The Greorgia, "Weekly Telegraph.
MAOOX, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1869.
This TxuQnAra and Messenger -will be sent
to the subscribers of both papers. If any
fall area of delivery in the city occur in the con
tagion incident to the change, parties will please
eall at the business: office and have them recti
Subscribers will, oblige ns by calling daring
the week and renewing their subscriptions.
Appolost.—Several columns of new adver
ti Be meats, editorial,.,local, and general news
items were unavoidably omitted this morning
for want of space. -Room will be made for the
advertisements „in the next issue.
An Eight Page Telegraph.
We are going to throw ourselves upon the in
dulgence of onr patrons for the outrageous size
of the Tw-MtiM for a few days. It is rendered
necessary by the pressuraof our own advertise
ments, as well as those -which were transferred
tons from the Journal .nnd Messenger. This
bother will subside with-the State Fair, and we
will then fall back to a modified size, and in the
oonrse of a few weeks, we'hope, resume the di
mensions which we were •forced to abandon yes
Great Arrival and Grand Entree.
Onr fellow citizen, W. Grand Mar
shal of all the gallant Knighthood of Georgia
and mirror of chivalry, starts on his campaign
to the Stato Fair, with this number. Ho comes
in a full train—a special train at that—Chroni
cle and Sentinel and Savannah'i<ews to the con
trary, notwithstanding, lint that is not enough!
He comes in a thousand coaches, carriages,
buggies, sulkies and wagons, drawn by font
thonsantl prancing steeds. Ho -comes with ra
tions for tho millions, and his paths literally
drop fatness all aronncL Lookout^for fluff while
whistle blows or bell rings—while horses neigh
or wheels tnm. He’s there—he's :here—he’s
everywhere—King of Com—Lord High Para
mount of Bacon—Duke of Locomotion and
Prince of Velocipedes.
We learn through Dr. Crowe, who .arrived
last evening from Lonisville, that two aocidents
have occurred on the Nashville and Chattanoo
ga Railroad during the last week. Thisos ..par
ticularly unfortunate jnst now, as it causes de
lay in passengers nnd freight coming to -the
Tho bridge at War Trace, aboutfiftjnmilesthis
■ide of Nashville, was demolished on Thursday,
by a heavily loaded freight train. A largo force
was at work by the light of the burning debris
on Thursday night, and it is doubtless complete
to-day. Among the articles for exhibition at
the State Fair,, delayed by this disaster, is a ma
chine for casting printing types, from Messrs.
Allison, Smith & Johnson, of the Franklin Type
Foundry of Cincinnati. , As it is a novelty in
this region, wo hope it will yet arrive in time to
bo put in operation. Mr. C. H. Smith, of this
firm, is in onr oily, and promises to work the
machine himself in case he cannot get the aid
of a workman who understands it.
Ono of the celebrated Southern pianos manu
factured by Messrs. Peters & Webb, of Louis
ville, Ky., is probably also detained by this ac
cident, as it was shipped on the 9th inst
Week’s Receipts at the U. S. Poets.—For
the week ending Friday, -Nov. 5th, the receipts
at all tho United States ports were 94,445 bales,
against 78,390 the previous week, and 72,000
the corresponding week of last year; exports to
Great Britain 20,380; to continent 15,840; stock
on hand and on shipboard not yet cleared 214,-
525. The stock shows an increase, compared
with the previons week, of 39,525 bales.
The decrease in the visible supply, as com
pared with tho reports to the same dates last
year, is now only abont 17,000 bales. This com
parison includes stock in English manufacturers’
Fibes in Wilkes Count*.—Tho Washington
Gazette of Friday notes the occurrence of three
fires in Wilkes connty recently, in addition to
tho burning of tho stable of Hon. R. Toombs,
heretofore published. Tho gin house, two-horse
power, and two Utley presses, and fourteen
bales of cotton, belonging to Messrs. Foreman
t, Branch, were burned on Satnrday, tho -Cth:
the dwelling house, furniture, etc., of Mr. Jo
seph Rhoden on the same day; and on Tuesday,
the 9tb, the dwelling house, furniture, and eight
or ten bales of nnginne^ cotton, belonging to
Dr. J. J. Robertapn.
The Coal Trade in Middle Georgia.—The
groat importance of the coal trade, as promoted
by the special trains and low freights over the
Western and Atlantic railroad, is evidenced,
says the Columbus Enquirer, by the fact that
one hundred and fifty cars are engaged on that
road in its transportation, and yet cannot sup
ply the demand at Atlanta. Tho Constitution
says that 200 more cars are needed for coal, and
that tho road is building them as fast as pos
Sidney Herbert.—Onr correspondent sends
as a long paper upon the recent domestic afflict
ion of the Senior Editor, and comprehending in
its scope tho general subject matter of the death
of children, very well conceived hud beautifully
written; but he will appreciate the reluctance
we feel to obtrude this subject upon public
The Willingham Fertilizer.—We call at
tention to the advertisement of the Willingham
Fertilizer, by Messrs. Lawton & Lawton,
agents at Macon, Georgia. Mr. Willingham, a
well known planter of Georgia, after whom it is
named, underwrites it as a most reliable fertili
zer and particularly adapted to Georgia soil and
The special train conveying distinguished
guests to the State Fair will reach Atlanta to
morrow morning at 3 o’clock. We suppose it
will arrive here at 1:30 p. m. The Washington
Chronicle, of tho IOthinst., says Senators Pom
eroy and Cameron, &£d other official!, will bo
passengers on it.
George Peabody.—By order of the Queen of
England, tho funeral services over the remains
of George Peabody were held on Friday in West
minster Abbey. No private .citizen of either
conntry has ever before received such distinc
Andrew Female College,—The Senior Editor
of the Telegraph is deeply indebted to the
young ladies of Andrew Female College for the
compliment of his unanimous elaction as an
honorary member of the Andrew Society of that
Homicide.—Emanuel E. Paul was killed near
Coiambus on Wednesday by his step-son, Sharpe
Johnson, while whipping his wife, Johnson's
Burking gin-houses is quite common now in
Troupe county. The Reporter, of Friday, is
informed that three were burned one night
. Turtle Steak.—-We ere indebted to Mr. H.
W. Boifenillct fora fine plate of turtle steak
which he has sent to let us know what good
things he is Belling.
A battle-snake was killed a short time since
in Mississippi which measured eighteen inches
in circumference and had eighteen rattles.
Columbus Cotton Receipts are 23,1 Co bales,
• of which 17,593 have been shipped—leaving
6172 on hand.
Three was a slight fall of snow in Atlanta on
A Sunday train from Atlanta to Macon will
•ome through to-day on regular schedule time.
TO THE PUBLIC.
And the Seeders of the Haew Telegraph
ud J«msI end Heaaeeger.
We announce this morning the consolidation,
in one business and literary enterprise, of these
two old journals, which forty years ago sprang
into existence with the birth of Maooh, and
have ever since that time together held pos
session of the field though successively chal
lenged by hundreds of rival enterprises, the
most of whose names are now lost to memory.
It is proper that we should explain this im
portant event, and show in a few words how it
will affect the interests of onr readers and the ad
vertising and business community, and that im
portant section of Georgia to which this paper
is a vehicle of intelligence and opinion.
Of course the practicability of such a consoli
dation as this is due, primarily, to the existence
of an extraordinary harmony of political opin
ion among reading classes. The c&nses which
have produced this harmony are in truth calam
itous, bnt the fact itself is a fortunate one.
Those two grand divisions of political opinion,
once represented by the Telegraph and Jour
nal and Messenger, respectively, have been sub
merged and lost sight of in the effort to main
tain the mere elementary principles of civil
freedom, and in these efforts there is no differ
ence at all upon the end to be attained, and.
very unimportant and temporary differences
upon means and remedies.
In this condition of public opinion the sug
gestions which primarily dictated a union of these
two old and important publications were of a
pecuniary character. Every year the newspa
per is filling a more important function—every
year the demands upon it increase—its expenses
increase and the necessity for the concentration
of energy and capital increase in the same ra
tio. Fifteen years ago the expenses of these
papers for a whole year would not amount to
tho present cost <of them for a single month.
Their readers are now.mainly comprehendedin a
much smaller area .of country. They embrace,
as to the daily, only those who can be reached
with the earliest telegraphic intelligence. The
patrons of the daily press seek their nearest teE
egraphic 'centre, and >are governed simply by
the question of getting .the earliest news. Bat
with this telegraphic news they demand ever in
creasing supplies of general information. The
daily is now looked to for fee latest ideas on all
topics and interests—agricultural, commercial,
financial, literary^ philosophical, religious and
hygienic. That meagre amount of matter which
contented the reader but a short time ago is now
complained of. Sheets must tbe. large—compo
sition bills heavy—and daily expenses magnified
to hundreds of dollars. The strain among com
peting journals to satify these demands and
conciliate popular support far exceeds the com
mon apprehension, and is fast pnshing. onward
the work of concentration and combination.
This has been strikingly illustrated of late in
Louisville, where the entire journalistic capital
and enterprise of that large city are concentra
ted upon one daily, representing three eld and
well.established newspapers—the Jouwial, Cou
rier and ^Democrat—who found their entire -in
comes consumed in the effort to maintain a sep
It will not surprise the reader, therefore, to
be told that in these increased and increasing
demands upon the Telegraph, and Jcurnal and
Messenger, they failed, as separate establish
ments, when considered as so much money in
vested, to draw anything like on adequate bal
ance to credit, though managed with unusual
assiduity and skill. The daily expense of dupli
cating snch a large amount of type-setting and
other labor consumed what might otherwise
have been a fair rotnm upon the investment of
capital and intellectual labor employed in print
ing these papers as separate sheets. .
In this condition of things Mr. Anderson W.
Beese proposed to tha proprietors of the Tele
graph t j buy out the Journal and Messenger,
and consolidate with the Telegraph upon the
basis Qf one-third of the joint capital stock, and
the proposition was, after very careful delibera
tion, accepted. So far as the joint enterprise is
concerned, it would probably add to the busi
ness and circulation of the consolidated paper a
per centnm considerably in excess of the in
creased cost, and to the reader and advertising
patron it presented great advantages.
The combined circulation of onr different edi
tions under this arrangement will be very large
—scarcely short of eight thousand. This is
probably unexampled in the Cotton States, and
in respect to a Georgia Circulation there is no
thing to compare with it. In the whole of this
interesting and valuable section of Middle and
Southwestern Georgia, there is scarcely a read
ing family into which the Telegraph and Mes
senger will not enter, nor a man of business
who does not consult its columns. As a vehicle
of .communication with the people of this sec
tion, it will have no rival The man who has
thoughts or facts to communicate, or lands or
merchandise to sell, by one single paper or ad
vertisement can secure a vast hearing.
In respect to the common or what is techni
cally termed transient advertising, this change
will add nothing to the cost of it. The adverti
ser will henceforward have the benefit of the
circnlation'of both papers for precisely what he
paid to either one of them. As to mercantile
and contract advertising, there will be bnt a very
small advance. If the Macon merchant gets the
benefit of the circulation of both papers for
abont three-fifths of what he paid to the two,
when both were published, he will lose nothing
in the value of his advertisement. One will do
the work of two, and he will save forty per cent,
upon his expenditure. Thus, this movement is
in the interests of the business community of
Macon, whose good will we mean to deserve and
are most anxious to maintain and increase. We
will do onr best to serve them acceptably and
And now as to subscribers and readers. The
increase of business and circulation which this
consolidation will bring to ns shall inure to the
benefit of all onr readers. It seonres to onr
Editorial staff the valuable services of Mr. An-
dxbson W. Reese, as another Associate Editor,
and we shall all labor with assidnity to produce
a paper of increased valne and usefulness. It
wilt be more liberal in all' its departments. It
will have more reading matter—increased tele-
graphio and other correspondence and be con
ducted with a liberality of outlay commensurate
with its increase of Jausiness.
We are animated by an ardent desire to be
nsefnl to Georgia—to be a powerful adjunct and
helper, of progress and improvement in every
department—to aid in extinguishing the memo
ries and traces of past disappointments and ca
lamities in new acquisitions and triumphs. We
shall be thoroughly identified with the progress
and achievements of a new and improved agri-
culture—with all advancement in the mechanic
arts—in trade—business—internal improvement
—education and social, moral and religions im
provements. Every thing which can make for
the prosperity of Geoxgia shall, by the grace of
God, find in us a zealous friend and advocate,
apd we hope to secure for the Telegraph and
Messenger in this patriotic work the sympathy
and cooperation of the intelligent and virtuous
throughout the State.
nala have in the past on many points, while one
of them was under my editorial control, they
should now joih foroes and fiy one flag. The
explanation from a business stand-point is made
above too dearly and eogently to require farther
illustration. From a •political stand-point the
matter is no leas easily explained. Upon the
great and all essential' principle of hostility'to
the destructive tenets and practices of the party
oalling itself Republican, there never was and
there never can be any difference between my
self and my present associates. We may have
qmureled in the camp, bnt there never was
any faltering or distrust when the ont-posts gave
warning of menaoe by the common enemy. If
at times I have thought and written that the
Telegraph gave forth an uncertain sound,
when I held that the voice should ring ont loud
and dear, I have never charged that that utter
ance was the resnlt of inclination to the foe, or
hostility to friends andprinciplesboth were man
fully backing. We have differed on minor points
of party disdpline and polioy only—on non-es
sentials—never on essentials. On those things
thatgivs life and vigor to political organizations,
the great purpose of both has been at all times
to do the best for onr section and onr common
conntry, and at all vital points, and on all occa
sions whereas fight meant .practical results, to
stontly confront the common foe. How each
has labored to that end, let onr respective
friends, numerous, warm and constant, answer.
I am willing to leave the verdict with them.
To the patrons of the Journal and Messenger
who, in times past, so heartily approved my ef
forts to serve them, Isay only this: My time,
my abilities, and my energies are pledged to a
continuance of the work. To give them a news
paper worthy their cultivated tastes and intel
lects ; to leave no word unspoken, and no act
unperformed, that shall advance their interests
and brighten their future; and to push forward
with all my heart the great work of peace and
full restoration to lost rights, dignities and pros
perity—these are my promises, honestly made,
and I trust to be no less honestly performed.
A. W. Reese.
To Our Patrons.
From the Journal and Messenger of the 1SIA.]
With this number of tlio Journal and
Messenger onr connection_with it ceases,
having sold the paper to A. w. Reese, Esq.,
the former editor, who is well and favorably
known to its readers-
Wo have not been prompted to this sale
because the paper was not doing well. The
Journal and Messenger was never in a
more prosperous condition, both as to its
subscriptions and advertisements. Under
the editorial management of its present
editor, Gen. William M. Browne, the paper
was rapidly growing in public favor, and
bid fair to be a great success; but the offer
of purchase having been made on most
satisfactory terms, and we—having many
other pressing engagements, sufficient to
employ our time and capital,—found if to
our advantage to consummate the arrange
This change will not sever our connection
with onr friend, General Browne. We are
happy to state that he will now devote his
whole timo to our new Agricultural enter
prise, the. “Southern Farm and Home,”
which we intend to make one of the most
desirable journals in the South.
We tender our thanks to onr patrons and
friends for their many favors in the way of
subscriptions and advertisements, as weil ■
for tho general interest manifested in our
business. Wo shall ever remember them
We understand from Mr. Reese that ho
has arranged to give tho patrons of the
Journal and Messenger a large and well-
filled sheet, and that he will sec that no one
shall have cause to complain of tho change
in proprietors. Mr. Reeso will fulfil all
our imexpired engagements with subscribers
J. W. Burke & Co.
The foregoing announcement by the pro
prietors, renders it hardly necessaiy for me
to state that with this issue my connection
with tho Journal and Messenger ceases.
For the many evidences of approval and
encouragement which I have received daring
my brief editorial control of these columns,
feel gratitude not unmixed with pride.
The increasing subscription list, and tho
rapidly growing popularity of the paper,
gave me the best assurance that my political
convictions and opinions were approved by
the people for whose benefit I expressed
■To my brethren of the press, from whom
I met so cordial a welcome on my return to
the editorial profession, and from whom I
have since received so much courtesy anjl
friendly recognition, I would offer my warm
est thanks, together with my best wishes for
their prosperity and happiness.
While I do not abandon the profession,
and while my relations with the late propri
etors of this paper, which have ever been,
and still are, of the most cordial and agreea
ble character, are not severed or interrupted,
I enter upon another field, wherein I trust I
may he permitted to be of some use to my
fellow citizens, and to establish some claim
to a continuance of their confidence and
And lastly, before I retire, I would ac
knowledge my deep obligations to . those
who have so alily and faithfully aided me in
the publication of the paper. I trust that
they may bo as prosperous and happy as I
wish them to he.
William M. Browne.
The above announcement gives the^publio all
the information deemed necessary to a fall un
derstanding of tho manner, cause and objects
of the consolidation of the Macon Telegraph
and Journal and Messenger. Only a few words
from myself, personally, remain to be added.
It may possibly excite surprise in some quar
ters that, differing apparently as the two jour-
A Thing Never Heard oil
We never yet heard of a fair ready .for tho
exposition. The great “ Paris Exposition Uni-
vetselle” was in a maze of chaos and confusion
when the day came for the grand opening; and
that, they tell ns, will be the condition at the
grand opening of the State Fair in Macon, Nov.
16, 18G9. It can’t he helped. A man may
preach; but it takes faith on the part of the
hearers. Old Noah preached 120 years and
never persuaded a single man or woman to buy
a ticket to his ark. So it is abont getting ready
for fairs. Yon never can persuade a man who
has anything to do with a fair, that it is necos-
sary to be in a hurry, until being in a hurry is
of no nse. The consequence is, people have to
take hold of it themselves—pitch one thing
there, another here, and hold the Fair anyway;
and that finally disposes of the matter.
‘Health and Profits” is the title of a work
by Dr. 8. E. Habersham, says the Eatonton
Press and Messenger, now a citizen of onr town,
intended to exhibit the beneficial influence of
the climate of Middle Georgia and South Caro
lina, in pnlminary consumption and kindred
diseases; also illustrating the agricultural, hor
ticultural and manufacturing resonrees of the
region. It also oontains a carefully prepared
summary of a meteorological register kept for
twenty-one years—giving the mean temperature
of the year, seasons and months'; the annual
precipitation of rain, and the general direction
of winds, compiled from the said register. In
no other book con this information bo fonnd in
a condensed form. It occupied tho author’s
spare hours for three months in its compilation.
We recommend this work to all who feel an in
terest in the prosperity of this section of the
South, and desire to possess the information it
oohtains. It can be obtained of the doctor.
The Gabtebsville and Van Wert Railroad.
A letter from Cartersville to the Rome Daily,
dated November 5tb, says: The contract for
the building of the Cartersville and Van Wert
Railroad was let out yesterday by the President,
Major Cooper, to a Northern company.- It is
said the work of construction will comjnenco at
once. Rome will haVe to look ont for her lau
rels, we are climbing up after her. At the sur
render, the number of inhabitants of this place
was about 700; now it is 2000.
A Disgruntled Abolitionist.
•There is amusement, if nothing more, in the
maundering* of the disgruntled Parker Pills-
bury. He is, we suspect, a rather favorable
type of the class of New England fanatics whom'
the convulsions of civil war threw uppermost
and left for many years masters of the political
and military situation in the United' States—
with a world of soldiery and an inexhaustible
flood of greenbacks to bade their experiments
in tinkering Southern society.
Surely hard fate never before so cursed
an unfortunate world in throwing such power
and opportunity in the hands of such fussy and
busy imbecilities. Never were philanthropists
of that fashion so Messed and happy. They
‘came down South” in legions, with unlimited
resources of men, money and rations to “fix np
everything right.” Thousands of eloquent Stig-
genses supplemented by a still greater number,
of gentle and unblushing virgins of thirty-five
and upwards, were here to ply their reforms in
all the dignity of government appointees and
the wealth of a government bent on unlimited
expenditure to “save the nation.” Most of them,
we are sorry to-say, fell from the grace of re
ligions benevolence into the foul practices of
speculation ^pcLAtinding; but we still think
Pillsbnry is one whenever soiled his garments,
and has held trne to his mission.
Well, all these apostles have “fixed” and
arranged and fussed to the full extent of their
extraordinary opportunities, and the amount of
all their frequent confessions reduced to the
last analysis is—“everything much worse than
before.” The situation is desperate—hopeless.
Pillsbnry says it cannot be remedied for a thou
sand years if things go on in their present shape,
and perhaps he is right. As long as these fussy
philanthropists are about, fluttering and duck
ing like wet hens, there is no great chance for
a remedy in districts where they abound.
The seaboard of Carolina, from which he
takes his data, was ever the most unfavorable
illustration of the condition of tho Americo-
African population. But here the greatest wealth
of New England and Bureau beneficence has
been expended. Here landed the first shiploads
of the pilgrim fathers and mothers and daugh
ters, under the guns which had silenced the bat
teries of Beaufort and Port Royal, and here
they set forth to amend the moral and social
condition, with all the fresh ardor of a new and
untried enterprise and the amplest means of a
revenue yet untapped by the Bnreau of Refu
gees and Abandoned Lands. It is meet that
Pillsbnry should make his survey and report
from this “hallowed ground,” because here
New England philanthropy had done its best,
and according to him, left all in moral confusion
What he sees in the Carolina lowlands has
been to some extent reproduced in every place
where bureau interference has been particular
ly active. The great lesson the suddenly eman
cipated negro had to learn was one of self-de
pendence. It was to know that he had now to
employ himself, jnst as his master had hitherto
Unluckily, at this critical juncture, came in
the bnrean, with its agents and rations, prac
tically substituting the old master in everything
of no solid benefit to the negro. It doled ont
its uncertain pittances of food and clothing in
quantities just sufficient to relieve the pressing
necessity for labor •and wages, which would
otherwise have forced the negro to Mre himself
to regular employment. With his fugacious
rations of bacon, meal and clothing from the
bnreau, and the treasures of forest and the sea
board at bis command, nothing more was need
ed to supplement r» natural predisposition to im-
dolence and leisure. Whole regions were soon
thoroughly demoralized, and it is questionable
whether the abundance of the land and sea, and
the mild climate of these regions are compati
ble with the existence of those physical neces
sities by which the colored race will be com
pelled eventually to habits of regular labor.
The testimony on this point, we are sorry to
say, is unfavorable.
But this thing is certain—the basis of all' im
provement in tho colored population must be
habits of regular labor. Everything which in
terferes with this and distracts tho minds of
these people, iB a deadly injury. With labor
comes all tho capacity for improvement—men
tal, moral and social The process of political
reconstruction in tho South has been injurious
to the whites, but far more so to the blacks. It
has made the whole moral and social condition
more or less the sport of unprincipled politi
cians, and it may be feared that, in all future
time, under the fifteenth amendment, the case
will be no better. Tho negro will bo the floater,
to be battled for, bribed, treated, cajoled and
demoralized by the eager and unscrupulous
white politician. The ballot will be a Pandora’s
box to the African—a fatal boon, practically
undermining his prosperity and happiness.
Augusta City Finances.
Tho Chronicle & Sentinel, of Friday, an
nounces that on the next day the Mayor of that
city would pay off tho entire floating debt of
that corporation, amounting to twenty-thousand
dollars. Tho money for this purpose had been
borrowed by tho Mayor in New York upon his
own individual.responsibility and credit, and in
return he was to take city bonds at rates un
known to tho Chronicle & Sentinel - Wo see
Angosta bonds are quoted in tho same number
of that paper at 87 cents.
Farm for Sale—Situated one and a half
miles from Valdosta, containing about five hun
dred acres of land, one hundred and thirty
cleared, a good frame cottage dwelling, all the
necessary out-houses, etc. There are a quan
tity of shade and fruit trees, apple, peach,
orange, etc. Apply for further information at
the “Times” office, Valdostn, Lowndes county.
Railroad Accommodations During Fair Week.
—We would state in answer to sundry iuquiries
made of us from the country, that all the rail
roads running out of Macon have made arrange
ments for special trains night and morning to
the neighboring towns and villages, for the ben
efit of those who may be nnable to find accom
modations in the city.—Savannah Republican.
Florida Coming.—The Savannah Republican
learns from a private letter that the Farmers'
Club of Jackson county, Florida, intend to visit
our State Fair. They have prepared tents and
every other convenience for camping ont during
their sojourn in Macon. We predict for them a
pleasant time, and hope other Florida clifes will
follow their example.
> . i t i-'
The following are the places in Georgia on
which postal orders can be drawn: Americus,
Albany, Atlanta, Athens, Augusta, Bainbridge,
Brunswick, Cartersville, Columbus, Griffin, Ma
con, Marietta, Milledgeville, Romo, Savannah.
It is a very significant factj remarks a con
temporary, that throughout all the Southern
States tho pookets of the Radical office-holders
are full and the State treasuries empty.
Mr. Peabody gave the immense amount of
$7,996,000 during Mb life in noticeable benefac
tions. No more eloquent eulogy could be ut
tered upon bis character.
Rev. O. W. Howard, Chairman of the Execu
tive Committee of tbe State Agricultural Socie
ty, was in onr office yesterday, in fine health.
The subject of forming a now county from
portions of Telfair, Montgomery and Laurens,
is being discussed by the citizens interested.
The English gunboat Thistle, while on her
1 trial trip off Sheernew, on Thursday last, ex-
j ploded her boiler, killing ten and severely
i wounding eight men.
AOteirs in Albany. i *
Albany, Ga., November 11, li&9.
Editors Telegraph : Albany is a great place.
There is no other city or town in Georgia, or I
may say the whole South, so far as my range of
travel extends, that can compare with it for
generous hospitality. It is the most democratic
plaoe in some respects, while in others it is quite
autooratio.' Democratic in allowing every man,
woman and child to do what suits them best,
without comment or hindrance—: and antneratio
in the beauty and intelligence of its ladies, and
the bravery and high.toned deportment of its
men. You may think this picture a little too
higMy colored; but it appears to me in the
round of my travels, I always feel when I get
to Albany, like I had arrived at home among
Great preparations are being made here to
attend the State Fair, and a number of young
gentlemen are practising to carry off the prize
at the Tonrnament, and lay the crown of beauty
on the brow of some Southwest Georgia fair
one. This afternoon the knights, dressed in cos
tume, rode out to their grounds on the outskirts
of the town and had a trial of skill. Their cos
tumes were bright and glittering, and such an
array of fine blooded stock I have not seen since
the surrender. Tor two hours, tho knights, _aa
their names were called, dashed rapidly around
the circle, and if they do as well at Macon, I
predict that the knight who excels them, will be
entitled to his victory. Look ont for Ivanhoe
on his dashing chestnut sorrel If his modesty
does not nnsteady his nerves when he is called
out before the assembled crowds of beauty and
fashion, I am sure if Albany does not win she
will have no cause to be ashamed, bnt will con
gratulate the section which has another more
skilled in the noble exercise. One of the knights
will ride without bridle or saddle.
Col Styles, having made all necessary ar
rangements for the large delegation, yon may
expect at least one-half of Dongherty county
to be present. In fact I have not seen anybody
who does not expect to bo there.
The great and increasing interest felt in ag
riculture will cause nearly every planter who
can spare the time to be there to witness the
trial of ploughs and the display of agricultural
implements, while the tournament will carry
the ladies. I think the crowd who will be in
attendance will even exceed the greatest expec
tation. As nothing else will be talked of until
the Fair is over, I will not prolong this letter
by diverging to other subjects.
Yours, etc., . Occasional.
Education in Georgia. -
The Greensboro Herald of Thursday Bays: V
The State Fair—As onr readers are aware,
comes off next week at Macon. Arrangements
npon a grand scale have been mac(3 to guaran
tee its entire success. In addition to the agri
cultural, commercial and material interests and
pursuits of the Stato generally, a great variety
of topics outside of these, bnt involving the gen
eral welfare of tho State, will' come up for dis
cussion in their appropriate place. We are well
pleased especially to observe, that the Georgia
Teacher’s Association will hold a special meet
ing in the City Hall, at Macon, on Wednesday
next, to consider and report npon the best plan
for providing institutions for the children of the
State, white and colored; also, to consider and
report npon a Rystem of public instruction for
tho Stato. The material progress of Georgia is
destined to be rapid—pari passu, let her moral
and intellectual improvements keep abreast of
her physical growth and development, and sbo
may safely count npon a sublime destiny. We
sincerely hope party and sectional politics will
find no favor at this gathering, which, in some
respects, will be national, but that all will labor
to inaugurate an era of good feeling, and go
heartily to work to promote the best interests
of our common country.
Tho negro has become utterly insufficient as
a laborer, and, as a citizen, a perfect nuisance.
There is, perhaps, no place at the South where
emigrants would bo more warmly welcomed, or
where they could do better in the long run.—
The lands are fertile, convenient to market,
and, for tbe most part, healthy. They are in
comparably superior to the sea islands. Range
for stock is excellent, and, on the salt water
creeks abundance of fish and oysters.
As to tho stealago, it would bo almost incredi-
ble by thoso who did not realize it. Many have
had to break in their corn ont of the fields,
before it was well matured, to save it from
theft, and cotton is stolen still worse.
Tho negroes are in a large, majority over the
whites. They, tho former, will elect the magis
trates, nnd you-can judge what chance wo have
to bring a thief to repentance through the law.
The whites may be. said to have virtually no
rights; for a right without means of enforcing
it, is a word without sense or meaning.
The indications are getting 'every day moro
and more cheering, says the Montgomery Ad
vertiser, for our Stato Fair to b‘o a grand suc
cess. Indeed from tho number and variety of
articles already proposed for exhibition, as well
as from the attendance promised, we are per
suaded that this is going to bo ono of the most
successful fairs ever held in the State. Tho
officers of the society are indefatigable in their
labor, and work with an energy and determina
tion which forbid tho uso of tho word failure in
any department of this great undertaking.—
There.bave been so few occasions of pleasure
or hopefulness for Montgomery since the war,
that wo take the greatest satisfaction in con
gratulating our people now upon the prospect of
this exhibition and the gathering which it will
We are glad to learn that a largo number of
onr citizens—especially among our business
men—are being life members of the society.
Twenty-five dollars has been fixed upon as the
price of life memberships, and a beautiful cer
tificate is being prepared for each.
Life members are entitled, with their families
and servants and earriago, to visit the grounds
of the association at all times when open to the
inspection of visitors^ and to exhibit at tho an
nual fairs without paying any fees.
The Virginia State Fair.
Tho Philadelphia Press, of the 8th,- has this
notice of the late State Fair of Virginia:
Jokp S. Preston, of South Carolina, delivered
a bitter secession lecture at Richmond, Virginia,
last Thursday evening, filled with abuse of the
Yankee and the government. He was invited
to speak by tho Committee of the Agricultural
Fair, which was in all respects so successful that
it is a pity the venomous old cavalier was allow
ed to explode. The Richmond papers appear
to be very ashamed of bis exhibition. . By the
way, speaking of tbo fair in question, all ac
counts concnr in stating that it was a grand,
peaceful and surprising display. On Thursday
from 30,000 to 35,000 persons attended. This
is better than a tonrnament.
Mr. Richardson, of the Galveston News, who
left San Francisco, September 27th, thus speaks
of the obstructions likely to be enconntered on
the present rente from California
On the 30th it commenced snowing while we
went-through the mountains. On the 1st inst.
we found too-ground covered with snow some
four inches deep, bnt by the next day, as we
descended the east slope of the Rocky Moun
tains, all signs of snow disappeared, and the
change of temperature was manifoSt.
Some persons who have lived in the moun
tains several years, in reply to our inquiries, ex
pressed the opinion that no efforts of the’'com
pany could make this road passable through the
winter, and although the snow sheds are built
with great strength and at an expense of about
twenty thousand dollars per mile, yet those who
have witnessed thfc terrible snows on the moun
tains and tbe crashing avalanches or “snow-
slides,” as they are called, expressed the opin
ion that the snow Bhecls would be swept away by
them. In fact, it is nearly the universal opin
ion that the road will bo impassable for a con
siderable part of the winter, and all appear to
concur in the necessity of a Southern Pacific
Riveb News.—The river, says the Columbus
Snn and Times of Thursday, to noon yesterday
had risen two and a half feet, giving the water
in the channel a depth of four feet. If the rise
continues, this morning the boats below will be
telegraphed for. It is feared the rains above
have not been sufficient to keep the stream navi
gable. The heavens looked yesterday 1 as if they
never would let fall another drop of rain.
Since the above was* written we are told the
stream is falling.
The Presbytery of Florida will convene in
the Presbyterian Church, at Quincy, on the
19th instant, at 7£ p. it
Mr. Drew, of Ellaville, says the Live Oak
Herald, is filling an order, from San Francisco,
for several thousand feet of long timber.
The Live Oak Herald notices a shipment of
oranges, which, it says, makes a total shipment
of 448 barrels, or 89,600 oranges, by one gen
tleman, the present season.
Hon. O. M. Hamilton and Ely Weeks, Esq.,
have been commissioned as Major Generals of
State Militia, and Hon. W. J. Poraan as Briga
The death warrant for the execution of John
W. Freeman, sentenced in Santa Roea county
for the nrarder of Andrew J. Miller, has been
signed by the Governor. Freeman will be
hanged on the 19th inst .
The Comptroller has issued a circular to all
the tax collectors in the State, giving positive
instructions that their accounts must be fully
audited and settled by the 1st of January.
Fourteen prisoners escaped from the Alachua
connty jail on the night of the 30th ultimo.
Governor Reed has issned a proclamation
offering rewards to the amotwt of $50,000 for
the arrest and conviction of the perpetrators of
the recent murders in Jackson connty.
The Governor has offered a reward of $2,000
for the arrest and conviction of the murderers
of Elijah Ghent and Richard Smith, who were
killed in Madison connty last montl^*.
The Mason & Hamlin Organ Company.—In
tho course uf iessfhsSi twenty years this com
pany have grown from a very small beginning,
to be the most celebrated and extensive makers
of instruments of the Organ and Melodeon kind
in the world, producing and finding demand for
several times as many instruments as any other
makers. Four large elephant tusks must be cut
up every week to supply them with ivory for
keys; so they must be said to consume two large
elephants per week. Their Organs rank high
est, not only in this conntry, but also in Europe,
where tho demand for them is rapidly increas
The remarkable success is undoubtedly owing
greatly to their superior skill in this speciality,
and to the very important improvements they
have effected in this class of instruments; but it
is the result, almost in equal, measure, perhaps,
of adheorance to, and energetic pursuit of cer
tain principles. Inflexible values with them are
(1) to do the very best work only, availing them
selves of every improvement, and being careful
to suffer no inferior instrument to leave their
factory; .and (2) to sell always at smallest re
munerative profits, having fixed prices which
are alike to all
Any one buying an Organ made by this Com
pany has the satisfaction of-knowing that he
has one of the best instruments of the class which
can be made, and this at the lowest price at
which sueli work can be afforded.
Affairs in the Low Conntry.
Apropos to Parker Pillsbnry, a correspondent
in the Charleston NeWB gives much the same
account of that “low conntry.” Says he:
I’ve heard a great deal of the prosperity of
the South, and that one or two more snch crops
a3 the present year’s would make ns as prosper
ous as before the war. I don’t believe, with
the present-available labor, one hundred snch
crops as the present would help; for I don’t be
lieve there is a single planter in two-thirda of
this county who has not steadily lost money
since the war. I have never yet heard of the
first one who has cleared expenses, unless on
Savannah river rice plantations. "Why, sir, for
want of labor, the conntry has become a mere
waste—rats destroying the rice, com and cot
ton in the fields—rats and other vermin in in
credible numbers; fencing rotten or burned;
tho few houses left by the enemy going to ruin;
all the best lands in broom-grass; cane-briars
ten feet high; the freedmen preferring to half
work the poorest lands, which are more easily
“Occasional,” Mr. Forney, of the Philadel
phia Press, discoursing from the 'office of his
other paper, the-Washington Chronicle, is al
ways oraonlar. Telegraphing on the 7th, he
What side veterans like Clay and Webster
would have espoused is not nearly so useful an
inquiry as the fact that their respective theories
completely triumphed in tho sequel The doc
trines of Andrew Jackson’s proclamation, power
fully supported by Clay and Webster, against
the nullification crusade of John C. Calhoun,
were carried to victory by tbe Union arms. The
idea of obedience to one government prevailed
over the idea of the sovereignty of one State;
and this idea, reinforced by the anti-slavery
sentiment, equally cherished by Webster and
Clay, became the central and the vital idea in
the inevitable reconstruction of the government
Not less instructive is tho fate of*those who
led the opposing sections in the war. The men
of tho South who forced the rebellion have been
retired, most of them forever, as well by their
own volition as by imperative constitutional
prohibition. The men who fonght down that
rebellion are in command in every department
of the Government. However the the -ries of
tho former may reappear in their posterity, the
resistless growth of the great North and West
will keep them perpotuslly in the minority.
The future, indeed, may provoke new divis
ions, but the foundations of the Government
canimver be disturbed by the revival of the
buried issues of slavery and State rights.
Forney is right in treating the events since
the war as tantamount to a total reconstruc
tion Of the Federal Government. But, ye gods!
what a reconstruction. Is there one white mfin
on the North American continent, besides Mr.
Forney, who can look upon such a reconstruc
tion with complacency?
An Honest Sentiment.—That sterling paper,
the Philadelphia Sunday Mercuty, speaking of
the election in tbe South, says:
“Tho election in Mississippi, like the elect
ions in all the late Confederate States, will be
no more nor no less sheer farceB and mockery
of public government. Where the civil laW is
subordinate to the military power, there is no
such thing as freedom; and popular elections
might as well be dispensed with at once and
forever. Not until Commonwealths stand np
once more in the fall dignity and majesty of sov
ereign and independent Statehood, will there be
any virtue in the voico of the people as ex
pressed through the ballot-box. There is no di
vinity in the right of the ballot, unless it be free
as the “encasing air.”
Two Negroes Drowned.—On Monday after
noon last, as a party of negroes were crossing
the Flint River, near Mrs. Orr’s place, on their
return from church, their canoe sunk, and two
men were drowned. We did not learn their
naines, nor do we know whether the bodies have
been found.—Albany News.
Prayers at Mercer.
The Greensboro Herald, of Thursday, says:
We are pleased to learn from the Mercerian,
that the daily prayer-meeting of Mercer Univer
sity, which has been in operation for the last
thirty years, is still kept up. Every evening at
twilight the students meet in the ‘‘Old Chapel,”
to sing a hymn of praise to “the Giver of every
good and perfect gift,” and to return thanks for
the blessings of toe day.
So long as toe yonng men of this excellent
institution emulate a spirit of piety and devo
tion, they will receive the divine favor and the
respect and approbation of all good people. It
will be a most unhappy day for onr conntry
when onr educated men ignore God and the
The Georgia State Fair.—There is quite an
enthusiasm in East Alabama, says the Mont
gomery Advertiser, on toe subject of toe Geor
gia State Fair, which begins at Macon on the
lGth instant. Many clnbs have been formed to
go together, and camp on the Fair grounds.—
If the Montgomery and Enfaula Railroad was
only completed toe same feeling would be en
listed in favor of the Alabama State Fair. As
it is Georgia derives a great source of revenue
from a section of country which feels itself cut
off entirely from the other portions of Alabama.
A recent publication on the prices of vrilf
beasts for shows states that a first-class hi
potamus is worth $5,000 or $6,000
$1,000 or $2,000; an elephant, $3,000 to
000; a giraffe, $3,000; a Bengal tiger, $9
a leopard, $600 to $900; a hyena, $5Q^ and
that a New York house in toe last tore/ years
has sold $112,000 worth of these animate, ex
clusive of a lively trade in monkeya,'$frda, etc.
An extensive gang of counterfeiter, regular
ly organized for the purpose of manufacturing
and selling counterfeit tobacco stpips,_ securi
ties and money, has been capt»red in New
York. Many parties in good stinding in that
city and iu Virginia and Norp Carolina are
Gen. Leb’s College will have twenty-five
Washington. November 12.
chief of staff, Harry CUmery. not'
who wae killed in the recent Cuban battik
Tho caae of the United Statee vs ,
eee IUUhmAs has been comprom**
counsel The reads remain in the
theirreepective company organizationT^" 0 '' 0 '
paying running expenses, and inter*! ^
bonds, the balance of the earnings are ^
the claims of the Federal Government, *
tion defeats the motion of tho Gov«-* m . *
toe roads in too hand, of Beceivem n !'^
an equitable settlement will show tb*
'Government largely indebted to the rort Pe4e>1
Amos Kendall is dead.
Admiral Radford is directed to brine u
body’s remains home in an American manJr
Revenue receipts to-day $<43,000
^Parties dealing in gold' dust arc i iable ^ ^
The Treasury Department dotes
respect to Walker. morr °»ia
Sherman and a luge’party leave on ,
5^“-”*“ “» *■»■«
The World has an editorial, aesertim, .
that by virtue of a secret treaty, th 6
ny. loaded vritu arms and
St. Domingo, via Dry Tortngas, vhere *'
five hundred soldiers. She will take w, J?-
toe Island in toe name or the United SutJ° n ° f
Washington, November 13—I n accords •
resolution of the Louisville Convention Tr
has appointed Blanton Duncan, of Uvi
Robert T. Sanders, of Tennessee, CoomuJ? ^
the Russian Exposition inl870. Tennanf ii b
lution add Fillmore to the Commissioner, ^ -
will appoint the remaining three. ""
Public offices are dosed in honor of Walk
Boutwell has gone to Boston.
^ Heavy storm this morning, and telegraph verb
Grant was abseut from Walker’s funeral
The Tribune says editorially, that evidence w
eating a prominent Washington Treasury
the New York Custom House fraud,,
He shared in the proceeds. The Tribune vi-la
Grant approves Ames’ regulations for the lb*,
sippi election. ® 4 '
The accounts of Butterfield retiring f rom ,
sistant Treasmy at New York are correct.
Delinquent patent agents must settle
doing further business with the Bnreau. '
San Francisco, November 12—Qaantrel, hm*
cated in the Lawrence, Kansas, massacre dunm-tis
war has been traced to Camp Scott, Nevada, u
order sent for his arrest arrived too late, (haw
Five hundred Coolies on a French Ceoiie itis
revolted. The captain and several of tlio
passengers were killed. The balance escaped 1*
low and blew off the upper deck with powder, Hit
ing or frightening all the Coolies into the sea Tb
vessel was becalmed off Byron Island.
The Secretary of toe Treasury has ordered tb
release of the French ship Malabar, seiiedfor
smuggling, on payment of three timea'the value cl
toe goods smuggled, and $1,000 cost.
Baltimore, November 12.—General Martin, of
Charleston, formerly Clerk of th# South Carolin
Senate, is dead.
Boston, November 12.—One hundred and thirt;
men have been discharged from the Navy Yard.
Philadelphia, November 12.—Preshyteriani in
jubilant over the reunion. Presbyterian newspa
pers are flying blue flags, the color of the old con-
Pittsburg, November 12.—After joint devotion
al exercises, toe two assemblies foimed a prone
sion in single file, and joined on reaching the thresh-
hold of toe church. They were greeted with dap
ping of hands and waving of handkerchiefs by*
immense crowd assembled. Cabla dispatches han
been sent to European Presbyterians, announce
Fortress Monroe, November 12.—The ship Ms-
dell, from Norfolk to Barbadoes, is at St. Thoms
Fortress Monroe, November 13.—Tha monitor
Dictator, and the steamers Treana and Periwinkle,
have departed for Key West.
An easterly rain storm commenced at noon.
Troy, November 13—At tho Wool funeral thi
military procession was half an hour long. Fifty
thousand people were on the streets- The housti
were, draped in mourning. i
Havana, November 13 DeRodas’ return is «•
pected on Monday. The city has been perfectly
quiet during his- absence.
The Diario newspaper of this morning has aa *ii-
torial article, wherein it Ekys : ‘'The existence ol
any anti-Spanish element in Cnba is abnormal aal
transitory. The enemies of Spain could not re
main here. There are bnt two elements of popnlJ-
tion—Spaniards and foreigners.”
The Diario classes Cubans who favor the Spaniel)
eourse as Spaniards. *
New' Orleans, November 13.—CoL Alexander,
formerly Quartermaster under Butler, arrestedhen
recently as a bogus Treasury agent, has escaped
leaving a large number of letters from promincs!
parties relating to the custom-house and bonded
ware-house ring business. They will be sent to
London, November 12.—An English inin-ofv*
brings Peabody’s remains borne.
The delay in announcing the loan for the par-
chase of the telegraph lines, depresses ccnscla.
Liverpool, November 12.—Bark Cafa of Ne*
York for Dublin is lost and only five of her cre»
The ship Florence Lee, of Montreal for Idrerpoti
was fonudered and tbe crew saved.
Marseilles, November 12.—A fearful hnm» rt
has taken place on the Mediterranean. An Am® 5 "
can steamer was wrecked in Orion harbor.
Berlin, November 12 The bark Cupid, fe c
New York forDantzig, loaded with petroleum, ***
burned. Loss heavy.
FumntOB, November 12.—Garibaldi is quite 3 *
Madrid, November 12.—Tho Duchess of G® cl
opposes her son’s candidature.
Paris, November 13.—It was an English, msteti
of an American steamer that was destroyed in f 0I<
Orin. . , v
Ledru Rollin refuses to return to Paris,
continues a candidate for the Corps Lep*j
Louis Blanc is a candidate for the same j
Rollin has issued an address to electors/
ridiculed by all toe Paris papers. ' iiexandrU
London, November 13.—Advices fr’®. ^
state that the great bed ef rock . -j
interferes with the dredging of ® ue ?
o^the Constituent Cortes.
J that the Spanish CtoWBBin®*
patch from Florence saying the
approve the candidature of th®
so, oqe of the Republican
sted, been unconditionally re ‘
to insure vessels bonnd tBrou f>h the canal.
The Peabody funer/™ W imposing.
Political news un^P 014 * 114 -
Madrid, Noven*r 13—Tspete has been«
Vice President <
received s <
a gone to France.
k is said the Government contemplates rei
political prisoners not accused of cr “j ! “ n4 \j ( 4
Cairo, November 13.—Empress Eugenie depu^ 1
for Alexandria to-day. bstf
Paris, November 13 The city garrison has
increased by two cavalry regiments. ^
There has been another monster demonbu ^
iu toe streets, in favor of Bochcfort. It ***
molested by the police.
A Puzzle.—The citizens of Atlanta
ercisednow on tbe question: kc din
Atlanta grow so ?” The editors have as
prepared lor » wuuuuu. -—- -- tell"
nobody can doubt; but why, nobody Mvsa
With all other places a reason Atlanta-
but none has been found in toe ess ^’.Ucan.