Newspaper Page Text
I ESTABLISHED 1850. 1
( J. H. Eb'IILL, Editor and Proprietor. )
TO REDUCE TAXATION.
A RESOLUTION INTRODUCED BY
The Taxes Should be Reduced to the
Needs of the Government The
Whisky Tax Declared Perfectly Just
—What Should be Put on the Free
Washington, Dec. 19.—1n the Senate to
day among the papers presented to the Sen
ate was a communication front the Secre
tary of the Treasury, with a copy of the re
port of Special Agent Tingle on the condi
tion of affairs on the sea islands of Alaska.
It was referred to the Committee on Foreign
Relations. Also a memorial of the Consti
tutional Convention of the Territory of
Utah asking admission into the Union as a
State, with copies of the constitution. It
was referred to the Committee on Territo
Among the bills introduced and referred
were the following:
Bv Mr. Hour —Relating to the celebration
of the centennial of the inauguration of the
Among the bills reported favorably from
the committees and placed on the calendar
was Mr. Blair’s bill to aid in the establish
ment and temporary support of common
Mr. Powver called up his motion to re
consider the vote whereby (last Monday)
the resolution offered by Mr. Butler for the
appointment of a select committee to inquire
as to the advisability of establishing a gov
ernment postal telegraph was agreed to.
J;.“ Mr. Butler asked Mr. Sawyei to state the
object of the motion to reconsider.
Mr. Sawyer said that his object was to
have the subject referred to the Post Office
Committee, where it properly belonged.
Mr. Saulsbury said the subject had been
before the Post Office Committee for six
vears, and had been fully considered by it.
Reference to a select committee would be a
vote of want of confidence cither in the
ability or willingness of the Post Office Com
mittee to deal with the subject.
Mr. Butler disclaimed any idea of reflect
ing, in the remotest degree, upon the Post
Office Committee, and he withdrew all oj>-
position to the motion to reconsider, and
consented to have the matter referred to the
Post Office Committee. The vote was ac
cordingly reconsidered, and the subject of
postal telegraphy was referred to the Post
Mr. Pugh offered the following resolu
tion, and proceeded to address the Senate in
support of it:
Resolved. That the most important and press
ing duty of the! present session of Congress is
to revise and so amend existing internal
tax and tariff laws as to reduce the annual
revenues to be collected therefrom to the neces
sary wants of the Federal government, and no
more than it needs to pay its matured debts,
and discharge its obligations under the laws of
Congress, without crippling or deranging any
American industries or business connected with
the subjects of tariff taxation, or inter
fering with the just rights of American
working p plo intends 1 to be secured
to them by the incidental effects of revenue
duties to share in the joint product of labor and
capital employed in American mining and man
ufacturing industriessto the lull measure of the
difference in the cost of their labor and the
labor of tbose engaged in similar industries in
Resolved , That the Senate will concur in no
joint resolution for the final adjournment of the
ore sent, session of Congress until after the
passage of such remedies as are specified in the
in the course of his argument Mr. Pugh
asked whether Congress would wipe out all
internal taxes, and allow the necessary rev
enue to be raised oil tariff imports alone.
He had never a clearer or stronger convic
tion than the conviction that the whisky
tax was perfectly just and wholly unobjec
tionable, except on the grohnd that it was a
direct tax. There was nothing produced,
owned and consumed that could supply the
government with ninety million dollars of
revenue, with more propriety and less injury
to any human being than whisky. He had
never heard any valid reason, and did not
believe there was any valid reason why
whisky drinkers should be relieved from the
payment of this tax, and why the revenue
it yielded should be extorted by a tariff from
consumers of the necessaries of life. He
knew of no better use to which whisky
could be applied than to the production of
$90,000,000 of revenue necessary to
pay pensions aud the interest
on the war debt instead of extorting that
amount from the harmless consumption
of imported articles. Whe insisted, he
asked, that the luxury of whisky drinking
should be freed from the burden. Was it
the whisky drinkers, or the whisky makers
who declared that there should be no re
vision of the tariff until every internal
revenue tax was repealed? It was not. The
cry came the loudest add fiercest from the
manufacturers ar.d their representatives.
The most defiant and uncompro
mising advocates of free .whisky
were manufacturers of protected articles.
\s a general compromise he would repeal
the internal tax upon tobacco, for the sole
reason that tobacco was an agricultural
product, and let the tax on whisky stand for
future consideration. He declared that he
would vote to repel no duty on any article
manufactured in the United States, that
would cripple any home industry or impair
the abili y of home competition. No
people, he said, have ever submitted so
long to robbery on the part of their
own government and those who opposed re
vision of the tariff at the risk of a financial
panic and industrial paralysis became
parties to this robbery and became political
criminals. Both the Republican aud
Democratic parties had promised to reduce
the income to the wants of the government,
and it was trifling for the Republicans to
charge upon the Democratic party
the blame of the failure to revise the
tariff. This Congress could not. adjourn
until such change was made in
the revenue laws as would stop the flow of
money from the people into the national
Treasury, beyond the needs of the govern
ment. He would put on the free list chem
icals and raw wool of all raw grades, and
salt, and might be willing to add other
articles. He was not tn favor, however, of
the putting 01 iron on the free list. Doing
so would be regarded by ore land owners
and ore-workers of Alabama, Tennessee,
Virginia and West Virginia a* an act ot
unjust discrimination in favor of
foreign ores. As to pig iron, on which the
present duty was $0.72 per ton, he believed
that a duty of $5 would be ample. He
made these remarks to show that there was
not the least danger to the iron ore and pig
iron interests from nuy reduction of the
tariff. President Cleveland had in his re
cent annual message shown patriotism and
courage never exhibited before by any pub
lic man In his position and with his sur
roundings. He said there could bo
no mistake as to what the President
believed to lie the paramount duty of Con
gress. There was not a single sentence in
the message that was not truth ami not the
whole trut h. At the close of Mr. Pugh’s re
marks the resolution was ordered to Be laid
on the table.
Mr. Blair gave uotice that he would to
morrow ask tho Senate to proceed to con
sideration of the educational bill.
Alter a brief executive session the Sonate
*t 4:16 o'clock adjourned.
In the House.
In the house to-day the Speaker an
nounced the appointment of the Committee
on Rules as follows : The Speaker, Messrs.
Randall, Reed and Cannon.
Mr. Cox, of New York, offered a resolu
tion authorizing the Speaker to employ a
clerk to complete the compilation of ques
tions of order raised and decided on general
appropriation and revenue bills by includ
ing therein points of order raised during the
Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses.
At the suggestion of Mr. Randall the reso
lution was referred to the Committee on
Mr. Dibble, of South Carolina, offered a
resolution referring to the Committee on
Appropriations reports of the Court of
Claims on French spoliation claims, with
instructions to that committee to report all
claims which have been decided favorably
to the claimants in a general deficiency bill.
Considerable opposition to this reference
was expressed by the members, who wished
to have the resolution sent to the Commit
tee on Claims. * Finally, after debate, the
previous question was “ordered (yeas 163,
nays 84), and the resolution was adopted.
A number of resolutions suggesting
changes in the rales were presented and re
ferred to the Committee on Rules, among
them the following:
By Mr. Gallinger, of New Hampshire—
Providing that any committee may be re
quired by a vote of the House to report
back any matter which has been in its pos
session for one month.
By Mr. Breckinridge, of Arkansas—Pro
viding that all appropriations for snagging
operations, for pay of regularly employed
officials, and for other subjects not other
wise provided for, shall lie in a separate bill
from the river and harbor bill, and re
quiring estimates for the cost of other than
snagging operations to accompany the bill.
All works other than snagging operations,
of which the final cost of completion is less
than $500,000, may be provided for in a
separate bill, while every other work, the
cost of which shall exceed that amount,
must be embodied in a separate bill, and it
shall not be in order to make such an ap
propriation unless the bill provides for the
completion of the work. The amendment
also gives the river and harbor bill the
same privileges in the matter of considera
tion as is accorded the general appropria
By Mr. Brewer, of Michigan—Requiring
the Speaker to appoint committees within
two weeks of the meeting of Congress.
The House then adjourned.
BLAIR’S EDUCATIONAL BILL.
The Report of the Committee Accom
panying the Measure.
Washington, Dec. 19.—Mr. Blair’s edu
cational bill, reported to the Senate to-day,
received the unanimous indorsement of the
Committee on Education, and contains but
one slight change from the bill as it passed
the Senate at the last session. It provides
for a total appropriation of $79,000,(XX) to
be expended in eight years. The report ac
companying the bill among other things
“Although the Committee believe that no
measure of greater, if there be any of equal,
importance will engage the attention of the
Senate, they have not deemed it necessary
to enter upon a general discussion of the
bill, or to enlarge upon the serious nature
of the public emergency which
requires its enactment. * * *
The measure was devised and has
been pressed to secure the removal
of the alarming increase of illiteracy and
its baneful consequences, and not as a
means of expending the surplus revenues,
although their existence removes all excuse
for a failure to pass it. The bill was pro
posed before the large surplus existed. It
should become a law even if additional taxa
tion were necessary. *****
Illiteracy grows with the country and keeps
full pace with its increase in population,
increase of population adds continually to
the number who require attention, while
the means of education are not *and cannot,
and therefore will not be provided without
temporary assistance from the funds of the
nation. The temporary aid proposed in the
bill should have been granted at once upon
the close of war. To bestow it now is but
to provide a long deferred obligation,
the neglect of which has already greatly
enhanced grave perils to the nation. Who
shall estimate the evil consequences
which will befall us from a continuance of
that law and the unfortunate motherhood,
which, under the influence of illiteracy and
ignorance, is now bearing one-fourth of the
children of the republic* If there can be
no sentiment of patriotism n hich cab stir
us to action, the instinct of self-preserva
tion, which confers a certain degree of wis
dom upon even brutes, ought not longer to
lie outraged by our suicidal delay. ”
THE MISSISSIPPI’S COMMISSION.
Detailed Account of the Work for the
Washington, Dec. 19.—The annual re
port of the Mississippi River Commission
was received by the Acting Secretary of
War to-day. It gives a detailed accouut of
the surveys, examinations and improve
ments made during the past year. The ex
penditures during the year on account of
improvements were $707,021, and the availa
ble balance on hand July 1, 1887. for prose
cuting the work is stated at $1,402,937. This
is exclusive of the money available for the
expenses of the commission, surveys, etc.
The report discusses at length the
restrictions of the last river and
harbor bill in regard to tho use of
bank protections, and an agreement
is made iti favor of their modification or
repeal. In reference to the plans of the
commission during the next year, the re
port says that the Hoiietield revetment
will be repaired and extended, and the Mem
phis revetment will be completed. At
Greenville, Vicksburg, Now Orleans, and at
the head of Atchafala.ya work will lie carried
on as far as practicable.
The report says lurther, that all funds re
maining available over and above what is
required for current repairs and for the care
of the plant will b ■ alloted to the construc
tion of levees. It is expected that the
Yafcoo and Tensas fronts will bo entirely
closed, and that progress will be made on
the White river front. Local levees on
Plum Point reach will be also extended.
The estimates made for the next fiscal
year are as follows: For a continuation of
surveys, $200,000; for continuing of the im
provement of the river, from Cairo, 111., to
the head of the passes, including the im
provement of Red river, $.‘>,000,000; for the
Improvement • ( harbors as follows: Colum
bus, Ky.. $01,750; Ilickiuaii, Ky., $251,750;
Greenville, Miss., • $148,500; Vicksbnrg,
Miss.. $282,500; New Orleans, $608,000; for
protection of Lake Bolivar Jevee, $150,000.
Making total estimates $0,508,100.
Public Build tn , s Bills.
Washington. Doc. 19. Bills wore intro
duced in the Senate to-day by [Senator Ran
som providing for a public building at
Asheville, N. 0., to cost $150,000, and by
Senator Vance for a public building at
Charlotte to cost $200,000.
Nominated by the President.
Washington, Dec. 19.—Among the
nomina,tions sent to tho Senate by the
President to-day was David L. Young, to
be Pojtuuuter at Wiuoaa. Mlsa.
SAVANNAH, GA., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1887.
EUROPE’S AVAR CLOUD.
STATEMENTS AS TO GERMANY’S
PREPARATIONS TO BE REFUTED.
No Increase of Her Forces on the Rus
sian Frontier—The Czar’s Entourage
Accused of Systematically Mislead
ing Him The Austrian Council
Grants a War Credit of 13,000,000
Berlin, Doc. 19. —1n pursuance of reports
made by military personages to the Em
peror at his reception on Saturday, a refuta
tion will be issued of the statements printed
in the Invalide Russe, of St. Petersburg,
regarding German ndlitary preparations.
The Cologne Gazette, in an inspired arti
cle criticising the article in the Invalide
Russe, says: “There was no increase of
German forces on the Russian frontier until
spring of the current year. The increase of
the peace effective of the Continental ar
mies originated in enormous armaments.
France for some time obliged Germany
to leave in Reichsland troops which really
belonged to the eastern provinces. When
Russia, in 1878, transferred the bulk of her
troops westward, and a tone of extreme hos
tility to Germany was manifested in the
Russian press, Germany for the first time
pushed forward some battalions and squad
rons to the eastern frontier which, until
then, had been almost denuded of troops.”
ITS ACCURACY DENIED.
The article denies the accuracy of the
statement of the Invalide Russe, regarding
the extension of German strategic railways
to the eastward. The German system was
planned, the paper says, not with a view to
strategy in the east, but solely for commer
cial purposes, to facilitate traffic between
Russia and German ports on the Baltic. It
is not true, it says, that the fortresses at
Thorn, Posen, Dantzic and Koenigsberg
were created os a menace to Russia. Those
fortresses have been long existent, and are
now, as ever, a guard of the frontier. The
statement that Grawdenz has been converted
into a camp and fortress is also pronounced
incorrect. The article concludes as follows:
“The Invalide Russe seeks to minimize the
extent of Ru.-sian preparations. In the
autumn Russian reserves were called out.
Have they been dismissed yet? What is the
objectof increasing the rifle brigades? What
is the meaning of the raising of cavalry
regiments to six squadrons? What means
the placing of batteries attached to the cav
alry upon a war footing? The Russian rail
ways serve only military purposes. In the
construction of fortresses Russia is exceeded
only by France. With Germany all is open.
Russian measures are taken with the great
est secrecy, and while it cannot be quite
concealed, it is sought to misrepresent.”
A CONFERENCE WITH COUNT KALNOKY.
Vienna, Dec. 19. —Herr Von Tisza, the
Hungarian Prime Minister, had a confer
ence with Count Kalnoky and the Crown
Prince Rudolph to-day prior to the Military
Council. Emperor Francis Joseph presided
at the Council. It lasted from 1 until 3
o’clock. Kalnoky, Von Taafe, Herr Tisza and
other Ministers were present.
The Council decided to grant the Minis
ter of War a credit of 15,000,000 florins.
The smallness of the grant is held to be
proof that Austria does not intend to take
The Friedmanblatt, to-day publishes an
official statement that as a result of the mili
tary councils the government has resolved to
take no measures which would compel a
summoning of the delegations.
charged with misleading the czar.
A letter to the Political Correspondence
from Berlin charges the Czar’s entourage
with systematically misleading the Czar
and inducing him to make decisions which
he would not sanction if he knew the truth.
The latest proof of this state of affairs, says
the letter, is the recnt article of
the St. Petersburg Official Gazette,
which reflects false riiilitary reports
submitted to the Czar. The Czar’s secluded
life and unscrupulous flattery of diplomats
around him facilitate the work of deception
and explain the Czar’s otherwise incompre
hensible attitude on the most important
questions of the hour. The hope of averting
the catastrophe of war depends chiefly upon
whether the misrepresentations of the Czar’s
entourage can bo successfully exposed and
the truth revealed to him.
MOBILIZING TWO ARMY CORPS.
Bucharest, Dec. 19. —From semi-official
sources it is learned that, in view of the un
certain political situation, preparations are
quietly being made to meet any sudden
emergency, and that the government will
act in accordance with Austria and Ger
many. Councils are being held, the King
presiding, and intercourse between the gov
ernment and Am triun Minister Goluseiiis
ky, has become active. Preparations have
been completed to mobilize two army corps
for concentration on the Russian frontier.
A credit of $3,050,000, intended for a strate
gic railway between Jassay and Doroheri,
will now be kept in reserve as an emergen
' no movement of troops.
Moscow, Dec. 19.—N0 troops, excepting
the Thirteenth divi'ion, have recently
moved westward of the Moscow district.
The resolute tone of the Im aiidn ftusse has
created a great deal of enthusiasm here.
ORDERED TO THEIR REGIMENT.
Pesth, Dec. 19.—Several army officers
on furlough here have been ordered to re
turn to their garrisons in Croatia im
mediately. A number of officers in reserve
corps have been ordered to settle their
affairs so as to be in readiness to join their
NO GROUND FOR THE WAR TERROR.
London, Dec, 19.—Ix>rd Salisbury made
a speecli at Derby to-day. In the course of
his remarks he stated that so far as iR known
in diplomatic circle* there was no ground
whatever for the war terror that had seized
the bourses and papers of Europe.
SENTENCED TO PENAL SERVITUDE.
LkiPSIC, Dec. 19. —Cabannes, the official
who revealed contents of State documents
to France, has been sentenced to ten years’
pe -al servitude and deprived of all civil life
for ten years thereafter.
THE ASSABBIN AT WORK.
Rumor of Another Attempt on the
Vienna, Dec. 19.—A correspondence
sheet published in this city asserts that it
has received a cipher dispatch stating that
another attempt has been made on the life
of the Czar and that the Czar was wounded.
It also says that a revolutionary movement
has broken out in St. Petersburg.
NOTHING KNOWN AT BERLIN.
Berlin, Dec. 19.—Nothing is known hero
of the reported attempt on the Czar’s life.
At St. Petersburg to-day there was no ma
terial change in prices. (Some quotations
St. Petersburg, Dec. 19.—Universities
at Cbarkoff and Odessa have been closed
owing to disorders among students.
Queen Vic. Indisposed.
LONDON, Dec. 19. —The Queen is indis
posed. She caught cold on I l iday while in
THE UNDERVALUATIONS BILL.
Some of the Main Features of the
Washington, Dec. 19.—The Senate Com
rtiittee on Finance to-day ordered the sub
committee’s bill on undervaluations to bo
favorably reported to the Senate. Its main
featuros have been made public from time
to time. It is a measure of twenty-odd sec
tions, and practically tho revision an 1 mod
ification of the system of invoice, entry,
appraisement and assessment of imports. It
will create a tribunal of nine general np
praisers in dignity and salary equal to nine
Circuit Judges of the United States. Their
appointment is to be made by the President
and confirmed by the Senate. 11 is provided
that not more than five of the nine members
shall be of the same political party at one
time. Three are to be stationed at New
York, and are to be constantly in session.
Tlie other six will be stationed as the Secre
tary of the Treasury may direct. It will
bo their duty to supervise and determine the
classification and rates of customs duty as
well as the appraisement of values. The
office of merchant appraiser is to bo abol
ished. If the local and genera! appraiser
agree, their decision is final. If they disagree,
then the question will referred to the New
York board or to the board convened by
order of tho Secretary. Their decision will
be final. Oaths and fees are to be abolished
and a merchant’s declaration may be made
before a Notary Public or other officer des
ignated by the Secretary of the Treasury.
The warehousing period is extended from
one to three years. Tho rate of duty will be
uniform for the same class of goods to all
importers. To secure absolute unanimity in
the rating of goods, the publication ot de
cisions of the various local and general ap
praisers is ordered.
THE SUPREME COURT VACANCY.
Secretary Lamar’s Nomination Before
the Judiciary Committee.
Washington, Dec. 19. Secretary
Lamar’s nomination tp the Supreme Court
will not be reported to the Senate until
after the holiday recess. Consequently the
Cabinet changes will not ooeur until Janu
ary. Don Dickinson, who Is to arrive to
night to take charge of the Post Office
Department, will, therefore, have plenty of
time to find a house and to learn his duties
before he becomes Postmaster General.
The Senate Judiciary Committee met this
morning upon a special call from Mr.
Edmunds, its chairman, who wishes to leave
with his sick wife to-morrow for Aiken, S. C.
Mr. Evarts, who is regarded as friendly to
Mr. Lamar, was the only absentee. He is in
New York, finding out how he had best vote
in this case. The nominations of Messrs.
Lamar and Vilas, standing At the head of the
committee docket, were first take.i up. The
whole time was given, however, to I-amar’s
nomination. Senators Edmunds und Hoar
both attacked it on the ground that Lamar
had been a traitor during the war, and had
defended Jefferson Davis from the charge
of treason on the floor of the Senate. Mr.
Pugh, of Alabama, defended Secretary
Lamar, insisting that he was as loyal and
patriotic as any member of the committee.
There was so much discussion that the hour
for the meeting of the Senate arrived be
fore it was finished. So the nomination was
referred to a sub-committee consisting of
Messrs. Edmunds, Hoar and Pugh. This
sub-committee will probably report adver
sely. Whether the committee adopts its re
port or not, Lamar's nomination will ulti
mately be confirmed.
THE COMMITTEE ON RULES.
Speaker Carlisle Announces the Mem
bers of It.
Washington, Dec. 19.—Speaker Carlisle
announced the Committee on Rules to-day,
as follows: the Speaker, Messrs. Mills, Ran
dall, Reed and Cannon. In so doing, he an
nounced that Mr. Mills would be the chair
man of the Ways and Moans Oommittoe
and Mr. Randall Chairman of the Commit
tee on Appropriations.
These appointments are not satisfactory
to the majority of the Democrats, hut they
all agree that the Speaker did what ho
sincerely thought most expedient. Tho
Speaker, now that he has these chairman
ships filled, will go right on and appoint the
rest of the members of the Committee on
Ways and Means and the Committee on
Appropriations, announcing them probably
on Wednesday, certainly before the ad
journment for "the holiday recess. The other
committees can wait.
To-morrow the Committee on Rules is
expiected to report the rules of the last
House, so that it may be ready for work,
postponing the consideration of the two or
three dozen proposed amendments to the
rules until the holiday recess. Snould this
be done, it would greatly facilitate the se
lection of the committees. It seems to lie
generally expiected that Messrs. Turner of
Georgia, Morse of Massachusetts, and Gay
of Louisiana, will have places on tho Ways
and Means Committee.
ENTITLED TO SEA PAY.
The Court Gives Lieut. Ritchie Judg
ment for the Amount Due Him.
Washington, Dei 1 . 19.—Tlia Court of
Claims to-day gave judgment in favor of
Lieut. David G. Mcßitchie, of the United
States navy,' in his suit against the United
States for sea piay from Aug. 1, 1882, to
June 14, 1884, while in command of the
United States steamer Speedwell, which
was engaged during that period in towing
and conveying other vessels at the Wash
ington and Norfolk navy-yards when
not employed in transporting freight and
ordnance between Washington and Ports
mouth, N. H. The accounting officers of
the Treasury had all owed him shore pay
only during that period except during the
time the vessel was actually at sen. The
court decided that he was entitled to sea
p>ay for the entire period.
THE NORFOLK DRY DOCK.
Preparations tor tho Construction of
the New Battleship.
Washington, Dec. 19.—Commodore Har
mony, Chief of the Bureau of Yards and
Docks, has returned from Norfolk, where
he has been examining the progress of the
dry dock. He reports the yard to lie in
most excellent condition, and states that
the work on the dock, which is being built
by private contract, the contract time being
twenty months, is progressing in a satisfac
tory manner, and that it will probably be
completed within fourteen or fifteen
There is no delay in the preparations for
tho construction of the new armored battle
ship, and the keel of the vessel will be laid
in about two months.
A $29,000,000 Mortgage.
Baltimore, Dec. 19.—A mortgage from
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company
to the Mercantile Trust and Deposit Com
pany of Baltimore was placed on record in
the Clerk’s office of the Superior Court this
afternoon. This is a consolidated mortgage
of $29,900,000, which has to lie recorded in
Baltimore and in every countv through
i which tile road misses.
FOR THE DIAMOND BELT.
106 ROUNDS FOUGHT BY SMITH
The Fight Declared a "Draw”- Kilrain
Knocks Smith Silly, but He Comes to
the "Scratch” and Puts in Some Good
Blows Both Men Badly Punished
and “Satisfied’’—Each Round Closed
with a Wrestle.
New York, Deo. 19.— The following cable
was received at the office of the Police
Gazette this afternoon, dated Vernon,
France: “One hundred and six rounds were
fought in two hours and thirty minutes, anil
resulted in a draw.” This refers to the
Kilrain-Smith fight, which was fixed to take
place at 1 o'clock this afternoon on an island
in the river Seine, twenty miles from liouon.
smith knocked silly.
London, Dec. 19, 10 r. m.— The Inter
national contest between Jake Kilrain, of
Baltimore; and Jem Smith, of England,
for the diamond belt and the chaini ionship
of the world took place on the Island of
St. Pierre, in the River Seine, France,
today, in the presence of about one
hundred persons. There was no
police interference. G. W. Atkinson, ref
eree, performed his duties with satisfaction
to all concerned. Fleming and Harding
acted as timekeepers and umpires. The
fight was remarkable for persistent wrest
ling of the men. In the fourth round
Smith was knocked nearly silly by a terrific
blow on the ear. Thougn Smith had the
worst of tlie falls, he fought splendidly un
der great difficulties, ami was ns fresh as
Kilrain, wheu darkness stopped the fight, at
4:45. One hundred and six rounds were
fought, lasting two and a half hours.
Before the tight began mhls of three and
four to one were freely laid on the English
man, but all the betting stopped as the fight
narrowed itself into a question of endur
ance. Not once or twice, but many times
it looked like an easy win for Kilraiu, but
the indomitable pluck of the burly English
man, who invariably came up with a
smile, equalized matters. Not to en
ter into an elaborate description of each
of the 106 rounds, it may be safely said that
fiercer, fairer fighting has rarely "been seen.
There were cries of “foul,” but a “foul” was
never seriously claimed by either side. The
seconds were smart in their duty, bringing
their respective men bock to their cornel’s,
and the umpires had few difficult points to
settle. llHrd hitting and tough work was
the order, with a concluding throw at the
end of each round, of wßlcb the long Ameri
can, who is tough and ugly,
but withal an excellent wrestler,
generally had the best. How this remark
able fight might have terminated, had it
been fought to a finish, it is difficult to say.
Kilrain undoubtedly showed qualities that
even his backers never dreamed of. and hail
rather the best of the fight as they got into
the second hour. On the other hand,
Smith’s determined rushes and indomitable
pluck over and over again raised the hopes
of his backers.
The betting was on Smith at the start,
Veering to Kilraiu later. There was much
wrestling instead of fighting. Smith had
the best at the start and forced the fighting.
Kilrain hud the advantage in wrestling.
In the eighteenth riHitni Kilrain hit Smith
oufthe left ear,causing a swelling theorize of
an egg an t knocked him down. Kilrain s
right eye was closed. The fight varied until
the fifteenth round, when Kilraiu led until
the nineteenth, knocking down Smith three
times and being knocked down him
self once. Smith's ear swelling burst, to
his great relief.
Alter the nineteenth round Smith’s
strength returned, and he held his own. He
had the best of the last six rounds, both
men fighting as quickly and (is strongly as
at the start.
The referee ordered that the fight he re
sumed to-morrow, but later Smith and Kil
rain expressed mutual respect for each
other, swore eternal friendsnip, agreed to
consider the fight a draw, and pledged each
other to fight Sullivan. The general opin
ion was that the fight, was the gamiest
heavy weight fight of the present genera
INTER NATIONAL. COPYRIGHT.
A Petition Asking Congress to Protect
the Rights of Authors.
'Washington, Deo. 10.—A petition pre
sented in the Senate by Senator Hale to-day
reads: “The undersigned citizens who earn
their living in whole or in part by their pen,
and who are put at a disadvantage in their
own country by the publication of foreign
hooks without payment to the author, so
that American books are undersold in tbe
American market to the detriment of Ameri
can literature, urge the passage by Con
gress of au international copyright law,
which will protect the rights of authors,
and will enable American writers to ask
from foreign authors, the justice we shall
then no longer deny on our own part.” The
petition is signed among others, by Henry
Abbey, Lyman Abbott, Edward Atkinson,
Henry Ward Beecher, Francis Hodgson
Burnett, 8. L. Clemens, George C. Eggles
ton, Edgar Fawcett, It. W. Glider, Marion
Harland, Bret Ilarte, T. W.
Higginson, Oliver Wendell Holmes,
George Parsons Lathrop, Benson
J. Leasing, John B. Me Mas ter,
Francis Turkman, James Par ton, E. P. Roe,
A. R. Hpofford, Frank R, Stockton, Maurice
Thompson, Charles Dudley Warner, John
G. Whittier, John Burroughs, Rose Eliza
beth Cleveland, Mary N. Munfree and Walt
A separate petition is signed by George
A Gas Pipe Bomb.
Ma rshalltown, la., Dec. 10. —Work
men in the new Opera House this morning
found a gas-pipe lomb with a fuse attached
in an unfinished brick flue. The police
think they have located the party who
placed it t#ere, but refuse to divulge the
particulars. This afternoon officers took
the bomb to the outskirts of the city, placed
it under the roots of a large tree and P.ghtod
the fuse, it exploded with terrific force,
tearing treos in the vicinity to shreds and
splinters and tore a groat hole through the
Texas Bankers Fall.
Grayson, Tax., Dec. 19 —Jones, Hamil
ton & Garnet, leading bankers of this place,
assigned to-day. Their onsets are estimated
at #75,000. It is staled that the assets ex
reed their liabilities, and that the failure is
due to inability to make collections.
Berlin, D*c. 19.— The Freiaainige M
tung, in an article believed to have been
prompted by Prof. Virchow, says that, the
cicatrization in the Crown Prince’s throat
is a most fi vorable sympton, indicating that
tbe affection is not cancerous.
Corn Duties Amended.
Berlin, Dec. 19.—The Bundesrath has
passed the toil to amend the com duties in
the form It, was agreed to by the Reichstag.
Declines to Interfere.
London, Dec. 19.—Gladstone has written
a letter declining to interfere in the interna
tional arbitration movement
A FATAL RENCONTRE.
Two Men Fire at Each Other and Both
New Out. kavs, Dec. 10. —A special to the
Picayune from Fannersville, 1,a., says: “A
most unfortunate personal difficulty hap
pened here this evening, by which two of
the most prominent citizens of this place
lost their lives. There had been bad blood
between Judge J. E. Trimble and James A.
Ramsey for some time, and this had been
added to by a personal question involving
the veracity of one or both of the men.
They met this evening at the door of J.
Stein & Co.’s store. Hot words wer spoken
and, from accounts, both drew their pistols.
Five or six shots were Hi ed, an • then
Trimble and Ramsey were both seen to fall
back dead. Both men leave families, and
the affair throws a gloom over the com
inunity. There was a largo crowd present
at the time of the shooting, and it is a won
der that no one was struck by a stray bul
let. Col. Edward Jonas, brother of Collec
tor Jonas, had a hole torn in bis coat and
shirt by one of the bullets.”
Opening of the Trial of Those Who
Chicago, Dec. 19.—The trial of Dr. Leon
ard St. John, Levi Dell and Capt. Freer,
who, together with Capt. Irwin, were in
dicted for conspiracy in aiding the escape
of Warden W. J. McGarigle from the
county jail, was begun to-day. Dr. St. John
was Treasurer of the College of Physicians
and Surgeons, as well as lx-iiig a member of
the staff of the county hospital,
of which McGarigle was warden.
Dell was janitor of the College.
Irwin commanded the Canadian schooner
Blake, owned by Dr. Bt. John, and his
brother Frederick, a prominent attorney of
St. Catherine’s, Out Capt. Freer eom
manded the Chicago schooner Marsh, to
whiclijitisclaimod (hat McGarigle was trans
ferred from the Blake while going through
the straits of Mackinac. Capt. Irwin never
came back to Chicago. The morning ses
sion of the court was taken up in an at
tempt to select tho jury.
A COURT WITHOUT A MARSHAL.
Business In the United States Courts at
Boston Practically Suspended.
Boston, Dec. 19.—The business in the Uni
ted States Courts was practically suspended
to-day owing to the fact that there is no
United States Marshal. Marshal Banks’
term of office ended on Dec. 18, and as his
successor has not been appointed and no
temporary appointment made, the office is
vacant. The jurors have been excused for
a week from the United States District
Court. Justice Gray has power to make a
temjiorary appointment of Marshal, and a
telegram has been sent to him at Washing
ton, asking him to do so. This state of
things, it is said, never occurred in this
A MARSHAL APPOINTED.
Later.—Judge Gray, of the United
State's Supreme Court, this afternoon ap
pointed Gen. Banks as United States Mar
shal to serve until bis successor is appointed
by the President. The work of the courts
can now go ou as usual.
A FIENDISH ACT.
A Bomb With a Lighted Fuse Thrown
into a Private Residence.
Stanstead, Quebec. Dec. 19.—At about
1 o’clock this morning a bomb to which a
lighted fuse was attached, was thrown
through the window into the
dining room of Dr. Can-field’s
residence. JMrs. Canfield, hearing the
crash and the hissing of the burning fuse,
sprang out of bed and succeeded in
detaching the fuse. The bomb contained
enough giant blasting power to wholly de
molish the house and kill the inmates. Dr.
Canfield's father, who is a bailiff, has been
engaged lately in serving processes for vio
lations of the Canada temperance law, and
had i>een threatened with violence if he did
An Effort Being Made to Raise $5,000
to Purchase Arms.
St. Louis, Dec. 19. —A special to the
Globe-Democrat from Wichita, Kan., says:
“Investigation at the headquarters ot the
Oklahoma boomers at this point shows that
many recruit* are paying $25 each to be
come members of the Oklahoma S’ttlers
Association. Though the utmost secrecy is
preserved, it has developed that
lire intention Is to raise at least
$.5,000 for a stand of arms
to distribute among those boomers having
none, and should Congress not throw open
the coveted land by April 1, the leaders
will take forcible possession, and resist any
attempt to dislodge them.”
ATTEMPTED ARREBT OF A FORGER.
Officers Set Upon by a Whole Family
and Badly Beaten.
St. Paul, Minn., Dec. 19.—An Ada,
Minn., special to the Pioneer Press says
Sheriff Benton, of Fargo, arrived there this
morning with a requisition for the arrest of
Andrew llohnodel, charged with an SBOO
forgery in Cass county, Dakota. Deputy
Sheriffs Blazer and Putnam went out
to the home of the Hobnodel
family, some miles in the country,
to make the arrest, but were set upon by
the family, the father, mother, sister and
four brothers, armed with axe*, spades,
pitchforks and knives, and were beaten and
out in a horrible manner, being left for
dead by their assailant*, who fled to the
woods. The injured men were found and
cared for by neighbors. They will recover.
The Sheriff"is organizing a posse to pur
sue the Hohnodels.
Mr. Manning Critically 111.
Albany, N. Y., Dec. 19.—Ex-Secretary
Daniel Manning is reported to lie critically
ill. His physician it; non-committal, and at
Manning's sou’s residence, whore the ex-
Seoretnry is stopping, Mr. Manning is re
ported “a little I letter to-day.”
THE FAMILY RETICENT.
Albany, Dec. 19,10 p. m.—Mr. Manning’s
family is absolutely reticent about bis con
dition, and his physician refuses to make
any statement, beyond saying that he dots
not think there is immediate danger of Mr.
Manning's death. It is believed that it was
on Sunday that there was a recurrence of
the stroke which afflicted him a year ago,
and tliathix family was summoned by him
to hi* beside in expectation that deatb was
A Verdict of Murder.
Hartford. Conn., Dec. 19.—The jury in
the case of John H. Swift, who shot his
wife Katie on July 7 last, to-night Drought
in a verdict of murder in the first degree.
When the verdict was announced Swift’s
mother, who haul been present through the
trial, sprang to her feet and, pointing to the
State’s Attorney, screamed: “You area
murdereri'’ Swift lighted a cigarette and
said- “That’s better than imprisonment
for life. It is over in a minute.
J PRICES 10 A YKAR 1
1 6CK.VIB A COPY s
I MURDER AND SUICIDE.
A WIFE, MOTHER AND DAUGHTER
! The Murderer Then Puts an End to
His Own Life—A Quarrel Over Money
Control Alleged to Have Been the
Cause of the Horrible Crlmo.
Troy, N. Y., Dec. 19.—S. S. Crandell,
formerly a lawyer and real estate broker in
Troy, to-day shot his wife, his mother-in
law, Mrs. S. S. Stone, his stepdaughter,
Julia Bulkley, and himself, at their home
in Ballston Spa. All are dead. The party
had a controversy over money matters. His
wife was the divorced wife of Crandell’*
former legal associate. Mr. Crandell was
once a candidate for Shorff in Washington
county, and was defeated. He was extrava
gant in his habits. His wife hod money,
and the quarrel arose over its control.
The place known as “Colbaker place” waa
bought by Mrs. Stone about a year ago.
Her family consisted of Mrs. Stone, her
sister, Mrs. Ellis, Mrs. Crandell, her daugh
ter by a fonuer marriage and her son-in
law, Crandell. Mrs. Stone was about tK3
years old. Her husband died several years
ago, leaving a large property. Her daugh
ter refused to accept any property while
her mother was alive. The daughter,
Julia V. Crandell, was thirty-seven years
old. It is said that Crandell represented
himself to be wealthy and worth SIO,OOO,
and finally married Mrs. Bulkley Their
married life had been nnhappy. The fam
ily, except Mrs. Ellis, were at the table eat
ing breakfast when Crandell began shoot
ing. The ladies ran from the table to the
kitchen, and he ran after them, firing across
the room. His spite seemed to be against
Mrs. Stone. He fired proniisoously among
the others at Mrs. Stone. Mr. Stone ran
out of the door in the snow some rods from
the house. He went to the door and shot at
her. She felllexhausted in the snow, and
died soon after with a bullet in her breast.
Crandell then turned about, loaded his re
volver. and, at short range, fired at his step
daughter, Julia. The shot took effect near
the navel. It was fired so close that a white
apron she wore was burned
by tho powder. Mi’s. Crandell received
two wounds in the groin. Crandell then
ran from the room and was not seen again
until the dead body was found found in the
cupola of the house. Mrs. Ellis at once
raised the alarm, and people soon came.
It was to late to be of any assistance. Offi
cers were placed in charge of the house and
no one outside was admitted. The Coroner
was notified. When the reporter left the
house Mrs. Crandell was very low, and no
attempt to probe her wounds had been
BOLD ATTEMPT AT ROBBERY.
A Farmer’s Brother-In-Law Captured
in the Room.
Charleston, S. C., Dec. 19.—A Green
ville special to the Mews and Courier says
that a daring attempt at robbery wa* made
in liaurens county last week. John Dagnoll,
a farmer, had SSOO in his house and hap
liened to mention the fact to his brother-in
law. Dagnoll left home one day expecting
to be absent over night, but for some reason
returned Into the same afternoon. During
the night jp- awoke and found three men in
his room. He seized a large bowie knife
and cut off the ear of one of the robbers and
stabbed him in the cheek. The others es
caped. The wounded man proved to be
Dagnoll’* brother-in-law, and lie is now in
CAB DRIVERS STIiIKB.
Tho Employers Reffise to Sign the
Three Years’ Contract.
New York, Dec. 19.—The 280 cab drivers
and slablemen of Ryerson & Brown, other
wise the New York Cab Company, struck
to-day, and the stables were closed. The
men demanded an increase in their wages
of from sl2 to sl4 per week, and also that
Ryerson & Brown sign a three years’ con
tract. The firm agreed to the increase in
wages, but declined to sign the contract,
and tho men refused to work. Ryerson &
Brown supply oatn to a number of hotels
and clubs in this city. These will ba greatly
inconvenienced by the strike.
SHE KILLED THE BIRD3.
And Was Sentenced to One Month In
New York, Dec. 19.—Miss Inez Van
Z&ndt was sentenced to one month in tbs
penitentiary in the court of Special Session*
to-day for killing two canary birds. The
complaint wa* made by Miss Fanny Sickle*,
and wa* prosecuted by the Society for the
Preveutiou of Cruelty to Animals. Miss
Van Zaudt, it appears (warded in the same
house with Miss Sickle*, the owner of the
birds, and having quarreled with her, ob
tained revenge by cutting her enemy’* pet*
in two with a carving knife, and then laugh
ing at her when she cried over their blood
Attempt to Wreck a Train.
Marlboro, Mams., Dec. 19.—An attempt
wa* made at North boro last night to wreck
a |iasenger train from Boston on the Old
Colony railroad there at 7 o’clock. Seven
sleepers had ticen wedged in between and
across the rails half a mile above the station,
but the ice atid snow on the track had the
effect of causing the obstruction to glide
along ahead of tho engine after it wa*
struck. Footprints in the snow showed
that the attempt was deliberate, and it is
regarded as miraculous that the disaster
was averted. No clew to the miscreant
who placed the obstruction on the rails.
The Eoodle Comm’asionera’ Case
Chicago, Dec. 19.—The case of the boodl*
County Commissioners and ex-Commission
ers occupied the attention of the Appellate
Court for a short time to-day. The State’s
Attorney made a motion to have the case
advanced from the calendar of the March
term, in which it now stands, to the present
calendar. The court denied the motion and
the case therefore will probably not be
reached before next June. The defendants,
in the meantime, will remaiu in the county
Local Option Constitutional.'
St. Louis, Dec. 19.—The Supreme Court
this morning declared what is known
as the Wood local opton law to
ba cona’-ituticnil. The effect of thia
will be to give the • temperance move
ment in the fta e additional imp. tuc,
end an election will no doubt be speedily
held on the “wet” or “dry" question in at)
counties in the State that have not already
taken such action. St. Louis will also vote
on the question.
A Train Wrecked and Several Killed,
St. Paul, Dec. 19.—The Fioneer-Prest
learnt thut tho afternoon limited train on
tho St. Paul and Duluth read was wrecked
this evening below Mahtowa, the baggage
car, engine and one‘coach going down a
20-foot embankment. Engineer Thomas
waa killed, and it i* ruiuorad that ttv#
paaaaugar* were kUuxi,