Standard of union. (Milledgeville, Ga.) 183?-18??, December 01, 1836, Image 1

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EDITED RY THO lIAS HAYNES. ESQ. VOS,. 111. NO. 40. of 585f.1\ i. PttbUther (idy Authority,) of the Laws of the United Slates: •fllee on Greene Street, nearly oppo site the Market. Issued eveiy Tuesday morning,at $3 per annum subscription taken for less than a yqar and no paper discontinued, but at the option ot the publisher, until all arrearages are paid. Advertisemests conspicuously inserted at the usual rates—those not limited when handed in, will be inserted ’till forbid, and charged accord ngly. CHANGE OF DIRECTION. We desire such of our subscribers as may a _*ny time wish the direction of their papers chan •ged from one Post Office to another, to inform tits, in all cases, of the place to which they had 'been previously sent; as the mere order ft> for nraid them to a different office, places it almost ■out of our power, to comply, because we have no means of ascertaining the office from which they are ordered to be changed, but a search through •ur whole subscription Book, containing severa thousand names. POSTAGE. It is a standing rule with this office, as well as all others, that the postage of all letters and communications to the Editor or Proprietor must be paid. We repeat it again,—and re quest all parsons having occasion to address us upon business connected in any way with the establishment, to bear it in mind. Persons wishing to become subscribers to the Standard of Union, are particularly requested to give their attention to this; or they will not have the pa~ per forwarded to them. NOTICE. WILL be sold on the fifteenth day of Decem ber next, at the late residence of Mrs. Susannah Hulsey, dec’d a number ot articles con sisting of Household and Kitchen furniture, Beds, Corn. Fodder. Fork and stock Hogs, Horses, aud a large stock of cattle and sheep ; plantation and farmiug tools, with many other things too tedious to mention Sale to continue from day to day, until all is sold. The plantation will be disposed ; of on that day. if not previously sold. Terms on lhe day. GIDEON HOLSEY’, HOPKINS HOLSEY, JAMES M. HOLSEY. Hancock, Ga. 42—tds. The Southern Recorder will please publish the above until the day of sale, aud forward their ac count fur payment. Leonard Bunts 1 Libel for divorce in **- > Pike Superior court, Martha Burns. ) Sept. Tenn, 1836. rappearing to the court that the said defen dant has not been seived with tho usual process; and it appearing she cauuot be found, It is therefore ordered by the court, that she ap pear at the next Superior court, to be held in and for Pike county, on the Ist Monday in March 1837. and then and there answer to the above suit. And it is further ordered by the court, that service . of this rule be perfected, by its being published once a month, for three mouths, iu one of the public gazettes of this State. A true extract from the minutes, 6th Septem ber 1836. EGBERT I’. DANIEL, c. s. c. Nov. | m.'lm. GEORGIA: A Proclamation By WILLIAM SCHLEY, Governor of said State. | WHEREAS. I have received official infer- I ■nation, that a murder was cumitted iu j the county of Gwinnett, in this State, on the 24th ■lliflio. upon the body of MOSES CAMP, by i TXemzis J. Chnmben. And it being represented to mo, that Lie said Thomas J. Chambers has fled | ■ firoM justice. I have thought projier to issue this I My Precfmurtioe, hereby offering a reward of Tim Htndtrd Dollars. to any persou or persons , who May apprehend and deliver the said Thomas J. Chambers, to the Sherifi or Jailor of said coun ty. And Ido moreover charge and require all •fleers, civil and military, in this State to be vigi iaat in eadeavoriag to apprehend, aud deliver hi® as aforesaid,' io orde- that he may bo tried far the offence with which he stands charged. The said Thmias J. Chambers, is about 30 years •f age, middle size, blue eyes, fair cemplexion, with dark hair, bas a scar on one of his cheeks, is Maaeh given to intoxication, and is left handed. Given under my hand and the Great Seal of the State, at the Capitol in Milledgevife, this, the third duy of November Eighteen Hundred ■•d thirty-six. and of American Indpendeuce the sixty-first. WILLIAM SCHLEY. By the Governor William A., Stcr'y of State. Novembers, 45—2 t. »*OO SHAKES BANK OF AVGUSTA STOCK, AT AUCTION. PfINHE sale of the increased Capital Slock of _ this Bank will be resumed in front of the Banking hovsr. at II o'clock, on the niomiug ot Wednesday, the 18th January next, at which time the Board of Directors will offer at auction the pri viiedge of subscribing fur THREE THOUSAND ndditioual share*, being the balance of the increase antborizeil by ibo act of December, 1826. By •rder of the Board of Directors. ROBERT F. POE. Cashier. Bank of Augusta, Nov. 13th, 18146. fly* The •Savannah Georgian, Charleston •Brier, Southern Recorder, Standard of Union, 'Georgßt Journal. Federal Union, Macon Messen ;ger, Athens Banner, and Washington News, will publish this adverl’seincnt mice a week until the 10th of January aud proseut their accounts fur ,payment. Milledgcvilc, Nov. 24 45. DEATISTRV. THE Subscriber most respectfully.asks the indulgence in this way, to make known to the citizens and strangers now in Milledgeville, and its vicinity, his intention to remain in a short time in the city, in his professional capacity. He has taken a very convenient room on Jef ferson Street, in front of the Capitol, where lie will with pleasure, wait the commands of Ladies and Gentlemen, at all hours of the day, who •ay please to give him a call. lor the inform tiion of those who are not ac quainted with his professional skill, he will state, that he has commendatory letters from the prin cipal officers of state—The Medical Society of Augusta, nnd professors ofthe Medical College Ml Georgia; besides many from private gentle tnen of the first respectability. He repairs the mouth in every possible situa tion,and warrants his operations. E OSBORN, ~ .Operative Surgeon Demist. Nov. 24-— 2t. Sr SfM/ c c r fWW * RESOLUTIONS OF INDIANA. A joint Resolution on the subject of the Ohio and Charleston Rail Road. Whereas, the Governor of this State, in his Annual Message to the General Assembly, al the opening of the present ses sion, laid before the Legislature the proceedings of a Public Meeting held at Cincinnati, in August last, on the subject of a Rail Roaj irotn lhe banks ol the Ohio River to the tide wa ters of the Carolinas and Georgia,” and, also, the proceedings of the Clumber of Commerce of the city of Charleston, held in October subsequent, with other documents of the same nature on the same subject. And, whereas, the successful prosecution d said work is inseparably identified with the commercial, politi i al and social interests ot Indiana, as well as the more enlarged md delicate interests of the Union. Resolved,Ry the General Assembly of the State of Indiana, That they view, with the liveliest Interest, the project of a” Rail Road from the batiks ol the Ohio river to the tide waters of the" -urulinas and Georgia,” that, whether considered in reference to its magnitude or its consequences, as a work of this character, it is without a parallel in this or any other age or country. Resolved, That traversing, as it does, in its direct route be tween the p lints n t'.ned, a large and interesting region of coun try, e.njraeiiigalinoM every variety of cliin ite and character, to say nothing ot the almost numberless ramifications and exten sions ot which it is susceptible, until its North >rn ail Western arms shall -‘repose oi the shores of oir Western Me literr i nt...:, aid e n’orace tie sources of the Mississippi, it must be regarded as an enterprise worthy the patriotism and sanction of the whole nation. Resolved, That its natural connection, byway of Cincinnati, Louisville and Nashville, with lhe various works of Internal Improvement now projected in Indiana, endears it, in a commer cial point ol view, as an object of the first importance to her as a State, by which a new, direct and safe avenue is opened to her trade with the Southern main, without encountering, as she now does, lhe delays and vicissitudes of the more dangerous route byway of lhe Mississippi and the Gulph of Mexico. Resolved, That, as an arm of national defence, furnishing, as it would, a rapid and easy route for the transportation of troops and the material of war from tl e sea-board to the Western inte rior, or the transmission of Western productions to the Atlantic, it is an object worthy the support of the whole nation. Resolved, That it is in view, however, of its effects upon the social and political condition of our common country, that they regard it as most important ; that they look upon it as a mea sure, which, more than any other projected in the present age, will lend, by its operation upon the trade intercourse of re mote and comparatively alienated sections of the confederacy, to harmonise the jarring elements of now discordant and conflicting interests, feelings and habits ; that they look upon it as an iron chain which will inevitably tend to connect, with new ties, that glorious Union which is the basis of our common prosperity, and “ well regulated Liberty.” Resolved, That this General Assembly hereby tender to the several states engaged in this noble work, their warmest wishes fiir its speedy and triumphant success, and that they cherish to wards them feelings of increased attachment for thus having added another monument to the enterprize and patriotism of the age, and, above all, another bond to the Union of the States. Resolved, That the Governor be requested to transmit a copy of the foregoing resolutions to the “ Committee of inquiry ; and correspondence” at Cincinnati, to the “ Chamber of Com merce” of the city of Charleston, to lhe City Council of the i city of Louisville, and to the Executives of the States of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, and Kentucky. CALEB B. SMITH, Speaker of the House of Representatives. DAVID WALLACE, President of Senate. Approved, Feb. 8, 1836. N. NOBLE. By order of the Governor, transmitted, J. L. KETCHAM. Report upon the Commercial advantages presented by Georgia to the West, in connection with the contemplated Rail-Road commnica- j tion. The undersigned Committee beg leave to submit the following REPORT. The advantages which a Rail-Road communication with Georgia presents to lhe inhabitants of the west, in a commercial point of view consist, in the extent of country opened to their trade, producing Rice and Cotton, and consuming articles, the produce and manufac ture of the North Western States; andin forming direct and conven ient communications with all the great commercial cities of the South, through which the necessary supplies of the West, may be most con veniently obtained aud cheaply transported to the* West. A R .il Road entering Georgia at -my point on her northern boun dary, between South Carolina and Alabama, will communicate by the Georgia Rail Road with Athens and Augusta, and from Augusta, by the Rail-Road with Ch irleston, and by steam boats with Savannah. From a point above Athens, a direct communication may be had with Forsyth, there meeting the Rail Road to Macon, and from one of these places, a Rail Road communication will soon be opened to Columbus on the Chattahoochee, from whence steam boats now run through Florida to the Gulf of Mexico. A glance on the Map, at the lines here designated, will shew, that the cities and country thus opened to the trade of the West will in- clude the city of Charleston, and all the Rice growing country of South Carolina—the city of Savannah and every important point in the state of Georgia—touching al Columbus the boundary of South Alabama, and passing through Florula. To shew the importance of these communications more in detail— we state— The gross receipts of the Georgia Rail Road, now being construct ed, for transportation are estimated upon specific data to be 4 'O, 030 dollars per annum. This amount is estimated upon the assump tion that the road will terminate at Athens. Augusta, the largest interior commercial city of the South is the next point. The present population of Augusta is estimated at be tween seven and eight thousand inhabitants; and immediately adjoin ing, connected by two bridges, is the important town of Hamburg in South Carolina. Os the Crop of Cotton made in 1835, the recepts at Augusta will be 140,000 bales, and at Hamburgh 35,000, making an aggregate of 175, bales, which at 5t > dollars per bale, makes an amount of 8, 750,00 I dollars. The sale of Merchandise may be safely esti mated to exceed seven millions of dollars, thus making an aggrenate commercial business of the year exceeding fifteen millions of dollars. Bagging, Flour, and Bacon are leading articles of importation for in terior consumption. The commercial business of Augusta is carried on by the Rail-Road with Charleston, and by steam boats with Savannah—through which cities all her imports and exports are-made. The business on lhe Sa- j vaiinah River alonw, employs 20 steam boats and about 50 tow boats, rhe freight on the imports of Augusta, from Savannah, though carried at very low rates, exceeds 200,000 dollars per annum. Diverging from the Georgia Rail Road Line, at a point above 4th ens, to the South the communication is opened by Forsyth with Macon ' and all southwestern Georgia. Tho receipts of Cotton at Macon the past season, amounted to 80, 000 bales of the average weight of 350 pounds, which at the market value, produced over four millions of dollars. The receipts at other places, above D irien amounted to 20,000 bales and in value to one million of dollars. The sales of merchandise at Macon for the year may bo estimated at 3,500,000 dollars, and at the other places on the rivers at 7to 8 mi,On) dollars, making an aggregate commercial business for the year of over nine millions of dollars. Tho transput taiion of Cotton ami merchandise, on the Oconee and Ocinulgee Rivers, employs at present, eight steam boats and fifty tow boats find pole boats. From Micon to S ivannib, tho Central Rail Road of Georgia i«j I about being constructe l. VIILLLDGUVILLE, I.ORGi IA, TIHRSDAY HORAIAG, DECEMBER 1, 1836. From Macon to Columbus, on the Chattahoochee river, the pre sent communication is by two daily lines of Post Coaches, but will without doubt require a Rail Road. Macon is unquestionably the se cond, and Columbus the third city, in commercial importance, in the interior of the southern states. Though of recent origin, they have already outstripped their elder competitors, and are growing with a rapidity, only equalled by the most flourishing towns of the north, and west. The quantity of Cotton made in Georgia the last season, and ex ported by the way of Columbus and the Chattahoochee and Flint Ri vers to Apalachicola, exceeded forty thousand bales, and in value over two millions of dollars—employing two .gleam boats on the Flint, twelve steamboats on the Chattahoochee River. In this section of country a large portion of the best Cotton lands, are not yet brought into cultivation—and the produetion is yearly in creasing in a great ratio. We have stated that a Rail Road entering the northern boundary of Georgia at any point, between South Carolina and Alabama, would communicate by the Georgia Rail Road, through Athens, to Augusta, and from that point would command the trade, of both Charleston and Savannah, thus giving a choice of the two most important markets of the .southern Atlantic coast. The city of Savannah in 183) cantoned a population of 7,900 inhab itants. By information derived from the local authorities, the popu lation is now stated at 11,0 )0. The exports of Cotton from Savannah of the crop made in 1835, will be about 25J,0J0 bales, which at the average value of 55 dollars er bale,will amount to 13,750,1'0 ) dollars. The export of Rice of, the crop of 1535—wi1l be about 24,000 casks, and will amount in value to 450,000 dollars. The exports of Lumber, and all other articles, may amount to 750, 000 dollars—m iking an aggregate of nearly fifteen millions of dollars in value, exported of the produce of the country, from Savannah the present year. The imports into Savannah from all quarters the present year will exceed twelve millions of dollars—part of which is sold in Savannah, and part forwarded in the original packges to Augusta, Macon, and tie p aces in the interior. The intercourse between Savannah and New York alone, employs fifteen regular packets, many of them large ships, besides transient ves sels. But the largest business from Savannah is direct from Liver pool. Inßj months—to wit, from Oct. Ist 1835, to June 16th, 1836, there w*>re shipped from Savannah direct for Liverpool, 125,807 bales of Cotton, which at the value of 55 dollars per bale, amounted to 6, 919,335 dollars. From Savannah, steam boats run to Augusta—to Charleston—to Darien—to Macon—to the St. John’s River in East Florida, and to all the intermediate places on the coast, and Rivers. By a statement published in the Savannah Georgian on the 17th of June 1836, it appears that the merchants of Savannah were then own ers in thirty-seven ships and brigs, besides smaller vessels and steam boats—that of these, eighteen were ships of the largest class, averag ing over si)o tons each. From Savannah the Central Rail Road will lead directly into the heart of Georgia, and arrangements are being made to connect therewith lines of steam packets running to Norfolk and New York. Hiving pointed out the important commercial points placed indirect communication with the west, by a Rail Road coming from thence, and entering the northern boundary of Georgia, we now state, the entire country embraced in this sketch, is almost exclusively a conn ry pro- 1 ducing Cotton and Rice, and consuming largely the products, manu factures, and stock of the west. The receipts es Cotton at Savannah, are stated at 250,00'’ bales. Exported from Darien to places other than Savannah, 10,000 bales Exported by the way of Apalachisola, 4'',000 “ Making a total of 300,000 bales. To pack this quantity of Cotton, 1500,000 yards of Bagging ate re quired,.all of which is now imported from Great Britain, but which may be supplied from tlie west. In addition to this, a large section of the finest Cotton lands in Geor gia. lying between tlte Flint and Chattahoochee Rivers are but par tially settled, and will, in three or four years, increase the growth of Cotton in Georgia to at least 4(>0,O0O bales—making a still further de mand upon lhe west, for its produce, manufactures, and stock. We-have thus, in the short time allowed us, sketched a very brief and imperfect outln e of some of the commercial advantages which Georgia presents to her friends in the West and North Western States, and which may be commanded by a Rail Road, entering any point of her northern boundary, between South Carolina and Alabama. WILLIAM DEARING, JAMES R. BUTTS. ROBERT CAMPBELL, S. B. PARKMAN, T. G. CASEY. Mr Williams, from the committee of forty-five, presented the fol lowing preamble and resolutions : REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF FORTY-FIVE. The committee to whom was referred the report of the South Car olina Commissioners, and the four resolutions directing them to con sider the charters, and to enquire and report on the practicability, probable cost, aud commercial and other advantages of the propos ed Louisville, Cincinnati and Charleston Rail Road, and the measures necessary to be adopted in relation thereto, have had these important subjects under consideration, and find that charters have been passed by the Legislatures of South Carolina, North Carolina Tennessee and Kentucky, for the purpose of extending a Rail Road from Louisville and Cincinnati to Charleston, through the states above mentioned.—■ Having examined the provisions of these charter’s the committee are of opinion that they should be accepted. 1. Resolved, That in the opinion of this Convention, the charters of the Louisville, Cincinnati, and Charleston Rail Road should be ac cepted: and should alterations oramendments be hereafter found neces sary, that application be ma le therefor to the Legislatures of the states granting the same;' and this Convention hereby urges upon the said states the expediency of granting such application, should the same be J made, and can entertain no doubt of the disposition, which will be felt I by the Legislatures, of said states, to comply with all reasonable re quests, which may be made by the company, when the same shall be formed. 2. Resolved, That it is important for Georgia, and Alabama, and Virginia to unite with the Louisville, Cincinnati! and Charleston Rail Road Company by branches connecting with the main trunk of the road at points convenient for said connection in Tennessee, on terms of mutual reciprocity and perfect equality, as to the rate, ac commodation and despatch in the transportation of freight and passen gers. 3. Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Convention a practicable route for a Rail Road has been found for connecting the city of Charles ton with the cities of Louisville, Cincinati and Claysville, and that the same may bo constructed at a reasonable cost, and entirely w ithin the means of the several states interested therein. 4. Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Convention, "die amount of transportation and travelling on road, will increase for an inde finite period of time, and that it will, from the completion of the road, be such as to render its estimated cost a profitable investment. 5. Resolved, That viewing the proposed road as one of vast im portance to the people of the southern and western states, we hold them bound by every •consideration of interest and duty to come forward to its support, by subscribing freely for stock, when tho books shall be oooned in October next; nor can we entertain a doubt, that should the real be completed at an early day by the vigorous and united efforts of th j people and the states interested therein, that it will amply remu nerate them for the capital invested. 6. Resolved, That wo consider the Louisville,Cincinnati and Charles ton Rai! Road, as a work eminently entitled to the patronage and sup port of Z/w states through which it will pass or which may be interested therein; and as, from the national character, great cost and magni tude of the work, it could hardly be expected that'it should be carried through by private enterprise alone, we would respectfully, and do hereby mosZ earnestly appeal to the said states for liberal appro priations towards carrying on the great work, which when complet ed, will bn an enduring monument of their wisdom and patriotism. 7. Resolved, That we consider the fund which will be placed at the disposal of said states, bythe division among them ofthe surplus revenue [ ofthe Union,as peculiarly applicable to this great work, which passim? through several states, will open a channel to the most extensive social and commercial intercourse bet ween the western states bordering upon the Ohio and the great lakes, and lhe states on the south Atlantis and tho Gulf of Mexico, thereby strengthening the bonds of our union and promoting the prosperity and happiness of a large and rnnst interest ing portion of our common country. 8. Resolved, That this Convention docs, therefore, earnestly ap peal to said statos, to appropriate and set apart the said fund or so much thereof as may be necessary for that purpose, and to cause the same to be faithfully applied to tho execution of the proposed road. It is presumed (hat the statesofTennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, North Car olin i and South Carolina, cannot receive, under tho disir’ibution bill, the first year much less than nine million ufdollars, a sum nearly suf-’ • ficirnt to make the road; and should Georgia, Alabama, Virginia, and Ostr Conscience^-Onr ConnSry—Otsr I‘arty. Indiana, become interested in it, by lateral roads, the whole amount required could betaised by the appropriation of the surplus of only a. single year. We call upon these states, therefore, for the promotion ot their own best interests, and for the sake of their posterity, not to suf fer the work to fail. 9. Resolved, That an address be prepared and published in the name and behalf of this assembly, embodying and enforcing these views and urging in the strongest manner, upon the states and the people, the duty of carrying the great work into effect. And thereupon the entire report of the committee of forty-five was unanimously concurred in and adopted. On motion of Mr. Drake, it was Resolved, That the President be requested to prepare the address. On motion of Mr Jinkins, it was Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Convention, a Rail Road communication with the Louisville, Cincinnati, and Charleston RaN Road, and the Slate of Georgia, and thence extending into the State of Alabama, would alike contribute to the prosperity of the states ia the south, and, also, those on the Ohio river ; and that such efforts and legislative provision, (provided further legislation should be found necessary,) should be made as might effect, upon terms of fair and just reciprocity, such connection. On motion of Mr. Joiin Speed Smith, the following resolution was laid on the table : Resolved, That, as the contemplated Rail Road, connecting the Ohio and the Southern Atlantic, will furnish the surest and speediest transmission of the mail, and the most certain and expeditious means »for transporting men, provisions and munitions in a period of war, it is thesettled opinion of this convention, that the government of the Uni ted States should become a large stockholder in said road. Mr. Blanding, from the committee of forty-five, made a report, accompanied by the following restitution: Resolved, That all communications to this convention, pointing out the peculiar advantages of any route of rail road between the points to be connected within the chartered limits of the company, be delivered by the secretary of this convention to the board of directors of the company, as soon as it shall be organized. And thereupon said resolution was adopted. On motion of Mr Drake, it was Resolved, That to defray the expenses of this convention, every member pay over to the secretary two dollars. The convention adjourned until to-morrow morning, 8 o’ lock. FRIDAY, JULY 8,1836. Mr. Wickliffe submitted the following preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted, viz : Whereas it has been resolved by this.convention, that it is impor tant that a branch of the Louisville, Cincinnati, and Charleston rail j road should be extended, from some point in Tennessee, into the state of Georgia, upon reciprocal terms with those enjoyed by the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina; and whereas an opportunity should be afforded to the state of Georgia and its citizens, to become participants in the construction and ben efits of said road— 1. Resolved, Therefore, that applications should be made to the le gislatures ofthe states of Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, for an amendment of the charters granted, so as to admit the state of Georgia and its citizens to become participants in the construction and benefits of said road, upon terms of perfect equality with those that are to be enjoyed by the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, North Caiolina, and South Carolina, and their respect-j ive citizens—and that a further amendment should be provided, giving | to the state of Georgia, in the general direction of the company, jhree I directors residents of that state, and a local board, as are provided for ' in the existing charters for the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, North j Carolina, and South Carolina. 2. Resolved further. That a further amendment should be made in the existing charters of said company, providing that the branch of the road to be extended into Georgia shall commence at Knoxville, or at ths nearest point thereto, if the road of the said company shall not strike Knoxville, to be constructed thence to such point in the state of Georgia as said state rnay select; and for that purpose, that the cap ital ofsaid company be increased 3. Resolved further, That the charters of the company ought to be so amended as to authorise and require the board of general direction, whenever it shall be the unanimous vote of the directors of a state to that effect, to apply the amount subscribed by a state and its citizens, in the first place to the construction of such portion of said road and its branches as shall run within the limits of said state. 4. Resolved further, That the company should not be compelled tu construct tiie said branch fioin the main trunk, or road, until the state of Georgia and others shall have subscribed for that object, and paid o ver, as required, to the company, the amount required for the construc tion of the said branch, agreeably to the provisions of the charters. On motion of Mr. Drake, it was Resolved, As the opinion of this Convention, that, in reference to the particular interests of the Company, and the accommodation of all the States lying between Florida and the Lakes, it is desirable, that the States, graming the charter, should so modify it, if necessary, as to allow the Company to connect the northern extremities ofthe road now designated or hereafter created, with the public works, and those of incorporated companies, of Indiana and Ohio, so as to secure an un interrupted transit of goods and passengers from the Northern to the Southern frontier of the United States; and. that a similar policy should prevail on each side of said road, and in the South— Provided, That said continuation of the road should not be so constructed as to violate the Constitution of Kentucky and the Compact with Virginia. » On motion of Mr. J. D. Williams, it was Resolved, That this Convention are of opinion, that a connection of the Wetumpka and Coosa Rail Road with the Louisville, Cincin nati and Charleston Rail Road, will be important to South Alabama, as it would connect the Mobile Bay with the West and the North. Gn motion of Mr. Clayton, it was 1 Resolved, I hat the committee on Printing be discharged from the . duties assigned them ; and, that the President, Mr. J. Williams, Mr. Blanding, Mr. Wickliffe, and Mr. Drake, be a committee to carry into effect the resolution heretofore adopted on the subject of printing. And resolved further, That said committee publish the document presented by Mr. Parkman, on the commercial and agricultural statis tics ot Georgia ; and, also, the document presented by Mr. Chappell, exhibiting reports ot the Georgia Engineers and others, as to the prac ticability of approaching Georgia with the Rail Road, by two passes; and, also, Col. Brisbane’s report in relation to passing the Rabun Gap ; and, also, Mr. Colcock’s report— Provided similar documents should be published. On motion es Mr. King, it was Resolved, That the Secretary transmit copiesoif the proceedings of this convention to the Governors of the several States here represen ted ; and die residue equally to the members of this Convention for general information. On motion of Mr. Wickliffe, it was Resolved- unanimously, That the thanks of this Convention are hereby tendered to the South Carolina Commissioners on the Louis ville, Cincinnati and Charleston Rail Road, and to the Engineers act ing under their direction,for the ability, industry and zeal, with which they have discharged the duties assigned them. On motion of Mr. Elmore, it was Resolved unanimously, That the th inks of this Convention are here by tendered to the several societies that have opened their -buildings for the accommodation of the Convention. On motion of Mr. Brock, it was Resolved unanimously, That the grateful acknowledgments of this Convention are due and hereby tendered to the citizens of KnoxviP j, for the facilities afforded the Convention in its deliberations, and for the distinguished politeness and hospitality extended t<o its members. On motion of Mr. Swain, it was Resolved unanimously, I hat the thanks of this Convention are due, and are hereby tendered, to the Honorable Robert Y. Kavr.c, for the dignity, ability and impartiality with which he has I'resided over 'the deliberations of this body. And thereupon the President addressed the Convention. On motion of Mr. Earle, it was Resolved unanir.cously, That the thanka of the Convention be ten dered to the Hon. Pryor Lea tor the assiduity' and ability with which he has discharged the duties ot Secretary to the Convention. 1 he C invention then adjourned sine die— being concluded with an address to the Throne of Grace by the Rev. Isaac Anderson, D. D. ROBERT Y, HAYNE, President. Pryor Lea, Secretary. Gilmer County, > October 21st, 1836. jj i His Excellency Gov. Schley : j Sir—We have completed a rapid reconnoissance of the route i known as the Hiwassee. We have also made instrumental tests not onl yof the i ninmliate ridge crossed, but of lhe creek ap proaches on both sides. By referring to an accompanying a sketch of the Cherokee Counties, you will find the line of the oki Federal Road, leaving i the lime stone region of Murray county, at the intersection of PUBLIC 'WIIOI.K NO. Talking-Rock Creek and Coosawatwe «_i • i the course of the Talking-Rock, is made’to crow ridmfS which unites the Dong-Swamp and Talking u i \ cliffs ofthe Sharp McL-ain, which, it descends from the high land region and m tkei far b.„k, or d.e E.ow»h a „d passing them in its wny east. We commenced our operation, where this road tbeS Coosawattee, near the village of the same name, and look U* N general direction. < < v Our first instrumental test was made upon the Talking-Rock, some four or five miles from its mouth, and here we found th* IT descent of the stream to be forty leet the mile. Assuming th»(X\ as the average grade for the fifteen srss miles of tins water cour»*.K we passed to a point, one mile irqm it, immediate approach t*\ the ascent of the ridge ; Here, we established tl, e first beach mark X " of a line of levels across Hie inost depressed point of*Un .-—mi*. The result of this line is as follows Froin Talking-Rock West, to the Long-Swamp East, nt points on their comparatively level lands, we found the ascent to b* tlvree hundred and thirty feet in three miles; two hundred and eight feet the first mile, or that nearest the ridge ; the second, and forty-five the third ; the average mileage being one hundred and ten. The forty-five feet grade of the level land, as noted, may be assumed as the average descent, of the Talking-Rock for the nine miles above the ford of the Federal Roatj to the first beach; the remaining'fifteen miles of thtt stream, below the ford, is at least fifty, throughout the thir» ty-five to forty miles of its course along which a road would pass, every difficulty presents itself which can possibly occur upon a rapid mountain stream. To touch upon the possibility ol dr velopement, to within a reasonable road grade, using the neigh boring slopes of the Talking-Rock, would be involvng expense of construction, in proportion to extent of road, quite beyond the character of a route necessarily of sufficient length. The descent from the ridge to' the levels of Long-Swamp, in a distance of one and 7—loo of a mile, was two hundred and fifty leet. The first mile one hundred sixty-nine, and the average one hundred and forty-seven. The difficulties upon this stream are quite equa l to those of the former, an idea ofwbich may be formed from lhe facts, that while the Federal Road courses a distance of twenty miles (from Coosaw atlie village to the summit of the ridge, the Talking-Rock creek route is 40 odd. Finding this section of the mountains so unfavorable, we have thought fit to discontinue our operations here, and tinti l tlie As sembly shall employ ourselves upon a lower pass, of what may be still called the Blue Ridge, the defile by lhe Etowah and iu tributaries through the Altone hills or heights. This exam‘ma tion we would push, with a view to the Pine Log, or ary other route along the western lime stone region which may be selected for Rail Road construction. One other pass is still proposed—— that across the Tallapoosa hills, which takes the western route from the line of road to West Point, and demonstrates xqion Ross ville, on the Tennessee, instead of the great bend abewe Decatur, by the passage of the Lookout innuotaids; but, as we consider this as beyond the limits of our instructions, we will repair In j Milledgeville so soon as we shall have acquired sufficient inf<>r« mation as to the Altone passes. We remain, Sir, Your very obedient servants, A. H. BRISBANE, EDW’D B. WHITE. MiLLEDGCvILLii, sth Nev. 1836, His Exceßcncy Gov. Schley : Sir—As communicated to you, from Gilmer county, we left the examination ofthe high lauds in ikat neighboiluiod for those farther South, known as the Altone heights or hills, a continuation of die same range, hit considerably depressed below the point at which lhe Etowah, or Hightower, river pierces it. Selecting a position upon the lime stone region of t(je Etow ah, some two miles from the mouth of a small creek making into it, called the Pumpkin Vine, we directed our line of levels across th* summit of the Altonies, witha view to ttinnding the distance ofthe fourth of a mile, believing, that some tfireeor four miles ofcreek construction could be avoided by this itteaiis. But lhe descent of lhe current of the Pumpkin Vine, atdtis point, is so inconsidera ble that no passage limitexl to this distance could be effected, and a road would be obliged, consequently, to make use of the narrow volley of this creek from its debom lie from .the bills to iu entrance into them, a distance of same two or three miles in this, circuit, the eurvetures es the banks would, alone., present obsta cles; but, by careful examination of the Great Ideud, as it is called, near the village of Altone, we are led to believe that < gap some ha.f mtile from the extreme point of curveutre, would admit of easy excavation, and at moderate -expense. The sum mit ofthe hills, at the point tested, waslnit two hundred and twenty-two feet above the level of the -neighboring-errt k waters. From the vaHley of the Pumpkin Vine, the line of road to cross the ridge dividing the Chattahoochie and Etowah waters with most advantage, must commence to ascend as soon after it leaves the Altone heights as possible;; for an experimental line, made by the lowest gap which we could fiod, upon the ridge between the Pmppkin Vine and Altone creeks, made the ascent two-hundred and thirty-two feet in a run of two and a fourth miles, requiring, al the grade of thirty-five feet per mile, some jix miles ilevelopement. Whether this dex-elopemeiM, )H thie grade, is attainable, it is impossible for us pusitivelv to assume, as the accidents of surfoce in this neighborhood are strikingly peculiar, sudden and -extensive falls -occurring from the higher to the lower margins-es the would not, at xny rat'., be materially increased. The descent from this ridge to the waters of a branch of the Altone creek, over which the roeae must pass to avoid higher lands to th.- right of the direction, is ninety feet in the distance of one mile direct course, requiring a developement of two and a half miles, but this is well adapted to the pur pose. ‘ ? r I rom the low water ch this branch of lhe Altone creek to th* continuous ridge, which extends a distance of thirty miles from the neighborhood o£ th e Etowah to that of the Clmitahoodiie river, betweer, ihg, waters of Nicojack and Sweet Water creeks, the route Would overcome an ascent of one hundred and eleven feet in th> ec fourth’s of a mil®, direct course ; but a small creek, paralie’with the nidge, and reaching twoanda half miles io ex tent. would probably afford every facility. Abjng this general ridge we coursed for five miles, testing its c narai ter, and crossing, in this distance, the same bi am h ofthe Adlone below its head springs in thePiwe Mountain, this course was to avoid this elevation, which is w ithin tlie neighborhood of Marietta, the county seat of Cobb. At a point beyond this necei-' sary depression, which is ninety fee< below a fair general run, ar* established tlie last beach mark, and discontinued our instrumen tal examination, ailowing-mirselvefi enough time only to ri<le over the section comprising theChattahoochie, and its passage. W* are of opinion that this river may be crossed with *q*e, although the expense of constructimi must increase in proportion to the broken surface of the smaller creeks making directly into the rivtr itself. ' Beyond the Chattahoochie valley, we had little opportunity to extend our reconnoissance, as lhe scope of rugged country stretching from its Eastern bank, would require luucli and care ful attention to the best route. We may say, that the ridg* between the 1’ lint and Ocnntlgee, is approachable by a small stream called die Ulciy, but the grade would he beyond that assu med as the basis of a commercial thoroughfare, thirty-fi»e feet lhe mile. The country in the vicinity of Campbellton is re portud as well worthy of examination, for, after reaching th* head waters of the Flint river, laying opposite to this point *<f the Chattalioochie, the country presents few obstacles to rail road construction. South-west from the point at which wo commenced operations upon the Etowah, the country presents • lime stone surface, fit for rail roads in w hatever direction they may be pushed; that is, vhile confinedtt>thr counties ofCns?»