IS A SEVERE TEST
Unity of Allies Will Be Decided
By Russo- American Proposal.
OPPOSITION FROM SOME QUARTERS
London Pnpori Bl Howl Whilo
Germany Seem* Not at All
A London special of Friday soys:
1 n the absence of further news from
China the papers are again filled with
discussions of the Busso-American
proposals which, so far as may be
gathered from the representations of
opinions in the various European
capitals, are calculated to subject the
unity of allies to an exceedingly se
vere and dangerous test.
In Germany especially, these pro
posals are no diametrically opposed to
Emperor William’s policy that they
have produced something like con
sternation. As the London Daily News
editorially remarks, “Count von Wal
derseo was assuredly not sent to assist
in restoring the empress dowager.”
It is rocoguized on all sides that
Germany’s decision is the pivot of the
matter. Emperor William intended
by dispatching Count vou W T aldersee
to bavo the master hand in the Chinese
settlement. Russia has taken the j
wind out of that officer’s sails, aud is
now posing as the friend and protector
of China. i
The morning papers express the
greatest suspicion of the intention of
Russia. The London Times’ editorial
fairly represents the opinion of all,
“The advantages of Russia’s policy
are not manifest, and it is very doubt
ful whether it will recommend itself to
powers like England aud Germany
that have large commercial interests in
the establishment of a stable and pro
gressive government to replace the re
actionary clique which has impeded
all progress aud development in China
in recent years.
“Negotiation with Li Hung Chang
would be a condemnation of govern
ment crimes and the throwing away of
all the advantages gained by the pccu
pation of Pekin.
’’Much mischief may already have
been i.une by the hesitation to enter
the forbidden city. To withdraw from ;
Pekin would be interpreted as proving j
not only that the allies are cowards, j
but that they are hopelessly divided.
It may be that sopoa of the povers
w ill but that, does not imply
"*thftt others are bound to leave Pekin
aud to acquiesce iu the restoration of a |
government guilty of a gross iuterna- '
The Standard says:
“Diplomacy sometimes makes strange
bedfellows. It is curious to find the
mighty autocracy of the old world and
the great republic of the new world
gently coaxing the other powers along
the paths of pace. Nothing could be
better than the spirit of these docu
ments, aud it is interesting to hud two
such powers anxious to determine the
controversy io u unselfish spirit,”
, “The Daily Mail says'.
‘•Russia has forced the hand of the
United States against the better judg
ment of the latter. At the same time
the United States government has ad
duced such valid reasons why Russia’s
policy is a bad one that it will hardly
l>e expected that other powers willcou
The Daily Chronicle thinks tho
“open door” will prove the rift in the
loot which now sounds such harmony !
between the United States aud Russia.
The Daily Telegraph remarks:
“The Russian proposals are among!
the most extraordiunry coups attempt
ed of recent years, even hv Russia.
The upshot will probably be tho ac- '
ceptance of Li Hung Chang to uego- 1
tiate Bomo kind of a compromise with !
the empress dowager.’’
Vienna specials show that the Russo- j
American proposals have caused ex
treme annoyance there.
“Germany’s attitude toward the Chi
nese crisis,” says a dispatch to The
Times from Tokio, dated August 29,"
is causing much perplexity in Japan.
The Chiuese authorities at Amoy hav
iug guaranteed the security of life and
property, the Japanese marines will
Will Hring His Daughter Home.
President H. B. Ledyard, of the
Michigan Central railroad, has received
a cablegram from his daughter, the
widow of Baron von Ketteler, the Ger
man ambassador to China, who was
murdered in Pekin, asking him to
come for her. Mr. Ledyard will start
for Yokohama September l‘2th.
Southern .Makes Generous Gift.
The Southern railroad has given
<I,OOO to the building fund of the
Young Men’s Christian Association of
Macon, Ga. The generous gift was
made at the request of Third Vice
President Gannon of the Southern.
An American Disease.
Dr. S. Weir Mitchell is au
thority for the statement that nerv
ousness is the characteristic mal
ady of the American nation, and
statistics 6how that nerve deaths
number one-fourth of all deaths
recorded, the mortality being main
ly among young people.
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TEXT OF PROPOSAL
■ * —. ■ ■
As Suggested to United States By
the Russian Government.
OPPOSITION FROM SOME QUARTERS.
Other Powers Have Been Aked to Con
sider the Matter Fully and Make
a Reply Thereto.
The state department has made pub
lic the text of the Russian proposal
and its response as follows:
Telegraphic instructions sent to the
representatives of the United States
in Berlin, Vienna, Paris, London,
Rome, Tokio and St. Petersburg.
Department of state, Washington,
August 29, 1900. The Russian charge
yesterday made to me an oral respect
ing Russia’s purposes in China, to the
“That as already repeatedly declar
ed Russia has no designs of territorial
acquisition in China; that equally
with other powers now operating
tnere, Russia has sought safety of le
gations at Pekin and to help the Chi
nese government to repress the trou
bles that, incidentally to necessary
defensive measures on Russian border,
Russia has occupied Newchwang for
military purposes and as soon as order
is re-established will retire troops
therefrom if action of other powers be
no obstacle thereto; that the purpose
for which the various governments
have co-operated for relief of
legations in Pekin has been
accomplished; that, taking the position
that, as the Chinese government has
left Pekin, there is no need for her
representative to remain, Russia has
directed Russian minister to retire
with his official personnel from China;
that the Russian troops will likewise
be withdrawn; und that when the gov
ernment of China shall regain the
reins of government and afford an au
thority with which the other powers
can deal, aud will express desire to
enter in negotiations, the Russian gov
ernment will also name its representa
tive. Holding these views and pur
poses, Russia expresses hope that the
United States will share the name
ANSWER OP UNITED STATES.
To this declaration our reply has
been made by the follow ing memoran
“The government of the United
States receives with much satisfaction
the reiterated statement that Russia
has no designs of territorial acquisi
tion on China and that equally with
the other powers now operating in
China, Russia has sought the safety of
her legation in Pekin and to help the
Chinese government to repress the ex
isting troubles. The same purpose
will control the government of the
United States and frank declarations
of Russia in this regard are in ascord
with those made to the United States
by the other powers.
All the powers, therefore, having
disclaimed any purpose to acquire any
part of China, and now that adherence
thereto has been renewed since relief
has reached Pekin, it ought not to be
difficult by concurrent action through
negotiations to reach an amicable set
tlement with China by which the
treaty rights of all the powers will be
secured for the future, the open door
assured, the interests and property of
foreign citizens conserved and full
reparation made for wrongs and in
juries suffered by them.
Asa result of these considerations
unless there is such a general expres
sion by the powers in favor of contin
ued occupation as to modify the views
of Russia and lead to a general agree
ment for continued occupation, we
shall give instructions to the com
mander of the American forces in
Chiua to withdraw our troops from
Pekin after due conference with other
commanders as to the time and manner
“So far as we are advised the greater
part of Chiua is at peace and earnestly
desires to protect the life and property
of all foreigners, and in several of the
provinces active and skillful efforts to
suppress the Boxers have been taken
by the viceroys, to whom we have ex
tended encouragement through our
consuls and naval officers. The pres
ent good relation should be promoted
for the peace of China.
“The government of the United
States is much gratified by the assur
ance given by Russia that the occupa
tion of New Chwang is for military pur
poses incidental to the military steps
for the security of the Russian border
provinces menaced by the Chinese,
and that as soon as order has been es
tablished Russia will retire her troops
from those places if the action of the
other powers be not an obstacle there
“No obstacle in this regard can
arise through any action of the United
States, whose policy is fixed and has
been repeatedly proclaimed.
(Signed) “Alvey Adkk,
ft . * ; . x i
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REPLIES ARE WITH ELD.
“Their Publication Might Embarrass Ne
gotiations,” Says Adeo.
So far as it could be ascertained
there were no important developments
in the Chinese situation at Washing
ton Sunday. The officials maintain
unusual reticence. They say they
have no information to make public
regarding the replies to the American-
Rnssia propositions regarding the
withdrawal of the military force* of
the powers from Pekin.
Mr. Adee, the acting secretary of
state, has decided for the present not
to make any statement as to the names
of the powers which have answered or
to indicate whether the replies are of
an affirmative or a negative character,
on the ground that publication of the
attitude of the powers might embarrass
the negotiations at this time.
Prosperity promise* to imlle be
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