Newspaper Page Text
1 ESTABLISHED 18.10. i
) J. H. EbTILL, Editor aiul I'roprlrter. f
IT HAS MADE_A BIG lIIT.
all but the randallites like
Universal Acknowledgment That It
Sounds the Key-Note of the Coming
Presidential Cam paign—R epublicans,
of Course, Ridicule It As Weak—
Pandallites Say a Compromise is
Washington, Dec. 6.—The President’s
unique message made a marked impression
upon Congress. The very novelty of de
voting it to a single topic drew attention
and interest, and the Congressmen were
held by the frank, brave, direct recom
mendations which it contained. In both
Houses its reading was followed with closer
attention than usual, and the comments
upon it were more prompt and definite than
is generally the case. It was so short and
symmetrical that no one who wanted to un
derstand it had any difficulty in so doing.
Every body, except the Randallites,expressed
satisfaction with it, the Democrats because
it was so strong, and the Republicans, as
they alleged, because it was so weak.
RANDALL’S OWN VIEWS.
Mr. Randall himself had nothing to say
for publication. Privately he said he
thought the President had made a mistake,
that he thought the country did not want
f ree wool ana did want free tobacco, or that
the Democratic party could not stand on
the platform thus set up by the Pi esident.
Protection, he claimed, had a majority in
this country, a majority which was grow
ing. Then, too, the States of Virginia and
North Carolina, to say nothing of other
Southern States, demanded the abolition of
the taxes on tobacco and fruit brandies.
THEIR WISHES IGNORED.
They could not be satisfied with a reve
nue reduction plan which apparently
ignored their wishes. Mr. Randall seemed
surprised and disappointed by the message.
He lias not been in the President’s councils
rec ently, and apparently did not know w'hat
was coming. Although Mr. Randall would
not talk for publication, Beriah Wilkins, of
Ohio, one of his Lieutenants, did to this ex
tent: “What’s the use of asking me what
I think of the message! I know very well.
THE COINAGE LETTER.
“It reminds me of a certain letter that
President Cleveland once wrote predicting
a terrible catastrophe if the coinage of the
silver dollar was not summarily stopped.
The immediate effect of that letter was to
stimulate the effort to coin more silver
dollars, and that terrible catastrophe never
came. Now that’s the way it will be with
this. We shan't have free wool, and we
shan’t have a panic.”
The general attitude of the Randallites
was one of uneasiness and discouragement.
Their idea seemed to be that if the President
had laid down the future policy of the party
m his message that they could not follow it
and the party could not succeed on it.
The Randallites feel at bay. The Presi
dent’s message forces them to come out of
their corner and declare themselves. They
take a gloomy view of the prospects of reve
nue reduction at this season. Some of them
go so far as to say that the President’s mes
sage renders an agreement between them
and the revenue reformers practically im
possible. Mr. Randall is mistaken In an
idea he is cherishing that, the Southern in
ternal revenue men will stand with him.
The entire Georgia delegation, for example,
heartily approve the message, although Mr.
Carlton, of the mountain district, would
have liked a decided expression in favor of
internal revenue reduction.
WHY THE REPUBLICANS GRIN.
The Republicans are pleased to think that
the message will thus div de the Randallites
from the rest of the Democrats. They
recognize the fact that the President has
chosen the issue for 1.888, and that he pro
poses to align the party on the recommenda
tions of to-day. They profess to believe
that on this issue the Republicans will
carry the country by large majorities.
Their idea about legislation on the revenue
question seems to be that the internal taxes
will lie cut down this winter, and perhaps
the duty on sug‘ , but that no other por
tion of the tariff will be touched.
A FEELING OF CONTEMPT.
For the message itself they express more
or less contempt.
Mr. Reed, of Maine, said that it was a
free trade speech filled with tr.te common
places. “'Why,” ho said, “thinlcof his say
ing that the price of the manufactured
article was enhanced by the amount of the
duty. Why, even Springer knows better
than that. No one lias dared to make that
assertion in the House for six years past.”
CALLED A FREE TRADE DOCUMENT.
Mr. McKinley said: “It is a splendid
free trade document, as good as if written
at the Cobden Club. Indeed it could not be
better if taken from some of the Cobden
Club documents. I greet it with pleasure."
Mr. Buchanan said it put the Democrats
just where his party wanted them. Presi
dent Cleveland had shown his hand, and the
campaign in 18SS would be fought on that
Mr. Bayne said: “It is too free trade. It
would be suicidal to cut down the tariff
duties with the balance of trade against us
as it is.”
TARIFF REFORMERS REJOICING.
The tariff reformers without exception
from Speaker Carlisle down, approve the
message in the heartiest terms. Both the
Breckinridges said that it expressed their
Mr. Mills said: “Good, elegant, it could
not he better,” and l.is face showed his sat
Mr. Springer said: “That is a good one.
He hits the nail on the head every time, we
have our platform.”
Mr. Townsheud said: “lilegant; elegant.
It beats them all; it could not be better.
We are going to stand by him, and we are
going to win."
Mr. Seney, of Ohio, said laconically:
Mr. Bland said: “It’s the best we have
ever had. I have not heard its equal since
I have been in Congress.”
Mr. Cox said: “It did my heart good to
heor'the gospel thus proclaimed.”
PRAISED BY THE PRESS.
New York, Dec. 6. —To-morrow’s papers
will have exhaustive editorial articles on
the President’s mossage.
The 'Jimeit has nothing but praiso for the
The World says: “The admirable mes
nge of the President has given to the
lemocratic party what it has long Jacked,
n issue and a leader. Tbo issue is tax re
form. The leader is the President. We
•ongratulato the Democratic party and Mr.
Cleveland himself upon his bold, sagacious
ind statesmanlike action.”
The Sun says: “It is not a commonplace
ocunient, for it is simple, intelligible and
oherent; and the quality of brevity is
hiefly due to the fact that all other topics
f national interest are dismissed in a lump
r postponed as inconsequential in the pres
nee of the one problem of supreme itn
ortance—the question of tariff revision.
Pe find him betrayed, here and there,
o doubt unconsciously, into an ex
ibition of slight irritation against
fife Morning ffeto#*
American manufacturers as a class,
almost as if they were conspirators
and public, enemies. Beyond the recom
mendation of the free admission of raw
materials and the general principle that the
necessaries of life rather than luxuries
should be affected, the President does not
undertake to indicate to Congress specific
methods upon which tariff reduction should
in his opinion proceed. The message is not
too long tor busy men to read, and it is the
busy men of the United States that have
the greatest interest in seeing themselves
just what President Cleveland says in this,
the most remarkable and, in some respects,
the most important document that he has
produced since his political career
The Herald closes its article as follows:
“The message will not please the extremists
of either side, free traders or protectionists,
but it will, we believe, please and satisfy
the people at large, and It puts upon both
parties in Congress the solemn duty to re
lieve the country from a most serious
The Tribuixe says: “For the first time in
the country’s history the President’s annual
message omits all reference to many grave
public interests respecting which good citi
zens of all parties agree, and is exclusively
devoted to an issue between the parties.
President Cleveland gives Congress no in
formation about the fishery question, the
pending negotiations with Great
Britain, or our relations with
other foreign powers. For all informa
tion regarding domestic affairs and
the workings of the government in its dif
ferent departments it refers the public to
the reports of the Cabinet officers. So ab
sorbed is the President in impressing upon
Congress a particular and distinctively
partisan policy, in regard to the mode of re
ducing the revenue, that he finds no space
for any account of the condition of the
public service, or for any reference to other
grave questions not of a partisan character
which call for Congressional action. The
nearest a pproa< 'h to this strange performance
in the annual messages of previous Presidents
was when President Buchanan devoted
most of his message to a defense of his
policy in Kansas. Its precedent can be
hardly considered attractive in the light of
* * * * * * *
“But it is well for the country that the
issue so long and uncandidly evaded has at
last been sharply made. Credit is due to
the President for making the issue boldly
and distinctly, so that no man
can hereafter claim, with a show of reason,
that the theories and aims of the ultra-op
ponents of protection have not in him a
zealous advocate. On the issue thus pre
sented the people cannot decide too soon,
and upon their decision will largely depend
their future prosperity.”
AS SEEN THROUGH ENGLISH EYES.
London, Dec. 7, 5 a. m. —The Morning
Post , commenting on President Cleveland's
message, says: “The message will produce
a profound sensation in Europe as well as in
America, and will strengthen the free
trader’s case throughout the world.”
The Daily News says: “Seldom has an
American President had a more important
or impressive lesson to teach. The fact is
that, although President Cleveland makes
a pretense of shutting his eyes to it, the
policy of protection has been reduced to
practical and theoretical absurdity. The
stone now set rolling will not stop until the
idol of protection is Broken in pieces.”
The Chronicle says: “It is many years
since such an important and suggestive
message has been sent to Congress. If the
policy of President Cleveland is adopted the
effect on the trade of the world cannot fail
,to be immense.” ,
The Telegraph , referring to President
Cleveland’s argument condemning the
wool tariff, asks: “Is he sure that
it is to the wool tariff alone
that the argument applies? Is he certain
that there are not large numbers —not per
haps in the farming, but in the wage-earning
classes —in America who lose more by the
enhanced prices of the necessaries of life
than they gain from an increase in wages
by the protection of industries in which
they are employed? This is a question
which free traders will ask, and which also
American statesmen may hear addressed to
them by their countrymen in a different
The Standard says: “President Cleve
land’s message is based on financial princi
ples, the soundness of which it is impossible
to successfully dispute. It marks a revolu
tionary starting point in the fiscal contro
versies of the United States. Whether it
will bring about immediately anew de
parture in their fiscal policy depends upon
its reception by Congress, which may give
a spirited protest to the President.”
The Times says: “No message on record
is more remarkable for bold, outspoken dis
closures of a novel policy hitherto opposed
or ignored by both political parties. It is
still more remarkable that Mr. Cleveland
has the courage to confront the serried
phalanx of protectionists on the eve of a
contest for the Presidency.
“So far as England is concerned it is ques
tionable, whatever the impulse resulting
from the removal of the burdens on Ameri
can industry, whether .America will not
confront us in formidable rivalry in both
home and foreign markets. We have con
fidence, however, in the laws by which,
when trade is free, every nation discovers
its fittest work and turns its advantages to
the best account.”
In Senate and House.
Washington, Dec. 6. —The Senate and
House took a recess soon after meeting to
await the President's message. At 1:10o’clock
the Senate reassembled, and the message
Immediately after the reading of the
President’s message was concluded, at 1:30
o’clock, the Senate adjourned without
transacting any business.
In the House.
In the House the President’s message was
listened to with great attention, and at the
conclusion of the reading, which consumed
forty minutes, was greeted with applause.
The’House thou, at 1:50 o’cloek, adjourned
until Thursday. .
The Republican National Convention.
Washington, Dec. 6.— The Republican
National Committee will probably deter
mine to have the next national convention
in Chicago. The Blaine men want to go
there in spite of the affected indifference
with which they insist that Blaine will be
nominated anywhere. They would like
Cincinnati next best. The Sherman men
prefer St. Louis. They fear Foraker and
Halstead as secret Blaine men in Cincinnati.
Mills to he Chairman.
Washington, Dec. 6.—lt seems to be
generally believed among the Democratic
members that Roger Q. Mills, of Texas,
will be appointed chairman of the Commit
tee on Ways nnd Mr He has explained
away that alleged tunff bill to the general
satisfaction of his In nds. In the Hduse
to-day it was observed that he took the lead
usually accorded to the chairman of the
Ways and Means Committee.
A Clean Sweep.
New Haven, Conn., Dec. <s.—The Demo
crats made a clean sweep of all the city
offices to-day, gaining one Alderman and
three CouncUmen. The majority for license
was over 2,000.
SAVANNAH, GA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1887.
THE ANNUAL REPORT TRANSMIT
TED TO CONGRESS.
A Big Increase in the Estimates for
Next Year Caused by the Addition
of Certain Public Works to the
Expense Account—The Indians and
Washington, Dec. 6. —The annual report
of the Secretary of War, transmitted to
Congress to-day, shows that the expendi
tures made by the department during the
last fiscal year amounted to $41,366,165. The
estimates for the next fiscal year aggregate
$53,338,710, against an approximation for
the current year of $31,055,302. The increase
is caused by the incorporation of an esti
mate of $22,339,151 for public works, in
cluding river and harbor improvements, the
expenditures on this account for the
current year amounting to only $1,308,409.
There is also an increase of about $1,500,-
000 in the estimate for the military estab
lishment, army and military academy. The
report says that the buildings, fortifications,
public works and grounds in the division of
the Atlantic are everywhere in need of re
pair or reconstruction. On the entire At
lantic and Gulf coast, a line of 2,870 miles,
and the Northern frontier of 2,530 miles,
the sole armament is 142 rifled guns, of
which 116 are obsolete and of very low
power. Even the few serviceable rifled guns
that are mounted are but of little value.
Some of them are mounted on old carriages,
and all are without adequate protection.
Touching Geronimo and his fellow cap
tives, now confined at Fort Pickens and Mt.
Vernon barracks, the report says that they
are contented, perform their work with
alacrity, and thus far their conduct has been
excellent. At this time it is a difficult mat
ter to find for them a permanent home.
For many reasons it is impossible to return
them to Arizona. Under the existing laws
they cannot he taken to the Indian Terri
tory, and in Northern reservations the cli
mate is too cold for them. Pending a final
decision they can remain where they are in
comfort and safety.
A brief history is included in the report
of the difficulty that arose in August last in
Colorado between the State authorities and
Colorow’s band of Utes, and it is said that
some effort should certainly be made for the
restitution of their property to the Indians,
AID FOR THE MILITIA.
The Secretary strongly approves of the
recommendation contained in Gen. Sheri
dan’s report, touching the extension of all
possible aid by t e general government to
the National Guard of the different states,
and suggesting a system of national en
campments for the State militia at the en
tire expense of the national government.
Of the State militia the report says: In
compliance with the request from the State
authorities the annual encampments of the
militia in thirteen States have been in
spected by officers of the army. This sys
tem of inspection has great advantages, by
bringing well trained and instructed soldiers
in contact with the militia, and gives an
opportunity for improvement not to be ob
tained in any other way. The reports of
the inspecting officers are full of encourage
ment, friendly criticisms and suggestions to
the militia. The report of the inspecting
officers of colleges having military details
show that the students at these colleges are
interested in drill and discipline, and are apt
and ready pupils, but greater interest would
be felt and better results obtained if the
authorities of the colleges evinced more
sympathy with this military branch of edu
cation, and gave to the officers a seat in the
faculty, and to military instructors a posi
tion equal to that of other branches of
Little is said on the subject of river and
harbor improvements beyond the statement
that the report of the Chief of Engineers
sets forth the condition of each improve
ment and the amount of work performed
during the last fiscal year.
EXAMINATIONS FOR PROMOTION.
In concluding his report the Secretary
says: “The result of the examinations for
promotion under the civil service regula
tions, which were applied to the War De
partment in May, were satisfactory. The
total number of clerks examined was 1,014,
of whom 963, or 95 per cent., passed, and of
this number 353, or 35 per cegit.,
obtained an average above 90 per cent.
51, or 5 per to pass, their average
being less than 75 per cent. I renew the
recommendations contained in my previous
reports, and in those of my predecessors,
for the appointment of an assistant Secre
tary of War and an assistant Attorney
Genera! to advise and assist, in legal and
technical questions which daily occur.
“I must also refer to my former recom
mendations for the reorganization of the
force of this office, the estimate for which,
it is hoped, will receive favorable considera
tion of Congress.”
A GOVERNMENT PRISON.
One of the Recommendations of Attor
ney General Garland.
Washington, Dec. 6. —The annual report
of Attorney General Garland wes trans
mitted to Congress to-day. The Attorney
General calls attention to the suggestion
and recommendations made by him in his
last annual reix>rt in regard to matters call
ing for remedial legislation and again
urges the necessity of immediate action
thereon. These subjects are as follows:
Fees of marshals in the Terri
tories; pay of deputy marshals;
revision of thef:e bill; substitution of the
fiscal for the calendar year; protection to
civil officers and witnesses; fees of witnesses
and jurors; criminal procedure; perjury
and laws, and juries in the District of
Columbia. In a chapter in regard to the
confinement and treatment of United IStates
prisoners, the Attorney General says he is
now more than ever convinced of the abso
lute need of q government penitentiary and
He says that the cost of conducting a gov
ernment penitentiary will not, be greater
eventually than the cost of subsisting
prisoners in various penitentiaries through
out the country will be.
an inquiry advocated.
Ho advocates the appointment of a com
mission to inquire into the advisability of
building a government penitentiary and
reformatory, and says that it would seem
that the United States should have a model
prison and reformatories of its own in
which to confine its criminals and in which
provisions could to made for the employ
ment of the inmates at some suitable in
dustries on a system of labor which would
not violate the recent act of Congress, nor
bo in consist*!* with the laws passed
by the several States and prevailing opin
ions relative to the subject of contract
labor. The Attorney General says that in
creased expenses in the service of process
has been the experience of the de|>artment
since the passage of the interstate commerce
bill. Prior to the passage of that bill
marshals were furnished with free transpor
tation over the various lines of railway
while in the service of process. Since that
date, however, no free transportation is
furnished and the railways chargoa mileage
?; reater than the fee allowed the marshal
or his travel in such service.
The Probable Course of the Senate in
the Lamar Case.
Washington, Dec. 6.—The President
sent the following nominations to the
Lucius Q. C. Lamar, of Mississippi, to be
Associate J ustice of the Supreme Court of
the United States.
William F. Vilas, of Wisconsin, to be
Secretary of the Interior.
Don M. Dickinson, of Michigan, to be
Charles S. Fairchild, of New York, to be
Secretary of the Treasury.
George L. Rives, of New York, to be As
sistant Secretary of State.
Isaac H. Maynard, of New York, to be
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.
Sigourvey Butler, of Massachusetts to be
Second Comptroller of the Treasury.
James W. Hyatt,' of Connecticut, to to
Treasurer of the United States.
“Senatorial courtesy,” which has usually
led to the compliment of confirmation with
out reference to a committee when a Sena
tor or ex-Senator has been nominated to any
other office, has never prevailed in respect
to nominations to positions on the bench of
the Supreme Court. The last case preceding
that of ex-Secretary Lamar was that of
Mr. Conkling, who had been out of the
Senate a much shorter period than has Mr.
Lamar. Mr. Conkling’s nomination was
sent to the Judiciary Committee and re
ported back. He was confirmed by the
Senate, and then declined the office. It is
probable that the nominations sent to the
Senate to-day will not to formally laid be
fore the body until the committees are
Mr. Lamar feels confident that his nomi
nation will be confirmed. He has received
assurances from his personal friends among
the Republican Senators which forbid his
entertaining any doubt about it. There is
no question as to the confirmation of the other
nominations sent by the President to the
Mr. Lamar and Mr. Vilas are well known
to the public, but Mr. Dickinson is anew
man. A few words respecting him and his
career may, therefore, be interesting. The
new Postmaster General, Don M. Dickinson,
is in his 41st year, and comes of American
stock on both sides, through generations
running back to the seventeenth century.
On his father’s side he is descended from the
Massachusetts Dickinsons, and on his
mother’s from the Holmeses,who were with
Roger Williams at the Providence planta
tions. His father was a man of rare jin
tellect and high cultivation. Circumstances
made it necessary for young Dickin
son to earn his own way to education and
he accomplished it at school and college with
his own means, gained at first by manual
labor and later by an exceptional capacity
and judgment for all business, and a remark
able facility for turning off work, and for
taking responsibility. Admitted to the bar
whenbarely 21 he rose rapidly in his profes
sion, and from the age of 25 he has toen a
leading lawyer in his State, and from the age
of 30 one of the first counsel in the North
west. His name has been associated as counsel
in nearly every famous litigation in Michi
gan, and in the Supreme Court of the United
States his record of successes has beep bril
liant. Mr. Dickinson’s contest in behalf of
the State courts against the alleged invasion
of their jurisdiction by the Federal judiciary
under the bankrupt law was quasi-political
in its character, and the Supreme Court of
the United States, in the Laßoux case, after
seven years of defeats in the lower courts,
his position was sustained. His latest widely
known appearance in that court was in the
great telephone contest where he made
the leading argument for Drawbaugh
against Bell, and was associated with
Senator Edmunds and Lysander Hill. His
professional income runs from $30,000
to $50,000 per annum. In politics Mr. Dick
son is a Jeffersonian Democrat, believing in
domestic self-government, a strict construc
tion of the Constitution, and opposing class
legislation, in which he embraces gil pro
tective laws. But he advises cure and cau
tion in dealing with protection as it exists.
He has toen a recognized leader of his party
since he attained his majority. Mr. Dickin
son’s first vote was cast for Horatio Sey
mour. He was .Secretary of the State Cen
tral Committee at 24, arifi chairman in the
Tiiden campaign of 1876, when 28, conducting
one of the most vigorous campaigns Michi
gan has ever known, and doing a great part
in reducing the 60,000 Republican ma
jority to 20,000 plurality. He was close in
Go'. Tilden's counsels both in 1876 and
1880, and was on terms of friendship with
that distinguished man. Mr. Dickinson
was Delegate-at-Large to the convention of
1880, and chairman of the Michigan delega
tion. Since 1884 he has represented Michi
gan on the National Committee. Mr. Dick
inson has constantly refused the use of his
name as a candidate for Congress or for any
other office. The only public position be
ever held was that of visitor to the United
State Naval Academy, the expenses and
emoluments of which he devoted to the use
of that institution.
The Nominees at the Democrats for
Officers of the HiAises.
Richmond, Va., Dec. 6. —The members
of tlie Legislature of both political parties
held caucuses to-night and made nomina
tions for officers of the respective bodies.
The Democrats, whose nominees will of
course be elected to-morrow, have selected
the following candidates:
House —Speaker, Richard 11. Cardwell, of
Hanover; Clerk, John Bell Biggar (in
cumbent), of Spottsylvauia; Sei geant-at-
Arrns, James If Martin, of Giles; First
Doorkeeper, A. O. Sullivan, of Montgom
ery; Second Doorkeeper, E. T. Kindred, of
Senate—President pro tern., John L. Hurt
(inc unbent), of Sp ttsylvania; Clerk, J. D.
Pendleton (incumbent), of Orange; Sergeant
at Arms. Z. T. Weaver (incumbent), of
Giles; Doorkeeper, W. D. Haynes, of
Chicago, Oct. 6.—The employing print
ers of this city have issued an ultimatum to
the compositors who have lately been on a
strike. Before they will be employed they
must sign a paper renouncing all allegiance
to Typographical Union No. 6, and agree
not to join any other union or association,
unless they give sixty days’ notice to the
employers. The tnen so far have refused to
sigii the agreement.
Ashore Near Cape Henry.
Norfolk, Va., Dec. 6.— -The British
steamship Kimberley, ashore thirty miles
south of Cape Henry, is to-night leaking
badly. It is probable that she will soon
break up. The vessel was abandoned by
her crew this afternoon. She is now so
near the beach that it is thought that when
the strong easterly winds and high tides
subside it will be possible to walk on board
of her. __
Children Burned to Death.
Brainkrd, Minn., Dec. 6.—At Wright's
station two children of a family named
Roberts, aged 8 and 10 years, were burned to
death by the burning of the family resi
dence last, night. The mother escaped by
jumping from an up-stairs window with a
buto in her arms. The father was so badly
burned ho may not recover.
FALL OF A WATER TOWER
THREE MEN KILLED AND FOUR
HURT AT THDMASVILLE.
Four Others Cling to a Portion of tho
Wall Like Human Flies and Are
Finally Rescued With Ropes and
Ladders—Names of All Concerned ~
Excitement in the Town.
Thomasville, Ga., Dec. 6.—Four men
were killed and three injured by the falling
of the water tower here this morning shortly
after 10 o’clock. The accident is attributed
to the removal of the scalTold supports,
which appear in reality to have acted as
braces between the outer walls of tho tower
and the centre pier, a solid piece of brick
masonry six feet in diameter. Owing to the
strain of hoisting brick to thu top of the
tower an oscillating movement was caused,
and the plot - tottered and fell, crushing
through the outer wall, carrying the scaf
folding with seven men to the ground. The
contractor, T. J. P. Rommerdall, and
Joseph Moore (white men), and Limus
Wells (colored) were killed instantly, and
three negroes were seriously injured.
Four men were left clinging to the wall
of the tower, which was to have been com
pleted this week, having already attained
the height of seventy feet. These men had
just presence of mind enough to cling to the
wall, and their cries for help were pitiful.
The hook and ladder company was quickly
summoned, and together with the Mayor
and citizens did good work. The ladders
were found to reach only forty feet, ami a
rojie was drawn up by means of a cord to
which a brick had been fastened, which lmd
been thrown to the poor fellows perched on
A PERILOUS DESCENT.
As soon as the rope was made secure one
after the other slid down until the ladders
were reached. From there the descent was
easy. Two of the rescued were white men
and two colored. Broad street at the tower
has been crowded all day with excited peo
ple deploring the sad accident, and it is the
only topic of conversation all over town.
Mr. Rommerdall came here from Chicago
about three years ago, and lias put up a
number of buildings and at this time had
the contract for the Masury Hotel and a
dwelling, both in course of' erection. He
leaves a wife and several children. Mayor
Hopkins says that tho damage to the tower
will lie repaired and the work completed as
speedily as possible, and that the city may
have a plentiful supply of water this season.
NAMES OF THE RESCUED.
The names of the men clinging to the
John Parnell (white), a brick mason.
W. Spearing (white), a Northern work
William W T alton (colored); Joseph Earnest,
The negroes injured are:
In the confusion Fabian was reported
dead, but is still alive, though he is not ex
pected to live.
Rommerdall was badly mutilated, his
skull being crushed, his face badly cut, his
arm broken and a hole torn in h.s side.
Moore’s skull was cracked, but ho did not
show any bruises on his body.
The supposition is that they were standing
together at the top, and fell the whole seven
ty feet. *
' Rommerdall was partly covered with
bricks when found.
Wells was dug out of the debris and ex
pired in a few minutes.
Fabian was also dug out of the bricks,
and may die any moment.
The other three are injured seriously, but
it is hoped not fatally.
More Light Thrown on Hia Peculiar
Cincinnati, Dec. fi.—This morning’s ses
sion of tho Harper trial was spent in placing
before the jury more testimony concerning
Harper’s accounts and his peculiar methods.
Several bookkeepers were examined on
these points. J. W. Hoyt, a broker, made
the somewhat startling statement that Ben
jamin E. Hopkins became his creditor
last June t<> tho amount of $601,806.
He never paid it as Kershaw & Cos. could
not pay him. Mr. Hoyt’s account
was transferred to Wiltshire, Eckert &
Cos., by Mr. Hopkins’ order. The witness
never did any business with Harper. It
was all with Mr. Hopkins.
The counsel for tho defense aske i the wit
ness if he did not know who was the princi
pal in these dealings. “Yes.” said the wit
ness, “I knew it was Harper.”
Receiving Teller Hinch was again placed
on the stand, arid identified a letter of advice
from Mr. Hopkins to Irwin Green & Cos.,
notifying them of a credit of $285,000.
John H. Inman to Become Richmond
and Danville's President.
New York, Dec. 6. —The directors of the
Richmond and West Point Terminal Com
pany met to-day to main* arrangements for
the annual election. President Hully did
not desire a re-election nnd offered the office
of President to John H. Inman or W. H.
Rockefeller, but the other directors insisted
on him retaining tho office. He succeeded
in inducing John (1. Inman to take the
Presidency of the Richmond and Danville
Company. At the directors’ meeting Pres
ident. Hully declared that experience lad
shown that the administration of the Rich
mond nnd Danville Company should be
kept separate from that of the Richmond
and West, Point Terminal Company, and
at his request Mr. Inman was asked to as
sume the Presidency of the former road.
The annual election of the Richmond and
West Point Terminal Company will beheld
at Richmond Tuesday next. Tho new mem
bers of the board of directors will be R. P.
Flower, William H. Rockefeller and John
H. Inman. There will lie no contest.
Tampa, Fla., Dec. 6.—ln the past, forty
eight hours one death has occurred here
from fever —that, of Dr. li. 11. Mitchell,
who lately returned from the North. No
new cases "have developed. Dr. Porter has
closed tho hospital, sent the nurses home,
and loaves for the North to-morrow. No
more official bulletins will be issued.
Dempsey, engineer on the steam tug Mag
net, .fell overboard and was drowned at
Fuller’s wharf to-night.
Walking Delegates Held in Ball.
New York, Dec. 6. —Walking delegates
Kiernnn, McLaughlin, Harvey, Armstrong
and McDonald, who were arrested last
week on a charge of conspiracy by William
J. Merritt & Cos., builders, were held to-day
ins7oo bail each to await the action of the
Washington, Dec. 6. —Speaker Carlisle
says he will be able 10 announce the c re
mittees the day before the adjournment for
the Christmas recess.
GOOD OMENS FOR FRANCE.
The President and Clemenceau in
Accord on the Best Policy.
Paris, Dec. 6.—lt is expected that M.
Goblet will be Prime Minister in the new
Cabinet, and that M. Flourens will retain
the portfolio of Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The Chambers have adjourned until Satur
President Sadi-Carnot, in an interview
with M. Clemenceau Unlay, insisted upon a
union of all tho Republicans in the Cham
ber, first, to show foreigners that, the Re
publicans can agree, and, second, that they
may vote on an honest and sincere budget.
M. Clemenceau fully indorsed tho Presi
dent’s views. The accord between President,
Sadi-Carnot and M. Clemenceau is regarded
as a good omen for the future of the
republic. The President to-day received
M. Itibot and other loading Republicans.
President Sadi-Carnot in an interview
with M. Clemenceau to-day said ho was
under no illusion that, he had been chosen
President for his own merit. He had an
earnest desire to do his duty aud sink
self on every occasion when
his personal views might, eonllict with pub
lic interest. While admitting that tuere
must always exist two greit Republican
parties, the President said it would he possi
ble in elect ons for them to unite against
their common enemy, tho Monarchists.
M. Clemenceau, replying, deprecated the
method of taking men from various groups
to form a Cabinet irrespective of their plat
form. He said a unio iof the parties could
he better effected by tho ad< >pt.iou of cer
tain principles as the basis of action.
A RUSSO-GERMAN WAR.
Vienna Financiers Think That a Con
flict is Inevitable.
Vienna. Dec. (s.—The rally on the Bourse,
due to the election of Sadi-Carnot, as Presi
dent ot France, was only transient. Prices
fell to-day on rumors that Russian troops
were being massed on the frontier. In the
evening Austrian and Hungarian rentes fell
heavily, and gold rose.
The Ptrthrr Lloyd says: “The situation
is undenial >ly most serious. Russia’s atti
tude is so threatening that we cannot but
tbink that war is inevitable.”
AN EXPLANATION ASKED.
Berlin, Dee. 6. —There is an unconfirmed
rumor that Germany and Austria have sent
a joint note to St. Petersburg asking Russia
to explain the massing of troops on her fron
SULLIVAN IN TULLaMORK.
The Authorities Objected to His Hold
ing Dally Levees.
Dublin, Dee. 6.—Lord Mayor Sutlivan,
convicted of publishing in his paper, the
Nation, accounts of proclaimed branches of
the national league, aud sentenced to two
months’ imprisonment, has been removed
to Tullamore jail in order to prevent his
holding daily levees, as he was doing in jail
The Issue Voted on in Seventeen Towns
Boston, Dec. 6.—Municipal elections were
held to-day in seventeen cities of the com
monwealth, the citizens in each place tieing
given an opportunity of expressing their
preferences on the license question. Interest
has been awakened and greatly strength
ened during the past few months, and in
many cities the nominations were hosed on
this issue rather thin on'political prefer
ence. Gloucester voted, for license 1,260,
against 1,774; Taunton, for license 1,554,
against 1,343; Haverhill, for license 1,7115,
against 1,765; Fall River, for license 5,350,
In New Bedford the Prohibition candi
date for Mayor received only 29 votes. The
vote on license was 2,778 in favor and 1,527
Fitchburg elected a license Mayor but
voted against license by a small majority.
In Walden the Democratic ticket was
chosen and the vote on license was 408 in
favor and 1,912 against.
In Somerville the majority against
license was nearly 2,000.
Lawrence, which last year went 600
Democratic, now goes 700 Republican. A
city which has been under license for thir
teen years now goes against it by 230
Newton and Waltham vote against
Springfield gives 1,200 for license.
Chelsea, Cambridge and Brockton vote
Democrats Beat Both the Republicans
Louisville, Ky., Dec. 6.—The municipal
election held In this city to-day passed off
more quietly than was exfieoted. There
were no disturbances of any consequence,
though arrests of parties using money at
the polls were numerous. Charles D. Jacob
was elected Mayor by a plurality over
Mr. Avery, the Republican candidate,
of 4,000. W. P. Hokex, the other
'Democratic candidate, was out of tho racr
at midday, he polling a small vote. The
vote polled was much smaller than antici
pated, it being estimated that the total vote
will fall below 20,000 white. The registered
vote was 30,000. The sum of $5,.’00, raised
by the Citizens’ Purification Committee,
will be expended in prosecuting parties de
tected in using money at the polls.
RIGHTS OF DRUMMERS.
States Cannot Tax Them for Doing
Business in Their Confines.
GalVeston, Tex., Dec. 0. —In the United
States District Court to-day Judge Sabin
rendered a decision on the habeas corpus
case of Robert C. Stockton, a drummer for
a Kansas City firm, releasing him
from arrest and the custody of
the State authorities for his refusal to pay a
drummers tax of *35. The Travelers’ Pro
tective Association made a test, case of
Stockton’s arrest. The court declares the
law to be void in its application to foreign
drummers for the reason that it conflicts
with section eight of the Federal constitu
tion, which gives Congress sole power to
regulate interstate commerce. The decision
is au important victory for the drummers
of the Southwest.
Two Negroes Fire on Them When
They Break Down a Door.
New Orleans, Dec. 6.—A special from
Lake, Miss., to the Picayune says: “Last
night a band of regulators went to the
bouse of Williams brothers (colored), about
half a mile north of this place, it is supposed
for the purpose of punishing them for mis
demeanors. On arriving at the bouse they
ordered the two negroes to open the door,
and, upon their refusal, broke the door
down, when the negroee fired upon them,
killing two white men named Ben Griffith
and John McC-raney. The negroes then
made their escape and are still at large.”
( PRICF.iJIO A YEAR. I
( 6CUATB ACOTI . f
SHORT, BUT TO THE POINT.
CLEVELAND’B MESSAGE DEVOTED
ENTIRELY TO THE TARIFF.
Some of the Practical Effects of thg
High import Duties so Clearly Set
Forth That Ke Who Runs May Read
and Understand—How Tollers ..r
Washington, Dec. o. —Following is tbs
text in full of the annual message which
President Cleveland submitted to Congress
To the Congress or the United States :
You are confronted at, the threshold of you!
legislative duties with a condition of the' na
tional finances which imperatively demands Im
mediate and careful consideration. The amount
of money annually exacted through the opera
tion of present laws from the industries and
necessities of the people largely exceeds th*
sum necessary to meet the expen.-os of tho gov
ernment When we consider that the theory' ot
our institutions guarantees to every citizen the
full enjoyment of all the fruit of his industry
and enterprise, with only such deduction
ns may be his chare toward the careful
and economical maintenance of the government
which protects him, It Is plain that the exaction
of more than this is indefensible extortion and
a culi>able betrayal ot American fairness and
justice. This wrong. Inflicted upon those who
Itear the burden of national taxation, like other
wrongs, multiplies a brood of evil consequences.
Thu public Treasury, which should only exist a*
a conduit, conveying the people's tribute to its
legitimate object of expenditure, becomes a
hoarding place for money needlessly withdrawn
from trade and the people's use, thus crippling
our national energies, suspending our
country's development, preventing In
vestment in productive enterprises,
threatening financial disturbance and inviting
schemes of public plunder. This condition ot
our Treasury Is not altogether new; and it has
more than once of late boon submitted to tbs
people’s representatives In the Congress, who
alone can apply a remedy, and yet the situation
still continues with aggravated Incidents more
l hail ever presaging financial convulsion and
wide-spread disaster, it will not do to neglect
this situation because its dangers are not now
palpably imminent and apparent. They exist
noue the less ee tainly, and await the unfore
seen and unexpected occasion whou suddenly
they will lie precipitated on us.
toe excess or revenu e.
On the 30th day of June, 1885, the excess o|
revenue over the public expenditures after com*
plying with the annual requirement of the sink
ing fund excess was $17,859,786 84; during tbs
year ended June 80, 1 SSil, such excess amounted
to $49,406,546 1*1; and during the year ended Juue
30, 1887, it reached the sum of $55,564,849 54.
The annual contribution to the sinking fund
during the three years above specified, amount*
ing in the aggregate tb $138,068,330 94 and de
ducted from the surplus as stated, were mads
by calling in for that purpose outstanding 8 pet
cent bonds of the government. During the six
months prior to June 30, 1887, the surplus reve
nue had grown So large by related accumula
tions, and it was feared, the withdrawal of this
groat sum of money needed by thejieople would
so effect tbe business of the country that the sura
of $79,864,100 of such surplus was applied to ttas
payment of Ihe principal and interest Of the 3
per cent, bonds, still out landing, and which
were then jiayable at the option of the govern
ment. The precarious condition of financial
affairs among the people still needing relief,
immediately after the 30th day of June, 1887,
the remainder of the 3 per cent, bonds then
outstanding, amounting with principal Vnd
interest to the sum of $18,877,600, were called
in. applied to the Kinking fund contribution for
the current fiscal year. Notwithstanding
these operations of tiie Treasury Department,
representations of distress in buslne-s circle*
not only continued but increased and ahsolut*
peril seemed at hand. In these circumstance*
the eortributlon to the sinking fund for th*
current fiscal year was at once completed by
tin- expenditure of $37,684,383 56 in thepurchas*
of government bonds not yet due, bearing 4 and
4)4 per cer.l. interest, the premium paid thereon
averaging about 34 per cent, for the
former and 8 per cent, for the latter.
In addition to this the interest accruing
during Ihe current year upon the outstand
ing Is-inded indebtedness of the governmenl
was to some extent anticipated, and the banks
selected os depositories ol public money were
permitted to somewhat increase their deposits,
while the expedients thus employed to releas*
to the people the money lying idle In the Treas
ury served to avart immediate danger.
But surplus revenues have continued to accu
mulate, the excess for the present year amount
ing on tin-first dayof Decern I sir to $55.256.7(11 J 9,
and estimated to reach the sum of $118,000,000
on the t hirtieth day of June next, at which date
it is expected that this sum, added to prior ac
cumulations, will swell the surplus in the Treas
ury to $140,000,000. There seems to be no as
surance that with such a withdrawal from use
of the people's circulating medium our busines*
community may not in the noar future be sub
jected to the same distress which was quite
lately produce-1 from the same en-ise, and while
the functions of our national Treasury should b*
few and simple, and while Its beet, condition
would be reached, 1 believe, by its enure -liscon
nection with private business interests, yel
when, by a perversion of its purposes, it idly
holds money uselessly subtracted from tbe
channels of trade, there seems to be reason fo*
the claim I hat some legitimate means shonld bo
devised by the government to restore In an
emergency, wlwuout waste or ext ravagance,
such money to its place among tbe people.
If such an emergency arises there now exists no
clear and undoubted executive power of relief,
Heretofore the redemption of 3 i>er cent, bond*,
which were payable at the option of the govern
ment, has offered a means ot a disbursement ol
tbe excess of our revenues: but these bond*
have all been retired, and there are no bond*
outstanding, the payment of which we have th*
right to insist upon. Tbe contribution to th*
sinking fund, which furnishes the occasion for
tb* expenditure in the purchare of bonds, ha*
been already made for ttie current year,
so that there is no outlet in lliat direction,
In the w-esent state of legislation the only pre
tense or any existing executive power to restore
at this time any part of our surplus revenue* to
the people bv its expenditure consists in th*
supposition that the Secretary of the Treasury
may enter tbe market and purchase the boDil*
of the guvernmen! not yet due at a rate of pre
mium to lie agreed upon. The only prevision ol
law from which such a power could be derived
is found in an appropriation bill passed a mum
per of years ugo. and it is subject, to the sue
pie on that It was intended as tem
porary and limited in its applica
tion instead of conferring a continuing
discretion and authority. No condition
ought to exist which would Justify tbe grant of
power to a single official—upon his judgment nl
its necessity- to withhold from or r-lea-e to th#
business of the peirple in an unusual manner,
money held in the Treasury, and thus affect, al
his will, Ihe financial situation of the country,
and If it is deemed wise to lodge in tbe Secre
tary of tbe Treasury the authority in the pree
ent juncture to purchase lionds it should b*
plainly vested anil provided as far as possible,
with such enceks and limitations as will defln*
this official's right and discretion, and at th*
same time relievo him from undue responsk
bility. in consideration of the question or pun
chasing bonds as a means of restoring to cir
culation tbe surplus money accumulating in th#
Treasury, it should be borne in mind thal
premiums must of course lie paid upon such
purchase, that there may be a large part ol
these bonds held as investments which cannot
be purchased at any price, and that combina
tions among holders who are willing to sell may
unreasonably enhance the cost of such bonds t*
refunding of the debt.
It has been suggested that tho present bonds#
debt might be refunded at a less rate ol
interest tbe difference between tbe old and
new securities in cash thus flndipg use forth*
surplus in tbe Treasury. The success of thi*
plun, it-is apparent, must depend upon the voli
tion of the holders of the present bonds, and it
Is not entirely certain that the inducement
which must be offered would re*idt in mor*
financial benefit to the government, than tb*
purchase of bonds, while the latter proposition
would reduce the principal of the debt by uctuar
payment instead of extending it. Tbe proposi
tion to deposit the money held by the govern
ment in bonds throughout the country for us*
by tbe people is. it seem* to me, exceedingly
objectionable in principle, as establish
ing too close a relationship between
tbe operations of tbe government Treasury
and the business of tbe country and too extern
sive a collection ot their money, thus fostering
an unnatural rellanc* in private business os