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The morning news. (Savannah, Ga.) 1887-1900, December 07, 1887, Image 1

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1 ESTABLISHED 18.10. i ) J. H. EbTILL, Editor aiul I'roprlrter. f IT HAS MADE_A BIG lIIT. all but the randallites like THE MESSAGE. Universal Acknowledgment That It Sounds the Key-Note of the Coming Presidential Cam paign—R epublicans, of Course, Ridicule It As Weak— Pandallites Say a Compromise is Improbable. Washington, Dec. 6.—The President’s unique message made a marked impression upon Congress. The very novelty of de voting it to a single topic drew attention and interest, and the Congressmen were held by the frank, brave, direct recom mendations which it contained. In both Houses its reading was followed with closer attention than usual, and the comments upon it were more prompt and definite than is generally the case. It was so short and symmetrical that no one who wanted to un derstand it had any difficulty in so doing. Every body, except the Randallites,expressed satisfaction with it, the Democrats because it was so strong, and the Republicans, as they alleged, because it was so weak. RANDALL’S OWN VIEWS. Mr. Randall himself had nothing to say for publication. Privately he said he thought the President had made a mistake, that he thought the country did not want f ree wool ana did want free tobacco, or that the Democratic party could not stand on the platform thus set up by the Pi esident. Protection, he claimed, had a majority in this country, a majority which was grow ing. Then, too, the States of Virginia and North Carolina, to say nothing of other Southern States, demanded the abolition of the taxes on tobacco and fruit brandies. THEIR WISHES IGNORED. They could not be satisfied with a reve nue reduction plan which apparently ignored their wishes. Mr. Randall seemed surprised and disappointed by the message. He lias not been in the President’s councils rec ently, and apparently did not know w'hat was coming. Although Mr. Randall would not talk for publication, Beriah Wilkins, of Ohio, one of his Lieutenants, did to this ex tent: “What’s the use of asking me what I think of the message! I know very well. THE COINAGE LETTER. “It reminds me of a certain letter that President Cleveland once wrote predicting a terrible catastrophe if the coinage of the silver dollar was not summarily stopped. The immediate effect of that letter was to stimulate the effort to coin more silver dollars, and that terrible catastrophe never came. Now that’s the way it will be with this. We shan't have free wool, and we shan’t have a panic.” The general attitude of the Randallites was one of uneasiness and discouragement. Their idea seemed to be that if the President had laid down the future policy of the party m his message that they could not follow it and the party could not succeed on it. AT BAY. The Randallites feel at bay. The Presi dent’s message forces them to come out of their corner and declare themselves. They take a gloomy view of the prospects of reve nue reduction at this season. Some of them go so far as to say that the President’s mes sage renders an agreement between them and the revenue reformers practically im possible. Mr. Randall is mistaken In an idea he is cherishing that, the Southern in ternal revenue men will stand with him. The entire Georgia delegation, for example, heartily approve the message, although Mr. Carlton, of the mountain district, would have liked a decided expression in favor of internal revenue reduction. WHY THE REPUBLICANS GRIN. The Republicans are pleased to think that the message will thus div de the Randallites from the rest of the Democrats. They recognize the fact that the President has chosen the issue for 1.888, and that he pro poses to align the party on the recommenda tions of to-day. They profess to believe that on this issue the Republicans will carry the country by large majorities. Their idea about legislation on the revenue question seems to be that the internal taxes will lie cut down this winter, and perhaps the duty on sug‘ , but that no other por tion of the tariff will be touched. A FEELING OF CONTEMPT. For the message itself they express more or less contempt. Mr. Reed, of Maine, said that it was a free trade speech filled with tr.te common places. “'Why,” ho said, “thinlcof his say ing that the price of the manufactured article was enhanced by the amount of the duty. Why, even Springer knows better than that. No one lias dared to make that assertion in the House for six years past.” CALLED A FREE TRADE DOCUMENT. Mr. McKinley said: “It is a splendid free trade document, as good as if written at the Cobden Club. Indeed it could not be better if taken from some of the Cobden Club documents. I greet it with pleasure." Mr. Buchanan said it put the Democrats just where his party wanted them. Presi dent Cleveland had shown his hand, and the campaign in 18SS would be fought on that issue. Mr. Bayne said: “It is too free trade. It would be suicidal to cut down the tariff duties with the balance of trade against us as it is.” TARIFF REFORMERS REJOICING. The tariff reformers without exception from Speaker Carlisle down, approve the message in the heartiest terms. Both the Breckinridges said that it expressed their views admirably. Mr. Mills said: “Good, elegant, it could not he better,” and face showed his sat isfaction. Mr. Springer said: “That is a good one. He hits the nail on the head every time, we have our platform.” Mr. Townsheud said: “lilegant; elegant. It beats them all; it could not be better. We are going to stand by him, and we are going to win." Mr. Seney, of Ohio, said laconically: “Good.” Mr. Bland said: “It’s the best we have ever had. I have not heard its equal since I have been in Congress.” Mr. Cox said: “It did my heart good to heor'the gospel thus proclaimed.” PRAISED BY THE PRESS. New York, Dec. 6. —To-morrow’s papers will have exhaustive editorial articles on the President’s mossage. The 'Jimeit has nothing but praiso for the Socument. The World says: “The admirable mes nge of the President has given to the lemocratic party what it has long Jacked, n issue and a leader. Tbo issue is tax re form. The leader is the President. We •ongratulato the Democratic party and Mr. Cleveland himself upon his bold, sagacious ind statesmanlike action.” The Sun says: “It is not a commonplace ocunient, for it is simple, intelligible and oherent; and the quality of brevity is hiefly due to the fact that all other topics f national interest are dismissed in a lump r postponed as inconsequential in the pres nee of the one problem of supreme itn ortance—the question of tariff revision. Pe find him betrayed, here and there, o doubt unconsciously, into an ex ibition of slight irritation against fife Morning ffeto#* * • American manufacturers as a class, almost as if they were conspirators and public, enemies. Beyond the recom mendation of the free admission of raw materials and the general principle that the necessaries of life rather than luxuries should be affected, the President does not undertake to indicate to Congress specific methods upon which tariff reduction should in his opinion proceed. The message is not too long tor busy men to read, and it is the busy men of the United States that have the greatest interest in seeing themselves just what President Cleveland says in this, the most remarkable and, in some respects, the most important document that he has produced since his political career began.” The Herald closes its article as follows: “The message will not please the extremists of either side, free traders or protectionists, but it will, we believe, please and satisfy the people at large, and It puts upon both parties in Congress the solemn duty to re lieve the country from a most serious danger.” The Tribuixe says: “For the first time in the country’s history the President’s annual message omits all reference to many grave public interests respecting which good citi zens of all parties agree, and is exclusively devoted to an issue between the parties. President Cleveland gives Congress no in formation about the fishery question, the pending negotiations with Great Britain, or our relations with other foreign powers. For all informa tion regarding domestic affairs and the workings of the government in its dif ferent departments it refers the public to the reports of the Cabinet officers. So ab sorbed is the President in impressing upon Congress a particular and distinctively partisan policy, in regard to the mode of re ducing the revenue, that he finds no space for any account of the condition of the public service, or for any reference to other grave questions not of a partisan character which call for Congressional action. The nearest a pproa< 'h to this strange performance in the annual messages of previous Presidents was when President Buchanan devoted most of his message to a defense of his policy in Kansas. Its precedent can be hardly considered attractive in the light of its results. * * * * * * * “But it is well for the country that the issue so long and uncandidly evaded has at last been sharply made. Credit is due to the President for making the issue boldly and distinctly, so that no man can hereafter claim, with a show of reason, that the theories and aims of the ultra-op ponents of protection have not in him a zealous advocate. On the issue thus pre sented the people cannot decide too soon, and upon their decision will largely depend their future prosperity.” AS SEEN THROUGH ENGLISH EYES. London, Dec. 7, 5 a. m. —The Morning Post , commenting on President Cleveland's message, says: “The message will produce a profound sensation in Europe as well as in America, and will strengthen the free trader’s case throughout the world.” The Daily News says: “Seldom has an American President had a more important or impressive lesson to teach. The fact is that, although President Cleveland makes a pretense of shutting his eyes to it, the policy of protection has been reduced to practical and theoretical absurdity. The stone now set rolling will not stop until the idol of protection is Broken in pieces.” The Chronicle says: “It is many years since such an important and suggestive message has been sent to Congress. If the policy of President Cleveland is adopted the effect on the trade of the world cannot fail ,to be immense.” , The Telegraph , referring to President Cleveland’s argument condemning the wool tariff, asks: “Is he sure that it is to the wool tariff alone that the argument applies? Is he certain that there are not large numbers —not per haps in the farming, but in the wage-earning classes —in America who lose more by the enhanced prices of the necessaries of life than they gain from an increase in wages by the protection of industries in which they are employed? This is a question which free traders will ask, and which also American statesmen may hear addressed to them by their countrymen in a different tone.” The Standard says: “President Cleve land’s message is based on financial princi ples, the soundness of which it is impossible to successfully dispute. It marks a revolu tionary starting point in the fiscal contro versies of the United States. Whether it will bring about immediately anew de parture in their fiscal policy depends upon its reception by Congress, which may give a spirited protest to the President.” The Times says: “No message on record is more remarkable for bold, outspoken dis closures of a novel policy hitherto opposed or ignored by both political parties. It is still more remarkable that Mr. Cleveland has the courage to confront the serried phalanx of protectionists on the eve of a contest for the Presidency. “So far as England is concerned it is ques tionable, whatever the impulse resulting from the removal of the burdens on Ameri can industry, whether .America will not confront us in formidable rivalry in both home and foreign markets. We have con fidence, however, in the laws by which, when trade is free, every nation discovers its fittest work and turns its advantages to the best account.” In Senate and House. Washington, Dec. 6. —The Senate and House took a recess soon after meeting to await the President's message. At 1:10o’clock the Senate reassembled, and the message was read. Immediately after the reading of the President’s message was concluded, at 1:30 o’clock, the Senate adjourned without transacting any business. In the House. In the House the President’s message was listened to with great attention, and at the conclusion of the reading, which consumed forty minutes, was greeted with applause. The’House thou, at 1:50 o’cloek, adjourned until Thursday. . The Republican National Convention. Washington, Dec. 6.— The Republican National Committee will probably deter mine to have the next national convention in Chicago. The Blaine men want to go there in spite of the affected indifference with which they insist that Blaine will be nominated anywhere. They would like Cincinnati next best. The Sherman men prefer St. Louis. They fear Foraker and Halstead as secret Blaine men in Cincinnati. Mills to he Chairman. Washington, Dec. 6.—lt seems to be generally believed among the Democratic members that Roger Q. Mills, of Texas, will be appointed chairman of the Commit tee on Ways nnd Mr He has explained away that alleged tunff bill to the general satisfaction of his In nds. In the Hduse to-day it was observed that he took the lead usually accorded to the chairman of the Ways and Means Committee. A Clean Sweep. New Haven, Conn., Dec. <s.—The Demo crats made a clean sweep of all the city offices to-day, gaining one Alderman and three CouncUmen. The majority for license was over 2,000. SAVANNAH, GA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1887. ENDICOTT’S DEPARTMENT THE ANNUAL REPORT TRANSMIT TED TO CONGRESS. A Big Increase in the Estimates for Next Year Caused by the Addition of Certain Public Works to the Expense Account—The Indians and the Militia. Washington, Dec. 6. —The annual report of the Secretary of War, transmitted to Congress to-day, shows that the expendi tures made by the department during the last fiscal year amounted to $41,366,165. The estimates for the next fiscal year aggregate $53,338,710, against an approximation for the current year of $31,055,302. The increase is caused by the incorporation of an esti mate of $22,339,151 for public works, in cluding river and harbor improvements, the expenditures on this account for the current year amounting to only $1,308,409. There is also an increase of about $1,500,- 000 in the estimate for the military estab lishment, army and military academy. The report says that the buildings, fortifications, public works and grounds in the division of the Atlantic are everywhere in need of re pair or reconstruction. On the entire At lantic and Gulf coast, a line of 2,870 miles, and the Northern frontier of 2,530 miles, the sole armament is 142 rifled guns, of which 116 are obsolete and of very low power. Even the few serviceable rifled guns that are mounted are but of little value. Some of them are mounted on old carriages, and all are without adequate protection. GERONIMO’S BAND. Touching Geronimo and his fellow cap tives, now confined at Fort Pickens and Mt. Vernon barracks, the report says that they are contented, perform their work with alacrity, and thus far their conduct has been excellent. At this time it is a difficult mat ter to find for them a permanent home. For many reasons it is impossible to return them to Arizona. Under the existing laws they cannot he taken to the Indian Terri tory, and in Northern reservations the cli mate is too cold for them. Pending a final decision they can remain where they are in comfort and safety. A brief history is included in the report of the difficulty that arose in August last in Colorado between the State authorities and Colorow’s band of Utes, and it is said that some effort should certainly be made for the restitution of their property to the Indians, AID FOR THE MILITIA. The Secretary strongly approves of the recommendation contained in Gen. Sheri dan’s report, touching the extension of all possible aid by t e general government to the National Guard of the different states, and suggesting a system of national en campments for the State militia at the en tire expense of the national government. Of the State militia the report says: In compliance with the request from the State authorities the annual encampments of the militia in thirteen States have been in spected by officers of the army. This sys tem of inspection has great advantages, by bringing well trained and instructed soldiers in contact with the militia, and gives an opportunity for improvement not to be ob tained in any other way. The reports of the inspecting officers are full of encourage ment, friendly criticisms and suggestions to the militia. The report of the inspecting officers of colleges having military details show that the students at these colleges are interested in drill and discipline, and are apt and ready pupils, but greater interest would be felt and better results obtained if the authorities of the colleges evinced more sympathy with this military branch of edu cation, and gave to the officers a seat in the faculty, and to military instructors a posi tion equal to that of other branches of studv. Little is said on the subject of river and harbor improvements beyond the statement that the report of the Chief of Engineers sets forth the condition of each improve ment and the amount of work performed during the last fiscal year. EXAMINATIONS FOR PROMOTION. In concluding his report the Secretary says: “The result of the examinations for promotion under the civil service regula tions, which were applied to the War De partment in May, were satisfactory. The total number of clerks examined was 1,014, of whom 963, or 95 per cent., passed, and of this number 353, or 35 per cegit., obtained an average above 90 per cent. 51, or 5 per to pass, their average being less than 75 per cent. I renew the recommendations contained in my previous reports, and in those of my predecessors, for the appointment of an assistant Secre tary of War and an assistant Attorney Genera! to advise and assist, in legal and technical questions which daily occur. “I must also refer to my former recom mendations for the reorganization of the force of this office, the estimate for which, it is hoped, will receive favorable considera tion of Congress.” A GOVERNMENT PRISON. One of the Recommendations of Attor ney General Garland. Washington, Dec. 6. —The annual report of Attorney General Garland wes trans mitted to Congress to-day. The Attorney General calls attention to the suggestion and recommendations made by him in his last annual reix>rt in regard to matters call ing for remedial legislation and again urges the necessity of immediate action thereon. These subjects are as follows: Fees of marshals in the Terri tories; pay of deputy marshals; revision of thef:e bill; substitution of the fiscal for the calendar year; protection to civil officers and witnesses; fees of witnesses and jurors; criminal procedure; perjury and laws, and juries in the District of Columbia. In a chapter in regard to the confinement and treatment of United IStates prisoners, the Attorney General says he is now more than ever convinced of the abso lute need of q government penitentiary and reformatory. He says that the cost of conducting a gov ernment penitentiary will not, be greater eventually than the cost of subsisting prisoners in various penitentiaries through out the country will be. an inquiry advocated. Ho advocates the appointment of a com mission to inquire into the advisability of building a government penitentiary and reformatory, and says that it would seem that the United States should have a model prison and reformatories of its own in which to confine its criminals and in which provisions could to made for the employ ment of the inmates at some suitable in dustries on a system of labor which would not violate the recent act of Congress, nor bo in consist*!* with the laws passed by the several States and prevailing opin ions relative to the subject of contract labor. The Attorney General says that in creased expenses in the service of process has been the experience of the de|>artment since the passage of the interstate commerce bill. Prior to the passage of that bill marshals were furnished with free transpor tation over the various lines of railway while in the service of process. Since that date, however, no free transportation is furnished and the railways chargoa mileage ?; reater than the fee allowed the marshal or his travel in such service. PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATIONS. The Probable Course of the Senate in the Lamar Case. Washington, Dec. 6.—The President sent the following nominations to the Senate to-day: Lucius Q. C. Lamar, of Mississippi, to be Associate J ustice of the Supreme Court of the United States. William F. Vilas, of Wisconsin, to be Secretary of the Interior. Don M. Dickinson, of Michigan, to be Postmaster General. Charles S. Fairchild, of New York, to be Secretary of the Treasury. George L. Rives, of New York, to be As sistant Secretary of State. Isaac H. Maynard, of New York, to be Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Sigourvey Butler, of Massachusetts to be Second Comptroller of the Treasury. James W. Hyatt,' of Connecticut, to to Treasurer of the United States. “Senatorial courtesy,” which has usually led to the compliment of confirmation with out reference to a committee when a Sena tor or ex-Senator has been nominated to any other office, has never prevailed in respect to nominations to positions on the bench of the Supreme Court. The last case preceding that of ex-Secretary Lamar was that of Mr. Conkling, who had been out of the Senate a much shorter period than has Mr. Lamar. Mr. Conkling’s nomination was sent to the Judiciary Committee and re ported back. He was confirmed by the Senate, and then declined the office. It is probable that the nominations sent to the Senate to-day will not to formally laid be fore the body until the committees are formed. Mr. Lamar feels confident that his nomi nation will be confirmed. He has received assurances from his personal friends among the Republican Senators which forbid his entertaining any doubt about it. There is no question as to the confirmation of the other nominations sent by the President to the Senate to-day. Mr. Lamar and Mr. Vilas are well known to the public, but Mr. Dickinson is anew man. A few words respecting him and his career may, therefore, be interesting. The new Postmaster General, Don M. Dickinson, is in his 41st year, and comes of American stock on both sides, through generations running back to the seventeenth century. On his father’s side he is descended from the Massachusetts Dickinsons, and on his mother’s from the Holmeses,who were with Roger Williams at the Providence planta tions. His father was a man of rare jin tellect and high cultivation. Circumstances made it necessary for young Dickin son to earn his own way to education and he accomplished it at school and college with his own means, gained at first by manual labor and later by an exceptional capacity and judgment for all business, and a remark able facility for turning off work, and for taking responsibility. Admitted to the bar whenbarely 21 he rose rapidly in his profes sion, and from the age of 25 he has toen a leading lawyer in his State, and from the age of 30 one of the first counsel in the North west. His name has been associated as counsel in nearly every famous litigation in Michi gan, and in the Supreme Court of the United States his record of successes has beep bril liant. Mr. Dickinson’s contest in behalf of the State courts against the alleged invasion of their jurisdiction by the Federal judiciary under the bankrupt law was quasi-political in its character, and the Supreme Court of the United States, in the Laßoux case, after seven years of defeats in the lower courts, his position was sustained. His latest widely known appearance in that court was in the great telephone contest where he made the leading argument for Drawbaugh against Bell, and was associated with Senator Edmunds and Lysander Hill. His professional income runs from $30,000 to $50,000 per annum. In politics Mr. Dick son is a Jeffersonian Democrat, believing in domestic self-government, a strict construc tion of the Constitution, and opposing class legislation, in which he embraces gil pro tective laws. But he advises cure and cau tion in dealing with protection as it exists. He has toen a recognized leader of his party since he attained his majority. Mr. Dickin son’s first vote was cast for Horatio Sey mour. He was .Secretary of the State Cen tral Committee at 24, arifi chairman in the Tiiden campaign of 1876, when 28, conducting one of the most vigorous campaigns Michi gan has ever known, and doing a great part in reducing the 60,000 Republican ma jority to 20,000 plurality. He was close in Go'. Tilden's counsels both in 1876 and 1880, and was on terms of friendship with that distinguished man. Mr. Dickinson was Delegate-at-Large to the convention of 1880, and chairman of the Michigan delega tion. Since 1884 he has represented Michi gan on the National Committee. Mr. Dick inson has constantly refused the use of his name as a candidate for Congress or for any other office. The only public position be ever held was that of visitor to the United State Naval Academy, the expenses and emoluments of which he devoted to the use of that institution. VIRGINIA'S LEGISLATURE. The Nominees at the Democrats for Officers of the HiAises. Richmond, Va., Dec. 6. —The members of tlie Legislature of both political parties held caucuses to-night and made nomina tions for officers of the respective bodies. The Democrats, whose nominees will of course be elected to-morrow, have selected the following candidates: House —Speaker, Richard 11. Cardwell, of Hanover; Clerk, John Bell Biggar (in cumbent), of Spottsylvauia; Sei geant-at- Arrns, James If Martin, of Giles; First Doorkeeper, A. O. Sullivan, of Montgom ery; Second Doorkeeper, E. T. Kindred, of Appomatox. Senate—President pro tern., John L. Hurt (inc unbent), of Sp ttsylvania; Clerk, J. D. Pendleton (incumbent), of Orange; Sergeant at Arms. Z. T. Weaver (incumbent), of Giles; Doorkeeper, W. D. Haynes, of Franklin. Chicago's Printers. Chicago, Oct. 6.—The employing print ers of this city have issued an ultimatum to the compositors who have lately been on a strike. Before they will be employed they must sign a paper renouncing all allegiance to Typographical Union No. 6, and agree not to join any other union or association, unless they give sixty days’ notice to the employers. The tnen so far have refused to sigii the agreement. Ashore Near Cape Henry. Norfolk, Va., Dec. 6.— -The British steamship Kimberley, ashore thirty miles south of Cape Henry, is to-night leaking badly. It is probable that she will soon break up. The vessel was abandoned by her crew this afternoon. She is now so near the beach that it is thought that when the strong easterly winds and high tides subside it will be possible to walk on board of her. __ Children Burned to Death. Brainkrd, Minn., Dec. 6.—At Wright's station two children of a family named Roberts, aged 8 and 10 years, were burned to death by the burning of the family resi dence last, night. The mother escaped by jumping from an up-stairs window with a buto in her arms. The father was so badly burned ho may not recover. FALL OF A WATER TOWER THREE MEN KILLED AND FOUR HURT AT THDMASVILLE. Four Others Cling to a Portion of tho Wall Like Human Flies and Are Finally Rescued With Ropes and Ladders—Names of All Concerned ~ Excitement in the Town. Thomasville, Ga., Dec. 6.—Four men were killed and three injured by the falling of the water tower here this morning shortly after 10 o’clock. The accident is attributed to the removal of the scalTold supports, which appear in reality to have acted as braces between the outer walls of tho tower and the centre pier, a solid piece of brick masonry six feet in diameter. Owing to the strain of hoisting brick to thu top of the tower an oscillating movement was caused, and the plot - tottered and fell, crushing through the outer wall, carrying the scaf folding with seven men to the ground. The contractor, T. J. P. Rommerdall, and Joseph Moore (white men), and Limus Wells (colored) were killed instantly, and three negroes were seriously injured. HUMAN FI.IKS. Four men were left clinging to the wall of the tower, which was to have been com pleted this week, having already attained the height of seventy feet. These men had just presence of mind enough to cling to the wall, and their cries for help were pitiful. The hook and ladder company was quickly summoned, and together with the Mayor and citizens did good work. The ladders were found to reach only forty feet, ami a rojie was drawn up by means of a cord to which a brick had been fastened, which lmd been thrown to the poor fellows perched on the wall. A PERILOUS DESCENT. As soon as the rope was made secure one after the other slid down until the ladders were reached. From there the descent was easy. Two of the rescued were white men and two colored. Broad street at the tower has been crowded all day with excited peo ple deploring the sad accident, and it is the only topic of conversation all over town. Mr. Rommerdall came here from Chicago about three years ago, and lias put up a number of buildings and at this time had the contract for the Masury Hotel and a dwelling, both in course of' erection. He leaves a wife and several children. Mayor Hopkins says that tho damage to the tower will lie repaired and the work completed as speedily as possible, and that the city may have a plentiful supply of water this season. NAMES OF THE RESCUED. The names of the men clinging to the wall are: John Parnell (white), a brick mason. W. Spearing (white), a Northern work man. William W T alton (colored); Joseph Earnest, (colored). The negroes injured are: Kennedy. Dorsoy. Fabian. Tate. In the confusion Fabian was reported dead, but is still alive, though he is not ex pected to live. Rommerdall was badly mutilated, his skull being crushed, his face badly cut, his arm broken and a hole torn in h.s side. Moore’s skull was cracked, but ho did not show any bruises on his body. The supposition is that they were standing together at the top, and fell the whole seven ty feet. * ' Rommerdall was partly covered with bricks when found. Wells was dug out of the debris and ex pired in a few minutes. Fabian was also dug out of the bricks, and may die any moment. The other three are injured seriously, but it is hoped not fatally. HARPER’S FINANCIERING. More Light Thrown on Hia Peculiar Business Methods. Cincinnati, Dec. fi.—This morning’s ses sion of tho Harper trial was spent in placing before the jury more testimony concerning Harper’s accounts and his peculiar methods. Several bookkeepers were examined on these points. J. W. Hoyt, a broker, made the somewhat startling statement that Ben jamin E. Hopkins became his creditor last June t<> tho amount of $601,806. He never paid it as Kershaw & Cos. could not pay him. Mr. Hoyt’s account was transferred to Wiltshire, Eckert & Cos., by Mr. Hopkins’ order. The witness never did any business with Harper. It was all with Mr. Hopkins. The counsel for tho defense aske i the wit ness if he did not know who was the princi pal in these dealings. “Yes.” said the wit ness, “I knew it was Harper.” Receiving Teller Hinch was again placed on the stand, arid identified a letter of advice from Mr. Hopkins to Irwin Green & Cos., notifying them of a credit of $285,000. railroad directors. John H. Inman to Become Richmond and Danville's President. New York, Dec. 6. —The directors of the Richmond and West Point Terminal Com pany met to-day to main* arrangements for the annual election. President Hully did not desire a re-election nnd offered the office of President to John H. Inman or W. H. Rockefeller, but the other directors insisted on him retaining tho office. He succeeded in inducing John (1. Inman to take the Presidency of the Richmond and Danville Company. At the directors’ meeting Pres ident. Hully declared that experience lad shown that the administration of the Rich mond nnd Danville Company should be kept separate from that of the Richmond and West, Point Terminal Company, and at his request Mr. Inman was asked to as sume the Presidency of the former road. The annual election of the Richmond and West Point Terminal Company will beheld at Richmond Tuesday next. Tho new mem bers of the board of directors will be R. P. Flower, William H. Rockefeller and John H. Inman. There will lie no contest. Tampa’B Recovery. Tampa, Fla., Dec. 6.—ln the past, forty eight hours one death has occurred here from fever —that, of Dr. li. 11. Mitchell, who lately returned from the North. No new cases "have developed. Dr. Porter has closed tho hospital, sent the nurses home, and loaves for the North to-morrow. No more official bulletins will be issued. Dempsey, engineer on the steam tug Mag net, .fell overboard and was drowned at Fuller’s wharf to-night. Walking Delegates Held in Ball. New York, Dec. 6. —Walking delegates Kiernnn, McLaughlin, Harvey, Armstrong and McDonald, who were arrested last week on a charge of conspiracy by William J. Merritt & Cos., builders, were held to-day ins7oo bail each to await the action of the grand jury. Carlisle’s Promise. Washington, Dec. 6. —Speaker Carlisle says he will be able 10 announce the c re mittees the day before the adjournment for the Christmas recess. GOOD OMENS FOR FRANCE. The President and Clemenceau in Accord on the Best Policy. Paris, Dec. 6.—lt is expected that M. Goblet will be Prime Minister in the new Cabinet, and that M. Flourens will retain the portfolio of Minister of Foreign Affairs. The Chambers have adjourned until Satur day. President Sadi-Carnot, in an interview with M. Clemenceau Unlay, insisted upon a union of all tho Republicans in the Cham ber, first, to show foreigners that, the Re publicans can agree, and, second, that they may vote on an honest and sincere budget. M. Clemenceau fully indorsed tho Presi dent’s views. The accord between President, Sadi-Carnot and M. Clemenceau is regarded as a good omen for the future of the republic. The President to-day received M. Itibot and other loading Republicans. President Sadi-Carnot in an interview with M. Clemenceau to-day said ho was under no illusion that, he had been chosen President for his own merit. He had an earnest desire to do his duty aud sink self on every occasion when his personal views might, eonllict with pub lic interest. While admitting that tuere must always exist two greit Republican parties, the President said it would he possi ble in elect ons for them to unite against their common enemy, tho Monarchists. M. Clemenceau, replying, deprecated the method of taking men from various groups to form a Cabinet irrespective of their plat form. He said a unio iof the parties could he better effected by tho ad< >pt.iou of cer tain principles as the basis of action. A RUSSO-GERMAN WAR. Vienna Financiers Think That a Con flict is Inevitable. Vienna. Dec. (s.—The rally on the Bourse, due to the election of Sadi-Carnot, as Presi dent ot France, was only transient. Prices fell to-day on rumors that Russian troops were being massed on the frontier. In the evening Austrian and Hungarian rentes fell heavily, and gold rose. The Ptrthrr Lloyd says: “The situation is undenial >ly most serious. Russia’s atti tude is so threatening that we cannot but tbink that war is inevitable.” AN EXPLANATION ASKED. Berlin, Dee. 6. —There is an unconfirmed rumor that Germany and Austria have sent a joint note to St. Petersburg asking Russia to explain the massing of troops on her fron tier. SULLIVAN IN TULLaMORK. The Authorities Objected to His Hold ing Dally Levees. Dublin, Dee. 6.—Lord Mayor Sutlivan, convicted of publishing in his paper, the Nation, accounts of proclaimed branches of the national league, aud sentenced to two months’ imprisonment, has been removed to Tullamore jail in order to prevent his holding daily levees, as he was doing in jail here. LIQUOR LICENSEB. The Issue Voted on in Seventeen Towns in Massachusetts. Boston, Dec. 6.—Municipal elections were held to-day in seventeen cities of the com monwealth, the citizens in each place tieing given an opportunity of expressing their preferences on the license question. Interest has been awakened and greatly strength ened during the past few months, and in many cities the nominations were hosed on this issue rather thin on'political prefer ence. Gloucester voted, for license 1,260, against 1,774; Taunton, for license 1,554, against 1,343; Haverhill, for license 1,7115, against 1,765; Fall River, for license 5,350, against 2,888. In New Bedford the Prohibition candi date for Mayor received only 29 votes. The vote on license was 2,778 in favor and 1,527 against. Fitchburg elected a license Mayor but voted against license by a small majority. In Walden the Democratic ticket was chosen and the vote on license was 408 in favor and 1,912 against. In Somerville the majority against license was nearly 2,000. Lawrence, which last year went 600 Democratic, now goes 700 Republican. A city which has been under license for thir teen years now goes against it by 230 majority. Newton and Waltham vote against license. Springfield gives 1,200 for license. Chelsea, Cambridge and Brockton vote against license. LOUISVILLE’S ELECTION. Democrats Beat Both the Republicans and Bolters. Louisville, Ky., Dec. 6.—The municipal election held In this city to-day passed off more quietly than was exfieoted. There were no disturbances of any consequence, though arrests of parties using money at the polls were numerous. Charles D. Jacob was elected Mayor by a plurality over Mr. Avery, the Republican candidate, of 4,000. W. P. Hokex, the other 'Democratic candidate, was out of tho racr at midday, he polling a small vote. The vote polled was much smaller than antici pated, it being estimated that the total vote will fall below 20,000 white. The registered vote was 30,000. The sum of $5,.’00, raised by the Citizens’ Purification Committee, will be expended in prosecuting parties de tected in using money at the polls. RIGHTS OF DRUMMERS. States Cannot Tax Them for Doing Business in Their Confines. GalVeston, Tex., Dec. 0. —In the United States District Court to-day Judge Sabin rendered a decision on the habeas corpus case of Robert C. Stockton, a drummer for a Kansas City firm, releasing him from arrest and the custody of the State authorities for his refusal to pay a drummers tax of *35. The Travelers’ Pro tective Association made a test, case of Stockton’s arrest. The court declares the law to be void in its application to foreign drummers for the reason that it conflicts with section eight of the Federal constitu tion, which gives Congress sole power to regulate interstate commerce. The decision is au important victory for the drummers of the Southwest. REGULATORS SHOT. Two Negroes Fire on Them When They Break Down a Door. New Orleans, Dec. 6.—A special from Lake, Miss., to the Picayune says: “Last night a band of regulators went to the bouse of Williams brothers (colored), about half a mile north of this place, it is supposed for the purpose of punishing them for mis demeanors. On arriving at the bouse they ordered the two negroes to open the door, and, upon their refusal, broke the door down, when the negroee fired upon them, killing two white men named Ben Griffith and John McC-raney. The negroes then made their escape and are still at large.” ( PRICF.iJIO A YEAR. I ( 6CUATB ACOTI . f SHORT, BUT TO THE POINT. CLEVELAND’B MESSAGE DEVOTED ENTIRELY TO THE TARIFF. Some of the Practical Effects of thg High import Duties so Clearly Set Forth That Ke Who Runs May Read and Understand—How Tollers ..r Divided. Washington, Dec. o. —Following is tbs text in full of the annual message which President Cleveland submitted to Congress to-day: To the Congress or the United States : You are confronted at, the threshold of you! legislative duties with a condition of the' na tional finances which imperatively demands Im mediate and careful consideration. The amount of money annually exacted through the opera tion of present laws from the industries and necessities of the people largely exceeds th* sum necessary to meet the expen.-os of tho gov ernment When we consider that the theory' ot our institutions guarantees to every citizen the full enjoyment of all the fruit of his industry and enterprise, with only such deduction ns may be his chare toward the careful and economical maintenance of the government which protects him, It Is plain that the exaction of more than this is indefensible extortion and a culi>able betrayal ot American fairness and justice. This wrong. Inflicted upon those who Itear the burden of national taxation, like other wrongs, multiplies a brood of evil consequences. Thu public Treasury, which should only exist a* a conduit, conveying the people's tribute to its legitimate object of expenditure, becomes a hoarding place for money needlessly withdrawn from trade and the people's use, thus crippling our national energies, suspending our country's development, preventing In vestment in productive enterprises, threatening financial disturbance and inviting schemes of public plunder. This condition ot our Treasury Is not altogether new; and it has more than once of late boon submitted to tbs people’s representatives In the Congress, who alone can apply a remedy, and yet the situation still continues with aggravated Incidents more l hail ever presaging financial convulsion and wide-spread disaster, it will not do to neglect this situation because its dangers are not now palpably imminent and apparent. They exist noue the less ee tainly, and await the unfore seen and unexpected occasion whou suddenly they will lie precipitated on us. toe excess or revenu e. On the 30th day of June, 1885, the excess o| revenue over the public expenditures after com* plying with the annual requirement of the sink ing fund excess was $17,859,786 84; during tbs year ended June 80, 1 SSil, such excess amounted to $49,406,546 1*1; and during the year ended Juue 30, 1887, it reached the sum of $55,564,849 54. The annual contribution to the sinking fund during the three years above specified, amount* ing in the aggregate tb $138,068,330 94 and de ducted from the surplus as stated, were mads by calling in for that purpose outstanding 8 pet cent bonds of the government. During the six months prior to June 30, 1887, the surplus reve nue had grown So large by related accumula tions, and it was feared, the withdrawal of this groat sum of money needed by thejieople would so effect tbe business of the country that the sura of $79,864,100 of such surplus was applied to ttas payment of Ihe principal and interest Of the 3 per cent, bonds, still out landing, and which were then jiayable at the option of the govern ment. The precarious condition of financial affairs among the people still needing relief, immediately after the 30th day of June, 1887, the remainder of the 3 per cent, bonds then outstanding, amounting with principal Vnd interest to the sum of $18,877,600, were called in. applied to the Kinking fund contribution for the current fiscal year. Notwithstanding these operations of tiie Treasury Department, representations of distress in buslne-s circle* not only continued but increased and ahsolut* peril seemed at hand. In these circumstance* the eortributlon to the sinking fund for th* current fiscal year was at once completed by tin- expenditure of $37,684,383 56 in thepurchas* of government bonds not yet due, bearing 4 and 4)4 per cer.l. interest, the premium paid thereon averaging about 34 per cent, for the former and 8 per cent, for the latter. In addition to this the interest accruing during Ihe current year upon the outstand ing Is-inded indebtedness of the governmenl was to some extent anticipated, and the banks selected os depositories ol public money were permitted to somewhat increase their deposits, while the expedients thus employed to releas* to the people the money lying idle In the Treas ury served to avart immediate danger. STILL ACCUMULATING. But surplus revenues have continued to accu mulate, the excess for the present year amount ing on tin-first dayof Decern I sir to $55.256.7(11 J 9, and estimated to reach the sum of $118,000,000 on the t hirtieth day of June next, at which date it is expected that this sum, added to prior ac cumulations, will swell the surplus in the Treas ury to $140,000,000. There seems to be no as surance that with such a withdrawal from use of the people's circulating medium our busines* community may not in the noar future be sub jected to the same distress which was quite lately produce-1 from the same en-ise, and while the functions of our national Treasury should b* few and simple, and while Its beet, condition would be reached, 1 believe, by its enure -liscon nection with private business interests, yel when, by a perversion of its purposes, it idly holds money uselessly subtracted from tbe channels of trade, there seems to be reason fo* the claim I hat some legitimate means shonld bo devised by the government to restore In an emergency, wlwuout waste or ext ravagance, such money to its place among tbe people. If such an emergency arises there now exists no clear and undoubted executive power of relief, Heretofore the redemption of 3 i>er cent, bond*, which were payable at the option of the govern ment, has offered a means ot a disbursement ol tbe excess of our revenues: but these bond* have all been retired, and there are no bond* outstanding, the payment of which we have th* right to insist upon. Tbe contribution to th* sinking fund, which furnishes the occasion for tb* expenditure in the purchare of bonds, ha* been already made for ttie current year, so that there is no outlet in lliat direction, In the w-esent state of legislation the only pre tense or any existing executive power to restore at this time any part of our surplus revenue* to the people bv its expenditure consists in th* supposition that the Secretary of the Treasury may enter tbe market and purchase the boDil* of the guvernmen! not yet due at a rate of pre mium to lie agreed upon. The only prevision ol law from which such a power could be derived is found in an appropriation bill passed a mum per of years ugo. and it is subject, to the sue pie on that It was intended as tem porary and limited in its applica tion instead of conferring a continuing discretion and authority. No condition ought to exist which would Justify tbe grant of power to a single official—upon his judgment nl its necessity- to withhold from or r-lea-e to th# business of the peirple in an unusual manner, money held in the Treasury, and thus affect, al his will, Ihe financial situation of the country, and If it is deemed wise to lodge in tbe Secre tary of tbe Treasury the authority in the pree ent juncture to purchase lionds it should b* plainly vested anil provided as far as possible, with such enceks and limitations as will defln* this official's right and discretion, and at th* same time relievo him from undue responsk bility. in consideration of the question or pun chasing bonds as a means of restoring to cir culation tbe surplus money accumulating in th# Treasury, it should be borne in mind thal premiums must of course lie paid upon such purchase, that there may be a large part ol these bonds held as investments which cannot be purchased at any price, and that combina tions among holders who are willing to sell may unreasonably enhance the cost of such bonds t* the government. refunding of the debt. It has been suggested that tho present bonds# debt might be refunded at a less rate ol interest tbe difference between tbe old and new securities in cash thus flndipg use forth* surplus in tbe Treasury. The success of thi* plun, it-is apparent, must depend upon the voli tion of the holders of the present bonds, and it Is not entirely certain that the inducement which must be offered would re*idt in mor* financial benefit to the government, than tb* purchase of bonds, while the latter proposition would reduce the principal of the debt by uctuar payment instead of extending it. Tbe proposi tion to deposit the money held by the govern ment in bonds throughout the country for us* by tbe people is. it seem* to me, exceedingly objectionable in principle, as establish ing too close a relationship between tbe operations of tbe government Treasury and the business of tbe country and too extern sive a collection ot their money, thus fostering an unnatural rellanc* in private business os