The Globe Store
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No matter how mnch your bale of cotton weighs, or how much you get for it, “remember
=WE RAISE IT -25- CENTS PER BALE==
HOW We WILL BO IT. Don’t make a mistake. Head every word We a.e not fully in the cotton business this season, as ve opened so late,
strictly in it next season, and for this one week every one who sells a bale of co‘ton in Jackson, no matter to whom, can get a ticket fiom the waiehouseman whic
store to apply on any cash purchase you may make amounting to $5.00. Take your ’pencil and figure how much raise this would be on a 500 pound ba.c whic. t/> c/be Store
warehousemen will be kind enough to give you these tickets when you weigh your cotton. Just ask them to give you one ot those tickets v\hich is good foi -5 cents m & c 1
You get 1 Ticket
For every bale you sell next week. We
are ready to serve you with a full corps
of competent salesmen, and at prices
other merchants can’t meet. We have
often been asked why so many mer
chants fail. On read ng the statistics
on business, the fact is learned that 98
per cent of merchants fail—WHY—
“One cause of many failures (you need
not look for more) is the low price in
the windows and the high price in the
Mr. Nesbitt’s Remarks to the
Farmers of Georgia.
REVIEW or THE MONTH JUST PAST.
Our Method* and Their Relation to the
Present Agricultural Depression and tho
Low Price of Cotton—The Improvement
anil Building Up of Our Lamia the
Question of Paramount Importance.
Department of Agriculture,
Atlanta, Nov. 1, 1894.
In a recent investigation, which I have
been conducting in "order to get at the
average production of the staple crops
throughout Georgia, I have become in
terested also in ascertaining the average
of commercial fertilizers used and their
effeot on our crops. As germaine to
these, proper fertilization, diversifica-
tion, supplying our lauds with what
they most need to feed our crops are
naturally suggested, in all of which
there is much food for serious thought.
Indeed, from whatever standpoint we
view the agricultural questions, sooner
or later the 'rave need of patient, care
ful, judicious improvement and build
ing up of cur lands, forces itself upon
our attention as one of paramount im
portance. Though I have already spok
en and written much on this subject, I
feel bound to continue until our farm
ers are thoroughly aroused to its de
mands and fully realize its vital- influ
ence on their industry.
Iu conducting the investigation re
ferred to above, I have had access to the
very best authorities, and from the
most careful estimates the somewhat,
surprising and wholly lamentable con
clusion is reached that, in spite of the
large area of fresh land taken in and
the almost fabulous consumption f
commercial fertilizers, production in
Georgia stands at about the same figure
that it did 20 years ago. I don’t me; u
that we have not raised bigger crops t
cotton, but that, while we have helped
to crowd th< markets of the world wit a
the fleecy staple and each year has wit
nessed a decline in the price, the aver
age production per acre has not mate
j-ially increased. And where is the
Erofit for us if our lands are being ex
austed, and it is becoming more diffi
cult each year to wring from these long
suffering, hard run fields, even with the
powerful stimulus of expensive chemi
cal compounds, the average bale to
three acres ? Let me give the data that
farmers may examine the figures and
see for themselves to what end our pres
ent policy will inevitably lead. With
cotton at 10 cents, the result might ba
deferred for perhaps a few years, but
even that figure would cease to be re
munerative, when our lands fail to re
spond to heavy doses of commercial
fertilizer, or when the usual summer
drouth, sweeping across our shallow
plowed fields, lays its fiery touch on our
growing crops, which having no “depth
Don’t Mean Us.
Just to show that the moral of the above
don’t apply to us, we will say—and our
language is plain--that whenever you
lind anything outside our place that we
caunot duplicate inside, just take the
store, we will nave no furthei use for
it. T’his week we are offering the lar
gest assortment of corsets in Jackson,
5 styles R & Q corsets, and the following
styles /S’onnette, OB alaspirite, Cen
tury, Popular, Vigilant, Broadway,
Fifth Avenue, C, N. C, Nursing-
UMOUO ff lOuDA MiffXJ .
There is not, however, the remotest
possibility of 10 cents cotton, and with
a prospect of a long period of 6 or G
cents for our staple crop, the necessity
is upon us to take our bearings and get
back where we can at least keep our
heads above water.
From the following table will be seen
the number of tons of fertilizers in
spected in Georgia alone for each sea
son for the past twenty years:
1874- 48,648.00 tons.
1875- 55,316.00 tons.
1876- 75,824.00 tons.
1877- 93,178.00 tons.
1878- 85,019.00 tons.
1879- 119,583.00 tons.
1880- 152.424.00 tons.
1881- 125,827.00 tons.
I 1882-3 125,377.00 tons.
1883-4 151,849.00 tons.
1884- 170,153.00 tons.
1885- 160,705.00 tons.
1886- 166.078.08 tons.
1887- 208,007.39 tons.
1888- 202,869.36 tons.
1889- 288.112.30 tons.
1890- 306,734.00 tons.
1891- 296,352.00 tons.
1892- 307,5 9.30 tons.
1893- 315,6i2.00 tons.
From this it appears that in 20 years
we have used nearly 3,500,000 tons,
whioh at the moderate average of $25 a
ton makes the total amount spent for
commercial fertilizers alone reach very
nearly $100,000,000! Or, looking at the
subject from another standpoint, we
have in that period used enough to put
on each cotton acre in Georgia nearly
one and a half tons!
Let us look at the other side of the
record. By this large investment aud
crowding in every available acre, we
have been enabled to raise phenomenal
crops of cotton. But what have these
been really worth to the state and o
the south? At least one-fifth has gone
for bacon alone; and when we add to
this the immense sums spent for corn,
flour, oats aud hay, we can readily see
how these big cotton crops have been
absorbed. And what have we to show
for them? The fertilizers, by our mis
mistaken methods of using them, have
all, or nearly all, gone out in the cot
ton, leaving our lands rather worse off
each year; and the bacon, grain aud
hay have all been consumed.
How long can even the most prosper
ous country stand such drains as these ?
Fortunately, a clear comprehension of
our position is forcing itself upon even
the most thoughtless, and there is bt -
ginning a gradual return to more con
servative methods. The provision crop
in Georgia this year, exceeds anything
since the war, and were it not, to use a
current expression, for “over lapse’’ in
the form of old debts, in some cases of
several years’ standing, we could al
ready see daylight. But paying debts
with 5 cents Gotton is a hopeless task,
and farmers are discouraged and des-
pondent. It is only the ample provision
crop of corn, peas, potatoes, ground
peas, sorghum, and hay which saves us
from almost universal suffering.
But discouraging as this outlook ap
pears just n> w, if the present depressed
prioe of cotton leads to thoroughly es
tablished diversification of crops, a care
ful system of renovation, intelligent
methods of manuring and utilizing com
mercial manures, it will yet be worth
millions to the south. When we do
not have to buy corn or bacon, and oar
lands are once mor j filled with hum ,
we have learned to become iudepeud ■>
of the price of this single crop, and w.ii
be on a solid foundation. Ours is a
Double and single width Fish Net Veiling
with Jet or Chenille dots; /Sewing Siln
Veilings, all colors; all wool Berege
Veiling 20 cents:yard wide cream silk
Net .‘35 cents; two yards cream silk net
only 75 cents' 7he latest 4-5 inch
Chiffons for Veils or Evening Waists
only $1 00.
bound to revive.
Let us see to it that we follow strictly
business methods —put our lands in good
condition, Taise our home supplies, aud
by avoiding as far as possible the per
nicious credit system, place ourselves in
a position where we can enjoy the full
return for our labor.
The high prjpes, which ruled for a se
ries of years, did not make our farmers,
prosperous. On the contrary, the strug
gle became harder and harder each
year. In many cases farmers are now
staggering under debts contracted when
cottou was high aud credit easy, when
we staked our all on oue crop and lost.
With the slack season and the iong
winter evenings the opportunity comes
for him to look around and study the
questions most nearly affecting his in
terests. It is the interchange of
thought and plan which promotes im
provement, and the farmer who suc
ceeds is the one who is willing and
quick to receive as well as impart infor
mation, who grasps the salient points in
any well considered, progressive plan
and lifts himself higher in the scale of
A farmer needs sharp wits as well as
sharp plows, and if he would succeed,
he must “feed the brain” as well as tue
Asa help to every inquiring farmer
nothing is more valuable than a well es
tablished and reliable agricultural jour
nal. The cost of subscription, compared
with the deas suggested, the train of
thought awakened, the impetus given
to improved and better paying methods,
is scarcely )be considered. The usual
subscription price of SI.OO is return l
many time over before the year is o .
Amid the gloom of general depression
and low priced cotton, there is oue
spot to which we can turn with thank
fulness, and that is our
BIG CORN CROP.
The corn crop of the south is esti
mated at 200,000,000 bushels more this
year than irom the same states in 1893,
which will run the yield up to about
one-third the entire corn product of tile
whole country. This fact taken in con
nection with the almost total failure >r
the crop in the corn producing states or
the west and the probable high prices in
the spring, point to the importance of
care, not only in gathering aud ho •-
ing, but in using in such manner as j
avoid waste of that which will bring a
good cash price later on. Already corn
has sold at . higher figure than wheat,
and the price is now much above the
average for several years.
The south has had the good fortune
to produce a large crop at a period when
the general market is short, and for the
first time since the war, conditions are
reversed, and we will help to supp v
our western neighbors. Let us not lose
this advantage by a too prodigal use or
waste in feeding. To make this com li
tion yield its full value to us, we shou -d
plant such fall crops as will enable us ro
hold a large part of our corn for a re
munerative price, or, if we have t ;o
stock and necessary arrangements >r
feeding and for saving the manure, i
us manufacture our raw product into
the higher and better paying forms of
milk, butter and cheese, always remem
bering that the mere feeding of stock on
barely sufficient to carry them through
the winter, is a wasteful policy. Whi e
it is not necessary to build expensi a
stables, it is very important to affo 1
our stock ample protection against w and
and weather, and if the stables are w 11
try oLcorb all the liquid as w il
h Lite tf Elding,
Shoes & Hots
JUST ARRIVED !
WE ALSO CARRY
II LINE OF GROCERIES, HARDWARE, TIJiWARE.&c
THAT WILL SELL THEM
VERY TRULY YOUR FRIENDS,
THE GLOBE STORE, t. 6. MW 4 MM, Prop'rs,
os solid droppings, we have laid the
foundation for utilizing to the best ad
vantage the food given to our live stock,
and the profit will make an ample re
turn for the labor of feeding and atte i
Quoting from the North Carolina ex
periment station: “The dairy industry
means a very great deal for the stale,
in the improvement of lands and u
producing a safe money crop, that do3S
not exhaust, and in the saving of fertil
NOW IS THE TIME
for making ready all buildings intend
ed for this purpose. See that they are
weather proof, and having given them
a thorough cleaning, see that the stalls
are well bedded with straw, leaves, or
any other convenient absorbent. At
odd times, and during wet weather, lay
in a supply of these, to have on hand as
Provide a place for securely storing
the manure during the winter. Lack
ing this, haul at once and spread on the
fields. This secures cleanliness and
health, and we thus get its first value,
which is often wasted by leaving ex
posed to the weather, or by poorly con
structed compost heaps. The site for
THE COMPOST HEAPS
should be selected on level ground, and
in such a position that the water from
the buildings will not fall on them.
Take off the surface soil, say to the
depth of a foot, or until we come to the
firm clay subsoil, give a little fall to
wards the center, and put in the ma
nure, packing firmly, and then finish
off the heap with the top soil previously
taken out, packing on carefully and
leaving the heap a little higher in the
center than at the sides. In the ab-
sence of sh' ter this is the best plan;
but if oue can afford it, even a rough
shelter will secure the mass from all
loss by leaching, and is a good invest
ment where lumber is cheap.
effectually accomplished, is of untold
value in the successful management of
another year’s operations. Land, both
heavy and light, so broken, absorbs tho
heavy winter rain, and forms a res
ervoir on which our crops can draw dr. r
ing the inevitable summer drouth. An
other reason in its favor is that the un
available potash and phosphoric acid i
which most of our subsoils abound, a e
exposed to the action of theatmospher- ,
and the disintegrating effects of any
freezes wh h we may have, and a- 3
thus put in favorable condition to )
absorbed by our growing crops. I r
plowing under the stubble of cow pea. ,
weeds, crab grass, or any other veget >-
ble matter, we add the humus, which
besides giving nitrogen, by its decompo
sition sets free stores of plant food, oth
erwise locked up in the soil.
OUR INDUSTRY MUST NOT LANGUISH.
We are justly proud of the pluck
which has t labled us to push our stare
into the front rank of impi’ovemeut a. and
progress at the south. Our section is
rapidly developing in other enterprises
and agriculture must take her rightful
place among the first. Let us summon
ail our fortitude to meet the present
heavy strain on our energies and re
sources, and let U3 courageously renew
the battle, being convinced of a success
ful issue, if we but take heed to the ex
periencs of the past, and to the beacon
lights which are in such plain view,and
which warn us against falling into the
oft repeated error of too much coiton
and too little of diversified agriculture.
Three Special Bargains:
Ist, 1 piece ex super wool carpet oO
cents pei yard.
2nd. 1 piece 2 ply ex super all wool
carpet 65 cents, others get 75 cents
3d, 1 piece 3 ply ex super all wool car
pet 75 cents, others get 85 and SI.OO.
A large lot of all wool /Smyrna Rugs
one crop system implies.
R. T. Nesbitt, Commissioner.
Our Clay Soils Susceptible to a Hi'n
State of Cultivation.
The weathe.i during the month has
been very propitious for gathering crops
and the work has progressed rapidly.
Notwithstanding the low price of our
staple money crop, there has been no
tendency to hold for a better market,
and the bale, as soon as it comes from
the press, has almost in every instance
been offered for sale,
i The discouraging effect of low prices
is particularly felt when W 8 consider
the fact that in our section there has
been little, if any, increase in the gen
eral yield compared to last year.
| The reports of correspondents of the
department will, in our opinion, be ver
ified. These reports have at no time in
dicated a much greater yield for this
year than last. That they are correct
are shown by the receipts at our interior
towns, which, notwithstanding the un
usually fair weather, are little, if any,
in excess of last year. In regard to our
yield, it is to be regretted that even
though we have no increase the present
year that our increase in the past has
been due to an increase of acreage and
not to an increase in the yield per acre,
so essential to our success.
The commissioner says in his report
on this subject:
Recently, the department has had un
der investigation the yield and acreage
of staple crops in the state with a view
of ascertaining whether the progress
made towar Is developing the varied re
sources of c lT soil has been accompanied
by an increased yield of staple products
per acre. We regret to say that the re
sults of this investigation have not been
satisfactory, and that, beginning with
1850, and up to the present time, no im- i
provement in yield has taken place. Ex
ceptioual years have occurred in which
the yield has exceeded that of several
years previous, but this has not been
followed by a gain in the succeeding
year, and shows an increase from a fa
vorable season rather than permanent
improvement of the soil.
When we consider the immense sum
of money expended annually for fert li
zers, this is far from an eneouragi g
statement, and clearly demonstra ;3
that our expenditures do not accomplish
the proper purpose, i. e., the enhance
ment of the value of our lands by in
creasing their yielding capacity. In
the distributed literature of the depart
ment, both through the press and n
pamphlet form, we have endeavored to
impress the necessity of upbuilding our
soil; and, a> before stated, we feel is
sured from he interest and inquiries as
to fertilization, and the use of legumin
tViQf trlio* Uon Loaw aoirl •>
40 in. h all wool hop sacking worth 6-ic to
go this week a£ 45c.
Double width changeable wool dress
goods, 25 cents per yard.
Double width wool cashmere black and
colors 12 1 2c per yard,
Extra'wide and heavy check and plaid
flannels for children’s cloaks this week
at 65 cents der yard.
this subject has not been lost, and that
the coming /ear will find more farms ti
Georgia conducted with the end in view
of securing . better yield the following
year than hitherto in the history of the
state. We have frequently referred to
the susceptibility of our clay soils to a
high state of cultivation, and Georgia,
like France and Germany, should wit
ness a gradually improved condition and
increased yield through a series of years.
The yield of this crop is gratifying,
and from the reports at hand will equal
or exceed 40,000,000 bushels for tne
6tate. In view of the failure of the
crop in the zest and the low price >f
cotton, our farmers are fortunate o
have a supply of food on hand with
out being dependent on the crops of too
west. It is well also to note in this con
nection the increase in hog products is
evidencing i hat our efforts towards a '■
ricultural independence is being accom
plished. This increase appears in this re
port under the head of statistics.
As now is the season of the year to
set out orchard, we call attention to
what the co nnissiouer has said as to
this adjunct to our agriculture, which
is becoming one of our large sources of
It would seem from the foregoing,
that is. fron the fact that we show no
gain in gen Tal yield of staple crops,
that it won be found difficult to find
any eucour. cement in the outlook. It
must be ren imbered, however, that our
improvemei ; has been in the direction
of the smal r, and what has hitherto
been consul red the non-essentials, of
our agriculture. Thus, while the cot
ton crop from 1850 to the present dare
Bhows no increase in yield except fro u
the increase l acreage from a total value
of about SOO,OOO, for orchard and oth r
fruits we have increased to several m ’-
lion dollars; from gardening for hou >•
hold use alone we have progressed un< il
Savannah i now the center of one >f
the truckin: districts of the south. We
have illustrated that fruits of all clast -s
and of the finest flavor can be grown
with profit for the northern marki t,
and that a few acres in vegetables c: n
be made more profitable than a farm > u
It is pleasing to note also that the ab
stract of the recent census of Unit l
States shows that Georgia produc i
more peache - than any other state m
Georgia Will Soon Be at the Front in
the Production of Ma,it.
We give the following as statistics of
value to our farmers and illustrative of
what should be our policy:
There were in Georgia.in 1860, 2,038,-
116 hogs. Owing to the devastations of
the war and the inducements of the
single crop system, this number had de
creased until in 1870 we find only 988,-
666 hogs in the state. From that time
on it is gratifying to say that there has
been a rapid increase, 1880 showing 1 -
471,003; 1890, 1,627,008, with a value of
• $5,879,540, and this year 1,791,567. with
Ivid 75c to $1.50 per pair.
Cashmere 20c to 50 cents pr pair
Taffeta 25 to 05c pr pair.
Lace curtains only $1 00 pr pair
Gent’s heavy all wool natural colored un
dershirts wor£li $1.50 for SI.OO.
Ladies’ whiae all wool vests cheap at
$1.25, only SI.OO.
a varne ox .7,7,40-1, u0'4. we note tne val
uation of the last- two years given as
showing not only an increase in market
value during that period as afforded hv
the price of meat, but also as showing
an improvement in the stock or breed
in Georgia. We again call attention to
the shipments of hogs from Georgia to
Chicago during the last few years.
The inditations are from the general
increase that Georgia will soon be at
the front in the production of meat, at
least to the extent of a home supply. It
must be remembered, however, that in
1860 the state had a population of 1,-
057,286, and that in IS9O the population
was 1,837,853, and at this time must he
near, if not quite, 2,000,000, or almost
double, and thus to have the same num
ber ef hogs in proportion to the popula
tion it would require us to have 4,000,-
The south is naturally the home of
the hog in the United States, as it is a
native of the tropics, and therefore fat
tens and thrives better in a mild cli
mate. Prior to the war the south pro
duced the meat supply of the United
States; and in 1860, embracing as the
southern states the states of Alabama,
Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Mississip
pi, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Kentucky
and Missouri, there were 20,238,887 hogs,
while in the other states and territories
there were only 13,273,980.
In 1880 there were in Georgia 299,688
milch co vs, 706,194 oxen and other cat
In 1170 there were 23J ,310 milch cows
and 466,593 oxen.
111 1880 there were 315,073 milch cows,
594,838 oxen and other cattle.
111 1890 there were 354,613 milch
cows, valued at $6,113,614; 580,816 oxen
and other cattle valued at $0,408,205.
Thus while there has been a slight
increase in the number of milch cows
in the state since 1860, the increase is
not in proportion to the increase in pop
ulation; also there has been a decrease
the total number of cattle of all kind.
In 1860 there were in the state about
one head for each inhabitant, whereas
now there is only one head to two in
habitants. The recent interest mani
fested in dairying and cheese making
will, we trust, rapidly develop this es
sential to agricultural prosperity.
HORSES AND MULES.
In 1860 there were in Georgia 130,771
I horses and 101,069 mules.
In 1870 there were 81,777 horses and
In 1880 98,520 horses and 132,780
In 1890 115,629 horses and 155,700
The value of the horses was $9,582,-
125. Of the mules, $15,119,264.
The best compilation for 1894 shows a
decrease from 1890 of 10,000 horses,
with an increase of 6,000 mules.