^L‘iS2.2 J ®2a^‘®'3So
rESLlSHF.9 K v E R r Tl'ESIlO MOUSING,
BY PRINCE * PRINGLE,
AT S3 PKR ANN* 7 **, ,:>l HJVAStCp.
RovkutiskmksT* hoi sxe.eedirig 12lines, will beinaerled
jnetime for ON9 DOLLAR; aud rirTV cents for each
' Sheri ll's, Tax Collectors’and Coroners' Sties, are cliar-
f ed by ihtLrvJ. .
A reason able tied action
seby U>® year.
• Letters on l«usines,i
,,/povt paid.to secure attention
,'ill be made to those wlioadver-
connected wi*li the Office, must
L:i w Notice.
T nR undersigned have associated themselves in the
practice of the Law. and will civ*- prompt attention in
such business is mnv he entrusted to their care.
Tliev will atten 1 the allowing Coons: Bibb. Crawford,
Monroe. Twiggs. Jones. Wilkinson. Hou vton. Pula Ski, Hen*
rv and Pike. ’
‘ ffiJ*OPF ICR over R Tt Wk ten's Store, two doors be
low W. B. Johnston, on Mulberry street.
A. P. POWER?.
L. N WHITTLE.
Macon, March 26, 1844. 26
JOSEPH B. CLAPP.
Attarnrr at Law,
Vienna, Ilonlv county.
May 10 32 Georgia.
J. S. DT'aJBTARD*
• ATTORNEY AT l-JV,
j in 05 PERRY. GEO.
T HE undersign e-i will give tlielr joint and undivided at-
tention to ant professional business confided to them
in the comuies of Bibb. Houst-n. Pulaski, Macon. Dooly
Sumter. Lee. Baker, Thomas, Decatur, Early, Randolph.
And in the Circuit Court of the United States, for the
District of Georgia. .
For ihc convrmcnre of their clients, they have opened of-
fiee* in Macon, and in Albany. Ga. Letters to the firm, ad-
dressed to either place will receive their prompt attention.
• tjy Office in dac m, formerly occupied bv Dr. Randolph.
Office in Albany, building east of the Courier Office.
R. K & J. B. HINES.
XEW SERIES—VOL. 1. \0,12.
i TUESDAY DECEMBER 17,1844.
WHOLE AO. 947
■ - 5*P
f || as c«uw of regret, that any urmece^nry delays sboulti
e permitted to intervene It is true, d.at in a pecuniary
point of view, the matters alluded to, arc altogether *na:gm-
floant in amount when compaie»i with the ample reaouiV'M
of that great nation ; bu they, nevertheless, more paiticula r •
ly that limited class which arise under seizures orni deten
tions of American ship* on the coast of Africa. upon the inis
taken supposition indu'ged in at the lime the wrong was
•omniilted. of their berr.g cn^n^cd in the d.ivc trade cicr-p-
If affect the sensibilities ol ihi* Government and people.
Great Britain having recognise 1 her responsibility to repair
all such wrongs by her action in other case*, leave" nothing
to be regretted upon the subject, a- 1 to oil cases prior to the
Treaty of Washington, than the d«d.iy in making -suitable
reparation in such ol shorn as lu.i plainly wid.in the p» in* .-
j pie of others, which >he lit
FU Sill O.V.1 BEK
HAT AND CAP
GEO. I. SiiEPARD,
I, receiving weekly additions to his hitherto splendid stock of
HATS AND CAPS.
DIRECT FROM THE MANUFACTORY.
He i.i n >w prepared to offer rake INDUCEMENTS to city
nnd country purchaser,.
Possessing advantages excelled by no Hni Establishment Buckets in neats
in the State, he will afford his Goods .it da loir, or perhaps Corn. peas, oats, rye, bran,
loicer prices. Every style of HATS AND CAPS may
be found at bis Store.
AMONG THEM .
BROA D BRIM
Brnrcr, Nutria, Caasinicr, Russia, Hole-Skin,
An irolin. aud Milk
A FhVR ASSORTMENT OF
RATES OF FOUGHT OF THE CLWTRAL HAIL-ROAD.
FROR SAVANNAH TO STATIONS
nfliore.i by delu\a in &.» •CIU
* with severity upon the iruiividu.:
| strong appeal to her marnar.itnit
j speedy settlement. Other inat:<
j structiot) of existing treaties nls
| will continue to be urged upon In
Barrels of Molasses end Oil.
Do. do. all other kinds. Wet.....
Do. do. do. do. Dry......
Hall Barrels, Wet..........................
Brooms, in bundles, per dozen..
WAS 111 \ GTON H V Id,,
»f ICO.T, GEORGIA.
t IN HE subscriber has again taken this Eslai
I. lishment, where be will always be bop
p.- io attend to the calls of his old customers,
and the Unveiling public generally.
Macon, June 20 38 8 LANIER_
Otter, Shetland steal, .Nutria, and Muskrat.
Men’s and Youths’ Cloth and Velvet CAPS,
Do do Hair Seal do
Do do Scalene do
Do do Glazed do
Gentlemen’s lYavy Caps;
A LARGE LOT OF
Men’s anti Hoys’ Black anti Drnl>
Together w.itli.nn extensive Stock of
Men’s and Boys’ Black anti I)rnl>
W O O L u A T S, A c.
Cbairs, per dozen..........,.i. j:.'.........-.I..'...... . ......
Do. llo*’Vinp t-*ce, cacti........— - - ...
Carboys of Vitriol.Ac...... ..................
Carriages and Barouches, four wheels. '.
Do. Buggies, double....
Do. do. single and Gigs...... .....*... — .. ........ ..._..... .
Common Jersey Wagons, without covers, and Horse Carts.....i.............
Coaches, Postand Stage and Road Wagons.........................— .....
Collars, per dozen
Cotton, per 100 lbs —
Demijohns. Jars and Jugs, not exceeding 2gallons............. .............
Do. do. do. over ~ “ .....................
Ducks and Fowls, in coops, per head...... .... ........ ..... — .......
Eggs, per dozen..
Geese and Turkeys ......................... .. .....................
Grindstones, per 100 lbs
Horses, Mules, Oxen, and Cows, per bead 1. ..............................
Do. do. do. do. do. 2 each..............
Do. do. do. do. do. 3 do........
Do. do. do. do. do. 4 do....
Hogs and Calves
Hhds. and Pipes Liquor not exceeding 120 gallons..................
Do. Molnssesand Oil.ordinary size.
Iron in pigs or bars,castings for mills, and oilier machinery.
Kegs Liquor, uot exceeding 5 gallons
Do do 10 do. .............................
Measurement Goods, per cubic foot - .....
Ploughs, each - ..........
Salt in sacks, not exceeding 4 bushels
[CP The attention of those in want of any articles in ibis ^eep, Lanibs. Goats. Kids, Deer and Pigs, per head * * * '*
line, is respectfully invited. r Sugar, Coffee. Rice, Bagging, Hardware, and such other artiales ns go by weight’
Store on Second Street, o few doors above the Wash- _ -per 100 lbs
ligned have taken this spacious Hotel, for- ington Hall, and adjoining the Shoe Store of Messrs. Whi *
tby Benson Roberts. Esq., and are now ting A Mix. __. ..
ern 11 i o.~:i:.. mm/' .m TW’’B' Special contracts tnav
i merly kept .
ready for the reception of Travellers and Families visiting
The subscribers pledge themselves to use every exerttor
for the oonifert of their patrons. ' " —
THOMAS B. DANIEL,
Marietta. Jan. 1.1844.
rpUE New York Contrihntianakip Fire Intnranet
J Company, havinj.e.stablislied sp-iAgencv in Macon,
will Insure Buildings, Merchandize, He .sehold Furniture
tad ev-ry desoriptbu of Properly, again*t 1m*» or Dam-
age by Ftrt. BOND * MURDOCK, Agents.
Macon. April 30.184^. , , 31 ly
1 1HE Undersigned, Agents Ibr the iElria Insurance
Company ui Hartford Cnnh., are prepared to take
risks on B'lU lings, Merchandize in Store and Cotton to
Ware house*, iulhe Citv of Macon and ttsviqjnily, againa
REA & COTTON, A^U
Feb 7 . 23 ly
■ysxr /ML TT MES
Otlor, tlink. a*«d Uaccoon Meins,
for which the Cash will be paid.
Macon. Jan 30. 1844 18 GEO. I. SHEPARD.
WHOLESALE A«l‘ RETAIL.
GEO. .1. KElIISEitE 1*,
ESPECTFUbLY informs his old customers and the
public generally, that be ia now receiving from the
rated llat Manufactory or John Hunt &. Co.,a very
Cxttnsive assortment of
IVoticc. ■« . ...
V LL persons having claims against B. S NF.tVCosin.mr
B. S. NKtveoMn »V Co. ate i^quesied to present them
far settlement j and all indeb ed. will «a*e themselves trou-
Me tn.| expenses, by paving without we having recoursh
o the services of an attorney, ‘' >
May 20. 1844. 34 B. 8. NEWCOMB .V CO.
pfirae Gccsc Feathers.
. us received an i -»r sale by
GRAVES WOOD A CO.
Aon Ml '?•! •
Lxeliaii^c osi ATew-Yorli,
INOll .Je by T1103. TAYLOR.
fi. 1 October 3 1
J , t:t t > j 1 BRICKS, of the best quality. For sale
I by * J. A. RALSTON.
Jlsom Sept 10, 1844. 50
.) *T KEGS Sporting
1*7 ■? I1AG3 Shot, asst
( I IJJ0 Ibt I.»*aiL f.>
I Jtilv 30 -
• or -slirh'
tvOlfli A ML’UDOi
BOND jt MURDOCK.
iliU f li tuK
s t'ltKSH sopf.lv,just received
•or sale bv
r nil Second a<.
tN Second sir. >•
■ July t 40
it' iieecirpd, '■
•i G'csb supply of French" Ca'.f Bouts
Ladies’ S)me» ••Irnruntr hit at.
WHI rING tc MIX.
HATS AMD CAPS,
embracing every style and quality. Among his asaortnieu
may be found.
10 do*, (asbionable Beaver Hats,
20 doz. do- Caasirtiere Hats,
10 doz. do Russia Hals,
20 doz. do - Moleskin Ilats
1 doz. Angola Silk Hats.
. . ALSO.
ONE HU*DICCD DOZEN
* BUO.tD BRI.1I
Stcftver, JVvtrlfl and Slussia
warranted more durable ban any Hats ever sold
; ib Macon. Alsu,
50 doxi Youth’s and Children’s Hats. ,
20 doz. do. do. Caps.
. : - ALSO. ■
20 doz. black and drab Spotting Hats,
Together with a general assortment of. '
■ F IJ 56 C A
CONSISTING IN PART OF
3 doz. PREMIUM OTTEH CAPS.
,. 5 d> z. Sea Otter Capa,. '
5 do*. Super Nulrtn Cap*.
20 do*, do. Muskrat CapS. ‘ .
50. doz. Men’s and Boys’ Seal Caps;’
50 doz. do. ' ~ rid. Sealttte Capa.
20G iloz. nett’s nnd Boys’ Black and
All of which will be sold »or Cash, at prices wticb can-
twit fail to give satisfa -lion. ■ ■ ■
Purchasers are invited to call and examine at the old
stand, sign of the “RIG HAT," Mulberry Streit.
Braver. Oiler* Miak, A ( oon Skins,
mijrTBA, for which the cash will be paid.
Mseon. Oct 17.1813.
1 25 1 40
1 00 1 13
. 38 60
1 3 6
8 00. 8 50
1 4 75 l
* 3 00
1 4 ? 5 I
•17 00 18 00
9 50 10 00
3 00 j
4 00 T
L ' i
the freight of the following articles.
marble or other ar-
Sperial contracts may be made '
when in large quantities, without regard to tile established rates, viz: Corn, and all Kinds m grain ; 5
and cattle ; iron in.bars or pigs, machinery, mill gearing, Ac.; sawed lumber mill stones, grindstones,
tides of stonii; salt, fire wood, staves, shingles, bay iu bundles, barrels tar, pitch or turpentine.
Freight at the above rates, or by special contract, to be under the following stipulations, viz:
No cti im for damages on articles transported by tins Company unless the packages are examined and identified in
the presence of an officer of the Company before the same are removed from the Depot. Not accountable for the leakage
of liquors, oil or molasses, breakage of glass or crockery ware, chafing of bagging, carriages, chairs or furniture. Not ac-
eonmablefor breakage of bollowware. No interim! injury, not clearly perceptible on the outside of the paikaee. will be
allowed for, unless established to have occurred on board the car. Not accountable for the decay of perishable articles.
Not accountable for livestock; and ho liability for goods evidently Shipped in bad order, or for cooperage of casks ur pack
ages. . '■
Cotton received in good ordera* the depots, atid afterwards torn while in possession of the Company, will be mended
at their expense. All other damage done to Cotton iu tremtitn will be promptly settled at Savannah. It is understood
that this Con pahy will not bold themselves accountable for pillogt!, or damage by the weather, or otherwise, on any
freight after being landed at the place ofde*ti*iMion - r
The Company will not be accduntablo for Passengers’baggage, unless pin in the baggage ear incharge of the con-
ducu\r. * . - • .-• " 7-: •
The Companv will liaveagents at stations 8, IO, 1 'll, 12. 13,14". 15. 16,dnd 17. and at Macon,to attend totliedelivery
and forwarding of good. All merchandize not to be forwarded Will be retained at the respective depots at the head of
the road one week, free of expense, alter which storage will be charged at the Savatiiinh rales.
Goods destined for points beyoad Macon, will be forwarded by wagons by the Company's agent, free of commissions.
Gunpowder prohibited. / , ■ .• j/
THOMAS PURSE, Genera! Superintendent Transportation.
Ssvannah. April 23, 1844.
RATES OF FREIGHT AND PASSAGE ON THE MONROE RAILROAD.
DIS1AHCR8 IN !MlIiIS<4 PROJI illAC ON.
5 | 13 | 19 | 24 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 46 | 52 | 60
jpno.vt .T/.ICO.!’ TO
X l “
25 j 65
Cfio:iI*8 ! Cloal. ■! I
V l» ll »AABLi: IIATS.
AT THE IVI5’»V HAT AIVD CAP STORE.
'BUIE subscriber hns received tlie SPUING
I. ASHION for rial*, the -d**i ahd light-
esi article ever offered in ibis market. Also,
Panama, Leghorn. Palm Leaf. Drab Beaver,
i Oiler, Russia, and Pearl Cassimer—broad
AUlEs’ and Gentlemen'* Cloth Cloaks, of the Mlest ; brim and fashionable. Allnf which will be sold low for
L »Kle..ju*t received by . 4 CASH. . GEO. I- SHEPARD.
a k saulsbury.
■ On. 29,
|A LARGE lantMWW of Over Coats, of various quali-
|k tie* Just received by \
I Oct 59. 3 J. & E. SaULSBURY.
J. * E. SAULSBURY.
Nett ami Spun ’Silk Shirts
J. A E. SAULSBURY.
•NGLISII Water Proof Faceri. Ware, Beaver and
• Fancy Cusjmere. Just received bv ■ " '• *’ *
Oct 29, 3 , - " * "
Raker. Litmn* wool.
T«»t received by
Oct J9, 5
AM prepired i.i.ell great La.-guim in Nrgro Mhoca,
(’loik anil ItlanltelK. Give me a call before sup-
"S jaorselves. ant
' er 1, 1844. 1
TOR *a|e of good quality, by ... 1
J. N. SEYMOUR.
1, 1841. 1
Macon, Slay 7.1844.
Over ’’rfufs. *<(ra\v nillinery, and Dress
I Jinking Fstablisliincnt,
(Opposite the Floyd Home, late Central Hotel.)
M RS. MASON respectfully informsthfe Ladies of Ma-
corland vicinity, that site has just received a new set
of the latest fashioned HAT BLOCK8. likewise an im
proved PRESSING MACHINE, w hich will enable herto
bleach and press all kind, of plain nnd fancy I.EGIIORK
nail NTR.4 4V HATS, with greater facility, and with
out the risk of scorching the straw, at the follow ing reduced
Ladies* size, t" - - - - 73 cents.
Misses' do. .......... 50 ”
Gentlemen's Panama and Leghorn Hats. 75 “
All altering, .25 extra.
Mrs. M. will guarantee to give satisfaction to rlmse who
vAV.'.'rT, IVo'.-Ww !?„ p .r ,ce may favor her with their pairoiinge, or return the money.
JO4.I.I II N. 8EYMOUH. ’^he bus also received-some plates of fashions, which will j
enable her to make Dresses in the most fashionable style, "
nnd nt very reduced price*, io suit ilie times.
Macon, September 10, 1844. -- 3m , »*>0
.liaron iron d* itrass Mointdry
, -v A AD BAClW SHOP.
To Beni, II ILL and Gin Greetng. Steam Engine Work, Iron
III and liras. Castings^ of every' description, made to
order.and Maciiisk Work in General, corner o r Fourth
and Walnut it/eets.
I,CP The highest prices willbe paid for Olil Coppet,
Ilrn.rt, Irtatlj «ui tfurt Inti. ' ,,
Junll 17 ROBT. FJNDLAY. I
1 5011 7512 00 2 3012 60)3 Q0
To the Senate, and House of
Representatives of lhe United Stales:
We have continued cause for expressing our gratitude to
he Supreme Ruler of the Universe for the benefits and
I blessings which our country, under hia kind Providence.
| lias enjoyed during the past year. Notwithstanding the
j' exciting scenes through which we have passed, nothing lias
occurred to disturb the general p**ace. or to derange the
harmony of our political system. The great moral specta
cle has been exhibited of a nation, approximating iu num
ber to 20,000.000 of people, having performed the high anil-
important f ncfioh'ol electing their Chief Magistrate for the
term ofintir year*, without the commission of tiny net of
violence, or tVe manifestation of a spirit of insubordination
to the laws. The great ami inestimable right qf. suffrage,
has been exe-ciseil by all who were invested with it! under
the laws of the different States in a spirit d'etated alone by
a desire, in tnesfe’feCtinn of the agent, to advance the inter
eBta of the country, and to place beyond jeopardy the icsti
tutions tinder which it is our happiness to live* That the
deepest interest has been manifested bv our countrymen in
the result of the election, is not less ti ue than highly credita
ble to them. Vast multitudes nave assembled, from time to
time, at various places, for the pm pose of canvassing the
merits and pretensions of those who were presented for
their suffrages; but no acme-: soldiery has been necessary
to restrain, within proper limits, the popular zeal, or to pre
vent violent outbreaks. A principle much more controlling
was found in Uie love of order and obedience to the laws,
which with mere individual exceptions, every where pos
sesses the American mind. an*4 controls with at. influence
far.owe powerful than host* of armed men. We cannot
dwell upon this picture without recognising in it that deep
and devoted attachment on the part of the People, to the in
stitutions under which we live, which proclaims their pei-
petuity. The great objection which has always prevailed a
gainst the election, by the people, o» their Chief Executive
officer, has been the apprehension oftuinults and disorder
which might involve in ruin the entire Government. ‘ A se
curity against this, is found not only in the fact before alluded
to. but in the additional fact that, we live under a confeder
acy embracing already twenty-six States ; no one of which
has power to control the election. The popular vote in
each State is taken ntthetime appointed by the laws, and
such vote is announced by the Electoral Coffee?, without
reference to the decision of the other States. The right of j o stipulation t<
suffrage, and the mode of conducting the election is regula
ted by the laws of each Siate; and the election is distinctly
federative in'all its prominent features. Thas it is that, un a variety ofi article* ntwtf
like what niighr be the results under a consolidated system 1 bII duty under the act of C
riotous proceedings, should they prevail, could only uffect
t» e election iu single Sta tes, without disturbing, to any dan
gerous extent, the tranquility of others. The great experi
ment of a politicaW*anfeder.icy—each member of which is
supreme—as to all matters appertaining to its local interests
and its internal peace nnd happiness-—while by a voluntary
compact with others, it confides to the united power ofall,
the protection ofits citizens, In^matters not domestic—has
been so far crowned with* suet ess. The world has witness
ed its rapid growth in wealth and population; nnd under
the guide and direction of a super intending Providence, the
de^e'opements of the past may be regarded but as shadow
ing forth the mighty future. In the bright prospects of
that fut-jie. we shall find, as patriots and philanthropists
the highest inducements to cultivate and cherish a love of
union, ami to frown down every measure or effort which
may be made to alienate ilio States, or the people of the
States, in sentiment and feeling, from each other. A rigid
and close adherence to the terms of our political compact.
and above all, a sacred observance of the guaranties of the
Constitution, will preserve union un a foundation which can
not lie shaken ; while pe r sonal liberty is placed beyond bat
nrd orjeopardy. The guarantee of religious freedom, of
the freedom of the press, of the liberty of speech, of the trlai j flatter myself that she w
by j or r, of the habeas corpus, and of tne domestic iusiiutios ,l ’ e ' pm . rptntmr t
of each of the States—leaving the private citizen in the full
exercise of the high and ennobling attributes of his nature j opera
and to each State the priviledge, which can only be judi x "
ciously exerted by itself, of consulting the means best ealeu
lalcd to advance its own happiness—these are the great and \ Einpi
important guarantees of the Constitution, which the lovers
of liberty must cherish and the advocates of union must
Preserving these, and avoiding all iutetpolations by for
ced construction, under the guise of un imagined expedien
cy; upon the Constitution, the inlluenoe of our politico! sys
tem is destii ed to be as actively and ns beneficially felt on
the distant shores of the Pacific, as it is now on those of the
Atlantic ocean. The only formidable impediments in the
way of its •successful expansion (time and rrpace) are so far
in the progress of modification by the improvements of the
age. as to render no longer speculative the ability of Rep
resentatives from that remote region to come up to the
Capitol, so that their constituents shall participate in all the
benefit*of the Federal legislation. Thus it js. that in the
progress of time, the ineslimat le prirfcip’es of civil liberty
will be enjoyed by millions yet unborn, and the greaibene-
fit* of our system of Government be extended to no dis
tant and uninhabited regions. In view of the vast wilder
ness yet to be reclaimed, we may well invite the lover of
freedom..of"every land.fo lake up his abode among us. and
atliA fisin the great work of advancing the standard ufclvi-
Iizatinn, and giving a wider spread to- the arts and rctine-
KMfih of cultivated life. Our prayers should evermore be
offered up to the Father of the Universe, for Ids wisdi rn to j permanent
direct us in the path of our duty, so as to enable us to pon-
ar.ts, and makes a
nsc of justice for a
ing out of the cor.-
iii ut.udju.stedi and
! l»y tne two
lied by the
ure of Coa
ly appropriation of
Stan party,*nod by
in.!..:- lost t’iin
of the most fr
rope a n Power,
The labors cd thi
Government* run t
Treaty of Washington
in the commencement
press, at the l ist sessic
funds to meet the exp<
other causes. The Uiutc-d C
expresses his expectation that,by ’•
energy, the party will bo able to ma'
VVe kondnue to receivi assuranci
feeling* on the part of all the other Euro pea
each and all of whom it is so obviously ocr interest ;c culti
vate the most amicable relations. Nor can 1 anticipate the
occurrence of any event which would be likely in any do-
Sree to disturb those relations. Russia, the gn at northern
power, under thejudielmss sway of her Emperor, is c«in
stantly advancing iti the rend of science \ud improvement:
while France, guided by the councils of her wise sovereign,
pursues a.course calculated to coiiFoIidato tne general
peace. Spain has obtained n breathing spell of some dura
tion from the internal convulsions which have through so
many years, marred her ptospority; while Austria, the
Netherlands, Prussia, Belg’um and the other powers of
Europe, reap a rich harvest of blessings from the prevailing
I informed the two Houses of Cotigrc^', in my inessnpc
of December lost, that in struct imp*, bad been given to Mr.
Wheaton, our Minister at Berlin, to negotiate a treat
the Germanic States composing the Zoll y
be done—stipulating, as far as it w*as i»ract:
plishittforn reduction of ih®
vied on our tobacco and other leading articles of og
production ; anil yielding ir. return, on our p
of duties on such articles, the p»roduction of their indiislryi
as should not come Into competition, or but n bunted one.
with articles the product of our manufacturing indu.-try-—
The executive, in r v*. g such instructions cam.'acred useii
as acting in strict conformity with the wi-hes ot Congres*.
as made known through several inen^urce wn’cn it i-ad
adopted; all directe 1 to t e accomplishment of thi - ,n Pf 11 !'
taut result. The treaty was the ref., renegotiated ; by which
essential reductions were secure. 1 in the-du'ics ;ev.ed nj
the Zoll Verein.on tobacco, rice, and lard, accompanied by
iJinission of rnwcoi.ou. free.of duty. In
exchange tor which highly important concessions, a redui -
tinn of duties, imposed by the laws dft’ne l nued atites, on
^ which were admitted l>*e of
press commonly known as tne
I com pram ite Uw. and hut few of which weru produci-.l in
, the United. S«te», «u Wpulated for on our i'art. 1
! treaty was communicated to the Se-n:e at an early day o :
i its last session, but not acted upon until near its close; wnen,
I for the want, n* 1 <m bound to presumc.of lull lime to con-
’ d the
■ ac com
■ctof virtually reje.tin g it, lu consequenre «•* .»
i contained in the treaty, l!m its ratification should be ox-
njed on or before a day which has alreadv pns-ed —
sutmnate these high purposes.
One of the strongest objections which has been urged a-
gainst confederacies, by writers on Government, is.the 15a-
btlitv of the tneinliersto be tampered with by. foreign Gov.
ermiients. or the People of foreign Ptates. eitFier iu their so
cial affairs, or in Such ns affected the peace of others, or en
dangered the safety of the yd.ule Confederacy. Wo Cannot
hope lob- entirely exempt from such alter
and safety. The United States are beeoin
?n population and i
ipus on our peace
mg too important
TIlHE middle part of the Store now occu-
JL pied by the subscriber, suitable for a
Milli.iary or Tailoring establishment, as alstf
a pan of the tenement above. J*o&se8sfod giv
en by the first of October next. Apply to
M. S. THOMSON.
•fUt S7 t 1844. 48
TO XL N’T.
POSSESSION given immediately. The whole of the
»pperp»rt of th.it building on the corner of Mulberry
[• f.pp.i.ite tile Floyd llnu-e It is Well
■t»d •oiled for o Boarding House, and wHJ be rent-
r-that porpose if applied for soon, if not, it will be
h*'i»nd rented aacurdipsly. Apply IO
M. S. THOMSON; |
I-**. Oct. 8, 1844. 2
'ctl Shirt* and Drawers.
PASSENGERS 5 c. pr. mile, (chihlren under lily,. & serru. half pries.
Cotton per bale, (round or square) not exceeding400 lbs. weight,..
Cotton per bale, (round or square, over 400 lbs. per lOOiba.........
Boxes, bales, ami all measurement goods,........;.per cubic foot,
Sagar; Coffee. Utcb. Iron, Hardware, and all other articles that go
by weight,.:.;............. ,...f..........per 100 lbs.
Hogsheadt ami Pipes of Liquor, .........................each.
Hogsheads of Molas-es and Oil................ - - each.
Barrels of Liquor, Fish, lleef. Pork, Lime, Ac............. .each,
Bhrrfcls of HaUMs8ml Oil........ . ...each,
BI*. ol Flour, Potatoes. Fruit. Onions, and all other light bis. each,
1 bis. Pork, Fish. Linuor *c AallKegsof 10 gal*. A upwards each,
I bis. Flour, Fruit, Potatoes, Ac... ... — .each,
Salt in tacks not exceediug four boshelr,.... each,
SaU in sacks-over tour bushels —............ per bushel.
Corn, Wheat. Meal, and all other grain iu bags, per bushel.
Cotton Bagging,—". 1'..j..........per piece.
Boxes of Soap, Candles, &c. of common size......... each,
Broomsin bundles... .................per dozen.
Buckets. Collare,Scythes,Shovels5t Spades,Sifters,&c.per dozen.
Chairs....:..,. ...per dozen.
Boxes Fruit, Cigars. Ac.......'. each.
All small packages not weighing 10 Jibs, nor measuring 2 feet, each,
Blacksmith's Bellos's, ........each.
Potatoes, Apples, Az. .....per bushel,
Demijohns, lugs. Jars. Ac. not over two gallons,.... ........each,
Demijohns, Jugs, Jars, Ac. over two gallons...,.each.
Ploughs....... ....yfw,.... each.
llalesofHay and Fodder, not over 400 lbs... ..............each."
Four Wheel Ctrtiagcs,. .............each,.
Two Wheel Carriages................. .................each.!
PostanJ StageCddnLes amt Road Wagons,................each,
Lumber,sawed and hewed, per 1,000feet,
Wood,.... • — .......................percord,!
LIVE STOCK. J
Hogs,.... —................-per head,
Oxen am) Beef Cattle,....................pt-r head,
Hone-,... •••?•. per head.
Sheep. Goats,Calves,and Dogs,........."...per head,
Turkrysand Geese in coops........... ....per head,
Ducks and Chickens in cuoou......p|ihead.
Special contracts tnay be made wit hthe6uperii:tem!»ntof Transportation, for Freight, on the following articles, when in
larue quantities, viz: Horses, Hogs, Cattle. Lumber. Wood. Brick, of Sbme, Ac. Ac.
Planter* or Farmers are ai'owed to pass free of charge, for passage, when accompanying" the produce of their own
farms to market ' -- . 1 '< " "■ <•- . ' • _ . ... , ^saxr-’i
Goods, Wares, or Merchandize, destined for the interior of this Slate, Tennessee or Alabama, consigned to the Agent important quarter ol tire globe ever been, apparently, t
of this Company, at Macon, will be received and forwarded from any point of tliisRnad, by wagons, to their place of des firmlj established. The conviction that peace is the true
filiation, free of chatge for Storage or Forwarding. ” policy of nations, wou'u seem to be growing and becoming
Cotton, Merchandize, nr Produce, of any description, will he received by the Company’s Acents. at Griffin, Barnesville deeptr amongst the enlightened every where; and there is
or Forsyth, and forwarded direct to Savannah, free of any charge, other titan the regulnr rates of Transportation. Ar- no people who have a stronger interest in cherishing the ser.-
rangemenls must be tnade in all instances, for the payment of Freight and expenses, with the Company's Agent at Ma ; titnents and adopting the means of preserving and git ing n
con. or at the Depot where the good* tie received nr delivered. , ■ - , . • 1 ‘ permanence.’tbkn thereof" t^e.Duited States. Among lliBie
The attention of Merchants and Planters, is solicited to ilie advantages offered them under the above arrangements, for the first and most efleetive aro no doubt, the tjrrtct nbser-
| shipping their Produce to Market, and obtaining their supplies, through this chautie’ofcommunic-tion with the seahnnrd. vauce of justice, and die honest and punctual tumlnit nt of
j The Ceutrnl Rail-Road is now completed and in opr rition, from Savannah to within 2} miles of our Depot, and will be all engagements But it is not to be forgotten that, in the
I completed to Macon early this fa)). This Road Is in daily operation to Griffin. 60 miles abort? Maconand, by the first present state of the world, it is no less necessary to be ready
of December, will be Opened for Business to Leakville, "1 miles above Gtiflin; nnd to the junction wi.li the Western and to enforce the.r observance and fulfilment, in reference to
i Atlantic. Rail Road, early next spring. That portion of the Road originally laid with the thin plate Rail, has been ourselves, than to observe and fulfil them, on our part, in
1 rebuilt this sutntnur. and laitl with heavy flange Rail.and the whole Road from Maconlo Griffin, is now in good order for regard to others ...
business. Since the close of your la-t session, a negotiation has
Merchasls livin ; in the upper part of the State, will find itdecidedly to their interest, to ship their goods by way of been formally entered upon between the Secretary of State
Savanna It. over t tic Centra! nnd this Hail-Hoad consigned toour Agotits, as goods can be hauled from Barnesville or Oriflin
to Columbus, fot 45 a 50 cents per 100 pouuds. or any other.part of the country at proportionable rates.
All goods will be sent forward immediately, unless otherwise ordered.
J. D. GRAY, -
17 Agent and Superintendent of Trat sporlali.-.n
1 tnt hound to presume.of full time t
siderit. it was laid upon the table. This procedure h
effect of virtually reje-tn g it, in consequence of a stipula
1 chart,. _ ■ ,
The Executive, acting upno tile fair iotgrenre that ute don
ate did not intend its absolute reject,,.it. ga • e i.istrnouo-.s to
our Minister at Berlin to rcr pc-i the ot gotiattort. 'ar J-* to
obtain an extension of time for the exc. a age rd rattticalu : s.
1 regret, however, l»t say that hi. efforts in this respe* t,
•■ave been unsuceessful.' I am. nevertheless, tmt witboK
hope, tit it the great advantages which were intended to be
secured bv ihe'trcaiv. may yet he realized.
I am lia jtpy to inf’rm you that Be’giatn ha*, by an "ansae
rnvale.” issueo in July last, assimilated the hag *'1 the Cat-,
ted States to lier own. so far :u the direct trade between
tlie two countries is concerned. This measure \t:d prove
of great service to our -shipping tntfcreM;^ t^atle having,
heretofore, been carried oij.ehicilv iu foreign bottoms. 1
rill speedily resort to a tnndificatii n
he tobaoct* trade, v
decidedly benefit the apriculture of the United States', and
le to the mutual advantage of both conn res. ^
No definitive intelligence has yet been received Irom o-ia
Minister, of the conclusion of u treaty with the Chinese
; hot enough is known to induce thestror.gesl hopes
that the mission will be cro\..<d with
With Bra7.il. our redut'ons continue
footing. The commercial interenursfc between that grow ii
Empire anti the Uniteil States, is becoming daily of great
importance to both ; and it is in. interest of both, tl
firmest relations ,-f amity and coed
be cultivated between them.
The Republic of Ne w Greneda still w.'lihnljs. notwrilhr
standing the most perserering t Ports have been r in:'.o_vcd
bv our Charge d’Affaires, Mr. lilrckfttrd. to prodm e a d.f-
ferent result—indemnity in the case of the br.g "Mt rrts.
And the Congress of V'etterueln. although an arrangement
has been effected between our Minister ana the Minister I f
foreign affairs of that government, i-r the payment of b 1 r.-
000 in discharge ol its linbililics in the same ra.-e—t.as allo-
gether neglected to make provision f’r its payment, lt ts
to be Imped that a sense of justice will scon induce a seiue-
mentof these claims.
Our bate Minister to Chili. Mr. Pendleton, has returned
to the United States without having effected an adjustment,
in the second clai": ofthc Maced niion. u-ftcit is delayed on
grounds altrgether frivolous sttd untenable. Jlr. 1 cndle-.
ton’s successor has been directed to urge the claim in the.
strongest leruts; nnd in the event of a failure by obtain a
rflj. should continue to
It. therefore, may. in the progress of lime,
oes-ur that o -inimis entirely abstract in the States in which
they may prevail, .and in no degree affecting their domestic
institutions, tnay be artfully, but not secretly encouraged,
with a view to undermine l >e Union. Such opinions may
become the foundation of political patties, until, at lust, the
conflict ofopinit.it. producing ait alienation of friendly feel-
ing among the People of the different Slates, may involve,
in one general destruction, the happy institutions under
w hich we live. It should ever be borne in mind, that what
is true in recard to individuals is equally so in regard to
States. An interference of one in the affairs of another, is
tlie fruitful suurce t>f family dissensions and neighborhood
disputes; and the same cause affrets the peace, happiness,
anti prosperity of States. It may be boost devoutly hoped
that the good sense of the American People will over he
ready tn repel all such attempts, sliogjd they ever be made.
There has been no material change m our foreign rela
tions since niv last annual Message to Congress. With alj
the Powers of Europe we continue on the most friendly
terms. Indeed. *t ofiords me muilt satisfaction to slate, thet
at no fo-tner period has the peace ot that enlightened and
ljustmettt. to report the fact to the Executive
at as early a day as possible, so that the whole mailer may
be communicated to Congress.
. At vnur last se-sion I submitted to the MtraUpo of Cn n .
gressctfce Convention with the Kcpcblic of pern of the 17.h
March, 1341; providing for the pdljste ant of the claims of,
citizens of the United Suites, againa that Republic; bn no
definitive action was taken upon the subject. I aga it invite
to if your aucution *nd prompt action. . tifet* "fr* -j
Fn my lust annual mcssrgp. 1 filt ii to fie ">1 duly
to make known to Congress, in term* both )-.iitt and
emphatic, my opinion in regard io the war which h.ts
so long existed between Mexico and Texas; which
since the battle of San Jacinto, has consisted altogeth
er of predatory incursions attended l>y circumstances
revolting to humanity. 1 repeat now. what I then
saiJ. that, after eight years of le. Me nnd inti!,dual
eflorls to recover Texas", it whs time that ’die ’.car should
cease. The United States had a ,.ireu into:-rt in ifio
que-tion. The contiguity qf the too nations to our
territory was but too well calculated b> involvo »ur
peace Unjust snsniciona wi re engendered in the
mind of one or the other of the bcir.getenu against
us. and, as a necessary consequence, American inter
ests were tnade ‘O suffer, anti our peace became dai.y
endangered. In audition to which, it mu-t hate been
obvious to all, that the exhau-tion produced l>v ihc
war, subjected both Mexico anti It-xas to the inter
ference of other powers; which, without the interpo
sition of this Government, might eventuate in the
moat sennas injury to the United Mates. 1 bis Gov
ernment. from time to lime, exerted it- fitendly etnees
to bring about n termination of hostilities upon terms
honorable alike to both the belligerent*, its eftuils in
this behalf proved unava ling. Mexico scented, almost
without en object, to pnscvcie in the war, r.nd no
other alternative was b ft the Executive but to Ihkc
advantage of the tvell-know n d;spe.-ii bin of I t and
to intite Iter to enter in.’o a treaty for annex , g ficr
territory to that of the United Stales.
Since vour last session. Mexico has threatened to
renew the war. and hrs either mo le. or proposes to
m4ke, formidable preparations for invading i exas.
She his issued decrees and pfacbmations, prcparatuiy
to the commencement ol hostilities, full ot titrea.
ent of Merino
in I Drawers.
GEORGE W. PRICE
r l H ‘ " iv ed. « g ! as.
I '-••I. and Cotton Nett rib
V Oct 80. |
I " (io()DS. NEW CiOODS
Sabtcribers are now
,ae nt or*t»ple and fanev
At J. Il.-ii’liew 1 , on Cotton Avenue.
Prescott** Mexico, .*■
Dr.Olin-nTrnvcD in the East,
Life id Wilburn FUk,
KendsH’sSiirtrn Fe Expedition,
Mapendee s Fhyiiolopy
New Edition of PaMlisooU MecUpal Dicti »narj.
No. 1 6i 2 H«rpcr4’ Tirtorial Bible.
VVoiks of Mis* Brewer, in chesp form,
Liebic’s Agricultural Chemistry,
Mysteries of Tans.
Macon, March QG.
August 22, 1843.
L fot t
receiving a general i»»sori-
DRY-GOODS, of me latest
tfler for sale at fair prices, in
t'roui Washington Hall.
GEO. IV. PRICE A CO.
'bag one dot
t .1 ^ 52
If) ID P'Jte Blue Vitriol, fttr soaking see.l When.
,n.'J’f ,rn,ef t it from blast or smut, winch it will ef-
. ° in all ca.ies where the pure article is o«id.
Opposite Central Hotel.
C. Campbell & Lo.
rold stand, opptwite the Washington Hall, effer
le at the lowest current prices for cash,
75 Bales heavy Gunny Bagging.
250 Piece, do Kentucky do.
100 do do Ru.ia do.
. 50 do do Dundee do.
1500 pounds good Bagging Twine,
300 .-oils Manilla Rope.
100 du Kentucky dc.
1500 Sack. Salt,
20 Tuna Swrde. Iron.
25 Hilda. St. Croix sml Mpscovado Sugar,
250 Bags Rio. Latjttlra. nnd Java Coffee.
With a general assortment ot Blankets, Shoes, .'taple Dry
Sept 17. 1844. 0l
voiorjntlv on hand by
I* *. 1144.
J. N, SEYMOUR
II o lib I’s Life Pills and Phoenix
,io.\ns & t o.
; SOLICIT attention to a New and Extensive assortment of
Manufactured the past summer, from recently Imported
! Goods, by Wtn T. Jennings A Co., very favorably known
| as among the most fashionable Drapers and Tailors in the
j city of New York, CONS 1ST ING OF
Surlouts, Frock Coats,
l’a ilia toons, Vcsis,
1 Brest* Coats, Coulees, and
j Office Coats, Travelling Coat
Ladies’ asul /M/Irmra’i
In all the New nnd virion* styles ;'
Toeether with a very choice selection of
; Silk and Sntin 5<*arfs. Cravats,
| Mohair nnd Cashmere da Hosiery,
j Handkerchiefs, Drawers,
I nder Vests, Gloves,
j Susnenders, Linen and Muslin Shirts,
Collars, Stocks, A<\
^ Including a generalstock of
Youth’s A: Children’* nothing,
in fi. si t a a a. a fi.
Believiug that the bv»te:n of “ Small Profits and Quick
Returns." j* heist nuiteil to I lie limes, they will ofl'er their
Goods at prices that cannot fail to be an inducement to pur-
Macon. October 10. 1843. 2
At Boardninn’s Rook Store,
I UST received, all Ae new publications, among winch
Prescott’s History of the Cnnquert of Mexico,
Harpers’ No.l of the Pictoral Bible,
'** No 7 of Henr all Hoore’s ri mplet** works,
*• Alison’s History of Europe, complete and full
** Braude’s Encyclopedia full bound,
*' Neal’s History of the Protestants,
Southey's Pilgrim’s Progress.
Rural Life in Germany, by William Howitt,
Kohl’s Russia and the Ruffftiann,
Blliotswj’a Surgical Operations,
Cooper 'Sir Astley) on DiNlo<*ations,
Aahwell on the Diseases of Females,
Queens of Kt.glan.1, sixth aeries.
A new Putent inkstand.
Drawing Paper, Blank Books, iScc. ail cheap for CASH.
Jan IG ° 1€
to me coinincuceiiiciiL k-i t*” 3
! rolling to humanity, ond which, if carried into ‘ ffect,
I j would arousp the attention of ail Christendom. I h\s
»- ! new demonsfation of feeling, there is too mucA rca-
,OR general aebtlity, for sale A by E3 w BAILEY.
7«|y l«i **
May 91 34
1 / wtn LBS. superior Gfot-ia Cured BACpN—|
r^Osl/UU Hams. ShouMers. sou Sidrs.^ur ssje
REDDING A WHJTEHEA
Bargain’s! Bargains ! !
IN BOOTS AND SHOES.
gr fair, good Negro Brogans, e> M a nu fact avers
Osvlxlxl rnst sttd ejpenres.
4J)00 Fsirt good Kip Brogans, do do do
Also, a general assortment of BOOTS It 81)083, which
wil) be off-red low—Call aud sec.
STRONO A WOOD.
Ncrv. 13, 7
1 Her Brilatitite Majesty’s Minieter Keaipotcntiary an.i
Rov-.v Extraordinary residing in Washington, relative to
the ri'i’his ofitlieir respective nations in and over tlie Oregon
territory. That negotiation is still pending. Should u, du
ring your fession, be brought to a definite conclusion, the
result will be promptly communicated to Congress
wo n 1 r! however again call vnur ntiention to the r e Co til ft. V ■. , .. — . ,
dntinni contained in previous messages, designed to protect I g0n hi believe, has been produced in consequence of
and facilitate emigrat on to that Territory. The establish- j (he nr g 0l i al i on of the late treaty of annexation mill
mem of military posts at suitable points upon the extended T _ The Executive, therefore, CtJuld not be tndii-
line of land travel would enable our citizens to migrate in ■ „ i: ne s • and he felt it to fie due, as
comparative safety to the fertile regions below the tails of ferent to am h proceed.ng. , . (fc a
the ColumHia, and tna^e me provision of the existing con well to htms> Ifi ns to im •>" " J’ .
vention for the joint occupation of the territory by subjects of I ...rocscotution si.ould be mude to the Mexican
Great Britain, and the citizens of the United States, more
available than heretofore to the latter. These posts would
constitute places of rest for the weary emigrant, where he
would be sheltered securely against the (laager o'
front the ludiaxs, ami be enabled to recover from tlie i i-
houstion of a long line of travel Legislative e acttnenls
should also be made which should spread over him the te
rn, of our laws, so as to afford protection to bis persou nntl
property w hen he shall have reached his distant home,
this latter respect the British Government has been :
more careful of the interests . f such of her peep!
be found in that country than the United states
made rwreo^arv provision for il»eir security
against the unis of the
her emigrants repose ••• »**—j - . .
law. Witatever may be the result ot the pending negot,
It will afliird me
i jnopm t
„ ..piously'disposed ami lawl- as ; an.)
p,>se it. safety under the panoply of her
r may be the resid* thst
^tion, such measures are necessary , .
— happy and favorable ternnua*
greatest pleasure to wit
lten toibe existing t.e^oti
the public hono
will continue t«
Ii would I.h
upon terms compatible with
3 nS the best effbrtB of iluj Qovernni«ui
1 t- directed to this end,
r -jjven me ii*c* highest gratification, in this
mv last annual « ••mnuniCati'-n t-> Congress, to have been
able to announce r ‘* you the c. n.ptetc nnd entire settlement
ond adjustment of other matters in ditVerence between tb0
United States nnd the Government of Iler B« iuaic Majesty,
which were sd verted to in a previous message. It is to ob-
vjpuslv the interrM of both count. .* m rasp* ct to the largo
and valuable eommerco which ex
tw between them that nil !
Causes of complaint, boxtrer inconsidernMe. should be with
the frtates*. promp.itsde. remerved—-tbsT rnut: he * C
Government upon the subject. This was accordingly
done; as will he eecn by the copy of the accompany-
f'attack : im* iK-spslch Irom the Secretary of State to the Utii-
tivoy at Mexico. Mexico bas'tio right to
tithe peace of the world by urging any longc ,
less and fruitless contest. Such a condition ot
things would not be toleifited on the Eutorcin conti
nent. Why should it be on this 1 A war of dt-so-
lation, such as is now threatened bv Mexico, cannot
be waged without involving our peace strd tranquility.
It ie idle ffi believe that such a war could be locked
upon with indifference by our on.7 citizens, inhabiting
adjoining States ; and our neutrality would be viol ted
in despile of all efforts on the part of the Government
to prevent it. The counity ia ccttled by emigrant,
from the United States, under invitations held out to
them by Spain ami Mexico. Those - migrants ..uv.
left behind them friends and n Utiv.v who woun, in i
fall to sympathise with them in their d.ttirul-.n
vvbo would be ted hy tho-c symj
their •struggles, however rneiget'.c
Government to prevent ir. Nor VV'
and formidable bands of Imba" s. l!
! be found in at.v land. «htrh -f'"r
tons contifit ’>4 to tit?-tales ot
tbics 11 partieips'fc in
the at lion of the
O.O.-! WS. lik- '
the lAtriu-nsS re*
v k. -ft Vis