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( ESTABLISHED 1850. 1
\ J. It. EbTILL, Editor and I‘roprletor. (
A CHECK ON IMMIG RATION
MR. MORRILL ADDRESSES THE
SENATE ON HIS BILL.
Foreign Governments Laboring Under
the Delusion That This Country Oan
Be Turned into a Refuge for Their
Outcasts Figures Showing This
Country’s Large Foreign Population.
Washington, Dec. 14.—The Senate to
day took up the bill introduced by Mr. Mor
rill to regulate immigration, and was ad
dressed by that Senator in explanation and
advocacy of the bill. Its main object, he
said, was to have the character of
foreign immigrants examined first
by the United States Consuls at
ports of departure instead of by State
commisioners at ports of arrival. The
foreign idea was that the United States in
vited free immigration, regardless of the
character of the immigrants, but the Ameri
can idea was that it never really offered an
asylum to convicts, to irreconcilable enemies
of law and order, or to the occupants of the
Old World’s insane asylums and work
houses. The doors were left open only to
persons of good moral character.
5,000,000 in 10 YEARS.
The fact that nearly 5,000,000 immigrants
had come to this country within the past
ten years proved that the question was one
of very great importance. The great
American principle of free admission of im
migrants was not proposed to be abandoned,
hut that principle lmd always been on con
dition that immigrants should be of good
moral character and should be able to sup
He referred to the fact that recently the
Mayor of the “Athens of America” had
presided at a banquet given in honor of the
champion slugger of the prize ring, and
that if not the will, at least the political
necessities of the Mayor had consented to
OUR FOREIGN POPULATION.
He said that 70 per cent, of the popula
tion of Boston was composed of persons of
foreign birth and foreign parentage, 80 per
cent, of the population of New York, and
91 per cent, of the population of Chicago,
and these figures might bo aggravated by
future imrni gration. By the census of 1880
the population of foreign birth and parent
age was about 15,000,000. and the immigra
tion since then 4,844,000, so that without
inducing child m bor-i of foreign parents
since 1880, there wen now in this country a
foreign population of 19 31',000, or nearly
one-third of the entire pop illation.
SECRET OF THE ATTRACTIVE FORCE.
This disclosed the enormous attractive
force exerted by this country on the inhabi
tants of Europe. He had lately visited
Castle Garden, in the port of New York,
where vessels had just arrived from Ant
werp with 600 immigrants, and the sight he
had witnessed suggested doubt whether this
country possessed the transcendent power
to transform all these immigrants into
good and valuable American citizens. He
quoted the reply of Mr. Balfour to a
question in the House of Commons
as to the government aiding emigration
to the effect that the government would
apply no more money to that purpose dur
ing the remainder of the year. This, he
said, was a negative pregnant. Mr. Bal
four had not said that parishes or neighbors
should not aid emigration.
MAY BE AIDED AGAIN.
At the end of the year emigration might
be aided by the British government again
miless the Fishery Commission should im
plore Mr. Balfour to refrain from putting
briers in their path, while cunning diplo
macy was goiug on here. The paupers of
Great Britain numbered very nearly a
round million, outside of uncounted vagrants
and casual paupers, who far exceeded the
number of so-called paupers. There
was too strong a tendency in Europe to re
gard the United States as a cesspool for the
vilest products of the Old World. Provi
dent husbandry demands that young
America should not be wholly deprived of
its birthright. The measure introduced by
him was intended to regulate immigration
by a scheme so moderate as to receive gen
At the conclusion of his remarks Mr. Mor
rill moved that his bill be referred to the
Judiciary Committee, but Mr. Edmunds
suggested that the subject more properly
belonged to the committee on foreign rela
tions, and he moved that reference. The
latter motion was agreed to, and then after
ten minutes in executive session the Senate
MR. REAGAN’S BILL.
A hill introduced by Mr. Keagan in the
Seiiute to-day to regulate immigration
authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to
appoint “Inspectors of Immigration.” to be
stationed at such ports of entry as he may
deem proper. The Secretary is directed to
draft regulations for the landing of jiassen
gers and to protect them from imposition.
Power is conferred on the Inspector
of Immigration to board vessels
and remove immigrants temporarily
for the purpose of ascertaining whether
they are prohibited from landing by this
act. All unfit persons are to be kept under
the surveillance of the Collector of the port
until returned to the country whence they
came, the expense of their return to be
borne by the owners of the vessels bringing
them over. Before any immigrant shall be
]>ertnitted to land the Master of the vessel
shall produce a certificate for each immigrant
certifying that he lias not departed for
crime, is not a pauper, luuatic or idiot, is
Rot in charg of blood relations or
authorized guardians, is not an assisted im
migrant, and is not under contract to labor
in the United States. Bond shall be given
as a guarantee against the indiscriminate
issuing of certificates on the part of the
steamship company, It is made unlawful
for any persons interdicted by the provis
ions of the act to enter the United States or
for a transportation company to bring him
to this country.
Hla Determination to Stand Firm Sig
Washington, Dec. 14.—-In order that Mr.
Randall could not complain that auy unduo
advantage bad been taken in the formation
of tho Ways and Means Committee, Speaker
Carlisle asked him to select ono of his fol
lowers, to be appointed among tho Demo
crats on the Ways and Means Committee.
Mr. Randall accepted the tender and named
Mr. Gay, of Louisiana, the rich sugar
planter. Mr. Carlisle has not signified iiis
approval of Mr. Randall’s choice, hut as
this approval will be chiefly pro forma, Mr.
Gay may be considered as certain to go on
the Ways and Means Committee. This selec
tion indicates at once Mr. Randall’s ad
herence to his declared purpose not to let
sugar be touched, aud if it is ratified by the
speaker will indicate that no reduction, or
at least no considerable reduction, in llie
dutii-s on sugar will appear in the tariff bill
r° l>e reported by the committee. It is now
f w 'll understood that such a bill will be
prom tly reported by the committee, proba
bly during the month of January, and that
its consideration will not be opposed, so
that the fight will be over the report by
fPje JHoftting ffetoj*.
YESTERDAY IN THE SENATE.
Faulkner Takea the Oath—One of the
Washington, Nov. 14 —ln the Senate to
day Mr. Hoar, from the Committee on
Privileges and Elections, presented the re
port in the West Virginia case. He said
that the report was unanimous. The ques
tions raised were very simplo ones and easily
comprehended. One of them had been long
ago determined by the Senate, and he sup
posed that all the’Senators had had occasion
to reflect on the other’s. In order that the
Senator entitled to his seat might enter at
once upon his duties he hoped there would
be no objection to having tho report dis
posed of at present.
The report was read at length. It con
cludes with two resolutions, ono declaring
that Daniel 11. Lucas is not entitled to the
seat and the other declaring that Charles J.
Fanlkner has been duly elected Senator
from the State of West Virginia for the
term of six years, commencing March 4,
1887, and is entitled to a seat in the Senate
as such Senator. The resolutions were
agreed to viva voce, and the oath of office
was thereupon administered to Mr. Faulk
ner. Mr. Hoar then moved that Mr. Faulk
ner be assigned to the Committees on
Claims, District of Columbia, Mines and
Mining and Pensions. This was agreed to.
a rule amended.
Mr. Harris, from the Committee on
Rules, reported an amendment to the
thirty-first rule. That rule provides that
when an adverse report is made on a claim
and tho report is to it shall not be in
order to move to take papers from the file
for the purpose of referring them at a sub
sequent session, unless the petition states
that new evidence has been discovered and
the substance of it. The amendment is to
add to the rule a clause that in cases where
there is no adverse report it shall be the
duty of the Secretary of the Senate to
transmit all such papers to the committee
in which such claims are pending. The
amendment was agreed to.
Among the bills referred was the follow
By Mr. George—To protect innocent pur
chasers of patented articles making it a
valid defense against actions for infringe
ment that the article was bought for use or
consumption, and not for sale, and in good
faith, and in the usual course of trade; and
providing that all patents shall be subject
to purchase by the government for general
use at a reasonable valuation. It was re
ferred to the Committee on Patents, after
an effort had been mode to have it sent to
the Judiciary Committe*.
Several Hundred Recess Nominations
Sent to the Senate.
Washington, Dec. 14.—Several hundred
nominations were sent to the Senate to-day
of Postmasters who were appointed during
the recess of Congress. Among those in
the South were the following:
In Virginia—C. T. Litchfield, at Abing
don; W. F. Fisher, Liberty; William A.
Fiske, Portsmouth; Samuel B. McKinney,
Farinville; John S. Grayson, Luray-Henry
A. Jordan, Manchester; Joseph L. Deaton,
In Florida—John J. Harris, Sanford;
Henry Gaillard, St. Augustine: William N.
Conoley, Tan mu; James de Lancy, Orlando;
Horace A. Tanner, De Land; John C. Lun
ing, Leesburg; David C. Lee. Kissimmee.
Albert H. Mowry, Charleston, S. C.;
Ellis Hunter, Brunswick, Ga.; Maurice B.
Throckmorton, Birmingham, Ala.; Mary L.
Clay, Huntsville, Ala.; William J. Rous
seau. Starkville, Miss.; Eben R. Wortham,
Greenville, Miss.; George W. Bynum,
Corinth, Miss.; Lemuel S. Dillard, Oxford,
Miss.; James E. Surguine, Cleveland,Tenn.;
Edmund J. Wood, McMinnville, Tenn.;
William R. Rhea, Johnson City, Tenn.
The Cowden Outlet Bill.
■Washington, Ded. 14. —Senator Butler
to-day introduced, with slight amendment,
the bill reported from the Committee on
Improvement of the Mississippi river last
session and known as the “Cowden outlet
bill.” It is entitled: “A bill to make Lake
Borgno an outlet to improve the low water
navigation of tne Mississippi river from New
Orleans to Cairo, and incidentally to re
claim and protect the valley lands of Mis
sissippi from overflows without levees.”
A New; Cabinet Officer.
Washington, Dec. 14.—A bill introduced
to-day by Senator George, to enlarge the
powers aud duties of the Department of
Agriculture, raises the department to the
dignity of an executive department, and
provides for the appointment of Secretary
and Assistant Secretary.
Guarding Against Contraction.
Washington, Dec. 14.—Senator George
to-day re-introduced his bill of last session
to prevent contraction in the currency, and
to increase the circulation of silver and sil
Carlisle Needn’t Tremble.
Washington, Dec. 14.—The Committee
on Elections will dispose of the Thoebe-
Carlisle case promptly in favor of Mr. Car
lisle. They take it up“ o-moiTow, and will
work at it steadily till it is completed.
The Committees of the Two Assem
blies in Session.
Louisville, Ky., Dec. 14.—The commit
tee appointed by the Northern and Southern
assemblies of tho Presbyterian church to
meet hero and confer upon the proposal to
re-unite the two branches of the church,
held separate meetings to-day. All the
members of the Southern committee were
present. Of the Northern committee all
were present with the exception of Rev.
David C. Marquis. Both meetings wore
secret, and not a word is given out for pub
lication by the members of the committees.
The Crown Prince Worse.
Vienna, Deo. 14.—Dispatches received
here report that the condition of the Ger
man Crown Prince’s throat has suddenly
become worse and that a special medical
consultation has been called at San Remo.
This, tho rejiort says, explains Dr. Macken
zie’s hurried departure from England.
A CONSULTATION AT SAN REMO.
San Remo. Dec. 14—The doctors who ex
amined tho Crown Prince last ovening dis
covered symptoms of fresh growth and an
increase in the swelling. A special consul
tation of medical experts was determined
upon. Dr. Mackenzie will nttend at the re
quest of tho Crown Prince.
Prince and Princess William have been
notified to be in readiness for a sudden call
to Sail Remo. Queen Victoria begged Dr.
Mackenzie to inform her of any sudden
change in the Crown Prince’s condition.
HIS CONDITION ALARMING.
London, Dec: 14. —A dispatch from San
Remo says that the Crown Prince’s symp
toms are alarming. The tumor has spread
rapidly with deplorable results.
Mahone Nominated for Senator.
Richmond. Va., Dec. 14.—The Republi
can legislative caucus to-night nominated
Gen. Mahone to succeed Senator Riddle
SAVANNAH, GA., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1887.
AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA.
Diplomatic Relations Friendly but tho
Military Relations Strained.
Vienna, Dec. 14. —The Freudcnblatt
says the optimist views taken by the Aus
trian and foreign press regarding tho rela
tions between Austria and Russia are based
upon confusion of the military with tho
political situation. The diplomatic relations
of Austria with Russia, it says, are of the
friendliest character, but the military situa
tion is not improved, although it is not
worse. If tho concentration of Russian
troops on the frontier continues,
however, Austria must increase her frontier
forces so as to maintain the military equi
librium. Austria’s policy is pacific. The
statements emanating from France that the
Gorman government and press are creating
a war scare in order to effect the passage of
military’ bills in the Reichstag is absolutely
absurd. The government can best serve
the interests of the monarchy by sustaining
favorable political relations with Rus
sia and avoiding everything likely to
interfere with pacific and friendly under
standing, while at the same time carefully
providing that in t he event of the failure of
these endeavors the military position of the
monarchy shall not at the outset be found
to have been thereby rendered less favorable.
The deolarations of representative bodies
justify the hope that tho whole population,
while desiring and feeling the necessity of
peace, will always be ready to come for
ward in their full strength to guard the em
London, Dec. 14.—The Times' St. Peters
burg dispatch says: “The Foreign Office,
after inquiring into tho matter of the forged
documents sent to the Czar, acquits the
Orleanists of complicity in the affair. It is
believed at the Foreign Office that the fraud
was more of a business than a political na
ture, and that it was got up in the interests
of private persons.”
The Committee Unanimously Ap
proves a Credit.
Paris, Deo. 14.—The Budget Committee,
after M. Sarien, Minister of the Interior,
had promised to reduce the secret service
money and stop all subsidies to newspapers,
unanimously approvod a three months’
credit. Tho Customs Committee agreed in
favor of a bill imposing reprisal duties on
The Radical and Extremist groups in the
Chamber of Deputies to-day decided to op
pose the vote of a provisional Budget asked
for by # Prime Minister Tirard, unless
it was made a Cabinet question.
BOULANGER LOOKS FOR WAR.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 14.—The Novoe
Vremya publishes in its Paris correspond
ence a letter from Gen. Boulanger to M.
Sasini, member of the Chamber of Deputies,
declining the latter’s offer to surrender his
seat in Gen. Boulanger's favor. The Gen
eral writes that he considers it a patriotic
duty to adhere to his military position in
view of the fact that he expects war, and
concludes by declaring that France has
greater need of Generals than of Deputies.
FEDERATION OF LABOR
Proceedings of the National Conven
tion at Baltimore.
Baltimore, Dec. 14.—The National Con
vention of the American Federation of
Labor, which met yesterday, completed its
organization and got down to business to
day. In the afternoon a letter was read
from Henry Broadhurst, Chairman of the
Trades Union Parliamentary Committee
of England, asking the Federation
to send a representative re the international
convention to be held in London next year,
and one from the Russian-American Na
tional League at New York, asking the
Federation to use its influence to prevent
the passage by Congress of ail extradition
treaty with Russia.
H. ”M. Ogden, representing the Cincin
nati Typographical Union, offered a resolu
tion condemning the boycott instituted by
the Knights of Labor against the New York
Sun, and declaring the paper as being
above reproach in its fairness to associated
The roles were suspended long enongh to
permit R. W. Cremer, a member of the
Trades Unions Congress’ Parliamentary
Committee, of England, to make a short ad
dress on the benefits to be derived by the
working classes from arbitration.
Numerous resolutions were introduced
covering various subjects, such as official
indorsement of union labor, strengthening
local and central unions, etc. One that
caused a lengthy and warm debate was a
proposition to recommend a boycott on all
beer brewed in Milwaukee until tho existing
differences between the brewers of that
city and their employes shall have been sat
isfactorily adjusted. The United States
Brewers’ Association was denounced in
strong language as the most powerful
antagonist that organized labor had to con
tend with. Several hitter attacks were
made on the boss brewers of St. Louis and
New York for their unjust treatment of em
ployes and their arbitrary art,ions toward
saloonkeepers. Some opposition to the boy
cott method of fighting was developed, and
the more conservative element succeeded in
having the resolution referred to the Execu
tive Council for consideration.
SUITS FOLLOW A CRASH.
Heavy Damages Claimed on Account
of the Kouts Disaster.
Valparaiso, Ind., Dec. 14.—There have
been docketed for trial at the next term of
the Foster County Circuit Court the follow
ing suits against the Chicago and Atlantic
Railroad, growing out of the Kouts dis
aster: An administrator’s suit, to recover
*IO,OOO for the deaths of several members
of tho Miller family; a guardian suit,
to recover SIO,OOO for Herman
Miller, the injured boy who was the
only member of the Miller family
sav’od from the wreck; the suit of the Kouts
Hotel proprietor to recover compensation
for the care of the Miller boy; and indict
ment for involuntary manslaughter against
John B. Park and John Dorsey, who are
hold responsible for the Kouts disaster, will
come up; also a suit brought by Annie
Burkhart, against the New Albany and
Chicago railroad, to recover slo,o < H) for the
death of Andrew Burkhart, her husband,
who was killed on the road of that com
Germany’s Socialist Laws.
Berlin, Dec. 14.—A government bill has
been prepared in accordance with the re
commendations of the Bundeerath increas
ing the stringency of tho Socialist law, ex
tending the penalties to expulsion and loss
of German citizenship and empowering tho
local authorities to expel suspects, t here
is a series of new penalties for Socialistic
A Moral Leper Sentenced.
San Francisco, Dec. 14. —Wong Ah
Hung, a CniHainan who was convicted in
the United States District Court, yesterday,
on a charge of importing Chinese women
for immoral purposes, was sentenced to day
to ten years imprisonment in the California
State prison at San Quentin, and to pay a
fine of S2, (XX).
| GOOD CHEER JOR ERIN.
THE RALLY AT WASHINGTON A
Men Prominent in the Halls of Con
gress Take an Active Part in the
Proceedings—Senators Sherman and
Ingalls Each Express Their Sympa
thy for the Cause.
Washington, Dec. 14.—Sir Thomas
Henry Grattan Esmonde and Hon. Arthur
O’Connor, leaders of the Irish home rule
cause in the English Parliament, arrived in
this city this afternoon escorted by a com
mittee of the Washington Irish societies
who had gone to Baltimore to meet them.
In the evening they were tendered a recep
tion by the Irish societies ami wore con
ducted to the Masonic Temple, in
which the reception was held,
by an escort headed by the Third
Artillery Band, and consisting of the Union
Veteran Corps, Columbia Rifles, Emmett
Guards, Continentals. Knights of St. Co
lumbkill, and the Catholic Knights of
America. The hall of the temple was bril
liantly illuminated and tastefully decorated
with American and Irish flags and many
hued bunting, while such appropriate in
scriptions as “Scotland, Wales amt Ireland
demand home rule,” “American sympathy
is with Ireland,” “Coercion is an out rage on
the spirit of human liberty,” and “Colum
bia greets Gladstone and Parnell,’’ orna
mented the stage and walls.
a large audience.
The audience was a large one, and long
before the arrival of the guests nearly every
seat in the body of the hall was occupied
Upon the platform were Senators Sherman,
Palmer, Ingalls and Hawley, Representa
tives Collins, Bland, Herbert, Outhwaite,
Foran, Lawler, O’Neill of Missouri,
Woodburn, Phelan, Crain, Kennedy,
Parker, Nutting, J. D. Taylor, Yost and
Brown of Ohio, and McSlmne, Frederick
Douglass and Thomas H. Walsh, head of
the Irish movement in Washington.
Senator Ingalls was expected to preside,
but he was late in arriving and Mr. Sher
man was selected as Chairman. Mr. Ingalls
appeared upon the platform, shortly after
Mr. Sherman began speaking.
The speeches of Messrs. Sherman, Ingalls,
and Hawley were very strong and outspoken
in their sympathy with the Homo Rulers,
and much enthusia m was manifested.
Resolutions wore adopted extending hearty
greeting to Messrs. Esmond ami O’Connor;
protesting against the policy of the Tory
government of Englande: expressing confi
dence in and admiration for.Mr. Parnell;
extending thanks to Mr. Gladstone, amt
pledging financial aid to the people of
Ireland. The concluding resolution is ns
Resolved, That, in giving our moral and ma
terial support to home rule, we express not
merely our wish to see the Irish people freed
from the cruel position In which they have been
so long forced to live, but also our sympathy
with the English people, from which so many
of us are descended, for we are convinced that,
the English people can never have government
at home so long as they permit bad government
to he inflicted on the people of Ireland; also,
that in arraying the best elements of the
English people in support of measures
to establish justice and prosperity in Ireland,
the great Liberal party has drawn the people of
England measurably near to us ana now we
hope to see in the future such constitutional
harmony and personal good feeling throughout,
the whole extent of Great Britain and Ireland
as now exist throughout the whole extent of
our Republic, a result never to be attained by
closure enactments which have no right to the
sacred name of law, enactments which can only
be enforced by the agency of imperial police
and standing armies.
Senator Sherman said that in appealing
here to-night he was bound to say that he
was neither an Irishman nor the son of an
Irishman, but the trouble was that his
ancestors had come to this country so many
years ago that it was absolutely immaterial
whether they were English, Irish, Scotch or
Welch. He knew one thing; he was an
American [applause], and as an Ameri
can, feeling himself free to speak,
not only of matters concerning our national
affairs, but as to affairs of friendly natioiis.
He took pleasure in saying that ho believed
that he sjioke the general voice of the peo
ple of the United States in every part or tho
Union when he said to the distinguished
guests that the sympathy of America went
forth fully and heartily in a strong desire
that they might have home rule in Ireland
to the full extent demanded by Messrs. Par
nell and Gladstone. [Applause.] He wauted
to see Ireland possess the same rights as
those enjoyed by the people of the United
States [applause], and he believed that in
this sentiment the general voice of the
people went with him.
THE INDORSEMENT OF LIBERTY’S SONS.
It was not because they were Irirfhmen but
because they were freemen, and deserved
the privileges of freemen that they in
dorsed this sentiment. No country could be
free unless it was governed by the people of
the community: and home rule meant “gov
ernment of the people, by the people and
for the people.” [Applause.] Why should
Ireland not have home rule? Why
was it that the British government
denied to Ireland, the gem of the British
empire, what was conferred on all tho Colo
nies of this great ejnpwe i Irishmen had
led in the advance of all tho great
battles which England had fought
for two centuries. Irish poets had not
only made love songs for *the men
and women of the world but had written
the national anthems of that great empire.
Ireland had furnished the Demosthenes and
Ciceros of modern times. Ireland had pro
duced great men in every branch
of life. He did not claim any right
to govern the Britisli empire or
to advise anybody in that great and power
empire how to govern it. Ail lie could say
was that he hoped that the pleading vo.ee
of Mr. Gladstone, the greatest statesman of
the age, [applause] would induce the British
Farliameat to grant home rule, and that
the manly courage and brave persistence of
Mr. Parnell [applause! might be sustained
in his sickness bv his growing bo|ies of
home rule in Ireland.
AMERICA’S ONLY DESIRE.
All the American people desired for this
people of a kindred race was the right to
govern themselves —not to break down the
British empire, but to pass laws affecting
their local interests without the interference
of the British Parliament. In conclusion
Mr. Sherman said: “AH we want and all
we pray for is that Great Britain may yield
toviui Irish brethren what they desire and
give them home rule, and the British gov
ernment from that day forth will lie
stronger than ever amid the powers of the
world.” [Loud applause.]
SENATOR INGALLS HEARD.
Senator Ingalls, alter the applause with
which he was greeted had subsided, said two
ibuHtrious Irish members of the British
Parliament have crossed the ocean to tell
the story of the wrongs of Ireland. They !
are here for the purpose, as he understood,
of ascertaining the sentiments ot the Atneri
icau people upon this great question, which
is now occupying the attention of men all
o.er the civilized world; for
the purpose of ascertaining by
personal inspection aud examination
whether or not it is true, ns the Tories ot
(treat Britain have said, that the sentiments
of the great mass of tho American people
are not with Ireland in her struggle for
Tionie rule and constitutional liberty, but
that all these movements are merely the
contortions of partisan demagogues and
of obscure politicians for the purpose of
catching the Irish vote. Wo have assem
bled tins evening, ho said, in the shadow of
the national capital for the purpose of say
ing, so far as he could voice the sentiments
of tho assemblage, that the cause of Ireland
is the cause of America. [Great applause.]
That in a deejier and wider sense it is not
only the cause of Ireland, but of humanity
NO DOUBT OF AMERICA’S SENTIMENT.
We have assembled for the purpose of
learning from these two illustrious repre
sentatives of Irish sentiment what has been
the result of seven centuries of oppression
of the Irish people by the governing classes
of Great Britain, and he said were lie a still
more obscure politician than he was he
would not hesitate to say that if we were
called upon .to choose between expressing
our sympathies for Great Britain or for
Ireland in this contest no American citizen
wdll long hesitate as to what his
preference shall be. He did not
understand he said that the Irish repre
sentatives of home rule desire
to interfere with tho unity of
the British empire, hut Great Britain
should not forget that there is nothing so
dangerous and so unprofitable as injustice;
Great Britain .should not forget that 7,000,-
000 [x-ople determined to bo free can never
be enslaved; Great Britain should not forget
that H,OOO,(XJO citizens in tho original
thirteen Colonies revolted and achieved
their independence under far less provoca
tion than 7,000,000 of Irish people nave en
dured for centuries. [Applause.] He did
did not desire to trench upi m the proprieties
of the occasion, nor to intrude ujion the
comity of nations, but he could not forget
that brutal and degraded British soldiery,
within the memory of men who might now
be within hearing of his voice, had sacked
and burned this capital. He could not forget
that in every greatcrisisia American history
we have had to contend with the ill-will
anil malevolence cf the governing classes of
Great Britain; that in the last great strug
gle for tho preservation of constitutional
liberty upon this continent we had the ill
will of the governing classes of Great
Britain; that she consorted with the South
arid equivocated with tho North, and con
tributed everything short of actual hostility
to secure the downfall of the American
Union. In conclusion lie said:
“I shall never cease to remember that
awful period. There was not a battlefield
for American liberty which was not illus
trated by Irish valor and consecrated by
MR. O’CONNOR’S APPRECIATION.
Mr. O’Connor was then introduced, and
drew a vivid picture* of tho oppression
and hardshqis which the Irish people were
compelled to endure. He said he and his
companion were prepared for the reception
with which they were met by those of Irish
descent, but the warmth and earnestness
with which they were met by the American
imputation, who were not of their kith or
:in, surpassed their expectations. The
meeting to-night, he said, was a representa
tive one of the American people, and could
not tie made little of. He thanked those
present from tho bottom of his heart for
SENATOR HAWLEY’S UTTERANCES.
Senator Hawley, the next speaker, said
the speech of Mr. O’Connor was statements
of a terrible fact—a terrible indictment.
Humanity everywhere would say that he
had stated wrongs which must he remedied.
He joined very gladly in the welcome to
these distinguished representatives of the
great Liberal juirty of tho great British
empire. His heart was with them.
There was no real American
looking at the great breadth, strength
and final purpose of that party, who could
withhold his heartfelt admiration and love.
He depicted local self-government in Ire
land, and said that it would be followed by
local self-government in Scotland, Wales,
and perhaps subdivisions of England, until
we have the United’States of Gfeat Britain.
The only resting place in all this gr at agi
tation is an imperial Parliament in which
tho divisions of the empire are repre
sented on national questions with tho
privilege of legislating for themselves
on local matters. Ho could remember the
time when a great many Englishmen ex
ulted over what was apparently our down
fall. Some of those Englishmen are to-day
glorious Liberals. Their apoiogy is ac
cepted. They are our brothers now. Those
who lielieved in government of the people,
for the people and by the people are our
brothers. We are of the same family. The
cause ot Ireland, he concluded, would con
tinue to have his full sympathy.
SYMPATHY OF THE SOUTH.
Representative Herbert, of Alabama, said
there were no people in this land who
symputbizo more intelligently, and more
sincerely with Ireland than do the people
of the South. The South knows, he said,
that whenever a stranger rules, the people
mourn, and that is what is the matter with
In response to numerous calls Mr. Ingalls
introduced Frederick Douglass, who said
that it was not his hour. England did not
want to know what Fred Douglass had to
say. He was only emancipated a few years
ago himself. He was glad, however, of an
opportunity to give color to the occasion.
[Laughter.] With every other American,
of whatever color or class, he was an out
and out home ruler. The meeting was then
declared adjourned, arid as the band struck
up a lively Irish jig the crowd slowly left
TRAGEDY IN LOW LIFE.
A Man Outs His Wife's Throat and
Then Slashes at His Own.
Columbus, Ga., Dec. 14.—Early this
morning while going his rounds Officer Me-
Michael saw a negro sell a good mule for
S2O. He attempted to arrest the negro,who
resisted. In the scuffie Officer McMichacl
had his coat torn off und was compelled to
shoot the negro. The ball entered the calf
of bis leg. At tho court house the negro
made several conflicting statements. It is
understood the negro is an ex-convict. He
is in the hospital anil will recover.
At a factory boarding house on Front
street this morning Frank Guldens cut Ids
wife’s throat and then tried to cut liis own,
hut was prevented by [mm-soiis uttracied by
the disturbance. Both were under the
influence of liquor. An officer soon
hail Giddens under arrest. The wound
is not necessarily fatal, and is about five
inches long. Jealousy is supposed to have
been the cause of the rash act. Mrs. Gid
dens returned a few nights ago from a visit
to another man at Birmingham.
Willis & Jenkins’ store at Midland, Ga.,
was burglarized last night. The safo was
blown open and SIOO and a gold watch were
A Refuge for Crofters.
London, Dec. 14. —The government has
requested Mr. Morrison, leader of tho Crof
ter movement, to go to British Columbia
and report upon the suitability of the coun
try for the Crofters. If his repdrt la favor
able ibe government proposes to assist the
Crofters to emigrate to that country.
CRYING FOR WOOLFOLK’S LIFE.
Two Spectators In the Court Nearly
Cause a Lynching.
Macon, Ga., Doc. 14.—A very romantic
and highly sensational event occurred in
tho tSu]wrior Court room this afternoon
during tho trial of Thomas Woolfolk,
charged w ith tho murder of the Woolfolk
family. Counsel Rutherford, for tho de
fense, had concluded his long, patient and
exhaustive argument, and wound up with a
strong appeal for the prisoner. The court
had taken a recess, and on re-assembling,
Solicitor General Hardeman had arisen to
conclude ttie arguments.
CRIES OF “HANG HIM.”
He hart spoken for some time and was
under full headway discussing tho points of
the evidence, when Cicero Tharpo, of Ma
con, ami Reuben Nash, of Twiggs county,
both prominent and well-known citizens,
suddenly shouted out from the rear of the
audience, “Hang him! Hang him!” Imme
diately there wus a great commotion, the
dense crowd becoming wild and ungovern
able with excitement. Judge Gustin recog
nized the danger and ranped violently for
A RIOT IMMINENT.
The Sheri(T and bailiffs did all they could,
but the people muttered and a riot was im
minent. The Judge was on the point of
tailing the prisoner on the bench, but
changed his mind quickly and had him
secretly transferred to another room In the
building He dispatched for a detachment
of police, who quickly appeared on the
scene. Before the police arrived, however,
the Judge adjourned the court until to-mor
row morning. The affair created a great
sensation, and is tho only topic of conver
sation to-night. The agitation apparently
had no effect on Wolfolk who, if he turned
a shade paler, showed no emotion. He
viewed it calmly and quietly. The case
will be given to the jury by to-morrow
noon. It is thought the demonstration lias
hail a marked effect on the jury.
SOUTH GEORGIA’S CONFERENCE.
Proceedings of the Opening Session at
Sandersville, Ga., Dec. 14.—The mem
bers of the South Georgia Conference have
been arriving by every train since Monday,
the earlier arrivals being mem tiers of com
mittees and classes which met on Tuesday.
Bishop H. M. McTyeire arrived last night.
Promptly at 9 o’clock this morning the con
ference met in the Methodist -church in its
twenty-first, annual session. Bishop Mc-
Tyoire conducted the opening religious ser
vice and presides over the body.
Rev. B. B. Brvan was re-elected Secre
tary, with Rev. W. C. Lovett, George C.
Thompson and E. M. Whiting as assistants.
There were 1.24 responses, ministers and lay
delegates included, at the roll call.
The hours of the daily session are fixed at,
from SI o’clock in the morning to 1 o’clock
in the afternoon^
THE FIRST DAY’S WORK.
The session to-day was consumed by the
reports of various officers and committees,
which were referred to appropriate commit
tees, in most cases without reading, and the
[Kissing of the characters of the clergy, and
other routine work incident to organization.
Rev. A. M. Williams was appointed on
the Board of Trustees of tho Orphans’ Homo
vice Bishop Key.
Rev. It. F. Evans was directed to receive
the conference pro rata of money raised on
Children’s Day for the use of the Sunday
A large number arrived by to-day's trains
too late for the opening of the conference.
Others are expected to-night, and a full at
tendance is counted on.
DIFFERENT MEETING PLACES.
The Baptists tendered the use of their
church, nnd that, building has been used by
tho committee for the examination of can
didates for admission. There are twenty-one
Through the kindness of the Ordinary the
court house and jury rooms are also used by
Rev. F. A. Branch, preached the opening
sermon here to-night, and Rev. W. W.
Stewart at Tennille.
About daylight this morning a heavy
northeast, rain began, and has continued
without cessation all day. There is no pros
pect to-night of any improvement in the
Rev. Young J. Allen, Missionary to China,
is expected Friday.
GEORGIA’S CAPITAL CITY.
Supreme Court Decisions- An Escaped
Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 14.—Tho following
Supreme Court decisions wore banded down
George W. Hill vs. T. H. Hackett, admin
istrator; from Catoosa. Reversed.
Western and Atlantic Railroad vs. N. E.
Pitts; from Gordon. Reversed.
Eb Fa vers vs. Osiah Johnson; from Gor
A. P. Silver et al. vs. J. W. Rankin et al.;
from Bartow. Affirmed.
W. T. Russell vs. T. C. Napier; from
Theßome circuit was taken up to-day.
Guy Lamar (colored), sent up from Chat
ham county, for four years, in 1884, for as
sault with intent to murder, escajssl after
being in Lowe’s Augusta camp seven days,
anil had not been heard from since till a
few days ago, when he was arrested at
Beaufort. Principal Keeper Towers was
notified and a requisition win issued on the
Governor of South Carolina.
In the tax receipts at the State Treasury
to-day Chatham county contributed s6,Biio
and Richmond county $5,000.
A FIGHT FOR CHILDREN.
Their Father Trying to Take Them
from His Divorced Wife.
St. Augustine, Fla., Dec. 14.—Mr.
Lyon, who is here seeking to recover pos
session of two children from liis divorced
wife, went to see them to-day, but at first
was refused the privilege. Afterward they
were allowed to see him, but the mother
positively refused to let the n go with him.
They seemed uncared for, and. though Mr.
Lyon provided for their education, no
attention had been paid them. Some ad
missions were made by Cajieila’s brother
regarding the treatment of tho children,
and the attention of Judge Cooper was
culled to the matter. If the children can
not lie obtained peacefully warrants will
probably bo issued to-morrow and the
parties all brought up before his
Honor. Young Capelin tried to sell
his testimony to Mr. Lyon for SSOO and re
fused to say anything. Tho Judge may
compel him to testify, when sensational
developments may be looked for.
[Note —Interesting matter intro luctory
to this dispatch iciy tie found in tho Florida
column of this morning’s News.]
Tampa’s Quarantine Raised
Tamua, Fla., Dec. 14.—Quarantine
against Tampa was raised to-day. As soon
as t o fumigation Is completed the quaran
tine against, relugeos will be removed. The
physicians advise the latter to return slowly
when announcement is made that the
weather is warm.
(PKICKgIOA YEAH. I
1 ttCKATM A COPY. (
BALFOUR'S LIFE IN PERIL
HE SLEEPS IN THE TOWN HALL Al
MANCHESTER UNDER GUARD.
The Police Warned of a Plot to Assas
slnato Him—His Foea Nearly Capture
the Meeting He Addressed at Night-
His Speech Full of Scathing Denun
London, Dec. 14.—Mr. Balfour, Chief
Secretary for Ireland, addressed an im
mense assemblage in Free Trade Hall al
Manchester to-night. In consequence ol
warnings that a plot had been formed to as
sassinate Mr. Balfour, police guarded thl
approaches to the plutform, and were sta
tioned at various points in th
interior of the hall. The barricade*
around Free Trade Hall were extended
to the Town Hall where Mr. Balfour sleep*
under guard. As Mr. Balfour appeared
upon the platform the cheering of a portion
of the audience failed to drown the hisses of
another portion. The preliminary speaking
was amid great disorder. A number ol
flphts took place and many persons were
ejected from tho hull. The malcontent
element was finally subdued.
Air. Balfour in an elaborate criticism on
his most recent speeches in favor of horns
rule, compared Sir George Trevelyan to
Runyan's Pitiable, who started with Chris
tian on the right road, remained a short
time, but falling into theslough of despond,
promptly used violent language toward hi*
former companions, and finally returned to
the city of destruction. The Radical party
in January, 18N6, thought that every
thing was right which they had
thought wrong in December, 1885. Wheel
ing about at Mr. Gladstone’s word of com
mand, with the regularity of soldiers on
parade, they hail gone now into the ranks
of the Parnellites, changing not only theii
old policy, but their old morality. [Cheers.]
BULLIED THEIR PARTY FOREVER.
They had sullied the character of their
party forever. With the deterioration of
their moral fibre the Radicals had adopted
the methods of their Irish allies. These had
long been accustomed to copious streams ol
violent rhetoric, which made them incapa
ble of that sobriety of statement which the
country expected from practical statesmen.
The utterances even of the foremost Separ
atist leaders showed an increasing want ol
moral perception. Mr. Gladstone
hod been forced to retract some
of the assertions made by him
in his infamous speech at Mettingham,
but only under the threat of a lawyer’s let
ter. Mr. Trevelyan had said that the farm
ers in Ireland were being evicted by whole
sale. The fact was thnt # during the first
three months of Mr. Trevelyan’s administra
tion as Chief Secretary of Ireland there
were 853 evictions, while for the same
period of the speaker's tenure of office
the evictions numliered only 132.
After rebutting the statements of Mr. Dil
lon and others on the condition of Ireland,
he concluded by predicting the triumph of
order under the policy of the government.
REFUSED TO SIGN THE ADDRESS.
Dublin, Doc. 14.—The Krprtut says that
' tho Duke of Norfolk and Sir George Erring
ton, both of whom are prominent Catholics,
declined to sign Die address which is to lx
presented by tne English Catholics to Mgr.
Persico in favor of home rule for Ireland. It
says also that Cardinal Manning is debarred
by etiquette from signing it.
Four additional summonses have been
served on Timothy Harrington for publish
ing reports of doings cf suppressed branches
of the league.
LANDLORDS IN CONVENTION.
At a converrion of landlords to-day Mr.
French, ageir if Ixird Landsdowne, advo
cated State advances to landlords to enable
them to pay mortgages accepting rental as
security Mr. Everard favored this pro
posal and said this was tho landlords’ la,t
CUT OUT HER TONGUE
A Woman Mutilated by a Negro After
New Orleans, Dec. 14. —A special from
Meridian, Miss., to the Pivayv.n Bays: “In
formation has been received from Smith
county that Mrs. Fanny Husbands, while
traveling to her brother's house, some mile*
from her own home, was assaulted by
a negro and roblied. After committing
the robbery tho negro cut out the lady’s
tongue. Mrx. Husbands recognized the
negro and wrote his name so that he would
b<-arrested. The husband of the unfortunate
lady is a man of considerable nionns, and it
is supposed the negro thought his victim
had money witli her.”
HOPKINS GAINS TIME.
Judge Sage’s Wife so 111 that Court
Had to be Adjourned.
Cincinnati, Dec. 14.—At midnight last
night Judge Sage, of the Unite! States Dis
trict Court, was advised by telegram of a
serious change for the worse iu the condi
tion of his wife, who has been an invalid
for a long time. She is at their home av
Lebanon, 0., thirty miles away. No train
being available, tho Judge took a carriage
and drove to Lebanon at once.
This lnorning court was adjourned until
Tuesday next, and the trial of Hopkins, As
sistant Cashier of the Fidelity Bank, gos
over until that time.
SALE OF A RAILROAD.
The Bavannab, Florida and Western to
Own the Brunswick and Albany Line.
Frankfort, Dec. 14.—A meeting of the
shareholders of the Brunswick and Albany
Railway was held here to-day. Seventeen
persons, representing 182,400 shares, want
present. It was unanimously resolved ti
sell the lino to the Savannah, Florida and
Western Railroad Company. The commit
tee appointed to conduct the transfer will
receive £280,000 in four per cent, mortgage
bonds of the Savannah, Florida and West
ern Company, and £130,000 in income bonds
of that road.
Whisky Dealers Assign.,
Baltimore, Dec. 14.—Foster, Clark A
Cos., wholesale whisky dealers, to-day made.,
an assignment for the benefit of their credit
ors to Fielder C. Blingluff, trustee,who gave
Imnd in the sum of $150,000. The cause of
the assignment is said to lie a disagreement
between the partners, and Mr. Foster says
the liabilities will bo paid in full.
Harper in Stripes.
Columbus, 0., Dec. 14.—E. L. Harper
convict and ex-banker, donned the stripe*
at the Ohio penitentiary to-day, but will re
tain his moustache and hair for a time.
He has been assigned to a position as clerk
in the office of the Secretary.
Powderly Will Recover.
Wilkesbarre, Pa., Dec. 14. General
Master Workman Powderly was resting
comfortably at his home m Hyde Park at
7 o’clock this morning. His physician say*
his case is now not serious. He only need*