Cotton is opening rapidly.
Guess what young mfu, sends an a nous
On September Ist a number of changes
took place in .lackson.
The Jenkinsburg Gin Cos. and ware
house are now ready for business.
The stores of Jackson are now fully
equipped with au able corps of clerks.
Jackson Institute had the grandest
owning in its history last Tuesday.
Mr. It. M. Fletcher was in town Tues
day shopping at the New York Store.
Mr. D. 11. Youmaus, of Seney, Ga., was
in town this week, visiting friends’ and
1 elat i ves.
Why don’t somebody build some more
new residences in Jackson. Why don’t
The Holiness camp meeting in all
probability closes its series of meetings
I This year promise's to be one of the
■lest crop years we have had in a lone
1 Mr. ILF. Moon is fixing up the premi
■cs of his residence adjoining the a nous
■dice and will soon have a comfortable
■We are glad to know that Mr. Robert
■hompson will soon be out again after
■ very Berious spell of fever.
■ Jackson has received her first bale of
Bw cotton, and it will soon begin to
Hmr in in great shape.
■ “<>< <>•• Blossom” is a painless cure
B uli diseases peculiar lo women,
■>ld by \V. ]j. Carmichael.
Eloise Bound lias been spending,
week with Miss Annie Carmichael,
■ corner of Third and Mulberry street.
1 • Leo. S. Kanes is now commodi-
quartered .at his residence on Third
recently purchased from Mr.
because lie makes bis own sup
but lie lias several acres of cotton
will make a bale per acre.
EBiVe are tlu men from whom to
h home. Stop paying rent and
amt buy a home of ns on
fflK. Hannon it McDonald,
and Mrs. lYrcHai Bankston have
m |iat liy in the lo.ss of their sweet
babe this week.
Clyde Mi Callnm, the possessor of
noble tiaitsof mind and heart,
ni and homo Sunday after a pleasant
HEBwitb her sister, Mrs. Yonmans, of
It. I*. Brooks and Ms Florence
of Forsyth, and Miss Lucy
i', of Flovilla, were the guests of
R. B. Brown, of Atlanta, with
> Johnson A- Cos., visited
yUß'i'otlier. Mr. R. S. Brown, on Third
f^B 1 ' Sunday.
||B)!<1 Ilickorv and Tennessee
yiß-!i“rse Wagons in car load
|U, at Hu* Jackson Carriage
fpßicr luce last Friday. She is still
from the t-fiYcts, ami it is not
Bfuti-ly known whetber her jaw bone
or not at this time.
■ Miss Florence Bramblett, of Forsyth,
B isited Miss Lucy Minter, of Flovilla,
last week and attended Holiness camp
meeting. When we remember how much
the Misses Bramblett added to Jackson’s
society this summer, it makes us jealous
\ to know of them visiting elsewhere.
Col. V. A. Wright, that prince of good
fellows, left on Wednesday of this week
fora month's trip through New A ork
and Canada, where he goes to attend the
Great Council of the Improved Order of
lied Men. llis wife accompanies him on
the trip and that they will have a most
enjoyable stay goes without saying.
Miss Lula Browning, of Macon, will
have charge of the Millinery and ladies
dress depart ment of the White Store on
September 10th. Thompson Bros, have
acted wisely in securing the services of
this experienced lady, and she will
doubtless give entire satisfaction.
For Salk—A brick store room
in the lie 1 rt of Jackson ‘JO x SO
teet. Call on or address the Ab
uts. This is a bargain for some
enterprising mail who desires to
ftfc/vest in Jackson property with
a view of making money out of
If the Lord would condescend to speak
to this world in plain English some peo
ple would be surprised to know how far
some of the professors of the day are
missing the mark, A little, puny, insig
nificant worm of the dust, who
will get up and say: “God wants to do
so and so, if you will let him, is a bigot
who is as astound to go to 1/Sdes as a
The populists claim that the demeevat
ic party is bound by the acts of Mr
Cleveland, but the populist party is not
bound by their representatives in con
gress. In other wo'ds the populist
speakers are the true exponents of the
populist doctrine, but democratic speak
ers are not exponents of democratic doc
trine. You will hear this sickly aoc
trine and gusli by all the populists. >ow
such unfair argument will disgust every
fair minded man. If one set of spea eis
tell the truth so does the other. That i,
one set of men are as good authoiityas
the other for the party. The truth is
titoh parties are bound by the acts o
leaders in congress, but Teft'er has
made himself go ridieulous that they
cauuot stand him if they can kelp it.
PROCEEDINGS EX. COMMITTEE.
Jackson, Ga., September, 1, 1894.
Vhe democratic executive committee
n.?' in the court house in accordance with
the call of the chairman^
Motion of Mr. George Collier that the
members of the committee fiom each Mil
litia district procure a list of the voters of
the several districts and have them in the
hands of the chairman by the Btn day of
J/olion of Mr. Collier that one of the
members of the committee from each Mils
litia district be pointed as a committee
to arrange for a democratic rally on the
day of September, at Jackson, and to
invite the Third party to meet with us and
we will divide time with them on the pol
itical questions of the day. Committee
appointed by the chair as follow-*: W. M.
Pallet, G. W. Collier, J. W. McCord, G.
ID. White, J. 11, McKibben, C. A.
Towles, J. W- Fletcher, R. M. Fletcher,
11. E. BOUND, ORE HENDRICK,
AN OPEN LETTER.
Mit. E. E. Pound, Chairman Deni.
Ex. Com , .Jackson, Ga.
Dkar Sin:—To the end that in tlie
approaching election, the manage
meiii may Lo such that neither jopu
list nor democrats may have just
vanse for complaint. I would respect
fully ask that a mutual agreement be
entered into between in, whereby
there shall be a fair division of mana
gers at the poll*. Th* re being noth
ing in the law to prevent this, it
would be evidence to the world of a
spirit of fairness in the democracy of
Butts, and would remove any grounds
for apprehension of unfair treatment,
whether well founded or not, but
which i* nevertheless so prevalent
uovv amongst the populists. Such a
course can harm neither side and
would tend to strengthen the confi
dence of the people in tfioir institu
tions to promote peace and good order
S. C. McCandi.iss,
Chairman Populh t Ex. Coni.
A. 11. Clifford, New Castle, JFis., wu
troubled with neuralgia and rheumatism,
his Stomach was disordered, his Liv*r was
affected to an ulanuiug degree, appetite
fell away, and he was terribly reduced in
llesli and strength. Three bottles of Elec*
trie Bitters cured.
-fidward Shepherd, Harrisburg, 111., had
a running sore on bis leg of eight years*
standing. Uused three bottle* of Elec
trie Bitters and seven boxes of Buckleu’*
Arnica Salve and his leg is sound and well.
John Speaker, Catawba, 0., had five large
Fever sores on liis leg, doctors said lie was
incurable. One bottle of Electric /fitter*
and one box of Bucklen’s Arnica Aalve
cured him entrely. Sold at K. G, Bryan*’
There were many pure, sweet ladies at
tbe camp meeting who heard language
used by the speakers that they never heaid
before, even in political speeches. It is
more aid more evident to a thinking
mind that those ministers have no idea of
tbe high moral standing of this country.
They talk all tbe tiilie as though they were
addressing a gang gathered up from the
back streets and the very scum of the city.
Our opinion is that his sataoic majesty i*
crowded with better men than tome of
those so called preachers that were at the
/ndiau Apring camp ground. We don’t
mean to say that we condemn all of the
holiness people, but they should at least
withhold their _4niens when their preach
ers compare sweet girls, who would feel
degraded to speak to him, t such animals
as dogs. 1 here is no love in their ser
mens aud, therefore, no Christianity.
FOR SALE CHEAP.
A lot situated in the heart of
town, containing one acre with a
good five loom dwelling, and two
tenant house, two good wells of
water. . Splendid home for one
wishing to live near church and
school. For sale cheap. For
terms call on or address
J. M. Finley,
or D. J. Spencer.
Jackson, Ga , Aug. 23,1594. lm
Mr. Osborn spoke on Tuesday t 095
whitemen, 20 or JO of whom were
democrats, ami 14 uegros mostly
black. Mr. Osborn made some logi
cal argument, especially so on the
money question. He was not cheered
for a single good point he made, but
w hen iso deeended to a sufficiently low
degree to abuse the democrats he was
cheered vehemently. Mr. Osborn fa
vors Alexander Steven®, but no one
will blame Stephens for that, for he
was d* ad before Osborn was born.
He denounced W. Y. Atkinson as a
traitor, and Col. M. V. McKibben,
was a strong Evans man, denounced
him as a liar. Mr. Osborn is uo fool
by a jug full. He denied being a
Coxeyito, but said he had once bee-i
My reduced price for photograph?
$2.50 per dozen, wiil only last until
September 15. After that date I
will raise the price to what it hag
always been $2.75 per dozen. Now
is the time to avail yourself of the
opportunity to get fine photographs
at reduced pri*- s.
J. B. Guthri*.
Dr. Crum is remodeling his itore.
Mr*. Sherrod Pope is visiting relatives
in Jasper county this week.
We are doiog a nice lot of job work
for Mr. W. N. Woodward and tbe
Jenkiusburg Gin Cos., this we*k.
“Uncle"'Green Wise brought in the
second bale of cotton to Jackson on
Rev. J. T. Leverette, a beloved citizen
of Jasper county, died last week. Tbe
people here knew and loved him.
Tbe democratic party has invited our
populist brethren to have a barbecue to
gether and joint debate, in fact, a love
feast over our differences. Will the pop
ulist accept the invitation?
Mr. Andrew Underwood, a thrifty
youug farmer of our county, brought the
first bale of cotton to Jackson, on Mon
day, the 3rd. It was weighed at the Al
liance warehouse and bought by Mr. Asa
Miss Annie Lou ThorntOD, of Jasper
county, has entered Jackson Institute.
Miss Mattie Thornton, of Tennessee,
is here to attend the Institute,
A pretty young lady told us that the
dummy was crowded Sunday, saying
that shg sat on a bench with six men
from Guthrie’s sixeup.
There is one man in Jackson, who
owns his office, and two men who own
their stores, yet, there is not an equal
number of merchants or business men
in the state who are more conservative
or who have a better record.
Miss Emma Ezelle, one of Jasper
county’s most charming and fascinating
young ladies, is the guest of the family
of Mr. Sherrod Pope, this week. Miss
Emma has a host of friends is Jackson
who are always glad to welcome her in
“John,” said a young lady to her affi
anced, “before I become your wife, I
must tell you one thing. I can’t marry
you without making this confession.”
He: “what is it?”
She: “I am a somnambulist!”
lie: “That makes no difference. lam
a Methodist. I shall go with you one
Sunday and you can go with me the
Gilmore and Hencely have moved to
the Blaok Front up on the square, with
Hanes, the jeweler, where they propone
to do a driving business.
Charlie Smith lias gained 15 pounds in
two weeks. He board* at tbe Morrison
House and is negotiating for a pair of
Billy Pott* says as long as the lamp
bolds out to burn, he can be found on
the east end of the sofa talking to Miss
Bob Etheridge says if somebody will
furnish the wife he’ll try and get up the
license. Please forward this to Forsyth,
Lee Smith is atill in New York looking
at the high buildings. He writes Chin
ese now. Bob Etheridge got a letter
from him one day last week, and had to
refer to his laundry ticket before he
could make it out,
A number of Jacksonians are camping
at the Holiness grounds; among them
we noticed Mr*. Harris, Mr. and Mrs.
Pound and family, Messrs. E. O. Huson
and John Crawley, Mr. and Mrs. J. D.
Valentino, and Misses Marie McMichael
and Susie Bailey of Griffin, Ga., Mrs. D.
N. Carmichael and others.
We have failed to hear any favorable
mention of Rev.J. W. Culpepper’s ser
mon at the camp ground Sunday night,
on the subject of danoing. It was very
vulgar, obscene and considered out of
place. Such plain spoken language as
was used on this occasion could easily
have been dispensed with and does not
reflect any credit upon its author. The
only thing which surprised us was that
any ladies remained to hear his vulgar
Dr. Gardner was unanimously ohoaen
to serve the Baptist church at this place
again next year. The year which has
just passed has been very profitably used
and the love which already, and has
been all the time so apparent between
pastor and the church, is growing
stronger each day. We bespeak for the
church a prosperous year and that muoh
good will be accomplished in the oause
The Morrison House, nnder the man
agement of Mrs, Buchanan, is daily
crowing in popular favor. The boardeis
are all highly delighted with her man
agement and new ones are being daily
added. Mrs. Buchanan knows exactly
how to run a hotel and the Morrison
House now has a reputation second to
no first class hotel in Georgia.
Osborn is very fair and frank in his
arguments. He said here in his speech a
thing nearly all of his party are try
ing to deny. He put down in plain En
glish that paternalism was the cardinal
principal of their party. He used these
words: “It is no use for any body to
deny that we believe in paternalism and
centralization. All governments tend
in that direction as they become more
enlightened and cultured. We want the
biggest trust world ever saw and all the
people included in the trust.
Mr. J. G. Thompson, who can wrap
up more goods to the minute than any
man is now with Gunn, Potts & Cos. at
the Blue Store. Mr. Thompson is well
known in Jackson and he asks his old
friends to call on him for their wants.
Miss Mattie Paul, who is also well ac
quainted with the ladies of Jackson and
surrounding country, is with the same
firm at tho Blue Store and she can please
the ladies like her mother, the well
known dress maker, can in making
dresses. Miss Mattie wants a share of
the public trade and she should have it.
The Blue Store is now better equipped
than ever and that firm of liye, energetic
young men will be very popular with the
public. They make special pi ices to
Misses Estelle and Annie Walthall, two
beautiful aud accomplished young ladies,
of Worthyille. left Tuesday for an ex
pended visit to their sister. Mrs. Garner,
of Teunille, Ga., aud while we feel their
absence quite a loss to our community,
we heartily wish them a stay of unlimit
We call attention to Gunn, Potts &
Co.*B advertisement in this issue. You
are not a good reader unless yon can
find this sentence in it: “a man in
Jackson found a bushel of gold aud sil
ver.” If you can't find it we will show
it to you.
No belter mediciue than Ayer’s Pills
for all irregularities of the digestive
Mrs. Lyons, of Jasper, Ala., and Mrs.
Jenkins, of Barnesville, Gan, are visiting
their sister, Mrs. TANARUS, L. Williams, of this
Miss Mattie Wall is visiting her sister,
Mrs. M. M. Mills, this week.
Mrs. Buchanan, of Atlanta, took charge
of the Morrison House on September
l*t, and has fitted it throughout with
new furniture, etc. Mrs. Buchanan is an
experienced hotel proprietress and will
no doubt make tbe Morrison House tlie
principal resort for drummers coming
to tbe city.
Uncle Alex Wilkinson and “Aunt
Sallie” have assumed control of the
Cleveland Hotel and will make the hotel
business lium for the ensuing year.
Uncle JAlex and his estimable wife
have been in the hotel business in Jack
son for the past 12 years and they are
familiar with every detail of comfort,
pertaining to this business
An Irish editor who speaks with tbe
air of one having experience, says that
the way to prevent- bleeding at the nose
is to keep nose out of other people’s
Prof. H. M. Fletcher. is in the city
ready to resume hi* place among tlie fac
ulty of Gordon Institue. Mr. Fletcher
ha* been spending his vacation at the
home of his father, in Jackson, Ga.,
and is much improved in health. —
Barnesville Home Journal.
Ayer’s Sarsaparilla is one of the few
remedies which are recommended by
every school of medicine. Its strength,
purity, and efficacy are to well establish
ed to admit of doubt as to it* superiority
over all other blood-purifiers whatever.
Ayer’s Sarsaparilla leads all.
The piano party lias the unadultera
ted gall to say they are going to carry
Butts county in the coming election.
We’ll bet our last year’s duster against
a soda cracker that they wont poll 300
votes in the county. Carry it? Ob, my!
We think it out of place to urge the
democratic voters of Butts county to
stick to the party. There is not a demo
crat in our county who belives in the
fundamental principles of Democracy
who will bolt the ticket simply because
be favored tlie candidacy of General
Evans. To a man, the admirers of tbe
gallant general, who is now doing all in
liis power for tbe democratic cause, will
vote the ticket hearing the name of lion.
W. Y. Atkinson, who lias been chosen by
a majority as a man who is capable and
worthy of the suffrage of every true dem
ocrat in this grand oM state of ours.
Mr. R. S. Brown, of Atlanta, who was
for several years connected with tlie
New York Store, at Griffin, Ga., and who
has for some time held a position of
honor and trust with the large Dry
Goods firm of Chamberlain, Johnson &
Cos., is now connected with the New
York Store in this city, Mr. Brown is
an experienced salesman, and will have
charge of the Dress Goods, Trimming,
and Notion departments of the Carmi
chael Cos. He is a consistent member of
the Methodist church aud the citizens
of Jackson gladly welcome him to their
midst. He will prove a most valuable ac
quisition to tbe New York Store and we
congratulate this live firm upon securing
the services of such a gentleman.
Mr. W. H. Higgins is now with Doug
las, Thomas & Dayison, of Atlanta. Mr.
Higgins has been associated with the
leading firms in our toWn since his first
appearance into the business world, and
when he left for . Atlanta, he was the
leading dry goods man in the popular
firm known as the Carmichael Company.
Many o(_the customers of the New York
Store will miss Harrold. He will be
greatly missed by the business men of
Jackson, but Miss , well, two or
three Misses will miss him, and the lost
to the social world will be as serious as
the loss to the business world of our
town. We congratulate the above firm
in securing the services of Mr. Higgins,
and assure them that the more they
know of him the better they will like
him. Harrold, good luck to you, old
Hall's Hair Renewer renders the hair
lustrous and silken, gives it an even col
or, and enables women to put it up in a
great variety of styles.
Our popular merchant, Mr. E. G. Gil
more of the firm of Gilmore & Hencely,
left A/onday morning, accompanied by
the Rev. W. 2 . Bell, for Logansville,
Walton county, where he met Mrs. Fannie
Floyd, a beautiful and accomplished mid
dle aged widow, and they were united in
marriage, it being the third time for each
of them ia matrimonial experience* They
are both members of the J/ethodist church
and will make Jackson their future home.
The Anars extends congratulations.
One mail says: “I bought this
Jackson Buggy five ago.
It has cost me abotu $2.00 lor
repairs, and lias married off me
and two of my biothers, which
was hard to do, and now I
wouldn’t take half what it cost
SEE THEM! THEY IRE COMING IN GAILY I
IMs Site ta kmig Dviag kit Days!
The piles on the counters tower higher than ever !
New Colors. New Weaves. New Patterns.
New Designs. New Qualities, and
Everything is new about this Autumn and Winter
Stock we now invite you to examine !
We have Never Hal Mere to lie Proud ef Thau New!
Economical Buyers viewing results from a retail
buyer’s standpoint will share our gratification.
WE BUY FOR CASH, AND SELL FOR CASH !
Consequently we are enabled to offer better goods
and lower prices than those who buy and sell
on credit. Our customers will find this
out by giving us their patronage.
NOw is the Time, and Cohen’s is the Place
to get better and cheaper goods than were ever be
fore displayed for your inspection. Case after
case of new goods are being daily received
ioi enr Mrs Art Full to Onrlimig Witt Real it Birgik
Give us a call and it will be appreciated.
Will some of our populist friends ex'
plain to the colored people why Hines
voted for the slavery bill? He voted for
a bill while in the legislature, which would
allow a farmer to put his tenaut in jail if he
he did not do as he wanted him to do, or, if
did not vote for that bill will they please
publish the one he did vote for, and show
how it could have helped the poor man.
Also, can you tell why the populist mem -
bers in congress have voted as they have?
Would you be willing to live under the
operation of their bills, if they had be
come laws , which gave a few men more
money than there is in the known world?
What do you think of llr. Peffer, saj*,
GOOD FARM FOR SALE
2 1-2 miles from Jackson on public
road to Indian Spring, SOO acres in good
condition and well improved cheap. Parties
desiring to buy must call on. J. G. Thomp
son, at Jackson, G'a. aug-9-2m
The Railroad Warehouse will
weigh cotton this year for 10 cents
per bale to be paid by the shipper.
Free to the farmers, Come weigh
to your hearts content, without
money and without price. Remem
ber the place, Meade Hendrick's
To My Patrons and Friends.
At the solicitations of ray
friends and patrons I will
resume teaching my music
class Monday Sept. 3. Les
sons given in voice piano
and organ. Feeling grate
ful for your many kind ex
pressions of commendation
I shall strive to merit a con
tinuance of the same, by
thoroughly teaching your
children the latest and most
approved methods of the
“New England Conservato
Thanking you most cor
dially for your liberal pat
ronage in the past and so
liciting a share of the same
I am most Resp’L
I will teach at home.
Those wishing to run their
business on the cash system an
other year, can borrow money on
farm and city property from
Frank Z. Curry at eight percent
J. R, Carmichael informs us that
he will sell the lands, including the
mill property, of the B. C Kinard
estate the first Tuesday in
her. This is one among the largest
landed estates in the county, and
will be a rare opportunity for you
to procure yourself a good home.
There are quite a number of good
framed residence houses on the
farm, and the lands, as far as prac
tical. will be divided into small
farms to suit the purchasers. fro
don’t fail to visit these lands, seleet
yourself a home, come to Jackson
on first Tuesday in November and
buy. Mr. Carmichael thinks now
that the lands will be sold for one
half cash and one-half in one and
A SAD DEATH.
Little Lucile Z?urpee, oldest daughter of
Mr aud Mr%. J. A. Burpee, died o last
Sunday. She was a very bright little girl,
and everybody who was familiar with the
child made a pet of her. Dr. Gardner, in
the absence of their pastor, Rev. W. T
Bell, preached a well timed sermon at the
/ackson cemetery. The bereaved parents
have our heart-felt sympathy in their be
BUCKLEN’S ARNICA SALVE
The Best Salve m the world for Cuts,
.Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum, Fe
ver Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chil
blains, Corns, and all Skin 2?rui*tions, and
positively cures Piles, or no pay required.
It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. For sale by R. G. Bryans.
0. B. WILLIS.
Sewing machine repairer, re
builder and adjuster. Satisfac
tion guaranteed or the money
refunded. All work done atJ.
F. McKibben’s furniture store
Jackson, Ga. 2m.
We Have Money to Loan at 6 per Cent,
On Farm or City Property in any section
of country where properly has a fixed
market value. Money ready for imme
diate loans where security and title is
good. No Commission. vVe solicit ap
plications. Blanks furnished upon re
AAJLEN A CO. 40 A 42 Broadway,
McCarthy’s Catarrh Ointment
cures Catarrh or money refund
ed sold by Dr. W. L. Carmichael.
A GRAND OPENING.
The Jackson Institute opened for the
fall term with about two hunpred pupils.
This noble institution is a great blessing
to Jackson and it is eyery man’s duty
to do his whole duty toward holding up
the hands of the faculty.
Prof. Blasingame proved, beyond a
doubt, that lie is the right man in
the right place. The presidency could
not be filled with a man who so com
pletely fills the place. The vice presi
dency could not be improved upon,
for a9 a practical worker in the school
room Prof. Kelly hss no superior, in
addition he possesses executive ability,
which would be brought to bear in
case of an emergency, or its necessity,
being exposed by any misfortune or
unavoidable absence of the president.
Miss Eva Sasnett, whose gentle and
loving disposition, so fits the age of
those under her charge and whose tact
to instruct is of the highest type, is in
charge of the academic department,
and no child whoever went to her
room failed to be benefitted morally
as well as literally.
Miss Rosa Thofnton, who may be
said to be a part of the Institute it
self from having made herstf iudis
pensible, is in charge of the intermedi
ate department. None of the children
or patrons want anyone better than
Miss Rosa, who is a teacher by nature,
choice and preparation.
Miss Mary Goodall, who talks so
tenderly and sympathetically to the
little “we bits’’ of the primary de
partment. is so preeminently qualified
foi her work that her position cannot
be better filled than by herself, is a
fixture in the Institute.
Miss McKie, of Mississippi, is now
in charge of lh3 music department,
and she comes as well recommended
as any lady could desire to be, and she
will doubtless give entire satisfaetiou
to this music loving people.
Prof. Lewis, of Americas, Ga., is in
charge of the art department. He is
a practical artist and fills a place in
the Institute which is very desirable.
There is nothing in the world which
can develop the minds of our children
so rapidly, or create a greater rever
ence for the good, the beautiful, and
love of morality as a course in art.
McCarthy’s Magic Liniment
cures Rheumatism, Neuralgia,
Headache, Toothache, Fains and
aches of all kinds, Sold under
guarantee by Dr. AV. L. Car
10,000 second hand corn, bran,
or clean guano bags. Must be in
good condition, No oat bags
Jackson Oil Mill.