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Georgia & Carolina gazette. (Petersburg, Ga.) 1805-18??, August 07, 1806, Image 4

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l|<;!’ Ear the ueorgia ex. cakojlina Gazette. OBSERVATOR. NO. VII. EDUCATION is a fubjeft which has been dlh uffcd b* so many, and by fl>mc, in foable ;> manner ; I fhali content my felf with a ft w general remarks. These remaiks Hi all be intro du&ive ro an eftabhihmenr, which I have miicfvat heart. For three centimes pail, while men have progrefiVd continually in the arts and fcitnres; while the means of knowledge have been multiplied. to every nation of Europe, and to Americans; while the wisdom of sages, and the experience of ir.ftru&ors have been employed to drvife plans to facilitate the progress of learners; verv little atention * has been given to the ‘duration of the fairrft part of creation.— It would frem from chi- general neglect that chritbans them ftl vt s hdievrd in the principle of Mohammed, which denies to woman the existence of an im mortal mind. From the pecu liar condition of woman, many fubjefts of knowledge are im proper. Deep fk 11 >n the ma thematic-*, and natural philoso phy ; an extensive knowledge of politics and fore gn relations, are not to be willied. But an acquaintance with geography, hiftorv, biograph v,’ and arkh mr'ic are abiolutely nectffary. A beautiful gM wsrh a common genius, and a ibmmon educa tion, is lc) inferior to what is poffibie from due inftrudtion, that flie seems little better than requifice for the continuation of the species. She can afford but small comfort to a companion in alleviau< g the carts of life; fhc car.n>t sooth the lrklbmeneis of a melancholy hour’ with the fvreet con vale of varient wit aid humor; nor diftil the flow of wisdom from her ruby bps. Her ideas are few ; her manners . are the fame mechanical forms. All loon becomes an old story, and the repetition is viewed with irdiff: rent e. Elow different is the condi tion of a well informed woman ? Even eloquence acquires new charms floni the m ficof her voice and the grace of her manners. She is the ornament ofevery company ; youth draws inftru&ion from her dilcourfe, and oid age plays truant with her words. America has been remarka bly backward in female educa tion. We hear our grandmo thers tell what miferabie school ing they had in their youth, and if wc view the matter in us true light, we fhali perceive no great amendment fincc. What is the education of an American lady ? A mere tolerable power of reading, a moderate acquaint ance with four or five of the easiest rifles of. arithmetic, and fome th rty or fifty novels and romances, illy chosen, in which she learns nothing real. De icriptions of vice, more detesta ble than is to be found , of virtue more puie and delefhbler than ever falls to the lot or hu manity. Such books are not only u (clefs, but they corrupt rh integrity of the heart,— * They give erroneous pf&ures of life, and lead the mind to form to itfelf Icenes of happiness, which it can never enjoy. To think fl-ghtly of many, who a gree not to an imagined* Rand arc! of perfl&ion, and to think idolarrr nfly of others, who hap pen in fome measure, to resem ble f me favorite heroes of romance. However, I would mak an exception of fome la dies in the N rth and a few in the S- uth, whole literarv ac quirements make riot the lead among their many excclltncies. Perhaps, in no part of the world have the young ladies so much time on hand to complete an education, founded on good ru diments, as the ladies of the South. In Georgia, a fate rapidly in creasing in wraith and in num bers, the ladies have much time for reading. It would be diffi cult to difeover whether more than one third of their rime, were necefTanly employed in the duties of life. 1 hen allowing one third, a great allowance, to making and receiving visits, to bads, and excursions ofpleafure, Sec, —one rhird might be devo ted to books. Wh.it a n-<b!e employment! How much more productive of happineis and uti lity; than the many frivolous a mulements, which, principally, occupy the moments of moft ladies, the short space between their cradles and their graves ? A lady fond of reading good books, but not too much given to the habit, and frequently, mixing refledion and conven tion with her reading, is never without enjoyment, and is al ways able to afford pleasure and fetisfadion to others. Negied of improving their tbinds, is not imputable only to the ladies. Few gentlemen of Georgia are fond of reading; and none have more leffure for books. But the learning and knowledge of the rising gene ration cannot be objedsof small importance to their parents. It is also very true, that books are the molt fruitful sources of a musement to old age. At that time of life, when a!molt every other earthly comfort has failed, when the affections are in a great measure abated, and our fbnd nels for the 12-ing world is cool ed, it is pleasant to hold calm conversion with pafl times. In the northern flares, public libraries are very frequent— There is scarcely a tovvnfhip of four, five, or Tix miles square, which has not a library of three, four, or five hundred volumes. Thtle are the common flock of the owners; who are often numerous, cor.fifting, perhaps, of fiftv,. or sixty heads of fami lies alFjciated, who from their good regulations a f e never in commoued in the use of their books. In fome townships, there are two, or more libraries. The number of books which every member has a right to draw, is in refped to his num ber of (hares; and the time of Ids tiling them is in refped to the number taken, 6nd to the number of fharcs. The plan wh>ch I would propose for the town of Pe erfburg and the neighboring country, is noways varient from the principles of thole libraries which we have oftrn seen. Fnft, the library flinuld con flfl of the following kinds of books:—two f flerns of Geo graphy, with maps and A Tiff s ; Biography, Profane Hdlory, ancient and modern—a bodv of eccltflafl cal hifl >ty, voyages, travels—a treatise of Ethics, or morality, two or three fas—- fome choice volumes of ser mons Perhaps twenty vo* Ernes of novels well feleded, such as represent rhe world as it is, for the use of male* and fe males. A few volumes of the b< ft B it fii P-ets—fome vo lumes of sentimental pr >fe, mis cellaneous i their nature—But no prof ffional books, as on law, phy fie, and divinity. A library of such books wrl! fe lt ded and proportionabl mix ed, would romprehend the moft import am fubjrds of enquiry in our general reachng. Three Hundred volumes w mid be a g >od beginning. I'hefe in rheir ft ft cost in New York, with expen eof traffporcation, would average two dollars per volume, 1 equal to 600 dollars, ‘i’hefe fliould be divided into 100 (hares ; 6 and liars each (hare No person ill uld be privileged t<> the owning of more than j ffiares. The money ar.fing from the admission of new mem bers, to be applied to the pur chase of new books. The (landing officers to be eleded by the luff’ragvsof the member's annually, are, a librarian, a committee of examiners, of two or three, whose duty it fhali be from time to time, to examine the ft. te of the library ; to m fptd the condition of books when returned ; to fine under certain reftridions, when the books are injured, and to colled the fines. They fhali dispose of all monies of the society un der the diredion of the society. No delinquent fliould be per mitted to draw, until he has paid the fine decreed by the examiners, though he fliould have the right of appeal from the examiners to the society. A treasurer to be chosen annu ally—Let the place of the li brary be so chosen and fixed, as to accommodate the greaceft majority of the owners. Sup pose the time of drawing and returning is eftabiifired to be once in a month, at certain hours on a fixed day; with a fine for delinquency, decreed, levied, and fubjed as aforefaid. Each membtr for one share, fhali have the privilege of drawing three ordinary sized volumes, for one month; for two shares, fix such volumes; fome of the larger volumes, counting at the rate of two equal to three ordi nary ones. Os the largest, one equal to three ordinary ones.— In all decisions of the examiners and of the society, a mere majo rity of the whole number of the body, fliould decide the vote. A library established on such principles, would probably en creafe by frequent accessions of new members. In four years time, it m-ght amount to fix or eight hundred volumes. Each member would have a choice of books among a great variety of ufeful ones. There would be an exchange every month, the/ the privilege of dou* jq. the fame volumes for one m * longer from thenexr librarv 0- m ght be granted by the libra rian. Thus each member, ia the compass of the year, would have the fame benefit from the library, with a very lrttle more trouble, that he could rnjoy (r m an equal hb“ary of his ow,n. Ail this pr fit would be enjoyed for ts e small lum of fix dollars. Private libraries in this coun try are very small, badly (elect ed, and almost unwoithy of the name. What great prnfi- can be derived from the perusal of fu<h libraries ? I'here is no thing • omplete on any The be IT authors on the must important fubj*. <sts, are wanting. Perhaps the amount is, parr, of the hi dory of England, by an auth r of small repute —an anti quated volume of Sweden—an, odd v )Jume of France—part of the life of Marlboro’—a dozen liliierable novels and romances, and fome of odd volumes; thirty more mifcellau ous rub bish. Indeed it is diffi* ult to keep a private library entire. If it b a good one, of cor fiderablc extent, the cost is too great ex cept <.r a man of fortune. The belt planters, and rs heft mer chants have too many calls for their money, to expend even five hundred dollars, in the pur chale of a library. But all the poftihle bene firs to be derived, in a general cour.e of reading, are o be found in the plan proposed. Newspapers are excellent means of scatter ing information, but a man must be a miferabje ignoramus, who has no other fouree of mfLuc tion. The only benefit of fchooL is to lay the foundation of after mftrutflion—thev are the mere (lamina of the plant, which must after draw its n>*u riftimenc from the world, to at tain size, beauty and strength. T he living world is but a small part of the scope of human in tellect. No man can be wife,, who is contented with pafung events, and he only, who com bines the past with the present * he alone is able to predict the future. VICTORIOUS, w ILL continue thr FALI* SEASON atmyStabk, c m mencing the ift of Augtift and expiring on the ift of OCt ber, at fix dollars the season, payable at Christmas next, with twenty'* five cenrs cafti to the Groom. ROBERT L. FAIT* Elbert County , July jo, 1.806. I FIND IT HIGH TIME TO SPEAK. PLAIN. OR the last time, I sincerely rtqueft my debtors to make the mod speedy payment, or liqui date their accounrs, as I am de-t termined to give no longer in dulgence. The Business will be carried on as usual, with ntatncls, puno tuulity and ddpatch. TAMES PACE. July 24, 1806. a t tit coats Ot lilt LAND AC I', Foil Sals at this Cr r 1 A