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The morning news. (Savannah, Ga.) 1887-1900, December 29, 1887, Page 5, Image 5

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WHERE THEY COME FROM THE ORIGIN AND GROWTH OF THE tifcMY OF TRAMPS. They Are a Relic of the War and Re cruited from all Classes-Distin guished Men Who Have Become Shiftless Wanderers-The Reason and Remedy. * From the New York Star. “Where do all the tramps come from?” ' This is a question that is often asked, but it is one that is never answered. Most peo ple suppose that the professional tramo is an idle, uneducated man, who, after becoming a drunkard, wanders about until he loses self-respect. That this is an error a few facts in the possession of the writer will prove. The regular tramp—lazy and ragged, un shaven and shiftless, half thief, half ruf fian, who wanders from town to town and frightens lonely women on farms and in vil lages—was a creature almost unknown in America twenty-five years ago. But at the close of our civil war there were let loose Upon the country a class of men who had acquired a confirmed habit of straggling from the lines of mar hing troops during the progress of an active campaign. Con stitutionally averse to and restive under military restraint and discipline, these army stragglers invariably slipped from their places in the ranks at the first convenient opportunity. Sedulously keeping aloof from the moving columns, tb ./ loitered in field corners or the depths of a wood, cooking coffee and consuming the rations received on leaving camp. It was a curious and unprofitable habit, for the “straggler—a “coffee cooler,” as he was termed by the better clast, of soldiers— seined very little by it, except to escape from guard or picket duty during a march, though the chance for foraging among hen roosts and to plunder lonely dwellings had a fascination tor him that' was seldom re sisted. Many a Colonel has wished that these vagabonds would desert during the next campaign and so rid his regiment of their unwelcome presence forever. But, having a wholesome fear of facing half a dozen muskets as deserters, the stragglers were a curse and a disgrace. Tbo war ended at last, and the opposing armies melted away as the soldieis entered the pursuits of peace. For a time the straggler lounged about in the character of a hero, and it was noticeable that they had seen more battles than usually fall to a sol dier. Utterly idle and dissipated, these men finally degenerated into Vamps, and thus a multitude of vagabond ruffians be gan roaming over the country. From this teaven has risen the present generation of tramps. Year after year this tramp army grows larger aud larger and more troublesome, the problem how to check the evil being one difficult to solve. drunkenness is the most pro lific cause for habitual tramping. A once prominent New York lawyer is now a mis eracle tramp. He stood in the trout rank of his honorable profession and fascinated juries by his eloquence, but a love for liquor sent him so rapidly on the downward path that he lost bis clients, his reputation and his self-respect. Sitting behind the desk of a police station one b.tter cold night, the writer saw this mise able man creep in aud humbly ask for a lodging. The sergeant pointed to a door, and the shivering tramp shrunk away to sleep on a plank, being only too happy to be near a red hot stove “I remember that man,” said the ser geant, “when he cross-examined me as a witness in a case of robbery, he being the prisoner's coun el Little did he or 1 then think he would ever come to me as a tramp for -a night’s lodging. How things do change in this world.” Interested in this case, the writer went down to the stifling lodging room and offer ed to help this 1 wyer-tramp if he would try to reform and regain his manhood. His reply w r as a pitiable one. “It's no use, I cannot do it. I've sank too low. My o'dj desire now is for liquor. The appetite s too strong for me to resist. Be sides, how can I ever hope to regain my old standing in the community! No, l am a tramp, and I must continue to be a tramp until the day I shall fill a pauper's grave.” A few years ago a journalist of consid erable repute and talent, who had made his mark on more than one newspaper in this city, was well-known for his neat dress and pleasant manners. To see him at his desk dashing off epigrammatic* editorials or giving orders to his subordinates, no one would dream that he could ever become a tramp. But so it was. Domestic troubles drove him into intemperance in vain hope of drowniug his sorrows. The love for drink grew upon him and hurled the unfor tunate man down the journalistic ladder until the day arrived when he could not ob tain any employment. Then he disappeared and his old comrades lost sight of him. A few weeks ago, while parsing through Park row, I encountered a ragged, rough boarded man, his linen shirt black with age, his clothes stained and threadbare, while there was a wolfish look of hunger in his eyes that SLartled mo. Having a good mem ory for faces, I knew I had met the man be fore; but he had disappeared in t, e m ivi ig crowd before i had identified him with the editor who once was my comrade. Twelve years ago a young actor trod the lioards of one of our leading theatres, his line being the portrayal of tin ideal gilded youth of fashion. His portrait was in every window ami his breakfast table was littered With billet doux and social invitations. Prosperity led him into excesses and he be came a wanderer. I saw him in Chicago a few years ago slouching along Michigan avenue in tattered, nmd-stuineu garments, with a pair of dilapidated shoes that d.d not afford any protection to his blistered and swollen feet. The handsome face of tbo once favorite ac'or was now bloated and hidden by a matted beard, and his eyes were bleared and reddened by liquor. That winter hp was found dead and frozen stiff under a truck by ono who had been a com rade of hi.s before the footlights, and who saw ills body placed in a docent grave for the sake of old times. In ISW I saw a brigade move forward in spleuilid stylo on the Held of battle. At its bead rode a tine-looking man, wearing the uniform of a General. A thorough soldier and a brave man, he led his command for ward most gallantly aud carried the posi tion assigned him. ' Had be met his death then it would have been well for him, for lie would have died in the hour of victory and at the zenith of his fame. But with the days of peace he became a drunkard and finally a tramp, who was glud to accept a few cents from any of his old soldiers, being lost to all sense of shame in his terrible degradation. He finally closed his eyes in a charity hospital, a mere wreck of his former self. Twenty years ago I was sent to Interview n Philadelphia politician on certain issues in his State. He was then considered one of the leading men ttf his party, for he had filled a s at in Congress and was preparing to run for Lieutenant-Governor. I found him at home, surrounded by a lovely family of boys and girls and m iny evidences of substantial comfort and luxury. Thestate ments he made during the interview were considered to l>e of great weight and im portance, but he failed to wiu the coveted jiosition of Lieutenant-Governor. Chagrin led to indulgence in strong liquor, and, the gate once opened, he continued to tread that I>atu until his home was broken up and his political standing ruined. One hot summer afternoon I stood at the door of the Astor House in company with some friends, when n sbocking-1 oking trump stopped and mur mured forth an appeal for help. To my sur prise one of our groun who had always manifested a horror of "tram?# put his hand m his pocket and gave the applicant a silver dollar. “Something new for you,” said I, “to be giving money to tramps.” “I know it,’’ he replied, “but didqjt you recognize who fie was!” “No; who is bet” When the name of the Philadelphia poli i tician was mentioned I realized how low ] nu ‘ u can fail, even in this country, where it j is supposed any one of push and deteriuiua l tion can secure a compentenej. 1 hese are only a few of the many cases within my own knowledge where men of talent aud education have sunk into the nnre of trampdom. In nearly every case their descent was due to drunkenness, but the great uiajori y of tramps have not that excuse for beginning the life. Two young mechanics decide.! to enjoy a few weeks oi camp life. They bought a square of canvas, a few dishes and cooking utensils, and proceeded to make themselves comfortable on the banks of a lake near Trenton, N. J. Here they lived during July and August, feeling more and more disinclined to resume work as the weeks slipped away. Toward the end of summer money grew scarce with them, and it was considered good fun to rob the neighboring hen roosts. Finally their presence became a nuisance, and the farmers drove them away. The mischief was done, and two more recruits were added to the tramp army. There was an errand boy employed in a newspaper office who was bright aud intel ligent. He fell in with evil companions and took to pilfering postage stamps and what odds and ends lie could pick up in order to gain extra pocket money. Being detected, he was of course discharged and finally joined one of the numerous street gangs which infest this city. Not long ago tins boy. now grown to manhood, stopped me in the street as a tramp. He told me he bad been in nearly every State east of the Mis souri, and confessed that he had never done an honest day’s work in all that tune. Men seek employment and fail; their cour age and confidence is lost. Little by little they go down until compelled to sleep on park benches or in station houses. Here they meet with congenial tramps and learn the ways of trampdom. Then they adopt the life and seem forever unable to extricate themselves. Had a helping hand lieeu ex tended at the proper time they would have escaped and remained honorable members of society. But how seldom it happens that the helping hand is extended. Too often in difference permits a man who is seeking the means of earning a livelihood to drop into the ranks of the tramp army. The tramp evil is one that has received much attention from those whose instincts lead them to try aud improve mankind, but no concerted effort has been made to reclaim tramps or remove the evil. In some States, notably Connecticut, it is a misdeamor to be a tramp, au 1 any one detected in even aid ing one of these outcasts is subject to a fine. The consequence is that tramps avoid these States, and flock to others where the laws are more lenient. What is needed is a society for the refor mation of tramps,coupled with laws for cheir punishment if they persist in clinging to the life. Police lodging houses should he abolished, and in their stead refuges for the homeless ought to be established and au earnest effort made to obtain employment for them By this means many would be saved, and in time the genus tramp would become extinct. Of course the work would lie a tedious one. hut Americans are pro verbially charitable, and it only needs to supply a channel through which contribu tions could flow. A kind word or art will’ do wonders, and hi proper hands such a movement would not only save many a good man and woman, but really add to the ma terial prosperity of the country; for to trans form a tramp from a drone into a worker, self-sustaining and self-respecting, is to in crease the natural wealth. That would be an anti-poverty society that might accom plish something. W. A CONJURED MULE. A Woman’s Experience With a Florida Negro Witch. From the New York Tribune. White Rolling Pines, Fla., Dec. 21. Melausa was very serious at breakfast this morning. It was not until we were renew ing what Ronald calls the “anti-ant water" in which the legs of our table constantly re pose as a safeguard for the food thereon that my friend revealed the suoject of her thoughts. Then she confided to me that she was unable to think of anything but Honest Ben. It. may bo remembered that Honest Ben was the name of Melausa’s mule. She says be never deceives one in anv way, for he never pretends that he is going to do anything but walk, and he never does. That is, he never did until yes terday. She asked me if I had noticed that she was gone longer than usual when she made her daily trip to the post office. I was obliged to confess that two or three hours, more or less, I did not not.ee, for it is a matter of half a day for her to go the mile and a half to the village. It req ares much less time for either of us to walk than to go •with the mule, but as my friend says she bought the mule to ride, and she must ride, or lose all the money she paid for it. Be side, time is of no importance here, any way. Honest Ben not only will net trot or canter, but he frequently stops and stands still for five minutes. His owner says he lias never deceived atiout this, either; there isn't a bit of deceit about him, auyway. He doesu’t stop to rest; his object in" thus linger ing appears to be to enable him to collect his tuough sand bring them to bear more forcibly upon whatever topic may occupy his mind at the time. Melausa thinks be is a mathematician, and is frequently involved in the struggle to solve auubtruse pr. Lein. Besides those mathematical propensities, another development occurred yest-rday. “I went somewhere besid s to the p st office,” she said. “It seemed t me I mast get out of that path, if only to see a few other pine trees, even though I couldn’t have t >ld them from the'pine trees I see every day; only it was something to know they were not the same ones. “As you leave the village, you remember there is a way that opens along the river’s edge, where two big palmetto trees stand. The general direction is slightly toward home, and I thought I could branch off when 1 chose, aud come back here to the settlement. It took Honest Ben a great while to get really into the now way, and we had only gone a few rods beyond the palmettos when lie stopped. I thought at fii*t ho had merely paused to work out a problem, and 1 sat, still, of course, for there was nothing else for me to do. I could see the water 1 lending away at my left, curving off in the blinding glitter or the sun. T could see some great white Southern birds, too, flying low toward the river; and once a gayly painted little steamboat puffed by, carrying a party of men and women who laughed a great de 1. It looked hot out on the water, but where I was the air was de lightful. I was quite happy fora half bom - . At the end of tliat time l wished I could go on, for I saw a long snake dangling down from a tree-liuib that hung far over the wa ter. To my extreme joy and amazement, Honest Ben began to walk forward t he mo ment I asked him. He went perhaps a quarter of a mil and he seemed to be leav ing the river, when ho stopped again. And when he stopped, a small black boy in a striped shirt came out toward me. T men tion the shirt particularly, because it was ail the garment he sore, therefore the only one that could be mentioned. He did not seem to loook at me at all, but fixed his eyes on the mule, and stared with all his power. The mule seemed uneasy for the first time in my acquaintance with him. He evpu raised his bind legs a little—was it possible be was about to do something not siirictlv honest? Tne black lioy turned and ran, crying out ‘Oh. granny! Datarcun jurod mule am darT ” Me.ausa aused in the washing of the breakfast dishes and turned to Ronald, who was listening. “Now,” she said, “Ronald, you have been here longer than I have. 1 "want you to te 1 me what acunjurod mule is?” “Certainly,” sad my nephew, briskly. “It is—why, it is—why, it is a eunjured mule. But uow did you getaway?” “I didn’t, ior a good while. I can’t tell how 1 felt, sitting on a strange animal that had been cunjured. It is a sensation unlike anything I have ever experienced before. '1 he boy had appeared to go into a hut of bushes, cs nearly as I could tail. In vain I THE MORNING NEWS: THURSDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1887. tried to make Ben start up. His feet seemed to bore into the sand. The child kept re peating li is cry, and soon em rged again, followed by a horrid old negro woman who was bent, gray and toothless, and who lacked not one attribute for the making of a first class witch. She was even leaning on a stick, and leered up at me apparently from the whites of her eyes. She came close, aud 1 had to stay there and lot her look at me, which she (lid for a long time, fre quently making a kind of chuckling nosise which tempted me to shriek out. She kept saying, ‘Jis so, its so,’ and walked round and round me. I gavo a stiff blow with my whip on Honest Ben’s hind quarters, but his feet only went down deeper in the sand. Then this wretch laughed, and shook her head and said: ‘Whippin’s no good.’ “After she had done this as long as she wanted to do it, she stood in front of me and said, away down in her throat: “ ‘To tell the troof, miss, dat ar mewl am cunjured de wuss kind of a way. I know what I am speakin’ ob, fur I cunjured dat mew l myself. I reckon yo’ bought dat crit ter ob T. Jefferson Smith, an’ I jis cunjured it arter he bought it; an dat's de plain reason whuffer he sells it. I fix de mewl so's ’twont go out ob a walk. Aiilt dat so?’ “ ‘lt’s true, it never goes out of a walk,’ I answered. “ ‘Zackly so. An it neber will,’ was the answer, and then the old woman looked at me long and significantly before she re peated, ‘an it neber will.’ After a moment sho added: ‘I say now dat animiie netier leavedis very spot, p’raps: ouiess— ’ here she gazed at me again. 1 tried to say with bold confidence that I would find a conjure doctor somewhere. “When she beard these words she chuckled, and her face was worse to look at than before. I was so desperate that I struck Honest Ben once more, with the same effect as at first. “‘What am yo’reckonin’, fur ter git a conjure doctor i inquired the old woman. “At this moment the steamer from Pulatka whistled, and I saw its white shnpe gliding by on the river. I had a momen tary temptation to throw myself off my steed, abandon it to the woman, rush down to the river's edge and claim protection from the people on that boat. Instead of perpetrating this flight, however, I looked at the witch craveniy, and asked in a cow ardly manner what she meant by ‘unless.’ “ r lt toilers,’ she said, ‘dat dem as cun jures, kin oncunjure.’ “Having said Ibis, she remained silent to allow the remark to sink into my mind. “I confess I was somewhat bewildered. I think the very sight of that negro woman would have bewildered anyone with a spark of imagination; and my mule wouldn’t budge. “ ‘I don’t believe you can make my mule go home,’” I raid. “ ‘Jis try me.’ “‘Very well, I will try you. What are your terms?’ ” “ Til oncoiijure dat mewl fur one dollar and fifty cents,’ was the definite answer. “But I had no money with me and told her so. I promised, however, that I would pay her to-day if the mule came all right. She told me that the word of a lady like me was exactly as good as money. She also said that she had been grieved that such a lady should have been cheated into buying a conjured mule, and she hinted that, by payment of a small sum weekly, I should be able to keep Honest Ben in a state that would render it impossible for any other conjurer, no matter how powerful, to have any effect upon him. I declined to make these weekiy payments, so you see I retained a small potion of my senses. After a little palaver of this kind, I insisted upon the im mediate removal of the spell. She retired out of sight, to perform the necessary incan tations, I suppose.” . “Did the boy remain?” inquired Ronald. “Yes; 1 think he was behind me some where. You need not be cynical. Take the facts. After a short time the witch came forward and announced that ‘he am oncunjured.’ I shook the tines. The mule darted forward precisely as if somebody had stuck something sharp in him from the rear. lli actually trotted a rod or so. Thru be walked the rest of the w-ay, as usual. When I took the saddle from him, I looked, and found a small puncture that had oozed a few (Jrops of blood on one of his flanks. Now, you see I must pay $1 50 to that ras cally witch for having a knife stuck into Honest Ben. I expect her after the money momentarily. I wish, instead of keeping my we might tie her to a stake anu burn her.” “If you’ll leave her to me ” began Ronald. “No: I gave her my word. And there comes the boy now.” Surely there was the small shirt blowing in the wind, and the sturdy black legs making slow progress toward our cabin; tbeowu-rof legs aud shirt being so green over to the sucking of au orange that he staggered as he walked. We have not seen H’lange since the day when her grandfather conducted her from our cabin. THE PRINCE OF SOCIALISTS. Some Points About the Most Danger ous Man in England. Paris Cor. Chicago Tribune. Mr. Hyndman, who is now the chief leader of the Socialists in Eng an 1, is as w. 11 known here as in Loudon. He is a very cautious man. and, while he is probably more than any one else directing the present ngitation. he is careful to keep himself out of the clutches of the law. You wftt probably never hear of him being looked up, no matter how ill his followers may fare Mr. Hvudman is not an ignorant, rune man. He is rich and highly educated, aud is accomplished in social graces. He is uow, I suppose, about 45 years old. His father left" him a fortune of several hundred thousand dollars, and by shrewd business ventures he has increased his wealth until now be must be almost a millionaire. lie was educated at Cambridge University and was graduated there with high bor.o s. After a short stay in London and Paris, where be was wel in the social swim, lie went out to Australia. There he rose to eminence as a leader of the free-school movement, and Jw also made a great deal of m mey. Then he went on a long journey among the islands of the Pacific Ocean and finally reached America. He was much pleased with the United States, especially with tbo opportunities for making money which he there enjoyed. In the pursuit of libs business enterprises he has frequently since then visited America with great pecuniary profit to himself. Mr. Hyndman is a vigorous and power ful man, of plain and even ugly features, but with an air ot authority and imperious leadership. He is fluent in soeei h aud can be po ished at will, though in haranguing the mobs of London he affects awutrse and vulgar style of expression. As I have said, he was once popular in good society. Hut of late he has been ostracised. He onco iie longed to the Garrick and New University clubs, two of the highest-toned clubs in London. He was expelled from them, or from the latter. at any rate, on account of his anarchist ut terancerf, aud it lms been remarked that ever since then the Socialist mobs have jaid moi e attention, in the way of window-smashing, to those two ciulis than to all olhers put to gether. I should say from what I have ben of Mr. Hyndman during his many visits to Paris that be is the most dangerous mui in England to-day. He is in the prime o. life, equipped with a splendid education a ui a wide aud deep knowledge of affairs, tie is full of energy and ambition. Ho is cynical, fearless and yet cunning to an ex treme deg re ■ and wary as a fox Like Marc Antony, tie will inflame th) passions of a mob until they break all restraints; yet he w.ll keep bmiso f out of the reach of tl e 1 tw. lie will not sjieok a word for which he might be indicted; yet his words will in cite a tnob to utmost violence. He is n constant communication with the leudeisof the revolutionary el raente of Paris, and has long planned with them a s.multaneous outbreak in both cities. Nothing prettier Viiau tuoee Umbrellas shown at Appel & Sc haul’s, One Price Clothiers, 108 Congress street. CUTICURA REMEDIES, Baby’s Skin and Scalp Cleansed, Purified and Beautified by Cuticura Remedies. I AST November my little hoy. aged 3 years, J fell against the stove while be w as running, and cut his head, and, right after [hat. he broke out all over his head, face aud left ear. 1 had a good doctor, Dr. a . to attend him. but he got worse, and the Doctor could not cure him. llis whole head, face and left ear were in n fear ful state, aud he suffered terribly f caught the disease from him. and it spread nil over my face and neck, and even got into my eyes Nobody thought we would ever get better. 1 felt sure we were disfigured for life. 1 heai-d of the Ctrri ccra Rumkoies, and procured a bottle of Oim cura Resolvent, a box of Outictra, and a cake of Cuticura .Soap, and used them constantly day and night. After using two bottles of Re solvent, foui 1 boxes of Cuticura anil four cakes of Soap, we are perfectly cured without a scar, My boy's skm is uow like satin. 371 Grand street, Jersey City, N .T. LILLI E KITING. Summ to before me this 27th day of March, 1885. Gilbeht P. Rodinsox, J. P. THE WORST SORE HEAD. Have been in the drug and medicine business twenty-live years. Have been selling your Ccti oura Remedies since they came West. They lead all others in their lino. We could not write nor could you print all we have heard said in favor of the Cuticura Remedies. One year ago the Cuticura and Soap cured a little giri in our house of the worst sore head we ever saw, ami the Resolvent and Cuticura are now curing a young gentleman of a sore leg, bile the physi cians are trying to have ft amputated It will save his leg, and perhaps his life. Too much cannot be said in favor or Cuticura Kkmemks. Covington, fCr. S. B. SMITH & BUO. Cuticura, the great Skin cure, and Citicura Soap an exquisite Skin Beau: filer, externally, and Cuticura Resolvent, the new Blood Puri fier internally, are a positive cure for every form of Skin and Blood Disease, from Pimples to Scrofula. Sold everywhere. Price, Cuticura. 50c.; Soap. <sc. : Resolvent, 91. Prepared by the Pot ter Drug and Chemical 00., Boston, Mass. Send for “How to Cure Skin Diseases.” 6! pages, 50 illustrations, and 100 testimonials. DIUV’C Skin and Sealp preserved and beiffltl- DaDl 0 fled by Cuticura Medicated Soap. STRAINS, PAINS the Back, Kidneys, Hip, Sides or ,fl|| Chest relieved ill one minute by the CmcrRA Anti-Pain Piaster. The mr first and only nuin-killing plaster. New, instantaneous, infallible. 26 cents. ASPHALT PAVEMENT. Warren-Scharf Asphalt Paving Ca, 114 JOHN STREET, NEW YORK. CONSTRUCT Geuuiue Trinidad Asphalt PAVEMENTS. -erf This Pavement has been thor oughly tested in actual ser vice and is found to possess the following points of su periority: Ist. Cheaper than stone blocks equally well laid. 2d. Durability; the company guarantees it for a period of years. 3d. Almost noiseless under traffic. 4th. The cleanest pavement made. sth. A perfect sanitary pavement. Being im pervious to water and filth, it cannot exhale in fectious gasec. tith. Easily and perfectly repaired when opened to lay pipes, etc. 7th. Saves wear and tear of hersea and vehicles. Bth. Being smoother, less power if required to haul over it than any other pavement. 9th. It enhances the value of abutting prop erty more than any other pavement. 10th. It is therefore, all things considered, the best and most economical pavement that can tie laid on any street, whether the traffic is light or heavy. IRON WORKS. IcDoDOflil k Balliysl IRON FOUNDERS, Machinists, Boiler Makers and Blacksmiths, ~ manufacturers or STATIONARY and PORTABLE ENGINES, VERTICAL and TOP-RUNNING CORN MILLS, SUGAR MILLS and PANS. \ GENTS for Alert and Union Injectors, the simplest and mast effective on the market; Gullett Light Draft Magnolia Cotton kin, liis best in the market. All orders promptly attended to. Send for Price List. ____ CHIMNEYS. Thisis the Top of the Genuin? Pearl Top Lamp Chimney Allothers, similar are imitation Insist upon tb. Top'. (OS SALE EVERYWHERE. 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We have determined not to wait until after Christmas, when nobody wants Winter Goods, to make a closing out sale, but we will do it right now, while the public stands in need of such goods. We positively have reduced prices on all of our Winter Goods fully one-third, and* therefore otTer such bargains as will do you all good. We will close out at these reductions. Our elegant stock of DRESS GOODS. Our magnificent stock of BLACK SILKS. Our excellent stock of COLORED SILKS. Our beautiful stock of Priestley’s MOURNING GOODS. Our immense stock of English tailor-made Walking Jackets, Our Plush Jackets and Wraps, Our Newmarkets, Russian Circulars, and our large stock of MISSES’ and CHIL DREN’S GARMENTS. The same reductions —one-third off—we offer in Blank ets, Shawls, Flannels, Ladies’ and Gent’s Underwear, Hosiery of all kinds, Comfortables, Housekeeping Goods, Gold-Headed Umbrellas, Silk and Linen Handkerchiefs, etc. NOW IS YOUR TIME FOR REAL BARGAINS. GOODS FOR CHRISTMAS PRESENTS AT OUR BAZAR. Tie Grandest, Most Extensive, Tie Most Eleiam, AS WELL AS THE CHEAPEST To be found anywhere in the city, We can’t enumerate the articles because the variety is too large. Do not fail to examine our stock; we simply offer you such a line as can only be found iu a first-class house in New York. Special Bargains This "Week: A 25-cent full regular GENT’S HALF HOSE for - - • -10 c. A 25-cent full regular LADIES’ HOSE for -----10 c. A 25 cent DAMASK TOWEL for 10c. A 25-cent CHILDREN’S UNDERSHIRT for 10c. A 25-cent GENT’S UNDERSHIRT for 10c. A 25-cent N ECK HHA W L for Ilk-. A 25-cent HAIR BRUSH for sc. A 25-cent RED TWILL FLANNEL for lHe. A PURE LINEN DAMASK NAPKIN for sc. A .Vceut PAPER NEEDLES for lc. A 5-eent PAPER PINS for ------- - lc. A 50-cent JERSEY for .......... 35c. DAVID WEISBEEXT, 153 BROUGHTON STREET, SAVANNAH, GA. MILLINERY To the Public. Pfftte [in' S|i nil Sunt 1888. The unprecedented trade in our Millinery Business dur ing 1887 is owing to the constantly adding of Novelties and the immense increase of our stock, which is doubtless the Largest of Any Retail Millinery in America, exclusive of New York, and our three large floors cannot hold them. Already our importations, Direct from Europe, are ar riving, and on Our Third Floor we are opening Novelties for Spring an it Summer in Ribbons, French Flowers and Feathers in the Most Beautiful and Novel Shades. We are sorry to be compelled, for want of room, to close our Winter Season so soon, which has been so very successful, and from to-day all our Felt Hats, Fancy Feathers and Trimmed Hats will be sold at any price. Our Ribbon Sale will continue until further notice. ©. KROUSKOFF, MAMMOTH MILLINERY HOUSE. J-ricMTl UK. CARPETS, MATTING, ETC. CARPETS! CA RPETS! CARPETS! Now is the time for Bargains in Carpets. A fine selection of Cotton Chains, Union’s Extra Supers, All Wool, Two and Three-Plys, Tapestries and Body Brus sels just arrived. Our line of Furniture is complete in all its departments. Just received, a carload of Cooking and Heating Stoves. So call on us for Bargains. We don’t in tend to be undersold, for cash or on easy terms. TEEPLE & CO. 193 and 195 Broughton Street. SAMI DOORS, BLINDS, ETC. Vale Royal Manufacturing Cos. President SAVANNAH,_GA. T - Sect'if^ndTreaA LtJMBER. CYPRESS, OAK, POPLAR, YELLOW PINE, ASH, WALNUT. MANUFACTURERS of SASH. DOORS. BI.INDS, MOULDINGS of all kind? and description! CASINOS anil TKIMMIXOS for all claws of dwellings, PEWS and PEW ENDS of onrown design and manufacture, T KNUD and SCHOLL BALUSTERS, ASH HANDLES for Cotton Hooka, CEILING, FLOORING. WAINBCOTTINO. SHINGLES. Warehouse and Up-Town Office: West Broad and Broughton Sts. Factory and Mills: Adioinino Ocean Steamship Co.’s Wharves HOTELS. PULASKI HOUSE, - Btranuh, Under New Manacament. HAVING entirely refitted, refurnished and made such extensive alterations and re pairs, we can justly say that our friends and patrons will find THE PULASKI first dare In every respect. The cuisine and service will be of the highest character. WATSON A POWERS, Proprietors, formerly of Cnarleston HoteL THE MORRISON HOUSE. NEWLY fitted op offers plea-ant South rooms and dxcellentboard to those wishing regu lar. transient, or table accommodations. Central ly located on line of street cars, affords easy ac cess to places of business, and suburban resorts. Prices moderate. Corner Broughton and Dray ton streets, opposite Marshall House. NEW HOTEL TC>GNL (Formerly Bt. Mark's) Newnan Street, near Bay, JackaonviDa, Fla WINTER AND SUMMER. THE MOST central House In the city. Near Poet Office, Street Cars and all Ferries. New and Elegant Furniture. Electric Bella Baths, Etc. $2 at) to $5 per day. JOHN B. TOGNL Proprietor. GROCER IRS. O. DAVIS. X. A DAVIS. <f. DAVIS A: SON, WHOLESALE GROCERS, Provisions. Hrain anil Hay. Also, feed stuff, kick, flour, wheat BRAN, BLACK COW PEAS, BLACK-EYE PEAR, GEORGIA CROWDERS, CLAY BANK PEAK, VIRGINIA and GEORGIA PEANUTS. Orders by mail solicited. G. DAVIS A SON, 11*1 and 108 Bay street. Savannah, Ga. ~geoT wTtiedeman, WHOLESALE Grocer, Provision Dealer & Com’n Merchant, NO. 161 BAY ST-. SAVANNAH, GA. Jas. E. Grady. Jno. C. DkLktisc. Jar. E. Grady, Ja GRADY, DeLETTRE & CO., Successors to Holcombs. Grady A Cos., WHOLESALE GROCERS, and dealer* to PROVISIONS, CORN, HAY, FEED, Etc. Old Stand, corner Bay and Abercoru streets, SAVANNAH. GA. COMMISSION MERCHANTS. W. W. GORDO*. F. D. 81/XIDWORTH. BURNS GORDOK. W. W. GORDON & C 0„ GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Cotton, Rice, Naval Stores, 112 BAY STREET, - . SAVANNAH, GA, JOHN K. GARNETT. THOMAS V. STUBBS. *. H.TIBOH. G-arnett, Stubbs & Cos., COTTON FACTORS AND Commission Merchants, 94 BAY HT., SAVANNAH, GA. Liberal advances made on consignment* of cotton. BROKERS. a. L. iiAirmißair SECURITY BROKER. BUYS AND SELLS on commission an Claeses of Stock* and Bonda. Negotiates loans on marketable securities. New York quotations furnished by private ticker every tltteen minutes. WK T. WILLIAMS. W. CUKKINO. W. T. WILLIAMS & CO., IBx'oiszex'S-. ORDERS EXECUTED on the New York. Chi cago. and Livemool Exchangee Private direct wire to our office Constant quotations from Chicago and New York. cotton - exchange. CROCKERY, ETC. GEO. W. ALLEN, IMPORTER OF CROCKERY, CHINA AND GLASSWARE, Noe. I ft.') and Broughton Street, SAVANNAH - GEORGIA, KISH AND 6VBTERS. ” ’ ESTABLISHED IKS. ~ ' M. M. SULLIVAN, Wholesale Fish acd Oyster Dealer, 150 Bryan t and 158 Bay lane. Savannah, Ga. Fish orders for (Vdar keys received here have prompt attention. PLUMBER. l. a McCarthy, Suooessor to Chaa E. Wakefield, PLUMBER, GAS and STEAM FITTER 48 Barnard street, SAVANNAH, GA. Telephone !73. CONTRACTORS. P . J. FALLON, BUILDER AND CONTRACTOR, 88 DRAYTON STREET, SAVANNAH. IpSTIMATES promptly furnished for building 'j ot any clasa FOOD PRODUCTS. tat ttj lils. "YyE are making an extra quality of OBITS and MEAL, and can recommend It to the trade as superior to any iu this market Would be pleased to give special prioee ou application. We have ou hand a choice lot of EMPTY BACKS, which we are selling cheap. BOND, HAYNES & ELTON ELECTRIC BELTS. SThls Belt or Regenera tor is made expressly for the cure of derange ments of the generative organs. A continuous stream of Electricity permeating thro’ the parts must restore them to healthy action. Do not confound this with Electric Belts ad vertised to cure all ills; It la for the os* specific purpose. For full In formation address CIfiEEVER ELECTRIC BELT CO.. 103 Washington St.. Chicago 111 DYES. ~ ID .A. ID-I 3U S I DO your own Dyeing, at home, with PEER LESS DYES. They will dye everything. Thev are sold everywhere. Price 10c. a package —4O colors. They have no equal for strength, brightness, amount in packages, or for fastuess of color, or non-fading qualities. They do not crock <>r smut. For sale by B. F. I’mcr.a, M. D., Pharmacist, corner H rough ton and Houston street*; P. B. Rsin, Druggist and Apothe cary, corner Jones and A’oercorn streuta; Edwakd J. Kntmr.it. Druggist, cornet West Broad and Stewart street* 5