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t ESTABLISHED 1850. >
i J. H. ESTILL, Editor and Proprietor, )
A TALK FOR PARTY AIMS.
THE HOLIDAY RECESS FURNISHES
Senators of the Republican Persuasion
A grain Responsible for the Useless
Waste of Wind-Mr. Plumb Jumps
Into the Arena but Mr. Beck Knocks
Him Out in One Round.
Washington, Deo. 21.—1n the Senate to
day Mr. Allison called up the holiday recess
resolution and moved its adoption.
Mr. Plumb said he would vote against the
resolution, because he thought the proposed
recess was against public interest. Congress
would be in session till the dog days, and
during the latter part of the session the
country would be in the midst of a heated
Presidential canvass. There was no reason
why the members of Congress should go
home for the holidays.
EACH SIDE TAKES A HAND.
Mr. Plumb then proceeded at considerable
length to make a political speech, attacking
more particularly the President’s message
and the fiuancial policy of the administra
tion. He said he presumed the adjourn
ment resolution .vould pass, but he believed
that it would not bo with fair regard to
public interests, or to the duty which
rested upon Congress. Mr. Plumb’s speech
brought on a general political debate, par
ticipated in by Messrs. Reck, Butler, Dolph,
Vest, Teller, Stewart, Allison, Sherman and
others. At its close the adjournment res
olution was concurred in as follows:
IVcis—Messrs. Allison, Bate. Beck, Blackburn,
Blodgett. Brown, Butler, Cameron, Cockrell,
Coke. Oiukuii, Eustis, Evarts; Faulkner, Gor
man, Cray. Hampton. Harris, Hearst, Hit-cock,
McPherson, Morrill, Pasco, Payne, Pugh, Quay,
■Ransom, Reagan, Saulsbury. Sawyer. Sherman,
Stanford, Turpie, Vance, Vest, Walthall and
Wilson, of lowa—37.
.Vnj/s Messrs. Berry, Blair, Bowen, Chandler,
Pavis, Dawes, Dolph, Frye, George, Ingalls,
Mandersoc, Mitchell, Paddock, Palmer, Platt,
Plumb, Riddleberger, Stewart, and Teller—l 9.
BRANCHING OFF ON THE TARIFF.
In the debate Mr. Plumb referred to Mr.
Pugh's resolution that Congress should not
adjourn until action was taken for the dis
posal of the surplus in the Treasury, and
said he did not agree with the President in
many of his statements in the late annual
message, and *he did not at all
agree with him in saying that the responsi
bility of non-action in the matter
of the surplus would rest on Congress. For
his own part he would be glad to remain in
Was ingtou during the holidays and legis
late on the subject of the surplus, but not
with any sense of that responsibility of Con
gress which the President had set forth.
The primary responsibility for the present
condition of the Treasury' resided, he
thought, with the President, who totally dis
regarded the law which required him, prac
tically, to spend the surplus in the purchase
of the national debt. The President’s ex
cuse for not doing so was that the provision
of the la w was found in an appropriation
bill, and w..s, therefore, in the President’s
opinion, a temporary expedient merely. He
(Mr. Plumb) did not know any warrant for
the President distinguishing between laws
passed by Congress and saying that one
provision of the law was less mandatory
on him than another provision.
It did not come with good
grace from the President to criticise partic
ular places where important provisions of
law were found. The President would find
that in attempting to do so he would have a
large contract on his hands, ami one which
might result somewhat disastrously to him.
The President in his message had omitted
to state one important fact—which was that
the last Congress passed a law requiring
him allirmatively to pay $10,000,000a month
in the discharge of the'public debt, aDdthat
the President had put that bill in his pocket,
thus preventing its becoming a law.
TRIPPED UP BY MR. BECK.
Mr. Beck remarked that the President
had paid the money out even faster than
that bill required.
Mr. Plumb regard that as only another
way that the President had for saying that
he thought he could do better himself than
Congress knew how to tell him. The Presi
dent had also forgotten to take note of the
Tact that the river and harbor bill, which
appropriated some $14,000,000, had failed,
not because of any lack of action by
Congress. The delicieucy bill, covering
over $8,000,000, had also failed last session
because of the neglect of the Democratic
majority in the House, and these two
would have made a very comfortable ad
dition to the current funds of the people at
Mr. Beck said he did not propose to go
into debate in regard to the President’s pol
icy on a resolution for a holiday adjourn
ment. He assumed that the” resolution
would prevail, such a recess was usual, and
he did not know any exception to it.
He could not understand why the
Senate should now, on a motion
like that go into discussion, as
to the President's policy when they would
have all next year. But there were some
things which the country ought to know in
connect ion with the statement made by the
Senator from Kansas. The Senator had
not told the country that the policy of the
Republican party, by imposing andjmain
taining unnecessarily high taxation, had
produced the surplus, and that that same
party was determined to hold it there or to
waste it in such schemes as the Republican
party might desire.
ALL FOR THE BONDHOLDERS.
The Senator had not told that the Repub- 1
lican party bad so adjusted the debts of the
United States that they could not lie paid
with the money thus brought by high taxa
tion into the Treasury, unless such premi
ums were paid to the bondholders as they
might demand. The jiolicy of the
Republican party had postponed the
payment or $350,000,000 of the
debt till 1891, and of *.740,000,(MX) till
1007. The President had paid every dollar
of the 3 per cent, bonds that were payable
without paying any premium which the
bondholders might see lit to ask. The
Democratic i arty headed by the President
was encfenvoring to reduce taxes so that so
large a surplus should not come into the
Treasury. All that the President bad said
was that it was not a proper thing
for him or the Secretary of the
Treasury to do to "pay $l3O
or $l5O for every SIOO of the public
debt; and that it was the duty of Congress
to reduce the taxation of the iieople down
to a point that there would not oe a surplus.
He thought that the course of the Presi
dent and Democratic party would bo fully
vindicated, while it would be very hard for
the gentlemen on the other side to explain
why they had kept up taxation to the ex
tent which they bad done.
Mr. Dolph argued that if proper appro
priations were made for rivers and hartiors,
for public buildings, for coast formications,
tor dependent pensioners, for the encourage
ment of American commerce, and for the
Nicaraguan canal there would be no surplus
in the i reasunr; and he thought that such
policy was to be preferred to a reduction of
Mr. Vest, in response to Mr. Plumb’s
criticism of the President, for vetoing the
river and harbor bill, reminded that Sena
tor that the most virulent attacks uron trie
bill had come from himself (Mr. Piumb).
ct hi* 4 n : i 1% intitlrt" 4 1%
He had fought the bill by sections, and in
the aggregate had ridiculed it, denounced
it and voted against it. The executive had
only acted in the line of the Senator’s argu
ments. The President bad, in his annual
message, defined, and sharply defined the
issue between the two great
parties, and he (Vest) endorsed
that message from the beginning to the end.
Ho was prepared to go into the canvass
upon it, and whatever the result might be,
he declared now, publicly, that if the Presi
dent had done nothing less than write that
message, be had proven himself to lie an
honest, brave, patriotic man, and worthy of
the leadership of any party that ever existed
in the history of this country.
Mr. Teller severely criticised the Presi
dent for endeavoring to create public alarm
in order to carry out his pet scheme for re
ducing the tariff. He argued that there
was not so much surplus in the Treasury as
should necessitate any haste, or cause any
fright or alarm.
Mr. Stewart was satisfied from the dis
cussion to-day that Congress ought not to
adjourn for the holidays. As to the sur
plus, he was sure it would continue to be
locked up if the only remedy was
that suggested by the President—
reduction of the tariff. The issue presented
to the American people by the President
was whether it would stop doing its own
work and hire it out. Nations, as well as
individuals, got rich by doing their own
work. For his own part he would regulate
the matter not by reducing but by raising
ABSURDITY OF SITTING.
Mr. Allison said that the Appropriations
Committee had reported the resolution be
cause he believed the general sentiment to
be in favor of a holiday adjournment. The
House had passed the resolution without
even division. The Senate could not pro
mote public interests by remaining in ses
sion while the House was in its
present unorganized condition. Revenue
measures had to originate in the House
and from the beginning of 1885, till now.
no revenue measure had come from the
House, and none would come, certainly be
fore January 4. Therefore, he did not see
that public interests could be advanced or
promoted by refusing the House the ad
journment which it asked.
Mr. Butler expressed contempt for the
disgusting spectacle which the Senate was
presenting—for the affectation and hypoc
risy exhibited to-day. There was not a
Senator who did not know that all*f hat was
said about the Senate remaining in session
was absolute bosh and hypocrisy. It was
the idlest, flimsiest, shallowest hypocrisy he
bad ever witnessed.
Mr. Plumb resented the position of public
censor assumed by the Senator from South
Mr. Sherman agreed with Mr. Butler
that it was hardly worth while for the
Senate to deny the House the privileges of a
holiday adjournment, but he did not
agree' with him as to the
character of to-day’s debate. On the con
trary he was very much interested in
it. It had brought to the attention of the
Senate the folly of some features of the
President’s message, the folly of the Presi
dent's endeavoring to create a scare and
alarm about the condition of the country,
because, fortunately, there was a surplus of
$55,000,000 in the Treasury. If it were true
that there was such a state of alarm as was
expressed by* the President, certainly the
Democratic House ought not to adjourn
over the holidays. He did not believe, how
ever, that there was any such occasion for
alarm. He. believed that the language of
the Pr sident was entirely too strong. It
was right and proper for the Republican
Senators to call attent ion to the folly of the
House of Representatives adjourning with
out even an organization. There wore
no committees appointed in that
body, no preparations made to
meet the great peril spoken of by the Presi
dent. The surplus of $55,000,000 was less
than was in the Treasury at other periods
of the present administration. He thought
it but reasonable and right that the hum
bug by which it was sought to frighten the
country should be punctured, exploded or
explained away. The question would doubt
less have to be approached in a temperate
and fair manner. He therefore did not re
gret the speeches to-day on both sides of the
question. They were very good speeches.
WAYS AND MEANS.
The Committee to be More Pro
nounced than was Expected.
Washington, Dec. 21. — I The Ways and
Means Committee could not be announced
to-day, because the Speaker found, this
morning, that he would have to make some
changes in it. It will be announced to
morrow, however, and unless some changes
occur to-morri 'v it will stand as follows:
Mr. Mills of Texas, chairman, and Messrs.
McMillin of Tennesssoe, Breckinridge of
Arkansas, Breckinridge of Kentucky, Cox
of New York, Bynum of Indiana, Turner
of Georgia, and Wilson of West Virginia,
Democrats; and Kelly of Pennsyl
vania, Browne of Indiana, Reed
of Maine, McKinley, of Ohio and Fuller of
lowa, Republicans. This gives the tariff
reformers the eight Democratic votes cer
tain, and in some contingencies that of Mr.
Fuller of lowa too. The Speaker determined
that he would not appoint Mr. Gay of Lou
isiana, even to please Mr. Randall. The
committee is much stronger than it was
thought it would be.
TLe Committee on Appropriationscannot
be announced until after the holidays.
The Collections for the First Five
Months of the Fiscal Year.
Washington’, Dec. 21. —The collections
of internal revenue for the first five months
of the present fiscal year amounted to $51,-
800,549, being an increase of $8,854,742 as
compared with the collections for the cor
responding period of last year. There
was an increase of $1,079,551 on the
receipts from spirits, $1,100,170 on tobacco,
$775,412 on fermented liquors, $07,587 on
oleomargarine, and an increase of $355 on
hanks and bankers. The only decrease was
in the collections on miscellaneous objects of
taxation, which were $08,288 less than last
year. The receipts for November last were
$718,973 more than those for the same month
of last year.
G'ommissionership of Fisheries.
Washington, Dec. 21. —1n ti e (Senate to
day Mr. Dawes called up the bill to amend
the law concerning the Commissioner of
Fish and Fisheries, and moved that it
he passed. It provides for the appointment
by the President, with the advice and,con
sent of the (senate, of a person of scientific
and practical acquaintance with fish and
fisheries, as commissioner at a salary of
SS,O(H), such person not to hold any other
United States or (State office.
A motion bv Mr. Reagan to reduce the
salary to $3,000 was rejected, and the bill
Washington, Dec. 21.—1n the B'onate
this afternoon, the Blair educational bill
was taken up as unfinished business, and
t hen, on mutton of Mr. Sbermin, at 4:85
o'clock, th*- Senate proceeded to executive
business, and in half an hour afterwai J ad
SAVANNAH, GA., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1887.
RULES FOR THE HOUSE.
THE COMMUTES SUBMITS A
A Recommendation That the Rules of
the Last Congress be Adopted With
Certain Changes —The Committee’s
Vote on the Changes Nearly Unani
mous—The Report Adopted.
Washington, Dec. 21.—1n the House to
day, Mr. Randall of Pennsylvania, from the
Committee on Rules, submitted a partial
report. The report recommends the adop
tion of the rules of the Forty-ninth Con
gress until further orders, with the follow
The members of the Committee on Libra
ry is increased to five.
A standing committee is established to
consist of thirteen members, to be know n as
the Committee on Merchant Marine and
The addition of a representative of the
delegates on the Committee on Private
Land Claims is recommended.
Private bills are to be presented through
the Clerk and given proper reference by
An improper reference of a bill does not
confer any jurisdiction over the subject
matter of the bill, but appropriate refer
ence will be made by direction of the
Speaker. Any private bill whose contents
are found to be insulting or obscene, will be
returned to the member presenting it and
will not be referred.
Hereafter there will be printed only 500
copies of each bill of a public nature intro
duced and 100 copies of each private bill
presented to the Clerk for reference.
The following select committees are pro
vided for: On Reform of the Civil Service,
to consist of thirteen members; on the Elec
tion of President and Vice President
and Representatives in Congress, to
consist of thirteen members; on the
Eleventh Census, to consist of thirteen
members; on Indian Depredation
Claims, to consist of thirteen members;
on Ventilation and Acoustics, to consist of
seven members; on the Alcoholic Liquor
Traffic, to consist of eleven members.
Mr. Randall briefly explained the pro
posed changes, which he stated were with
one exception recommended by the unani
mous vote of the Committee ou Rules. That
exception was the recommendation for the
appointment of a special committee on the
alcoholic liquor traffic. The gentlemen
from Maine and Illinois (Messrs. Reid and
Camion) and he constituted the majority of
the committee on this question.
Mr. McCreary, of Kentucky, said he de
sired to offer an amendment that the gen
eral appropriations bills lie re'orted to the
House by the committees having them in
charge within sixty days during the long
session and forty days during the short ses
sion of Congress.
Mr. Randall stated that the subject was
pending in the Committee on Rules, and
would receive careful consideration before
the committee submitted another report.
Upon this statement Mr. McCreary with
drew his proposed amendment.
THE REPORT ADOPTED.
After a brief discussion the report was
agreed to without division. The following
amendments to the rules were submitted
and referred to the Committee on Rules:
By Mr. Enloe of Tennessee—To prohibit
the printing in the Record of undelivered
By Mr. Mcßae of Arkansas —Increasing
to fifteen the membership of the committees
now holding thirteen members.
By Mr. Holman of Indiana—Providing
for the re-establishment of the Bolman
amendment, “that no admendment chang
ing existing laws shall be in order on the
general appropriation bill, unless, being
germane to the bill, it retrenches expendi
tures by reducing the number, or salaries of
officials, or by a reduotion of the compensa
tion of any person paid out of the United
The announcement was then made of the
death of Representative Kane, of New York,
and the House adjourned.
Asa result of tiia adoption by the House
to-day of the new rul : admitting private
hills without the formality of presentation
in open House, about 8U) of these measures
were thrown upon the clerk’s desk wit hin
a short quarter of an hour. While many
of them are original bills, a majority ap
pear to be “old stagers.”
A SOCIAL THUNDERCLAP.
The Fiance of Young Mr. Trenholm
Elopes with Another Man.
Washington, Dec. 21. —Miss Bessie Kill
yer, daughter of Judge Curtis J. Hillyer,
and Degrassie Bulkley, youngest son of Dr.
J. W. Bulkley, were secretly married in
Baltimore yesterday. Gossip ran riot in
society circles to-day. when the news of the
elopement became generally known. It was
intensified by the fact that Miss Hillyer has
been for some time the fiance of W. L.
Trenholm, son of the Comptroller of the
Currency. The engagement of Miss Hillyer
and Mr. Trenholm had been announced,
and the wedding fixed lor Feb. 3, next. Cards
of invitation were already out, aud Miss
Hillyer’s trousseau had been all prepared.
It has been also understood that u handsome
house had been fitted up in Philadelphia for
the residence of the prospective Sir. and
Mrs. Trenholm. In view of the situation
of affairs the news of the elopement of Miss
Hillyer came like a thunderbolt front a
Senator Frye’s Bills.
Washington, Dec. 21. —Bills were intro
duced in the Senate to-day by Mr. Frye to
exempt American coastwise sailing vessels,
piloted by their licensed masters or by a
United States pilot, from obligation to pay
State pilots for services not rendered. Also
giving the consent of Congress that, the
laws of the several States relative to the
sale of distilled and fermented liquors within
the limits of each State may apply to mieh
liquors when they have been imported in
the same manner ns when they have been
manufactured in tho United States.
Weil and La-Abra Claims.
Washington, Dec. 21. —1n the Senate to
day Mr. Morgan, from the Committee on
Foreign Relations, reported a resolution
directing the Secretary of State to furnish
copies of ail corresjioudence with the Mexi
can government since January. 188(5. re
specting the Weil and La-Abra claims; also
to state what amount has been paid by
Mexico under the convention for the ad
justment of the claims, the amount dis
tributed. the amount undistributed, and the
reasons for withholding the same, etc. The
resolution wus adopted.
Belgian Miners Come.
Washington. Dec. 2t. --Secretary Fair
child took official notice to-day of the re
port that 2,(XX) Belgian miners are to be im
ported to take the places of the miners in
the Lehigh region, now on a strike. He
sent telegrams to the Collectors of Customs
at New York, Philadelphia, Boston and
Baltimore, calling attention to the report
and instructing them to b vigilaut in pre
vent ing any violation of the alien contract
RUSSIA AND HER FOES.
The Editors of the Rival Nations Still
Fighting on Paper.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 21.—'The Novoe
Vremya says that, while leaving it an ojien
question whether the Invalids llnsxe, (the
war office organ) will reply to the Cologne
Gazette's deimnl of the former paper’s asser
tion that Germany is making war prepara
tions, and its explanation of the movement
of German troops, it, will by no means
regret the Cologne Gazette explanation,
which, if true, can only make Russia feci
more quiet and secure.
A SIGN OF WEAKNESS.
Paris, Dec. 21. — The Temps says the
Russian government has informed the
allied powers that the movements of troops
in Poland have ceased.
Rev. John Healy Indorses Bishop
Dublin, Dec. 21.—Most Rev. John Healy,
Coadjutor Bishop of the diocese of Clonfert,
in a letter to the papers, indorses Bishop
O’Dwyer’s utterances relative to Mgr. Per
sioo and the guidance of the Irish agitation.
The Freeman's Journal asserts that two
Catholic peers and a few deputy lieutenants
are secretly agitating the adoption of a pro-
Unionist address to Mgr. Persieo.
Mr. Hooper, Memberof Parliament, was
removed to Tullamore jail to-day.
At a meeting in Cork to-day’the Mayor
stated that be visited Hooper in Cork jail
heforo his removal this morning and found
him almost nude. The bed and bed clothes
had been removed from bis cell.
The Marquis of Cianricorde has issued 100
fresh writs of ejectment against tenants on
hi- Woodford estate.
Mr. Sheeny, member of Parliament, was
tried at Clonmel to-day for inciting resist
ance to eviction and was sentenced to one
Progress of the Crown Prince.
Berlin, Dec. 21. —The Crown Prince’s
physicians report that they are satisfied
with the Prince’s progress. The Crown
Prince took a walk to-day, accompanied bv
the Prince of Saxe-Meiningen.
The Magdeubiug Zeitung says: “Medi
cal opinion now permits the assumption that
a regular continuance of the present treat
ment will avert the danger arid reduce the
chance of a fatal issue to a minimum, and
that the Crown Prince he enabled
to fulfill all the duties o his high station.
Prof. Virchow takes this favorable view.”
Pope Leo’s Jubilee.
Rome, Dec. 21. —The absent oardiuals
have been summoned to return to Rome De
fore Jan. 1. to take part in the Pope’s jubi
lee celebration. Two hundred foreign
bishops and many European legitimist aris
toerats have given notice of their intention
to visit Rome after Christmas, to attend the
celebration. The Pope will receive, though
in private form, the good wishes of tue
house of Havre—the Italian royal house
Vague News of Stanley.
London, Dec. 21.—! 'Advices from Zanzi
bar, under date of Dec. It), state that a mes
senger bad arrived from Central Africa,
who brought no direct news from Stanley,
but say it is reported in the country on the
eastern side of Lake Nyanza that Stanley,
after many privations, reached Wadelia in
the early part of September.
The Anjorhead Still Ashore.
London, Dec. 21. —Tugs have failed to
pull off tho steamer Anjerhead, from Dub
lin for Savannah, before reported as having
grounded while leaving port. She will dis
charge 300 tons of her cargo.
Pugilists in Conference.
London, Dec. 21. —Kilrain, Smith and
Mitchell met to-lay to di-cuss the proposed
new match for Richard K. Fox’s belt.
Last of the Great Eastern.
London, Dec. 21. —The Great Eastern has
been sold to a metal firm for £1(5,100, The
vessel will be broken up as old metal.
BURNED ON THE PACIFIC.
Eleven Sailors Missing and Supposed
to be Lost.
San Francisco, Dec. 21.—The coasting
freight steamer San Vincente was burned
last night forty miles south of the Golden
Gate. Her crew consisted of nineteen peo
ple. The Captain, two mates and five sailors
were rescued by boats from the steamer
Queen of tho Pacific after suffering
severe!}' from exposure. One sailor
died after bis rescue. Eleven sailors
are missing and are supposed t <f have been
lost. The Captain says that when the fire
was discovered most of the crew became
panic stricken and jumped into one of the
ooats before it could be lowered. The
tackle, burned away and the boat fell and
capsized. The Captain and the second mate
were taken from the burning wreck.
Virginia’s General Aasmbly Meets in
Richmond, Dec. 21.—The General Assem
bly met in joint session to-day at noon,
Lieut. Gov. Massey presiding, for the pur
pose of announcing the resultcf the election
for United States Senator. The votes cast
in the two Houses yesterday were verified
and canvassed, whereupon the Lieutenant
Governor declared that John S. Barbour,
having received a majority of the votes
cast, wasduly elected United Stales Senator
to succeed Senator Rlildleberger March 4,
1889. The joint session was then dissolved.
The GeneralvUssenibly adjourned until Jun.
Washington. Dec. 21. —In the Senate
to-day the following appointments were an
nounced by the presiding officer: Mr. Haw
ley, as director of the (kiluinbia Deaf and
Dumb Institution; Mr. Davis, as consulting
trustee of the Reform School of the District
of Columbia, and .Mr. Blackburn, as director
of the Columbia Hospital for Women.
To Observe the Holidays.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.— Secretary Fair
child issued an order to day for tho closing
of all customs houses on Dec. 2d, and the
second prox. He also oiderod the closing of
the Treasury Department at noon on Dec.
24 and 31. A similar order has been issued
with regard to the navy yard.
Lower Letter Postage.
Washington. Dec. 21. —The resolution
offered by Mr. Beck on Dec. 12, directing
the Post Office Committee to inquire into
the advisability of reducing the rate of
letter postage to lc., was taken up in the
Senate to-day and referred to that commit
Washington, Dec. 21. —1n the Senate to
day the resolution offered yesterday by Mr.
Butler, for the appointment of a select com
mittee of five to investigate the condition of
the flvecivilisscd tribes of Indians was taken
up and adopted.
81-MKTALISM'S BLACK EYE
MR. ATKINSON SEES NO HOPE OF
ITS ADOPTION AT PRESENT
No Indication Found in Europe That
tho Subject Has Received Serious
Consideration Nor Is It Likely to
Right Away—The Plan Not Backed
by an Organized Body.
Washington, Dec. 21.— The President
to-day transmitted to Congress the report
of Edward Atkinson, of Massachusetts,
who, he says, "was specially designated by
me, under the provisions of the act of Con
gress, to visit the financial centres of
Europe, in order to ascertain the feasibility
of establishing by international standard a
fixity of ratio between the two precious
metals, ill the free coiuage of both.”
Mr. Atkinson’s report, with its appen
dices, makes a volume of 280 pages. He
summarizes tho result of his inquiries under
four heads as follows:
1. There is no prospect of aiiv change in the
present monetary system of European states,
which can modify or influence the financial
policy of'(lie United States at the present time.
?. There are no indications of any change in
the policy of the financial authorities of the
several Slates visited by me which warrant any
expectation that tho subject of a hi metallic
treaty for a common legal tender, coupled it.li
the free coinage of silver, will be seriously con
sidered at the present time by them.
3. There is no indication that (he subject of
bi-metallism has received any intelligent or
serious consideration outside ot a small circle iu
each country named ns a probable or possible
remedy for existing causes of alleged depres
sion ill 1 lade.
4 There is no considerable politically organ
ized hodv of influential persons In either coun
try with whom n combination could he made. If
such combination, or co operation were de
sirable on the part of a similar body In the
United States for promoting any definite or
practical measure of legislation to bring about
the adoption of the bi-metallic theory according
lothe commonly accepted meaning of that term.
Discussion is as yei almost wholly personal and
without concentration of purpose and the pre
sentatiou or any well devised measure capable
of being acted upon. '
Mr. Atkinson’s most important, conclusion
from his observations, is that it would be
unwise and inexpedient for tho United
States again to take the initiative in pro
moting action for the general adoption of
bi-metallie legal tender, coupled with free
coinage of silver, for the reason that such
action is misconstrued, aud may tend to re
tard, rather than to promote the object
EXACT STATUS OK THE QUESTION.
Mr. Atkinson continues:
The exa :t siatus of the question Is as follows:
What Is Known as the bi-metallic theory of coin
age and legal tender may tie raid to be adhered
to in principle by France, and by other mem
bers of the Latin union, but free coinage of sil
ver cannot be resumed without the concurrence
of Germany. Spain, which does not lielong to
the I .at in union, continued free coinage ef sliver
until quite a re.-ent period, but has been com
pelled to cease by the constant drain of geld.
Holland, as lam Informed, waits events under
acts w hich will enable bei authorities to main
tain the gold standard without future legisla
tion if it should lie imperilled. There is some
apparent dirttcultv in France, hut not much
in maintaining tbs present large volume of
silver coin, which is of full legal tender, sub
stantially at par in gold. The volume of this
currency Is large, but tho habits of the iieople
of the Latin union, especially of France, render
a very large volume or actual money in circula
tion an absolute necessity, much larger tier
capita, as compared with the amount in other
great commercial and manufacturing countries.
A POOR PLACE FOR DEAD-BEATS.
Personal credit is very limited; the use of
checks, even for the payment of considerable
sums, such as rent of bouses or apartments iu
Paris, is almost unknown. The daily purchase
of means of subsistence are paid for in money,
and great sums are hoarded. The payment of
so much of ihe indemnity required from Frant-e
by Germany after the Franco German ifar,
as was paid iu actual coin. is
assumed to have been almost wholly derived
from hoards of coin previously held by people
who then subscribed in such ample measure tor
rentes. Hence silver coin keeps in circulation
or Is boarded, while the banks and hankers of
France are sustained by a very large reserve of
gold. There is a strong minority of aide men
in France, however, who advocate tue mainte
nance of a standard of legal tender In gold coin
Germany cannot, or will not take up consider
ation of any change in her present acts without
the concurrence or Great Britain. Discussion of
the theory of bi i.ieialli-.in is actively continued
In an academical manner by the professors of
her universities, but In March last, at a conven
tion of delegates from various Chambers of
Commerce, which are very important repre
■sentative bodies, declared against any change
iu the existing acts by a vote of 71 chutubers to 4.
OREAT BRITAIN'S ATTITUDE.
Great Britain awaits the report or reports of
the royal commission of gold and silver, which
has adjourned until autumn or winter, after the
examination of sundry witnesso-, whose testi
mony bus been published * * * It therefore
follows that so tong as the present coinage of
the silver dollar of the United (states ii con
tinued no proposition for a lii-metallio treaty for
full legal tender of silver coin can be entertained
hy tlm European States, since thcjawiU not con
sider under any circumstances a preposition for
recolnage of their own silver in order to adjust
it to toe standard of the United States. * *
In fact, the United States, by maintaining the
present standard dollars, virtually declares to
the public that it requires sixteen ounces of sil
ver to lie equal to one ounce of gold. The
United States, therefore, to that extent discred
its and depreciates silver bullion below the
standard formerly in force among t he European
nations who coined only fifteen and one-naif
ounces of silver as the equivalent of one ounce
of gold. The present act of coinage in the
United States, therefore, depreciates silver as
compared to the European and East Indian
Developers Hold a Meeting and De
cide to Lau* ch a Town.
Pittsburg, Pa., Dec. 21. —An important
meeting of persons interested in the devel
opment of the iron industry in Alabama
was bold at the Monongahela House to-day.
They were Robert Hogsett and Judge
Ewing, of Uniontown; John Hutchinson, of
New York, a millionaire, and W. H. Smith,
Vice President of the Louisville and
Nashville railroad. These gentlemen are
the principal stockholders iu a wealthy
corporation, which already has one or two
furnaces in the new iron district of Ala
bama. The company proposes to make still
further investments and nave completed ar
rangements for establishing anew town,
with the prospect of it growing into a small
city in a short time at or near Truasvilla,
Confirmed by the Senate.
Washington, Dec. 21.—The seal of
secrecy was to-day removed from the fol
lowing confirmations by the Senate:
Kerr Craige, Collector of Internal Reve
nue for the Fifth district of North Caro
Postmasters —Albert 11. Motvry, Charles
ton,’S. C.; James W. White, Koscufsko,
Miss.; George W. Bynum, Corinth, Miss.;
Lemuel H. Dillard, Oxford, Miss.; William
J. Rouseau, Stai kvilie, Miss.; Eben R.
Wortham, Greenville, Miss.; William R.
Rhea, Johnson Citv, Tonn.: James H. Sur
gtiine, Cleveland, Penn.; Edward J. Wood,
Manning's Life Despaired of.
Albany, N. Y., Dec. 21.—Ex-Secretary
Manning has res ed quietly to-day, and his
general condition is about as yesterday. His
physicians do not look for an immediate
crisis, but his recovery is improbable.
NAPHTHA IN THE SEWERS
Explosions Followed by Fire \t
Rochester, N. Y., Dec. 31. About B.SO
o’clock this afternoon a terrific explosion
occurred in front of the Poole flour mill on
Mill street, at the foot of Factory
street. The explosion was felt for a
long distance. Only a few seconds after
the first explosion another followed, and
another, and another iu rapid succession.
Instantly flames burst from the Poole
mill and the rear walls fell in. The fire
burned with great fury, and, although the
workmen hastened to get out, it is feared
that some must, have perished in the flames.
It was only a few minutes before the
Washington Mills, adjoining the burning
structure, was also on lire.
CAUSE OF THE EXPLOSION.
The cause of the explosion was that (he
sewers in the vicinity were filled with naph
tha. To-day 11,000 gallons of naphtha were
pumped from the Vacuum Oil Works
through the pipe line in the bed of the old
canal. It was intended for the Municipal
lias Company, but breaks in the line allow ed
t he naphtha to escape into adjoining sowers.
When the Bowers became surcharged with
gas it escaped into the mills and exploded
there, and afterward in the sewers in the
streets, throwing out the man-hole covers
and tearing up the roadways.
The amount of the damage cannot be
•alulated at this hour. Two or three of
the finest mills in the city, with their con
tents, are doomed, and several streets and
sewers are more or less damaged.
FLIGHT OK THE PEOPLE.
In the vicinity of the tiro and up Mill and
State street*, as for as Market street, a dis
tance of about three-quarters of a mile,
people were running in every direction, and
the frequent explosions terrified them more.
The explosions continued at such frequent,
intervals for the first half hour that the
jieople were deterred from getting anywhere
near the fire.
It is not known how many persons were
at work, or how many escaped.
One man was seen to jump from a second
story window of one of the buildings to the
river bank below, a distance of 50 feet. His
right leg was broken, and he received severe
The walls of the Jefferson mill fell in
about. 4 o’clock, and It. is feared there are
several men buried under them.
The engineer of the Clinton Mill, with
two companions, were standing near the
front of the mill wuen the explosion oc
curred. They retained sufficient presence
of mind to shut off the steam and get out
of the mill. Six persons were at w6rk
in the Clinton Mill, four of whom escaped
through the water wheel.
THE FIRE UNDER CONTROL.
Rochester, N. Y. Dec. 21, 11:S0 p. m
At the time of the present writing the fire is
under control, but the department will keep
at work at least until morning. The explo
sions ceased about 6:.i(l o’clock and no more
danger is apprehended from tnem. The ex
plosions covered a wide extent of terri
tory. The manholes over the sewers
cu Mill, Platt, State. West, Main, Tremont,
Smith, Jay, Furnace, Factory, Brown
and many otbor streets were
blown off by the force of the explosion, anil
a great deal of paving around them was
frequently found torn up. Windows were
shattered in many buildings iu the vicinity,
and the shoos was felt over a large aien.
The tunnel through which the burning
naphtha flowed for several hours is the
largest sewer in the city and is the out
let. for the sewers on the west side.
How badly damaged this is cannot be esti
mated. "flie fire must have been extended
a di tance of several hundred feet in the
sewer. The killed so far as now known
E. A. Webster.
An employe at the People's mill has not
been accounted fear, and it is thought that
be is dead in the ruins.
A GALE IN 'I HE WEST iNDIES.
Many Seamen Lost and Great Damage
Done to Shipping.
New York, Dec. 21.—The British steamer
Saniana arrived here to-lay from Cape
Haytien, and reports that a heavy “norther"
swept over the West Indies on Dec. 6, 7 and
8, causing much damage. In all some
twenty vessels were wrecked.
A coasting schooner whose name is un
known, capiz and while making Cape Hay
tien, and thirteen of her crew of fifteen
The British steamer Vila was caught in
the gale and eight of her crew were washed
overboard and drowned. Two others were
wanned overboard, but were swept back on
board the vessel by another wave. The
vessel was badly damaged.
A MAN OF. WAR DAMAGED.
The British man of war, Wrangler, ar
rived at Turk’s Island on Dec. 7, badly dam
aged bv the storm.
The French vessel Chasseur arrived at
Car* Haytieu on Dec. 8, with her main and
In the harbor of Monte Crlsto, a dozen
vessels were driven ashore.
The Ramnna was caught in the storm
while entering the port, of Puerta Plata,
and had to return to sea for safety.
'The storm was the worst experienced in
On the 4th inst., at Baracoa, during a
tremendous norther, a couple of heavy
waves swept about four hundred feet inland
and destroyed about -100 huts and houses but
no lives were lost, ns the people saw them
coming and got. out of the way.
RICHMOND AND DANVILLE.
The President and Directors Formally
Richmond, Va., Dec. 21.—A meeting of
the stockholder* of the Richmond and Dan
ville railroad was bold this afternoon.
George L. Scott, of New York, was
ejected President, and also the directors
chosen by the Terminal Company
and telegraphed from New York
last evening. The annual report of the
President was submitted and referred to a
committee, consisting of Messrs. Sully, G.
T. Stene, J. H. lonian and J. A. Ruther
ford, to be printed and distributed. The: e
port was taken to New York to-night and
none of it was given cat here for publica
A Convict onot Dead.
St. Louis, Mo., Dec. Si.—While furnish
ing breakfa-t, to the prisoners in the county
jail at Waynesville, yesterday morning,
Arthur Waterman and George Boyden,
two prisoners held for safe blowing and
jobbery, overpowered Jailer Rons, forced
him into a cell and made a bold break for
liberty. Ross tired his revolver at the escap
ing prisoners, instantly killing Waterman,
Boyden making good h"ls escape.
An incendiary in Jail.
Hillsboro, Ttx., Deo. 21.—Fire yester
day destroyed the si ores of L. B. Brown
and I<. Brin, and Sturgis National Be.nk.
The total loss is #60,000, and the insurance
#40,000. The fire was of incendiary origin,
and Joseph Levine has been arrested for the
I OC’EYTb a copy f
DEATH IX THE BLIZZARD.
LACK OF FOOD AND FUEL COSTS
X-IFE IN KANSAS.
Four Deaths in Clark County and
Three Near Dighton as a heault of
the Terrible Situation - The Ther
mometer Registered 28" Below Zero
at Fort Ass:nabolne.
Kansas Citt, Dec. 2!.—The Times has
telegraphic advices which indicate that
there is terrible suffering in the western
part of Kansas. Four people are reported
dead iu Clark county from cold, while
near Dighton, Kan., a woman and her two
ebiidrcu are known to have perished. There
is great suffering in that section of the
State owing to the scarcity of coal. The
supply was exhausted during the previ
ous cold snap in the first
part of the month, and the
situation is now deplorable. The
suffering is augmented by the fact that food
is almost as scarce as fuel. Many of the in
habitants are settlers who located
claims last summer, and who
are dependent on what the rail
roads bring in. The railroads are trving to
do all in their power to relieve the distress,
but they are handicapped bv a scarcity of
cars. They have not enough to supniy the
urgent demand for food and fuel, and wide
spread distress is inevitable unless the
weather speedily moderates. The Santa Fa
Road has already announced that it wdl
ship free all suoplics which may be collected
for Clark county.
28" below zero.
Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 21.—The
storm which started in yesterdav and still
continues furiously In Minnesota' is by far
the worst of the season. The mind is strong
and the snow has drifted badly. The storm
was general in the Northwest. It was ac
companied by very cold weather in Dakota
and the Northwest Territory, the lowest
point reached being 28" below zero at Fiv-t,
Asdnihoin. At ft o’clock yesterday the
storm hail stopped at all points in Dakota
except Bismarck and was moving east.
Trains are delayed somew hat,
SWOOPED DOWN ON CHICAGO.
Chicago, Dec. 21.—The rain, mud and
slush, which yesterday aft-moon nude Ufa
in Chicago a burden, gave place du ing the
night to a cold wave from the North west. It
came on with a rush, and inside of twelve
hours there was a drop of 35* in the temper
ature. The Signal Service reports the ther
mometer at ft* above in the early morning
hours. At 6 o'clock it was 10* above, but
though at 10 o’clock the sun shone brightly
the rays bad but a slight, warming effect.
The wind during the night reached a ve
locity of twenty-four miles au hour, but
has dropped to six miles early this morning.
At 6 o’clock this morning Fort Totten.
Dak., reported the temperature at 20*
At Denver it was 14’ below and at Mon
trose 20' below.
Away down at Fort Davis, Tex., the In
habitants were reveling In the novel luxury
of a snow storm, and at Ran Francisco tha
thermometer stood at 26* above zero.
A BLOW AT BT. LOUIS.
Rt. Louis, Mo., Dec. 21.—Yesterdav
opened with a warm rain, but by 9 o’clock
in the morning snow b“gan to fid' and at
noon the mercury hail sunk fr< m 45* to 15*,
and a moderate blizzard was skipping
around rather lively. During the afternoon
and last nigh' ie mercury gradually fell,
and at midm t ,„t the thermometer marked
10", with a high, fierce wind prevailing.
Very little snow fell. N“ trouble on the
railroads iu this sect .on is ?t reported.
VERT COLD FOB TEXAS. *
Galveston, Tex., Dec. 21.—Specials to
the .Veil.** from all the important points la
Texas report very cold weather for this sec
tion. Ice formed here last night, and ah-O
at Corpus Cbrinti, Brownsville and Rio
Grande City. In Northern Texas the
weather is very severe and snow has
fallen at many point*. It is too
early yet to ascertain the extent of the suf
fering and the loa> to the cattle and sheep
Interests, hut if the severe weather con
tinues many days the loss will be very
great. Telegrams from many point* in
Southern Texas say that the Indication*
point to a severe freeze before morning.
WAGON RUN DOWN BY A TRAIN.
Its Occupant* Were too Drunk to Keep
Out of Danger.
Mount Sterling, KY., Dec. 21.—Last
evening four persons were killed at the
crossing of the Newport News and Missis
sippi Valley railroad and the Mount Ster
ling and Owingsvilie tunpike. Ernest
Stone and Dudley Mays, of Owingsvilie,
who had been attending court, got into a
carriage with two negro women All were
intoxicated. AVbtn they reached the cross
ing they paid no attention to a cowing
train. The engineer was unable to see
them and the carriage was driven directly
in front of the engine. One of the men
and one of tbo women were killed instantly.
The others were fatally injured, the xa*m
dying in a few hours.
RATES TO CALIFORNIA.
The'Southern Pacific Company Revise*
San Francisco, Dec. 21.—The Souther i
Pacific railroad to-day, in compliance wr b
the interstate commerce law, gave notne
of an advance in first-class rate* to poin
beyond the Missouri river, St. Louis, Men-]
phis, New Orleans and Cairo. Limited
first-class tickets through Ogden or Albu
querque to those points, have been sup
planted bv unlimited first-class ticket*
and the old emigrant, third clais rate now
corresponds w.th the new second class.
First class rate* will now be-. Mem a
#67.50; Mobile #67,65; Atlanta #86.26: New
Orleans *66.65; Richmond $94.40 and Vicks
A War Vessel to Seek the Raft.
Washington, Dec. 21.—Secretary Whit
ney, who is now in New York, has in
structed Commodore Gherardi, In command
of the New York Navy Yard, to send a
naval vessel, probably the Dolphin, on
cruise after the enormous raft rrom Neva
Scotia, now adrift in the path of European
vessels, to warn them of its presence, and
if possible, to tow it to a place of safety.
Credentials of Senators-Elect.
Washington, Dec. 21.—1n the Senate
to-day, Mr. Spooner offered a resolution,
which was adopted, Instructing the Com
mittee on Privileges and hgeetious to in
quire into the expediency of the adoption
by the Senate, for the guidance of the exec
utives of the several States, of a form of
credentials of election of United State*
Arnold Let Off With a Year.
Chicago, Dec. 31. C. E. H. Arnold, S.
A. Kean & Co’s clork. who embezzle i #2,500
of his employers’ money, pleaded guilty be
fore Judge Williamson tins morning, and
on recommendation of Mr. Kean was given
the lowest penalty under the law, one yeaf
in the penitentiary.