VOL. 1-NO 158.
THOMASVILLE, GEORGIA, THURSDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 14, ‘.889
$5.00' PER ANNUM
When out shop-
ping, ladies will do
well to drop in at
and inspect the va
rious lines of new
goods, just being
opened. They are
very handsome and
at very attractive
" We are very busy
and havn’t time to
say much about
them in this issue,
but will be sure to
please you if you
will give us a call.
TheTGreat Leader. andlBenefactor,
132 BROAD ST.
The Colored People of Thomasville
—Their Schools, Churches, etc.
[Continued f.om last week.]
On the other aide of town is
another school, nearly as large as that
on Claystreet, (I mean in attendance)
taught by Mr. M. J. Jone3, who is
also lending his fine abilities to the
elevation of his race—indeed it is a
rivalry between himself and Prof.
Rice, as to who will have the laurels.
Jones is a splendid teacher, and un
derstands how to teach the “young
idea to shoot,” but until he erects a
building that lays “Clay street in the
shade,” I must confess him beaten.
There are several other smaller schools
scattered over the town, but space
forbids further mention, all of them
keep open for 'nine months. With
such an array of schools and workers,
there can be no excuse for ignorance.
Everything appears favorable for the
advancement and development of the
negro. Theso schools receive much
encouragement and material aid
from the whites of the city. It is a
grand thing to get help, but it is
among? the things possible to get too
much. I heartily despise the man
that is content to play the injured and
helpless mendicant, who by a few
strokes of his brawny arms oould re
lieve himself, and in so doing, stand
in the dignity of a man—not a beggar.
It is a noticeable fact that our people
throw away in folly, more than
enough to build and maintain every
In addition to our public schools,
we have a “public library,” named
after that statesman and prince
among orators, Hon. Frederick
Douglass. Mrs, B. Chace Wyman,
of Valley Falls,' R. I., became inter
ested in the colored youth of this .city,
ened by smoke and age and,
in no sense, should it represent the
fine looking, intelligent crowd that
meets within her walls. St. Thomas
has been, ever since the war, favored
with “first-class”, and able men; so
much so, until she is like a spoiled
child. An old charge like St. Thomas
that allows the most popular bishop
that Georgia has had, to come and
spend a day or more in their midst
without any demonstration of respect,
needs indeed to question their loyalty.
There are, in.this congregation, some
of the beat workers in the city, who
know better. Awake my dear sister
and shine! Don’t “sulk in your
tents,” better things are expected of
The other churches are endeavoring
to push to the front with good pastors.
There are many other places and per
sons, suoh as stores kept by colored
men, homes, etc. But I do not wish
to weary you.
I am constantly asked, by many of
our people, nboutemigration. ‘‘Going
to move all the colored folks oil by
themselves.” “Fifty million dollars
appropriated by Uncle Sam to move
the black folks,” etc. Many of them
aro under the impression that they
will be compelled to ncove; and others
express a wish to go.
I was born and raised in the Sunny
South, and here is my home. Under
her sod rests the bones of 'my father,
a sister and a brother. My brothers
are here, aud an aged mother, whose
hairs are bleached by many suns, and
much toil, for she was a slave. This
is our home, and no congress can ever
make mo leave it, by pacific law,
This is my home, I know no .other,
and if I must go, it will be by force
of arms. No, the government has no
such intention. What if congress
this excellent and most / iato flft milUo[
laudable work last March. Thehbra- those to go, bythe time it
ry is fully worth every cent of 81,000,
if.ndt more. It has nearly 800 vol
umes of choice and selected works,
carefully selected by that lady, assist
ed by her husband. Since its open
ing 900 volumes have been read, and
it has now over 200 regular readers.
Mr. Editor, you would be astoaished
at the variety of tastes in the readers.
But few of them pick out the non-
instructive bookand to the credit of
the library, be it said, there is not a
trashy novel or book in the whole
number. As I said-before, all the
books were carefully selected by the
accomplished and refined Mrs. Wy
man. At present, the library is in
the Clay street school building, and
open every Wednesday. It is con
trolled by a board of trustees: R.
R. Downs, President; J. C. Walton,
Secretary; Chas. Rico, Librarian.
The other trustees are Mack Davies,
J. C. Few, S. D. Roseborough, M. J.
Jones, Randall Mitchell, Messrs.
Sykes, Linton, Adkinson, and one
other, whoso name I cannot rocol.
There are about seven churches,
and two missions in Thomasville. By
rights of precedence, number and
wealth, the African Missionary Bap
tist, ranks first. They have for their
pastor a brilliant, talented, young
man, a graduate of the Atlanta Semi
nary, by the name of Rev. S. A.
Broadnax. He stands high, and -is
much respected by all classes. Ho
considered himself a failure until be
got to perambulating around Brother
Flipper’s congregation in Atlanta,
and carried off one of his prettiest,
accomplished and most agreeable
lady members, she is also g graduate.
The Baptists are prepairing to build
a seven or ten thousand dollar church.
They are able to do it, and have just
the pastor to lead them on “to victory
grand,” if too many “advisers” and
“big men” do not afflief t^e project.
May God deliver thpm from such
running sores, the bane of all iruo
progress. St. Thomas’ A. M. E.
church, is next in consideration, with
n good membership, well to do, quito
industrious, but lacks the truo essen
tials of loyal African Methodists.
The church house is too small, hlack-
would be divided up, thore would not
be enough to buy a spavined mule or
horse to eaob applicant. Any negro
that leaves his home for a strange
land, depending upon “Unde Bam to
clothe and feed him,” is a consumate
fool. "By the sweat of your brow”
alone, will any man eat bread. We
will find plenty of hard work in any
clime and ony land. The tree
that bears “batter-cakes, on the banks
of the river of Molasses,” is not on
this terrestrial ball,
I do not believe, either, that the
wealth and gentry of the south would
have us go; and, at the same time,
I do not believe that they are doing
all they can to allay the spirit of fear
and unrest that has taken hold of
our people. That our people feel in
secure is true. That they have occn
sion to believe that they are aliens in
the land of their birth, is also true.
That they feel helpless os a leaf before
the storm, is also true. But the
more thoughtful, the honest, hard
working sons of toil, do not look to the
northern fields for a refuge. Under
God they look to the classic browed,
noble, Christian men and women,
such as Rev. A. G. Haygood, and
many others, to stretch forth their
strong arms in their defence. They
look td the brains and influence of
the strong to rise in their behalf, and
we believe it will be done in this
beautiful south land, and the time
will yet come, when we and our
children shall stand beneath the folds
of the nation’s flag, and say truly,
“This is my own, my native land.”
ft. ft. ftowwa
Denison spent $ia,ooo last spring
in bringing in the Eastern capitalists’
excursion there and entertaining them.
Their investments in Denisgt) amounts
to nearly $1,090,900. A Denison
bankep says the banks of Denison
could have well afforded (by reason of
the increased deposits they have se
cured) to foot the entire bill Of $13,-
ooq. There is a lesson in this for Ter
rell and other towns.—Terrell (Tex.)
Star. •. - 'j; • : •
Thomasville can digest the above.
It contains food for thought.
An Important Law.
One of the most important laws
passed byjthe Georgia Legislature this
session, concerning the business affaire
of the people was signed by the Gov
ernor on the first day of October.
The law provides a specific change
in the existing law governing the re
cord of tranfers and liens, and defin
ing explicitly when such transfers and
lines shall take effect against the third
Section first provides that deeds,
mortgages and liens now required to
be recorded in each county shall take
effect against third parties only from
the time they are filed in the clerk’s
office for record. The record shall
show the day and hour of filing.
Section second requires .that the
clerk of the superior court of each
county shall keep a general execution
docket for such papers, and that no
money judgment obtained within the
county of defendant’s residence shall
have a. lien on the property at issue,
unless the execution shall be entered
upon thi3 docket 10 days from the
time the judgment i’b rendered. The
lieu shall date from the entry of the
Section third provides, as against
innocent third parties, no money
judgment obtained?in any other coun
ty than the one in which the defen
dant resides shall have lien upon the
property in any other county than
where obtained, unless the execution
bo entered upon the execution docket
of the county where defendant re
sides, within 30 days from the time
the judgment is rendered.
Section four provides that this act
does not affect the validity of a deed,
mortgage or lien between the parties
Section five provides for a feo to be
paid the clerk for filing and recoil
Section six provides that this act
shall go into effect three months after
it is approved by the Governor.
Section seven repeals all conflict
This act will be in operation on
January 1st, 1890, as it was approved
Bryan.—Mrs. Mary Lucy Bryan,
nee Smallwood, was born October 20,
1855, and died in Thomasville, Ga.,
September 7, 1889.
She was married! to W. D. Bryan
May 26, 1872; joined the Methodist
church in 1873. During the 18 years
that the writer has enjoyed her friend
ship not one unkind or uncharitable
word did shentter. About a year
ago the angel of death took her sweet
babe, and many times the rod of af
fliction has been laid upon her and
her loved ones, but never a word of
distrust or murmuring passed her lips.
Quietly, pntienly and cheerfully she
lived, teaching by her life the lessons
of Christianity. She was a loving
helpmeet to her husband and a de
voted mother. Her greatest desire,
was to havo her family a Christian
family. To this end, though uot able
to attend regularly herself, she en
deavored to have her children go to
church and Sabbath-school, and was
careful to instil principles of right
eousness into their minds. Though
far away from her kindred and friends
of her youth, nothing that affection
could do was left undone by friends.
We grieve with the striken husband
and five motherless children, but
rejoice that they can feel that wife
and mother is safe in the home of the
The construction of the electric
railway at Macon is progressing rap
idly, and by the middle of next week
great progress will have been made,
and at least two miles of overhead
The health of our town is good.
Ira Dekle left Monday for Bacon-
ton, on business. He will be absent
all the year.
Mr. Charlie Buckhalt, of Dawson, is
visiting his brother, W. H. Buckhalt.
There will be servises at the Meth
odist, church Saturday and Sunday by
our popular pastor, J. W. Foy. Let
every one come out.
May Dekle returned from Ocala,
Fla., Saturday, where he has been
spending some time. His friends
welcome him home again.
I)r. Baston returned from Augusta
Friday. He reports a pleasant trip.
Quite a crowd of young people
went down to the cane grinding Thurs
day evening, at the pleasant home of
Mrs. J. W. Isom and Miss Minnie
Baston went up to Albany Wednes
day on a shopping expedition.
The ladies are making a mission
ary quilt. Let every one take interest
in it. ’Tis for a good cause.
Our prayer meetings have gone
down. We should re-organise and
take more interest in the good work
Mrs. Keatin, of Florida, is visiting
her mother, Mrs. Curry.
We are sorry to learn of the illness
of Mr. T. E. Collier’s baby.
The Ware County Sunday School
Association will hold its third annual
convention at Waycross on Friday,
Nov. 32 and on Saturday and Sunday
following the district convention will
be in session.
Prayer In the Morning.
As the Oriental traveller sets out on
his sultry jourpey overturning sands,
by loading up his camel under the
palm tree’s shade, and fills his water
flagon from the crystal fountain which
sparkles at its roots, so does Christ's
pilgrim draw his morning supplies
from the cxhaustless spring. Morning
is the golden hour for prayer and
praise. The mind is fresh; the mcr<
cies of the night and the ressurrection
ot the dawn, both prompt the devout
soul to thankfulness. The bouyant
heart takes its earliest flight, like the
lark, toward the gates of heaven. One
of the finest touches in r Bunyan’s
immdrtal allegory is his description
of the Christian in the chamber of
Peace, who “awoke and sang,” while
his window looked out to the sun ris
ing. If ever the stony statue of
heathen Memmon made music when
the first rays of dawn kindled on its
flinty brow, surely no Christian heart
should be dumb when God causes the
outgoings of the morning to rejoice.
—T. L. Cuyler.
Walking down Hill street yesterday
morning, a gentleman was hailed by a
“brother in black,” who said KB wish
ed to consult him on a matter of busi
ness. Stepping aside with him, he
stated his case thusly:
“Boss, Ise been farmin’ dis year on
shears, and I ain’t persactly satisfied
de way things cum out. You see, Mr.
Rose rented a piece of lan’ fur two
bales of cotton, an’ den me an, him
farmed on shears. I done all de
work, furnished de mule an’ found
misef, an' made seben bales of cotton.”
“Well,” said the gentleman,“that was
very good. What was the trouble!’’
"Well, yer see, boss, I paid de rent,
two bales—paid fur joanna one bale;
den Mr. Rose took two bales an’ I
got two bales. Now, boss, what I
wants to know is what dat white man
done lur dem two bales of cotton!”
“Well, I suppose he did the finan*
ciering.” “Well, well, boss, fore God,
I’ll never farm on shears again, spec
ially when dere’s any finan-shearing.’
We have heard of. a man who
when asked, last fall, if be wasn’t
afraid the caterpillars would eat up
his crop, replied “they will have to
get up a new kind of caterpillar be
fore they will find one that can eat
up my crop betore I do. I generally
eat up my crop before the first bloom
opens ana most of it is eaten up bo-
fore it is planted. Td like to see the
catterpillar that can cat up a crop
before it is planted Cntubert Lib
IN THE CITY.
Still another in
voice of choice dress
goods just received.
Our Ladies’ Broad
cloth in all the
leading colors is
certainly worthy of
your attention. We
are 50c. per yard
under New York
retail prices on
In Carpets and
Rugs we down ev
ery in this market,
and we invite a
comparison of pric
es with other and
In Ladies, Hisses
Wraps we are head
quarters, as we are
in everything else
pertaining "to our
Mitchell House Block*