* oyd, MiMfay, and Walker. This truth is so well established j i
■ /f at we din not extend our obtest ation beyond tin* itnuiediale
neighborhood of the Etowah. ’ ,
f Iu concluding this sketch, we woedd state, tlrat the route ex i
by Col. I«ong, some few tears since, came directly under t
inspection, Mid the test of the Altonies, with a view to tun- |
z *C*neliiiij, wns made to satisfy* dsiatats of’ its being reducible to some- t
/ thing wearer o*ir grade i« this neighborhood; fait the same it
holds i« passing from the Altone creek waters to those 1
/ afthe Prtmpkia Vine, that tte stated in crossing the great bend 1
' <»f the latter, the extent of tunnel would be too great. 'l'his route .<
is approximately tinted on our Topographical sketch in dotted i
■Z*yed lines, in contradistinction to those which are full, which mark t
the route examined by ns. j I
y : * We have the honor be, <
-ZT Sir, vour obedient servants, I
’ A. 11. BRISBANE,
EDW’D B. WHITE.
To Ilis E.rcclL ncy, Governor Schley :
p Slit;—ln prose.mtiug the examination of the mountain de- 1
r * files, along the northern frontier of Georgia, we here report that, i
' bv the Miller 1 * Gajs, Rabun county, as completed, proving the
/*! AUegha aies’ at this point, accessible to a maximum inclination
•\A<f 35 feet the mile —to curvatures of eight hundred feet, the
/• miniuiton radius, at an additional distance, to tlie common high-i
* way* st* the country, of eight miles,along a given route of twen-j
tv-seven and two-third*—and at the cost per average mile, of ;
$10,477 79. >
Pursuant to directions received from you at Athens, cm the ■'
fifth of August last, we repaired to that point of the Chattahoo- I
chee ridge, at which it intersects the high-lands upon the north- i
urn boundary of Habersham county, and establishing our first
beach, near the residence of Esquire Holcombe, on the state road,
wimneiicetl an instrumental examination of the district of coun
try, between this, and the past of the mountains above referred
A det tiled map [No. 2] "exhibiting the approaches to this
gorge of the Blue-Ridge’’ accompanies our report on it. The full
red line denotes the actual path levelled—the broken one, the
probable continuation of the route of road, either along the Chat
tahoochee ridge itself, or, making a partial use of the vallies of
this ridge, re-asce.iding it beyond, at some point not far distant
from Clarksville. These lines simply discover the facility with
which the proposed route may be governed in its course down
wards, after having overcome the difficulties already estimated
by us, in the direction of the Rabun defile.
Referring to the map [Nx 3,j of the actual compass 1 ine, you i
will find the first obstruction which presented itself, to be a spurt
of the general chain, lying along the right bank ofthe Tallulah i
river, known as the Pigeon ami Hickory-nut mountains—lcar-!
inglhe head springs ot the Chattahoochee at the point noted, we
directed our line along those of the Savannah, marked as the ;
Panther aid its tributaries—and, opposite the celebrated Falls '
ot the I allulah, where the spurs in question, lose themselves in
the immense abyss bearing their name, we readied a point in
their descent, sufficiently depressed, by w hich to cross to the
broken lands, above the narrow valley of this stream. The
chief difficulties of this sectiou, are to be found in the 7th, 9th,
and 11th miles.
Our second obstruction consisted in passing the Tallulah fe
*®lf—Alter coursing this stream for a distance of six miles, so ar
ranging our grades as to cross it an elevation equal to the rapid
descent of the Tiger-tail, a tributary, along whose entire course)
it was necessary that the road should lake—we made a point
half a mile from the junction of this branch, and at the height of
eighty feet above the low-water mark of the Tallulah ; but under
■such favorable circumstances, both as to distance and construc
tion, as to secure the advantages arrived at by it, with but tri
fling additional expense. Upon the route along the first four
miles of the Tiger-tail, we made two experiments. A more
factKable ine may be yet found, by which to overcome the hea
vy fa# 1 .. occuA iii'X upon this stream below w hat is termed the
Long levels of Rabun ; hereby reducing the expense incurred
in crossing the Straight and Humming-bird Creeks. This route
would pass the main branch hy the red broken line, separating at
beach mark 22; and instead of re passing with it at Tilley’s
farm, ascend by its left bank to its re-junction at Hefner’s saw- i
mill, it might be proper to suggest also, the possibility of pass
ing the Tallulah, at the mouth of the Tiger-tail, avoiding alto-'
gether the passage of this latter water course—but these minute '
examinations belong to an after operation. If practicable how-1
ever, it would diminish the expense of construction at this point,
by a very heavy amount. Along the levels at Rabun, the dis
tance noted from Hefnet’s mill, to Esquire Kelly’s [passing the
residence of the former] is overcome w ith perfect ease, with the
maximum grade assigned [35 feet the mile] and with a cut of'
30 feet at the plantation of the latter gentleman, [overcoming
by these means, the ridge between th* head waters of the Tiger
tail, a tributary of the Tallulah, and the Stekoa, a branch of the
Chattitga] the line is taken along the slopes of the Tiger-tail
mountain, to the neighborhood of Coomb’s creek, the main
branch ofthe Stekoa, at w hose junction stands the little village l
of Clayton. At this point we found it again necessary to make I
a second line of levels, this being our third and last, but deci- 1
dedly the greatest difficulty presenting itself through the line, i
’’’he first of these lines was made to cross Coomb’s creek, neat
its junction w ith the Stekoa, with a view of using the immediate j
valley of that wate course, in onr ascent to the gap, elevating!
•nr line, some hundred feet above that of Major Bache of the
U. S. r<>pographical Engineers, who tested the same streainin
1328, but the grades were still too heavy, and we decitied upon i
forcing a sparot tlw Tiger-tail mountain with a cut of 1,300 feet
through, fvt'sing Coomb’s creek in the immediate vicinity.
The passage of this stream once accomplished, the ascent for
the next six miles, which lands the route upon the very summit
ofthe ridge, is plain and easy, requiring, through this distance
-a grade of but 30 feet the mile.
In our table of estimates, the three points noted as difficulties,
•re fully rated, and although they add greatly to the aver
age milage, should be alone regarded >s obstructions. The
first may be catnprisedin the distance of the three miles, 7th 9th
IJ. amounting to 1,800, 1,500, and 2,300 ddllars. The second,
■or passage ofithe Tallulali, at 20,000, and the thiid combining
the cut and passage of Coomb’s creek, at 1,600, 1,500, making a
total of 105,000 dollars, a third of the whole expense, reducing
the average milage, thereby upon the 27 running miles, to
seven thousand dollars.
This for the approach to the Rabun Gap. At this point the
line of road i< represented by Mnjm- Bwehe, nB commencing a
descent along the broad valley ofthe Tennessee, to the distance
of 30 miles of not morelhan 12 to 15 feet the mile. From hence
tUhe mouth of the Tuck a«eige, its chief tributary,the curvatures
of its hanks may occasion the passage of the stream at some one
• r two points, and perhaps the excavation of a cliff, now parti- j
ally removed by the Tennessee turnpike. At this point the line
will probably intersect the road leading through South Carolina,
tn the west, an i the expense to be encountered in the passage of
the Smokey Mountains, be consequently much diminished ; yet
owen these we would by no means exaggerate, having minutely '
examined them in person, and placing perfect confidence, as wc ,
do, in the feport of .Major Barite. whose maps, profiles, and mi
nate estimates we would most warmly recommend the possession
•f, as papers highly interesting to the State of Georgia. For,
from these farts, the average grading for the entire distance from
the beach mark upon the Chattahoochee ridge, to the intersec
tion r»f the Tennessee with the Smokey Mountains may not ex
ceed 6000 dollars <lu> running mils—and if we transfer the point'
at beach mark tn the mouth of Panther creek, an equalj
distance; we obtain a road from the navigable waters of the
Savannah, to a point within 20 miles of those of the Tennessee
al 6010 dollars, the whole distance not exceeding 90 miles.
e would now draw your attention to a inap marked No. 1. upon i
w nch we have shown the relation existing between the route
a ong the I ennessee, and the two grand commercial thorotigh-
Mres from Europe and Asaia, bv the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
respectively, to the great valley of the Mississippi. These
< traverse Georgia, bisecting each other nt the centre, and
n i mg t te . tate into (onr equal parts—beyond her limits, the
roa< w n, i may intersect the North and South route, are noted
by dotted lines; the first by Urab Orchard gap, across ti e Cmn
er anr [*'' [» ,o t 1,1 month of the Ohio, and thence to St. Lon-
The «"<• "l I ' '‘ >, '* , f’l’ > G •’["'•i hing in its passage to Nashville, j
LsZ ’ h ’ valley, either to Norfolk, Pe- ’
most and distant available points last.
That these routes, extending so far, may be questioned, both
a* t\> practicability and profit, «e cannot doubt ; but when we
remember, (hat while heavy commercial roads, extending from
navigable waters to navigable waters, diminish the of trans
portation —merchants will require a proportionate facility of mo
tion, and although, lor example, the road to St. Louis would in
tersect the Tennessee, Cumberland, and Ohio rivers, yet men of
business would find an interest in it, as a travelling communica
tion. which should keep pace with the necessary changes in the
course ot trade. Ihe traffic tn the West, along these routes in
the necessaries ol life, consisting of the Sugars, Spices, Coffees,
and ’I ea* <>• the East and West Indies, must guarantee to stock
holders, even to the interior ol Pennsylvania, a competent inter
est on their capitals. It cannot be lost sight 01, thattlie distance
from the north even of the Ohio river, to the cities on the sea
board ol Georgia, is less than that to New Orleans itself—and
hence, without reierciv'e to the heavy trade in Flour, Lard, Ba
con and grain, [and this would be methy a distance of 12" miles
only from the navigable waters East, to those West,] a com
pensation would arise from the lighter articles, demanded by
the strongest, richest, and most populous sections of the union,
[for ns their mother stream compares with our rivulets, so do
their resources and consequent demands, far exceed ours,]
which would equal our closest and most sanguine calculations.
V mm these facts, we are prepared to report to your Excellency,
thv pass fro<ft.the lower lands of Habersham county, to the val
) ley of the Little T enttessee, not only as offering a fair prolonga- j
tion of the grounds therefore already referred to, but one ade
i quate to the heaviest trajfsc, from the navigable waters of the
; Sxvnnnah to the navigable waters ol the Tennessee, the distance
across, 20 miles.
On the attached page ol estimates, it may be proper to state
that the price ot labor assumed, and upon which the estimates ar
founded, including support, is seventy-five cents per hand, per
diem. Fhe culveit, are to be built ot stone laid in mortar, with
wings and end walls of dry masonry. The bridges ol wooden
superstructure, on the most approved plan, and to be supported
by substantial stone piers, which are arranged with a view to a
slone superstructure hereafter.
A. H. BRISBANE,
EDW’D B. WHITE.
October 12th, ISS6.
O M .= "= n rs 'u =
- « Z 2 ° h
o o 'o
■ t* ._ • «
j DolU. Ct<. | !)<>||>, Cts. I i>olls. < ts. | Dolls.
1 3,511 ?4 . ihh 111 ——
6 1,888 25 546 42
7 1G,175 21 220 90
S G,103 79 594 9?
9 15,108 79 746 43
10 2,967 55 501 1G
*ll 2,117 19 1,763 53 21,910 70
12 4,633 05 1,639 75
13 4,11 G 18 223 01
I 14 8,809 10 CIG 25
! +ls 24,267 29 305 89 13,035 00
16 12.330 28 174 00
17 G,002 68 4’l 31
JlB 3,260 89 596 24 8,426 00
19 3,043 32 580 99
fl2o 4,415 36 535 74 7,593 10
21 3,181 91 927 49
i 22 537 52 000 00
23 1,294 56 9-1 61
■ 24 559 52 223 20
25 14,604 75 85 45
, 26 5,900 10 520 67
i §27 2,212 17 137 72 14,070 00 16,826 40
I 28 12,075 09 1,323 16
i 29 3,771 73 1,130 36
| 30 19,894 03 790 01
31 5,699 04 1,123 33
1 32 1,213 78 336 74
A 851 JI 000 00
27.-; ! 90,604'38 _17,351 24~ 43,124 10 '33,737" 10
! * Tnnnel 700 feet long, arched.
1 f1 a Hula h River crossed by a Bridge 300 feet long; two piers 85 and
i 89 feet high.
i t Strait Creek crossed by a Bridge 400 feet long; one pier 55 feet
' Humming bird Creek crossed by a Bridge 430 foot long; one pier
33 feet high.
, § Tuuucl 1400 feet long, through rock. Coombs* Creek erossetl by a
‘ Bridge 680 fuel long; two piers 46 and 50 f< et.
Bxcavation and Embankment, Grubbing and
Cleaning, $190,604 38
Culverts, 17,351 24
| Bridges, 43,124 10
Tunnels, •**.... 38,737 10
j Total Cost of 273 miles, • • • $289,816 82
Average Cost per Mile, . . . $10,477 79
Mu. Hudson, from the Committee on the " State of the Repub
lic” to whom was referred so much of the communication of
His Excellency the Governor which relates to the act of Con
gress, approved the 23:1 day of June last, on the subject oj a
portion oj the revenue of the Eederal Government proposed to
be deposited with the States,
That the subject referred to the consideration of your Com
mittee is one of embarrassment and complication ; it is one
that, those who best understand the theory and practical opera
tion of the Federal Government, (it seems to your Committee)
could not have anticipated, nor is its direct influence provided
for, in the sacred charter of cornpact which so happily unites
tlrese States together in a Federal Government for certain specific
By tlie act ot Congress, referred to, the Slates are nnthorraeti
to receive from the Federal Government a certain proportion
ofthe Public Revenue, at four specified times, during the year
i of 1837, on deposit, and the nines at which said deposites are
i offered to be made with the States, by the General Government,
are clearlv sp/cified by the said act of Congress, as before refer
red to. By referring to the first paragraph of tlie eighth sec
tion ofthe first article of the Constitution of the United States,
it is declared that Congress shall have power to lay and collect
taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay tlie debts and pro
j vide for the common defence and general welfare of the United
States; but no grant ofpower is given by which Congress lias
the delegated right to lay and collect more revenue than the le
gjlimato wants of the Federal Government may require for the
specified purposes of its execution. Your committee, however,
feel it to be their duty to state to the General Assembly, that if
jit could be scertained that the other States of this Union would
'not receive the proportion of the said revenue allotted to them
> by the act of Congress, as aforesaid, that they would, without I
; hesitation recommend to the Legislature not to receive the pro- j
1 portion which may be allotted to Georgia. But, as such pre
prise information caniiet be had during the session of the Legis
i lattirc in time to l<e acted on, and it is now known that some of
the States will receive their respective proportions of the said
surplus revenue on the terms ofl’ered, and others may also re
ceive their proportions; and if this State should refuse to receive
her proportion, the public benefits and burdens, now operating
most unequally, would be iitcn ased to a very considerable ex
tent, your Committee have, therefore, reported a 1/dl to (he Le
gislature to receive the proportion of the said surplus revenue
which Georgia may beentitlcd to under thest’id net ol’Congress'. <
But your committee, in the name and for the people of Geor- i
gia, do"wos/ solemnly protest." against the exercise <ff the as- i
stirred power of the General Government by which the surplus i
revenue proposed to be deposited with the States was raised, and t
the right ofCongress to distribute the surplus of its Tn asqry to <
thc«evrrul sovereign States of this confederacy, involved intlie
TH E STAND A RII 0 F UNI O N
distribution thereof, and they do most unequivocally appeal to
those tn the exercise of the powers of the IVirnl r ’
.. .1,.', 110
b« »..!/ .. m ui. ..ill I.J ,|, e I ,i,
the g »wn:nnit. a id th ty do, tn the name of the ,r ( , o ,| r
Georgia, appeal to the Slates of this Union to protest almost the
exercise of powers by the Federal Government, calculated to pro
duee discontent and dissatisfaction with the States wl>» ....
. . i • it • are par-
ties to the compact ot tins Union, your Committee, therefor
recommend the adoption of the following resolution:
Resolved, That his Excellency the Governor be, and he is
hereby requested to transmit a copy of thnPprotest to the Gov
ernor’s of each of the States, with a request, that the same may
be laid before the Legislatures thereof, and a copy to t| (e j
President of the United Slates, and, also, a copy to each of our!
Senators ami in the Congress of the United
States with a request, that the same may be laid before both !
The join! Stan ling Commit lee on Finance, to whom was refer
red the subject of the surplus revenue, has had the same under
consideration, and, assuming that the assent of the Slate of
Georgia, to receive the same, will be given, proceed to
That, at a lime of unusual prosperity, tvltctt, from Ordina.-y !
sources of revenue, her Treasury has "been abundantly filled, 1
the Slate finds a very large additional fund unexpectedly placed
her disposal. This fund, although iresented in the form of a
mere deposit, is offered to us under such circumstances, that a|
demand for its return is a contingency scarcely to be considered,j
certainly not to be apprehended. Whilst, however, those con- j
siderations justify a departure for a time, and temporizing poli- i
cy in the use it, the Committee are of opinion that the State '
should not lose sight o( the manner in which it was acquired, or
the acknowledgedobligation to refund, however remote the pro
bability of demand for it. Any actual investment of the fund
should be so made, that it may be always represented by some
thing valuable and easily convertible into money. It is only in j
this mode that the State may protect her citizens from the evils j
which might arise front a demand of re-payment, to which un
toward circumstances might possibly subject her. This commit
tee believes that the policy, thus indicated in general terms, is
entirely consistent with such measures as are loudly demanded
by the interests and wishes of the people.
Catching the spirit ot the times, from a glance at the course
of events, and believing that the people of Georgia are unwil
ling to be behind the age, the Committee hazard nothing in as
serting, that our constituents expect and demand of their repre
sentatives the vigorous prosecution of internal improvements,
and the adoption of an enlightened system of public education.
These two are the cardinal points to which our Legislators
should be directed.
In no other mode can we preserve unimpaired our political in
fluence in the Union, in no other way can we keep pace with our
confederate sisters in their onward march to commercial and 1
agricultural wealth. It is confidently believed, that these two '
objects may be advanced in perfect harmony bv a policy as ‘
simple as efficient. The public mind is now‘fully satisfied that 1
the construction of Rail Roads, giving commercial facilities, 1
will greatly enhance the wealth of our citizens, give the farmer '
a ready market for his produce, and the means of procuring his
supplies; and, by a judicious system of tolls, these Roads may '
he made sources of very considerable annual revenue. Thus '
in a financial aspect, does this policy commend itself to the favor !
of the General Assembly. If, then, the State construct Rail
Roads, either as a Slate work or in connection with private en- ' ‘
terprize, which will yield her a revenue, it cannot be doubted P
that it would find ready sale for stock created in them, whenever ‘
she should be called upon to refund the capital which has been '
called upon to refund lite capital which had been exp nded ini
lhei.* construction, or whenever it might be her policy to change !
the investment ; meantime, how practicable and bow laudible !
it would be to employ the revenue derived from them to pur- ,
poses of education. By thus employing a fund, so opportune!}
obtained, Georgia may disperse wealth to her adult citizens
and knowledge to the rising generations.
To distribute this fund among the counties, wonk! he to part
with it for ever, with no sufficient guaranty that it would con
duce to the general welfare, and with no possibility of reclaim
ing it, if necessary.
To put it permanently in the hands of monied corporations,
or of individuals, at interest, might promise a const lerable re’
venue which might accomplish the purpose of public education,
but would never accomplish the other grand desideratum, (i.e.)
internal improvements. The latter course would also endanger'
: the loss of principal, by bad debts, unfaithful agents, and other
casualties, against which it would be impossible to provide.
The fund is 100 large to be applied to the purpose of public edtt
! cation, especially whilst the system is so imperfect and objec
tionable. The Committee acknowledge this purpose to be one
ofthe most important objects of legislation, and that it ought
to be one ofthe first objects of itj fostering care ; but until an
entire revision of the system be made, until the fund heretofore
I and still applicable to this purpose, be much more satisfictorilv
i accounted for than it has been, any addition to that fund would
I be most unwise and impolitic.
I The same reasons which are ofl’ered against the loan of this
money to individuals or monied corporations, apply and are
! conclusive against the proposition of adding it to the capital of
■ the Central Bank, as <i permanent deposit. Whilst, therefore,
1 this Committee does not feel authorized to suggest atty scheme
of internal improvement, or system of Education, they respect
fully recommend the appropriation of the deposit fund, to those
r great objects in the manner herein generally indicated. The
time which will necessarily be consumed in the completion of any
great work of internal improvement, might be profitably em-
' ployed in arranging and digesting a system of education which
may be permanentlv and extensively beneficial to the State.
Should these views he carried out, provision must he made for the
temporary custody of the fund accruing to the State, and its
deposits in some one or more ofthe principal banks ofthe State,
at an interest,on such terms, asshall be provided by law, (hav
ing due regard to the safety of it and the commercial wants of
the community) would appear to be the most advisablecourse.—
; The Committee therefore offer the following Resolutions:
Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives in
General Assembly met, That the deposit fund which shall ac
eme to this State ,<iuuler the act of Congress, of 23d June, 1535,
and which shall be paid into the Treasury of this State, be, and
the same is hereby appropriated to the construction of one or
more Rail Roads in this State, in such manner and on such terms,
as shall, by law, be provided for.
Resolved, That the revenue to he derived from such Rail
Roads, to the State, be, and the same is hereby appropriated
to-the cause of tree schools and public education: Provided,
that when the revenue shall, in any one year, exceed the sum of
SIOO,OOO, the surplus shall be in any other manner appropriated,
as any future Legislature may authorize or direct.
Resolved, That the proportion of such deposit fund, as shall
accrue to -this State, shall be received into the Treasury of this
Slate, and be thereafter immediately deposited, on interest, in
such bank or banks, as shall be designated by law, on terms, and
for times, to be therein designated.
I M hc Committee to whom was referred the Memorial of the Hoard
of Trustees of the " Georgia Female College,” praying for
I Legislative aid in establishing said Institution, hare had 'the
f ame under consideration, beg leave losulmit the following
The Committee regard the duty of providing, hy Legislative
appropriation, for the support ofthe Literary Institutii ns ofthe
State, as of high and commanding authority. The obligation
is peremptory and paramount. It is no party question, r,or t
ought sectional jealousies to be awakened in its consideration. <
The object is one of general interest. The whole arrangement I
of the "Georgia Fentale College” looksoot propitiously upon I
the redemption ofthe State from the stigma of a long continued 1
neglect. The Legislature cannot ex adc the obligation imposed (
upon her in this matter, by Iter relation to the State at large, h
without incurring the condemnation consequent upon the nwst If,
criminal indifference tp her solemn responsibilities. a
Your Committee have learned, with pleasure, that indivi lu al I
»J enterprize has already done much for the promotion of this
t praiseworthy object. In the city of Macon, and elsewhere,
/ twenty-five thousand dollars have been subscribed—the erection
f of a suitable building has been commenced, and is in rapid pro
f gress. The zeal of the projectors of this scheme is worthy of
? encouragement, nor should they be left to struggle with the
- difficulties incirtent to restricted means, without an effort of the
most liberal policy upon the purt of the State, to aid in the ac
, complishment of that design.
I he central location ofthe Georgia Female College, is a cir
’ cumslan^ e ‘l>at entitles it to the favorable regard ofthe Legisla
<l'l e. Macon is one of the most flourishing and prominent cities
j iit Lite- the facilities o( access—lhe direct and constan
" tl,e c0, " 11, y. in every direction—the multi-
I L-' r ' ■" Uat ' res n* ‘ij P lace common alike to all—the healthi
i' tlu> S ° * e 'c ' cte< sci.e a commanding elevation, overlooking
idernt r ;T" f " lk - f " r ' na ">‘ with other con-
i riali ts "t'o’it V'? 1 ,| l " J l,l "i a ' j ’ e P r °ject, presented by the memo
' Legislature a " J 11 . ,e P rac,ical patronage of the State
shonl In ti . lie con ® t ' l " t,onal guardians of the State, we
i onMth? t r ? ed ! ’r fl liberal extend a foste.bg hand
| to all he combinat.ons of means and men that can rationally be
i h i' e e U t ten,l,ng r tO the ,ne,,tal “nprovemetrt of So
It is a well known fact, that Vast sums nfrr » ’ n
j expended in other States for the edm’a i- n TV"
Georgia, not because of any special pre T. r r Dau^ tfr ?
i!p<s of mt. .r c i i t • C ° P rj; c.tieLtion for the Semtna-
I I is Ofot.t r porttons ofthe Unton, but for the lack of suitable in
jstitutions at home. To secure the circulation of this money
among our own cUtzens, to elevate the standard of Female Edu
■ cation, and to save our State from a dependence at once costly
I and humiliating, presents an aim worthy the feeling and the ac
tion of the Legislature. °
The commendable liberality of the Legislature, in providing
: for the education of the Young Men of Georgia, gives ettconr
i agement to hope, that the same enlightened and liberal policy
wdl be pursued towards the other sex. Provision must be made
the spirit ot the age requires it. The present wants—the pros!
pective destiny of the Slate absolutely demands it. We shall
be recreant to the present and to future generations, if we do not
j respond to the call ofthe Petitioners with a liberality worthy of
the magnitude ofthe enterprise and the resources of the State.
There is no alternative but to provide for the general diffusion
of knowledge, by the ample endowment of literary institutions,
or submit to be branded as contracted and parsimonious in*nor-
ant, at once, of our wants and our remedy. We, therefore re
commend the adoption of the following Bill; t
To be entitled, “ An act inappropriate money towards the
building and endowing the Georgia Female College, and to j
provide for the Education of a certain number of Indigent
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives oj the State of Georgia in General Assembly met,
and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the
sum of fifty thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby appro
priated sot the purpose of aiding and erecting the buildings,
and endowing the Georgia Female College, at the city of Ma
con, in this State.
Section 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the
duty ofthe Trustees of said College, and they are hereby re
quired to receive at all times, and to continue in said College, a
number of Charity Students, equal to the number of Judicial
I Circuits in this State, one of said scholars to be selected from
j each of said Circuits, and to board, doathe, and give to said
I Scholars a regular collegiate course of Education at tlie expense
' of said Institution, the Beneficiaries of this act to be selected from
the Circuits, aforesaid, in such manner as may hereafter be pro
! vided by the Legislature of this State.
j Section 3. And be it farther enacted, That the Gov
ernor of this State be, ami he is hereby required to pay to the
Trustees, aforesaid, said sumos money out of any money in the
Treasury of this State not otherwise appropriated.
To alter and amend the Judiciary of this State, so as-to reduce
the number of the Justices of the Inferior Courts all the
Counties of this State, from the nmuber of five, to the Number
of one, in each County, and more particularly to define the
duties ol that office.
Sec. Ist. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the State of Georgia, in General Assembly met, and
il is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That there shall
he one Justice of the Inferior Court in and f or each county, in
this State, who shall he elected on the first Monday in January,
eighteen hundred and thirty-seven, and from thence, on the first
Monday in January, every fourth year (hereafter by the Elec
tors entitled to vote for n embers of the General Assembly which
Election shall be held and conducted in the same manner as
pointed out by Law for Elections of Clerks and Sheriffs, and
the persons so elected, shall be commissioned by the Governor,
and continue until their successors is elected and qualified, unless
removed by impeachment formal-practice in office, or by the
Governor, on the address of two-thirds of both branches ofithe
General Assembly. And when any vacancy shall happen by
death, resignation or otherwise, of such Justice of the Inferior
Court of any County, it shall be the duty of any three Justices
of the peace, in said county, to give at least fifteen days notice by
advertisement at the Court House, and at the several election
precincts in said entity, of the time of holding an election to fill
said vacancy, which election shall be held and conducted in the
'same manner ashy this act expressed.
Sec. 2d. And be it further enacted, That said Justices ofthe
Inferior Court shall be clothed with the like power and authori
ty that the five Justices of the Inferior Conrts, ora majority of
them in each County have under the presentexisting Laws of this
Sec. 3d. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the du
ty of the said Justiceni the Inferior Court of each County, to
faithfully and punctually attend and preside at the two Terms of
the Inferior Court, in each year, in each of their respective comities,
and the six terms ofthe Courts of Ordinary', as is already presen
ted by the existing Laws of this State, and shall attend and hold
each ofthe said Courts, as many days as may be necessaby for the
business of said Courts. ' ’ ~
Sec. 4th. And be it further enacted. That the said Justice of
the Inferior Court of each County, shall faithfully attend to all
County business, that hy the present Law, the five Justices of the
Inferior Court, or a majority of them, are required and have a
right io do.
Sec. sth. An Ibe it further enacted,That t\w. said Justice of
the Inferior Court shall have tlie same power and authority re
specting writs of Habeas Corpus and Habeas Corpus Courts, that
the majority of the Ju. tires of the Inferior Courts ofthe several
counties of this State now have and equally bound by Law to
attend them when legally notified to do so.
Sec. 6th. And be it further enacted, That said Justice of the I
Inferior C ourt shall, for said services as aforesaid, be entitlefl to,
and receive* salary of three hundred dollars each, per annum, out
of the Treasury of this State to be paid quarterly, or at the end
of tlie year, as they may severally apply, by warrant from the
Governor, and in addition to that sum, tlie sum often per cent per
annum on the whole tax paid by each of their counties that they
each respectively serve, to he pa’nl them out of the county funds.
Sec. 7th. And be. it further enacted, That all Laws, and parts
of Laws Militating against this act be and the same are here
WASHINGTON, N0v.22.-- The P zdlyit's Tw > nights
ago the President was taken with a cough, which was succeeded by a
considerable bleeding from the longs. He had suffered for some time
previously with severe pain in his side, lie was relieved .from both un
pleasant symptoms, in some degree, by the lancet. Night before last the
liermorrliage from llie lungs recurred, and was again stopped by the
same processand other applications. He is now extremely weak, from
the effect of the disorder and the r emedies, but is hotter, and considered
by his physicians in no immediate danger. Many years ago he was af
fected in the same vay, and lecoxeicd will out miiiiis inp rv,,or eren !-
a long depression of his hcalfh.— Ghdw.
'Che Vice President reach'd tliisjciiy n few days since. J
Saturday Nov. 19, 1836.
Mr. JxteSe, laid on the table the following res
olution. to wit :
Resulted, That so much ofthe Governor’s mes
sage ar relates to a Geological survey ofthe State,
be referred to a select'committee.
Mr. Powell of Mclntosh : To amend the char
ter ofthe Aurari'a and Blue Ridge Turnpike Com
Mr. I.awsha : To niter, amend, and consolidate
the several acts for the incorporation of the city
of Macon, &c.
Bills pas sal.
To pardon John Howard of Talbot county.
To compel the Clerks of the- Superior and In
ferior Coarts of Montgomery county, to keep their
offu es at the court-house in said county, or within
one mile thereof.
To authorise the Justices of the Inferior Court
of Hancock comity, to alter, consolidate and reg
ulate the Militia Districts in said county.
The Senate repaired to the House of Represen
tatives, and went through the election set apart
I for this day—returned to their Chamber,
And adjourned until Monday morning 10 o’-
Monday, Nov. 21
Mr. Lawsha : To amend the charter ofthe Ala
con Rail Road Company.
Mr. Butt : To amend the Ihh and 12th sections
of an act. passed 22d Dec. 1834, so far as relate*
to the Union Turnpike Company.
Mr. M'AUlster : To regulate the fees of Pilot*'
for the several ports of this State.
Mr. Powell of.Mclntosh: To explain and regu
late the title to personal property claimed or held
The bill toexplain and amend the act ineorpe-'
rating the Georgia Insiirar.ee and Trust Company,
passed 26th Dec. 1835, was taken up, read the 3d
time and lost.
The hill to incorposate and appoint Trustees for
the Lafayette Academy in the county of Monroe,
was readahc3d time and passed.
Mr. M’Allister'sresolutions in relation to the e
lection of President of the U. S. were made the
special order for to-morrow.
And the Senate ad jcunicd until to-morrowmor
ning 10 o'clock.
Tuesday, Nov. 22.
On motion of Mr. Liddell, the Senate reconsid *
ered so much of the Journal of yesterday, «s r*-
- lates to the rejection of the bill, to explain and a
! mend the act incorporating the Georgia Insurance
and Trust Company.
.Mr. Lawsha : To grant to William Cumming*
and Henry [■. \ouug, for acertain term of years,
a tract ol land near the city of Macon, for tho
purpose ot establishing a Race Course.
Mr. M’Allister: To regulate the auditing and
payment of accounts against the State.
Air. M’Allister called for the special o>*der, viz :
3 he resolutions introduced by him, in relation to*
the President’s election.
Mr. Hudson moved to lay them on the table the
balance ofthe session—discstssior. being had on the
Mr. Floyd of Morgan, moved that the Senate
adjourn, which was agreed to, by a vote of 46 to
And the Senate adjourned until to-morrow mor
ning 10 o’clock.
Wednesday, November 23.
Air. Al’AHister’s Resolutions being the order of
the dty, were taken up.
Air. Hudson moved to lay them on the table the
balance of the session, which was decided in the
negative—yeas 33. nays 48.
Mr. Mitchell of Baidu in moved an adjournment,
which was negatived --yeas 32, uays 48.
Mr. Hardeman ofl’ered ths following as a substi
tute to the original Preamble aud Resolutions,
Whereas the People of Georgia have, by their
late Blactoral vote, clearly an I unequivocally
made it known, that they aie in favor of the Hon
orable HL(iil L. WHI I'ld of Tennessee, as tho
successor of the present Chief -Magistrate of the U
Be it therefore resolved, &c. That our Repre
sentatives in the Congress of the United States,
arc solemnly hound to obey the instructions of
their Constituents, given through their said Electo
ral vote ; and that ia case tie election of President
shall devolve upon the House of Representatives,
the members of Congress in that body, from this
State, are under the high obligation imposed u’pnw
a representative, to obey the already ascertained 1
will of his Constituents, to vote for the Hon. HUGH
And whereas, the People of Georgia havo fur
ther clearly and unequivocally made it known,
through their late Electoral vote, that they are hi.
favor of JOHN 1A I.E II of Virginia, a.■ the suc
cessor of the present Vice President ofthe Uuitedf
And whereas, this Legislature feels itself bound
te use all proper means to secure to the Pceple of
this State the men of their choice :
And whereas, the elei ti m of Vice President may
be transferred from its proper tribunal, the People,
to the Sruate ofthe Lifted States.
Bi it therefore resolved. &c. That our Senators
in that body be and they are hereby instructed, in
case the election of Vice President shall devolve
upon the Senate of the United States, to vote for
And on the question to receive the substitute,
theyeatand nays were required to be'recorded,
and are yeas 31. nays -'B.
'I hose who voted in the affirmative are,
Messrs. Avery, Bond. But ks, Cowart. Floyd of
Morgan, Floyd of Newton, Goode. Gresham,
Green, Hardeman, Hines of Bryan, 1 lines of Lib
erty, Heard, Hudson, Ingram, Janes, l.amat, Law
hou, Lawson, Mitchell of Baldwin, Alitchell of*
Clark, Powell of Mclntosh, Reese, Reynolds, Sa
gear. Stapleton, Surrency, Walthour, White, WiK
limns, and Wright.
Those who voted in the negative aro,
Messrs. Baker, Beall of Carroll, Beall of Wilkin
son, Blackman, Bracewell, Bush, Butt, Ccchran,
Cone, Conyers, Cooper, Dunagan, Echofe of Cow
eta. Fariss, Freeman, Fulwood, Gibson, Guess.
TlarrisVTfmTOpHfcit?errtdt diwrs Hutch
ings, Johnson, KTn£ o/A'rniv’fmd, Kihg ofFavette;
Lawsha, Leggett, Liddel. McAllister, McConnell’.
Mcleod, Morgan. Pike. Polk of Madison, Powell
■of Talbot, Ro’.imon, Rogers, Saflbld, Smith of
Floyd, Smith of H-ibershani, Swain, Walthall,
Walker, W barton, W iltis, Wilson and Wood.
The original Preamble and Resolutions were,
then, on motion of Mr. Reese, token up, aud rottd.
by Sections-—considerable debate etisuetl, when
Air. Beall of W ilkinson called for the-previous
question, which motion prevailed.
The yeas and nays were then called on the pas
sage of the original (Mr. AlcAllister’s) Preamble,
Those in favor of their adoption, were,
Baker, Beall of Carroll, Beall of Wilkinson,
Blackman, Bracewell, Bush, Butt, Cochran
Cone, Conyers, Cooper, Dunagan, E' hols of
Coweta, Fariss, Freeman, Fulwood, Gibson
Guess, Harris, Holmes of Baker, Holmes, of Ear
ly, Hutchings, Johnson, King of Crawford,Kin«
o' Fayette, Leggett, Liddel, McAllister
McConnell. McLeod, Morgan, Mosely,
Powell, of Talbot, Robinson, Robson, Rogers’
Saflbld, S mith of Floyd. Smith, of Habersham’
Swain, Walfhall, Walket, Wharton, Wil’is’
Wilson and Wood, 5
Those opposed to them, were,
Avery, Bond, Cowart, Curry, Floyd,-ofMor
gan, Floyd of Newton, Goode, Gresham, Green,
Hardeman, Hines, of Bryan, Hines, of Liberty,
Heard, Hopkins, Hudson, Ingram, Janes, La- •
mar, Lawhon, Lawson, Mitchell, of Eaklwin
Mitchell, of Clarke, Powell, of Mclntosh, Reese’
Reynolds, Sugar, Stapleloa, Stockton, Surren
cy., \\ akliour, W hite, Williams, Wright.
So th? original Preamble and Resolutions were
The Senate adjourned uni 10 o’clock 10-mrr-
1 ixiw mori.'ug.