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Morning News Building, Savannah, Ga.
SATURDAY, PRCRMBIR 81. 1887.
Registered at the Post Office in Savannah.
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The Morning News In the City.
On and after Jan. 1, 1888, the Morning
News will begin, on its own account, the
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INDEX TO NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Meetings —S*vannah Rifle Association; Sa
vannah and Ogeechee Canal Company.
Special Notices—New Year's at Thunder
bolt; As to Repairs of St. Mary’s River Bridge
Being Completed and Waycross Route Re
sumed: Election for Superintendent of Scaven
Cooking Stoves and Ranges—Cornwell &
Amusements— Robert Downing at the Theatre.
Steamship Schedules— Baltimore Steamship
Company; Ocean Steamship Company.
Financial—The Citizens' Bank of Savannah.
Cheap Column Advertisements Help
Wanted; For Rent; Miscellaneous.
A house is nothing but a shelter until a
woman is put in it. Then it becomes a
home.. How about the houses of Mormons
The young Washington woman who the
other day secreted a lot of stolen goods in
her bustle, and was convicted of petit lar
••oy, evidently thought that the bustle
should be made both useful and ornamental.
Senator Spooner has two well-defined
ideas respecting the President. One is that
he isn't much of a public speaker, and the
other is that he will have a hard time get
ting a reuomination. The President may
not be much of a public speaker, but the
(Senator is wrong about the renomination.
The Republicans can’t wave the bloody
shirt over the killing of Mr. John J. Litttlo
ton, a Tennessee editor. Both parties to the
shooting were Republicans. Mr. Littleton,
however, was a Democrat until 1884, and if
the esteemed bloody-shirters can get any
consolation out of that they are welcome to
A Washington correspondent draws this
picture: “Senator Brown’s big mouth
opened into a broad laugh the other day, at
which his other features were struck with
surprise, for the Senator seldom laughs. ”
The occasion could hardly have been when
)ie heard that the City Council of Atlanta
had fixed the liquor license at $1,500.
The latest story about Senator Faulkner
is that when he was a 10-year-old boy he
got lost in the mountains while hunting, and
wandered into a den of bears, where he killed
four of the animals with an ordinary shot
gun, and the gun was single-barreled at
that. The Senator’s ammunition will now
be used on Republicans who wave the bloody
shirt, and it is hoped he has not forgotten
how to aim.
To ex-Prime Minister of the Sandwich Is
lands Walter M. Gibson's many sins anew
one has been added. It is charged that he
fell in love with a female book agent in
became eugaged to her, but
Pkially tired of her, and refused to go to
the altar. She brought suit against him for
breach of promispj and obtained a verdict of
$lO,OOO. Gibson left Honolul u while the
trial was in progress.
Although a Bible recently brought $BOO
in Edinburgh, religious sentiment is not on
an unusual increase there. The Bible in
question had au intrinsic value of about
title., but it had belonged to the deceasod
relative of two rich women, both of whom
wanted it very badly, and consequently the
bidding ran high. Probably the relative
had left them a pile of money each, and the
$BOO was formerly his own.
fn his treatment of the negroes President
Cleveland has been just and liberal. He
has accorded them all of their rights, and
has recognizod the race by selecting from it
a number of sensible and deserving men for
high public office. It is not surprising,
therefore, that he has made himself popular
with many of them, and gained their ad
miration and respect . The Age, one of the
organs of ibe race, says: “We may as well
Unit that no President since Abraham
s.iucolii eu.j ys so thoroughly the confidence
of the people as Pi esident C.eveland. He
hit- opinion.- , he is honest; he has courage.' 1
The Sugar Duty.
Senators Sherman and Hiscock are talking
about removing the duty on sugar and pay
ing to sugar producers a bounty. By this
plan very nearly the whole amount of the
annual surplus would be got rid of. Its
adoption would make it unnecessary, in fact
impracticable, to reduce the revenues from
other imported articles t<? any considerable
extent. That is why the Senators in ques
tion favor it, anti why a great many other
protectionists favor it. They don't want
the duties on articles in which the protected
monopolies are interested disturbed, anil
they don’t intend they shall be if they can
It has been said a hundred times, and it
cannot be said too often, that tho sugar tax
is a revenue tax. It is distributed among
all classes of people, and it is so light that it
Is scarcely felt, if at all. The aggregate
benefit which the sugar planters receive
from it is small. They do not prodnee one
tenth of the sugar consumed in the coun
try. While the sugar tax puts into tho
the Treasury over $50,000,000 a year it does
not put into the pockets of tho sugar plant
ers much more than $4,000,000.
What the protectionists want, and what
they are aiming to do, is to save the tariff
on articles which put into tho pockets of
the monopolists who produce them about
ten times as much as they put into the
Treasury. If tbiß money which goes into
the pockets of the protected monopolists
didn’t come out of the pockets of the people
there would be no cause for grumbling, but
there is just where it does come from. The
cotton planter, for instance, if he imports
bis cotton ties pays the import tax on them
into the Treasury, but if he buys of the
home manufacturer he pays an amount
equal to tho import tax to the manufac
turer. The tariff on cotton ties is adjusted
so as to virtually prohibit their importation,
and the home manufacturer, therefore, gets
aJI the benefit of the tariff, while the Treas
ury gets little from it.
It Is apparent, therefore, that it is much
better, in reforming the tariff, to reduce the
duties on those articles which pay little or
nothing into the Treasury and jter
init enormous profits to the producers of
them in this country, rather than to reduce
the duties on articles which are almost
wholly obtained from abroad, and which
are, therefore, revenue articles.
The protectionists, however, are not look
ing out for the best interests of the country
so much as for their own interests. The
doctrine of protection is a selfish one, and
those who advocate it do so, as a rule, from
A Good New Year’s Announcement.
There is scarcely any announcement that
could be made that would give more genu
ine and general satisfaction on the first of the
new year than that a sufficient amount to
insure the erection of a hotel had been se
cured. Within the last few days several
subscriptions for very considerable sums
have been obtained, and the gentleman who
has charge of the matter is confident that
he will succeed in getting all that is re
quired. He certainly has the best wishes of
the entire community for his success.
Several gentlemen who are well able to
subscribe liberally have not yet subscribed
anything. Perhaps they are waiting to see
what the prospect of getting the amount
needed is, and will subscribe fully as much
as is expected of them when they are satis
fied that the success of the enterprise is as
sured. They are interested in the prosperity
of the city and ought to help it forward to
the full extent of their ability.
The public spirit that has been developed
in this city within the last few weeks has
somewhat surprised some of the more con
servative citizens. They are beginning to
think that if those who have money would
act together harmonioasly, enthusiastically
and energetically, they could start a boom
in Savannah that would be as great as any
in the South that have attracted attention,
and it would have one advantage over all of
them, viz: A solid foundation to rest upon.
The year that will begin to-morrow will
doubtless witness a good many improve
ments in Savannah. The city will do more
paving than in any previous year, and
street improvements will encourage other
improvements. The erection of a number
of good buildings is contemplated, and the
new street railway wilt be finished. Let us
see if the foundations of the long-talked of
hotel cannot be laid before another Christ
Moving a Big Hotel.
Is Coney Island to be swallowed up by
the sea? When the hotel known as the
Brighton Beach was constructed, it was
thought to be safe from the waves. It was
quite a long way from the water’s edge, and
it was never for a moment suspected that
the sea, even in the greatest storms, would
reach it. The sea has reached it, however,
and, if it is not quickly moved, will take
possessiou of it. During the storm a few
days ago the w ater washed the sand from
beneath it, and even lapped on its rear walls.
Preparations are being made to move it
quite a long way back from the sea. It
will be placed upon trucks which rust upon
steel rails, and when everything is ready
a dozen or more locomotives will draw the
great structure to its new foundations.
How great the task is which it is proposed
to accomplish will be understood when it is
stated that the hotel is four stories high and
500 feet long. Patience and skill can do
almost anything nowadays, however, and
the Brighton Beach House will doubtless be
ready for guests when the season opens
next year - .
The cause of the washing away of the
beach is believed to be anew ocean current.
The effects of what is believed to be such
current have been noticed at other points
on the North Atlantic coast.
Those who are nearest to Mr. Blaine say
be will not be a candidate for the Republi
can nomination. The latest declaration to
this effect is contained in Thursday’s Chi
cago Tribune , and is sent from Washing
ton. The statement is that four yeare
ago Mr. Blaine wrote a lettor
peremptorily declining to allow his
name to he used, but was persuaded
by his friends to withhold it, and that such
a letter will certainly be forthcoming at the
proper time this year. It will be very hard,
indeed, to get the public to believe that
Blaine will decline to again lead the Repub
licans to brilliant defeat.
Mr. Eugeue Hale is said to be “laying
low” for the President. He is going to
make a speech in the Senate soon rasping
Mr. Cleveland for allowing Democratic
officials to contribute to campaign funds.
Mr. Hale must think the Republicans are
badly in need of an issue.
How are our friends, the enemy, getting
on since Higgins iwigiiedf Upon whose de
fenseless l ead have they decided to thewer
their maledictions I
THE MORNING NEWS: SATURDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1887.
Louisiana's Gubernatorial Campaign.
The campaign in Louisiana for the Dem
ocratic gubernatorial nomination is attract
ing the attention of the whole country. Bach
tlay the feeling between the two factions is
growing more bitter. The personalities in
dulged in have already load to a number of
fatal affrays, and it is probable that other
lives will be sacrificed before it is deter
mined whether Gov. Nicbolls or Gov. Me -
Enery is to have tho gubernatorial nomi
One day this week ex-Congressman Nat
Wallace, one of Louisiana's millionaires,
made some damaging charges against
James D. Houston, one of the leaders of the
M('Enery faction. Mr. Houston is a man
of war and he allows no one to knock a
chi(i off iiis shoulder without getting hurt.
Mr. Wallace's attack brought almost an im
mediate reply. Mr. llou ton, in a published
statement, declared that Mr. Wallace was
elected to Congress by means o' stuffed
ballot boxes, and that Mr. Wallace had
agreed to pay a price to have
the ballot boxes in' at least one district
stuffed in his interest. He named the amount
that was agrecti upon,and also the man who
was to receive the money, and concluded by
alleging that only one-half of the sum agreed
upon was paid and that the other half was
Statements in Louisiana like the forego
ing menu trouble, and it would not be sur
prising if Mr. Wallace and Mr. Houston
were to have a meeting under the far
fat tied oaks in the lower City Park.
It is still a matter of doubt whether Gen.
Nicbolls or Gov. McEnery will get the nom
ination. It looks now as if contesting dele
gations would hold the balance of power.
In that case the nominating con ventiou may
become a historical one. Neither factiou
will yield a single point. The success of the
winning party will depend upon superior
Swaim’s Place Wanted.
If there is any way to get Judge Advo
cate General Swaim out of the army there
is no reason why tho President should not
got rid of him at the earliest possible mo
ment. Gen. Swaim was tried by a court
martial on certain charges and found guilty.
He was sentenced to be suspended for
twelve years anil his pny was reduced one
Gen. Swaim is still Judge Advocate, but
he cannot perform any of the duties of that
office. The duties must be performed, how
ever, and as a matter of t act they are per
formed by a subordinate, whose compensa
tion is not more than half of that of Judge
Advocate. It seems hardly just that for a
decade the office of Judge Advocate should
remain virtual : y vacant, and that a man
who rendei-s no service should draw a hand
some salary from the government
The point is maue that as the Judge Ad
vocate is an appointee of the President he
can be removed at the will of the President
with the consent of the Senate. If an ac
ceptable nomination to the office were made
it is probable that the Senate would confirm
it, aud if it did Gen. Swuint would be outof
office. The President Is being urged to
make a nomination, and there is not much,
if any, doubt that it is advisable for him to
do so. Let the Senate take the responsi
bility of keeping Gen. Swaim in the army.
He does not appear to have a great deal of
self-respect. If he had he would resign.
There is no reason why the President should
have any hesitation in trying to remove
him, particularly as his retention in offico,
under existing ciruumstances, is embarrass
Emma Abbott is not yet ready to drop the
Gaudier-Abbott sensation. Probably she
sees in it a good deal more free advertising.
She had herself interviewed bv the Memphis
Avalanche the other day, and amoug other
things said the papers had not published
everything that occurred in McKcndree
church, because, she hud no doubt, Mr.
Candler was permitted to erase from the
stenographic report of his sermon the
passages that aroused her to action. The
sermon, she says, was a wholesale denuncia
tion of stage people, and the preacher made
no exceptions. Furthermore, the severest
portions were directed personally against
her, and when Mr. Candler, in a contemptu
ous, sneering manner, referred to “that
woman who gets down on her knees in a
play house and utters sacrilegious prayers,”
she felt certain that he meant it as an al
lusion to her prayer in “Mignon,” and con
sequently she rose and spoke right out in
meeting. “Didn’t I do right?” she asks.
Perhaps you did, Etnma; at any rate all
will be forgiven if you will drop the matter.
Complaint is being made in some quarters
that the punishment inflicted upon mail
thioves is inadequate, and that of all classes
of pei-sons convicted in Federal courts, post
office offenders have gotten off the easiest—
so easy, in fact, that their punishment does
not servo as an example to others. The law
provides that letter thieves may be punished
by being imprisoned as long as ten years, but
the sentence is rarely for more than three.
A carrier may sometimes determine to facil
itate delivery by dumping a number of let
ters on the road or elsewhere, but citizens
are fully protected in the matter, if the law
is only carried out, for the carrier who is
found guilty of throwing away a single
letter is liable to a year’s imprisonment and
may also be fined.
Both Mayor Hewitt and Gov. Hill are
accredited with a desire to defeat Mr. Cleve
land's re-uominatiou. Mayor Hewitt is said
to be himself planning to get tbe plum, and
is being aided by his brother-in-law, ex-
Mayor Cooper. Gov. Hill’s sole ambition is
to defeat Mr. Cleveland, and be doesn’t
himself care the snap of his finger for the
Presidency. It certainly takes men of re
markable inventive genius to get up such
stories. Eithor Mayor Hewitt or Gov. Hill
would make a good President, but they are
both too sharp to euter a movement that
would be more tbau apt to fail, and are too
friendly to Mr. Cleveland to oppose him.
While n good many Congressmen are en
joying the holidays ut home, Senator Sher
man is steadily at work in Washington. He
did not remain there because ho was unable
to get a free jiass over the railroads, but in
order to prepare a great tariff speech, which
is to lie at once a reply to Mr. Cleveland, a
warning to Mr. Blaine, and a bid for the
Presidential nomination. Poor Sherman:
He can’t see that he is about as far from the
Presidency as he ever has been since he
sought it, and as near to it as he will ever
Occasionally the rumor crops out that
there is an insane man in Congress. It is
just now being revived by portions of the
press The crazy member’s name is never
given, but he haitsfrom tbe West, and is in
tbe House. American constituencies have
not yet sent lunatics to Washington to make
their laws, although some of the laws have
been very bad ones.
Tho Really Important People.
Ft on* the Chicago Sties (Rep.)
Politicians do not amount to much these days.
The really important people are the judges at
turkey raffles and leaders of the german.
Chicago Becoming Reconciled. •
From the .Veto York Press (Rep.)
Chicago is gradually becoming reconciled to
the prolonged absence of Carter Harrison.
Natural gas has been discovered on the South
Probably Needed a New One.
From the Sew York Graphic (hid.)
The President has given a gold-bound consti
tution to the Pope. That able octogenarian
must have started life with a gilt-edged consti
tution of his o n.
Put the Democrat In.
From the Louisville Courier-Journal (Dem.)
If it is as hard for a rich man to get into
heaven as it is for a Democrat to get into the
Boston eustom house, the throne will never be
surrounded by millionaires.
Dueling Weapons in Georgia.
From the Baltimore American (Rep.)
sVecongratulate Georgia editors upon hav
ing a hostile meeting wlthout-recoin-se to lethal
weapons. When Editor Lowry, of Rome, used
his lists, and Editor Graves defended himself
successfully with ail umbrella, no further proof
is requited that the world moves progressively
in North Georgia. Editors should not fight;
but, If provoked to do so, fists and umbrellas
are commendable improvements upon pistols
A few government lmnds thrown in do not
injure the bonds of matrimony.—. Yew Orleans
‘‘Say. doctor. I wish you'd tell nte how to lie
w hen I'm asleep.”
“Hello; You going into the real estate busi
ness, too— Chicago Sens.
It must l>e particularly gratifying to have
your p>rtralt on exhibition in an art gallery
and t hen read in a newspaper article that it has
a ' disagreeable smirk . —Martha's Vineyard
Stkangeh--Ik Mr. Blinks in?
Hotel Clerk—Yes, he's in his room.
"Tell him >lr. Bchw uflVnyitzonouferheim "
"Front, tell Kti a gentleman from Cincinnati
wishes to see him.”— Omaha World.
Cashiers, from medical report,
Are seldom very strong;
Their longest ages are but short—
Their short ages are long. •
A man in Dakota advertises that he will be
hanged iu any mans place for $20,000. Wonder
If he wants the money iu advanceHe do su't
appear to know much about the law, anyway.
A man who can raise $20,000 is not, in muchdaii
ger of being sentenced to be banged.— Drake's
The “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” show performed
here Monday night. As they forgot to give the
usual coinplimentaries in return for free puffs
we didn't go. Their best actor the trick jack
ass—died before they got here; and that s the
only thing we cared about seeing, anyway.—
Magistrate (to tramp)—The policeman says
you were acting in a disorderly inauntr.
Tramp 1 wes gobbling, your Honor.
Magistrate—What do you go about the streets
Tramp I can't help it. your Honor; I've had
nothing but turkey three times a day forever
tw o weeks —The Epoch.
Mrs. Jobberly—l should think somebody
would shoot those dreadful blizzards.
Mr. Johberly—llow isyour miDd workingnow,
Mrs. Jobberly—Why, it says here in the paper
that the blizzards have stopped all the trains in
Dakota. What is the good of Indian reserva
tions if the government can't keep these war
like tribes shut uj —Boston Record.
A Western debating society discussed the
question of female suffrage, and a stuttering
orator hr the negative wound up his argument
with this clincher: "I d-d-defy anyone to point
out a woman In this city or o-c country who
could bedSliSrhf. Would a woman turn out in
the dead of the nigbs to track and arrest a tn
m murderer? I say n-no. Ten to one she would
elope with him 1” He sat down amid thunders
of applause. —Boston Journal.
Mrs. M. C. Butler will receive on New Year's
day at her resideuce, I*sl P street, assisted by
her two daughters, Miss Hampton, of South
Carolina, Miss Geneveive Pan! and Miss East
The British Minister and Miss West have sent
out cards for an at home on Wednesday, .Tan. 4.
Dancing at 9:50. The invitations are engraved
upon the lower half of the first page of a double
sure? of paper that lias the crest of Great
Britain at the top.
Guv. John C. Frv von r. accompanied hy bis
wife and daughter, has arrived in Los Angeles.
Cal. The General and family propose to spend
the remainder of the w inter in Igis Angeles or
vicinity, and >.hile there he will complete his
second volume of memoir .
It was a queer coincidence that the venerable
Dr. John l>. Ogden, of New York, should have
died on “the night before Christmas." He was
twice married, both liis wives being the daugh
ters of Clement C. Moore, the author of the
poem, "The Night Before Christmas.”
Miss Sadie Morgan, niece of Col. and Mrs. W.
R. Morrison, gave a very pleasant dinner at
Willard's Tuesday night to some of her school
friends from Noi-wo, and Institute. The dining
room was tasteful y decorated with flowers aud
smilax. After ditK.-u.-s ng the menu the party
adjourned to one of the parlors, where they
danced to their heart's coutem and listened to
music, both vocal and instrumental, discoursed
by some of their number.
Miss Aiwa 11. Whitney. (Ik; proprietor of the
Chequewset Keunels at Lancaster, Mass... is said
to be at the head of mastiff breeder s in this
eountiy. Always a lover of animals. Miss Whit
ney gave up her vocation of school-teaching,
which sbe Bad followed for thirty years, and
went to Europe, where she secured the liest
stock obtainable and thus started ilie
kennels. Her name is in the list of those who
have taken steps for t'ue. organization of a St.
Bernard Club in this country.
Kays .Mr. Edmund Yates, (n the London
World: “Mine. Sarah Bernhardt's bov was
married on r>ec. Z 0 to his noble Polish fiancee,
Princess Terku Jablonowski. Mine. Sarah is in
high glee. They are wildly In love with each
other. She says: ‘C'e / beau I'attumr le rher
Mu nr ice. Ina few months f shall be a grand
mother. Anew avatar: What joy! What a
wedding : AH Paris will lie there, you know. Of
course, you will come* Complex site, my
divine rtarah. 1 would not miss the ceremony
"Bishop" Obf.kly, the Civil Service Commis
sioner, is one of the most entertaining talkers,
and tells some very funny stories. Here is
one of them. He says that many years ago,
when a young man. fie was elected to the As
sembly m Illinois. He was frightened when the
time ciOta for him to go to the capitol at
Springfield, for he was conscious that he was
not the possessor of a polished education. He
feared that U would be paled by the flashing of
bright intellects all around him. He took his
seat on the first day in fear and trembling, lint
in live minutes he was perfectly at ease, and
was even made to think that, perhaps, lie might
be one of those who would “shine.' This was
what wrought the great change in his mind:
"Mr. Speaker,” said one Assemblyman, “there
are no ink in the inkstands.”
Young Oberly was amazed. “Well,” he
thought, “is this the kind of timber they send
Up rose another Assemblyman, since famous
the country over.
"Mr. Speaker,” said he, “there are ink, but it
are froxe in the bottles.”
That was all young Oberly needed to put him
perfectly at ease iu the Legislature.
31n. Hr. Alter is making extensive prepara
tion* for the coining Washington social season
An iron frame for an awning to cover the high
steps of the Ferguson House h/ts lieen erected,
so that the discomforts of the inclement weath
er will be greatly modified. Mrs. Hearst has
with her Miss Butterfield, who was her guest
last winter, and Miss Nickerson, of S. Loiilr,
will arrive next week for a month’s visit. Next
month Miss Clara Anthony, of Boston, whose
mother was a school friend of Mrs. Hearst, will
be added to the family circle and the hostess
will give a coming-out party for the young lady.
Miss Anthony is the grand daughter of Dr. Silas
Reed, who was prominent here during Gen.
Grant’s time. Mrs. Hearst has brought with
her many beautiful things from her Kan Fran
cisco borne, and a collection of Japanese art
that she has been ten years in gathering. Mrs.
Hearst w ill lie at home on Thursdays in Janim
ly, and will make those Informal receptions
elaborate entertainments, for which no Invita
tions will be issued. Senator und Mrs. Hearst
entertained a party at dinner on Christmas Day
that was reri larks ble because the guests were all
strangers in the city, and uw a.v from their
homes. Tbe Mowers upon thu ible ware Ia
Fr tnce rote's, the ladies rcoaived favors o* lion
(similere bags of satin, covered with gold lace,
the girls found pung -uts (lie obed silver at their
places and the fccut!euicn received silver cigar
A Lively Coachman.
From the Srw York World.
TLe large aud turbid young gentleman who is
known by the important title of Baron Blanc,
has had a lively time with hi*coachman. Baron
Blanc recently married a wealthy Philadelphia
lady known as Mrs. Rigt, and when the newly
wedded pair came to New York to live the bride
brought along her horses, carriages and coach
man. The coachman was known in his particu
lar social set as '“Philadelphia Mike,” his family
cognomen being Cunningham. The other night
Mr. Cunningham, w ho had tieen for some weeks
developing a growing desire to coil himself
around the bulk of Now York whisky, came to
a sudden realization thut the undertaking was a
failure. The fact bore with it such a painful
condition of mind that Mr. Cunningham imme
diately took to shying chairs, lamps and other
domestic implements at his baronial master and
mistress. For these diversions Philadelphia
Mike was promptly discharged, and he went out
from the family mansion surcharged with rage
and woe. At the stable he found the Baroness’
$3,000 saddle horse., which he promptly rode
away to a stable In Forty-ninth street. Two
days later Mr Cunningham was arrested, and
.while in durance more or less vile, he consented
to tell where the stolen animal was secreted.
In the morning his master and mistress relented
sufficiently to not press the charge of thievery,
and he was simply held for disorderly conduct.
Obstructions In the Mississippi.
From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The extremes by low stage of water in the
Mississippi has nearly caused an entire suspen
sion of steamboat operations to the South, and
river men who have liven trying to navigate the
stream in the face of many difficulties since last
July are almost discouraged aud ready to
abandon water transportation. Low water is
frequently encountered during the summpr and
fall of the year, but the boating stage has not
been so reduced for such a long period of time
before in the recollection or any of the old
pilots. They began to encounter bars between
St. Louis and Cairo diming the early part of
July, when the protracted drought set
in, aud from that time since the river
has gradually declined. In the mean
time millionsof dollars, invested in steamboats
and barges, have lieeu tied up in a way t hat
benefited no one, aud the boats were left to
decay. According to river men this would have
been avoided bad the government work of im
pro\ jug the channel beeu continued. In view of
the discouragement of the present season and
present hope of relief from the government in
reclaiming the channel. Oapt. Henry C. Haar
stick. President or the St. Louis and Mississippi
Valiev Transportation Conipauy, says there is
likely to be a great falling off in the gross
amount of river tonnage, as under the circum
stances there is no inducement to build steam
boats and barges when they can t earn interest
upon the investment. The consequence will be
that when the present fleet is worn out St. Louis
will have no boats to float tbe grain of the Mis
sissippi valley on its natural course to European
markets, and the farmer will then be at the
mercy of the railroads.
His Honor's Revenge.
I ton the Chicago Sews.
One day while the Anarchist trial was going
on in Jiidge Gary's court, Mr. William King,
who is upward of 80 years old, sought admis
sion, but was told he could not go in Going to
the State Attorney's office, Mr. King explained
that he w as an old friend of Judge Gar} , and he
was sure the Judge would let him in if he knew
he was there. Mr Furthmann told him the
court room was full, but that he would try to
And a place within the bar. In a few. moments
the two entered the court-room and started to
walk down the aisle.
"Sit, down," said Judge Gary, sternly.
"Your honor,” explained Mr. Furthmann,
"this is au okl friend of yours.”
“Sit down," said Judge Gary, louder and more
Mr. King looked as if he would like to have a
big hole come up through the floor ami swallow
him. There was no place for him to sit down,
and still the Judge kept railing for him todo so.
He looked appealingly at his old friend, hut the,
old L .er.d only glared on him savagely and re
pented the awful command. "Sit down. ’
When tne old gentleman had succeeded in
reaching the bar >lr. Grinnell got up and gave
Idm his seat. When court was adjourned Judge
Gary came down from tbe bench rubbing his
hands together gleefully and laughing clear to
"I made him sit down, didn't 1f” said he to
■Mr. Griunell in Mr. King's presence. "I'll teach
him not. to beat me at whist as he did last
night. 1 wish I had had half a chance I would
have put him outs" and grabbing Mr. King by
the arm he took his old crony out to lunch with
It's work. work, work,
For the oity clerk.
From morning till twilight-tide,
With straining of eyes and bending of back
And throbbing of head till if seems to crack
Unheeding the world outside.
How changed since the days
Of Dan Chaucer's lays,
When the geutle. the scholarly clerk
Rode down from Oxenford hetimes.
With his books of philosophy, logic and rhymes,
And wisdom was all his work:
But now', alas!
The long day must pass
With account and receipt bill.
With inquiry, order end countermand,
With credit and debit and total grand
That our modern folios nil.
On a high desk-stool
Sits the lad from school—*
lie hopes to he rich one day.
Though the septuagenarian there on his right
Only fifty draws on Saturday night.
For his life of all work and no play.
And yet. and yet
One cannot forget.
In the dreams of a future fair.
That directors, officers. President, too,
Started once on a time, if the tales be true.
Pen in hand, on the stool-perch there
So strive, strive, strive,
In the busy hive
That frowns upon jest and chat..
The trim type-w riter, with pensive smile;
Ah: there's a figure well worth while- -
But, no! ’twere not business, that
Six days in llje w-eek
Thou shalt pine and peek.
Of the despot Success, the slave.
Dost thou dream of the sunshine, the woods and
Pray, w hat are such idle, remote things to thee?
Time enough when thou'rt seeking a grave.
The Word Nihilist.
From the Centum
The word "Nihilist" was introduced In Russia
by Tiirgonieff. who used it In his novel, "Fathers
aiid Children." to describe a certain type of
character which had then recently made its ap
pearance in the ranks of the r sing generation,
and which he contrasted sharply and effectively
with the prevailing types ill the generation
which was passing l’roni the stage. As applied
to Bamroff. the skeptical, materialistic, icono
clastic surgeon's sou in Tui geniefT's novel, the
wonl ' Nihilist” bad a natural appropriateness
which the Russian public at . once recognized.
There Were differences of opinion us to the
question whether any such class as that repre
sented by BazarofT really existed, but there was
no difference of opiulou with regard to the ap
propriateness of the Oerm as applied to that
particular character. It was accurately deser.p
tive of the type. The word "Nihilist,"
however, was soon caught up by the
conservative,'. and b the government,
aud was applied Indiscriminately by them
as nil opprobrious and discrediting nickname
toall persons who were not satisfied with the
existing order of things, and who sought, by
any active method whatever, to bring about
changes in Russian social and political organiza
tion. To many of the reformers, iconoclasts
and theorists of that time the term "Nihiltst"
was. perhaps, fairly applicable ns it certainly
was, Tor example, to Bakunin and his followers
—and by sonic of them it was'even accepted in
a spirit of pride aud defiance as an appellation
which, although a nickname, expressed con
cisely their opposition to all forms of authority
baswi on force To the great mass of the Rus
sian malcontents, however, it had then, and ha*
uow, no appropriate, reference whatever. It
would be quite as fair and quite as reasonable
to say that the people in the United States who
were once colled ‘ Know-nothings" were person*
who really did not know anything, as to say
that the people in Russia who are now called
"Nihilists" are persons who really do not belie*-
in nor respect anything, nor do anyt ing exeepi
destroy. By persistent iteration and reiternl ion
however, the Russian government and the Rur
sian conservative class have succeeded in max
ing the world accept this opprobrious nicknam
as really descriptive of the character and opfc
ions of all their opponents, from the “terror!*"
who throws an explosive bomb under the car
riage of the t'zar down to the peaceful aud las
abiding member of a provincial assembly wt,
respectfully asks leave to petition the Gro* i
for the redress of grievances. It would be b*r|
to find another instance In historv where an in
congruous and inappropriate appellation k <
thus been fastened iq>ou a heterogeneous nA-s
of people to whose bell fs and actions it iutf tio
sort oi applicability, or a case in whicnm
opprobrious nickname has had so confusing kid
so misleading ub influence tipou public on!a n
turouguout the world. The people .ost I
represented and wronged bv this utcknaintfire
unquestionably the Russian f U-ihlh-the lJ
iiera oftije |>ratom lug party wt.osee u> o* in
relurws by pence, .tie and legal uivluuUa. j
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
A oranddai o bter of Charles Dickens does a
flourishing business with a typo-writer.
Several German firms have given notice to
houses in Bradford, where there are many Ger
mans, that they will adopt, volapuk in corres
ponding with English manufacturers.
A young woman of culture in London has set
the fashion of wearing a black Port in gown lined
with crimson to the theaters and has gained sev
eral followers. She is now trying to lead off with
a studded shirt front, and white cravat. mm
A man who is said to look almost exactly as
Mozart did is making money in Loudon by ex
hibiting himself at fashionable (lartlcs and
musical entertainments. He aso appears in
tableaux of the great musician's iite. The
man charges SSO an evening,
Juoge Hornblower, on the California bench
recently sentenced a man who had betrayed
another’s wife w*th the remark that, "if the
spirit of chivalry were not dead in California
you would have been called to account long ago
before another and a higher tribunal.”
The relative strength of parties in the Ger
man Reichslag, which differs very little from
what it was at tbe loginning of last session, is:
Conservatives, including Imperialists and free
Conservatives, 111: Clericals or Centre, 101;
Boles, 13; National Liberals, 09; Liberalists,
Progressists, or Radicals, 34; Social Democrats,
11; Independents, including the Alsaoe-Lorrain
ers, 8J; total, 397.
A lady in San Francisco had three canaries
so tame that they flew about the house at will.
One sickened and died suddenly. The dead
body was taken from the cage and laid on a
table, and the other two flew to it and examined
it very carefully. Then they went back to their
cages, and for over thirty days neither of them
uttered a note. After that period of mourning
was over they pip'd up and sang as of old.
A preacher in one of the towns on the Mar
quette range concluded not long ago that be had
bad enough of the place and would get, up and
get. although his congregation did uot want hiiu
to. So the people got up a S3OO donation party,
and u hen he called for the money informed him
he could have it when it was earned, at tne
same time fixing the price per sermon he was
considered worth. The munster (lanced and
talked until he was red in the face, but his task
masters were inexorable, and he is still preach
ing for them.
Senator Palmer, of Michigan, has sent an ac
credited agent to Europe to purchase a number
of choice Percheron stallions and mares. Then
his ageut, will proceed to Arabia and secure five
of the best Arabian stallions that can be bought.
Brought to this country the Arabs and Perche
rons will be bred together and the produce bred
again. By long and intelligent in breeding
Senator rainier hopes to create anew type of
horse, or, failing in that, to improve the old
type by crossing the Arab horse upon tbe Per
cheroti mares and vice versa.
Stevenson's ballad, "Tieonderoga,” in the
December Scribner, has led to a newspaper oon
troversv iD England. Lord Archibald Campbell
writes that the two personages in tbe first, scene
of the poem were not, a Stewart and a ( aiupron.
but a Campbell of Inverawe aud a Macauiven.
Mr. Alfred Nutt, however, who claims to have
first told the story to Mr. Stevenson, states that
he got the legend from Mr. Cameron’ of liarcal
■ dine. a lineal descendant of the Cameron of the
ballad, and the owner of the glen where the
murder isJielieved to have taken place.
A tidy housekeeper of Lisbon, Me., w as much
troubled by a certain window-pane in her par
lor. i o what she could, she couldn't get it
clean. She tried acids, alcohol, and window
rubbers to no pin-pose. Her husband laughed
at her and said he could clean that glass lie
tried, it remained just as dingy as before.
Then the housekeeper called in a glazier and
told him to take out the offending glass. He
started todo so and found that somehow or
other two panes of glass had been set in that
sush. and the inside of each pane was dusty. Of
course the dust couldn't be reached by wash
ing. It was a very simple solution of what be
gan to seem almost a mystery.
The same young woman who swindled Cen
tral New York with the bird protection scheme
has operated considerably in Maine. Some of
the richest aud most influential citizens of Lew
iston not only signed her papers promising to
nse their influence lo protect song birds, but
also entertained her at their homes, and gave
her money to help carry on the work Sudden
ly the pretty Widow—Sne was a widow there
was culled away by a telegram announcing the
death of her brother, and a few days afterward
a man appeared with $1,600 worth of promis
sory notes, which it appeared these citizens had
sigued when they thought, they were pledging
themselves Dot to kill the pretty birds.
The people of Sonoma have anew way of
catching fish. They go down to the ernbark
adero at high tide and get into the creek, and
by beating t he w ater w ith long sticks and mak
ing a terrible noise they scare the fish back, and
keep them back till the tide ruusout; then the
fish are left in the holes and the men a,ni boys
attack them with spears, pitchforks, and clubs
uutil they obtain all they want. A friend of
ours caught a fine lot of earn there the other
day, some of them weighing as much as three
pounds each These carp escaped from Poppe's
fishppol, near Glen Ellen, some years ago, and
have multiplied wonderfully. They now seem
to enjoy the salt water better than the fresh.
At a recent gathering of re; orters, detectiv s
and politicians, in Columbus, 0.. Detective John
T. NoiTis made known a peculiar theory. He s
noted for his quick detection of rascals, and
holds that au unreliable man has low set ears.
A line drawn straight back from the eve wili
pass above the ear. This is the test. Try it
aud see if you are honest. Pictures tell it best.
If the line cuts through the ear the chances are
in favor of your reputation. There are excep
tions to the rule, and indeed many eminent men
have just such cars. The idea is not so much
that persons with such ears are dishonest, but
rather that they arc unreliable and tickle—not
to lie depended upon when wanted. Watch the
cats of the men you know, and see if the theory
Mai. Thaxter, of Portland, Me., is one of the
few veterans who know that Virginia was the
only Confederate State that sent twelve cavalry
regiments into the war. He got his information
this way: He went out with bis regiment from
AVarrenton, Va„ on a raid. When he returned
at night he rode to the place whence he. bail set
out. and came upon a cavalry eauip asleep
"What regiment is this?" he shouted. "The
Tv Ifth.” was the answer. "The Twelfth
what?" he asked. "Twelfth Virginia, you
foo was the auswer from one who was sur
prised that any one shouldn't know that there
was blit one Twelfth Cavalry Regiment in the
service. Maj. Thaxter didn't wait for further
information, but got away. He afterward
that the Union troops had fallen back,
ai i! the Confederates taken their place.
There recently died in Rockland, Me., an
Italian musician, F. A'. D. Singbi, whose life was
out of the ordinary. He was when a boy ap
prenticed to an image [toddler of Lucca, and
with him crossed Kurope ou foot witli a load of
images on his hea !. On reaching England be
r m away from his master aud enlisted in the
English array and was sent to Canaria While
tee regiment was at Quebec the band played a
selection, widely advertised as the composition
of the bandmaster Young Singhi recognized
it as an old Italian melody. That evening at
the barracks he whistled the air, until he was
interrupted by the bandmaster, who asked
here he heard that. The Italian was quick
witted. "Heard the hand play it,” be said The
leader was pleased, and Singhi was put into the
rand. Ho afterward deserted anil wnnt lo
Maine, where, after earning a precurious living
by shoemaking and barbering, he at last got
solidly established as a musician. He was born
a Roman Catholic, became a Methodist aud
died a Swedeuborgian.
The Chicago Neir* offered a prize for the best
story written by a pupil in the Chicago public
schools, and as a result was deluged with all
sorts of productions. It, printed many of them
and rejected more, but that its readers might
not lie deprived of considerable enjoyment it
primed short extracts rrom some of the re
jected manuscripts. Here are a few of these
extracts: "Cora Brown was fortunately the
possessor of a birthday, for she was the daugh
ter of rich friends.” “Xormau was a dear
bright but thin little boy.” "But. all this time
a cloud was gathering over Mrs. Delaney whieli
grew large as years went by, and thatcioud was
fill} of grasshoppers. ” "Eva was a pretty littlo
girl, but not smart, being the only child. * "She
fell down, scattering her senses in every direc
tion. "My father desired me to marry a hank
president, a handsome, reckless man, fond of
naught save the gaming table." “The minister's
wifo had nine small children, each of which was
one year younger than the other. Though poo7
she was a diligent woman.” v ’
in the ears, sometimes a roaring, buzzing
sound, are caused by catarrh, that exceed
ingly disagreeable aud very commou dis
ease. Loss of smell or hearing also result
from catarrh. Hood’s Narsiipurilla, the
great b.ood purifier, is a peculiarly success,
lul remedy for this disease, which it cures
by purifying the blood. 1 f you suffer I rot,,
U^WiciuJ^ Ud ' S tWIJUnJkI -
Its superior excellence proven in millionsof
nonies for more than a quarter of a century p h
'(ted by the United States Government. In
lorsed by the beads of the Great Universities as
lie Strongest, Purest and most Healthful Dr.
rice's the only Baking Powder thut does not
ont-ain Ammonia, Limo or Aiura. Sold only in
PRICE BAKING POWDER CO.
vrw tore mil n o. st. Lorre
DRY GOODS, ETC.
Mi & taiicr,
Successors to B. F. McKenna & Cos.,
137 B ROUGHTON STREET,
At An Extraordinary Reduction
THE REMAINDER OF THEIR STOCK OF
Ladies', Misses’ and Gentlemen's White and
Scarlet, Merino and All-Wool
Misses’ Plain and Ribbed Black and Colored
Ladies' Unbleached Black and Colored Cotton
Ladies’ Black Lisle and Silk Hose.
Gentlemen’s British, Balbriggan and French
Half Hose, in Unbleached and Colored.
ladies’ and Gentlemen's Linen Collars and
Ladies' and Gentlemen's White and Colored Bor
dered Linen Hemstitched Handkerchiefs.
White and Colored Silk Handkerchiefs.
COLGATE’S EXTRACTS 4 TOILET SOAPS.
We have just received a complete assortment
of Colgate’s Celebrated Extracts, Toilet Soaps,
Powder and Vaselines.
Telephone No. 401.
CROHAN & DOONER.
FRUIT AND GROCERIES.
Pine Florida Oranges.
Apples, Oocoanuts, etc.
Corn, Oats, Hay, Bran. etc. in
car loads or less, at lowest
Potatoes, On lons, Cabbage,etc.
Peanuts, Peas, Stock Feed, etc.
T. P. BOND & CO.’S,
13 an an as.
ff fit k BUNCHES CHOICE YELLOW and RED
APPLES, ORANGES. SVJ6- RAISINS, etc
Fresh Bauauas received every ten days. Coun
try orders solicited.
A. H. CHAMPION.
FINE FLORIDA ORANGES-The P~'tSbippMf
Stock for New Year Presents.
PRIME CLAY. SPECKLED. RED RIPPER and
FANCY NEW CROP MESSINA LEMON'S,
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES,
Hay and G-rain.
Large buyers of Grain and Hay miss it R tbej
fail to see us before buying.
■W* D. SIMKINS & CO.,
IIA Rim ARE.
EDWARD LOVELL HR
Parker and Colt’s
Breech leading Gun-*
Bi-as-fs and Paper ShcM~*
I lunting Coate, etc.