of inquiries, and more of
them, sent out. The accuracy and veracity
of the replies is about as they were
five or ten years ago—human nature, so far
as we know, not having undergone any
material change for the better in the mean
Those of us who passed the summer in
the South and kept up with the crop reports
as they came from day to day will recollect
how glowing were the early prospects, and
so continuing until the end of July. We
almost all expected the record to lie beaten,
and it was a common remark, that what
ever now might happen, at least a good
average crop was assured. Now, when and
w'here did so much damage occur to cut the
yield to over 350,000 below last year, and
that on a largely increased acreage? There
came a change in crop accounts, but at the
worst they were spotted and mixed, as up
to the end some sections of the districts mast
injured reported the finest prospects that
could be desired.
There is apparently no good ground for
fearing a smaller crop than last year’s; and
while the writer has no ambition for a brief
and brilliant career as a crojp estimator, he
does not fear to go on record to that extent
It is of course understood that all this talk
and dispute about the crop is chiefly done
to influence the price of the staple—espe
cially the “future” markets of New York,
New Orleans and Liverpool. The reduced
estimates have caused the market to ad
vance over a cent a pound—enough in itself
to cause e, quite material shrinkage of con
sumption. Moreover, the proclivities of the
Southern planter—or of the South at large
—are too well known to require dwelling
upon at length. Let a “boom” come in the
fall, and they will buy futures and hold
back every bale they possibly can.
The same old story is repeated again and
again. Sooner or later they have to both
market their spot cotton and sell out their
futures, and then they cannot understand
why the market should be so weak aud
panicky in the late winter or early spring.
Light receipts in December and January
will uot necessarily indicate shortness of
crop—the acute Southerner, with his usual
jierspicacity, may be counted on to hold
every bag that circumstances will allow.
If present prices are not profitable—that
is, reasonably so—better plant less cotton.
Let i/he Southern planter as fast as he can
get his cotton to market, sell it at these
prices, and be thankful for them. Present
speculation may carry prices %or },j cent,
higher; if it does, so much the better, take
advantage of them.
Let the convincing arithmetician pile up
his columns showing conclusively that next
year there will be a half million bales less
than no cotton in the world; these sorts of
calculations have been known to come out
at variance with the actual out-turn of
events, and up to this time there has always
proved cotton enough to “go around.”
Prices now current are the result of small
crop estimates, an important thing to re
member; and it will also not be amiss to
bear in rmud that, other things equal, the
consumption of cotton at 10c. will not be
the same as at 9c., a fact already exempli
fied by the decreasing pressure for the spot
A SURPRISED “CONSERVATIVE”
Who Wishes Now That He Hadn’t
Editor Morning Mews: The writer was
not a little surprised at finding in the
columns of the Morning News of yester
day a long article from Dr. Bacon, a por
tion of which seemed to bo in answer to a
communication from the writer which ap
peared in the Morning News of Monday
Having been one of those who defended
Dr. Bacon, though not content with the
condition of the church, and thinking and
hoping that he was not properly understood,
the communication of Monday was written
with the desire that someone might lie
stimulated to effort in behalf of harmony
aud peace. The spirit of Dr. Bacon’s reply
forces the writer to say that ho regrets
having said or written one word upon the
li Dr. Bacon leaves here satisfied with
the condition of things in the church, it is
one thing to be grateful for. There are
few, however, who will be likely to agree
with him in his views of “autonomy,” as
indicate:! by any of the late proceedings in
the church, or that the church is “in a more
hopeful condition than for years before.”
But the Doctor has more experience in
church “autonomy” than the writer. To
those of us, however, who are inexpe
rienced, the picture presented is one of
“confusion worse confounded.”
To the Delegates of the United Synod.
Yourself and friends are cordially invited
to attend our Annual Holiday Opening,
which takes place to-day at our Temple of
Music and Art from 8 a. m. to 10 p. m
L. & B. 8. M. H.
A bright wholesome play, “The Doctor,”
A twelve-pleat linen front unlaundried
Shirt, a 1 quality, worth sl, at only 50c. at
Coining—Ward, “Higgins” and "The Doc
The Life of a Child.
Mr. W. L. Fain, a large commission mer
chant, says ho owes the life of his child to
Dr. Biggers’ Huckleberry Cordial. It al
ways gradually checks the bowels and does
not constipate as many do.
“The Doctor,” a bcatiful picture of home
life, Theatre Friday.
Strauss Bros, an; selling Okra and Toma
toes at li>j. u oau.
ON RAIL AND CROSSTIE.
Local and General Gossip in Railway
A party of capitalists think of putting a
street railway in Gainesville, Fla.
General Manager Haines, of the Savan
nah, Florida and Western railway, went
Florida Railway aud Navigation Company
trains are running into Plant City again, it
having been declared safe for them to do so.
General Manager West, of the Birming
ham and Atlantic Air Line, states that Mr.
James A. Simmons, of New York, instead
of Maj. T. P. Branch, of Augusta, is Presi
dent of the United States Improvement and
Gen. Alexander said to the New York
correspondent of the Augusta Chronicle the
other day that there is no truth whatever in
the rumor that the Georgia Central might
take advantage of the present troubles of
the Augusta and Chattanooga to capture
that rood and bottle it up. On the contrary
he said the Central does not want the Au
gusta and Chattanooga at any price; that
overtures had been made to him some time
ago with reference to buying it for the Cen
tral, and that he hail positively declined to
entertain the idea of purchasing it on any
Articles of incorporation forming the
Georgia Terminal Railroad Companv have
been filed in Atlanta, by Evan P. Howell,
8. M. Inman, Henry Jackson, Alfred Sully,
Thomas Smith, Isaac L. Rice, John A.
Rutherford, Emanuel Lehrnau, Calvin 8.
Brice, Samuel Thomas, John H. Inman,
George S. Scott, T. M. Logan, James White
and Pope Barrow. The company is to build
a road from Atlanta to some point on the
East Tennessee, Vivginia and Georgia
within F'ulton county, and also to a point
on the Western and Atlantic at a point
within the county, and also a point on the
Central. The rood will run only in Fulton
county, and will be about 30 miles long. The
capital stock of the company is 81,000,000.
Lottery Tickets Furnish a Wedding
Portland, Me., Oct. 19.—South Port
land, just across the harbor, is all agog over
a bit of romance. For months Louisiana
State Lottery tickets have been extensively
dealt out here, and a few persons have had
windfalls of fortune. A young man named
Cole, and his betrothed, Miss Jackson, in
somewhat poor circumstances, concluded to
try their luck, and each paid 50c. for one
tenth of a whole ticket. At the October
drawing they found, by reading the schedule
of winning tickets, that theirs had drawn
$5,000. It is understood that their wedding
cards are now in the hands of the printer.—
New York Sun, Oct. 20.
A sure cure for the blues, “The Doctor,”
Our Floral and Art Show
Opens at 8 o’clock this morning, and the
(public, generally, are invited to be present.
L. & B. S. M. H.
Savannah Daily Morning News,
The Forum, Popular Science Monthly, Ecleo
tic Magazine, Puck’s Library No. 5, (Christ
mas number), London Graphic, Figaro
(Christmas number), Huxley’s Advance of
Science in the Last Half Century, London
News, Railroad Guides, Tkl-Bits, Boston
Globe, Boston Herald. Philadelphia Press,
Philadelphia Tunes, Baltimore Sun, Balti
more American. New York Herald,
World, Suu, Times, Tribune, Star, Atlanta
Constitution, Augusta Chronicle, Macon
Telegraph, Florida Times-Union, Jackson
ville News-Herald, New Orleans Times-
Democrat. Charleston News and Courier,
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette, Cincinnati
Where the Ladies are Wanted.
Woman’s sphere is to admire and be ad
mired, and while we are not organizing a
mutual admiration society, we candidly be
lieve that our establishment, in its holiday
array, affords a scene of fairy-like magnifi
cence seldom surpassed in this country. We
appeal specially to the ladies—naturally
appreciative of the beautiful and artistic in
whatever shape presented—to visit us and
inspect our superb display. Diamonds aud
precious stones of dazzling brilliancy and col
or, handsome Watches, Chains, Charms and
Rings, myriads of delicate conceits in valu
able ornaments, adorn our show cases. Rare
and handsome bric-a-brac, Lovely Bronzes
and Statuary, meet the gaze on every hand.
Toilet Sets, Tea Sets and varied results
of the artisan’s skill in Silverware for use
ful and ornamental purposes lino our
shelves, while from every nook and corner
tempting articles of virtu, and the thousand
and one objects that are found in a com
plete jewelry establishment claim atten
tion and admiration. We have spared no
pains to render our stock a mode! one this
season, and as our motto is onward and up
ward, fair and honest dealing in the future,
as in the past, will be the foundation of our
ambition. We .claim to be the “Tiffanys”
of Savannah, anil this claim must be up
held. We ask a visit from the public gen; r
ally, and there is no obligation to buy what
M. Sternberg, 157 Broughton street.
Health and Comfort.
In all ages and countries the foot has re
ceived as much attention as any other por
tion of the human body. It should be as
well dressed and as well cared for as the
hand. The problem now is, how fashion
ably to cover it, preserving its beauty and
its health. The covering to be of good qual
ity and good workmanship, hence having a
durability equal to any. The problem is
solved. A. S. Cohen, 139 L? Broughton
street, finds no difficulty in fitting his cus
tomers. Persons living out of the city can
have an accurate fit by sending the size and
width of the shoe usually worn. All grades
and styles are to be found in this establish
ment, where is kept Solid Comfort Shoes,
combined with style and beauty.
Oak, Pine and Lightwood,
For sale by R. B. Casscls, comer Taylor and
East Broad streets. Telephone No. 77.
Buy your Currants, Citron, Raisins,
Spices and Nuts at Strauss Bros’.
Read of the many bargains that are
offered at Weisbein’s Bazar. The bargains
there can’t be beat. Be sure and go there.
A Bargain in Every Purchase,
Is the rule of the “Famous,” northeast cor
ner Congress and Whitaker streets. We
hold out no inducements in one article we
sell, and then charge more on another to
make up. Positively every purchase
made of us is a bargain, whether it is in
Clothing, Gentlemen’s Furnishing Goods,
Hats, Trunks or Umbrellas. How can we
do so? Plain enough. Two of the firm are
constantly on the lookout in New York for
goods in our line, with the ready cash, buy
ing only at the lowest prices manufactur
ing all the clothing there, thereby saving
to our patrons the retailer's profit, which is
at least $2 50 to $5 00 on a suit or overcoat.
Beside that, it enables us to have our cloth
ing made up and trimmed lietter than ordi
narily done by manufacturers, as we make
them up for our own sale, and strive to have
our customers pleased, not only when they
purchase, but also in the wearing of the
garment. We are thankful for the patron
uge received, and can thank ourselves for
receiving so much of it, by giving the good
quality of Clothing for such low prices.
This w ill lie a memorable week in Ladies’
and Children’s Garments, such as Wraps,
Walking Jackets, etc., at Weisbein’s. Read
his “ad. ’
At the Harnett House, Savannah, Ga.,
you get all the comforts of the high-priced
ho els, and save from sltos2 per day. Try
it and be convinced.— Boston Horne Jour
This Powder never varies. A marvel of Purity,
Strength anil Wholesomeness. More economi
cal than the ordinary kind, and cannot be sold
in competition with the multitude of low test,
short weight alum or phosphate powders. Sold
onlu in vans. Koval Baking Powder Cos., 106
Wall street, New York.
DUDDEN & BATES S. M. H.
This space is owned by
LUDDEN & BATES 9.
M H.. who cordially in
vite you to their open
ing to day; have not room;
here to say more.
FURNITURE AND CARPETS.
TN all the fashionable WOODS, MAHOGANY.
I ANTIQUE OAK, CHUTiRY and WALNUT
for Parlor. Bedroom, Dining-Room, Hall and
Library. Also c choice line of ODD PIECES
and BRIC-A BRaC.
New invoices of CARPETS, LACE CURTAINS,
PORTIERES, etc., in latest designs and
Our MAMMOTH STOCK. REASONABLE
PRICES and IMMENSE TRADE, warrant the
assert on that we can please all who will favor
tis with a call.
A. J. Miller & Co.'s
148,150 and 152 fPOFGIITON ST
W. J. MARSHALL. H. A. M’LEOP.
MARSHALL & McLEOD,
Auction and General Commission Merchants, •
Real Estate anl Stocks and Bonds
11Broughton Street, Savannah, Ga.
ATTENTION GIVEN TO RENTING OF
HOUSES AND COLLECTING RENTS.
gnpTYLER DESK CO
st. I.OUIS, mo.
ML j 'iXkWmn Manufacturers of FiNf
DESKS, BANK COUNTERS
Mpsl UkSSeSS BAJffc, COURT HOUSE,
FINE office fittings,
VI. Rest Work and Lowest Price!
L-** Guaranteed. 100 page Illuit'i
Cnlalogne ;> g|^9^ver£rintsdjtej^j|eJbt||^/j
DAVIS BRO s ’
’[’HIS is to certify that Mr. W. H. WOLFF.
i lias done both piano tuning and repairing
for me, all of which has proven entirely satis
factory, and 1 take pleasure in recommending
him ns a reliable piano timer and repairer.
(.Copy. 1 LEO. W. MEHRTENS.
Mr. Wolff is now in our em
ploy ; and we take tuning by the
year, or single tunings. Our
prices will be found low and
our work thoroughly guaran