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Cedartown advertiser. (Cedartown, Ga.) 1878-1889, February 13, 1879, Image 1

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Cedartown Advertiser. OLD SERIES-VOL. V. NO. 48. CEDARTOWN, GEORGIA, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 13, 1879. NEW SERIES-VOL. I. NO. 9. The orange-growers of Florida are turning their attention to the making of wine from oranges, and several experi ments have indicated a possibility of success in that direction. The first wine made from oranges in Spain has lately made its. appearance ih Madrid. There are four kinds, one sparkling, and all said to be of “an attractive color, pj,afectly clear, of an agreeable, sweet, sflghtly acid flavor, and of an alcoholic strength of about fifteen per cent ” Law, physic and divinity are well supplied with feminine members in the United States. The lady doctors num ber 530, and feminine dentists 420, while 68 women are preacher*, and five prac tice as lawyers. Some ladies adopt two or three callings at once. A Mrs. Gibbs, living in St. Louis, notifies on her door plate that she is an “ elocutionist, poet ness, washer and ironer. ” Bareback riders in circuses, at least in those of England, are the most popular of circuB performers, and the best of the class. A lady who is very graceful in her acts, receives $500 a week during her engagement. The two best male riders of England receive $300 and $400 a week. Clowns of the best kind receive $50 and $75, and they are going out of fashion. James McCormick, a millionaire, bank president in Harrisburg, Penn., teaches a remarkable bible class. There are three hundred members, of whom he says: “ There are men in this class who are by no means Christians, men who are not even re formed. One of the worst gamblers in this city iB a regular attendant. He is a bad man and confesses it, but there is a spark of goodness in his heart which, some day, may be fanned into a flame. ” The highest ralary ever paid inBos Lon was that of J. Wiley Edmonds, who, at the time of his death, was receiving $50,000 per annum as treasurer of the Pacific mills. The highest salary paid to a bank president in Boston at present is $10,000; the highest to a cashier i^ $3,600. The range of salaries of dry goods salesmen is from $5,000 to $500 a year. In the wholesale boot and shoe trade the highest salary is not over $4,000. A few women, the heads of departments in the dress or suit-making business, receive about $1 000 per year. Most salaries have been much reduced since the advent of the hard times. The articles made of paper at the lat Berlin exhibition comprised the roofe ceiling, cornices and interior walls of a house, the exterior walls of which were made of pine wood, but all the furniture, blinds, curtains, chandeliers, carpeting, ornamental doors mantel and table or naments were of paper, including a stove made of asbestos paper, in which a fire was burning cheerfully. There were also exhibited wash basins, water cans, a full- rigged ship, lanterns, hats, shirts, full suits of clothes aud underclothing, straps, handkerchiefs, napkins, bath tubs, buck ets, bronzes, flowers, urns, jewelry, belt ing and animals, both for ornament and for toys. . Dr. D'Unger’s cinchona rubra treat ment for drunkenness is ridiculed by Dr. Earle, the physician of the Chicago home for inebriates, who thinks that the method of that institution is the best in se. The patient suffering from alcohol fm-ig first bathed and then put to bed. Liquid nourishment only is given him. If he is excessively nervous, or is suffer ing from cerebral affection, he is given nerve sedatives, like the bromides or ex tracts of valerian. If he has been for a long time without sleep except when drunk, it is deemed essential that he should have a long sleep on his first night in the home, and in the majority of cases this is brought about by doses of hydrate of chloral. On the second day, if the nervousness is followed by depres sion, quinine and ammoniaare given, but no alcoholic stimulant. Usually he is able to leave the hospital department on the third day. Thereafter during his tay he lives on an ordinary diet. Dr. Earle ciphers out the proportionate causes of drunkenness as follows : “ As sociations with drinking companions, 40 per cent.; sociability, 10 per cent.; trouble of various kinds, either in busi ness or in family, 10 per cent.; the cus tom of drirAhg in families, 2 per cent.; and the other causes which go to make up the ien «er are different kinds of business iiich bring a person in contact with alcohol, such as liquor traffic, hotel business, etc , mental depression and ac tive brain work, army and navy associa tions and other reasons. New York Times: The experience of the last few years has shown that the cultivation of great fajrms in the west, where they are almost entirely owned, has been anj^hing but lucrative. They n»^4*ioved in the main both injurious ^individuals and the country; the fail ure of the colossal farmers in Illinois being (samples of the untoward fate attendant u non gigantic enterprises of th<» kind. Farming on a grand scale ever * the assistance of improved machiD ^-and implements, is a dangerous ex penitent here, and tuu&lly terminates disastrously. T ie majority o agriculturists who have made money on small farms have lost it on large farms, and this experience has been repeated in Illinois, Missouri, Kan sas, Colorado, Nebraska and Dakota. The trouble is that our‘ big farmers undertake far more than they caD accom plish, and their gt and ambition ends in partial or slovenly cultivation. It is estimated that ihe money sunk by large farmers during the last ten years amounts to more than $100,000,000, and it is thought that their failures have taught them a valuable and much needed lesson. Much of the success of France has been ascribed to the subdivision of the country into small farms, which, thoroughly tilled, support a large population. Al though we do not usually regard France as agricultural, she produces more wheat, it is said, than the whole of the United States. Her crop for 1868 is represented at 350,000,000 bushels, while ours for the same year was only 240,000,000 bushels. Wines, silks, laces, oil aud fine fabrics of divers kinds are not her sole exports; she sends enormous quantities of grain, but ter, eggs and other household products to Great Britain. Two-thirds oi the entire area of France is under cultivation, while little over one-third—if so much— is under cultivation in this country, and her farms yield on an average, per acre, three or four times what the broad regions of the west do. Carrion Crows of Vera Cruz. Vera Cruz Cor. N. Y. Post. These black vultures, called zapi'otes, are an institution of Vera Cruz. Tame as domestic fowls, they circle about singly, in pairs, and ia great flocks, roosting upon the towerp, cupolas and housetops. They act as the scavengers of the city, cleaning the streets of offal and refuse, and, in fact, descending upon anything edible within their reach. They quarrel with hungry dogs for the possession of a bone, uttering many gut tural protests during the struggle, and clinging pertinaciously with beak and talons to their end of the prize. They haunt the fish market when the sun has begun to do its work upon the finny merchandise, and steal surreptitiously up behind the vendor, when his head is turned, to abstract a fish. Their ex pression, when detected before the theft takes place, is that of unimpeachable in nocence. They seem to say, “ Oh! 1 won’t take anything; I'm simply looking No one is allowed wantonly to destroy them, five dollars fine being the penalty for shooting or otherwise killing a zipUote. Those within the city walls are ©t the species known in the southern states as the carrion crow (Caiharics alralus), though two other kinds exist upon the coast—the common turkey buzzard, with plumage of a more somber cast and red on neck and legs of a livelier tint, and the king vulture, monarch of his tribe. One of the most common roosting places of the vultures are the crosses on the church towers, and the sight of three of these black qpats perched upon either arm and on top of these white emblems forms a novel if not cheerful spectacle; one involuntarily thinks of the crucifixion and the two thieves. Flounders’ Eyes. From Nature. In the la*e summer of 1875 a little shoal of some fifteen quite transparent flounders were captured by Agassiz, on a quiet and brilliant morning, on the sur face of the water at the mouth of the har bor of Newport. They were swimming vertically, and violently rushing after the minute entomostraea which swarmed on the surface. They were at once trans ferred to shallow glass jars, in which they would remain at the bottom on their right sides, lor hours immovable. When dis turbed they were rapid in their move ments, frequently jumping out ol the water. When swimming vertically they usually moved obliauely, the tail being carried lower than the head. When one of these was looked at in profile, its right eye could be seen through the head, slightly in advance and a little above the left eye; owing to the great transpar ency of the body, the right eye was then nearly as useful as if placed on the left side. Gradually it rose, until about six days it was well above the left eye; shortly after, wonderful to relate, it was seen to sink into the tissues at the base of the dorsal fin, between this and the frontal; slowly it sank, until the huge orbit became ieduced to a mere circular opening. Little by little this became smaller and smaller, the eye pushed its way deeper into the tissues, until an ad ditional opening was formed on the left side. At this stage there were three or bital openings, though ofjeourse but two eyes. The original, or right orbital, opening soon became closed, and the colored side had its two eyes. THE cansr. OF THE “SfiSCY JANE. The sky was dark, and the iron-bound coas"* Of the Battery loomed nigU, When stout Pen Bow. of the Nancy Jane, O’er the billows cast his eye, But his eje returned, and the sttadfast glare Of his nose’s tip renewed, For they «aine, too, that had dwelt therein Ever since the wot Id is viewed. i hen a sigh he heaved o'er the Nancy’s bow, with a wild, convulsive throe, And he muttered words which I can’t repeat, »”or his speech was somewhat low. 1 hen his glass he seizni, and looked sgaln, With an anxicin gaze aud keen ; But the inky doed he swept iD vain While dead eyes gleamed thiough the growing Ar.d the air srrnied full of shrouds. Down into the fateoraleES deep he hove The lead, with a seaman’s prayer Then murk and murkier grew the sky, and fieicer rolled the tide: Ar.d hold Ben Bow was quite unmanned, Till his cry became a But never they’d ansvirel yet i Thcuiih they oft replied “ Ay, ay !” For though as stauLch aB tars may be, And - > mifcters. A Woman’s Sharp Wit. A witty woman, if she is also pretty, seems to be licensed to sky what she will to friend or foe. During the war for in dependence, the ladies ot the south freely exercised their sex’s * privilege. Alter the surrender of Charleston, the British arms were, for a time, triumphant in that section. Many of the leading, men, through fear of imprisonment and of losing their estates, renewed their allegiances to the kiDg. Most of the women, however, adhered to their Whig principles, and were not reticent in ex pressing their sentiments. Mis. Daniel Hall, a noted Whig, obtained per mission to visit her mother on John’s island. As she was getting into the boat that was to carry her to the island, an English officer, in an authoritative style, demanded the keys to her trunk. What do you expect to find there ?’ asked Mr. Hall. “ I seek for treason,” | replied the officer. “ You may save yourself the trouble of searching my ! trunk,” said the lady, “ for you can find plenty of it at my tongue’s end.” I Then his male drew Bt n aside, who seemed, As the crew said, “ much consarncd,” For oft his shaggy brows he knit, And his eyes at times he ‘ darned,” For the dreaded blow teamed near at last, As his hoard of choice Havanas Had pH been “smoked, ’ so lie opined, To judge by the customs manners. But higher and higher the waves arose, Ami first the anchor parted, And then, it was seen,not men ly a plank, But the whole of the ship bad started. When this the customs officer saw, His heart grew sore with trouble, the c a plain-toward him stretched his hand?, And the tight he s a double. At that, to the shore be madly rushed, And shouted, “ A vast! Bt-lav!” And small and smaller the Nancy grew, For she quickly wore away. And lo ! ae he watched that noble ship, vV'ithasort of shuddering quiver, With her cm p tain hoi 1 and her crew, went dow But the only went down the river. BURGLARS AT BAY. Appliance* to Protect Proper I'urloiia Orvice* u*rtl n* Mtfeicuat d*. New York Mercury. At the present time, to a greater de gree, perhaps, than at any previous pe riod in the history of the world, crime, particula iy robbery and burglary, has become a business, a profession, and a fine art—pursued for a livelihood by many bold and adroit and sometimes scientific men—consequently the protec tion of property, money and valuables from the attacks of thieves has become one of the most important problems of civilization. Four factors are relied up** on to furnish the desired protection. First, mere force or material, such as iron bars or shutters and the like. Second, mechanism, as evinced in locks, combi nation-locks, clock-locks, etc. Third, or ganized systems of watchmen, patrols, etc., in which intelligently directed and presumably honest human nature is relied upon; and fourth, science, which, by applying the laws of human nature to the purposes of protection, acts as a guard. The last is, as can be readily seen, the best. Force can be overcome by force. Machinery, however intricate, can be taken apart or broken. Men may prove incompetent or false; but a law of nature can always be relied upon, in all emergencies, to do its work. In the present article it is proposed to review the price pal means adopted in the me tropolis to protect money and valuables against thieves, and to show how our leading business men and institutions are, or can be, rendered secure from the at* tack of burglars. Such an article as this at such a time as this is, indeed, timely. The iron shutters are familiar to the general public, aud are in use among the generality of wholesale and dry goods bouses. But many of our leading retail stores are protected on the entirely opposite plan of no shutters at all— merely a plate of glass and a brilliant gas jet. Several stores on Broadway are guarded in this fashion, and one safe deposit company has adopted this ex pedient. Its very simplicity forms its security. Any one moving about in the intei iorofthe establishment can be plainly seen from the street, and supposing that a watchman was in guard all night on the outside no thief could ever effect an entrance inside. But even a model policeman can not spend his entire night watching the outside of one establish ment, and although under ordinary circumstances this simple illuminating process suffices, yet it does not aflord absolute protection. A case transpired not long ago in which a brilliantly lighted store was robbed by two bold and adroit thieves, who entered the store from a side door which they burst open ; they then proceeded quietly to open cases and boxes, although a policeman on his rounds passd them at their work and passed on, thinking, naturally enough, that these were clerks busy a little later than usual. Tne very audacity of their plan saved them. The |policeman never imagined that a robbery could thus be committed be ore the eyes of any body and every body, himself included. The patrol system and night-watchmen system have been extensively relied upon for protection, and, supposing the patrol never to fail, the patrolman to be immaculate and untiring, the watchman beyond the reach of temptation, and physically strong enough to resist all assaults, this system would be all that could be desired. It certainly has many features to recommend it; in fact, every possible variety of precaution should be used, and exclusive re iAnce should not be placed upon any one : scheme, system or contrivance. A system of patrolmen has been established in the down-town districts, among the wholesale dry-goods houses below Broome street, in which doors are tried every hour from six to six o’clock. An up town patrol has also been established from Thirty-sixth to Fifty-ninth street, in which some thirty- nine men are employed, sending signals from every corner of their patrol every twenty minutes from nine o’clock till six in the morning. Photographs have lately been taken of the night-watchmen connected with the leading houses and stores, and these photographs serve a c an important factor in watchiDg the watch* men. Not long ago a private watchman connected with a dry-goods house was from his post, and several pretenses were made of errands of importance during the night so as to call upon him, but he always was (apparently) found at his duties. Finally his photograph was taken, and several copies of it were given to various parties. Among them was one handed to a lad with whom the watchman himself was unacquainted. This lad was sent on a manufactured errand to the store one Dight, and found b man on post who did not answer to the photograph, though he did answer to the name, and made believe to be the watch* man. Another boy was then furnished with the photograph and on a trumped up errand saw the watchman, who did net answer to his picture. The simon pure watchman, however, continued to draw his weekly pay, until he, one day, with out the least suspicion having been ex cited on his part, was confronted with the facts and with the two lads, who each, without knowing the other, testified that the man they had spoken to as the night watchman was not the man before them. The watchman, thus cornered, confessed that he had employed a substi tute so that he could take a night off now and then, but claimed that his sub stitute was perfectly reliable. His em ployers did not see it in that light, how ever, and discharged him. Of late years the application of electricity as an agent for the prevention ot crime and the pro tection of property has attracted atten tion. It has been largely applied. It is held by many that in electricity is yet to be found the one absolute security against robbery. Certainly the theory of employing a great agent of nature like electricity to announce, and therefore defeat, a crime, is in itself perfect. Where nature herself acts on guard, the millionaire may rest secure. And in practice the use ot electricity in this respect has mere than justified the anti cipations of the most sanguine. Many ot our houses and most of our large stores depend chiefly upon electricity to protect them against thievery, utilizing a com bination of electricity circuits aud electric signals. The advocates of electricity as a detec tive claim for it the three advantages of economy, simplicity and certainty. In many places an electric current is placed around a safe or vault. There are several ays in which this can be done. Some times the safe is incased in a box, and an electric circuit is attained by means of plates separated by some insulating sub stance. If this box is tampered with or cut, the circuit is disturbed and an alarm is given. The only objection to this box method is that a skillful electrician could, give him time enough, separate the plates or material which composes the box without breaking the circuit or giving alarm. But only a most skillful practical electriciau could do it; then only when he had plenty of time and opportunity to study the box, so that, practically, this system is next to in fallible. Certainly no mere burglar or gang of burglars or unfaithful watchman could accomplish a robbery under these circumstances. Sometimes the safe itself is made a pait or pole of the battery or circuit. In this case the safe is covered with an insulating sub3t9Dce, which is covered again by a metallic coating. The latest device in this line is the eiectric net. This is composed of cut strips of copper woven into a net which surrounds the sale. These strips are insulated each from the rest, so that several independent circuits are made, and boring or tampering with which would at once cause a separate alarm. This net can not be taken off, like a metallic coating, and not even an elec, trician could get the advantage of it. There is one advantage about electricity. Unlike a woman, electricity can keep a secret. Ooe of the objections to combination locks is, as alieady hinted at. that their key must be known to several persons, but the secret of an electric circuit need be known onlv to one man. To explain: There is a measure used to electricity kuown a? ohms, from Mr. Ohm, its in- ventor. These ohms are for electricity what feet are for distances or pounds for weight—they determine the resisting force of ttie electric current. Now, every electric circuit cau be to arranged to have its own ohms or measure ol distance, and if a circuit is placed round safe, it can be set to a certain number of ohms. So long as the circuit is main tained just at this force, or ohms, so loDg all will be well, but the moment the number of ohms in the circuit is added to or taken from, that moment electricity will give the danger signal. If a mile of wire, with a circuit o so many ohms, guards a certain safe, then if any elec trician should connect-it to another wire with another circuit, the original wire would at once indicate a greater Dumber of ohms than before the connection. This would disturb the balance of the circuit, and the signal will at once be given. The only possible way by which j electrician could tamper with such a balance-circuit,” as it is styled, would be by knqwing beforehand precisely the number of ohms to which the circuit was set. Now, the circuit need not be known to any one save the electrician who controls the circuit in the interest of the proper parties With these ad vantages, it can be readily conceived that electrically guarded safes are com ing into vogue, especially as they cost les* than clock locks or combinations. Electricity is used as a guard against rolbsry by many of the leading business institutions of the metropolis, many banks, hotels, dry goods stores, etc. A. T. Stewart & Co., believe in electricity, and have adopted their own peculiar way of utilizing it. No watchmen are placed in the Stewart stores at night. Just before the stores are closed two men go around and search out for intru ders. Then, after these two men have concluded their search, another pair start on a tour of inspection. Then the stores are closed, and the two night watchmen patrol the ourside. There are four signal electric boxes at the re tail store, one at each corner. These boxes must be opened and a signal sent from them by the watchmen every five minutes. When the watchman at the corner of Tenth street and Fourth avenue sends his signal at midnight, the watchman at the corner of Tenth street and Broadway sends his; and thus they each reach their separate rounds, traversing part of each other’s patrol all the nfght through, two sides and a part of a third side being inspected by each watchman every five minutes. These watchmen have handcuffed keys, or tumbler-lock keys, as they are called. These are keys which are handcuffed round the wrist, and which can not be detached from the handcuff. When once placed in the lock they can not be detached till the box ia closed again, so that the key can not be possibly left in the box or duplicated. Ihe boxes, too, are so constructed that their locks can be changed every few nights, if necessary. H B. Claflin’s has its own separate electric wire, and a watchman who is allowed to send signals just as often or as seldom as he pleases. If he don’t send them often enough then the party at the other end of the wire signals him, ring ing, by electricity, seven bells at once, one bell to each ot the seven stores of the monster store. Lord & Taylor have six signal boxes, from which signals are sent every two hours, each box having its own separate time-table of signals. A correct list of these time-tables and the way they are filled the night before is sent to the firm every morning. E. S. Jaffray & Co. have five signal boxes. The Pacific bank has an electricity-pro tected safe, so has the Batchers’ and Drovers’ bank, the Bowery savings bank, Tiffany & Co., the Central Safe Deposit Co., and about five hundred other houses aDd stores. Of these five hundred scarce ly any two have the same set of time tables or arrangements. Electricity in its applications to modern life and busi. ntss is still in its infancy, but none of its applications are more important than those designed to protect property Probably the time will come when elec tricity shall be fully understood, when burglary, which is now a science, will become a “ lost art.” How Waterloo Was Won. Yau Lann's Revolutionary Epoch. Ney was unabie to maintain bis position without infantry, and had to order a rttreat. His gallant men had already partially descended the slope, but every hollow, every square yard of the well-chosen field, was commanded by English guns. He resolved to attack the English squares once more, assisted by fresh brigades of cavalry under Killermau, whom Napoleon had sent to his support. Even one hundred car bineers. who were held in reserve, were ordered to advance in spite ol the remon strance of their commander. Seventy- seven squadrons ot cavalry —10,000 he roic and picked men—rushed once more upon the heights. But again the En glish formed their solid hquares aDd re ceived the enemy with their concentric and terrible fire. The fighting now glow more desperate than before, and the loss was great on both sides. Both armies were almost exhausted. Wel lington had called up his last reserves and his ranks were thinning fast, while Belgian fugitives were crowding the Brussels road. Six flags were captured and taken to Napoleon in the midst of the battle, and he accepting it as an omen ot success Hoped every moment to witness the retreat of the enemy. What then was it which caused the French, and not the EnglisH, to retire from the heights on the center and right ©f the allied positions? There can be little doubt that the battle of Waterloo, as a battle between French ^and English alone, was lost and won upon these heights, though its success was rendered complete by the arrival of the Prussians It is, therefor, interesting to inquire how the victory was gained. Perhaps the majority of foieigners are wont to main tain that the English were beaten by Napoleon and rescued from utter defeat only by the opportune arrival of Blucher, by which the French army were over whelmed. Tnis,* however is a wrong opinion. Even if Napoleon, who was aware that the Prussians had arrived in the neighborhood of Waterloo, had in terfered with or recalled the cavalry un der Ney’s command, or had withheld any forces he might otherwise have sent to Ney’s assistance, the only argument which might be reasonably brought for ward is that the Prussians created a divergence in favor of the English de fenders ot the Heights of Mont St. Jean. But the cause of the withdrawel of Ney’s gallant squadron need not be looked for outside the circumstances of the despei- ate duel which had been waged from four to seven o’clock, and which must be regarded as either a drawn battle or as a victory for the allied troops. “Onthe >lateau,” writes M. Quinet, “the ex- laustion of the French was equal to that of the English. Seven generals were seriously wounded—Lheritier, gDonop, Blancard, Picquet, Delort, Travers, Col bert. No one gave the order to retreat, no one sounded the recall. The dimin ished ranks, pierced by grape-shot, by musketry fire and the saber, disorgan ized by three hours of unprecedented conflict, by the failing strength of the men, and yet more of the horses, neces sity which sets a limit to every thing— all these things occupied the place of orderly array.” If this was so, what ia the conclusiou except that the French found it impossible to achieve what they had so gallantly attempted, while the tenacity of the English enabled them to remain glued to the ground when the enemy had disappeared ? on an average pay of about £60 a year is a mystery worthy to be classed among the great enigmas of life; but they do it, and, furthermore, they con.-ticute a society. In certain villages, indeed, their group composes a recognized aris tocracy ; they are the great world ot the place; they possess the advantages of ran* ; the Sunday bonnets of their wives and daughters arouse rmotion amoDg cap-wearing spectators. And all this is paid for by about twenty-five shillings a week! Very wonderful. But the people of this curious category are ren tiered more remarkable still by a pecu liarity which is proper to themselves, which saturates aud permeates them by an unimaginable servility to their superiors, and by an equally unimagin able arrogaace to everybody e’se. They cringe ana they bully with a skill which is the most productive and the mo?t evident of their professional endowment-, and whica sets the beholder wondering what, hidden -grace there can be in the service of the French government to develop so wonderful a capacity of alter nate obsequiousness and insolence in its lower retainers. It is all over France; it sprouts in every wearer of a gold lace cap ; but it is more striking in the country than in the towns, “for the double reason that there is more space for it in the former than in the latter, an i that the people have more time tu contemplate it. LORD ULLAN’S DAUGHTER. French Petty Employes Frazer’s Magazine. There is a peculiar French class, the army of imall government employes, who discharge their infinitely insignificant but infinitely diversified functions throughout the land, on salaries which stretch between £32 and the vast, envied and rare imm > ity of £160. Of the 600,000 civil 'ants required by the complicated an inquisitorial adminis tration of FraDC< one-half, at least, are obliged by tbei < ccupations to inhabit the villages. Ihe gardes champetres, the i The Fact* In fbeCa*efcet Forth in Humble Prow. Oil City Derrick. A Chieftain, to the Highland bound, cries, “ Boatman, do not tarry, aud I’ll give you a dollar and a half to row us across the lake.” “ Now, who be ye would cross Loch- Gyle this dark an 1 stormy night?’’ a-ked the ferryman, with much curi osity. “ What ia that to you, you bald-headed snipe of the valley ?” replied the Chief tain, growing pale about the gills. “If I pay you a good round sum for your services it appears to me your interest in the matter should end there. Do you require the pedigree of every man, woman or child you take across in your infernal scow? If it wasn’t that I’m in a hurry I’d smack your jaws for your impudence, but as it is,” displaying a handful of coin, “as it is, I’m the Chief of Ulva’-r Tsle, and this—Lord IJlIan’s daughter. His horsemen hard behind us ride, and should they overtake us here in the glen it would go hard with us.” Out spoke the hardy Highland wight, while he unlocked his skiff and told them to get in : “ I’ll go, my Chief. I’m ready; but considering the terrible storm, I hope you will make it two dollars, although, as a matter of fact, I do not venture forth for a mere money consideration, but for your winsome lady. I have been there to BOme extent myself", and can appreciate the situation, so, by my wore, the bonny bird in danger shall not tarry. Sit a little more in the middle to trim the boat, please, and here we go!’’ By this the storm grew loud a pace, the water-wraith was shrieking, and other things looked most mighty dark. But still as wilder grew the storm, and as the night grew drearier, adown the glen rode at least a dozen men, wi:h old Ullan at the bead on a cream colored mule. “ Oh, baste thee, haste 1 ” the lady cries; “though tempests round us gather, I’ll meet the raging storm, but not my angry pa. ” Sj on they rowed amid the roar of waters fast prevailing, and when Lord Ullan reached the shore his wrath was dreadful to behold. And no wonder. For sore dismayed, through storm and shade, he discovered his daughter out in the boat with a smile on her lip, and salt spray in her eye, and both arms around her lover. For a while it seemed that he weuld take it out of his hired men and the cream colored mule, as he declared he would have the former beheaded as soon as he got home, and the latter he was hammering over the ears with a club. Presently he took another tack: “Come back! come back! ” he cried in grief, “ across the stormy water, and I’ll forgive your High land bey, my daughter ! oh, my daugh ter! and also settle the bill with the ferryman. ” But the young lady could not be caught so easily. Neither could the young man, who told the ferryman to press on, and then turning around in the boat, still keeping one arm about his sweetheart to prevent her falling out, called to the old gentleman : “ Much obliged lor your kind invitation, my dear sir, but we will not come back at pres ent. You can expect us, however, in the course of a week or ten days. Till then, adieu !” Lord Ullan called again. ’Twas vain ; the loud waves lashed the shore ; return, they wouldn’t think of it. In fifteen minutes they were on the other side, the ferryman was wondering what he would do with a twenty dollar gold piece, and the young couple were in quiring the way to the nearest justice of tne peace. FACTS AND FANCIES. You have not fulfilled every duty unless you have fulfilled that of being pleasant. Success has a great tendency to con ceal aud throw a veil over the evil deeds of men. The man who walks “ a thousand miles in a thousand hours” s more gen erally admired than he who walks up rightly through th lee-score years and ten. There is no merit where there is no trial,and till experiance stamps the mark of strength, cowards may pass lor heroes and faith for falsehood. Boston's imports in 1878 were $36,- 610.759 as compared with $47,720,664 in 1877. Her exports in 1878 were $49,- 938 465 as compared w th $43 563,229 in 1877. “Father,” said an inquisitive boy, “what is meant by close relations?” “Close relations, my son,” replied the father, “are relations who never give you a cent ” The boy said the old man. then, was the “closest” relation he’d got. He who never changed any of his opinions never corrected any of his mis takes : and he who was never wise enough to find out any mistakes in him self, will not be charitable enough to exense what he reckons mistakes in others. An rfligious newspaper will go the rou d of the family circle and still look bright and clean, but when the family tory-paper makes the circuit, it looks as if it had served in the capacity of a bustle, and had been given to the baby to cut its teeth on. lecturer on chemistry lately dis coursed in this fashion : “ L’o illustrate how elements that are perfectly harmless in themselves may become destructive by combination, take the case a gun and a small boy. What can be more harmless than each of these when alone by itself, or what can be more dangerous in combination ? ” A ruracist seated himself at a res taurant ’able yesterday, and began upon the bill of fare. After keeping three waiters nearly an hour employed in bringing dishes to him, he called one ot them to him, heaved a sigh and whis- l**red, as he spread the bill of fare before The Man Who Booted Dickens. Washington PosL Old Major Throckmorton, keeper of the Galt House, in Louisville, is dead. He was a good old man and Kentucky to the bone. When Dickens came to his house in 1846 the Major gracefully and hospitably addressed him thus while the assembled c.owd looked on and lis tened with admiration akin to enthusi asm : “ Mr. Dickens, we are glad to welcome you. We know you a^d admire you, and will reckon it a privilege to be allowed to extend to you the hospitali ties of the metropolis ef Kentucky. As your special host I beg that you will command me for any service in my power to render.” Mr. Dickens received this with a frigid stare. “ When I need forest keepers, the various loremen of j you* landlord,” he Mid, pointing to the the national department ana cemmanal door, “ I will ring.” The next moment roads, the multiform agents of the tax* collectors, the overlookers of navigation on the rivers and canals, the inspectors, surveyors and overseers of every possible process, thiDg or deed that can any how the distinguished author was half way out of the window, the Major’s boots under hs coat tail, and numerous Ken tuckians holding the Major’s coat tail, for the Major viewed insults from a be inspected, surveyed or overseen, and ! strictly Kentucky point of view, and the crowds of other diminutive officials with j only mention of this incident in the a line of gold or silver braid on their “American Notes” is that Dickens saw kepis, are all, by the essentially local ! a pig rooting in the streets ot Louisville, nature of their calling, dwellers in the | which proves that great novelists are country. How they manage to ledge, j more careful about their fiction than nourish, clothe and educate their familit s th e * r facts. iiim. and jiointed with his finger: “ Mis ter, I’ve et to thar, and ’’—moving his finger down to the bottom of the page— “ er it ain’t agin the rule, I’d like to skip from thar to thar.” Sir John Lubbock and Ills Ants. London World. One of the best rooms on the first floor of High Elms is devoted to wort, and at the present moment contains a menagerie nf ants. Between thirty and forty species are represented by separate nests, placed under glass, carefully shaded from the light, and surrounded by water to prevent the insects from escap ing and prevading the house. It is pleasant to see trir John Lubbeck, ar rayed in his working suit of gray stuff, gently uncovering the nests, and replac ing the screens quickly lest the animals should take alarm at the influx of light, and be thrown into disorganization by the the ught that their nest ia attacked. It is curious to observe that these tiny creatures have animals with them, which it may be presumed are useful in some way, as the ants forbear to attack them. They are mostly of the beetle race, and some, like the little Claviger, are quite blind, possibly from confirmed subter ranean habits, and are only found in ants’ nests, the proprietors of which take as much care of them as they do of their own young. Apparently ants have a considerable variety of domestic animals, among which the blind Platyarthrus is conspicuous, as well as the Bsckia al binos, the latter of which was first iully described by Sir John Lubbock, whe suggests that perhaps ^iese two act the -part of the Constsntinop’e dog and the Turkey buzzard, making themselves use ful as scavsngers. An hour’s chat with the owner of this well-organized work-room has a tendency to dispel some early illusions of the un scientific mind concerning the industry of the ant It is an industrious crea ture in the main, but there are ants and ants. Tne large red Bpecies found in Central Europe, and which displays ex traordinary activity when light is admit ted to its nest, is not industrious at all, being a purely fi.hting aristocrat and slaveholder. She—the fighting ants are Amazons—makes predatory excursions, like the “ commandoes” of the old Dutch boers, and carries off the puy se or chrysa lids, the so-called ants’ eges, of which young pheasants are so fond, of another species, and brings them up as slaves. As Sir John Lubbock points out .he slaveholders present “ a striking '..s.ance of the degrading tendency of slave.y.” They can neither wash nor feed them- selves. They have lost the greater part of their instincts, their art or power of building; their domestic habits, lor they take no part in providing themselves with food; aud if the colony changes ita nest, the rulers are carried by their Blaves to the new one. Even their structure has altered; their mandiblea have lost their teeth, and have become mere nippers, terrible in war, but use less for other purposes. So helpless, ex cept for fighting purposes, have they become, that if deprived of ther slaves they actually die of hunger. There curi ous facts, which sound almost like the romance of natural history, have all been verified at High Elms by observa tions which confirm those of Huber in almost every case. Enforced Silence for Twenty Tears. Uclethorre.'Ga.. E.ho. There has just died in this county a lady who, at the age ot sixteen years, from some cause or other, stopped the use o: her longue, and, until just before her death, twenty years after, she never uttered a word. As her last hours were drawing near, she sent for some of her friends and dictated her will in a man ner that proved her sound in mind and fluent in language. She spoke of many things that happened in the country during the apparent dumbness, bat gave no reason for her strange conduct An attempt was made to break ber will on tLe ground ot insanity but it failed.