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Cedartown advertiser. (Cedartown, Ga.) 1878-1889, June 19, 1879, Image 4

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rough is so shaped as to need splitting, the workman decides what part is to be re moved and makes a small cleft with another diamond. A diamond-edged tool is then used as a cleaver, and the fragment is split off. The greatest care is necessary, of course, to determine what will be the direc tion and extent of the cleavage, and as it cannot be made except with the grain, only a long-experienced workman can tell how to make the cut. The stone now passes to the cutter, who uses two stones at once mutually to cut each other. Each one is secured at the end of a stick in a cement made of resin and marble dust. Holding a stick in each hand over a box to catch the diamond dust, the workman steadily rubs one against the other until the attrition wears down one face of each diamond. As soon as a clear space has been cut through the rough outer coating (“making a win dow, ” the experts call it), the diamond is carefully examined for flaws and its shape determined. If a flaw lies near the'Outside, it can, of course, be easily cut away in shaping it; but ifrit is far in the interior,, the stone, if large, mus£ -be jjbut|in |wo,j making two half-sited gems instead of' one large one. The snape having been decided —the cutter goes or. to cut the stone to cor respond in generat form to that determined upon. There is litth§ attempt made to cut regular fasces, but the position of the “col let” and the “table” is defined, Thg “col let” is the small pointed lowei* apex of a diamond cut in “brilliant” fashion, and the “table” is the flat surface on top. When the diamond is passed over to the polisher it is set in a pewter setting held in a kind of socket about an inch in diameter. This has a copper rod about two inches long and a quarter of an inch in diameter, extending from the back, which is grasped by the jaws of the rest in which the socket is held while the polishing -is done. The rest is heavy so as to press the diamond down upon the polishing disc with sufficient force. The disc is a circular plate made of steel and iron revolving horizontally at a velocity of two thousand revolutions a minute. The face of the disc is cbvcred with oil contain ing diamond dust which is retained in the pores of the iron and acts as a polishing agent. The diamond is carefully set in the pewter as nearly as possible at the right angle, but if a slight variation either way is needed the copper stem which holds the diamond socket can be bent sufficiently to give the exact angle required. Two or even more diamonds can be polished at the same time on one disc, ••and as the process is necessarily very slow, three or more rests can be watched by one skilled workman. The “dop” which holds the diamond in the solder resembles a large acorn in shape, the diamond being at the point and the copper wire representing the stem. The most fashionable and elegant shape- now cut is the “brilliant,” which has an upper table, generally octagonal in shape, thirty-two faces to the girdle, or broadest part of the stone, and a pyramid below running to an apex called the “collet.” The proper proportion for showing the full brilliancy of a stone is one-third above the girdle and two-thirds below. If the npjier part is too deep in proportion to the lower, the stone will lack sparkte at the - edge s, while if the reverse be the case it will have no brilliancy at the centre: The besf dia-' monds for color are the Brazilian and In dian; for although many fine stones have been found in the South Africa# fid<la, the greater number of these latter are of poor color. There are three shades in great de mand, the pure white, tl^j.ateel white and the blue white. The pure white is un questionably the most beautiful; it is full of sparkle and white light in whatever angle it is viewed, with absolutely no traces of color visible. Such a stone will cosf' as much as three hundred dollars a carat. The steel white has no perceptible color but a steely sheen in its sparkle. They look al most like black objects reflecting the light from a highly-polished surface. They are East India stones and very rare. They also bring “fancy” prices. Blue white stones, placed beside an absolutely pure white, will make the latter appear “off color” in comparison. There is just the faintest shade of blue in them, which coun teracts any tinge of yellow in the light pas sing through them. A pair of earrings of this quality, weighing together about four carats, found a purcliaser recently in New York for $2,000, the buyer being a dealer, who said that he had a private customer for them at $2,500. “Off-color” diamonda- will bring from $50 to $100 a carat* but there is little demand except for a really perfect stone, and the nearer pure wfliite me* better. Since the discovery of the South African diamond fields, about twelve years ugo, the price of diamonds has fallen to about seventy-five per centum of what it was before. Contrary to general opinion New York is one of the best diamond mar kets in the world. Moreover they'can be bought there quite as cheaply as in London or Paris. The duty on uuset diamonds is only ten per centum and on uncut stones there is no duty at all. Statistics tor Girls. A young English statistician who was paying court to a youDg-Jady* thought to surprise her with his immense erudition. Producing his note-book, she thought he was about to indite a love 9onnet, but was slightly taken aback by the following ques tion: “How many meals do you eat a day?” ; “Why, three, of course; but of all the oddest questions—” “Never mind, dear, I’ll tell you All about it in a moment.” His pencil was rapidly at work. At last, fondly clasping her slender waist: “Now, my darling, I’ve got it, and if you wish to know how much has passed through that adorable little mouth In the last seventeen years, I can give you the exact figures.” “Goodness! Gracious 1 • What can you mean?” “^ow just listen,” says he, “and you will hear exactly what you. frave been obliged to absorb to maintain those charms which are to make the happiness of my life.” “But I don’t want to hear.” “Ah, you are surprised no doubt, but statistics are wonderful things. Just listen. You are now seventeen years old, so that in fifteen years you have absorbed—oxen or calves, 5; sheep and lambs, 14: chickens, 327: ducks, 204; geese, 12: turkeys, 100; game of various kinds, 824; fishes, 160; eggs, 3,124;* vegetables, (bunches,) ,700; fruit, (baskets,) 003; cheese, 103; bread, cake, etc., (in sacks of flour,) 40; wine, (barrels,) 11; water, (gallons,) 3,000^ At this the maiden revolted, and jumping up, exclaimed: “I think you are very impertinent and disgusting besides, and I will not stay to listen to you!” upon which she flew into the house. He gazed after her with an abstracted air, and left, saying to himself: “If she kept talking at that rate, twelve hours out of twenty-four, her jaws wouldin twenty years, travel a distance ori,332,T24 miles. The maiden, within two montlis, married a well-to-do grocer, who was no statistician. Da«t on the Atlantic. About the latitude of the Cape Verde Islands on the Atlantic it is h frequent experience of voyagers to observe falls of red dust and a dry kind of mist. The material of the dust mass was examin ed microscopically many years ago by Elirenberg, and his opinion was that small particles carried aloft from coun tries here formed a transparent dust zone from which they sometimes sank down, and in a whirling moment came to the ear-.h’s surface. The material observation open to Ehrenberg was somewhat scanty. The phenomenon has therefore been lately studied anew, and in a more thorough way, by Herr Heilman, who examined the log-books of 1,196 ships that had passed through the region in question during th< 1864; to 1871, j He deals with ‘ chiefly from meteorological ffoint of view, and the following are some ofthe^ facts elicited: Host of the dust fair occurs in the zone of the Atlantic be tween 9 deg. and 16 deg. north. South of the 6 deg. north they are extremely rare, and the furthest south hitherto was in 2 deg. 56 m. north, 26 deg. west. The two furthest west were both in 38 deg. 5 m. west, both about 300 miles from Cape Verde. Dustfalls often oc cur simultaneously at very diflerent points of the “Dunkle Meer,” or Dark Sea (as Ehreuberg called it); in one case they were 150 miles apart. They also often last for several days, e. g. ten (April, 1759). Surfaces of very differ ent size up to 100,000 square miles, may receive dust falls. There is a yearly period in the frequency of the falls. It seems that near the African coast most occur in winter; further west, in the early spring. The direction of the wind during, dustfalls was from the east quadrant,'" and most frequently^ Ijfom north-northeast to northeast. The dustfalls observed are verv irregularly distributed over the years in question. Of sixty-three, taken at fandom; there were eightr falls of sand aiid tnree 4 of sand or dust. {Sometimes sand and dust fall simultaneously. The dust falls with great extent east and west are denser nearer the African coast. In forty out" of sixty-five instances the color of the dust was red. Sometimes there is no coloration. The dry mist on the Dark Sea is in casual connection with dustfalls. Herr Heilman con cludes from the facts that the dust ma terial comes principally from Africa, and Western Sahara. The possibility of occasional mixture of particles from South America is not excluded. The distribution of the dustfalls, both in space and in time (they follow the movements of the trade winds) sup ports the hypothesis, as also does the tact that the falling material is coarser in the East than in the West. Baby and the Live Doll. They were standing near a table where a w orker was just putting the finishing touch to the dress of a large wax doll, and just at that moment, to Jem’s surprise, she set it on the floor upon its feet, quite coolly. “Thank you,” said the Doll,politely. Jem quite jumped. “You can j'rin the rest now, and in troduce yourself,” said the worker. The Doll loooked oyer her shoulder t her train. “It hangs very nicely,” she said. “1 hope it’s the latest fashion.” “Mine never talked like that,” said Flora. “My best one could only say ‘Mamma,’ and it said it very badly too. “She was foolish for say tog It at all,” remarked the Doll, haughtily. “We don’t talk and walk before ordinary people; we keep our accomplishments for our own amusement and for the amusement of out friends. If you siiould chance to get up in the middle of the uight, some time, or should run into the room suddenly some day, after you have left it, you might hear—but what is the use to talk to human be ings’” “You know a great deal,” consider ing you are only just finished,” snap- lied Baby, who was really a Tartar. “I was finished,” retorted the Doll. “I did not begin life as a Baby I” very scornfully. “Pooh!” said Baby. We improve as we grow r older. “1 hope so, indeed,” answered the Doll, “There is plenty of room for im provement.” And she walked away in great state. S. C. looked at Baby and then shook his head. “I shall not have to take very much care of you,” he said, absent-mindedly. You are able to take pretty good care of yourself.” “1 hope lam,” said Baby, tossing her head. S. C. gave his head another shake. “Don’t take too good care of your self,” he said. “That’s a bad thing, too.” He showed them the rest of his won ders, and then went with them to the door to bid them good-bye. “I am-sure we are very much obliged to you, Mr. Claus,” said Jem, grateful ly. “I shall never again think you are not true.^ir.” . S. C. patted her shoulder quite affec tionately. “That’s right,” he said, “Believe in tilings just as long as you can, my.dear. Good-bye, until Christmas Eve. I shall see you then if you don’t see me.” He must have taken a fancy to Jem, for he stood looking at her, and seemed very reluctant to close the door, and even alter lie had closed it, and they had turned away, he opened it a little again to call to her. “Believe in things as long as you can, my dear. “How* kind he is exclaimed Jem, full of pleasure. Baby shrugged her shoulders. “Well enough in his way,” she said, bnt rather inclined to pros , and be old-fashioned.” 'Tarnal Cute.” “Was the prisoner disorderly ?” ask ed Justice Wandell, eyeing Dallas Barnes, of Blooming Grove. Pa. “Only demonstrative, Jedge,” Dallas him$elf interrupted. “I challenge the vote if he says anythtng else only dem onstrative.” Dallas looked like ail inflated Mul berry Sellers. Hat, raiment, gesture- all were identical; only he had more body. “He wasn’t very drunk,” said the officer. “Just as you See him.” “Discharged,” said his Honor, turn ing to the clerk. Dallas caught the whisper, but not the meaning. “Look-a-here, Jedge,” he interrupt ed. “None o’that whisp’rin. I’m tar nal cute, I am, and it takes more’n one Yorker t’ fleece me. Ten dollars 1 shall pay for this drunk; it’s worth ev- §ry cent of it, but no more. Ten dol lars your figure? You can’t raise it on me. I won’t give a red more.” He waved a bill and frantically forced it on the clerk. “All right,” said His Honor, philo sophically, “as you’ve fixed the price, so be it.” Dallas came smiling down. “Didn’t get the best of me, I tell yer,” he mut tered, with a wink. “Cute, wasn’t I? Equal to a whole regiment of Ytorkers.” “Yer darned fool, he was a discharg in’ of yer,” was forced from the officer he spoke to—the one who had arrested him. “What!” cried Dallas stopping short, while his jaw fell several inches. Then lie turned to the bar. “Jedge, this is downright extortion —dow'nriglit extortion,” he said. The Justice bow ed blandly. “1 w ould not for the world disagree with so clever a gentleman’s estimate of adrunk,” he said. “Good-bye; safe home to Pike.” Dallas never once glanced back as he left the room, Emporia, with Dave Dunham at the thiot- tle and Johnnie Haley at the furnace, just as it has every evening for the past six years. As engineer and fireman these two boys have stood side by side on this run since the spring of 1873; and have not offly registered “on time,” but have, by thpfr‘ strict atten tion to the rffies of the road, gamed the fidence of their employers and the friend ship of many people living along this divis ion of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas. As the train pulled out from the low land on the Neosho and struck the prairie, the con ductor noticed a sudden change in speed, but thinking the boys might be “lifting” her a little to meet the grade, paid no atten tion to it. The grade w r as met and passed as though no grade was there, and then down the hill she started at a terrible rate. As she skimmed along the passengers began to show signs of nervousness as they saw farm-houses rushing along as close together, apparently, as in a Kansas town, and the conductor too began to think all w r as not right at the “steam end.” As the speed increased at every revolution of the wheels, cushions, lunch baskets, bundles and babies flew around the car like mad, and now the thoroughly frightened passengers appealed to the conductor to stop the train. By this time he realized the danger himself, and knowing that a Santa Fe train had the ‘•right of way” at the Emporia junction, and that it would be certain death to Teach there ahead of time, he jerked the bell-rope as though a town were on fire. The bell sounded the alarm, but as no response came from the whistle, he realized for the first time that he was on a runaway train, five coaches from the engine. Whether it was the small amount of his life-insurance policy or the safety of the passengers that urged him on, will remain an open question, but it is morally certain that he was not many seconds in passing through the coaches, scaling the iron rail of the mail car, and landing on the coal pile near the locomotive which was writhing under the pressure of sixty-five pounds more of steam than was necessary for celerity, comfort or conve nience. He says as he struck the water tank and rolled down into the cab, the en gine was going so fast that the telegraph poles along the road looked like a “picket fence.” It look but a moment to put on the air brakes, reverse the lever and slow her down and find himself within two hun dred yards of an open switch at the Santa Fe crossing, and that the run of eight miles had been made in less than eight minutes. When the train stopped the fireman jumped from the engine and ran down the track towards the city, and the engineer, arising from the floor of the cab explained that ’JfiSt as they neared the Neosho, grade, Haley, the fireman, accused him of having reported something discreditable to him to the divis ion superintendent. This he stoutly denied whereupon Hale}' assaulted him with a coal pick, and a hand-to-hand scuffle ensued. In the melee the throttle was thrown open, and going at the rate of a mile a minute they “fought it out on that line.” On leav ing the train Haley ran down to the court house and had Sheriff 3Ioon lock him up in in a cell, fearing tliat he would be overtaken he said and killed by Dunham and his friends. Dunham was conveyed in a car riage to a physician and had his wounds dressed. His face, head and shoulders were terribly cut and bruised, the cut in the back of the head by a pick being a se vere one. The conductor ran the tram through to Junction City, leaving his en gineer in the hands of a nnrse and his fire man in the hands of a sheriff. A Wonderful Trotting: Ox. A member of a party of miners named Green, disgusted with prospects at Pike’s Peak, took, as his share of the camp outfit, an ox and the forepart of a cart and out of the latter made a sulky. With this he drove eastward and squatted on some land near Denver, which he cultivated. One day as Green was driving his ox into Den ver some fellows on horseback attempted to pass him. The ox, moved by some ap- parenj freak, quickened its steps until it went off in a swinging trot, leaving the horses behind. This was the first intima tion Green had that his bobtailed ox (it was bobtailed) could trot. The idea then pre sented itself to him that if he could only accustom it to trotting a short distance on a certain piece of ground it could out-trot any horse in the neighborhood. There was gambler named Randale in Denver at this ime who owned a horse that could do his mile in 2.40. Randale was acquainted with Green, and would occasionally drop into his quarters and praise his horse. A day or two after Green’s discovery of his ox’s powers Randale dropped in, as usual, ‘talk ing horse. * Green remarked that he had an ox that could beat Randale’s horse for three hundred yards. Randale laughed at first, then got mad, and at last offered to bet ten to one that it could not be done. The bet was promptly taken, and they ad journed to the prepared place. The ox was baeked up to a little hand cart. When eveiything was ready, away they went. Sure enough, at the end of four hundred yards the ox came in ahead. On the spot Randale bought half the ox for $500. The next day it was pitted against two horses, and the whole city turned out to see the re markable phenomenon, a trotting ox. Again it was victorious, and amid the wild est excitement passed the line six lengths ahead. Every day thereafter the ox de feated a horse or two, and there soon be came a popular demand for a share in the animal. Accordingly a company was formed with a joint stock of $6,400, being sixty- four shares of $100 each, The stock went aike hot cakes, and soon sold above par. tin a week, during which the ox had won several more races, the stock was quoted the gambling tables, and passed for $1,000 a share. At last a horse sired in ban Fran cisco came along, and a trial of speed was made up between him and the ox. On the day appointed it was estimated that there were ten thousand people present. The ox took the lead from the start ; at the one hundred j'ard pole he was a length and a half ahead; and at the one hundred and, fifty it had become three lengths; at the two hundred and fifty the distance had widened into five lengths and the ox still gaining. But when within a dozen yards of the winning post the ox became tired, and made up his mind to stop. Accordingly he planted his front feet and refused to budge. Moral suasion, profane abuse, physi cal ill-usage, all failed to move him and the horse quietly trotted past and took the race. From that minute the stock sank from $i,000 a share to one sixty-fourth of the value of the ox as meat Many efforts were afterward made to coerce the animal into a trot, but all enticement and persuasion, gentle or otherwise, failed, and he never trotted again. SCIENTIFIC. I to eateh them ?” | know how. The A Baby in a Panther’s Jaws. Recently about dark, Mr. and Mrs. George Campbell and Dick Mannon were sitting on the porch of the Soda Springs Hotel, at Soda Springs, on the Sacramento River, while Mr. Campbell f s little boy, aged about three years, was across the road, about fifty or sixty feet distant, amusing himself with cutting bashes with a little hatchet. Those on the porch were startled and horrified by oliserving a panther spring upon'the child, and at the time supposed he was dangerously injured, which would have been the case, no doubt, had not the child screamed and those on the porch shouted exitedly, which prevented the panther from making a deadly spring, as he was evident ly watching and fearing the parties on the porch. As it was the panther seized, the child by the chin, one of the tusks of the upper jaw cutting his lip, and one in the lower neck, while the paw of the beast struck and scratched him in the breast. The shouting and rushing toward the child by those on the porch caused the panther to make tracks up the mountain speedily, and, Rafter picking up the child and exa mining the wounds inflicted, Mannon re turned to the house for his gun, and follow ing it up the mountain, soon despatched the panther, a hungiy, lean-looking cus tomer measuring five feet from tip to tip. Obsenations at Great Altitudes.—Pro- go-Inter room hi the !“ sor s - F - Langley, of-Allegheny , . . . ® _ . Observatory, who is now in Italy, sends dark and wait for them to come out , 0 The Amer ’ can Journal of Sei ^ ce and They must come out to get food, and Arts a brief description of the proposed water. I wait until they get near my observatory to be erected on Mount bait, and then, by the aid of my dark Etna,.under the direction of Professor lantern, seize them in my liamls and iacchini, of Palermo, at an elevation .. "7 .- . _ _ ", . , of over 9,GUO feet above the sea level, put them in a bag, or elke I pick them He adds .’ x wite in lhe hope that the npwiuriny tongs. Of course I got to example thus set by Italy may find im- be quick about it, but I have spent j itators with us. 1 have been now for many nights surrounded by rats with- some time at a less high but still an el- Rules fob the Care of Sheep.— The following good rales for the care of sheep we find floating round with out credit. The writer , evidently un derstands how to take care of sheep, and every farmer w ho keeps sheep—as every farmer should, at least a few— ought to paste these simple rules upon his stable door, that himself and hands may see them often, and adhere to them strictly: Keep the sheep dry under loot with litter—is even more necessary than roofing them. Never let them UliUlY 111 ca 1119 fUl 1 UUlltlCU UV IdlS niiu- WUIS wmv oi a ivoo uitu uuv ouin au J c 1 • • - - - — , out eettin-bitten X have had them evated station here, about 4,500 f eet ; ftand or lie m mud or suow. lake up of making is tbe same as that of shoe- oui geiun B omen• i nave uau uirm a ^ ove ^ gea eno . a ~ e( j j n observations i la mb bucks early in summer, and keep maker’s wax. This compound, you , above the sea, engaged in observations i ,amD DOCKS early m summer, ana Keep running all over me, on my head, up which it be g 0 | ed wiu be of some j them up until December, when' they my sleeves and up the legs of my pants.; use j n determining what may be ex- 1 nia y be turned out. Remove the.lower You don’t mind it when you get used pected iii similar sices in our own terri- i ^ ars asjthe^sheep enter orjeave S^yafd^ to it. I often put my hand in a bag of rats and bring out any particular one that may be wanted. Good lively rats are worth about eleven .cents each for a rat bait, but the business is very poor since Mr. Bergh took’ to breaking ftp the matches. It don’t pay to catch rats unless we can sell them, and as yet the only use for them is for rat baits. In Paris they use the skins to make gloves, but nobody has tried that here. But somethiug must be done if Mr. Bergh keeps on. Look at the sew ers! 1 could kill 400 rats any night, and they are DOw so numerous that they will walk boldly up in the streets at uiglit. Look at the markets they are infested with them. “It won’t do to poison rats, because they die in their holes and their putre fied carcasses infect a house with dis ease. Sometimes they eat linen and clothing to make their nests. Ytou can’t catch them in traps unless you know how. That used to be my busi ness in Liverpool, and how I did it is a secret. It is a slow way for most people. Often they c^tch one rat in a terv, their aim being to substitute some I thus avoiding broken limbs. C«*unf sort of quantitative data for our present them every day. Begin graining, vfitn conjectural knowledge as to the degree j greatest of care, and use the smal- in which the condition of vision are j jest quantity first. If a ewe looses & improved at higher stations, and to : milk daily a few days and mix a form with somethiug of definiteness a ; httle alum with her salt. Let no hogs standard of comparison.” The results w ith sheep. In weaning lamp, use (which will probably appear in.a report a m dl feed* Never frighten sheep presented to the United States Coast ^ y°^ can avoid it. Sow rye for weak Survey) are not as yet complete; but I one ® in cold weather. In the fall sep- may say, in general terms, that while as i arate the weak, thin or sick from the regards observations of precision, per- strong, and give extra care. If one is haps even as regards work on double ; hurt catch him at once; wash the stars and like measures, the gain is less wound; if in fly time apply spirits ol than might have been expected, too turpentine daily; always wash with much can hardly be said of the ini- something healing. Splinter broken wence advantage of an elevated station ! limbs tightly; loosening as tbe limbs for almost every kind of researches swells. Keep a number of good bells connected with solar physics. This is on . tbern. Don’t let them spoil wool specially the case as regards the chro- with burrs. Cut tag locks in early mospliere; while as to the corona, con- spring. For scours give pulverized oededly, our oniy hope (with our pres- al um i 11 wheat bran, l’reveut by tak- ent means) of materially extending our * n g care * n changing dry for green feed, knowledge of it, lies in the prospect If lame, examine feet, clean out hoofs; that we may yet be able to see it with- P are hoot, if unsound, apply tobac- out an eclipse, if the observer be in an c0 foiled with blue vitrol, in a little exceptionally tiansparent atmosphere, water, if the weather is not too cold, 1 will add that, after a recent expedit- sbe *r at once sheep beginning to shed, ion to Colorado, and with the condition and carefully save pelts of those that of observation there and here freshly die. Have some good book on sheep to in mind, I have no hesitation in saying refer to. It will put money in thy that our own country has sites at least purse equal to the Etnean station in every , ^ . astronomical requisite, and far easier trap, but never catch another, although of acce?s . u is most earnestly to he the rats may be in the house. hoped that something will be done with “Rats are very clean. They will not us in this direction soon, even if on a suffer a spot of dirt on their bodies ex- very moderate scale. If we wait for cept possibly the tips of their tails. I such a distant event as the completion a ir . A i of the Lick Observatory, we shall find , . . . 1 hey are very loud of sweet oil, anu I ^ liiure j s .rathered by European ob- :lIltl susta ins plants which otherwise have seen them dip their tails in a hot- servers before we are on the field. would perish. The observations of tie of sweet oil and lick them off, as Professor Stoekbridge show the soil, the only way to get at their favorite Is Heating G&s Better Than ‘ ,u°r”acf and° five^i^es deep, 'to ‘be OI aOaO— vv'nrmpr thnn flip fiir* it. ia harHhr nfKai. Where Does Dew Come From.—The general belief is that the soil obtains water from the air at night by absorp tion and condensation to such an extent as to be of the utmost agricultural value, and that in times of drought this moisture of the air invigorates food. They will gnaw holes for fun. What is needed, as a measure of auso- warnier tban the air; it is hard y y posgu I have gone up and sat down by rats lute econemy, convenience and health- We that tbe moisture ’ on tbe sur ^ e in and watched their movements, when tatEeSgtributiOBmduseofheatlDJnB'. tlle mornillg was <k T osite<l rron .> lhe they did not run away because they Almost the entire available heat eapae- A more reasonable conclusion is were perfectly blind. I have seen them ity of the fuel can be delivered without j ^‘leels 3e,“ U come™ neon- so old that they lost nearly all their loss and at a minimum of cost in the ; lact with the coWer air . ThepheD0ID . faculties. A great many people think dwellings of the poor and rich, and gas enon of so-called “dew fall” is usually we have a way of charming rats, hut w b ^eson^thTn'coal’stovS" attributed to the supposed fact that soil this is ndt so We onlv know how to P eI ) slvea “ a wholesome than coalstoves, an j plants are colder than the air at th s 1S ndt so. We only know how to d be used wherever coat is now I nj ht ‘ and so ( , 01rJen3e its nioisture j„ catch them, because it is our business, burned and the gas burned in them [b f f ’ rm of de w.” The “dew” on the w,il " lake «ailahle at any desired tern- j itcber Ig tbe cominon illustration perature-for heating, cooking or man- t ‘ rov e the theory; but as we have ufacturing purposes - the beat con- 8ee n, the conditions in this case are the tamed a the coal. Heating gas is, be- ’ of tbose with S0ll and planti yond all comparison, more economica j whicb are bntll warmer than the air at and useful than steam lor heating ol ni , white tbe ice .pltcher is colder. Tun Finnegan Claims. Saying to a miner, one of a family, “What fancy led you to name this claim Tim Finnegan?” he replied : "Weil, stranger, it was at Prescott, cities and we trust that our city an- Fl f rtll ’ er investigations were made in and me and Tuscan Jake was play in a ihonties will have their respective . lbe studT of tbi3 fjUe3t i oll . a tin box, game of cursock, jist fur the drinks, ‘" e "'I witliout'top or bottom, was filled with you know, when 111 comes one ot them , lnv tbat may bave a “j ob ” in 3oil allJ placed ill growing grass; the crazy, blood-thirsty blood-hounds that view. " ’ ™ J ° b | the grass was loaded ! with dew, but not a trace appeared on turns loose in mining camps, some- ' Y"A 'the box, and the temperature of the soil was GG degrees, and of the air GO times, l ipped out liis six-shooter and shot the barkeeper dead; and then turning on me and Jake, lie said : “‘Now, either of you move an inch, and I’ll blow the top of your off! tion of a practical character has T is exriVh ent vas re ea " beeu made by Mr E A Cowper a; j ££ wS the same ™!uUs. well-kuown English mechanical en- „ gineer. It is a real telegraphic writing ? h he " a 1003 V" cov ? r was ? laced f ° n ■heads , machine. The writer in London move? I the box i 111 tlle morm,l 2 th . e t0 P. ul llle ills pen, and simultaneously at Brigh j cover was dry, but the under side was “thickly studded with drops of water” “We know’d he’d do it. Thar was ton another pen is moved, as though the barkeeper dead, and thar was the b T a ! ,ha, ‘ tonl * iaud -. in Precisely sim- . ... 4. .... , T . .. ilar curves and-motions, lhe writer .. pistol pinted right at us. It was fear- writes in London , the ink marks in Warts ox Cattle. Anoint the wart ful; we darsn’t take a full breath. u ri ghton Those who have seen the I rl ‘ r ee tnneswuhcieaufreshiiog’s ,ard, Jake’s feelins worked on him so pow- instrument at work say that its mar- I about two days betw times. I have erfullv that lie couldn’t keep still: lie vels are quite as startling as those of I ha d warts on my horses bleeding hitclid around a little Ouick as the telephone, The pen at the reeeiv- I wa *Lts of large size, rattlmg warts anil niteneu arounu a little. ^uick as J. f. fhp a ‘ -ranee ot beimr i seed w arfs, to the number of one hun- iightnin a buitet laid him at uiy feet. -] de(| b a s )irit hi ?‘ d . Tbe appara ! 1 di-ed on one horse’s head. I have never Now tbe pistol was turned towards me 53 ehnrtlv m he nvuie nuhlie before I been able to find the warts for the third with the muzzle within three feet ol I „f l«d-. AU disappear my face, snd the eyes of the scoundrel A fae-siunle of the writing produced aJter tbe 311011 application. I have by this telegraphic writing machine “ nt th,a tn shows that the words are formed with out any lifting of the pen, and are per fectly legible. DOMESTIC. Wax axd Mortab for Wounds — Grafting wax which I have been suc cessful with for over forty years Is made ot five parts, .by. weight, of resin, two parts of beeswax (to give It body to stand the heat pf summer), two parts of beef or mutton tallow, or a pint of 1 in seed oii or enough of thelaGroVeither of tbe former to make the compound pliable when applied with the fingers to the grafts or wounds; thus it can be kept at the same temperature of the hands while applying it. The process perceive, is partly vegetable and partly animal. There can be no grafting ma terial made so congenial to the bark of the tree as mortar of loam and clay in equal parts, and water enough to bring it to the right consistency, beating and tempering until it i? thoroughly incorporated. It Is said that some use horse manure free from straw, and some add a little hair like that used in plastering, to present cracking. Un doubtedly both horse man uip and hair will pin the morter together, dna make it wear well. But I have always used that made of equal parts of common clay and loam and watei by beating and tempering as above described. Formerly it was applied to the stocks and crowns on flax or tow as a bandage to cover the mortar, to keep it in place, and to prevent it from washing oft' in showers, but now we use old calico for bandages in strips say two or three inches wide and twelve or more inches long. The mortar is applied with a wooden paddle or trowel to one end of the bandage in a bunch without spread ing, large enough to cover the stock, and then applied by pressing it over and abound the stocks and scions with the hands, and then winding the ban dage neatly around, tacking under end of the bandage. It can be quickly and neatly done with a little practice. Al though grafting wax is in general use, because of its easy application, facts do not prove that it is congenial to the bark of fruit trees. The fact is that oils or fats, also vegetable drying oils, are more or less injurious to the severed bark of the stock which absorbs them, consequently the bark is unable to make a lip or layer of wood and bark over the wound, as when clay mortar is applied; besides all vegetable oil, when used in grafting wax made of rosin and the air, rendering it hard, and thus crowds the scions, preventing them making wood inward over the stock, especially if cleft-grafting is the mode; young, vigorous growing trees over come these bad effects more easily. 1 think there can be no purely vegetable grafting wax made, as both vegetable and unetious oils, are a positive injury to the bark of trees; my experience is in favor of the latter in wax compound, if either is to be used. The following is highly recommended, but I haven’t tried it! Mix equal parts of resin and finely pulverized dry clay, adding suffi cient tallow to render the wax the consistency of chewing gum; apply warm with a wooden paddle. It qeLther dries up, cracks nor peels off, and is so cheap that it can be used for mending or stopping cracks in barrels, smearing wounds on animals and many other purposes. fairly blazed as he said: “ ‘Move, move, you, jist the tenth part of an inch !’ “It was the most horrible time of ray life. The sweat stood on my face like cobble-stones. I knowed he’d kill me, if I moved a finger, and it seemed all the time that I was going to move in spite of myself. I even wished that he Your Babies Not my Babies. Jjome years ago there resided in the town of fTebron a certain Dr. T , ., . _ , . who became very much enamored of a would Bhoot me, and have it all oyer bcautifu , young lady in tbesame town with. Jist then a pistol flashed behimP In the course of time they were the wild beast, and he fell dead in his boots. Tim Finnegan had got too much whiskey early in the evening^ and stretched himself out on some barrels jaged to be married. The doctor was a strong and decided Presbyterian and his lady love as strong and decided men uaxxn.. B apfcigt> They were sitting together in the eorner and went to sleep. The I ^ eyening oyer their ap _ shots that had killed the barkeeper and . . , M proacing nuptials when the doctor re- Jake waked him. And being sobered r b * | marked: “1 am thinking of two events which by his nap, he, uubeknownst to me anti the murderer, very easily and gradual- i j sball number among the happiest of lv drew liis pistol and sent the blood- m y uf e » hound to kingdom come.” “You fled from the scene of horror?” “I hugged and kissed Tim.” “What is the name of this prospect in front of us?” “Tim Finnegan No. 2.” “The one on the right?” “Tim Finnegan No. 3.” “And this on the left?” “Tim Finnegan No. 4.” “How many locations have you on this hill?” “Sixteen.” “The name of the last one?” “Tim Finnegan No. 19.” How is it that you have No. 19, and only sixteen locations?” “My boy, and my dog and my horse is Tim Finnegan No. 16, 17 and 18. “Y’ou have not named your wife that?” “No: but if I died ’fore her and Tim —he’s a bachelor—I want her to be Mrs. Tim Finnegan.” An Electrical Lady. And what may that be doctor?” asked ihe lady. “One is the hour when I shall call you my wife for the first time.” “And the other if you please?” “It is when we shall present our first born for baptism.” “What—sprinkled?” “Y'es my dear, sprinkled.” ‘‘Never shall a child of mine be sprinkled.” “Every child of mine shall be sprink led.” “They shall be, eh?” “Yes, my love.” “Well, sir, I can tell you, then, that your babies will not be my babies. So good night, sir. The lady left the room and the doc tor left the house. The sequel to this story was that the doctor never mar ried and the lady is an old maid. A Wind Spout. William Langley, a cotton planter of Gwinnett county, Georgia was stand- in Nevada City resides a lady of high ing in a field on his farm on the even- social standing who presents a singular case for the consideration of scientists. For many years she has been afflicted with acute neuralgic pains in various parts of the body, and, some time ago hoping for relief, resorted to the use ol an electric battery. She used the ap paratus for six months but found no re lief. At this time nothing wa3 noted of an unusual character as the result, and although several months have since elapsed, it was only when the winter cold weather commenced tbat an extra ordinary symptom followed. One night in the winter the lady had occasion sent this prescription to several agri cultural papers, hoping it would be of some use to farmers. But they all seem slow to believe; perhaps because the remedy is at hand and costs nothing. It ougnt to be at the head of the veter inary column of every agricultural paper. I was slow to believe it myself, but having a line young mare with large bleeding warts, thatcovered parts of the bridle and girths with blood whenever used. I thought there would be no harm in trying lard on them. When the mare was got up for the third application there were no warts, and the scars are there now, after more than fifteen years, with very little change. The “Leather Glove.’* The Governor of Haha, the largest and most important province in the Empire, which long maintained its in dependence of the Sultan, hereditary claim to the government of the twelve Shellah tribes who make up the popu lation. Although miserably fallen away from its ancient prosperity—in the lime of jL«eo Africanus (in the six teenth century) there were six or eight populous towns where there is now nothing better than a village—the Pro vince still furnishes much agricultural produce and live stock, and sends hides grain, oil and other merchandise lor exportation to the port of Mogador. The Governor, at the time of our visit, had long held his office; by liberal con tributions to the Imperial Treasury lie had kefjt himself in the favor of the Sultan while amassing vast wealth. Powerful and feared, he might have maintained his authority unbroken,but that, by a continuous course of oppres sion and cruelty, he at length stirred np the spirit of resistance among his own people. Vengeance, however at- trocious, for acts ol revolt is so fully the admitted right of men in authority in Morocco, that it did not seem to count for much in the indictineu against him that on one occasion he in- of the 23d of April. Around him were several men, a woman and three children, all breaking the soil for cot ton. The sky was elear and t 1 cair j flicted on several hundred—some .said quiet, there being about both a hint of j a thousand—prisoners the terrible pun- sultriness. The children.had juststop-! ishment of the “leather glove.” A ped work and thrown themselves, tired j lump of quick lime is placed in the vie- as tired could be, on the top of a pile ol ; tiro’s open palm, the hand is closed guana sacks, when a peculiar roaring i over it and bound with a piece of raw- was heard in the field. The sound bore hide. The other hand is fastened with some resemblance to that of an ap proaching train, but as no railruads were near the workers looked at one another in amazement. In a moment they saw a small column, not larger in to enter a dark room and pick up a circumlerence than a barrel, skim rap- a woolen coat which 'was lying ther e a chain behind the back, while the bound fist is plunged into water. When or the ninth day, the wretched man has his hand set free, it is to find him self a mutilated object for; life, unless mortification sets in, and death relieves As she did so she was both ftnrprised and frightened to observer brightligh; surrounding the hand tbat held the garment. At the same, time the elec tric current passed along the arm shocking her quite severely. When idly along tbe ground, 'ihe wind col- , him from further suffering. But in umn appeared to be filled with dust, 1 addition to such acts as these, the Kaid and in the centre contained what look- j of Haha was accused of capricious deeds ed like a ball of fire. Tbe mother rush- j of ferocity that revolted the consciences ed towards the children, who crouched j of his people. Among other stories of low in fright, but before she could ( the kind we were told that on some oc- reach them the pile of guana bags,chil- • casion, w hen he was having a wall her husband was told of tbe facthedis- dren and all were scattered right and made round bis garden, he happened to credited its reality, thinking there was more immagination than anything else in it. So the next evening, to convince her incredulous better half, she turned the gas out in the room where they were sitting, and letting her hair dowD began combing it. A remarkable dig play of light was the result. r ^he left. In its course, always eccentric, the columns struck a stump fairly from butt to roots, and tore it from the ground, the wood splitting into three pieces and dropping twenty or thirty yards away. Mr. Langly was sucked in as the whirling thing bolted by and thrown into a plowed gully some dis- sparks flew around in every direction tance away. In the next iustant the and there was a sharp, crackling sound as the teeth of the comb passed between the hair. In laying her hands upon iron the lady does not observe the pe culiarities referred to, but the instant she touches a woolen cloth the Are be gins to fly and the shocks follow one another in rapid succession. strange visitor had gone, passing up over the tops of the trees. It was seen plainly by the ladies at the Langley see a youth jump over the low, unfin ished fence. Feeling in some way an noyed at this, he had the unfortunate boy’s right foot struck off as a lesson not to repeat the experiment. Philadelphia has 140 shoe factories, against only sixteen eight year* ago. To Bake IShad.—Scale and clean the fish, wash and wipe it dry, and fill it with a stuffing made of boiled mashed ° iVitho potatoes, bread crumbs, chopped pars- bouse, appearing to them like the s | ey an( j seasoned with pepper and An Ingenious Nigiit Lamp.—A re cent number or the Paris La Nature de scribes a simple and convenient night lamp, the invention of M. Behn, indi cating the hour by the extent of com bustion of the oil. From the oil reser voir rises two vertical glass tubes; one contains oil, and is graduated for the hours; the other contains the wick sat urated with oil, and giving the light. The construction is such that one hour is required to consume the quantity of oil between the two graduations of the first mentioned tube. A reflecter placed under the flame at the side throws a luminous beam across the graduated tube. During the night one can thus see at what height the oil stands in the tube and read the corres ponding hour. HUMOROUS. e Wanted Sows **Sci He Wanted Some * Scenery.”—On a train coming east over the Central Road the other day was a Californian bound for New Jersey, and the train had scarcely left Chicago behind when he stopped tbe conductor and said: " On which side of the cars can I The conductor told him tbat there were no mountains along the route, and the man indignantly replied : “ What in blazes did you build the road for? What do you suppose I’m traveling for? This must be a one- horse road ir it don’t take in at least one mountain!” He cooled down after a while, but in half an hour be-tackled the-brakeman with the .query: “ Does this road pass by any old ruins of interest?’’ , Tbe btakeman ebulctfiV remember any ruins except tett ohF log house here and there, and4he Californian was mad in a minute. “Do you think I shipped on this road as freight or livestock?” he called out. “ If you don’t run past any old ruins why don’t you say so on your time-cards, and not be deceiving peo ple?” When the conductor next came along the Californian was looking from the window to catch sight of the bridges, and he turned and said : “If we come to any bridges over eight hundred feet long just give me the word. 1 don’t care about seeing any shorter ones.” The conductor hacLto admit that the road was trying to get along with a few short bridges, and the passenger bobbed around’in his seat'and replied : “ What did you build your old road for? If you haven’t any long bridges on the line why didn’t you hunt for a new one?” About thirty miles west of Detroit Californian caught sight of a lake off, and going out on the platform ked the brakeman: Don’t we run along the shore of that lake, over there?” “ No; we are as near as we shall go.” “You are, eh? Then that settles this road with me I When I come back I’ll ride in a lumber wagon ! Ycu can take your confound railroad and eat it, but you can’t fool me again. Looks to me as if the lolks who built it simply wanted to connect Detroit and Chicago, aud didu’t care a cent for scenery. I’ll get off at t ie next station and walk.” AUU Ca |t^° k Lemon Custard Pie.—1 lemon ; grate the rind and squeeze the juice; 1 cup white sugar, yolk of one egg, 2 table- spoonsful corn-starch, 1 cup water. Mix the corn-starch with a little cold water, and have the remainder of the water boiling, and stir the starch into it. When cold, add the rest of the cus tard. Bake in one crust. When done, beat the white of the egg to a stiff froth, thicken with sugar and spread oi the pie; return to the oven and brown Rats —Keep the house as clear as possible ot these pests. If they will not enter the traps set for them, drop a little oil of sodium in them; that will attract them without fail. The Sea of GaUlee. Riding by the foot of the Hattin, over the place where 700 years ago, Saladin annihilated the Crusaders’ power in Palestine, we at length'reached a ridge where we looked out on the distant hills of Bashan, and down far below us upon a dark blue pear or harpshaped sheet ol water lying snugly in a deep inclosure of high brown hills. Though less than thirteen miles long and seven miles broad, yet, measured by the events it has wituessed, it is a kind of a Pacific Ocean. It was the Sea of Galilee. As we moved over the long way downward to its level—650 feet below the Medi terranean Sea—we had time to grasp and fix its whole aspect and surround ings. It lacks boldness of outline, for its hills slope gradually back from the shore, or leave a narrow plain, as at Gennesaret and Butiha. But the lights aud shadows lie sweetly on the hillsides at night and morning; the northern end is broken into pleasant little bays, and Ilermon looms gradually up be yond, far off, yet seemingly near. The whole aspect of the lake is one i hat suggests the thought and the lack of beautiful homes. It was still a long ride to the lake. The region we were passing, once brimful of life and activi ty, was utterly forsaken now. Theen tire lake lay spread before us, and near ly the whole of its coast line, along or near which once lay the cities Tarichea, Tiberias, Hippo, Camala, Gergesa, Bethsaida, Chorazin, Capernaum, Mag- dala and Beth ArbeJ. Of these cities Tiberias once had^fts fc*enate of 600; Gamala was able to resist and defeat Vespasian at the head of three legions and when captured by Vespasian and Titus it lost 4000 in the fight, and 5000 who hurled themselves or were pushed down the precipices; while Tarchea, according to Josephus, was able at one time to furnish 16,500 for slaughter in a sea-fight with the Romans, 1200 slain in cold blood in the stadium, 6000 cap tive youth to dig for Nero in the isth mus, and 30,400 to be sold into slavery. The only existing visible representa tives of all this strength and activity were the wretched little cluster of huts called Mejdel (Magdala), and the shrunken Tiberias with its 200 inhabi tants. *Froin our path not a’vestige of the other places could be discerned. It was near sunset when we entered Ti berias. We followed the road through the gate, but could easily have passed through the rents in the walls. The now squalid city, mentioned but once in the New Testament, has been a tffiief home of Jewish learning since the dis- truction of Jerusalem. —The quantity of logs and sawed tim- , sley, and seasoned with pepper . . . smoke that rushes up in circular vol- I galt> p ut a sma n p i eC e of butter on ber lying along the upper waters of umes from the smoke stack of a locomo- ! top, lay it in a baking pan, and bake I the Delaware is said to be the largest ti ve . I it in a hot oven. Serye very hot. I since the panic of 1873. An exchange tells of an old farmer, who. having eaten an oyster slew for the first time, said: “I like the soup pretty well, but I didn’t like them polly-wogs.” Th reminds us of the little story of the H 'ier, who lunched with “Old HicKor ” when he was President. Among ether-things, there were champagne aud olives on the table, and of which the guest partook freely, and, when the lunch was about ended, Mr. Hoosier remarked : “ Gen- eneral, that’s mighty good cider, but hang your pickles!” Jones' Water Pitcher. A reporter was detailed to interview Hon. John Jones. He proceeded at once to his residence, and running up the marble steps, rang the bell. A lady appeared at the summons of the servant, whom the reporter supposed to be Mrs. Jones, the wife of Mr. Jones the wife of the distinguished gentle man. Bowing and removing his hat, the reposter said: “Is Mr. Jones at home?” “No,” was the response. “He is not in the house then?” “No, sir.” “Ah, in that case he must be out!” “He is.” “Yes! Being out he is therefore not “No, sir.” “Hum! When will he be in ?” “I don’t know .” “Ah-h! No objections to publishing this interview in the Daily Forum, I suppose ? “Not at all.” “Thank you,” aud the reporter bow ed and left. He returned again, how ever, about eleveu o’clock at night in hopes of finding the gentleman at home. At any rate a man raised the upper story window when the bell rang he asked who was’there. The reporter ex plained and asked if it ‘was Hon. Mr. Jones, who spoke. The man said it was, and if the reporter didn’t leave he’d throw a pitcher of water out. The reporter hoisted his umbrella and asked what Mr. Jones had to say on the su ject of international finance and com mercial reciprocity. Jones threw the water, but the umbrella would have protected the reporter, had not Jones thoughtlessly dropped the pitcher. That ended the umbreila and inter view, and nearly smashed the reporter, but he sweet feels revenge in the fact that Mr. Jones’ water pitcher is no more. It struck his cheek. A Peculiar but Effective C« Harry Stanley, a resident of Antioch, Ind., has suffered severely since June last with rheumatism. From a strong, robust man he was reduced almost to a skeleton, the joints, especially the knees, were stiff and swollen the cords and ligaments contracted and the case was altogether a serious one. N>me of the butcher boys suggested to Stanley the idea of bathing in and drinking bkxxL He was taken to McMaster’s slaughter house and treated accordingly with most astoaish- ing results. Placed so as to receive the warm sunshine his limbs were bathe 1 in warm blood fresh from the slaughtered ani mals. As soon as the blood was dried ipon hi9 legs they were wrapped in a fresh sheep’s pelf, another being bound across the btek ; he also drank freely of beef blood. In two days after commencing this treatment Stan ley discarded crutches, and is .apparertly a sound man. He has the full use of his limbs, the swelled joints are in a m.tural state and he daily gains rapidly in strength. This is to us a new remedy, and, whether like results would follow in all cases of rheumatism is a matter of conjecture, but it has accomplished w onders for Stanley. “The Next Town.”— Recently a citizen on his way to the Post-office was halted by a woe-begone tramp, wr.o looked as if a dinner of sfiingle-nafls and currycombs would be gladly wel comed if served up warm. “ You have the same old story to tell, I suppose,” said the cit he came to a halt. “ No, sir, I haven’t,” was the prompt reply; “ I am simply about to ask your advice. You look i ke a keeu, sharp business man, ami 1 thought I’d ask you what you thought of my going ro the next town.” “ Why—why, go on, of course,” stammered the citizen. “ That’s your advice, is it?” contin ued the tramp. “ I shall leave it all to you, and do just as you say about it. I have every confidence in your judg ment.” “Y"es;I think you can’t get out of town too scon.” “And if you were me would you borrow a quarter before you left?” “No; 1 wouldn’t. 1 wouldn’t wait for supper.” “All right—you seem to be a kind- hearted, well-posted m:»n, and I will take your advice,” quietly observed the tramp, as he moved away. The citizen looked after him until he was lost In th^^jstunce, never once thinking of back and hand ing him a He had the same game played onliira twice before. —European Russia has 78,000,000 in habitants—only 11 per cent of whom can read or write.’