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Georgia telegraph. (Macon, Ga.) 1844-1858, February 11, 1845, Image 2

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THE TELEGRAPH, 13 fUULl^Hl'D EVERY TthSDA'i MOKXIXli MY O. Hi PMINCE, AT THliEU DOLLARS PBIl ANNUM, / .Y F .4 li 1 A li LY 1N A D YA N C E. \OVERTIMEMENTS t re fouled it 91 00 per . fjr (hr first in.rrtuv.!, and 50 cmU per Mjoare for ,...n ; d*Briion ihrrolirr. . r m ■•(•liable deduction will be mode to those who adter- Holftfcal. From i ccrx. is torpor Gu.i lir»t Tucul lriiuns. art? a v in the m nJ U»ree in me tUc « \NDS, by AJmini«trators. hxccu- enutiCd by law, to be licit! on tbe uh, between ihe hour* of ten to *• * rnoon. at the Court-house, in i* situated. Notice of these xette SIXTY DAYS pre- ch the lan-i ii n in a public C hall be of HEGR0E6 must. be made nt n pub!., auction , „ ilu, first Tuesday of the month, between the usual b iu« . f„l t .,» thr place of public sales in the county where me Ir-crs of testamentary, of Administration or Guardianship. ‘ h.vc been granted, first firing SIXTY DAYS notice ZL*.* one of the public fate.,e, of this State and at the door of dw Court house, where such rales arc to be hr .1. N„m e fjr the sale of Personal Property mu.t be g.ven m like manner. FORTY days pterions to theday of sale. Notice in the Debtors an! Creditors of an estate must be published FORTY days. Notice that application will i e made to the Court of Or- dinary for leave to sell LAND, must be publ.shed for FOUR. MONTHS. .Vmiee Tor leave to .ell NEGROES must be publ.sned for FOUR MONTHS, before any order absolute made thereon by the Court. ClTATl rd thirty days /» six months—for dismiss Hu» M far the foreclosure of Mortgage must be published nlkly for four month:-(°r establishing lost papers .for the flit! f price of three months—fox compelling .itles from F secutors or Administrator*, where a Bond has been given i l.*r the deceased, the full Space of three months. " Publications will always be continued aefcording to these, j ,1, 0 | r .,i requirements, nnles* otherwise ordered. .UM1TTANCES BY MAIL.— ‘A postmaster may en- | ,1.o, ev in a letter to the publisher of a newspaper, to , he .ubscrintion of a third person, and frank the letter if I B b nimself.''—A*e* Keni.ll. r.M. G. „ t u.r letters of Administration, must be publish- ; -for dismission from aduiiilljlraiion.month- ssi6n from Guard.nHshipjJerly V Richmond Enquirer,JiOth ult. Home word* in Senwii. Wc received Tuesday morning the following ! j e u ev f ro m Our able Correspondent iu the North rff Germany. His correspondence has l)., en interrupted bv a lour which lie 1ms made for three months, through Belgium, Holland ! and Germany. 'Ve hare no doubt our read- t ers, when they recognize tbe old and familiar 1 signature of “Agrico a,” will rejoice at his re appearance, not less than ourselves. lli> pie- sent letter conies exactly in time. Little did he dream, when lie wrote it, that Ins appeal to the Senators of the United States would come exactly in season to arouse their atten- | lion to the great interests of ii'xas and the ! Un on. We give the letter precisely in the I form in which we received i', as well as the communication (to be pub'ished on to morrow) ' which it encloses, translated from the Bremen Gazette, mutilating and extenuating not a line ; or a .-syllable. L.-t them go for what they are worth—and let them have nil the respect to which they are entitled, coming from one of the ablest American observers who ever visit ed Eur-'pe, and with his heart still bound, though by a lengthened chain, to the interests of his own free and great country : FUROPEAN correspondence, No. 40. Frankfort on the Maine, ) ■SflvfcuUural. (F, cm the Floridian) IT!o.l* of Call! rating Tobacco iu the 1st. of Ciitin Your nurseries are the first to be attended to in your preperntion for a crap, by selecting ntrtlic proper season a rich and tolerable moist piece of ground, and prepare it by burning « off very clean, and breaking H up. J he see. is then to be sown broad cast upon it. and when they are up, they tire to be overlooked daily, to see that the cut worm docs not commit ravages among the young plants; and as fast as the nl mts arrive at n proper size, they are to be tranafrfSd to the Tobacco field, to maae room or the smaller plants of the l urserv, Aa cas- ualilics often arise to destroy some or the nur- * series’ it is necessary to guard against a proba bility of not having a suffeient number of plants by making three or four nurseries, at an inter val of two or three weeks each. Much atten- f|oo should bo observed to keep both your nur series and field very clean, particularly of grass ami for that reason new lands are prefered .or both. In Cupa they plant on an cyen surface nod distutb it as little as possible with the hoe only picking out the grass or weeds which fprir.g up. The plants, when trairofered to the field, are to be planted in squares, at about from two to three feet apart, according tp the Strength of the land. The high lands liv-Cuoa arc such ns produce the quality of Tobacco, both I.s 10 strength and color, that suits the American market best, and such lands corrcs- pmtd nearest our high hammock, ihe great- ,-m enemy to the plants, both in the nursery and fie ds (while small) is the cut worm, which lins i , be looked after early every morning, and wherever they have eaten the plants, they are ,o he found and killed, either on the plant, or „„ the ground near it. When the plant gets to be larger, then the large green Tobacco worm is to be constantly guarded against, and the suckers also continually broken off as a-t as th' V appear, and when the 1 obacco is judg- <•<1 to be of a sufficient height, it is to be tap ped and allowed to mature for cutting. t he tune of maturity is ascertained by the leaves changing gradually their color, beginning at the bottom leaves, from their deep green grow ing color, to a yellowish green ; but tl this is not sufficiently obvious, mid you deem your 1 o- bacco ripe, you may test it by crushing tooth er the tip of any of the upper leaves, which. « k snaps, is a sign of its being ripe, but on the contrary, if it docs not snap, it is not fully ma tt red. When ripe for the knife it is cut down the ground, h aving two suckers, which week or two prior, ready ice a second crop nrd ai- bi! realized in the same near have bean sparer to grow up ui d prod- so a third crop nriv manner. The Tobacco is to be conveyed carefudv iu wide thongs of cowhide to the house, to be hung up; a shed is preferred with free space for ventilation beneath* andet- ter tying the plants together, two to each string, nn 1 leaving space enough between them to in- Kelt a wo..dei.p- S , you hang them up. bv m- N-ud ng them above each rafter up to the ridge of tl jo house, being careful not to bang them so near that they will touch or crowd each other in diving, or your Tobacco will mould. Also when the weather is moist, you must make small fires enough under it, to keep out the moisture, but no. enough to heat your lobac- co:- Wnen the leaves are perfectly dry, me whole are to be taken down, and placed in a press fora few hours, the object of which is, j<*. the T.dmccoia too dry to strip oil run out breaking the leaves, that they may become soft and pliable, but great care must be taken that it does i ot beat, and it must be strctly ex- n nined, by i isertinglhe hand to ascertain that it becomes not too hot. Tbe press is made by pulling rads or poles crosswise nl each oth er, in form of a rack, and placing cowhide. under, over and m ound the Tobacco, and pla cing upon it-something somewhat weighty.— It is to he stripped lea! by leaf from the stork, and being selected, tbe wrappers from the fi lers, to bo tied at tho butts, and prepared for market. It is sometimes usual to put it again in press alter being stripped. Change of Climates.—Wc believe it was Dr Sherwo d, who a few years ago broached ib* theory that climates change every GG6 yt . R ,- s . lie also announced, if we arc not mis- ta’ on. ihutnnr climate in conformity to l.issys- t. in. would become miWer, while that of Eu rope would become colder, during the present an.I succeeding centuries. Observations on temperature in ibis country and Europe con firm this theory, and go far to convince many persons that it is well founded. Ihe public would no doubt be pleased to know more ol Dr. Sherwood’s theory.— Weekly Sun. The steamboat Si. Charles, bound from New Orleans to Nashville, was snagged and sunk in ihe Mississippi, about one hundred miles above Memphis, oil the ‘2d in si; January 1, 1S4 To the Editors of the Enquirer: Dear Si.—In my letter of June 1st, 1 re- matked that, although M. Guizot, from cur rent rumor, had protested against the annexa- tion of Texas to the United States, yet such a measure would find no favor with the peop.e ol France: That it was a Governmental act. which, ifitm-ant any thing more than words could never be carried into execution. Of tue truth of these assertions, I am now most tha- roughlv.convinced. Not a day elapses, that have not additional evidence that the Ministry which could have the temerity to espouse the quarrels of England, would be speedily super- ceded.* The protest was intended ny brrat Bri'ain fur » scare-crow, and thus far she could use the Government of France, humiliating as was the spectacle to chivalric and noble mind ed Frenchmen, as a cat’s paw. But let M. Gu zot dare to make tlm annexation oT lexas a cause of war against the United Slates, and ho will find himselfm the midst of a revolu tion of an utterly different character front 'hat which occnrred in Palis in July, 1830. The wounds of deadly hate have pierced too deep in the t osoms of Frenchmen, for them ever to become reconciled to the ‘"Island Giant; and the ou'break of indignation would be perfectly terrific, if the proposition was made to them to fiobt its “battle's. If I could think so disre spectfully of my countrymen, as to believe that they were to be intimidated by threats (proceeding from any quarter,) when engaged in the prosecution of an honorable object, as a stimulus in the case, I would say to them, you have nothing whatever to fear from France; She has sufficient employ mcnl in taking care ofherself. How marvellously strange does it apppar to the disintetested portion of the civilized world, that our country should manifest any hesitation, under the circumstances of accepting the over- Hires of the “lone star." The battle of San Jacinto was as fatally decisive to the hopes of Mexico, as that of York Town was to Great Britain. The independence of the two Re- publics was consummated by these ever memo rable victories. Tne war which has been wa rred against Texas since, can he regarded in no other light, by just minds, than as exclu sively a quasi one; and it is disgraceful to Christian notion* and will darken the page or history Which relates to the age in wkicn we live, that it was not brought to a termination sooner by the intervention of other powens.— An opinion is no where entertained, that Mex ico has had—has now—or ever will have, the ability within herself to subject her former pro- vince. . j / r.v ... The Annexation question is one oj such mag nitude, as to completely involve the future cles- linies of Great Britain. If it should be deci ded adversely to her wishes, she cleirlv fore sees a rival in the Western world, that, in coming lime, will ob-tcurc and cast into per- p. tuafshade, bet real and vaunted, greatness. The extension of territory, and consequent augmentation of population, will not be more withering to her ambitious schemes of aggran dizement <m the American Continent, than the dependent condition in which she will be pla ced for the sletple, from which she deri'ea not only her prosperity, but the very means of suh- siste ce, will be humbling to her pride. If Texas, through her wicked machinations could have been forced into the cruel embraces of Mexico—she laid the flattering “unction to her soot”—that, for a tr.fli* g consideration, she could have become its purchaser, and that ul timately, availing herself .if the weakness of revolutionary Mexico and Spain, she would appropriate the cntiie territory nf the one, and tl.n noecoccinnc of the other, in the West In make durable advances towards that standard ( of greatness by which nations are measured. | The “London Times,” (and when 1 quae j from the “London Times,’ I quote om tie j sentiment of the British reading public, as it .9 more read than all the other journals in ^t> 0 - laud,) in a recent editorial—its leader—-upon | the Presidential election, concludes with ’be . following remarks: , r | “If we, in common with other States ol kir ( mne, are prepared to resist the Annexation o , Texas to the United Slates as an act of ratine, ; calculated to deprive us of a USEFUL ally, to I rEKFETUATE SLAVERY. AND TO CREATE A RIVAL j OT MARITIME POWER IN THE GULF OF MEXICO, j il icnuld he no more than just. to maintain the | independence of Texas against Mexico itself ; and, above all, by a declaration of the prmci- | pal States of Europe to termi-ate this Mate ot I uncertainty and menace. Itad Texas con seated to abolish slavery, all htr political r if- • fercnccs would loi g since have been term mated; and, instead of being an ooject o, mingled con tempt and desire fo the population of the Lai- ; ted States, she Seoul I hove placed her whole , social condition on a higher and more secure itAbis than theirs, and would be prepared to play a conspicuous part in the history of the new world." w Yes, truly, if under British dictation Texas had co- seined to abolish slavery, she would have been “prepared to play a conspicuous partin the history of the new world. liar “political differences,” without any regard to Mexico, would have been at once settled, be cause, as a “useful ally,” Great Britain would have n qix red no higher justification for terminating the war of “uncertainty and me nace.” If Texas will consent toab-dish slave ry, and thus become a “us.ful ally ’ >o G eat Britain, why, she is undoubtedly an indetend ext uetublic ! 11, however, sue wishes to be annexed to the United States, the case is alter ed, according to British notions of justice, and the measure must be resisted as an act of ‘ ratine” upon Mexico. Lord Aberdeen, in his celebrated despatch to Mr. Packenham, ilso supreme the abiding evidence that the law of equal rights the soul of f ree institutions—rules the popular thought. You will find that it is m Text s. Though tbe youngest, she is real imd legitimate sister of tne O <1 I hirtcen, nndhkc them, wdlendiitv much evil b f >n; she will submit to dishonor, rflic w ll not utm the lustre of her Lone Star by either unjust de mands or base concessions, any more than ibe Union would shame her constellation by tak ing undue advantage of its power and influence. 1 am glad to see our honorable and talented friend Ex Mayor Morris, leading the .advance of the republican doctrine of fair equality. It belongs to no party, «ud proves that be can look Uevond present expediency, and k-ep step with the age. He is a man of the people, and* does not believe a blessing loses its value by I becoming universal. Those conservatives who ! expect to regulate the men ol to-day, by coit- veniio -s and observances as a hetd of unen lightened seifs, and who would arrest the pro- rr^s of liberal principles and enlarged vu-ws, by chaining the nation to a narrow and stationa ry poliey, will he left in the distance. Repub licanism is progressive and all embruci g ; and lie who cannot comprehend and share US march, or who would attempt to teach it to make sel fish and unequal exclusions, is an alien to its spirit, and must not hope to govern us councils or direct its operations. Yours respectfully, MIR ABE AU B. LAMAR. MACON, GA. TUESDAY MORNING, FEB. 11, 1845. said, “Great Britain desires the general abo- We ^,p y t ]7 e f.,flowing information lition of slavery throughout the world,” and, iv„.„ v„ri/ or Post : hi the accomplishment of tliis object, Texas would be to her a most “useful ally”—an al ly. which her constant exertions would make instrumental, in destroying the ;peace and se curity of the Southern States of the Union. Would to Heaven, that Manpum, amJ Rives, and Archer, and Berrien, and Crittenden, and Morchead, and Jarnagan, and Foster, and Barrow, und Johnson, and Benton, could be placed in the centre of'civilized Europe, and behold from day to day the stealthly move ments of the haughty “mistress of the seas, in derogating from our national fame, and plod ding our national ruin. They would, 1 feel conscious, because 1 know them to be patriots and individuals of the highest elevation of character, exclaim “It is desirable to have Texas without a war; but Texas must be ouis, a3 fur as relates Annexation in Michigan.—On the 22J ult. the House of Repivseirat.ves of Mrohig m pas sed to a third reading, the joint resolution in structing their Senators and Representatives m Congress to use their ex-rtions lor the imme diate re-unnexation of Texas to tlieU. Stales. The resolution was finally ordered to be en grossed, by a vole ol 31 to 16. From the Georgia Constitutionalist. At this time, wnen the minds of tlf Southern people are turned towards manufactmi-g es tablishments, the flowing improvement in cot ton spinning must be peculiarly iuteres-mg, We copy the following information irom tne New York Event g Post : Imptrrtant Improvement in Cotton Spin- jiinrr.—Frances McCully, an American by birth, ancf from his infancy a resident "f the town of Patterson in New Jersey, wheiebe has been engaged in ttie eon*lructioD of machinery, lias recently made an imp >rtant simplification in the proc-ss of spinning cotton. He has invent ed an improvement of the machine called a Throstle, which wea e told by compelentjudg* es is lik.-ly to .work a great revolution in tin- cotton manuf.during business. The new pro cess requires less than half the power i» q nr- ed by tbe ordinary machine, takes less oil. d We are again indebted to the courtesy, and hereby tender our thanks to Messrs. Cobb, Chappell, Sti’es, and Lumpkin, of the House of Representatives,for valuable public documents. We publish in to-dny’s paper an able letter signed Agricola, from the Richmond Enquirer, and commend it to public attention How creditably does its broad, liberal and American like view s contrast with the petty, selfish, and sectional views of those who nave done all that thev could to def-nt that great national meas. ure, the annexation of Texas. CONGRESS. We have not received our Washington City papers regulaily this week. The Senate nad not up to the latest advices from Washington, acted upon the Texas resolution*, though we have little doubt judgingfrom the toneoflhe pa pers at the scat of Government as trefl ns' from private advices from that quarter,' th'.t the resolutions will pass. Benton and Niles and one at least of the Ohio Senators, with the newly elected Senators from New York will, il is s .id, vote for the Resolutions in their pres ent shape. We are indebted to the Charleston Mercury for the (bllowi g synopsis of the pro ceedings of Congress the past week. “Tne Senate was i ot in Session, Friday and S-ilurdaj’. In tne House the Oregon bid was debated, mtd on Saturday the Committee of tbe Whole voted on ihe amendments and re ported it to the House. O. e of the amend- was discovered to be on fire, Which being of a very combustible nature, as well as the build ings immediately adjacent, the fire spread with <rreut rapidity. In less than an hour nearly the whole block between Main and Company stivet was destroyed. The fiamts rapidly passed to the West side of Main street, and suddenly enveloped all the VV est side in flumes, except the store house of Messrs. Logan and Stone. The new brick ware-house, lately erected by Mr. Wm. T. Hartnett, ns well as the wooden building, was destroyed with d large amount of Co'ton, not 1< ss than 1600 bales. Tue fire simultaneously passed to the east side of Company street, burning all soull^ of the Brick building occupied by Messrs McRle- r-y and Heard, including ttie same, and the Post Office. Bv very great exertions, the Ho tel, at present occupied by M's. McNcel, was saved. A gentle breeze blowing lo the South East earii.d the flames across the street and consumed tne fine new brick edifice, nearly completed, and belonging to Mr. A. Hugerty, as well as an old brick building ; thence to the the American H t -I; and thence to the small brick building occupied as a law office by the Messrs. Graham ; from the house last mention ed the fl'mes spread.to a small duelling in the Tear, oCcup'ed by Mr. Woodruff, and with the destruction of this building and out houses thtT fire rerr-cd. . Estimated damage §200,000, besides $G0,- 000 which was insured. The Arg ‘S office by great exertion was sa ved ; but the Whig office, with the ,.ress and most of the printing materials was destroyed. TEXAS—OUR rRIXflPLeS. We extract the following just and inc.gnant rebuke upion the opponents ot annexation, from that old and staunch republican banner the Richmond Enquire!. It expresses the senti ments adopted, provided for not ce to the Brit- j mmts of the gr.at u publican P arl > ish G> •Venime.il of the termination <>f tbe Trea- I try, and we care not whethei that gnat nation nenses with'the use of bands, makes a smaller tro ieabl > ; bui not so if you cho . S e to defy the L „r enables one person to att- ltd Boris 1 Government in t'.e manner propos d in whatever the consequence to other nations.” A r sidence of more titan (wo years abroad has but served t<» increase my admiration ol American institutions. At no period o »n\ life has my love of country oeen so strong as whpn I have witnessed the wanton vitupera tion t<> which it has been subject, d unceasingly, in the columns of the London and other Euro pean papers, within the last few weeks. 1 arti sail feeling, which I entertained to- a limited extent at home, has utterly expired in my bo- ^ som ; and I no longer look upon “every d ti -r- GrCal ence of opinion” ns “difference of prmripte. J We must save the United States., Tins wn duty—an imp rative dny—one above a 1 orir- ers;—and closely identified with i*» >n Tact, t av inn- an immediate hearing upon the result, stands the annexation of Texas. If ever there was a question wliieh should b« decided purely upon its own merits, it assuredly is tins. In ns ad justment, a pariy voice should not be raised, nor a party vote recorded. I he treaty should 1,0 regarded, as I ant sure it will prove, if rat ified, as one making the Americ-n Repub he tbe most independent a. d permanent of Ml the States and fiuti-ms on tr e fice of the globe. In several of my letters to tbe Enquirer, 1 remarked, “the Government should take care of Tobacco; Cotton will take care ot itsc.t. ft i s now quite certain, that the duty on cotton iu Great Britain, will be entirely removed du ring the next session of Parliament. 1 h • man ufacturers throughout the Kingdom unite ih asking such an act as oVe indispensable W thcr prosperity. This will benefit our planters in the depressed state of tlteir staple \eiy mate " a iif the languishing condition of the tobacco trade, I am persuaded that the producer of the article in Virginia, are anxmusly enqm ring, Whether there is no method by negotia tion or otherwise by which it can he unproved . Say to tliem, from one who. if they will lake the trouble to lo->k at bis former letters, will perceive, that his predictions have all been ve rified, to be of good cheer. In twelve months they will see a larger European demand th n has ever before been known, with steady and uniform, but nothigh prices. AGR , C0LA> ty of Joint Uccupaecy. Ou Friday, Mr. Ad ams spoke at length on the .-ubjeet. He said he was ready to say that the terms of the tre - ty with Great Britain, were he-ehy termi aled. He did hot agree that the President should take it upon himself to give this notice. Tliis House was the war power. No act of this House, that ihe had ever as sented t<», or probably ever could consent to, would be given with more pride than that giv ing notice to Great Britain that the treaty of 1827 was terminated. If tins notice was giv en and induing e’se done, we had the prospect of a more immediate and more happy settle ment of this question than we could l>y any oth er meins. This done, there would be a pros pect tif putting an end to negotiations and that the possessions of the other, dies. Then, then indeed, in tbe majesty of power, the chorus to the National Air, “Rule, Brit.mia rule,” would have re-echoed over our heads from her dominions on the North to her dominions on the South, its a tantalizing requi em :o our self-immolation. 1 have sa d that Great Britain has not only her prosperity, but her very existence, in tbe article nf raw cotton. At present slio has no ot her a terna.ive titan to receive her supplies from ttie United States, and hence she sees and feels that sin; is tributary to them. Is it nor natural, apart from thaf monopolizing spirit of dominion which knows and recognizes no high er principle than interest, shat she should be desirous of creating comp -tirio i in cultivation 1 A nd in what qua‘ter. afier tho partial fai ure o effectually as Texas'! The Mi- in India, ted Stales li ive selves, \\ nenever sell-defe-cr Uni- all tin* means within theat- b.-cornes necessary, in otherwise to establish a basis of rite exclusiveness f om Ml tho world ! How is it with England ? By the way of de monstrating, so as to make the fact apparent to the dullest mind; i' tins but simply to be re marked, that Hie $38 000.000 worth of the Southern staple which she annually takes from us. when manufactured, yields the enormous amount to her of $1.50,000,000 !!! Now, what would be her condition, if slm weie cut off sudd -nly from the profit of §112,000,000, which ihe product of our luxuriant htMJs enables her to realize? A destitution more appalling tlia-i that which would be attendant upon fam ine. 'The more drjiendent wc make other States upon us, tin more independent, ns a consequent mat’er, we become ; and therefore, "Our (-r.rrcpnni'.rnt •»< not aware, at .lie lime lip wrote tlii-i. liow strongly lia.l liis words been confirmed. Mr. t’aliioim writes to Mr King, (August 12. 1844.1 thus : — ‘ Tne rre-i.le.il in particular highly appreciates the decla ration of ttie K *ng (of the French,) ihat. in noevent, would any sfps l.e taken bv his rtovernment in the slightest de gree hostile, or which would give to tbe United Chutes just From the Georgia Constitutionalist. We c - opy from the New York Sun the fol lowing letter from Gen. Lamar, on tlm adop tion by the House of Representative? of Con gress, of a resolution for the annexation of Texas. As regards the people of Texas wo have no doubt tiiat Gen. Lamar represents tru ly their feelings on that g'eat und important measure. _ Washington City, Jan. 26, 1S45. Moses Y. Beach, Esq., Dear Sir— I congratulate you on the re sati.m of your favorite hope. Y-u were among ttie first to enter the list fur the annexa tion of Texas,- and may fairly rejoice on the al most certain success nf that great and Amcii- can movement. Tiie bill lias passed the House of Representatives, in affirm which I have no doubt will be readily accepted by the peopled Texas. Although it contains a restriction which I do not fully approve of myself, yet its general provisions are just to that country, and honorable to the United States I cannot be lieve for a moment, ttiat tbe Senate will attempt to defeat a measure, which Uie nation at latge has so emphatically pronounced upon; and which is so indispensable to its permanent peace and prosperity. „ . The me.-ti g at Tammany Hall last Ft ula>, judging from newspaper reports, was signifi cant. 1 do not recognise it as a party move ment. It was a voice from tlie heart of Ame rican repubheamsm, welcoming vviilt gen ro is affection, the return of her expatriate l kindr-d, to the mammal embrace of roe Union. Tex as will respond to tbe call with filid *armth ; for never since s' e erected Iter own household ultar to free lorn, has she faded to remember with grateful love, ttie shrine at which she lit the sacred flame. The expressed detennin i- tion of the American people that no igivminj. ous conditions, nothing which they would re fuse, shall be offered to Texas, is a strong and amount of waste, enables one person to a larger number of spindles, yet with Jill us economy in these several respects, product s more yarn and of better quality- A *m .11 mo de! of the invention, con aiuin* about 132 spin- dies, is now and lias b« en for several we* ks in operation nt the factory « f Gen. Godwin, m Patterson, wnere its utility and success lias been demo si rated to tbe satisfaction of all tbe practical men who have seen it at wo-k. Mr. M.-Cnllv, the inventor, has already secured pa- tents for his machine in E gl*nd, trance, Bcl- gium, Mexico, and tliis country, and is.likHy to realize co siderable for - tint*.as^well as exten sive f.me as u mechanician by his. ingenuity. The c .se of Jk. McNulty, the alleged de faulter, is now u d'T investigation in the Grand lurv room before Justices Morsel I and God dard. To prove the chanre of embezz ement under wbch Mr. MeNuhy was arrested, seve ral witnesses from New York, as wi ll as oth ers. were examined on Wedntsduy and yester day. We understand that the testimony was nut closed yesterday, when the justices adjourn ed their sitting until ten o’clock this morning. [Nat. Intelligencer. Anti-Annexation.—The following resolution was adopted by the Legislature of N w Jersey on Wednesday. In the Assembly by a vote of 33 to 13—m the Senate unanimously. Resolved, by the Legislature of the State of New Jers-y, That the Senators of the St .teof Nt-w Jersey in the Senate of the United States, be requested to use their influence and exer tions to prevent the passage of the resolution for the annexation of 1’exus to the U. States, recently pass d by the Hous* of Representa tives ; and .lie Governor of this State be re quested to transmit a copy of tliis resolution to each of our Senators iu Congress. Tragic Fnle of Burton in iVIissom-i. A y..ung lady, belonging to a genteel and ,verv proud family in Missouri; was beloved by a young man named Bu to •; but utiffifu* imtely her affection* were fixed upon another, less worthy. He lef' hT with a t -roisued re putation . She was by nature energetic and high spir ted ; her family were proud, and she lived in the midst of a society which considt-r- . d revenge a : virtue, and named it honor.— Misled by ffiis false popular sentiment, and her own excited f clings she resolved to repay her lover’s lidaCaery wirii death. But she kept her secret sh well that no one suspected her purpose; though shd purchased pistols, and practised vwth them daily. Mr. Burton give evidehcb of his strong at tachment by renewing hi-- attentions when tno world looke.l most coUly tipon' Iter; His generous ku dm ss won her bleed)' g heart, but thu sufie-ring influence of love did not lead her to forego the dreadful purpose she had tdr- med. She watched for a favor-ble opportu nity, and shot her b- ttuyer, when no o .e was near to witness the horrible de' d. Some little i cident excited the suspicion of Burton, a--d lie induced bet to confess to him the whom transaction. It was obvious enough that suspicion would naturally fasten upon him, the w. 11 known lover of her who had been so deeplv injured. He was arrested, but suc ceeded in persuading her that lie was tn no danger. Circumstantial evidence w'as fearful; | y against him, and ho soon saw that his chance wasduubffil; but with affeetionutc magnanimity lie concealed this from her. He was convicted and condemned, A short time before the execution he endea vored to cut his throat; but bis life was saved for the - cruel purpos- of taking it away accord ing to tlie cold-blooded barbarism of the law- Ptie ai d wounded, he was hoi-ted to the gal lows before the gaze ofa CluistHin community. The guilty caus-- of Ml this was almost fn.ntio when she found that lie had thus sacr ficed himself to save her. She imme.riutely pub lish, d the whole history ol It :r wro'igs and net’ revenue. Her keen sense ol wounded honor wism accordance with public sentiment ; tier wrongs excited indignation and compassion', and the knowledge mat an innocent, magnum- m ous man had be.-n so brutally treated, exci ted a general revulsion of popular feeling.— No one wished another victim, and she was left unpunished, save by the dreadful recoids of her memory. tins Bill. It would turn out that Great Br.t- a n claimed to the mouth of the Columbia riv er. I am nut ffir giving it to them, said Mr. A , never will I consent to give them to the m. uth of the Columbia river; but if we pro ceeded in this rash way, there was danger of ti.eir g.-tting mis, ,.nd more loo. Mr. A-tams then read from the letters of Mr. Gall .tin to Mr. Clay in regard to exclusive ju risdiction. Tue population of ttie country was then 10.000000. Since ilien it had been growing at the rate of 100 000 men a year.— Our population was increasing with young, fighring men—with arms, hands, and heads rea.iy to lake the fi.-ld and m.rcli wherever n field was open to them. In alluding to this class of people, Mr. Adrim* said that Governor P-.pe once told him, that meeting a company nf young men at home, he asked them wh.-re thev were Hoing.l Going said ti ey—“ Going To Texas to fight for our right!” (Great laugh-' ter.) This class will take possession of the Ore gon coun rv. let the Governments of ihe Unit ed Slates and Great Britain do what they will. This country belonged to us by nature, as the young man said to him in regard to lexas, (laughter) by discovery, by treaty, and by Ml the claims tint could be given or presented.— Mr. A. said he was ready to»ay that to Great Britain, now, which he was not ready lo say in 1818, liecause we were not then prepared to dclei d ourselves, and because we had just come out of a war. . We were strong now. our cause was a good one, and we might abide the consequence. If the noiice was given in the proper way we should probably avoid a war. If we did not. we t,lionld probably have a war. At least he feared so ” try, al measure the annexation of Texas, is oppos ed by Abolitionists, Whigs, or doe-faced De mocrats, for tbe time, we have the most un- doubiing confidence of its final triumph and consummation. We care not who opposes it now, the annexation of Texas was inscribed upon the banner under which the republican partv fought and conquered in the late elec tion, and it is too late in the day for abolition ists, whigs, or pretended Democrats, to come forward now to set aside the will ol the jjeople. It is a question of country, and not of par ty now, and the public man who opposes it, strikes at the honor and integrity of the Union, and is greatly mistaken if be believes that such will recommend him to tbe patriotic no matter in- what IfATDBAt.mTION EAW8. The Judiciary Committees of the two Hou ses of Congress, have had under consideration this subject. TheBiil rop' rted by Mr. Saun- Texas'abandons tri.- a course portion of his constituents, section of the Union they may reside. From the Richmond Enquirer, 31st. ult. Xs tbe Eric-oil* of the YTuion ! We should be blind t > ihe signs in the Hea- ven>, if we did not foresee the storm which is rising. The opponents-of Louisiana once de clared, that site must be excluded from the Union, “peaceably if we can,- forcibly if vve must.** The Abolitionists are now declaring, that they must exclude Texas “peaceably il iiiey cun, forcibly if they must.” The quasi t’nends of annexation exclaim, she shall not come in unless her lauds South of 36 J degress are. posi tively divided between the North and tho iiouth. Is there no danger, th .t in this st ruggle of con tending i terests, Texas m y entirely slip thro’ our fingers—that even il these terms were adop ed, site would not assent to them—and that the South would say in her turn, Texas must be ours, “peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must.” . _ If the Senate should reject the resolutions of the House of Representativts, M them not hug the hope to their bosoms, that the question is put at rest. We tell them at once, to yield to no such illusion The breeze is only rising, and, from that moment it will increase into x tempest. The South will rise in the majesty of her strength, it will sweep off the anti-Tex as Whigs, and every Southern and Western State w 11 stand together. Nothing can sub due their indomitable spirit. They will .eel themselves wronged by the'opposition and at tacks of rite. Abolitionists. They will see at once, if they yield to the Abolitionists on tirs "round, and with their threats boldly uttered a" in>t us. we shall be driven* from post to iiida-, f nm one entrenchment to another, un til we shall be driven to the wall, our domestic i-s itulioiis controlled bv tl'eir fat alicr 1 spirit, and our v ery hbai th-stories invaded b\ their fu- We will uoi abandon Texas then, until ders iif N. C. in behalf of the Cofnmiitde of the House, os h substitute for' and repealing all laws heretofore en.cted, on that subject’ ap pears not to prolong the period of probation, but more effectually to guar.t against frauds.— Its leading features t:re a* follows. “First. The person naturalized is to make known his intention before the Supreme, Supe rior, District or Circuit Court of tue State of Territory where he is, two years before his admission to the privil ges of citizens ip. that it was ti is bona fide intention to become a citi zen- «^f th - United Suites. An alien, two vears after he shall have made a declaration of.intention-to'bbc'jme R citizen, and shall have resided five yeais Within toe limns and jurisdiction of the United States preceding Ins abpltcarion, shall be a citizen of the Uni‘e l States upon taking an oath to sup port the Co sntution of the United States. The persons claimi ig the privile es of citi zens are to swear that they are the buna fide persons naturalized. The reside.it isiobe one year in the State or I territory before voting, but this is to be one of j the five years. _ _ j Aliens m a minority may have their time counted ns in a majority, if they arrive at 21 years before asking to vote. Every Court of Record having common law jurisdiction is to be regarded as proper for natu- ruhz .lion. Tue expense of naturalization is to be three dollars. Six months imprisonment Or a fine is to be tiie price of fraudulent sweating- The Dis trict Mtorney is authorised to prosecute persons fraudulently voting. FIRE AT WE t UMPKA. We regret to b arn by the loil .wiiig slip from tin: office of Wetnmpka Argus, that a large portion of that flourishing town was destroyed' by fire on the mornmg of the 29tii ult. From the Wetumpka Argus—Extra. Wednesday, Jan. 29, IS45. WETUMPKA IN RUINS. It becomes our unp ensant duty to a .nounce the des'ructtoit of two thirds ot the business part of our town by fire. About 3 o clock this morning, the store house of J. S, Oliver But to our frietilis in the North, who have hitherto stood by us, and are yet now tbrowing stumbling blocks in our way, who say, “You may have her,-but you must divide the spotle w : tn us—after too we own north of the 36i, and aw .y off to the Pacific Ocean,” we must respectfully say, in our torn, “Look at the see whether you will not signs'of the times- deffiut 1 the object w rich you have professed to have at heart. Reject these Resolutions; in sist upon 34 degrees, instead of 364 ; or claim peremtoHly a portion of the territory below 36i, without allowing us a share of tiie- immense territory ooiih of the Missour. line, and do vou not see that the Sooth will reject it V Have you any doubts of itT Then read the follow- in"-bold declaration',- which came to us yester day tnorni g in the Charleston Mercury of Tuefidav morning? “iVcw York and Texas.—We insert, for the information of our readers, the New York plan introduced hy Mr, Robinson of that Slate ...to the Housu of Representatives, Tor annexing Texas to the Union. It pro|x>ses to admit one State with slavery, but generously leaves it to the State so admitted, “to determine whether si .very shall or shall not exist in said States .. A -d as to the rest of Texas, comprising it is estimated at least four Stab s more, it shall be surrendered to the jurisdiction ol Congress, “in which slavery shall not exist unless Con gress shall hereafter so determine by law. — The majority in Congress being from the free States, of course it is a permanent allotment of four free States, anc- one slave State. We are really at a ffiss to know how to treat this proposition. As to the Representatives, from the Ninth, they cannot have the least expec tation ot annexing Texas to the Union, on such terms, we cannot believe, consistently with the least respect for their understandings, i If a traitor from the South could be found to vote for it in Congress, there is not a man in T.-xas who would not reject it with indigna tion and scorn. We oan only View it in one of two lights; it is either derigned as a flat in sult to the South, or as a method of announcing eternal hostility to Texas annexation. In eith er even', i’s intended effect must be to cut off the South from every party association with its j supporters, and leave her to her own course j of self-protection and self-vindication. Thore