SfUlje fpfciJrrttfl: V (v impt'raiiff tit eatSer.
JOHN H. SEALS,
NEW SERIES, VOLUME 111,
C|t Centjrenutte Cntsator.
Published every Thursday iu the year, except two>
TERMS: Two Dollars per year, in advance*
JOHN H. SEALS, Sol® Pboprietor.
LIONEL L. VEAZEY, Editor Literart Dep’tm’t.
M'RS. M. E. BRYAN, Editress.
JOHN A. REYNOLDS, Publisher.
Glubs of Ten Names, by sending the Cash,
will receive the paper at .... copy.
Clubs of Five Names, at 180 “
Any person sending us Five new subscribers, inclo
sing the money, shall receive an extra copy one year
free of cost.
Bates of Advertising:
1 square, (twelve lines or less,) first insertion, $1 00
Each continuance, 50
Professional or Business Cards, not exceeding six
lines, per year,
Announcing Candidates for Office, and 00
Advertisements not marked with the number of
insertions, will be continued until forbid, and charged
JSSMVferchants, Druggists and others, may contract
foradvertising by the year on reasonable terms.
Sale of Land or Negroes, by Administrators, Ex
ecutors and Guardians, per square, 5 00
Sale of Personal Property, by Administrators, Ex
ecutors and Guardians, per square, 3 25
Notice to Debtors and Creditors, 3 25
Notice for Leave to Sell, 4 00
Citation for Letters of Administration, 2 75
Citation for Letters of Dismission from Adm’n, 500
Citation for Letters of Dismission from Guard’p, 325
Sales of Land and Negroes by Administrators, Exec
utors or Guardians, are required, by law, to be held on
the First Tuesday in the month, between the hours of
ten in the forenoon and three in the afternoon, at the
Court-house door of the county in which the property is
situate. Notices of these sales must be given in a pub
lie Gazette, forty days previous to the day of sale.
Notices for the sale of Personal Property must be given
at least ten days previous to the day of sale.
Notices to Debtors and Creditors of an estate, must
be pubhshed/orty days.
Notice that application will be made to the Court oi
Ordinary, for leave to sell Land or Negroes, must be pub
lished’ weekly for two months.
Citations for Letters of Administration, must be pub
lished thirty days —for Dismission from Administration
monthly, six months —for Dismission from Guardianship,
Rules for Foreclosure of Mortgage must be published
monthly, for four months —for compelling titles from Ex
ecutors or Administrators, where a bond has been issued
by the deceased, the full space of three months.
Publications will always be continued according
to these, the legal requirements, unless otherwise or
CHRONICLE & SENTINEL,
PUBLISHED AT AUGUSTA, GA.
LARGEST AND BEST
LARGEST AND BEST
LARGEST AND BEST
LARGEST AND BEST
PAPER IN THE STATE.
PAPER IN THE STATE.
PAPER IN THE STATE.
* PAPER IN THE STATE.
IN EVERY NUMBER
IN EVERY NUMBER
IN EVERY NUMBER
IN EVERY NUMBER
WE GIVE THE READER
WE GIVE THE READER
WE GIVE THE READER
... WE GIVE THE READER
THREE TO FIVE TIMES
As much Reading Matter as is contained in the ordinary
Weekly Papers oi the South, consisting of
INTERESTING STORIES AND TALES,
INTERESTING STORIES AND TALES,
INTERESTING STORIES AND TALES,
INTERESTING STORIES AND TALES,
LATEST NEWS AT HOME AND ABROAD,
LATEST NEWS AT HOME AND ABROAD,
LATEST NEWS AT HOME AND ABROAD,
LATEST NEWS AT HOME AND •ABROAD,
Ac. See. Ac.
The Weekly Chronicle & Sentinel, devoted to
POLITICS, NEWS AND MISCELLANEOUS IN
TELLIGENCE, is issued every Wednesday morning,
contains the LATEST NEWS received by Mail and
Telegraph up to Twelve O’clock Tuesday Night,
and is mailed to subscribers by the earliest trains from
this city, at
TWO DOLLARS A YEAR,
TRI-WEEKLY PAPER, $4.00,
DAILY PAPER, $7.00.
Letters should be addressed to
W. S. JONES, Augusta, Ga.
copies sent free when desired.
April 15, 1858
CALL around’ and taka some ICED LEMON
ADE with June 10 J. M. BOWLES.
LOVERS OF GOOD THINGS, FRESH AND PURE,
JUST give ‘Old Mac’ a call—he’s always ready
to supply the wants of those who may favor him
with their patronage. What’ll you have ?
A saucer of Cream,
Oranges & Bananas,
Peacans &, Peanuts,
Candies and Cakes,
Stews, Fries, Bakes,
’Backer & Havanas,
In sun or shade,
‘Old Mac’s’ th’ team
that can furnish just what you may love!
at short notice. Call, examine and eat.
He may still be found at his old place.
Greenesboro, June 10, 1858 D. McDONALD.
HR. Z2OJE2 9
- SURGEON & MECHANICAL DENTIST,
TA/OULIj inform his friends that he
” will back in-November and attend
to his engagements at White Plains, Mt.
Zion, Oxford and Pcnfield. May 13, 1858- tfjan
ALL persons are forewarned against trading for
t i' e following notes: A note on Win F Luckic for
Seventeen Dollars and Forty Cents, dated in April or
May last, and due the twenty fifth December thereaf
ter ; one on Wni Moore for Twelve Dollars and Twcn- j
ty-five Cents, dated in May or June last, and due the j
twenty-fifth December thereafter; one on David Phelps i
of Hancock county for Twenty Dollars, dated in March :
last and due from date ; and one on John Mitchell of I
Mount Zion for Seventeen Dollars-Twelve and a-half ‘
cents, dated in April last, and due the twenty-fifth of
The above notes were made payable to the subscriber
as guardian cif free boys Jerry and Ben ; and the ma
kers of the same are requested to make payment to no
person except myself or my order.
• , THOMAS 6. SANFORD.
Greenesboro’, March 4, 1858.
*TT7TLL be paid for a few 80 or 150 acre LAND
W WARRANTS, on immediate application at this
office. May 27 *
1 Willis’ Hotel,”
L A T THE OLD STAND, is still open for
J-A. the reception and accommodation of trav
lllggl_ n ii£.rQ All who may favor us with their pat
ronage, shall receive every attention necessary.
A. L. WILLIS, Proprietor,
greenesboro, Feb. 12, 1858,
LaGrange Female College.
THE Annual Examination of the Students of
this Institution, will begin Monday, the sth of
July, and continue through the week.
Sunday, the 11th—Commencement Sermon by L. D.
Huston, D.D. of Tennessee. -
Monday, the 12th —Meeting of the Board of Trustees.
Evening of the same day, Sacred Concert.
Tuesday, the 13th—Celebration of the Literary So
cieties —before which the Annual Address will be deli
vered by John H. Seals, Esq. of Penfield, Ga. Evening
of the same day, General Concert by the Music Class.
Wednesday, the 14th— Commencement Day. Ad
dress by C. C. Wilson, Esq. of Savannah.
y J. W. AKERS, See’y of Faculty.
July 17, 1858 _______
THE firm of COE & LATIMER is this day dis
solved by mutual consent. H. A. COE,
Greenesboro, May Ist, 1858 J. S. LATIMER.
The practice will be continued by
who will visit
oi which due notice will be given inthe Crusader d
Gazette. Permanent office in J. CUNNINGHAMS
BLOCK, GREENESB ORO.
May 13, 1858 t.) anl
John K- Leak, A. B.JPres’t-
THIS Institution is now open, with a full and
able Faculty, for the reception of Students, both
male and female. We have a commodious building,
and the society, water and healthfulness of the locality
are unsurpassed in the State. The course of study is
thorough and extensive in both departments, including
all branches taught in the Male and Female Colleges.
Board $8 per month—Tuition reasonable. We can
and will make it to the interest ol all who patronise the
Institution. Students will come by railroad to Ncw
nan, Ga. thence by private conveyance to Carrollton.
For further particulars address John K. Leak, Car
rollton, Ga. W. W. MERRELL, W. M.
J. T. MEADOR, 8. W.
June 10-tey B. M LONG. J. W.
n\\T A RRENTED to force the Moustache andn
M VV Whiskers to grow strong and luxuriant in oneU
Ssmonth, where there was none before. It will not stairs
Hor injure the skin. One Dollar per bottle. Sent ton
parts of the country, on receipt af the price.
Address DR. S. P. SHELDON,
June 10, 1858 6m New York City.
Bowdon Collegiate Institute,)
Bowdon, Carroll Cos. Ga- )
THE ANNUAL EXAMINATION, will begin
on Monday, the sth of July and end the following
The Commencement Sermon on Sunday the 4th, by
the Rev. Mr. Roberts of Marietta.
Prize Declamation Class Tuesday night.
Commencement Exercises on Wednesday.
The friends and patrons of the School are respectfully
requested to attend, June 10—tjuly5
SIAM, AJMBWNT tt
HAVE, for six years past, been doing a heavy
GR OCER V, PROD UCE AND COMMISSION
BUSINESS, and take this method of saying to the
readers ol the Crusader that Atlanta, as a produce
market, is unequalled in Georgia; and they are still
determined, by prompt and faithful attention to all or
ders, to merit a continuance of the liberal patronage
heretofore extended to them. Orders for Bacon, Lard,
Corn, Flour, Feathers, Groceries, Factory Goods, <s-c.
must be accompanied with the cash or satisfactory ref
erences. [Atlanta, June 3—6 mos
’ wrami grass.
THE subscriber offers for sale 25 or 30 bushels
of the Winter Grass-seed, (known as the Iverson
Grass—he having the reputation of introducing the
same into Georgia.) Having raised three crops of this
Grass, I am decidedly of the opinion that it is the best
that has ever been introduced into this section, it being
far preferable to rye or bi rley for lots or grazing purpo
ses. It grows luxuriantly all winter —hard freezes or
heavy rains being no interference. It improves the land
on which it grows; neither does it hinder or obstruct
the growth of any other crop on the same ground. All
animals that feed on grass are very fond of it. The
seed may be sown at any time from June until October
and do well. I will refer the public to a perusal of the
Circular of Hon. B. V. Iverson. Any person who de
sires to procure the Grass-seed from me can do so by
early application, and have it sent to any place which
they may designate. D. HERRON.
N. B. Any further information wanting can be ob
tained by addressing me at Penfield. D. H.
Penfield, Ga. June 3, 1858 8t
Or, Short Awn Horn Crass.
Columbus, Ga. Sept. 29th, 185 C.
To the Planters, Farmers and Stock Raisers of Greene
County, Ga :
I take this method to bring to your notice a Foreign
Winter Grass, the seed of which is now acclimated,
and which I sincerely desire every Planter and Raiser
to possess and cultivate. This grass grows in the fall,
winter and spring only, and is emphatically a winter
grass. For the grazing of stock and making nutritious
hay and restoring worn out fields, it has no superior.
This grass has the following valuable qualities, which
many year’s experience has abundantly demonstrated:
Ist It has the largest seed of any known species of
grass, being nearly as large as wheat.
2d It will grow [on very rich ground] from three to
four feet high, when seasonable.
3d It is nevet injured by cold—no freeze hurts it.
4th It is never troubled by insects of any kind.
sth It is never injured or retarded in growing by heavy
rains, overflows or ordinary drought.
6th It grows as fast as Millet or Lucerne.
7th It is as nutritious as barley, and slock are as fond
of it as they are of that.
Bth It will keep horses, mules, cattle, sheep, goats,
hogs and poultry fat throughout the winter and spring,
from November to May.
9th It will then (the stock being withdrawn, and the
ground being rich) yield from three to four tons of ex
cellent hay per acre, cutting when the seed is green (in
milk) each time.
10th It saves corn and fodder being fed away to slock
during the winter and spring.
11th It completely protects fields from washing rains.
12th It ennables farmers to have an abundance of
rich milk, cream and butter, with fat beef, mutton, &c.
for the table.
13th It will (if followed with our cornfield pea or
bean) give to farmers the cheapest, simplest, the surest
and the most paying plan to reclaim worn out fields, and
fertilize those not yet so, which she ingenuity of man
! can devise.
1 14th It will sow its own seeds after the first time,
without expense or trouble, thereby re-producing itself
; (through its seeds) on the same ground ad infinitum.
15tlVjt does not.sprcad or take possession ot a field,
i so as to be difficult to get rid of, but can he effectually
j destroyed at any stage before the seed ripen and fall out,
1 by being plowed up or under.
! ’ This grass having the above enumerated properties,
’ will be found, by all who cultivate it, iar superior to
! any other species ever introduced, or which can be in*
J troduced, for the climate and soil ol ovir jjjVqi^t
THe copartnership business in the STEAM SAW
MILLS at Woodville, heretofore existing between
Bowling &c Haley, was dissolved, by mutual consent,
on the first day of January last. All persons indebted
tp said firm, either by note or oook account, for the
year 1857, are hereby notified to make payment to Jas.
A. Haley, who is authorized to receipt for the same.
JOHN S. BOWLING,
June 10-1 m - JAMES A. HALEY
BY a member of the present Graduating Class
of Mercer University, a situation as TEACHER
for the remainder of the year. Address A. B. C. Pen
field, Ga. care of editors f Temperance Crusader,
i May 27th • 4t
ADOPTED ORGAN OF ALL THE TEMPERANCE ORGANIZATIONS IN THE STATE.
f gffzssip?. [ -A-M now well supplied with a large
gjafflalisH an d complete assortment oi PLAIN and
‘HBBwf FANCY CABINET FURNITURE, ent
* * * ’ bracing every article in this line of business,
many of which are necessary to render home pleasant
WARDROBES, Rosewood, Mahogany, Walnut:
BUREAUS, do do do
WASH STANDS, do do Marb.Tops;
QUARTETTE TABLES, Rosewood and do
SOFA TABLES, do do
CARD A CENTRE TABLES, Mahogany;
R OCKERS, Rosewood, Mahog. Maple & Walnut;
CHAIRS, Rosewood, Mahog. Maple and Walnut;
BEDSTEADS, elegant Designs and Finish:
SOFAS; BOOK-CASES; FOLD. TABLES ;
WASH STANDS; WARDROBES, Ac. Ac.
PICTURE FRAMES, Gilt and Rosewood,
Any of the above-named articles purchased, will be
carefully boxed and delivered at the depot,
FREE OF CHARGE.
N. B.—Sofas, Rocking Chairs, &c. repaired neatly
and with dispatch.
I buy and manufacture none but the BEST of work,
and those who are disposed to purchase from me can
rely upon getting good articles on the most reasonable
terms. A. SHAW,
June 24—3 t Madison, Ga.
OF the Board of Commissioners ot the Town of Pen
Received from Taxes for the year 1856,
up to January Ist, 1858, s3l 51
Received from Taxes and Fines for the
year 1857, up to January 1, 1858, 20 11
Paid, April 6, 1857, for Paper, $ 20
“ May 1, “ “ Nails, 25
“ Sept. 7, “ “ Hire st. Hands, 225
“ “ 21, “ “ Tax Book, 50
“ “ Ringing Bell, 7 00
Amount on hand Ist January, 1858, 41 42
ssl 62 ssl 62
Sec’y Board Com’rs.
N. B.—The Taxes for 1857 were not collected until
after the Ist January, 1858. [June 24 —H
miraii A&mt ’
THE firm of J. S. BARNWELL & CO. will be
dissolved on the First of Next Month, by mutual
consent —at which time those having demands against
said firm, will please present them, and those indebted
are respectfully notified that the books will be open lor
settlement by note or cash. The undersigned will give
his attention to the settlement of all claims.
Mr. Barnwell will continue in the business of HAR
NESS MAKING and REPAIRING, whom I take
great pleasure in recommending as a faithful and com
petent workman. [June 24 —2m] R. J. MASSEY.
THIS is an entirely new application of Spiral
Springs to Beds, making a more comfortable,
neater and cheaper bed than ever offered before to the
The peculiar position of the Springs elevates the head
slightly, saving the trouble of building up the head with
extra bolsters. PRICE ONLY SIX DOLLARS.
For sale by A. SHAW, Madison, Ga.
P. S.—l also manufacture to order other Spring Beds.
June 24, 1858 A. S.
Greenesboro Female College.
THE Exercises of this Institution, Ist Term of
Scholastic year, will be resumed on the let Mon
day in JULY next, under the care of Rev. Homer Hen
dec, President, with an able faculty and every depart
ment amply filled. By order of the Board of Trustees.
Greenesboro, June 17—It Sec. and Treas.
OWDER and SHOT ! J. M. BOWLER.
The Albany Patriot has received a nutmeg mel
on, grown to maturity, in Dougherty county.
The derivation of the name of the Fox family
from a rainy day is very ingenious. Rainy day,
rain a little, rain much, rain hard, Reinard.—
The Buffalo Advertiser hears of a curious case
in one of the churches of that city, where a parish
ioner, threatening to withdraw from the society,
pleads as an excuse that the young ladies arc not so
A Relic or Seventy-Six. —Some laborers were
plowing in a field near Mount Aubern, in Boston,
on Saturday morning, when the plow turned out
a portion of a small cannon, which liad the ap
pearance of having been exploded. How or when
this death dealing implement came to be em
bedded here is a query for antiquarians. The
cannon bears indistinct marks of an inscription.
Ay Important Secret Well Kept. —A woman
can keep a secret. We never doubted it, and
now it has been demonstrated out in Schuyler
county, Illinois, where an elderly couple iij the
vicinity of Rushville had a young and beautiful
daughter—an only child—upon whom they lav
ished all their affections. Two years ago a young
man applied to them for work, and they employed
him. His amiable ‘qualities and industry/ soon
won their confidence. He had been in their em
ploy six months when the farmer having business
at Beai'dstown, sent the young man there to attend
to it, and as the daughter had some purchases to
make she was allowed to go with him. At night
they returned. Affairs went on for eighteen
months, the only change being the pleasure with
which the old people discovered that the young
folks were daily becoming attached to each other
and they looked forward to their marriage as a
result most gratifying. Being considered as
“ lovers,” the young people were allowed to “ sit
up,” together after the old folks had retired ; but
one night, two weekß ago, the old gentleman feel
ing unwell, rose up, and not finding, as expected,
his daughter in her own bed, where she ought to
have been, looked elsewhere, and fSund her where
he thought she ought not to have been. Much
noise^and confusion ensued. Next day the far
mer posted full speed to Beardstown, had an in
terview with the keeper of the county records,
and discovered that the aforesaid young man
and woman had been legally joined in marriage
for eighteen months, and neither had never told
any person of the fact!
Life’s Last Hours.
Life’s last hours are grand testing hours Death
tries all our principles, and lays bare all our found
ation. Many have acted the hypocrite in life,
who were forced to be honest in the hour of death.
Misgivings of the heart that have been kept se
cret through life, have come out in doath: and
many who seemed all fair and right for heav
en, have had to declare that they had only been
A gentleman of renown was on his dying bed,
when a friend, near at hand, spoke of the >Savior.
“As to tho Bible,” lie replied, “it may be true;
Ido not know.” “ What then are your pros
pects ?” he was asked. lie replied in whispers,
which indeed were thunders, “Very dark— very
dark.” “ But have you no light from the Sun of
Righteousness? Have you done justice to the
Bible ?” “ Perhaps not,” he replied, “ but it is
now too late—too late”
A mother, who had laughed at religion and re
ligious people, was seen restless and miserable on
her bed of death. She desired that her children
should be called—they camo; in broken accents
she addressed them: “My children, I have
been leading you in the wrong road all your life ;
I now find tho broad road ends in destruction ; I
did not believe it before. 0! seek to serve God,
and try to find the gate to heaven, though you
may never meet your mother there.” Her lips
were closed forever, and lief spirit departed to its
account, while the household looked on terror
struck. Mother ! Father! would you die thus ?
0 no 1 Then point to heaven, and lead the way.
PENFIELD, GEORGIA, THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1858.
BY AIRS. AI. E. BRYAN.
f fTTTILLY,” s& id my uncle to his little boy, who
VV was looking with interest at the fraternizing
of two schoolgirls, “can you tell me why young
ladies love to kiss each other before company?”
“ Well,” said Willy, after a moment’s profound
meditation, “ I guess they do it to male the gentle
men’s mouths water.”
I have often since thought of the remark, when
1 have seen girls in company with their arms in
terlaced, or fondling each other’s hands, or worse
still, kissing and embracing each other. Why
not reserve all such exhibitions of extravagant
affection for private Do they think
it renders them “ interesting,” or that it is pleas
antly suggestive to gentlemen of affectionate
partners, connubial felicity, honey-moons, that
would astonish, as to honey, all the bees of Ily
meltus, etc. etc.? Or, perhaps it is only the spon
taneous outflowing of their affectionate liearts-r
----very likely! The escape valves of the exuberant
tenderness that would not survive the test of
rivalship in a beau or a bonnet!
I venture to say, dear reader, (all readers are
“dear,”) that you have one of these interesting
specimens of young-lady-liood, even now, in your
“mind’s eye.” She is an artless little creature,
of course—all susceptibility and impulsive feel
ings; as Dickens says of his Miss Pecksniff, “she
is indeed a gushing thing,” who, if you chance to
belong to the opposite sex, makes it a point in
your presence to rest her dimpled elbow on her
“darling Carrie’s shoulder, caress her hand, pass
her arm tenderly around her waist, or, if she
happens to have a pretty mouth, puts up her rosy
lips occasionally for a kiss, and steals a naive
glance at you from under her eyelashes, in a very
charming manner, indeed. Perhaps you are in
that transition state between boyhood and man
hood, when the disease of love is easily taken as
the measles, though not half so dangerous, when
you find it a moral impossibility to pass a bonnet
without peeping under the veil and feel electri
cal symptoms at the touch of every gloved hand
that rests on your coat sleeve. If you are just
smitten with the mania that attacks all young
gentlemen on emerging from the era of turn-down
collars into the glory of a budding moustache,
then, in all probability, you snapped eagerly at
the bate, your “ mouth watered” at sight of those
feminine kisses, you longed for an equal privilege
of pressing that plump little hand, and said to
yourself that night, as you drew female heads on
the margin of your Homer, “ What a dear, af
fectionate little wife she would make a fellow.”
But, if you had gone through the disenchanting
process of experience; if your taste had been cor
rected and refined, and if you had given a -little
attention to the study of human nature, you
would be affected in a very different manner, and
instead of your “ mouth watering,” you would
think such exhibitions of devoted friendship
rather silly and indelicate, to say the least of
them, and oest reserved for less public occasions.
M. E. B.
ARE WE JUST TO OUR DAUGHTERS ?
BY L. VIRGINIA FRENCH.
PERHAPS, in doubting that we are—perhaps
in even venturing upon the consideration of
such a “ home question,” I shalljbe told that I
am entering upon delicate ground. It is a ques
tion which comes home to the heart of every pa
rent, and there are few, i am persuaded, who do
not rather believe that they are more than “just”
to their beloved., daughters. The ever-careful
mother will no doubt regard me with an expres
sion of astonishment, if I dare hint to her that I
deplore her injustice to her children; and the
father, “whose pride is oftenest centered on his
daughter,” will perhaps be inclined to doubt my
sanity, if I venture to assure him that he is ten
der, generous and indulgent, but far from being
“just” to her. And here in the outset, I would
have it distinctly understood that it is not cver
indulgence, injudicious generosity or blind affec
tion that I desire to gain for our daughters, but—
Though I may not, perhaps, be able to make
my conclusions clear to your minds, yet. I have
long been impressed with the conviction that,
as a general thing, we make too great a distinc
tion between the “ training” of our daughters and
that of our sons. Some may argue that this is
natural; “ there is such a marked difference be
tween boys and girls,” is the stereotyped expres
sion. With all due deference to an “ old super
stition,” (for such I regard this opinion,) there is
not so much “difference” as one might at first
imagine. Physiologists tell us that previous to
the age of puberty there is no very great dissimi
larity of physical organism; and neither, lam
persuaded, is there so great a “ difference” in
their mental and moral natures. I believe that
there would be but little dissimilarity in their
tastes, if they were not educated from the cradle
to be different. For instance, I think they would
both enjoy the same playthings, if mama, or papa,
or nurse wertf"not continually chiming in with,
“boys don’t play with doll-babies; boys don’t
have needles,” and little ladies mus’nt have hor
ses, or whips, or wheelbarrows.” Boys, if left to
themselves, (and I have watched them,) seem to
me to take a great deal of interest in dolls, and
I know that girls do love to run and jump, to ride
horses, and wade in the “branch,” and climb
cherry trees; I know it by a free, wild and hap
Again, some may argue that a very different
training is not only natural, but necessary to fit
the sexes for their different “spheres” in life.
From my point of view, however, a very different
training seems not only unnecessary, but disadvan
tageous—a violence and a wrong to the nature of
both. The line of demarcation which separates
the “spheres” of the sexes, does not appear to
me so distinctly drawn, as some would have us
suppose. To me, their natures, tlioir “missions,”
their destinies are like the banded colors in the
rainbow; there are portions which exhibit strik
ing contrasts, it is true, as the blue and the red,
but who can draw the line of demarcation be
tween them, or point out a barrier in that rich
est and softest violet, which is formed by the
beautiful blending of both? 8b do I consider it
impossible to define the “spheres” of the sexes.
There is between them a most beautiful blending
—a melting of the one into the other which de
fies the setting up of a boundary, and which forms
the richest and lovliest portions of the charac
ters of both.
In yiew, however, of those points of contrast
which do exist like the positive colors in the
rainbow, I would not have the entire training of
boys and girls to be similar, but I think only
that the lines of demarcation are now too deeply
drawn, and the barriers too persistently kept up.
I will mention a few such instances—instances,
too, in which I think it cannot but be acknowl
edged that we are extremely unjust to our daugh
First,- then, the majority of parents—mothers
especially—seem to do all in their power to pre-.
vent their little girls from acquiring that physical
development which is the only sure foundation
of all beauty, education or usefulness, because it
is the only sure basis of life itself. Read the fol
lowing description of the privileges which parents
allow their sons, and ask yourselves why are they
not as just to their daughters?
“ Watch a set of boys at play! See them run,
jump, bound, straining nerve and muscle, bone
and sinew; yet, with heart and spirit all given
to the work with a perfect abandon! See the hat
tossed out of the ring first, and the hair flung
from the glowing brow! Then, away goes coat
and vest—oft-times even boots and stockings—
and ere long the whole nature is engrossed, body
and spirit; and when the game is lost or won,
there is not an atom of the whole being that has
not been renovated. Their play hour over, the
student returns to his studies, refreshed, strength
Is this the way girls are allowed to “play?”
No, of course not; but they would do so if allowed,
and once in a while we find one that does. I’ve
played in that way many a time; and oh! how
heartily I enjoyed it, too! But in general, “ girls”
don’t play that way; the “little ladies” never; it’s
only the “ tomboys ” that are willing, for the sake
of the pleasure, to pay the penalty by finding
themselves tabooed in all genteel society. Thank
Heaven there are a few “ tomboys” left yet! But
I would like to know of parents if it is just to give
to their sons the opportunity of becoming health
ful, strong, vigorous, energetic and brave, and
denying such opportunities to tlieir daughters ?
Is it just in mama to furnish her little Willie with
warm mittens, a “dreadnought” and warm boots,
and allow him to slide on the snow bank until
he is as fresh as a June rose with glowing exer
cise, while poor darling little May must sit mewed
up by the parlor fire, in worked linen pantalettes
and paper-soled slippers, bending over her doll
rags? She can’t go with brother, of course ; she
would freeze; but why not supply her with warm
hood, saque, <fcc. and thick boots —ye3, boots, just
like Willie’s, (only smaller, because May is such
a tiny-footed wee thing,) and let her go with
brother?- Your children would be prettier, heal
thier, happier and better; when grown, they
would be nobler and wiser, more efficient, more
beautiful and more useful. Is it just to bring up
our daughters as though they were to sit all their
lives under a glass show-case, and then when they
have entered upon the realities of life, turn upon
them’ and demand, with a scowl over their short
comings, the payment of all women’s onerous
responsibilities ? But folios, I fear, could not ex
haust my “righteous indignation” upon this sub
ject; so, only having hinted at it, I am forced to
Again, we are unjust to our daughters in re
gard to their intellectual education. It is too
superficial—of too brief duration—and they are
forced “through” the stereotyped “course” at
too tender an age. Our mistakep system of men
tal culture is the “ Dead Soa fruit” (containing
only ashes and bitterness) which is the direct
product of that only aim in life which we have
set before our daughters —to be married. I have
elsewhere dwelt so largely upon our pseudo sys
tem of female education, that I will not now re
peat myself; but I must say that it is owing to
this false idea that it is the destiny, aim, purpose
and “chief end” of woman to be married, that we
have nothing better, truer or nobler to give her.
And until this idea is exploded, I shall despair of
seeing any true reform taking place in our process
of mental culture. I would not be understood
here as speaking against the “ peculiar institu
tion” of marriage; far from it; but I do deplore
that it is being made the end and aim of woman’s
life, insomuch as to lay her liable to ridicule, as
well as to bring upon her a thousand other injus
tices. The popular quotation that “ Man’s love
is of man’s life a thing apart—’tis woman’s whole
existence,” sounds exceedingly pretty and senti
mental and all that, but Byron has said a great
many things that are very beautiful, but deeply
false, and this is one of them.
And this leads me to my third instance of in
justice to our daughters. We wrong them in
that we compel them to marry. Our sons marry or
not, as they please, whenever it suits their con
venience, or whenever they can tease somebody
into taking them “ for better or for worse,” and
the parents say it’s all right, but they must “ marry
oft” their daughters; get rid of them, and speed
ily, too, or they will be old maids, (!!!) and so, dis
graced forever! The love of the parent succombs
to public opinion, to tyrant custom, and for fear
of the “ world’s dread laugh,” they send forth
their young daughters into the soul-mart to be
sold to the first, or more probably the highest,
bidder. Must not this be humiliating—galling—
“bitterer than rue?”
The remedy for this wrong lies in giving your
daughter some other aim in life except marriage,
so that this may become to her a matter of will
not of necessity. This very want of an aim or pur
pose in life, I put down as the fourth injustice to
our daughters, of which we are guilty. Girls, as
well as boys, ought to have something in view;
something to stimulate them; something to bring
out their energies. It is usual with parents to
ask their sons, as soon as they are old enough to
understand the question, “ what do you intend
to be?” The boy’s inclinations are eagerly
watched, his tastes ascertained, his abilities
weighod, in order that they may be better able
to decido what shall be his future course. When
his career is settled, all his powers are concentra
ted, all his energies directed to the accomplish
ment ot that one object, his life becomes earnest,
lor he feels that he has a work to perform ; he
acquires anew dignity, for he is a person of some
importance in the world; ho has a purpose in
life; lie is not a mero cipher. But what father
among us, indulgent or loving as he may be, turns
from his proud, bold-eyed boy, and while por
chance a tear-drop glistens iu his eye, lays his
hand so tenderly upon the broad white brow, anct
silken tresses of his darling girl, and asks with a
strange tremor in his manly voice: “And what
# ismy heart’s child going to be?” If a
thought ever crosses his mind, it usually amounts
to nothing more than, “she will be a belle, an
make a great match;” “she has such a fine'dis
position, and will be such a sweet wife, or s e
has strong principles, and will make a m e
| mother thus, in every instance bringing up the
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
VOL. XXIV. NUMBER 24
one everlasting and apparently inevitable idea of
marriage, as though no woman had ever lived or
died without being married, or without even de
siring to be. I cannot see why girls should be
brought up in the idea that marriage is the “one
thing needful;” “the summmn honum the “ noth
ing more beyond.” I wish that they would be
gin to think -otherwise. I hope that they will
soon send in a remonstrance that they will pro
test against being called upon to act and suffer as
women, when they have only been brought up as
doll-babies; to speak, write and talk as though
they were well educated when they are only ac
complished,” and to be nothing, do nothing, say
nothing and think nothing, except how, and
when, and where, and to whom they are to he mar
Forest Home, 1858.
ODE ON MELANCHOLY.
No, no go not Lethe, neither twist
Wolf’s bane, tight-rooted for its poisonous wine;
Nor suffer thy pale forehead to be kiss’d
By night’s shade, ruby grape of Proserpine;
Make not your rosary of yew-berries,
Nor let the beetle nor the death moth be
Your mournful Psyche, nor the downy ow
A partner in your sorrow’s mysteries;
For shade to shade will come too drowsily,
And drown the wakeful anguish of the soul.
But when the melancholy fit shall fall
Sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud,
That fosters the droop-headed flowers all,
And hides the green hill in an April shroud ;
Then glut thy sorrow on a morning rose,
Or on the rainbow of the salt sand-wave,
Or on the wealth of globed peonies;
Or if thy mistress some rich anger shows,
Imprison her soft hand, and let her rave,
And feed deep, deep upon her peerless eyes.
She dwells with Beauty—Beauty that must die !
And Joy, whose hand is ever at his lips
Bidding adieu ; and aching pleasure nigh,
Turning to poison while the bee-mouth sips:
Ay, in the very temple of delight
Veil’d melancholy has her sov’reign shrine, [tongue
Though seen of none save him whose strenuous
Can burst joy’s grape against his palate fine ;
His soul shall taste the sadness of her might,
And be among her cloudy trophies hung.
MARY MALONEY’S IDEA OF A LOVER.
“ What are you singing for ?” said I to Mary
“Oh, I don’t know, ma’am, without it’s because
my heart feels happy.”
“Happy, are you, Mary Maloney? Let me
see; you don’t own a foot of land in the world.”
“Foot of land, is it?” she cried, with a hearty
Irish laugh. “Oh, what a hand ye be after jok
ing ; why, I haven’t a penny, let alone the land.”
“Your mother is dead?”
“God rest yer soul, yes,” replied Mary Malo
ney, with a touch of genuine pathos, “ may tho
angels make her bed in Heaven.”
“ Your brother is still a hard case, I suppose?”
“ Ah, you may well say that. It’s nothing but
drink, drink, drink, and beating his poor wife,
that she is, the creature.”
“ You have to pay your little sister’s board ?”
“Sure the bit of a creature, and she’s a good
little girl, is Hinny, willing to do whatever I axes
her; I dofi’t grudge the money what goes for
“You haven’t many fashionable dresses, either,
Mary Maloney ?”
“Fashionable, is it? 0, yes, I put a piece of
whalebone in my skirt, and me calico gown looks
as big as the great ladies. But then ye sas true ;
I hasn’t but two gowns to me back, two shoes to
me feet, and one bonnet to me head, barring the
old hood ye gave me.”
“You haven’t any lover, Mary Maloney?”
“0, be off wid ye—ketch Mary Maloney get
ting a lover these days when the hard times is
cornet No, no, thank Heaven, I ain’t got that to
trouble me yet, nor I don’t want it.”
“ What on earth, then, hare you got to make
you happy? A drunken brother, a poor, help
less sister, no father, no mother, no lover: why,
where do you get all your happiness from ?”
“The Lord be praised, Miss, it growed up in
me. Give me a bit of sunshine, a clean flure,
plenty of work, and a sup at the right time, and
I’m made. That makes me laugh and sing, and
then if deep trouble comes, why, God helpin’ me,
I’ll try to keep my heart up. Sure it would be a
sad thing if Patrick McGrue should take it into
his head to come and ax me, but the Lord willin’,
I’d try to bear up under it.”
The last speech upset my gravity. The idea
of looking upon a lover as an affliction was so
droll. But she was evidently sincere, having be
fore her the example of her sister’s husband and
her drunken brother.
A Young Man’s Course.
I saw him first at a social party. He took but
a single glass of wine, and that in compliance with
the request of a young lady with whom he con
I saw him next, when he supposed he was un
seen, taking a glass to satisfy the slight desire
formed by his social indulgence. lie thought
there was no danger. /
I saw him again with those of his own age, meet
ing at night, to spend a short time in convivial
pleasure. He said it was only innocent amuse
I met him next, late in the evening, in the
street, unable to reach home. I assisted hinx
thither. He looked ashamed when we next
I saw him next reeling in the street. A con
fused stare was on his countenance, and words of
blasphemy were on his tongue. Shame was
I saw him yet once more. Ho was pale, cold,
motionless, and was carried by his friends to
his last resting place. In the small procession
that followed, every head was cswt down, and
seemed to shake with uncommon anguish.
His father’s gray hairs were going to the grav e
in sorrow. His mother wept to think , a s
had ever given birth to such a child.
The Book book of Job is generally
cully SKiniui a the roo£ jern languages into
w hole wo ik - f j b has been translated, its
* hlch fronthe natural scenery ofthe
iVd aaSketS on the height of the waters,
rubres of the waves towering high beneath
°. n H 1 Inf the wind.” “ The morning red has
the ioico m - ns 0 f the earth, and variously
formed the covering of the clouds, as the hand
of man holds the yielding clay.”
The habits of animals are described, as, for in
duce those of the wild ass, the horse, the buf
falo the rhinoceros, and the crocodile, the eagle
and’the oitrich. We see- “pure ether spread,
during the scorching heat of the south wind, as a
melted mirror over the parohed desert.”
The poetic literature of th'e Hebrews is not de
ficient m variety of form; for, while the Hebrew
poetry breathes a tone of warlike enthusiasm,
from Joshua to Samuel, the little book of the
gleaner Ruth presents us with a charming and ex
quisite pioture of nature. Goethe, at the period
of his enthusiasm for the East, spoke of it “ as the
loveliest of epi and idyl poetry whieh we pos-